Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, December 30, 1904, Page 6, Image 6

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    THE MORNING OREGONIAN, FRIDAY, DECEMBER ' ,30, 1904.
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PORTLAND. FRTOAT DEC. 30, 1604.
THE SMOOT INQUIRY.
It has not been shown that Senator
Smoot is a polygamlst, or that he ever
was. Consequently the Inquiry that
was started, -with a view to his expul
sion from the Senate, doesn't "make
pood." But he is an "apostle" of the
Mormon Church, and testimony has
been taken ''with a view to making proof
that the Mormon Church still tolerates
polygamy.
Probably it does; but the Mormon
Church cannot be prosecuted. It is an
entity, but intangible; and Its beliefs
and practices, as a church, are not
smenaible to law. But the Individuals
who compose or constitute it may be
dealt with for any offense against the
laws. Against Senator Smoot, himself,
no testimony has yet been produced
that could fasten personal wrong-doing
upon him.
i There are Mormons -who live in polyg
amous relations, but Senator Smoot Is
not one of them. There is no proof
that he ever -was. He states, under the
obligation or his oath, that he has one
wife, never had another, and -that this
one -wife is mother of all his children.
This Is not controverted. He is a Mor-
mon, hut is not on -trial tfor Mormon
Ism. Those Mormons who wanted more
wives than one used to say that they
practiced polygamy in obedience to di
vine revelation. It was not the first
r fooKsh and immoral "revelation" that
men. professed to have, nor will it be
the last. But when It became apparent
to them that they could not have state
hood unless they gave up polygamy,
- the Mormons of Utah got a new
or revised "revelation," which per
mitted them to abandon it So
they professed to do. The question
now. Is whether they did give it up or
not. The United States was not deal
ing then with the Mormon Church, but
with the people of Utah. It will not
now deal with the Mormon Church, hut
with individuals in Utah who may vio'
jl&te its laws. Is Senator Smoot one of
'these? It does not yet 60 appear. A
' man will scarcely be punished for be
longing to a church whose members, or
some of them, violate the laws.
So far the inquiry is practically frult
JJcss. There seems to be no proof of
"inew plural marriages, but undoubtedly
"old polygamous relations, in many
cases, are continued. But there is no
- testimony that Senator Smoot has or
ever had. plurality of wives.
rouncs in new york.
In New York there has been a lively
contest between factions In the Re
publican party for control of the state,
and it Is & drawn battle. The Odell
faction has control of the state gov
ernment; the Piatt faction gets the Sen
ator. They don't take these things
very seriously in New York that is.
not always. They have their factional
controversies, but they seldom push the
fight to the point of annihilation, where
all parties lie dead on the stage.
Depew will be re-elected to the Sen
ate. It Is a result that maintains a
balance between the Republican fac
tions. The contest between the older
and the younger elements .of the party
Is postponed a little while longer.
Piatt's term will expire four years
hence. He Is a feeble old man. now.
But his influence still is greatilt was
thrown "against Odell and Blackand the
younger men of the party. But they
can wait.
Chauncey Depew has long been
known as a man of brilliant, powers
But. "Nature in him is now upon the
verge of her decline." He was a man
of more force outside the Senate than
he ever has keen or can be in It. He is
not the leading figure of this present
political drama in New York. That fig
ure is the aged, politician and Senator,
Thomas C. Piatt Yet Mr. Piatt has no
distinction at all in the great political
thought and political movement of his
generation. The infirm old Senator
does, however, maintain in a remark
able way his influence and ascendancy
us a local politician. He stood with
Roosevelt, and Roosevelt has carried
- him and his faction and the other fac-
- tjon of the party, too through a crisis
that without his name and help, would
have swamped both of them.
A STRANGE PROCEEDING.
f A most unusual and perhaps unex
ampled method of controlling, or of at
tempting to control the market-price of
. product is reported in Georgia and
other states of the South. The cotton
crop of our Southern States is reported
at nearly 12,000,000 bales. The market
Is unsatisfactory. Growers do not ob
tain the prices they expected, and con
oert among them Is attempted, for the
purpose of holding cotton out of the
"market
By -producers of agricultural staples
this expedient has often heen attempt
ed, though never with much success.
But our cotton producers are going fur
ther. They propose deliberately to de
stroy a heavy proportion of their cot
tonthus getting rid of the surplus,
and making better prices for the re
mainder. From Georgia , we have It,
therefore, that the farmers and mer
chants have begun to burn their cotton
taking the Initiative for destruction
of 2,000,000 bales in the cotton states.
The expedient is more "heroic than
wise. The mind of our Southern people
is much given to action upon impulse,
in strange ways. If they have grown
too much cotton and the price is too
low, they should hold it, if they can.
plant less cotton next year, and en
deavor to employ part of their energies
in other directions, till the cotton mar
ket shall right itself. But to destroy
cotton already grown, in the hope of
controlling the market, is to most minds
an unthinkable expedient The "West in
former times burnt corn for fuel, be
cause at the market price it was the
cheapest fuel then obtainable. But in
the South they are burning cotton for
the purpose of taking revenge on the
market
It is scarcely to be believed that this
6trange expedient will be pursued very
far. The Atlanta Constitution urges
the cotton growers to combine for stor
age of a heavy surplus, and await
events. This may not promise much.
but it is rational. Burning is not.
