Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, November 03, 1904, Page 3, Image 3

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Parker Sees Great
Danger in Militarism.
Probability of War With
Foreign Nations Is Remote.
Democratic Candidate Addresses
Rally In New York- Under Aus
pices of German Union Carl
Schurz Makes Speech.
NEW YORK, Nov. 2. Judge Parker ad
dressed meetings at Cooper Union and
Carnegie Hall, and tvas given a reception
at the Democratic Club tonight, which was
the busiest evening programme arranged
lor him during the campaign. At both
meetings the candidate was given great
ovations and at the reception every mem
ber of the club, and many Invited guests,
.shook bands with him.
Judge Parker will make a hurried tour
of Connecticut tomorrow, visiting Bridge
port, New Haven and Hartford, at each
of Tvhich places -he will apeak. He and his
party will travel by epecial train and re
turn to New Tork the same night.
At Cooper Union Judge Parker spoke
under the auspices of the German-American
Parker JUnlon. The candidate was
substituted for Grover Cleveland, who was
scheduled originally to address the gather
ing, but was compelled to cancel the en
gagement. All of the addresses were In
German except that of Judge Parker.
-The reception given the candidate, was
-but a repetition of others that have been
given him in New Tork, and in fact on
every occasion where he has made public
appearances. The demonstration con
tinued eight minutes before he was per
mitted to begin his speech.
The meeting was called to order by Her
man Hldger, who introduced Mr. Schurz
as chairman. The presiding officer has
not been well, and he spoke with consid
erable effort, making his only address of
the campaign. He said In part:
"It Is but a fevr years since we were a
country living in harmony with all na
tions because we sought to do justice to
all nations. "We were the only nation
free from a standing army and secure In
our own laws. "What are we now? Under
Republican rule, we have reached out
for possessions. "We have shot down those
-who were allies in the Spanish "War,, peo
ple who did not wrong us in any way.
This party has reduced our country to the
depth of buccaneers.
""It has helped to rob a weak Southern
territory in the Panama affair; has com
menced a policy which, If carried out,
will place us on a par with the European
nations, of whom It is said each workman
carries a soldier on his back."
Judge Parker's speech was almost entirely-devoted
to the subjects of imperlaf
Ism and militarism, and the subjects
eeemed peculiarly popular with the audi
ence of German-Americans. He was in
terrupted frequently with prolonged ap
plause, and once when he paid homage to
Mr. Schurz personally as one who had
"felt the blighting power" of militarism,
Mr. Schurz came forward and shook
Judge Parker by the hand and thanked
.him for his words. The audience stood
up and shouted its approval.
Judge Parker was driven from Cooper
Union to Carnegie Hall, where he ad
dressed a meeting under the auspices of
the "West Side Parker Independent Club.
The hall was filled, nearly one-third of
the audience consisting of women, and
when the candidate entered he was given
a demonstration. He was cheered for ten
minutes, Tvhlle be waited to speak.
Nearly all the prominent Democrats of
the city had gathered at the Democratic
Club to greet Judge Parker when he had
concluded his speech. President Fox, of
the club, in introducing Judge Parker to
those present, said:
"I take great pleasure in introducing
our next President. Alton B. Parker. "We
want to go to Washington to attend
Judge Parker's inauguration March 4
"When the applause that followed had
subsided, Judge Parker said: "I now in
vite you all to attend the inaugural and a
little later I shall Invite you in writing."
The candidate then shook hands with
every one present, greeting each person
with a few words.
Following the reception, Judge Tarker
was conducted upstairs by Charles F.
Murphy and supper was served.
Imperialism and Militarism Are Dis
cussed at Length.
NEW YORK, Nov. 2. The address of
.Judge Parker at Cooper Union was as
"When we speak of the growth of an im
perialistic tendency -In this country we do
not mean that we have, or care to have, a
ruler with the title of Emperor at the head
of the Government, or a political constitu
tion abolishing the Republic and establlsh
lns for It a monarchy. Home was substanti
ally an empire before Caesar's dictatorship,
and France was ruled by an imperialistic
policy while Napoleon Bonaparte still called
himself the Citizen Consul of the French
Republic. "With us the tendency toward Im
perialism in our Government took tangible
shape when this Republic assumed the power
to rule over distant and alien countries and
populations, not only without their consent,
but distinctly against their will, and when,
correspondingly, the principles and .ideals we
had Inherited from the founders of the Re
public gave way to Ideas as to the powers
of our Government which differed widely
from Abraham X-nljoln's conception of a
Democracy, that it was a government of the
people, for the people and by the people.
