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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 9, 1904)
THE MORNING OKEGONIAN, FHIDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1904,
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PORTLAND. FRIDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1004.
THE LINES OF DIVISION.
Advice comes in. plenty to the Demo
cratic party in particular to the
Southern Democracy, "which constitutes
the effective strength of the party.
Southern Democracy is told that it
should no longer follow, hut should
lead; that since it has little or no sym
pathy In fact with socialistic and popu
listic notions, it should fall in with the
conservative elements of the Northern
States, "cut Bryanism out," and Insist
that the party shall again he put on a
platform that will give it the confidence
of the country.
Easy enough Jo say these things;, but
they spring from a total misconception.
There Is nothing in common between
the Southern Democracy and the con
trolling forces of the Northern Democ
racy The latter is radical, socialistic,
aggressive taking its stand upon the
ideas of a social and industrial democ
racy which Is coming to insist that the
slate and the industrial system within
it shall be one. "With this tendency the
South sympathizes not at all. The
South therefore is not attached at all to
the Democratic party of today. It
votes Democratic only because It hith
erto has not been able to cut loose
from ancient history and habit. "Will
it ever cut loose? It must; because it
has nothing in common with the con
trolling forces of Northern Democracy.
Mr. Bryan, who is the actual repre
sentative of these forces today, was
beaten twice for the Presidency. Then
the conservative minority of the party
in the North was allowed to take direc
tion of affairs. The South acquiesced,
and fell in. The South, that had voted
for Bryan, was ready also to vote for
Parker, for It was not voting on any
National Issue, but only on Its negro
problem; and its vote went to the Dem
ocratic party, because, during the long
struggle over the politics of slavery and
of the Civil War, the Democratic party
of the country was affiliated with the
South. But that, in the mind of the
Northern Democracy, Is a thing long
past. Northern Democracy does not
trouble Itself with the South's negro
problem. It is busy with the problems
of industry hours of labor, wages, cap
ital, profits and exchange. Hence at
this time there Is nothing in common
between Northern Democracy and
Southern Democracy. The general pur
poses of the former are socialistic; of
the latter anti-socialistic. Parker's can
didacy did not appeal to the heart of
the socialistic elements- of Northern
Democracy. Hence Parker's ' over
whelming defeat, in every Northern
If the negro question can. be elimi
nated, the South will be much nearer
to the Republican party than to the
Democratic party. For Bryan is the
leader of the Northern Democracy and
Bryan ism is Its expression. But the
South, inclined to conservatism, is in
fact opposed to both. An attempt was
made in the recent contest to reorgan
ize the party on the conservative basis.
The party was more signally beaten
than ever. The Democratic party can
be nothing, unless opposed to the exist
ing regime of private property, pro
duction, capital and industry. Yet the
South will not fall in with this scheme.
The agitation going on, over our system
of industry, -and the endeavor to sup
plant it through application of the doc
trines of socialism, divorces the De
mocracy of the South from the con
trolling forces of Northern Democracy.
The instinct of multitudes Is keener
than the calculations of the makers of
platforms; the Democratic multitudes
of the North saw the platform and the
candidate of this year were not what
they wanted, and their votes were -withheld
or but reluctantly given.
So great a gulf is fixed between the
conservatism of Southern Democracy
cr.d the" radicalism of Noitfhern Democ
racy that there can be no real meeting
or harmony between them. The South
cannot take the. lead in reorganization
of the party, on a conservative 'basis, as
President "vYoodrow "Wilson, of Prince
ton, and others suggest; because the
Northern Democracy will not have It.
Its masses are for. the Ideas of which
Bryan is the representative. Reorgan
ization cannot ignore the great masses
of the party-whose tendency is strong,
and growing stronger, towards the doc
trines of socialism.
"Which is woman. "The woman did
it." The shocking, dreadful, hideous
cause of it was woman.
"Woman has a bad name in history
and all literature. She gets through
the Book of Genesis with little or no
credit, and through the Paradise Lost
with as little! And now, in our day,
here is Mrs. Chadwick.
Here again Is proof that woman, so
dangerous a'creature, ought to "be rtro
hiblted" altogether. There has been
experience enough with this creature
heretofore-7-certainly. Tet she is still
tolerated. It shows how patient and
long-suffering man is, and what a fool
withal. Temptation and sin came Into
the world with-' this creature, and will
continue in the world, evidently, as
long as she shall remain in it.
Those good men who have been mis
led by Mrs. Chadwick are entitled to
general sympathy. "O, why did God,
who peopled highest heaven with spir
its masculine, create at last this fair
defect on earth?" And here, besides
Mrs. Chadwick, is. Mrs. "Watson, and
here is Nan Patterson, top. "The
woman thou gaves't to be "with me!"'
The truest story in all human 'history
is the story of the Fall!
CCSTOSI, BUT NOT JUSTICE.
The plight In which Rev. Mr. Small,,
of the First Universalist Church of this
city, finds himself, through having sent
a very pressing request to. a widow, not
of nls congregation, to pay for his cler
ical services at the funeral of her hus
band, is annoying, to say the least
That in presenting a bill for payment
of services of this kind Mr. Small has
sinned grievously against the ethics of
his profession there can Jae no question.
