Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, November 14, 1904, Page 4, Image 4

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Z --is-;
GfombboiStrikes Rocl?
' ' arVIadivostok.
Back to 'Dock in North:
' ". . .' V
; ermRiissiaa- Port ; . .
x r-.
Vessel Wasy-.TaKJng a TrlikiSplrf
Whenhe-Accident Happened-.
SquadronMust Remain In-.
active 'Still Longer. -.
TOKIO, Nov. 14,. (10 A. M.)-It Is reported
that the Russian armored cruiser Gromo
bol struck a rock and was severely dam
aged at Vladivostok, It Is understood that
the accident happened during a trial of
the Gromoboi after repairs on her had
been completed, it. is . said that she re
turned to her berth Jn a sinking condition,
surrounded by a tieet of smaller cratt
which kept her anoatand that she was
If the report Is true, it assures the con
tinuance of the Inactivity of the Vladivo
stok squadron. .
Articles on Which It jjs Estimated to
Raise War Revenues.
TOKIO, Nov. 13. A draft of the war
tax measure, which,. the government in
tends to submit to the Diet, which is to
meet November 28, shows a proposed In
crease in Import duties of $750,000. .Di
vided among a large number of articles
the Increase on 'individual articles is
small, except in the case of tobacco,
glassware, beverages and kerosene.
Among the. articles on which it is pro
posed to increase the duty are objects of
art, ammunition, compasses, crucibles,
cutlory, electrical .machinery, agricultural
implements, Are "extinguishers, musical
instruments, . surgical and scientific in
struments, photographic apparatus, spec
tacles, -telephones; thermometers, confec
tioners' .preserves, grates, safes, station
ery, Jnks straw paper, syrup, felt, splrit
uou liquors, carriages, bicycles, pictures,
alcohol, spirits, chemicals, cotton, brass,
copper leatL. steel and gold and silver
ware, ' The duties on a number of arti
cles, exclusively Japanese production, are
Increased. t
The jbudget to be submitted to the Diet
will bo practically the same as outlined
in previous dispatches of the Associated
Press,, except that further reductions have
been rnadeMn ordinary governmental ex
penditures. , . "
Baron Sone Arasuke, Minister of Fi
nance,, answering the criticism of the
terms of the recent foreign loan, said
that the "'loan was unsatisfactory to tho
government, - DUt the delay in capturing
Port Arthur and the departure jof the
Russian "Baltic fleet had created a hitch
in the negotiations,- anil had compelled
the acceptance of terms less advantage
ous than those of the first foreign loan.
A dispatch from Tokio October 3L
stated that in the preliminary estimates
of the budget, covering February 21,
March 21, and the fiscal year commencing
in April, the war expenses wer esti
mated at $3S5",O0p'.OOO, and ordinary, ex
penses at J60.000.000. . It was proposed
to provide for the war expenses by in
creasing the taxation by $405,000,000 by
retrenching from the advance expenses
and the suspension of public works by
the amount of $35,000,000. and to raise the
balance, $35,006,000, by duties.
Russians Drjven Back in an Attack
Made at Midnight.
TOKIO. Nov. 12 (7 P. M.) The Man-
churlaa Army headquarters, telegraphing
today, says:
"In the direction of the left army, the
enemy attacked from "Wuchental, Novem
ber 11, at 12:20 o clock, in the morning.
They were repulsed.'
"On November 9,' 200 Infantry and 300
cavalry appeared hi the direction of
Siaozalton. Our force stationed there re
pulsed them. The Russians retreated -to
"The Russian, losses were 60. Ours,
;twero six."
(Japanese Are Driven Off With Very
' Little Loss.
MUKlf2v, Jsov. 13. The Japanese on
the night of November 12 attacked the
village or vluchlnin. simultaneously on
three sides, but were'driven off with, little
loss. Saturday pass"fed quietly. There was
occasional artillery fire along the line.
Bombardment Does Little Damage.
TERS, Nov. 13 (via Fusan.) The Rus
slan- forces are still' encamped north of
the Shakhe River. The Russian bom
bardment of tho Japanese lines has les
sened lately. From the beginning it has
accomplished surprisingly little damage.
although on many days 100 big shells were
fired. No Japanese were killed by the
bombardment, and but very few were
Course, of Pacific Squadron.
ROME. Nov. 13. At the Russian Em
bassy here .the belief is expressed that the
Russian second Pacific squadron will go
from Suez -direct- to Jibutll, as Massowa
and Assab, the ports of Erythrea, lack
provisions, coal and dockyards, but if
necessary for, urgent reasons, there is
nothing to prevent "them from landing
there if they respect ltallan neutrality
Attacks on Left Wing.
Nov. 13, (S P. M.. via Fusan Npv. H-V-Dnr-'
ing tne last lew oays me itussian lprantry
and cavalry "have made attacks on the
left wing of the 'main Japanese .cavalry
on the right bank of .the Hun Riverc The
last attack 200 -foot and 300
horse. They were driven back, like tho
others, with a loss or w
Port ' Arthur Blockade Extended.
LONDON, Nov. 14. The . Japanese
blockade of Port Arthur, according to
a dispatch from "Chefoo. November 13,
to the Dally Telegraph, has now been ex
tended to a distance of SO miles.
Knlfe-Thrut From an Unknown.
A stlll-eto was drawn on Gourbot Fran'
e!s Jn a saloon at Second and Salmon
streets .at 12:30 this morals. Franotj
did sot receive more than an Inch of It in
his side! He displayed the clean-cut
wound at the Police Station later on, but
could not tell the name of his assailant.
Man Whd "Swindled Clothing' Firm -U
Taken vInto Custody.
The alleged forger, giving his;name as.
"William "Western, who .Is alleged to .have"
passed a bogus check for $U on theMoyer
Clothing Company, with which he paid
for a suit purchased Saturday night, was
arrested on description yesterday by De
tectives "Weiner and Day. Before the ar
rest was made it "way also reported that
the. same man had cashed a- check for $74
pna North End'salbon. "When searched
a third check for 5180, made in the same
rmanner, as the TJthers, "was, found on his
person. . .