X.IED LANDS AGAIN.
The Salem Statesman, of which ex-
Governor Geer is editor, is out with a
long editorial attempting a defense
of the lieu-land transactions conducted
by State Land Agent LLP.. Geer and
General W. H. Odell. In .the course of
its defense the Statesman, declares that
The Oregonian-was incorrect when it
said a few days ago that General Odell
alleged certain school lands to be min
eral. Says the Statesman: "General
Odell did not 'allege this land, to be
mineral." If Editor Geer will turn to
the motion filed by Odell In the Depart
ment of the Interior asking for a re
view of the lieu-land decisions, he will
find that Odell opens his argument with
this statement: "All the school indem
nity selections were made upon alleged
mineral base, sought to be adjudged
mineral, so that the state might select
lands in lieu thereof," etc. It might
be in order to suggest that Geer and
Odell put their beads together and
agree upon a consistent story concern
ing the lieu-land transactions, so that
the public will not be in doubt as to
which to believe.
The Statesman-quotes The Oregonian"
as saying that "the proof offered was
accepted and lieu-land selections ap
proved by the United States Land Of
fices." This The Oregonian did not say.
and Editor Geer went out of his way
to strike out one word used by The Ore
gonian and insert two that suited his
purposes better, notwithstanding he
pretended to be quoting the exact lan
guage of this paper. The Oregonian
said "local Land Offices," and went on
to show that the selections were turned
down by the General Land Office. In
the hope of deceiving the people the
Statsman deliberately changed the lan
guage of the quotation so as to convey
the idea that the United States Land
Deparment had approved the selections,
whereas they had been approved, only
by an inferior office, subject to the ac
tion of higher officials. If the States
man had misquoted The Oregonian in
only one instance, it might be over
looked as a possible error, but a similar
change of words in another pretended
quotation leaves no room to doubt that
it was a deliberate attempt to deceive.
Many people have believed, or tried to
believe, that the manipulation of the
lieu-land business by the Geer-Odell
combination was due to ignorance,
carelessness or stupidity, rather than
to dishonesty, but when an attempt Is
made to defend the transactions by de
liberate misrepresentations, this, view
becomes untenable.
WILD GAME AND "SPORTSMEN."
It is clear that changes are necessary
in the present game laws of the state,
if the wild creatures of our forests,
fields, lakes and streams are not to be
exterminated by insatiate sportsmen
and their well-trained dogs. The Game
"Warden is right when he says that the
fifty-duck limit a day to a single hunter
is "a shame and a disgrace to the stat
utes of any state." As well license en
thusiastlc sportsmen to bag all the
ducks he can as to grant him the priv
ilege of killing fifty In a day. As to
pheasants, the Game "Warden says five
a day are enough for any man to be
permitted to kill, and these he should
get by good, clean, honest effort, with
out the assistance of a dog. The mer
ciless slaughter of these magnificent
birds by the privileged few In the past
few years has been sickening to the
sensibilities of all human persons who
have seen the bloody trophies of the
professional hunter's skill unloaded
from the -cars by dozens .and by hun
dreds as- the result of the "sport" of
the bloody Sundays of the open season.
Perhaps it Is too much to hope for
legislation that will check this elaugh
ter that takes place In the name of
sport. A well-equipped lobby will prob
ably be on hand' to defeat the attempts
that will be made In this direction.
But it is something to hear an official
voice raised in the Interest of modera
tion -as against professional hoggish
ness in the field) of sport
TEACHERS AND THEIR SALARIES.
A levy sufficient to meet the required
increase In the salaries of teachers in
our public schools has been voted. The
taxpayers will abide cheerfully by the
decision of their representatives at the
annual meeting. They have really very
little reason to complain at the small
increase of six-tenths of a mill that
was levied for this purpose. It is the
School Board that faces the disagree
able part of the matter. "When it comes
to deciding what teachers are earning
the increase in salary that all have de
manded and who among them shall be
considered as already being paid up to
their full earning capacity, the govern
ing body will face a most unenviable
task.
It may as well be said in this connec
tion that If there are teachers on the
payroll of the district who are utterly
incompetent, as intimated by Director
"Wittenberg in open meeting Tuesday
evening, It would be a good time when
making the required readjustment of
salaries to give them warning. It is
exceedingly poor policy to carry In
competent teachers on the roll at any
salary, however small.
There is more than a commercial
value to a schoolteacher's services. A
teacher may be excused for making
pay the paramount issue, but a School
Board is supposed to look farther Into
the subject than this. If, therefore,
there are teachers on our public school
list who are Incompetent, and this fact
is known to any Director, he or she
should speak out not in open taxpay
ers' meeting, where It does harm rather
than good, but In board meeting, fur
nishing such proof of the statement as
he or she may possess.
