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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGOIEEAIS, MONDAY, -MAY 1904.
BIG STEAMERS DEPART
INVERNESS AND CHINGWO LEFT
FOR ORIENT YESTERDAY.
Good Dispatch Given the Government
Transport Scarcity of Oriental
Freight May Cause Cutting.
The big transport Inverness, carry
ing: nearly 2,000,000 feet of lumber- and
2000 tons of oats crossed out from As
toria yesterday afternoon, en route for
Manila. The excellent dispatch given
the Inverness In this port should be
very gratifying: to the department, for
she met with no delays of any kind
while here. Through the efforts of her
agents, Taylor, Young & Co., her move
ments In port were arranged so that
when she shifted from dock to dock
the move was made at an hour when
the men engaged In loading her were
at dinner. A. slight accident to the
vessel's machinery delayed the vessel
at Rainier Saturday, and she did not
reach Astoria until an early hour yes
The big China Commercial liner
Cblng Wo also crossed out from As
toria yesterday afternoon. She made
a fine run down the river, leaving
Portland at daylight yesterday morning
and reaching Astoria shortly after 11
o'clock. The Chlng "Wo went out with
rather a light cargo. One year ago
Portland had plenty of cargo, but not
enough steamers. This year there
seems to be plenty of boats, but an ln
euSlcIency of cargo. There is a rumor
that rate-cutting may result. If the
present scarcity of freight should con
tinue. On the surface, there has been
nothing of this kind apparent yet, but
from Puget Sound comes a story of se
cret rebating on a good-sized shipment
of grain which on a strict adherence to
the schedule would have come and
jgone by way of Portland.
THE USUAL RESULT.
'Bates on the Tillamook Route Double
When Opposition Withdraws.
TIULiAMOOK, Or., April 29. (Spe
iaL) There is considerable complaint
'among the merchants and shippers of
tthls city and county again on account
tot the advance In the freight rates.
'Since the tug George B. Vosburg- has
been withdrawn from the run to make
repairs In Portland, the Elmore peo
ple suddenly jumped the rate up from
42.50 a ton to $5. This has exasperated
a number of the merchants and ship
pers, especially the merchants who had
stood by the steamer Sue H. Elmore
'and given her all their business. There
are several merchants who pay the El
more people over $400 a month for In
coming freight, while several of them
are large shippers and pay consider
able money for outgoing freight
It is reported that the tug George K.
Vosburg has been bought off by the
Elmore people, and this leaves the
merchants at the mercy of the com
pany. What the outcome will be Is un
certain now. as the large merchants
who shipped by the Sue H. Elmore are
the ones who are complaining most.
Arrangements will probably be made
for another steamer as soon as one
can be found, or It may be that a few
f the largest merchants will charter
steamer between them, for a $5-a-ton
rate from Portland to Tillamook is
considered too exorbitant.
Slow Passages Coming North.
The schooner Manila arrived In yes
terday afternoon after a slow passage
of 23 days from San Pedro. The pre
vailing winds for the past month have
been unfavorable for fast passages for
vessels Douna in ims uircwuu, uu-
x . Ha. Vino rflfAtvA(1 tilft I
BOUin-uuuim neat. .", . vw. . -
benefit. There are several vessels
winging their way up the coast from
the Southern ports, and the first fa
vorable slant of wind will visibly In
crease the size of the import fleet.
Among those due Is the big German
bark Nal which Is out 16 days from
San Francisco. Aside from the Nal,
the only deep-water craft due is the
German bark Eifrleda from Rotter
dam. Domestic and Foreign Ports.
ASTORIA, May 1. Arrived down at 1:30 A.
M. and sailed at 1:15 P. M. British steamship
lnerne. for Manila. Arrived down at 11 A.
M. and nailed at 12:80 P. M.-Britlsh steam
ship Chins Wo, for Hong Kong and -way porU.
Sailed at 11:80 A. M. Schooner Ida Schnauer,
for San Francisco. Arrived at 2:30 P. M.
Schooner Manila, from San Podro. Arrived at
2:80 P. M. and left up at 4:30 P. M. Steamer
Prentiss, from San Francisco. Arrived In at
noon George Loomls. Condition of the bar at
6 P. M., smooth; wind northwest; -weather
South Bend. Wash., May 2. Sailed April 29
Schooner Volunteer, for San Francisco. Ar
rived Schooner Arago, from San Francisco,
i San Francisco. May 1. Sailed Ship Edward
Sew&U, for Honolulu; steamer Umatilla, for
"Victoria; steamer Enterprise, for Hllo; steamer
Kvlchak. for Bristol Bay; eteamer Geo. W.
Elder, for Portland. Arrived Steamer Enter
prim, from Hllo.
New York. -May 1. Arrived Moltke, from
Hamburg and Cherbourg; Hekla, from Copen
hagen and ChristUnla; Minnetonka, from Lon
don; Germ&nlca, from Southampton.
AMERICA'S EXPENSES AEE LOW
In Proportion to Population They Are
Least of Ail Nations.
"WASHINGTON, April 25. The expen
ditures of the United States Government
are much less in proportion to population
than those of many other of the leading
nations of the world. This fact Is shown
by a statement Just published by the
Department of Commerce and Labor,
through Its Bureau of Statistics, show
ing the population, revenues, expendi
tures, and indebtedness of the principal
countries of the world. It shows that
while the expenditure of the United
States, with 80.000.000 of people. Is $640.
