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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 12, 1904)
VOL. XLTV. NO. 13,731.
PORTLAiHX OREGON, MONDAY, DECEMBER 11 1904.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
FLEE IN TERROR
Russian Students Are
Charged by Police.
FIFTY PERSONS INJURED
Mounted Gendarmes BeatDown
Men and Women.
CROWDS FILLED THE STREETS
Red Flags Waved at Anti-Government
Demonstration at St. Petersburg
Brings Out Officers From
ST. PETERSBURG, Dec. 11. A popular
&nti-governmont demonstration, the par
ticipants In which included the large num
bers of students of troth sexes, began at
midday In the Nevsky Prospect and lasted
about two hours. Hundreds of police and
mounted gendarmes, hidden In the court
yard of the public building, emerged sud
denly ar.3 charged the crowd at full gal
lop, driving the demonstrators In head
long confusion and screaming with terror
upon sidewalks and Into adjacent streets.
This led to several encounters, 0 persons
being more or less severely Injured. A
large number were arrested.
Not since the riots of 1301, when Cos
sacks etretched across the Nevsky Pros
pect, from building to building, charged
down the boulevard from the Moscow sta
tion to the Neva, has the Russian capital
lived through such a day of excitement
as this. The authorities last night got
wind of the big anti-government demon
stration planned for today "by the Socialist
labor party, to demand an immediate end
of the war, and the convocation of a na
tional assembly, and in every leading pa
per this morning in black-faced type was
an explicit warning to the people at tholr
peril to desist from congregating in the
Neveky Prospect near the Kazan Cathe
dral. Police Patrol Is Increased.
At the same time extensive preparations
were made to quell any disturbances.- The
police on the Nevsky Prospect were sex
tuple 1. and the dvomiks or house JiTtsg&'
-were marshaled iri front -of their respect
ive buildings. Half a dozen squadrons of
mounted gendarmerie wore massed in the
rear of the Kazan Cathedral, and battal
ions of reserve police were stationed in
several courtyards out of sight.
Minister of the Interior Sviatopolk-Mlr-eky
gave striot orders, however, that no
Cossacks should be used, and Fullon,
Chief of Police, issued special orders to
avoid harsh measures unless It should be
come absolutely necessary.
Curious Crowd to the Scene.
The newspapers warnings, however, by
giving notice to those not apprised of the
prospect of a demonstration, defeated the
very object for which they were designed,
attracting seemingly the whole population
of this vast city to the broad thoroughfare,
and long before the hour fixed, despite the
pleading of the police, who literally lined
the sidewalks, the throngs on the pave
ments were so dense that movement was
almost impossible, while the snow-covered
boulevard was black with a tangled mass
of sleighs filled with the curious.
In throngs on the sidewalk were prac
tically the whole student-body of the cap
ital, Including many young women, who
have always been prominent in Russia In
liberal revolutionary movements, and also
thousands of workmen belonging to the
Social Labor party.
Red Flags Are Flaunted.
Toward 1 o'clock the workmen and stu
dents seemed to swarm toward the cor
ner of the Hotel Europe, opposite the Ka
zan Cathedral. The police, recognizing
that the critical moment was- approach
ing, tried in vain to keep back the human
tld? Then, when there was not a single
mounted policeman in sight, on the stroke
of 1, from the heart of a thickly-wedged
crowd a blood-red flag, like a jet of flame,
suddenly shot up. It was the signaV.
Other flags appeared in the crowd, wav
ing frantically overhead; and they were
greeted with a hoarse roar, "Down with
The students surged Into the street,
singing the "Marseilles." while innocent
spectators, seeking to extricate them
selves, crowded into doorways and hugged
the wall. The ferment continued all day
and far Into the night. So far there havo
been over 100 arrests.
Fiery Speeches by Students.
Tonight the students of the Polytech
nique and other institutions held meetings,
at which fiery speeches were made in fa
vor of reform and the convocation of a
National Assembly. The greatest distress
is expected by Conservative Liberals over
the day's events, all declaring that just
when the fate of the Zemstvo programme
was in the balance such a fruitless out
break will be sure to prejudice every ob
server and put the strongest weapon in
the hand of the bureaucracy reactionaries.
That such demonstrations of the Social
Democratic Labor party are not confined
to the capital is shown by a letter re
ceived here from a prominent Zemstvo
ist in Southern Russia, in which the
"The optimism with which we left St
Petersburg is beginning to vanish. The
government is not showing a disposition
to meet us half way and enter frankly on
the path of reform. On the contrary,
there seems to be hesitation as to wheth
er it would not he better to return to the
path of reaction. The government seems
unable to comprehend the real state of
popular feeling, the Importance of decisive
action and the disastrous consequences of
"The people of the province are In a
state of great excitement. Largo meet
ings have taken place In many towns,
and very specific resolutions have been
adopted, but the bad feature of the situa
tion Is the attitude of the workmen.