When we annexed the Philippine Islands
it was done not only with complete die
regard of the rights and wishes of the peo
ple thereof a disregard as absolute as ever
characterized any of the conquests of the
Roman Empire or of the French Empire un
der Napoleon but also with a hardly less
absolute disregard of the spirit of our po
litical Institutions. The annexation of the
islands. nd the subjection by force of the.
Filipinos ngnung ior ineir independence,
was as different from the Intention of the
fathers of -cur country as government by su
perior artillery is from government by the
consent of the governed.
When we contemplate the moral effects of
the policy of conquest and subjugation, as
It has been carried on, and Is now defend
ed by the Republican party, we cannot but
feel serious anxiety as to the permanency of
Democratic Institutions among us. The great
principles proclaimed by the Declaration of
Independence, that "government derives its
Just powers from the consent of the gov
erned" stood substantially unquestioned
among us until the imperialistic policy of
conquest and arbitrary rule over the con
quered was entered upon. It was recog
nized as the very essence of Democratic in
stitutions. Now it Is scoffed at by many of
the leaders of the Republican party as a
glittering generality that has no practical
meaning and application: as baby talk, fit
.for the Infancy of this Nation, but ridicu
lous In Its present state of power. Indeed, It
"is perfectly logical for them to deride and
reject it. If they mean to Justify and main
tain their policy of conquest and dominion.
Jast Powers ef Tree Gorerasaeat.
But let me ask them as citizens of a
democratic Republic what the true source
of the just powers can be If not the con
tent of ihe governed? Is it force? That
yrovl4L b despottow. Is It wealth? That
would be plutocracy. Is it the privilege of
birth or position In society? .That would "be
aristocracy. What remains then as the
Just powers of free government, but the con
sent of tne governed In Its range ana ei
fect regulated by self-made law? You deny
that, and you deny the vital principle of
democratic Institutions, and Imperialism does
deny It. It denies it first with retard to
the subjugated alien populations.
If the imperialistic tendency continues we
shall soon have the same experience at
home. In fact, they are already beginning
to appear. Tou cannot fall to notice that
whenever you quote the principles pro
claimed In the Declaration of Independence
In connection with the case of the Filipinos
you are fiercely assailed as unpatriotic citi
zens who are stirring up our subjects to re
volt. In fact a member of the Administra
tion, in' speaking of the present and future
of the Philippines stopped little short of
admonishing us that every public discussion
of that subject, unless It be entire harmony
with the policy of the Administration, shotfld
stop for the reason that It might xcite
hopes among our "subjects which the Ad
ministration is unwilling to gratify.
Now what does this mean? Democratic
government is essentially government by
public discussion. That discussion must be
enlightened by the knowledge of the truth
as to matter of public Interest, the fullest
possible Inform talon to be furnished frank
ly by the Government. It must. In order to
serve Its end, be actively free, so as to
illuminate every side of the question to be
decided. And now we are told that we
should not .freely discuss a question of such
stupendous Importance as that whether the
United States should remain a simple Demo
cratic republic or become a colonial empire;
that the principles of the Declaration of In
dependence, the fundamental principles of
our Republic, should not be mentioned In
connection with the matter, lest our colonial
subjects hear df it, and that, as the Ad
ministration knew this business best, the
people should leave It to the Administration
to determine the course to be taken con
cerning lt
rower of the President.
This Is only an Initial, tentative attempt to
dominate public opinion in behalf of the Gov
ernment. But there will be more of It if the
Imperialistic spirit la permitted to prevail. In
this respect, we must not fall to keep In view
the great power wielded by the President In
the conduct of our foreign relations. The Con
stitution provides that only Congress shall have
power to declare war. But It Is within the
power of the President, if he desires war, to
create, by his conduct of our foreign relations,
situations which make war inevitable. It may
happen that on each an occasion. Congress,
having opposed war, would not consent to It if
consulted beforehand; but it may be confronted
by things already done, by accomplished facts
which make the escape from war exceedingly
difficult, if not impossible.
