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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 28, 1904)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1904.
TO FORM TflUST
Many Rii mors of Sal mon
MAMYT18HHEMIH THE CITY
Alleged. 1 hat Representatives
of Cudahy Are at Work,
MAY GAIN CONTROL OF MARKET
Scheme Js to Ally All Puget Sound
Canneries' Under One Ownership
and s Form Combine at the,
y Earliest Possible Date.
"Whether a combination backed by the
Cudahys, of Chicago, -will control the
salmon market Is the question agitating
the Ashmen today.
It "was Cudahy's money which gave a
big Impetus to the salmon Industry on
the Coast by the establishment of the
Pacific American Fisheries, and it now
looks as If on December 10, when the
Pacific Packing & Navigation Companyts
properties ar sold under receiver's sale,
it will be Cudahy's money that will gather
them In and thus gain him the control.
The First Impetus.
R. O. Onffroy, the promoter of the Pa
cific Packing & Navigation Company,
was really the first to actively promote
salmon canning on Puget Sound, when he
organized the Franco-American Company.
Successful in this venture, he prevailed
upon Deming & Gould, of Chicago, who
In reality acted for the Cudahys, to es
tablish the Pacific American Fisheries at
Falrhaven. "Wash,, which was and has
always been the largest salmon cannery in
the world. Not satisfied, Onffroy wished
to go still farther and consolidate the
numerous canneries which" had sprung up
in the meantime, and Including- also the
Alaska Packers Association, the pioneer
and strongest of all fish concerns.
Building the Combine.
Using the Pacific American Fisheries as
a nucleus, a large number of Puget Sound
and Alaska canneries were bought at fab
ulous prices, but the Alaska Packers could
not be landed. It was this latter fact,
together with extravagance in purchasing
properties and in management, that
brought the ruin of the combine.
After a brave struggle and an attempt
to control the salmon market as 'against
the Alaska Packers, the combine was
forced Into receiver's hands, and contin
ued so for a year. On November 10 the
real end of the meteoric career of the
comDine came 'in the .sale of the Pacific
American Fisheries, as a part of the
Pacific Packinir &
At that time the entire properties of the
-uiuume were onerea lor sale in groups
and In the end it was this fact that pre
vented a sale.
Under the provisions of the sale a suf
ficient number of bidders could offer on
each group, providing the total amount
of offers reached a price of $500,000 but
after this the property would be offered
as a whole and any person bidding even
$1 more would take the entire holdings.
This fact prohibited any offers.
The Pacific American Fisheries, the
largest comnonent mrt- nf 1-y.a ,.i
was then offered separately at a price of
t,wv, iui me reason mat ia reality it
" o cupcuziie corporation.
through holding a majority of the stock
nun xoraer corporauon. js a no
pceame ract that it was Doming &
Gould who held the remainder of the
Peters Was Highest Bidder.
At the sale "W. D. Peters appeared as
the highest bidder, offering J310.000 for
uie properiy neia unaer tne name of the
Pacific American Fisheries.
a certified check for 10 per cent of the
U.IUUUUI as a guarantee or good faith but
it was readily understood that he 'was
acting for T. M. McGovcrn, president of
the Pacific Packinir &
pany, but now representing its creditors
It is now rumored, howovor fVint -r.
Govern has been unable to make good on
the remainder of thp nurehnsn
that there is an arrangement whereby
Deming & Gould, acting for the Cudahys,
stand ready to take up the purchase of
their former property. Color Is given to
this by the fact that Ed Deming has
been on the coast for some time, that
John Cudahy lately visited the Sound and
mat . x. vxouio, oi uio DroKerage firm,
is now here.
The sale of the remainder of the com
bine's properties will occur nn TwTnm.
10. when they will be offered in lots or
as a whole, as bids are given, and with
no upset price.
It Is the sentlmont nmnnr ttinen inri
in touch that Deming & Gould will make
a strong oia ior tne properties offered.
Another fact giving strength to the be
lief that these TMon1f
trol the salmon situation is that but re
cently tney purchased the property of
the North American Fisheries on Puget
ooana at a receiver s sale.
Control Would Be Obtained.
With this, the Pacific American Fish
eries and the remaining properties of the
Pacific Packing & Navigation Company
it wouia put tne new noiaers In control
of the salmon markets, particularly on
Deming & Gould Co. are today, next to
Armsby & Co., the largest salmon brokers
in the United States, with headauarters
in Chicago, and it Is easily to be seen just
wnat interest tney nave In the matter.
ana, oacKea Dy an ally such, as the Cud
ahys their dream of control may yet be a
"W. T. Gould, a member of the firm. Is in
the city now, arriving from Seattle, and'
on his way to California, where his firm
He disclaims all knowledge of anything
new In the salmon situation other than
that the market is falling off, leaving con
siderable etock in first hands and with the
jobbers. He thinks it likely that prices
may yet go lower before Spring, but at
that time stocks will be needed and' the
market will be correspondingly strong.
Many Fishmen Here.