"Incited by the underground press of
Geneva and Paris, who declare them
selves in complete antagonism to tho
moderate demands of the Zemstvo. they
proclaim a definite Socialist programme,
declaring they want not political, but so
cial freedom. It will, therefore, bo the
policy of the government, if it decides
to concede nothing to us. to foster such
dissensions between the Zemstvo and the
'The government, confident of Its abil
ity to repress revolutionary attacks by
force of arms, and apprehending no real
danger from the workingman, can use
their antagonism to us as an argument
against the expediency of granting the
reforms demanded by the moderates,- on
the ground that they are not in;Toal sym
pathy with the wishes of the people."
Proclamation of the Socialists.
Following is the text of the proclama
tion of the Social-Democratic Labor
party, calling today's demonstration:
"We hayjj raised our voices calling for
better things, but the government has
turned a deaf ear to our cry. We from
day to das draw out a laborious existence,
a condition worse than convicts, while
thoy convert millions into smoke and sac
rifice thousands of workmens lives under
Incompetent Generals. We are shedding
our blood for our tpp&tpars, while they
are entering into " a shameless bargain
with wealthy landlords and Zemstvolsts.
"Enough! We cannot endure It longer.
We must arise and boldly proclaim that
we want an end of war and a government
by representatives of the people.
"Long live the Socialist-Democracy!
Down with the war! Down with autoc
racy! "All who are ready to fight for our de
mands assemble in front of the Kazan
Cathedral at 1 o'clock."
Swords Against Clubs.
An official statement Issued tonight, with
reference to the rioting today says:
"During the confusion and jostling the
demonstrators freely used cudgels, and
the police were compelled to beat back
the rioters with the fiat or their swords.
The rioting naturally was not suppressed
without casualties, but none was serious."
The police have forbidden the assem
blage of crowds on Tuesday, when an
other demonstration is threatened on the
occasion of the opening of the trial of
Sassoneff for the murder of Minister von
ASK FOE FULL AMOUNT.
Oregon Senators Assured of Support
of Rivers and Harbors Committee.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Dec. 11. Senators Mitchell and
Fulton have united in a letter to Chair
man Burton of the Rivers and Harbors
Committee, strongly urging that liberal
appropriations be made for the Columbia
River and other Oregon waterways.
,fl5l$-Tint "ou - the nccossity for securing
at this session enough money to complete
the jetty at the mouth of the Columbia,
asking for $1,300,000. They urge tho appro
priation of the full amounts recommended
by Major Langfitt for the Dalles-Celilo
Canal and all other projects in which Ore
gon Is Interested.
This letter Is filed to back up arguments
which the Senators have made orally to
Chairman Burton and to Representative
Jones of Washington, who is on the com
mittee. Burton and Jones show great
friendliness toward the Columbia and
give assurance which leads to the belief
that adequate amounts will be appro
priated. OREGON HAS A GOOD FRIEND.
Appropriation for Fair Due to Influ
ence of the President.
OREGONIAN NEWS BoREAU, Wash
ington, Doc. 1L Oregon has reason to
congratulate Itself on having secured the
appropriation for its exposition at tho last
session of Congress. It now appears that
the $475,000 appropriated for Government
participation in the Lewis and Clark Ex
position is the last money that Congress
will expend for expositions for many years
The action of the House Committee on
Expositions in flatly refusing to make any
appropriation whatever for the James
town Exposition Is an Indication that Con
gress has had enough, and has finally
reached the stage where it will put its
foot down. Had It not been for the Inter
est President Roosevelt took In the Ore
gon enterprise and for the influence which
he exerted In behalf of the Lewis and
Clark appropriation bill Oregon would
have suffered tho same blow that has
been dealt to Jamestown.
Congress was just as much opposed to
exposition appropriations a year ago as It
Is now, but Oregon had a friend at court,
and tho only friend who could be of real
Exhibit for Oregon Is Housed.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Dec. 11. That part of the Govern
ment exhibit at the Louisiana Purchase
Exposition which is to bo displayed at
Portland next Summer Is now boing
packed and will be stored in the Govern
ment Building in St. Louis for the Winter.
It will be forwarded to Portland about
April 1. In ample time to insure complete
Installation before tho Exposition opens.
"FIGHT IS STILL ON."
Lawson Denies Conspiracy and Says
He Has Not Settled With Rogers.