000.000, that or the United Kingdom, with
42,000.000 of people. Is $S9S.O0O.0O0; that of
France, with 39.000.000 people, is 605,000,
000; that of Germany, with 5S.000.OM peo
ple. Is f553.000.000; while in practically
everj' country aside from China and In
dia, with their enormous population, the
per capita of Government expenditures Is
greater than In the United States.
Even in the case of Russia with its
population of 141.000,000. the per capita of
Go eminent expenditure is about the
Fame as that of the United States. "While
it is true that a larger proportion of
public expenditures Is borne by state
and local governments in the United
States than in many of the more central
lxed governments of Europe, these figures
of the relative National expenditures of
the various governments are at least In
teresting at the present time.
The table puts the population of the
United States at SO.X72.000. the Government
expenditure in IMS at J640.323.000, and the
per capita expenditure $7.97. The per cap
ita government expenditure of Canada is
given at S3.30; the German Empire. J9.45;
Italy, $10.37; Austro-Hungary. J1C27; Bel
gium, J17.40: France. J17.S4; tho United
Kingdom. S2L39. and Australia, $37.69.
Russia's annual expenditure Is put, for
the latest available year, at $1,116,095,000.
as against J641.SS3.00C in the United States;
but tho fact that Russia's population Is
gtvrn at 141.000,000 brines the per capita
expenditure to about the figure shown by
the United States.
The "table of tne Bureau of Statistics
presenting these figures of population and
Government expenditures Includes all
countries for which data on this subject
can be had. and Its aggregates show for
the countries In question a total popula-
tlon of 1.608,030,000, and Government ex
penditures amounting to $7,960, 856.0GO, with
Government revenues amounting to
J7.901.4S6.000. The table In question also
shows In the case of each country the ex
cess of revenue or expenditure In the lat
est available year, and In this particular
the United States also presents a satis
factory showing, the excess of revenues
over expenditure being greater than that
of any other country, while In many coun
tries the expenditures exceed the reven
ues. For the latest available ye3r the
United States shows an excess of reven
ues over expenditures amounting to 960,000
000. while France shows an excess of rev
enues amounting to only 526,000; Germany
an excess of expenditures over revenues
amounting to 557,000,000, and the United
Kingdom, an excess of expenditures over
revenues amounting to $100,000,000.
The table which fojlows shows -the pop
ulation, expenditure, and per capita ex
penditure In the more Important countries
of the world In the latest available year:
opu- isxpen- expen-
Iauon diture. dlture.
788,000 5 30,241,000
monwealth ... 3,772,000
United Kingdom. 41.961.000
Netherlands ,.k. 6,347,000
United States.. 80.372.000
NEW LLBBABY BOOKS.
Accessions Now Ready to Be Drawn
Out by Patrons.
The new books received at the Library
pup to April 29 are shown In the following
list of recent accessions. These books
are now catalogued and ready to be
drawn out by patrons:
Spalding. J. I., bp. Glimpses of truth,
with eseays oa Eplctetus and Marcus Au
Mable, H. W. Norse rtories 293M112
r Grotlus, Hugo. Bights of war and peace
Hanus, P. H. Modern eohool 370.4H251m
Hyde, W. D. Evolution of the college stu
gLeJand Stanford Junior University. An
nual register. 1903-04 K376L538
g San Francisco. Municipal reports, 1902-
BCtomj, K. T. Clear as crystal 54SC851
E Cross, P.. T. Crystals and gold 548C51e
Ford. W. H. Boiler making 621.1F711
Leeds. F. H., and Butterfleld. "W. J. A.
Acetylene, the principles of its generation
end use .., ,....065.SL4S
Beard, Llna, and Beard, A. B. How to
amuse jourself and others; the American
girls' handy book 7D0B368H
Beard, Llna, and Beard, A. B. New Ideas
for work and play; what a girl can make
and do .-700B368
Carpenter, G. K., and Brewster, "W. T.
Modern English prose 808.SC295
Matthews, J. B. Development of the drama
g Losslng, B. J. Eminent Americans. 920.07LS81
Roosevelt, Theodore. Man Roosevelt, by
Francis E. Leupp '. B R781L
Rossettl. D. G. BossettL by Arthur C.
Benson b R829B
DESCRIPTION AND TRAVEL; HISTORY.
Lecky W. H. French revolution.... 944.04L461
Ogg. F. A. Opening Of the Mississippi. 077 034
"Wsld James. Map of the Oregon districts.
Clemens S. L. Prince and the pauper, by
Mark Twain ,...C625pr
Cotes. 'Mrs. S. J. (D.) Imperialist C8431
Johnston, Mary. Sir Mortimer J72s
Wallace, Lewis. Fair god ...W192f
Wlggln. Mra. K. D. (S.) Timothy's quest
BOOKS FOR 'CHILDREN.
Brooks. , Noah, 'boju of Falrport....JB873boy
Johnson W. H. World's discoverers. j)10.4J7l
Kirby. Mary, and Klrby, Elizabeth. World
by the fireside J010K58
Miller, O. T. Little brothers of the air
; - v V J508.2M64B1
Neldllnger, W. H. Small songs for small
Strong, F. L. All the year round. 3v.J500S923
The "Uninstructed" Possibilities.
New York Tribune.
If the friends of Judge Parker are
banking on the votes of the New Jersey
delegation In the St. Louis Convention,
they may be treated to a stunning sur
prise. That delegation belongs to the
Hon. James Smith, and its vote will be
cast Just as he directs. Mr. Smith is
TONNAGE EN ROUTE AND IN PORT
Vessels Chartered or Available for Grain Cargoes From
Dec HBcacon Rock
Dec. 16Holt Hill
Feb. 4 1 Carnarvon Bay
Apr. 12 Anna
Total tonnage en route and listed, 37,602.