- 'Weiner -Righted the man eartr"yesterday
afternoon on the corner of Fourth -and
.Alder streets, aqd walking tip to him rep
resented himself as the clerk who- had
sold nim the clothlngr saying: ' -
s "There seemed to he something wrong
about that check y.otr gave me .last
- "Was there?" asked" the astonished pur
chaser. "I don't know anything about it.
It was given me."
k "Let's'go down- to the - store .and
irig his victim' by tho arm steered him
towards the store, -but went by' without
stopping' and .about that-time Mr.' "West
ern saw- where- he was headed for. Weiner
persuaded film to 'go the'.rest of the way
to the -Police "Station.
Italian.Florlstsi Report Sight Seen at
.' Dark In RIverview.
Two Italian floristsran across something
In the Rlvervjew ..Cemetery yesterday
that looked worse , to them than a ghost.
Just be'fore dark they were In the ex
treme western end of the graveyard when
a goblinlike person, -naked as Adam, ap
peared 'on the skyline on the top of the
rise,' rushing over graves, gravestones and
shrubbery, headed south. They stopped
and looked, and noticed It was a wild
thing of a man. They lifted their heavy
feet and started-" south also, but their
respect forffamiiy lots kept them on the
beaten- paths, while the nude man skipped
like a will-o'-the-wisp before them. The
last they saw of him he was still headed
south,' skipping gravestones.
Officer Seymour; was sent to the ceme
tery on a report 'of the occurrence tele
phoned to the po)lce station, but when
be came upon the scene the graveyard
was lighted only, by a dim, 6icky moon-
heam or - two. Just enough by wnicn to
conjure up goblins, and as the real goblin
was gone, apparently headed south Indefi
nitely, 'the policeman gave up the search.
Well Known Among Oregon Masons.
SAIxEM Or., Nov. 13. (Special.) Wil
liam Miller, an Oregan pioneer of 1846, and
a man widely Known among Oregon i?ree
Masons, died at his home in this city
today of cancer of the stomach. He was in
his 90th year.
"William Miller, familiarly known among
his friends and acquaintances as "Scotch"
Miller, was born In Glasgow, Scotland, in
1S14, and came to America in 1842. In
1S4G he came fo Oregon and located on a
donation claim near "Wheatland, in Polk
County. He resided there until 1S59, when
he removed to Salem, where he resided
most of the time until his death.
It was in Masonic circles that Mr.
Miller was best known. Throughout tho
half century of his membership in that
fraternity he was deeply devoted io Its
interests, and was a regular attendant
and active participant in all lodge work.
Though he took 32 degrees, the "blue
lodce" always held tho warmest place in
his heart, and it was there that he enjoyed
most to tell his Humorous stones ana sing
his always welcome Scotch songs. He
never oecupled an. office higher than that
of senior waraen, ana aesirea no mgu
honor, preferring to work upon the floor.
He was a member of Salem Lofige, JJo. 4,
X F. & A. M., an honorary member of
Pacific Lodge, No. 50, A. F. & A. M., Mult
nomah Chapter, No. 1, Royal Arch Maj
sons, and Do Molay Commandery,
Knights of Templars.
Mr. Miller was married in scotiana to
Jane McDonald, who died In 1E95. Nine
children were born to them, or whom only
one survives, Mrs. Frank Kellogg, of
HoDewelL Polk County. Mr. Miller was
married again in 1S00 to Mrs. Mary Pear
son. who survives him. The luneral will
be held at Masonic Hall today at 2 P. M,
Music as a Therapeutic Agent.
Medical Record.
F. S. Kennedy says that much assist
ance is in many instances to be derived
from the intelligent use of music, either
vocal or instrumental, as a therapeutic
adjunct. Melancholia, Insomnia, hyste
ria, family affliction, business reverses,
delirium nam. fatlcue. mental or pnys-
lcal, will all be helped by the beneficial
Influence of music, rightly used. As
post-operative measure it would have an
undoubted influence ior gooa in taxing
tho patient's mind from his bodily dis
tress. So, also, could "painless" dentis
try be relieved of some or its pain and
distress by the quieting influence or
music, which would, as has been amply
demonstrated, produce a pieasanter men
tal Influence during " the ' administration
of nitrous oxide or other anesthetic. A
German writer has recently stated (Feb
ruarx. 1904). that in a number of test
cases in which music was provided dur
ing the administration of the anesthetic.
there was an absence or distress ana re
sistance on the part of the patient; also
an absence or reduction of tho post-operative
nausea under the same circum
To be advantageous the nature of the
composition must be carefully selected
with a view to the neeas or tne-mai
vldual case, and the execution must be
as nearly faultless as possible.
Accidents From Prostrate Wires.
BALTIMORE, Nov. 13. A snow, wind
and rainstorm which developed here ear
ly this morning and continued through
the day and night caused an almost com
plete prostration of electric light, tele
graph, telephone and trolley-cars. A
number of accidents was occasioned by
the heavily-charged, wires during the day
and tonight, but so far as known there
have been no fatalities.
With the exception of a few "Western
"Union wlreb t6 Philadelphia and New
York. Baltimore Is-cut off from commu
nlcation with other points of the country.
The local sent out to
night a warning to masters of vessels to
the effect that a second storm' is fast
traveling up the Atlantic coast and
expected to reach this section tonight.
Aside from the Interruption to telegraphic
and telephonic communication with the
outside world and the minor accidents
above referred to, there have been no
serious results recorded at midnight.
Admissions at World's Fair.
ST. LOUIS, Nov. 13. Following Is the
record of admissions for-the past week at
'the World's Fair;
Monday, November 7, 70.76U Tuesday,
79.479: Wednesday, ea,w: Tnursaay,. so.-
,238; -Friday B4.069; Saturday. 122.SS3. Total,
4SS.149. Grand total, 17.065.SS6.