BOSTON. Mass.,' Dec. 11. (Special.)
Thomas W. Lawson, in an interview to
day, declared that he has not settled with
Henry H. Rogers In the fight against
Standard Oil and "The System," and has
not seen Rogers, although the latter was
in Boston during the height of the Amal
gamated raid. He also declares that he
did not sell a share of Amalgamated
stock from Tuesday morning to Friday
and offered to pay 51,000,000 to charity If It
can be proved either that he sold any
Amalgamated stock in that time or has
settled with Rogers. Replying to the con
spiracy charges made last night, Lawson
"I spoke my piece on Amalgamated fair
ly and squarely in tho open. I caught
the 'Standard Oil crowd' loaded. I caught
the plungers and bulls loaded. Tho sell
ing was by the people who got good prices
and much higher than those that will
prove. The fight?ls still on."
DRIVE OUT SHEEP
intent of Central Oregon
THOUSANDS ARE SLAIN
Conspirator Describes Wanton
Killing of Thoroughbreds.
INDUSTRY IS BEING RUINED
One Man Has Already Met His Deatn;
Others Will Not Speak Out for
Fear of Meeting a Like
PRINEVILLE, Or., Dec 19. (Special
correspondence.) Six thousand head of
sheep slaughtered, of an approximate
value of $20,000, without a single Indict
ment from the grand jury. Is the record
of the past reason in Central Oregon.
Criminal operations of such magnitude
seem serious, and are serious, although
one living among the conditions Is apt to
overlook this phase, for the reason that
business interests of all kinds are very
badly Impregnated with the feeling from
one or the other of the viewpoints, and
during the past two years sympathy or
criticism has been dealt out with caution,
and in all cases the ears receiving them
must be known.
The feeling becomes more acute as each
ranging season opens, and as a reeult of
the continued depredations, many of the
sheepmen have found it necessary to dis
pose of their herds.
Examination of the Sheep.
Although the first organized bands of
sheepshootexs were for the express pur
pose of protecting the range from so
called outside sheep, their efforts have
never been directed at anything but the
apparent extermination of home sheep,
that all public range could thus be con
served for the individual use of the cat
tleman, to the exclusion of all other
classes of stock.
At different times in the past the cattle
interests have been accused of having an
organization which has iiejrlWMjibl?..
for these depredations, but each 'time the
answer would come hack: r
"We are not guilty, and cannot possibly
furnish you a clew, unless it is some ir
responsible parties who have wantonly
killed your stock without causa"
This answer has been a makeshift to
herald to the outside world. In lieu of
anything more definite, but the past pea
son has demonstrated that such is not
the ca, but instead it has been proven
that .the counties of Crook", Lake and
Grant are the homes of organized bands
of sheopshooters, organized from among
representative cattlemen, who co-oporate
with one another in their depredatory
Conspiracy Is Widespread.
The Sliver Lake shootings of last Spring
furnished an example of the distances
traveled by some in co-operating with
others of the band, when cartridge boxes
were found with a Prlnevllle firm's cost
mark on them, although the scone of the
shooting was 125 miles from here. At
that time two affairs followed each other
in quick succession, resulting in the
slaughter of over 4000 head of sheop, and
were probably also responsible for the
death of Creed Conn, the Silver Lake
merchant, whose definite knowledge of
tho affair became known and feared
through his criticisms.
The writer has been fortunate in get
ting the story of a sheens-hooting affair
from a participant, and the fact that it
was unsolicited enables him to give It
without any qualms of conscience. His
Tale of a Sheep-Shooter.
"About 3 o'clock In the afternoon the
scouts that had been postod during the
entire day had ascertained that the herder
was alone and unarmed, and that we ran
no chances in getting possession of his
band. This was done by our party, num
bering some dozen men, after wc had
indulged in a few preliminaries, such as
firing off our guns and giving vent to a
few oaths, just to make the poor cuss
stand pat, for if he had attempted to run
we would have had to kill him. He was
bound and gagged to prevent his getting
away and giving the alarm, and was
then placed by the aide of a tree.
"The band of sheep, numbering about
2000, was then driven to a corral on
deeded land, which was done for a double
purpose, as we could then shoot without
their scattering, and we could also point
to the carcasses and say: 'Well, they
were on deeded land, and whoever killed
them did so merely as an act protecting
their own property.' We then knelt with
our knees on the ground, that every shot
from our 30-30's might take effect in
more than one sheep, and thus save am
munition. In this manner more than 1500
shots were fired, and as a result 1200
sheep were killed.
