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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 25, 1904)
THE MOSEtTCSre OOTGONIAK, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 35, 1904.
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PORTLAND FRIDAY, NOV. 25, 1004.
VOTE OF-THE MINOR PARTIES.
Just what proportion of the 600,000
votes cast in the late election. for Eu
gene V. Debs represents an actual gain
for socialism and what proportion is
merely a negative Democratic protest
against Parker and plutocracy we shall
never know. But the figures afford a
curious study. Take the returns from
Illinois, for example:
Totals 1,090.869 1,181.897 1.061.221
Here we find that the socialist vote
has increased nearly seven-fold since
1900, while at the same time the Prohl
bitlonlsts have about doubled and the
Populists have increased nearly six
fold. There is an active Socialist propa
ganda in Chicago, and it is fair to sup
pose that the accessions are in large
part real gains; but It is to be noticed
that the other minor parties also gained
heavily. "Why? No intelligent observer
uf conditions will say that the prohibl
turn movemest is stronger throughout
the United States than four years ago
and the remarkable personality of "Wat
son, and th5 .sympathy and enthusiasm
he excited, rather than Jhe principles
he advocltes, undoubtedly were, main
factors in preventing entirely the dlsap
pearance of the Populist cause.
The total Roosevelt vote In Illinois
represents a republican gain of 5 per
cent over McKlnley in i03, 3 per
cent over 1896. The total for all
candidates was less than In either
year. The significant feature, of the
returns was a loss for Parker of 35
per cent from 1900. "What became of
the Democrats? Unquestionably some
voted direct for Roosevelt, some for
Debs, some for Watson, some for Swal
low. and others remained at home. The
consequence was that the Roosevelt
plurality reached the astonishing total
Take Oregon: The Roosevelt vote
shows an actual Increase of 33 per cent
over 1900 and 25 per cent over
1S96: while the Parker vote shows
a loss of 50 per cent from 1900 and 6:
per cent from 1896. The Socialists in
creased about five-fold over 1900, but,
singularly enough, they cast less than
2000 votes more than In 1902. The Pro
hibitionists gained about 50 per cent
over 1900, but lost nearly 40 per cent
over 1902. The Republican candidate
gained more than SO per cent over the
record-breaking Republican aggregate
of 1902. It may be roughly said that
this 30 per cent represents President
Roosevelt's personal popularity, and
that It Is likewise in part concrete ex
pression of Democratic dissatisfaction
with Parker. Other elements of Demo
cratic discontent appear in the vote for
the minor candidates, and In the heavy
Democratic falling off.
The total vote for Debs in the United
States is about 600,000, against 100,000
four years ago. The greatest propor
tionate gains have been in Milwaukee,
"Wis., the Socialist center. There in 1900
the total was 445S. In 1902 10.704. and In
1904 18,120. Four or five Assemblymen
nd one State Senator were elected In
"Wisconsin. In Wisconsin. California,
Missouri, Indiana, Ohio and Pennsyl
vania the Socialist vote exceeds 30,000
each, while in darkest Mississippi it is
. 20.000. In Massachusetts the Socialists
fell off. probably owing to the Douglas
In 1900 the Prohibitionists had 20S.OO0;
now they have Increased to about 300,
000. Watson had about "23,000 In his own
state (Georgia), but his total throughout
the country will not be greatly In ex
cess of 100.000.
Not the least grateful of the many
who gave thanks yesterday undoubt
edly were the survivors ot the "crew of
the dismasted, waterlogged schooner
Webfoot. which was towed into Astoria
Wednesday evening. The experience of
this ancient lumber drogher presented
no new elements that are not notice
able in nearly all of these tragedies of
thf sea. -Sitting cosily "around the fire
aide andstenlrig to the wind, whistling
free and the rain beating against the
window pane, we have " a passing
thought that "this is a bad night for
the men at sea." but there it ends.
Stories like that of the Webfoot crew
are told so frequently that we accept
them In a sense as inevitable and al
most commonplace. Out ot all seaports
have sailed ships that never returned.
and into all of these ports have drifted
battered wrecks half -manned by starv
ing crews whose drawn and hag
gard features reflected the terrible
strain of staring death in the face for
hours and days. The commerce of the
world demands ships, and there must be
men tOoperate them, but In few if any
other mailing- does death seem ever
near as with these argosies of trade
when they drift beyond the sky line and
vanish into that land of mystery the
sea. The survivors of the Webfoot have
cause for Thanksgiving-, but somewhere
out on . the ocean or in its depths are
three' of their companions, and s6me-
wfeere on shore are loved ones "waiting
their return. Truly the sea is pitiless.
even when the wind and waves are low.
but when the November gales sweep
over it and death rides the wave thanks
indeed are due from those who escape
MB. SCHWERIN'S "FRIEND CAKKFJU
Among the immortal pen pictures
drawn by the late Charle3 Dickens was
one of a gentleman who at all times and
under all circumstances would ' argue
with the greatest perversity that hlack
was white and white was black. On
this Individual, Dickens bestowed the
name Carker. The original Carker long 1
ago passed on to that land wnere points i
of this nature cannot be argued, but he 1
has Imitators. One of them enlivens
the editorial page of the Tacoma Ledger
with RtntfmMits reeardlnsr -Portland
which contain the same amountofftruth
that was carried in the .-original Car-
kers contention that black was white
and vice. versa. Taking lor a. text- The
Oregonian's comment on the Schwerin
policy, which permitted ships to.ileave
Portland In ballast at the same time
cargo was being -sent, by rail to rival
ports, Mr. Carker, of the Ledger, states
that "it is hardly fair to blame jar.
