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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 7, 1904)
THE MORNING OEEGONIAN, ilONtfAY, . NOVEIBER 7, 1904.
UPIN THE AIR TODAY
Five. Flying Machines to Show
. Their -Paces at St Louis.
TR&FOR $10Q,O0Q FAIR PRIZE
AH Vary in Size, Shape and Method
4 of "Propulsion Two Western In-
ventions Are' Included in ,
ST. LOUIS, 2?ov. 6. Unless weather
conditions prevent the greatest demon
stration of the kind In the history of the
world will take place at the World's Fair
Housed in the aerodrome are Ave flying
machines, embodying as many different
principles and varying in size from the
monster airship invented and built 'by
Francois, of Paris, with Its immense gas
bag -containing 65,000 cubic feet ' of hy
drogen gas, to .the comparatively small
balloon belonging to A. L. Reynolds, of
Los Angeles, which has a capacity of only
SOOO cubic feet. ,
In principle of propulsion the airships
Vary as widely as they do In size. Two
of them came to the World's Fair with
records of successful flights.
Tomorrow the first flight is scheduled
for the contest r the grand prie of
$100,000 offered by the Exposition Company
on the following conditions: Course Is to
be an "L" shape, start to bemade atthe
angle of the''Ii" and the length of the
full course to be not less than 10 miles
nor more than 15.
The number of trials allowed Is unlimited,-
but each competitor must make the,
full course at least three times. The
winning time shall be the average of the
three best trips, provided that this aver
age time be at least 20 miles an hour.
The aerial craft invented by Thomas
C. Benbow, of Columbus, Mont., and B.
F. Berry, of Bt. Louis, will also make
ascensions during the week.
Admissions at the Fair.
ST. LOUIS, Nov. 6. The following, at
tendance statement was issued today by
the division of admissions:
Monday, October 31, 87,227; Tuesday, 102,
4S7; Wednesday, 104,609; Thursday, 107.639;
Friday, 93,297; Saturday, 139,155. Total,
DISCUSS N0BTH SEA. AITAER,
Admiral Kaznakoff Has All the Docu
ments From Foreign Office.
ST. PETERSBURG. Nov. 6. The For
eign Office has communicated all the docu
ments relating to the North Sea Incident
to Admiral Kaznakoff, who had an audi
ence with the Emperor today, and later.
with Captain Clado, conferred with the
Grand Dukes Alexis and .Alexander.
Germany has formally asked Russia for
an explanation of the Sonntag affair.
based upon the claim of the owner of
the Sonntag that he lost his fishing nets
by being obliged to hurriedly leave for
fear of being struck by Russian shells.
Upon the nature of Russia's reply will
depend Germany's action.
Minister's Indignant Denial.
THE HAGUE, Nov. 6. Naboukata Mit
suhashl, the Japanese Minister to The
Netherlands, m an interview with the As
sociated Press today, denied, absolutely
the statement cabled from St. Petersburg
November 5 4bat he had organized an at
tack on the Russian Baltic squadron. If
Russia should produce, as tne hign au
thority" in St. Petersburg, is quoted as
saying would be done, before the Interna
tlonal commission, a message purporting
to have been sent by the Japanese Mln
lster, "containing complete evidence that
such was the case." Mr. Mitsuhashl said
the document would be a forgery.
Admiral Fisher on Commission
LONDON, Nov. 7. The Dally Telegram,
which Is often Inspired by the government.
suggests that Admiral Sir John Fisher
will represent Great Britain on the Inter
national commission to inquire Into the
North Sa affair.
A telegram from Constantinople says M.
Mandelstam, dragoman of the Russian
Embassy there, and who Is an expert on
international law, had started for St.
Petersburg, and will represent Russia be-
for the North Sea Commission, but In
what capacity is not stated.
Name Three New Articles.
ST. PETERSBURG. Nov. 6. Sir Chariss
Hardlnge. the British Ambassador, today
submitted to Foreign Minister Lamsdorft
three additional articles of the Anglo-
Russian agreement, the first providing
for legal assessors for the contracting
parties, the second a division of the ex
penses of the commission, and. third, that
the decision of the majority of the com
mission shall be binding.
.American Vessels at Gibraltar.
GIBRALTAR, Nov. C. The cruisers
Olympia, Cleveland and Des Moines, of
the United States European squadron.
Rear-Admiral Jewell commanding, hare
arrived here. The Olympia had in tow
the British schooner Elizabeth, with "her
stern badly damaged by collision wltlf the
Olympia the night of November 5. The
Olympia. was not damaged.
Takes Supply of Coal and yater.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Nov. C. The Rus
sian volunteer steamer Yaroslav, from
Odessa, with supplies of coal and water.
has passed through the Bosphorus on the
way to join the Russian Baltic squadron.
CROWDS VIEW THE REMAINS.
Housetops Lined With Spectators of
CINCINNATI, Oh Nov. 6. The removal
of the remains of Archbishop Elder to St.