It may be said that as a body the
teachers of our public schools are con
scientious, competent and faithful In
the discharge df their duties. That
there are exceptions to this rule Is a
matter of common knowledge. That it
Is also a matter of official knowledge is
shown by the assertion of Director
"Wittenberg at the taxpayers' meeting.
This is a serious matter, and calls for
prompt remedy. The public schools are
not eleemosynary institutions. The
School Board Is not a charity board. A
very worthy young woman may need a
salary, but if she cannot earn one as a
teacher in the schools she should not be
employed in this capacity; a man of
questionable morals, intemperate habit
of speech and of disgusting personality
may be a clever mathematician, but the
salary he earns is at a great cost to
our future citizenship. Neither the
worthy but incompetent teacher on the
one hand, nor. the immoral teacher,
though competent on the other, should
be carried on the list of public school
teachers at any salary. As before said,
the readjustment of salaries by the
board furnishes an auspicious time for
the correction of the very grave abuse
which Is known to exist in carrying
upon the teachers' roll the names of
persons who are, for any reason, unfit
THE SOUTH AND THE FUTURE.
A letter from Albemarle Conntr Vir
ginia Jefferson's county published in
the New York Sun, pictures the future
of the South In relation to National
politics. The gist of the letter is pre
sented in the "Winchester (Va.) Star, -in
the following words:
The last election removes the South .thun.
lutely and finally from the arena or National
poimca. ane must accept with equanimity
the position of a conquered province. Her Na
tional significance will bo taken away by a
heavy reduction of her electoral and Conn-M.
clonal representation. The -whole country trill
rapidly adjust Itself to a government In which
the President will bo an elective monarch with
limited powers. No living man will ever see
another Democratic President, the Republican
party having entrenched itaclf in nownr Th.
attitude of the South will be one of abstention
from National politics; the promotion and de
velopment of her material
elstanco so far as she Is able upon local eelf-
Eoernm-nt. This policy will go hand-ln-hand
wun an organized eftort to induce negro emi
gration northward.
There is extreme bitterness in this
statement It is the reverse of good-
sense. The notion is not realizable.
Nobody wants to oppress the South.
.But the South cannot have her own
exclusive Wav. No cnmhlnnMoTi chi
can make with Northern Democracy
will give it her.
Such statements as those above Dre-.
sentea simply -mean that the South
won t play." But she will play. The
forces Within horsolf it-Ill mol
play. These defeats and disgus'ts will
cure her of her provincial feeling, and
oi ner excessive self-importance. She
will become content with being part of
the country, without pretending- or
claiming to be all of It
It is -significant that this expression
comes out of Jefferson's own county'
It was Jefferson who arrested the prog
ress of the Idea and ideal of a nation
for a century; and who made the con
ditions that threw in a Civil War to
arrest the necessary consolidation.
That is over. The Jefferson la n notion
of the exaltation of a state or of .a sec
tion over the Nation is at an end; and
the South will find there Is nothing in
sulking, nor In saying that she "won't
piay. And nothing moreover in
burning her cotton to revenee herself
on the world's markets.
SEED ON STONY GROUND.
In the course of a somewhat rambling
dissertation from his Easy Chair, "Will
iam Dean Howells attempts to' show the
folly of trying to help others, and pic
tures the regrets of an old man who
had "lent money to struggling, or at
least aspiring, people," who turned out
to be ne'er-do-wells, by reason of which
he concluded that "money not earned is
doubly cursed." The Impression left by
the discourse is, that assistance of this
klndencourages dependence and smoth
ers industry and frugality. Though it
is true that acts of charity and gener
osity frequently leave the recipient
weaker and less self-reliant the conclu
sion is not fully warranted by the facts
stated. The man who lent the money
did not do wrong in the lending, but
erred in-Judgment in choosing his bene
ficiaries. Promiscuous giving is certain
to breed idleness and Irresponsibility,
but intelligent aid to the worthy may
do a vast amount of good.
The college education, or rather the
college diploma, that is secured with
the minimum of effort upon the part of
the student is likely to be of little use
in the world of affairs. In fact, many
a boy is spoiled by being kept in school
by his parents when he does not appre
elate his opportunities or try to take
advantage of them. But, on the other
hand, many a young man has been en
abled to secure a college education and
thus to become a more valuable cltl
zen through the assistance of kindly
disposed friends. Scholarships awarded
upon merit are never misplaced, and
probably no one will ever assert that
the money expended by Cecil Rhodes In
benevolences of this kind Is doubly
cursed, or cursed at all. There are In
Oregon a few men who have made a
practice for years of lending money to
students upon their personal notes.
