Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 02, 1905, PART ONE, Page 10, Image 10

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QUICK, to 'realize the National im
portance of such an event, the
states, "both east and west, are
preparing to make extensive exhibits
at the Lewis and Clark Fair. Of those
comprising the Oregon Country, Idaho
has provided for a display of her
many resources and Is likely, at
the approaching session of her Legis
lature, to make provision for a state
building; Montana will show how lavish
ly she Is endowed with mineral wealth
and Is likely also to erect a building;
Washington will be asked by her State
.Commission to appropriate 575,000 for a
state building and exhibit, and the high
favor In which the Fair stands with her
people leaves no room for doubt that the
appropriation will be made.
California, in consonance with her po
sition as the largest, richest and most
populous of the Pacific Coast States, has
set aside funds for an exhibit, and her
Governor and legislators unite In declar-
Bracket and Urn on Atricultsral
Ing their intention to add 570.000 to this
sum at the session this month. Utah
has also made an appropriation of -510,000
and provided for the transfer of her St.
Louis exhibit, and will probably Increase
Its fund to 530,000.
New York and Massachusetts have set
the pace for the Atlantic States by pro
viding funds for state buildings and ex
hibits, and it Is probable that additional
sums will be appropriated this month.
The other five New England States are
expected to follow the lead of Massa
chusetts by combining their funds for the
erection of a New England building.
In the Middle West North Dakota has
provided that her display at St. Louis
shall be replenished and transferred to
Portland, and will this month appropriate
funds necessary to carry out this pur
pose. Minnesota's Legislature has also
expressed a desire .for the transfer of the
state exhibit from St. Louis to Portland
and Its members are known to be dis
posed to make an appropriation.
Although none of the Southern States
have so far appropriated funds for ex
hibits. Alabama at least Is likely to be
represented. The Birmingham Commer
cial Club has decided that the giant
statue of Yulcan. 65 feet high, and con
taining 50 tons of Alabama iron, shall be
sent from St. Louis to Portland.
The favorable action of the states
named may reasonably be expected to In
fluence others to follow their example, so
that before the Fair opens it will be a
question of finding sites for all the state
buildings proposed, not of inducing
enough to participate. This happy stato
of affairs Is duo to the strong, friendly
influence which President Roosevelt has
brought to bear In favor of the Fair, to
the moral effect of National participation
and to the energetic canvass of the states
made by C. H. Mclsaac the special commissioner.
Legislature Sure to Provide Funds for
State Building and Exhibit.
SEATTLE, "Wash., Dec. 3L (Special.)
Immediately upon the assem
bling of the Legislature in January it
will be asked to make an appropriation
of 575.000 for the erection of a state
building and the collection and main
tenance of a state exhibit at the Lewis
and Clark Fair at Portland. So strong
Is the sentiment throughout the state
In favor of the Exposition that no doubt
is entertained that the appropriation
will be made without delay, so that the
building may be completed and the ex
hiblt installed in ample time for the
opening on June 1.
In all the larger counties steps have
already been taken to prepare for
making a display. Individual pledges
of support made by members of the
Legislature and the encouragement
given by Governor-Elect A. E. Mead
show clearly that the Legislature In
January will make a liberal appropri
ation. A state commission of seven
members, five' of whom were selected
from the board directing the display at
the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, has
laid the groundwork for a fitting ex
hibit. Working without an appropria
tion, the commission has been able
only to insure the preservation of the
permanent features of the St. Louis
exhibit, and to encourage local organ
izations to prepare for the Lewis and
Clark Exposition. G. W. R. Peaslee, of
Clarkston, who is president of the
Lewis and Clark State Commission;
Thomas -Harrington, of Buckley: G. L.
LIndsey, of Hidgefield; B. P. Thomas,
of Anacortes, and W. W. Tolman, of
Spokane, are the members chosen from
the Louisiana Purchase Exposition
Commission. The other two are J. G.
Megler, of Brookfield, and Frank Park
er, of walla walla. This commission
has visited the Fair, decided that a
state building is necessary and select
ed a site directly south and east of the
Agricultural Building.
Will Add to St. Louis Exhibit.
