Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 02, 1905, PART ONE, Page 12, Image 12

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i-l-V -
IT IS the ahn of the State Commission
to install exhibits at the Lewis and
Clark Exposition -which -will thoroughly
represent the varied resources and indus
tries of Oregon. We j?ball provide one of
the best agricultural 'exhibits ever made
within our state. This exhibit cannot
possibly be complete at the opening of
the Exposition, but will be added to when
the products are In season from our very
best. In our horticultural department we
have already secured for the opening of
the Exposition 1000 boxes of the choicest
apples grown in our state, and will make
special days for our strawberries, cherries,
peaches, pears and other fruit as it ripens.
There will be given away to the visitors a
large amount of these products, so that
each may have an opportunity to taste
their magnificent flavor.
Our mining exhibit wHl be very large;
at least 100,000 pounds. It will contain
collections from the various mining dis
tricts of the state, of samples from devel
oped and undeveloped ledges-; also of
building stone and all classes of mineral
which ha3 been discovered. The exhibit
will be made permanent after the Exposi
tion in the Oregon Memorial Building, for
which the law has provided.
Our' forestry exhibit -will occupy fully
citizen it is very difficult for Oregon .to
secure the consideration that we' are en
titled to from our visitors, and I most
earnestly request the people of Oregon to
make every effort to not only assist their
State Commission with its work, but to
assist in entertaining and informing vis
itors in an intelligent and truthful way
concerning the great resources of our
state, that when this work Is ended we
may each and every one find the marks
of success in a new generation of enter
prising and earnest settlers. -
Xiewis and Clark Centenniaf. Exposition
Grains, Grasses and Last Crops of
Oregon Will Be on Display.
OREGON will show in the Agricultural
and Horticultural "building all the
grains, grasses and roots which have
made this state pre-eminent from the va
riety and abundance of its Agricultural
products. The best exhibits of such nonr
perishables as grains and grasses wero
purchased in bulk at the State Fair, and
54 cases of the best in each line have
been purchased in Eastern Oregon. Every
one-half of the Forestry Building, show
all of the woods and plant life in the
state, and the forestry woods finished in
their natural condition. This exhibit will
be ornamented with a large collection of
Oregon pine cones. The fish and game
department will be In the same building,
and will be thoroughly representative.
The dalrydepartment will be made as
complete as possible; and will be under
the control of th.e leading dairymen of
the state. The livestock department will
occupy about 15 acres, and It Is hoped
that this department may Include every
class of livestock in the state, and also,
represent the Immense poultry industry.
A special effort is being put forth to
make the educational exhibit the most
Important exhibit, and, should it not
prove satisfactory to the people of our
state, I certainly do not think that any
complaint can be made against the com
mittee which has worked so hard to that
In addition to making these exhibits, the
Commission is assisting the counties to
the extent of 5500 for each county exhibit
under one classification, and also offers
$1000 for the first. $503 for the second. $300
for the third and $200 for the fourth,
these awards to be made upon the merit
of the products exhibited by each county
during the Exposition period.
In addition to making these exhibits and
the participation in the Louisiana Pur
chase Exposition, this Commission has
constructed upon the Lewis and Clark
Exposition grounds every exhibit building,
the entrance to the grounds, the admin
istrative offices and the state building,
and has distributed a large amount of ad
vertising matter. The Commissioners have
Acres 636,064
Yield, bushels 12.950.000
Value $8,806,000
Yield per acre, bushels...,. 20.36
Acres 105,S5
Yield, bushels 3.221.774
Value $1,221,704
Yield per acre 30.5S
Acres 25.953
Yield, bushels... .A 639,378
Value $311,572
Yield per acre, bushels 24.5
Acres -.- 767.642
Yield, bushels : 1C.S11.152
Value $10,342,276
given their services, and some of them
their entire time, without one dollar of
consideration. The books and records
and transactions of the Commission have
been open to "public Inspection and sug
gestions at all times. J do not believe that
a more earnest lot of men ever labored to
make a success of the work they have
been directed to perform than the mem
bers of this Commission, .and the officers
connected therewith.
It is to be hoped that every citizen of
our state will do his utmost to assist the
Commission in the collection of the ex
hibits, and that they will 6ee that noth
ing but the very best is prepared for this
jyurpose. Without the united aid of every
variety of wheat, oats, barley, rye. corn.
millet, eta, will be shown both" in sheaves
and in the cleaned state. The sheaves
will bo artistically arranged on the walls,
while the cleaned grain will be shown in
invested globes. All kinds of root croDS
will be bought fresh and added from time
to time, as the season for them arrives.
