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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 23, 1904)
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PORTLAND, WEDNESDAY, NOV. 23. ISM.
A GEAYE QUESTION.
There is general discission by the
presa of the country. North and South,
Bine the election,- of the suggestion
that, elnoe In the states where the
negro population is large disfranchise
ment of the negroes lias been general,
the basis of representation should be
reduced, so that the white people of
such states shall not be allowed to have
representatives in Congress and in the
electoral colleges for such disfranchised
black population. The second section
of the Fourteenth Amendment Is cited
as. warrant for such proposition, to-wlt:
Representatives shall be apportioned among
the several states according to their respec
tive numbers, counting the whole number o
persons in each state, excluding Indians not
taxed. But when the right to vote at any
election for the choice of electors for Presi
dent and Vice-President of the United
States, Representatives In Congress, the ex
ecutive and judicial officers of a state, or the
members of the Legislature thereof, Is de
nied to any of the male Inhabitants of such
state, being 21 years of age, and citizens of
the United States, or In any way abridged,
except for participation in rebellion or other
crime, the basis of representation therein
shall be reduced in the proportion which the
number of such malo .citizens shall bear to
the whola number of male citizens 21 years
of age in such state.
Now the question is whether the right
tn vote has been denied or abridged,
"except for participation in rebellion or
other crime." There is no doubt, as to
the intent and result; the negro popula
tion has been cut out of the electorate.
It has been done by subtle devices
which rule the blacks out but leave the
whites in. The white man, though ut
terly illiterate, may vote simply be
cause his ancestors did. It is a test
that rules the black man out Politi
cians of the South, insist that this is no
violation of the Fourteenth Amend
ment. A test case is before the Su
preme Court, upon which probably
there will soon be an authoritative de
cision. It is possible, .however that
Congress may take direct action. The
Republican National Convention, in
June last, adopted this declaration:
We favor such Congressional action as shall
determine whether by special discriminations
the elective franchise In any state has been
unconstitutionally limited, and, if such Is the
case, we demand that representation In Con
gress and In the electoral college shall be
proportionally reduced as directed by the
Constitution of the United States.
The question may be subject to the
political tribunal the Congress as well
as to the judicial one the Supreme
Court. Yet so complex is the subject,
so beset with difficulties of many de
scriptions, so involved with the usages
of the states. North as well as South,
and with problems of constitutional his
tory, that The Oregonlan has not sup
posed Congress would seriously under
take to cut Southern representation.
Still, there are signs that on the part of
the South, there might not be such op
position, as has been supposed. Two
days ago we quoted Governor Varda
man, of Mississippi, on this point. We
now find the Atlanta Constitution say
ing: There ore many Southerners perhaps most
of them who feel that If reduced represent
tatlon In Congress is to be the payment for
the elimination of -the race Issue as a dis
turbing factor, the price paid for the bene
fits to accrue would be reasonable. indeed
so long as such representation Is based upon
the list of qualified voters North and South
alike containing the names of citizens about
whoso right to enjoy the franchise there can
be no possible doubt.
But it wouldn't eliminate the race
issue; and that probably is the chief
reason why Congress would hesitate.
However, Teduction of the representa
tion wouldn't make the race issue any
more acute than it is. But sentiment
alists would object to it, because it
would be tantamount to cutting the
black population of the disfranchising
states out of the )ody politic, and to ac
quiescence by the United States In the
proceeding as a permanent policy.
A QUESTION FOB PARENTS.
A trustworth3' expert says there are
15,000 boys in Chicago, between the ages
of 14 and 16, who are learning to be
loafers and criminals due to the double
cause that the factory law forbids then
employment for more than eight hours
a day of youths between these ages,
and to the rules of labor unions that
shut apprentices out of opportunities to
learn trades except in very small num
bers. Fathers throw these obstacles in
the way of their own sons, and con
demn them to idleness, penury and
The same policy and'its consequences
are noted everywhere. They are visi
ble here in Portland though perhaps
in less degree than in older and larger
cities. Doubtless the eight-hour law of
Chicago is well intended; "but It rules
out a large number of strong and
sturdy boys, because many employers
refuse to hire those 'who cannot work
ten. hours a day. The law, as .this ex
pert declares, thus becomes hurtful to
those whose professed object It Is to
protect. And everywhere the rules of
labor unions against apprentices ex
clude multitudes of boys, not only from
opportunity to earn their living, but
from learning trades upon which they
could build up later.
Is it not a shortsighted policy in par
ents thus to condemn their own off
spring to idle. Inefficient, useless and
perhaps criminal lives?
JURIES AND GEOGRAPHY.
It has been our pleasure heretofore to
justify the jury system, and to charac
terize with fitting severity the common
Inclination to make a jest of the Intelli
gence and discernment of the average
talesman. It is gratifying to record
again the triumphant vindication of the
great American Institution by no less
than four different juries during the
past eight days. They have by their
incandescent insight Into more or less
obvious facts done. much to silence the
foul slanders directed against them
i. e., the system and have made it
clear that virtue and Innocence are safe
in their hands, while the guilty only
For -some months a coterie of public
spirited citizens has been conducting an
establishment at Fifth and Alder
streets, devoted to the education of our
youth and the speedy distribution of
their unearned increment. To that end
various devices were employed, harm
less, attractive, and occasionally, we
must admit, a trifle expensive; but, so
far as possible, the practices of our
most popular clubs and our most pro
gressive church societies were followed.
