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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 10, 1904)
VOL. XLIIL XO. 13,546.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, MAY 10, 1904.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
STANLEY IS D
Noted Explorer Passes
PLEURISY HIS AILMENT
Welsh Boy Who Rose From
Poor Farm to Palace,
WON FAME IN WSLDSOF AFRICA
Rescued Dr. Livingstone and Relieved
Emil Pasha; Made Third Trip,
Then Returned to Enter
LIFE OF STANTJEY IX BRIEF.
Born as John Rowlands, at Den
bigh, "Wales. 1S4L
Arrived in America, 1S57: took the
name of Henry M. Stanley.
Soldier In Confederate and Federal
Began newspaper work, 1SC7.
First began search Tor Dr. Living
Entered Africa with relief expedi
tion March 21. 1S7L
Found Dr. Livingstone at VHiU No
vember 10. 1S7L
Started on African exploration ex
Took charge of Belgian expedition,
Sent on rescue of Emln Pasha, 1SS7.
Last farewell to Africa, 1800.
Married Dorothy Tennant, July 12,
Elected to Parliament.
LONDON. May 10. Sir Henry M. Stan
ley, the famous African explorer, died
at 3 o'clock this morning from an attack
o pleurisy, which developed about two
weeks ago. Since Sunday, he had been in
a semi-conscious condition, and whlla the
uoctnrs had no hope" of his Tecovery, they
did not expect the end to come so soon.
Heart trouble complicated the case, how
ever, and their famous patient dropped
oft almost before they knew It.
Probably no man in recent years has
been more worthy of the tltlo "self-mado
man" than Stanley, who roso from poor
houso to palaco entirely through his
strength of character and determination
to be a man of mark. He was born at
Denbigh, "Wales. He was placed in a poor
house at the ago of 3, and remained there
ten years, until he had acquired an edu
cation. He sailed as cabin boy on a ship
to New Orleans when 15, and was adopted
by a merchant there whose family name
of Stanley ho assumed Instead of his own
of John Hon lands. He enlisted in the
Confederate Army as a youth, was cap
tured and enlisted in the Federal Navy.
Ho went to Turkej at the close of the
war as a newspaper correspondent, and
later accompanied the British army
through the Abyssinian war as the cor
respondent of the New York Herald. He
was sent by that paper to Africa to find
Dr. Livingstone, who had been lost in
the Congo region for two years. Ho ac
complished the task and was honored by
England and the Royal Geographical So
ciety for his clover work.
He went back a second time, and se
cured information about Central Africa
which was badly needed by chartograph
crs. Coming back to civilization lie was
decorated by numerous French and British
science societies. He went back a third
time, and established trading stations
along the Congo from its mouth to Stan
ley Pool. Ho led the expedition which re
lieved Emln Pasha, Governor of Equato
rial Africa, who was penned In by hos
tlles. On his return he lectured on his
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Mr. Stanley married Miss Dorothy Ten
nant on July 12, 1S90, In "Westminster
Abbey. He was elected to Parliament from
the Lambeth district, and until taken with
his last illness had been active in the
English political field.
CAREER OF GREAT EXPLORER
Expeditions to Central Africa His
Henry Morton Stanley will be remembered
in history as perhaps the most famous ex
plorer of the nineteenth century. Hla books
upon Africa told more to the popular reader
than the total of everything else printed be
fore his expedition in search of Dr. Living
stone. Born at Denbigh, "Wales, in 1841, at the age
of three jeers he iias sent to a poorhouse.
His true name was John Rowlands. He
gained an education In the free schools, and
at the age of IS assisted a relative in a parish
school in Flintshire. This occupation proving
uncongenial to his restless nature, he sud
denly left and shipped as cabin boy on a ves
sel bound for New Orleans. He found em
ployment In a large store, and his diligence
induced his employer to adopt him as his own
son. From his benefactor he took the name
of Henry Morton Stanley.