Edge of Storm at Atlanta.
ATLANTA." Ga., Nov. 13. The edge of
the snow storm which visited the North
and East, struck Atlanta this morning
between 4 and 5 o'clock. The fall was very
light but Is reported heavier in the north
ern,part of the state,
Cold Weather In Tennessee.
KNOXVILLE. Term.. Nov. 13. Nearly
an Inch, of snow fell In Knoxvllle tonight
and throughout the eastern part of the
state today. The coldest, weather o toe
aa acoontpuitoa it.
Why-Warner ..Valley-Letters
Land Office Records at Washington
Do Not Bear Out the Statements
Made, by Governor Chamber-yr-
lain n the Matter.
ington, Nov. J3. Governor Chamberlain
accuses Commissioner Richards of break
ing a promise to himj of- misrepresenting
his (Chamberlain's) attitude on the state
land question; or showing discourtesy to
Oregon's chief executive, and of making
public correspondence of a xonfldential
nature. While Commissioner Richards
says he has no quarrel with Governor
Chamberlain, and will make no reply to
these accusations, ho explains the situation-
and shows records which do not in
any -particular bear out the Governor.
Governor. Chamberlain charges in his
letter of October 25 that Commissioner
Richards- has not kept his promise to the
Statetof Oregon in regard to state lieu
selections. Commissioner Richards says"
he' made no such promise, and search of
the .files falls to. show that such aJ.prom-
lso. was ever given. " Formal reply will bo
made to -this Jetter.
Governor - Chamberlain's subsequent
charge that Commissioner Richards, In
giving out for publication his letter of
October 26 in. regard to the Warner Valley
settlers made public correspondence
marked "personal and confidential" Is not
borne out by records. This letter bears
no mark whatever Indicating it is personal
or confidential., nor do its contents indicate-
that, such 'Is its character. It Is a
purely business "letter.
The letter may have been in an en
velope marked "personal and confiden
tial." But dozens of such letters are re
ceived by Commissioner Richards every
day, and no attention Is paid to marks
on the envelope unless the face or the let
ter and the nature of the contents testify
to Its. confidential nature. Nearly all such
letters pertain to business and it Is Com
missioner Richards' practice to treat them
as official communications; and they be
come part of the public flies. Moreover,
Commissioner Richards does not believe
much .in confidential correspondence on
o..cial business.
The fact that the Governor's letter of
October 25 was .given out for publication
at Salem .the day It was written led Com
missloner Richards to conclude that the
uovernor was more anxious that Its con
tents should become known to'the'tJebble'
of Oregon than he was that it should be
first read in- Washington. Commissioner
Richard read a copy of that letter In tlje
uregonian a day , before tho letter. Itself
reached him. If It was proper for 'Gov
ernor Chamberlain to make public -his let
ter to Commissioner -Richards five days
oerore its receipt in Washington. 'Commls"-
sloner Richards was unable to see that
he was guilty of Impropriety in making
public another letter received from the
Governor, as well as his reply, especially
wnen doui relate to a matter of consid
erable public Interest and importance.
Wonderful Courage of Soldiers Revel
ation to "World.
London Spectator. ' ''
Out of an Island which, measured by
.Asiatic scales of measurement. Is but
litue one, a monarch whose very title a
generation ago suggested nothing but
comedy, has poured an army oreanlred
within his own restricted dominion, com
manded by Generals who never saw an
.European foe, and by officers, most of
wnom nave had only reasonable-training.
ana in a campaign or seven months
against soldiers like ' Kuronatkin'a that
army nas never known defeat. Its Gener-
als, not men of genius, have fought at
least as well as Napoleon's marshals; Its
officers have died as readily as their op
ponents, whose superiors they are in
training and method of military life; its
men have they any equals as units on
the field? That Is the question all Euro-
peon experts are asking tnemseives as
they read of charges ordered after three
terrible repulses; of assaults at night.
wnen tne soldiers felt in the dark for the
barbed-wire defences, and calmly bor
"slaughter In swaths" till they could
pull them down; of divisions which, like
General xamada's, when fairly surround
ed and with half theii number dead, still
"cut their way out" of the multitude
which "enveloped" them.
The Novoe vremya surely a fair wit
nesstells lookers-on in Europe that no
European army -has ever had such sol-
aiers to contend with; and if there seems
to those who remember Splcheren some
exaggeration In. the statement. Is it not.
nevertheless, substantially true? Some
philosophers at a distance from the scene
say that the Japanese, for this mental
reason or that, do not dread death: but
what more could Alexander or Napoleon
or "Wellington have asked of his men?
Nor does the mere absence of the dread of
death account for that cheerfulness in
night attacks which all who were on the
spot record of the Japanese, or for that
strenuousnesB in bayonet charges which
so terribly raises the percentage of killed
tm Japanese couraee is nnt thn mem
'courage of callousness.
Others say that these soldiers, whose
virtue la its old sense they fully admit.
have never yet been tried by failure; but
has Port Arthur fallen? Through elgnt
slow months the little men have been
there steadily foiled of their aim; for
eight months they have repeated attacks
which by the latest reports have in all
cost them 50.000 lives, and still they are
swarming on as if they were like Kip
ling's "Red Dogs of the Deccan." which,
driven by some inexplicable instinct, can
not swerve or stop, but must go on when
once their rush has begun, if it is to
certainty of death. The eyes ot Europe
have been turned of late from the great
fortress -and its heroic assailants and de
fenders. But we believe that when It falls.
and tho true history of the siege slowly
penetrates the west. It will be acknowl
edged that hardly in the history of tho
world has such energy In attack, such he
role endurance in defense been manifest
ed in so confined a space. The attack and
defense of Paris in 1871 is the onr-ucene
with which It can be compared In modern
times; and while the assailants did not
perish wholesale in that sfege, the de
fenders had not to endure that rain of
shells, and could at least occasionally
sleep In peace. The-.Japanese army is
terrible one, and Its struggle with the
Russian army a veritable war of giants.