The Sole object was to cultivate among
the members and patrons a more gener
ous spirit toward their fellows and a
less miserly feeling toward themselves.
All went well for a long period, and the
most philanthropic objects of these pub
lic benefactors were in a fair way to be
accomplished when misfortune overtook
them, and their saloon was rudely
broken into, their property confiscated,
their doors- closed, their patrons dis
persed and their personal freedom
threatened by the misguided and misin
formed minions of the law. Mr. Grant,
Mr. Dale and Mr. Solomon were, to
their great surprise and chagrin, ar
rested on, the astounding charge of gam
bling. To make the long story of their
tribulations short, they have been suc
cessively exonerated by three juries,
which knew a hawk from ahandsaw,
which is the difference between ping
pong and faro, between Fifth and Al
der and Burnslde streets. For, behold!
the juries have taken judicial cogni
zance of the great geographical fact
that the distinction between vice and
virtue is the distance from Fifth and
Alder streets to Burnside street. Eu
gene Blazier, owner of a gilded resort
on Burnslde, Was totally unable to
prove an alibi for his establishment,
and a jury of his peers yesterday
promptly found him guilty of gambling.
As a -man Is known by the company
he keeps, and the locality he does busi
ness in, so is morality, like gold, where
you find It.
"We may well deplore the efforts of
some susplclous-mlnded persons who
have thought to point out political sig
nificance in" the fact that the three gen
tlemen -who have been officially purged
of the charge of gambling were among
the most active opponents of the pres
ent reform District Attorney, and the
present reform Sheriff, in the late cam
paign; while the gambler who has been
declared to be a gambler was among
their efficient supporters. "What of it?
Such are the penalties of politics, even
when the game is played according to
Hoyle. The law has no favorites. "We
cannot always escape the solicitous In
terest of our undesirable friends, nor
the open hostility of our desirable ene
mies. FIELD FOE INDUSTRIAL CONQUEST.
The time Is coming In the not far
distant future when there will be an
other conquest of that land in the Far
East that Is now red with the blood of
Japanese and Russians. "Whichever
side wins in this great conflict now rag
ing with such severity, an enormous
trade will spring up, and, in the fight
for that trade, the victorious contest
ants will understand to the fullest ex
tent that the victories of peace are
vastly more pleasant and profitable
than those of war. The terrible loss
of life which has taken place since the
present strife began can, of course,
never be made good, but for the awful
waste of war through the destruction
of p property there Is a remedy. "With
the silencing of the wardrums in Man
churia that land of wonderful resources
will echo with the roar of a new com
merce which promises to dwarf all pre
vious movements of its kind that have
ever been witnessed in the Far East.
"We can all remember how decrepit.
superstitious China began pulsating
with a new life as soon as the Japanese
victories enabled Germany and Eng
land to plant the banner of civilization
a little farther back Into that land of
mystery where grinning idols ruled.
Portland and Puget Sound especially
can understand what that commercial
movement which followed the break-up
of China meant to the trade of the Pa
cific It was not alone to repair the
damages of a war, insignificant In com
parison with that which is now raging,
that we sent out of the Columbia Hlver
steamship after steamship with the
largest lumber cargoes ever floated,
whilefrom all Coast ports great fleets of
mammoth carriers conveyed flour, ma
chinery, railroad material, structural
iron and equipment, cotton and vast
quantities of other material.
The use, or even the existence, of
many of these commodities was prac
tically unknown to most of the Orient
als that have since become such good
customers. They bought our lumber.
Iron, machinery and other commodi
ties at flrstto aid them in repairing the
ravages of war, next in obedience to
that adage which is the same in all
languages, "In time of peace prepare
for war," and finally because the ad
vantages of the white man's civilization
appealed to them and they were anx
ious to adopt the methods by which It
was hastened. All that has been gained
in the past, however, will be in
significant in comparison with that
which awaits the trade rustlers of
the world when victors and vanquished
lay down their arms and begin in ear
nest to repair the damage wrought by
war. Few, If any, nations able to
finance a war .since the world be
gan have - been unable v to raise) the
money required for reconstruction pur
poses after that war ended, and for
these purposes alone both Russia and
Japan will spend millions, and perhaps
hundreds of millions.
The mines of Manchuria are reported
of marvelous richness, ber agricultural
lands are vast in extent and rich in
possibilities. In the development of
both of these great resources railroads
will be needed, and throughout the
country cities and ,towns will be built.
Mining machinery and agricultural im
plements will be required, and Iron,
steel, electrical machinery and hundreds
of other manufactured products which
are concomitants of modern civiliza
tion will all find a market. The-United
States will, of course, have rivals in
this trade, but in so many of the com
modities needed this country Is so far la
advance of the other countries of the
world that we have but little to fear.
American flour mills are already grind
ing wheat in Manchuria, and American
stamp mills are pounding out gold In
the same country.