In 1SC1. after the death of his benefactor, he
enlisted in th Southern Army while in Ar
kansas. At the battle of Pittsburg, in lb62,
he was made prisoner, but escaped by swim
ming the river at night under the fire of the
sentries. Returning to North Wales, he vis
ited his aged mother, but soon returned to
America, where he enlisted In the Federal
Army. In less than a jear he was secretary
to the Admiral on the flagship Tlconderoga.
During an engagement he volunteered to swim
COO jards and attach a hawser to a Confeder
ate vessel, which he did with entire success.
The prize was drawn from the harbor and
Stanley was made an ensign.
Stanley began his career as a newspaper man
in 1867 when hoe accompanied an expedition
under General Hancock to suppress Indian out
rages west of the Missouri River. He went as
correspondent of the New York Tribune and
Missouri Democrat. "When he returned to New
York he was engaged by the Herald to go
with Sir Robert Napier on his Abyssinian
campaign. After the march to Magdala, 400
miles, and the battle which ended forever the
Inhumanities of King Theodore, Stanley started
for the coast, and reached there so quickly
that the story of the campaign was published
in the Herald a day before tho official dis
patches reached England.
In 18C9 he was sent to Suez after Informa
tion about Dr. Livingstone, on whose account
apprehensions were already being felt through
out Europe. He wrote a number of papers on
Oriental travel. He crossed Asia from Con
stantinople to Bombay. "With the general In
structions "find Livingstone," Stanley crossed
to Zanzibar, where nothing concerning the
missing man could' be obtained.
Livingstone had started into Africa, March
2S, I860. The last letter was dated May 30,
1809, at TJJU1. Twenty-eight days after his
arrival in" Africa Stanley had made his prep
arations to begin the work of rescuing Living
stone. He started from Bagamoyo with four
caravans for TJJUl, March 21. He assisted the
hospitable people of TJnyanyembe In fighting
Mlrambo, a celebrated Arab, who left devasta
tion in hla wake. Later, he learned that a
white man with a white beard had been seen
near Lake Tanganyika. Increasing his speed,
he reached TJJU1 November 10, the 236th day
from the coast. Here he met a servant of
Dr. Livingstone, who conducted' htm to the vet
eran explorer. Six weeks were passed in the
company of Livingstone. After traveling 750
miles with the rescuo expedition. Livingstone
Rinnouaced ho wonld remain in Africa and con
tinue his researches. Stanley was bound by
his duty to his newspaper to leave. Qn
March 14. 1872, tho two great explorers parted
never to meet again. Stanley reached Zanzibar
13 months from his first arrival. Among the
presents showered upon, him In England was a
special message from the Queen and a gold
"While returning to England, after accom
panying an English expedition to punish the
King of Ashantce, Stanley heard of the death
of Dr. Livingstone. He then determined to
pick up his mantle. The London Dally Tele
graph and New York Herald combined to sup
ply him with an outfit, and he started from
Zanzibar Nov ember 12, 1874. His expedition
was an elaborate one, accompanied by several
native chiefs. "When 740 miles from the coast
Stanley discovered the magnificent Lake
Nyanza. A thorough exploration of this great
inland sea was made and Stanley visited
Mtesa, the great Central African monarch,
who maintained an army of 150,000 soldiers.
Thirty battles with natives were fought, and
Stanley in short completed the work of Speke,
Grant and Livingstone Untold suffering from
sickness, hostile tribes and starvation was a
part of the trip.
On August 9, Just 999 days after leaving
Zanzibar. Stanley looked upon European faces
once more. In Paris he was presented with
the cross of a Chevalier of Honor by the
French Geographical Society.
In November, 187S, Stanley was made tho
president of a Belgian expedition to open up
the Congo Free State territory. The result
was the founding of that great state. He
opened roads all the way to Manyanga, where
the fever demon laid hold on him. Death was
near, as he thought, and he bade farewell to
his servants. Finally a servant poured a mix
ture of GO grains of quinine, hydrobromlc acid
and wine down his throat, and he gradually re
covered, but was obliged soon to return to
England. "When he once more entered the Dark
Continent he had the satisfaction of sailing
1500 miles up the Congo River into the heart
of Africa, a work accomplished by his own
energy and tireless perseverance.
