Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, December 31, 1904, Page 6, Image 6

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

Entered at th "Postoffleo at Portland. Or.,
as second-class natter.
By mall postage prepaid In advance)-
Daily, with Sunday, per month S -S3
Dally, with Sunday excepted, per year.. 7.50
Sally, with Sunday, per year 8.00
Sunday, per year 2.00
The Weekly, per year NJ
The Weekly.' 3 montha -0
Sally per week, delivered. Sunday ex-
cepted - -10
Dally, per week, delivered. Sunday U-
eluded -20
United States. Canada and Mexico
10 to 14-page paper o
16 to 30-page paper ....... c
22 to 44-page paper 3c
Foreign rates, double.
The S. C Beck with Special Agency New
York: rooms 43-60. Tribune building. Chl
caso; rooms 510512 Tribune bulldlnc
The Oreconlan does not buy poems or sto
ries from individuals and cannot undertake
tb return any manuscript sent to it without
solicitation. No stamps should be Inclosed
(or this purpose.
Chicago Auditorium Annex: Postorace
News Co.. ITS Dearborn street.
Denver- Julius Black. Hamilton & Kend
rick, 006-812 Seventeenth su. and UTueaufl
Erot. 605 16th st
Kansas City. Mo, Rlcksecker Clear Co..
ninth and Walnut.
Los Angele Harry Drapkln.
Oakland. CaL W. H. Johnston. Four
teeath and Franklin at,
Minneapolis M. J. Kavanaugh. 50 South
Third: U Regclsburger. 217 First avenue
New York City Z. Jones & Co.. Astor
Ogden F. R. Godard and Myers and Bar
ren. Omaha Barkalow Bros.. 1612 Farnam:
Uageath Stationery Co . 1308 Farnam.
Salt Ike Salt Lake 2cw Co. 77 West
Second South street.
San Francisco J. IC Cooper Co.. 746 Mar
ket street: Foster & Orear. Ferry News
Stand: Goldsmith Bros.. 236 SuUer: L- E.
Lee. Palace Hotel News Stand: F. W. Pitts.
100S Market; Frank Scott. SO Ellis: N.
Wheatley. S3 Stevenson: Hotel St. Francis
News Stand.
Washington. D. C. Ebbltt House News
In. an article written In advocacy of
the re-election of Senator Foster, of
Washington, the Tacoma Ledger makes
this excursion, to-nvlt:
It is porttnent to call attention to the fact
'hat Ue powerful Portland Influence at Wash
ington has always been exerted In favor of
Improves oats botwecn Portland and the sea,
t the detriment of the upper river. Puget
Souad 'is not opposed and hart never been
opposed to the upper Columbia and Snake
'vers improvement, and Senator Foster is
l&rtily Jr favor of It. The'opcn rlvor will
Tfc rates to Tacoma, Seattle. Everett and
RIHngbam by rail, as well as to Portland.
mx4 Pcot Sound has no fear that Portland
lll monopolize the business. Portland, on
the atMer hand, fears that the oponlng of tho
uppw rtver will send cargoes straight to
AtKoria Instead of to Portland unless by the
prior expenditure of millions, Portland can be
mode a seaport for large vessel.
What all thi6 has to do with Senator
Foster's claims for re-election, and
what Senator Foster's claims for re
flation can have to do with all this,
is not apparent; especiaHy since the
whole, as far as it relates to Portland,
1b a tissue of misrepresentation and
misstatement, which can do Senator
Foster no possible good. So far from
being true is it that Portland has op
posed improvoment of the upper rivers,
such assertion is the full opposite of
truth. Ail the improvements that have
been made on the upper Tivers have
resulted from Portland's initiative and
have been carried through by Port
land's influence and support.
In every possible way during more
than thirty years Portland has been
working in this behalf. Portland
usually has had one Senator and some
times both of them, and several times
the Representative in Congress.
Through their efforts appropriations
have been obtained for clearing the
channel in the Columbia and Snake
Rivers, above Celilo; and the work has
been, well done. Through their efforts
the Cascade Locks were begun and
pushed to completion. Moreover, they
havo been at work for years to get
canal and locks at The Dalles, and
now at last success is promised. Port
land, again, took the initiative in pass
ing through the Legislature of Oregon,
first an appropriation for a portage
railway at the Cascades, pending the
completion of the canal and locks; and
second, she took the lead in carrying
through a like appropriation for a
construction of canal and, locks
tViAA n3 tlife irtort Tint,. n -
'ract. is to be built immediately. All
tiis, let it be remarked here, means
something, moreover, when Portland's
place in the taxpaying Industry of Ore
gon is considered. Furthermore, many
times, in season and out of season, dur
ing many years, Portland's commercial
bodies have insistently urged these
measures for the upper rivers, and
she Isn't done yet. Much has been ac
complished, and more would have been.
had thore been co-operation all the
time from her neighbor north of the
great river; but Puget Sound has al
ways felt that her interests would bet
ter be promoted by neglect of the Co
It is true that Portland also has
striven for improvement of the lower
river, between her own site and the
sea, and has spent much money, of her
own. in that "behalf. But this should
hardly be objected to, at Puget Sound
or elsewhere. The aid of the Govern
ment has been solicited in this behalf,
also, and will be further; for it is right
that it should be given. Is not Govern
ment aid continually solicited for Im
provement of navigation in the streams
and channels about Puget Sound? And
that is right, too. But the objection
that is made to a channel in the Lower
Columbia is so obviously a narrow and
selfish objection to the commercial
progress of Portland that all who. like
the Tacoma Ledger, present it ought
to be ashamed of it.
