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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 10, 1904)
THE MORNING ORBGONIAN, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1904.
TO STARVE OUT FORT
Jap'anese Will Make Fewer
Assaults at Port Arthur.
COST OF LIFE IS TOO GREAT
Sinking of Fleet the Main Object of
Recent Desperate Attacks No
Sign of Life on the Russian
Vessels During Battle.
TOKIO, Dec 9. In disabling the Rus
sian fleet at Port Arthur, precluding the
jtofUbMftr of its being able to reinforce
the second Pacific squadron, the Japan
t r lavc accomplished the main object
of tke desperate assaults against the for
tress which .they have been making for
the past three months. There Is now a
.Mreng probability that, while continuing
the siege, they will avoid losses of. the
magnitude already attending their ef
forts, and. Instead of assaulting, will
rly on starving out the garrison until It
is finally captured.
Considerable astonishment Is expressed
here over the fact that the Russians in
no way resisted the disabling of the Port
Arthur fleet. In Certain quarters the
"Pinion Is expressed that the Russians
opened the seacocks of the submerged
vessels so as to lessen their exposure to
the Japanese fire.
The recent cessation of mine clearing-
was taken as evidence that the
fleet did not intend to make a sortie.
There was no sign of life on the
Russian ships during the bombard
mont, and from this fact it Is conclud
ed that the bluejackets took refuge on
land or that they are engaged In the
With the Russian second Pacific
squadron approaching, those in Tokio
cannot comprehend the failure of the
Russians to die hard and to inflict all
possible damage on the Japanese fleet,
even at the cost of weakening the ef
Xow that the Port Arthur fleet has
been disabled. It Is deemed impossible
for the Russians to overcome the in
feriority of the second Pacific squad
ion to Togo's fleet, unless, at present
unforseen. the Black Sea fleet should
pass the Dardanelles.
The following report, dated December
f. 10 P. M., has been received from the
i-ommander of the naval land batteries
in front of Port Arthur:
"Eight sholla struck the protected
cruiser Pallada today and sot her on fire.
Simultaneously she began to list to port,
lowering astern. She is deemed unfitted
"During the action we discovered the
gunboat Glllak to the landward north
of the battleship Peresviet, and bombard
ed her. Eleven of our shells were effect
ive. This vessel is deemed to be almost
"The hits made by our naval and siege
guns today are estimated to be 22. The
armored, cruiser Bayan caught .fire, at
31:30 o'clock this morning, and the fire
was not extinguished at 4:15 In the after
noon. Evidently the cruiser is seriously
"The results . of our bombardmont . of
the battleship ' svastopol, the mine ship
Amur and the transports, are -not yet
Another report from the ame com-
mandaf dated 3 otclock Xhla (Friday).!
mnraWp 'to o o 'Toll nrtra f . ' i
"As the result of our naval gunjpom-'
bardmcnt yesterday (Thursday) the Bayan
was hit six times and the Amur 14
times. The Amur is sinking astern.
"Our cannonade directed against the
storehouses and arsenals at the north
east base of -Palyu Mountain resulted in
36 hits, causing great damage.
The hits mentioned were made with
shells from heavy guns. Those made by
the small shells are not mentioned In
Thirty-Six Japanese Officers Killed.
TOKIO, Dec. 9 (10:30 A. M.). Impe
rial army headquarters has published a
list of 36 officers killed and 58 wound
ed. No mention Is made of where
these casualties occurred, but It was
presumably at Port -Arthur.
. . ' ,
...Ural In West African Port.
DAKAIt.' "West Africa. Dec. 9. The Rus
sian cruiser Ural has arrived.
TALKATIVE CAPTAIN TO SUFFER
Clado Will Be Disciplined for Attacks
on the Admiralty.