But, that ministers and churches are
imposed upon in such matters by people
who have "no use for. churches and
ministers" until death' enters their
households and they feel constrained
to observe the decencies of custom In
the observance of funeral rites. Is a
Comments 'upon' the element of dis
play in grief that induces the family of
a deceased person to ask that a church
be opened for his funeral, and "religious
services be performed over his body,
regardless of the fact that in life he
cared n6thing, for religious observances
and neither attended church nor, con
tributed to its support, are very fre
quently heard. But, regardless of the
assumption of the request, it Is univer
sally granted, not only without expense
to the bereaved, but In the main cheer
fully and without thought of recom
pense by the pastor. The experience of
most ministers in cases of this kind
coincides with that of the preacher who
expressed himself as being lucky If he
was even thanked for his kind offices
In point of fact, and regarding the
case from a practical, business stand
point, there is no more reason why the
minister who gives his time to a fu
neral, offering such spiritual consola
tion as he may, is not entitled to recomr
pense for his services. The physician
does not hesitate to present his bill for
professional services rendered because
of the death of his patient, nor does
the undertaker perform his part upon
the solemn occasion without recom
pense. Why should the minister be ex
pected to give of what he has read the
Scriptures, rack his Ingenuity for suit
able terms in which to set forth satis
factorily the virtues of the departed,
and stand bareheaded In wind, sun,
rain or snow, as the case may be, be
side the grave, while he reads the final
prayers and delivers the benediction?
"Why, except that custom requires It
and the ethics of the ministerial pro
fession demand it?
The story of Parson Tucker, a consci
entious New England clergyman of the
old school, as told by Rose Terry Cooke,
suggests a way out of this unrequited
service. This godly man utterly re
pudiated falsehood in all formB, and
when called upon to officiate at funerals
insisted upon telling the exact truth as
he comprehended it about the life of the
person who had died. It is related that
upon one occasion he -was called upon
to bury a wealthy man, who, though
outwardly respectable, was niggardly
to his family, ostentatious, overbear
ing and cruel as death to the poor and
struggling who, crossed his path or
came into his employ. The Rev. Thomas
Tucker improved the occasion. He took
for the text of his funeral address
'What shall it profit a man if he gain
the whole world and lose Ills own
soul?" And after a pungent compari
son between the goods of this world
and the treasure that is laid up In
heaven, he laid down his spectacles and
.continued: "And now, beloved, I have
laid before you the two conditions.
Think ye that, today, he whose mortal
past lies before you would not utter
a loud amen to my statement?" Need
Jess to say, Parson Tucker was not
often called upon to officiate at funer
als of those who in life had "no use
for the church" and whose family, to
use the words of Mr. Small, "does noth
ing whatever to maintain the church."
As may be supposed, Parson Tucker
of the old time had a hard time to keep
in the good graces of the community,
and finally saved himself, though un
wittingly, from peremptory dismissal
by resigning his pastorate. The indi
cations are that Parson Small, for hav
ing dared to maintain what he con
ceived to be just in a funeral matter
will follow in the footsteps of the goodi
old Puritan who set truth and Justice
THE WORLD NOX YET AT AN END.
Tennyson sings approvingly of the
freedom which "broadens slowly down
from precedent to precedent." From
the poet's viewpoint no more momen
tous precedent has ever been estab
lished than that set by the senior class
of the High School, which has elected
as its president Miss Sarah Rogers. So
far as memory serves, no woman has
ever been elected by popular vote to
supreme office in a republic. Even
among the Amazons, where man had
neither rights nor place, a monarchy
was maintained. There have been
Queens, indeed, who ruled with firm
hands, from Semiramis to the Dowager
Empress of China, and there have been
leaders in war, such as the 'Maid of
Orleans, but women have hitherto
played no prominent part in popular
Not that women haven't governed in
directly. "Who knows what statesmen
have owed to their wives? The petti-
fcoat lobby, whether in democratic
"Washington or in aristocratic Paris,
has many a time -shown' its power. Old
Hickory was not unbendable where
Peggy O'Neal was concerned, and, of
course. In private life woman has al
ways been the boss. Did not Eve lead
Adam into eating the apple, and
haven't wives worn the breeches ever
since that garment was invented? Yet
despite all this government by woman,
one had never, before the High School
led the way, been elected to an office In
which her authority and leadership was
indicated by outward and visible signs.
No wonder that the supporters of Mr.
Lane Goodeli indignantly cried that the
nomination of Miss Rogers was un
precedented. No wonder that they at
tempted to make fiery speeches until a
Portia, "informed thoroughly of the
cause," .pointed out that speeches at
this stage of the proceedings were not
in order. No wonder that they writhed
in .helplessness when Miss Rogers was
elected by a majority of 35 votes. No
wonder that Miss Laura Jones, another
Molly Pitcher In spirit, we do not doubt,
was elected to the office of sergeant-at-armB.
Tet there Is no reason for the boys
to sulk In their tents. The precedent
has been established, but it Is not likely
to result in a turning topsy-turvy of
the world. "We cannot believe that any
girl will now turn Omphale and don
football clothes, nor that any boy will
Hercules-like assume skirts and take
to doing fancy-work. Should the male
heart burn too fiercely, however, and
overturn fof the moment this glorious
freedom-spreading precedent, we hope
that Miss Rogers will prove the Boa
dlcea of the cause
She, In all a monarch's pride.
