Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 10, 1904)
THE MORKIKG QBEGQKIAS, DECEMBER !Q, IMfc
tHiTf 1 IT fTTTT ?TTi I a
JKntered at the Postoffice at Portland. Or.,
as second-class matter.
REVISED SUBSCRIPTION KATES.
niStf. itri ti firmdav. ?S. " "Hx
3&uy. with Sunday excepted, per year.. .50
Xf&ur, -R itn euaaay. per i ......... i Qf
MnfloT. tier venx ................. -uu
The Weekly, per year iso
-LO VieeKiy. umonma.... ....... ...... '""J
iniv nr ircfir deuverea. MunatT ex- i
cepted 15 I
xwujr. per weex. aeuvereo. eunaay u-
...... .u i
Unlted states. Canada and Mexico . I
iv o it-page paper i
1 n in.n. ... nun.r I
2 to 44-pag paper Se
Porelrn rates, double.
EASTERN BUSINESS OFFICE.
The s. a lieckwith. special Agency ew
xozki room. -ou noune
The Oreronlan doea not buy poems or sto-
lies trom lndl-lduals and cannot undertake !
to return any manuscript sent to it without l
aouciiauon. -o siamps saowu. ..vc-
KEPT OX SALE. I
Cbloaco Auditorium Annex: Postoffice
2ew Co 173 Dearborn street.
Denver Julius Black. Hamilton & Kend-
rick. 006-012 Seventeenth tU and FrueauH
Xansaa City. Mo. Kicks ecker Cigar Co.. I
Xinth and Walnut.
m Azurelee B. P. Gardner. 259 South
Eprlnr. and Harrr Drapkln.
trenth and Franklin st. x
MInneapoUs 21. J. KavanauEh. 50 South
TMrd: Zj. Recelsburjfer. 21T First avenue
rti. r tam. r. r i .In. 1
Olden F. R. Godard and Myers and Har-
Omaha Barkalow Bros.. 1012 Farnam:
tUII Bl&Uiratry IWH
Salt Xake Salt Lake News Co.. 7T Weft
Becond South street.
a Francisco J. K. Cooper Co.. 746 Mar-
ket street; Foster & Orear. Ferry News
mana: ioiQsmitn isros.. 230 butter: u .
1008 Market: Frank Scott. 80 Ellis: N.
"Wheatley. 83 Stevenson: Hotel St. Francis
Washington. D. C-Ebbltt House News
PORTLAND, SATURDAY, DEC. 10, 1004.
TWO WATS IN CONTRAST.
Two notable deliverances on political
conditions in our Southern States, and
on the relations of these conditions to
National politics and general affairs,
have recently been made by eminent
Southern men, of which we had bare
notice in the telegraphic reports. They
merit more attention. One of them Is
by John Sharp "Williams, of Mississippi.
leader of the South in the House of
Representatives; the other by Senator
Bacon, of Georgia, a man of high au
thority ln the leadership of the South.
Their arguments relate chiefly to the
proposed reduction of the representa
tlon of the South in Congress and in
the Electoral College, under authority
of the fourteenth amendment, ln conse
quence of the disfranchisement of the
negro population in many states. It is
Interesting to note how these spokes
men of the South deal with the sub
Mr. Williams does not handle it so
openly and Xairly as Senator Bacon
does. He applies to the subject the
arts and practices of the dialectician,
who obscures and minimizes the argu
ments that go against him, while bring
ing out In a subtle and skillful way all
the arguments that can "be adduced in
his favor. Mr. Williams therefore de
nles that there Is any discrimination
against the negro in the South, in the
1 matter of voting. 4Take my own State
or .Mississippi," ne says. "It is not true.
it is -unequivocally false, that any man
Is denied the suffrage in Mississippi be
cause he is black or because he was
formerly a slave. In other words, it is
unequivocally false that there is now in
Mississippi, in the law itself, or in the
administration of the law, any viola
tion of the fifteenth amendment by a
denial or abridgment of the suffrage
because of race, color or previous con
dition of servitude.' If there is any
question for debate at all, It Is under
the provisions of the fourteenth amend
ment Whether there Is any question
for debate there or not; depends upon
the answer to these several questions:
Is the requirement of registration as a
prerequisite to voting a denial or
. abridgment of the suffrage?' 'Is the
requirement that the citizen shall have
paid all taxes due by him to the state
before he can vote a denial or abridg
ment of the suffrage?' Is the require
ment that he shall be able to read and
write a denial or abridgment of the suf
frage ?' If either of these is lecallv a
denial, then undoubtedly the penalty
prescribed In the fourteenth amend
ment, towlt, a reduction of the repre
sentation in the proportion which the
number of citizens deprived of the suf
frage-hftU bear to the whole number.
has been Incurred. If none of these are
a denial, then liability to the penalty
of the fourteenth amendment has not
This is plausible, and fine, therefore;
nut it is disingenuous, notwithstand
ing. For the blacks ore excluded from
voting on tests not required of the
whites. For the ancestral or "grand-
lather" clause lets in all the whites.
however Illiterate; but It excludes the
Slacks on tests of illiteracy made and
enforced by white men. Every white
man whose ancestors voted can vote
himself, whether he has other qualifica
tions or not; but since the negro's an
cestors couldn't vote, the negro Is ex
eluded, unless he can run the gauntlet
of questions and requirements estab
1lEhed by the white man, who Is re
solved that the negro shall not vote at
all If the conditions can be made such
as to exclude him. Why should a white
man who has no qualifications of his
own for the suffrage be permitted to
Vete naerejy because his ancestors
voted; while the negro is ruled out be
cause his ancestors didn't vote? Mr.
