Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, May 30, 1904, Image 1

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VOL. XLIIL NO. 13,563.
Russians Withdraw to
Port Arthur.
They Are to Blow Up Expen
sive Docks and Piers.
Fleet of Fourteen Japanese War Ves
sels Cut Off Escape of Russian
Vessel From Talienwan Bay
Frolic to Niu Chwang.
CHEFOO, May 29, 4 P. M. Dalny has
practically been evacuated, according to
the statements of Sikh and Russian refu
gees arriving here today by Junk. All val
uables, ammunition and most of the troops
have been taken to Port Arthur. The
only civilians remaining are the electrical
engineers in charge of the mines laid in
the harbor and also those set to destroy
docks and piers.
One large Russian warship, probably the
armored cruiser Bayan. and three torpedo
boats reached Talienwan Bay on Tues
day last, the 24th Inst, from Port Arthur,
and It was doubtless this vessel which at
tacked the Japanese left wing during the
battle at Klnchou on the 26th Instant. The
Junks Just arrived here, on their' way
down, passed 14 Japanese war vessels nine
miles outside of Ialny, so that the Bayan
will likely be captured.
The United States gunboat Frolic, now
here, will go to Niu Chwang, In case that
town is evacuated by the Russians.
Russians Have No Communication
With Port Arthur.
ST. PETERSBURG, May 29. (12:46 P.
M.-Intense Interest is displayed In the
Japanese reports of the Klnchou battle
io people In the streets almost mob
sbovs to jpjcurft extras containing the
tcJvs. Crowds stood around the of-
rial boards awaiting the Russian ver
sions, but none arrived. The official world.
as well as the public, is entirely depend
ent upon the Japanese for news. Further
details are eagerly looked for, especially
regarding losses.
The prevailing conviction here Is that
the Japanese must have carried Nan
Chan at tremendous sacrifice. The ac
counts of the heroically stubborn defense
made by the Russians, notwithstanding
their position, subject to the Are of ar
tillery from the front and from warships
on the flank, are a -source of much satis
faction. Their own reports, the Russians
say, could not have placed the lighting
qualities of their soldiers in a better light
than do these of the Japanese.
Both the Admiralty and the War Office
are without news and frankly confess
they do not expect to hear from the be
leaguered garrison In Port Arthur again
directly except by accident until the fort
ress has been relieved or surrendered, or
the war ended. Some native reports that
drifted into headquarters at Uao Yang,
and were forwarded here, say that the
Japanese lost many thousands.
Great Activity Expected.
The impression in army circles is that
the Japanese will push operations against
Port Arthur with the greatest energy,
hut It Is also believed a month or more
will be required to bring up siege guns.
In the Chlno-Japanese war, although Kln
chou was taken practically without oppo
sition, 11 days were necessary to prepare
for the storming of Port Arthur.
Colonel Kove6ky, of the general staff,
In an Interview, points out that Port Ar
thur, although generally denominated a
fortress. Is in reality an entrenched camp
whereof Klnchou was only an advanced,
Improvised position. It would be unwise
to Judge of the strength of the permanent
connected fortifications around Port Ar
thur by Klnchou. These fortifications, he
said, support each other scientifically.
Operations against them will require the
most careful, systematic preparation.
"The Japanese now before Port Arthur,"
said Colonel Novesky, "may proceed in
three different ways: First, an open at
tack after preparatory artillery lire; sec
ond, a progressive siege, and third, a
blockade. I think the Japanese will adopt
the first course, as it Is not to their ad
vantage to wait while Russian enforce
ments are arriving. The second method
Is a long and complicated operation that
might last months.
"Port Arthur, generally speaking. Is
impregnable, but impregnability is a rela
tive term. Nothing in fortification is
really invincible. Guns will destroy any
structure. Cannon will defeat each other.
Sappers can remove Impediments outside
and fill ditches. Scaling ladders will over
come any walls. Mines can be met with
"A blockade would Involve passive activ
ity for many months and an enormous
number of troops. Therefore, I believe
that the Japanese will attempt to carry
the place by assault with the aid of their
"The Japanese are copying on a larger
scale their campaign of 1S94. While Gen
eral Oku Is at Port Arthur, General Ku
rokl, after a Junction with the advanc
ing army landing at Takushan, will move
on Hal Cheng and Niu Chwang until they
are occupied. I do not believe General
Kuroki will move against General Kuro
patkln's main position until he has
formed a base at Niu Chwang."