While part of its own separate exhibit.
for which special provision was made by
the Legislature, the display made by the
State Agricultural College in the Agri
cultural building will contribute largely
the best of each kind of fruit, both fresh
and in bottles, without regard to locality,
though each of Its exhibits will have
marked on it the name of the place
were it was grown, and will give to vis
itors large quantities of fresh fruit. When
the Exposition opens there will be a
complete exhibit of all . kinds of iruit
bottled in alcohol.
As Summer opens fresh 'strawberries
will come in from Hood River, the Wil
lamette Valley and all parts of Eastern
Oregon. They will be closely followed by
cherries from all sections of the state.
Then will come gooseberries and currants
from all the rich valleys. Next will come
pears, peaches, plums and prunes, water
melons, muskmelons and canteloupes. to
say nothing of tamotocs. Loganberries,
blackberries and dewberries will appear
in their season. Oregon's fame as a
wine-growing country will be attested by
the presence of grapes of every variety
from the Willamette Valley, Southeren
and Eastern Oregon. Though nutgrowing
is in its infancy, there will be three' va
rieties off English walnuts, as well as
black walnuts, almonds and filberts.
Oregon apples are known in three con
tinents for size, flavor and abundance,
and as the Fair will be drawing to a
close when they ripen, provision has been
made for a continuous exhibit drawn from
this year's crop. For this purpose the
State Commission has bought and placed
In cold storage an aggregate of 1000
boxes, drawn from all sections. This to
tal includes 100 boxes from the irrigated
Acreage I .18,000 to 19,000
Crop per acre, 1904. pounds , S50
Crop per acre, average of ten years, pounds 950
Price per pound. 1904, 10c to 22c: average 25c
Cost of production, per pound, Sc to 10c
Profit per pound, 1904.. 15c
Total production in 1904, bales, 82,500; pounds - .16.000.000
Total value.. ...$4,000,000
Total profit 2,500.000
to the full representation of Oregon. It
will comprise cereals in sheaf and
threshed samples, specimens of a number
of varieties of forage "plants, including a
large collection of native and domestic
grasses, clovers, vetch, alfalfa and other
pasture and hay plants. There will be in
the collection of cereals about one hun
dred varieties of wheat, twent yof oats,
ten of barley, peltz. A large collection
of seeds of the various farm crops will
be exhibited, thus showing the large
scope presented by our farms for profit
able endeavor in this line.
While sugar beets will doubtless be rep
resented in the state exhibit, they will be
most thoroughly shown in a private ex
himlt in the Liberal Arts building. This
wili display the whole process from the
raw beets, as they are taken from tho
ground, through the process of manufac
ture to the finished sugar and syrup ready
for the market.
As flax is grown only in Marlon County,
it will figure in the exhibit of that county
and not in that of the state.
The superiority of the grasses of Ore
gon in variety, abundance and. nutritive
qualities will again be proved, as it was
at St. Louis, where they won the grand
prize in competition with the world.
This exhibit will show visitors the wheat
and other grain of Northeastern Oregon,
the polumbla River and Willamette Val
ley counties; the alfalfa of the irrigated
areas in Eastern and Central Oregon; the
rich natural bunchgrass of the Eastern
Oregon ranges: the grasses and other
fodder plants of the Willamette Valley
and the Coast counties; the potatoes,
onions, turnips and other root crops
which yield abundantly throughout Oregon.
Every Kind From Every Section
Oregon to Be Seen and Eaten.
IN no ' department will Oregon no shine
as in that of horticulture, for the fame
of the. state's .fruit is becoming world
wide. The StaU Commission will how
land in the Malheur Valley; j65 from
Cove. 75 from .Union and 65 from La
Grande, in the Grand Ronde Valley; 50
from Milton and Umatilla County; 100
from The Dallen and 50 from Scappoose,
in the Columbia Valley; 150 from Hood
River, comprising the entire exhibit at
the fruit fair; 25 from Junction City. In
the Willamette Valley: 150 from Ashland
and Mcdford. In the Rogue River Valley;
and a quantity from Coos Bay. These
apples are of every variety and are with
out bruise or blemish, so that they should
fairly represent the state with rosy
Profuse Display of Ore and Minerals
From Oregon Mines. '
MINERAL enough to dazzle the eyes
of even a magnate from the
Transvaal Rand will be exhibited by
the state commission in the Mines
Hill, Jackson County, a gTeat profu
sion of ores, carrying sold, sliver and
copper, as well as cinnlbar, asbfestoa,
white clouded marble, transparent
marble, several varieties of granite,
iron ore, three exhibits of llmestonte,
two of burnt lime, fire clay and tile
and brick made of that fireclay. From
Medford and Jacksonville will come
about ten tons of the same kinds of
minerals, the mlneowners having: em
ployed two men to collect exhibits.