Total tonnage In port, 5500.
GRAIN TONNAGE EN
Dec 11 Celtic Monarch
Feb. 27 Oranasla
Apr. 11 Aldeboran
Mar. 22 Anaurus
Mar. 10 Edouard Detaille
Total tonnage en route and listed, 20,230.
Apr. 14 M. Doellfus
Total tonnage In port, 13,532.
neither for nor against Parker. His In
terest In the premises Is to promote the
advantage of Mr. Smith.
It is not at all improbable that the for
mer Senator from New Jersey may find
his path converging with the highway
over which are marching the Maryland
hosts, under the leadership of Senator
Gorman, and the Democratic warriors of
Pennsylvania, who have enlisted under the
banner of Colonel Guffev. Messrs. Smith
pand Gorman are past masters In the
science of political architecture as will bo
admitted by those who remember how
skilfully they carved and flounced the "Wil
son bill until It was beyond recognition.
They have no Intention of playing sec
ond violin to the Hon. David B. Hill. On
the contrary, they are likely to loom up
as slatemakars with some such candidate
as David K. Francis, of Missouri. At
any rate, whatever game they elect to
play will be well worth watching. They
are sure to make the most of the condi
tions and the material at hand, and It Is
not beyond the limits of possibility that
they may dominate the situation at St
GABDEff SPOT OP C0L0BAD0.
Greeley Citizen Tells What Irriga
tion Has Done and Can Do.
Dr. R. F. Graham, of Greeley, the
garden spot of Colorado, was registered at
the Portland yesterday. Dr. Graham,
while he Is a practicing physician, is an
ardent advocate of Irrigation and gives
many substantial reasons for being such.
He went to Greeley many years ago when
it was a struggling oasis In a desert and
has Been It become one of the most pro
ductive and wealthy districts of the State
of Colorado, and all this he attributes to
Irrigation. Irrigation he says Is one of the
greatest wealth-producers of modern
times. He stated yesterday that since he
went to Greeley property had more than
doubled In value, and It is producing the
finest potatoes, sugar beets and small
grain In the country. The system of Ir
rigation employed by the people of the
district is very complete and he states
that In Greeley water-right certificates
are considered the finest collateral by
banks to make loans upon. Dr.Graham Is
a director In one of the Greeley bonks
and ha states that since Irrigation has
been employed In that district, the de
posits In all the banks have Increased
more than ten times. It Is because of
this that he believes it to be a great
With reference to the great unde
veloped emplro in Eastern Oregon, Dr.
Graham Btated that. If the soil is good, all
that 13 needed to moke it one of the
richest and most productive spots of the
Northwest is irrigation. "If you can get
the water," said he, "that is all that
Is needed. Water will make the desert
bloom. The more water you have, the
greater the productiveness and the great
er wealth produced, provided It Is used
correctly. The advantage of irrigation Is
that water can be supplied to growing
crops at the time that It Is needed and
that, when It Is not needed, It can be
kept off. In this way perfect conditions
are secured and the best quality of pro
duct will be the result."
Dr. Graham believes that time and ex
perience will cause the piping method of
carrying water for irrigation to supplant
the irrigation ditches now in use, to a
large extent. It Is well known that there
Is great loss of water through the open
ditches caused by seepage. This has two
bad effects. It reduces the supply of water
for the farmer; and the seepage; If the
ditch run through an alkaline soil, will
cause much land to be spoiled by the alkali
which Is brought to surface. Both these
results can be avoided by piping the
water Instead of carrying it In open
Linn Pioneers' Annual Picnic.
BROWNSVILLE, Or., May L (Spe
claL) The executive committee of the
Linn County Pioneer Association, met In
thl city yesterday and named June 22.
23 and 24 as the dates for holding their
annual picnic and reunion. The gather
ing will be held In Brownsville, where it
has always been held except about nine
years ago, when It was held near Halsey.
Preparations will now go forward for
one of the greatest and most Interesting
gatherings the association has held sinus
Its organization on June 30, 1887.
The action, of Carter's Little Liver Pills
Is pleasant mild and natural. They
gently stimulate the liver and regulate
the bowels, but do not purge.
Freddie What is circumstantial evidence?
Cobwlgger As a general thing. It's the theory
of an "expert which Is proved to be entirely
wrong -when the truth comes out. Town and
20 Meyer -
2045 San Pedro
IN THE RIVER
ROUTE TO PUGET SOUND
ON PUGET SOUND
PELAGIC SEALERS BLAMED
EX-SPECIAL AGENT TELLS OF
Argument Is Made That Clubbing
Does Not Frighten Away the Seal
-Not Warranted by Facts.
ODYMPIA, Wash., May 1. 190. (To
the Editor.) Referring to your editorial
of recent date, entitled "A Blow at
Monopoly," I beg, leave to suggest, that
It must have been written without aa
understanding' of the condltkma of seal
life- oh the PrlbylofC Islands r and coase
quently the conclusions are erroneous
and the argument misleading. The
writer spent three years ra the Islands
as special agent of the Treasury Depart
ment during President Harrison's Ad
ministration, and made a- study of seal
life, andHsegs leave to quote from said
article and to submit, as briefly and
concisely as paee- will permit, a de
scription of the habits of the seal, the
manner of -killing, etc. You say:
"For a time larger - numbers of seal
did congregate on the islands, .but -the
merciless slaughter of thev full-grown
seal, leaving thousands of helpless pupa
to perish of hunger and exposure, to
gether with the awakening of an In
stinct of fear In the furbearers that es
caped, soon caused what Professor Jor
dan has made famous by the term 'van
ishing seal herds.' They fled In terror
from the Pribyloff Islands to more
secluded haunts across the Pacific and
the undaunted Canadians following them
and made large catches, which, of course,
again disturbed the monopoly's plans for
short supplies and attendant high prices.