The President may then force a war upon
the country In spite of the adverse opinion of
Congress. He may do this, keeping, as to the
exercise of hlo powers, within the letter of the
Constitution, although flagrantly violating Its
spirit and intent. And he may do -this, almost
sure of the subsequent approval and support of
Congress, which, when an accomplished fact
has put our country In an attitude more or less
hostile to a foreign power, is usually very re
luctant to disavow our Government. We have
an Illustration of this in the history of the
Panama Canal, It being very doubtful whether
Congress; even the Republican part of it, would
have approved the policy pursued by the Ad
ministration, while the accomplished fact easily
commanded the acceptance of the majority.
This power of the Executive Is evidently a
very dangerous one dangerous to the peace of
the country, as well as to the Integrity of cur
institutions unless the President cherishes a
conscientious respect for the Constitutional lim
itations of his power and an overruling desire
religiously to observe the spirit and Intent as
well as the letter of the Constitution, as well
as an innate love of peace and fair dealing.
Tou may judge for yourselves how dangerous
Is such a power under the Influence of the
Imperialistic tendency, with the lust of con
quest and dominion. Its love of adventure and
military achievement, and lta progress to Im
pulsive action and dramatic display.
Army and Navy.
The imperialistic tendency, armed with that
power, will be all the more dangerous when It
Is, at the same time, armed with an ample
supply of fighting material ready for action.
Until a very recent period, we enjoyed the
priceless blesaing of living in perfect peace and
tecurtty without bearing the burden of a large
Army and Navy, costing untold millions a
year, a unique privilege of which other na
tions groaning under heavy military and naval
expenditure, envied us most heartily. Our im
perialist friends now tell us that this must
cease to be so. According to them, we must
have a much larger Army In proportion than
before, and our Secretary of the Navy assures
us that we must have the biggest Navy la the
world, whatever the cost.
Have you ever seen anybody able to give you
an Intelligent and satisfactory reason why we
must have those things? Some tay -we
roust have them to protect our commerce. I
ak, then, hae there ever been a single moment
since the year 1810 when our commrce suffered
In the least from the want of a big Navy to
l vv ' wiuers my we must nave it to enforce
the Monroe Doctrine. Was there ever, before
or since our -Civil TVar. a single occasion when
tne Monroe Doctrine was unable, so to speak,
to enforce lteelf without a big Army or Navy?
"oriay secretary or War. in a recent
fPf 5ff Union League Club, liluo-
" . . """""K OI it now unneces
sary a big Amy and Navy are to us for any
of these purposes. He said:
S. "esond Cleveland administration
t2" ertaent Cleveland's message
t?h M v boundary question, brought
- -"- wiia ureat .Britain. Now.
thT ffl "
There was Juet one modem gun
After the liuiehtrr mA i ,u.
.uuomcu, secretary Tart continued:
That taught the Republicans a lesson
'.v-tVI 'sson7 mat more
guna should be mounted? But did it not
occur to the Secretary that the real and far
inore important lesson was a very different
?.e.?. Only recall the circumstances under
l" incjaeni iook place. Great Brit
jwo. engagea in a boundary dispute with
Venezuela, urged her contention with charac-
TiilTrr uo"lve . M- i no president of the
United States stepped in and substantially
saia to Great Britain: "Stop! Tou will not
"!? lo lmPse your will upon the
little American republic by main strength
without a word from this Republic This
matter will have to b fu4itratH
Great Britain, the mistress of the aeas. by
;uu feimicBL aavai power or tne world.
wua ana toucny. with a government sup
posed to bo the special champion of that pride,
was certainly not used to that sort of treat
ment. She probably knew, too, that we had
only on gun mounted on a Coast several thou
sand miles long. No wonder that a good
many people expected the British lion to break
SHi. 'P a "artike roar. But what did Great
Britain do? The Tory government took
President Cleveland's remonstrance into re-
cpecuui consideration, ana, with graceful
kindness, assented to the arbitration asked
No Danger of Foreign War.
