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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 2, 1904)
VOL. XLIV. NO. 13,723.
PORTLAND, OBEGON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1904.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Republicans Are Ready
to -Revise Tariff.
FAIRBANKS STATES POLICY
Investigation Must Prove
Changes Are Necessary.
RECIPROCITY IS ESSENTIAL
Vice-Presldent-Elect Discusses Issue
at Length In Address Before Bos
ton Home Market Club
Other Noted Men Speak.
The Bepubllcan party has revlssd tariff
chJules In the past -when revision was
essential, and it will nwt hesitate in the
future to subject them to careful scru
tiny and alteration. that our protectlx-e
system may be Just In its operation.
Whenever change of schedules is essen
tial In the public Interest the alteration
will be made: It will be made advisedly;
it will be made, not In response to mere
sentiment, but agreeably to sound eco
nomic necessity. Any other policy Is
obviously unwise and disturbing In Its
tendency. Extract from peech of Sen
BOSTON, Dec. 1. Before an audience
of more than 3000 people Vlcc-Presldent-elect
Fairbanks, of Indianapolis, defined
the attitude -of the Republican Adminis
tration on the tariff question at the an
nual banquet of the Home Market Club
Jn Mechanics' Hall tonight. Among the
other guests were Gqvernor John L.
Bates, of Massachusetts; ex-Secretary of
the Navy John x. Long; Dr. W. H. Mon
tague, of Toronto, a Privy Councilor of
the Dominion of Canada; Governor-elect
John McLane, of Now Hampshire, and
Governor-elect Henry G. Roberts of Con
necticut. The speakers were Senator
Fairbanks, Governor Bates, Mr. Long and
Ex-Gorigressraan Robert T. Davis, of
Fll dtiver, president tfl. the club, -as
tSfetmfcpfer. Ittaothe' opShnig address,
and In referring to the principle of pro tec-,
tlve tariff -which Is fostered "by the Homo
Market Club, said the leading members of
th"e National House of Representatives
and Senate would soon confer with the
Administration on the subject of tariff
"And," he added, "we are willing to
stand on their judment as to the time and
nature of such revision."
Telegrams of regret were received
from President Roosevelt and. the Mas
sachusetts Senators. President Roose
'elt's message follows:
"I regret extremely that I cannot be
with you. I congratulate you on having
the Vice-President-elect as your guest.
I wish you a most enjoyable evening."
Words of Fairbanks.
Vice-President-elect Fairbanks in his
The expansion of our foreign commerce under
Republican policies and Republican Adminis
tration Is conclusive evidence of the fact that
the Republican policies are not restrictive, ao
far as our foreign trade is concerned. In
1800. our exports of manufactured products to
other countries amounted to only $102,-000,000,
while last year they reached the enormous sum
of $452,000,000. We have been rapidly Increas
ing our wealth through our .foreign commerce.
The balance of trade Is greatly in our favor.
From the beginning of George "Washington's
first Administration to "William McKlnleys first
term, the net balance rn favor of the United
States was $3S3,00O;O00; since the beginning of
President McKlnley's first term until March,
1904, the net balance In favor of the United
States was upwards of $3,500,000,000. It would
Mem the part of wisdom to hold fast to those
measures and the Administration of public af-.
fairs under which such gratifying and unparal
leled results have been accomplished.
"While the tariff question Is an old one, It Is
of continual and vital interest. It must not
be overthrown or surrendered, either by igno
rance or prejudice; it must be maintained by
education, by intelligent discussion.
Changes When They Are Necessary.
The Republican party has revised tariff sched
ules In the past when revision was essential,
and It will not hesitate in the future to subject
them to careful scrutiny and alteration, so
that our protective system may be just In its
operation. "Whenever change of schedules is
essential in the public interest, the alteration
wilt be made; it will be made advisedly; It
will be made, not in response to mere senti
ment, but agreeably to sound economic neces
sity. . Any other policy Is obviously unwie and
disturbing In Its tendency.
The Republican party adheres to the doctrine
of commercial treaties of reclprocty which tend
te expand our commerce and develop American
Industry and the Interest of American labor
and capital. It holds to the reciprocity which
Is the "handmaiden of protection," but not to
that which is but another form of free trade,
and which Is hostile to the protective system.
President McKinley has txen quoted by the
enemies of protection as favoring tie Demo
cratic system of reciprocity. The text of his
,'ast great speech gives denial to such preten
sions. His utterances were entirely free irom
ambiguity. No one could misunderstand them
wh did not desire to do so. He distinctly
favored "sensible trade arrangements which
will not Interrupt our home production." '"We
should take from our customers." said he.