Portiand is using every influence at
her command, and has been doing so
these thirty years, to improve the navl
gallon of the Columbia River and its
tributaries, from the head of navigation
to the sea. There have been great re
sults, and Portland will persist, and
will continue to put up her money. Who
has any right to object? "Godi help
the bear," as Walter Scott said in re
ply to Byron, who had accused him of
selling his literary work, and therefore
of working for hire "God help the
bear. If he may not at least suck his
own paws."
But Portland's chief concern is not
with the river from her docks to the sea.
That is an easy matter, compared with
the problem at the Columbia bar. It is
much easier to make and maintain a
deep channel to Portland than to make
And maintain a deep channel at the
entrance of the river. Astoria, cannot
oe maae apori lor aeeper vessels than
an ascend to Portland; lor It has been
demonstrated that the river to Port
land is a less obstacle to large vessels
than the bar below Astoria, and can
be maintained more easily at the neces
sary depth. P6rtland 1s infinitely more
concerned about the bar helow As
toria than about the river above As
toria. For Portland is in position to
know what she is talking about, while
they who talk or write as in the Ta-
coma paper, in the first place don't
know, and in the next place are inter
ested in misrepresentation of Columbia
River conditions.
Perhaps the rarest hook in the annals
of Oregon is "Wyeth's Oregon Expedi
tion," published at Cambridge, Mass.,
in 1833. Its author, John B. Wyeth,
was a cousin of Nathaniel J. Wyeth,
who. led the expedition to Oregon in
1832, and a second expedition In 1834.
John B. Wyeth was a young fellow of
twenty, who had a 'boyish eagerness for
starting on the expedition, but soon
'became dissatisfied, grumbled against
"his kinsman, and, in company with oth
ers, quit the party July 28, 1832, at a
place just a little distance west of the
main fidge of the Rocky Mountains
and returned to St. Louis, where, em
barking on a steamboat, he reached
New Orleans and managed there to
obtain passage on a ship for Boston,
where he arrived January 2. 1833, after
an absence of ten months.
Of this book, which contains hut
eighty-seven pages, there is but one
copy in Oregon, and its possessor is not
sure that there is another in existence.
It is written In a style that Indicates
an older head" than a youth of one
and twenty. It abounds with pessi
mistic reflections and sage but rather
dull moral observations. The author
confesses that he was a fool for start
ing on such a journey, and Intimates
that the leader, his kinsman, Captain
Wyeth, was a man without judgment,
or he never would have" undertaken so
crazy an enterprise. The Oregon Coun
try wasn't worth anything though he
hadn't seen it; it was a barren waste
with a horrible climate; everything on
the journey was disagreeable and dis
mal, and the prospect at the end was
worse. Young Wyeth, therefore, -was
glad to quit the expedition and return
home; and at the conclusion of his
story he wrote: "The lesson to toe col
lected from this short history is the
great danger in making haste to he
rich. Instead of relying upon patient
industry, which never fails to give a
man his just deserts."
No adventures beyond ordinary ones
are recorded in the book. It is interest
ing, however, and valuable, from its
account of the organization of Wyeth's
first expedition, and from the quaint
and querulous tone that pervades it.
Advertisements inserted in newspapers
throughout the East have failed to
bring forth another copy of it; and in
quiry among the Wyeths at Boston a
few months ago brought only the an
swer that their great uncle had made
the journey to the West, but they had
never seen nor heard of any book by
An Interesting letter from General
Sherman to General Howard, which has
lain in a dark hole nearly forty years.
has just come to light. The history of
it throws light on the characters of
three eminent men whom it concerned
the third man being General John A.
When McPherson, commander of the
Army of the Tennessee, was killed near
Atlanta, Logan desired and expected to
succeed to the command of that army,
but Sherman gave the preference to
Howard. Of course Logan was too
good a soldier and too high-minded a
man to show any disappointment.
When preparations were making for
the great review at Washington, at the
end of the war, Sherman suggested to
Howard that he shoutd concede to Lo
gan the honor of leading the Army of
the Tennessee at the review. Howard
conceded it, at once. Then under date
of May 20, 1855, Sherman wrote How
ard, saying:
I am this moment In receipt of your com
munication of thi date, and I thank you tor
your generous act. I do think It but Just to
Logan, and notwithstanding his modest reply
to us last night, I know he will prize this act
most highly. I will deem it a special favor
and pleasure if you will ride with me at the
review of "Wednesday next. I will be at the
head of the column at-fl A. M. on "Wednesday,
near the Capitol, and, beg you will Jolx me
there. Tour personal staff can ride with me
This letter miscarried somehow, and
Howard never received it till December
8, 1304. Howard, on the day of the re
view", took his place on horseback with
Sherman's staff, till Sherman, happen
ing to 6ee him, sent for him. Howard
had not received Sherman's note, and
Sherman at once told an orderly to
take Howard's horse, and bade How
ard get Into the carriage with him.
