Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, April 14, 1904, Image 1

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VOL. XLIIL NO. 13,524.
''"Tffn;W3iMrTC, v-wr
Admiral IMaroff and
800 Men Go Down.
Russian Vessel Strikes
a Submerged Mine.
Grand Duke Cyril, One of Few
to Escape, Is Wounded,
While Returning to Roadstead, After
Steaming Out to Attach Jap
anese, the Petropavlovsk
Meets With Disaster.
The Petropavlovsk, which had twice
previously been reported damaged in
Japanese attacks on Port Arthur, was
a first-class battleship of 10,000 tons
displacement and 14,241 Indicated
horsepower. She was 307& feet lone,
had CO feet beam, and her armored
belt was of about 1C inches of steel,
with 10 inches of steel armor on her
turrets. Her armament consisted of
four 12-Inoh, 12 flix-inch. 34 smallor
Runs and sir torpedo tubes. The com
plement of the Petropavlovsk, -when
fully manned, -was 700 men. She was
built at St. Potersburg, and was com
pleted in 180S. Sho was a sister ship
of the Poltava and Sevastopol. Tho
.turrets of the 12-inch guns on these
fMpe are of Russian pattern, of oval
shape, and run on the "deck without
protection to the edges. The elx-lnch
gun turrets have protecting rims. Tho
small rapid-fire guns are chiefly car
ried right forward and right aft. There
arc electric hoists to all of tho guns,
and the big guns are electrically con
trolled. The total weight of each of
the ships' armor Is- 2700 tons.
ST. PETERSBURG, April 13. Striking
a submerged mine at Port Arthur today,
the Petropavlovsk, the flagship of the
Russian floot, -went down and carried with
her Admiral Makaroff and between 600
and 800 men. Grand Duke Cyril escaped,
but is wounded.
Admiral Makaroff ordered his entire
squadron out to ongage the Japanese
fleet of 40 vessels which appoared off tho
port early in the day and began an at
tack which still continues..
According to the Associated Press in
formant while Admiral Makaroff was re
turning after going out to attack the
Japanese fleet the Petropavlovsk struck
a mine on her starboard side amidship
and immediately began to" keel. Before
the crew could flood the; port compart
ments of the vessel. In order to keep her
on an even keel, she turned turtle and
sank in a few minutes, carrying ' down
almost the entire crew. Captain Njakov
loff, the Grand Duke Cyril and two other
ofllcers were saved because they were
standing on the super-bridge. The fright
ful loss of life among the ofllcers and
men was due to the fact that they were
all at their stations ready for action.
The Petropavlovsk turned turtle in a
We Are Headquarters for All Kinds of
Beware of Imitations.
R. H. Pease, President.
Are Superior in Every Inspect to the Old Style Curl
ing rilm. We are Sole Agents.
142-146 Fourth St.
108 and 1 10 Fourth Street
Sole Distributers for Oregon and Washington,
manner similar to the British battleship
Victoria, which was rammed by the
Camperdown in 1893, and to the incident
In tho Chino'-Japanese "War, when a
Chinese warship turned turtle, many of
the crew remaining aboard for several
days hammering desperately on the up
turned hull.
Report of Alexleff.
The following dispatch to the Czar has
been received from Viceroy Alexleff:
"Mukden. April 13. A telogram has just
been received from XJeutenant-General
Stoessel, commander of the military forces
at Port Arthur. I regret to report to Tour
Majesty that the Pacific fleet has suf
fered irreparable loss by tho death of Its
brave and capable commander, who was
lost, together with the Petropavlovsk."
Another dispatch from Viceroy Alexleff
to the Czar saysr
"According to reports from the com
mandant at Port Arthur, the battleships
and cruisers went out to meet the enomy,
but, owing to tho enemy receiving rein
forcements, making his total strength 30
vessels, our squadron returned to the
roadstead, whereupon the Petropavlovsk
touched a mine, resulting In hor destruc
tion. Grand Duke Cyril, who was on
board, was saved. He was slightly in
jured. Tho whole squadron then re-entered
port. Tho Japanese are now off
Cape Liao Shan."
