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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OKEGONIAN, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1904.
AGAIN A MEMBER
Captain Spencer Goes Back
to Port of Portland,
IS UNANIMOUSLY RE-ELECTED
Signalizes the Event by Springing a
Sensation Grievance of the Skip"
per of the Dumfriesshire
Captain E. W. Spencer was re-elected
a member of tho Port of Portland at the
regular meeting of the Commission yes
terday. He explained his absence from
former meetings In a manner satisfactory
to all, and his election to the board was
unanimous. Then, when he was safe In
his seat, the Captain asked a few ques
tions. In the first place, he wanted to
know who gave permission to the Pacific
Construction Company to use a Pdrtof
Portland barge while rebuilding Morrison
street bridge, and furthermore, whether
the port was receiving pay for the use of
the barge. As the questions were di
rected to Mr. Swlgert, whom the Captain
believed was instrumental In putting him
pff the Board, the president made an. ex
planation. Mr. Swlgert said that a con
tract, duly signed by himself and Secre
tary Drlscoll, had been made with the
bridge company by which the Port "was to
receive $5 per day for the use of the
aforesaid barge. It had been customary
in the past for the officers to make such
contracts without consulting the full Com
mission and he saw nothing wrong In the
Captalu Spencer said he had looked
through the records for the past seven
months and could not find that authority
had ever been given any of tho officers
to make use of the Port's property. He
believed that ' when a contract was en
tered into It should be ratified by the full
Board and a minute to that effect made
upon the records. "With the understand
ing that this should be done In the" future
the subject was dropped.
A communication from Captain Furn
caux, of the British ship Dumfriesshire,
caused some comment The skipper re
lated that his vessel reached Astoria on
August 29 and it was eight days lter be
fore It was brought to this city. He sent
for a towboat on his arrival, but the mas
ter of the steamer refused to bring him
up without a pilot. The Captain deemed
a. pilot unnecessary, but finally he en
gaged Captain Empken for that service,
and the O. R. & N. towboat then brought
him up. From the tone of his letter Cap
tain Furneaux seemed to think that the
Port of Portland was responsible, in some
manner, for the delay, and accordingly
addressed his protest to that body. The
Commission has no Jurisdiction over the
navigation of the river, and the BentTment
of the members was to table the com
munication. Mr. Adams, however, was
for taking some action In the matter, so
the Captain will be advised that his letter
has been received and his grievance, If
he has any, is with the O. R. & N. Co.
Most of the remaining time was taken
up with the drydock. A number of
changes were made in the drydock rules,
principal among which was making a lay
day minimum charge of $10 for barges and
steamers under 100 tons. The former
must be removed from the dock when re
quested li the pontoons are requlredi for
larger vessels. It was also decided that
no lay-day charge; shall be made on Sun
days and legal holidays when no work is
done on the. vessel docked. The moving
of keel and bilge blocks and shores will
hereafter be at the expense of contractors
and only with -the permission of the su
perintendent. Anderson & Crowe's claim
of $18 for moving blocks was cut down to
510, and that firm's request for permis
sion to store its tools on the premises was
The owners of the Beacon Bock were
alowed a rebate from the docking charges
on July a and 4, legal holidays.
A letter was read from the bar pilots,
thanking the Commission for the free usa
of the dock for the pilot schooner Joseph
The matter of purchasing a fire hose
and reels for use at the drydock was
turned over to the Insurance committee
with power to act.
Next Monday all the Commissioners, ac
companied by J. B. C. Lockwood, the
former engineer, and Robert "Wakefield,
the contractor, will visit the dock and take
up the Important matter of recaulking
ALT A IS A SEA TRAMP.
Barkentine Without Register Under
Arrest at Port Townsend.
PORT TOWNSEND. Wash., Sept. 8. A
tramp of the sea Is tonight sheltered in
Port Townsend 3ay under the watchful
eye of a United States Marshal. The ves
sel Is the barkentine Alta, which ar
rived from South Africa via Honolulu to
day without a register. For this derelic
tion Customs officials have assessed her
$1300 and are holding her until it is paid.
The Alta is owned In Manila and was
originally a British bottom. A party of
speculative Americans purchased her
when Uncle Sam assumed charge of the
Islands. She traded there a while and
later came direct to Port Townsend. The
navigation laws require that all vessels
from foreign -ports must have a register,
hut the Alta's owners contended that she
was In the coasting trade between Ameri
can possessions and exempt from the law
recited. A fine of $1.06 per ton was as
sessed and the owners appealed to United
States Judge Hanford, who decided, not
on the matter in- contention, but that the
vessel was British and assessable only
at the Tegular rate of 6 cents per ton.
Tho Customs officers say they have a
clear case against the Alta on this sec
ond offense and expect a decision confls.
eating the vessel, which apparently Is
neither British, American nor. in fact of
ZAMPA IS FLOATED.
Schooner Crescent Takes Her Place
on the Drydock. "
The schooner Zampa was floated' from
the St. Johns drydock at 11 o'clock, yes
terday morning. This is the vessel that
put in a month high and dry on the sands
at Leadbetter Point. She was not serious
ly damaged by the adventure and the re
pairs made to her while on tEe dock will
put her in as good condition as she was
In the afternoon the big schooner Cres
cent was warped into the- dock and bv 6
o'clock Superintendent Mcintosh had her
safely out of the water. The Crescent
is a new vessel, but leaked badly on her
passage across from Manila and has been
making water since she has 'been In the
harbor here. It is believed that an ex
amlnatlon will only show that some of
her seams have opened. In which case
caulking will be all that Is required. The
schooner occupies the three upper pon
toons of the dock.