So far as the Americans are concerned.
It Is everlastingly too late for all of the
evil done the American sealers to bo
righted. Representative Robinson's blJL
however, is a worthy measure in that It
obviates the necessity of keeping, large
and expensive fleet of revenue cutters
patrolling the sealing grounds on the
"With the seal protected on their breed
ing grounds on the PrlbylofC Islands,
they would not be obliged to cross the
Pacific to breed .unmolested off the Japan
coast, and as the herds Increased under
this protection the furbearers could be
taken In the open s'ea along the Pacific
Coast In Increasing numbers. The
United States paid J4Q0.O0O Jn damages
for tho Illegal seizure of Canadian ves
sels before we learned how far from land
our Jurisdiction extended. Bering !nr
possession of this expensively acquired
knowledge and with the seal protected
in their North Pacific breeding grounds,
there Is yet some hope for an American
sealer operating on the' Pacific Coast
with the same degree of protection that
Is extended to the Canadian sealer by
the British government, even though the
Canadian sealer bo engaged In alleged
The United States, shortly after the
purchase of Alaska, leased the seal Is
lands to a corporation for the period of
20 years, receiving an annual rental for
the Islands and an Internal revenue tax
of $2 on each skin taken, the number of
seals to be killed each year to be deter
mined by the Government, the killing
to be done under the personal super
vision of tho Treasury agent In charge.
No females were permitted to be killed,
and none are killed. No seals under one
year old were permitted to be killed, and
none arekilled. except from 200 to 300
six-months-old pup seals, tho meat for
food for the natives and the skins for
clothing. The lessees do not kill any
seals over four to five years old, for tho
reason that after that age the skins- are
A brief description of the habits of the
seal at their homo on the Islands may
be Interesting and instructive. The
'breeding rookeries" mean the ground
occupied exclusively by the females and
the adult bulls In charge of the rookeries
as described later, on. The "hauling
grounds" mean the ground occupied ex
clusively by the "bachelor" seals under
five years of age. Early in March the
advance guard of the herd begins to ar
rive, the adult bulls which are to take
their positions on the breeding rookeries
and maintain them as against all comers.
The first to arrive take up their position
close to the water's edge, usually the
same position held In previous years. As
the water front becomes occupied later
comers fight with the pre-emptors for de
sirable locations. These battles are
fierce, frequently unto the death. With
in, say two weeks after the first arrival,
the whole face of the rookeries Is dotted
with these Immense bulls, occupying
each one, as his harem, a space of about
40 by 40 feet. Now the great herds of
females begin to arrive; reaching the
shore heavy with young they march up
the streets of the regularly lald-out vil
lage and are chosen by their lords and
are escorted to their harems.
These mother seals left the rookeries
the preceding Autumn and have not
landed on any shore as yet discovered
They gave birth to their one young with
in 4S hours after they arrive, and a few
hours later proceed to the fish banks a
hundred to a hundred and fifty miles
away, leaving their young with the lord
of the harem. These remain on the
rookery for four months without a drop
of water or a morsel of food. They ar
rive rolling fat and depart mere skele
tons. The killing In the open sea pelagic
sealing means that when the mother
seal Is on her voyage to the islands,
heavy with young, the Indiscriminate
slaughter results In the death of the un
born young. When the mother, leaving
her young on the rookery to go to the
feeding grounds Is killed, her -young
starve to death on the rookeries.
Reverting to the arrival of the seal herd
In the Spring, as tho females are as
sembling on the rookeries the bachelor
seals are also arriving. The three to four
old bachelors ambitious to get a place on
the breeding rookeries wage a . bitter
warfare with the adult bulls already In
"position, and, meeting defeat, retire with
the younger bachelors tb the "hauling
grounds," located alongside and In close
proximity to the breeding rookeries. It
is from this herd of bachelor .seals ex
clusively that the killing is made. Great
care Is taken by those In charge that
the females upon the rookeries are not
disturbed. The manner of conducting the
killing Js, briefly, as follows: The native
chief, with a dozen men. cautiously ap
proach the hauling gound" and "cut out"
or sepvate, as near as may be, the num
ber to be killed. They are driven to the
killing ground out of sight and hearing
of the main herd. From the herd on the
killing ground say fifty seals are separ
ated and killed by clubbing, one blow be
ing sufficient There Is no suffering and
It Is the most merciful manner In which
they could be killed. The seals left over
are driven into the water and return
directly to their home on the hauling
The killing of a stipulated number of
bachelor seals each year, authorized by
the Government, does not decrease the
seal herd, or rather does not prevent Its
Increase, for care Is taken that an ample
supply remain to supply the breeding
In view of the foregoing, the truth of
which may be verified by consulting any
recognized authority on seal life, notably
the report of Professor Elliot, of the
Smithsonian Institution, to the Secretary
of the Treasury, the writer respectfully
submits that the decrease of the herd of
fur seal Is due solely and exclusively to
the promiscuous killing in the open sea,
and not in any way to the killing on
the Pribyloff Islands under the direct
supervision of the Government. Before
the days of pelagic sealing five million
seals arrived annually on the pribyloff
Islands. The herd did not begin to de
crease until plagic sealing began.
