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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 3, 1904)
THE MOBXING OKEGONIA27, THUBSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1904.
Entered at the Postoffiee at Portland. Or
as second-class matter.
REVISED SXBSCEIPTION. BATES. .
Br mall (pottage -prepaid la advance)
Dally, -with Sunday, per month $ .83
Dally, with Sunday excepted, per year 7.&0
Dally, with Sunday, per year . . 9.00
Sunday, per year .................... 2.00
The Weekly, per year 1.50
The "Weekly, 3 months 50
Dally, per week, delivered. Sunday ex- '
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Dally, per -week, delivered. Sunday In
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United States. Canada and Mexico
10 to 14-page paper ..lc
16 to 30-page paper .....................2c
2 to 44-page paper ...3o'
Foreign rates, double.
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V, PORTLAND, THURSDAY, NOV. 3, 1904.
5; HARD TIMES AGAIN?
p. The theory is put forth by Democratic
managers in the East that the present
j contest is more largely than hitherto
a contest between the voters of the ur-
ban and the rural populations. The
reason given is urban discontent with
high prices. Most prices indeed are
y higher than in President Cleveland's
1 time, those of food products especially
so. The great agricultural population
of the country therefore is making
money, and a great deal of It. Conse
quently it is content; but it is said there
,5ls discontent jn the cities, because the
5, cost of llying is higher.
The Washington Post Illustrates this
j phase .of the situation by printing a
letter written by a man of sufficient In
telligence to have held for many years,
and to still hold, an $1800 clerkship in
one of the departments, in which he
expresses a longing for the election of
the Democratic candidate, and, as he
puts it, "another era of low prices such
tr as we had under Cleveland ten years
ago." That letter, says the Post, "was
written, in .all seriousness, the writer
being entirely 'unconscious of -any defect
in his logic. Is it improbable that many
thousands; of - votersvjump . at , conclu
sions as carelessly :as does that well
paid but unhappy servant of his coun
try?" Perhaps;' and such voting might carry
the country for "Parker. Then what?
"Would a Democratic victory cut off the
profits of the farmer, reduce the
price of wheat arid- make bread
cheaper? "Would it' cause a general fall
of prices? Is this what the country
really wants, so that "the cost of liv
ing" may be less? But the Interests of
all our people are interwoven together,
and a general fall of prices would cause
stagnation of business, would cut off
work and wages, and restore "the con
ditions we had under Cleveland ten
years ago" a time of comfort for the
fixed office-holder or salaried man, no
doubt, but hard on the large remainder
of our population.
If we are to have another era of low
prices, as a consequence of a Demo
cratic victory, the general voter would
tire of It mighty soon. Yet there may
be some basis for the belief or sugges
tion that many of the voters of the
great cities believe that Republican pol
icy has made food products high and
Democratic policy would bring them
down again. But what would' rural
New York think, or say, or do, if as
Bured that a vast vote was to be piled
up in the metropolis for Parker on this
Issue? And what would mechanics and
wage-workers of the cities those who
have memories think of a vote for Par
ker as a means of getting back to the
conditions of 1893-97? Do we really
want another period of low prices, no
markets hard times and 'universal stag
nation? But even if Parker should be elected
of which there fortunately Is small
chance the country should not despair.
It has recovered from so many diffi
culties Into which it has been plunged
by the Democratic party from the
great rebellion to the assault on the
gold standard and the death of 1893-97
that it could recover from this also.
But It should not desire, as it certainly
would not enjoy, the new experience at
least not now.
EXTERMINATION OF SALMON.
They say "unknown conditions" have
interfered with the work of the salmon
hatcheries, so that not one-fifth part of
the eggs expected have been obtained.
The conditions are not unknown. Con
trary to law the fishing season was ex
tended, or at least was not closed as
required by law. Again, there should
be closed .Intervals, even In the fishing
season, so the fish may have a chance.
Artificial propagation will do wonders,
if the fish are allowed to come in from
the ocean. But when massacre cuts off
life In its source, what is to be ex
pected? Most of the fish having been caught
in the lower river, there are few to pro
duce young for the hatcheries. The
greed of today often cuts off the gain
for tomorrow. A few years more and
there will be no salmon in the Colum
bia unless more vigorous enforcement
of the law of the closed season can be
had; and the law Itself requires amend
ment so the closed season may be
longer. Again there is need of an un
derstanding between the States of Ore
gon, "Washington and Idaho, and vig
orous enforcement of the joint agree
ment, or of intervention of the United
States with a uniform law for the
states of the Columbia basin. Under
present conditions the almon are
doomed and will disappear, and money
expended -on hatcheries is wasted. But
of course the "liberties" of our people
must not be interfered with. Let the
salmon be exterminated. Then the
whole trouble will be over. The same
might be said of "the human race. Ques
tion always Is whether the human race
"has sense enough to live, and whether
it- is worth--while that It should live.
Many thinkers take the negative. Per
haps the true philosophy is embodied in
the passage In King Henry IV:
Now let not Nature's hand
Keep the wild flood confined, let order die.
And let the world no longer be a stage
To feed contention In a lingering act.