Nuggets to the value of several thou
sand dollars will be sent from the
Brlggs placer mlnle in Josephine Coun
ty. There will also be rich specimens
of gold and copper ore from Gold Creek
on the Santiam River.
The commission will make a. special
feature of thte undeveloped minerals,
such as iron, of which there are great
beds in Scappoose Creek, on the Co
lumbia River near Columbia City and
near Heppner, where a mine has been
opened recently: shell marie, the Tjasls
of cement, of which great beds exist
along the Columbia and Willamette
Rivers; roofing slate, which abounds
with the names of the mine, its owner
and manager, the districts, width of
ivein, width of ore? geologlcal".;fQrma
'tlqn, value of ore, number of feet b
development, equipment and process of
Forestry Building Will Contain All
Oregon's -Various Woods.
0" REG ON S greatest lumber exhibit will
be the Forestry bulldlag with huge logs
standing in columns around its walls or
lying flat to make those walls. This will
show, .the size to which timber grows In
this favored state, and will be a more
ing. These will include several varieties
of bear, panther, beaver, muskrat, mar-1
ten, mink, wildcat. China pheasants will
be there, not only, stuffed, but .some alive
in cages. Among the birds will be the
bald-headed eagle, eight varieties of wild
duck, three of grouse, three at quail and
.two of pheasants, swan, night heron.
blue heron and prairie chicken. Of. small
er animals there will be the tox, llsher
and gray squirrel.
The State Commission has spme splen
did elk. and deer horns and one elk head
with the horns on, all of which will bo
placed on exhibition;. Much of this ex
hibit is already installed at St. Louis
and will be transferred as a whole, but
many additions -will benade.
A colony or Chinese- pheasants will
Several Leading Cities In United States Have More Rain Than
Average annual precipitation in typical American citiea.for ten
years, 1894 to 1903, -inclusive : Inches
Pacific Coast Portland, Or...... 39.8
New England Boston '. - 40.8
Middle Atlantic States New York City 43 .4 '
L,ake States Chicago ; 29.8'
Central Valleys St. Louis, Mo ' 34.6
Prairies North Platte, Neb 16.2
Boeky Mountains Helena, Mont 13.0
Intennountain Belt Salt Lake City 15.0
South Atlantic States Atlanta r. 46.4
Gulf States New Orleans ; . . . 49.7
graphic demonstration than could be made
by columns of figures. Near the north end
of the building-stands a clump of -growing
fir trees in Centennial Park, which
farther displays the chief sources of
wealth of Western Oregon.
But this will show only one, though the
greatest, of the forest trees. Within the
building will be a display by the State
Commission of the great variety of Ore
gon's forest products, and the usee to
which they are adapted. The nucleus of
this will be the state's exhibit at St. Louis,
which will be brought to Portland as a
whole. Its basis Is the Johnson collection
of Oregon woods, which won prizes at the
form an in terestlng private- exhibit in
this department. It has been offered by
Hiss DoIly'Whitney. of Woodburn, who
will show the birds in every stage of
Colonial Building for Use of State
Commission and Visitors.
BUILT in the Colonial style, the Ore
gon building will be at the same
time one of the simplest and one of the
Number of Births In Portland Far-Exceeds That of Deaths.
Numbero births in'1903 . 1343
Number of births in 1904 (December estimated) 1639
Increase, 22.5 per cent 296
Number of deaths in 1903 1237
Number of deaths in 1904 (December estimated) 1345
Increase, 8.76 per cent 108
Marriage licenses issued in 1903 . 1329
Marriage licenses issued in 1904 (December estimated) 1491
Increase, 7.96 per cent 162
building, an agent having toured the
remotest mining districts of the state
In search of thoroughly representative
exhibits. Not only the familiar classes
of ore carrying gold, silver, copper and
lead will be exhibited, but the rarer
kinds which abound Jn Oregon, though
they are mainly undeveloped.
Th.e great developed mining districts
of Baker County in the east and Jo
sephine and Jackson Counties in the
southwest will be fully represented. In
Baker County, the Rock Creek, Cable
Cove and Cracker Creek districts, fn
which are the great dividend-paying
E. E, North Pol, Red Boy and Colum
bia -nines, will send a total of about
30 tons of ev.ery variety of gold, silver,
copper and lead ores, while Greenhorn,
Dixie, Susanville, Alamo and Granite
districts, south of Baker City, will send
about 12 tons of equal richness and
variety. About ten tons of the same
kinds will come from the mines Imme
diately around Baker City.