S. R. NETTDETON.
There is nothing in Mr. Nettleton's arti
cle which differs materially from the
treatises on seal life printed In many
works on natural history. It la discredit
ing the intelligence of the furbearer.
however, to believe that rounding up and 1
clubbing a portion of them to death while
"the seal left over are driven Into the
water" does not In time frighten, them
away from the haunts where such prac
tices are Indulged in. By this same line
of reasoning the friends of the sealing
monopoly- discovered that the use of the
inhuman branding iron was not frighten
ing the seal 8-way from the Islands. This
theory, and it Is only a theory, Is not sup
ported by the facts, for It Is well known I
to every sealer on Jhe Pacific Ocean that
the vast herds on Copper Island and In
the waters off the Japan coast -began In
creasing In. number simultaneously with
the decrease in the size of the herds on
"Pribyloff Islands and adjacent waters
It 13 also a well-known fact that when
the sealing poachers began raiding the
Copper Islands and clubbing the furbear
ers indiscriminately the seal begaoJeavlng
those haunts and showed up lb Increas
ing numbers much farther south. Cape
"Horn schooners two years ago making
enormous catches. Mr. Nettleton's closing
statement that "The heard did not begin
to decrease until pelagic sealing began"
Is rather far-fetched. Pelagic sealing be
gan over 1P0 years ago, and the data
kept at that time Is too vague to warrant
any definite statements being based there
on. A much safer assertion would have
been that the herd did not begin to "dis
perse" until pelaglo sealing began. Tho
Robinson plan Is worthy of a trial, no
matter how great a hardship it will work
on the sealing monopoly, which has coBt
this Government vast sums for revenue
cutter service to harass the Independent
sealers In the open sea.
WILL COMPLETE HIS TEEM.
Dr. Gibson's Friends and Opponents
Will Thn Fight It Out.
The Rev. J. H. Gibson, D. D.f pastor of
the Grand-Avenue United Presbyterian
Church, will atayj there unll July 1, when
his regular pastorate will end. Under
the ruling of the presbytery at Oakville,
the pulpit Is vacant and the church Is
disorganized, but those who are opposed
to Dr. Gibson do not Intend to make that
reciBlon effective until the end of the pas
torate. Whether there will bo a clash
then remains to be developed. According
to the lost congregational meeting held
before the meeting of presbytery, he has a
majority of members on his side, but in
spite of this the presbytery declared the
pulpit vacant and the church disorganized.
It Is said that the Home Mission Society,
which planted the church, Is also sup
porting Dr. Gibson, It ia well known that
Rev. W. P. White, of the Home Mission
Society is his staunch friend, but on the
other hand those opposed to the pastor
say that the presbytery Is the higher
authority according to Presbyterian law.
"Will Dr. Glb3on stay?" was asked a
"How can he? The pulpit Is vacant and
the church disorganized," was the reply.
The order disorganizing the church was
a measure to prevent the friends of Dr.
Gibson from holding him in the pasto
rate, and not for the purpose of wiping
the church off the earth. The property
is worth between $15,000 and $20,000 and is
free from debt. When Dr.. Gibson retires,
it is Intended to reorganize the church
and get, another pastor. This is the pro
gramme, but the question as to whether It
Will bo carried out will be decided In
Dr. Gibson and his friends may have
some cards up their sleeves for the last
play In the game.
Vrto delivery of letters by carriers at the
residence of owners may be secured by ob
serving the following; rules:
Direct plainly to the street and number of
Head letters with tho writer's full address,
including street and number, and request
answer to be directed accordingly.
Letters to strangers or transient visitors In
the city, whose special address may be un
known, should be marked In the left-hand
corner, "Transient." This will prevent their
being delivered to persons of the same or
Persons calling for these letters will please
state date on which they were advertised,
May 2. They will be charged for at the
rate of 1 cent for each advertisement called
Axtel, Rev J S
Adams, Harry (4)
Adams. Gus M
Alston, D J
Alfredson. G E
Allen. Chas G
Allen, Ira B
Anderson, A H
Appleton, J T
Ayers. Edwin M (2)
Barrett. G 'W
McAllister. W J
McBrlde & Kendall
McCUntock. L C
McComaa, E S
McDonnell, Wm H
McFarlln. J A
McKlnner, J M
McLay. Robt M
Benard. Monsieur (2)Maly. Frank
Berryman. J Maley. Frank
Besnman, Henry Mansell. John
Bigelow, Bert Mathews. B
Blythe. S Menane. J G
Blue River Con. G MMIddlestaedt. Aug
CO Millar Clen-ren
Miller. Otto C
Mitchell, Geo. W
Morgan, J H
Murphy & Miller
Nau. A E
Nelson & Arnold
NIchlas. T T
North Coast Co-operative
Opdyke, L C
Oliver. W L
Ormsby, P M
Bowles, J T
Bryant, A F (2)
Brown, T L
Bruce, Dr W W
Bernhan. H H
Cahill. T P
Camp. W C
Canter, C C
Caswell, Hugh E
Chemical Painting CoOsfurn. Adolph
Owen. Mr & Mrs Fred
Clark, William (2)
Cleven, C J
Coates, J L
Collie. Dr J A
Collins. J "W
Owen, Harry E
Pasy, Dr A C
Paulson, Mr and Mrs
Palmer, R H
Contracting Plasterers'PeopIes Shoe Co
Pelletler. C A
Crumm, J R
Crago, W M
Crawford. MIlo D
Crobst. F A
Cumlnlsky J J
Deason, E A
Deacon. E A
Deal. J R
Early, "Wallace "W
Eastes. Gro. Co
Eastman. O W
Edwards. Dr C S
Elmer, W A
Ellis & Haladay
Elliott Medicine Co
Enoch. Chas W
Ellis. BenJ Franklin
Fletcher. S W
Folter, Grover C
Forrest,. D C
Foster Sup Co (2)
Foster. C J (2)
Foster Supply Co
Franz, D J
Fox, R T
Plsley. A A
Popple, R L
Popular Market. The
Pollard, O C
Portland Coal Co
Portland Horse Co
Provencal, M R
Purcell. E C
Ress. C M
Pearl. J Yf
Riges. j e
Roberson. Alvin T
Rogers. H L
Rugh, Chas L
Schaffer, J C
Schmidt & Co
Scott. C A
Shaver. E "W
Shodlne, J E
Simmons. J p
Smallwood, C E
Smith, Chas T. Capt
Smith, Dr F M
Gale, Edward L
Smith. J M
St&ncerfield. Chas B
Heuwig, John L
Sterrett, H H
Henderson & Co, J RStevens, George L
Hendricks. H O
Herschel. Dr H B
Holden.. S E
Howe J 34
Huffman. E C
Hunt. J R
James.i J G
Story, George Perciral
Sullivan, F M
Swing. C W
Tall man. C
Talbot. W (2)
Tandy, S R
Tallerman. C- D. .