"such of their products as we can use without
harm to our Industries and labor," and he fur
ther declared that "if perchance some of our
tariffs are no longer needed for revenues, and
to encourage and protect Industries at home,
why should they not be employed to extend
and promote our markets abroad." It will be
observed that he Kept well in mind the home
market and protection to our industries and
labor. There is In these observations no sug
gestion of the abandonment by htm of the great
policy for which he lived and wrought so well.
Election Shows ajk of People,
The result of the recent National election
needs no interpretation. It plainly signifies
that the people nave unabated faith in the
great principles for which the Republican par
ty has wrought so well. It clearly indicates
exceptional confidence in the soundness and
conservatism oi Republican Administration.
The power committed to us is to be used with
prudence. "Wo are to continue to adhere and
uphold the great policies which have so well
served us in the past. They are not to be
undermined or subverted; they are to be up
held and maintained with wisdom and resolu
Dr. Montague said the Dominion hadj
tried all forms of trade relations, from
reciprocity to free trade. All these have
been dropped in favor of protection. "Since
the time when protection was firmly es
tablished, the country has seen more pros
perity than ever before. The speaker
pointed out that today the policy of Can
ada is to allow to come in free all the
necessities of life, but to maintain and
protect Its own industries against the
"I come here to tell you," continued Mr.
Montague, "that no government could ex
ist in Canada today that does not main
tain the system of protection of Canada's
Mr. Montague then took up the subject
of reciprocity between Canada and the
United States. He said:
"We have tried, at various times, to secure a
reciprocity treaty, and these attempts failed.
Now, the conditions have changed. The United
States is developing the great fields of the
West, and you have a large shipment to the
agricultural world. Canada Is manufacturing
products for her own people and Is trying also
for a great market. In Canada today, there Is
no party or no politician who Is agitating for
reciprocity, and there is no great desire for It.
Simple Key to The "Whole Pnxrle.
Mr. Long said:
The simple key to this whole puzzle of the
protective tariff, construing its principles not
narowly nor with partiality, but liberally and
for the general welfare. Is In the one word
"adjustment" the adjustment of the schedule
to the needs of the time, shitting at reasonable
Intervals as they shift.
"We already have with Canada the reciprocity
of goodwill, of mutual rejipect and of mutual
consciousness of our common obligations for
the welfare of the continent if which we two
are so large a part. And whenever and wher
ever, by more liberal trade relations and by
mutual give-and-take tariff concessions which
shall not impair the general Industrial and
commercial interests of either side, the general
interests can be conserved and promoted, we
are for reciprocity In that respect also.
BOTH ARE "STANDPATTERS."
Washington Congressmen Will Op
pose Tariff Revision.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Dec. L Representative Jones, of
Washington, called on the President to
day to pay his respects. On leaving the
"White House he was questioned as to his
stand on the tariff question and said:
"Washington sees no reason to start
tariff revision now, and as to reciprocity,
our last state platform, declared against
it. This put us on record In that re
spect. "We went before tho people and
preached that we had prosperity, and
that the protective tariff was largely re
sponsible "for this satisfactory condition.
To, tell them now that we ought to re
vise the tariff will contradict our cam
paign assertions. "We arc doing well in
our own state."
Representative Humphrey has reached
"Washington and is attending tho sessions
of tho Merchant Marine Commission.
Humphrey, like Jones, is a stanch
WILL WORK FOR SITJSLAW RIVER
Hermann Will Co-Operate With San
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Dec 1. Representative Hermann
appeared today before the rivers and
harbors, committee with the expectation
-of havlmr a hearing so that -be might pre-
iflgftSfetSSg&ir -tif-"various ll&r&oc Aiuvu
ilver improvements along- the Oregon
coast, but was informed' that the commit
tee is. giving no hearings. An arrangement
has been made, however, for a "hearing
before tho subcommittee, at which time
Mr. Hermann will appear with the dele
gation for Ban Francisco, now en route
to Washington to urge a liberal appropri
ation for the improvement of the Slu
slaw River. Mr. Wcndllng, a largo ship
owner of San Francisco, who is deeply
interested in the Sluslaw trade, will head
tho committee. If permitted to do so,
Mr. Hermann will alBo urge the sub
committee to make liberal appropriations
for other rivers and harbors along the
Portland's Wish Made Known.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Dec 1. Senator Mitchell today
presented to the Secretary of tho Treas
ury a request, in accordance with tho
wishes of the Portland Chamber of Com
merce, that the department grant the
City of Portland at least one set. of ten
ton scales to be located at some point on
the water-front, for the purpose of fa
cilitating the weighing and distribution
of Imported merchandise. The granting
of the request would also tend to lessen
port charges for entering1 ships. The Sec
retary promised to give the matter care
Accepts Alaska Judgeship.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Dec LIt is unofficially an
nounced that the New York lawyer to
whom the President tendered the Alaska
Judgeship at Juneau has accepted, and
that his appointment will be made within
a few days. This man Is the personal
selection of the President and has no po
litical backing. His identity has not been
T AIT'S MISSION A SUCCESS.