ST. PETERSBURG. Dec. 9. The Asso
ciated Pross is authorized to make the
"The reports spread abroad that Russia
had purchased cither Chilean or Argen
tine warships are untrue. Efforts were
made to secure them for the purpose of
reinforcing VIce-Admlral Rojestvensky's
squadron before it sailed, but there were
i many difficulties in the way that the
project was abandoned. Their purchase
now, evon if It were possible, would be
unavailing, as Rojestvcnsky will have
arrived in the Far East before they could
be manned and fitted. After the war
the ships will be out of date. Having
failed ourselves, we are equally confident
that the ships will not fall Into the
hands of the Japanese."
The Associated Press is also authorized
to state that even if every ship' of- the
Port Arthur squadron is destroyed, it
will have no effect' on Rojestvensky's
plans, which never contemplated assist
ance from the Port Arthur squadron. The
imports of the sinking of a number of
Russian ships, of which the Admlralty
has no confirmation, however, caused a
feeling of extreme sadness In high naval
circles, where the plans of Rear Admiral
"Wlren. the commander of the Port Ar
thur squadron were known. It seems
incredible that when it became apparent
the ships were under lire of the Japanese
kuiis they wore not taken out and sunk
In deep water, where they would be be
nn the possibility of salvage.
Oiptaln Clado's campaign In the Novoo
Vremya against the Admiralty and in fa
or of sending out the Black Sea' fleet.
Irrespective of treaty considerations,
promises to have a sensational sequel!
The Captain has gone to the length of
not only criticising the Admiralty, but
tho Grand Duke Alexis, the High Ad
miral. It Is announced at the Admiralty
that Captain Clado's action is intoler
able, and that he will be arrested for In
fractien of discipline. The Captain is
one of the witnesses detached from Vlce
Admiral Rojestvensky's fleet to appear
at Paris before the international com
mls?4on which, is to inquire into -the
North Soa incident, and this will only
involve confinement In a guardhouse
fr two weeks and therefore will not In
terfere with his attendance at Paris.
BOATS MAY MAKE DASH.
Russians Resume Mine Operations at
IJDN'DOX. Dec. 10. According to the
Monttit? Post's Shanghai dispatch the
Japano." forces, with the exception of
those manning the forts, have already re
treated to Laotc Mountains.
Details continue to filter In of the cap
ture of 203-Meter Hill. The Dally Tele
graph's correfpondent before Port Arthur
explains that the capture was due to a
ptrong feint against the eastern fortifica
tions on the night of December 5. the
position of 203-Meter Hill being an en
filading one. forcing the Russians to evac
uate without a contest, to a parallel line
of semi-permanent defonses extending
eastward and Irregularly over the slopes
within a halt mile north of Etse Mountain.
The Japanese casualties at 203-Meter
Hill alone exceeded the total of the battle
of Xanshan. according to the Daily Mail's
Tokio dispatches. At 2 o'clock in the aft
ernoon of November 29 a Tomoyasu de
lachmont with a battalion of Infantry and
a company of engineers received orders
that they must capture 203-Meter Hill,
while a Yosld detachment of the same
strength had similar orders to capture
Akasaka Hill. On November 30 It became
necessary to reinforce the attackers with
a detachment under Major Shlzuta. Dur
ing the operation the cold was so intense
that many of the men were frost bitten,
as It was necessary to pass the night with
out shelter- The Japanese, after the cap
ture of 203-Meter Hill, anticipated a ter
rible bombardment from the Russian
forts, and made preparations accordingly,.
but the Russians remained strangely
The same correspondent says that the
Russians at Port Arthur on December 7
resumed mine-clearing operations, pre
sumably to enable the torpedo-boat de-.
stroyers to attempt to escape and join
the Baltic squadron.
The Dally Telegraph's Tientsin corre
spondent reports that General Oku, aftcr;
a three-days' artillery engagement, drove.
the Russians on Sunday out of the small
lofty Island of Gushan in the river ten'
miles below Liao Yang. The Russians, It
is added, abandoned a quantity of supplies
and several guns, and retired to a position
eight miles northwest, whence they heav
ily bombarded the Japanese, setting fire
to kerosene depots and causing a great
conflagration which did not cease until
"Wednesday. The Japanese are still gal
lantly holding the island with a handful
of men. Their casualties, it is alleged,
Prisoners Report Food Scarce.