Peter's Cathedral today was attended by
one of the greatest crowds In the city's
history. Along the line of march even
the housetops were crowded. The police
bad hard work to clear an exit at the
hospital, and later an entrance to the
The stream of people continued passing
through the Cathedral during the night.
General Jesse Finley.
LAKE CJTY, .Fla., Nov. 6. General
Jesse Finley, one of the last? survh-ing
Brigadier-Generals of the Confederate
Army, died here teday, aged 52 years. He
was a member of Congress three terms.
Major Edward Fitzgerald.
SAN FRANCISCO, Nov 6. Major Ed
ward Fitzgerald, U. S. A., retired, was
found dead in his room today. Ho was' 72
years of age. He had been suffering- from
The Play and the. Public.
Clyde Fitch In Smart Set.
The great play, of course, Js the ono
that appeals to both .the mind and the
heart. Certain great men have done.thls.
Certain other great men have done naif;
then their .appeal Is halved. They satis
fy the Intellectual on one side and the
Test on the other. Shakespeare did It all
Moil ere almost certain Germans' a
great Seal. Today, Ibsen, with his won-
derful fundamental Ideas, pleases the In
telligent crowd,, bores -the romanticists
and angers the beauty lover with his lack
of all but intellectual beauty, Maeter
linck drugs the senses and delights the
mina, ana puzzies tne popular opinion,
and outrages the conventional attitude.
Hauptmann and Sudermann satisfy and
stimulate the intelligence-, and put a cog
wheel in the box office I am writing, it
must be understood, purely of American
This Is the audience that the manager
dearly loves and the erudite critic fights.
It -is a composite gathering, difficult to
please from ail points or viewi a gatner
ing anxious to be amused, satisfied fo.be
interested- willing to ba moved, but ab
solutely intolerant of being bored. I
think it would rather, in the bulk, be en
tertained by a worthy medium than an
unworthy, and it stops to differentiate
Just about that much. At any rate lfs
sincere, this audience, which is more
than I dan cay for some of Its man
agers, actlrs actresses and authors. It
says frankly in effect that it wants to be
entertained, interested: lrin an artistic
way, so much the better as witness the
great triumph always of good plays ar
tistically done: But it will not be bored
by "art for art's sake," if that art Is
buncombe" and really art for business
sake! This audience is, to use a slang
term, "fly." Moreover. Jt does not pre
tend It Is the ideal audience. It openly
confesses there is the big Intellectual
play, for some, .but not for all of it. It
only asks for Itself to choose what It
"wants. - In return it gives you an honest)
medium to worK upon, generous in lis
approval and applause when It gets what
I feel myself very strongly the particu
lar value a value which, rightly or
wrongly, I can't help feeling, inestimable
In a modern play of reflecting absolute
ly and truthfully the life and environ
ment about "us; every class, every kind,
every emotloii, every motive, every oc
cupation, every business,' every Idleness!
Never was life so varied, so complex;
what a- choice, then! Take what strikes
you most in the hope It will Interest
others. Take what suits you most to
do what perhaps you can do best and
then d& it better.
MODERN CfflTRCH MUSIC.
Many Regret That Old. Fervent
Hymns Have Little Vogue.
Kansas City Journal.
In several of the larger cities of the
East there 4s a growing sentiment for re
form In church music. As & rule this sen
timent is founded op alleged concert pro
grammes, wnicn give an unecciesiasucai
tone to the service The chief accusa
tion Is that music In many of the wealth
ier churches Is becoming less and less an
Integral part of divine worship and Is de
teriorating into a form of secular enter
tainment. Those communicants who were
reared in the good, old form of congrega
tional worship, where all Joined in the
solemn and inspirational hymns see In the
modernizing influences -a tendency inim
ical to true religious fervor. Some even
go to the extent of charging that modern
church music is not only Inappropriate
and harmful, but maudlin and cheap.
That there is some ground for this" agi
tation must be admitted. It is a common
thing nowadays for church committees to
advertise their musical programmes and
"star" their soloists. Churches vie with
each other in engaging soloists and other
musicians. Some congregations go to the
extent of maintaining regular orchestras.
The critics claim that these churches use
the columns of the newspapers as fully as
possible with a view of drawing out a
large " attendance. Basei upon, this claim
is the statement that the smaller and
more humble churches are drawn upon
to contribute the audiences. They can
not compete with their more prosperous
fellows, either because tbey are unable
to maintain a brilliant musical equip
ment, or, which frequently is the case,
the members prefer io be unprogresslve,
and adhere more closely to the traditions
of a more simpleform of worship.
It "Is well within the memory of- most
men and women of today when the ren
dition of music in churches was primitive
and of beautiful solemnity. The choir of
the old days was about the extent of the
Investment, and the original object of this
choir was not one of entertainment, but
as a leader in the congregational singing,
The members gave their services without
pay, and what few solo numbers there
were merely filled In necessary pauses In
the service. In the old days the lusty
voice of friend and neighbor mingled in
"Old Hunger, "Coronation" and "Rock
oi Ages. Tne enect or tms congrega
tlonal singing was to, promote good fel
lowship, comfort distressed spirits and en
gender a proper humility to imbibe the
Word. There has been a pronounced
change. While congregational singing has
not disappeared in churches where it was
ever a part of the service, it has become
of less and. less Importance. Professional
vocalists are now featured, and before
their superior performance the average
congregation stands in awe and will not
enter Into competition. En the minister
of today in the modernized church is
somewhat In the background. In his hum
ble enthusiasm to expound the faith he Is
often obliged to yield' to the dominating
attractiveness of the musicians. Dfscour
president; stcdknt-body of
Barges P. lor.
