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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OlffiGONIAN. FRIDAY, APRIL 29, 1904.
ESS1 'i EN
Congress Is Adjourned
Without a Day.
SENATE IS READY EARLY
Panama and River and Harbor
Bills Are Passed.
ROOSEVELT1 IS A SPECTATOR
.Appropriations Are the Subject of a
Political Debate Between Al
lison and Aldrich and Gor
man and Culberson.
"WASHINGTON. April 8. With a
brief announcement, and a sharp rap
with his well-worn gavel. President
pro tern Frye adjourned the Senate
sine die at 2 P. 1L today, the hour,
fixed by resolution of the Houses of
Congress. The occurrence was de
void of unusual Incident, and the final
close of the session was but slightly
different from the end of an ordinary
day's sitting. The work of the ses
sion had been concluded before the
final word was said, so that neither
rush nor confusion marked the end.
The only important acts of legisla
tion during the day were the presen
tation ana acceptance of conference
reports on the Panama Canal Gov
ernment bill and the Emergency
River and Harbor bill. The galleries
were not greatly crowded at any time
during the day.
WASHINGTON", April 2S. The Senate
began its day's work at 10:30 A. M., but
the greater part of the time was devoted
to a political debate participated In on the
Bepubllcan side by Allison and Aldrich
and on the Democratic side by Gorman
and Culberson. The discussion was based
on a statement by Allison regarding the
appropriations of the session, comparing
the figures for this year with those of
other years and other administrations.
The President and his Cabinet occupied
the President's Capitol office room during
the early part of the debate, and some of
the President's advisors were among the
most Interested listeners to the criticism
and defense of their chief. Mrs. Hoose
velt and other members of the President's
family occupied seats in the gallery
toward the close of the session, .and they,
too, found entertainment Jn the proceed
ings. When the Snato convened, the Phil
ippine bill, at the instance of Iiodge, was
taken up and read at length, the House
measure being submitted for the Senate
Lodge said he would not attempt to
press the bill at this session of Congress,
as he was aware there would be . op
position to certain features of it. He
also said he was anxious to guard
against the admission of Chinese immi
grants Into the Philippines, and that the
purpose of section 6 was not to change
the United States immigration laws In
the Philippines, but merely to shift their
administration to the Philippines author
ities. Appropriations of Senate.
Allison, chairman of the committee on
appropriations, submitted a series of ta
bles, prepared by the clerks of the appro
priation committees, showing an increase
of $2S,000,000 over the appropriations for
last session. He gave the principal items
of increase as follows: For the Navy,
$15,000,000; on account of the Postal serv
ice, including rural free delivery. 58,000,000.
He also stated that there is an increase
of $8,832,000 in the permanent annual ap
propriations, the chief items being $7,000,
000 for the bank-nqte redemption fund, and
the next most important item being
$2,KO,000 for the irrigation reclamation
Allison also spoke of the increase in the
deficiency appropriations, the principal
item being in that connection the loan of
$4,600,000, made to the St. Louis Exposi
tion. Replying to an inquiry from Aldrich,
he said that outside the loan to the expo
sition, the cost of that institution to the
National Treasury, including the cost of
the Governmental exhibit, is about 3G,500,-
Speaking generally, Allison said the ap
propriations were in the main for the
conduct of the Government, and he ex
pressed the opinion that they would not
be criticised. He also referred to obliga
tions assumed, and said those of this
year are less than for many years pre
vious. While Allison was speaking Klttredge
presented the conference report on the
Panama Canal bill, and it was agreed to
The House resolution fixing 2 P. M.
today as the hour for the final adjourn
ment of the session was presented, and
was adopted without being referred to a
Resuming, Allison said the obligations,
aside from appropriations. Incurred at the
present session amount to $24,000,000.
Culberson Gives Statistics.
Culberson presented a review of appro
priations for the past 12 years, covering
the last administration of Mr. Cleveland
and the McKinley and Roosevelt admin
istrations. He said the total expenditures
under the Roosevelt administration have
been $2,640,000,000, or $211,000,000 greater
than the four years of the McKinley ad
ministration, and $SS3,O00,CO0 greater than
in the four years of the Cleveland admin
istration. These increases he subdivided
as follows: Civil administration, $160,000,
000: naval, $231,000,000; military, $284,000,000.