Fortress Nearly Impregnable.
One of the Associated Press Russian
correspondents has Just returned from
Port Arthur. He has been over and Is
thoroughly familiar with the forts and
defenses there. His opinion Is that the
fortress cannot be taken except by sys
tematic siege operations that will require
many months.
"Unless the Japanese are able to carry
It In less than three months," the cor
respondent says, "they will be too late,
as General Kuropatkln will then have
enough men to send an army to relieve
the garrison. Fock is a great fighter.
Stoessel has 40,000 men. Including the sail
ors on the warships.
The correspondent also explains that
the abrupt declivity in the rear of the po
sition at Nan Chan made it impossible
for General Fock to take away heavy
guns when he retired.
Squadron Must Give Battle.
The Novoe "Vremya says that whatever
the Port Arthur squadron does, it must
not Imitate the squadron at Sebastopol
longer than to have a good chance for an
open fight with the enemy. It were bet
ter that than to sink the ships in the
Viceroy Alexieff has notified the native
peasants in Manchuria not to sow corn
or other plants, the stalks of which might
afford cover for the Chun Chuses.
A special envoy of the Ministry of Ag
riculture is now at Llao Yang organizing
the planting of vegetables along the rail
way to meet the requirements of the
Butr Russians Cannot Withstand
Fierce Japanese Attacks.
"WEI HAI WEI, May 30. Your naval
correspondent with the steamer Haimun
has sent many dispatches during the last
two days, but owing to severe intermit
tent storms 'the wireless apparatus has
not worked perfectly, and only portions
of his story of events within the scene of
operations can be deciphered. It seems,
however, that the Russians did not ex
pect that their position between Kinchou
and Nan Shan could be taken, and Lleu-tenant-General
Stoessel's orders were to
hold the Japanese back at alLcost.
It was then expected by General Kuro
patkln that General Kuroki would detach
a portion of his command and' send aid to
General Kuroki, at the same time retiring
to Feng Wang Cheng to await the fall of
Port Arthur. This would have given the
Russian Commander-in-Chief opportunity
to bring up reinforcements from Harbin
to Mukden and prepare to hold the de
fenses south of Mukden with 150,000 men.
Not to Be Withstood.
The plan was a good one, and failed be
cause of tactics which resulted in the
sweeping victories secured at Nan Shan by
the Japanese. General Stoessel did all in
his power to stave off defeat, but flesh and
blood could not withstand, that terrific
bombardment which swept the Russian
trenches, disabling fleldpiece after field
piece, and finally obliterating entire gun
The defenses swept by the Japanese
were of the most substantial nature, and
both Generals Kuropatkln and Stoessel
had every reason to believe that they
would prove lmprejjnable. It took six
days of fighting, however, culminating In
Friday's all-day battle, to sweep the Rus
sian column back, and the Japanese will
hardly follow up their victory until fresh
troops can be landed to aid those already
In service north of Port Arthur.
Troops Charge Over the Dead.
The earlier fighting was wonderful, and
almost beyond the power of pencil to de
scribe. The dogged determination which
marks the character of the Oriental was
never better shown than In the repeated
assaults against the heights guarded by
artillery and well-armed, infantry. At
tack upon attack failed, but nevertheless
fresh troops were pushed up to reinforce
the shattered columns, and each succeed
ing wave of assault carried the heads of
columns nearer to the objective point.
At times these waves would ebb and mo
tion would almost die away, but still
fresh divisions behind and the detraction
caused by the naval attack on the left
rear enabled the Japanese to rush forward
their heavy field batteries Into effective
range. As the evening shadows were fall
ing, the Russians were beaten and began
to evacuate their positions, slowly at first,
but a state of panic soon seized many of
the garrison, frenzied by the scenes they
had witnessed during the last 16 hours,
'and the retreat became almost a rout.