ON HER MAIDEN TRIP.
New Coasting Steamer Northland Ar-
" rives in Port.
The new coasting steamer Northland
has arrived here from San Francisco on
her maiden voyage, and. is now at Inman,
Poulsen & Co.'s milL She brought up
J.CU0 carreis ot cement,, wruca. .was us
charged at Mersey dock. The Northland
is owned by the E. J. Dodge Company and
Is commanded by Captain Bonlfield, for
merly of the Aberdeen. She Is a well
built coaster with a capacity of about
800,000 feet and as she has two hatches,
her cargo can be handled readily. The
steamer is 200 feet long, 38 feet beam, 18
feet depth of hold and 560 tons register.
She has triple-expansion engines of 1000
horsepower, two boilers, electric lights and
other modern conveniences. Oil fuel Is
burned. The machinery was installed at
the Fulton Iron "Works, at San Francisco,
and the hull was built at Bendlxsen'a.
BARK ANNA HUNG UP.
Sticks on Old Hogsback on the Way
Up the River.
ASTORIA. Or., Sept 8. Big four-masted
German bark Anna is hard aground at the
Old Hogsback, a few miles east of this
city. The Anna started up the river for
Portland this morning in tow of the river
steamer Harvest Queen. She was in
charge of Pilot Harry Emkens. Almost
before the pilot knew what had happened
the big vessel had run up6n the Old
Hogsback, "where she stuck hard and
fast. The Harvest Queen tried to tow
her back Into deep water, but was un
able to budge her.
The steamer Is with her tonight, but
there is little likelihood of the vessel be
ing floated until a considerable portion
of her cargo is removed. The hull of the
Anna Is not In danger of being damaged
as she is resting easily. The Anna has
aboard more than 4000 tons of cement.
License Question Only Involved.
ASTORIA, Or., Sept. 8. It was an
nounced today by Deputy Prosecuting
Attorney Abercromble that the case of
the State of Oregon vs. Alexander Grant,
charged with having operated a seine
without an Oregon fishing license, would
not be made a test of the validity of the
Oregon law except in the event of the
case being carried up by the defendant.
Grant operated a seine under a license
secured from Washington and his con
tention is that one license" Is sufficient
It has been the practice of both states
to require licenses from seiners.
Mr. Abercromble states that the ques
tions Involved In thep"resent controversy
between Oregon and Washington are to
be tried out in the United States Dis
trict Court. Attorneys representing the
two states will agree upon propositions
of law to be submitted to the District
Court and all of the Issues Involved will
Two Salmon Ships Overdue.
ASTORIA, Or., Sept 8. (Special.) Some
alarm is being felt over the nonarrival of
the bark Harry Morse and the ship C. F.
Sargent, both overdue from Nuehagak
River, Alaska, with cargoes of canned
salmon. There Is no fear for the safety
of the vessels, but for the comfort of
those on board. The Morse carries about
200 passengers and crew, and the Sargent
carries about 300. Neither had a large
supply of fresh water, and there Is con
siderable apprehension that owing to the
long trip, those on board may be suffer
ing great Inconvenience, If not hardships.
Aztec Not Damaged.
ASTORIA, Or.. Sept 8. (Special.) The
American steamship Aztec arrived down
at an early hour this morning and a diver
was engaged to make an examination of
her propeller to ascertain if It had been
Injured by striking a snag as the vessel
was leaving her dock in Portland. The
diver found that no damage was done and
the Aztec will go to sea tomorrow If the
weather conditions are favorable.
Another Bristol Bay Cargo.
TACOMA. Wash., Sept 8. The ship
John Currier arrived today" from Bristol
Bay, Alaska, having aa cargo 11,150 cases
of salmon, the season'spack of the Union
Packing Company. The total pack in
Bristol Bay was 236,150 cases against 240,000
cases figured on. The run was unusually
light, and did not begin until July 4.
No Answer From Cunard Line.
HAMBURG, Sept 8. The Hamburg-
American line says the Cunard line has
not yet replied to the proposition of the
allied companies relative to the passenger
business, and consequently the reports of
a complete -rupture of the peace negotia
tions and of a resumpton of the rate war
Coptic Off for the Orient.
SAN FRANCISCO, Sept 8. The Occi
dental & Oriental Company's steamer
Coptic sailed today for Hong Kong via
Japanese ports. She carried a cargo of
general merchandise, Including 1200 tons
Completes Cargo at Tillamook.
ASTORIA, Or.. Sept 8. (Special.) The
schooner C. T. Hill has completed taking
on a cargo of lumber at Tillamook for San
Francisco and she will be towed to sea
The steamer Edith began loading wheat
for San Francisco at the Elevator yester
day. Captains I P. Hosford and W. P. Starr,
well-known steamboat men, leave for St.
Louis tomorrow to Attend the" fair.
The repairs to the steamer Sadie B.
were completed-yesterday ' and last night
the boat left for the Upper Columbia,
where she will resume her regular run
Pilots and river captains declare that
the smoke was thicker on the Columbia
yesterday than at any time this Summer.
No accidents occurred to any of the river
boats, but .the German bark Anna, which
left up from Astoria at noon, lost her
bearings at Tongue Point and ran
Domestic and Foreign Ports.
ASTORIA, Sept 8. Arrived at 7 last night
Steamer Elmore, from.' Tillamook. Sailed at 7
last night Steamer Harrison, for Xehalem.