payable within a specified time after
graduation. They consider the loans as
Investments, and they are as careful
In selecting the Investments as they
would be In financial transactions of
any other kind. Seldom are they dis
appointed. If we remember correctly,
the Methodist Episcopal Church lost
heavily through loans from its educa
tional fund, but the losses were due
chiefly to lack of Judgment and per
sonal responsibility in making the
loans. The sower who scatters his seed
on stony ground must not expect a har
vest
. The young man who will buy a farm
in the Willamette Valley now and man
age it intelligently will -be a prince in
a few years, according to the opinion
expressed by Director Withycombe, of
the Oregon Agricultural Experiment
Station at Corvallis. And Dr. "Withy
combe knows what he Is talking about
The remark need not have been limited
to the - "Willamette "Valley, however, for
it applies Just as well to the coast
country and to parts of Eastern Ore
gon. The Willamette Valley is perhaps
the pleasantest part of Oregon in which
to make a home, and because of its su
perb water powers and its variety of
resources Jt has the promise of most
rapid development But in the coast
country there are no fruit pests and
pastures are green all Summer. -In
Eastern Oregon the soli and climate are
particularly adapted to irrigation,
which makes the science of agriculture
almost as certain as mathematics. Be
cause it Is not reached by railroads the
coast country Is behind the rest of the
state In development, and needs only
transportation facilities to give it such
an. impetus as will surpass the expec
tations of the most sanguine. Much
the same condition prevails in the In
terior or Eastern Oregon, where the op
portunities for Irrigation are yet but
slightly known. Ten years hence the
young men of today will look back with
regret to the days . when they could
have bought farm land for a song and
not only made money from Its products,
but realized large profits from Its in
crease in value. Thousands of Eastern
ers who come West next year to see the
country and the Lewis and Clark Pair
will come back again to purchase land
and' make homes. Increasing population-
means advancing values in real
property, and both "are as certain as
the lapse of time.
The continued Interest of the North
ern Pacific Railroad In the success of
the Lewis and Clark Fair is manifest
by the wide publicity being given the
Oregon enterprise In the railroad's
magazine and periodical advertising.
The Northern Pacific has not failed to
call public attention to the Fair at
every possible opportunity. Recently it
summoned to Portland at great expense
all its district passenger agents. They
came, they saw, and -they were con
quered by the beauty and all-around
worthiness of the Fair: Now' they have
undertaken a wflpfttei of education In
all parts of the United States. . Of
course, the Northern Pacific has a di
rect interest in the Fair; but that is all
right The Fair depends much on the
railroads, and the more they get out
of It the better for the Exposition.
The steamship Ellamy, which cleared
from Manila for Portland over two
months ago, turned up at Vladivostok
with a cargo of provisions for the Rus
sians. Two other steamers -which are
reported to have sailed from the Ori
ent for Portland are expected to arrive
at Vladivostok orPort Arthur. All of
which goes to prove that whenever
financial Inducements are sufficient
there will always be men and vessels
ready to take the Jong chances which
are always against a blockade-runner.
Some of the raciest tales that have
come in from .the ocean have originated
In the actual experience of blockade-
runners, and when the present war
dosses we may expect something up to
date in blockade-running literature.
In the sale by the State of Washing
ton of Desdemona Sands, located near
the mouth of the Columbia River, there
is opened up a case which will proba
bly keep Oregon and Washington law
yers busy for an indefinite period. The
State of Oregon had previously sold
these sands and Issued a deed for them
to Oregon men, and It has always been
supposed that they were in Oregon ter
ritory. As both of the present holders
of deeds to this property are well
equipped financially, and the prize is
worth fighting for, there is an excel
lent prospect for the boundary line be
tween the two states near the mouth
of the Columbia to be settled by the
hlghes court In the land.
The value of the fire drill in a public
Institution was demonstrated the other
night, when a JJre started la the He
brew Orphan Asylum in New York
City. The children, all of tender years,
had been trained in fire drill, and; upon
being awakened by the signal, all arose,
dressed, put a blanket about them and
stood at attention until directed to go
out In an orderly way. Meanwhile the
teachers and older boys manned the fire
hose and put out the flames before the
engines reached -the scene. The drill
prevented fright, confusion and possi
ble death, as, even had the flames been
quickly controlled, these elements of
alarm would have combined to work
serious disaster.
General Nogl's capture of Rlhlung
Fort and Mountain shows that the
steady plodding of the Japanese sap
pers Is having its effect The terrible
assaults upon Forts Kekwan and Rlh
lung gave way to the lower but more
certain method of an engineering ad
vance, and the success of the Japanese
against these positions on the Russian
center Is a tribute to Nogl's foresight
and tenacity. The first attacks by the
Japanese were down the Shushi Valley,
which is commanded by the forts in
question, and it is against these points
that the Japanese have been hammer
ing away most persistently.
It is pleasant to read of opposition to
the Ice trust, and If the new company
will only carry out its announced plan
of cutting prices in half, all Portland
will applaud. At the same time, we
cannot escape that haunting fear that
perhaps when the weather becomes
warm and we really need ice the trust
will gather in the new concern and the
priceschedule will be maintained. What
we are most In need of is a cut-rate
war on ice In Summer and coal in
Winter. Ice with the thermometer In
its present location is within the reach
of all, without the necessity of any op
position in the field.
French battleships are preparing to
leave Toulon for Tangier, where the
Moors are showing signs of throwing
off restraint and taking to their old
ways of let him take who has the power
and let him keep who can. Sooner or
later there must come a collision be
tween the French and the tribesmen,
and then, after a bloody campaign,
Morocco will become another Algiers,
and French railroads will 6trike into
the country of caravans and bandits,
We may expect to hear from Mr.