Schwerin. for Portland's failure as a
seatfbrt," and that "if Portland pos
sessed anything like the natural advan
tages and terminal facilities which are
to be found at Tacoma, together with
an open route to the sea, there would
be some ground to expect Mr. Schwerin
to handle the traffic from Portland."
Mr. Carker, of the Ledger, also states
that Mr. Schwerin told the Portlanders
that, his steamship line was a "losing
venture," and that the'trafnc will seek
natural and profitable channels. By a
line of reasoning as lucid and clear as
that employed by the Hatter whom
Alice found in Wonderland explaining .
problems to the March Hare, Mr. Car
ker, of Tacoma, decides that
Portland will, sooner or later. Use forced
to admit that In competition with Tacoma.
she cannot hope to handle more than
small share of the trans-Paclflc traffic San
Francisco and Tacoma br the process of
natural selection and through superior ad-
vantasee.have become the leading seaports
or the Facmc coast, ana win conunue 10
enjoy their distinction In this respect.
It is a commercial axiom known and
recognized wherever ships float that the
ship will always go as close to the cargo
as possible, Instead of having the cargo .
carried any farther by land than Is ab
solutely necessary. This fact makes
Tacoma, and not Neah Bay, the princi
pal shipping port on Puget Sound, and
Portland, and not Astoria,..the. principal
shipping point on the' "Columbia and :
Willamette Rivers. Philadelphia, New '
Orleans, Manchester and a large num
ber of other similarly situated ports In
different parts of the world offer fur
ther examples of the recognition of this
great commercial law. The "process of
natural selection" which made Tacoma
a seaport Is not yet forgotten. To be
sure, some of the manipulators of the
"process" escaped the pententiary by
committing suicide, but their "deeds in
connection with robblngnhe stockhold
ers of a railroad In order to boom
townslte are still fresh in the minds of
a great many people.
Portland's "route tq the. sea" Is satis
factory and it Is steadily Improving.
Over that route have been dispatched
more big cargoes of flour and lumber
than have ever been shipped from any
other port In the world, Tacoma,- Seattle
and San Francisco rrot excepted. Port
land-is not blaming Mr. Schwerin for
"failure as a seaport" because this city
was. never farther away from failure
than it is at the present time. The one
particular grievance that we have
against Mr. Schwerin is that he will not
provide shippers with steamer space
when they have freight to ship. Edu
cated in that old Huntington school
where It was taken for granted that'
nothing could get away without paying
toll to the octopus, Mr. Schwerin finds
dlfllculty in adjusting himself to condi
tions which obtain In that free country
lying north of the California line. Port
land shippers will not pay toll ' to the
Pacific Mall simply because they are
not given a satisfactory service out of
Portland, but they may temporarily be
forced to" ship a few flour cargoes by
way of Puget Sound, or to charter
tramp steamers to handle their busi
This is only, temporary, however, and
eventually Mr. Schwerin will quit
dreaming and give Portland the kind of
a steamship service that was promised
us by Mr. Harrlman If he falls to do
so his "waking may be pain." Portland
Is too big, rich and powerful and has
too much steamship traffic originating
in her exclusive territory to permit this
present farce of a steamship service
being carried too far. The line will
never cease being a "losing venture
until It Is conducted on business princi
ples, and not on a narrow, contracted.
CHARTER CHANGES TO BE PEW.
The present charter of the City of
Portland has been in operation not
quite two years. It is an elaborate
body of law, and pretentious for a city
of 125,000 Inhabitants. As Its framers
were many men of many minds, so It Is
a mixture of varied ingredients. . It has
not reduced burdens of taxation, though
it must be said that the government of
Portland has been one of the least ex
pensive in the United States. The cher
ished wish of the charter framers
namely, that political cliques should be
banished from municipal departments-
has not been realized. Nor. has the
charter kept city affairs free from the
taint of scandal.
However, the Instrument has prob
ably worked as well as any other could
have done; perhaps better In .many re
spects. Tonight several amendments
will be. proposed at a conference- of the
framersyand the legislators from this
pourity. It has been agreed that the
changes shall be few and of minor char
acter such as for reducing the cost of
advertising special assessments; for re
quiring deposits of city funds to be
safeguarded -by security bond; for im
proving several streets In a given dls
trlct simultaneously; and for facilitat
ing grant of franchises for street rail
way connections and short extensions.