Arlrved down at 1 A. M. Steamer Aztec. Left
up at noon German bark Anna; aground off
Tongue Point Arrived at 12:45 P. M. British
ship Carnarvon Bay, from Shields, via Port
Los Angeles. Arrived at 2:45 P. M. French
bark Duplelx, from Shields. Arrived at 2:45
and left up at 5:35 P. At Steamer Alliance,
from San Francisco and coast ports. Condi
tion of the bar at 5 P. it, smooth; wind north
west; weather cloudy.
St. Helena, Sept. 8. Arrived at 7:20 Potter.
San Francisco. Sept. 8. Arrived at S A. M.
Steamer Aurella, from Portland. Arrived
French ship Ernest Beyer, from Isewcaitle,
Australia; steamer Nushagak, from Naknek;
steamer Mackinaw, from Tacoma; schooner
Halcyon, from Gray's Harbor; eteamer City of
Puebla, from Seattle. Sailed Steamer Sierra,
for Sydney, via Honolulu; British steamer Cop
tic, for Hong Kong, via Honolulu and Yoko
hama; steamer Geo. W. Elder,- for Portland
Coronel, Aug. 26. Sailed Ammote, from
Hamburg, Genoa, etc., for San Francisco.
Brisbane, Sept. 8. Sailed Aorangi, from
Sydney, K. S. TV., for Vancouver.
BAND CONCERT TONIGHT.
Programme to Be Rendered at the
Plaza, Weather Permitting.
If the weather permits, Brown's Park
Band will play the following programme
'tonight at the Plaza, beginning "at 7:30
March "Caesar's Triumphal" ...... . ..Mitchell
"Waltz "Golden Sunset" Hall
Overture "Fra Dlavolo".. Auber
Caravan episode "Oasis" Longey
Medley "Roly-Poly". Lee Johnson
An African Idyl "Tlmbuctoo" ..Glebel
Gems from "The Prince of Plloen" Luders
Patrol "Undo Sam's"...... Hall
Excerpts from "The Strollers" Englander
March humoresque "Kangaroo Court". St. John
BED EYES AND EYELIDS.
Granulated Eyelids and other Eye troubles
cured by Murine Eye Remedy. It don't
j emaru t&oia .dx au aruggisw.
BELL RINGS MONDAY
Schools . of the City Reopen
in a Few Days,
TWO BUILDINGS NOT READY
Work .on Park and Aihsworth Struc
tures Is Delayed, and Children
Who Attend There Will Have
a Little' Longer Holiday.
School children who do not like to
learn ore looking forward to next (Monday
with fear and trembling. Those who have
been attending the Park and Ainsworth
Schools will not have to tremble for a
short time,, for neither school will open
upon the date set for the beginning of the
Fall term. The Park School was burned
last yeari that is, the last school "year,
and temporary sheds were prepared for
the accommodation of the scholars. Each
temporary room was equivalent to a
country log-room school and for the time
being .answered the purpose. The School
Board counted upon having the new edi
fice ready in time for the Fall opening,
but the contractors ran against a plumb
Sanitary arrangements are not com
plete for tho Park School, and how soon
they will be is a question which Superin
tendent Rlgler cannot answer. Work is
being rushed as fast as bosses can do It,'
but until the work Is done there will be
no tinkle of the bell calling pupils to as
semble and face their teachers.
To a certain extent the same -conditions
prevail at the Ainsworth School. Work is
to be done on the building before It can
be declared ready for occupancy. Super
intendent Rlgler cannot say how many
days ,the two schools will be held , back,
but does say they will be open as soon as
conditions will permit
All other schools in the city will open
Monday, September 12. Teachers- have
been assigned, but" until after noses are
counted and each room is given Its quota
it, will be a question in the school depart
ment what teachers will preside.
In the country it is different Each
district has the right to select its own
teachers, and thus far reports received by
County Superintendent Robinson show tho
District No. 2. John Tueschcr, Jr.,
Lizzie Rlvette, Dorella Shlves, Lillian
Noted Rate "Wars Inter-State Commerce Commission Three,
Great Combines Coast Rates High J Railroad vs. Steamer
W. A. Means in Chamber of Commerce i
The question of freight rates to and
from a given point is a most complex one,
for the reason that there is no point on
the line of a railroad that Is not affected
by the rates of some other point on that
road, or rate on Bome other road to a
competitive point. Railroads strive to ad
just their freight rates so they may on
the one hand derive all the advantage
possible against a competitive point, or if
there is no real competitive point, so that
the freight rate shall not so increase the
cost of the goods as to prevent the mer
chant handling them from making a
profit. Railroad fefflciajs well know the
axiom that their roads cannot prosper if
the. towns on their lines do not prosper.
In the days before railroad combinations
were thought of, freight tariffs were is
sued which were observed at all local
points (noncompetitive) on the road, and
In all shipments to individual or small
shippers, but were not observed at com
petitive points, nor with large shippers.
The latter had contracts or agreements
by which their freight bills were rebated
to them, say every quarter, or .else a flat
rate was made to them at less than tariff
rates. This, of course, was a gross In
justice to the small shipper, but no way
was devised to prevent It for many years.
Competing lines would get together and
agree as to rates to competitive points,
but soon secret rebating and cutting
wpuld be offered one-blg firm and an
other, until one road would get more than
the other road, or roads, thought was
Its just proportion, and a rate war would
be Inaugurated that was disastrous to
both the railroads and the shippers. I
well remember in 1871 a rate war that oc
curred between the New York Central
and -Erie Railroads on livestock between
Chicago and New York freight rates
went down to $1 per car; Jim Fisk, who
was the president of the Erie, bought sev
eral thousand head of cattle and shipped
all of them over the competing line, the
New York Central, as he well knew that
road lost thousands of dollars hauling
them to New York.