But where had the letter "been? There
may be explanation later; but probably
It never will, be known how it miscar
It seems Incredible, and it certainly Is
cause for regret, that the opening of
the Portland Open-Air Sanitarium is
likely to 'be delayed beyond the first of
the year from lack of small donations,
such as bedding, bedsteads and the
simple furnishings needed to make the
tents of open-air dwellers comfortable.
Only the simplest articles are needed,
such as chairs, stoves, washstands, bed
steads, bed and table linen, towels, etc.
and second-hand articles will answer
the purpose.
The mere statement of this need
should he sufficient to secure a supply
of the articles designated. The sani
tarium at its present stage of develop
ment represents much painstaking, in
telllgent, disinterested effort on the
part of its promoters. It Is in no sense
a money-making or gain-seeking enter
prise. It represents sanitary science in
its simplest form, as applied to the
treatment and cure of a disease that Is
the scourge of every community and
that has -baffled medical skill for the
ages. The pale victims of this scourge
are always with us. More hopeful than
their friends or physicians, they pass
down into the dark valley with a pa
thetic smile upon their Hps, always ex
pecting to be better, hut never reach
ing the goal of their hope, until, utterly
worn out, they pass on and other vie
tims take their places on the slow
march of weakness, pain and death
"Incurable" was long the verdict of
the physician when the sharp cough
and hectic flush announced that con
sumption had marked another subject
lor Its own. But since the cause of
consumption was made manifest by
scientific study and the disclosures of
bacteriology, this verdict has been re
vised and science now proclaims a rem
edy in simple outdoor living, rest, nour
ishing food in abundance, and such
exercise as the patient can take with
out becoming over-weary. '
The equipment necessary to establish
an open-air sanitarium is not expen
sive, but to install such an institution
and maintain it in active running order
requires some means. The equipment
for the Portland Open-Air Sanitarium
has been partly secured. A. suitable
site has been purchased, some clearing
has been done, a number of tents, some
what of the order known in pioneer
settlements of the Middle West as
"open-faced camps," have been estab
lished, a water supply has been secured,
and now only the simple furnishings of
the shelter tents are required before
patients can be taken.
As said in the beginning, it is incred
ible that this final equipment is not
forthcoming. It will be an impeach
ment of the generosity of our citizens
its first impeachment, by the way if
this most beneficent work is allowed to
lag for lack of such simple equipment
as is required to put it in active opera
tion and which could be supplied many
times over from the surplus belongings
of our well-to-do citizens without being
James H. Peabody. Governor of Colo
rado, made a noble record as a fearless
and hisrh-minded executive. Lawless
miners and their murderous allies had
broken down, orderly government in
several counties, and a relim of cun-
powder "by day and dynamite by night
ensued. In this Inflamed situation Gov
ernor Peabody stepped in and restored
peace. xne western reaerauon oi
Miners was put to rout, Incendiaries
and agitators were expelled from the
state, property was wrested from con
trol of the strikers, the safety of the
citizen was guaranteed, and a foul
stigma removed from the good name of
Colorado. The lawbreaking strikers
said that Governor Peabody pursued
unconstitutional methods to sunnress
riot and punish the miners' union.
Perhaps. It Isn't worth quibbling
about. There was a grave crisis In
Colorado. In which organized lawless
ness was last getting the upper hand
of disorganized law. Peabody rose to
the occasion and with a strong hand
took such means as ho could to'insure
the administration of justice.
At the recent election Governor Pea
body was on the lace of the returns de
feated by Adams (Dem.) by 10.000 or
more votes. This was occasion for re
gret, but not for chagrin nor humilia
tion. Good men are often beaten: in
deed they usually are In Colorado.
Denver is a rotten borough, so far as
Its politics go, and other places are per
haps as bad. Senator Patterson was
elected as the result of flagrant and
extensive iballot-toox stuffing in Denver;
and Senator Teller was re-elected under
the same auspices. Representative
Shafroth (Dem.) a year ago resigned his
seat lh Congress, thus repudiating the
shameless and Infamous methods of his
Now attempt is to be made to reseat
Peabody. Its sole justification appears
to be that Democrats have alwavs
stolen elections in Colorado, and there
fore Republicans must pursue the same
tactics. The Republican Supreme Court
is actively backing up this scheme, and
the Legislature is expected to do the
rest Ten precincts where there were
gross frauds by Democrats have been
thrown out. and it is nronosed to cancel
the entire returns from Denver, thus
disfranchising its entire citizenship
male and female, good and bad. If an
honest count of legitimate ballots can
be procured, and Peabody thus be
shown to be entitled to his seat, drastic
measures may be warranted; but the
Republican organization scarcely pre
tends that it has .any other purpose
except to cast out all ballots where
frauds have been perpetrated, and has
taken care that such ballots shall be In
overwhelmingly Democratic precincts.
Fraud by Democrats does not excuse
fraud fcy Republicans.
Speculative manipulation of any com
modity for which there is a universal
demand invariably results in abnormal
prices and the creation of unnatural
conditions, which are anything but
healthy for legitimate trade. This fact,
which is fully understood by legitimate
traders, has striking demonstration at
this time in the cotton situation. About
a year ago, when Sully, the cotton spec
ulator, was forcing prices of that great
staple tip to dizzy heights, it was point
ed out that there was danger ahead for
the industry from at least two sources.