"WILLAMETTE UNTVERSITT", Salem.
Nov. c Burgess F. Fori, the newly
elected president of the 'Varsity stu- T
dent body, is a son of Ir. T. B. Ford,
.a prominent minister of the 'Methodist
church, and at present Teildent in Porli
land. Ford is a senior, a member o'f
the football quad and. the tradfe. team,
and- is also manager of the 3Vallulah.
the collere annual. He came cere -two
years ago . from Eugene," where he Vas
a student in tho University of Oregon.
He Las always been prominent In the
T. M. C A. work of the school.
aged, but reluctant to make a protest for
fear of being called an old fogy," he
struggles on, feeling that' his own efforts.
In comparison with the other numbers on
the programme, are weak and unsatisfy
Music has ever been known1 as the hand
maid of religion. It is elevating and com
pelllng to its spirit. But there are many
people of religious convictions who must
admit that aTteform In music Is needed
at least to the extent of Insisting that
what music there is should neither de
grade religion by want of artistic value
nor usurp the real purpose of divine wor
TRY1 AT HOLD-UP
Foiled by Messenger on Penn
sylvania Express Train. .
GUN. STUCK THROUGH HOLE
Black and White Combination Make
No Headway, and the Would-Be
Robbers Make Their Escape
When. Cars Stop.
PHILADELPHIA. Nov. G.-vAccordIng to
the crew of the Philadelphia and New
York express, on the Pennsylvania Rail
road, which left Washington at 6:50 to
night, two unsuccessful attempts were
made to bold up the train at Havre de
Grace and Perryville, 1n Maryland, by
two men, one of whom was a' negro. The
The men boarded the train at Baltimore.
It is believed. As the train approached
the long bridge at Havre dfe Grace, a
white man pierced an opening in the front
of the express, and thrusting a revolver
through the opening ordered Messenger
EDUCATOR WHO HAS ACHIEVED GREAJ SUCCESS
PRAIRIE CrrV. Or., Nov. 6. (Spe
cial.) Professor C. O. Mack, a native
Professor C. G. Mark.
The Prairie City schools are the largest and best in the county, having now 140
echolars enrolled, of 212 listed, which number, it Is expected, will be Increased by
about. -4 before the term closes. The curriculum Is 'ten grades and. & business course,
taught by four teachers. The term Is eight months, which may be extended to- ten
months if the finances ot the district permit it.
Carter to let him in. The messenger re
plied by firing his revolver and pulling
the signal cord.
When the train -came to a stop. Con
ductor Sibley ran forward to the engine,
and there found a colored man In tho
tender, with a revolver In his hand. He
ordered. the man down. At first he re
fused, but after a short argument he left
the tender. Going back to the express
car. he was told by the messenger what
had happened, but the white man had
The train resumed Its journey, and when
It reschejl Perryville, on the further side
ot me , onage, mo two men- again ap
peared, one on the tender and the other
WHEN YOU CANVOTE.
The polls will be open tomorrow from.
8 o'clock in the morning until 7 o'clock
in the evening.
All legally qualified and duly regis
tered electors can vote in tho preolnct
in which they are registered. Those
not registered, but otherwise qualified,
can vote by making affidavit before six
on the front platform of the express car.
The train was again stopped, but before
the two men could be captured they dis
appeared in the darkness.
Glassworkers In Free Fight.
HARTFORD CITY, Ind., Nov. 6. Trou
ble that has been brewing between the
two organizations of window-glass workers-
contesting for supremacy here cul
minated in a fight today, which resulted
In the fatal shooting of Uille Walker, a
member- of the Phillips' organization,
known as New Louisiana 200, of. Louis
iana. President Paul St. Peter, of Old
Louisiana 300, and Pdtrick McPall, a
member of the old organization, have"
been arrested, charged with assault with
Intent to kill.
The streets are crowded with glass
workers tonight, and a serious collision
between the members of the two factions
Crushed Skull With a Hoe;
DECORAH, la.,- Nov. 6. Prof. T. L
Glfford, a prominent railroad worker. Is
under arrest and a charge of murder in
the first degree placed against him, on
account of the death of H. A. Blgelow.
The men-quarreled over a piece of prop
erty, and Glfford struck Bijrelow on th
head wjth a hoe, crushing his skull. Big-
clow was a pioneer of Iowa.
Jealousy Ends Two Lives. 1
CHEYENNE, Wyo., Nov. 6. "Bill'
Hatfield shot and killed his wife. Maud,
and then blew out his brains at Mee
teetse, Wyo. It is said that jealousy was
the cause of the tragedy.