But let the spirit or the flrst born Gain
Reign In all bosoms, that each heart being set
On, bloody courses, the rude scene shall end
And darkness be the burler of the dead!
Thus we should get rid of the salmon
problem and of other troubles. Still, It
would not solve the question why man
should have .been a fool, a greedy,
The Indianapolis News, the chief
newspaper of the city wherein It is pub
lished, is an Independent journal, pro
fesses nonpartlsanship, but has been a
severe critic of the Republican party,
and on the whole Its influence has been
against that party and favorable to the
Democratic. No other newspaper in In
diana has standing, strength, circula
tion, force and business comparable
wltti the Indianapolis News. At the
beginning of the campaign It was
rather Inclined towards the Democratic
party. A few months ago it wps a
critic of President Roosevelt, on many
points of policy. And It still main
tains that position. It has spoken
highly of Judge Parker and of his effort
to establish the Democratic, party on a
new and broader basis. And yet It con
cludes that It would be better on the
whole for the country that Roosevelt
should be elected.
Its article on the subject is worth the
pains of a summary. The title is,
"Change for the Sake of Change.". The
flrst inquiry is, "Would a change to un
tried men of unknown policies, such
men as are now directing the fortunes
of the Democratic party, offer anything
that appeals to the better judgment of
our country? Just for the sake of a
change, we do not believe this is worth
s The reasons are given. "Though
Theodore Roosevelt may not be the type
of man that everybody admires, no one
doubts his high patriotism, his integrity
and his great abilities. And- he has the
faculty of choosing strong men to assist
him In the Government. "We are con
fronted with great problems, growing
not only out of the expansion of our
trade and influence, but out of the for
eign wars which constantly raise im
portant international questions. "We
have undertaken the construction of a
Panama Canal. It means that American
commerce, which has largely outgrown
its home markets and Is seeking a wider
scope, will be found everywhere In the
Pacific If all goes well. At such a time
we need a strong and steady man In the
Department of State, such as we have
had In Mr. Hay. His continuance is as
sured with Mr. Roosevelt's re-election."
From this statement the next ques
tion is, "What have the Democrats of
fered that the people can- tie to? "We
shall all rejoice if the party as an or
ganization can get together. That would
mean an effective opposition Influence,
so necessary as a stimulus and a cor
rective for. any party In power. But
this is not a sufficient reason for turn
ing the. Government over to that party.
It should be able to show that It can
do "better than the party In power and
that- It is equipped to make good Its
promises. We doubt If the controlling
elements of the. party, divided as they
are on the tariff, and on money, would
be able to pull together even If they
, were successful In the election. For
campaign purposes Mr. Bryan and Mr.
Belmont are together, but they cannot'
stand together permanently because
they are at variance as to principles.
Mr. Gorman is as much for a high pro
tective tariff as ever Aldrlch or Quay
or Lodge have been. And, realizing all
of these differences, the Democracy has
been able to offer no Issue except im
perialism and militarism If Indeed
even this can be called an issue."
Finally, let It be freely granted that
Mr. Parker is an able and "upright
Judge and an honorable man, is there
anything in the situation that com
mends his election to the country pre
ferably to that of Mr. Roosevelt? It Is
not enough that a man shall be honest
and able. "Who would be Mr. Parker's
advisers? "We know who Mr. Roose
velt's advisers are. Partisanship aside,
it must be admitted that he has sur
rounded himself with some of the ablest
and best men in the country. Would
Mr. Hill or Mr. Belmont succeed Mr.
Hay? Who would be Mr. Taft's succes
sor? To what distinguished position in
the Government would Mr. Taggart
All these are pertinent considerations,
carrying pertinent questions. The In
dianapolis News is purely a newspaper.
It has nothing to do with parties, or
with the affairs of any party. It never
ha$ been a party newspaper, always
has been a critic of the Republican
party, and often has opposed Its candi
dates. It now looks a situation full in
the face, and deems it. better for the
country that Roosevelt be elected. Its
analysis of the situation and statement
of Its conclusion will have no small
effect on the course of things an on
the result. In Indiana.
DO' JURIES PERFORM THEIR DOTY?
Ex-Mayor Ames Is to spend his re
maining days out of jail, where he be
longs, through mistrial by a Minneap
olis jury; and the mistrial was achieved
by the perverseness of a lone juror.
Ames Is guilty. He debauched the pub
lic service, sold municipal favors,
shared In the spoils of crime, and erect
ed a reckless political machine that
preyed upon the taxpayer, blackmailed
the rich and plucked the innocent pig
eons who fell into the hands of his city
detectives. There was perhaps never
such another gang of municipal free
booters In this country: Some of them
are In prison, some are in Mexico, oth
ers have managed to wriggle, free from
the manacles they richly earned, and all
have incurred a measure" of public
odium that assures an end of their mis
chievous careers. The proof against
Ames was abundant and conclusive;
but, after a humiliating -flight that was
a public confession of guilt, and after
three nerve-breaking "trials, he has now
to appease only the tortures of a bur
dened conscience. .