Portland has a strong showing of fish
men today, several of the big packers on
Puget Sound being here to close up their
Chinese contracts for the coming season.
Chief among these are P. G. TVagge,
Puget Sound manager of the Alaska Pack
era Association, and Frank "Wright, owner
of the Carlisle Packing Company, which
operates near Anacortes, wasn.
These gentlemen report that the Puget
Sound cannerymen are now making active
preparations for a big pack next year, and
base their predictions on the fact that in
fish parlance it Is the fourth year.
"Whether or not a superstition among
fishermen. It Is a fact that every fourth
year brings a big run of salmon, and this"
coming year is the particular one In
which all expect to recuperate their losses.
THREATENED TO TELL.
Dr. Short Fires ftomb While Speaking
to Sunday Club.
"I want to say now that In my neighbor
hood there lives a married man who pro
fesses his undying love for his wife, but
I give fair warning to this" man now that
if he does not devote less fove to another
man's wife In that neighborhood, I'm go
ing to tell his own wife."
This was the startling statement made
to the members of the Sunday Club of the
Y. M. C A. by Dr. F. Burgettc Short yes
terday afternoon. Further than tnat.
with a finger pointing Into the audience,
he stated that this particular man might
be present, but If he was he could simply
This 13-inch shell was fired during an
Interesting address by Dr. Short on the
subject of "Undying Love."
He brought out very clearly that to his
mind undying love on earth as between
humanity wag more of a figurative species
than a reality. In leading up to his sur
prise for the audience, ho stated that It
was often expressed hy a man that his
love for his wife was undying and that
he could never love another, but Dr. Short
was of the opinion that had that roan not
met his present wife he would surely have
loved another. He thought this also ap
plied to women, but added that In their
case he was sure that Portland contained
some who wished that they had met some
other man before bestowing their undy
Then came the surprise of the afternoon
in tho shape of Dr. Short's warning to
at least one of his neighbors.
The Sunday Club presented the usual
Sunday programme, consisting of the ad
dress, instrumental and vocal music The
club Is gaining In popularity, as is attest
ed by the attendance.
THE PLAGUE OF FLANNELS.
The Modern Substitute for Sackcloth
At the age of 6 1 found myself infellxl
removed to a town possessing a bleak cli
mate and many woolen manufactories. It
was tho custom of tho house mothers to
"buy flannel by the piece direct from the
factory, red flannel, hot, thick, felled like
a Iranian der and the Invention of a. Luci
fer. Out of this flannel was cut a gar
ment, a continuous, all-embracing gar
ment of neuter gender, in which every
cnlld in that town might have been ob
served flaming Mephlstophellan-like after
the morning bath. A pattern was given
to our mother. The hair shirt I laugh
when I read! By definition the hair shirt
must have possessed geographical limits
or attack, but my flannols left no port
untickled, untortured; they heated the
flesh until scarlet fever paled Into a
mere pleasantry, and then soured the
milk of amiability within me forever.
The rotations of the seasons reduced
itself to terms of red flannel. In the
Autumn when the . happy fowls and fol
iage alike moulted, shed tho superfluous
wnen Dradng October set the body In a
glow, I alone of living things must be
done up In flannel!
And Spring, that season of vernal bour
geoning was the time when I, too, like
any otner seedkln, slipped free of all the
stuffy lncaslngs, and could sprout and
spring In air and sun. clad In blessed.
blessed muslin. I shall never forcet the
corroding bitterness induced by flannels.
At times they absolutely reduced me to
fisticuffs with my religion, so that filial
piety, the ordaining of the seasons, and
tne very catechism itself hung in the
balance of the conflict. I believe I can
hardly overestimate the spiritual detrl
ment done my by my flannels.
Special Informal recital todav at th
.taiers nano House fine piano exhibit.
Pianola. Aeolian Pino Oirsui nnd rrVintj-
trelle. Dally- from 3 to 4; not Sundays.
Catholic Hospital at Roseburg.
ROSEBURG. Or... Nov. 27.TSrwv.lnl "V
Under direction of Archbishop Christie a
oeauuiui tract or land n as been pur
chased in the Mosher grove, in West
Rosebunr. for tha nuroose of ertinir
hospital thereon. No details are as yet
given out, Dut it is understood tnat it will
be a thoroughly modern Institution. "Work
is to De commenced as soon as the neces
sary details can be arranged.
A NEW CAPTAIN IN
Charles Sweeny, Cavalryman of Industry, Would
IF Charlie Sweeny is elected United j
States Senator by the "Washington !
Legislature this "Winter, our House of
Lords will have added unto It one of
the most picturesque personalities
which has ornamented that body In a
generation. The Eastern newspaper
should pray that it be Senator
Sweeny, for he will furnish columns of
good "copy" for the correspondents.
Sweeny Is a D'Artagnan of industry.
He has fought prosperously with and
wrested from the forces of this "West
of ours, some dozen million dollars, and
seeking new diversion concludes to try
a bout with the political swashbucklers.
He came over to Portland a little
while ago for a rendezvous with sun
.dry men who have political leverage in
"Washington, and Incidentally to spend
a bagatelle of 1100,000 In real- estate.