"Those of the band that succeeded in
getting away were without a herder for
two days, and many succumbed to the
attacks of the "coyotes.
"Yes, we had our faces blackened, so
that we could not be recognized, and it
was a veritable picnic. Had everything
our own way from start to finish. You're
d d right, that sheepman will never
get within miles of our range again,
that's a slnch."
Not All Cattlemen Implicated.
The shooting described was that In
which Morrow & TCeenan, of Willow
Creek, representative sheepmen of this
cbunty, suffored a loss of about 1000 hoad
of thoroughbred sheep, and illustrates
the methods pursued by the shecpshootlng
crowd. I do not mean to say that all
cattlemen are implicated in these affairs,
but there arc certainly few exceptions'.
It has been said that whon a cattleman
refuses to countenance their acts he in
curs tholr enmity and is rated with a
sheepman. Other cattlemen who do not
care to run the chances of detection by
active participation "show their colors"
by contributing cartridges, and sometimes
information, thus "working in with the
Suciwrcta arpferv naturally tending to
destroy a legitimate industry of this sec
tloh that has the full protection of the
law the world over, save In a few Isolated
Western localities. The past season has
witnessed over 50,000 sheep of Crook
County's total of 200,000 pass Into outside
hands, and If the attitude of the cattle
men does not change. In another -season
this number will be more than doubled.
In the end, all ranges contested for will
pass into the hands of the cattlemen,
and, as nearly the whole of Central Ore
gon's ranging lands come under this
head. It means the practical extermina
tion of an Industry that has brought more
dollars,, two to one, into this section
than any other two Industries.. Certainly
the ends do not justify the means, but,
unless conditions change, what can be
done? c. B. W.
LARGEST VOTE FOE PRESIDENT
Roosevelt Defeated Parker by 2,546,
NEW YORK, Dec 1L The Times to
morrow will say A canvass by the Times
of the popular vote at the last Presi-.
dential election, complete except as to
one county in Tennessee, and four coun
ties in Michigan, where estimates are
given, shows that President Roosevelt de
feated Judge Parker by 2,546,1(3. He
polled the largest vote ever given a Presi
dent of the United States, 7.640.56O. This
Is more than 400,000 In excess of the vote
cast for McKInley in 1000.
The official figures for Missouri show
that Roosevelt carried that state by 25,600.
In Maryland one RepubllcaFpElector re
ceived the largest vote, buc'llte colleagues
were defeated. The Democrats of Mary
land, therefore, will hive seven votes In
the Electoral College, while the Repub
licans will have onl one.
A comparison with the vote table of 1900
shows a marked change In the Socialist
vote. Debs, the candidate of the party
that year, was also this year's candidate,
and his vote shows an increase of mora
than 300,000. Watson, the Populist candi
date, ran strongest In his own state,
Georgia, where he received 22,635 votes.
He received most of his votes In the South
and West, but only one vote was cast for
him in South Carolina. (
The total vote is given as 13,534,119, and
that for each of the Presidential candi
dates is given as follows:
Roosevelt. Republican 7,610,500
Parker, Democrat 5,094, 3U1
Debs. Socialist 392 e&7
Swallow, Prohibitionist 248,411
Watao.i. Pepullst , 124,381
Corrigan. Socialist Labor 33.319
The electoral vote wiU be 33.for -?opgtr
velrnd X437or,PaVW. "
.... ' . f.rm
uage nas tne n.ieums(ismr TkJ
NEW YORK, Dec 11. Ex-S&retary ofjjfh
me iik'usui;, ju man ;. uugtsis Hi l
his home In this city. His cdgaitlori to
day as such that only Intimate friends
were admitted to see him. H Is suf
fering from inflammatory rheumatism.
It was stated tonight that he .is resting
comfortably and hoped to be up In a
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER
TODAY'S Cloudy, with occasional rain; south
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 60
dec: minimum, 42. Precipitation, 0.73 inch.
Russian battleship Sebastopol attacked at en-
, trance to Port Arthur harbor. Page 4."
Japanese said to have driven enemy across the
Ilun after desperate engagement. Page 4.
Another Russian fleet announced to be dis
patched to the Far East. Page 4.
Postmaster-General Wynne's report shows
large Increase in free rural delivery. Page 1.
Secretary Metcalf. of the Department of Com
merce and Labor, gives annual report.
Oregon Senators assured of support of rivers
and 'harbors committee. Page 1.
Vote on the Philippines bill will be iak la
the Senate this week. Page 3.
Merchant Marine League of the United States
issues a statement. Page 13.
St. Petersburg police charge crowd of students
on the streets. Page 1. ...