Because of the Ames fiasco, a corre
spondent today reads a severe indict
ment against the whole Jury system,
and inquires why a Judge may not
"command" & verdict of guilty in such
cases. The correspondent then proceeds
to answer his own question by showing
that the exercise of such power, if a
Judge has it, would involve subversion
of the entire jury system, and place the
disposition of criminals absolutely in
the hands of the judiciary. It is a fact
that a Judge may have, and often does
have, a controlling influence on the
course "of a trial and the deliberations
of a Jury; but so far as any lesson may
be drawn from conspicuous examples In
Oregon, the law's delay and the per
sistent introduction of technical obsta
cles have been the chief causes of ac
quittal of defendants whom Juries of
twelve men, weighing- the facts and
presumably uninfluenced by nice ques
tions of law, had once found guilty.
X. N. Sleeves was, pronounced guilty of
manslaughter by a Jury. The Supreme
Court and a later Jury freed him. Ells
worth was convicted by a jury of
poisoning his wife. The Supreme Court
and a subsequent Jury let him go.
Sandy Olds twice had the same experi
ence. Poole, alleged tralnrobber, was
convicted by a Jury. A Judge set the
verdict aside. The convicting juries In
all these cases did- their full duty. We
do not, of course, say that the Judges
did not, or that the defendants were,
guilty. The point is that the way to
acquittal, or release from custody, was
made easy' by the Judge, and not by
The jury system has many defects.
It results-often In mistrials of notorious
criminals. Jurors are debauched, or
Improperly influenced, or for various
reasons Incompetent to weigh correctly
the facts and judge the. credibility of
witnesses. But what are we going to
do about It? Give a single Judge
greater power over the life or freedom
of any individual? A bad Judge may
do vastly greater Injury than an Ig
norant or even a venal Jury.
"LOCAL OPTION" A SNARE.
Prohibition, not local option, is the
question for electors to vote on next
Tuesday. They are to decide whether
liquor-selling shall be prohibited In
twenty-two or more counties, one of
which Is Multnomah. In those counties
no elector can vote for prohibition In
any precinct without casting his ballot
for prohibition In every other precinct
In the county.
The straight-out Issue is, therefore,
that? of stopping the sale of liquor for
beverage. "Local option" does not fig
ure in the question at all. In the coun
ties placed like Multnomah, voters can
not make one choice for their own pre
cinct and another choice for their
neighbor's precinct, or for the county.
Such Is the mandate of the law. It
is so clear that nobody denies not
even the local optionists who declared
last June that the law would give voters
the power to expel saloons from their
home precincts without driving saloons,
out of the county.
The law offers opportunity to none
save prohibitionists. To them it is a
copious fount of satisfaction. It puts
big advantage on their side. They may
fall to carry a county or a subdivision
thereof, but every precinct that goes
their way gets prohibition. But if they
carry a county or subdivision, every
precinct therein must accept prohibi
tion, even If Its majority vote is on the
Last June Oregon was full of fervid
zealots who persuaded a majority of the
electors of the state that the law then
pending offered simple precinct option.
The ardent boomers of "local option"
flayed anybody who exposed the decep
tion. Now, when it is up to them to ex
plain, they say the prohls have Invoked
the law In a way never intended.
But the prohis never denied that their
goal was county prohibition. During
the campaign they announced that pre
cinct option could not satisfy them, but,
their voices were drowned out by the
loud chorus of the anti-saloon league
and its allies. Local option, with wide
open saloons fringing a "dry" precinct,
carries little virtue in the eyes of a
prohi. His consicence cannot be satis
fied with prohibition short of that of
counties, then of. states, and then of the
The people have abundant evidence of
the shortcomings of the local option
law; or rather Its false pretensions.
They will not be deceived. The Issue
Is straight prohibition, not local option
THE COLUMBIA SOUTHERN SALE.
The acquisition of the Columbia
Southern Railroad by the Harriman In
terests is the logical outcome of the
protracted negotiations which for,
months have retarded the opening up
of Central Oregon. The ownership of
the road by independent parties, to
gether, with the fact that the portage
railroad would soon place it in direct
communication with the tidewater
markets at Portland, made It a much
more desirable feeder for the O. R. &
N. than would have been the case had
it been wholly at the mercy of the big
ocmpany. ' So long as the road main
tained Its Independent ownership, It left
the Harriman srstem In a measure In
doubt as to whether It could control
the "business originating In Columbia
Southern territory. At the best It
would have been compelled to .make
a fight for the traffic after the portage
road was completed.
The purchase of the road, "if It has
been consummated, was accordingly the
easiest solution of the problem so far as
the Harriman interests were concerned,,
and when the final transfer Is made the
matter of opening up Central Oregon
will soon be taken up. There Is an ex
cellent business "all along the line be
tween Biggs and Shaniko, but so rapid
has been the settlement and develop
ment of the codntry served by the road
that It Is nearlng the limit of Its earn
ing capacity in ihe field It now covers.