HEADQUARTERS OF THE JAPAN
ESE THIRD ARMY, BEFORE PORT AR
THUR, Dec. 8. via Fusan. Dec 9. Rus
sian prisoners report that the food supply
of the garrison is insufficient. The men
subsist on short rations of bread, made
of a mixture of flour and coarser gralns,
while the officers get horseflesh twice a
Dysentery and typhoid, the prisoners
say, are prevalent. Owing to the bad
weather, a supply of fresh vegetables
cannot be obtained, and the supply of
tinned meat was finished a month ago.
Thp appearance of the prisoners goes to
substantiate their statements. They are
well clothed, but emaciated.
Every Courtesy Shown Prisoners.
HEADQUARTERS OF THE THIRD
JAPANESE ARMY, BEFORE PORT AR
THUR, via Fusan, Dec. 9. Two Russian
officers captured at 203-Meter Hill, one
belonging to the navy and the other to
the army, are being treated with the
greatest courtesy "by the Japanese staff
In consideration of similar treatment ac
corded to Japanese officers captured by
the Russians. Special arrangements have
been made to transport the officers to
This Is taken as an indication of the
disposition of both sides to end the feroc
ity characteristic of the fighting for
months past, during which quarter was
neither asked nor given.
Stoessel Is Overruled.
HEADQUARTERS OF THE THIRD
JAPANESE ARMY, BEFORE PORT AR
THUR, via Fusan. Dec 9. The Japanese
regard the refusal of the Russians to ac
cept an armistice, which had been asked
for and granted for the purpose of gath
ering the killed and wounded on 203-Meter
Hill, as the overruling of the humane
desire of General Stoessel by the officers
commanding the forts. It was feared by
these officers, the Japanese think, that
their men would desert and give the Jap
anese the advantage of Information re
garding the forts.
Russian prisoners report that General
Stoessel'a order was overruled by the gar
SAYS GERMANY IS SAVING HER
Military Critic Says Otherwise Russia
Would Have to Sue for Peace.
BERLIN, Dec 10. Russia would be com
pelled to abapdon Manchuria and sue for
peace were It not for the practical assist
ance It is receiving from Germany, accord
ing to Carl Peters, military critic of the
Tagelische Rundschau, the leading army
organ of this city.
"Russia."' he says, "has been enabled
to reinforce Kuropatkin with the best
troops of the entire army only through the
wholesale depletion of the garrison of its
Western European frontier, which is now
hourly in progress. Nothing but the hon
orable, friendly neutrality of Germany,
as well as of Germany's ally, Austria
Hungary, permits the carrying out of
Such plans. Russia was obliged to con
clude peace during the Crimean "War be
cause Austria began to mobilize. The
Czar need fear no such diversion during
the present campaign."
Advices to Japanese Legation.
LONDON, Dec 9. A dispatch to the
Japanese Legation from Tokio, dated to
"Ti.e naval staff at Port Arthur reports
that on .Thursday evening the Pallada
was set on fire and heeled to port, with
her stern sunk. Eleven shots hit the
Glllak (gunboat). The Bayan took flro
at 11:30 and is still ablaze at 4:15 P. M.
The Amur (mine transport), was hit 24
times and sank. Many shots greatly dam
aged the warehouses and other buildings
near Paiyu Mountain and the arsenal."
Japanese Compelled to Fall Back.
WITH THE JAPANESE TROOPS
BEFORE PORT ARTHUR. Nov. 26
(night), via Fusan, Dec 9. The Japan
ese established Infantry trenches in
side the parapets of the two Rthlung
and the North Kekwan forts, but the
following day they were compelled to
retire behind the moats. Since then
there has been practically no fighting
along the incline of the eastern ridge
of forts, where the strength of the Jap
anese troops has been concentrated for
the capture of 203-Meter Hill.