It was generally the case, when such
wars were inaugurated, that the rate-cutting
was begun by the road which had
the most circuitous route, or the poorest
equipment, or a new road which had to
form a body of regular competitive cus
tomers, for one reason or, another at
equal rateB the more direct or better
equipped or older road got the business,
so the weaker road would offer Induce
ments; to this the other road or roads
would pay no attention at first, but when
Jt became evident that to allow the thing
to go on would eventually lose them too
much business, they took a hand them
selves at rate-cutting, and the war went
on until those higher In authority got to
gether and called a halt.
'These wars were as disastrous to the
shipper as the railroads, as the reduction
of the freight rate meant a similar re
duction in the value of the goods he had
on hand. After years of such trials as
this to both sides, the Inter-State Com
merce Commission law was passed, and
some sort of order appeared after the
chaqs, but It remained after all for the
railroads themselves to Kettle the rate-cutting
propensities of their contracting
agents. First the general freight agents
of competing lines got together and
agreed on rates, and issued orders that no
rate-cutting tariff rates would be coun
tenanced, and any one caught cutting tar
iff rates would be dismissed from the
service; this worked for a while, but soon
the cutting emanated from the general
"freight agents themselves heavy shippers
were Induced by various means to ship
over a particular road, and the old story
was repeated; then the presidents of the
railroads took it Into their own hands and
made and signed an agreement to main
tain rates, known as tho "gentlemen's
agreement," hut this agreement, although
it lasted for some time, went the way of
all the others; then various competing
lines associated themselves Into groups
known aa "associations," appointed a
commissioner to see that tariffs were ad
hered to and gave him power to fine
offending roads, and agreed to abide by
his decision. This form of governing
freight rates was found, more effective and
lasted a longer time, but as far as this
coast was concerned was done away with
years ago, and the only remedy that rail
roads themselves could apply was at last
adopted, viz., the absorption of competing
lines Into great systems, owned by small
bodies of very rich men. And now we see
all the transcontinental lines owned by
three companies the Northern Pacific,
Great Northern and Chicago, Burlington
& Quincy "being one; the Union Pacific,
Southern Pacific and Isthmus route, the
latter composed of a steamship line from
New York to Colon and from Panama to
San Francisco, known as the Pacific Mail
Steamship Company, which until the
United States Government purchased the
j, Panama Canal and with It the Panama
Waters; District No. 3 Ellen Williams;
District No, 4 A. F. Hersliner, Mrs. Clara
Anderson, Myrtle Cornet t Irene Smith;
District No. 6 E. G. Adams, Mary Bux
ton, Mary Perry, Emma Sturchuer, R.
Simpson, Bessie Fields, Delia Hart Laurie
Fields Grace Yall, Margaret Tracy; DIs-.
trict No. 7 Carrie Heacock; District'
No. 8 Ida Funk; District No. 9 Marie
Arnold; District No. 10 Pearl Staf
ford, Daisy Watklns; District No. 12 W.
B. Swope, Mrs. B. B. Clark, Clara Toof;
District No. 13 Samuel Ennls, Mabelle
Ross; District No. 14 T. H Prince, Min
nie Pound; District No. 15 Helena Wes
sela, Floy McNeil; District No. 1C V. a
Everett Catherine Migles; District No. 17
Ora BonDurant; District No. IS N. W.
Bowland, Clara Lambert Flora Kreglow,
Ada Ricier, Ellen Taylor, Agnes Matlock;
District 'No. 19 Audrey Brown; District
No. 20 H. A. Darnell. Mrs. H. A. Darnell,
Janet McKay; District No. 21 Mrs. E.
Snodgrass; District No. 22 Alice Geelan;
District No. 24 Mrs. M. C. Gabbln: Dis
trict No. 26 Mabel Metzger, Harriet Al
exander; District No. 27 Marsaret Eade;
District No. 28 B. Buchanan: District No.
29 L. H. Baker. Mrs. Anna Read, Gnr
trude Carry McCabe; District No. 31
Jessie Brown; District No. 32 H. 8.
Bramshall. Sophia Shldes; District No. 33
Mao O'Connor; District No. 35 -Pauls
Ine Heacock; District No. 36 Irem Hig
glns; District No. 38 Mrs. Eva Eudlcott;
District No. 40J. F. Croft. Mrs. I. Pow
ell, Mabel Finn, C. Stewart, Rose Crlsler:
District No. 41 Hydia Bramhall; District
No. 42 Clara Hansen; District No. 43
Mrs. Maude Graham; District No. 44
W. A. Law, Martha Sturchler, Kula
Strange, Eleanor Blolln; District No. 45
Mrs. Mamie Hoguex; District No. 4(1
Pearl White; District No. 47 Will Miller.
Berdeen MerflU, Clara A. Love, Daisy Al
io way; District No. 50 Martha Butter
field; District No. 6, joint Alma Stone, M.
Guttredge; District N6. 15. Jdlnt J. B.
Lents, Edna Hammond; District No. 23,
joint Mrs. J. A. Foster; District No. 42,
joint G. , A. Prentiss; District No. 62,
joint Bertha Wyss; District No. 67.
joint TJ. S. McHargue; District No. 70.
Joint Helen J. Ewlng, Mattie Earhart;
District No. $3, joint George Metzger.
Alumni Will Entertain Earl.
' NEW YORK, "Sept. 8. Plans .have been
made by the alumni of Dartmouth Col
lege for the entertainment of the Earl of
Dartmouth.- The Earl Is expected to sail
for America In a few days on his way
to the college, where he' will lay the corner-stone
of the hew; Dartmouth Hall.