Williams ought not to equivocate. He
ought not to resort to subterfuges. He
means to exciudo men on account of
color. Then he should say so, openly.
Senator Bacon's argument is of an
other kind, He meets the question
openly and fairly. He says that It is of
the first importance! that government
shall be kept wholly in the hands of the
whites. Disfranchisement of the negro
therefore is a necessity. Hence he
would have the fifteenth amendment
repealed; and if he could thereby secure
its repeal he would be willing to give
up the additional representation in
Congress which comes to the Southern
Slates through, enumeration of the ne
Senator Bacon's statement has great
advantage in its straightforwardness.
It cuts out all equivocation. It doesn't
pretend that the South is willing to let
the negro vote, if he can come up to
certain requirements; for it isn't It re
fuses to admit that the South is willing
to let the negro vote at all no matter
how he may meet the tests. Senator
r Bacon argues for a white man's gov
Between the fourteenth and fifteenth
amendments there is conflict apparent
ly irreconcilable. The fourteenth fixes
Penalty, In loss of representation In
Congress, for restriction of the suf-
irage. The fifteenth declares that the
suffrage shall not he restricted on ac-
count of race or color. Now they who
anneal to the fourWnth and nroooEO
to enforce Its restrictions thereby aban
don the fifteenth, and the negro Is out
it is a nuzzle, an entanglement, at
nrpsniil' InsnlnhlA Ttnf rrlfrhtfnr.
ward and open way In which Senator
Bacon dwils with It Ik irroatlv to Hp Tir.
terrea over tne tortuous, evasive, equiv-
ocal and soDhlstical deliverance of Reo
The Japanese say that the Russian
squadron in the harbor of -Port Arthur
"ecu me reii uujeci oi tueir aiiaux,
and now, since they have destroyed it.
they will not press their assaults fur-
f. . . ... . efQ-vi n.,t
6"" mi jl io jjuuii uiiJiureu,
r, Jill ,X , 1, A. Jt
mere is reason In this statement.
The life of Japan in this struggle lies
ln h mnlntpnano nt rnmmwnrf nf th
, , . . .
ions aa n existed, was a menace
that Japan could not overlook. Since
now thR -n0ssihlHtv Is nroeluded that It
y. Q., ..i-.. u uSt-einn
ayuaurun trom ujb xaiiit; onjnty uiua.-
ing Its way towards the Orient, a. dan-
ger 0 n0 small magnitude Is removed;
fn Tanon'o nnvnl fnrm will Ho freia 4rt
r ..... - fc
It was worth -therefore, to Japan the
immpriso saerlflfv erf mon nw-oran- tn
.x nmrr.or.no. -relr,, ,kM1f Tt-
, ' f. . " . v"
Annur, irom wnicn xne Russian naval
force lying ln that harbor could be de
stroved: and all the more vital to tin
th,B v -ni t ti
It was asserted some time ago that
the Russian fleeL rather than submit
. iMfn,ot?nn t,n,,f .tWr, v.in.
woaw saiiy iorui irom .rort Aruiur,
prepared to perish. If -but it could strike
a blow at the Japanese fleet. But it
seems that the Russians took their
naval guns ashore for defense on the
land side, and the ships therefore were
without armament for an effort at sea.
In the command of the sea lies the
problem of this war, and the Japanese
from the first have been aware of it
Admiral Togo, now relieved of appre
hension of the Russian Port Arthur
fleet, will have a free hand to deal with
the Baltic fleet; and Japan, holding
Dalny and the railway, can get up her
supplies and reinforcements to her
front before Mukden, which meantime
has been fortified so as to be Impreg
nable to Russian assault. The next
serious thing to happen will be likely to
happen to the Russian Baltic fleet
iMan Patterson was a chorus girl.
She is on trial for the murder of a man
named or called Young a "sporting
man" and "bookmaker." Young had a
wife, yet he had been "fooling" with
this chorus girl, and she was supposed
to be full of Jealousy and resentment
juasi august aoung was riding ln a
hansom cab ln the company of the Pat
terson girl, with whom he had for some
time sustained meretricious relations,
on his way to the steamship pier
whence he intended to take passage to
Europe. Me was prevented from reach
ing his destination by a pistol shot
which ended his life, and his companion
was promptly placed under arrest upon
-the charge of murder. Her explanation
was that the man committed suicide,
but -there were various suspicious cir
cumstances connected with the affair,
and she was placed under ball -for $20,
000. Her indictment followed in due
course, and as it was Impossible for her
to furnish bail to the amount demand
ed, she was sent to prison to await
The trial has bem "on" a long time,
yet nothing definite has been developed
by it Nothing, probably, ever will be.
Really, it Is not important The girl
may have killed Young; but whether
she did or not; or whether, if the affair
had taken another turn, he had killed
her; or whether in still another contin
gency both had been killed, would
make little or no difference. Such peo
ple all are a cheap and worthless lot-
and worse than worthless; and there is
no more ground for sympathy with
Young or with Nan Patterson than
with Puter or Mrs. Watson. Such
"skates" Mrs. Chadwlck included get
more attention than they deserve.
FRENZIED FINANCE IN FACT.