With the arrangement of the final de
tails will probably come news either of
the determination of Mr. Harriman to
exten i the line farther south into. Cen
tral Oregon or make Shaniko theAper
manent terminus of the branch and en
ter Central Oregon from the west.-
The Columbia" Southern has done
much to develop Central Oregon, and in
the few years of Its operation has car
ried Into that rich field thousands of
settlers. They can do nothing for the
railroad andbut little for themselves
until they are afforded transportation
to the outside markets. This Mr. Har
riman ' has repeatedly promised, and,
now that the bone of contention seems
to be removed, there will undoubtedly
be some action taken In the matter.
Mr. Lytle was not satisfied to stop his
railroad at Shaniko when there was
such an inviting field beyond, but was
averse to extending It so long as the
Harriman system had.plans for an east-and-west
road across the state. Mr.
Harriman has always had a good opin
ion of the Columbia Southern and also
of the Central Oregon field, but on his
last visit to Portland expressed quite !
plainly the belief that the proper way
to enter Central Oregon was through
the Willamette Valley.
His argument In favor of the latter j
route as against an extension of the Co-t !
lumbia Southern Is practically unan- i
swerable. LIcestock, wool, lumber and !
grain will nm"ke up the buik of the
traffic out of that rich field, and with
the exception: of the last-mentioned
commodity, 'all will find a market east
of the Rocky Mountains. The traffic In
lumber alone will be of Immense pro
portions, and an east-and-west line
across the state, as compared with the
north-and-south extension of the Co
lumbia Southern, would save a haul of
several hundred miles even before the
Central Oregon lumber had reached the
Idaho line on its journey eastward.
Wheat, .fruit and dairy products seek
ing a market on this side of the Coast
Range would find a much shorter and
easier route by way of the Willamette
"Valley. The confirmation of the sale of
the Columbia Southern will undoubted
ly be followed by the announcement
that Portland, after many years of
waiting. Is at last to be admitted Into
that rich trade field In Central Oregon.
Tie Hon. John Barrett is slightly in
error regarding the former prestige or
lack of prestige of the Stars and Stripes
In foreign countries when he speaks of
"the old days when the flag stood ffor
nothing" and "when American mer
chants and travelers were everywhere
snubbed." The American flag was in
troduced into foreign countries by the
finest fleet of clipper ships that ever
floated. They were commanded and
manned by a race of more skillful, more
Intrepid navigators than had ever be
fore or perhaps ever will again sail the
seas. The beauty and speed of these
ships and. the reckless daring and mar
velous seamanship of the men who
sailed them commanded admiration and
respect for the flag, wherever it, floated.
The American skipper of the '50s was
lord of the seas, and whenever his ship
entered port anywhere in the civilized
world he' was treated like a Prince.
Much of this prestige vanished with
the destruction of the American merchant-
marine by Confederate priva
teers,, which, of course, had the sanc
tion of the Democratic party. As for
the flag "standing for nothing," how
ever, the. Minister' to Panama is very
much in error.- Incidentally It might be
remarked that it was in the "old days"
that Commodore Perry carried that flag
into the Far East and any snubs offered
it were promptly avenged.
Chief Joseph's dying wish that his
body be "buried by the remains of his
fathers in the beautiful Wallowa Valley
will not be respected. Sentiment never
entered largely into the makeup of any
of the American Indians, and the de
cision to keep Joseph's remains out of
the State of Oregon came from the In
dians themselves. Nothing In the Inter
esting part of Joseph's career ever in
dicated that he was bothered with sen
timent, "and it is probable that his desire
to have his body returned to Oregon
was the whlmjjf an old man grown
childish with age. In early life, when
Joseph was thinning the scanty white
population of the Pacific Northwest, he
was not very particular where his vic
tims were burled. 'The announced in
tention of the Washington Historical
Society to erect a monument to his
honor Is corroborative evidence of the
oft-stated fact that the white man has
extended better treatment to the Indian
than the latter has given the white
At Seattle there has been an enor
mous amount of fraudulent registra
tion howhuch probably1 -never will bq
known. But a good deal has already
been uncovered. In the aggregate It
may run to several thousand names.
The Post-Intelligencer charges that the
motive behind it Is to secure the elec
tion of certain local Democratic candi
dates. A registration of more than 27,
000 for Seattle Is fraudulent on Its face.
Proprietors of lodging-houses make affi
davits that scores of men registering
from their houses never lived there.
Indications are that repeating is also to
be part of the game.
"Forty cents don't look big to me,"
declares a hopgrower. Yet five years
ago, when the market was so low that
hops rotted on the vines, one-fourth
that price "looked big." A pool Is now
proposed to advance the price to 35
cents. Such ventures have not always
been successful for Oregon agricultur
ists, but It must be conceded that the
promise this time Is Inviting.
Stories float down Clackamas River
that salmon fishing oontinues to rob the
hatchery in spite of the mandate of the
.law. The hatchery will turn out not
more than one-tenth of its last year's
fish. Could Mr. Brownell, as chief ex
ecutive of the state, help to uphold the
law agamst the fishermen In that pre
cinct and aid the salmon in replenish
ing the earth?
In a speech at Camden, N. J., last
week. Speaker" Cannon said: "Strikes
result from a quarrel over the division
of profits. There have been few strikes
during Democratic administrations be
cause the profits were too small." Much
here everything Indeed that belongs to
the subject in smallest possible space.