He also said that for 1905 the total ap
propriations on account of the military,
including pensions, would be $387,000,000,
and said that, excluding the expenses of
the Boer war, the military expenses of
the United States for 1903 were $32,000,000
more than those of Great Britain for
that year, $131,000,000 greater than those
of Germany, and $139,000,000 In excess of
those of France.
Replying to Allison, Gorman placed the
total appropriations of this session at
$781,000,000, and the obligations incurred at
over $24,000,000, or more than $SOO,000.000 all
told, not including the appropriation for
the Panama Canal. He said the figures
were amasslve, and predicted it
would be Impossible to make expenditures
at this rate without increasing taxes. He
attributed the rapid increase to the am
fcltlon to make of the United States "a
great world power," and said that we had
reaped no harvest except the loss of life
and demoralization in every branch of the
Large Army Frightens Gorman.
Gorman referred to the increases for
the support of the Army, and said that
if the present tendency should be pur
sued the Army would become an instru
ment of tyranny. He charged that it was
now being organized on the plans of the
German army. He also charged that the
chief reason for the building up of the
Army and Navy was to attract the at
tention of the crowned heads of Europe.
He again charged that the early adjourn
mentthe earliest in the history of the
country had been due to influence from
the White House, $and said while de
lay might have been serious. It would not
have changed results, and ; delay was,
therefore, not undertaken by the Demo
crats. Allison replied to Gorman, saying he
was surprised to hear from him that the
adjournment of Congress was premature
or unduly influenced. Allison also char
acterized Culberson's tables as "old and
worn out," as at the time covered by the
tables the conditions of the country were
totally different from present conditions.
He said the extraordinary expenditures of
the McKinley administration had been due
to the Spanish War, which was forced
CORE A Bj4Y Nr1yp5W
fTl AfAiA S E. 72 Ooas
SCENE OF JAPANESE MOVE3IENTS ON THE YALU.
The Japanese front extends along the Yalu from Wlju to Pyekdong, 80 miles. A con
siderable force has crossed the river at points around Samollndo Island, near which
Russian batteries drove off two Japanese gunboats assisting the movement. Another di
vision of the Japanese crossed the Yalu at Chang Che Kow, 20 miles to the northward
of "Wliu. This force now holds a road which runs to Kwantien, whence the main road to
Mukden may be commanded. Furthermore the possession of this point enables the Jap
anese to threaten the strong Husslan forces at FengwangchenET with a flanking move
ment. The attempted Japanese landings at Takushan are now regarded as having been
feints to cover the passage of the Yalu by the troops in Corea.
upon the President. He combated also
the statement that the expenses of the
military establishments were greater than
those of the European nations, saying
that pension expenditures could not propT
erly be Included In such estimate.
Culberson said the figures given for oth
er countries Included their pension lists,
and Galllnger called attention to tne fact
that the European countries grant very
Allison admitted that there had been an
increase In the strength of the Army, but
said the increase had been made as a non
partisan measure. He also said that our
per capita expenditure on account of the
military was smaller than those of any
Allison also defended the administration
of the Postofflco Department as on the
whole economical and honest.
During the course of Allison's address.
Hale and Cockrell were appointed a com
mittee to wait upon the President and
notify him of the readiness of Congress
to adjourn. After performing this service,
the committee returned, and Hale reported
that the President had been called upon
and said he had no further communication
to make to Congress.
Aldrich said that in the statement made
by Allison were included many items
which were never expended, and that
while the statement was valuable for
comparison, It does not indicate the exact
state of affairs. In 1902, for example, when
the appropriations were $730,000,000, the ex
penditures were only $470,000,000. In 1S99
the discrepancy was about $400,000,000.
Hence Culberson's figures did not show
expenditures with even approximate cor
rectness. He admitted however, that the
expenditures for the past year and the
year before had been greater than for the
years preceding the Spanisi war, smd ne
cessarlly so because of the growth of the
country, the principal item of increase
being on account of the Army and Navy.
Good Reason for Early Adjournment.
Referring to the charge of undue haste
In adjourning, Aldrich said the Congress
was about to adjourn because the public
business had been completed. He thought
the country was to bo congratulated.
Gorman said the revenue question
had been evaded because It would dis
turb the political atmosphere.