In the lobby of the hotel Mr. Boniface
Bowers Introduced me to him and when
we shook hands I thought: "What a
sword arm." In a far corner of the
lobby I had a better opportunity to
estimate the man deliberately.
He is sir feet and three inches high,
narrow at the hips, but deep of chest.
He Is well set up and at 55 he is still
lithe as a young cavalry officer. His
hair is well streaked with gray and his
mustache is grizzled. His face strong
and daring. Frederick Remington has
drawn many such. Men are alinost
young at 55 nowadays, and to all In
tents and purposes "Charlie" Sweeny
is in full prime. The gray In his hair
and the set lines around his mouth are
scars of battle. He talks directly and
is sparing of his words but the listener
feels that he has nothing to conceal
and when our Interview was over I
felt that I knew all about the big mas
terful captain of industry. Of course, I
didn't, but if h,e can talk for half an
hour to each member of the Legisla
ture at Olympla this "Winter, he will
be an odds-on favorite at the Joint caucus.
A Cavalryman at Fifteen.
He is native to New York City, where
he was born in 1849, so he told me.
His people were Scotch-Irish of small
means, and the son had few advan
tages.. He went to the public schools
of New Tork for a little whlie but the
adventurous blood of his ancestry was
working in his veins. The Civil "War
was on before he got into his 'teens
and he had to be in It. He was big and
husky and in '64 when he was Just
turned 15 he bolted school and joined the
Third New Jersey Cavalry. He raided
up and down the Shenandoah under
Custer and Sherman, and was in at the
death and saw the Appomattox inci
dent. He was wounded before Peters
burg and his year of service was
crowded with hard riding and hard
fighting. He was mustered out in Au
gust, C5, but to this day the habit and
bearing of the soldier stick to him.
His fighting face and sword arm have
stood him In good stead through all
the stressful years which have inter
RIGHTS OF WOMAN
Dr. Crvessey Speaks With Elo
quence on the Subject.
PRAISES AMERICAN WOMEN
States That Her Lot Ranges From
Point of Ease and Luxurious Com
fort to Other Extreme In
Dally Human Existence.
At the Unitarian Church yesterday
morning, the pastor, Rev. George Croswell
Cressey, D. D., spoke on "The Natural
Rights of "Woman."
Dr. Cressey spoke In part as follows:
From the point of view of ease and luxurious
comfort, woman occupies the extremes of hu
man life. Sometimes ber lot represents the
height of human felicity; again It Is of all the
most burdensome and pitiable. The puzzle of
philosopher and the despair and Inspiration of
poet, woman Is that factor in the world's
life which defies analjrsts and Imparls- the
charm of the unexpected and the mysterious.
In our country of Individualism all are Jeal
ous of what they are pleased to call their nat
ural rights. Woman Is no exception. The
term, however, is vague and indefinite. It
can mean only those rights which the nature
of man and human society involves in itself.
Our fathers struck the whole truth when they
affirmed that all men are Justly entitled to
"life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness."
These are inalienable rights, and like all funda
mental principle they Include as coroUarlea
whatever Is necessary to their proper applica
tion. The question in practice Is identical
with that other less attractive, but more vital,
inquiry, "What do the nature, faculties, pecu
liarities and influence -of woman demand that
she may live and act most efficiently for
human welfare, for her own happiness and
that of others?
"Woman has no natural right to suffrage;
nor has man such right. There Is no natural
right which determines that the young man of
SI. but not of 20, shall vote, or that an alien
shall acquire the privilege In two or In five
years. Suffrage is a political right dependent
upon the exigencies, ends and conditions of
civic life. On tho question of woman suffrage
the scales of civic advantage, either In theory
or apparently in practice, do not Up decidedly
on either side. It Is mainly a question of
sentiment. We may safely affirm, however.
that when a largo majority of women of all
classes earnestly desire the privilege, there will
be little disposition and probably still less
ability long to deny them. It res to for the
most part with the women themselves.
The strength of woman, however, is not in
politics, but In the home. The German philcs
opher, Hermann Lotze, says. In substance:
"The moral equivalence of the two partners in
marriage does not annul the necessity that a
single will must decide in relation to the con
duct of life. In all matters pertaining to the
family, beyond the inner circle of domestic
lite, the decision rests with the man alone.'
This la the spirit of the Old World, but not of
America. There Is, indeed, a single will, but
It is the blended will of a real union. In
true marriage each will decide questions In his.
or her peculiar province, while matters of
larger Import will be determined by mutual
consideration, mutual Judgment, and. If neces-
say, mutual concession. In the American
home there is no autocrat.
Woman Is entiUed to the respect which rea
son owes to Intuition, which prudential wis
dom owes to the esthetic and to the ethical
and religious cmotlolns. In the latter quali
ties woman surpasses man. Speaking net of
individuals, but of the type, where man rea
sons, woman perceives; where man reflects,
woman feels the truth. There is no question.
too, that. Judged by common external stand
ardfl, women are better than men.