Rout Late at Night.
At S o'clock Friday night the sun-rayed
flag of Japan was floating over the entire
chain of works held at daylight by the
Russians. It was an exhausted army that
slept that night ambng the hills, but the
Joy of success was in every heart, and
skirmish lines of pickets stretched well to
the southward, and opportunity was af
forded the weary troops to rest and secure
much-needed food.
The right of the Japanese position com
manded the Dalny defenses, and the Rus-
(Concluded. on Page Three.)
How Tens of Thousands
Spent Sunday.
Rivers, Woods and Parks All
Swarm With People.
Excursions Up and Down Rivers and
to the Beach Divide Attractions
With Churches, Theaters
and Ball Games.
people attended church,
people visited City Park, the
Fair grounds, the cemeteries and
the Heights.
people attended the theaters,
people attended the balloon as
cension. people went on excursions to
out-of-town points by rail and
people attended the minor base
ball games, no league same be
in? played.
people visited the picnic grounds
and dancing pavilions,
people went driving.
people went boating.
From a variety of causes the total attend
ance at the different churches throughout
the city yesterday, although special memo
rial day services were held in eight of
them, was about normal. In two or three
city churches where memorial services
were held last night, the attendance was
larger than usual, but this average was
again decreased by lower attendance at
other churches where ordinary Sunday
services were held- On account of today
bctog -a holldayr-many churchgoers went
out of town Saturday night and early yes
terday morning to spend two quiet-days
in the country, Intending to return this
evening or early tomorrow morning. But
the absence of these churchgoers from
their usual places of worship was offset by
people from surrounding towns who have
come here to spend Memorial day In the
city, where will be imposing processions
by the Grand Army, and music of a more
elaborate scale than one would hear in In
terior towns. The number of picnic ex
cursions and river trips did not decrease
the church attendance, because those who
attend picnic excursions, river trips and
ball games on Sundays are not habitual
churchgoers. The season Is too early yet
for churchgoers to be Inoculated by the
microbe which makes them think of cool
ocean beach and shady wood and hie
themselves to the mountain or seaside. '
At the Balloon Ascension.
Several thousand of the city pleasure
seekers witnessed the balloon ascension
and parachute drop at Mount Tabor and
were well repaid for the trip. Frank Mil
ler, who lives In Portland, and who has
the reputation of being one of the most
expert men In the balloon-Jumping busi
ness, went up probably 1500 feet before he
detached the parachute. He seemed no
larger than a fly suspended In mid-air by
spider webs when he finally cut loose from
the big fat hot-air bag. Thousands of
tense eyes were focused on him. ana thou
sands of hearts skipped a beat while he
plunged downward perhaps 300 feet. For
this distance he came as If thrown from a
catapult, and then the big canvas um
brella spread. Those who watched then
proceeded to sigh with relief that the
strain was off, and the daring aeronaut
floated gracefully and leisurely to the
good old solid side of Mount Tabor, only a
few hundred yards from where he rose.
It was a fine exhibition. There was
some delay In Inflating the balloon, and
the crowd" became Impatient, but when It
was over the throng3 returned cityward
entirely satisfied. It had been advertised
that Miller would release a turkey simul
taneously with cutting the parachute loose
and race It to the ground, but owing to
the objections of the Humane Society the
Idea was abandoned. The turk was pres
ent and prepared to do his act, so by way
of compromise it was decided to give the
plucky fowl to tho winner of a boys foot
race before the big event was pulled off.
The youngsters ran for their lives, 20 of
them, and a kid In a red sweater dis
tanced all others and carried off the bird.
City Park at Its Best.
The City Park, with countless roses
a-bloom, was at Its best yesterday, and
was thronged bj hundreds of people all
day, many lingering until the last moment
allowed. The number of children that
raced up and down the paths and rolled
about in the grass showed that statistics
are quite unreliable In the matter of Port
land's birth rate. It is the great place for
the little ones, the City Park, and their
parents recognize the fact. The guinea
fowl, which are free of bars and heed not
"Keep-Off-the-Grass signs, were frequent
ly startled by some diminutive youngster
In whom the sporting Instinct found early
expression, and a hopeless chase would
follow. The monkeys had their usual
crowd of admirers, and their antics
aroused pleasing reminiscences of the cir
cus In young minds. The swings creaked
all day long between the bear pit and the
cage of the tiger, who was a helpless tar
get for the kodaks that kept up a heavy
Are on him most of the day. The bears.