Felt them In her bosom slow:
Rushed to battle, fought and died;
Dying, burled them at the foe.
"Ruffians, pitiless as proud.
Heaven awards the vengeance due;
Empire Is on us bestowed.
Shame and ruin wait for you."
COLUMBIA CHANNEL IMPROVING.
At no corresponding period in the
past five years have ships passing In
and out of the Columbia River experi
enced such slight delays as they have
encountered this season. Delays of
more than a day have been very rare,
and not in a single Instance has there
been one-half the amount of time lost
that was charged up against the ships
suffering the greatest detention a year
ago. This pleasing situation has been
noted during a period In which storms
of unusual severity swept over the
North Pacific Ocean, and Is directly
traceable to the Improvement made in
the channel over the bar by the Colum
bia River jetty. There is a difference
of opinion as to how much or how little
the bar dredge Chinook has contributed
to the results that are now beginning
to show quite plainly, but the experi
ence of the past with the Jetty leaves
no doubt whatever as to the perfect
channel that will follow the completion
of that structure. The "Winter storms
have damaged the trestle somewhat,
but the loss from this cause is In the
aggregate of small proportions and can
be quickly repaired at a moderate ex
pense. With such excellent results directly
traceable to the jetty and an improve
ment In the channel being continually
noticeable as progress is made in the
structure, the necessity for a sufficient
appropriation to rush it to compjetion
next year becomes all the more appar
ent Advices from Washington Wednes
day quote Senator Mitchell as being
very hopeful of having the amount now
available for pursuing the work rein
forced by a sum sufficient to carry the
work to completion. With both the
jetty and the dredge Chinook simul
taneously engaged in deepening the
channel, it Is, as previously stated, dif
ficult to determine the exact amount
of credit for the results that can be
awarded to each of these factors. It Is
the general opinion, however, among
local shipping men that the dredge
should be operated on funds separate
and distinct from those available for
jetty construction work. "
The amount absorbed, in equipping
and operating the Chinook has diverted
froni the appropriation available for
jetty construction a sum sufficient to
add materially to the amount of fin
ished jetty. As It is only on the good
showing previously made by the Jetty
that It has been possible to secure re
cent appropriations for the work, no
chances should be taken on having fu
ture appropriations jeopardized by di
verting money actually needed for jetty
construction to other purposes. The
Government should be liberal with its
appropriation for. jetty work, but It
should not charge the heavy expense
of maintaining and operating the
Chinook against the jetty appropria
tion. Friends of the dredger are cer
tain that the results secured are suffi
ciently pronounced to warrant the big
craft being kept on the bar for an in
definite period, and If this can be
proven? to the satisfaction of the engi
neering department it should not be a
very difficult matter to secure in a sep
arate item in the river and harbor bill
an amount sufficient to enable the big
craft to continue her work for another
The open-river agitation has secured
6uch a hold on the people east of the
Cascade Mountains in all three of the
Northwestern States that even the Pu
get Sound papers, which have previ
ously "knocked" all plans for Improv
ing the river, have been silenced, and
the only opposition to liberal appropri
ations that will be aroused will be in
quarters where the merits of the de
mands are not understood. With the
river "open" to a proper depth at the
mouth, the Improvements farther up
stream will come quickly; accordingly
all efforts should be directed towards
securing plenty of money to speedily
carry out the work now under way.
EMBARGO SHOULD BE LIFTED. -The
United States Government is in
the market for large quantities of hay;
oats and lumber for the Philippines.
The call Is for something like 4500 tons
of oats and 2,000,000 feet of lumber.
Bids on the forage portion of the con
tract are to be opened In New Tork as
well as at Pacific Coast ports. This is
a new feature of these bids, as the, fa
vorable location of the Pacific Coast
ports has always given us an advantage
over the Atlantic ports on this class of
products, and this advantage was so
apparent that It was never deemed
necessary to invite bids at Atlantic
ports. The explanation of this change
lies in the fact that the Government,
in spite of a law to the contrary, is still
shipping Government supplies from
New Tork to the Philippines in any
vessel that will carry them the cheap
est and with the best dispatch. When
the law requiring that all goods for the
Philippines be transported In vessels
flying the American flag was passed,
there was, of course, an insufficient
amount of tonnage available for han
dling the business as expeditiously and
economically as it had been handled by
This shortage of American tonnage
quickly resulted In higher rates for
freight and higher prices for forage. On
the Pacific Coast, Puget Sound and San
Francisco had a monopoly of the
American tonnage, and quite naturally
rates were forced up to high figures as
soon as the law became effective. The
loss to the Government did not cease
with high rates for freight, for Portland
had regularly submitted lower bids on
both forage and lumber than had been
received from the ports north and
south. Being short on American ton
nage, however, the working of the new
law prohibited dealers In this city from
submitting bids, and .the other ports
less favorably situated for. securing
supplies took advantage of the occasion
and marked up prices. New Tork has
more American tonnage available than
Is in evidence at the Pacific ports, but,
like Portland, she has1" a much larger
amount of foreign tonn&gewhich Is al
ways available at lower rates-than the
American shipowners' Asm an 4.
