Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, November 04, 1904, Image 6

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    THE MORNING OREGONIAIJ, FRIDAY; NOVEMBER, 190
not what .they bargained for, but pome-
thing: else. It's the same way in twen
ty-odd counties. The people can have
the promised "local option'1 If they
Entered at the Postofflee at Portland. Or- I give the prohls county prohibition. The
as second-class matter. . I law stands' now as it stood last June
HEVISED SUBSCRIPTION RATES. 1 tt-nH an thp nrohls riad It drafted. Any
By mail (postage prepaid in aavancej b d h , h ahead Qr his nose
f Z- RTJVrtST iei'Yw knew that, the law aimed for county
Daily, with Sunday, per year ".j I pronimtion. Tne majority 01 uregon
wi.&tf l.tso voters would have realized the deccp
The-Weekly, 3 months w j tlon quickly had they taKen pains to
Daily, -per week, aeuvereo. eunaay uncover the sheep's clothing from the
Dally, per -week, delivered. Sunday In- wolf.
eluded Ma
POSTAOE RATES.
United States. Canada and Mexico , WHAT THE "RACE ISSUE" IS.
10 to 14-page paper " The Montcomerv fAla.) Advertiser
82 to 44-5aIe paflr tells us that "It is not an extravagant
Foreign rates, douoie. use Qf .language to say that the white
EASTERN BUSINESS OFI1CE. nMn. . aVA nh,0,ut- con.
Jfew Tort-, room- 43-50. JTrlbune building, troi, political, omciai ana juojchu, oi
Chicago: Rooms sio-512 Tribune, building, the colored race, and It should be a mat
The Orezonlan does not. buy poems or ter 0r nrlde to dve that race equal and
stories from Individuals and cannot under- g,, justice before the Jaw. That is
!S J? ffff-T Sff. TLia be the theory of our laws, but we are
lnclosed-for this purpose. uounu to aurair.ujai tue nicuij o u
KEPT ON SALE, carried out as it couia De ana as n
Chicago Auditorium Annex; Postomce I ought to be. This is a solemn truth and
fltwi -"-. xo xienruum buccw i nMP readers KnOW It.
Denver Julius .tsiacK, iiammon a. atao-
rick. 80G-912 Seventeenth street, ana ruo- R!n(VV th-n tho -white neonle of Ala
Kansas City, Mo. Rlcksecker Cigar Co.. ----
Ninth and "Walnut. I the everlasting nowi aooui uie utmset
Xos Angeles B. ,F. Gardner. 259 South of "nigger domination"? It Is merely
Eprlng, and Harry Drapkln. a disgusting partisan expedient, em-
vauiana, lauw. iU jonnswra. im nlnvod tn "keen the South solid'." With
Franklin St. . v, nnr. e tlia
in i; ,r t tt w rn C..II. I UUUlVuec 1UJUOIH.C w C3"I
Third; L. Reselsburger, 21T First Avenue Aiauama paper aaraiia, mm w-tu
Eouth. mense political injustice to, tne wnoie
New Xork City la. Jones & Co., Astor country: since it prevents discussion In
House. , RnnHiprn States of everV subject
ugaen jr. . uooara ana wera nujw ltnaT.0t in nnr TCntlonnl life.
n 1. -T 1, Un. TTumhumr I vt i.u.t. -' r
iftlageath StaUonery Co., 130S Farnam. ana tnrougn suppression at ueuaic uu
Salt Lakev Salt Lake News Co.. 77 west vital matters. Is huruui in every way
Second South street. .- to the welfare of the country.
St. Ixrals World's Fair News Co.. Joseph ThI . th race issue.' It is raised
popeland. Geo. I. Ackerman, newsboy. partisan oblecL and
x-ignin ana uun oia.. u.uii "-"i i - .
Knn vmnriuw t v mmr ro.. 74a Mar- I thft jiortn. lor a nartisan ODjecu xnat
ket, near Palace Hotel; Foster & Orear, object is to keep 159 electoral votes,
Ferry News Stand; Goldsmith Bros., 238 counted always In advance, and to hold
Suter: L. E. Lee. Palace Hotel News Stand; ... - r
w -Pitf. XT,rVt- m-nte Seott. SO saua. repieKuwuuii xium t, -
-rhi.-'tc whMtiw 83 stevensSn: Hotel St. bf states, in both houses of Congress.
Francis News Stand. omce me aisirancniBeraeni oi mc uu
Wafihinrton. D. c Ebbitt House News groes in all the states where they are
Stand. numerous, assurlnsr "absolute control,
nniUlAot sifllotcil ltirllpla.1 tn the
more than a disreputable partisan x
pedlent. Invented and maintained uy
the party that profits by It Yet this
party has the effrontery to charge its
opponents with "reviving the race
Issue"! It is the old story of the wolf
complaining about the muddy stream.
no more steamers here. Jive thousand
tons of Portland -cargo will go to the
Orient by way of Seattle this month.
Nearly as much more will be sent by
way" of Tacoma. This will ease, the
strain on the Portland & Asiatic service
to such an extent that, in due season,
there will be vacant space on the Port
land steamers; and another reason is
thtls offered Mr. Schwerln for not giv
ing us more steamers when they are ac
tually needed.
This "public-be-damned" policy which
is a relic of the Huntington regime In
California may be all right so long as
the. shippers will stand for it, but
"there'll come a time some day" when
the shippers will rise up In their might
and ship all of their freight on Inde
pendent steamers. They would then
know Just what to expect, whereas un
der the Schwerln administration the
only assurance they have of securing
space when they need It Is on the
steamers plying out of Puget Sound
ports. This confession may be humili
ating, but it Is a statement of condi
tions as they exist, and not as they"
should exist.