The Russians endeavored to make
Harbin, that city of mushroom growth,
as distinctly Russian as possible, but
the lumber, structural iron and most of
the equipment and finishing for its
building were of American manufac
ture, and It was hauled to its destina
tion by American locomotives over
American rails laid on American ties
under the direction of American rail
roaders. The natives of Mukden, whose
existence on the map was known to but
few Americans when the present war
begin, are negotiating with American
manufacturers for electric railroad,
telephone and lighting systems. This
trade bonanza will not soon be worked
out, and as the best part of the pay
streak belongs to the Pacific Coast by
right of natural location, there are
great possibilities in store for us as
soon as the war ends.
TROUBLES OF AN EMPEROR.
The report 13 again current that the
Emperor of Germany ls-Jormented by
a throat disease that calls for heroic
treatment and to which is added a seri
ous affection of the ear. Specialists of
high degree are In close attendance
upon the imperial patient, and rumors
of serious and delicate operations un
dertaken in the hope of relieving, his
sufferings are rife. Menaced by a dis
ease from which both of his parents
died when scarcely past middle lifej we
can well believe that the Emperor's
days and nights are full of foreboding,
even when not harassed by physical
pain, while during the frequently re
curring periods Irt which his ailment
Assumes an active and virulent form
his fortitude is taxed to the utmost in
order to support a calm and hopeful
exterior. The late Emperor Frederick
proved himself a true hero in the forti
tude with which he bore the physical
suffering Incident to the progress of the
deadly disease that fastened upon his
throat while he was still Crown Prince
of Germany. But the sublime point of
heroism was only reached when, having
at length become Emperor, he was un
able to assume except in name the high
duties of his station, and relinquished
life and all that It held for him uncom
plainingly. General Grant was another hero who,
being compelled to surrender at the
behest of disease, maintained through
long months of hopeless suffering a
brave and patient spirit. Whether or
not Emperor "William will at length be
done to death by the insidious foe that
has seized him by the throat can only
be conjectured. Medical and surgical
science have made wonderful advance
In the few years that have passed since
General Grant and the Emperor and
Empress Frederick came to their death
from cancer, of the throat. It remains
to be seen whether human sWH has yet
reached a point where It can cope with
and vanquish this most Insidious and
relentless enemy to human life.
WHEN ITS TOO LATE TO MEND.
It is a rather tardy and exceedingly
foolish type of parental duty that
awakens to a sense of obligation after
minor children are married and pur
sues them hot foot with a determina
tion to "break up the match." A father
in a case of this kind becomes conspicu
ous for his folly, even if he is able to
show that parental solicitude urges him
to this course. But when, as in a case
recently reported to the police of this
city, he seeks to discipline his daughter
for marrying against his will, and In
cidentally to punish his youthful son-in-law
for Inciting her to disobedience
and participating in the offense, he be
comes conspicuous for a vindictlveness
that turns the current of popular sym
pathy to the silly boy and girl who flew
to matrimony as a solace for childish
Clearly the time for breaking up a
love affair between two vealy young
people has passed when the marriage
ceremony has taken place. If parents
who really desire the separation of a
boy and girl who have been secretly or
fraudulently married will exercise a
little patience, the wish will be fulfilled
without interference on their part
Children grow tired of the great game
of matrimony. It does not take the
child-wife long to decide that the best
thing for her to do is to "arise and go
to her father," especially when, as is
not infrequently the case, the boy-husband
is not at hand to detain or try to
There Is one portion of the Columbia
River for which Senator Foster is ask
ing an appropriation that will not be
"knocked" by the Puget Sound papers.
It Is that stretch lying between the
mouth of the Okanogan River and Ket
tle Falls. Along this portion of the Co
lumbia River, touching the shores of
Douglas, Lincoln, Okanogan, Ferry and
Stevens Counties. Is a land of wonder
ful richness. It Is a great region for
fruit and small farming, and, in spite of
Its Inaccessibility some very rich mines
have been developed. Cheap water
transportation, or. In fact, almost any
kind of transportation, would cause a
veritable boom in that region, and any
appropriation in reason that will be
asked will receive the support of the
Oregon delegation as well as the "Wash
ington delegation In Congress. That
portion of the Columbia, or any other
portion, in fact, will never reach the
fullness of its development until the
lower and middle reaches of the. mighty
stream, receive the attention due
them in the way of Government aid
This Is a fact that should be borne In
mind by some of the "Washington
statesmen who seem to feel'It a duty to
oppose all projects for Improvement of
the Lower Columbia.
The Legislative delegation of King
County has again "signed on" lor a
voyage which would not be a good In
surance risk if any one cared to under
write It again possible disaster. The
Senators and Representatives have
agreed to stand pat and vote for Sam
uel H. Piles for Senator to the end.
This in effect means that King County
expects to force the rest of the State of
"Washington to support her candidate.