Agreement With Panama Regarding
Canal Zone Is in Sight.
PANAMA, Dec 1. Negotiations are still
in progress between Secretary of "War
Taft, representing tho United States, and
the Panama government, looking' to the
settlement of points in dispute regarding
the government of the canal zone, and an
agreement may be said to be in sight. In
order that possible complications may be
avoided the conferences are being con
ducted in secret, and nothing will be given
out until both sides are agreed.
President Amador gave a banquet to
night in honor of Secretary Taft, Speeches
were made by President Amador, Minis
ter of War Gludara, Minister Arosemena,
Secretary Taft and "William Nelson Crom
well, counsel of the Panama Canal Com
pany. ROCKEFELLER G0WQ ABROAD.
Son of Oil Magnate Is Advised by
Physicians to Seek Rest.
NEW YORK, Dec 1. At the eighth an
nual banquet of the Young Men's Bible
Class of the Fifth-Avenue Baptist Church,
John D. Rockefeller. Jr., leader of the
: class, has announced that within a week
be would he on tne ocean, do una zor
Europe with his family, having been ad
vised by his physicians to seek rest by a
trip lasting three months because he is
not in his usual good health.
There were 53 members of the class
present at the banquet. No wines or
liquors were served. Tobacco, however.
I with cigar and cigarette smoke when
PS! HELD BACK
City Auditor Devlin Gets
a Little Tip.
REFUSES TO HONOR ROLL
Irregularity Alleged in City
MATTER TO BE INVESTIGATED
Examiners to Determine Whether In
spector Should Have Salary With
Which He Is Credited on the
1 Regular Monthly Payroll.
One payroll of the City Engineer's De
partment has been held up and an in
vestigation of a reported attempt to pad
the roll was begun yesterday by seven.
Councilmen. who will continue their
The investigation has concerned itself
ihus far with just ono man, an inspec
tor whose identity Is carefully hidden.
The self-appointed investigators want to.
learn whether other men who appear on
the 'payroll in question, or possibly on
other rolls of tho same department, did
actually perform work during November,
as shown, by the City Engineer's ac
count. It is the custom In the City Hall for the
payrolls of the various departments to
be sent to the City Auditor's office on
the afternoon of the last day of the
month. It is reported that City Auditor
Devlin had received a quiet Up that some
thing was amiss with one account. He
therefore held up the inspector's roll
when it came into his office Wednesday
afternoon and declined to honor It until
the charge had been investigated.
Councilmen Had Dip.
Two or three prominent Councilmen had
also received the same information, and
a secret meeting was held early yester
day afternoon. Some sensational evi
dence was 'heard, it was reported. Tho
Councilmen will hot speak on what oc
curred at the meeting, and City Auditor
Devlin positively declines to make any
Coming on top of this is the unofficial
announcement of the experts who have
2v s'rrcd b'iiMiiyQ57lttfRias to ex
ile the Tanner-Creek- sewer.' The
Mayor is not wholly satisfied with the
report of the Council 'committee's ex
perts. Messrs. Grcenleaf, Cunningham,
Knight and Flynn.
It was reported about tho Engineer's
office yesterday that the Mayor had se
lected D. "W. Taylor, formerly Superin
tendent of Streets and now manager of
the Portland Trinidad Asphalt Company,
and H. D. Gradon, also a former Super
intendent of Streets, as two of his ex
aminers. It Is also roportod from an
other source that these men are to be
engaged on recommendation of City En
Council Will Stand Fast.
While none of the Councilmen knew of
tho Mayor's selection yesterday after
noon, it was most positively stated that
if the new committee of examiners
brought la a report contradictory to that
of the four men engaged, by the Council
committee to make the first examination
tha Council would decline to retreat from
its position taken when the first report
was adopted. As part of the committee's
report to the Council, it was then rec
ommended that City Engineer Elliott and
his assistant be removed. While the
Councilmen are disgruntled at the Mayor's
action, they can do nothing until ho
makes some report to the Council.