The Government onTcI&ls at the At
lantic ports. wre undoubtedly willing
to obey the" hew law whexever it was
possibly to do so without -placing the
Government at unnecessary- .expense
and delay. The American shipowners,
in whose interest this classIegislatlon
was enacted, put the rates 'to the Phil
ippines up to such a high figure that
the Government ignored the law entire
ly, and continued shipping "its freight
by the vessels that would carry it the
cheapest. Having thus established a
precedent, there Is no good Teason why
Portland should not be granted the
same right regarding shipments to the
Philippines. Our bidders will submit
more satisfactory figures on forage and
lumber than can be secured at any
other Pacific Coast port, and, If the
shipping embargo is lifted and this port
placed on even terms with New Tork
so far as the nationality of the snips is
concerned, we can do business on a
basis that will be satisfactory alike to
the Governmenfarid our merchants.
If the law restricting the supplies of
tonnage is a poor law for. New Tork
it Is also a poor law for Portland, and
as the Government evaded It at the At
lantic ports, there Is no good reason
why it should -be enforced on the Pa
cific There are not enough American
ships available to handle this business
except at an (increased cost to the Gov
ernment, and no advantage whatever
accrues from the discrimination against
ports -that are without ample supplies
of American tonnage. All that Port
land has ever demanded in -connection
with the Government business was an
opportunity to submit prices and
freight rates on." even terms with other
ports. The Government in the case .of
New Tork has ignored the law compel
ling the exclusive use of American
shfps for carrying supplies to the Phil
ippines. It is now up to Portland to
Insist that the same treatment be ex
tended Portland bidders.
FLAT SALARIES AND MAGIC.
Though Governor Chamberlain de
clares himself for flat salaries and has
done so before, still, whenever payday
comes round, up trots His Excellency
for his share In heaping and not "flat"
spoonfuls. His second recommendation
to the Legislature for "flat" salaries,
even if not refreshing, may be food for
wonder. However, a Republican Leg
islature will probably put no obstacle In
the pathway that leads to the cherished
goal of so eminent a Democrat.
Ordained by the constitution Is it
that "the Governor shall receive an an
nual salary of $1500, . . . and shall
receive no fees or perquisites what
ever"; ditto, Secretary of State. And
the constitutional limit of the State
Treasurer's annual stipend is $S00. Tet
these officials draw down "fees" and
"perquisites" of princely fatness; how
fat scarce any man knoweth, save each
official unto himself only.
But, now that Secretary of State
Dunbar must relinquish, the rich dignity
at the end of this, his. second, term, and
cares not for the fat on the- ribs of his
successor; and now that nobody needs
Mr.Dunbars aid to be elected United
States Senator, perhaps the Republican
Legislature can afford to fulfill the
pledges of the Republican state plat
form and will not think itself ham
pered by the constitution. Already a
Republican State Convention has prom
ised to take fees and perquisites from
the reach of thrifty state officials, but
political magic has come out victor.
Here's hoping the Governor will not
make a third recommendation and that
Republican lawmakers will respect his
Democratic ideas of economy, at least
as he expresses them in his message,
and will make his salary just as "flat"
as he desires; perhaps "flatter."
Since the Astors can be induced to
take no interest whatever their money
is not wanted In the Lewis and Clark
Centennial and having no pride or en
thusiasm In the expeditions with which
the name of their ancestor is associ
ated, nor in the American settlement of
thePaclfic Slope and in the name of As
toria, will not, it Is said, even answer
letters addressed to them on the sub
ject, suppose Astoria should respond
by asking the Legislature to drop the
name and substitute that of some old
citizen and pioneer whose family would
take It as. an honor, and of which the
state also would be proud? Not a dol
lar is wanted from the Astors, for, we
have money of our own for the Fair;
but recognition from them, as from all
quarters, of the movements and events
underlying our history, with memorials
thereof, would be interesting and im
portant. Thomas Hinds, of Butte, who Is suing
the Inter-Mountain for damages be
cause the paper alluded to him as a
grafter and a rounder, Is out with a
statement that he did not need to work
for a living, because he had made $10.
000 last year playing poker with mil
lionaire mining men. This 13 the most
serious charge that has yet been made
against the talents of the Montana
millionaires. The reputations attained
by those high-rollers at the National
game have led the general publio to
believe that it required decidedly "hard
work" to separate therri from $10,000, or
any other sum. In a poker game. If
Hinds failed to find this hard work, he
should proceed to establish a school for
the instruction of poker players.
Governor Douglas, of Massachusetts,
was elected,. by the wageworkers and
members of the labor unions, who voted
for him en masse, for reasons that
seemed good to themselves. Now Gov
ernor Douglas Is going to make General
Miles his Adjutant-General of the mi
litia of the state. , What is General
Miies, as a military commander, likely
to do when riots, almost always concur
rent with great labor, strikes, occur?
He has a record on this subject. But
in a state -so refined and transcendental
as Massachusetts, what's the use .of a
military force, anyway? Why shouldn't
General Miles go to hoeing-cabbage?