It also savors of the old "rule-or-ruin
policy" which has many a time landed
the political aspirations of King County
in the scrap heap. Pierce County has
a Senatorial candidate whose record
and personality give him at least as
good a claim on the position as that of
the King County man, but the Pierce
County candidate will not attempt to
tie his support up so tight that it can
not go to some other man to prevent a
deadlock, or the election perhaps of an
The Japanese are said to have re
duced the system of "tipping" to a sci
ence, and have made it a fair business
transaction. Plainly posted In the of
fices of teahouses of the Island Empire
are the rates of hospitality. These dif
fer according to the rank of the visitor,
but v are extremely reasonable for all.
After reading these he has tea and
cakes served him by the maid and puts
what Is called tea money on the tray.
If the charge for first-class be 35 cents
rbr supper, room, bath and breakfast,
and he wishes to have all the attention
possible, he will, perhaps, put down two
dollars. If he cannot afford so much
and prefers less service", he gives only
a dollar. He may give only ten cents
If that Is all he wishes to spare. "What
ever he gives be will receive a receipt
for his tip and be served accordingly,
but In any case with civility. There is
a suggestion of a solution of a very
troublesome problem -in this country
and In Europe in this bpen, honest and
simple method of the Japanese. Since
the tip cannot be abolished without
practically abolishing good service, why
not put It on a specific basis?
By many persons The Oregonlan is
asked how the name Roosevelt should
be pronounced. "Which Is the same as
to ask how the President and the fam
ily who bear the name pronounce it
It is difficult to write the name, and to
indicate, in written or printed charac
ter, the exact pronunciation. The name
is a name of three syllables Roos-e-velt
In the first syllable the "oo" is
neither short nor long neither "po" as
in bloom, nor "o" as In rdse, but a sort
of compromise between these sounds.
The "e," constituting a distinct middle
syllable In the name, has the ordinary
sound of this letter, as in "relevant"
The name Roosevelt probably Is not
"rosefield," "rosefelt," "rosenfelt," as
many suppose, but "rossfelt," "hors
feld," "Horsefleld." The word Is Dutch,
German, Swedish, Danish, Anglo
Saxon. Tou can see why ''Mr. Horse
field" should be a vigorous man. But
we may assure our fearful Democratic
brethren that he is not a military ty
rant and monarchist, who will deprive
us of our liberties.
Governor Brady has served seven
years as chief executive of Alaska.
Now he Is reappointed by President
Roosevelt- solely because he is a capa
ble, honest and experienced man. Brady
had no political pull. About the only
thing ever said against him is that he
believes, or is supposed to believe, in
predestination and Infant damnation.
But we guess he doesn't. Judging by
his works and not by his faith. There
was Immense clamor on the part of pol
iticians,, pioneers and "cheechawkers"
to put in somebody who was less of a
Presbyterian and more of a "thorough
bred." But the President knew what
he was about
The Mayor and She Town Council of
North Bend, Coos County, announce
themselves local optlonlsta; and declare
that their "option" is to keep the town's
six saloons. They defy the county au
thorities to take away that "option."
Here Is another evidence that the "local
option" law carries a fraud on Its face.
"A bill to propose a local option liquor
law," ran the title on the cover of the
printed bill, which was submitted to
voters last June, and tjhe question on
the ballot was: "For local option liquor
law; vote yes or no." The law Is a pro
hibition act, and nobody now disputes
the fact. ,
Vice-Admiral Voelkersam has left
Crete with his division of the Baltic
fleet on the way to Port Said. Unless
some unexpected disaster overtakes
him, the Admiral will soon have equaled
Camara's record, when Spain set about
reinforcing the fleet Jn Manila. His
progress after leaving the Red Sea Is
likely to be more adventurous, for there
are no convenient ports before he
reaches Tonquln, and it is not Improba
ble that the Japanese will have a few
torpedo-boats on watch where the In
dian Ocean "sets an' smiles."
Just to show how unhappy a news
paper editor may be if he lives in Idaho,
and had suffered a great affliction. The
Oregonlan reprints today the comment
of the Boise News on the decision of
the National Irrigation Congress to
meet in Portland In 1905. Cheer up,
dear contemporary; you can hold an
irritation congress all by yourself at
The South strangely considers the
North "sectional," because the North
does not accept the South's Idea and
view of subordination of the negro, but
believes even the negro ought to have a
chance. One-fourth of the country hold
ing the other three-fourths sectional,
and the one-fourth narrowing con
stantly! This must wear Itself out
Portland markets present an attract
ive array for Thanksgiving. High
prices prevail, but If the head of the
family has been industrious, sober and
prudent and the mistress of the house
Is skilled in housewifery the family can
have a royal dinner on this day of
prayer and football of feasting and
By the completion of the Siberian
railroad around Lake Baikal the cost
of the system has been Increased to
$30,186,500, not an Inconsiderable item
In the huge total entered -In the Rus
sian Ledger under the head of "Man
Uncle Sam may now breathe freely
again; the Panama army has been dis
banded, and Huertas, the boy General,
has left the seething city for his coun
try home. The sooner the people of
Panama beat their swords Into spades
the better It will be all around.
Such affluent candidates for Senator
as Foster, Sweeny, Furth and Campbell
In the "Washington Legislature make
the Oregon Legislature look like a
Possibly S. A. D. Puter & wonder
ing whether be will retain his present
Initials or change them to G. L. A. D.