As to the personnel of the Mayor's ex
aminers there will also be a loud pro
test. D. W. Taylor does 'much of his as
phalt work through city contracts. He
works by the City Engineer's specifica
tions, and the acceptance of his pave
ments depends largely upon the City En
gineer and the inspectors of his depart
ment. He will be forced to bring In a
report that will practically clear the City
Engineer of the charges of negligence
made against him by the Council, or to
substantiate the former report. To re
port that the sewer is "rotten" will
doubly implicate the City Engineer.
As to H. D. Gradon, a well-known civil
engineer, it is known that he is a per
sonal friend of Mr. Elliott.
CITY ENGINEER CRITICISED.
Property-Owners Appear Before Exec
utive Board and Make Protest.
City Engineer Elliott heard himself se
verely criticised before the street com
mittee of the Executive Board yesterday
afternoon. Remonstraiors against two
improvements were present, and his de-(
partment received some nara Knocxs.
T. Scott Brooke declared that he for
one property-owner would never pay for
tho brick pavement on Pine street, so
long- as poor brick were laid. Contractor
Llnd, of Lind & Manning, the contractors
on tho pavement, produced samples of
the brick and told of the tests made at
the Willamette Iron & Steel Works. He
said that several samples of the vitrified
brick taken from the street had been
broken under a pressure of 7100 pounds
to the square inch. Only one had a
pressure of 4700 pounds.. When given C00
revolutions in a "rattler," a loss in
weight of only S per cent bad been found.
Mr. Brooke said that he had witnessed
a test made at the same place, and de
clared that the brick taken from the
street had broken at 1200 and 1500 pounds
pressure, and that when put in the "rat
tler" they had quickly crumbled. As the
L property-owners are supposed to pay for
vurinea dhck, ne protested.
"These are not vitrified brick." said he.
"This pavement is not being laid accord
ing to specifications."
Finally it was agreed that the property-owner
and the contractor should
make another test.
Messrs. Merges and Kraemer appeared
to remonstrate against the brick pave
ment on Russell street being laid by the
same contractors. The same agreement
was reached In this case. Inspector
Brandes represents the City Engineer on
the Russell-street job. while Inspector
Groco looks after Pine street for the city.
Otto J. Kraemer. son of the Russell-
Lstre&t man, told tho committee, of the.'
horrible condition of Overton . street,
where the improvement work, was ac
cepted but" three months ago. Then he
described Nineteenth street.
"I couldn't get any satisfaction out of
the City Engineer's office, though I wrote
to the City Engineer and wasn't an
swered," said he. "Finally I went to
the Council and begged that body to do
something. They ordered the contractor
to fix it up, but it was too late. It seems
that a property-owner must go around
and beg everybody to get his rights."
"That was two years ago," said City
Engineer Elliott, who sat just across
the table from the indignant Mr. Krae
mcr. Mr. Gllsan made an explanation
which appeared to satisfy Mr. Kraemer,
and peace was restored.
WHITE CROSS PLANS E0R WORK
Roosevelt Is Asked to Name President
for New Society.
CHICAGO, Dec. L At a meeting to
night of tho incorporators of the Ameri
can White Cross First Aid Society, offi
cers of the organization were chosen and
plans made to extend the work not only
In Chicago but In other cities.
Five vice-presldenta were chosen, and
President Roosevelt will be asked to
name tho president. The vice-presidents
chosen are: Mrs. Potter Palmer, Mrs. R.
T. Crane, General J. B. D. Irwin, Cardinal
Gibbons and Andrew Carnegie.
Dr. Nicholas Senn was elected surgeon-ln-chlef;
Dr. J. B. Murphy, chairman of
tho board of directors; Edward Howe,
National superintendent: F. I Haskell,
treasurer, and Mrs. M. A. Hlnes, secre
tary. A central body of J5, which will bo the
governing body of the association, was
Ihe initial purpose of tho organization
Is declared to be the education free of
cost of all persons who may seek knowl
edge of the simple methods of giving first
aid in the case of accidents. Ultimately
the society expects to become National in
TRYING TO RECOVER WEALTH
Portland Man Finds Brother's Widow
Has Been Deprived of Large Estate.
ST. PAUL, Minn., Dec. 1. A special to
the Dispatch from" Sioux City, la,, says
J. B. Brown, brother of the late Mayor
Brown, of Pittsburg, left here today for
Pierre, S. D., where ho believes his
brother owned a ranch and a cattle com
pany, embracing 20.000 acres of graz
ing land under fence and 223 acres of
leased Indian lands.