Mrs. Watson, or whatever the lady
calls herself, has secured ball and is out
of jail. Why doesn't she go ball for
Puter and take' him out? Is the dalli
ance of the Puter-Watson-Porter-Pot-ter
business to wither under the first
little frost of adversity?
"Frenzied Finance," as exploited by
Mrs. Chadwick, may furnish pointers
to even such old stagers in the game as
Rockefeller and Carnegie.
Mr. Carnegie says he didn't sign those
notes. But It is evident to Banker
Beckwith that somebody did.
NOTE AND COMMENT.
Portland is becoming a sort of milky
way for young stars.
Which will be the first magazine to
get Mrs. Chadwick on its staff?
"Sewer report" being framed," says a
local item. Probably as a decoration for
the walls' f the City "Engineer's office.
We always did suspect that cash in ad
vance had something to do with the
virtues of the deceased as extolled in the
GRAPPLING SOOK COLLECTION AGEN
CX. Bad debts of all kinds collected. Special
attention to ministerial trade. Delinquent
marriage and funenl fees undertaken on com
mission basis. Adrt.
The President's message was run as a
serial by the Eugene Register. Rather
heartless of that paper to keep its read
ers in such suspense for 24 hours.
A fuel merchant advertises seasona
bly: "Tour wife would like to find a ton
of coal In her stocking." Wonder how
much coal that fellow sells as a ton?
One of the bicyclists In the six-day
race that is now . dragging its length
along In New Tork ate a lot of ice- cream
during the night and complained that he
didn't feel very well the next day.
The Pittsburg Dispatch publishes a
brief news item under this tiead:
"Interested in Pittsburg.
"New Tork Lawyer Planned Visit Here,
but Killed Himself Instead."
Question for the Fruitland Literary and
Debating Society: Is Suicide Preferable
A correspondent writes that when the
Russian second Pacific squadron looms
up on the horizon. General Stoessel will
I've waited, honey, waited long for you;
Tou'd best go back, there's nothing more to do.
For Nogi's got mo bad;
Rojeatvensky, I wish you bad
Showed up a month ago or two.
Some practical poet has sung the fol
lowing little ditty:
Little deeds of kindnes3
Are nice, you understand:
But I would rather have & deed
To a little piece of land.
Horace Greeley McKinley and others
might adopt this as their club song.
According to the New Tork Evening
Sun, the triumphal march In Handel's
"Judas Maccabeus" has been adopted by
the Imperial College of Music at Toklo
as a Japanese air entitled, "The Victory
on the Talu." The Imperial musiclaners
cannot have heard "A Hot Time In the
Old Town Tonight" or they would havo
given Handel the go-by.
It's odd that no one has yet roasted
the father of the prodigal son. Wasn't
he responsible for the home life that re
sulted in the boy's excursion into riot
ous living? To bo sure ho was; then
why pat him on the back for dlscharg
lng his responsibilities with a piece from
a fat calf. When a youth goes astray
nowadays, we notice that the parents
como in for all the roasting, but then
things may have been different In Biblical
In their desire to be in the fashion ad
vertlsers in tho magazines almost all
herald their wares as Just tho thing for
Christmas presents. Think how nice it
would be for hubby to wake up and find
a logging engine by hiS bedside, and how
delighted wife would be to find a hundred
cans of beef extract in her stocking. A
few blocks of fireproof concrete would
be just the thing for an uncle, and an
aunt would appreciate an elevator grat
ing of hammered copper. Look over the
magazines and make your choice.
We are glad to observe that the sturdy
people of Stevens County find time In
the struggle with Nature to cultivate the
higher life. Literary and debating soci
eties give all an opportunity to engage In
the discussion of topics that stimulate
the mind to Its utmost efforts. Not only
that, but other subjects are chosen as
well, as tho following excerpt from an
exchange will showi
Tho first meeting of the Fruitland Literary
and Debating Society was held Tuesday even
ing, November 15. There was a large crowd
In attendance. The subject for debate wan.
"Resolved, That poultry rale lng is moro profit
ablo than wood-chopping," made a very In
teresting discussion. The Judges decided tin
favor of the negative. The topic chosen for
Tuesday evening, November 22, is, "Resolved,
That the labor unions are of moro benefit
than trusts." The literary programme was
well rendered, and another is being prepared
for next Tuesday evening.
Here one topic deals with an economic
problem directly affecting our everyday
life and tho other involves great national
problems of economics and sociology.
Ohio women apparently have less wor
ries than their sisters In other states, for
all kinds of club3 and societies seem
necessary to keep them engaged. Colum
bus, for Instance, has an "Anti-Women
Stenographers' Society." From the name
you might think the society was com
posed of stenographers opposed to wo
men, but that's not It. The. society is
made up of women opposed to the em
ployment of women stenographers. After
a year's research the Antl-W. S. S. de
clares that in tho last ten years 6253 di
vorce cases have been filed by wives,
naming stenographers of their husbands
as corespondents, and during the same
period 796 employers were made defend
ants in breach-of-promise suits instituted
by their stenographers. These are curi
ous figures, but, of course, the Anti-W. S
S. has shown nothing- until It gives the
number of stenographers employed. Then
the percentage can be estimated. In
the meantime the members of the Antl
W. S. S. might devote some of their tirao
to making homo cheerful.