The havoc created by the traditional
bull in the china shop mui$t have been
mild and easy compared with that
which "Frenzied" Lawson Is stlrrln
up in the stock market Backed by
John W. Gates, one of the most un
scrupulous stock gamblers of this or
any previous generation, the Boston
victim of the "double cross" as admin
Istered by the house of Rockefeller, in
the language of his fellow-craftsmen.
Is. certainly "playing even." Nq similar
bear campaign has ever been organized
and carried to 6uch an overwhelming
success as that which began when
Lawson opened his department of ad
vertlslng and publicity in an Eastern
magazine. The fact that Lawson by
his own admissions had been fully as
deep in the financial mud as the Stand
ard Oil crowd had been In the mire
made no difference with a Jarge propor
tion of the readers of his tale of "Fren
Tho wail was not made on hearsay
evidence, but it emanated from one who
had just been kicked out of the Inner
circle and still retained a painful recol
lection of the workings of the system
Smarting under the loss of his share ln
the Amalgamated swag, Lawson gave
the public an excellent illustration -of
the truth of the statement that "when
thieves fall out honest men get their
dues. There will, of course, toe a ques
tion raised as to whether or not there
are any honest men mixed up in this
present gigantic stockjobbing deal. The
fact that John W. Gates seems to be a
controlling factor in engineering the
campaign would be accepted in some
courts as prima facie evidence that if
there are any honest men involved, they
are strangely out of place in their pres
ent company. We are told by the dls
patches that the Gates-Lawson copibi
nation has depreciated the value of
certain stocks to the amount of more
than $120,000,000. Accepting this as the
truth, It Is not altogether clear that
the public, outside of the gambling cir
cle, has gained or lost by the opera
These stocks, which were hammered
by that financial swashbuckler, John
W. Gates, and his literary assistant.
Mr. Lawson, were all bought In by the
controlling owners of the properties
which were represented. Theoretically
they may have, by reason of this bear
campaign, lost the amount stated, but
as they had previously created this
44value" which withered away so quick
ly, the actual loss can hardly be figured
so high. They still retain the proper
ties on which these values were builded.
and, if they possess merit, they will
eventually recover from the present de
pression. Iawson, through his bureau
of publicity, has "touted" certain stocks
for sale, and Gates Is apparently fdl
lowlng the "tip." It matters not that
the "tip" may be only the squeal of a
poor loser, it has been heard around the
world, and the Lawson literary bureau,
backed by the Gates millions. Is nelplng
It to "make good."
The nonspeculative public, having no
financial Interest in Amalgamated or
any of the other stocks Involved, can
view the present raid with a mild de
gree of equanimity. We shall also
await with Interest the Lawson opinion
of John W. Gates, if the settlement is
no more satisfactory than that of the
Standard OH settlement with Lawson
at the close of the Amalgamated deal.
Those who have, figuratively speaking,
seen the Lawson eye "in a fine frenzy
rolling" over Gas Addlcks, have a rare
treat in store whenever the "Frenzied
Financier" writes the Gates biography
for motives similar to those which
prompted the Addlcks "write-up."
RETURN TO EARLY TOLICY.
A material reduction in freight rates
from Portland to Southern Idaho points
becomes effective today. The rates
named in the new tariff are so much
lower than the old schedule that Port
land jobbers will be admitted to a field
from which they have for some time
been barred by the competition of Salt
Lake and Boise jobbers. The extent to
which Portland will probably profit by
this enlargement of her distributive
trade field is reflected in the vigorous
protest being made at both of the
points mentioned. The objections en
tered from Boise and Salt Lake are
none the less vigorous hecause from a
strictly business standpoint they are
not entitled to the favorable discrimina
tion which they formerly enjoyed. The
action of the O. R. & N. Co. in granting
this reduced rate to Portland jobbers
displays an. Interest ln this, community
that has not always been ln evidenco in
The territory covered by the reduc
tion, so far as the.Harrlman system Is
concerned, is exclusively local, and, be
ing thus solely at the mercy of that
system, the reduction was, of course,
voluntary. No other railroad line en
tered the field affected by these rates,
and It is hardly probable that there will
be any increase in the volume of busi
ness for the roads that would not have
obtained by the natural growth of the
country. When the announcement ot
the reduction was first made it was
erroneously stated in The Oregonian
that Portland had previously been un
protected against the competition of the
San Francisco jobbers in that field. It
has since been learned that the San
Francisco rate to all Southern Idaho
points is the same as the Portland rate
plus the rate from San Francisco to
Portland. No deviation is made from
this rate If the San Francisco mer
chants ship by way of Ogden instead of
by way of Portland. The action of the
O. R. & N. in voluntarily reducing the
rates and admitting Portland jobbers
to a field from which they have lonj
been barred avors more of the old pol
Icy of the corporation than anything
that the Harrlman system has under
taken for a long time.
The O. R. &. N. Co. Is. a Portland In
stitution by birth, and through all the
changes which time has Tung ln its
management and operation It has never
entirely grown away from Portland In
fluences. That it is to the advantage ol
the Aoad as well as to Portland to
maintain these friendly relations Is ap
parent irom the fact that the palmiest
days of its existence, when rates were
highest and dividends greatest, were
when the management was centered In
Portland and it enjoyed the same con
fldence which the Portlanders extended
to Ladd the banker, Lewis the mer
chant, and others similarly interested
in upbuilding the city and state. Port
financed the road at the beginning and
made possible the development of the
Inland Empire. Portland, the Interior
country and the O. R. & N. prospered
in company. The Interests of these
three factors in the development of
Oregon, Washington and Idaho were so
nearly identical or mutual that one
could not well prosper without the
other sharing in that prosperity.