CONSCIENCE AND PROFITS.
The Anti-Saloon League, contending
for prohibition, has issued a circular in
which It essays answer to the statement
that "prohibition will destroy the hop
market," viz:
It Is amuslnp. it not pitiable, to ece how
hard run the brewers are to find some pretext
with which to work upon the fears of the
people. Aak any authority upon the hop mar
ket, and he will "tell you that the best Oregon
hops are shipped to the London market, and
the poorer grades are sent to New York and
Milwaukee markets. The home supply cuts
but little figure. If every saloon and brewery
in the elate were closed. It would have but lit
tle effect upon the demand for the Oregon hop.
It Is true that most of the hops grown
in Oregon are shipped out of the state.
But by what ethical argument can those
who insist that manufacture and sale of
alcoholic liquors Is worse than all the
seven deadly sins, justify the growth
and sale of hops for conversion Into
the "deadly poison," for destruction of
other communities?
Yet here is an argument studied and
framed expressly to lay the conscience
asleep. You are urged to prohibit beer
in Oregon, but In order to get you to
vote -that way you are told you may go
on with growth and sale of hops for the
"accursed brew" elsewhere.
In their relation to the liquor trade
hops do not1 stand on the same basis as
cereals, or wen on quite the same as
grapes. For hops In quantities have no
commercial value except for conversion
into (malt) liquors. A person has a
right to assume, when he grows wheat
and corn and barley, that alcoholic
liquors will not be the result; but ho can
have no such ease of mind or conscience
-r-lf he profess scruples in regard to
hops. Then what is to be said of "the
soft cheverll conscience" that may
"stretch from an inch narrow to an ell
broad." to cover the argument that
there is no moral Inconsistency between
voting for prohibition at home and pro
viding the materials, without scruple,
for the "damnable traffic" elsewhere?
because 'there's money In hops" and
"we can't afford to quit the business."
It Is not the business of The Orego
nlan to establish peace between the
conscience of the prohibition hopgrower
and his desire for gain. It simply ex
poses the casuistry of the argument ad
dressed to him by the political prohibi
tionist.
REAL CAUSES OF WAR.
It is said that the arrangement for an
international mixed commission to con
sider the North Sea affair, as between
Great Britain and Russia, . is a great
triumph for peaceful arbitration, and
another proof that the causes of war
or what have been such hitherto can
all be removed by peaceful means. Not
so, for this controversy between Great
Britain and Russia is, comparatively, a
small matter. It was sudden and un
expected, was probably accidental, and
may easily be explained and accounted
for. But It would be a mistake to sup
pose that graver causes of contention
between nations, such as those that
have produced the war between Japan
and Russia, could be removed by arbi
tration.
For this war, as other great wars, has
its origin in a vast and complex move
ment that has been In progress many
years. Russia's long-continued pressure
upon the Orient has brought It about,
Behind this movement on the part of
Russia there Is the whole tendency and
force of a mighty empire. What power,
what international commission, would
say to Russia that she should stop
Japan saw that this movement of Rus
sia towards absorption of Northern
China and Corea threatened her pres
tige and existence. What power, what
international commission, would say to
Japan -that she should not .resist Rus
sia? Real causes of war cannot be removed
by arbitration. Trifling Incidents, that
are not real causes, yet might under
the direction of hot heads lead up to
war, can be removed by such expedi
ents, But when the causes of war He
Jn the rivalries of nations, In their
pressure on each other. In the develop
ment of their history and In the very
nature of things, talk of arbitration will
always be useless.
WORSE AND WORSE.
The paper that calls Itself the East
Oregonlan falsely and fraudulently,
because there Is only one Oregonlan
newspaper, and the use of the name by
another Is an attempt to deceive now
prints the following. In an endeavor to
justify Itself for Its false statements
that The Oregonlan was "In on a big
graft" for advertising the IewIs and
Clark Fair:
Here are the facts In the case: During the
month of May a commissioner of the Lewis and
Clark Fair, working In the States of Washing
ton, Idaho. Montana and Utah, cams to East
ern Oregon to smooth over. If possible, the ac
tion of the Fair management In "farming"
out the printing contracts of the Fair to Port
land Job offices, which took several thousand
dollars' worth of printing out of the towns of
Eastern Oregon, and In conversation with tho
East Oregonlan. said positively that, while the
Fair management would not "bo able to pay
regular rates for all tho advertising 3on. yet
an advertising fund would be ect aside, and
those papers which were going to so much ex
pense to get out special Fair editions and extra
editions for advertising purpoes would be paW
at least in part, for their services, and after
the)' were paid, the remainder of the fund
would be paid to papers next In line by virtue
of their constant advertising of the Fair.
The papers that would naturally come In for
the first share of this fund would be The Ore
gonlan and the Telegram, as they have Issued
several costly editions advertising the Fair.
They are entitled to remuneration, and nobody
would complain if they were paid, but It
might as well be made an open business deal.
instead of concealing the facts, and flying Into
a rage when some one happens to mention It.
Observe that the statement begins with
Here are the facts In the case." They
are not the facts, but the Inventions of
an (alleged) newspaper that Is extreme
ly greedy and .corrupt, and so suspects
others.
The Oregonlan and the Telegram
have, indeed, "Issued several costly edi
tions advertising the Fair," and will
Issue manyjiore; but no money has
been asked for them or paid for them,
nor will be. For the honor of Oregon
be It said that only a few very few of
the newspapers of the state have asked
or expected money for this service of
common advantage to the state and of
all the .people In It. The paper that
miscalls Itself "East Oregonlan" is an
unenviable exception.