Brilliant ceremony in adding two names to
list of saints at Rome. Pago 4.
French cnglnter najn Panama Canal will
eventually be built at sea level. Page 4.
British naval reorganization scheme meets
with much favor. -Page 4 .
Sailer frozen In rigging cannot be removed by
llfejavcps north of Cape Hattcras. Page 3.
Ocean liners bring stories of heavy passages
from Europe. Page 3.
Four of crew of finning schooner loso lives on
north end of Cape Cod. Page 3.
Monument over gravo of Jim Bridged, the
famous guide, dedicated at Kansas City,
Mo. Page' 1.
Lawson denies conspiracy and eays he is not
through with the Standard OIL Page 1.
Officers searching near SU Joseph, Mo., for
Pat Crowo and hla pal. Page 4.
Roosevelt polled largest vote ever given a
Presidential candidate. Page 1.
The Chndvrlck Case.
Mrs. Chadwick will- not attempt to leave the
Tombs at present. Pago 3.
Creditors of Cleveland woman will get a mil
and a fraction on the dollar. Page 3.
Dr. Chad wick surprised that Carnegie's name
is linked with wlfe'n. Page 3.
Cattlemen of Central Oregon In conspiracy to
destroy sheep Industry by force. Page 1.
Unknown man commits eulcldo by leaping
from Oregon City suspension bridge. Page 3.
Filipino datto glad he gave his bolo to Pres
ident Roosevelt. Page 5.
Dan Murphy secured to coach Portland Rowing
Club. Page 0.
Clubmen engage In billiard tournaments.
Portland and Vicinity.
Lewis and Clark Fair already drawing people
to Oregon. Page 14.
Senator Mitchell and Representative .Hermann
cannot leave Washington to testify In land
fraud trial. Page 1.
Elcknell Young addresses large audience on
Christian Science. Pago 13.
Visitors to Exposition will be able, to follow
trail of Lewis and Clark for 300 miles.
Damage suits will be filed against- three Dep
uty Sheriffs today for- alleged . aasault . on
William Gorman. Page 8.,
Jacob Rlls arrives and says he likes the .West,
Page 12. . . , . :
L NOT GOME
Mitchell and Hermann
Are Both Busy.
CANNOT BE AT LAND TRIAL
State's Interests Demand Pres
ence In Washington.
JUDG IS SO NOTIFIED
Statesmen Explain That to Leave
Washington at the Present Time
Would Be to Endanger Inter
ests of Constituents.
Senator John H. Mitchell and Rep
resentative Blnger Hermann are both
too busy at Washington to come to
Portland as witnesses in the land-fraud
case of this week, and both have sent
notes of regret to Judge C B. Bellin
ger, who will preside at the trial.
Several days ago subpenas were sent
by F. J. Heney asking both Senator
Mitchell and Mr. Hermann to come to
Portland this week. Nothing definite
has been heard from these subpenas
until late yesterday afternoon when
Judge Bellinger received telegrams
from both of the public men stating
that the press of official business would
prevent their attendance at this time.
As it is impossible to compel a member
of Congress to appear as a witness
during the sessions of the assembly
the prosecution wiy have to do without
the testimony expected of Senator
Mitchell and Mr. Hermann. The tele
grams as as follows:
Hermann Too Busy.
Hon. C B. Bellinger, Judge United States
District Court, Portland, Or.: Subpena having
been served upon me last night for attendance
as a witness for the Government before your
court in the land trial on Thursday morning
next, I regret exceedingly that It is Impossible
to attend. Urgent Oregon matters are now
before the committees of the House, and
among them the great river and harbor bill,
containing many appropriations of vital in
terest to our whole state. This measure. It is
understood, will be reported for consideration
before 1 could possibly return. Absence for so
long from, this short eesslon wlU prevent con
sideration of other Interests of n.y -nnstltueits
ami Interfere wrlth the performance of my
public ffuty. as. a Representative iu Testpt-rf't to
National matters crmlng to a vote before the
holiday recess. A few weeks ago I was In
your court and testified- as- a witness for the
Government in a case substantially like that
ow for trial, but received no Intimation that
I was required In the case to follow, and was
excused from farther attendance that I might
proceed to my duties here. The ensuing two
weeks of the Congressional service here in
volves more work for the Oregon delegation
and for myself than double the same period
of time in the same session, and makes my
personal attendance here Indispensable during
this short session. BINGBR HERMAN?.
Mitchell Cannot Come.