True to the Traditions.
The captain eyed the receding shore.
And nervously paced the bridge.
He heard the wind through the rigging roar,
And nervously paced the bridge.
The sun went down like a ball of fire,
The rolling waves grew higher and higher.
But nothing the captain's legs could tire;
He nervously paced tho bridge.
All the livelong night, as we ere told.
He nervously paced the bridge.
'Twas naught to him that his feet grew cold;
He nervously paced the bridge.
Through the weary voyage, night and day.
In sunshine clear or In blinding spray.
He persed along In the eclf-same way.
And nervously paced the nrldgc.
When the ship at last drew near the land
.He nervously paced the bridge.
Clearly he uttered each sharp command.
And nervously paced the oridge.
Mid the rattling of the anchor chain.
And the greetings. Joyous and profane.
He still was under the same old strain;
He nervously paced the bridge.
"Why did he do It. I'd like to know?
Why nervously pace the bridge?
Why couldn't he walk It. calm and slow
Not nervously pace the bridge?
Well, maybe he sometimes did. but gee!
It wouldn't sound right in print, you see.
Captains, as story writers agree. ' -
ALL nervously pace the bri&s
GREAT WEALTH OF AMERICA.
Controller Shows Her Money Supply
Is One-Flfth of That of the World.
WASHINGTON. Dec 8. Tho forty-sec
ond report of Controller of the Currency
Ridgeley starts with a detailed statement
of tno resources and liabilities of the
National banks, as shown by the five re
ports of conditions made in response to
the call of the Controller. In comment
ing. on this statement the Controller says:
The number of reporting banks has In
creased from 5118 on November 17, 1000. to
5412 on September 6. 1904. and there has been
a gradual lncreaae during the year of the ag
gregate resources of the association from
$6,310,420,960 on September 0, 1003, to $6,
075.038.504, the Increase being $(364,656,537.
With the exception of the United States and
other bonds on "deposit In the Treasury De
partment to secure public deposits and tin
holdings of sliver and of legal tenders, thero
has been an Increase in every item of re
sources, the principal Increase being In loans
and discounts amounting to $244,704,647, or
from $3,431,446,772 to $3,726,151,410. The In
crease in bonds on deposit to secure circula
tion was $36,830,860; other United States and
miscellaneous bonds, etc, $42,203,209, and in
holdings of specie, including coin certificated,
$107,192,767. The banks' holdings of specie
and legal tender notes on September 0, iVJS.
were $554,306,026, and on September 6, S0C4.
they were $661,436,520.
The paid in capital stock has gradually in
creased since September, 1003, from $733,722,653
to $770,777,854, or an Increase of $17,055,106.
The surplus and undivided profits aggregate
$5S3,137,047. an Increase of $26,765,50S during
the past year. The denoslts of the banks, in
dividual. Government and bank, amounting to
nearly 75 per cent of the total liabilities ag
gregated $5,130,235,040, a net Increase during
the year of $507,804,603.
The law requires National banking associ
ations located in reserve cities to maintain
a reservo of 25 per cent on their deposit lia-
Diuues. and banks located elsewhere, a
serve or 15 per cent. On September 6. 1904.
the central reserve city banks' deposit liabil
ities were $1,340,720,685. and the reserve held
27.23 per cent: other reserve citv banks, with
liabilities of $1,153,73S,S06 held a reserve of
the average for all reserve city banks
nemg 2j.. On deposit liabilities of $1,004.
467.117, the country banks held an average
reserve of 17.21. The aggregate deposit na-
blllties of all National banks, amounting to
$4,400,035,400. were protected by an average
reserve or .43 per cent. During the past
year 26 National banks, including one thereto
fore involuntary liquidation, were placed in
tne cnarge of receivers. Six of the awocia
tlons, however, have been restored to solvency"
and permitted to resume business, the receiv
ers being discharged. Eight of the failures
were due to fraudulent management or dls
honesty of the cashiers.
Within the past 12 months the affairs of 15
National banks, theretofore placed in the
charge of receivers, were fully settled by the
payment of final dividends to creditors, leaving
73 pending trusts.
Statistics relating to the aggregate stock of
money in the principal countries of the world
at the cloeo of the calendar year 1003 have
been received and compiled by the Bureau of
the Mint, from which it appears that the ag
gregate Is $12,313,100,000. the amount of gold
being $5,628,200,000, of which $2,802,600,000 Is
held In banks and public treasuries. $2,526,000.
000 being in general circulation. The stock of
s'lver aggregates $3,201,400,000. of which $2.-
-ws,4W.uiM is "iuu tender." and tho remain
ing $032,700,000 limited tender. Uncovered pa
per currency Is stated as amounting to $3,473,
500.000 Of the total stock of money in the world,
.ow.jwj.ooo, or approximately one-fifth, Is
held In this country. The stock of gold of the
United States. $1,320,400,000. Is greater than
that of any other country, and is nearly one-
fourth of the world's stock. The amount of
sliver Is $670,200,000. Tho per capita circula
tion of the United States Is $30.70 and Is
greater than that of any of the principal coun
tries of the world except France, wherein it
The circulation per capita of tho various
kinds of money in the United States is
follows: Gold, $16.26; sliver. 4 $S.36 and paper.