Czar Appreciates British Act.
LONDON. Dec 9. In recognition of the
assistance rendered by the British cruiser
Talbot to the crews of the Russian cruiser
Variag and gunboat Korictz after the
battle of Chemulpo, the Emperor of
Russia has sent a silver bowl to the ward
room of the Talbot and $2500 .to the Prince
of Wales as a present for the royal navy
Japan May Float New Loan.
TOKIO, Dec. 9. The ministers of state
and party leaders today informally dis
cussed the budget. It is probable that a
compromise arrangement will be reached,
the proposed Increase of certain taxes not
meeting with popular approval, and that
a new loan will be floated to meet the
Britain Cannot Move for Peace.
LONDON, Dec. 9. In response to the
appeal of the International Arbitration
Society, Foreign Minister Lansdowne an
nounces that the government Js not aware
of any circumstances that would Justify
it in "modifying its previous decision not
to interfere with the present Russo-Japanese
Czar Remembers Brave Officers.
ST. PETERSBURG. Dec. 9. Emperor
Nicholas has conferred upon Lieutenant
General Sakharoff and Lieutenant-Geri-eral
Bllderllng gold swords of honor, set
with brilliants and inscribed: "For -aIor."
Diaz Reappoints Cabinet.
MEXICO CITY, Dec 9. President Diaz
has reappointed the entire .Cabinet, and
today has asked -Congressional sanction
THE POINTS OF
Between the garments we offer for
HOLIDAY GIFTS and those of
the dry goods stores OURS are
made by MEN TAILORS.
STYLES are choicest and confined,
and cannot be duplicated elsewhere.
If you purchase a house coat, loung
ing robe, fancy vest or necktie from
us, you may be sure that everyone
in town will not be wearing the same
pattern and style.
HouseCoats,Tjffier-$3.50 to $15
Lounging Robes, $5 to $20
Bathrobes, . $3.50 to $10
Fancy Vests, $2.50 to $7.50
amas, . . . $2.50 to $10
Novelties in English Squares, Ascots, Four-in-Harids,50cto
$3. On display in our windows.
BAGS AND SUIT CASES
An acceptable present for any gentleman. Some
choice selections, $5 to $25.
ECONOMY IN HOUSE
First of the Appropriation Bills
NO SALARIES ARE INCREASED
tee or. 4he Swayne Impeachment castf.
The minority were given until Monday
to file their report.
The House adjourned until Monday.
Legislative, Executive and Judicial
Departments Provided For Holi
day Recess Will Extend From
December 21 to January 4.
"WASHINGTON, Dec 9. The House
today paused the legislative, executive
and Judicial appropriation bill almost
as it came from the committee and ad
journed until Monday.
The Civil Service Commission provis
ions disposed of, there was no long
debate on any item today.
Throughout the session the policy of
retrenchment held full sway and all
attempts to Increase salaries failed.
The House passed a resolution to ad
journ on December "1 until January 4
for the usual Christmas holiday.
When the appropriation bill Was
taken up, on a point of order by Per
kins (N.-T.) the provision appropriat
ing $10,000 for compensation and ex- ?
penses of specialists to make investi
gation into the Department . of Com
merce and Labor with the object of se
curing uniform, economical and business-like
methods was stricken out;
In criticising the paragraph of the
bill relating to the Bureau of Corpora- '
tlons, Baker (Dem.. N. Y.) said his com- j
plaint was not that too much money
had been appropriated for the pay of
special attorneys, special examiners
and special agents, but that no use had
been made of the money. There had
been, he said, a demand to investigate
what had come to be known as the
trusts. "What is the result? Abso
He had been assured by a friend in
the Department that an investigation
had been made of one corporation,
whose books were so kept that it could
not be ascertained whether that .cor
poration had made $100,000,000 or $1,
000.000. It was, he said, a notorious
fact that a steel rail association exist
ed, and yet he had been informod that
the House judiciary committee would
report adversely o.i his resolution to
investigate that association on tho
ground that it was a rumor. In a sten
torian vol i he declared, amid Demo
cratic appause. that "it was a rumor
so strenuous, so terrible, that It can
take the American people by the throat
and exact an undue tribute of $30,000,
000." He ridiculed the idea that any
one did not know of such an associa
tion. On a point of order by Maddox (Dem.,
Ga.) the salary for the position of
chief of the Bureau of Manufacturers
of the Department of Commerce and
Labor was cut out.