Eighteen-cent cotton was so much too
high that it closed scores of mills, threw
out of employment thousands of oper
atives, and increased the cost of the
manufactured product to such an ex
tent that the demand was greatly cur
tailed. Europe, which had for genera
tions been depending on America for
supplies of raw cotton, began spending
vast sums of money to encourage cot
ton-growing in other parts of the
world, meanwhile cutting down her or
ders for the high-priced American prod
The Southern planter, intoxicated
with the great prosperity that naturally
follows in the wake of the boom in
prices, increased his acreage, and now
there is a crop of 12,000,000 bales on
the market, in addition to some high
priced stock carried over from the pre
ceding season. The rampant bull sent!
ment which carried prices to last year's
exorbitant figures permeated every
branch of the industry, and speculators
and planters alike were loaded to the
guards with arguments to prove that
the price could never again recede to
the normal figures which were the base
of prosperity for the industry. But the
unexpected happened, and today It is
impossible to find a market for the im
mense crop, even at figures 50 per cent
less than those prevailing a year ago,
and the planters are discussing the fool
ish plan of destroying a portion of the
crop in order to make prices higher for
the portion which they will retain. This
idiotic policy, if carried far enough,
might result in higher prices, but in
the end the disaster will be more pro
nounced, for, as proven by last year's
experience, high-priced cotton curtails
the demand and Increases the supply in
other countries.
In this connection it might be well
to remember that all that Is true of cot
ton manipulation and its attendant
evils is equally true of wheat specula
tlon. The Americanwheat markets have
been forced to extravagant heights by
skillful manipulators taking advantage
of a remarkably strong situation in the
United States. The entire wheat crop
of this -country has been sold at a
higher average price than has been
maintained for any preceding twelve
months in the last twenty years. This
has resulted in a curtailment of our ex
port trade in both flour and wheat, and
in correspondingly larger shipments
Irom competing countries, which are in
a position to accept lower prices lor the
cereal. India and the Argentine . have
both unloaded record-breaking crops on
the European market at much higher
prices than would have been possible
had prices "been lower in the American
markets. The effect of these conditions
will be a vast increase in the acreage
of the foreign countries as welL as our
own, and in spite of all the theories that
we can advance for a continuation of
present high prices In this country,
nothing but an extensive crop failure
next year will prevent the wheatgrow
ers of the United States from experi
encing a situation very similar to that
which now confronts the cotton plant
ers. High-priced cotton and high
priced wheat may have temporary
merit, but when the price passes a cer
tain point the temporary advantages
are overwhelmed by the disarrange
ment of trade resultant on attempts to
maintain abnormal conditions not war
ranted by the old law of supply and demand.
Timothy L. Woodruff, of New York,
in an address before the shorthand
writers, 'told them that the great cities
offer the best field for their talents and
calling, and that the fierceness of the
competition Is an advantage Instead of
a disadvantage, providing they pos
sess merit. That proviso is all that
saves Woodruff's advice from being a
spurious article, and even then it Is not
clear that the big cities offer the best
field for any kind of work. For gener
ations there has been a tendency on the
party of the country-bred young people
to drift into the cities. The cities need
the best of this farm-bred talent, and it
is today at the head of most of our
great financial and commercial institu
tions. Unfortunately, along with this
better class comes a much greater
number of people with very mediocre
ability, and, with a perpetual surplus
of this kind of talent, the better grades
are bound to suffer" by competition.
Many a good farmer Is spoiled to make
a poor stenographer -or professional
manK and In the spoiling the good
stenographer suffers by the resultant
congestion in the ranks.
"At West Point the United States has
the best training school for Army offi
cers in the world," declares Dr. T. Mil
ler Maguire, of whom Lord Wolseley
sajd: "He Is one of the ablest lecturers
on military history and the art of war
we have in England." Dr. Maguire
was Interviewed two weeks ago by our
London correspondent. What he says
will be published In The Sunday Orc-
gonian tomorrow. He brings a most
vigorous Indictment against Great Brit
ain's military schools, which turn out
ignorant and inefficient officers. Its
publication, he hopes, will arouse Eng
land to immediate and sweeping re
forms, for he makes this startling dec
laration: "If, after America has
brought her Navy up to the high stand
ard which she aims at, we should ever
have the misfortune to go to war with
her which God forbid! she would flat
ten us out like a pancake."
No one, unless entirely ' lacking in
imagination, can enter an Oregon lorest
of tall firs and tread its moss-carpeted
floor without being stirred by strong
emotion. Rare, indeed, is the man or
woman In whom is combined the imag
ination and the literary skill adequately
to picture the scene and voice the stir
ring of the soul, so that a stranger
may, in cold type, not only see these
stately woods, but feel their uplifting
influence. Such a work has been done,
not by a native Oregonian, but by
"Elizabeth," who writes from her home
In the Coast Range Mountains de
scribing her favorite canyon. It Is dis
tinctly the best letter she has written,
and will be published in The Sunday
Oregonian tomorrow. To every lover of
Nature tills prose poem is commended
Warden Dryden, of the Walla Walla
Penitentiary, who openly fought the
Republican ticket at the last election,
has lorestalled his removal by Governor
Mead by resigning. The failure of
George Turner to reach the Governors
chair left quite a number of former Re
publicans in rather a bad light, and
most of them are quietly dropping out
of public view until their mistakes are
forgotten. Warden Dryden's offense
was more glaring than that of many
others, for the reason that he received
his appointment from tho party which
he began fighting as soon as he was
seated in his position.