Why do we write these things? Not,
God knows, in mere admiration of cour
agethough courage; when displayed in
obedience to legal command. Is the rock
quality upon which nations are built but
to wake In our readers aclear perception
of "the 'might of the' forces now In -collision
In the Far East It "is no light thing that
R'ussla, In an hour of extreme difficulty,
when her Czar Js not strong, and his
counsellors are Inferior men, should yet
wield such a club of Hercules as Kuro-
patkln's army Is proving Itself to be; not
a light thing that a new power should
have sprung, as It were. In a night out
of the sa, so wfse 1b war that It im never
to the minutest detail unprepared.
brave that it will face any danfer rather
than run any future risk to its career,
and so strong that the strongest powers
of the strongest Quarter of tho world will
henceforth, hesitate to risk collision with
Its strength.
Above all. we desire to "bring forward
the evidence that the. day of huge battles
not over; that the time or peaceful de-
vqtion to science; commerce andphllan
thropy of which we have all been dream
ing has noyet arrived, nor will arrive
lor this gsfteration fo enjoy; . and that
now. as ever, thVb-ouse-is only safe when
guarded by .the strong man- "What Is.
strength may-e k question upon which it'
possible for "us all to go wrong suppose
that next week some electrician of genius
discovers a method bf communicating
heat to. the .searchlight, and so makes all
existing weapons, valueless but that the
nations -which would continue to exist
must continue to make themselves strong
we have no doubt whatever. Neither wis
dom, nor wealth, nor virtue will protect
them otherwise.
Cultivation of These Commodities
Practised in Japan.
National Geographical Magazine.
One of the most Interesting addresses
before the recent Congress of Arts and
Sciences was made hv ProfAssnr
Mitsukurl. of the University 6f Tokio,
on xaa vmuvauon or Aiarine ana
Fresh "Wates: Animals In Japan," The
time is fast approaching when the
Increase of population on the earth and
the question of food suddIv. which
must arise as a. consequence, will com
pel us to pay moBt serious attention to
the Utilization .for this ntirnns nf whnt
has been termedtUe"w.terj .waste."
for the bounty of Nature to repTcnisni-tv
m falling V. . 1, - i V. . i V
Kir nun in nvrBhUiiii . v.n .n
grounds, is an act to be put in the same
category with the doings of nomadic
people wandering from place to place
in searcn or pasturage. America has
foreseen this and is ahead of otherna-
tions with her efficient inmniliiilnn. Knp
is it from the utilitarian point onlv
tnat more attention is likely to be paid
in future to the cultivation nf nmiatte
organisms. We have been ant to fnre-at
that animals are living entities and not
simply a collection of dead tissues. But
we are .oeginmng to realize that ani
mals must bo studied living in order
io arrive at tne correct interpretation
of many biological prenomena.
The speaker described the methods of
cultivation of varipus marine -and
fresh-water organisms practiced" In
Janan. He first described the nirrfrssfn1
cultivation of tho snapping turtle.
which takes In Japan the place occu
pied by the terrapin in American gas
tronomy. The turtlft -ifarma in Tntria
and. elsewhere are now .able to raise
lens ui uiousunas oi tacse luscious rep
tiles and to keen the nunnlv rnnatnnt
Methods and plans of.turtle farms were
descriuea. Tne speaker next described
tne cultivation of tho goldfish, which
aro wonderfuL not only for their
beauty, but are a source of endless sur
prises to th scientist. Vnrimin hroorin
were described and their extraordinary
Tile 'Bearr-6yster "farin wm' lsn d
scribed. In 1890 the speaker suggested
to a Mr. Mlkimoto the desirability of
cultivating the pearl-oyster. aCnd also
nOlnted out thn nnsRlMUHr nf mnVlnr.
tho peirl-oyster produpe pearls "by 'glv-
lpg arunciax. stimuli. Tho 'idea-was
tnkpn ii n with Anthtioloom o r.
suits- -are bfiyohd expectations. Today
tne pearl-oyster farm, put on a com
mercial basis, has millions of pearl-
oysters living on the culture grounds,
and .is able to place annuallv' a larira
crop of what has been termed "culture
pearis" on tne market.
According to. London Cynjc It Is Fatal
Chicago Record-Herald.'
Ever since the world besran some wives
have been the making of their husband
and some other wives the ruin of theirs.
Also, there have been some nhllnsnnhir
to see in the marriage Institution the
highest good of life and some cynics to
condemn all marrinee.
It Is from B. different nnlnf nf vlstr tin.
these that ClOUrtpnlPc Broretnn onnmi.V..
the ever-new subject in the columns of
ine ivonaon ximes. lie has convinced
himself by wnat he considers to be an in
Juetlve Tiroppsa thnt mnrHoro In v.
nresent dav is a serious hnndlrnn tn man
ana ne araws me conclusion tnat 11 wo
men aon t cease majcine it a. hanfl mh tho
bankruntcv of mnrrln en nnrt thn rrmu.
quern ena oi-aii inings social is in Im
mediate sltrht.
To betrlll with. Mr Rrorofnn HMi.rlhi.
to us "the Increasing exis-enHoa nf th
modern married women." That
the wife Is enlarging her demands on her
nusDanas ume. enerev. nnri mnnov Hh
spends too much, because she wants to
siaxx in me wnere ner parents left off,
and "nothing we know can withstand the
lmporiumues or tne woman with a pur
pose." Then, "even If honest John has
been all day between the shafts, hn mnsr
be bridled and saddled for thn pvonino-
and often for thn afternoon no tcaI! Tn
other words, he must go to parties and
Daus. tty ana oy he gets nneumonla.