Hoar-Admiral Girgorovitch 'has reported
to tho Czar that the Russian squadron
was under Golden Hill when the flagship
struck a mine and turned turtle. He also
states that Rear-Admlral Prince Ouktom
sky has assumed command of the fleet.
Outlook Is Decidedly Gloomy.
Even if Rear-Admlral Ouktomsky, who
Is now in charge of the fleet at Port Ar
thur, is able to go to sea with four bat
tleships, which it Is not certain he can
do. Vice-Admiral Togo could bring against
him a greatly superior force. It Is pointed
out that all the Japanese Admiral need
now do is to be outside. Port Arthur, and
that transports can pass with absolute Im
punity. Every one admits tonight that
the outlook on the sea Is decidedly gloomy
for Russia.
Togo Has a Very Powerful Squadron
Off Port Arthur.
off Port Arthur, April 13, by De Forrest
Wireless Telograph to "Wei Hal Wei, April
14. The Japanese torpedo squadron at
tacked Port Arthur this morning, and the
battleship and cruiser divisions are now
shelling the town, firing in unison and
with remarkable precision. The bombard
ment began at 9:45 o'clock this morning,
the flrst shell being fired from the flag
ship. At 4:50 o'clock this morning our
lookout reported a fleet of warships
ahead. It was raining and very squally,
but wo Anally made out a large squad
ron holding on a line similar to our
own. As the light increased it became
manifest that it was the Japanese squad
ron of six battleships, .followed by a
cruiser scuadron of six vessels
Argentine" Shfps in Line.
The third and fourth of this latter line
were the Kasaga and the Nisshin, built
at Genoa, Italy, for tho Argentine gov
ernment, and purchased by Japan Just be
fore" the war began. This was their first
appearance with the fleet of Admiral To
go, and they looked as though they had
been greatly improved since their par
ticipation In tho bombardment of Vladi
vostok. -
The fleet, with the battleship Mikasa
flying Admiral Togo's flag, was shaping its
course toward Port Arthur. When about
40 miles distant from that port, the bat
tleship division drew up at full speed
ahead, and the Kaisaga and Nisshin left
the cruiser division and joined tho bat
tleship division.
As we drew near to Port Arthur we
found there were two flrst-class and four
second-class cruisers which had been left
there to cover the early morning attempt
of tho destroyers to cripple some of the
Russian warships under cover of dark
ness. The battleships and the two cruis
ers, on signal from the flagship, hoisted
their sun-rayed battle flags and sailed
at an olght-knot rate in single line form
ation, with be Mikasa In the lead, and
the Nisshin and the Kasaga bringing up
the rear to within six miles of Port Ar
thur's frowning promontory.
Shore Batteries Open Fire.
At 10:20 A. M. the shore batteries opened
Are upon the Japanese fleet, but the Are
was of only a desultory nature and
seemed to be undirected. Admiral Togo's
vessels flred their batteries with their
usual expertness, but the bombardment
seemed designed more for demonstration
than with a view to accomplishing much
actual damage.
Three times the Japanese squadron cir
cled the front of the Russian position, and
at 12 o'clock the "cease flring" signal was
hoisted and Admiral Togo withdrew his
fleet. It was an inspiring sight to see
(Concluded on Page f Five.)
cesossesstssooseo , 9000000
Without a Rival
Russia Stunned at Death
of Makaroff!
His Loss Far More Serious
Than That-of Many Ships,
Valiant Officer Did Not Desire the
Far Eastern Command, but His
Ruler Would Not Accept
a Refusal.
Vice-Admlral Makaroff was appointed
February 26 to the command of tho
Russian Pacific fleet. He was one of
the heroes of the fighting on tho River
Danube during the Russo-Turkiah. "War.
Makaroff and Skrydelroff, who have
since many times been honored by their
government, were at that time Lieuten
ants In the Russian navy, and volun
teered to make a night attack on a
powerful Turkish Ironclad. "With a
torpedoboat, they succeeded 'In blowing
up the Turkish vessel, and It was as
sorted at tho time thereby made tho
flrst successful demonstration of the
usefulness of torpedoboats in naval
warfare. Makaroff originated the Idea
of constructing: the famous ice-breaking
steamer Ermak, which was built on
the Tyne from his designs. Ho visited
the United States, 1SD8-97.