aow, what is the lesson of this? Not that
we need big armies and navies for the de
Tense of our rights and the enforcement of
our just aemanas, out mat, wnether we are
armeu or unarmed, every European power.
even tne greatest and proudest, will go to
tne very extreme or possible concession to
avoid a cerious quarrel with this Republic
Every sensible man knows that there la not
one of those powers which entertains the
slightest idea of attacking us; that they will
readily comply with whatever we can decently
ask for. and that If we are to have any con
flict with any one of them, we shall have
to bring it on ourselves by unendurable prov
ocation. The simple reason Is that, aside
irom wnat moral love or peace they may
cnerisn, iney can canny anora to nave a
serious struggle with so resourceful and per
tinacious an antagonist as this Republic In
view of the possibility of dangerous complt-
uur aDsoiuie saiety irom foreign aggres
sion, as every reasonable person will admit
being thus assured, I may ask my sober
minded countrymen for what purpose large
arnum ana ojg navies, tne cnar&ctensuc tool
and favorite ornament of empire, may be
wanted by us. Being entirely unnecessary for
defense. Is the greatest navy in the world, or
any oig navy, tne cost oi construction and
maintenance of which will run Into the bun.
dreds of millions, needed or Intended for any
other pnrpose7 If not. then the building
and maintenance thereof Is a wanton waste
of the people's money, wicked and unpardon
able. But if it Is designed for any other pur
pose, wnat is tnat purpose! The world
abroad will but too plainly see in It a design
of aggressive -movements on our part.
This would' have a most unfortunate effect.
whether we entertain such plans or not
and I am confident a large majority of the
American people do not entertain them the
worm win always be distrustful of our nro-
fesslons of a peaceable disposition. How
ever smooth our speech may be in favor
or peace congresses and arbitration courts,
the world will sec in- the building of large
navies, utterly unnecessary for defense, a
threat of armed aggression, a transforma
tion of the old Republican nollcy Into an em
pire preparing for war. The result will "be
disquiet among cations. Every seapowcr will
watcn wiui nervous anxiety each unneces
sary addition to our naval strength, to see
In It -a rearan for making a corresponding
addition to Its own. And thus the mad race
in the augmentation or war forces, which
fees become an oppressive burden to man
kindthe curse of the ace will be -stimulated
by this Republic Instead of being discoun
tenanced and checked by its good example
of a truly pacific policy. This Republic -will
thus be a leader or a Dacxwaru ana most
baneful movement. Instead of leading In hu
mane projects.
Another Perilous Effect.
It will be apt to -produce another perilous
effect. -It has often, and not unjustly, been
observed that the .frequency of homicide in
our country in coming in great part to the
habit or many persons in carrying unneces
earv clstols on their Dersons. likewise, i
great war fleet, especially a. new one, that Is
not employed In necessary duties, may be
come a eeaucuve ana eangerous plaything.
While lta advocates say that It la to prevent
trouble. It is Just as apt. by impulsive and
reckless handling, to cause mischief. TChen
warships are too liberally flung about the
world they are occasionally exposed to e
ductlve temptations and troubles. It mty be
come a tux. rather tnan a protection.
Tou. Mr. Chairman, have bad reason to know
what aaiUUrUxa 1 a&d what It mean. Xou
have seen and felt its blighting power. Tb
growing Impulses of your yourig manhood, your
attachment to the spirit -of liberty which baa
characterized Germany from the days of Taci
tus, your yearning for better things for your
conntrr and the -world ail these would clSJh
with martial glory and power, the Inevitable
accompaniments of empire, whether real or
only In shadow.
your devotion to high Ideals scon earnea you
the admiration of vour native land, and it has
been given to you to live In a time when your
warning voles has been raised to avert tha first
faint suggestion that the love or- martial giory
and its dangers are not absent from the great
est Republic In the world's history.