Here at some length- Dr. Cressy spoke
of the history, condition and merit of
woman in the past. In comparison with
the privileges and assumption of men.
Yet in the ordinary perspective history seems
to reveal to us as feminine the most horrible,
examples of cruelty, the most merciless furies
of passion. Whether the Impression be true,
depends cn how far our vision is deflected ct
obscured by unconscious thought of what
woman ought to be. When the momentum of
evil purposes overcomes the natural barriers
of her sensitive, refined and self-sacrificing
nature, it Is not strange that it sweeps on to
the extremes of reckless iniquity.
The sex which is, we will not say, the weak
er, but the more tender and delicate In physical
and mental organization, commands the cour
tesy and care and even the protection of man.
As a Nation we may exalt woman; but as in
dividuals the mass of men often fall short of
vened. Many great things have come 1
to him, but none so great as to ride
with Custer in the Shenandoah 40
years ago. His war service and mem
bership In the Grand Army should be
good for a lot of enthusiasm in the
In '66 the young veteran made the trip
across the plains to San Francisco and
for ten years he was busy with experi
ence. He prospected In the California
mountains. He learned Nevada by heart
and was a part of the stirring Incidents of
the Corns tock lode. During this time he
was married to a San Francisco girl and
the responsibilities of a family man
came as a balance to his character.
Lived In Portland in 1877.
"Charlie" Sweeny Is a former Portland
er. He came here In '77 with a family and
no other possession to show for his ten
years' adventuring In the mines. He got
a job. A plain humdrum clerkship at a
small salary. He was handy with figures
and developed Into a good accountant.
He was bookkeeper for Knapp, Burrell &
Co. until 1SS1, when he became . secretary
of the Merchants' Exchange. Two years
later he went to Spokane. It must have
been destiny that called him, for from
that time he saw the shoulder-straps of
a captain of industry ahead of him. He
went Into merchandising and opened an
account at the bank. But the love of the
mines was still strong In him. He could
not resist the lure of gold and went Into
the Coeur d'Alene country.
Up and down went the tceterboard of
fortune. He was down often er than up.
"Race suicide" was an uncoined phrase
then, but Sweeny and the good lady who
was his wife must have foreseen the time
when patriotism should demand an ac
counting of householders. The Sweeny
family- grew apace. There have been 12
children in all, seven of whom are still
living and the man who was working his
way up to a commission in tho Industrial
establishment was- busy with providing
for his future heirs and heiresses.
Sweeny's Ship Comes In.
"When the '90s came he was ".on his
feet." Tho Coeur d'Alene ventures had
begun to bring returns. His interests
widened In scope and the time came whep
he was ready to organize close corpora
tions for the doing of many things which
have contributed to the greatness of the
"West. Greatest of these is the Federal
Mining & Smelting Company, with a cap
ital stock of 520,000,000, of which Charles
Sweeny, of Spokane, Is president, and
John D. Rockefeller and George Gould,
directors. This Is the largest lead-producing
concern in the United States and
last year its mines produced 56,080,090 In
lead and silver. At the end of that period
dividends to the amount of 51, 900,996 were
paid, a large part of which found their
way into the strong-box of Charles
Sweeny, captain of industry and Sena
The Sweeny interests are so many and
varied that a strong man might weary
of reciting them. The Items Include U,-
true courtesy. llaat wek In a streetcar in this
city five ladies wcrs swaying with the .straps,
while tea men, with two exceptions under 30
years of age, ress&laed comfortably seated:
In numerous ways which suggest themselves
readily to the keen observer men fall In the
courtesy and coniideratlon which Is due
It Is a common criticism of conventional life
.that In all things pertaining- to chastity, purity
and cleanliness of living, women are Judged
by a higher standard than men, and thus sua.
tain the weight of social Injustice. The state
ment is true and the inference is true.
In part; it Is one phase of that lack
of equity which seems Inevitable in an
imperfect and progressive worjd. Would, in
deed, that man might be -Judged by the same
standard as woman, but God forbid that woman
should ever be Judged by the same standard
as man. It is tha tribute which a traditional
Idea of vice pays to virtue; but be it so forever.
rather than we should abate a Jot or a tittle
from the Instinctive estimate which we place
It is a source of complaint that women often
receive less compensation than men for the
same amount and style of labor. There Is a
counter-charge that they soaietlmes needlessly
Invade avenues of toll and effort which should
be left open to those who must support the
lire of families. Criticisms on the same
principle may be offered with equal JuaUcs
concerning- the comparative remuneration of
various occupations. Here the terms right and
wrong have only a relatlvo significance. These
conditions are the result of the inexorable law
of supply and demand, and the root of the
injustice lies below the surface of society.
The indictment is presented against mankind
in general that woman has had no fair oppor
tunity In the past and thus labors under a
heavy mortgage, which only time can remove.
This appeal to heredity ia groundless. The
daughter Inherits' at least equally from tho
father, and the son from the mother. Thus
nature neutralizes the Injustice which the bru
tality and unwarranted assumption of man
may have inflicted on his copartner la lite
during the centuries which are gone.