The bill and the several amendments
wore reported to the House. Bingham
demanded a separate vote on the
amendment reducing the compensation
of committee stenographers from $5000
to $3000. By a vote of 43 to 63 the
House restored the amount as origin
all fixed. As amended the bill was then
passed. - ,
Palmer (Pa.) from the committee on
judiciary, submitted the supplemental
report of the majority of the commlt-
MORE PAY FOR DIPLOMATS.
Secretary Hay Urges Congress to In
crease Salaries of a Number.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 9. in the esti
mates for the Diplomatic and Consular
Service forwarded to Congress by Secre
tary Hay, recommendations are made for
Increases In the salaries of a large num
ber of officers In the service. It is rec
ommended that the salary of tho Minister
to Argentina be increased to $2000: that
of Minister resident to Liberia $3500, and
that provision be made for a Minister
to Roumanla and Servla, and one for
Greece and Montenegro and for a Con
sular Agent In Bulgaria. Increased sal
aries are recommended for the secretar
ies of Legation to Turkey and Switzer
land. A third secretary Is proposed for
the Legations to Italy and Austria and a
new Consulate at each of the following
places at the salaries named: Alexan
dria. 53500; Belgrade. $3000; Bucharest.
$3000; Carlsbad. $2000; British North Bor
TO GIVE BOARD MORE POWER.
Roosevelt Active in Behalf of Interstate-Commerce
WASHINGTON. Dec. 9. Enlargement
of the powers of the Interstate Commerce
Commission is one of the questions which
will be pressed vigorously at the present
session of Congress. It Is said that In
the mind of President Roosevelt no prob
lem is more important than this to all
In conference with members of the Sen
ate and House of Representatives, the
President has emphasized the views he
advanced in his message for the extension
of the powers of the Interstate Commerce
Commission. With several members he
discussed the subject today. Until 1S97
the Commerce Commission had the power
to regulate freight rates, but the Supreme
Court then decided that, under the law,
the Commission had no such authority.
Western members of Congress especially
have urged that the power recommended
by the President be conferred by law upon
Report Is Unfavorable to Swayne.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 9. The Judiciary
committee, a subcommittee of which has
been taking testimony In the case of Fed
eral Judge Swayne, today ordered the
submission to the House of a report
which embraced the following:
"The committee on the judiciary re
spectfully report to the House the tes
timony taken in the case of Charles
Swayne since Congress adjourned, with
the conclusion that In their opinion said
testimony strengthens the case against
the said Charles Swayne."
Ambassadors Are Expected to Resign.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 9. That there
may be changes In the diplomatic serv
ice, and possibly in the Cabinet, is evi
dent from a statement made by a high
official of the State Department today,
replying to an inquiry, in which he said
that the President expects most of his
Cabinet and all the Ambassadors to
send In their resignations between now
and March 4 next.
To Learn Needs of Harbors.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 9. Tho House
committee on rivers and harbors today
decided to send for some of the dis
trict engineers, as they desired to hear
from them on the needs of rivers and
harbors In their respective districts.
Health Officials Release Steamers.
NEW YORK. Dec. 9. The steamers
Coronation and Coulsdon, which have
been held at quarantine on suspicion that
there might be cholera and bubonic plague
on board, were released by the health offi
- Increase in Building Is Marked.