Tps to Qlrlt.
Uvalde (Tex.) Leader-News.
A fresh, Innocent, happy girl, attired In
a graceiuiiy ntung and tastefully ar
ranged costume and toilet of modern fash-
Ion, has a charm for" every eye.
A girl who can play the latest favorite
composition upon the piano successfully
is able to enrapture every ear.
A girl who. can ride a bicycle with
ease, .grace and dignity, without too much
agitation and nullification of her drapery,
presents a spectacle that ,1s pleasing to
an lovers of the beautiful.
A girl who has mastered all of the
Xoregolng accomplishments is prepared to
display herself to the very best advantage
before the eyes of the. public at all times
But these requirements are to the girl
Just what varnish-. Is to the piece ot fur
niture. The value of tho article depends
upon the practical uses to which it may
be put, rather than upon the varnish
which is only put on for the looks.
A girl who can make a good pie. but
who has never learned tho mysteries -ot
a fashionable toliet is worth just five
girls who know how to dress,' but can't
make a good pi?.
A girl who can make a good, loaf of
bread but who doesn t know a piano from
a two-horse cultivator Is worth Just, ten
girls who can play anything on a piano
but can t. make a decent loaf of bread.
A girl who can do up a ehirt as It
should be, but car. no more ride a bicycle
than she can hit a dog with a brick, is
worth just 15 girls who can ride & bicycle
up one sjde of the rainbow and coast down
the other, on a "Srfndyvday, and sot repeal
a half Inch ot stocking, but cannot do up
& shirt. , ' . ' ? t
This Is not a Jecture by a crank; If Is
the opinion of all people who have opin
ions worth respecting.
Spread on the varnish, girls; we all
Hke to eee It; but before you begin to
spread, be sure you have something; worth
SAILOR AKTJ SEA.
On Trained Skill of Mariner Depends
R. F. Zogbeam In Century.
While It Is true that the mariner Is- no
longer dependent, upon his skill and
ability to handle and move tils ship by
means of a force of Nature he cannot
control, and though human Ingenuity has
given him a machine combining In Its
mechanism the forces of the air, the Are
and the lightning, enabling 'it to come
and go by day or night wherever there is
water enough under the keel to float Jt,
the sea ever remains the same, and the
domination over Its mighty power will
always bo the problem of him who goes
down to It. The same stoutness of heart,
the same quickness of brain, the" same
skill In reading current and tide, the
same resourceful readiness under all con
ditions of wind and wave, fog, storm or
battle, that have so conspicuously marked
the achievements of the American naval
seaman of the past must today meet
tests of seamanship as rigid in their re
quirements as ever before.
All of the ship's company machinist,
fireman or coalpaeser down where the
engines throb and thrust; yeoman, stew
ard and messman in the narrow ammuni
tion passages below; marine In military
eon, was born at Macksbunr, Clacka
mas Counts', Or., May 15, 16T9. His
birthplace was named In honor of hit
grandfather, a pioneer ' of C2, who
now resides at Canby, Or. Ha grad
uated from the Stayton High School
at 15, and then entered Mineral Springs
College, where "he completed the' lit
erary course In 1S9S, being valedicto
rian of a lass of 20.
Mr. Mack began teaching in the Fail
of 183S. He taught, in the Willamette
Valley until the Spring of 1001, when
he came to Grant County, where he
has since taught. His work as vice
principal of the Prairie City Schools
last year was so satisfactory that he
was voluntaWy tendered the principal
ship, which position he now eminently
Mr. Mack has & remarkable influence
over his pupils, and possesses the
happy faculty of creating in their
minds the same ambition for knowl
edge that he has. He was granted a
life diploma last June, and intends to
make teaching bis life work;
top and battery; every soul on board.
each In his way forma the units of the
fighting whole; all must face alike with
equal courage and devotion the danger
and terror of battle. But it is on the
trained skill of the seaman he who mans
the ship's weapons on gundeck. In tur
ret and torpedo-room; who manages and
navigates, directs and controls every
movement or his craft, battleship or crui
ser, torpedo-boat or submarine that
mainly depend the triumph of -victory,'
the safety and security of vessel and crew.
Quick, ready and resourceful us was
one nimble topman and tne tarry-handed.
curve-Angered hauler of sheet and bow
line, another "handy man," equally
adroit, expert and efficient, but with
complicated duties requiring education and
training, euch as his forebears never
dreamed of, succeeds them in the person
of the bluejacket seaman and artificer
of the times In which we live. While
op almost any of the big ships may still
be found some sturdy survivors of the
old navy some level-headed, oaken
hearted master-at-arms; some hard-fist
ed, seaworn chief quartermaster: soma
canny, handy gunner's or carpenter's
mate, for, anomalous as It may seem, the
carpenter and his mates still have their
hands full of work even on the newest
of steel chips the youth of the creat
mass of the crews Is apparent even to
the casual visitor; and while some of the
disadvantages of youth may be evident
in. our young man-of.-warsman, take him
by and large htf is an excellent product
of the conditions of naval life of the
Title of Intermediary Between Em
ployer and Employe.