More striking and Important, however, than
any divergence of sex is tho oneness of human
x&ture. More striking yet are the. harmonies
through which both may perform the world's
work with God. The landscapes are different
to the vision, the soil varies often in fertility,
but the great globe Is ever the same. The
qualities which mark humanity as divine are
alike In man and In woman. The Infinite
Spirit is Incarnate la tha race.
HELD TEMPERANCE MEETING
Judge George and Others Address
Grace M. E. Sunday School.
There was a rousing temperance meet
ing at Grace M. E. Sunday school yes
terday, addresses being made by Judge
George and others. The attendance was
Judge George's remarks were along
the line of tho Importance of self-control
In the matter of the drink habit and the
duty of each one to preserve a sound
body and keep a clear brain ready, for
any emergency of human affairs.
He likened the progress of humanity
from childhood to the grave to a moving
picture of a great procession where tho
new are coming Into the light, perform
ing a part, and then passing on Into dark
ness, and amplified on tho responsibility
of playing well the part of each human
existence. He especially dwelt on the
duties of good citizenship and of one to
the other and of the interdependence of
each with every .other. He demonstrated
the breach of duty -of every citizen of a
city, county or state or republic who,
through abuse of drink, dethroned his
own brain or Incapacitated himself to do
his whole duty .or discharge the responsi
bility on each.
He said that an ideal system of human
government would not only punish the
drunken man for overt acts committed,
but for the crime of clouding his brain
and turning a good citizen into an in
capable citizen. He illustrated from his
Judicial experience tho great percentage
of matrimonial, business and criminal
trouble arising from such neglect or per
sonal omlslson of the common responsl
bllitles which rest on all. and emphasized
the wisdom and necessity of holding each
one to a strict individual accountability
lor nis own conduct in me.
MBS. C. A. SEELEY DEAD.
Was Graduate of Oberiin College and
Woman of Mental Attainment.
. Mrs. Charlotte Austin Seeley, wife of
Boridnot Seeley, Jr., died last night at
the home of her daughter, Mrs. C R.
Bernard, 133 Twelfth street. Mrs. Seeley
was born In Austlnburg, O., August
25. IS??., Ten years ago she came to Port
land with her husband, and has since
that time made this city her home. She
is survived by her husband and six chil
dren. The deceased was a graduate of
Oberlln, and was a woman of high men
000,000 in Spokane real estate and an
almost equal amount in Portland. There
are half a dozen banks and mercantile
establishments!. There is a seat on the
New Tork Exchange and a big office at 32
Broadway. There are private mines in
Idaho and British Columbia, irrigation
systems and wheat lands. The Sweeny
working offices are at Spokane and "Wal
lace. Between these and New York, with
occasional business trips to Portland and
a vlgorods campaign for political prefer
ment the Blk man Is busy night and day
every moment. His time. Is golden and,
knowing its valuiLhc. conserves it.
Tho Sweeny home Is at Spokane, but
the mistress of it must needs attend
largely to the social obligations of a very
rich family. The master has too many
other tasks. It Is said to be altogether
a nappy nome, as most homes with a big
family of children In them are. Two of
tne daughters are married, -one, Mrs. C.
. ivdwaras, Is the wife of a prominent
DusinesB man at Oakland, Cal.. and the
other is Mrs. F. T.. Nucane, whose hus
band is manager of the Bank of Montreal
at Spokane, a rival of her father's bank
ing institution there. Should it be Sen
ator Sweeny, there will be a big estab
lishment In "Washington City and the
Northwest will come Into its own, social
ly, at tne capital.
Voted for Lincoln When Fifteen.
Until this time politics with Sweeny
uaa Deen a secondary consideration.
He bears a political distinction, how
ever, ramost without parallel. He vot
ed for a President of the United States
'when he was 16 years old. It was In
Virginia, in front of Petersburg, when
Lincoln ana iicciellan were the oppos
ing candidates. In 1864, every soldier
was given tne ballot,xand so it hap
pened that "Charley" Sweeny, a 15
year-old trooper, helped to re-elect
Abraham Lincoln. Time after time he
has headed the Spokane delegation to
state conventions, and has for veara
been active among the men behind the
political guns. Four years ago he was
a Presidential elector, and carried the
McKlnley vote of "Washington to tho
session of the electoral collecre.
"When his state gave its bie- Repub
lican majority on November 8, Sweeny
and his friends decided the time had
come, and the big captain of industry
limbered tip his sword arm and rode
onto the tilting 'ground. The fortunes
of politics, like those of war and ln
dustry, have In them a large element
of chance. It may never be Senator
Sweeny, but the man who rode with
Custer In the Valley, and In the 40 years
since then has made a dozen million
dollars, is used to fighting. He knows
the cut and. thrust of it, also the tierce
.and carte, and the other evening In the
lobby of the Portland Hotel, when he
tilted his hat a trifle list to port and
gave nae hie sword hand as we said
good-bye. X thought that the big cap
tain, wno nas won many otner ngnts, was
going into una nw on to win.