ST. PETERSBURG, April 13. The awful
disaster to the battleship Petropavlovsk
at Port Arthur, with the loss of almost
her entire crew of 600 men, and the death
of Vice-Admlral Makaroff has been a
terrible blow. It would have fallen less
heavily if the ship and the Commander-in-Chief
of the fleet had beon lost in bat
tle, but to be tho result of another acci
dent, following upon the heels of a suc
cession of tragedies of which the Port
Arthur fleet lus been tho victim has
I UI.G4&LVU ouiuvuuut .&.; VWUObV. .MUS.
"Reverses we can endure, . said a prom
inent Russian, "but to havo the Petro
pavlovsk meet the fate of tho Tenesol
and the Boyarin is heart-breaking."
Besides it has just become known that
the battleship Poltava several weeks ago
had a hole rammed in her by the battle!
ship Sevastopol while the latter was man
euvering in the harbor at Port Arthur.
First Inkling of the Catastrophe.
The day has been one of intense excite
ment in St. Petersburg. The flrst inkling
of the catastrophe leaked out on the re
ceipt of a telegram by Grand Duke Vladi
mir from his son, Grand Duke Boris, an
nouncing the loss of tho Petropavlovsk
and tho wounding of Grand Duke Cyril,
who was flrst officer. Grand Duchess Vladi
mir was almost frantic on the receipt of
the telegram, being convinced that the
message was only a precursor of worse
news, as It was signed by Grand Duke
Boris, instead of by the aide to Grand
Duke Cyril, Lieutenant von Kube.
Lieutenant von Kube had gone down
with the ship. The youngest son of Grand
Duke Vladimir, Grand Duke Andrew,
dashing young guardsman, behind the
fastest trotters, hurried to the Winter
palace, tho Admiralty and elsewhere seek
ing confirmation of the news, which came
two hours later In a message to the Em
peror from Rear-Admlral Grlgorovitch,
the commandant at Port Arthur.
News Broken to Mrs. Makaroff.
A religious service was immediately held
at Grand Duke Vladimir's palace, in
which thanks were returned to the Al
mighty for tho sparing of the Grand Duke
Cyril, but tho Emperor was so over
whelmed with, grief at tho death of Vlce
Admlral Makaroff that neither he nor the
Empress attended the service. Instead,
the Emperor sent a member of his per
sonal staff to break the sad news to Vice
Admiral MakarofTs widow, who is liv
ing at Peterhof, a few miles west of St.
Meantime the city was filled with the
wildest rumors, but tho official dispatches
were so meager, and private dispatches so
conflicting regarding what had occurred,
that the public was kept In suspense for
six hours. Then, although the report was
incomplete, dispatches were posted on the
Ncvsky Prospkt and other war bulletin
boards. The grief of tho crowds, whoso
worst f ears were thus officially confirmed,
was touching. The Ministry of Marina
was soon surrounded by thousands of per
sons eagerly asking for more details. The
crowd of Inquirers were the stricken rela
tives of those who were on board the Pe
tropavlovsk. Togo Probably Lured, Him Out.
What occurred prior to the blowing up
of the Aagship was only vaguely known.
except that Admiral Makaroff, with his
flag flying on the doomed vessel, sailed
out to engage tho enemy until his rein
forcements appeared. It is thought prob
ably that Vice-Admlral Togo planned an
ambuscade by sending in a small squad
ron in the hope of drawing out the Rus
sian commander to the open and then cut
ting off his escape.
Tho Associated Press learn3 that the
location of six mines planted by the
Tenesel were unknown, tho charts hav
ing been lost when that vessel went
down. Probably It was ono of theso
mines that the battleship struck.
Pride of the Navy.
Vice-Admiral MakarofTs death" is really
a greater loss than would be the loss of
several battleships. Tho pride of the
navy was he, and ho enjoyed tho con
fluence of the Emperor, as well as of
the officers and men. Speaking of his
death, officers hero, remarked on the
strange fatality that ho should lose his
life on the heavily-armored battleship to
which ho had a particular avorslon. This
morning for tho first time ho raised his
flag on a battleship. Previously, he had
gone out on board tho crulsor Novik or
the cruiser Askold. It was at the urgent
request of his friends that he did not
risk his life in this fashion and trans
ferred his flag to tho Petropavlovsk.