Llllie Hamilton French, in Century.
Within the last few years there has
been created In the Industrial. world an
office now known as that of the welfare
manager. It should not be forgotten,
however, that this term was Invented to
fit an office already In existence, and that
it was not so Invented until much valu
able work of a pioneer character had been
This manager, who mavb either a
man or a woman, lsvSrecognized inter
mediary betweeh-the employers and em
ployes of mercantile houses and manu
facturing plants which possess any pre
tensions to size and importance. Such a
person represents the choice of an em
ployer who would Introduce among his
employes improved and more favorable
conditions, but who, hampered as he is
by the complex ramifications of the in
dustrlal and social world of today, and
unable to attend personally to every de-
tali, linos nimself obliged to summon to
his aid" the services of. an Intermediary
Between himself and those in his employ.
It is the employer, not the employe, who
nas cnoscn this Intermediary and out
lined the scope of he manager's work.
At the same time, in order that his owu
purposes may not be defeated by the
presence of too much friction in his es
tablishment, he has been at pains, when
making his choice, to respect the senti
ments and prejudices, and sometimes
even the' dignities, of his employes. In
one case coming under my observation
has he failed to remove a welfare man
ager unaoie to preserve uie narmonies.
For such a manager. It must be under
stood. Is unlike a superintendent or a
foreman, and has no. direct authority in
the business, nor power to engage or to
dismiss an employe.
Something Doing in Victoria.
Victoria (B. C.) Colonist
With the gathering of headway on
the work of laying the foundations for
theC P. R. hotel a new feature has
developed in the every-day life of the
city. Every day hundreds line up along
the fence on the embankment enjoying"
me sunsnice ana waicmng tne exca
vating operations beyond and to this
line of Idlers the workmen have given
the, name of "Rubber-neck Row."
Studied Greenland Natives.
COPENHAGEN. Nov. 6. Myllus: Erlck-
sen's expedition, after two years and a
half exploring Greenland, returned today
wjth valuable ethnological and' scientific
records, the explorers "having lived with
the natives, studying they- language and
C&ran princess Dead;
SEOULv Nov, 6. The Crown Princess
i Iwre last !ht.
SHOOTS IN THE BACK
Old Man Murders Son-in-Law
:in Southern Oregon.
QUARRELS WERE FREQUENT
- : . . .
W. R. Shoemake Had Given Farm to
Oliver Sargeant In Return- for
Care During the Rest of
His Life. .
GRANT'S PASS, Or., Nov. 6. (Special.)
A cold-blooded murder was committed
"about two miles from Williams Postoffice
this morning by W. R. .Shoemake, who
shot and killed Oliver Sargeant, his son-in-law.
Shoemake and his wife, who arc about 70
years of age, live in a little house adjoin
ing the Sargeant home, and the Sargeants
were providing" for the., wants of the old
folks In return for the farm having been
given over to them. There has been more
or less trouble -ever since the farm was
turned over, and last nlgnt there was an
This morning Sargeant took the break
fast for the old folks into the house, and
when he turned to leave, Shoemake shot
him lb. the back with a revolver that he
bad secured, the ball passing entirely
through his body. Sargeant lived 'only an
hour and a. half after the shooting oc
The Coroner and the Sheriff were noti
fied and went to Williams, the' Sheriff re
turning to Grant's Pass tonight with
Shoemake in custody. The old man has
for some time past been considered by
many as insane at times, but nothing was
ever done about it- Sargeant was about
45 years old, and left a wife and several
LABOR OF CONVICTS.
Contract System Advocated by the
SALEM. Or., Nov. 6. (Special.) "I am
of the opinion .that the contract system
of employing convict labor will be found
most satisfactory"," said Prison Superin
tendent C. W. James. Mr. James has just
returned from San Francisco, where he
visited the State Prison of San Quentln.
"uaniornia is operaung a jute mm tor
the. manufacture of grain bags, and I was
told that convict labor is thus employed
at an 'enormous expense' to the state. I
did not get figures, but learned that. the
prison authorities are not satisfied with
the results obtained by this method, of
employing the convicts."
There having been at several times agl
tation in Oregon In favor of the state
establishing a jute mill at the Oregon
Penitentiary, Mr. James was asked for
bis opinion of this project.
"I think It would be very poor policy,"
he replied. "In the first place, it .would
cost a very large sum of money to put In
a plant for the manufacture of jute bags.
Then I learned that the prison authorities
in California have had great trouble . In
disposing of their product in competition
with bags imported from Calcutta. The
bags find not only a slow sale, "but a sale
at figures which allow no profit on the
"The advantage of the contract, system
Is that the state knows In advance what
it will get for its convict labor, and
whatever Is recelved..s profit. Under the
present system a private individual man
ages the business and takes the chances
of finding a profitable .market for the
products. The state receives a return for
the labor in any event.