Little else than this Is likely to be
proposed, for it is the common agree
ment that the charter needs few altera
tions, and, so -far as known, there is no
disposition in the legislative delegation
to go beyond this sentiment The prin
ciple of referendum, established two
and one-half years ago, when the people
ratified the charter at the polls, should
be adhered to in cases of radical amend
ments, and the plan to make the
change, now proposed, operative only
by referesdmm will not be regarded of
heavy importance; in fact, the differ-,
ence will be nothing either way, for the
amendments proposed are sustained
with such unanimity that they would
certainly be ratified at the polls. This
is the common-sense view of the mat
ter, yet it will be for the legislative
delegation to decide whether rigid ad
herence to referendum in all cases will
better safeguard the instrument In fu-
Trr.THTNATioy of cm GRAFT.
No public work, scandal of the Tan
ner-Creek sewer class will ever arise In
the City of Galveston, Tex., under the
administration, which has "been running
that prosperous Southern city since It
emerged .from' the shadow of ruin which
followed In the wake of the great flood
of 1900. The ideal city government, for
which we have allMonged, Is that by
-which the public suslness is transacted
by the came taflexlple-buslness rules
that govern commercial transactions.
Under such a government merit, and
not a political pull, would be the cre
dentials that would secure for the. City
Engineer a job, ana .that official would
select his -suttordinates not because
they were misfits In other walks of life
and had to-be taltencare of, but be
cause they were qualified for the posi
tion; and could earn the salary paid.
It required a tidal wave which prac
tically destroyed the city to overturn
the old spoils .system and bring this
Ideal goverhmeSt 'into existence in the
Texas city, and, were it not for the ap
palling loss of life, it might well be said
that the change was worth a large por
tion of the cost. Galveston, before the
awful cataclysm, like nearly all of our
American cities, was run by politi
cians, and from all accounts there was
the same old system of graft in nearly
all avenues of public work. But the
storm broke and the havoc was so
nearly complete that when the work of
reconstruction began any attempt at
grafting would have been so nearly like
robbing the dead that the political
spoilsmen all remained under cover. At
tne- critical moment, when the future
of Galveston was trembling In the bal
ance, five patriotic business men
stepped to the front and assumed the
burden of rebuilding the city and han
dling what little remained of the ma
chinery of government.
It was a patriotic duty, and the polit
ical belief of the five men who formed
this impromptu relief and reorganiza
tion commission cut no figure in their
work. Four years have passed since
the business men succeeded the politi
cians In conducting public affairs for
Galveston, and the results attained
have been remarkable. The commis
sion consists of a president and four
members', each member being charged
with specific duties, the president being
the controlling power in the regulation
of each department. The operating ex
penses of Galveston under the new re
gime are now $100,000 per year less than
they were under the old system of ward
politics, and the money that comes Into
the hands of the five business men is
being expended as it should be ex
There is no huge graft to be divided
, among robbing sewer contractors, nor
to be used in buying: up thieving city
officials. Every dollar raised for street
and other improvements is expended to
the best possible advantage, because
the men who are disbursing It are bus!-I
ness men Influenced solely by patriotic
motives for the welfare of the city. Ot
course the personnel of the commission
has much to do with the results at
tained, arid five corrupt men would nat
urally make a poorer showing, but-
even then there would be . advantages
over the old ward system when a much
larger number of ofllclals, each fighting '
for distinct privileges and Improve
ments In his own ward, could not show
as good results for the city as a whole.
The size of the Galveston commission
also serves as a check on open rascal
Ity, for with the city government in the
hands of but five men, each charged .
with responsibility not to any partic
ular ward, but to, the whole city, they
could be much easier held In check. No
perfect system of city government has.
yet been discovered, but the experience .
of Galveston has demonstrated that
scandals of the Tanner-Creek nature
would be impossible under such a sys
tem, and also, that the man who re
ceived a dollar from the city would be
obliged to render an equivalent for that
THE THANKSGIVING SPIRIT.
Formerly Thanksgiving day was de
voutly and pIouBly "observed"; now It
is energetically and more or less joy
ously "celebrated." Each method was
in accordance with the spirit and devel
opment of the tlme3, hence both may
be-accepted as the correct method.
We regard with reverence and ad
miration the procession which history
and tradition present of the entire fam- I
ily In the old Plymouth colony.
clad in Sunday best, moving break
fastless and decorously to church
to return thanks to the Giver of All
Good, In long prayers, longer sermon
and sonorous hymn and psalm-slnglng.
But It must be confessed that our spir
its rise somewhat even at this chrono
logical distance as we observe these de
vout and thankful people, later in the
day, supplementing their rigid devo
tions by feasting bountifully upon the
best that the land afforded. Who shall
say that there was not as much expres
sion of true thankfulness In the feast
as In the gospel service, or In the decor
ous family greetings around the festal
board, as In the pious glanoes heaven
ward during the sermon, or the devout
attitude during the long, prayer In
which hands were clasped tightly over
Regarding the old-time observances
of Thanksgiving with reverence, shall
we not regard with admiration the cele
bration of the day that has grown with
the Nation's growth Into an expression
of more comprehensive thankfulness?