Prohls say Multnomah electors can
safely vote "dry," since prohibition
cannot possibly win In the whole county
and thus electors can get the "local
option" for which they voted last June.
The cunning which drafted the "local
option" law should be a proverb and a
byword unto all who hereafter would
expose themselves to prohibition wiles.
Precinct prohibition Js offered as a bait
Xor the county prohibition trap. If
prohls can tempt a majority of the vot
ers of Multnomah with that bait, elec?
tors will find that they have secured"
ORIENTAL TRADE HANDICAP.
Monday's Seattle Post-IntelUgencer
under very conspicuous headlines prints
the news that Portland exporters will
this month ship 50,000 barrels of flour
to the Orient by way of Seattle. Among
other details of the event, the Seattle
paper has the following:
The Sound has been leading the Columbia
River metropolis in flour shipments during the
last few months, and with a lot of Portland
business coming this way, the percentage of
gain in favor of .the Northern cities will be
augmented. The shipments are coming to the
Sound for the very simple reason that Port
land cannot afford the steamship facilities.
Had It been possible to secure adequate trans
portation service from the Columbia River, the
orders would have .been loaded from the Web
foot port. This id taken as one of the most
signal acknowledgments of Seattle's superior
shipping facilities ever made.-
Unfortunately for Portland, there is
much truth in all of the above com
ment, except that portion which refers
to Seattle's superior shipping facilities.
The fact that Portland exporters are
compelled to ship their freight by this
roundabout route Is not so much of an
acknowledgment of Seattle's advan
tages as It Is a reflection on the busi
ness methods of Mr. R. P. Schwerln,
of San Francisco. Since the. ocean
transportation business out of Portland
has been turned over to the Callfornlan
it has been In worse shape than ever
before. Promises do not run steamships
nor provide space on them for flour
shippers, but promises are about the
limit of the assistance Portland has re
ceived since the Portland & Asiatic
Steamship Company became a tail of
the San Francisco kite.
This season more than ever, before
Portlandhas been discriminated against
In the Oriental' field. While San Fran
cisco and Puget Sound both had all of
the transportation needed for the busi
ness originating In their respective ter
ritories as well as for thousands of ton3
sent north and south from Portland, this
port has been forced to drift along with,
a service which would have been Inade
quate five years ago. The Schwerln
policy toward Portland seems to be
similar to that of the man with the
leaky roof. When the weather was dry
it needed no repairs, and when it wa3
wet It was impossible to make the re
pairs. "When no facilities are available
our flour is sent to Puget Sound. After
It Is diverted to Puget Sound we need
WHY" SALMON ARE DYING OUT.
The wheel cannot turn with the water
that has passed, and the-hatchery can
not get spawn from the salmon that is
canned. The State Fish Warden has
learned with apparent surprise that the
salmon which were caught In season
and out of season for the past six
months did not reach the hatchery at
Ontario. This inability of the salmon
to follow the call of Nature and spawn
at Ontario, while they were reposing
In the cans and pickling vats at Astoria,
Cascades and way landings, has result
ed In but 3,000,000 fry being secured
where 30,000.000 were expected'. Perhaps
the most remarkable feature of this un
satisfactory condition of 1904 artificial
propagation is the fact that even 3,000,
000 fry were secured. "e do not recall
that there was a fisherman's strike dur
ing the season or before it opened or
after It closed, and it is accordingly
somewhat mystifying how enough sal
mon to yield 3,000,000 eggs got as far up
the river as Ontario.
The prodigality of Nature is apparent
in nearly all forms of animal or fish life.
In the reproduction of species the plan
of that unseen .power seems ever to pro
vide for a surplus. In the case of the
salmon Nature seems to have made full
provision for the loss of a large propor
tion of the young which spawn and
even for the young which are hatched.
The female fish Is physically equipped
for turning out many thousands of eggs
In order that the voracious enemies
which devour the spawn and yourig
salmon cannot entirely eliminate the
school which should depart from the
hatching grounds. It has been demon
strated that a vastly greater proportion
of the fry are saved by artificial propa
gation than by the natural method. This
becomes true only, however, when ar
tificial propagation Is given an oppor
tunity. The natural enemies of the
salmon In their most relentless pursuit
could not create the havoc among tbe
species that Is caused by such whole
sale levies as were made on the Colum
bia River and adjoining streams day
and night since early last Spring. The
sea lions, off the mouth of the river are
terribly destructive of salmon. They
catch hundreds of the fine fish, and,
after biting out a mouthful from the
choicest portion, leave the remainder to
go to waste. In the river the voracious
salmon trout, catfish and other fish of
a predatory nature devour large quan
tities of the salmon eggs.
The loss by either or all of these pests
Is never complete. While the sea Hon
is grabbing one salmon the remainder
of the school gets away, and at the
worst a goodly proportion of the school
will reach the river in safety. In the
river a percentage of the young fish
elude their enemies. The ingenuity of
man, with the seemingly overwhelming
desire to kill the goose that lays the
golden eggs In this case salmon eggs
has made It almost Impossible for any
salmon to get past the endless string of
seines, nets, traps and wheels which
block every channel between Cape Han
cock and the Cascades. The lax en
forcement of the law has resulted In the
large quantities of gear going Into the
water several days before the lawful
opening of the season In the Spring, and
this season that gear remained In the
water continuously throughout what
should have been the close season In
the Fall. The cannerymen and fisher
men are to blame for this open violation
of. the law, and It will require an exhi
bition of more than ordinary nerve for
them to appear before the next-Legislature
and ask state aid for an Industry
which they have worked so energetic
ally to kllL
chairman of the railroad commission,
created disaffection.