J too, were under fire, being shelled with
peanuts until the bottom, of their den was
covered with the litter.
The kangaroos' enclosure was a fashion
able resort, and seemed to attract a large
number of the girls that wear high-heeled
shoes. It may be that they wished to
study the originators of the kangaroo
walk; If so, they were disappointed, for
the kangaroos were far "from, "full of
hop," appearing, Indeed, to have hardly a
kick left In them.
Excursions Up the Willamette.
Nearly 1100 tickets on the steamboats
running between Portland and Oregon
City were sold a week ago Sunday, and It
Is estimated that an even larger number
were sold yesterday. In other words, some
600 Portlanders, together with some scores
of children under 6, (for whom no charge
is made) yesterday enjoyed several hours
steamboating on this beautiful river. The
only boa in the Sunday excursion busi
ness are the Leona and the Altona, of
the Oregon City Transportation Com
pany. One of these boats makes four
round trips, and the other three, every
Sunday through the season, the last boat
leaving Oregon GIty about 6 P.M. Gov
ernment regulations are strictly complied
with, the Leona carrying not more than
175 passengers to the trip and the Altona
not more than 300. The trip is without
doubt one of the most delightful for Sun
day excursions convenient to any city In
America. Landings are made at half a
dozen points between Portland and Ore
gon City, notably Oswego, Magoon's
Park, Jennings, Meldrums and Rlsley's.
Here scores of picnic parties go ashore for
a few hours freedom in the woods.
Upon requests made to the captain a
steamboat is often run up past the Ore
gon City bridge, to give the passengers
a close view of the Falls of the "Willam
ette. A considerably larger number of ex
cursionists' have availed themselves of
this route during the past month than
during the corresponding period last year.
Open Resting Spots Crowded.
If there is a nook or cranny inside the
city limits that was not thronged by the
little folks and the grown-ups of Port
land yesterday. It must have been places
absolutely inaccessible. From early morn
ing until the stars were almost ready to
go to bed, the -people flocked to the vari
ous resting spots. The day was ideal
for a day's outing among the hills and
parks. The City Park and the Lewis and
Clark Fair grounds caught most of the
people, and with lunch baskets filled with
good things to eat, the heads of families
took their kiddies, and lunched under
the trees.
It was estimated by the railway compa
nies that at least 20,000 people were car
ried to the various points of interest with
in the city limits. Some of these, of
course, went to other points, but most
of them preferred the short trips that
kept them near home. Those who did not
go to the parks took themselves to Port
land and "Willamette Heights, where they
rambled through the gulches and trees
until tlrea. Then the lifnclt hampers '.were
emptied of their toothsome contents and
when the repast was dispatched the woods
and hills once more echoed with the happy
shouts of the children.
"While Sunday was a day of healthful
ozone breathing for the thousands. It was
a hard day for the employes of the street
railways. Conductors, especially," were
(Concluded on Pace- 5.)
Heroes of Missouri Giv
en Words of Praise.
Mate Monssen's Daring Is Not
. Exceeded in History.
President Roosevelt Says It Is a Mat
ter of Profound Satisfaction That
Officers and Men Showed
Such Discipline and Courage.
"WASHINGTON, May 29. Secretary
Moody has Issued a general order contain
ing extracts from the report of the Mis
souri court of inquiry repardlng the con
duct of the officers and men at the time
of the accident on board that vessel, April
13; letters from the President to the Navy
Department regaining the bravery of the
officers and men of the Missouri; the ex
traordinary heroism shown by Chief Gun
ner's Mate Monssen, Gunner's Mate C. S.