The football player is the embod
iment of thankfulness. Though in his
case It may take the form of .being
thankful that he Is alive and possessed
of lusty strength and opportunity it Is
thankfulness stllL Riders in special
Thanksgiving races start out with a
jubilant spirit that is the very essence
of thankfulness. Those who are fortu
nate enough to pass through the possi
bilities of danger unscathed return with
an added degree of thankfulness; those
less fortunate would be ingrates, indeed.
did they not feel thankful that they es
caped with their lives from what easily
might have been fatal Injuries.
And so along the whole line. The
tired housewife presiding at the family
feast Is thankful that dinner Is ready
and that it meets her expectations. The
children are thankful for a day on
which school does not keep; the shop
girl for a day on which the store closes;
the hotclkeeper for increased patronage;
the minieter for an opportunity ta ex
hort his people to acts of charity and
humanity; the poor for a day that
brings plenty to their tables; women
school teachers for a day in which they
can sew on buttons, 'darn stockings and
read the latest magazines; men school
teachers for a day In "which they can
escape the routine of school, life and
cheer on the rooters in the football
game; the editor-for a topic upon which
it is easy to write; the newspaper re
porter for the grist that the occasion
brings to his mill. .
All depends upon-the point of view.
But looking over -the wide range one
must conclude that though the old
spirit of thanksgiving that pervaded the
Puritan colonies In the years when
plenty was new to them and freedom
from Indian wars and religious oppres
sion was taken as a direct gift from
God, given in answer to their supplica
tions, has been superseded by change.
thankfulness still abides with the
American people and finds expression in
a .multitude of forms.
Could old thanksgiving services be
revived there are few who would enjoy
them But the multitude goes out to
meet the newfThanksglvlng day gladly
thankful, for-its. coming thankful for
Its pleasures, each from his or her own
point of view and finally thankful for
its passing. And who shall say that the
quality of this modern spirit of thank
fulness as expressed throughout the
length and breadth of the land on our
latest yesterday was not equal In sin
cerity, in charity, in humanity and in
gratitude to that of the Thanksgiving
spirit of the far-away yesterdays of the
All of the world has been wondering
over the enormous shipments of wheat
that have been coming out of Russia
for several months. Week after week
they have exceeded all previous records
for a corresponding period,, and In the
past fortnight have reached the enor
mous total of more than 13,000,000 bush
els. Some explanation of these condi
tlons is found in the following extract
from a Berlin letter in a New York pa
The. peasants all over Russia are clamor
ing or foodL. and the . flood of men who re
turn from the cities to which they had. Wan
dered in search of work, to their native vil
lages, has turned, hunger into starvation. In
East Russia, only two months after the har
vest, peasants are eating roots, blrchbark
and weeds, and a handful of rotten grain
mixed with six handfuls of potatoes, acorns.
chopped grass and bark is now Russia's
recipe for making bread.
It is apparent from this that these
enormous shipments are being made at
the expense of the Russian people, who"
are in actual need of bread themselves,
The great portion of Russia's wheat is
owned by the nobility, and the serfs
Who grew It for them are now forced
to starve while the rich owners take ad
vantage of the high prices and flood
the European, markets with supplies
which are sadly needed at home.
The steamship Main, which arrived at
New York yesterday, brought 2551
-steerage passengers. . Considering that
the cut rates have ceased and the emi
grant season is usually, supposed to be
over before this time, it is apparent
that there is an unusual longing on the
part of Europeans to reaoh the land
of the free. The continued large ar
rivals of steerage passengers from the
Old World dojiot argue well for the
future of the American laborer In the
large cities -of the East, w, for. that'
Lmatter, in the West Most of this-labor
comes from congested centers In Eu-
rope; where the candidate for- position
is not looKea over very careruiiy ror
the union brand. There it has always
been a case; of long hours and low
wages, and to- such people the shorter
hours and . greater pay, even if It Is
slightlybelow. the union schedule, can
not but appeal powerfully to them when
they reach this country. From a'labor
l.standpointr closing our gates to the Chl-
nese and leaving them open to all kinds
of European offscourings savors some-
-whatf stopping a leak at the vent and
leaving the bunghole open.
Berlin and Paris bankers are reported
to have made all arrangements for
financing 5260,000,000 of Russian treas
ury bonds bearing 5 per cent Interest.
Of the amount named the Germans are
expected to take $100,000,000 and the
French the remainder. As the French
have already Invested a good many mil
lions In Russian" securities, their finan
cial Interest In the success of the Czar
In the Far East Is becoming quite Im
portant. Russia could continue to back
up from the shores of the Pacific for a
number of miles beyond the border of
the .territory which. the Japanese desire
and still retain considerable prestige as
one of the big powers of the world
amply able to meet her obligations. At
the same time, when she is assuming
these obligations at the rate of $260,-
000,000 at a haul, her financial backers
may be excused for displaying an Inter
est In Russian success that Is some
thing more than impartial and unpreju
A British ship which sailed from
Hamburg for Portland In December,
1903, did not reach Astoria until yes
terday. Her master probably took ad
vantage of the day and was duly thank
ful that he reached port before 1905.