Poor marksmanship profits Russian
warships when they mistake one an
other for the enemy.
In other words, the Ku6ian politely
ask that they be allowed to help govern
A LETTER FROM GEORGIA.
ATLANTA. Ga., Nov. 17. (To the Editor.)
I have read with much Interest your paper for
the last several weeks, and heartily indorse
your attitude throughout the recent campaign.
I wieh to express my opinions regarding the
negro In the South. Of course, I am not as
well versed on thte quesUon m thousands of
others. In your issue of November 11. you ask
in your editorial under the title. "A Strange
Nightmare," why the South cannot think of
something else than the negro. To a person
who has lived -In the South any length of time
such & question Is easy to answer. In most
places In the South the negro population la al
most as great and in some places even, greater
than that of the white people. In the 39 years
since the close of the Civil War we have been
educating the negro, and it Is shown that as
education Increases among them crime does
also. I do not mean that all negroes are bad,
as there are some very good citizens among
them. But they are railing up their children,
teaching them in their schools and churches
that they are God." a chosen people, and He will
make them the master of tho white people.
This seems a little ridiculous, but neverthe
less the young negro grows up with these Ideas
in his head, he does not wish to work, and
won't do so, if he can get out of it by stealing.
It is a fact that white children and women
are not safe on the very best residence streets
of the largest cities of the South at night
alone; they are not ' even safe in their own
homes. Very often do we hear of some white
girl being criminally assaulted In the country
or around small towns, and this news is gen
erally followed by the news jot the lynching of
the guilty negro. I do not believe In lynch
law, and there is not an Intelligent man in
the South that win not condemn It. but
at the time a person can hardly blame the
lynchers, when they think of the horrible deed
that provoked It. I do not believe that there
is a man In Oregon that would not participate
in the lynching of a negro who had aaaulted,
degraded and in many casea murdered his
wife, sister or daughter, as is often done in
the South by the negroes. Furthermore, this
crime is increasing. Instead of decreasing.
Tou are right when you state that when the
South falls to consider seriously any other
subject df National politics than the negro
question it makes sectionalism In the political
and National life. But the South has this
Issue that Is constantly in the minds of her
people, and It will remain to, until the North
and West fully understand and appreciate her
situation, and will Join with her to solve thlo,
the greatest of all questions that does now or
ever did face any nation, namely "The Race
E. D. COLVIN.
42 West Feachtree Place. Atlanta, Ga.
But how? It Is Impossible to solvs
it on the principles set forth by the ex
ponents of present Southern opinion.
That Is to say, tho North will not ac
cept the Idea that the negro is not to
be permitted to have opportunity to rise
to a better status or Improve his con
dition; at least It will not permit the
Government of the United States to .bs
committed to the policy of holding him
down. For example, when the Charles
ton News and Courier says: "The great
mass of the white people of the South
have no Idea of e'ducatlng the negro to
be a citizen" but "want him to be the
white man's help," and "If the negro
Is not willing to occupy a sobordlnate
position in this country, the sooner he
leaves It or the Southern part of It, at
least the better for all concerned," a
method of "solving the race question"
Is presented in which the North cannot
acquiesce, and pesistence In such an
Idea by Southern states will Isolate
them more and more. Note what has
happened in Missouri, "West Virginia
and Maryland; that Kentucky Is held
to the South by the feeblest tenure, and
Tennessee go. next "We have great
sympathy with the white people of the
South In their difficulties with the race
question. In those states where the ne
groes are very numerous; but these dif
ficulties are not to be removed by any
effort howeve'r powerfully supported.
Ito deny to the negro the right to Im-
Jpro-ement and advancement, and to
keep him suostantiany in me conai
tloh of a slave. There will be no ef
fort from the North to force social
equality, which is abhorrent and Im
possible; no further effort to enforce
political equality, for the result has
been disastrous. But the negro is en
titled to a chance to live and to do the
best he can.
Seen Clearly Now.
Brooklyn Eagle, Dem.
The responsibility need not be dodged.
The logic of the avenging process need not
be questioned. There is room neither for
anger nor for wonder. The Bryan signifi
cance of Mr. Roosevelt's success in Mis
souri and elsewhere Is eyldent Other
things are likely to be evident One is
that President Roosevelt in carrying out
Republicanism, can meet none of the de
mands of the Bryanism, to which he In
part owes his success. The other Is that
the recrudescence of Bryanism. within
Democracy, which Judge Parker's defeat
by Bryanism in Missouri and elsewhere
has produced, will present conditions to
the Democrats who were for McKlnley in
1SS6 and 1900 and who were for Judge
Parker In 1904, upon which they will be
able and likely to act In 1908. By the lat
ter year the control of operative and offi
cial Democracy by Mr. Bryan, with his
free silver, free riot and free hell pro
gramme, or the overturn, even of that
comparatively moderate Bryan pro
gramme, by a union of the Tom "Watson
and the Eugene "V. Debs Socialistic follow
ing throughout the country, which may
capture "Democracy," will be apparent
In either of such contingencies, the Demo
crats of safety, sanity, nationality and
law will rest under obligation and will
confront duties which will be likely to
present no alternative whatever.