And you. too, the men who listen to ra,
know either by your fathers or grandfather,
what martial glory means. It forced many of
you from home in the tender years of your
lives, when careful parental nurture was both
your need and your due: Within the little
circle Into which fate sent you, you have seen
the natural ties that bind men together sup
plemented by another scarcely less watchful
and jealous. With you. as elsewhere In the
world, the father and mother fondly welcomed
the new-bom babe, but you also saw a sight
common In -military countries, but unknown In
this, your adopted land. From birth to 18
years old. you have seen the recruiting ser
geant watch the young life of the boy-child, not
to shield him from, harm; not to ward off evil,
but to be certain that by no chance should ho
go Into the great; wide, open, free world with
out escaping the drillmaster. Nobody needs to
ask whether you and yours shrink back from
the faintest shadows, however distant, which
may reveal the fatal presence of the man on
I ask you now. In all soberness, is It not
best for the peace, well-being and happiness of
our people, and for the preservation of our
free Institutions, to which wa owe so much of
pur growth In comfort, wealth and power, that
instead of Indulging our ambition In the ad
venturous policy of empire and dominion over
foreign countries and alien populations: Instead
of squandering our substance In wholly un
necessary war establishments at Immense cost;
Instead of sacrificing the great conservative
Principles and high ideals we Inherited from
the fathers to the false glitter of Imperial
greatness which In all periods of human his
ry has marked the decay and perdition of
republics; Instead cf provoking the distrust of
ail mankind by the display of armed force on
yery possible occasion which raises a sus
picion of vague and hazardous schemes of rest
Is5 .pabition lurking the background, we
should return to the principles and Ideals
which, during the first century of our National
existence, have proved so Just and beneficent,
so that government by the people and for the
people may not perish from the earth?
Should we not divert our material as well as
mental resources to the building up of our
great country, -which Is capable of Infinitely
greater development than It has so far attained
and to the solution of the political and social
problems which surge upon ns? Should we not
cultivate peace and friendship with all nations,
scrupulously respecting their rights as well as
tneir legitimate feelings, spreading our com
merce over the world, not at the cannon's
mouth, but by Intelligent and Industrious striv
ing for superiority In friendly competition by
tne quality and proportionate .price of our
goods? By so doing we should present to the
world the Inspiring example of a truly free
people, peaceable and orderly, self-respecting
and happy in their freedom and prosperity.
Such an example will do Infinitely more to
advance our own welfare, as well as the peace
and civilization of mankind, than any number
of battleships and all the splendor of Imperial
Parker Declares This Is the Issue In
Speech at Carnegie Hall.
NEW YORK. Nov. 2. Judge Parker, In
his address at Carnegie Hall tonight,
What are the Issues upon which you are
called to adjust in this campaign? In very
fact, they are both few and simple. "We
have grown tired of seeing Individuals made
rich by legislation, and we fear the results
which have arisen and will arise from fa
miliarizing our citizens with the idea that
wealth is to be acquired through Govern
mental favoritism.
The Instant It Is recognized as accepted
doctrine that the Government of the United
States Is a dlspensor of favors, that instant
It becomes I had almost said 'the. duty"
of every great combination of capital to seek
to control Government. The seeds of disease
were Implanted among us by the undue ex
pansion of f.he Idea of a protective tariff. The
vicious circle undue protection that riches
may be unfairly acquired, contribution of
riches so acquired that undue protection may
be continued and extended became but too
soon established. Contrast this for a mo
ment with the Ideal of a Republic and do
not wonder that imperialism has followed
In Its due course.
The Philippines, as we have administered
them, tho Panama Canal as we have ac
quired It, the impossibility of our suzer
ainty over the South American Republics,
are but the blossom of the tre which we
have watered and tended.
Judge Parker dwelt -upofr the exactions'
of the trusts and then continued:
There is still another page to the story.
An example Is before us of how the effort
of the people to free themselves from a
burden can be seized upon by the unscrupu
lous and Itself made the agency whereby
the burden Is bound more firmly upon their
The clamor of the people against the
trusts rose to tho point where recognition
was necessary. A new department of the
Government was created by the Department
of Commerce. To that department was in
trusted inquisitorial power over the great
corporations. Its bead, the Secretary of
Commerce, was made a Cabinet officer. But
lest honest business Interests should suffer,
lest unscrupulous competitors should take
unfair advantage, it was provided that the
results of the department's Investigations
into the affairs of any corporation should
be confidential. They were, and are to be
placed In the first Instance, at the disposi
tion of the President.