Drake, Cabrlllo, Juan de Fuca and the
rest of the old-timers who called around
the Horn several hundred years ago
used to make better time than this with
the diminutive boxes that passed for
ships in those old days. In justice to
the master of the Holt Hill, which is the
name of this successful candidate for
long-passage honors, it might be stated.
that Drake and his fellow navigators
were not obliged to put in on the way,
for repairs. This might have been due
to the fact that there were no known
places where repairs could be made.
The psychological causes of prohibl
tlon In the several towns and counties
that went dry November 8 are easy to
find. In every case they came from In
decency and lawlessness of gamblers
and saloon-keepers. The lesson will
have a wholesome effect Public sent!
ment. will not be affronted in future as
it has been at Condon. Corvallls. Mc-
Mlnnvllle, Tillamook and Marshtield
and North Bend.
If Oregon mlHtla boys shall go to
China to organize the Empress Tsi An's
army, that lady will find them a
stalwart, handsome set and gallant
with the ladles. Evidently the Empress
has heard the fame. ,of the Oregon boys.
Mavbe brewers have formed a pool of
their own "to stay out of the market 1
The price. 31 cents, looks bigger than It
iid a little while ago.
With Turkey at 25. cents a pound we
ought all to consider ourselves both.
lucky and thankful that we had the
TRIBESMEN WORRY RUSSIANS.
Camp Followers at Mukden Arc Com
mitting Many Dearest I ens.
MUKDEN, Nov. 24. Muca Qlflsculty
is being experienced with. camp fol
lowers, mostly Circassians, Tartars
and other tribesmen from the Cauca
sus. They swagger around in cloaks
and fur hats, with daggers at their
bolts, and have committed so many
depredations that severo measures
have been adopted to get rid of them.
The general question of housing the
people of Mukden is serious. Chinese
from all the surrounding country are
flocking in for the Winter, and, be
sides the military, quarters must be
found for many civilian employes.
members of sanitary corps, etc A small
room with no conveniences now costs
$3 a day, whereas before the war half
a dozen small houses In the corral,
were Tented for $50 a year. The ques
tion of heating is even mora serious.
Wood is worth a cent a pound. The
commissariat is struggling to make
ample provision, still there is bound- to
be much suffering, especially at the
front. Fortunately warm clothing for
the soldiers has arrived.
RECRUITS FAIL TO SHOW UP.
Russian Defections Constitute a Very
SPECIAL CABINS TO THE LONDON' T1ME3
AND PORTLAND OREGONIAX.
ST. PETERSBURG. Nov.. .25. Defections
on the part of recruits for the army this
year are not only exceptionally lareo. bu
they are completely defeating the efforts
of the military authorities in many thick
ly populated recruiting areas. Of these
areas Southern Russia and Poland are
typical." There Is no getting over the diffl
culty, for the recruits simply fall to appear
at the centers of military registration.
At .ttishiner, while the great majority of
the Christian recruits turned up fairly
punctually, over 30 per cent of the Jews
failed to aooear for registration. In the
majority of cases inquiries by the military
authorities show that prudent young Jews
have shaken the Russian dust off their
feet betimes and are now over Russian
frontiers. Immune from punishment. In
certain districts of the Kherson govern
ment the defections are approximately 50
per cent Jewish. At SImerpole, Jewish
sources state, a record was created, 90
per cent of the Jewish recruits falling to
appear, and the bulk of them can nowhere
SHELLS CAUSE FIRE AT ARTHUR
Huge Pile of Coal Is Ignited by the
CHEFOO. Nov. 24. A huge pit of coal
near the railway station at Port Arthur
was ignited by Japanese shells on No
vember 20. and. according to unmese ar-
rivine here by Junk today, it was still
burning when they left the besieged town
on November 22.
A Japanese torpedo-boat destroyed over-
hauled this junk, but allowed it to pro
ceed. Another Junk with six Hindoos
on board was taken ashore, where the
Junk was burned. The passengers were
sent to Dalny.
Russians Set Fire to Village.
TOKIO, Nov. 2i. Manchurlan headquar
ters. In a telegram dated November 23, re
"At midnight November 22, TOO oi tne
enemy's infantry attacked Slnglung
tun. Our advanced picket, after resist
ing the attack for several hours, safe
ly retired to tho main body. The vil
lage was entirely burned by the enemy.
"At dawn. November 23, the enemy
made several surprise attacks near me
Shakhe railway bridge and at Paot-
suyen, but the attacks were entirely
Russia Will Float Loan in January.
LONDON. Nov. 24. In London financial
circles, it is understood that the negotia
tions have practically been concluded for
the issue 4n Berlin and Paris simultane
ously in January of 5 per cent Russian
treasury bonds to the value or sso.cw.wq
for five or seven years, the price of the
issue to be about the same as that of the
last Paris loan, Berlin taking JIOO.000,000,
and the same French bankers who made
the last loan taking $160,000,000.
Capture of Steamer Confirmed.
unJu UU. iluv. xi. jLilt; icjiuit, buai. tuc
nnmn TT,o-V.r.Tr- Innn nritVi 5rt Ylrt tin
)f meat was captured by the Japanese-
vootcrilflv -rc-hiu trvlnir to enter Port Ar-
thur, appears to be correct. Tne Tung-
chow was a British vessel, and belonged
to Butterfleld & Swire, of Shanghai. Last
Monday, when leaving Shanghai, she was
transferred at the last moment to a man
believed to be
acting for the Russian
Presents for Japanese Soldiers.