Sweeny's supporters a few pointed re
marks on the pernicious activity of the
Federal administration in interfering
with a United States Marshal who de
sires simply to lend a helping hand to a
fellow-townsman who wants to be Sen
ator.
The farmers in Georgia are burning
their cotton in order to prevent a
slump In prices. The reason given is
not the same as that offered when they
burn the negroes, although no exces-
slve amount of wisdom Is displayed in
either performance. .
German military Instructors in China
are being ousted by Japanese. China
is having an object-lesson of Japanese
military capacity shown In her own
back yard, to say nothing of a more
strenuous one ten years ago, and needs
no further conviction.
According to his accusers, Bishop
Talbot is guilty of writing Lawsonesque
letters. i
NOTE AND COMMENT.
Some of this great state's crop of poets
have been complaining that the Oregon
press puts too much of their verse in tho
waste-paper basket. We are smarting
under this unjust charge. We never put
any communlcaton in the waste-paper
basket, although we frequently throw one
one the floor.
Armor-plate now costs Jit a ton less
than It did. Seize the opportunity to fence
up your roses before the Fair.
Better advertise yourselves as rem
nants, leap-year girls.
Peanuts nri hHnt- oirnorf tfl frnm, Afrfrn
to the United States. Next we shall be
importing cocktails.
A correspondent thinks- that "lady edi- !
tor" Is not such good usage as "woman
editor." However, few newspaper men
will kick at the name provided they are
delivered from the reality.
It must be nice to have an attractive
daughter In the family when a compara
tive stranger Is led thereby to shower
Christmas gifts upon all her relatives.
But when the stranger Is refused the
daughter's hand and wants his presents
back, the situation is not without awk
wardness. Cases of this kind show the
folly of falling In love and giving presents
in an unbusinesslike way. Far better to
draw up a contract providing for the re
turn of all presents If the deal does not
go through. Then there can be no
wrangling; everything Js down in black
and white. Impecunious Earls and others
have set a good example In this respect
For kissing an Alabama girl a young
man is doing 30 days In Jail. Had it been
an Oregon girl the "kiss would have been
worth It, but an Alabama girl wo
shouldn't be surprised to hear that the
young man tires of his cell about the
third day. Anyhow, he's not the first
man to find that a kiss and a sell often
go together.
Tho Pskoff Zcmstvos has been doing
something as explosive as its name.
We might have a game "aw limiting
the hunter to one-half bird a day, to be
shot on the wing with a popgun, between
1:30 A. M. and 1:25 A. M., and only when
the wind was blowing from the nor'-so-west
If we were a fish, we should certainly
have hard work to distinguish between
some of our streets and the Willamette
these last few days.
Clear skies are to be insured for the
Fair. What's the matter with practic
ing on the skies we have at present
Portland's teachers appreciate tho Up
lift movement. Especially as applied to
salaries.
Already some of the kids have again
begun to doubt the existence of a Santa
Claus. 1
The London Dally Chronicle tells of a
Frenchman who came to grief over his
English grammar. "I fear I cockroach
too much upon your time, madam," he
remarked politely to his hostess. "En
croach, monsieur," she smilingly correct
ed him. He threw up his hands In de
spair. "Ah, your English genders!" he
sighed.
Writing to the New York Sun, a native
of the Shetland Islands says: "For many
reasons the Shetland tongue, though dif
ficult to speak with a southern palate,
and Impossible to reproduce with a south
ern pen, is delightfully quaint and pic
turesque. Tho sound of it is very musi
cal, and you may fancy ltt perhaps, as a
Scotch brogue spoken with a strong Ger
man accent." A Scotch brogue spoken
with a strong German accent and the
sound of it very musical! Havers!
Seven collie pups in New York have
been cured of pneumonia and kept from
yowling 'o nights by five days "absent
treatment" administered by a Mrs. Ida
Case, who declares that the pups are
"spirit affinities." If this telepathic
treatment can only be extended to the
midnight cat, what a saving of profan
ity and chunks of wood there will be.
The Saturday Evening Post points out
that a person released from Jail after
serving a long sentence Is usually In ex
cellent health as the result of regularity
and diet Here Is a tip for any sickly
readers. Ninety days on the rockpile
might do for a trifling ailment but any
thing serious will require some felonious
deed to get a term of years In the Salem
sanitarium. Be a felon and healthy. .
WEX. J.
HONOR FOR CAPTAIN H0W2E.
Officer Persecuted by Miles Is Com
mandant of Cadets at West Point.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29. By direction
of the President Captain Robert L.
Howze, Sixth Cavalryf now stationed at
Fort Keogh. Mont, has been appointed
commandant of cadets at the United
States Military Academy, West Point,
from June 15, 190G, to relieve Lieutenant
Colonel Charles G. Treat, Artillery Corps,
Next to the superintendent of the acad
emy, the commandant of cadets Is the
most important omce at tne institution.
and carries with It the rank and pay of
Lieutenant-Colonel.