The commission, will make certain
that so much of the St. Louis exhibit as
is available be saved for Portland. The
mineral display, preserved fruits,
scenic paintings, state Institution dis
plays, forestry exhibits and similar col
lections can readily be transferred,
and, under a new appropriation, added
to. There will remain after the Legis
lature makes an appropriation plenty
of time for the erection of a state
building. Tho collection of such extra
exhibits as may be gathered during the
"Winter .and early Spring months can go
on immediately after the Legislature
acts. Only that part of a perishable
exhibit that should have been collected
last Summer will be temporarily lost
to the state, and the display will be
continually added to during the Sum
mer. The best will be chosen from the
growing crops to keep up the perisha
ble display, and whatex'er "Washington
may lack at present will be fully made
up before the Exposition is well under
way. ,
Advantage Long Ago Seen.
The spirit in which the larger counties
are taking up the Exposition work is sig
nificant of the manner in which "Washing
ton regards the Exposition". The visit of
prominent officials of the Exposition to
this fetate accomplished a great deal, but
the general recognition of the value of
the Exposition to "Washington dated back
further. There has been a disposition
among the most prominent business men
to raise a fund to provide a display, and
this would have been done but for the
general feeling that the Legislature will
be certain to make a satisfactory appro
priation in ample time. County and mu
nicipal exhibits will be provided by local
The official? of the Louisiana Purchase
Exposition Commission Insist that the
permanent features of the St. Louis ex
hibit cannot be transferred to this state
or Portland much before the first of the
year. If this is true, this nucleus of the
Lewis and Clark display will not be on
the ground more than a week before the
Washington Legislature meets. It Is
easily possible to make an appropriation
available so that the work can proceed
without appreciable delay.
Governor-elect Mead, during the last
campaign, spoke in a friendly manner
of the Exposition. Since the campaign
ended. In private conversation, he has
Indorsed the project and spoke before
the schoolchildren of his home city
Bellingham warmly commending the
project and treating of its practical
and historical value. The certainty that
Governor Mead will aid the Exposition
in every possible manner, and the Indl-
' 3
at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition.
An appropriation of $33,000 was made for
both expositions. Of this sum 525,000 was
to be used in gathering an exhibit, dis
playing It at St. Louis and removing it
to Portland, the remaining 510,000 being
available for maintaining the exhibit at
the latter place. A commission of five
was authorized to have general charge.
This Is composed of James E. Steel,
president; Mrs. Henrietta Mansfield, sec
retary; R. W. McBrlde, M. J. Wessels
and Dr. Harold J. Reed. Under the law
the commission selected Clarence B.
Hurtt as executive commissioner to take
active charge. So far, about 525,000 of the
appropriation has been expended. The
commission will be obliged to anticipate
expect a headquarters there.
The commission, as now constituted,
may not continue to serve. It has per
formed its duties to tho satisfaction of
the people. Mr. Hurtt has made a splen
did record, but he is a very busy man,
and may not wish to serve at Portland.
California Exhibit to Be Worthy Its
Proud Position.
THAT California shall be represented
at the Lewis and Clark Exposition
In a manner which will be creditable
to the largest and most populous com
monwealth on the Pacific Coast 13 the
general desire of our people. To this
end the means already available will
be used- and doubtless the Leia.
laturja at its coming session will
be asked to make further provision of
money. When the first appropriation
was made, two years ago, it was very
modest in amount, because at that
time comparatively little was known
about tho general plans for the Expia
tion, and the expectations entertained
in regard to its magnitude and Impor
tance were not what they have since
Just at the present writing the plans
for 6ho California exhibit are less defi
nite than they will be a few weeks
hence, because several Important points
must be decided in the near future.
Whether the exhibit shall he, as far as
possible, a collective one grouping In
a single large building the products
of our varied: Induatrlesr or whether
these shall be scattered, among the
classified exhibits in the main Exposi
tion palaces this is one of the prob
lems not yet solved. Each of the two
plans has its advantages and its advo
cates, though probably most Calif or
nlans would be better pleased to see
the state display made a consolidated
one; since the Impression it -would
make on the ordinary visitor would be
greater. If this idea is acted on, as
It very lfkely will be. It will Involve a
much larger expenditure for a stato
building than would the other plan.
At St. Louis the , principal California
exhibits were scattered through five or
six great buildings, occupying a con
siderable space in each, and It would
have required a mighty stretch of roof
to take them all under one cover. It
would have called for a pretty good
sized building to take in even the one
display In the Agricultural building,
which is made by counties and em
braces such a range of products as no
other state has attempted to show.