TOKIO, Nov. 24. Several charitable
organizations, headed by the ladles of
Via nntrlntlr societies. ar arrnnerlncr
in BPnd New Year presents to every
In thn flflld. TVia rrfntrlVmMnn
already assured Indicate that there will j
be enough to give each soldier two
I presents. The people of Tokio are con-
XriDuling lauustuiuij ui patnasca, ettcii
containing a number of useful articles.
Coal Stores Probably Burned.
TOKIO. Nov. 24. Telegraphing today.
the headquarters of the army before Port
"The conflagration in the buildings near
the arsenal, caused by our naval guns.
which, as reported yesterday, began about
noon, November 22, continued until
o'clock on the morning of November 23.
It is probable that the coal stores have
Catenas Will Be Released.
ST. PETERSBURG, Nov. 24. A bond to
cover the value or tne untisn steamer
Calchas, captured by the Vladivostok
sauadron while bound from Puget Sound
ports to Japan. Pending a final decision
In her case, has been filed, and orders
have been telegraphed to .Vladivostok to
Another German Red Cross Train.
BERLIN, Nov. 24. The German Red
Cross Society has prepared another
'sanitary train for nursing the Russian
sick and wounded. The tram will pro
ceed to the frontier in a few days.
-txrhnrA -will h turned over to the
Spanish Pretender Decorated.
SS. PETERSBURG. Nov. 24. It Is an
nounced from Mukden that Don Jaime, of
Bourbon, son of Don Carlos, the -Spanish
"pretender has been decorated with the
order of st" Anne with sworcs tor gallan
try In several engagements. ,
General Mobilization in Russia.
LONDON. Nov. 24. The correspondent
government has decided to start
i- January a general mobilization
In January a general
throughout European Russia.
Kuropatkln May Ciange Tactics.
MUKDEN, Nov. -24. The, artillery
jias been silent for two days. The opin
ion prevails that if tne Japanese ao
not attack. General Kuropatkln will
take the offensive again.
Drexef Trying to Sell Russia Yacht,
i ST. PETERSBURG. Nov. 24. It Is un
derstood that Anthony J. Drexel is, try
ing to sell his steam yacht Margherita, of
the New York Yacht Club, to itussia.
.Sign North Sea Convention Today.
ST PETERSBURG. Nov. 21. The : An-
glo-Ruslan convention on the Hubject of
- " the North Sea incident will probably not
1 b signed until tomorrow.
ROOSEVELT LIAVIS FOR FAIR.
RoMcvcIt and Party Will Take In
St. Leuis Expocltien Tomerraw.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 24. President
Roosevelt left here at midnight tonight
for a -visit to the St. Louis Exposition.
He was accompanied "by Mrs. Roose
velt, Miss Alice Roosevelt, Mr. and Mrs-.
Douglas "Robinson, Secretary and Mrs.
Loeb, Surgeon-General Rlxey of th
Navy, M- C Latta of the Executive of
fice, and representatives of the press
associations. The party occupied a
special train on the Pennsylvania
Railroad, which is scheduled to arrive
in St. Louis Saturday morning at 9
An interesting programme,, which
will take up all the Presidents time
while in the exposition city, has been
prepared by the local committee. Sat
urday will be spent visiting various
points in the exposition grounds. At
night the Presidential party will attend
a banquet in the main building in tne
Tyrolean Alps at which probably 600
or more people will be present. It is
anounced that the President will not
make any speeches on his trip, al
though it is not improbable he will
make some Impromptu remarks at the
Saturday evening affair.
Sunday will be passed quietly In St
Louis, and at midnight the President
and party will leave on their special
train for Washington, arriving here at
7 o clock Tuesday morning.
Whilo In St. Louis the President Mrs.
Roosevelt Miss Roosevelt, Secretary
and Mrs. Loeb and Dr. Rlxey are to be
the guests of William H. Thompson,
the treasurer of the Exposition. Com
pany. Mr. and Mrs. Robinson will be
entertained by President Francis.
Train at Baltimore.
BALTIMORE, Nov. 25. President
Roosevelt's train, bearing the Chief
Maglstrato and party from Washington
to St Louis, arrived here at 1 A AL
After chansdnjr engines the train or
three cars left" at 1:05 A M. over the
Northern Central Railroad for Jtiarris
burtr. Pa., where the train will bo
switched on to the main trades of tne
PRINCE LEAVES ST. LOUIS.
Fushima Will Continue to Tour Amer
lea Before Returning to Japan.
ST. LOUIS. Nov. 24. Prince Fushima,
who has been visiting the Exposition since
last Saturday, departed today for Phila
delphia and will continue to tour America
before returning to Japan. Every courtesy
has been extended to Prince Fushima ana
his oartv durinsr his visit here, and every
thing has been done to snow tne visitors
the entire world's iair aunng tne lim
ited time permitted.