'and his wife's vanltv and 1flhnMit
wera larmsiv reKnonmniA fnr th cimrwi
comnlaint carrvlntr him off."
jx wouia seem as though that were tho
end of the husband. Yet Mr. T!rowMn fr.
his next sentence) nnnouncpjii" "Riit thn
impost that the Benedict of today must
carry aoes not ena mere." we expect to
bo taken to the nether world, but we are
wrong. Mr. Brereton simply moves on
ward to the woes of husbands in 'Twr1
social classes, we are shown how hard
It Is for the "assistant secondary master"
or for the "shon assistant" to irt a tn.h
if he has a wife, and how Impossible It is
for a laboring man with a large family to
nna a nome ana a uveiinoofl.
Clearly this is all the woman's fault
Even a masculine declaration of Inde
pendence won't help, for that would only
nasten tne ruin oi society, air. Brereton
implies, that he knows the reiaedy,"but he
has not space in his letter to tell. "While
we are waiting for him It would be Inter
esting " to hear from Mrs. Brereton If
there be one or. at arir rate, from a femi
nine Clouflesley.
Major Leon Hay.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 13. Major Leon
Hay, U. S. A., retired, brother of Secre
tary of State John. Hay, died last night
at the Hay homested In Warsaw, TIL, in
his 70th year. The bite Major Hay was
at the head of the family in this country
Secretary Hay "will leave tomorrow to at
tend the funeral.
The Truth About It.
An Atchison, .woman whose husband
beats her recalls that she got him by
walking downstairs backward with- a mir
ror -in her hand one Halloween. She
thought then that the fairies had led
him there to peep over her shoulder, but
nas concluded since that he had broken
Into the cellar to steal sosaething.
Spew and Wind In New York.
: SARATOGA. N. T Nov. 13. With. ..Us
temperature at the freesng point.
heavy snowstorm began today and con
tinning tonight. It Is aeeoaB.nld or
driving wind.
Snow Falic In. Suth Carolina.
CHARLESTON. S. C. Nov. If. Th rt
snow stona of th mm was rprt4 to
day from AndcnMm and AMran. in tie
ftmfm &ad' wKwb acttons of South-
American Federation Will Turn
Socialists Down Again.
Public WIH Be Welcome to All Ses
sions Except During Election of
Officers President Mahpn
on the Situation. -
SAN FRANCISCO. Nov. 13.-The Ameri
can Federation of Labor will begin -a two
weeks' session in this city to.morrow. The
session will be open to the public except
on the last two days, when officers -"Will
bo elected. The special train from Chi
cago bearing President Gompers and the
members of the executive committee ar
rived .late" tonight.
In speaking of the conference, W. D.
Mahon, of Detroit, president of the Amer
ican Street Railway Employes, said that
the labor outlook was becoming hopeful,
and that this would bo one of .the busiest
sessions In the. history of the federation.
Regarding the action "of the executive
council, in revoking the charter of the
Chicago Federation of Labor, Mr. Mahon
expressed mmseii as at a- loss o account
for tho committee's actionT" He added.
owever. that the standing of- Mr.
Scbardt, delegate from the Chicago body,
was' not In doubt, but that the delegate
would take his place on' tho floor of the
The 'questions of- wage disputes and
trade jurisdictions, Mr. Mahon' said, were
things that would eventually decide them
selves, and that all that was needed was
sensible consideration of the facts.
Mr. Mahon spoke In very decided terms
against the introduction of politics Into
tho Federation. He said' that the So
cialist delegates to the convention had
tried at nearly every yeartytnftetlng to
have the Federation committed' to Social
ism, and that they would again be turned
down, as would bo the delegates of other
political parties that attempted the same
Regarding the formation of an interna
tional organization of labor unions, Mr.
Mahon said tha'tha only steps In that
direction were "aken by" th Idngshore
men of tho International Transportation
Lines. He added it was hard a enough
job to get the labor unions of the United
States Into line.
Socialistic Tenets Not Approved.
SAN FRANCISCO. Nov. 13. President
Gompers, of the American Federation of
Labor, speaking of the work of the com
ing session, said:
"I cannot give expression to my official
views but . personally I do not believe
that this Federation will be committed
to any political party, whatever its name,
whatever its claim, or whatever Its pre
tense, Tbe only safe -course for. organ
ized Jabor to adopt Is one of absolute non
committal to any political party. There
may bo -fiv& or six delegates with Social
lstlc leanings, but any resolution- looking
toward the adoption of Socialistic tenets
will, I am sure, meet with the dlsappro
val of an overwhelming majority."
The main questions that will come up,
according to the president, are the oft
repeated discussions of trade jurisdiction
and affiliation of labor bodies. In the
opinion of President Gompers the time is
not yet-ripe for tne garnering ot toreign
labor-bodies into an International federa
tldn. with the possible exception of the
Longshoremen of the World.
Federation Called at Everett.
TACOMA, Nov. ll The executive com
mittee of the State Federation of Labor
met here today and called the convention
to meet at Everett January 11, 12, 13 and
14. 1905.
Miss Morgan Authorized to Show
How She Can Command a Yacht.
New Tork Times.
Such astonishment as may be caused
by the announcement that the daughter
of a Philadelphia financier has secured
official authorization to command her
father's xacht, and "on all oceans," at
that, will be kept within very moderate
bounds if those who feel It carefully
bear in mind Just what a "master's cer
tificate" proves In regard to. Its possessor.
As a matter of fact, to a vessel owner
In need of a captain, an applicant's cer
tificate tells practically nothing about
what the owner wants to know. It shows
that the man has the sort of information
that Is needed, the foundation of a mas
ter's competency, but information of that
sort can easily be obtained by anybody
with some slight knowledge of elemen
tary mathematics and intelligence
enough to commit to memory the essen
tial contents of any one of several "epit
omes" which are neither hard to under
stand nor hard to get. Such a person.
whether man or woman, might, with
just a little luck in the allotment of ex
aminers, pass a brilliant examination
and secure a certificate as good as that
carried by any captain that sails the
seas. But that person wouldn't be at
all likely to "get a ship" except in the
somewhat rare instance that the ship
was a yacht owned by tho candidate's
father, and .even then the chances are
that tho real master of the vessel would
be a first officer, who besides a certifi
cate quite as good as that of the nominal
superior, would have the priceless, ;un
purchasable, and unexaminaole wisdom-
that comes, and only comes from years'
of actual experience at sea.