Hon. C. B. Bellinger, United States District
Judge, Portland, Or. My Dear Judge: A sub
pena was served on me late Saturday evening,
summoning me to attend your court as a wit
ness In the land-fraud case on December 15,
at 10 o'clock. A. M. It Is utterly impossible
for me to leave here now without a great sac
rifice of many Important state Interests. Be
sides, should I leave, I would be deprived of
my privilege and duty of recording my vote
on very many Important questions coming be
fore the Senate at an early date, a number of
them before the adjournment ror the holidays.
From now until the Senate adjourns for the
holidays, on December 21. committees will be
constantly In sesoion considering appropria
tions for rivers and harbois, for public build
ings, lighthouses, llfe-savtng stations and post
offices; also considering legislative and Indian
appropriation bills, numerous pension bills,
public and private and many other Important
matters, general and special. In which the
state and different sections of the state and
the people are Interested. These and many
Important departmental matters, in which the
different cities of the state and the state are
interested, require constant attention and ef
fort upon the part of the united delegation
from Oregon. Were this not so, I would most
gladly waive my privilege of exemption and go
to Portland Immediately as a witness. But
under these circumstances, and especially in
view of the further fact that I was In Port
land all last Summer and was not subpenaed
nor even told by the prosecuting attorney or
any one that my testimony was desired In the
land-fraud cases, I feci it my duty to the
state and to my constituents respectfully to de
cline to leave my post of duty here. This ex
planation is due you and the attorneys for the
prosecution. JOHN H. MITCHELL.
PEOPLE ARE. GATHERING.
Everything In Readiness for Second
Land Conspiracy Case.
The prospective jurymen and witnesses
in the second land-fraud case, which will
come to trial before Judge C. B. Bellinger
tomorrow morning, are beginning to reach
the city, and everything is in readiness
for a long and stubborn fight.
It was stated by the prosecution at the
close of the first trial that tho case now
about to commence, in which Marie Ware
and Horace McKinley will be the star at
tractions, would be shorter than the first,
and that a week would be ample time In
which to try it. This statement now
seems to be not so sure, for the defense,
so it is rumored, will make a stubborn
stand after the prosecution has rested its
S. A. D. Puter, so it is stated, has made
the assertion that he is going to have a
little rb say as to the conduct of the de
fense in tho present case He thinks that
ho could not be beaten worse than in the
first instance, and so he will try a little
engineering on his own account. If thi3
programme Is carried out, a number of
witnesses will be placed on the stand for
the defense to refute, if possible, the tes
timony of the prosecution, and it is like
ly that a part of these witnesses will be
the defendants' themselves. If the latter
presumption comes true, it will add much
to -the Interest of the trial, as the attor
ney for the Government is noted as being
one of the hardest cross-examiners In the
It is the general opinion that a jury will
be a hard thing, to find. Such was the
opinion when the first case was called,
but owing to the" long time the case had
been dragging since the preliminary, the
.most of. the men called- had not paid any
attention to It other than in a general
way., , v
The conditions have changed, however,.
since the widespread interest aroused by
the first trial, and there are but few peo
ple in the state, so it is thought, who
have not paid some attention to the pub
lished reports of tho trial and conviction.
As the cases are somewhat similar, both
being conspiracy cases, and with the
same defendants figuring In both In
stances, it will be hard to find 12 men
who have not formed some opinions on
the subject at Issue.
If much time Is consumed In making up
the jury, and if tho defense decides to
make a fight, instead of resting its case,
as In the first trial, it Is hardly likely that
the trial will be over much before Christ
mas. It Is probable that the Federal grand
jury will be called near the close of the
trial for the consideration of many things
supposed to have arisen through tho two
M0NOTENT TO IBS. BRED GEE.
Erected by General Dodge to Memory
of Famous Guide.
KANSAS CITT, Mo., Dec 11. A monu
ment over the grave of Jim Bridger, the
famous guide and explorer, who discov
ered Great Salt Lake and Yellowstone
Park, and who opened the overland trall,
was dedicated in Mount Washington Cem
etery today. It was erected by General
Grenville M. Dodge, of New York, the
engineer who located the Union Pacific
Railroad, and who followed the route ad
vised by Bridger.
The monument is a massive block of
rough-hewn granite, with the head of the
scout In bas-relief and a chronicle of his
most noteworthy achievements. General
Dodge was unable to participate in the
exercises, owing to sickness, but the ad
dress he had prepared, an affectionate
eulogy of the old plainsman, was read,
and a great-granddaughter of Bridger un
veiled the stone.
General Dodge's address told of how
Bridger descended Bear River in a boat
and supposed, on reaching Great Salt
Lake, that the water was an arm of the
Pacific Ocean; of how Brldger's account
of the wonders of the Yellowstone Park
was scoffed at as preposterous, and of
how Dr. Whitman, the Oregon missionary,
cut out an Indian arrowhead that had
been In Brldger's back for years.