Taylor, Howard G
jenmns, wm w
xayior, u o
Johannssen, ChrlstlneThles, Henry A
juuswa, xtans a Tnanz, JO
Johnson. Frank Tobln. M'E
Johnson. Joe Trembloy. T O
Johnson- & Co., Ed Trevor. F
Johnson, Xouls Tuke & Co.. H
Johnson. Lawrence ETucker. C
Johnston. Mr Turner. Maurice.
ouuhsuh oc nufseu van, .Horn, ii
Vlkrs; Peter B
Waconda Shoe Co (2)
Walker. J A
Walters. Walter B
Jones. J C
Kellogg. B A
Klttrell. John M
Kin;, a J
ward. E B
Knocht, William' Jo-Watson T J.
Wa-tson. W M
Knight. J H
Kornmeyer, E J
Kolb. G J
Kordes, E M
Kuhl Saecher, "P
Lesnaux. A L
Long. E E
Lowe & Co
McDowell, A B
Weilorf, Vic "
Welk, W H
Wheeler, Ira J
, Wooden, A P
Worth. T I
Wright, N J
.Young. Chas H
Abbuchl. Miss Marie Moffott. Mrs W N
Akin, Jennie. .Mrs Moe. Mrs Mary
Albel, Miss Bertha Moohead, Miss Edna
Andrews, Mrs Mcllie Montelro, Ahnlbal
Saskett Moore, Mrs Lula
Anderson, Mis3 Irene ZMore, Miss Perl
Ashton. Miss Laura VMoore. Mrs L K
Ashton, Miss Mary OMorton, Miss. Emma
Bacon. Mrs Wm
Morris. Miss Edith
Babb. Miss Elva
Balrd, Mrs M R
Benjamin. Mrs E
Berkeley, Mrs Nor
vorm Morrison. Miss E
Morrison, Miss Jean
Mulligan. Mrs T F
Mullens. Miss Lucy
Murray. Abble M
Berry, Mrs Nora.
Myers, Miss Martha
Blythe, Mrs Clara CNyman, Miss Anna
.tuacx, baaie Neece. Mrs George
Bodley. Miss Jessie Nelson, Mrs Berhtor
Borgen, Sister Inge-Nichols. Miss Laura
borg . Olsen. Miss Tilde
Bockmann, Mrs Lola Onnbry, Miss Leila
Brlen, Mrs Annie (2)
Buckborough. Mrs WO'Connell, Mrs D
Burton. Mlsa Bessie Farrisb, Miss Lena
Busly, Miss Maud Peters. Sara M
Carlson. Mra John L Phillips, Miss Nellie
Coffey, Miss Vasda Phillips, Mrs W T
Connor, Mrs Helen Powell, Miss Cora
Coon. Mrs L Pulllam, Mrs W L
Copeland. Miss Leah Rhoadcs, Mrs L J
Cora, Mrs Ada Randall, Mrs Harry
Creeden, Miss Nellie Rankin. Mrs Cora
Cree. Miss Dora Raynor. Stella
Crooke, Mrs C W Requo, Mrs Carl
Cunningham, Cellce Redlllck, Miss D
Daniel. Miss Floy L Reynolds, Mrs A E
Davidson, Mrs JamesRtem, Mrs Oswald
Davison, SJrs Helen Richard, Mrs C C
Decatur. Mrs L J Roney, Miss Hattle
Delap. Miss L Rothrock. Miss Edith
Delsman. Miss Agnes Rusco, Miss Mable
Doyle. Mrs EUxa Salmi. Miss Jennie
uemainn, Miss Clalre&ams, Miss
Sanor, Mrs Pal I a A
Sanderson. Mrs A J
Sauve. M Louise
Schlegel. Mrs Regtna
Scholl. Miss A A
Scott. Mrs S L
Ester. Miss Maud
Fear. Mrs Lucia
Foster. Miss Winnie
Severus, Mrs G J
Freltag. Miss FlorenceSexton. Miss
Frederlckson, Miss Slevers. Miss Florlne
Hilda Shur, Miss Johana
Furey, Mlsa Delia Shanon,4 Miss
Guild. Mrs R B Shelton," Miss Flora J
Gramslaw. Violet Shldeler. Miss Vergle
Gates, Louise Smith, Mrs Hannah
Gilman. Mrs A Smith. Miss Nina
Goode, Mrs Kate Smith. Ilss Mae
Graver, Miss Maud Snolllng, Mrs Scott
Grey, Miss Mable Spencer, Mrs Louisa.