"A few years ago the convict labor of
the California prison was employed in
manufacturing furniture, and I am In
formed that the state received a good re
turn for the labor. But there was a loud
popular clamor against using convict
labor In competition with free labor, and
at last the board of control acceeded to
the popular wish and abandoned the fur
niture factory. They are very sorry now
that they listened to the clamor. Instead
oi zojiowing tneir own judgment.
"Convict labor has been used on the pub
He roads In California about the same as it
has been here, but on no more extensive a
scale. They sometimes send out a gang of
20 to. 25 men to work on a road near the
state institutions, where they can be kept
at the prison at night, but do not attempt
to work prisoners at a distance. I very
much doubt whether'it will be found prac
ticable to work convicts aUa distance from
the prison. A satisfactory plan for work
ing convicts on the roads might be devised
but the details of the plan would require"
careful study, and even then I thlnR It
might be found more expensive to build
roads Tsith convict labor than with free
labor. I believe that kind of work is
about as good as any for the convicts, f6r
they like the work In the open air and It
Is healthful for them. But working a con
siderable number of convicts outside the
prison walls would require the employ
men": of many guards and the purchase or
hiring of a number of" teams and the pur
chase of road machinery. Our experience
with convict labor on the roads near the
prison was satisfactory.
"We have one advantage over the prison
authorities at San Quentln in having quite
a large penitentiary farm where we raise
feed for our stock and vegetables for the
prisoners. We need more land than we
have, however. At San Quentln they have
very little land and must buy practically
everything they consume
"The system of rewards and punish
ments at San Quentln is different from
ours. They have a system of merits for
good behavior the same as we have, ex
cept that the California convict is given
a little more credit on his term of impris
onment for good behavior than is allowed
here. They have no "trusty system by
which --men earn double time. There really
Is no authority of law for our trusty sys
tem, but we are using It with good re
sults. They have no corporal, punishment at
San Quentln,. while we have what we call
the 'cold-water cure' here. Wd have abol
ished flogging but sometimes punish a
man by turning a stream of cold water
on him. In .California they use the
strait-jacket a great deal as a means
of punishment In disobedient prisoners.
They also have the dungeon, as we have
here, but the strait-jacket Is their fa
vorite means of punishment. The strait
jacket Is a heavy; canvas cloth which is
wrapped around a man and laced up be
hind, so as to pinion his arms and legs.
The man thus restrained Is left lying on
the floor or. on a cot, where he must keep
one position .until released. He Is unable
to move even to the extent of rolling over.
I understand they seldom keep a man In
the strait-jacket over 48 hours, but In
one case at least a man was kept, thus
pinioned for 100 hours; They flpd it a very
Learn to say " Pears' "
when you .ask for soap.
There are other soaps, of
course, but Pears .is best
for you and, matchless for
the complexion. r
cawWy Paws- cvecywiB. -
satisfactory way of bringing incorriglbles
"No, I have no present intention of In
troducing the strait-jacket in the Oregon
Superintendent James found that al
though the California prison building is
bur little larger than that In Oregon, they
have 1E00 prisoners confined, while Oregon
has only.about 330. At San Qusntln four
or five men are kept in a cell, while Only
two are confined In each cell here, and
there are a number ot vacant cells;
SUICIDE OF DR. GAGEN.
Baker City Man Was Discouraged on
Account of III Health. .
LOS ANGELES?. Pal. Xov R RnnMr 1
Dr. Edward Thomas Gagen, of Baker
v-iiy. ur., jutiea nimsen m a Hope
street lodging-house, because he was
sick of heart trouble and knew he
couia not recover. He locked himself up
in ms room, turned on all the gas,
put a towel wet with chloroform over
his mouth, and took enough morphine to
cause death without other aids. "His wife
SUDDOsed he was snendintr thn nleht- In n
Dr. Gagen was 44 years olJ and In good
circumstances. The body was cremated
and the widow 'Will stnrt trty Tiot- fnrmof
home ivlth the ashes tomorrow. The
tragedy took; place a week ago. but was
hushed up by the Coroner and all con
cerned till today.
The Race Issue In the South.
The completion of registration in
Louisiana reveals that state as the
sol!de3t In the solid South. The total Is:
White voters registered, 102,723; colored
voters teglstered, 1147. As only those
who registered can vote at the coming
election, it will be "seen that white su
premacy has been established with a ven
geance In Louisiana. How this arrange
ment affects the consent of the governed
theory of government becomes apparent
when it is remembered that of the popu
lation of the state in 1900, 729,612 were
wnites and 650.S04 negroes. The 1147 ne
groes who represent their race will, of
course, realize the futility ot showing op
position to anything the 102.723 whites-
may propose. And yet we are told that
It is President Roosevelt who has raised
the race issue in the South Transcript.
AT THE HOTELS.
G J Luska, San Fran
"W F Emens. Seattle
E Mayer, New Tork
,R H Stacy. Fawtuckt
J G Burrows. Chgo
S Brlssln, Astoria
W Folger, San Fran
J Barton. New York
R McAllister, Mllwk
TV H Martin and
A Poole, Toronto
J F Libby. San. Fran
A J Tolmle, Eugene
C A Bennett. Mlnnpls
G "W Whltson, Chgo
W C Browning, St L
C A Neale, Boston .