These conditions have always been
recognized and respected by the man
agement of the company when such
management was vested ln men famil
iar with local conditions, and It Is only
when policies which should have been
formulated In Oregon came into exist
ence in New York or California that
Portland and the Northwest have suf
fered at the hands of the O. 8. N. Co
and its succeeding corporations. There
Is much that can yet be done by the big
corporation which will redound to the
advantage of Portland, the Inland Em
plre and the road Itself. Having made
a start on the return to Its old policy,
the results will probably warrant a con
tlnuance of tho good work. Portland
has never been unappreclatlve of the
aid which the railroad company has
given this city, and will not be slow to
show a willingness to reciprocate when
ever opportunity offers.
IN A IPAXSE POSITION.
The young gentlemen of the High
School graduating class are acting in
a way about their class election of
which they will be ashamed when they
have grown older. A quick repentance
of their boyish folly and due apology
for their hasty and unfounded Indigna
tion is the only manly way out of the
unenviable position dn which they have
placed themselves before ;the school and
the community. '
The paramount purpose In their edu
cationIndeed ln the establishment and
support of the public school system is
the promotion of Intelligent and other
wise good citizenship. The underlying
principle of good citizenship in a re
public Is quiet, unquestioning submis
slon to the will of the majority as ex
pressed through the' ballot.
The good citizen bears defeat philo
sophically, realizing, as did Abraham
Lincoln In his defeat by Stephen A.
Douglas after a most strenuous political
canvass, that when two persons at
tempt to ride on one horse one must
inevitably ride behind- The. man who
bolb the decision of his convention,
having first voluntarily entered Into it
under the implied, promise to abide he
will of the majority, does not possess
the dependable quality of which worthy
statesmen are made.
It is a maxim trite and true that tire
boy is father to the man. The position
of dictatorship and arrogance assumed
by the young men of the senior High
School class was the result doubtless
of a sudden awakening to the fact that
there were others ln the class who were
equally entitled to honor with them
selves. They were. let us hope, surprised
into assuming an attitude at once un
manly and. Indefensible toward, the ma
jority of the class. Prompt retreat from
this position and hearty co-operation
with the majority ln class plans and
work will cancel this mistake and be
effective In advancing those who made
it from the rank of the captious school
boy to that of the more considerate
High School graduate."
The dredge Chinook has eaten up
more than $400,000 of the Columbia bar
appropriation, and the sum will reach
1500,000 hefore the experiment shall
have ended, it ig announced from the
National Capital that the Columbia
bar cannot expect more than 5500,000
from the next river arid' harbor bill.
It thus appears that the Chinook, which
seems to have done little or nothing for
the bar, has put back the jetty work
for two years, or until the river and
harbor bill after the next shall have
been passed. It is understood that Ma
jor Langfitt and Superintendent He-
gardt never were advocates of dredg
ing; if so, the outcome is a tribute to
their engineering sagacity.. If the Chi
nook is a failure, blame will not be at
tached to any ope. It will he. remem
bered that the commercial interests of
Portland were eager for the experi
A Colfax gambler has been placed in
the Walla Walla Penitentiary to serve
out a year's sentence for violating the
law which makeB gambling a felony
A number of other gamblers are N under
arrest at Spokane for a similar offense.
As the gambler Is a bird of prey who
lives off the Industry of others, doing
absolutely nothing for the support of
the community In which he lives, he
can probably be maintained' at less cost
In the Penitentiary than outside, -where
he is at "liberty to make hla own levy
on the people. If life in the Peniten
tiary is not alluring, there Is the alter
native, of abandoning gambling and
earning a living by honest toil.
How big an armada do the" Fish
Warden of Oregon and the Fish Com
missioner of Washington need to sub
jugate salmon pirates on the Columbia?
Of course, it would not do to hurt the
pirates, since salmon can be better
spared than yotes; therefore the ar
mada should not be too deadly. But
where can the two officers get battle
ships, terrible to see, yet made of vel
vet? There's Admiral Rojestvensky's
fleet how would that do? It Isn't good
for much on earth, and. Mr. Van Dusen
and Mr. Kershaw could rely with ut
most confidence on Ha poor marksman
After Tillamook County "goes dry
and Its politics has been convulsed wth
gambling and llqupr turmoil. Tillamook
City elects a "wet" Mayor and two
"wet' Councllmen out of five. That
election Is prophecy enough that pro
hibition In Tillamook will not prohibit
and. that drug stores and "blind pigs"
win defy the "dry'' mandate. A big
wrangle has just begun ln Oregon, un
der a so-called local option law, and It
will sound loud and last long. Tilla
mook City will be a storm center- Let
all eyes watch Tillamook City. There
prohibition may e. disproved.
Deeply "obliged" are fishermen, can-
ners and plcklers on the Columbia to
Fish Warden Van Dusen, of Oregon,
and FlBh Commissioner Kershaw, of
Washington, who "stood in" against
the closed reason and the law which
was meant to save salmon for hatch
eries against cans and tierces. But If
the Legislatures of tho two states shall
resolve to "scorch" the two recreant
officers, how much will that gratitude
profit Mr. Van Dusen and Mr. Ker
Will Hitchcock go on March 4? No.