Since Mayor Brown's death, in 1903,
which was attended by sensational cir
cumstances, it Is said here that a fortune
estimated at anywhere from J3.000.000 to
$10,000,000 has disappeared. Since that
time his brother, "who lives at Portland,
Or., has been searching for the property
and has located about $2,00,000 worth. Ho
says he will bring suits to recover all the
property he has unearthed, which Is now
in other hands, and will have It turned
over to the widow, who was left almost
Rail Mill Resumes Operations.
! " PIXTSBURC-, Di. 4?The'; Ightrgrado
rail mm oi.-mo rrfisiU A"uiut,ov" -cvi?t")
at Braddock, which has been shut down
for six months, started today. It is offi
cially stated the entire steel plant will be
in operation next Monday.
CONTENTS OP TODAY'S PAPER
TODAY'S Partly cloudy, with showersj south
TESTERDAT'S Maximum temperature, 83
Acs.; minimum, 44. Precipitation, 0.17 Inch.
Russia. Is eald to be ready to receive peace
proposals. Page 3.
When peace is made, Russia plans to form an
offensive and defensive alliance with Japan.
Japanese are continuing attack. Page 3.
Japanese losses In one day's fighting are esti
mated at 15.000. Page 3.
Japanese expect fortress to fall December 12.
Fairbanks declares Republicans will revise the
tariff when Investigation proves changes
necessary. Tags 1.
Congressmen Jones and Humphrey, of Wash
ington, opposo tariff revision. Page 1.
St. Louis fair closes. Page 1.
General Sherman Bell, of Colorado, challenges
writer of his biography to a duel, bat backs
down when swords are chosen weapons.
Northern Pacific and Great Northern consider
plan to eloctrlfy roads In Cascade Mountain
district. Page 4.
French Chamber of Deputies has stormy ses
sion, secret report of professors and Jean
" of Arc incident being under discussion.
Queen of England celebrates her 60th birthday.
Commercial and Marine.
Better feeling In hop market. Page 15.
Stock market manipulated by professionals.
Eastern wheat markets off. Page 15.
Large decreases In California grain stocks.
' Page 15.
Abaadtned barkentlne Quickstep "beached at
Taqulna. Page 14.
Falrport chartered for lumber. Page It. .
Dredge Chinook comes to Portland today to
remain all Winter. Page 14.
Farmhand's quick rise to wealthy landowner
la Umatilla County. Page O.
Edna Hopper scores strong point in Dunsmuir
will case. Page 5.
Schooner "Water Witch and seven persons dis
appear on Puget Sound, l age &.
Ex-SEeriff of Lake County pardoned by Gov
ernor Chamberlain. Page o.
Tacoma. defeats Los Angeles, 3-1. Page C
Blllv Roche will referee Britt-N'elson fight.
Portland and Vicinity.
Attorneys Manning and McGinn engage In an
other war of words. Page 11.
All eyes are now turned toward the Lewis and
Clark Fair. Page 11.
ptir rtrant and Nate Solomon indicted for
maintaining nuisance in form of gambling
houie. Page 0.
Prosecution In land-fraud- case will come to
. close today. Page H.
Court-martial of Major Harry Rees may be
concluded this afternoon. Page .10.
Chief Hunt declares he will not tolerate sa
loons being open after hours. Page 11.
Board of Trade holds annual meeting. Page 14.
City Engineer's payroll held up for-Investigation.
Charter Board holds, last meeting and expires.
Colgnel Applegate eays he does not own the
"Warwick poolroom. Page 10. -
John Codesmann badly injured' In "fight ou
schooner. Pago 5
St Louis Lights Go Out
CROWDS THRONG GROUNDS
Never Since the Opening Was
More Enlivenment Shown.
ONSLAUGHTS ON EXHIBITS
Palaces Are Soon Closed. However.
and Turmoil Is Averted Francis, '
Dockery and Wells Speak at
the Closing Exercises.
ST. LOUIS, Dec. 1. A brief but im
pressive ceremony held at the base of
the Louisiana Purchase monument con
cluded the "World's Fair at midnight.