Schepke and Acting Gunner R. E. Cox,
and also a letter from the President to
the Department expressing his satisfac
tion at the behavior of the chaplain of
the Missouri, Father Gleason, at the time
of the accident. After reading the memo
randum of the Commander-in-Chief, the
President sent this letter to the Depart
ment: "The memorandum of Rear-Admiral
Barker, Commander-in-Chief of the North
Atlantic fleet, of April 29, on the accident
on board the Missouri, has been laid be
fore me by the Navy Department. In it
Admiral Barker says: 'The disaster was
appaHing, but it developed heroes. His
tory records no more heroic act than that
of Monssen, who crawled through a hole
in: the burning magazine to put out the
flames. The conduct of the Captain, offi
cers and crew was superb, showing excel
lent discipline and. marked-physical cour
age.' Show Well Under Trial.
"Although we must all of us be sad
dened at so lamentable a catastrophe, and
though every effort must be made and
every energy bent to minimize the chance
of its recurrence, yet it is a matter of pro
found gratification to all who are proud Tf
the American Navy that the officers and
men concerned should have behaved so
well under such trying circumstances. The I
weapons with which men now make war
on the ocean are so terrible, the mechan
ism, of our warships Is at once so delicate
and so formidable, as to make thorough
training and practice In their use both
indispensable and dangerous.
"Such war machines would In battle be
utterly useless unless those handling them
know by actual experience their capabili
ties and power to utilize to the highest
degree these capabilities, and this power
can only be acquired by practice, from
which a certain amount of risk Is Insep
arable. Not a Man Flinched.
"For many minutes after the accident
occurred on the Missouri every one aboard
her knew that any minute she might go
to the bottom, yet thdro was no flinch
ing and no disorder among ner crew. L
Although the veterans aboard her were
less numerous than the recruits, every
man peformed his duty with a cool self
possession and courage which gives us
a right to feel grounds for entire con
fidence as to the way In which any
emergency, In battle or otherwise, would
be met.
"I congratulate and thank Admiral Bar
ker and those under him for the showing
that has been made, I have written sep
arately concerning Captain Cowles, Act
ing Gunner Cox, Chief Gunner's Mate
Monssen and Gunner's Mate Schepke.
In the course of a letter to the Secretary
of the Navy, after reading the report of
the court of inquiry, the President said
regarding the victims of tho accident:
Tribute, to the Dead.
"These died for their country as honor
ably as If they had died in battle against
an enemy. "We mourn their fate, but we
mourn it only as we mourn those who
fall bravely at the post of duty." On be
half of the Nation I pay tribute of honqr
to the brave dead who died so nobly.
"I desire furthermore to thank Captain
Cowles, and through him the officers and
enlisted men under him for so having
borne themselves in this great emergency
as to "deserve what the court said of
:hem in the language above quoted. I
congratulate because our ships are
manned by men who at such a time can
mako such a showing, for I know that
the honor of the" Nation will ever be safe
In their hands.
To each one of the officers and men re
ported by the court as deserving and to
Chaplain Gleeson, the Navy Department
has sent a copy of the general ordei wlh
a commendatory letter.
Letters Sent With Medals.
Specially commendatory letters have
also been written by the Secretary to
Cox, Monssen and Schepke, and to Mons
sen and Schepke medals Qf honor have
been awarded. .
Because the law does not provide for
the awarding of a medal of honor to an
officers In the Navy, Acting Gunner Cox
couIdTibt be awarded" one7 " "" ,""""":
Secretary Moody has also written a let
ter to Rear-Admiral Barker, transmitting
a letter from, the President, congratulat
ing tho Commander-in-Chief for his fine
conduct and that of those under his com
mand in connection with the Missouri ac
cident. In each case the department has for
warded the letter of the President, accom
panied by one from the Secretary.
Lackawanna Loses
Heavily in New York.
Finally Checked at Ironclad
Coal Trestle.
Sparks Endanger Water Front fort
Nearly a Mile-Loss on Prop
erty and Freight Is Esti
mated at $5,000,000.
NEW YORK, May 30. Seven -freight
and coal piers of the Delaware, Lacka
wanna & "Western Railroad In Jersey City
were destroyed today by a fire that start
ed on the barge Allen C. Churchill, which
lay alongside pier 12, on which a lot of
barrels of oil were stored. The loss la
estimated at $1,000,000. The flames
spread rapidly. Pier 12 was 800 feet
long and was soon ablaze Its entire
length, and the firemen who were trying"
to fight the fire front the shore were able
to accomplish but little.