While the vote for Roosevelt was the
greatest ever thrown for a candidate
for the Presidency, the Democratic vote
fell off so badly that the total poll was
nearly a half million less than in the
year 1900. So you see a great many
voters, who may appear at future elec
tions, voluntarily disfranchised them
selves. As matter of fact, all who were
"off" so far as to support the silver
craze ought to disfranchise themselves
forevermore; but you can't depend on
it that they will. They will 'be up pres
ently lor some other craze. And then
they will all vote.
Soon after the Civil War began a
military company was organized in
Portland. It was made up of men who
were prominent then and grew more
prominent as time advanced. Three of
the members became United States
Senators. This company, which called
Itself the Union Guard, was ready to
enter the service of the Union. The
story of its birth, rise and passing will
(be told in The Sunday Oregonian to
Asks the Newberg Graphic: "Why
doesn't The Oregonian charge up the
filthy condition of the streets of Port
land to the passage of the local option
law?" The streets of Portland are not
filthy. The most cleanly and decent
streets In Oregon are those of Portland
If your occasions call you to Newberg,
just he prepared to avert your eyes and
to hold your nose-
China's lack of a navy leaves her the
plaything of a couple of Russian war
Bhlps at Shanghai. She Is unable to
prevent their escape and unable to ob
tain redress for the murder of a Chinese
subject in a Chinese port. And yet
there are Americans who oppose the
"building of a fit Navy lor this country.
With Togo and Kamimura in Japan,
it Is obvious that, despite a hundred
reports, there is no fleet of sixteen
Japanese warships in the vicinity of
Even Lord Roberts' admonition to
learn to shoot straight will hardly draw
the muddied oafs from the goals to the
rifle range.
It looks as If the public took nearly
as much, interest in a Bishop as in a
Chorus Girl.
Colorado hopes to know the result of
her last election before the next is due.
Don't be the last girl of leap year left
"blooming alone.
Tomorrow all sorts of good resolutions
go into force. Several have been tcle
pathlcally communicated to us. Port
Arthur has sworn off falling. Mrs. Chad-
wick has sworn off Carnegie notes. Law-
son has sworn off frenzied dictation. (By
the way, how would you like to be Law-
son's stenographer?) Rockefeller has
sworn off publicity, which disagrees with
his System. The grand jury is swearing
on. Colonel Bill Greene, of notched-gun
fame, has sworn off swearing. And we've
sworn off swearing off.
What a pity all this tunneling at Port
Arthur can't be utilized for a submarine
route to Japan.
In 1995.
Old resident of purgatory to latest ar
rival: Say, tell me just one thing about
my old Colorado home; have they settled
the 1904 election yet?
Boston has a submarine tunnel. Pretty
chilly for the clams up top of it.
Tobacco Is helng grown in Ireland. This
will beat the Sprig of Shillelagh so green.
Kurokl tries to prove by writing letters
that he's alive. It won't do, General, in
view . of spirit writing.
Current Literature has a department
entitled "Nature. In and Out-of-Doors."
It is a great concession for -a modern
magazine to admit that there can be any
naturo worth studying out-of-doors.
American bluejackets have been kick
ing up another rumpus in Valparaiso. In
view of tho Charleston Incident another
port would have been a better choice for
a little excitement that would leave no
rankling feelings In the Chileans
Several of the Folsom desperadoes havo
escaped serving out their sentences, for
the dead are free of earthly restraint.
Vladivostok will soon be sealed by the
Ice, and the Japanese sailors will find
their game safely preserved in cold
When the new High School is built, let
us hope It will not resemble the old,
which looks something like the pleasure
dome that an unusually dopy Colerldgo
might see In a vision. And if the new
High School has a clock tower, let us
have the hands Indicating a different
hour upon the dial. Nine o'clock 13 an
admirable time of day, but it palls upon
one after a few years. Besides, It would
save the expense of painting one hand it
high noon were the hour selected. It may
be that high noon is copyright by fash
ionable churches for marriage cere
monies, but this could no doubt be ar
ranged. President of the Vegetarian Association (to
candidate for membership) Before you are ad
mitted as a member to our society I must ask
you one serious question, "What is the cauae o
that largo grease spot on your necktie?" An
Something like the Good Templar nov
ice who dropped a corkscrew out of his
Dressmakers in Now York have estab
lished a standard of measurements for
the perfectly-formed woman. For In
stance, a woman of 5 feet 8 inches in
height should measure 23 inches around
the walat, a ridiculous standard to any
one but a dressmaker. However, man
will go on admiring without worrying
about tho exact measurement of a waist
or the height of a girl without her tip
tilted shoes. For height as high as my
heart remains an unimpeachable stand
ard, and arms and waists are highly
adaptable. With Waller we care not a
straw whether the girdle is an Inch or
an ell it is
A narrow compass! and yet there
Dwelt all that's good and all that's fair;
Give me but what this .ribband bound.
Take all tho rest the sun goes round.
The following letter was received by a
gentleman from his keeper asking for
leave of absence, says the Pink 'Un.
"Dear sir, 1 am wrltln to ask It 1 may
have leaf to go and tak part in me broth
ers weddln next Friday as e wishes me
to be bridegroom."