CHICAGO. Dec. 9. In reviewing build-
Ing operations! In the 25 principal cities of presents to government officials "is, not
the United States for the month of No- right; It Is very difficult for ttiem to
vember, 3D04. as compared with the month
In 1903. the Construction News tomorrow
will say there has been a total increase of
about 25 per cent.
People Who Never Say "No'
Never Do "Yes."
F. W. Atkinson In World's Work.
An experience of three years In the
Philippines has brought me to the con
clusion that the Filipinos are incapable
of self-gover(nment. They are man
aged by a few ambitious leaders. They
have not yet cultivated a sense of fair
play and tolerance for those who differ
in opinion, and yet. although the gift
of self-government in full measure was
not possible, the United States be
stowed it to a degree by granting
practical autonomy in provincial nnd
municipal affairs. There are some 600
towns In which natives have, in the
main, the same control over their local
affairs as is enjoyed by the residents
of towns of corresponding size in the
United States. But a concentration of
governmental powers has 'been found.
Very few of them, however, show ex
ecutive ability, and some of them be
tray obstirfate inefficiency and Inact
ivity. The tendency everywhere In the
East Is in the direction of one-man
power; and. too often In the Philip
pines, the Mayor, or Provincial Gov
ernor, dominates everything, so far as
he can. He Is very ready with prom
ises; hut, as some one has said, "the
Filipino never says 'no, but never does
yes. " When asked for information, he
studies you, and is inclined to give you
the answer he thinks you want. Indi
rectness is a trait, and the giving of
gifts by subjects to- those in authority,
a custom common in the Philippines.
From instinct.'the Filipino agrees with
the boodler's opinion that there is no
use in holding an office unless it can
be turned to profit. It Is hard for Fili
pinos to understand that the giving of
believe that a man, because he happen?
to be white, has any scruples against
it. They look with a measure of con
tempt upon a man who refuses.
The World Today.
Any morning In Chicago or New York
one may see girls of 16 and 17, with their
heads close together over a newspaper
tabulation, trying to figure out "win
ners" during their street-car or elevated
road ride to the factories and offices where
they are employed. Listen to them and
you will hear the language of the track.
They know the relative reputations of the
jockeys, and can talk glibly of their rid
ing weights and of their seats In the sad
dle. They know the horses and their sup
posed likings for track, weight and dis
tance. They are ready for handbook pluck
ing. Meet them on the way home and you
will hear them say sadly that "luck" had
not been with them that day, and will see
them tear up their tickets and throw them
away. Only one thing Is worse for these
girls than losing, and that Is winning
Looses may bring a tardy, dejected re
form. Winnings lead to the frenzy of
dally trips to the race courses themselves;
to the spurring of all wild emotions: to
the plunge Into the black, engulfing chasm
where life Is the least of the things lost.
Observation will show that boys take
their first gambling lessons earlier than
girls. If they have sucked the poison, they
will be hardened gamblers when not half
way through their teens. The idea of
working for a living is lost as soon as the
fever of chance Is in their blood. Tn
poolrooms, on race trains, at the tracks,
the majority of the "regulars" are young
In years, though old in everything else.
But though their schooling Is sooner ac
quired than that of girls, it Is begun at
the same place the handbook kindergar
ten, and the Instructor Is the same the
newspaper "dope sheet."
Those who wish to practice economy
should buy Carter's Little Liver Pills.
Forty pills In a vial: only one pill a dose.
1 IN THE PARLOR AND IN THE
Wine of Cardui is (he medicine for every woman.
Wine of Cardui builds up a woman's strength and makes her
fit for any duty. If she is ailmg K puts her in the best health.
If she is skk it cures her of such troubles x irregular periods,
bearing down pains and ail the weaknesses of womanhood.
But you do not have to be sick to take Wine of Cardui. This
natural female tonic is beneficial at any time. Periodical use of
Wine of Cardui Is necessary for most women who are burdened
with soda! duties, women who have the care of young children and
have to do their own work. They find this great tonic a grateful
support at times when they are tired, nervous and worn out
Will You Give Wine of Cardui a Trial?