Indians Have Right to Vote.
Pendleton, Or., Nor. 21. (To the Editor.)
It was stated in The Oregonlan some time
before election that the Slletx Indians had a
vote and would use it to down the saloon
men. for if they couldn't have liquor, they
wanted also to take it away from their white
brothers. I infer from thla they have a local
vote. Do they .also have a vote in state affairs
and can they vote for President? Are there
any tribes of Indians in the United States that
have votes in all. local, stats and National,
Issues? G. W. JOHNSON.
The Allotment Act which provided for
the allotting of lands to Indians in sev
eralty, also provided that any Indian who
should abandon his tribal relations and
who was an allotee would be entitled to
citizenship and would have all the priv
ileges of citizenship, Including the right to
vote at all elections. It was also pro
vided, however, that in the case of lands
.allotted to Indians the title would remain
In the Government for a period of 25
years from the time of allotment, the
purpose of this provision being to Insure
sufficient time for the Indians to acquire
civilization before coming Into actual and
sole possession of the lands.
Unler these provisions a dual relation
ship exists; the Indian who is an allotee
and who has abandoned his tribal rela
tions is a citizen of the United States and
at the same time at least for a period of
25 years, is a ward of the Government
Any Indian who has conformed to the
provisions of this act has the right to
vote In all local, state and national elec
tions. Exceeslve Sorensea.
Montgomery (Ala.) Advertlrer.
The Portland Oregonlan has discovered
the cause of Roosevelf s big success, la
the opinion of that paper, it is due "To
the fact that the man 1 &a American,"
"We are to infer froaa this that If the man
had been a Chinaman he wouldn't b&ve
been elected, but we don't know. A ma
jority of the Republicans would hare
voted for him if lie had been an Igor
rotte. They" were just in the "Ksaor to
vote for any aao who hmt bees, yropsrly
"THE PORTLAND HOG."
The Oregonlia reprints the following- from
the Boise (Idaho) News, Just to show how ugly
a neighbor can be when he tries.
California and Oregon walked off
with the prizes at the Irrigation con
gress the one securing the presidency
and the other the place of the next
The Idea of an irrigation congress
going to California for a president
and to the "Webfoot 'state for a meet
ing place seems incongruous to say
the least To be plainer and speak to
the point the so-called irrigators
who assembled at EI Paso were attract
ed by the visions of a frayed-out ex
position midway, with its unlaundered
Arabs, sore-backed, spavined camels
and Oriental muscle dancers, who are
too stiff in the joints to hold their jobs
longer in the variety dives, then Boise
Is glad that Portland was selected.
There could be no other reason for an
Irrigation congress going to the Ore
gon city, and such a gathering will be
as much, out of place there as tho min
ing congress was. There Isn't a real Ir
rigating ditch 'within 500 miles of the
place and neyer will be, because of
natural climatic conditions. Boise is
central in the greatest irrigated sec
tion of the "West, with the big $2,000,
000 Twin Falls project Just completed
and work almost ready to begin on a
$6,000,000 Government project, cover
ing the Boise-Payette "Valley. This
city is, therefore, the logical place of
meeting for such a congress as the El
Paso gathering has ueen advertised by
its promoters to be.
But the Portland hog is always
greedy, and is never satisfied as long
as everything is free. That city nearer
has a dollar for building railroads into
contiguous territory or for establish
ing steamship lines to carry away her
goods and build up a healthful com
merce, leaving that to her more en
terprising rivals, Seattle and Tacomn.
She wants Idaho trade and seeks to
secure It only by bulldozing the rail
roads into making discriminating rates.
Idaho is asked to appropriate money
for the Lewis and Clark Fair, and does
It because of a neighborly, friendly
feeling, well knowing that every dollar
will be worse than wasted. Every
immigrant will go direct to the Coast
becausewof this Fair, and South Idaho
especially will thereby be overlooked
next year. Once in Portland this state
will be maligned and abused and Its
resources belittled by every Oregon
boomer they meet. The frog ponds of
the Columbia and worn-out farms of
the "Willamette, where the raising of
umbrellas Is the principal occupation,
will be the sum and substance of the
knowledge they will acquire of the
Portland sends Chamber of Com
merce representatives to Boise plead
ing for harmony and co-operation,
while her great army of free banquet,
free-pass grafters, professed stock
growers not long ago, then miners
and now irrigators, are planning to
rob this state of what Is hers by rights.
The El Paso victory was won by a com
bination with Denver and LOs Angeles,
and consummated by proxy skuldug
gery in which three Eastern interlop
ers cast 70 votes for Portland. The men
really Interested In Irrigation In Idaho,
Utah, Nevada and Montana voted for
Boise, knowing well that the Texas
Junket had discredited the congress and
that the Portland meeting would prob
ably be its death, just as the mining
congress will long feel the evil effects
of its ridiculous Journey to a town
where not a 'dozen of its inhabitants
know the difference between a mine
tunnel and a pack saddle.