Captain Howzo was one of the officials
charged by Lleutenant-General Miles with
having abused and ill-treated Filipino
prisoners. These proceedings were tho
subject or. two searenmg investigations,
one conducted in this country and the
other in the Philippines, and resulted in
the exoneration of the officer.
Reduction of Philippine Tariff.
J WASHINGTON, Dec. 29. Secretary
t wVhx la AnfrrrtectAfl -nnrtr wltV
matters pertaining to the Philippine?, had
r conference today with the President re
carding questions relating to the archl
pelago. The Secretary desires that the
proposed reduction in the tariff on Philip
pine sugar and tobacco should be provided
for at this session of Congress, and he is
urging hie views strongly with all mem
bers of Congress to whom he has oppor
tunity to talk. He hopes to obtain a rate
on sugar and tobacco Imported from the
Philippines of 25 per cent of the regular
Dingley rate. He Intimated today that ne
gotiations had been Initiated looking to a
possible compromise on a Philippine tariff
rate, but It was too early to predict what
the result of the negotiations may De.
Adulteration of Grass Seed.
"WASHINGTON. Dep. 29. Secretarv
Wilson today promulgated a circular giv
ing the results oi tests raaoe in accord
ance with an act of the last Congress di
recting him to obtain in the open market
samples of seeds of grass, clover, of al
fnlfn test tho same, and if anv such seeds
of Canada blue grass are found under any
nthet- tinmo than Canada, blue cxass or
"Pao Compressa," to publish the result of
these tests with Uie names or the dealers
BAllInt' thft adulterated alfalfa seed. Sam
ples were obtained by department agents
from 742 seed men throughout the coun
try, and out of these, tnero were 23 lots
sold by eight seed dealers in an, found to
be adulterated
CARTER ASKS FOR CHINESE
Hawaiians Will, Not and Americans
Cannot Work In the Fields.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 29. In his annual
report to the Secretary of the Interior.
George R. Carter, Governor of Hawaii, ,
urges In strong language the amendment
of the Chinese exclusion laws, so as to
permit the utilization of Chinese laborers
In the Hawaiian Islands, and the modifi
cation of the immigration laws so as to
authorize the giving of assistance to Por
tuguese worklngmen who may desire to
immigrate to Hawaii. He says the na
tives will not work in the fields, and that
the Americans cannot; hence the pres
ervation of the sugar and rice Industries
Is seriously threatened by the prohibited
Immigration of Chinese and the inabil
ity to grant aid to the Portuguese. Re
ferring to the objections to Chinese Im
migration, Governor Carter says:
Notwithstanding the large number of
Orientals that compose our population. It
Is evident from the school statistics that
we are not being Aslatlclzed. The condi
tions differ entirely from those which af
fect the Atlantic seaboard, and provision
for a limited number of Orientals to work
In the cane and rice fields of these islands
need not necessarily antagonize those who
believe In restricted Immigration.
The immigration laws in reference to
the entrance of Chinese are already in
force in these Islands, and those here are
not allowed to enter the ports of the Pa
cific Coast. Thus provision could easily
be made for a limited number under re
strictions requiring their return at the
end of a given number of years and con
fining them entirely to these Islands."
H also recommends the removal or tne
restriction in the leasing of agricultural
lands, or it Congress be unwilling, that
the land be sold outright
Governor Carter suggests the organiza
tion of the Islands into counties or munl-
cin.illtles. Under the present system
Honolulu Is the point at which practical
ly all municipal functions are perrormea,
and he says the effect is to afford an ad
vantage to that city and to the Island of
Oahu, which Is beginning to cause a feel
ing of discontent in outlying aistncis.
Chinese Minister Confers on Treaty.
W4?hi'RTOV. Dec 29. The Chinese
nii i. ,1 innrr toll- tl-HVi RpcrfttnrV
jtxiiiiaivi nou ...... .
Hay today about the arbitration treaty
which this Government nas lnvuea nina
to negotiate. No definite answer has yet
hsn mnrio to tho invitation and the pre
liminary exchanges on the subject are
being kept secret
So far as the Chinese exclusion treaty
is concerned, the latter Is doing his ut
most to assist the Secretary In concluding
this convention in time for it to be pre
sented to this Congress.
WALCOTT 'MEN BALK.
Say They Will Not Vote for Pea
body in Colorado.
DENVER, Dec 29. Very few members
of the Legislature have arrived in the
city, and whether the plans of William
G. Evans and other Republican leaders
to reseat Governor James H. Peabody
will be adopted by a majority of the Re
publican members 13 still undecided. The
Republicans have an even two-thirds of
the votes on Joint ballot and can carry
any measure on which they are united
A Republican caucus probably will be
held next Monday, at which the contest
for the Speakership of the House and
the plan to continue Governor Peabody
In office will be considered. There are at
least half a dozen candidates for the
Speakership.
Some Republican members, known as
followers of ex-United States Senator Ed
ward O. Wolcott, have declared that
while they do not contemplate a union
with the Democrats under any consider
ation, they will oppose vigorously any
plan for counting out Adams. The Wol
cott Republicans say they will go Into
a party caucus and will agree to abldo
by the- decision of the caucus up to a
point where It conflicts with their con
science. They insist that they have al
ways strictly observed, party regularity,
but when a course is commended that Is
morally wrong they will not follow, and
they will not consider their difficulty In
that regard a3 "irregular."