Dr. Little, of Glen's Falls, N. Y., had
a new idea in Christmas presents this
year. He sent an expensive souvenir
spoon of his own design to each of his
patients. The spoon bore the Inscription,
"Dedicated to the patients who have sur
vived my practice." Needless to say, the
physician's generosity didn't bankrupt
The Milwaukee Wisconsin says: "A
sample case full of Bibles was stolen
from the Mecca saloon, a well-known
resort In Cincinnati, O., where it had
been left in the care of the barkeeper by
a salesman. The drinkmlxer gave the
case in mistake to a man representing
himself as the real owner. The latter
did not give his name In reporting the
case to the police." Selling Bibles must
be dry work.
Will any town In the state that hasn't
a girl whose "friends predict her fame
as a vocalist" please step forward and
claim a niche In the Hall of Fame.
Raffles, the amateur cracksman, is
shown In a recent number of Collier's
wearing a heavy coat with fur-trimmed
cuffs. This settles the Idea that even
an amateur burglar can be a gentleman
From Cradle to Grave.
Lockwood, Mo., Times.
The stork disappears and we look into
the cradle and behold a male child. After
running the gauntlet of measles, mumps
and chlckenpox, he enters school. At the
age of 10 he is a red-headed, freckle
faced boy and tho terror of tha, neighbor
hood. At 12 he is an apprentice In a
printing office. At 18 he has acquired two
cases of long primer and an army press
and is the editor of a country newspaper.
At 20 he is married. At 30 he is bald
headed, stoop-shouldered and the father
of a large family. At 35 he Is a corpse In
a cheap pine coffin, and as 500 delinquent
subscribers file past his bier for tho last
look they are heard to say: "He was a
good fellow, but he couldn't save his
January Century.
"Why should we strive when all things are de
As well may planets tug against the sun.
Or rivers, by resolving, cease to run,
Ab we by striving rule our word or deed.
All Darwin's science and all Calvin's creed
Tell the same truth: that which Is done Is
And we, elect or damned, ere life begun,
Foredoomed to be a flower or a weed.
Upon tho plastic wax of infancy
A thousand years of habit set their, seal;
Such as our fathers were, for woe or weal.
Strive vsn or shirk we, such we too must be.
Thus Reason speaks, and having talked her
Something within us, answering, says: "I
Maud "Wilder Goodwin
(By Arrangement with tho Chicago Tribune.)
"Whatever policy Is in all tho chief and best ,
practiced heads of France, whatever craft,
falsehood, and deceit Is In all the subtle brains
of Scotland. Is either fresh in this woman's
mind, or she can fetch it out with a wet finger.
Said by an English envoy of Mary Queen oe
There is no story of more dramatic'and .
traslc interest than that of the unfortu
nate Mary Queen of Scots. If she had
lived in peaceful times she might have
been remembered as a sensual, but beau
tiful, fascinating and able Queen. Born in
an ago of loose morals, political turmoil.
and fierce religious struggles, she is
branded In history as a cheat, an adult
eress, murderess. Mary was French on the
side of her mother, Mary of Guse. She was
Scotch on the side of her father, King
James V of Scotland. This partly explains
tho contradictions in her character. She
was a voluptuary, who would He in bed
for days and get up only for music and
dancing. Yet she loved adventure and the
clangor of arms, had a frame of Iron and
rode 90 miles on horseback after her last
defeat without a stop. Frank, open and
gracious in manner, she was yet the
craftiest Intriguer and most accomplished
liar in Christendom. She had womanly
sensibility, warmth of affection and vln
dlctiveness, but she had a man's courage
and determination and a statesman's
strength and breadth of mind. Those who
wcro most impressed by her beautiful
form and figure and her charms of mind
and heart could not deny that she had
great faults; those who most detested her
duplicity and crimes, could not but ad
mit that she was largely a victim of cir
Mary had two brothers both of whom
died before she was born. James V had
just been beaten by the English and was
a fugitive when he heard of his daugh
ter's birth. "Tho dell go with it!" mut
tered the cannv Scot. 'It will end as it
began. It (his throne) camo with" a lass,
and it will end with a lass." Within a
week ho died. Before she was a year old
the English King, Henry VIII, tried to
arrange for the little Queen of Scots'
marriage with his son. later Edward VI.
The Scotch Parliament opposed the
scheme. War followed, tho Scotch were
whipped at Pinkie Cleuch, and Mary's de
fenders fled with her to the island of
Inchahome. In 1548 Mary, then S years
old, was betrothed to Francis, the dauphin
of France, and sent tb France to be edu
cated, and in 1558 they were married.
Mary claimed sho had a better right to
the English throne than Elizabeth because
sho (Mary) was a legitimate descendant
of Henry VII of England, who was her
great-grandfather, while Elizabeth,
daughter of Henry VIII, had boon pro
nounced illegitimate, both by the English
Parliament and the Pope, and when
Elizabeth took the throne in November,
1558, Francis and Mary assumed the titles
of King and Queen of England. Then be
gan that long rivalry between the Scot
tish and English Queens, which was to
result fatally for the one, was to give the
otner more trouble and anxiety and ex
pose her to more perils than all other in
cidents of her reign, and was to impel
both to commit acts of cruelty and wick
edness which left Indelible stains upon
ineir memories.