Gamblers find little comfort whether
Manning and Word act together or not.
Manning may not desire to "break
faith," . but if his confrere goes after
the gamblers, how can it be helped?
Besides, that may be the loophole of es
cape out of a perplexing dilemma.
Mr. Parker should adopt Mr. Hearst's
beautiful division of trusts Into two
classes good trust3 and bad trusts
The good trusts are Mr." Taggart's
friends and generous and disinterested
supporters. The bad trusts are all in
league with Mp Crtelyou. .
ops rfbw will bring over 30- cents.
Growera who have any left want 40.
But why do they put the figure at 40?
If they were offered 40 cents-they would
'refuse that price and ask 50.
In a fight between George Brownell
and Will Gatens for .the executive chair
perhaps Governor Chamberlain will
save the dignity of each by returning to
the chair himself. "
If Kuropatkln Is to fall back just as
long as the Is faced by a superior Jap
army, will he ever advance? How far
oft Is Moscow?
The" average man will take more In
terest In the plan to make barbers clean
up than. In their , wars over 8 o'clock
closing. - y
It Is not likely that- the Russian Ad
miral will mistake British warships for
a fishing fleet.
Coal Prices Go Up.
PITTSBURG. .Nov. 2. Prices of all
grades of coal have been s advanced 25
cents a ton as a result of the increased
Remand for coal and the striker of en
HAY AGAIN MOVES FOR PEACE.
Arbitration Treaty With Italy Will
Be Ready for Signature Next Week.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 2. The French ar
bitration treaty, concluded yesterday,
will be followed by a treaty with Italy
which, it is expected, will be ready for
signature early next week. The French
treaty, while not yet ratified by the Sen
ate and consequently not In force, is- be
lieved to be framed so carefully as to in
sure favorable action in the last stage.
If this is so. it will be the first arbitra
tion treaty of general scope to which the
United States has been a party. There
have been various special arrangements,
such as the Behring Sea arbitration, that
providing for the adjustment of the Alas
kan boundary, the Venezuelan claims
settlement and the like, but each and all
of these-were limited in operation to one
subject, and they expired as soon as that
subject matter had been dealt with.
The only attempt at the formation of
a general treaty broad enough in its terms
to cover almost any subject of dispute that
might arise in the future was the conven
tion drawn by Secretary Olaey and Lord
Pauncefote in the closing months of
Cleveland's second administration, and
which still slumbers unacted on In the
pigeonholes of the executive office of the
Senate. The failure of the Senate to act
In that case has deterred succeeding -Secretaries
of State from heretofore attempt
ing again to secure the conclusion of an
arbitration treaty, but Secretary Hay
feels the time is ripe for a renewal of the
WAR DEPARTMENT ESTIMATES
They Are $22,242,612 Less Than
Those Submitted a Year Ago.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 2. The estimates
of the War Department for the fiscal year
ending June SO, 1S06, aggregate 5193.6S6.7S0.
This Is $22,242,612 less than the War De
partment estimates submitted a year ago,
and J3.S32.3SS less than the total appropria
tions made for the use of the War De
partment for the current fiscal year end
ing June 20, 1903.
The amount estimated as. necessary for
the military establishment, which em
braces the cost of maintenance of the
Army and of the Military Academy at
West Point, Is 572,705,156. being 54,650,003
less than the appropriations for the pres
Under the head of public works, which
includes the Improvement of rivers and
harbors and various National parks
throughout the country and of certain
public buildings and grounds in and
around Washington, and, the construction
of seacoast fortifications, military posts,
eta, the estimates call for appropriations
amounting In the aggregate to 522,876,834
"for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1906, as
compared with 522,772,511, which is the
amount -of current appropriations for sim
The estimates for 190S for the civil Es
tablishment, which includes the pay of
the clerical force and other running ax
penses of the War Department in "Wash
ington, are 51.868,716. which Is a slight
reduction from the current appropria
The amounts estimated for miscellane
ous objects aggregate 56,236,073. Of this
sum, 55,253,759 is the estimate for the sup
port and maintenance of the National
Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers,
and for aid to state homes for such' sol
diers, and under the law is included in the
annual estimates of the War Department,
and 5427,000 is estimated for artificial
limbs and appliances for disabled soldiers
and sailors, mainly of the Civil War.
Congratulations Cabled Roosevelt.
PARIS, Nov. 2. At the call of Baron
d'Estournelles de Constant, a special
meeting of the Parliamentary group on
arbitration was held today to tako aqtion
on the Franco-American treaty recently
signed in Washington- There was a large
attendanco-of Senators and Deputies. The
following cablegram' of congratulation
was sent to President Roosevelt:
"The arbitration group of the French
Parliament congratulates you for the
services you have rendered for the peace
of the world by your firm support of the
work of The Hague conference."