"Why not admit it?" he asked, and
added he did not blame the Repub
licans for this policy because the Demo
crats had tried it to their sorrow.
"We do admit," responded Aldrich, "not
that we fear any disturbance to the po
litical atmosphere, but to the business
atmosphere, which would bo cruel and
The Senate at 1:26 P. M. went Into ex
ecutive session and when, at 1:52, the
doors were reopened, Gorman offered the
usual resolution expressive of the thanks
of the Senate to the president pro tern,
Frye. The resolution prevailed unani
mously. Frye responded briefly and was loudly
applauded. As the applause died away
the hands of the clock on the wall of the
chamber Indicated the hour fixed for ad
journment had arrived, and promptly at
2 o'clock the chair announced the termi
nation of the session, saying:
"The hour of 2 o'clock having arrived
the chair declares the Senate adjourned
Move for Peace Meeting.
WASHINGTON. April 2S. Representa
tive Bartholdt. of Missouri, introduced a
concurrent resolution today requesting the
President to invite the governments of
civilized nations to send representatives to
an international conference to devise plans
looking to the negotiation of arbitration
treaties between the United States and
the different nations, also to discuss the
advisability and, If possible, agree on a
gradual reduction of armaments.
Swedish Lutheran Church Conference
SALEMSBURG. Kan.. April 2S. The
Kansas Conference of the Swedish Luth
eran Church Is holding its annual session
here. The conference includes the Luth
eran Church work In Kansas, Colorado,
Texas and Missouri. The election of a
president of Bethany College is amonsr
I the matters up for consideration.
TO BE GOOD SURPLUS
Hemenway Explains Appropri
ations of Congress.
BUSINESS PRINCIPLES APPLY
Livingston, for the Democrats, Con
tends the Army and Navy
, Are Being Increased
WASHINGTON, April 2S. The House
resumed its session at 10:30 o'clock. It
still being the legislative day of Tuesday.
Although it was admittedly the last day
of the session, the usual crowds which
throng the galleries 'upon such occa
sions were noticeably absent. The ab
sence of members when the Speaker
rapped for order also was smaller.
The House at once got down to busi
ness and agreed to a number of confer
ence reports on bills of minor Importance.
The conference report on the bill estab
lishing a government for the Panama
canal zone likewise was agreed to.
Mondell (Wyo.) called up the bill to
ratify and amend the agreement with the
Shoshone and Wind River Indians of
Wyoming, which was under consideration
when the House took a recess last night.
Fitzgerald (Dem., N. T.) continued his
opposition and secured a rollcall on the
passage of the bill.
Payne (N. Y.), the majority leader, by
unanimous consent. Interrupted the roll
call and offered a resolution providing
for adjournment at 2 o'clock today. Loud
Republican applause greeted the an
nouncement. The resolution was adopted
A bill also was passed amending the
copyright law so as to prescribe a penalty
for violation of that law by foreign pub
lishers. Payne (N. T.) offered the usual resolu
tion, which was adopted, providing for
the appointment of a committee of three
members to join a similar committee of
the Senate to notify the President that
Congress was ready to adjourn.
Hemenway (Ind.), chairman of the com
mittee on appropriations, and Livingston
(Ga.), the ranking minority member of
that committee, made explanations of
the appropriations by Congress.
"Good Government Housekeeping" was
the caption chosen by Hemenway to rep
resent his views.
"A Congress That Has Done Nothing
but Spend Money" was the heading of
After reviewing the expenditures for
the next fiscal year, Hemenway con
cluded: No Nation So Economical.
"The expenditures of our Government
In their aggregate as shown by the ap
propriations of Congress are large and
by unthinking persons, and especially by
misguided newspapers, are denounced as
extravagant; and yet, according to the
very best authority, our National Gov
ernment is the most economically ad
ministered of any In the civilized world."
A table to substantiate this statement
was given, showing the per capita expen
ditures of the leading nations. The high
est given Is New Zealand, whose per
capital expenses is 30.3S; the lowest is
the United States, with a per capita
showing of 7.97.