The plan to seat Governor Peabody,
some of them declare. Is wrong, and ho
caucus action will bring them to sup
port such action.
The canvass of the votes for state offi
cers Is made by the Legislature and is
not subject to review In the courts.
JUDGE ACKNOWLEDGES ERROR
Explains to Colorado Supreme Court
Why He Issued Mandamus.
DENVER, Colo., Dec. 29. For the first
time In the' history of the state a Judge
of a District Court was compelled today
to appear In person before the Supreme
Court of the state and explain to that
tribunal why he had Issued a writ of
mandamus when It was apparent that he
was In error In so doing. Judge Samuel
L. Carpenter of the District Court was
the member of the bench served with the
citation.
A solemn protest against the action of
the high court was entered by Judge Car
penter, and he said that under the cir
cumstances ho believed that he had au
thority to issue the writ of mandamus
against the State Canvassing Board to
force that body to canvass the returns
made for Charles B. Warde and Dr.
Michael Beshoar, candidates for the Sen
ate on the Democratic ticket from Boul
der and Las Animas Counties respective
ly. Being now advised that the Supreme
Court has decided that district courts
have no power to Issue such writs, the
Judge said: "It becomes obligatory upon
this respondent without any order of
this court, of his own motion to dismiss
such proceedings."
Judge Carpenter was thereupon dis
charged by the Supreme Court the writs
issued by him were dismissed and he waa
directed not to take any further action
directly or indirectly In the matter.
Decision in the contempt proceedings
against Senator John A. Rush and Attor
ney Everett Bell, who were cited for con
tempt In procuring the writs, was de
ferred until next Tuesday.
Charles J. Hughes, Jr., appeared for
Rush and Charles S. Thomas for Bell,
and answers were filed on behalf of both
of the accused attorneys. Both pleaded
Ignorance of the full scope of the deci
sion, and Insisted that they had acted as
they believed In the best Interests of
their clients.
Republicans in Full Control.
DENVER, Colo., Dec. 29. By the action
of the State Canvassing Board In Issuing
certificates of election as Senators to
Caslmlro Barela and Henry B. Millard,
the Republicans have secured such abso
lute control of the General Assembly that
It Is now regarded In Democratic circles
as highly probable that Governor James
N. Peabody wll be reseated. The Re
publicans plan to accomplish this by
throwing out the vote of all wards where
gross frauds were committed in the in
terest of the Democratic ticket. The Sen
ate now stands: Republlcane, 19; Demo
crats, 15; vacancy, L. On Joint ballot the
Legislature stands: Republicans, 66;
Democrats, 33. By throwing out one Las
Animas County precinct the Canvassing
Board converted a majority of 124 for the
Democratic candidate into a majority of
207 for Barela, Republican, and by simi
lar action In case of Boulder County the
re-election of Senator Ward. Democrat,
was nullified and his seat given to Millard.
Adams Petition Not Yet Considered.
DENVER. Dec. 23. Chief Justice Gab
bert announced this afternoon that the
Supreme Court has not found time to
consider the petition of Governor-Elect
Alva Adams to open all "the ballot-boxes
used In Denver at the election and deter
mine the extent of the frauds. He added
HUNGARIAN POLITICAL SITUATION
Premier Tlsza Says Question at Issus
Is Obstruction.
VIENNA, Dec. 29. Count Tlsza, the
Hungarian Premier, arrived in Vienna "to
day, and will be received In special audi
ence by the Emperor. It is believed" that
the object of Count Tisza's visit Is to. ac
quaint His Majesty with the steps being
taken In view of the Impending dissolu
tion of the Hungarian Parliament. Be
fore returning to Budapest tonight Count
Tlsza gave the Associated Press the fol
lowing statement regarding the present
critical situation in Hungarian politics:
.ine Hungarian Parliament is now
passing through a crisis such as- every
Parliament In the world has had to ex
perience. Probably the Legislatures of
Hungary and Austria are the last to en
gage in such a struggle. The whole ques
tion at issue is obstruction. For years
past the working of the Hungarian Par
liament has been paralyzed by the tac
tics of the minority. From October. 1902,
to May. 19W. tho Parliament at Budanest
did absolutely nothing. This obstruction
was only rendered possible through the
standing orders of the House, which were
made at a time when It was Impossible
to foresee the developments of modern
Parliamentary conflicts.
"Matters finally reached a point where
some radical reform was rendered abso
lutely necessary if parliamentary govern
ment wass to continue. Hence the Intro
duction of the so-called lex dahlel, which
was a provisional modification of the
standing orders under which obstruction
was easily possible. Tho lex danlel ap
plied only to certain urgent measures be
fore the Parliament, and was Intended
only to precede the Introduction later In
the session of the new definitive standing
orders."
The Premier frankly admitted that the
lex danlel wa3 forced through tho House
In an irregular manner, but he contended
that such a course was absolutely neces
sary. "The greatest question at the present
movement" he continued, "Is' to enforce
the will of the majority and to end an
intolerable state of affairs under all -circumstances.