The meeting also sent its congratulations
to Lord Lansdowne and Count Lams'
dorff, respectively Foreign Ministers of
Great Britain and Russia, on their refer
ehce of the Anglo-Russian dispute to ar
bitration. Civil Service to Apply in Panama.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 2. Regulations of
the Civil Service Commission are to be
applied, so far as may be practicable, to
employes of the Panama Canal Commis
sion. President Roosevelt has directed
that the Civil Service Commission and
the Panama Canal Commission should
confer as to the applicability of the civil
service rules to the employes of the Canal
Commission, and has ordered that here
after employment of persons by the Canal
Commission should be governed by the
civil service law and regulations, so far
a.5 are deemed practicable by the two
Mayflower Out of Commission.
NEW YORK, Nov. 2. Following a cele
bration by her crew and a farewell din
ner of the officers, the formal ceremony
of putting out of commission the auxiliary
naval yacht Mayflower has taken place
at the Navy-Yard in Brooklyn. The ves
sel's flag was hauled down and her men
were marched to the recelvlngshlp Han
cock. It is planned to dismantle the May
flower at once and transfer her Interior
fittings, which cannot be utilized aboard
a warship, to various departments at the
West Virginia Faster Than Required.
BOSTON, Nov. 2. With perfect weather
and sea conditions, the armored cruiser
West Virginia today went over the Cape'
Ann course for her official four-hour speed
trial and developed an average speed of
22.14 knots per hour: The contract -with
the United States Government called for
a sustained average speed for four hours
at 22 knots per hour.
The port engine could not reach the
highest speed attained by the starboard
engine, and this affected In a considerable
degree the average.
Mare Island Yard to Repair Gunboat.
VALLEJO. Cal., Nov. 2. A big Job has
been awarded to the Mare Island Navy
Yard. The Navy Department has approved
the survey made for the repairs on the
gunboat Vicksburg. The steam engineering
department will do work amounting to.
5(3,000; the Bureau of Equipment, .527,000,
and the construction department, 5103,000.
Admiral Wise Soon to Retire.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 2. Rear-Admlral
William C. Wise, commanding the Atlan
tic training squadron, on November 8 will
be retired from service. He will be suc
ceeded in command of the squadron by
Rear-Admiral R. B. Bradford, formerly
in command of the battleship Illinois.
Unveiled by Emperor William.
BERLIN, Nov. 2. Emperor William
unveiled today in. the middle of the
Thlergarten. Berlin's principal park,
groups of statuary celebrating "The:
Chase." The groups are by Professors
Begas and Uchtrltz, and other sculptors,
and were made according to -the Emper
or's suggestions. After the unveiling tho
Emperor and bis guests had breakfast
at the palace, where His Majesty made
a speech on the joys of the chase.
Railroad Grant the Only Issue.
TORONTO, Ont, Nov. 2. The general
elections for the Dominion of Canada will
take place tomorrow. The .one- issue upon,
which the contest has been fought Is the
construction of the Grand Trunk Pacific
Railroad line, the opposition declaring
the road should be built and. controlled by
the people instead of being handed over to
the Grand Trunk. Railway.
RUSSIA WILL FAVOR JEWS.
American Transports Are Soon to Be
WASHINGTON. Nov. 2. Tho State De
partment today received a cablegram from
the American Embassy at St. Petersburg
which warrants it in the assumption that
the Russian government will soon agree
to- recognize passports of American Jews
traveling in Russia, and put an end to
harsh and oppressive discriminations
against American Hebrews who have vis
ited Russia, or who have sought to have
furnished the basis for a vast amount of
diplomatic correspondence between Russia
and the United States during the past 20
Up to the present time the United States
has been unable to secure any alleviation
of the rigorous measures to which Amer
ican Hebrew citizens were subjected when
they desired to vlsit-the dominions of the
Czar. A few weeks ago the President
again directed the Department of State
to present the matter most earnestly to
the Russian government, and in obedience
to hl3 directions forceful Instructions were
sent to the American Ambassodar at St
Petersburg to lay the matter immediately
before Count Lams dorff. The instructions
said among other things:
Tou will make known to his excellency the
views of this Government as to the expedi
ency of putting an end ter such discrimina
tions between different claaaes of American
citlrens on account of their religious faith,
when seeking to avail themselves of the com
mon privilege of civilized peoples to visit
other friendly countries for business or
That such discriminatory treatment Is nat
urally a matter of much concern to this Gov
ernment Is a proposition which his excel
lency will readily comprehend without dls
eent. In no other country in the world is
a. class discrimination applied to our visit
ing citizens. That the benefits accruing to
Russia are sufficient to counterbalance- the
Inconvenience involved Is open to question
from the practical standpoint. In the view
of the President, it la not easy to discern the
compensating advantage to the Russian gov
ernment In the exclusion of a class pf tourists
and men. of business whose character and po
sition in life are such as to. In most cases,
afford a guarantee against any abuse of the
hospitality of Russia, and whoso Intelligence
and sterling moral qualities fit them to win
for themselves abroad no less degree of es
teem than they enjoy in their own land.