The total appropriation made by this
Congress aggregate $781,574,629, according
to Hemenway. Of this sum $26,801,543
was to pay deficiencies for prior fiscal
years, and ?56,500,000 is set aside for ap
plication to the sinking fund. This
leaves the total appropriation for the ex
penses of the Government for the year
1905, $C9S,272,7SC The total estimated
revenues for this period are $704,472,060,
or an excess over appropriations or au
thorized expenditures of $6,199,274. Con
tinuing, Hemenway said:
"Experience has demonstrated that one
year with another the actual expendi
tures of the Government are about 5
per cent less than the appropriations
made by Congress, and anticipating that
the coming fiscal year will not prove an
exception to this practically established
year rule. It is safe to assume that the
apparent surplus of revenues over ex
penditures will be augmented by not less
than $35,000,000. thus affording a safe
margin of at least $40,000,000 between reve
nues and expenditures with which to
meet all legitimate deficiencies that may
arise and that may have to be provided
for at the next session and also afford
A Splendidly Organized Business.
A Small Profit Quick Sales
EILERS PIANO HOUS
Checkering, Weber. Kimball, Hazelton,
Lester, Hobart M Cable, Jacob Doll, Had
dorff, Whitney, Crown, Pease, Baus and
Pianolas and Aeolian Orchestrelies
In Used Pianos
Bargains Such as These
P. G. Leicht, la perfect condition, $1S5;
McCammon, good as new, 1175; Ludwig,
used but little, $137; Milton, $195; Sherwood,
$178; Fischer, $1S0, and many others.
Payments down $6 to $10. Monthly pay
ments equally reasonable. Money back in
every instance where Instrument falls to
prove exactly as represented.
Eilers Piano House
1 349, 351 and 353 Washington St.
Big stores also San Francisco and Sac
ramento, Cal., Spokane and Seattle, Wash.
ing a considerable sum to be devoted to
the sinking fund."
Livingston (Dem., Ga.) In his statement
compared the expenditures of Demo
cratic Congresses with Republican Con
gresses and added:
"The table shows that appropriations
for Federal expenditures made under a
Republican Administration, by a Repub
lican Administration, by a Republican
Congress for the next fiscal year, have
reached the startling sum of $780,575,629,
or an Increase of $286,955,027 over the
average of the last two years under
Democratic control and within a period
of less than ten years.
"I do not question the honesty of those
vast appropriations, either in their ag
gregate amount or in the details; but I
challenge the wisdom of the policy of
the dominant party that has made these
enormous expenditures necessary through
the Increase in the military and the naval
estimates, the maintenance of which is
at the expense of needed Internal im
provements, such as river and harbor
works and public buildings.
"Whatever may have been the sins of
commission of this Congress, they are as
nothing compared to the sins of omission
denying consideration to all legislation
looking to the welfare of the great masses
of the people."
Must Suffer for Hazing.
Lacey (la.) moved to suspend the rules
and take up a bill granting authority to
the President to restore to the naval ser
vice Midshipmen John Lofland, of Iowa;
Earl W. Chaffee, of Wisconsin, and Jo
seph D. Little, of Ohio, who were dis
missed from the Naval Academy on No
vember 6, 1903, for hazing. A long
debate ensued, which ended in the House
refusing to suspend the rules, and the bill
The special committee appointed to wait
on the President then said that they
called on the President, who said that he
had no further communication to make to
The Speaker then announced as the
special committee of the House to Inves
tigate the merchant marine1: Grosvenor
(O.), Minor (Wis.), Humphrey (Wash-),
Spight (Miss.) and McDermltt (Dem.,
A resolution thanking Speaker Cannon
for the able manner in which he had pre
sided over the House was adopted. Then
followed the ovation described elsewhere
PRESIDENT- SIGNS MANY BILLS
His "Influence" Not Enough to" Se
cure Survey of Oyster Bay.
WASHINGTON. April 2S. President
Roosevelt arrived at the Capitol today at
10:25 A. M. to attend to his official duties in
connection with the adjournment of Con
gress. Nearly all the members of his
Cabinet had preceded him and were wait
ing in the President's room. He was ac
companied by Mr. Loeb and his executive
force. A number of bills passed last
night and today received his signature.
At 11:25 the President affixed his signa
ture to the last of the general supply
measures the postoffice appropriation bill.
Prior to that time he had signed the sun
dry civil, the general deficiency and the
Military Academy bills. In addition to
scores of measures of minor importance.