Mr. Sato stated that Prince Jfusnima
had enjoyed his visit here, and carried
away the fondest remembrances.
Premier Laurier at Fair.
ST. LOUIS. Nov. 24. Sir Wilfrid Laurier.
Premier of Canada, and a distinguished
party reached tho World's Fair grounds
on board a special car today. After a tour
of the grounds President Francis enter
tained the party at luncheon, and they
left tonight for a trip, through tne west.
Vice-President of Mexico Going Home
EL PASO. Tex.. Nov. 24. Vice-Presi
dent Ramon Corral, of Mexico, and party
passed through El Paso today en route to
Mexico City alter a visit io xne unneu
Offered South American Office
rEDFORD. Or.. Nov. 24. (Special.) J,
w Tiprrian. ex-suoerintenaent or tne
United States hatchery on Rogue River,
which he managed with marked success
for several years, has been tendered
nnsitlon and a Ave years' contract at
liberal salary by the Argentine Republic,
of South America, to go to that country
and assist in Introducing the propagation
of food fish in the fivers of the republic.
Owintr to private business Mr. iserrian
will probably decline the offer.
CANN.OT PREJUDICE JAPAN.
Russians Find Her Regard for Amer
ica Is Very Great.
SPECIAL CABLES TO THE LONDON1 TIMES
AND PORTLAND OREGON IAN.
TOKIO. Nov. 25. As to the attempts or
I - - . -
I Dno.hn 1nt"ritrUfrR to SOW QlSCOru DelWeeil
Japan and America and create the feeling
I in imMra that Japan's success in the
present war would jeopardize Americas
position In the Philippines, nothing could
be m0re chimerical. It is doubtful
-whether Great Britain holds" a higher place
jan's esteem and affection than
The writer says this sentiment is of
long and unchecked growth. It began un
der the diplomatic regime oi xownsenu
Harris and the numerous instances ot
America's friendship since that time have
rii resulted that no Western nation is
more cherished by Japan than America.
I TVioa ronnlderatlonS should suffice to
show how extravagant Is the suggestion
that Japan would ever resent the noat-
lng of the Stars and stripes over tne
jriillloplnes. On the contrary, America's
withdrawal from the Philippines would be
regarded by the Japanese as little short
of a calamity.- since ner presence consti
tutes a guarantee for the continuance of
her wholesome Interest in Far Eastern
Townsend Harris, representing the Unit
ed States in the Orient in 1858, secured
tho first treaty of trade and commerce
between the United States and Japan and
the opening of three ports to foreign resi
WOULD MAKE WAR IMPOSSIBLE
Britain Believed to Favor Re-Enact
. ment of OIney-Pauncefote Treaty.
GLASGOW, Nov. 25. The Glasgow
Herald comments on the fact that tne
mutual acceptance of the Anglo-Ameri
can treaty was announced on November
9. but that It has not yet Deen signea
The oaner conjectures tnat tne aeiay may
be due to the inclination of both govern
ments to bring about a re-enactment of
the Olney-Pauncefote treaty of 1897, there
being unmistakable evidence tnat tne ad
visability of such a course is being con
Bldered. While the treaty or isa may
not fit present conditions in its entirety.
it would be an easy matter, the paper
says, to change it accordingly, retaining.
however, those provisions wnicn are
lareelv in excess of the bonds created
between the United States and other
pmmtrlps by the various treaties now
nondlnsr. If this course were taken, the
Herald says, the possibility of war be
tween Great Britain and tne unitea
States would be made almost an impos
Forts Occupied by Japanese
ttt1. a twit A TITERS OF THE THIRD
JAPANESE ARMY BEFORE PORT AB-
THUR. Nov. 23, via Fusan. ov. 24. The
only permanent forts In the possession oi
the Japanese are the two Panlung forts
captured In August They hold the ad
vance works of the Rihilng redoubt called
Pr. lironatkin. an intrenched hill mis
-olio "P fort Kubo Hill. jacniia.K.JJW"a.
and One Hundred and Seventy-Four Me
ter HUL They also occupy the caponlere,
galleries and moats of the two Rlhlung
forts and north Keswan iutu
Crews of Black Sea Fleet Mutiny
ST. PETERSBURG. Nov. 24. According
to a private telegram from Sebastopol a
portion of the craws of the Black Sea
fleet mutinied jNOvemoer i-, uuu
nr th revolutionary propaganda-
Tho mutiny. It Is added, was quelled by
f-ro nf nrms. and several of the muti
neers were wounded." No confirmation of
the report Is obtainable at the Admiralty.
SOTE A3U) COMMENT,
Started klekins "agamr
Morality seems catching.
Everyone is a stand-patter -when it
comes to excluding yellow lever. ,
It appears that the foundation was in
the charges instead of in the sewer.
Fits Is going to put a breakfast food on
the market "A Punch In Every Pack
age." , ...
We are authorized to deny the rumor
that the Mazamas will next tackle one of
the Salmon-street humps.
There Is a project on foot in London
to revive the tournament No doubt Car
negie stands ready to supply the Knlght3
with trusty armor from Pittsburg.