The banking power of the United States
made up of the capital, surplus profits, de
posits and circulation of banks of the United
States and Island possessions aggregates $13,
826.000.000. From the latest and most Tellable
data the banking power of foreign countries
has been estimated at $10,781,000,000, thus
making the aggregato banking power of the
world approximately $33,608,000,000.
The figures given elsewhere in this report
show the most marvelous growth in the
wealth and commercial importance of the
United States. Almost every year all pre
vious records are broken in the volume of our
international trade, our exports and imports.
The people of the United States have become
the richest In the world and the National re
sources of tho country are so great that this
Is suro to contlnuo and increase for many
years to come. The amount of bank clearings
and deposits and the money on hand In the
banks Increases in every portion of the United
States at a most .remarkable rate.
In spite of all this, however, we do not seem
to be taking our proper rank and position In
foreign and International banking. One of the
chief difficulties encountered by all merchants
and manufacturers in extending their trade
with foreign countries and especially those of
South America and of the Orient, Is the lack
of American banking facilities and tho neces
sity of doing this business -vers largely
through European bouses. This ranks next In
importance to the question of an American
mercantile marine, as it Is one that has a
very great influence on the volumo and char
acter of our foreign trade. As long as the
United States was experimenting with silver
or a bimetallic standard. Jhat fact acted as a
handicap In this direction, but now that tho
gold standard is firmly and Irrevocably estab
lished, we should be able to take our proper
place In international banking transactions.
New Tork should become more and more
the depository for International balances, and
exchange on New Tork be accepted more and
more in all commercial countries of the world.
One important reason why our people have
not been more aggressive and taken a larger
part In International banking business has been
tho same as In many other lines of trade
that Is. that wa have been too much occupied
with our own domestic business and there has
been a greater temptation to transact the
business at home, which was easy to do and
promised as great or even greater profits.
With the accumulation of capital and wealth
this condition Is greatly changed and there
is now In the United States abundant capital
and talent for this business, If It Is given
The Controller would therefore recommend
that National banks having a capital of $1,
000,000 or more, and located In the reserve
cities or central reserve cities, be specifically
authorized to buy and sell foreign exchangn
la which to accept bills drawn on themselves,
payable not to exceed four months after sight
and to Issue letters of credit; and also to open
and maintain such offices, agencies or branches
as may bo necessary to conduct this business
in forelra countries. Porto Rico, the Philip
pine Islands, the Hawaiian Islands and the
Panama Canal zone. It is believed that the
measure will tend to make closer the relations
of the United States with each of its posses
sions and would bo obviously to the advan
tage of both.
The Controller recommends that an act be
passed repealing the limitation on the propor
tion of the circulation of any bank which
may be Issued In notes of the denomination
of $5. Tho scarcity of notes of this denomina
tion and the great convenience it is to the
banks In the smaller communities to be able
to Issue notes of $5 to the amount of their
whole circulation, as formerly, lead the Con
troller to strongly recommend that this re
duction be itrtaled.
The Controller again renews his recommen
dation rOT the repeal of section 0 of the act
of July 0. 18S2. which limits the amount of
lawful money which may be deposited with
tho Treasurer of the United States by National
banks reducing their circulation 'to $3,000,000
during any calendar month. Its repeal would
add materially to the elasticity of the National
bank circulation without any counterbalancing
The Controller again calls the attention of
Congress to the necessity for legislation In're
gard to the liquidation and consolidation of
National banks and the extension of their cor
United States Coining Money.
Our mints are now coining money for
nations that have no mints of their own.
For example, last year the Philadelphia
mint coined money for Colombia and
Venezuela. Tho Philadelphia and San
Francisco mints executed the coinage for
the Philippine government.
TWO VOTES SAVE GOVERNMENT;
French Deputies Vote on Case of
Judges Making Investigations.
PARIS, Dec. S. In the Chamber of Dep
uties this afternoon the sovernment es
caped defeat by the narrow margin of 2
votes, 27S to 274, on a resolution involv
ing the government to refer to the Su
perior Council of Judges the cases' of
those magistrates who have been guilty
of making secret investigations.
The Cabinet s narrow escape from de
feat Is due to the indignation at the sys
tem of Informers In the various depart
ments of the public service, the first ex
posure of which in connection with the
army caused General Andre's resignation
of the Ministry of war. The discussion
of the budget of tho Ministry of Justice
furnished a fresh opportunity for appeal
ingto this sentiment, a deputy demanding
the punishment of those magistrates who
had furnished secret information concern
ing their colleagues..
Premier Combes vigorously criticised the
tactics of the opponents of the Ministry,
declaring it was unfair to ' continually
bring up the question after his expressions
of disapproval of the system and prom
ises to suppress the abuses. He further
maintained that persons lawfully supply
ing the government with important infor
mation should not be considered inform
ers. The Premier's arguments did not
convince the Chamber, the Ministers' own
votes alone averting disaster. Critical de
bates are expected tomorrow over tho
Premier's circular to officials on the sub
ject of their duty toward the government.
GAS FUMES DEADLY TO DEPUTY
Assailant of Minister Meets End in
Most Dramatic Manner.