HEAVY SNOWFALL IN CHICAGO
High Wind Makes Drifts That Inter
fere With Traffic.
CHICAGO, Dec. 11. The heaviest snow
storm In Chicago this Winter reached here
this morning, and by night four inches
of snow covered the ground. A high wind
that blew all day drove the snow In drifts,
necessitating the use of snowplows on
several railroads running out of Chicago.
The storm also played havoc with the
schedules of tho street-car lines through
out the cits. Snowplows and scrapers
were run over the surface lines at inter
vals of an hour, but despite these efforts
to keep the track clear, the best that
many of the street-car companies could
provide was; about half the usual service.
A heavy snowfall also prevailed
throughout the States of Wisconsin, Il
linois. Missouri. Iowa, Minnesota. Mich
igan and the northwestern part of In
diana. VESSELS TO BTTN TO MEXICO
British Columbia Line Wi'lf Be Sub
sidized by Canadian Government.
MEXICO CITY, Dec. ' 11. It is re
ported here that . the contract for the
British steamship line between British
Columbia and Mexico has been awarded
to Andrew Weir & Co., of Glasgow, Scot
.land. The agreement calls for first-class
steamers capable of,- oarrying 3500 tons of
freight each, 50 first-class passengers and
from 300 to 400 steerage passengers. The
line will bo su.bsd.l?Qd,. and. will, receive
550,000 from the Canadian government and
a like amount from the Mexican govern
ment. It is thought that the first boat
will sail from "Vancouver January 14. 1205.
The ports in this country will be Mazat
lan and Acapulco. It Is also" probable
that the boats will touch at San Diego,
Cal. The boats will fly the British flag.
t- - -
JEFERIESSE., WILL T0TJE.
Father of Prizefighter WIH -Preach
the Gospel in Every Cirme.-
SAN FRANCESCO. Dec. 1L (Special.)
To preach the Gospel in every clime,
Alexis C. Jeffries, father of James J.
Jeffries, the world's champion heavy
weight prizefighter, is going to make a
tour of the gldbe. He wears' his ' halt
long and affects the simplicity of the
early Puritan fathers. .
Ho appeared before the County Clerk
of Oakland, in company " with Brother
James H. Suter, Sister Jennie Suter and
Brother John Crow, and made affidavits
of citizenship upon application for pass
ports. They leave here on December 22
for Honolulu and from there. wjll go. to.
New Zealand and Australia.
SULTAN CHANGES HIS MIND.
Sends Telegrams After American to
Buy the Argentine Warships.
LONDON. Dec 12,-The Constantinople
correspondent of the Standard telegraphs
Charles R. Flint, of New York, while
hero had an- interview with the Sultan's
secretary, who declined to entertain a
suggestion looking to tho purchase of
Argentine warships. Mr. Flint left on
board a Russian steamer for Smyrna.
After his departure Palace Ministers
sought him everywhere, and finally tele
grams were sent to Smyrna offering him
substantial pecuniary inducements to re
turn on business connected with tho sale,
THE DAY'S DEATH ROLL.
Dr. S. S. Purmer.
ST. PAUL. Dec 11. Dr. S. S. Purmer,
of Washington, D. C, said to be the
oldest contract surgeon in the regular
Army, died on a Northern Pacific train
west of Fargo, N. D., whileort tho way
from Columbia to Fort Sn'elllng, aged
70 years. He had been an Army con
tract surgeon since 1861.
Rev. John Chadwick.
NEW YORK, Dec. 11. Rev. John
Chadwick, the well-known Unitarian
preacher and writer, died today of
heart disease at his home in Brooklyn,
aged 65 years.
French Treaty Is Pigeonholed.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 11. No hope Is
held out In Administration circles of a re
vival of the French-American reciproc
ity treaty, efforts to encourage which are
being made by the American Chamber of
Commerco of Paris, according to an In
terview with President Cachard, of that
body, cabled by the Associated Press yes
terday. The French treaty and a num
ber of others have been pigeonholed in
tho Senate for sometime and there Is no
expectation that they will be seriously
.considered at this session of Congress.
DEFICIT IS GREAT
DUE TO RURAL DELIVERY
Nearly 10,000 More Country
Routes Than Last Year,
NEED SPECIAL PARCELS RATE
Service Is Asked for in Many Other
Sections, and Various Phases of
the Subject Are Being Met
as They Come Up
REQUIRING ACTION OF
That third and fourtb-clas3 mall mat- '
ter be consolidated at the rate of post
age now paid on third-class mall matter
1 cent for each - ounces.