Practically the only Issue In the elec
tion was the railroad policy of the gov
ernment, A new, transcontinental line
Is to bebullt at' a cost of 510.000,000.
The Grand Trunk will build from the
Pacific Coast to .Winnipeg, the govern
ment will build Irom Winnipeg to Que
bec, and the road will then be carried
east to tidewater In New Brunswick
?and the United States. The Conserva
tives argued that the Grand Trunk,
whfch now has its terminus at Portland,
Me., will ship Its wheat from the Amer
ican port instead. Jf building up Cana
dian trade. Borden also proposed to
make the new road entirely a govern
ment affair. In view of the expenditure
the nation was about to make upon It.
On this subject all the forces of both
sides were centered during the cam
paign. ,
Laurler was aided by his personal
popularity and the "good times" Can
ada is now enjoying. His victory is"
also Indication of the growth of the na
tional spirit in Canada. From the
United States standpoint the Liberal
success is chiefly Interesting as that
of the moderate tariff party, since
neither side made any attempt to use
reciprocity as an issue in the campaign.
Port Arthur seems tottering to Its
fall. Russia has made tremendous de
fense of a position into which she forced
herself, at the conclusion of the war be
tween China and Japan through the
support of France. and Germany. Rus
sia has no right to Port Arthur; never
had. An immoral compact between na
tions of Europe placed her there; and If
Japan can turn her out a great step
will have been taken towards restora
tion of the equilibrium of the Oriental
world. Russia, France and Germany,
In this business, each and all are In a
false position, and each and all know It.
France wouldn't have bsen in it but for
her upset in the Franco-German War.
Naturally the Ideas that control France
are completely at variance with those
that control Russia and Germany. But
France, smarting under defeat, and on
the search for an ally, supposed she had
.got Russia, but was duped both by
Russia and Germanj. Japan now. It
may be hoped, will be able to dissolve
this unholy alliance. If she cannot.
England finally must help her. But
Japan is putting up a splendid fight.
ROOSEVEITS IDEA OF. MANHOOD SHOWS REGARD FOR.MIKADO.
Jacob RIls In Chicago Tribune.
Many years ago Roosevelt in a speech
said ' that the three fundamentals re
quired of men who would act a man's
part In the world are honesty, courage
and common sense. If you will watch
his speeches as the years pass you will
flnr! that th Irlpji rnmps nenln nnd
again. He cap not get away from thaf
conception of strong manhood. The rea
son is that it really represents his own
equipment. In his whole extraordinary
career there is nowhere evidence of any
transcendent genlusl There Is the sound
brain to think a thing out, the honest
will to do it, and the unhesitating
courage that takes the responsibility
for an act done qualities any one can
cultivate and bring to his work In life.
Even when he soars highest as In tho
KIshinef business, that left his ac
cusers gasping breathless in their
amazement It Is really just the com
mon sense thing he does. The "diplo
macy" of avoiding the giving of of
fense to Russia and the charge of In
terfering with what she would choose
to consider her private business, "while
In reality It was anything but that
avoiding this reef over which the ene
mies of the Administration gloated, by
simply telegraphing the Jews' petition
bodily to the American Minister, direct
ing him to present It to tne Czar ana
asking Whether he would receive It if it
were transmitted to him officially, was
the baldest common sense when you
look at it afterward, though in tho
whole chorus of cavillers there was
apparently not one to whom that way
out had occurred. The Czar would not
look at it, no! But he had done so, had
heard It all, without a Shadow of an ex
cuse for taking offense.
Soma one said once about Roosevelt
that he "stands for the commonplace
virtues: that he Is great on lines along
which every one of us can be great If
he wills and dares." That is emphati
cally true, and that Is where the man's
real greatness comes in to me when I
see the enthusiasm with which tho
young rally around him everywhere. A
great orator, a great General comes
once' in a 'generation and leaves no' ono
to take his place. There will be hun
dreds who will aim up to Theodore
Roosevelt as the years pass. They may
not rcacn mm, but tney will get part
of .the way, and we shall bo bptter off
by so much. The young arc hero wor
shippers, which means that tho ideal
lives In them. The Immense gain Is
that we have a hero they can grasp and
for whom there Is no apology to make,
to set up before them.
The dairy output bf the Willamette
Valley suffered materially from the late
dry Summer. The supply of the cream
eries has fallen far short of the de
mand, and as a result butter reached a
price in our market early In October
that It does not usually reach until two
months later. The grass has started
slnco the first rain fell. In September,
but It is now too late to expect much
relief from that quarter. Dairymen and
farmers are feeding their cows and will
have to feed them more or less from
stored- forage crops for the next four
months at least. This means that the
consumer will have to keep up his end
of the dairy business by paying the top
price for dairy products during the
Winter.
It is not a local option election now,
but a prohibition election. All the-deception
practiced hitherto by good men
like "Brother Tufts ,is at an end. All the
resourcesof disclaimer and equivocation
have been exhausted. It'ls a straight Is
sue In Multnomah and In every other
county not local option for precincts,
but for general prohibition. Men will
vote as they please, but there Is no use
of" any further attempts at deception.
Strange this couldn't be understood last
Spring!
The late accident to the President was
one of those happenings which might
have been serious and far-reaching in
Its consequences, but the results of
which were fortunately unimportant.
The American people will doubtless feel
that, under the circumstances, the risk
taken was a reckless one, and hope that
the possibility of disaster that attended
It will deter the President from taking
such needlessly strenuous exercise In
the near future.