In June, 1SS7, Stanley was sent out again to
find Emln Pasha, a former surreon-general
under "Chinese Gordon." who had been left
to care for himself on the Upper Nile, cut off
from civilization through the hostility of the
(Concluded on Page 2.)
At All Dealers
Without a Rival
Daring Defiance of Law
in Lake County.
TWO BANDS OFSHEEPKILLED
Strong Suspicion Thai J. C.
Conn Was Murdered.
SUICIDE WAS THE VERDICT
Friends Believe the Motive of Sus
pected Crime Was to Conceal Iden
tity of Outlaws Who Destroyed
$25,000 Worth of Property.
LAKEVIEW, Or., May 6. (Special.)
A reign of terror exists in Lake
County. In the face-of a daring defi
ance of law that approaches civil -war,
tho peace officers are powerless. Thus
far about $25,000 -worth of property has
been destroyed and one life has been
sacrificed. On February 2 a band of
3000 sheep was killed. On March 4, a
prominent merchant of Silver Lake,
Or., J. C Conn, died from two bullet
wounds, which the verdict of the Cor
oner's Jury held to be self-inflicted.
Certain circumstances connected with
his death lead to the strong sus
picion that he was murdered. On
April 28 another band of 2700 sheep
was annihilated. The perpetrators have
issued notice that they will kill any
one who offers a reward or who at
tempts to make an arrest. They have
warned other sheepowners to move
their bands from the cattle range of
northern Lake County or suffer the
The circumstantial evidence leading
up to tho belief that the death of Creed
Conn was a murder and that It was
committed to conceal the identity of
tho outlaws is shown in tho following
Tho particular prejudice against tho
first sheep killed, the McKune band,
was that It came from Califoru.a
into Oregon pastures. It had been
on the road since last October
for tho Winter grazing grounds of tho
desert. There were SOOO sheep at that
time, but a bare SOOO returned. to Califor
nia. Upon the receipt of tho news of the
killing of the first band of sheep, a
great wave of indignation swept over
the county. Tho Lakeview, Paisley and
Silver Lake papers were loud in their
demands that tho men be found and
punished. District Attorney L. F. Conn
announced that he would take steps to
bring tho parties to Justice. The be
lief was general that ho would seek
the co-operation of his brother, Creed
Conn, who lived among the outlaws
and knew each one of them personally.
The killing took place only ten or 12
miles from his store, among the buttes
of the desert, near Christmas Lake. He
had sold the ammunition and the guns
that killed the sheep. To the outlaws
Creed Conn's attitude and subsequent
movements would be a constant source of
wonderment and fear.
Shortly after the killing of the sheep,
Creed Conn made a trip to Lakeview,'
120 miles, and was In consultation with
his brother Lafe. What took place be
tween the two brothers is not known.
But tho outlaws probably argued like
this: "It Is unusual to make a trip to
Lakeview in this Winter weather. He
has gone to give us away. He slmply
wants to make a record for his brother
as Prosecuting Attorney. What do you
think of a man that would do that after
he has fed off of us all these years?
He should be given an object lesson."
A Warning to Creed Conn.
Therefore a few nights after Creed
Conn's return from seeing his brother
in Lakeview, an old barn, a mile and
a half from Silver Lake, with snow on
the ground and everything wet, and
no one about, took fire and burned up
Creed Conn's freight wagons, valued at
JC00. There was special objection to
these wagons because they were used
to haul wool to market Their burning
should have been an admonition' to
Creed Conn not to talk. But after the
fire he went right off in the storms of
February and had another consultation
in Lakeview with the Prosecuting At
torney. Instead of keeping him quiet,
the burning of his wagons seemed to
have only an inciting effect.
On his way home to Silver Lake Creed
Conn journeyed leisurely. He stayed over
Sunday at Paisley, February 2S. He de
clined to discuss either the sheep-killing
or the barn-burning, and talked with no
one unless he did with his brothers, Vir
gil and George, both merchants of Pais
ley. No one noticed anything unusual
about him except that he was thoughtful.