In lao9 the dauphin ascended the French
throne as Francis II. and Marv's rela
tives, the Duke of Guise and Cardinal of
Lorraine, became the real rulers of the
country. But Francis II was weak In body
ana mina, and the next year he died
cniiaiess. Mary and her relatives no
longer had any Influence at court, and she
prepared to return to her own country.
.tiuzaoeth dreaded the effect of her nres
ence in Scotland, and refused her a safe
conduct. "I came to France in spite of her
Brothers opposition," defiantly exclaimed
the 19-year-old Queen of Scots, "and I
will return in spite of her own." She
eluded the vessols Elizabeth sent to catch
her, and in August. 1561. landed at Leith
The bigoted Protestant nobles and preach
ers of Scotland already regarded her with
suspicion and fear as being a bigoted
Roman Catholic. But she mado her bas
tard half-brother. Stuart, Earl of Murray.
a Protestant, her Chief Minister, and
acted with such circumspection and made
so many promises that she deceived the
Richmond (Va.) Times-Dispatch.
Ten years from date Mr. Lawson
may be a Senator, a beloved philan
thropist or a recognized fake we do
not know which. Eight years ago he
was a local stockbroker. A few years
later he gained some notoriety by pur
chasing the Lawson pink and shortly
afterward went into the wholesale
business with marked increase of no
toriety to himself. During all this
time he was advertised in the Boston
papers in much the same style and
with much the same effect as on his
recent excursion Into the National
press. Mr. Lawson also gained great
reputation by his construction of a
yacht for the international races, and
certainly aroused a strong sentiment
In his own behalf on the failure of tho
New York Club to allow him to com
pete in the trial races. These petty
exploits pale Into dim insignificance,
however, beside his authorship of
"Frenzied Finance," which has made
his name a household word in Amer
ica. There are still those who main
tain that this Is a part of a stock-Jobbing
scheme In which Mr. Lawson Is
engaged as an ally. If not a tool, of
"The System," which he so artistically
cudgels. As a matter of common sense
this does not appear to us to be so.
But whether It Is or not Mr. Lawson
has made a reputation for himself a3
a teller of financial secrets and an ex
positor of financial methods which has
never been equalled In the history of the
world, and whether his tale be true
in every particular or not he has at
least shown tho dear gullible public
how easily money could be made along
the lines that he has described.
" It remained, however, for Mr. Law
son to give the most brilliant spec
tacular and convincing proof of the
power of advertising that this or any
other country has ever seen. At an
expense of $92,000 in advertising space
and telegrams Mr. Lawson succeeded
in producing a panic in the stock
market resulting in a shrinkage of
$90,000,000. and thereby showed that
he who reaches the public car through
tho dally press can in one -Instant
produce an effect whose intensity and
far-reaching scope is simply Incalcu
lable. The trade journals of the ad
vertisers have for two or three years
been filled with articles on the
psychology of advertising. But it re
mained for Mr. Lawson to 'demon
strate the force of this psychology in
a way that shocked the financial cen
ters of" Europe and America. Whether
Mr. Lawson Is able to maintain his po
sition ad the guide, Counselor and
friend of the ignorant, but cheerfully
investing public or not, he will have
gained for himself the distinction of
being the first man who ever delib
erately, intelligently and successfully
knocked the market down $90,000,000
by no other force than that of his own
say-so made public In the daily press."
"The System" may or may not be
ruined: Amalgamated Copper may or
may not be worth $68 a share; Colonel
Greene may or may not add another
notch to his revolver's handle, but
the power of advertising has been
demonstrated beyond all peradventure
and the skill and success with Which
Thomas W. Lawson made that dem
onstration is fixed beyond all doubt.
Sermons In Posters.
Atchison Globe.
When a poor but respectable young girl
is offered champagne by a rich young
man she should throw it in his face, ac
cording to the lithographs of a coming
elect into believing she was not going to
disturb their religion. ' -
Meanwhile the courts of Europe were
busy trying to find her a husband. Her
choice fell on the handsome, but noeuj.
weak-minded, insolent and debauched
Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley, her
cousin, who, like herself, was a claim
ant of the English crown. Darnley
was a Roman Catholic, and tho Prot
estant preachers and nobles at once
raised an insurrection. The Queen
took the field in person and chased the
rebels over the Tweed.
The marriage with Darnley was
planned by Rizzio, a mean-lpoklng but
astute Italian, who had become-practically
the Queen's solo Minister. Darn
ley and Rizzio had been such friends
that they had eaten and slept together.
Nevertheless, Darnley suspected that
Rizzio was his chief obstacle to tho
throne, and that his relations with the
Queen were questionable. He there
fore conspired with Murray and other
Protestant Lords to murder tho Ital
ian. Regardless of the possible effects
upon the Queen and her unborn babe,
the conspirators entered her cabinet,
and while the drunken Darnley held
Mary, Rizzio was dragged into an ante
chamber and stabbed to death, being;
given more than 50 wounds-.
Mary dissembled and lavished car
esses upon Darnley, but it was only to
lull his fears, separato him from tho
other conspirators, and get him where
she might take terrible vengeance upon
him. In June, 1566, -their son, later
James I of England, was born. After
the death of Rizzio Mary gave a larger
share of her favor to the unscrupulous
Earl of BothwelL The night of Feb
ruary 3, 1567, sho kissed Darnley af
fectionately and left him sick in a
small house besido tho kirk of the flold
near Edlnburg. A few hours later the
house where he lay was blown up with,
gunpowder and his lifeless, mangled body
was found in an adjoining field. Both
well, author of the crime, was brought
to a mock trial and acquitted. Twolvo
days later he seized Mary near Edln
burg and carried her, with little show
of resistance, to Dunbar. May 7 he
divorced his comely wife. May 12 Mary
publicly pardoned him for seizing her
and made him Duke of Orkney. May
15, less than three months after Darn
ley's murder, she married him.