So in the matter of labor, of tho
under dog In any fight. His first year in
the Assembly of my state found him
championing tho cause of the virtually
enslaved tenement cigarmakers, found
him locking horns with the managers
of his own party over tho rights and
the wrongs of legislation. The rights
and wrongs were In question only for
mally. They were perfectly . plain. It
was a question of convenient corrup
tion, which he blocked, and the "con
venience" had to give way. As Police
Commlstoner, as Governor, the same
things came up again and again al
ways with the same treatment from
him, always with tho same result. Did
the police neglect their duty? Was tho
Factory Inspector Inefficient or negli
gent? Was it a bill that tried to regu
late the relations between employer
and employe, .to drive sweaters from
the tenements, to bring light and air
to the people's homes In those tene
ments? He went himself to see by day
or by night and went to the "bottom of
It. I know, for I was with him. Wo
went .together on those errands and I
saw that what counted with him al
ways was the "right" of tho thing.
That once established, he went straight
to it, and if anyone or anything was In the
way he was apt to be "hasty" with It.
That much truth there is in the old
charge. With those who counseled
"discretion where a Just law was to
bo enforced, where the right of a thing
was plain, he had never any patience.
And whether they happened to be sel
fish politicians, greedy corporations, or
purblind labor men who demanded for
themselves the special privileges which
they denied others, was to him of no
consequence. Therefore he made enemies.
Japan Enjoys a Holiday In Honor of
His Birthday.
TOKIO,. Nov. 3. Japan enjoyed a holi
day today in honor of the Emperor's
birthday. Ordinarily the people idol
ize their sovereign, but the war seems
to haVe Increased their affection. The
celebration was observed throughout the
empire, The cities were decorated and
patriotic exercises wcro held. At Toklo
the Emperor reviewed the fleet and the
Imperial guards division, and gave a
luncheon at the palace for the higher
officials and foreign diplomats.
The military review was held at Aoya
ma Field, where the troops began arriv
ing early this morning. The Emperor
drove through the city in a handsome red
state coach. Leaving the palace shortly
after 8 o'clock, ha reached the field at 9
and alighted from his carriage and mount
ed a black charger. He was accompanied
by a numerous staff, which Included the
Crown Prince and Lleutenant-General Sir
William Nicholson, director-general of
military intelligence of the British War
Office, attached to the Japanese army dur
ing the war. The Emperor rode round the
field.
Only a small portion of the troops as
sembled marched past, the remainder
holding th-lr position In an . Irregular
square. The troops which marched past
included three regiments of infantry, 6ft
field guns and a regiment of cavalry,
totaling 8000 troops. They wore the field
uniform and carried a full kit, including
intrenching tools, presenting an impres
sive appearance in the bright sunshine.
Thousands of the populace walked around
the field. After- the review the crowd
broke Into the field and gave tho Emperor
and Crown Prince an ovation.
Upon the occasion of his birthday, at
luncheon today the Emperor briefly ad
dresesd hi3 guests, extending welcome to
tho foreign diplomatic corps arid Minis
ters of State. During the course of his
remarks ho said:
"We regret that the time, has not come
to see peace restored in the Far East In
realization of our desires."
He then proposed the health of the sov
ereigns and rulers represented at his court
and expressed the wish that the bonds
of friendship existing between their re
spective countries might be drawn closer.
Baron D'Anethan, Belgian ' Minister,
dean of the diplomatic corps, responded,
congratulating the Emperor on the day
and expressing regret at the continuance
of the war. Continuing, Baron D'Anethan
said:
"We again express our wishes for peace
and do so with more fervor when we con
template with profound emotion the rav
ages already caused in suffering families
and the thousands of noble victims on
either side in the armies in tho field,
struggling and shedding their blood with
a bravery that rises to the height of a
sublime and Indomitable heroism."
OBSERVED AT ST. LOUIS FAIR.
It transpires that the many good men
who hoped to expel liquor from their
home precinct but to get booze in the
next precinct or down town are to be
disappointed. If liquor Is an unmiti
gated evil near home, they are not to
get drunk at the club or at the swell
saloon on Sixth street that 13, If they
are still to follow the blandishments of
the prohls and vote for county prohibi
tion under the guise of" precinct prohibi
tion.
MRS. REED'S WELL AND 'HER HEIRS.
The right of the late Mrs. Amanda M.
Reed, of this city, to give and bequeath
her property according to her own. will
and wish Is to be contested, It Is said,
by some of her heirs at law. Mrs. Reed
was without children. Her will was an
explicit and carefully drawn instrument
in which her collateral heirs were gen
erously remembered. Her property
holdings, real and personal, were large.
The bulk of these holdings was in Ore
gon. Her fortune was founded and
largely amassed here by her husband,
the late Simeon G. Reed. Though -for
some years they had dwelt in Pasadena,
Cal., both fondly regarded Portland as
home, and often thus- spoke of iL The
devlsenients made by Mrs. Reed she
being the sole legatee of her husband
to philanthropic and charitable Institu
tions in this city are in loyal evidence
of this fact.
In the face of all this, and' of the
earnest purpose of the will Itself, as
strikingly and specifically set forth In
its provisions, an attempt will be made
to set It aside under a law of California
which limits the amount that may be
devised to charity. It may .be hoped
that the effort will fall, since Its suc
cess would limit the benefactions of a
philanthropic woman to a few already
generously remembemred and turn
them away from the wider purposes of
humanity by which the testatrix was
Influenced in executing her last will and
testament.