But Creed Conn had always been . re
ticent about his business.
The next day after he arrived home,
Tuesday, one of his fine horses took sick
suddenly and died. Creed Conn had one
of the best freight teams In Oregon. It
was said the horse was poisoned and Conn
was afraid the others might suffer the
same fate. He had the horses in a pas
ture three miles from town and It was
his practice each morning to walk out
to look after them.
Friday morning, March 4, about 8
o'clock, after getting his mail and eat
ing breakfast in comnanr with Prof-
Jackson, who noticed nothing unusual in
his demeanor, he left Silver Lake to go
to the horses as was his custom.
Right after him went the stage and if
Conn had taken the road where his body
"was found seven weeks later tho driver
would have observed him. Another team
at that same time passed over the road
and the ill-fated man was not seen.
Shortly after crossing the bridge upon
leaving town, a single shot was heard
among- the willows along . the creek by
two witnesses, Ward and Parker, from
different points, but they both located the
shot In the one place.
That was supposed to be the shot that
killed Conn, and it was evidently fired a
mile from where his body was found. If he
had been 'kllleu where he lay, the shot
could not have been heard. If any hunter
had fired the shot he would probably have
made himself known In the long search
that was made for the"body.
Shot Through the Heart.
This shot passed through the upper part
of the heart, cut the - spinal cord and
the bullet lodged In the backbone. If
death was not Instantaneous, it - must
have ensued within a very "few minutes.
There was no powder burn to show that
the weapon had been held .close to the
body. The line of the shot shows at what
angle the weapon wast held. .If It had
been fired by a right-handed man him
self, and Conn was -right-handed, the
course of the bullet would probably have
inclined the other way, and the cloth
ing would have been powder-burned.
When the body was found there were,
two bullet wounds. The second had
struck about three Inches above the flrst
passed entirely through the body and
burled Itself six inches in tho ground.
The body had-not moved after this shot
was fired. ' Tho testimony of the physi
cians at the Inquest was that the shot
through tho heart was fired first, but
they said they did not know when asked
what was the manner of death. Tho
upper shot had left a powder-burn show
ing that it was fired at close range. The
body was lying on its back, the arms
thrown up over the head, the legs straight
and feet close together, and the clothing
neatly arranged as If by some ono after
depositing the body.
Under the left arm with the grass grow
ing around It was Conn's own revolver,
a 38, with two chambers empty.
In one pocket was found $30 in bills,
"Showing that no robbery was intended. A
gold watch also helped to Identify the
In the vest pocket was found a bottl
of laudanum which had neverbeen opened.
ine mercnant carried this in stock in
his store, and a physician said he had pre
scribed it for Mr. Conn's use in the
treatment of some bodily ailment.
Suicide the Verdict.
The Coroner's Jury that gave the
verdict was mado up entirely of cattle
men. After hearing the evidence, a
verdict of suicide was returned, which
was entirely unsatisfactory to Mr.
Conn's friends, who do not hesitate to
assert that politics influenced tho ver
dict They say it Is remarkable that
a man should shoot himself twice. The
physicians Dr. 2Iall ani Dn Wlth'im
(Concluded on Page Four.)
A. ".. ..TlttT fftttiittgii oigitaa-1
Method ists Refuse to As
RESOLUTION IS PUT AWAY
It Criticises Policy of Church
Toward Public Schools.
BISHOPS MAY BE RETIRED
Subcommittee Decides Four Should
Give Way. to Younger Men-Sunday
Closing of 1905 Fair
LOS ANGELES, Cal., May 9. The at
titude of the Roman Catholic Church to
ward the public school, system of the
United States -furnished a subject of a
sensational debate In the Methodist Gen
eral Conf erenco today.. While there was a
strong disposition on the part of certain'
delegates to have the conference adopt
resolutions committing It to extreme ut
terances upon the subject, there was an
overwhelming sentiment as It developed,
against any, such action, and the entire
matter was finally disposed of by re
ferring it to a committee, from which It
Is unlikely ever to be reported.