One of the Earl's ancestors was the active
patron of the college in 1765, and it was
named in his honor.
Killed Making Parachute Leap.
CHICAGO, Sept. 8. A dispatch to the
Tribune from Tuscola, 111., says Joseph
Eisle, an aeronaut, has been killed while
making a balloon ascension and para
chute leap at the Douglas County Fair.
While descending, his parachute was
caught In the top of a tree, and he fell
100 feetT breaking his neck. His home
was in Louisville, Ky.
Railroad, lad an exclusive contract with
tho Panama Railroad to handle all of
Its freight to and from Its two termini,
composing another, and the Atchison, To
peka & Santa Fe the third. Not until
these gigantic combinations were fully
formed and In operation were transcon
tinental freight rates absolutely stable.
It has been lately rumored that what is
known as the Harriman Lines (Union Pa
cific, Southern Pacific and Pacific Mail)
are about to buy the Atchison, Topeka
& Santa Fe Railroad, thus reducl. g the
ownership of all transcontinental lines to
two, known, respectively, as the Hill
and the Harriman lines. Further than
this there is a probability that the courts
will decide that the Northern Securities
Company shall return the stock owned by
that corporation, viz., of tho Northern
Pacific, Great Northern, and C, B. &. Q
to the original owners, exactly In the pro
portions In which the latter originally
transferred it to the Northern Securities
Company, and should this happen the
Harriman interests would own a con
trolling interest in those roads. The peo
ple on this Coast would then bo at the
mercy of one group of owners of all
transcontinental railroads What would
then happen, If they had absolute con
trol, the readers of this article can" imag
ine when they appreciate the fact that
Mr. Harriman is really representing
among others the Standard Oil crowd.
But the people of this Coast have one
means of keeping out of the absolute
control of this or any other body of
men, from the fact that the ocean is at
our doors, and competition by that
moans is always open. Should the worst
come, the moneyed men of this Coast
could also combine, and own and operate
their own line of vessels, or make, con
tracts with the owners of lines of ves
sels, agreeing to glvo them all their
freight that would stand ocean transpor
tation. However, we must all remember that
with all these great combinations, still
railroad employes In America are paid 50
per cent, more wages than the same
class of labor In Europe, and tho freight
rates of America are 33 1-3 per cent
lower than freight rates In Europe. But,
on the other hand, freight rates on this
Coast are much higher than those In
any other part of this country, except
terminal rates on transcontinental
freights that are Influenced by ocean
The jobbers and maufacturers of
this Coast seeing that the railroads
have all combined, and knowing there
is no greater deterrent force that can
pa shown the railroads than com
oined action, have formed themselves
Into two great bodies or freight' bu
reaus one located at San Francisco,
known as the Pacific Coast Jobbers'
and Manufacturers' Association, which
has charge of all matters affecting the
whole Coast, and consisting of the
jobbers and manufacturers of San
Diego, Los Angeles, San Francisco,
Sacramento, Portland, Tacoma and Se
attle; the other located at Portland,
and known as the North Pacific Coast
Jobbers' and Manufacturers' Associa
tion, which has charge of all matters
affecting, the cities of Portland, Seattle
and Tacoma. This association, whose
president, secretary and main offices
are located here. Is composed of atfout
SO firms in Portland, 25 in Tacoma and
30 in Seattle, and has vice-presidents
and assistant secretaries residing In
Tacoma and Seattle. It Is governed
by an executive committee of three
from., each city. It Is officered, by
strong, active business men, who are
giving a great deal of time and atten
tion to freight matters, and It Is hoped
that every jobber and manufacturer
In all three cities will become mem
bers. Combination must be met by combi
nation, and only in united action, is
there any hope that equitable distrib
utive tariffs and reasonable transcon
tinental tariffs will be adopted by the
This association Is not formed to
make war on railroads, but It is formed
with the object of looking out for the
Interests of this community as far as
freight matters are concerned. "
I must nbt close this already too
long article Without saying a word for
the San Franclpco Association and ad
vising all our jobbers and manufact
urers to be loyal to that also, for it
is in a position, on account of Its be
ing composed of members from all of
the cities on this Coast, to better han
dle the questions that affect the whol
Coast. The masterly manner in which
It conducted the suit before the In
terstate Commerce Commission at St.
Louis three years ago, which was a
fight between Middle-Westand West
Coast shippers, and conducted it to a
successful close, should always be re
membered, and we should loyally stay
bjr the assoclatiqn..
SAW FATAL BLOW
Police Find Eye-Witness to
GUS WHALLEY TELLS STORY
Chinese Physician Was Struck bya
Drunken Man, Who Fled When
He Saw That Lee Sing Npm .
Had Fallen Unconscious..
It has remained for Gus Whalley, a car
penter, to tell detectives working on tho
case the true story of the manner in
which Dr. Lee Sing Nom met his tragic
death at the corner of Fourth and Pine
streets at 10:30 o'clock Tuesday night. He
has also furnished the officers with a de
scription of the two men implicated In
the prime, and has also repeated a con
versation he had with one of the two men
after the crime was committed. Detec
tives are hot on the trail and a few hours
may see the murderer in the City Jail,
awaiting a preliminary hearing.
But the charge will not be murder. Facts
in the possesion of the police tend to
show that Lee Sing Nom came to j his
death, not from the blow struck by his
assailant, but by striking his-head against
a sharply-pointed rock in ihe street when
he was felled to the ground. The gravest
charge that can be placed against the
man. If he Is caught, will be manslaugh
ter. Gus Whalley, In company with his cous
in, was near the corner of Fourth and
Pine streets when the murder occurred.