The flames swept across to pier 11 and:
beyond, being finally checked at pier 5,
which 13 a new coal trestle, steel-framed
and Iron-clad. Here the firemen and
fireboats made a desperate stand and
stayed the advance of the fire until tho
burning piers crumbled and fell Into tha
Water Played on Ships.
Although there was little wind, sparks
fell all along the water-front for nearly
a mile, endangering the Lackawanna sta
tion and even the Hamburg-American and
Bremen line piers, where the firemen wero
kept busy playing streams of water upon
the blaze and over the ships at their
A number of canal boats and several
tugs were burned, the loss of small boats
being variously estimated at from 30 to
200. The number of freight cars Is not
known, but the loss on this class of roll
ing stock will be heavy. The Lacka
wanna road moved Its passenger coaches
out to the Meadows, and one train of
freight cars was moved out and saved.
Piers 11 and 12 were full of general
merchandise; piers 7, 8, 9 and 10 wero
used for coal and pier 6 was a grain
loading pier. No person was seriously,
Vice-President Loomis, of the Lacka
wanna, placed the total loss by the fire
at $5,000,000, based on the original cost
of the piers burned, on the freight stored
on them and to some extent the loss of
business which must necessarily ensue.
It also Includes the burning of the canal
boats and barges thickly moored, between
some of the piers.
The Lackawanna Company carries lta.
own Insurance.
Half Million Fire In New Orleans.
NEW ORLEANS, May 29. Fire in tha
heart of the wholesale district today de
stroyed the plants of the Louis Rico
Saddlery Company at Common and Maga
zine streets, the Simmons Manufacturing
Company and the Melgh, Brady & Lin
coln "Woodenware Company. The loss Is
Cordage Plant Destroyed.
MONTGOMERY. Ala.. May 29. Fire de
stroyed the plant of the Alabama Com
press and Storage Company here today.
The loss is $400,000.
War In the Far East.
Dalny evacuated by Russian troops; engineers
left to Are mines. Page 1.
Object of Klnchou battle on Russians' part
was to delay advance. Page 1.
Two Russian destroyers said to have been de
stroyed off Port Arthur. Page 3.
Description of tha Japanese victory at Kln
chou. Page 3.
Bravery of men on Missouri recognized In re-
ports to President Boosevelt. Page 1.
President Boosevelt on the way to Gettysburg
for Memorial day. Page 2.
Last of Venezuelan-British disputes decided by
umpire appointed by President Boosevelt.
Page 2.
Captives of Moroccan bandits are now treated
more decently; American cavalry may bo
landed. Page 2.
Thibetans routed with loss by column under
Colonel Younghusband. Page 2.
Seven freight and coal piers destroyed in New
York; losa Is $5,000,000. Page 1.
Gillespie Jury Is discharged because members
are unable to agree. Pago 4.
Methodist General Conference closes after ac
complishing much legislation.. Page 4.
Grover Cleveland says Judge Parker Is. th
logical Democratic candidate for the Pres
idency. Page 2.
Pacific Coast.
Mrs. James Penland killed In Salem railway
yards. Page 4.
Improvement in lumber prices noted by Lower
Columbia Blver mills. Page 4.
Fate of kidnaped Baker boy Is still In doubt.
Page 4.
Pacific Coast League scores: San Francisco
4-7. Portland 3-6; Seattle 0-10, Tacoma 8-1;
Los Angeles 2, Oakland 0. Page 5.
Tacoma fans make a furious attack on TJmplra
O'Connell and Parke "Wilson. Page 5.
All-Portlands defeat Schillere at the Vaughn
street ground. Page 5.
Portland and Vicinity.
Great crowds turn out to enjoy a fine Sunday
on the rivers, at the parks and the beaches.
Page 1.
Memorial day services at many churches. Pago
10. '
Fire destroys the home of Martha McGee, the
street preacher. Page 11. "
Charles Sheely commits suicide by Inhaling
gas. Page 1L
Eil 103.0