This statement of the case has not been
without effect, and the department Is
encouraged in the belief that its repre
sentations will bring about the desired re
sult at no late date. According to infor
mation which came to Washington today
Count Lamsdorft has informed the' Ameri
can Ambassador In St. Petersburg that a
special commission has been Instituted by
supreme order under the direction of the
Ministry of the Interior for the purpose
of a general revision of the passport reg
ulations now in force. The Russian' For
eign Office has a representative on this
commission and Count Lamsdorft prom
ises that the wishes of this Government,
as set forth by the President In the, fore
going extract from the Instructions to our
Ambassador, will be promptly presented
with favorable and satisfactory representations.
Many Jews Injured in Rioting.
BERLIN, Nov. 3. The Tageblatt pub
lishes a letter from Mohlloff, Russia, in
which It la stated that the rioting there
incident to the mobilization of the reserv
ists, lasted two days, October 23 and 24.
As a result of the attack on the Jewish
quarter, the Tageblatt's correspondent
says, 20 Jews are In the hospital and 100
are lying wounded In their houses. Two
government officials have been sent to
Mohlloff. to investigate the affair.
TREASON NOT INTENDED.
Father of Assassin of Governor-General
of Finland Explains Writings.
HELSINGFORS. Finland, Nov. .2. Ex
Senator Schaumann. father of Eugene
Waldemar Schaumann. the assassin of
the late Governor-yeneral Bokrikoff,
who has been on trial at Abo for some
time charged with having knowledge
of his son's crime, In bis plea admits
he wrote the memorial regarding the
necessity for the organization of the
Finns, buC he alleges that It was with
out treasonable Intent. Schaumann
explains he wrote it one evening when
he bad nothing else to do, slipped It
into his library and had forgotten Its
existence. The contest do not betray
Schauman said he never had any con
nection with Julius Luzu, the Wiborg
agitator, and knew nothing about the
latter's scheme for organizing rifle com
panies. Schaumann was living on a
pension as a retired officer. He con
cludes by saying that his unblemished
reputation during SO years' service In
the Russian army should have protected
him against the charge p" treason.
Czar at Service for. Father.
ST. PETERSBURG, Nov. 2. The' Empe
ror and Empress and the Imperial family
attended a solemn requiem mass today at
the Church of St. Peter and St- Paul
Fortress In memory of Alexander III, who
died ten years ago today. The Emperor
will In a few days bid farewell to the
fourth army corps, which will be Included
in General Grippenberg's army. It is now
understood that General Llnevitch's' army
will be designated the, first and General
Kaulbars' the third, the composition
standing as explained In these dispatches
Royal Greeting for Prince.
HONOLULU, Nov. 2. The Pacific Mail
Company's steamship Manchuria has ar
rived here, having among her passengers
Prince Fushlmi. of Japan, who Is en route
to the United States. The landing of the
Prince wag the occasion of a big demon
stration. Several thousand Japanese fol
lowed his carriage In A street procession
which Included a number of veterans of
the war between Japan and China. The
day was observed as a general holiday by
the Japanese residents of Honolulu.
Panama to Observe Her July 4.
COLON, Nov. 2. Preparations are on
foot throughout the Isthmus to celebrate
the first anniversary of the Republic of
Panama. The festivities will la3t three
days, beginning tomorrow. The Pana
mans proclaimed their independence NoT
vernier 3, 1903.
Surprise In Finnish Election.
HELSINGFORS. Nov. 2. The Finnish
elections for the four Chambers of the
Diet have resulted In a surprise, showing
an equal division of tho adherents of what
are known as the" constitutional and old
Finnish parties. The latter are supporters
of the Russian regime.
A Simple Question.
While stumping the state during the late
Gubernatorial campaign, Governor Fra
zler; of Tennesse, entered the office of a
village hotel, where. he discovered a cor
pulent German seated at a table writing.
Suddenly the Teuton paused in his task,
frowned, scratched his head, chewed the
end of his pen tmd looked so obviously
worried that Mr."Frazier good-naturedly
"My friend, can I be of any service to
"Yah," was the prompt and relieved re
ply; "blease tell mo vedder you puts an
"e behlndt 'before' "?
It was several seconds before the affa
ble candidate grasped the man's meaning
and ave the desired Information.
Rzaon for Sarfnecs. .
"Dea't feel so cut up about it, .Mr.
Skeeaer." said Mias.Roxley. after reject
ing him. "I'm not the first girl you ever
kwM, nor, I venture to say, am I likely
to fee the laet."
"No," he sifbe4.dl8CO&solately, "but
Jyeu're the richest?'
- NOTE AND COMMENT.
In a Wyoming Bank.
Apropos of the" recent bank robbery at
Cody, It may be of Interest to know that
most of the Wyoming banks display the
Member American Sharpshooting Asso
ciation. Patrons thinking an error has been
made are requested not to shoot the cash
ier before investigation.
Strangers must enter the bank holding
their hands above their heads or they
will be fired on by-the staff.
Deposits of persons killed on the prem
ises remain the property of the bank-
The bank will not be responsible for
lost guns or bowie knives.
Patrons desirous of keeping, in prac
tice are requested to shoot the pens from
the clerks' hands and to leave the cash
Persons desirous of transacting busi
ness quickly will please remember iiiat
shooting out the lights tends to delay
rather than -hasten the work of the staff
Undertakers This bank will not be re
sponsible for the funeral bills of persons
killed by the staff in the course of business.