Several other resolutions bearing upon
the subjects of divorce, the termination df
membership of neglectful members, Sun
day closing of the Lewis and Clark Expo
sition, the endowment of the American
University at Washington, changes in the
wording of various paragraphs" In the dis
cipline and other matters off importance
to Methodists were submitted and debated
and either laid over or referred to com
mittees. Criticises the Catholic Church.
Rev. J. R. King, secretary of the Church
Extension Society of Philadelphia, having
secured the floor, presented a resolution
strongly criticising tho Roman Catholic
Church, declaring that "its efforts to con
trol tho secular press. Its influence in
politics, and Its assaults' on the public-
school system, demand the vigilance of
Protestants and patriots." Dr. King read
ONE CANDIDATE'S UNTARNISHED RECORD
extracts of a letter written by Vicar-General
Peter Harnett of the Roman Catholic
diocese of Monterey and Los Angeles, In
which the latter sought" to refute the
statements made in quotations from the
Dr. King then spoke at length In support
of his resolution. When Dr. King had fin
ished, there was a commotion among the
delegates. Many sought to gain recogni
tion from the chair In order to reply.
Charles B. Lohr, Chief Justice of the
Maryland Supreme Court, lay delegate,
was recognized. After agreeing with Dr.
King regarding public schools. Justice
"But are we to gain anything by any
phase of denunciation against any other
Christian body. .(Cries of "no, no.")
"Tho Roman Catnollc Church has done
a magnificent work In this country. It
has taken hold of a class of people,
whom perhaps, no other form of religion
could have molded so well for the well
being of our common land. I feel like
putting my "hands under every evangeliz
ing agency In this world that helps to
uplift men and not pull them down."
This expression was received with ap
plause by the delegates and the galleries.
A motion by S. L. Beller to refer the
resolution to the committee on the state
of the church was carried. In the opinion
of many prominent delegates, this dis
poses of the matter finally.
Rev. R. F. Bishop presented a resolution
to make certain changes In the discipline
that would provide a more simple method
of terminating the mebership of persons
living in "habitual neglect to their obliga
tions to tho church." It was referred to
the committee on the state of the church.
Resolution on Divorce.
Judge Sibley, of Ohio, offered an Im
portant resolution on the subject of di
vorce. He wanted paragraph 39 of the
discipline changed to read as follows:
"No divorce, except for adultery, final
desertion or cruelty, or neglect, such as
to compel an Innocent partner to separate
from the offender, shall be regarded by
the church as morally lawful, and none
of our ministers or laymen shall sol
emnise marriages where there is a di
vorced wife or husband living unless the
divorce was granted upon grounds here
inbefore specified. But this regulation does
not apply In cases where divorced parties
are seeking remarriage."
This resolution was also referred to the
committee, on the state of the church.
For Retirement of Bi6hops.
It is learned tonight that the sub
committee on the effectiveness of bishops
reported today in favor of the retirement
of at least four of the present bishops.
These will be, it Is said by a prominent
leader of the church councils, Bishops
Andrews, age 79; Mallalieu, 79; Walden
and Vincent, 73 years, respectively. Bishop
Andrews is the same age as Bishop Mer
rill, who has asked to be retired. If this
forecast is correct, at least seven new
bishops will be elected by the present
General Conference. No action was taken
on the subcommittee's report pending the
report of the subcommittee on age limit.
The resolution relating to the closing of
the Lewis and. Clark Exposition at Port
land, Or., on Sundays was Introduced by
Rev. Lyman T. Rockwell.' He deslFes.the
(Concluded on Page Five.)
TURN OP TRIO
Jones, Cushman and
POOLING THEIR STRENGTH
Congressmen Will Be Renom
KING AND PIERCE TO CONTROL
Two Delegations May Agree on Gu
bernatorial Candidate, Eliminat
ing Senatorial Fight From
1889-1891 John L. Wilson.