The President was in almost constant
consultation with Senators and Represen
tatives concerning measures presented to
him for signature. Bills relating to the
various departments were referred strictly
to members of the Cabinet, who were pres
ent, and. as usual, they passed upon them
before they were signed by the President.
At 12:45 P. M. the Joint committee of the
two branches of Congress, consisting of
Senators Hale and Cockrell and Represen
tatives Payne, Hemenway and Williams,
appointed to notify the President that
Congress was ready to adjourn, called
upon President Roosevelt In his room at
the Capitol. The President Informed the
committee that he had no further commu
nications to make to the Congress. Tho
committee remained with the President
less than five minutes.
The last of the Important bills to receive
the signature of the President were the
river and harbor and Panama Canal
measures. All of the surveys which the
Senate provided for In the river and har
bor bill were stricken out in conference.
In one of them the President had a per
sonal Interest, as It was a survey near the
President's home at Oyster Bay. When
ho noted the fact that among the other
surveys It had been eliminated, he signed
the bill and remarked, laughingly, that It
was pretty evident that he had no In
fluence with the present administration.
MINISTER TO SANTO DOMINGO.
Secretary of Legation at Rio Janeiro
Gets $5000 Position.
WASHINGTON. April 2S. President
Roosevelt has appointed Thomas C. Daw
son, of Iowa, at present secretary of the
United States Legation at Rio Janeiro,
Brazil, as United States Minister to San
to Domingo. The office has Just been
provided for by legislation, and carries
with it a salary of $5000 a year. The
President tendered the mission to General
E. C O'Brien, of New York, one-time
Commissioner of Navigation, but personal
Interests impelled him to decline it.
The President today sent to the Senate
the following nominations:
Thomas C. Humphrey, Judge of the
United States Court for the central dis
trict of the Indian Territory; Louis Sulz
bacher, Missouri. Judge of the United
States Court for the western district of
Indian Territory; William R. Lawrence,
Illinois, Judge of the United States Court
of the eastern district of Indian Terri-
The more purely negative soap is,
the nearer docs it approach perfection.
Unless you have used Pears' soap
I you probably do not know what we
mean by a socp with no free fat or al
kali in it nothing but soap.
Established over xoo years.
r,nnns -pnTTfiWT TnnAV rvp TfiMnppnw rwA'PfTFn
First Agency Butterick
"W. B.," "Nemo; and C. B., A la Spinte. Agents for Trefousse Gloves.
Lipman, Wolfe & Company
New arrivals in Parker & Finn English Tailor-Made Waists. "Jap-a-Lac," the house and
floor paint, it's almost everlasting.
$22.50, $25 Tailored Suits $12.75
9 vil5r jF-m vh
iJmmt W"' V .. -Jliili ii' at
VI AH I iFft't'''' -''MrlKS'A m
f Am. w3 i:J-'''&i&fi Y . ImJI
.tat R SWJH I JJlfB) 'Kf. ' v ,'mi
j&S m WfS J v .--tjjyr. . . t s?J, . ? J I
x&'isMlHl EV"--i,r,.'."ii":".,j:iiBf ."'". i'ft"l
mESW ill Be "- '-W-"'ZJ0mr' ::..
Today; $1.00 Novelty Silks at 50c
Chances today to purchase better Silk values than you've ever been offered
heretofore, even in this store.
Two thousand yards of high-class Fancy Silks, suitable for shirtwaist suits and separate waists
all the season's best colorings included dainty, neat corded effects two, three and four-tone
color combinations, goods made to sell at Jpl--a trade accident placed them in ESflr
our hands so cheaply that we can afford to sell them to you for OvV
A display of these beautiful silks in Third-Street Window None sold to dealers. I
Table Linens Special
85c Table Damask, 72c
Fine Irish Bleached Table Linen, full 66 inches
wide, handsome patterns regularly 85 c
today at 72
22-inch NAPKINS TO MATCH, worth $2.50,
$1.10 Table Damask, 93c
Extra fine quality Bleached Irish Table Linen,
full 2 yards wide, superb assortment of pat
terns regularly $1.10, at 93
24-inch NAPKINS TO MATCH, worth $2.90,
35c All-Silk Satin Taffeta Kibbon 18c
We place on sale today in the Ribbon Store all-silk satin Taffeta Ribbon four inches wide
an absolute complete line of colors the regular price of which is 35$ -1 1
at '. J-'
tory: Joseph T. DIckerson. of Kansas, to
bo Judge of the United States Court for
the southern district of Indian Territory.