Then and Now.
As the elusive Indian quarter-back. Ubby.
was brought to earth after a. long run In
Saturday's game, an exhilarated Individual in
front of me yelled out: K11I him. kill him.
his father chased me three days across the
plains." Boston Record.
Anything phoney about the Sunset fran
chise? Vesuvius acts as If It were a Republi
Weather reports for today indicate a
heavy shower of votes north of the bound
This Is a day of rejoicing for both Jap
anese and Russians, so more soldiers than
usual should be slaughtered.'
Can the Deardorff Valley coyotes be
taking a leaf from the Russian campaign
manual and be luring on the hunters?
We hope the conduct of the airship Ar
row will never suggest that a more ap
propriate name would have been Rocket.
Arbitration treaties are becoming, so
common that-John Hay will soon be able
to sign one every day a battleship 13
Yesterday's dispatches announced that
the Russians and the Japanese frequently
fight by moonlight. Quite so, moonlight
always was provocative of engagements.
Hinkey, a Tale football player, is said
to have called football "the science of
breaking- the rules without getting
caught." 'Pears as if Hinkey had con
founded football with politics. -
Down In Ozark County last .week, says
the Kansas City Star, a man went to a
Constable and complained that another
man had choked him until 'there wasn't
any cider left in his Adam's apple.
From an English paper we learn that
the maximum salary that may be paid
to a profesisonal football player is. 520 a
week. What would some gf our baseball
players think of this? And it Isn't be
cause there is no public interest in Asso
ciation football, for in the same paper
there Is an account xjf a match between
ithe ;GIasgpw Rangers. and ther. Celtic at
Glasgow where the attendance 52,
000 and the gate receipts more than 57500.
This, too, was merely an ordinary game,
not a cup tie or anything of that kind.
Now that several women have expressed
their opinion on household service, it
seems opportune to call attention to a
form of housework that is attended with
none of the petty indignities complained
of by so many servants. Let the woman
who dislikes service on shore sign artl"
cles as cook aboard a steamer. Then she
will not have a woman for boss some
thing that most of the letter-writers ap
pear to dislike very much and will be.
Indeed, her own boss, for your sailor is
notoriously tender-hearted, and would as
soon see the ship In irons as a refractory
woman. The Swedish steamer Heros,
discharging a cargo of English china clay
at Philadelphia, has a woman as cook
and a woman as steward. Mrs. Rosa
Vickstrom, the steward we omit the be
littling termination "ess" states the case
in a nutshell: "Why shouldn't a woman
be steward on a ship, and why shouldn't
a woman be cook on a ship as well as
on land?" she asked. "The ship is the
sailor's home and he wants the same com
forts he gets on land." Nothing could
be more convincing. Make the ship home
like, and you won't hear so much of
sailors that blow in their money and desert-
Tou won't hear much of the boarding-house
keepers that make fortunes out
of poor Jack. A homelike ship that is
the thing. It is an alluring subject and
opens' up vistas of carpeted, decks, pic
tures on the bulkheads, flowerpots on the
hatches and other trifles that make for
comfort. We cannot follow up. this Una
of thought now, but remain content with
pointing women to an occupation that
appears to have been entirely overlooked
since Mrs-" Noah' did the cooking for her
husband and his crew aboard the goad
OUT OF THE GINGER JAR.
Manager 'What do you want to be a star
for? Actress 'Well, I've failed at every
thing else. Brooklyn Life.
"Why is the football season like a. wash
day?" "Give it up." 'Because that's tho
time to see the line-up." Cleveland Plain
Young masher (to rival) I say, old chap,
I hear you're an excellent runner. Is that
true'?" Rival (eagerly) Rather! Young
Masher Well, then, run home! Punch.
Pauline (sarcasUcally) Jack struts along
as If he owned the earth. Elvira (sweetly)
No wonder. Last evening I promised to let
him become my husband. Chicago News.
"Of course, Charles," said the wjfe. "I
thank you for this money, but It isn't enough
to buy a real fur coat." "Well," replied the
great brute, "you'll have to make It ga as
fur as you can." Philadelphia. Ledger.
Kwoter He laughs best who laughs last.
There's a great deal of truth In that old
saw. Wise Yes, but there's more truth in tho
new saw, that he laughs best who laughs
flrst and whose laugh, lasts. Philadelphia
Gertrudes-Do you think sl woman is. Justi
fied in using deception in order to. secure a.
husband? Frances For mercy's sake, how
do you expect a woman Is ever going tor get
married. X should like tb know? Boston
"Oh," sneered the self-important lawyer
who was cross-examining, "you think you
know it all, don't -you?' "Not quite,' re
plied the witness. "For instance. I don't
know how yotf manage to secure an oc
casional client, Chicago News. "
'You regard campaign; calculation a3 a. dis
tinct branch of mathematics? "Yes,"
answered the erudite persoaage. '"The meth
od differ from alt others. Tou sart with,
the answer and thert work backward, and
evolve a problem to demonstrate St."
gineers In Illinois.