They say there were but two men con
cerned in the murder. Instead of three, as
told by Ho' Kee, the Chinese cook.
"The light on the corner was flickering
badly and we could not get a good view
of the two men," said Whalley to the de
tectives, yesterday, "but the assailant was
ayoung fellow, rather heavy-set, smooth
faced and wore a straw hat. Ho seemed
to have been drinking, and when Lee Sing
Nom came out of the corner house he
met the two men, face to face, and the
one who appeared to be half-drunk ad
dressed a remark to him. We were not
near enough to understand what he said,
and. did not pay much attention to it at
that particular time.
. "This man started to follow the Qhlna
man, who was "Crossing the street as
though" desiring to avoid trouble. The
other young man tried to hold .his com
panion back, but the fellow broke away
and ran toward tho Chinaman, striking
him on the head as he caught up with
him. The Chinaman raised his arm above
hi3 head a3 though to ward off another
blow, then turned half-way around and
fell to the ground heavily. He did not
seem to move after he fell, and wRen the
two men saw this they walked rapidly
down Fourth street toward Ankeny. My
cousin ,and I walked after them, and
when they saw that we were following
they broke into a run and turned west on
Whalley's .description of the crime tal
lies exactly with that of the Chinese cook
with the exception that Ho Kee says therft
were three men in, the party. It is pos
sible, the police think, that the Chineso
cook saw qne of the witnesses In addition
to the two men implicated In the crime.
Another Important clew to the murder
was given Detectives Weiner, Kerrigan
and Snow by Fred Neth, ticket-seller at
Fritz Theater. Neth wa3 a witness of
a dramatic scene "in the City Chophouse,
in -which Whalley and his cousin also par.
. "I went into tho chophouse, which Is
at 2GG Burnslde street, about 6 o'clock
Wednesday evening," Neth told the of
fleers. "A young man, who was clean
shaven and fairly well dressel, followed
me In and sat down at the same tabic
Before he had given his order two other
young men entered, one sitting by my side
and the other beside the first comer. They
spoke 'to each other, and after a brief
conversation all ordered clams. They had
just been served when one of the two re
marked to the first man that there had
been a murder in Chinatown the night be
" 'What do you think about it?" asked
the first comer.
" 'My cousin and I saw It,' replied one
of the other two.
"At this the first comer started and
spilled his coffee. He. changed the con
versation suddenly and began to talk
about a contract he had just made to
do some carpentering. Then he switched
the talk again and began to tell where he
last worked, saying the boss had fired
him with the remark that he wasn't
worth a redwood plank. Ele seemed
anxious to keep away from the subject
of the murder.
"Finally he got up suddenly and walked
from the restaurant, paying his bill a3
he did so. ' He had eaten scarcely any of
his clams. The waiter came to us and
asked whether the man had liked the
clams. The man sitting beside me re
marked that his own clams were all
right and that he did not know why the
other had left so suddenly. As soon as
I left the restaurant I told Detective
Weiner what I had heard."
Charles Lawrence Is the waiter who
waited on the four men. The man who
sat at the table and showed such anxiety
when Whalley said that he and his cou
sin had witnessed the murder is not
known to Lawrence by name, but It is
said that he often eats at the chophouse.
Detectives Snow, Kerrigan and Weiner,
who are working on the case, obtained
a good description of this man and are
at present looking for him. It 13 thought
that he was one. of the men Implicated
In the assault. Whalley and his compan
ion were unable to tell whether he was
one of the two men they saw commit the
crime. Once this man is in custody it
is thought that the reward offered for
Information and his own connection with
the affair will be sufficient to cause him
to tell all he knows.
Yesterday Nona's partners In the Lo
Company placed $500 in gold In the hands
of Chief of Police Hunt, which amount
will be paid for the arrest and conviction
of the murderer. The Chinamen were
discussing last night the advisability of
increasing the reward to $1000, but no
final action .was taken on the proposition.
Coroner Finley will hold an Inquest over
the remains of Dr. Leo Sing Nom at 10
o'clock this morning.
TO WET FRATERNAL CONGRESSES
John H. Shlvely, of Washington, Will
John H. Shlvely, Deputy Insurance
Commissioner of Washington, met with
Senator John H. Mitchell last night and
outlined plans for securing the meetings
01 tne nauonai jpraiernai Association
and the Associated Fraternities for Port
land In 1905. Both congresses met this
year In St. Louis, but It is the desire of
fraternal societies of the Pacific Coast
that both organizations meet here dur
ing the Lewis and Clark Fair.
Mr. Shlvely is on his way East and will
do all he can to have Portland selected
for the next place of meeting.
John H. Shlvely occupies an enviable
position in politics on the Pacific Coast.
Prior to the election of 190O and during
that year's campaign, he was chairman
of the Republican State Central Commit
tee of Washington and succeeded in ex
tracting the Evergreen State from the
grasp of Populism. Later he was called
to the East to stump Ohio during the
McKinley campaign. He was classed as
one of the greatest speakers who ever
took the stump In behalf of the Repub-
lican party. With that record behind him,
fie was selected by the Republican Speak
ers Bureau as capital timber to send
among the doubtful states. Mr. Shlvely
received. a call to stump Indiana, Wis
consin and New York. He Is now on his
way East and will leave tonight for Chi
cago and St. Louis. At the latter point
he will endeavor to secure the fraternal
meetings for Portland next year.
When asked as to the conditions polit
ically in Washington, Mr. Shlvely said:
"Washington will give a Republican
majority of 23,003 for Roosevelt and the
Congressional ticket Mr. Mead, the Re
publican candidate for Governor, will not
be far behind that majority. Washing
ton is ReDublican and it will have no
Turner In Its politics.