A. A. G.
TO ARRIVE TONIGHT
Land Commissioner Richards
Nearing Journey's End.
MAY GO ON STAND TUESDAY
His Testimony Is Expected to Clear
Up Points Clouded" at Present,
and Which Are Needed to
Strengthen the Case.
"W. A. Richards, Commissioner of the
General Land Office at "Washington IX
C, will reach Portland this evening over
the O. R. & N. from his journey across
the continent In response to the telegram
of Francis J. Heney, requesting that he
como as a witness in the land-fraud case
now on trial.
Mr. Richards has in his possession a
number of letters, books and records of
the general office relating to the cases
now under consideration, tho Introduction
of which Is expected to be of material
advantage to the prosecution in. estab
lishing the Government's claim of con
At the opening of the trial tho Govern
ment subpenaed Binger Hermann expect
ing to prove by htm the identity of some
letters from Senator' John H. Mitchell
to the Land Department, as well as some
a Hi davits made by Emma "Watson and
S. A. D. Puter, In relation to claims
owned by them and held up for exam
ination by the Department. Mr. Hermann
failed to Identify the letters and In order
to save themselves from a fall the pros
ecution had to send for Mr. Richards,
who had handled the papers, according
to' the testimony of Mr. Hermann.
In addition to this testimony, Mr. Rich
ards will Introduce letters relating to the
papers and final proofs of the claims un
der dispute, which will aid In estab
lishing the falsity of the affidavits and
proving the conspiracy alleged by the In
dictment of the prosecution.
It is thought that Mr. Richards will be
put on the stand Tuesday morning, in
order that he may return to "Washing
ton as soon as possible.
Condensed Milk Company After 8calp
of Food Commission.
HILLSBORO, Or., Ifov. 27. To the Editor.)
We note In today's Issue of The Oregon laa
an atlcle purportlnr to bo an Interview of
your reporter with E. A. McDonald. State
Dairy, Food and Oil Commissioner of Wash
ington. In which Mr. McDonald attempts to
explain his actions In regard to Oregon Grape
Cream, which la being eold in the "Washington
If Mr. McDonald -would stay at home and
properly construe and enforce the pure-food
laws of the State of "Washington, as laid
down for his government and guidance. Instead
of -making a special trip to the State of Oregon
for the purpose of being Interviewed for pub
lication, he would much better conserve all
Interests of his constituents and be commended
by the people of his state. However, what
Mr. McDonald says in hu Interview is not
true. He says that be had no Intention what
ever to injure any food product, and now
says la the Interview that there was nothing
In Oregon Grape Cream that waa deleterious or
Injurious to health; bet la hia article written
by himself and published at his request In
the Seattle Post-Intelligencer about Septem.
ber 10, he stated that Oregon Grape Cream waa
adulterated and impure. Thla we challenged
at the time, and we now challenge him to
prove. If he could prove It contained annotto
or was impure or adulterated, he was recreant
to his duties, aa Food Commissioner of the
State of "Washington, because the laws Of that
state provide for the seizure of a product that
Is adulterated. Impure or colored, and does not
In any manner provide that the Commissioner
may condemn the product of any manufacturer
ana exciuao 11 iroza we eultkei. or scu-wriuca
newspaper interviews. This Mr. McDonald at-
tepted to do. The law provides that he shall
seize the product, file a complaint In the Su
perior Court asking for an order of sale, notify
the manufacturer, or consignees, and that the
question be tried out In the courts and finally
determined. Mr. McDonald knew at the time
that he wrote the Interview for the Seattle
Poat-Intell!gencor and Spokane Spokesman-Re
view that the Oregon Condensed Milk Company
was In possession at Seattle of a carload of
cream. He waa eo notified by the selling
agents of the Oregon Condensed Milk Com
pany, and by Its president, and was requested
to seize It and try the question out In the
courts. Further, Dr. Tamiesle notified him
that he Intended to sell Oregon Grape Cream In
"Washington, waa selling It, and requested him
while In the City of Seattle to have him ar
rested, and that he would contribute $100 to
ward the attorney's fee of the so-called com
mlssloner in order to have the question of
purity tried out In the proper tribunals.
Mr. McDonald ha always refused to seize
the cream; has always refused to give the
Oregon Condensed Milk Company a chance to
defend Itself In a court designated by the laws
of "Washington to adjudicate Just such ques
tions aa arose between the Commissioner and
the Oregon Condensed Milk Company.
The laws of the State of "Washington are
clear and impartial, and protect the manu
facturer of food products to the same extent
that they protect the consumer of food prod
ucts; but the Oregon Condensed Milk Company
has not had at any time a chance to take ad
vantage of those laws provided for its protec
tion, by reason of the methods of procedure
adoDted by the so-called commissioner.
Nowhere in the laws of the State of Wash
ington does It provide that the Commissioner
shall notify the consumer, retailers -or whole
salers of food products through, the newspapers
or by written letters that a product is Impure
and adulterated, without first bavin r had the
same adjudicated by a proper tribunal.