Provided with her "papers," Miss Jane
Morgan, of Philadelphia, would be able
to do a few things that would be illegal
if she did -not have them, but they will
not help a bit In meeting any one of the
thousand emergencies which diversify a
captain's life, and in almost every one
of those emergencies her sex will count
against her competency vastly more than
her. certificate counts for It. There have
been women masters before this, and a
few of them according to history its
rather legendary history have really
performed enough of the duties of the
position to serve practical ends Xpry.a;
voyage or two. but It will be manynnd
many a day before the much-discussed
sphere of woman widens enough to bring
her nearer In sight of actual command
on vessels that work for a living.
The Real Kuropatkln.
Even Hedln.
Tviironatkln is a verv honest, brave and
capable man, hampered by a pack of in
competents having the Czar's ear. I
know tho Russian Commander-in-Chief
(so-called) very well and I assure "you
there lives no more seriqus nor better-
equipped soldier, mentally and physically.
If at preseat he 'does not come up to
expectations, look for the cause else
where. I saw them much together
.Skobeleff and his pupil. Kuropatkln.
Than the first named no General of mod
em times was more popular; his very ap
pearance used' to "electrify the cotBibo'n
.soldiers. .Into, battle he- rode on a-ylc-
turesquel7-caparlsoned charger, wearing
a snow-white linen uniform, his breast
covered with orders' and decoratloss in
numerable, a gold-headed rldinc whip,
festooned with blue silk ribboa. in. Us
finely-gloved hand, perfmaa and
roomed like a yoatur swain r4r for
the marriage feast.
Ah, how Ivan Ivanovftch doted on Hko-
beleir as great as lie- was pretty! Kuro
DaUdn. for many Tears that Oeswrai'
Chief of Staff, might have adopted with
profit his means of attaining popularity.
but he is of sterner stuff. SkobelefE loved
war; Kuropatkln regards it Is an inevi
table evil there is the difference. The
first was his soldiers'' hero, their pride;
Kuropatkln tries to be their father.
"War," ho once told, me, "has become
the most intricate of fine arts that must
be studied with patlenco arid" diligence-
no part of the campaign durst "bo left tar
accident or momentary enthusiasm nowi.
ad ays.
Kuropatkln's very personality exudes
lmperturablo calm, a feeling of security.
Where he Is. panic can never ensue, for
every man knows that Kuropatkln could
be no mora Interested In blm if he was
his own son.
I first met General Kuropatkln In Oc
tober, 1S30. when he was Governor-Gen
eral of the trans-Caspian region, an im
mense territory situate between the Cas
pian Persia, Afghanistan and feo'khara.
He- found the-place a doserfi even ' today
most handbooks describe It as such, men
tioning only a few oases, and I expected
nothing better at. tho moment of setting-
out to. explore this new RusaIan,provinco.
imagine,: -then, my . surprur wnen l,
found Kuropatkln in a comfortable and
clean little residential town and in a
government house of stately dimensions
and appointments, inside- and out."; '
r ever before or afterward was I so
Impressed by the conviction that he
comes' "justly by his reputation of an hon
est man. Kuronatkin .is both honest and
proud. He would deem It absurd to take-' L
advantage orhls position, xo use tne
public .funds for. his own personal gains
aa-bthers- are doing would make him un
comfortable. At the same time he is lib
erality Itself to his soldiers.
At one time I was eating dinner at his
Sfc-Petersburg residence when Colonel
Ariamanbw, ju3t returned from Fashoda,
was announced. The Colonel begged to
introduce to his excellency two Cossacks
who had won- fame by swimming across
the Nile in a particularly dangerous spot
to deliver a message. The Czar had deco
rated these brave fellows, and Kuropat
kln had expressed-a''aeslre to ' shake
nanus wun tnettr. Ail ot us went to tne
ante-chamber where tho Cossacks wero
waiting, and I shall never forget the
little speech Kuropatkln delivered on the
spur of the moment, winding up with the
hearty assurance: "I -em. proud to know
you, little brothers, for -you set a fine
example to all of us Generals and sol
diers." Then he asked each Cossack If
he owned a watch. "No. your excel
lency, our pay never sufficed for that."
"I thought so," said Kuropatkln, "and
so I have bought each of you a time
Her Neatness Makes Her Favorite
With Landladies Who Know.
Chicago Tribune.
The bachelor girl has galneM Tor Her
self a new distinction, commonly ' sup
posed to belong exclusively to her bach
elor brother. She Is in demand as a
roomer. She not only equals the man
roomer in her reputation for being de
sirable among landladies, but she goes
him one better. If she is "a true bachelor
maid in the sense that she leads a
business life, she ha3 all his advan
tages as to absence during the day, and
if she cherishes In her secret heart a
desire to wash out handkerchiefs or
borrow a flatiron she has the reputa
tion of either not having time for It or
carefully suppressing it.
Neither the doors nor the hearts of
landladies have opened readily to her
call, however. Owing to the Increas
ing demand of this class of women for
a place to lodge an agency In Chicago
applies itself to' Its needs exclusively. .
'Tt is difficult at first, said the wo
man in charge, "to get some people to
even consider taking a woman. But
the market Is not overfull of men room
ers, and the woman who is anxious to
add a little to her Kous'e money decides
after some hesitation to try it,
"Pretty soon she is back. 'Give me
anoth'er of those busie'nss women,' she
Bays. 'She leaves no ashes nor cuspidors
to be cleaned, she gathers up her own
laundry and hangs up her own clothes,
and Is neater generally than the men
I've had!'