Of course it Is understood that, while
.the St. Louis exhibits will form the
basis of those presented, at Portland,
the scale will be reduced and only the
best features preserved.
In some respects, the representation
of California at Portland ought to, and
will, be different In character from that
at St. Louis. While" as the tenth, state
in order of Importance In manufactur
ing: industries, California holds a re
spectable rank, it hardly-seemed worth
Louis she was represented by a smaller
building' for which one of the old Mis
sion churcnes that at Santa Barbara
was taken as a model. It has been
suggested that for Portland a building
could be erected in the form of a
Greek cross, and having for Its four
fronts reproductions of the fronts of
four different missions. This sugges
tion has been quite favorably received,
but whether it will be practicable to
State made.
Oregon 5400.000
California 20,000
Massachusetts .. 15,000
New York 35,000
North Dakota
Montana 10,000
Idaho 10,000
Utah 10000
New Hampshire.
"Vermont ......
Rhode Island..
Totals .5500,000
act upon It will not be known until
In general. I may say, the people
of California approve of and admire
the enterprise of their sister state in
undertaking the rather heavy respon
sibilities of an exposition and that this
approval should be marked by- cordial
while to enter into competition with
Pennsylvania and Massachusetts; but
in the Lewis and Clark Exposition the
situation will be different, and our
makers of machinery, of textiles, of
food products and of art work have
every motive to display their wares In
a city so intimately related to their
field of competition as 13 the metropo
lis of Oregon.
The style of building to be erected,
and its architectural features, cannot
be determined until it is decided how
large the structure must be, but some
thing In the Mission style seems to bo
most appropriate. At Chicago, In 1893,
California had a large building which
possessed the general characteristics
of Mission architecture, while at St.
co-operation in every way in which it
can be extended.
Governor of California.
Sacramento, CaL, Dec 1, 1904.
Bewildering Display of Wealth Com
ing From Montana.
BUTTE, Mbnt., Dec. 3L (Special.)
Montana will make one of the most
elaborate mineral exhibits at the Lewis
and Clark Exposition of any of the North
western States. The entire exhibit of the
Upper View, the Mint; Lower View, the Bureau of
Engraving and Printing
vldual pledges of Washington Legislators-elect
assures the state of a good
Gem State Will Enlarge St. Louis Ex.
hlblt and May Build.
BOISE. Dec. 21. (Special.) Tho last
session of the Legislature authorized
participation by this state In the Lewis
& Clark Exposition, this being incorpor
ated in an act providing for an exhibit
Lewis and Clark
Will Be Open Continuously
From June 1, 1905, to October 15, 1905
One Hundred and Thirty-Seven Days
the portion of the appropriation made .
available for 1905 to the amount of 55000
to pack the exhibits at St. Louis and .
ship the same to Portland. This will i
leave 55000 for maintaining the display.
It Is probable, however, that the Leg
islature will make an additional appro
priation, as the people are very anxious
to have a creditable display. The fact
Is recognized everywhere that great good
has been accomplished for the state at
St. Louis by the expenditure of a very
small sum of money, and the people hope
that an even better display will be made
at Portland. It may, therefore,, be as
sumed that the state will proviso funds
for a creditable reprascntatUSa.
Tho display will generally follow the
lines of that made at St. Louis. Indeed,
many of the exhibits sent to the latter
place will be shipped to Portland. This
will Include minerals, preserved fruits,
grains and many other classes of exhibits.
If the Legislature prove liberal, it is
probable the scope of the display will be
broadened. For instance, lumbering will
no doubt be much better represented:
Irrigation portrayed, the stockgrowing
business shown, the power possibilities
and opportunities for manufacturing illus
trated; climatic conditions set forth. In
the agricultural and horticultural depart
ments an effort will be made to give
visitors a broad idea of the productive
ness of the land under Irrigation. There
will be an elaborate display of agricul
ture, horticulture, minerals, stockgrowing
and dairying; a fine educational display,
and a great many special exhibits.
It Is expected that stopover privileges
will be granted by the railways In both
ends of the state, and an effort will be
made to Induce visitors to spend some
time in Idaho before returning home or
determining where they will locate In
the West.
Whether Idaho will have "a building at
Portland cannot be known until the Leg
islature shall have passed on the entire
question. Undoubtedly, the .people will