Marlon County schoolteachers figure
they can save only 60 cents a month out
of their salaries. That teachers are
poorly paid all persons admit, but the
fault Is mostly with the profession. So
long as young men make teaphlng a
temporary makeshift as an occupation
and young' women make It a sort of
probation or purgatory, test for matri
mony, the profession will be poorly
paid.
A longer closed season seems to be
needed by the salmon fisheries of the
Columbia River; also ' more adequate
legislation by the States of Oregon,
Washington and Idaho, and close co
operation by officers of the three states
for the rigid enforcement of law. With
out these remedies the fisheries appear
doomed to ruin. Hatcheries will not
perpetuate the Industry if salmon can
not reach them. '
A Yankee.CaptaWs Nerve.
Frank J. 'Mather In Atlantic.
In parallel 57 degrees, in the dog-watch
4 to 6 P. M., when the chief officer came
on deck to relieve the second officer, he
swiftly cast his eye toward tho horizon
In tho direction of tho wind, and then at
the struggling canvas, and particularly
at the main topgallant sail, which threat
ened every minute to blow away. As
nautical etiquette forbids the officer In
charge to altar canvas when the captain
is on deck without his command or con
sent, tho chief officer, after his hurried
survey, eald, "Captain Matter, that main
topgallant sail is laboring very nard." "It
Is drawing well, let it stand, Mr. Bartlett,"
was tne reply. At 6 o ciock, when tne
second officer in turn relieved, the first, he
also gave a rapid glance about, and said.
"Captain Mather, that mam topgallant
sail Is struggling hard." "It holds a good
full, let It stand, Mr. McFarland," was tlje
reply. Even the old sea dogs among the
crew begged the petty '01110613 to send
them up to take In sail, while it was held
safe to do so. As the helmsman turned
his wheel, every turn of a spoke would
make the ship Jump in the water like a
frightened bird. Men were stationed at
every belaying pin, holding halyards and
clew lines, by a single turn "under and
over." ready to let go and clew up, at a
signal. We were making a record passage.
and sail was to be carried to the last
minute, the utmost the ship could hear,
while every exigence of storm was antici
pated. Later in the evening the captain
could not help asking it tne crew sun
thought .that he had married the owners
daughter. Captain Mather Illustrated
then, as always, a quality of nuna usuany
exhibited by those who succeed in most
any direction an extreme daring; and ex
treme caution running parallel, a
Prominent (Japanese Make Speeches
Message Sent to Mikado.
ST. LOUIS Nov. S. On. the occasion of
tho celebration today of Japan day at
tho Exposition, the following cablegram
was sent to Katsura, Minister of the In
terior: The entire isolony of Japanese subjects here
in St. Louis; assembled today in the Japan
ese Pavilion, respectfully ' congratulate His
Majesty, the Emperor of Japan, on his 53d
birthday. SELICHI TEG IMA,
Representing Japanese In St. Louis.
Opening the celebration, more than 400
Japanese, including, residents of St. Louis
and those connected with the Exposition,
gathered In the national gardens and
there observed the Mikado's birthday.
There were speeches and songs in Japan
ese, tea was served and there was danc
ing. S. Teglma, head of the Japanese Im
perial commission, who was the princi
pal speaker said in part:
Owing to the progress .and prosperity of
our country under the ruling of His Majesty,
our Emperor, we have reason to applaud the
virtue of His Highness on this, his 53d birth
day. To fulfill our obligations as his subjects. Is
to answer the call of duty, -whether It be on
the field of battle or in furthering the ad
vancement of the empire In a commercial
or industrial way. While our 'brothers are
nobly and willingly sacrificing their lives
for the cause of the Emperor, fate has de
creed that we, here In this foreign land.
Illustrate to tho world the progress of Japan
and at the same time acquire for ourselves
the very best which "Western civilization has
to offer. By so doing we are expressing our
appreciation of our Emperor's grace.
That we are ably surrounded by the Influ
ences of peace, and far from the tumult -of
war, to celebrate this eventful day. Is a gift
-which we. highly prie. We join qur voices
In the prayer to God thnt the Emperor's
reign may be limitless, both as -to time and
prosperity.
Following a luncheon served in the Im
perial gardens, the Japanese commission
entertained at a garden party 1500 guests,
most of them members of the World's
Fair, state and foreign commissions. The
feature of the entertainment which In
character was strictly Japanese was the
presentation of Japanese chrysanthemums.
Fireworks or flreflowers, as the Japanese
call them, were liberally displayed.
K0TE AND COMMENT
The Beleaguered City.
The latest Oriental malls bring several
copies of the Port Arthur Novlkral. Side
lights on life in the besieged city afford
considerable Interest, and translation of a
lew local Items are appended: x
Several shells paid us a nylng- visit yes
terday. A number of Japanese settlers have ar
rived on tho outskirts of our burg, and
efforts will be. made to settle them as soon
as possible.
"Cap" Stoessel, our efficient City Mar
shal. Is talking of. establishing a rockpllo
for hobos from the Llatung Peninsula.
Charley Stlckoutvitch has Improved the
appearance of his bomb-proof cellar by a
coat of black paint on the door.
We received a fragment of shell In our
midst and are somewhat indisposed at this
writing. '
Charges of graft have created some unpleasantness-in
the City Council. Council
man Buttlnsky says someone must be
getting a rake-oft from the shell game
that Is running unmolested.
As' Discussed on This Side.
There was an election In Canada yes
terday. The whatyoucalllt party wen out
on the thlngamajlg Issue.
Dental students are using gas In extract
ing their teacher.
Panama was a year old yesterday, but
hasn't yet been weaned.