Mrs Neale. do
J W Berkhausen. N Y
A G Malkover. USA
G W Todd. Chicago
S Fasna. Tacoma
J Ryan. B C
B T Sweeney, Seattle Mrs Ryan, do
Ii Leadbetter, CamasiMrs L B Van Decas.do
L. F Daly, Dallas Mrs C M Keep, do
Miss A Roberts, do R R Stone, Chicago .
H "Wise, Astoria "W S Holland. Vancvr
T J Lowell. Astoria- C M Toule, Spokane
C B Pines. San Fran IH H McKenzle. City
J T Earl, Selma IMrs L Thorne, Pndltn
Mrs Earl, do . I J A Masterson. Elgin
u Nelson. N XamhlUiE cotton ismlth. s F
E M Hurd. Slletz
A M Bolton, Brooks
J McGee. Salem
J Hunter, Roseburg
TV L. Hay-ward. N Y
tl uowman. a b
Frank Hayes, S F
Mrs Hayes, do
W J Tov. Osden. Utah
F Browning, B TImbrj
Mrs Templeton. do
H C Manor. Eugene
J Read, Seattle
Mrs Read, do
TV , Tyler. Harrisbg
Mrs- Tyler, do
H Henderson. St Hel
II swain. S F
H Steuer, Castle Rock
Mrs C "W Jaycox. Seat
Miss Li Jaycox. do
J B Benson, Fendlton
W G Barclay, do
Mrs Henderson, do J A Apperel, Jefferson
Miss Henderson, do
Dr C Himes. F Grove
"W J Glover. Centralia
D H Welsh. Astoria
Mrs Welsh, do
Miss N Welsh, do
B H White, Canby
W W Powers, Canby
B B Swaney. Seattle
O J -Sumner. City
L B McMurtry. S F
R C Atwood. Wasco
C Trapp, Albany
C S Gibson. Tacoma
Mrs Gibson, do
Mrs S J Ashby, do
Mrs J H Townsend,
Mrs S J Richmond, do
J Bunt. Fremont
C It Longwell. Seattle!
W G Alexander, do
Mrs M W Keter..
Mrs C H Seeley, do
J H Fraser, N Yakima
Mrs Bunt, do
A V Ragsdale. Spokan
E H'Worthers. SeattllD Ruff. S F
W C Kelsey, Hd RlvrlW G McCain. Tenn
C H Marsh, City JF A Seufert and fam
H Y Grow, Seattle lly. The Dalles
P H'Booth. S F A Keller, do
G T Wentzel, Seattle F G Adams. McMlnnv
G H Laycock. J Day Mrs Adams, do
Mrs Laycock. do ilvah Olmstead, Or C
Miss M Robinson, (Pearl Fields. City
Minneapolis RA Moshberger.
Bessie Bonnoy. W W I Woodburn
, Miss. A Link. McMinniD V Kuykendall. Egn
C A Mason. Mason & iJ D Hamilton. Rosebg
Mason II M Kelsay, Hood Rlv
C A WIegand, do (J D Jones. Beckley
R B Fleming, Salem !
THE ST. CHARLES.
W H Plymade. Inde
H S Glenn. Clatskan .
C M More, Or City i
J W Humphreys-, ,
E R Lafferty, Chicago
F D Smith, Ashland
Mrs Smith, do
T.E MacDonald. Chgo
Mrs MacDonald, do
F E Wheeler '
.T C Watts, Reuben
Mrs .Watts, do :
!J B Carllle
W J Faubion
Mrs Faubion .
A Monical. Cits
G H Moss. Albany
G O Hunter, Albany
J Burbee - .
Mrs B Cox and fam
WH Y DRINK
Gommon Carbonated Waters
When for the same price you can get
. APOLLINARIS IS BOTTLED
ONLY at the Spring, Neuenahr, Germany,
. ONLY with its OWN Natural Gas,
and under the BEST. Scientific Sanitary Conditions.
9fe 1 a
aw-4u.is uofl. if one dealer won't get it for yod,
ivdcb for the bqyx another will.
nmfrfi io last xxntiL mm- .
warot to -ft, MOa-WMPXH fttfCK WMKS, Gate, Ofe
WJOTX rOR 9O0KLET "UGBT FROM THE WATCHMAN
WHY HAVE A
No .matter what it cost
you, iNt is never played,
what satisfaction is it
Better exchange it for
a Pianola-Piano or get a
Pianola. Those with the
are most popular. You
wiUthen have music in
your home always. Mod
erate tefms of payment
ean be arranged.
EILERS. PIANO flOUSE :
Sole Northwest Agent,
351 WASHIR6T0I ST., COR. ?kU I
Large stores also Spokane and i
Seattle. Wash.; San. Francisco, 5
Stockton and Eureka, Cal. J
L Mortenson. Oak PtiBessle Gaunt, Heppner
? 5 FaF.'' .Clty, 1J Weed. Philomath
A M Smith, Astoria IF B Teftt. Beaverton
A Richards. EstacadaiG Hedmann. Rainier
B ller, Castle Rock J Shank. Grass Valley
D A Jfclnirr. r-i,.