Now listen for groans. Hitchcock Is
pretty much a fussy opjnlonlst and the
orist, many of whose Ideas on land af
fairs will go with his exit, since they
are not ln harmony with Western con
ditions, 3ut as a ferret to land Uileves
he has done something even if he has
missed the worst culprits. The sharks
will groan. Hitchcock and many pf his
notions will go In due time, but flrat a
number of sharks may be sacrificed for
the sins of escaped criminals.
On the witness-stand in New York
two years ago, when the Louisville &
Nashville deal was being dissected, J,
Pierpont Morgan testified that he ob
jected to John W. Gates securing con
trol because he regarded the Chicago
plunger as "a dangerous man." If the
story of the Gates connection with the
Lawson raid on Wall street Is true,
Mr. Morgan can, by consulting the
Standard Oil crowd, secure corroborat
ive testimony as to the truth of his be
"Think of It," says the Newberg
Graphic "A National Exposition to
open soon at our own doors, right at
home, in fact, and nqt one. move has
been made toward an exhibit for Old
Yamhill." But Yamhill has prohibition.
on which all her hopes have been cen
tered. If we mai believe her prohibition
press. Isn't that enough? Your prohi
bition brother never Is very energetio
in any other direction except that of
Among the ten graduates of the State
School of Mines at Butje, ilopt., last
June were two young women. The
president ln his annual report says that
all of the men of the class are now
holding responsible positions In tlje
mining line. Nothing is said qf the
young women graduates, which leaves
the pupllo to suppose that In studying
mining engineering they had mistaken
If no girl has. e.Yer been president of
a High School graduating class, now la
a gopd time for the Innovation. In time
past girls had an even show at the pres.
Idency, anyhow, and there was no "su
periority of sex." Girls, see It out.
Boys, fie for shame!
If Admiral Togo would be certain of
av victory over the Baltic fleet, let hjm
not oppose Its entrance into ifte harbor
of Port Arthur. Once in there the guns
from 203-Meter Hill would take care of
them without risk to the Japanese
What is the profession coming to?
Here we have an. upstart Jury decjarins
that a lawyer is not entitled to a fee for
services rendered on both sides of a
When the Baltic squadron hears 'the.
news from Port Arthur, it may not be
in such a hurry.
NOTE AND COMMENT.
JJowa irom. the. North at close of day.
Bringing to 'Frisco deep dlsmar.
The affrighted wires with. a. shudder bore
Terrible news to the Sheriffs door.
Pete Grant has entered his private den
And stationed around. t arn-ed men."
Ana tne Sheriff was nmpty miles away.
But there is a road from 'Frisco town.
The Southern Pacific Icadlns down.
Und there through the dark of a murky night
The fast mail whlzzM In ead fllrht?
The Pullman pqrter Js ashy pale.
Leat the rocking cara should Jump the rail.
And up in the cab the engineer
la as close as heMJ ever be to fear,
B.Ut he lets her buck and reel and sarav.
"Wlth the Sheriff a hundred miles away.
And here. In the town no Deputy flinched.
Though the Coroner came and had him pinched.
i mi mo neaqs or tne righteous growing balder.
Both sides teo4 Arm at Fifth and Alder.
I will," said one, and the other. "You
Thus argued the law and Ecter Grant;
Ana me night went by and the dawn rrew
As the Sheriff raced on ten miles away.
The first that the Sheriff saw was the group
vi lajers mat an had come out to snoon.
"VVhat was done what was doing he eaw with
Jor waited to hunt up the law In a book.
He Jumped from the train, which seemed to
"I've brought hlmrom 'Frlico, leagues away."
Hurrah l hurrah! for man and train,
Such raca as theirs Is not in vain.
-Ana anouid the Municipal League decide
tn a Hall of Fame, you'll find Inside
Tho engineer that all danger slurred
To brings to Portland Sheriff "Word.
U ve forgotten to state the result of the fight
Becaue It's unknown at the present writing).
ijut nurram hurrah! for 'tm Just the same,
It's better fun than a football game.
Lawson Is dissolving the amalgam.
Any port In a storm except Port Ar
Qberlln bankers might write a book on
"The Simpleton Life."
Mrs. Chadwlck will also be an authority
on "Frenzied Photography."
A Ipck of Thackeray's hair brought 516.50
at a rcqent sale. Save your whlskera!
Chairman Baker has been presented to
the President, whp probably takes him
lor Mrs, WQodcogk.
Russian shells fall to explode. The
Czar should put a nihilist la charge of.
bis ammunition factories.
We are authorized to deny the report
that the Gzar will offer the leadership
of his army to the winner of the six-day
The Victoria Colonist remarks that "the
little steamer which collided with a boom
ot logs off the harbor las,t evening mere
ly stubbed her tow."
IIns pong is op the wane" at Concordia
Kan., says an exchange, and the. editor
of The Blade has a ping pong set he wants
to exchange for a suit of Winter under
wear. The British army of 2500 men being sent
Into the Jfianl-Nlanl country of Central
Africa is officially designated as a pa
trol. Apply early for positions as patrol
men. The High School dissenters havo made
Otto Ott their president.
Otto ptt to
Take as motto,
"I'll do Ott that
Otto Ott to."
Critics of the local attorney who ac
cepted fees from both parties to a suit
for divorce overlook an important advan
tage offered clients by this course. With
such an attorney one would be fully post
ed on the moves of the opposing -side, and
who Is better prepared to answer an ar
gument than the man that prepared it?