"The bachelor maid also has the habit
of casually mentioning to her landlady
the hour at which she expects to be lit
at night, which many times is much
appreciated. She is almost sure, too, to
be good pay. In fact, what are called so
cial references rather than . business ref
erences are what we are asked to fur
nish with woman renters. Tho average,
woman who takes a girl Into her house
wants to know that her acquaintance
is such as to give her some idea of the
conventionalities, which is fair, as a
large part of her social life in the
evening is carried on in the house. As
class, however, the business woman
is observant of these things, and the
one thing which some times deters a
woman from renting her rooms to a
bachelor maid is the fact that she is
apt to ask the privilege of receiving
her callers in the parlor. Many women
renting to business women arrange
their rooms with couches and screens
and furniture which is generally sug
gestive of a sitting-room on this ac
count. Little evening gatherings and at
homes are one of the things which
the working woman usually will have
as soon as she has any quarters at all.
be they large or small. But they are
not apt to be noisy ones or objection
able in any way, and the fact that sho
is fond cf them makes a girl put more
money Into her room than a man will,
and the girl who gets a fair salary is
generally ready and willing to pay a
good price for a sufte where a man
with tho same Income would be satis
fied with a hall bedroom."
Freak Bets.
New Bedford Standard.
The season of freak bets on the Presi
dential election has begun. A Parker man
in Brooklyn, in case of Parker's defeat,
will roll a peanut across the Brooklyn
bridge. But that will be nothing com
pared with the amusement which his op
ponent will offer should Boosevelt be
beaten. He has agreed to shave only
one side of his face for one month. An
other equally absurd bet Is that of a Dem
ocrat of Harlem who agrees In case of
Parker's defeat to walk bear fashion on
his hands and knees from Forty-second
to Thirty-fourth street on Broadway with
his opponent seated on his back. The
"Roosevelt man has promised to sing once
a "week with the Salvation Army for a
oerf& of one year In casehis candidate
'should be defeated.
With Whiskers and Wings.
St. James' Gazette.
Lord Grlmthorpes chef d'oeuvre In
church restoration Is St. Alban's abbeyl
and on one of the capitals -at the west
door of. that cathedral he Is represented
In stone. He wears the old-fashioned
whiskers, with which at least two gener
ations of his countrymen have been fa
miliar and he . is also endowed with
angel's wings.
A Lipman, San Fran
X Poston, Seattl
F "Lincoln and Wife.
Seattle ' r
C II Lynbery. -N T
Mrs. C E Ralft. SeatU
"W "W Powell. Tacozn.
J W Consldlne, Se&til
C P McFarland and
wile. Los Angeles
X J Moseff. Tha Baca
D S Kinney and wife.
n.r ajm. xra stotn-
-. w. S&gktad
7 B KelUasv B Frza
S 'Da-wet. Zoaton
"VT "W "Wheeler and
wife. Xe Xolaea
W J Woodward? S I
85 TlMCiKO
Mrs O D. HalL Seattle
F w Martin. Cle-EIttm
G B wiuciasoB, it i
X L Wheeler, String-
neia. or
A G Locke. Phil
H H Scovel, San Fraa
J jt K UKea. h x
K Gray. Chicago
C 8wey wife,
mVjsSm. "WW
T Btrtard. St LoaU
B U. Loasrd A wf,
" ettr '!'
IH Lackey. KaJnier
H Heteher e wz. ipon
B S OAyiecd, tmsbm
o Mccor. Mam
a W Suborn and wf.
H A Tertm BraTraa
C E OaOdis, MMolU -JT.
A KqOb w jr
5 C FuIUmi and wife;
Only IQO of These Clarendon
PTajtosat Present Low
$238 for $350 aad $400 Styles.
Payments Only $1.50 a Week.
Tne Greatest Plaao Value ,
of" the Season. .
Clarendon pianos have no equal. Pianos
that cannot begin to compare with them
are offered for sale every day by dealers
at from J350 to- $4W. Your saving there
fore Is from $1K t6 $200, when you secure
-a Clarendon at the present prices.
Clarendon pianos are built to last a
lifetime, by skilled," " experienced piano-;
builders, whose head inspects every in
strument personally, before "it leaves the
factory, and these Clarendon pianos are as
fully guaranteed In every particular and
r for as long a. term of years as the high--est-prlced
piano we - sell. A 'stool and
nancsome scarf is also- presented with
every piano purchased during this sale.
No piano anywhere near Its equal in
tone, action; artistic design, quality of
material or workmanship has ever been
offered by any other manufacturer or
dealer at anywhere near the price of the
Clarendon at $25S. Cases are made of the
finest woods, but beyond a simple and
artistic finish, no expense has been put
Into the cases of the Clarendon In the way
of decoration. But in tone, lasting quali
ties, as well as beauty, they are without
an equal at the price now asked, or at
twice the price.
Upon payment of 310, the piano Is de
livered at your home, and the remainder
of the purchase can be made In small
payments of only $1.50 a week. And re
member you are-buying a piano that em
bodies all the latest Improvements. The
Clarendon has the finest action In the
world; finest imported felt hammers, best
of copper strings, made by the most cele
brated makers in the world, bushed pins,
selected ivory keys, new Boston Tailboard
and music rack, three pedals and practice
muffler; the scale is overstrung and 71-3
octaves. Cases of mahogany, walnut or
oak, all beautifully polished. Only one
hundred in the sale. Leave your order at
once if you want to be certain of securing
one. Ellens Plana House, 351 Washington
street, corner Park.
H L Richardson, cltylW S Fletcher, N T
Mls Selmser, Chicago! W C Murphy, Chicago
L F Bobaye. Seattle F E Seely, N T
"W A Billings, Foresti
C L Hubbard. 'Dallas
C O Swain. Ravensdal
R Robinson. Tillamk
V "W Black, Goldend
John Berthold. Arlgn
E C Goodwin. Dalles
Geo Steers. Seattle
Chas Carson. Baker
J D Humphrey, do
.miss watroas, Helens.