That consideration be given to the
recommendation that Congress flx a rate
of 3 cents per pound, or any fractional
part thereof, on packages not exceeding
Ave pounds mailed at the distributing
postofflce of any rural free-delivery
route for delivery to a patron on said
route. This to apply only to packages
deposited at the local postofflce for de
livery to patrons on routes emanating'
from that office, and not to malt trans
mitted from one office to another.
That the Interstate commerce law be
amended to prohibit telegraph and ex
press companies, or any of their em
ployes, from aiding and abetting hi the
green-goods or lottery swindles or any
other scheme carried on partly by mall
and partly by common carrier. In vio
lation of the postal laws.
That Congress consider the propriety
of granting an annuity to railway post
office clerks who are permanently dliK
abled In the line of duty.
To provide penalties for tho sending
of dangerous or destructive object or
matter In the malls.
That penalty be provided for tba us
of counterfeit postmarking- stamps for
the Ipifcrprer certification of4 pension
vouchers or for any otner purpose.
That ,the establishment or maintenance
of private letter-boxes without author
ization of the Postofflce Department be
WASHINGTON, Dec. 11. Expenditures
for postal services during the fiscal year
ending June 30, 1904, as shown in the an
nual report of Postmaster-General
Wynne, exceeded the receipts by $8,779,
492, a deficit greater than that for 1903 by
54,219,447. The increased deficit is due to
the expenditure of $4,902,237 upon the rural
free delivery service. The tabulated state
ment is as follows:
Receipts and expenditures, 1903
Ordinary postal revenue $131,984,335.00
Receipts from money-order busi
Total receipts from all sources. S134.224.443.24
Total expenditures during year.. 138,784.487.97
Exeess of expenditures -.$ 4,560.044.73
Receipts and expenditures. 1904
Ordinary -postal revenue $141,054,221.70
Receipts from money-order busi
ness , 2.523.402.64
Total receipts from all sources. $143,582,624.34
Total expenditures during year.. 152.3C2.U6.70
Excess of expenditures $ 8,779.492.36
'Tfie ' estimates submitted are:
Total postal revenue, year endlns
June 30. 1904 - $14582.624
Add 9 per cent.. 12.92.4ug
Estimated revenue for 1903. ? 156, 505'
Appropriation for 1905 .-. 1.0,545.008
Estimated deficit for 1905 ? 14.340.93S
, Routes in Operation..
Itt dealing- with the mail routes, the re
port shows that on June 30, 1904, the total
.nuiuber of domestic routes of all classes
was 31,513, their 'length 493.91S miles, and
the annual travel 503.5So.528 miles. Com
pared with the preceding year, this was a
-decrease In length of routes of 9450 miles,
but an increase in annual travel of 12,
392,166 miles. The annual rate of ex
penditure for such service at the end of
the last fiscal year was ?67,931,423.63, an
Increase of $4,336,887.29.
"At the close of the last fiscal year
there were 18,743 star routes, the length
of which was 233,392 miles, the annual
..travel 119,!L81.4.64 miles, and the cost $6,834.
023.26. The average annual rate per mile
traveled on June 30, 1904, under the old
contracts, was 3.66 cents. On July 1, 1SQ4,
thQ average rate per mile traveled under
ho no-ar contracts was o.63 cents per mile
.traveled. At this average rate paid under
the new contracts a contractor traveling
22 miles each week day would receive
about $1.24 per day, or $337.68 per annum.
'"The new contracts call for an im
proved service. The contractor is re
quired not only to transport the mall in
ppuches between postoffices as formerly,
but aso to deliver mail Into boxes And
collect mall from boxes, or to carry pri
vate mail bags ; to and from mail cranes
along the routes for--all persons residing
upon or near the routes who desire to
avail themselves .of suchiervice;
r"On June 30, 1904, there were 3005 rail
rpad routes,,' the total length of which
was 196,907 miles, -with an annual traveL
of 353,033,397 mileg; costing $39,117,376.52
per annum. The increase in length of
routes was 4055 miles, in annual travel
19,546,713 miles, and In annual expenditure
"The expenditures for all classes of
mall transportation for the fiscal year
ended June 30, 1904 (under accounts stated
to September 30, 1904), was $69,724.S53.60,
an Increase over the previous year of. 6.74
"The aggregate, of the appropriations
for the transportation bureau for the cur
rent fiscal year 1905 is $74,375,728.73, being
4.59 per cent more than for the previous
fiscal year. . -
"The estimate submitted lor the next
.(Concluded on Page 12.)