PARIS. Dec. 8. M. Syeton, the National
ist Deputy) whose action in striking War
Minister Andre, in the Chamber of Depu
ties November 4, led to the Minister's
resignation, was found dead late this aft
ernoon, having been asphyxiated by gas.
The circumstances of his death were
peculiarly dramatic, following upon his
sensational attack upon General An
dre in the Chamber of Deputies and his
committal for trial therefor, which was
to open tomorrow.
During- the morning- M. Syveton re
ceived numerous friends, the last of
whom left him at 1 o'clock. Two hours
later Mme. Syveton, surprised at not
seeing- her husband, entered his study
and found him lying- on the floor, un
conscious. The room was full of a
powerful odor from a gas stove. The
doctor was Immediately summoned, but
pronounced the case hopeless, and at
4 o'clock the Deputy expired.
Deputies Fcrretie and Binder, Inti
mate frienda of. the Syvetons, who
wore summoned to the house immedi
ately after tho accident was discov
ered, made a sensational statement in
the lobbies on returning- to the Cham
ber of Deputies. It appears that the
stove stood within an open fireplace of
the usual type in French houses, a nar
row opening: in an iron plate allowing-
the sases to ascend the chimney.
They pointed out to the magistrate
who was Investigating- the aifair that
tills opening- was plugged with a pa
per, which proved to be a copy of to
day's Intransigent, demonstrating
that the stoppage was effected this
morning. The Deputies decided from
that fact that Syveton's death was due
to crime or suicide, but refuse to ac
cept the latter hypothesis.
An evening paper announces that M.
Syveton. when recently insuring his
life with the American company,
seemed much depressed, affirming he
was convinced that enemies intended
to make away with him.
PONTIFICAL HIGH MASS HELD.
Church Anniversary Fittingly Cele
brated in Rome.
ROME, Dec. 8. A pontifical high mass
was celebrated today in St. Peter's-in
honor of the-50th anniversary of the proc
lamation of the dogma of the immaculate
conception. The procession which went
down to St. Peter's by the grand staircase
from the "Vatican was Imposing in the ex
treme. The procession passed on to the
papal altar, whero was deposited the triple
crown. After the celebration of mass at
the high altar, the procession slowly re
formed and wended Its way to the chapel
choir, where the pontiff with great emo
tion presided over the unveiling of the
statue of the virgin of tho immaculate
conception bearing its magnificent new
diamond crown, the gift of the faithful in
all parts of the world. After the cere
mony tho procession returned to tho
In the beautiful hall of the Borgia apart
ments in the Vatican, Papal Secretary
Merry del Val gave a sumptuous dinner of
36 covers this evening in honor of guests
who have arrived in Rome for the jubilee.
America was represented by Bishop Mc
Donnell, of Brooklyn.
"Rome was literally ablaze tonight with
illuminations In honor of the jubilee of
the Immaculate Conception. St. Peter3
was the chief center of the illuminations,
but the display at the American College
was very effective.
HOLIDAY BOOK BUYING.
Try to Place Yourself in the Position
New .York Evening Mail.
If you buy a book for Christmas, you
are not supposed to be getting the book
that you wish to read yourself, but the
one that you think your friend or rela
tive would like to possess. In so far.
therefore, as books are published to
catch the Christmas sale, they are pub
lished to suit a vicarious taste. You
may have, yourself, so strong a taste for
statistics or for agriculture that you read
for your own diversion nothing but finan
cial works and Agricultural Department
reports. But you do not buy these things
for your feminine and juvenile friends
at Christmas. This noble personal pref
erence you put aside, and try to set into
the mental attitude of another.
The holiday book business nowadays
Is really a magnificent demonstration of
the general good judgment. The classics,
in convenient sots and fine bindings, and
no longer in the flat and cumbrous center-table
style of architecture, occupy a
prominent place in the Christmas buying.
Admirable' editions of art and musical
books. With reproductions of master
pieces, attract those who make rich gifts,
and a similar taste characterizes even
the humbler offerings. And then thero
Is an increasing disposition to bring the
solid books of the year works of his
tory, biography, travel, solid fiction, even
jof- economics into an agreeable and prof
itable harmony with the holiday season.
No book Is either too good or too seri
ous to bring out Just now. And with it
all, what a world of what Is poignant
and suggestive even In tho lightest and
most juvenile Christmas literature!
To Get Parker Back on Bench.
From New York Letter to Philadelphia
It Is said that friends of Judge Alton
B. Parker in the Manhattan Club are
"planning to bring about his nomination
next Fall as a Justice of the Supreme
Court in New York County. To that end
a non-partisan dinner is being arranged,
to which Republicans as well as Demo
crats will be Invited. Should he get the
place his salary would be $4500 more than
he received as Chief Justice, as It is tho
hopo of his friends that Governor HIggins
would assign him to the appellate division
in casb he was elected to the supreme
bench. To get the nomination Judge
Parker would have to change his voting
residence, which his friends say he would
do. Three Tammany Justices will leave
the bench this Fall on account of the age
limit and the expiration of their terms.
Moreover, it is believed that a law would
be passed by the next Legislature pro
viding for three additional Justices for
New York County. It Is hoped that out
of those six places Judge Parker will get