Gray, Mable Springer, Mrs Mary J
Grey, Ruby Stevens, Mrs Dosle
Greenlg, Miss Maude AStewart, Mrs Herbert
Groves, Mrs J H H
Hamlin, Mrs Lulu Stewart, Misa Ellsa
Hamlln, Miss Laura beth
Hepodey. Mrs AkethaStlmson, Mrs T D
Heltsohn. Mrs Annie Stlnson, Mrs Blanch
Henderson, Mrs H A (2)
Hill, Annie Stock. Miss Anna
Hobson, Mrs Llatia Stoehr, Emily
Hodson, Mrs MattleStoffers. Miss Addle
(2) Strucker. Martha
Holllngsworth, Mrs Synerson, Myrtle
Mattle Swart, Mrs Warren
Hunt, Mrs Mary Swett, Miss Ethel
Jenkins, ilrs W J Tausich, Mrs Eugene
Jenkins. Mrs W B Thorkell, Mrs A
Johanson, Miss Tena Thomas, Mrs Wm
Joseph. Mrs F W Titus, Miss Myrtle (2)
Johnson, Mrs C E Towsley, Mrs Dick
Johnson, Miss Dr Trudell. Mrs W M
Jones. Mrs Traclsel, Miss Kalde
n-ciin, jaiss Beatrice Trimmer, Mrs M M
Treber, Miss Lillian
King. Mrs W J
Lann. Mra C A
Lee, Mrs E B
Le Roy, Mrs Capt
Lewis, Miss Jennie
Llnbak, Miss Hilda
Loland, Mrs Anna
Longen, Mrs Rose
Lovell, Mrs Ella
Lovelock, Mrs Wm
Turner, Mrs Nellie
Turner, Miss Anna
Turney, Miss Lizzie
Van Etten, Mrs Ruth
Van Allen, Mrs B
Van Etten, Mrs R L
Walker, Mrs E J
Wallace, Miss Emma
Watson, Miss Hallle
Weeks, Mrs R H
Webber. Mrs L S .
Welner, Miss Jennie
-McVIgor. Miss Anna Wenzel. Mrs
McBrlde, Miss A R Wilson, Irene
McCrumb, Miss Nan-WUloughby, Miss Min
McCully, Miss Lota Williams. Mrs N L (2)
McDonald. Miss MaudWllHams. Miss Thresa
McKay, Miss Llllle Williams. Mrs R E
McNamee, Miss NellleWIse. Mrs Daisy
Madden, Mrs Minnie Woodward, Mrs Mary
Manning. Mrs Emma J
Marshall. Mrs G M Woodward, Mrs Wm
Woods. Mrs W
Martin, Mrs R M
Miller, Mrs Lena
Werlhncss, Miss Lizzie
Moe, Miss Edith
F. A. BANCROFT, Postmaster.
Make the Sidewalks Stronger.
We fall to see why the Herald wants
to drive Old Bossy off the street and
make the owners keep them up; The
Headlight man feels like taking his hat
off to every bovine he meets, for nearly
the whole of the people are depending
upon Old Bossy for a living. If the cows
are destroying the sidewalks It is because
they are rotten and easily tramped down
and need fixing, but to blame tnls on the
cows Is not right. As a number of poor
people In the city have cows, and as It
helps them to keep one, we believe that
the cows running at large is more a
blessing than a nuisance. Marshal dem
ents told the Council some time ago that
he thought It would work a hardship
upon some poor people to compel them
to keep their cows up, and coupled with
the tact that times are liable to be some
what close this year, and that the cows
prevent grass from growing up all over
the city, we are willing that they should
run at large during the Summer mohths,
and wo believe a large number of citi
zens think as we do, and that the Herald
cannot drive dear Old Bossy off the
strepts with Its Simplex.
, ...., Depart. Arrive.
Puget &ound Limited for
Tacoma, Seattle, Olympla,
South Bend and Gray's
Harbor points... . 8:30am 0:30 pm
North Coast Limited for
Tacoma. Seattle. Spokane.
Butte. St. Paul. New
York. Boston and all
points East and South
east 8.00pm T:00am
Twin City Express, for
Tacoma, Seattle, Spokane,
Helena, St. Paul, Minne
apolis, Chicago, New York,
Boston and all points East
and Southeast 11:45pm 7:00pm
Puget sound-Kansas Clty-
St. Louis Special, for
Tacoma, Seattle, Spokane,
Butte Billings, Denver,
Omaha, Kansas City, St.
Louis and all points
East and Southeast 8:30 am 7:00 am
All trains dally except on South Bend
A. D. CHARLTON. Assistant General Pas
senzer Azent. 255 Morrison at., corner
Gardner, E W
Garur. T H
Gray. John S
Hamilton, H A
Hayes, J B
Heath, N H
1 Third. Portland. Or.
a Union Pacific
3 TRAINS TO THE EAST DAILY
Through Pullman standard and tourist sleep
Ins cars dally to Omaha, Chicago. Spokane;
tourist sleeping-car dally to Kansas City;
through Pullman tourist sleeping-car (person
ally conducted) weekly to Chicago. Reclining
chair cars (seats free) to the East dally.