The following notice, says an exchange.
has been placed In a prominent .position
on the walls of a music hall in Glasgow:
"Whistling or cheering with the feet is
Our friend General Huertas . has gone
somewhere with a military band and 10)
men. Surely he doesn't contemplate In
vading these United States as a minstrel
troupe. He seems to have all the
The New York Sun chronicles, the death
of the city's greatest "black eye "artist"
If a man was unlucky enough to get a
black eye .In a scrap he went to Tom
Kean and had It painted out It was an
It is with surprise one learns, that the
Czar has just received a. letter from
President Roosevelt congratulating him on
the birth of an heir. An event so pecu
liarly in accord with the Roosevelt dac-
tiine, one would have thought, demand
ed the Impetuous cable rather than the
New York may have a law forbidding
any person from taking part in any con
test of "speed, skill and endurance" for
more than three hours out of the 24. It
has been pointed out that this"" would in
clude poker in the. prohibition, but the
public would probably endure that if sat
isfied that speech-making would come
within the same category.
Prince Fushlma's loss of jewels should
be a timely reminder to the pagan trav
eler that he Is now In a Christian coun
try, where barbaric accumulations of
wealth unless made In the due course of
squeezing, the public are looked upon
with disfavor. The Incident should also
remind tho Prince that his country still
has something to learn from America.
The "first book of the war" is an
nounced by the Scribners. Would that It
were the last but we shall have many
tribulations before that desirable stage is
reached. This one Is called '-'With Ku
rokl in Manchuria" all books on wars
bear the "with" title, "With Kitchener
to Khartoum." and so forth. It is a deli
cate way the correspondent has- of letting
the public know that he was not entirely
unaccompanied and that he didn't conduct
the campaign entirely without assistance.
While we cannot commend the qualities
displayed by Messrs. Ryan and Root in
their recent ring encounter, it 13 impos
sible to refrain from admiration of their
acumen. "The fighters are in the box
office, counting up the money," the ref
eree explained to the small'crowd at the
ringside, "when protests were made
against the delay in starting the fight It
is Just, such prudence as thlJtliat has
made Rockefeller the greatest man -of his
generation, and Messrs. Root and Ryan
are qualified to treat with that foremost of
Americans as equal3 and not Inferiors.
Indeed," we think they are Rockefeller's
superiors, for the oil he sells Is good stuff,
while Ryan and Root got -the money for
A few mornings ago one of the foremen
In an important factory returned from hia
usual tour of Inspection through several
workshops, says Tit-Bits, and found to hia
great annoyance that he had lost a cuff
linkone of a pair that he greatly prized.
Hoping that he should somehow hear of Its
whereabouts, since he felt sure that one
of the workmen would find it, he allowed
the day to pass by without making any
announcement of his loss. But the time
for finishing work drew rapidly on with
out any sign of the missing link, and so
he decided that without further waste of
time he would set about seeking It A
notice, written- in very large letters, waa
therefore placed at once in the most con
spicuous position In the works. This was
how the notice was worded: "Mr. M ,
having lost a gold cuff-link, would bs
very much obliged If the finder would re
turn It as soon as possible to the owner.
A little later on he passed the notice, and
his -feelings may be better Imagined than
described when he saw the following lines
appended: "The finder of the missing curt
link would be very much obliged If Mr.
M would lose ths. other one."
. WEX. J.
URGES RUSSIA MAKE TREATY
Leading Paper Favors Trade Agree
ment With America.
ST. PETERSBURG, Nov. 24. The
Bourse Gazette revives the question ot
a new commercial treaty with the United
States. Tho paper says it notes with sat
isfaction that the negotiation of commer
cial treaties forms a part of President
Roosevelt's programme for the coming
administration, and that the consumma
tion is to be greatly desired between Rus
sia and America. Commercial wars, the
Gazette adds, are In the long run almost
as costly and disastrous a3 armed hostili
ties. The paper says Russia ought to be
willing to meet any American overtures
half way, and that the result should be
equally beneficial to both countries.
Kruger's Estate Worth $3,750,000.
NEW YORK, Nov. 24. Paul Kruger, the
late President of the Transvaal Republic,
left a fortune estimated by the Amster
dam correspondent of the World at $3,750.
000. He bequeathed $125,000 to various so
cieties in Holland, and sums, to all the
funds opened after the South, African War
for the support of the Boer widows and
orphans. Bequests also were made for
the maintenance of the Dutch language.
German Cereal Crops Improving.
BERLIN, Nov. 24. Favorable weather
conditions throughout Germany have
worked a great improvement in the con
dition of cereal crops. On a scale of two
for good and three for medium. Winter
wheat was rated at the middle of No
vember at 2.2, which has not been ex
celled since 1833.
Russian Ships Sail From Cape Skagen
CAPE SKAGEN. Denmark, Nov. 24.
The second division of the Russian sec
ond Pacific squadron sailed this morning.
Entertain American Colony at Rome.
ROME. Nov. 24. Ambassador Meyer this
afternoon entertained the American col
ony in honor of Thanksgiving day.