Feeling that the only legal remedy for his
action would lie In an action for damages, and
that a verdict for whatever amount against
the Commissioner would be an empty victory,
the Oregon Condensed Milk Company did not
care to obtain a victory of that character, or
Mr. McDonald would have, long before this.
been called upon to answer la the civil courts.
Mr. McDonald further says that he Informed
the company that Its product contained coior-
lnr matter, and that It was deceptive, aao
that the company must discontinue using color
ing matter. The company received one letter
in that respect from Mr. McDonald, two days
before the article was printed In the Seattle
Post-IntelUgenoer; but the letter so written
was aimed to protect other manufacturers) of
iooi jrroducts, because It requested the stamp
ing of every can of cream with the .words
that "this can contains artificial coloring
where the product had been sold In larger than
five-case lots. If the law permitted him to
demand such action on the Dart of the en aim
facturer, It applied to all lots of whatever size.
There is simply no question but that r.
McDonald overstepped the bounds of reason
and honesty of purpots officially and discrim
inated against the .Oregoa Coadensed Milk
Company and its product.
We have offered S100O reward tor any hn
purities or adulterations found 1b Oregon Grape
Cream, and this offer is for the benefit of Mr.
McDonald, as well as any other person who
chooses to make an investigation and prove
that Oregon Grape Cream at any tune was
adulterated or Impure.
OREGON" CONDENSED MILK CO.,
By George R. Bagley, secretary; J. P. Tamie
- Our glorious Anglo-Saxon march of
progress has reached that stage where
a man is expected to pay liberally for
the privilege of becoming a hero. In
the old days, when & man joined tha.
army to fight for hi country, he was
accepted usually with liberal allow
ance, but there are so maay heroes and,
so many glittering ooportanitiec that
it hu been found aeceea&ry to inprees
applicant for TnlHtatry service" with'
.full idea of the Importance ot their
aaisslon and tha honor thereto attached.
Over In England, before a soldier is in
vested with all the dignity of war. he
is now required to deposit 515 "to nave
his teeth' put In order." This Is only
fair and reasonable. The Anglo-Saxon
race is now Engaged In the task of re
forming and revolutionizing the world,
and tho thought of sendlntr on a mis
sion of guidance and instruction a body
oi men wita Bad teeth, is revolting to
the higher civilized sense. Indeed, it
Is more than likely that If the British
"War Department had paid more atten
tion to the teeth of the soldiery, the
trouble in South Africa would have
been adjusted in jig time. President
Roosevelt has a notably fine sec of
teeth, and we are sure that he will
favor any action that will make the
American mouth not only beautiful, but
formidable. Let us then press forward
to. th'e spread of civilization and the
gospel, to the uttermost ends of the
earth with resolution, confidence and
ornately repaired teeth.
EHEKY OF 'BOYS ASD GIBIS.
Rousing Anti-Cigarette Mass Meeting
Held in'HIghland Church.
A well attended anti-cigarette mass-
meeting was held yesterday afternoon in
the Highland Congregational Church. Ex
cellent music was furnished by the choir,
and Vf. C Alderson gave a stirring solo.
Rev. A. M. Rockwood, pastor of the
church, made a few Introductory remarks
indorsing the movement against the use
of cigarettes. Rev. C. M. Smythe, of
the Mississippi-avenue Congregational
Church, made a vigorous talk. Interesting
the boys and girls. He laid special em
phasis on the baleful effects of smoking
cigarettes on the health and strength of
M. B. Thompson, a well-known business
roan spoke from a business standpoint.
He set forth the objections of business
men to giving employment to boys and
young men who use cigarettes. Mr.
Thompson made an earnest appeal to the
boys and girls present to avoid the cig
arette habit, as it meant ruin to their
business prospects In life, as well as their
morals. L. H. Morgan, of Ockley Green
School, spoke briefly, indorsing the cru
sade from the standpoint of an educator.
Rev. "Wallace R. Struble, of the Inter
national Anti-Cigarette League, followed
with a stirring talk to the boys and girls,
pointing out the evils of cigarette smoK
Ing, and urging them to enroll them
selves in the league against the practice.
Mr. Struble closed with a short talk to
the parents. He said he was very deeply
interested in the boyB and girls of the
land, and felt that his compensation for
his work in their behalf was more in the
knowledge that they were being bene
fited and fitted for good citizenship than
in any other way.
Mr. Struble will speak in the Fulton
School this morning, and at the Alns-
worth In the afternoon. Tomorrow fore
noon he will be at the Sunnyslde School,
and at the South Mount Tabor School at
1 P. ML. and In tho evening will hold a
massmeetlng In the. M. E. Church of Sun
nyslde. Other schools will he addressed
during tho week.
FOR WELL-TO-DO HOMES.
Four Fine Used Pianos at Eilers
Planp House on Your Own Terms.