UNION DEPOT. Leaves. Arrives.
CHICAGO-PORTLAND 0:15 A. M. 5:25 P. M.
SJECIAL for tha East Dally. DaIly.
SPOKANE FLYER. T'45 P. M. 8:00 A.M.
for Eastern Washing- Daily. Daily,
ton. Walla Walla, Lew
Iston, Coeur d'Alene
and Gntat Northern
ATLANTIC EXPRESS. 8:15 P. M. 0.00 A. M.
for tho East via Hunt- Dally. Dally.
OCEAN AND RIVER SCHEDULE.
FOR SAN FRANCISCO
S:00 P. M.
5:00 P. M.
S. S. Geo. W. Elder-
May 6. 16. 28.
S. S. Oregon
May 1. 11, 21. 31.
FOR ASTORIA ana
way points, connecting
with steamer for 11
waco and North Beach,
steamer Hassalo. Ash
5:00 P. M.
10.00 P. M.
FOR DAYTON, Ore"
gon City and Yamhill
Klver points steamer?
Modoc and Elmore
Ash-street dock (water
7:00 A. M.
Idaho, and way points
from Rlparla, Wash.
Steamers Sposane ani
TICKET OFFICE, Third and Washington.
Telephone Main 712.
PORTLAND AND ASIATIC STEAMSHIP
For Yokohama and Hong Kong, calling at
Kobe, Nagasaki and Shanghai, taking freight
via connecting steamers for Mtnlla, Port
Arthur and Vladhostok.
For rates and full Information call on or
address officials or agents of O. R. & N. Co-
8:30 P. M.
for Salem. Itoae-
burg. Ashland. tc-
ramento, O g d e n.
San Francisco, ilo
ave, Los Angeles.,
El raso. jsew Or
leans and the East.
8:30 A. M.
Morning train con
iT:00 P. M.
nects at vvoodbum
(dally except Sun
day) with train for
Mount Angel. Sll
iwenailng ana is a
10:10 A. M.
connects at n ood
burn with Mt. Angel
and Sllverton locai.
7:80 A. M.
5:50 A. M.
,18.25 A. M.
Dally. HDally. except Sunday.
PORTLAND-OS EUO SUBURBAN SERVICE
Leave Portland dally ror Oswego at 7:30 A.
M.. 12.50, 2.05. 3:25, 5:20, 6.25, 8:30. 10:10 P,
M. Dally, except Sunday, 5:30, 6:30, 8:35,
10.25 A. M., 4.00, 11:30 P. M. Sunday, only.
0 A. M.
Returning from Oswego, arrive Portland dally
8:30 A. M., 1:55, 3:05. 4:36, 0:15, 7:35. 9.55.
11:10 P. M. Dally, except Sunday, 6:25, 7:20.
9:30, 10:2O. 11:45 A. M. Excent Monday. 12.25
A. M. Sunday only, 10.00 A. M.
Leave from same depot for Dallas and Inter
mediate points dally except Sunday, 4:00 P. M.
Arrive Portland. 10:2a a. M.
The Independence-Monmouth motor line oper
ates dally to Monmouth and Alrlle. connecting
with S. P. Co.'a trains at Dallas and Inde
pendence. First-class fare from Portland to Sacramento
and San Francisco, $20; berth. S3. Second-class
fare, $15; second-class berth, $2.50.
Tickets to Eastern points and Europe. Also
Japan, China. Honolulu and Australia.
CITY TICKET OFFICE corner Third and
"Washington streets. Phone Main 712.
City Ticket Office -123 3d St. Phone 6S0.
2 OVERLAND TRAINS DAILY
The Flyer and the Past Mail
DAYLIGHT TRIP Across the Cas
cade and Rocky Mountains.
For Tickets, Rates, Folders and Fall
Information, call au or address
City Ticket Agent,
122 Third St., Portland, Oregoa.
COLUMBIA RIVER SCENERY
JUs PORTLAND to THE DAUK
DAILY (EXCEPT SUN DAT) 7 A..
WRECI LIKE ftr Ktffett't, St. tftrtia's mi CtBUs
CoB&ectLns at Lyle, Wash., with Colum-.
bla. Blver & Northern By. Co. for Golden
dale and Klickitat Valley points. T,a.ndln
foot of Alder street. Phone Mala 914.
S. M'DOXALD. Areat.
Astoria & Columbia
River Railroad Co.
J?or Maygers, Kalnler, Dally.
Clifton. Astoria. War-
renton. Flavel. Ham-11:10 A. M.
uuuu, mrt otevens.i
Gearhart Park. Sea-L
siae. Astoria and Sea
7:00 P. M.
Aaiona iuxpresa. o:o p. m;
a A. STEWART.
Ccmm'l Agt.. 248 Alder st.
Phone Main 90S.
J. C. MAYO.
O. F. & P. A,
For South -Eastern Alaska
e LEAVE SEATTLE 3 A.M.
steamships COTTAGE CITY
April 23: CITY OF SEAT!
TLE, April 26; KAMONA
and HUMBOLDT. XVAJiur'A
Steamers connect at Sam
Francisco with company's
steamers Xor ports la Cali
fornia, Mexico and Hum
boldt Bay. For further U
XormaUon obtain Xoldar
Sight is .reserved to chance steamers or salt!
Uut 0 us.
Portias 249 Washlnstoa st
Saattl .....113 Jams at. aad Dooir
tUa Francisco 10 Market si.
C- D. DUNANN, Gen. Pass. At
tt Market U B&& FjicUee
f?Z( SUNBCT Tl
Un Ranis jQ