Rudolf Llder. "W Fork
J H Smith, W Fork
u it aeagie, Santa
S Jt Sherman. Helena)
Geo Porteous, S F
A McGlII. Salem
fC F Gilbert. Hood Rt
J D Matheson, La Gr
Mrs J D Mathe4onV do
F J. Struble, Ogden
k t aieyer, ugaen
H C Hatch, aiemphlsLMrs W H Porter, Sa-
Frank F Coates. do
Mrs A L Kelllher, Sa
lem !
G E Phinney, Seattle!
C"B Pattern. Vermont
Kate B Rockwell. Seat
S 21 Boots. .Maygers
Mrs SM Boots, do
Miss' E-Boots.. do
W.K Stratton. Olymn
J A Berchard, Buck
ley. Wash
A B Rogers. St Paul
H C Iajbs. St PaUl
IMip W B'Stfatton. do
H A Robinson, Seattl
w a ,ysons, .tieiso
li. c Carpenter, ao
C F TulUng. do
E C Ohmer. Toledo
F E Chambers. Eng
Miss M S Johnston.
St Paul
Peter xmranr. Amity
Mrs Durantn do
Miss .Dufahx,. do
Fred Carringtcn. Sew
ard. Alaska
W E Case. Hd' River
John Jones. Jamestn
Mrs Callett, S F
M A Crowe, S F
J L Strong, London
L A .Bradley. iMmphis
J F Henries. Koslyn
E Knox. Kalama
C H Marsh, city
J Ht Smith. 1005
JMrs W P- Ely; Kelso
J Yi Meyers. RityvlllelMra jr-H.;.HUl. JCelao
Mrs Meyers, Rltzvllle
O C Smith, Eugene
E E DainIear "Wolf C
C D Jessup, Salem
Frank Hearon. N X
Carl Flschen,-Eugene
Fred Flschen Euflene
Geo Lotte, Waitsburg
L A Porter, Salem
J E Ostrander, Cot
H J van.Lewen. Eug
J R ChaDtnan. Rosebg
tage Grove
u Xf Jackson. .5
Dr JP Frizell, GastnlL A Greeley city
Geo ,Coote. Corvallls IMrs Greeley, .city
G 12 Johnson, uanas jit. i I'arsons, weswen
Geo C Callett. S F IP Heed. Gardiner
"W Bauer
B A Legs, city
Harriet Browne, S F
ITracy "Walling, Linen
G Lane Twerlln, Eug
Geo Burback. do
VT J Lleb. Helena
F Miller, city
Jas W Scott, ADeran
Mrs Scott. do
N F Barnet-
D P'enneau, Og City
Mrs Penneaii, do
W J Hamilton. Cased
R B Millet, city
E M Biddings. Astoria
H F Hallier, Brownsvl
P "W Cronen, For Grv
M A Fitzgerald. Leb'n
F Norberd, Ilwaco
Anna Johnson. do
Geo Smith. Kelso
F Gray. Hammond
Vf "W Foster
F B Mealey
C Carson, Pee-Ell
C "Walton, do
A Monical, city
C A Johnson. Seattle
Mrs Johnson. . do
Master Scott, do .
J M Jackson. B-C
H Schmltt. Deer ism
Mrs Schmltt, do
A E Thorn e, do
Mrs Keatley. Castle R
Mrs Laughim. ao
B Fallett, Carson
B E Gowen, Mcaiinn.
Joe Detrick. Chicago
Glenn Harper, cngo
C L Shaw. Albany
J G Summers. Quincy
Geo T Ewry. Rainier
W MtFarlane
J B Schell
S S Parker. St Jonn
R L Hauck, city
G H Rogers. HopeweliJ "W Gray. Bourne
. . -n ' An Ic XToT.'moTid! Salem
Mrs Rosrers. do
R M Heath, lone, Or
T Barns, Crawfordsvl
A Grant, Spokane
S M Beals, Mayger
Mrs Beals. do
Miss Beals. do
J M Lewis
F L Ross. The Dalles
R C McLain. do
Geo Kessllng. Dallas
L Chandler. Lebanon IS Ewlng, Lebanon
Mrs S Smith, Spokane J M Watson. Turner
J H "Woolery, Seattle IW E Thomas. Steven-'
F Allen. Grays Kiverj son
Mrs Allen, do K Mazey, Balnler
J T Thompson. SeattllMrs Mazey, do
Mrs Thompson, do JC D Saltmarah. Leba-
S Lamont, Shamokawf non
XV T Bryan. Astoria 'L Morrison, Seattle
F Owens, snerwooa liirs iuurnsuii,
M R Hall do !J roner. ao
F Curtis. do Mrs Porter, . do
Mrs Johnson. do ' J C Hubert. " do
F Scott? Centralla iGeo Beal. Pillar Rock
Mrs Scott. Centralla VA C.Rice. The Dalles
H T Mccnny, oeaiuwv, u ait.
Mrn McCUliy. GO
IMrs Nairn. do
TT" .Tnhnson. O.O
rw H Parker, Seattle
W E Lee, Eufaulav;
A Peterson, Eufaula
C D wllcox. . Goiaenai
F Davis, Salem
G F Slaughter, La Du
VT B Haldlman. do
t t -Hrrl"i. Forest Gr!
k? TOiniBTTut. uorva.ui
V, Vlekers. ao
L N Rosenstein. ? x
J Stephenson, Spokan
IJ McKenzle. St Helens
E Colvtn. Marsniana
T O'Connell. Los Ang
a Browlnir. T Dalles
Mrs Stephenson, ao
E N Hart, Asiona.
ir rtart Astoria.
jw" D Stewart. Ostran-
A K Bonn. The Dalles! der
Mrs Stewa;t,'Ostrand-
"W Hart, ivODanon
1 t
Tacosaa Hotel. Tseeasw
American plan. Rates. $3 -and up.
STotel DeaaeUy, Tacoam.'
Flrst-clacs restaurant In connection.
The- ingredients
in many soaps, re
quired free alkali to
saponify them.
The rich, cool
lather pf-Pears does
not result f rom; free
alkali, fats or rosin.
Pears' and purity
are' synonymous.
Matdifejafor the compieadoeu