President D. It. Francis, accompanied by
a number of the officials, of tho Exposi
tion, congregated In the Impromptu ros
"With the words, "Farewell, a long fare
wen to all your crcatness." PrPsMf
Francis touched a small lever, and In
stantly the illumination throughout the
grounds ceased. Tho Exposition was at an
Tho Exposition passed into history
as probably having: comprised tho
most representative collection of tho
resources, Industries, art. people and cus
luuia oi mo -wona ever assembled. It
was seven years after the Inception of the
project to ,hold an exposition to fittingly
commemorate the 100th anniversary of the
purchase of the Louisiana territory beforo
tne portals were thrown open and tho
worm was invited to attend. The dura
tion of the exposition was seven months.
and during that time nothing occurred to
throw a dampening effect on the interest
or to detract from the exposition in any
way. The best of order was maintained
throughout, and no loss of life occurred
during the exposition from accidents.
The "man probably most .prominently
n.iiuviv4i Koiuccuoa wnn 'me vorJd a
Fair 15 the" president, David R. Francis.
and It was deemed fitting: that tho .final
day should be designated "Francis Bay"
in his honor.
"This exposition has been the work of
my life," said President Francis. "It has
consumed my entire time for the past four
years, but every hour has been an hour
of pleasure to me."
The closing exercises were held at tho
base of the Louisiana Purchase monu
ment, where were held seven months ago
tne exercises that formally opened tho
gates to the world. On the opening day
the vast multitude was buoyant in spirit
and filled with a unanimous desire to givo
expression to good feeling. Today depres
slon prevailed generally because the con
elusion was at hand, and it was rather a
quiet assemblage that formed a solid
phalanx around the tall monument and
listened to tho farewell addresses. There
was cheering; but It was tho cheering of
final leave-taking, and not the spontane
ous outburst of enthusiasm.
The principal speeches of the day were
hy Governor Dockery and President
Francis. Mayor "Wells spoke briefly and
introduced Governor Dockery, who said in
Address of Governor Dockery.
"In bidding farewell to the "World's Fair,
I want to pay a tribute to the kindly
feeling expressed toward this exposition
by the President of the United States. In
working to make the fair a success, we
have been Americans, and not partisans.
We have united in doing everything pos
sible to contribute toward its success, and
tho President has shown unqualified in
"What lesson do we learn from this
World's Fair? I learned the lesson long
ago that the United States is the might
lest power known to the world today.
These exhibit palaces are the incarnation
of the mighty forces of this great Repub
lic. It is no longer a question. The
United States is a world power, and
want it to continue an enlarging world
power. The St. Louis Exposition takes
a long- strido toward that contest of the
seas of which I now warn the nations,
We do not Intend to send out warships,
but we do intend to send out merchant
ships, and we will contest on the seas for
the trade of the world. We are going to
whip In commerce if In no other way,
After this exposition will come a better
understanding among the nations, and "
trust will result in peace that Is unlver
Francis Warmly Greeted.
The Introduction of President Francl3
evoked long and enthusiastic cheering.
When quiet was restored, ho. said:
"The results of this work cannot bo
adequately measured by the beauty of its
landscapes, the grace and symmetry of Its
buildings, the comprehensiveness of lt3
exhibits, the Intelligence of its congresses,
the elegance of its social features, nor by
the Ineffable pleasures conferred on its
patrons, but time will be required to dem
onstrate that the thought and the labor
and the sacrifices that have entered into
it were not ill-advisedly bestowed. The
compensation will continue to flow for
at least a generation to come. Its influ
ence will be felt and appreciated In
widening1 circles as the years go by. It
marks a new epoch in the Intellectual and
Industrial advancement of the world, and
the dawn of a new era in, the interna
tional relations of governments and peo
ples. "It is a credit for any state to have had
such a gathering within Its borders, and
a glory to any city to have been the scene
iof. such,. an aMMiiblajre. lnaa. prcutjhealtb.
all countries closer together, and has ele
vated the world.
"Those who have been engaged In the
work will never cease to look back to It
with pride. All who have shared in the
spirit of the undertaking have had their
views enlightened, their tastes cultivated.
and their sympathies broadened. The mil
lions of visitors who have entered these
gates have, by their presence, encouraged
this band of workers, and let us hope
have taken away pleasant recollections
of their experiences.
'The distinguished guests which we
have entertained have, by their words of
encouragement and manifestations of in
terest, lightened our labors and incited us
to renewed efforts. -All who have come
have contributed toward the consumma
tion of an understanding upon which this
outpouring of people at the end of the
task stamps the approval of the people of
St- Louis, and of "Missouri.
'May this enterprise with which we
have been connected for nearly seven
years past, bring into still closer brother
hood all the nations and all the .peoples
who have participated in it. May It deep
en our patriotism. May It strengthen
our love for a benign Providence that
smiles upon us."
After the cheering following President
Francis speech had died away, beautiful
silver tea services, as tokens of esteem
from the exposition management, were
given to Mr. Francis and Treasurer Will
iam H. Thompson.