The trusts should be gratified over the
amount of free advertising they are get
ting. A Centralla preacher has joined tho
Eagles. The order Is becoming careless
about Its membership.
According to Punch, the Archbishop of
Canterbury received a new title In Amer
ica, that of Plerpontlfex Maxlmus.
Panama's population cannot be very
patriotic Although their Fourth of July
was celebrated yesterday, not a single
case of lockjaw has been reported.
Inventor Baldwin would find an appro
priate song In:
I shot an Arrow into the air.
It fell to earth, I know not where.
Speaking of tho girls that sp6ll their
j names Mae, Maybelle, Grayce, etc., we no
tice that marine men have so far been
afraid to call their ships after the dears.
In Marion County the average teacher, it
Is said, can save 60 cents a month. The
Marlon teachers might move to Portland,
where one can run Into debt 5100 a month.
The
The antics of the Baldwin airship
have served mainly to -show that
"dlrlirible" balloon Is Just about as
dirigible without an aeronaut as when
he Is aboard; and that Professor Bald
win's theory that your true balloonist
never risks his life by going more than
four feet' above ground (except "by
proxy) is eminently sound.
Judge Parker grieves ever the doc
trine of "stand pat." But he suggests
no change that gives any sort of assur
ance that the Nation vould do better.
The "standpatter" simply means to
"stay put" until he knows how. why,
when and where to move.
I'ltEHIER LAURTER'tf VICTORY.
As the result of yesterday's election
Sir Wilfrid Laurler, the eloquent leader
of the Liberal party in Canada, will re
main In power for another five years.
In accordance with expectations, Que
bec went strongly In favor of the
French-Canadian Premier, .and, much
to the discomfiture of the prophets, so
did such Tory centers as Hamilton, In
the Conservative Province of Ontario.
R. L Borden, the energetic leader of
the Opposition, was himself defeated in
Nova Scotia, and Indeed the only seri
ous blcjv to the Libera cause appears
to have "been In New Brunswick, where
A. G. Blair, who resigned as Laurier's
If the Russian armada shall ever
reach -the Orient, it may. learn h'ow it
feels to fishermen to be mistaken for a
fleet of warships. The British could get
even, one of these dark nights, by plan
ning a "blunder" of their own.
Salt Lake, a city of perhaps 60,000 in
habitants, has a registration for Tues
day's election of 26.000. Nearly ones
half are women. All over Utah there is
a heavy increase in registration. No
race suicide there.
Of course all barbers are neat and
clean. An untidy person Is usually
cocksure of his tidiness, and the less
tidy the surer. x
Phenomenal Turncoat.
Walla Walla Union.
In 1S93 George Turner said: "I am a Re-
vublican of Republicans. I believe that all
the Intelligence necessary to uo conauct
of this Government lies In the Republican
parti' alone." In July, 1596. he said: I am
for free- sliver, out suu a. prutecuumsu
In January, 1S97, he' said: "While I have
been a Republican in the past. I am now
member of the people's party." In Feb
ruary, 1S97. "e saiat "I am a; Fopunst."
On April 14, UXH. in tnis city, ne saia:
Free silver Is dead." He tnen got onto
the Parker platform which says: "Protec
tion Is robbery." Now Mr. Turner says:
"I am a Democrat because I believe the
principles of Democrapy necessary to the
neroetuatlon of our republican Institu
tions." That Is.Mr. Turner's political rec
ord for the past ten years.
Irrigon Is in Morrow County.
Irrlcon Irrigator.
Irrlgon Is in Morrow County. There' might
have been, haa anyDoay tnougnt oi tne
name before we did, an Irrlgon in Mal
heur or Umatilla or any other county. But
there 13 only one Irrlgon and that Is at
this specially favored spot. In Morrow
County, Oregon.
Our good friend. Congressman William
son, always .addresses us- In Umatilla
County. Now, wo have nothing against '
that county. Umatilla has many things to
be proud of, but we are not one of her
beloved possessions, ana we are giaa or it.
for Morrow suits us best.
Call Him Down I -Salem
Statesman.
Shouldn't the acting Governor at Oregon
City- be called down for Tasking political
speeches? Where are those Democratic
papers which are so intensely opposed to
this sort of things whea oe oy KejWB
llcans?
Also Anilversary of Czar.
ST. PETERSBURG, Nov. 3. There
was little attempt toaay to cele
brate except In a perfunctory way the
tenth anniversary of the accession of Em
peror Nicholas. The Imperial -family at
tended a "Te Deum" at the Castle Ca
thedral, and there were services in all the
churches Later the troops were paraded,
the theaters gave tree exhibitions to the
school children and there was music-and
other holiday dlsplays'in tho parks, but on
account of tho war and the anxiety re
garding the situation at Port Arthur
everything was on a small scale.
Panama Shows Enthusiasm.
PANAMA, Nov. 3. Independence , was
celebrated throughout the Republic of
Panama wlth great enthusiasm. Presi
dent Amador received messages of con
gratulation from President Roosevelt and
many prominent people In different parts
of the world.
Appropriations for Pacific Coast. .
KANSASV CITY, Mo., Nov. 3. Among
the appropriations made by. the Methodist,
Women'B Missionary Society today were
the following: Pacific, $17,500; Columbia
River. $5000.: -
Life.
Bryan "Waller Procter.
We are born; we laugh; we -weep;
"We love: we droop; we die!
Ah! wherefore do we laugh or weepj
"Why do we -live or die? . r
"Who knows that secret deep?
Alasv not I!
"Why doth the violet oprtng
Unseen by human eye?
"Why do the -radiant seasons bring
Sweet thoughts that quickly fly?