The only alternative left to
the government is to appeal to the nation
We feel confident of obtaining a favorable
verdict"
Meanwhile the opposition Is preparing
a vigorous election campaign. One of
their chief contentions Is that the govern
ment Is acting Illegally in dissolving the
Parliament when the next budget cannot
be voted as the law requires. They ac
cuse Count Tlsza of forcing the monarch
to break his constitutional oath in con
senting to dissolution under such circum
stances. Hence It is feared that there
may be some unseemly Incidents when
His Majesty reads bis speech from tho
throne Wednesday.
The elections will be held at the end o"
January. Violent scenes may be antici
pated during tho polling. No secret bal
lot system exists in Hungary, the voters
announcing their choice openly and pub
licly. The electoral situation Is rendered more
acute by the fact that a number of in
fluential members of the Liberal party,
headed by ex -Premier Andrassy, have left
government not because they approve of
obstruction, but as a protest against
Count Tisza's method in forcing the pass
age of the lex danlel and his action In
bringing about dissolution of the Parlla
ment The present Parliamentary com
plications In Hungary,, coupled with the
Ministerial crisis In Austria, finds condi
tions peculiarly unfortunate at thl3 junc
ture, when the dual monarchy is engaged
in the negotiation of new commercial
treaties requiring the closest attention of
both the Austrian and Hungarian Minis
ters. , .
The last sitting of the present Hun
garian Parliament will be held on Tues
day, but It will be of a purely formal char
acter, for the purpose of being Informed
of the hour when the King will deliver
his speech from the throne at tho Hof
burg tho next day.
Premier's Resignation la, Accented.- v,
VIENNA, Dec. 29.-The Neu6 Freiof
- enva fhrit the. resignation
of Premier von Koerber, which, according'
to that paper, was tendered yesterday,
has been accepted.
Protest of Liberty League.
tm'mvj uw nolo.. Dec 29. The Liberty
League State Convention adopted the fol
lowing resolution toaay.
"Resolved, That we denounce in unmeas
arme action of the Republican
party In attempting to override the plainly
expressed will ot tne peopie ay
Hy throwing out tho returns from a largo
number of precincts, to the end that the
afon Rrtnnto mav be made subservient to
corporate greed; that the Supreme Court
may be packed and tnat .Kimes ireaooay,
overwhelmingly repudiated at the polls,
mn.v Tia forced uDon the Tjeople ot this
state for anqther biennial period."
Another resolution declares mat tne
election laws of Colorado are a farce and
demands their revision. Tho political sit
uation is declared to be so grave as to
call for a complete investigation and it la
demanded that every ballot-box In Denver
be opened. A protest is made against the
Indiscriminate throwing out of ballots
without an attempt to separate the good
from the bad.
Variag Cannot Be Raised.
NEW TORE. Dec. 29. The Japanese
attempts to raise the Variag have been
discontinued, cables the Herald's corres
pondent at Seoul, Corea. It is Impossi
ble to recommence the work, before
Spring, by which time the three-quarter-Inch
steel plates forming the hull may
be so badly pitted by the action of the
air and water that the damage will be
Irreparable, except at prohibitive ex
pense. It is probable that further salvage
operations will be abandoned.
The Japanese troops remaining in Seoul
are less than 500, although reported re
inforcements are expected soon. General
Hazagawa ia expected to leave for the
north next month. This probably indi
cates some forward movement to coun
teract tho Russian sorties reported from
various places along the Upper Tain.
A small engagement occurred Decem
ber 20 on the northeast coast at Kong
won, la the capture of Russian ammuni
tion. Cunning of the Japanese.
MUKDEN. Dec. 29. Irrefutable evi
dence has been obtained at headquarters
that the Japanese are not only hiring Chi
nese bandits to operate on the Russian
flanks, but that they are enlisting Chinese
under Japanese officers.
The Japanese are adopting cunning ex
pedients to defeat the surprise attacks of
the Russian scouts from which they have
suffered much. They cover the steep
approaches of their trenches with water,
which freezes, forms Ice slides and "makes
the scouts slip and fall in confusion. ;In
other places the Japanese scatter millet
stalks over the approaches, the crackling
of which gives them warning of the pres
ence of Russian scouts.
Rural Delivery Appointments.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Dec. 29. Rural free delivery
route No. 3 has been ordered established
February 1 at Eugene. Lane County, Or.,
serving 601 people and 1S5 houses.
Rural carriers appointed for Oregon
routes Dallas route No. 1, Bert F. Wells
carrier. Franklin P. Well3 substitute;
Oregon City route No. 4, David F. Mor
huke carrier, Charles A. Morhuke substi
tute; Portland route No. 4, George O.
Thompson carrier, William J. Thompson
substitute.
Place Offered Admiral Lamberton.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 29.-If the duty i3
acceptable to him, Rear-Admiral Benja
min P. Lamberton probably will be ap
pointed president of the Lighthouse
Board when Rear-Admiral Evans as
sumes command of the North .Atlahtia
fleet next March.