A cry of anger and execration went
up from all Scotland. Mary was takm
captive at Carberry and Bothwell was
made to fly to Denmark. In July, 1567
Mary was compelled to abdicate in
favor of her infant son. Escaping from
Lochleven in May, 156S, she raised an
army of 6000 men, but was overthrown
at Langslde by Murray, who was now
regent. After a ride of 00 miles she,
took refuge in England.
The presence of Mary was full of
peril for Elizabeth.
Despite the manifold duplicities and
crimes of the Scottish Queen, the
Catholics of England still held her to
be their country's rightful monarch,
and there was real and imminent dan
ger that they might rebel and try to
put her on the throne. Elizabeth
therefore, seized her and kept her pris
oner for 19 years. Mary was a rest
less, .intriguing prisoner. Lord Shrews
bury, for a time her jailer, thanked
Elizabeth when she took her away fc
having relieved him of two dcvil3, his
wife and the Queen of Scots. ' At last,
in 15S6, the Queen of Scots was de
tected In a plot to assassinate th
English Queen. She defended herself
in her trial at Fotheringay with a skill
and determination that would hav
done credit to a great lawyer. It was
to no purpose. Sentence of death was
pronounced against her, and Elizabeth
after long hesitation, mustered courage
to sign tho warrant for her execution.
On February 8, 3587. she wont to the
block with the dignity of a Queen and
the resigned manner of k .martyr, "fiist
not weep," she said to her tearful ladles
in waiting. "I have given my promise
for you." A moment later her head
fell. S. O. D.
In an article published in the latest
issue of the Manfacturers' Record, a
well-known publication of Baltimore.
President Roosevelt's deep interest in the
broadest industrial and general develop
ment of the South, is stated by T. G.
Bush, of Alabama, one of the foremodt
business men of the South, and a lifelong
Democrat, who recently In a long inter
view discussed with the President import
ant questions covering tho South's re
markable progress -and prosperity, ard
likewise the race question. Among other
things 3Ir. Bush writes:
No on can talk with President Roosevelt
without being impressed with tho fact that
he Is honest, capable and patriotic, and that
he deeply feels tho burden of his great re
sponsibility and is greatly concerned about
the prosperity of every section of the country.
His action with referenco to apointments is
understood and duly appreciated by the
people of my own state, when they remember
the appointment of Judge Thomas G. Jones.
Judge Houlauac and Judge Kyle all Demo
crate to Important and responsible positions.
On inquiry I learned fiat of 2400 Post
masters in Mississippi seanty-eJght are ne
groes, five being In communities where no
white people live. Tho appointments made in
tho Southern States generally havo demon
strated the fact that whero tho President
could not In his judgment find competent
and satisfactory Republicans ho has not hesi
tated to appoint Democrats, either of the goM
or Bryan persuasion.
I do not hesitate to say that tho President
has no desire whatever to see negro domina
tion In the South, and is in no senec In favor
of negro social equality. Ho does not thinlc
that tho formal recognition of tho negro In
connection with tho functions of tho great of
fice he holds could bo fairly construed aa
making him an advocate or negro social
equality. Ho is, of couree, a friend to tho
negro, certainly to tho extent of his having
a fair showing as to Improving his environ
ments and equipping himself for the priv
ileges which the constitutions of tho 'several
Southern States in form and substance grant
to him.
Every fair-minded Southerner will concede
as much, for it must be apparent to every
Intelligent Southern man that the negro will
be more acceptable and useful to tho extent
of being better equipped for the department
of work In which he can advantageously en
gage and, has his moral character Improved.
We cannot afford to have the prosperity of
the South retarded by any man or set of men,
but It must be known and understood that the
Southern people are for progress, for a sound
and stable currency, for all governmental
measures protecUng the rights of every class
of citizens, for the enforcement of the laws
and for the sacredncss of human life.
The late Abram S. Hewitt, one or the
greatest ironmasters- America has produced, a
year or more before his death predicted that
Alabama would dominate the basic stool In
dustry -of the world. President Roosevelt,
with a lively appreciation of tho latent coal
and iron wealth of the South, tho develop
ment of which is only In Its Infancy as com
pared with what the future is to show, and
with its other great resources and advantages
for manufacturing, must of necessity become
the center of vast industrial activities such as
have created the enormous wealth of PennsI
vanla and other Eastern States and -New
England, hopes to eee his terra of office sig
nallzed 'by such business development in the
South as will mako that section an equal
sharer In the prosperity of tho whole country
As already said, when President Roosevcl'
was working out the Panama Canal situation,
he fully realized that its construction 'wouid
prove of untold value to this section in help
ing to bring about the fulfillment of Commo
dore Maury's prediction, made nearly sbctj
years ago. when he Id that the cutting or
an Isthmian canal would break down the
barrier which separated the South from the
trade of the Orient, with Us C0O.0O0.00O peop1''
and would make the Gulf of Mexico the center
of the world's shipping.