Onslaughts Made on Exhibits.
Promptly at 4 o'clock all the great pal
aces were closed, and visitors were ex
cluded. In the Palace of Agriculture on
slaughts were made on many of the ex
hibits where the settings were composed
of straw and fragile material, and for a
time general demolishment was threat
ened, but prompt action In effecting a
general ejectment put a stop to the
As the night drew on throngs concen
trated in the main avenues to view for
the last time the magnificent electric Il
lumination. One solid stream of human
ity swept through the Pike from end to
end. The spirit of revelry was there.
Never since the opening had more enliven
ment been shown at night on the grounds.
Steadily the white electric bulbs sil
houetted the exhibit palaces against tho
night, periodically the illumination of the
terrace of states surmounting Festival
Hall changed from white to red, then to
green, and then back to white. Over on
Agricultural Knoll the great floral clock
clicked off the minutes of the departln
pageant. And in the night rang out the
tone of tho massive bell as tho midnight
hour was tolled by the great clock. In
stantly a hush seemed to pervade the en
tire grounds. The glowing electric bulbs
slowly began dimming, the pulsations of
tho great engines that drove tho cas
cades gradually died down. The light
faded steadily, diminishing until but a
faint glow was perceptible. Suddenly
there was darkness, and the Louisiana
Purchase Exposition had passed into his
RECEIPTS ABOUT $10,000,000.
Concessionaries .Believed to. Have
Taken In an Equal "Amount.
ST. LOUIS. Dec 1. While it will be Im
possible to obtain the actual receipts and
expenditures of the Louisiana Purchase
Exposition Company before the middle of
December, Secretary Walter B. Stevens,
of the World's Fair, made the following
statement to the Associated Press tonight:
"From reports that have been submitted
of the admissions to the grounds up to 9
o'clock tonight, we estimate that the at
tendance on "Francis day" will bo a few
thousand in excess- of 200,000, and that the
attendance for the Exposition period will
be in the neighborhood of IS, 800,000.
"In round numbers the Exposition Com
pany has expended $22,000,000 slnco tho In
ception of the World's Fair project, and
the expenditures of the several states and
territories have reached a total of $9,000,
000. The receipts since the opening day,
April 20, have amounted to about $10,000,
000, consisting of admissions and conces
sion royalties. In addition to these re
ceipts were tha funds, amounting to about
$12,000,000, raised by subscription and ap
propriations to build the Exposition.
"While it is Impossible to state exactly
the financial condition of the Exposition
Company on thl3, the closing day. It can
be authoritatively announced that all
debts against the company have been paid,
with the exception of a few current ac
counts', galaxies, etc., and this it Is
thought will consume nearly all the sur
plus, so that there will only be a very
small amount left for tho stockholders.
"From the amount of royalties collected
by the Exposition Company it Is estimated
that the concessionaires on the Pike and
other parts of the World's Fair grounds
have taken in at least $10,000,000."
IGORROTES STARTED HOME.
Guardian Hears Theatrical People
Propose to Obtain Several of Them.
ST. LOUIS, Dec L Sixty-nine Igor
rotes; men, women and children, depart
ed from the Government reservation at
the World's Fair grounds tonight for
Seattle, In a special train over the Bur
lington route. They will sail for the
Philippines on December 12. Governor
T. K. Hunt, who has had charge of the
Igorrotes at the World's Fair, stated to
night that the reason he was taking the
Igorrotes away Immediately upon the
close of the Exposition waa to avoid ha
beas corpus proceedings, which he under
stood were to be instituted to obtain pos
session of several of the Igorrotes for a
"I am under heavy bond," continued
Governor Hunt, "to return my people to
their homes in the Philippines; and, while
several of them may not wish to leave
the United States at this time, the agree
ment by which they came to the World's
Fair contains no provision for their re
maining, and I am held responsible for
their safe and speedy return."
GREAT UNREST IN VENEZUELA
United States Is Closely Observing
the Progress of Events.
WASHINGTON, Dec. L Reports reach
the State Department of a very unsettled
state of affairs In Venezuela. Many citi
zens have been put la prison for alleged
political offenses, public opinion Is in
flamed, and serious apprehension for their
safety prevails among the foreign ele
ment. The State Department is closely
observing the progress of events there. It
Is patiently awaiting the final decision of
the Supreme Court of "Venezuela In the
case of the American Asphalt concern.
When that decision la handed down an
nouncement will be made of the policy
to be pursued by this Government.