Extraordinary powers these, and marking
an extraordinary faith of a people In its
elected Chief Executive. And how has this
Administration responded to this trust? It
placed at the head of this new department
as the first Secretary of the Department of
the Commerce of the United States the
private secretary of the President. "When the
present campaign opened the secretary re
signed his office and at the request of the
personal representative of the President, be
came the chairman of the Republican Na
tional Committee to bring about, If It might
be so, the election of his patron to the
Presidency. And lest any should, err it was,
at the time of his resignation, authoritative
ly announced that at the termination of the
campaign he would be summoned again
to the Cabinet to All another Cabinet office.
I leave it to you to say whether or not In
your estimation the vicious circle is ex
empt. "Now all Of these are not conditions un
der which free Institutions can be pre
served. We are not yet prepared for em
pire. We still Intend that this shall be a
Republic but It behooves us to guard Jeal
ously the liberties which were transmitted
to us. And If tho unscrupulous use of power
by any party, or by any person becomes
apparent. It behooves us to check It by the
exercise of the ballot the Constitutional
prerogative given us for that purpose. And
this without regard as to whether the ex
ercise of unconstitutional' powers by an in
dividual be malicious or temperamental.
What have we then before us in this elec
tion? We, the plain people of the United
States, stand ranged upon one side Upon
the other, as I view it, stand the trusts. We
find the exaggerated tariff aggrandizing the
few and ,the trusts grinding the many;
there the extravagance that is their bed
fellow; 'there the Insolent disregard of the
rights of the weak, and there the greed of
Behind them stand, not those citizens of
the United States who are the true Re
publicans, but those few who have for their
own purposes relzed upon the power of the
people, and why rely upon the traditions of
the Republican party, and the delusions cre
ated by their astuteness for the perpetua
tion In their hands of the powers which
thev have rnlsured?
It is commonly inherited.
Few are entirely free from It,
Pale, weak, puny children are
afflicted with it in nine cases out oi
ten, and many adulta suffer from it.
Common indications are bunches in
the neck, abscesses, cutaneous erup
tions, inflamed eyelids, sore ears,
rickets, catarrh, wasting, and general
Hood's Sarsaparilla
and Pills
Eradicate it, positively and absolute
ly. This statement is based on the
thousands of permanent cures these
medicines ave wrought. x
"My daughter bad scrofula, with elveo
Bores on her neck and. about her ears. Hood's
Sarttpftxilla was highly recoEam-eoded and
she took It &a& was cored. She it bow in
good feealtfe." Mas. J. S. Jwras, Y&rkae
City, Ind. k
Hash's Sao!MirW promta tet
ours fwt Kws thm prmt
Advance December
Patterns Are In
More Women's
Raincoats at
This list of store news will be nailed with delight
by a goodly number of women.
These Coats they are the second shipment of
fifty are exactly like a lot which we sold in such- a
hurry a few weeks ago. Not a day has passed since
then but what inquiries were made as to the arrival of
the Raincoats at 12.50. Well, they are here now
exactly like those we had before, with another color
These Coats are made of a Cravenetted Herringbone
weave cloth in castor, olive, Oxford and gray; full
back with side plaits, fancy scalloped plaits, belted,
collarless, full puff sleeves. All in all, a garment no
other store in the city can offer
for less than 16.50. Our
price today is .J:.
Muslinwear Sale Today
The garments we offer at special prices are perfect in every
way. The only reason for price reductions being that they are the
last of broken lines which we do not care to duplicate.
Corset Covers
30c and 35c sorts for.. 2o
45c sorts for 33p
50c sorts for ....,39
65c and 75c sorts for 49
95c and $1.00 sorts for 79
$1.25 and $1.35 sorts for 98$
$L50 sorts for S1.19
$1.65 and $1.75 sorts for... $1.29
45c and 50c sorts for 39i
65c and 75c sorts for 49
95c and $1.00 sorts for 79p
$L29 sorts for 9S&
$1.50 sorts for S1.19
$L65 sorts for $1.25
,$2.25 sorts for $1.49
$2.50 sorts for $1.85
65c sorts for 45
$L35 and $1.25 sorts for 98c
$L65 and $1.75 sorts for... $1.29
$2.25 sorts for $1.69
Linen Sale
We offer today some very special
values in Table Linens. "'
73 YARD Very fine quality of
bleached all-linen Irish Table
Damask, 66 inches wide; 22-inch
Napkins to match the above at
$2.13 dozen.