The text of official Tokio dispatches is
about as follows;
"Kurokl's Headquartera (censored.)-'
The l"tt army , of the right side of the
front army proceeded along the right
side of the left bank of the middle of
the Shakhe and engaged the enemy. A
terrific battle ensued. Enemy's loss, 60QO.
Our loss 3."
The Western Publisher says that a Sas
safras Corners girl who i3 not only up-to-
date, but is beating the schedule, de
scribed a kiss to her tlmjd but tickled
beau thusly: "It seems like a moon
light trip, sailing on a banana, down a
Stream of lemonade, to an Jce cream, fes
tival." All the Door boy could do was
to say "goshl" and then they punched!
Judging from her published photographs,
Mrs. Chadwlck Is a handsome, young bru
nette with an ugly face and flaxen hair.
She seems to be about 19 years of age
and has tho appearance of a woman of
60. Her face Is fresh and youthful.
crows'-feet" giving her a look of old age.
She Is tall and graceful with a dumpy,
shapeless figure. Her smile Is winsome,
and reminds one of a grinning death's-
Curious Pension Statistics.
Some of our pension statistics are curi
ous. For example, we learn that therq
are still on the rolls three pensioners of
the Revolutionary War, which was
brought to an end over 120 years ago. Of
pensioners accredited to the War of 1812,
there still remain 919, while of the Mexi
can War no fewer than 13.C55 survive.
Of those accredited to the Revolutionary
War ono Is a widow and two are daugh
The report shows that pension pay
ments are made to people residing In
every stato and territory ln the Union,
and In almost every known country on
the globe. Among the states. Ohio leads
in the amount of pension money paid an
nually to its citizens, with Pennsylvania
second. New York third and. Illinois and
Indiana following closely. At the dato of
the report there were 4910 pensioners re
siding qptslde pf the United States, apd
they drew 5722,440.69 In the last fiscal
year. .Nearly nait oi mis amount went
to persons In Canada.
Burgea Johnson, In Harper's Magazine.
I'm awful fond qf icetchln' rldea.
I like these trucks where I kin etand
"Without aiholdln to the eldea
(Er maybe holdln with one. hand).
Though teacher saya it'p not refined
To go a-ketchin" on behind.
I almost never walk to school.
So many wagons pass our place;
Jly fav'rlte one he makes a rule
Of always ieaain- me a cnase.
An' then pertendln' he's too blind
To see me ketchin' on behind.
I've found there's Just two kinds of men'
"What drive th' wagons In our town,
Cause when I meet 'em, now an then.
There's some that grab their whips or frown.
But some tney noa an never mma
"When I am ketchin' on behind.
I guess when I am rich an' great
An' own a truck an' grocery cart,
I'll always drive 'em slow, or wait
go IJttle chaps can get a start.
Ap hay 'em. built so boys kin find '
A plaec for ketchin on behind.
GREAT SOLDIERS OF MODERN TIMES
HI ItMXJTH KARL BERNHARD YON-MOLTKE
(By Arrangerasnt With the Chicago Tribune.)
The first necessity for a state In order to
exist la to secure Itself externally. Ulnar oned
can do this by neutrality or by International
guarantees; a great power must rely upon
Itself and on Ita strength, being armed and
determined to defend its liberty and Ita right.
To leaY a country defenceless would be the
greatest crime a government could commit.--
Moltke In 1S72 In a speech in the German
TliE revolution which converted the
General ot an army from a soldier
who fought with his hands into one
who only directed the operation of
other soldiers took -place but gradually.
Napoleon led a charge at the bridge of.
Lodl. Lee was often in the thick of
tho hottest fighting. Grant usually
stayed ln his tent and thence Issued his
orders, but ho led at least one charge,
in which ha had a horse shot under him.
The Incarnation of the modern art of
war appeared at las.t in Moltks. a pale
soldier of bopks and maps, who, far
removed from the smoke, turmoil and
carnage of battle, sat taciturn and im
passable at the end of a telegraph wire,
while, with the mathematical precision
of a skillful chess player, he directed
the conquering movements of a million
men. The stories ot aaoowa ana or
Sedan leave no doubt as to the rightful
place among great commanders of this
old hero, who "keRt silent ln seven lan
Helmuth Carl Bernhard, Count von
Moltke, was a native of Mecklenburg.
The future conqueror of France had hid
first experience with the French in
1806, when Napoleon's marauding sol
diery sacked his father's house at Lu-
beck. Moltke was taught the rudi
ments of the military profession In a
cadet school at Copenhagen. Despite
the fact he had to pursue his studies
in a foreign language, the young Ger
man passed his officers' examination in
1818, at the head of his class. After a
year In the Danish service as Lieuten
ant ln an Oldenburg regiment Moltke
entered the Prussian servico in 1322 as
a Second Lieutenant. With such abil
ity and assiduity did he study the tho
ory and practice of the military art
that in 1832 he was assigned to duty on
the general staff. The years lS3i to
1S3D Moltke spent In Turkey helping
the Sultan reorganize hla army..
On returning to Berlin Moltke was
reassigned to duty on the general staff.