' Southern Oregon will send from Gold
along Rogue River; marble of every
shade, of which great quarries exist
near Roaeburg. in Wallowa County,
and In other sections of Oregon; wolf
ramite, or .tin ore, which has also
been found near Roseburg; granite
and sandstone for building, which ex
ist in .great variety in Lane and sev
eral Coast counties; platinum, which
is found associated with gold In the
placer mines of Southwestern Ore
gon; kaolin, chroma to of iron, sienna
nickel, beauajte, soapstone, bismuth,
molybdenite, infisarlal earth and tri
poli, cryolite, cobalt, borax. Jadestone
as fine as' any in China and Japan,
which are both found in Oregon.
A strong Inducement to mlneowners
and prospectors "to send In exhibits Is
offered by the corporation to have their
ore crushed an milled on -the ground, af
fording a thorough practical test of its
value. This-will be done free of charge
and the full value extracted will be re
turned to the owner.
Each exhibit will be plainly marked
, ,' Floor
' L'gth, Brdth, Space. Cost. Completed
Name. Ft. Ft. Sa. Ft.
Forestry 206 -100 20.000 $29,535
Oriental 30S 160 40,000 55.425
European 462 100 45,000 51,720
Agriculture and Horticulture 460 210 90,000 69,130
Machinery, Electricity, and Trans
portation 500 100 50,000 28,540
Administration group 2S.0OO-
Oregon 93 45 9.270
Auditorium 120 108 12,535
Mining 200 100 20,000 14,370
Manufactures 60,000 .......
Government main building 360 240. 103,000
Government Fisheries 160- 80 20,000 ,
Government Forestry and Irriga
tion 160 0, 20.000
Government Life-Saving ,c
Government buildings, aggregate 250,000
Nov. 9
Dec. 10
Dec 15
Nov. 19
Expositions at Buffalo, Paris and Charles
ton. Each specimen is highly polished
and colored, and In variety and complete
ness the collection cannot be surpassed
in the world. To this will be added a
fine collection of lumber of every kind
manufactured Into all commercial shapes.
It will show the lumber In every stage of
manufacture, from the log to the finished
shape In boxes, sash, doors and frames.
.moldings, turned goods and cooperage
products, xne inausiry migm De ionowea
further to show furniture made in Ore
gon of Oregon lumber, carriages and, wag
ons, ships, boats, canoes, oars, paddles,
lead pencils, tannin, showcases, picture
frames trunks, wheelbarrows and many
other articles, but these will be displayed
In the several departments of tho Liberal
Arts building.
As though the logs which enter Into the
construction of the building were not
enough, the State Commission has gone
further and provided for the erection on
end at some conspicuous point on the
grounds of a huge fir log from Clatsop
County. It Is 100 feet long. 12 feet In di
ameter at the butt, and eight feet at the
small end. This will tower above the
buildings and be a striking landmark,
visible from a great distance.
Exhibit for Sportsmen to Be Placed
in Forestry Building.
FISH AND GAME will be displayed by
the. state In the Forestry building,
and this exhibit, being devpted mainly
to wild game and game fish, the commer
cial fisheries receiving closer attention
in the Government exhibit, and being fully
exploited in the Clatsop and Columbia
County exhibits. The latter will Include
the history of tho salmon from the time
when It enters the hatchery as an egg
until It Is sealed In the can. Among fish
the state will show chlnook, steelhead
and silverslde salmon frozen In blocks of
Ice; also mountain, Dolly "Vartlen, red
side and lake trout, salmon trout, bass
and grayling as they come from the pure
mountain streams of the state.
All the game birds and animals of Ore
gon, stuffed, will perch about the build-
most dignified on the grounds. Front
ing on the south side of Lewis and
Clark Boulevard, it will have a broad
portico of six Ionic columns, behind
which the vestibule will be recessed so
far as to give it great depth. On the
facade above the portico the name
"Oregon" will be carved, and' above this
will be a broad double cornice. It will
have two stories, amply, lighted by
large square windows. An ornamental
Present number in State 160,000
Sheared in Spring of 1904 140.000
Total clip 450.000
-Average price per pound 33c
Total value of clip $150,750
balustrade in line with the columns of
the portico will enclose a broad ver
anda, surrounding the building, and a
broad flight of steps will lead up to it
from the boulevard.
The ground floor of thi3 building will
Mean maximum and minimum
temperature of a typical Summer
and Winter month at places on or
near the 45th parallel of latitude,
average of -30 years, 1871 to 1901 r
Jan'y. 1 July.
Uil- c.p c &p a
Portland, Or. 44 34 77 55
Helena, Mont 28 12 0 55
St. Paul. Minn 20 3 82 62
Milwaukee, Wis.... 28 15 78 63
Eastport, Me 28 14 70 55
Portland, Me 30 15 75 62
be used for the offices of the State
.Commission and a reception-room for
visitors, while the second floor will be
occupied as lounging and reception-rooms.
Lewis and Clark
Will Be Open Continuously
. . From June 1, 1905, to October 15, 1905
One Hundred and Thirty-Seven Days