89 YARD Very fine quality of
bleached all-linen Irish Table
Damask, 66 and 72 inches wide.
97 YARD Very heavy quality
of bleached all-linen Scotck Table
Damask, 68 inches wide 22-inch
Napkins to match at $2.69 doz.
$1.13 YARD Extra quality all
linen bleached Scotch and Irish
Table Damask, 72 inches wide.
$1.33 YARD-Superbiy beauti
ful Satin Damasks of Scotch,
Irish, German and Austrian
makes, 72 inches wide.
It Is Less Per Capita Than in Any
State West of Rockies.
ington, Nov. 2. The State of Oregon ex
pends less per capita of population for the
maintenance of Its public schools than
anr state west of the Rocky Mountains,
or $3.19 per capita per -annum. This ex
penditure, however, is 31 cents greater
than the average per caplCx expenditure
for public schools In the united States'
and is more than is expended icMost
Eastern States. These facts are brought
out in the annual report of the Commis
sioner of EducaUon, made public today.
The total expenditure for state schools
in Oregon during the year 1902-03, the last
year to be reported, amounted to $1,526,
S5S, out of -which J1.049.1S0 -was spent in
salaries of teachers, and $227,071 fop school
sites, buildings, furniture, etc
3uring the year in question there were
enrolled in the common schools of Oregon
a total of 92,390 pupils,. or 21.13 per cent of
the total population of the state. The
average' daily attendance was but 64,219.
The Oregon schools employed 3914 teach
ers, at monthly salaries averaging $51.30
for males and $40.02 ior females.
Oregon is one of the" few states whose
schools were not supported, in part at
least, by state taxes. The school fund
-was derived mainly from local taxes, ag
gregating $1.S74.&S, this sum being aug
mented by $112403 raised from other
sources. At the close of the school year
1502-68 the total value of public school
property in Oregon was estimated at
City School Systems. -Separate
statistics are furnished for the
city school systems of each state, though
these figures are included in the general
public school figures. Returns show but
two cKy systems in. Oregon, with' a total
BreilsMBt of 15,866 pupils, and aa average
Lipman, Wolf e 6c Co.
45c and 50c sorts for 39
65c and 75c sorts for 49
95c and $1.00 sorts for. .. 79p
$1.25 and $1.35 sorts for 98
$1.50 sorts for $1.19
$1.65 and $1.75 sorts for. ..$1.29
$2.25 sorts for $1.69
85c sorts for 69
$1.00 sorts for 79
$1.25 and $1.35 sorts for 98
$1.50 sorts for $1.19
$1.75 sorts for $1.25
$2.00 and $2.25 sorts for... $1.49
$2.50 sorts for $1.85
$2.75 sorts for $1.98
$3.t)0 sorts for $2.19
$3.50 sorts for $2.65
Gown Values
90c and $1.00 sorts for ..79
$1.50 sorts for ., $1.19
$2.00 sorts for $1.49
$2.50 sorts for $1.85
r MilMnery Sale Today
The sale of Millinery which began here yesterday is continued
today. We offer our entire stock of
"Robinson S Wells"
Tailored Hats for
No need to go into descriptions of their elegance, beauty and
style they are known very well to you.
All the new shapes Turbans, French Sailors, Continental and
pointed effects. Also many large dress and walking shapes.
Waist Specials
$2.50 Plaid Waists $1.69
These Waists are made of very handsome plaid material of a Momie
weave. The color combinations are very rich; mostly tartan effects.
They have French back, full blouse front, full sleeves, fly front,
fancy stock collar; actual $2.50 value; on sale today at $1.69
$2.50 Mohair Waists $1.75
These Waists are made of plain and fancy figured Mohairs with French
back, full plaited front, full sleeves, fancy stock, collar, $2.25 and
$2.50 values at .$1.75
$3.00 Flannel Waists $1.79
These Waists are made of a fancy weave flannel in light blue, pearl, .
lavender and cream grounds, with a dainty raised half-inch check
of mixed black and while. They have bias side plaits in back,
full plaited front fly, full sleeves and stock collar. Actual $3.00
vaue for .....$1.79
dally attendance of 12,253. The total' ex
penditure for salaries of teachers In .the
city schools amounted to $253,550. The to
tal cost of the two city school systems
was $373,654.