As aid de camp to Prlnco Henry and
to Prince Frederick William, he visit
ed various European courts. His let
ters of travel and his writings on mili
tary topics won him a high reputation
as a literary man and an authority on
military subjects. Ho rose steadily in
the army until in 1856 he was made
Major-General. Although ono of the
youngest general officers in the serv
Ice, he was appointed in 1857 provi
sional and in 1S59 permanent chief of
the general staff. When Wllhelm I be
came King in 1S61 he resolved upon
such reorganization and augmentation
of the army as would restore Prussia
to tho position she had occulped as a
military power under Frederick the
Great. The heaviest part of the burden
of this task fell upon the chief ot staff.
With what speed, thoroughness and
perfection it was performed was shown
by the results of the war with Don-
mark, with Auatrla, and with France,
all of which took place within the next
Austria and Prussia made war Jointly
upon Denmark in 1864 to wrest from
her the duchies of Schleswlg, Holsteln
and Lauenburg. The striking feature
of the campaign was the wonderful ra
pidity with which the Prussian army
was mobilized. The Danes, after
short but heroic stand, were forced to
Tho allies immediately began to quar
rel between themselves over the pos
session of the duchies, and in 1865
Prussia found herself at war, Austria
Scalawags From Abroad.
Puter. MoKInloy, Walgamot. Emma
Watson and Tarpley have all been found
guilty of land frauds In Oregon. Puter,
McKlnley and Watson are the principals,
while Walgamot and Tarpley were tools.
These principals are self-styled Importa
tions from Eastern States, and arc not
Oregon products. If we sift Oregon land
frauds to the bottom we will find the
skirts of the natives are clear of tho
charge of being conspirators against the
Government. The characters who have
given to Oregon a bad name and a black
eye in this regard belong to a scheming,
speculative riff-raff from other states
that would have been a credit to Oregon
had they stayed at home.
But Oregon presented to them an in
viting field. Here was millions pf Gov
ernment timber of Inestlmahle value mat
could be had at easy figures and some of
which could, almost be stolen bodily it
perchance combinations of dishonorable
characters could be formed to wrest from
the Government by perjury and forgery
what the honest settlers among the na
tives and among the immigrants who de
sired to make -Oregon their permanent
homes, were wiling to buy and conform
to tho law ln proving up on.
But here are the Imported conspirators
who have no property Interests in the
state plunging Oregon into disrepute by
their Infamy and the state must suner
the consequences. Two years each and
a $10,000 Una Is mighty poor recompense
to Oregon for the Infamy heaped upon Its
honest ' and law-abiding citizenship by
the scalawags from abroad, who by their
evil Influences and flashes pf gold may
have succeeded in making criminals of
others who might otherwise havo. re
mained honest and law-abiding.
Men of the McKlnley-Puter stripe ought
to be run out of the state before they
!-ady Warwick's Girl Gardeners.
"Daughters of Ceres" is surely a
pretty name to give to girl gardeners,
and is the one chosen by Lady war
wlqk for the guild of her own foster
ing. A year ago she Put these
"daughters" in charge of the grounds
near Studley Castle, and on or near the
anniversary she gave a garden party
to show her frlend3 what the young
gardeners had done. Lady Warwick at
the head of the Daughters of Ceres led
the way and marshaled the guests
from one lovely spot to another. Her
was bloom, here winding paths and
here shrubbery, all the work of these
young gardeners. Outside the immedi
ate precincts they have made waste
places blossom as tho rose, and they
add to the comfort of the world In
other ways as well, for they raise
poultry and bees, keep a large dairy,
make cheepe and butter and maintain
a large market garden, apd sell ajl the
Increase of these industries. Indeed.
they have Invaded buildings set apart
for other uses, turning an erstwhile
coachhouse Into a jam factory. An of
flclal of the Royal Agricultural Society
has. made an appeal that Lady War
wick's school be recognized by Bjr
mjngham and Girton universities, and
says: "I employ two former pupils
myself and have been amazed at their
cheerful capacity for workt They are
UP at $ In the morning regularly, and
run a big dairy better than It has ever
been managed before. It Is believed
that the government will assist In the
support of Lady Warwick s school.
Or Had to Pay Less.
Editor Hoge of the Forest Grove Times.
who was last week charged up with ?100
as the result of a libel suit, speaks rather
nessimlstlcally of the boasted "freedom of
the press." Now that he has to pay for
what ho ofily Insinuated against the man
ho doubtless wishes he had said more.
and most of the federated German
states bolng arrayed against her. It
was necessary that Prussia should
strike quickly, and she did. 'Austria
had in the north a.n army of 271.000
men, including that of Saxony. The
Prussian force; consisted Qf three
armies ope of 93,000 men under Prince
Frederick. Charles, one of 115,000 men
under the Crown Prince, and one of
46,000 men under General Herwarth
in all. 254,000 men. There was. besides,
a reserve force of 24,300 men at Berlin.
Orders, were issued In May to put the
Prussian army on a war footjhg. By
tho middle Qf June all the Prussian
armies were marching across Bohemia.
Various minor engagements, some of
them bloody and desperate, took place,
but the Prussians steadily advanced.
concentrating as they went. On July
they encountered the Austrians on
the field of Koniggratz. or Sadowa.
The Prussians numbered 240,000, the
Austrians 220,000. The Austrians fought
bravely and well, but Prussian num
bers, discipline and strategy prevailed.