"We say to the people of Boise and
Idaho, cut out this Lewis and Clark
Exposition nonsense at the next ses
sion of the Legislature and spend the
money advertising this state. Portland
wants nothing of us but to draw our
resources by clubbing the railroads
into giving special freight rates that
will enable her to undersell our own
Jobbers and merchants in their home
"Idaho for Idahoans." ought to be
the slogan of the Gem State in the
THE PASSING OF A GENIUS.
.Harry Lehr Surprises and Shocks So
ciety by Retirement.
"Wevnote, with sorrow and surprise, the
prevalence of more or less injurious com
ment upon one of our most conspicuous
and Interesting society leaders Mr. Harrv
Lehr, In fact The depressing rumor that
he is about to retire from leadership
seems to have provoked these envious
Cascas to the vociferation which now dis
tresses us. Yet what would they have?
Can one go on forever, like the brook?
Consider, if you please, the chief events
In this wonderful comedian's career the
steps by which he mounted, so to speak,
to well-earned eminence:
Waded into a fountain at 2 A. SI. with Mr.
'FreddIe" Gebhard. .Became known as "an
original young man."
Introduced into New York society by Mrs
Told Mm. John Jaoob Astor she looked
"punk" with a white rose. Recommanded a
red one. Became her- society secretary at
salary of $12,000.
Increased the "400" to "000," thus securing
undying loyalty of the new increment.
Played buffoon at entertainment; danced as
ballet girl ;acted as ringmaster at Mrs. Oel
Gave a dinner to some monkeys and some
friends and defied the guests to guess which
Originated tho champagne shampoo and the
"Looking Backward Walts."
Appeared in decollete at a ball.
First man to wear rolled-up trousers with
Originated "tennis in bathing suits fad."
Went shopping with chatelaine bag attached
to wrist; escorted Mrs. Fish and Mrs. Oelrichs
and a rag doll around Newport.
Rejected a dower of $500,000; reported en
gaged to Miss Van Aten.
Married Mrs. J. Vinton Dahlgren, worth from
$1,000,600 to $10,000,000. Recognized as tha
arbiter elegantiarum of Newport.
Pessimism and Unhapplness.
Philadelphia Record, Demf
Henry "Watteraon has started for Europe
to be gone ten months, and advises all
other Democrats to follow his example.
The election returns look as though a
large part of them started for Europe
before November 8. "While few Demo
crats are so free as the Colonel to go
abroad for recreation, there are fewer
still who need a trip to Europe so much
as be does.
He paused long enough as he was
going on-board his steamer to say that
there was nothing left of the Democratic
party to reorganize; and that it was
folly to talk about a Democratic victory
in 1598 unless wheat fell to 40 cents, corn
to 10, cholera ravaged the Philippines and
yellow feve.' smote "Wall street
The silliest of all the Republican cam
paign talk Is that prosperity Is their ally
and depression -is the ally of the Demo
crats. And Colonel Tvattersoh leaves the
United States with this folly for his last
word. We trust he will feel better on
Have Enough of It.
Seattle Post-In telllgencer.
The Republican state convention didn't
declare fer a railroad coraaateelon, but
the aext Legislature will probably pass
a eeMsBtostoa bill. In the campaign just
cleeed,, the - BepuWkmn party observed
aterle Iefcbytets actively esc&ged in
fanning the las&e ef partisan eHR to
keep th aeteralMiea issue alive, Te lose
it wwtld be tf Iom their jab. The JteAJ
psMfem vrtj wis take the railroad
qw tiom eat of potttloa.
-40TE AND COMMENT:
One day more. Save your appetite.
It's a bum city that isn't talking subway
The many cooks In Macedonia are spoil
ing the broth already.
Guilty of gambling! But then some one
must establish a precedent
Murderer Dove has disappeared from
Chicago. Dovo out of sight, a3 It were
The Government Is making a wise move
in keeping Impure foods out of our midst.
Armenia just has to have .trotitles.
and If the Turk3 won't'eommit them, why
the Christians will.
It is very nice of England to let us
know that winter "has begun over there.
"We hope none of the Inhabitants have
Chief Hunt apparently Insists that after
this a cop will not only have to convince
hlmeslf that he Is sick, but convince a
physician as well.
Panama's army has been reduced to 25
men. That cut3 out the private, of course,
for tha Central American proportion 13
only one private to 50 generals. '
""What with the Nan Patterson murder
trial in New York and the mysterious
automobile case In Chicago, the East
manages to forget the lack of gore in the
The St James's Gazette tells of a vis
itor to Stockholm who was startled to see
a large sign reading, " Dam Bad Haus."
Later he discovered that It meant noth
ing more than "Ladies' Bath House.'
Gompers and Mitchell have been roasted
In San Francisco on account of a dinner
they had with President Eliot ot Har
vard. It is a risky matter In these ob
servant days to sit at the table with
anyone outside of a man's Immediate
family, but it seems that in this Instance
no objection was raised on the ground that
President Eliot was an unfit associate.
The ' dinner was given, it was alleged.
In an "unfair" restaurant It must be
very bad for the digestion of a scrupulous
labor union office-holder to get half way
through dinner before wondering if he has
struck the right kind of eating-house.