WhYfdo our fond hearts cling
To things that aiei
"We toil through pain and. wrong;
"We flgjit and fly;
"We -love; we lose; and then, ere long,
Stsne-dead we. He.
O- lite! Is all thy song
"Endure and die?"
"6 Swallow Blithe."
Sunset.
O swallow Withe, O bird of Summer gay.
Xou happy 'bird, to whom all grief la new;
You seek fore'er the asm and bid adieu
Tp these, our fields, whea Autumn brings dis
may. Tou can forever eteep In cloudless day
And kiss the verdant earth and climb the
blue
That smiles above, then to the earth anew.
Thus making of your mirth a glad display.
Tarewll -to- you, who -now to distant atranda
Tour, flight direct o'er calm .and stormy- sea
la search of valleys green, of cities fair.
"Woid that I. too. could fly tfr happier lands
An Jpkvc behind the gloom that crueijea me
"Kb. life fettbbuc-4 load, an auslM care!
rl. W. Boynton, tho author' of "Journal-Ism-and
Literature," says that people do
not buy poetry nowadays. Oh, yes, they
do; thousands buy books of poetry to give
away at Christmas.
One Charles Jackson has been making
money by advertising that he would send
any person mailing 75 cents valuable ad
vice on "How to Succeed in the Philip
pines." When the sucker sent his money
he received the reply, "Stay away."
A Seattle business man recently received
from a Tacoma friend a postal bearing
the following Intimation to expect a -visits
"Will leave the Cemetery y the 9110
car for the City of Forty Th.v.ves."
Jealousy seems to have made the Ta
coma man minimize the rival "City's population.
So a Multnomah Justice of the Peace ha3
resigned from office., because the adminis
tration of the law acted detrimentally
upon his barber shop business. Presumably
disappointed litigants concluded that a
man who hadn't sense enough to see law
as they saw it was surejy unfit to shave
them.
For the sake of the gayety of nations we
hope the Wyoming outlaws will wait untn
Buffalo Bill, Chief Irontall, the Indian
trailers, scouts and cowboys, and the
"party of English noblemen and New
York clubmen" catch up. What a picnic
there would be if the distinguished visitors
ever got within firing distance of the gang.
It Is out In' the forest grand that the
true Inspiration of the season Is to be
found. Here 13 the way a country walk
we hope It was nothing stronger Inspired
me eauur oi mu cugene itegisier:
In regal splendor and wJ'Ji hand most mas
terfuf. he paints his glory on the forest grand,
in colors earth's artistic temperament hath not ,
yet framed, nor genius knows the stroke yet
silent but all animate, yet dainty but most
gorgeous, a touch from that ethereal realm that
means an earth glimpse of eternity, bright,
radiant with the effulgent glow of that much-dreamed-of
and far-distant world close linked
to this thrice doubly, trebly bound by threads
of gossamer that Interweave the two. enfold as
one, the step across when life is done.
The following communication is self-explanatory:
Max Fracht has completed the -details and
will apply for patent No. 4-11-44 on an. inven
tion which he calls "Pracht's Patent Steam
Tramp Eliminator." "Manager Calvin thinks it
is great, and he may offer a million or more
for the control of the patent. With this inven
tion 'in use, It will not be necessary for the
engineer to dump his clinkers and live coals on
the tracks at Oregon City, and then slowly pull
the train over It, causing the tramps to lose
their hold on the hog chains and drop -off on
the broiler, creating a bad smell. In short,
Pracht's' invention consists of series of ro
tary diaphragms, similar to some In use on
hose nozzles for watering lawns. These are
attached to a pipe running along the under
side of the coaches, baggage and express cars,
coupled together at the ends, similar to the air
brake pipes, and connected -with the boiler of
the engine, so arranged that any one pf the
train crew cans by operating a simple device
In the' coaches, etc., turn on the steam, thua
causing the putter mechanism under the train
to revolve and scald oft the clinging tramp.
without causing an offensive srftell; and also
give the tramps the ever-needed bath. "What
Oregon City may do with the derelicts after
the bath is an open question," but there are
those in the Falls Clty who seem to prefer the
tramps to the railroad.
WEX. J.
. OUT OF THE GINGER JAR.
"A. campaign He." quoth Uncle Allen Sparks,
fa not only wicked, but unnecessary. There
are always enough campaign truths that hurt
Juat as bad and answer the purpose as well."
Chicago Tribune.
"Weary "Woggles De eye doctor told me Td
have to give up booze or go blind. Slothful
Joe Dat's hard luck. Wot did you tell, him?
Weary "Woggles Dat I guesee'd I'd seen every-
ihing. Town Topics.
Servant There's a gentleman downstairs,
jn'a'am. Mistress Show him up to the drawing-room.
Servant But he has come to clean
the chimbly. MIfltress Then show him up the
chimney. London Tit-Bits.
Rooster Don't you know you're sitting on a,
litter of glaas egga? Hen 'Sh! Don't mention
it! As long as the hired man taxes me icr a.
fool he'll bring me my meals, and I won"C have
to grub for a living. Detroit Free Pres.
Teacher Now, Tommy, whea any one glve
you anything you should always try to give
them double in return. Give us an example.
Tommy Tes'um. Billy Brown gave .me a black
t eye, an' 2 give him two la return. Philadelphia
Record.
Maud Have you noticed that peculiarly ateu
ous. imakelike motion with which lb, Dod
I&op daace lately? Mabe.1 Tea; he hM ac
quired that unconsciously tram fcla habit of
crawling aader M automobile to see -what's
the MtMr wltfc UK ealnT.- Chifi ITU-
UB " '