1801-1803 John L. "Wilson.
1S03-1S05 William H. Doollttle.
1895-1S97 William H. Doollttle. Sam"
uel C Hyde.
1807-1800 James H. Lewis, William.
1800-1001 Wesley L. Jones, Francis
1901-1903 Wesley L. Jones, Francis
1003 Wesley I. Jones, Francis W.
Cushman, W. E. Humphrey.
TACOMA, Wash., May 9. (Special.)
Congressman W. L. Jones, of North Yak
ima; Francis W. Cushman, of Tacoma,
and Win E. Humphrey, of Seattle, will be
renominated by acclamation In "Wednes
day's Republican State Convention.
This was settled tonight after a confer
ence between the representatives of the
three Congressmen, wherein It was agreed
that their forces should work together.
This union settled the Congressional fight
beyond question, and when the word was
carried to F. H. Brownell,. of Everett
that the Congressmen were together, ho
Stepped out of the fight and made a unani
mous nomination 'possible.
Tho settlement of "the Congressional
fight is, in part, the result of a working
agreement the three Congressmen perfect
ed some time ago in Washington, when
they agreed to pool strength in the con
vention to insure a return of the trio.
A strong probability that King and
Pierce Counties will agree upon a Guber
natorial candidate, eliminating the Sena
torial light from the convention, is the
only indication of an early settlement of
the contest over the remainder of tho
state and National tickets. Pierce made a
tentative proposition to King today that
the question be settled amicably and the
Gubernatorial nominee be pledged to keep
his hands off the Senatorial fight This
proposition was not accepted by King, but
membersof the steering committee of
both counties "ar&'eager for an adjustment
of this. A Congressional conference be
tween King and Pierce, which insured tho
renomlnation of the three Congressmen,
was the first step toward the naming of
the entire ticket by the two delegations.
A conference between the two counties
will be held tomorrow.
Proposal by McBride.
To meet Pierce, King must turn down
a proposition made today by the McBride
following to guarantee Biles 30 legislative
votes in return for the support of the
115 men from King County for McBride.
(Concluded on Page Five.)
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPEk
Sir Henry M. Stanley, the noted explorer, is
dead. Page 1.
Methodist Conference shelves resolution criti
cising attitude of Catholics toward public
schools. Page 1.
President issues regulations for Panama Can
al. Pago 2.
Secretary of Interior sets aside $2,000,000 for
Malheur, Or., irrigation project Page 9.
President will have charges against Alaskan
Judges Wickersham and Brown Investi
gated. Page 5.
Kuropatkln orders a general retreat Page 3.
United States orders two warships jto Chee
foo, fearing looting will follow evacua
tion of Nlu Chwang. Page 3.
Russians are rapidly evacuating Nlu Chwang.
Socialist leader criticises policy of Germany,
and Chancellor von Bulow makes ex
planation. Page 3.
Several ships of Vladivostok squadron are
believed to have been shut out Page 3.
Copley robbers confess through letters to
Dunsmuir woman. Page 4.
Coiner's Gubernatorial boom launched at
Chehalls. Page 4.
Sensational testimony in Dlmond-Hyde land
fraud case. Page 4.
Red Boy mine to be sold at auction. Page 4.
Forecast of Washington State Republican
Convention, Page 1.
Increased movement In hops. Page 13.
Crop damage reports strengthen wheat at
Chicago. Page 13.
No relief from apathy of stock market Page
Easier tone to potatoes at San Francisco.
Portland and Vicinity.
Railroads will not grant petitions for re
duced freight rates. Page 12.
State Dentists' Association brings suit to
prevent Dr. Lincoln from acUng on State
Dental Board. Page 8.
School Board decides to Introduce manual
training and lets contract for heaUng and
ventilating buildings. Page 14.
State Senator McGinn resigns; Dr. H. W.
Coe to be regular nominee; Dr. E. G.
Clark to run as Independent Page 8.
Oberon vaudeville and beer hall closed. Page