I base my prediction on my knowledge
bf the state, past and present. Senator
Turner'" speech against the MorUnley ad
ministration has placed every Republican
In the state against him. His speech in
regard to the Philippines has placed every
participant In that war against him, and
the slurs he cast upon the soldier boys
will be resented by the old soldiers of
the Civil War.
"In giving 23,000 majority as the figures
which will be credited to the Republican
party. In Washington, I base my estimate
on the vote of 1900, the increased vote of
1902 and" the natural conditions which will
cause a greater Increase of that vote.
As ex-chairman of the Republican State
Committee, I have no hesitation in say
ing Washington will roll up 25,000 major
ity for the Republican itcket."
. DEFENSE OF SOCIALISM.
Same Old Theories, With the Same
Old Inadequate Excuse.
COLFAX. "Wash.. Sept. 7. (To the Editor.)
Your edltprlal, "The Socialist Party." in
Saturday's paper contains errors which justice
to those who "think intensely" requires to be
corrected, and assuming as I do 'that you did
not wilfully misrepresent the idea that under
lies Socialism. I take the liberty o calling at
tention to some of those errors. .
Your fundamental error Is In trie statement
that "the social-democratic ideal to which we
are supposed to be tending is a condition of
society in which all should possess everything
in common, and no one anything for him
self." The Socialist party has no such Im
practical Ideal as this, nor is there today a
recognized Socialist who would not agree with
you that such a condition .would be "servitude,
Inasmuch as the editorial to based on this
erroneous statement of the fundamental basis
of the Socialist philosophy, it follows that your
conclusions are 'erroneous. You confound So
cialism with Communism. -
Socialists define capital to be that part of
wealth used by man to assist him In the pro
duction of more wealth. In other words, cap
ital consists of the tools of production. It Is
these toola of production only which the so
cialist Insists should be co-operatively owned
and democratically managed. Bear In mind
that this does not mean etate ownership. This'
distinction is Important, but space la too lim
ited for me to point, out the distinction. To
day wealth Is produced by tho expenditure of
laborpower assisted by- tools or machines-.
Take away the machines, and we would have
to go back to the hand tools, "which Is un
thinkable." The ones who expend the labor
power do not own the machines which aro
necessary to make their labor productive;
wltiout the aid of these machines tho laborer
would starve; to secure their aid to his labor
he must yield to the owner of the machines,
a part of that which his labor, with the ma
chine, produces. Under the wage system this
product all belongs to -the machine-owner, and
he returns to the laborer only such part there
of as will be sufficient to keep the laborer and
his family In a condition fit to do the work.
Eliminate the private ownership of the ma
chine, have It owned co-operatively by those
who work with it. and then he workers will
receive, have and enjoy all that by their
labor they produce. This every man is en
titled to by Tight; when he will hava this, ho
will then have the opportunity to live and en
Joy Ufa and be free. If he has not this pp
portunlty (which he has not and cannot have
under the wage system), then he Is not free,
and can only sustain life by payment of a
tribute to the owner of the machine.
If the laborer received all he produces, he
would have "opportunities for study and rec
reation." He .could have champagne, if he de
sired, or he could quench his thirst with water
and spend his wealth In other luxuries.
The Socialist admits that this may appear
absurd from the viewpoint of the capitalist,
the owner of the machine of production, but
sensible and very practical from the viewpoint
of the man who has nothing but his labor
power to sell for bread.
You err also in saying that the "movement
Is a protest -of a class who scarcely know what
If the Socialist National ticket does not re
ceive at least 5,000,000 votes, next November,
It will be because there will be at least 4,000.
0C0 voters who will vote the Democratic of
Republican ticket because they do not know
what they want. Those who vote the Socialist
ticket know what they want and how to get
It. They know and are fully conscious of the
fact that ft is the height of folly to expect a
political party whose Ideas and policies are
formulated with the view of promoting the in
terest of tho capitalist class, to do aught
which will advance the Interests of those
whose economic Interests are opposed to the
economic interests of the capitalist class, viz.,
the working class.
That there is a rlass struggle between the
capitalist class and the working class is too
evident to require argument, and it Is equally
evident that the Democratic and Republican
parties are on tho side of the capitalists, and
tho Socialist party the. only one on the sldo of
The Socialist party behoves that the only
effective means of removing this struggle,
with all tho attending horrors of strikes, boy
cotts. rlotB, murder, suicide, Insanity, prosti
tution, and many other crimes, Is to remove
the cause for the existence of one of the classes
to this struggle, I. e., the one which is useless
as a social factor In the production of wealth
the capitalist class, whoso existence depends
upon the private ownership of the machine,
and that this can only be done through the
ballot box, by and through which the workers
will secure the reins of government and with
draw the consent of society to the right of the
Individual to own, privately, the tools of pro
duction. "When this Is done, the .present sys
tem of Industrial slavery the wage system
will disappear, and industrial liberty In con
junction with political liberty, will give to all
the hghost form of Individual liberty.
There may be an answer to the Socialist posi
tion, but your editorial Is notan answer.
If you can prove that Socialism will not give
personal liberty, secure the sacredneea of the
home, promote incentive and make social
progress a reality, do so, and Socialism will
have no harder "knockers" than thoso who
now constitute the Socialist party.
But before you can do this you must under
stand the question, and not et up a "straw
man" to be knocked, as you did In the article
referred to. Respectfully yours for Socialism,
Remsen Gets Medal.