"This is good beef, but how about the
boss," is a reflection that I3 likely to cause
A correspondent sends In the follow
ing story, the truth of which, he says
Is vouched for by a well-known resi
dent of Sitka:
A good story is told by a prominent Alaskan
on John D. Rockefeller, who, some years since,
made a trip to our Northern possessions. The
trip had not been particularly pleasant, as the
oil magnate had not been lavish In his tips,
and "Western employes were a little more Inde
pendent than Eastern ones. Becks and call
had not been answered with that speed and
servility with which he was used to in the
East, where a 6-cent tip was generous, and
when Sitka was reached his humor was not
However, when the celebrated Greek Church
was visited, the beautiful picture of the Ma
donna put Rockefeller In a better frame of
mind, and when the box waa reached where
contributions for the poor are placed, its con
tents were augmented by the magnate. In a
short time, however. Rockefeller was back at
the church he had placed $5 in the box in
place of a quarter, and wanted the change.
The key was not m the possession of the at
tendants, but such a fuss was made that tha
box was) broken open and Rockefeller mads
happy by the return of his hard-earned $5:
It Is usually the woman who marries' to
reform or elevate the. man, but now- and
then a man marries a, woman whoso mind
or manners he is bent upon improving.
In Chicago a young wife, after les3 than
a year of wedded life, is suing for sep
arate maintenance, and all on account of
the husband's efforts to "cultivate her
for the higher life." Soon after her mar
riage, her husband made her commit to
memory pages of poetry and to study the
dictionary daily in the effort to acquire
good spelling and to learn the meaning of
the long words, which no young girl wor
ries about when there are such words as
"awful," "pretty," and "nice" in the lan
guage. Despite the love the young woman
bore for her husband, she was unable to
stand the dictionary lessons, and now "it
has come to this, that we must part"
"When a husband gets a loving wife he is
foolish to bother about "the higher life"
to such an extent that it Interferes with
the everyday life. The culture best adapt
ed for the home Is culinary culture.
The Kansas City Times offers the fol
lowing picture of country life from the col
umns of its esteemed frankenstein, tha
A very undesriable tramp- visited the house
of the editor yesterday, and we wish tha offi
cers wer.e more active. He went to our back
door and asked our wife for a enack to eat,
which is all right for the hungry to do if
they do not get too fresh. Mrs. Appleby gavje ,
him a sandwich and a slice ot prune pie,
but he declined to desist, saying he must have
coffee, the Impudent devil. Our wife stated
that she had none, and told him to get out.
which any tramp of gentlemanly inatlrcts
would have done. "I must have coffee to
dteeolve this prune pie," he said, which waa
an Insult to the pie. not being the kind about
which Jokes are cracked. Ourself not being
at home, bur wife got the dog to bite him.
Bha did not need to say "Sick Tige," for the
genus hobo left on the run, the dog close
after, which served him right. The tramp
got away, but a few minutes later Constable
Brown returned with the pie. much mashed
and utterly worthless, which the. bum had
dropped. "We- do not like to appear garrulous,
but we will say to tha tramps that those that
come to our domicile, and get emart will ba
dogged, and most likely will loso tha seat of
their pants, If not tha usual pound of flesh.
OUT OF THE GINGER JAR.
"This thing of telegraphic communication is
a great thing. Do you think the time will
ever coma when we wili cease to talk?" "Not
you, my dear." Houston Post.
Mayme What a gossip Mrs. Gadby is! Edith
Tea. Indeed. I never tell her anything- with
out finding out that she has already told It
herself. Philadelphia Bulletin.
Kngllsh Lady to Irish Glrf-How Is it that
you never speak ot belonging to the- Irish race,
my dear? Irish Girl Because its sinful to
boast, Madame. Boston Bulletin,
"Does your hueband consider you a. necessity
or a luxury?" "It all depends. "When he
needs a button sewed on his clothes I am a
necessity, but wEen I want new clothes I am
x luxury." Omaha "World-Herald.
"You reckon, you'll come out party good on
yer crap this year?" aaked Jhe Biltville dtlsea
of his neighbor. "I reckon" so." was tM, reply.
"The Sheriff is a-hangia 'round, aa" sars U
feel confident!" Atlanta Constltutioa.
Brigge Noetors Is ft good sort, of chap.
Griggs Tes, nothing small about Noetors;
when he makes & mistake In spelllag he own
up to it Ilka a man; he never tries to lay It
off on hi typewriting machine. BoaCea' TftasV
Towns I thought, your "pastor was apposed
to lotteries In the church. Browne 8 he Is.
Town But I BBderstead your chorea gavsaa
oyster awpper ad that the one who get the
oyster received a jriae. Brswse Of coarse.
Tha oyatar waa the prise. Kiii,ell. Press. t
"Do yea approve of the m t SBy in a
cjb!b?" "Certataly." iwwwered Saaator
SorghBHi, "for lefritlsMte aapeMeav But tha
tsaelft he tat so many xepie thisk that
tare&lfgitt pamoaa anA braes bante are laciti
mmt exeiMr, aad me tW acoaey tkat way.
Instead ot buying vot with it.' 'Washington