The Prussians lost 353 officers and 897
men. The Austrians ' lost 19,800 men
as prisoners and 24,400 men in killed
and wounded. This practically ended
the war. By the treaty signed August
23 Austria gave up all claim to Holsteln
and Schlcawlg, consented to a new
formation in Germany, and agreed to
a war indemnity of 40,000,000 thalers.
of which 20,000,000 thalers were remit
ted to Austria on account of the duch
ies. "Various circumstances made it evi
dent that a war with France would
speedily follow. Moltke began in 1867
to make preparations for the struggle
and completed them in the early part
of 1S69. The anticipated war was de
clared on July 15, 1870, On July 30
every detail in the mobilization of 518,-
800 Prussian and North German sol
diers, divided into three armies, had
been completed in accordance with the
plans that Moltke had mapped out
more than a year before. The French
had with difficulty collected 270,000 men
at tho end of August. The Prussians
swiftly advanced toward France as
they had before advanced into Bo
hemia. Everywhere the French were
driven back. Marshal Bazaine. with
170,000 men, was defeated with great
slaughter at Gravelotte on July 18 and
compeled to retreat behind the forti
fications of Metz, where he capitulated
after a three months' siege. The Em
peror Napoleon III and 83,000 men
were surrounded at Sedan and cap
tured. In January, 1871, Paris was
taken after one of the notable sieges
of hjstory. Forces were organized In
every part of France to expel the In
vader, but by March 1, 1871, 1,000,000
German soldiers were quartered on
French soil and 250,000 more were in
readiness to move to the front. The
raising and movements of all these
myriads of men were directed by the
single genius of Moltke. March 1 tho
preliminaries of peace were signed at
Bordeaux. France ceded to the pew
German Empire Alsace and Lorraine
and paid a war Indemnity of 5,000,000,
000 francs. During this war of nine
months tho army created by Moltke
had taken 400,000 prisoners, disarmed
150.000 men in Paris, driven 100,000
men Into Switzerland and captured 22
fortresses, 1835 field guns, 5373 fort
ress guns and 600.000 rifles.
For his services In the Franco
Prussian war Moltke was made a Field
Marshal, a Count and a life member of
the Relchsrath. He remained at the
head of the German army until 1S88.
He died in 1891 at the great age of 91
years. He was past 70 when he fought
the Franco-Prussian war.
(N. B. This is tho last: ot the series
on "Great Soldiers of Modern Times.
A Dangerous, Service.
Probably few Americans realize that
the man In the United States Railway
Mall Service Is far more likely to lose
his life than the soldier ln Uncle Sam's
Regular Army. Cold figures which have
appeared in two official reports of the
Government prove absolutely that he Is.
Within the year ending June 20 last only
24 of Uncle Sam's soldiers, ln all the
6o,000 on regular or detached duty, were
killed ln action. Twenty-one men were
killed while on duty ln the railway mall
service during that time. There were
only four additional soldiers wounded so
severely that they died or were obliged
to leave the service on account of these
wounds. In the railway mail service 90
men were seriously hurt while on duty,
besides the 21 men killed. To make the
showing still more surprising. 378 mall
clerks were Injured more or less severely.
If que compares; the strength of the corps
of a few thousand clerks with the 6o,C00
me In the Regular Army, he will find
that the percentage of fatalities in rail
way mall service 13 very much higher
than that In active Army duty. It is
probable, too, that disease takes Qff a
greater number of railway clerks In pro
portion than It does soldiers. This In
cludes the Army in the Philippines, where
there Is always more or less trouble. It
does not Include the three Army officers
killed, but they would still not change
the fact that mail clerk service Is more
dangerous than active life as a soldier
of Uncle Sam. If "peace hath her vic
tories no less renowned than those of
war," she also has her dangers no less
numerous. Has any Congressman thought
cf pensioning maimed and disabled mall
clerks or the widows and orphans they
leave? Probably he has. but If we re
member rightly," it has not been done.
Dry Subject for a Wet Winter.
Grant's Pass Herald
In the Walla Walla country to keep
down the stifling dust of the rvada ln the
Summer the farmers cover th2m with
Ftraw. v-hlch Is effectual. If that could be
done n this vicinity life woull bo more
tplerab.'e. In the absence of straw we
might try saw-dust next seasou, if wa
The Norsk Nightingale.
TV. F. Kirk in Milwaukee Sentinel.
Ay appose yu know 'bout- Lucr Gray,
"Who used to play on moor.
And having qvlte gude time all day
Beside her fader's door.
Dls Maestor Vordsvorth write It dpwn
Guda many years ago.
How Lucy etart to valk to town , ,
" in gude big drifts of snow.
"Lucy," her fader say, "yust tak
DIa Jantern from the shelf.'
Say Lucy: "Ay have kick to mak
Vy don't yu go yureself?'
But Lucy's dad ant stand no talk ,
And say, "Yu havo to go I"
So Lucy Gray tak little valk
To town In dls har snow. . s
Miss Lucy ant come back dat nlxht; -
And ant come back next day.
And den her parents get gude fright
"Our kid ban lost." dey eay.
Dey look for tracka vlch Lucy mak.
And find eome tracks dat go
Up to a bridge on little lak
And den ban lost In enow.
And so dey tank Miss Gray ban lost.
And feeling purty bum
The fuperal saxty dollars coat,
And all the neighbors come.
But Lucy ant ban lost at all
She met a traveling man:
He ban a bird his name ban Hall,
And ott for town dey ran,
And Maester Hall and Lucy Gray
Ban married in St. To. -
And dey ban keeping house today ' ,
In Kansas Cfty, Mo.