W H Bloyd; Kelso
J II Bloyd, Kelso
G T Hartzell. Kelso
T A Smith. Goldendal
H A Shields, Troutdal
F Hancnkratt. Tlllmk
C Pressnall. City .
R Blair, Eugene
T Martin. Eugene
W, Williams, City
C K. Cooper, City
J Spitzberger, Lyle
E H Beach, Warrentn
u s Conner, La
L L flplc-frolrl An.
L S Thomas. TTnhhanf
Mrs Graham and cfxll-
E E BmI
F Palmer. Palm.r
W Howlett. Palmer
rc oaniora. ia uunas
Mrs J R Mendenhall.
C R Thompson, Astor
F Mendenhall. do
A E Filler. Hnbhnrrl
Jira unompson, do
rs ,waii. liwaco
Mra Filler, do
J Q Harper. Chicago iWm Mante'lle
CeorcrA Tf arn.. Ar tTn- ..........
Georsre Hanwr. An
Inez Franc. Mxlrn
Joe Detrick, do
Leslie Glenn, do
Geo Hailey, do
Lynn Purden, do
Harriet Browne, do
Grace Fredricks? do
J Man. City
W J Bogley, Oak Pt
tC W McLeod. Dallas
P L Lewis, Dallas
.T TA TtirrjAV
oacx xuimary, do
C C Gould
OH McClungBoringfJ W Howard. Ashland
W H Mooney, Antelop
E T WInans. TT nivr
jl u nargir
M B Jacques
T E Delaney, USA
lHattle Mueller, Boise
W E Jones. Ingles. Or
J ,F Yerseir, Hubbard
Mrs Yergelr, do
J B Duncan, Scappoos
J L Van Cleve, Har-
iEvaL Todd, Astoria
L J Wright. Hamjnsd
Mrs A A Anderson,
G L Short. City
-j-A Larson, Hillsboro
A Larsen, City
John Dethman, City
C W Lyons
C G English
F L Gurron. Kelso ,
B Gurron. Kelso
C Lane, Mist ,
M Lane. Mist
Mr Smith. Astoria
Mrs Smith " Astoria
Cecil C Jack, Orient
C. -R!irflalr Stalin
W Hall, The Dalles
Miss Eva Peter-nan. '
W H Harris
B F Watklns, S Lake
F Eidman, Eufaula
A J Nelson, OystervlllMrs Watklns, do
L Smith, Goldendale 'N L Mulligan. Goldal
J" Mooney, City B A Jones. Seattle
N WalllnK. St Johns
Mrs Jones, do
G A Graham, Mrshld
J F Graham.do
J GIlDralth. do
Miss Jones, do
N W (Mix, The Dalle
E Laver, Camas -Ira
Laver, Camas; -E
D Donaldson, T Dalls
B F Russell, do
J D Reld, La Center!
J A "Ban-, Clatskanie
T E Mills, do
T Brownhlll, Madras
o unnde. Eagle Cliff
D Henderson, Mlssoul.
C H Wilson. Lebanon
t usnaerson. r Jdrltn
J S Bowers, Or City IMrs Henderson, do
P L Palmer, G River
T Cosinean. Clifton
H J" Johnson. Toledo
J Patterson, La Centr
Mrs Patterson, do
F Leonard, do
O J Boyt, Delano
Mrs Boyt. do
J Thompson, Spokane
Mr Thompson, dcr
Dora 'Thompson, do
D A Miller, Cascades
Mrs Miller, do
C Hermann, Astoria
Mrs Hermann. -do
F Davis, qity
Mrs Davis, do -
C C Swarts Collins
E Williams. Corvallis
F N Wood. Oi-oville
T N Ames. Sherwood
L N Merrltt. Eagle C
C jjenoers. do
J C Hubert, Seattle
Mrs ij river. .Eugene
Anna Driver, do
F G Clark. Deer Islnd!
u a ilarquam, ao
u Cohri. do
W E Clark, do
Tl Hnsreett. Tacoma
'A Shubbe Goble
N Silverman, Vancvr!
H Miriam. S Francis
J Weston, do
Mrs Weston, do
Mra F Wllke. Or C
Mrs H Klager, do
C C Bradsr. Buell
M Anderson. SJF
H P Cameron, Ashlnd
f Tacoma Hotel. Tacoma.
American" plan. Rates, $3 and up.
Hotel Xieaaelly, Tacoma.
First-claea restaurant in connection!
any Bar or, Restaurant?
If Your Dealer
Doesn't Show You
when you ask for it, or is unwilling to get it
for yon, or tries to talk you into buying"
another kind of watch, depend upon it tkat
he cares less for your satisfaction tnan fee
what he can make out of you. That's stating
the truth. coldly, bat reason it out for your
self. If that dealer "knows what he ought to
'know about his business, then down, is th
bottom of his heart he is firmly convinced of
the betterness of Dceber-Hampdea' Watches?
t - .. 1 r r .