During the past week we have supplied
Pianola Pianos to a number of promi
nent Portland homes, taking In part pay
ment for same some really excellent used
uprights that when new cost a great deal
of money. Every one of these pianos must
be disposed of at once and we are offer
ing them at prices that will induce the
very first ones seeing them to snap them
One Is a Chickering, elegant walnut case,
the $000 style 5330 (payments $33 down and
J15 a month, if desired) takes it.
Another Is also a Chickering, the 5650
style, genuine rosewood case, could not
be told from new price now J425, same
terms as above.
A Knabe piano, the very largest size.
in rosewood case, the 5330 style, in ele
gant condition price now $2S5, same term3
A nearly new Steinway, the ?oo0 style.
In highest priced mahogany case, which
has not been used to exceed nine months
and shows no wear whatever price foS5.
Bear in mind that these are the high
est grade instruments -manufactured and
that these figures represent a saving in
price sufficient for a complete musical
education. Eilers Piano House, 351 Wash
The Cherokee Advocate. t
Kansas City Journal.
"With the passing of the tribal govern
ment of the Cherokee Nation there will
pass out of existence in the United
States the Cherokee Advocate. This
-newspaper is probably the oldest west of
the Mississippi. River, having been estab
lished In 1S44 by "W. P. Ross, whose
widow lives at Fort Gibson. The Advo
cate Is a curiosity. It is printed half In
English and half In Cherokee, the Chero
kee sldo being printed in Cherokee char
acters. There are 85 characters In the
Cherokee alphabet, and on that account
a printer's case of type is quite different
from that in English, and Is quite a com
plicated affair. There are in the Chero
kee Nation only five printers who are
able to set this Cherokee type for the
newspaper. They are T. "W. Foreman,
Call Starr. George "Wofford, Joe Se
qulchle and D. E. Smallwood. These
five have a greater monopoly than any
.Buncli of keys, containing our
name tag and a flat key with No.
1287 and our private mark print
ed thereon. Eeturn to us and re
ceive as a reward the handsome
mahogany Chiffonier now in our
ton & Gibbs
NOTED PHYSICIANS OF EUROPE
HAVE PRESCRIBED COD
As the Greatest Curative Agent and
Strength Creator Known to
But they have also admitted that ow
ing to the vile, nauseating grease which
it contained, and which had no curative
value whatever. It was impossible for pa
tients to take, into their systems enough
to obtain the best results.
Therefore, the discovery of two French
chemists how to get the benefit of the
valuable curative elements of the Cods
Liver without the oil was hailed with de
light by physicians the world over. These'
Frenchmen found that the medicinal cur
atives could be separated from the grease
and oil, and produced In a concentrated
form delicious to the taste and acceptable
to the weakest stomach. Thus way cre
ated Vlnol. which is sold by our local
druggists, "Woodard, Clarke & Co., on a
tpositlve guarantee to return money when
ever it fails to- do all they claim for it.
"Woodard, Clarke & Co. say that in Vinol
they offer the people of Portland a cod
liver oil medicine acknowledged by phy
sicians everywhere as the greatest cura
tive agent and strength creator known
to medicine, and they have never sold
anything in their store equal to Vlnol to
build up and strengthen old people, weak
women and children, and people who are
run down, tired, nervous and debilitated'
"Woodard, Clarke & Co. also guarantee
that Vlnol will strengthen the digestive
organs, make rich; red blood, cure
chronic colds; coughs and bronchial trou
bles, and restore the system to a healthy.
roDust condition quicker than any other
Vlnol is not a patent medicine, and sou
know what you are taking, simply a de
licious coa nver oil preparation with
everything which It contains printed on
tne Dottie. Try vinol on -our guarantee
to return money if It falls, "Woodard,
Clarke & Co., Druggists.
union or trust, but they have never been
known to strike.
Another peculiar feature about the Ad
vocate is that its editor and manager
never has to worry about how business,
keeps up. The paper Is a National in
stitution, and is supported by the Nation,
me council passing an appropriation
every year for Its support. The paper Is
distributed free to. the fullblood Chero-
kees who cannot read English. There
are 1000 copies sent to them every weefc.
In addition to this, however, there are
hundreds of copies sent out over tha
United States as a curiosity. This is the
only publication that has ever been
printed in Indian language using Indian
characters. In the other nations of tha
five civilized tribes a good deal of mat
ter of Interest to Indians is published in
the Indian language of that nation, but
English characters are used.
EETUBNS FE0M TED?.
General Manager Calvin Has Been
Journeying in Washington.
E. E. Calvin, general manager of the
O. R. & N. and Southern Pacific lines
In Oregon, returned last night from a trip
through "Washington over the lines of
the O. R. & N.
Mr. Calvin has been absent from, his of
fice for part of a week, his trip being one
of the occasional tours of inspection which
it is the duty of the manager to make
over the lines of his road to ascertain
their condition and what improvements
are needed, and to examine Into the feas
ibility of those contemplated or. resorted.
as necessarv. ? - - 1 - - v "
Say "No" when a dealer offers you a
substitute for Hood's Sarsaparllla. Insist
used Pears Soap;
perhaps yours did,
too. We owe them
gratitude, for that
Use Pears' for
the children; they
Established in S789.