Secondary Education
The report of the Commissioner shows
that there -were 50 high schools in Oregon
year before last, the same number of pri
vate secondary schools, four public nor
mal schools, and eight colleges and uni
versities. Washington School Statistics.
The total enrollment of the Washington
public schools in the year 1902-03 -was 149,
753, and the average daily attendance 101,
0SS. The Washington schools employed
4445 teachers, whose monthly salaries
Expert Optical Service
Many of our patients come to us
through the Influence of those -who have
had us do their work, and this fact con
vinces us that we not only given
satisfactory service, Jiut that careful ad
conscientious work brings its reward.
Thousands of testimonials from the best
people of Oregon open to those who are
Oregon OpticaFCo.
173 Fourth St, Y.M.CA, BWg;
$6.50 Blankets for $5.00
Doing a land-office business in the Blanket Store these days
Due, of course, to the fact that we ALWAYS give the best values
in this city.
The Blankets we sell at $5.00 are all pure wool, full double bed size,
have pretty red and blue borders, and are an actual $6.50 value. Because
of our foresight of making a contract months ago we are in a position to
sell them at this price.
$2.00 Umbrellas for $1.15
averaged $57.54 for males and $46.82 for
The school property of the state is esti
mated to be worth $7,737,672. In support
of its schools, Washington raised $1,523,
S67 by local itaxatlon and $69,000 from
other sources, nothing being derived from
state taxation.
For the school year mentioned the total
expenditure for the Washington public
Subscriptions Taken
for the '
Delineator, $1 year
The Cotton Goods Store offers
for today 30-inch Percales in
navy blue, cadet, red and gray
grounds. Large variety of neat
designs; colors are fast, of
course Well adapted for Wo
men's Wrappers and Chil
dren's dresses. On sale today
at the very low Qf
price of .OygC
4-4 Stork
Yard-wide stork sheeting
White, odorless, antiseptic,
light, pliable, will stand hot
water. Superior tfj ff
to rubber 4pUU
50c Hat Pins 25c
We offer in the Jewelry Store
today Sterling Silver Top Hat
Pins- 35 and 50 values
for only 25.
We buy these Umbrellas by the
thousand If we 'didn't do this
they'd have to be sold at 2.00.
They have steel rods and paragon
frame, are covered withjast black
mercerized Gloria, case, cord and
tassel. Come in men's and wo
men's sizes. A very extensive as
sortment of handles.
Three special values in Women's
"Winter Underwear that's worth
DQrt Instead, of 50c Wo
men's non-shrinking,
plated, wool Vests and Drawers,
all sizeshite and natural gray
flGft Instead of "$1.00 Wo
vOW men's Norfolk and New
Brunswick, ribbed, part wool Vests
and Drawers, white and natural
"3rQjfl Instead of $1.00 Wo-
men's "Oneita" ribbed,
wool plated Union Suits.
schools amounted to $3,550,742, including
$1,815,233 for teachers' salaries and. $1,419,
814 for new sites and buildings. The ex
penditures per capita in the state amount
ed to $6.15. the greatest per capita cost in
the United States.
There were seven city school systems
reported In Washington, with a total en
rollment of 42,374. and average daily
attendance of 32,182-
126 Second Street, Between
Alder and Washington
Alaska Sealskins, London Dye
We Cadi Special Attention to Our
Alaska, Sftlsk-. Goats, Moire Asrtrackaa Ooats,
Persiaa lafe Co&, 2f eur Seel Coat?,
Coats are made in the newest styles,1
first-class workmanship and lined in plain,
satins or brocades. I
FUR BOAS in Alaska Bear, Sable Fox,!
Isabella Fox, Mint, Black Marten, Sable'
Opossum, etc., etc.
Bit Quality, Lowtrt PrioM, Xcwwt Styles
Liftdiaff aad Salable iFwrMrt.