NEW YORK, Sept. 8. At the meeting of
the Society of Chemical Industry, which
today .began a three-days' session here,
the society's medal founded In 1896, and
ETerr lsm Watch Is fcllv
guaranteed. All lenders ha.Ta
XAs&a Watches. "Timemakezs
and TlinpfcWDcn." an illustrated
history ot the -tretcb, tent free
Elgin National Watch Co, Elgin, lit.
Gained by Peaceful Means and
Which Saves Life Instead
of Destroying It.
Has This Power and Is Prouder
of It Than Mikado or Czar
Can Possibly Be.
Just now Russia and Jaoan jlta rnirnj?rl
In a bloody struggle and are sacrificing
the lives of their subjects by the thou
sands to demonstrate that they are to be
recognized henceforth as "world Pow
ers. I look upon my camDaisrn for health-
strength and life as being far more hon
orable and my power over disease "as far
more praiseworthy and more to be proud
of than the empty bauble which the Czar
and Mikado are now struggling for.
a save uie. xney are destroying it.
Do you realize what n. -work T nm rfn-
ing in this country? Do you understand
mat u tnose who have been cured in all
the countries of the- earth by Munyon's
Remedies were assembled In one strand
army It would far exceed In numbers the
comDinea armies ot Doth Russia and
its a fact which is susceDtlbl of
burely you are interested in knowing
that there is a cure for every ill and
that these cures bear the name of ilUN
Dyspeosia. Inditrestion. Nervousness
and Sleeplessness are surely cured by the
uae or jiunyon s raw-ravr ionic a dis
covery which ranks in importance with
Quinine, Aconite, Vaccine, Anti-Toxin,
Munyon's Rheumatism Cure seldom
fails to relieve in one to three hours, and
cures in a few days.
Munyon's Cold Cure prevents pneu
monia and breaks tip a cold In a few
Munyon's Cough Cure stops coughs,
nigHt sweats, allays soreness and speed
ily heals the lungs.
Munyon's Kidney Cure speedily cures
pains in the back, loins or groin and
all form3 of kidney disease.
Munyons Headache Cure stops head
ache in three minutes.
Munyon's Fever Cure breaks up a fever
In an hour at most.
Munyon's Paw-Paw Laxative Pills will
keep the liver in order and posltively
cure constipation, biliousness, jaundice
and all diseases arising from a torpid
Ask your druggist for Munyon's Guide
to Health. It will tell you how to cure
yourself, or write for It to Munyon,
Philadelphia. It is free.
Munyon's Witch Hazel Soap, Witch
Hazel Face Cream, Witch Hazel Talcum
Powder will give you a clear skin and
a fine complexion.
awarded by tho council once in every two
years for conspicuous servlco rendered
to applied chemistry by research, dlscov
ery, invention or Improvements in pro
cesses, was awarded to Ira Remsen, pres
ident, of the Johns Hopklna University.
Sir William Ramsay, the president, called
tho assemblage to order. "William H.
Nichols, of New York, was elected presi
dent for the ensuing year.
TRAINS TO SALEM TO BE FILLED
The Portland Commercial Bodies Are
Booming State Fair.
The commercial organizations ot Port
land are about to boom Portland day at
the State Fair, which" falls upon Thurs
day, September 15, and it Is their inten
tion to take all of the people out of Port
land on that day that can be hauled by
the Southern Pacific.
A meeting has been called for Friday
evening, September 9, at 8 o'clock, in the
parlors of the Commercial Club, when
plans will be arranged for the excursions
to be run to Salem on rortland day. The
Lewis and Clark management, the Com
mercial Club, Chamber of Commerce,
Board of Trade, Manufacturers' Associa
tion and other organizations of the city
are combining to make the day at the
fair a success. Special trains and special
fares have been secured, and it is the
Intention to ship a large part of Port
land to the Capital City.
During the fair of 1901 eight Portland
people attended on the day set apart for
this city. The next year the Chamber of
Commerce, at the request of the State
Fair Board, took the matter In hand with
the result that a trainload of people visit
ed the fair from Portland on Portland
In 1903 there were not cars enough to
handle the crowds, and the tickets pro
vided for the occasion gave out before
all of the people had been served.
This vear all of the lorcanlzations have
combined, and the railroad company will
have ample accommodations for all who
may wish to take the trip.
The Stones of Clackamas.
OREGON CITT, Or.. Sept. 8. (To tho Ed
itor.) Tho other day. noticing tho presence of
unusual geologic fragments among the gravel
dredged up at tha mouth of the Clackamas, I
bargained with one of the workmen employed
In mixing cement for the new light and power
station walls on the Island below 'Willamette
Falls to lay aeldo anything of unusual aapect
and color and I would pay for the collection.
The result Is, in a box ot about 20 pounds I
found 12 fine cabinet specimens of chalcedony,
banded agate, mottled Jasper, sardonyx,
quartz geodes and one specimen of what I
think Is chryaoprase, the latter I have sent to
the United States National Museum for class
ification. My belief In the existence of sap
phires In the formation eroded by the Clack
amas River, and tho lodgment of the samo
in the bar at ita mouth prompted the Investi
gation, and it may pay Idle men and others
not so Idle to rake over the gravel dumps
from the Clackamas bar and aell Bpeclm,ens
found to collectors, but always to look for
sapphires. The latter may vary in color, dark
blue Oriental sapphire, light blue or violet.
Oriental amethyst, red Oriental ruby, yellow
Oriental topaz, also white and pink. All aro"
sapphires or corundums, and have a value:
but these must not be confounded with col
ored quartz or silica, which has no particular
value. MAX PRACHT.
used Jby thosg