The Senato confirmed all nomlnatldns
sent In today.
President Reappoints Crum.
WASHINGTON, April 2S. President
Roosevelt today directed the reappoint
ment of TV. D. Crum as Collector of Cus
toms at Charlston. a C. The President
has received positive assurance that the
Senate will take up Cram's case Immedi
ately on reconvening next session, and
that It will be disposed of finally. Until
he is confirmed Crum cannot draw any
salary, but It is said that his friends have
arranged to see that he Is provided with
ample funds. Should he be confirmed the
Government, of course, will pay him the
Fail of Confirmation.
WASHINGTON, April 2S. The following
nominations failed of confirmation:
William D. Crum, Collector of Cus
toms. Charleston; Charles McKenna,
Pennsylvania. Judge of the District Court
To assist digestion, relieve distress
after eating or drinking too heartily,
to prevent constipation, take
Sold, everywhere. 25 cents.
ARE YOU1 '
constitution undermined by ex
travagance in eating, by disre
garding the laws of nature, or
physical capital all gone, if so,
Tutt's Liver Pills will cure you.
For sick headache, dyspepsia,
sour stomach, malaria, torpid
aver, constipation, biliousness
and all kindred diseases.
Tutt's Liver Pills
an absolute cure.
Patterns and Publications. Agents
We place on sale today one hundred Tailor
Made Suits, everyone of them this season's make
and style, correct in every particular.
They are made of broadcloth, cheviots, etamines and
novelty materials and come in black, navy blue, brown, tan,
gray and mixed effects.
The coats in Eton, blouse and jacket styles, and are all
The skirts have the latest flare and come in dress and
walking lengths fancy braids, silks, galloons and orna
ments are used as trimmings. They sold heretofore at
$22.50 and $25.00 choice for today (j- ly e
Another Very Great Silk
Wonderful Value at
Another sensational offering in Silk Petticoats today
equally as great a bargain as the one we had yesterday.
The Petticoats are made of a high-grade, all-silk taffeta,
in accordeon and knife-pleated ruffle styles, also in the
new four-section ruffle effect choice of newest color
tones black as well worth about double, according to
the standard of value prevalent
65 5 special
of Porto Rico; Albert Jlills, to be Brigadier-General
In the Army.
For and Against General Naval Board
WASHINGTON, April 2S. The House
committee on naval affairs today heard
Assistant Secretary of the Navy Darling
W. G. SMITH
I ' 1 m Mjr
I WW d
I . ii'liifwllA
ON MAY ACCOUNT
for Best Corsets "La Vida," 1
ard or value prevalent fi A l
i here today at 4afO
The Stationery Store
IMPERIAL BATISTE BOND This is a
beautiful, medium-weight, cloth surface, su
perfine paper in the popular Oxford size
colors, gray and white, 60 sheets of paper and
60 envelopes in large cabinet regular value
ROSEBORO'S CAMBRIC A kid - finished
paper in a beautiful pink tint, with wallet
shaped envelopes 24 sheets and 24 4Q
envelopes in box special at AS? 4
FRENCH PERCALE A beautiful cloth-finished
paper, in blue and white, in the popular
Rosenaud shape 24 sheets and 24 $5rJ
envelopes in box special Af t-
and Rear-Admiral Taylor, chief of tho
Bureau of Navigation, on the bill creat
ing a general board In the Navy. Assist
ant Secretary Darling opposed the meas
ure on the ground it was unnecessary,
und would bund up the military as against
tne civil power in tho Navy. Rear-Admiral
Taylor favored the bill. The com
mittee took no action on the bill.
VISITING CARDS AND
One -Third Less
Than the already low, plainly
marked price. Today and to
morrow mark the last days of
this wonderful offer. To em
phasize the importance of this
opportunity Not-j what this
$20 Suits for S13.65
$25 Suits for 316.70
$30 Suits for $20.00
$35 Suits for . $25.00
$45 Suits for $30.00
$60 Suits for $40.00
Agent for FIsk, Clark
& Flagg's Neckwear