Cuban Vice-President Resigns.
HAVANA, Dec. L Vice-President Louis
Estevez has resigned op account of ill
HURL HOT iiS
General . Bell and Old
Friend Fall Out
FORMER REQUESTS A DUEL
He Balks, Howev.er, When
Asked to Use Swords,
OPPONENT IS AN EXPERT
He Is None Other Than Willard
, Hatch, Who Was Employed to
Write History of Bell's Stren
uous Life in Colorado.
DENVER, Colo., Dec. 1. (Special.)
The storming of Port Arthur by tho
Japanese is not in it with the war be
ing waged at present between two
former friends. General Sherman Bell
and Willard Hatch, the man he se
lected from an army of scribes to write
the history of his strenuous life. They
have quarreled. Hatch threatened a.
lawsuit and Bell retorted with a chal
lenge to a duel. Hatch replied he was
willing and named swords as the
weapons. Bell, knowing that Hatch is
one of the best 3wordsmen in the West,
if not In the United States, demurred
and asked that pistols be used. Hatch,
as the challenged party, declined to
give up his right to select his weapons,
and here the matter rests, except for
the burning words the two are hurling
at each other.
Mr. Hatch smiled when he was asked
about, the duel today. He glanced sig
nificantly at rjls sword rack and said:
"I will not discuss that now."
He declared that his adversary is
something of a four-flusher, and that
the lie -direct has been crammed down
Bell's throat more than once without
disagreeing with his gullet.
General Bell says of Hatch that he
Is a "blackmailer, grafter, cheap graft
er, confidence man. I should have him
-nrjestcd . for. obtaining, money under
false pretenses. I entered into a con
tract with him and he has. not lived
up to its provisions. He had plenty of
assistance from mo in getting up ar
ticles for different papers, but when it
came to writing a book he could not
make good. He came out to my house
several times, but always on something
besides the work of preparing, the
When told of this, Hatch said Bell
had failed to make payments as he
agreed to do while the writing of tha
book, was in progress. He had there
fore ceased work upon it, and Bell, af
ter a heated interview, challenged hiin
to fight. Hatch says he will meet Bell
anywhere and at any time with the
broadsword, and that he will sue him
for breach of contract. He sneers at
the idea of a fight, saying Bell has a
broad yellow streak in hi3 composi
tion. Hatch adds:
"Bell entered into a contract with
me to write the history of the labor
troubles in Colorado during the last
year and incidentally fill 500 pages
with the doings of his life. Bell waa
to pay me $200 for this work, $100 down
when I commenced the worlc and the
other $100 30 days after. Bell gave me
a check for the first $100 and I had
great difficulty in getting it cashed.
The cashier at the bank looked up hla
account, and I thought he was going to
have me arrested for trying to pass a
bogus check on him, but Bell gave it to
me and almost broke a fountain pen
by leaning on it heavily when he put
his name to it."
General Bell was considerably
wrought up when he was asked about
"Duel! Ah!" and he tapped the six
shooter in hl3 belt. "I will not say any
thing about that now."
POLICE PREVENT HIS FLIGHT
Broker Who Is Short 515,000 Tries to
End Life When Discovered.
NEW YORK, Dec. 1. Oscar Adler, 28
years of age, who did a banking business
under the firm name of Novak & Co. at
14 Avenue B., was arrested tonight as he
was making preparations to escape to
For three days he has been in hiding at
a hotel in Brooklyn. When the police
broke in the door of his room he at
tempted to commit suicide by cutting his
throat. He confessed to the police that
he had misappropriated about $15,000 en
trusted to him by worklngmen and women
Foremost Theologian of Canada.
TORONTO, Ont, Dec. 1. Dr. William
Caven, principal of Knox College, the
foremost theologian of Canada, died to
night, aged 74 years. He was one of the
founders of the Pan-Presbyterian Council
and president of the Alliance formed in
Washington, D. C, in 1S99.
BrotOer of King Is Very Low.
MUNICH, Dec. 1. The death of Prince
Frederick, of Hohenzollern, a member of
the non-relgnlng Slgmaringen branch of
the family and a younger brother of King
Charles of Roumanla, is momentarily
Ibsen is Improving.
COPENHAGEN, Dec. 1. Contrary to
the sensational report published in the
London Daily Telegraph this morning
In a dispatch from here, Henrlk Ibsen
continues to improve and his condition
Is now regarded as satisfactory.
Earthquake Shock in Nebraska.
WEST POINT, Neb.. Dec L A slight
earthquake shock was felt here at 2
L o'clock .this morning.