It is now an open secret that Vice
Admiral Makaroff was not anxious to re
sign his command at Cronstadt to go to
tho Far East, which necessitated his
leaving his wife and family, but the Em
peror h.eld suchfl. high, opinion ofhhn
that he declined to consider other can
didates, although it was pointed out that
Rear-Admlral Rojestvonsky, chief of the
general staff of tho navy, who has just
been appointed to command the Baltic
squadron, and who Is now destined to
succeed Makaroff, as well as others, wero
.anxious to distinguish themselves.
Czar Would Take No Refusal.
The Emperor in his summons' to Vice
Admlral Makaroff, said:
"My choice has fallen upon you, and I
will not take a refusal," and so tho Ad
miral went to the Far East. Tho Em
peror's sorrow is doubly keen on this ac
count. By Imperial command, a requiem ser
vice will be celebrated at tho Ad'miralty
Church at noon tomorrow.
Tonight the grief-stricken widow, ac
cording to the Russian custom, had a
requiem service celebrated at her resi
dence. She had been much worried over
the health of her husband, who suffered
from diabetes, reference to which was
made in a recent telegram from the Ad
miral, in which he said he was com
pelled to disobey orders as to taking regu
lar i sleep.
The Admiral's death Is also mourned
(Concluded on Page Three.)
aW L & tJ7BSxX. z :3rwKWi JSh ' ".
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Terrible Disaster on
Battleship Missouri.
Powder Ignites as It Is Being
Rammed Home.
Captain Cowies Promptly Floods the
Handling-Room, Saves Vessel
and Then Heads Res
cuing Party.
The blowing up of the Maine, to
which the Missouri disaster Is likened,
was accompanied by the loss' of 258
lives. It occurred at Havana, Feb
ruary 13, 1S0S, where the Maine was
sent on a peace mission in the Span-ish-Cnban
"War. It was this calamity
that caused America to step in and end
the conflict.
The Missouri is the latest of the bat
tleships to go Into commission. Tha
flag was hoisted on her In December
last, at Norfolk, by Captain Cowlcs,
brother-in-law of President Roosevelt.
She collided with the Illinois off Fen
sacola a few weeks ago, and has had
very. little flring with her big guns; in
fact, the nine or ten rounds which had
been flred from each big gun was In
the course of official trials, and she
is now going through her flrst regular
target practice.
PENSACODA, Flo., April 13. By the ex
plosion of 2000 pounds of powder in the
after 12-inch turret and the handling-room
of the battleship Missouri, Captain "Wil
liam S. Cowies, commanding, this after
noon, 29 men were Instantly killed and Ave
Injured, of whom two will die.
This is the moat serious accident that
has occurred in the American Nayy 'irincc
the blowing up of the Maine in Havana
Harbor in 1SSS. -.
The Missouri was on the target range
with the Texas and Brooklyn at practice
about noon, when a charge of powder In
the 12-Inch left-hand gun Ignited from
gases, exploded and, dropping below. Ig
nited four charges of powder in the handling-room,
and all exploded. Only one
man of the entire turret and handlling
crew survived.
But for tho prompt and efficient action
of Captain Cowies in flooding the handling-room
and magazine with water, one
of the magazines would have exploded
and the ship would have been destroyed.
Cause of the Explosion.
Captain Cowies, completely overcome by
the disaster, reforrcd all newspaper men
to Lieutenant Hammer, the ordnance offl
ccr. The latter gave out a statement of
the explosion and its probable cause: Ac
cording to him, about noon, after the flrst
pointer of the after 12-inch piece had flred
his string, and the second pointer had
flred the third shot of his string, tho
charge ignited. The fourth shot was be
ing loaded, and from all indications the
flrst half of the charge had been rammed
home and the second section was being
rammed home, when gases from the shot
previously fired or portions of the cloth
cover ignited the powder.
The breech was open, and' a dull thud
' i- v '.
gave notice of something unusual. No
loud report was made, but flames were
seen to leap from every portion of the
turret. A few seconds later another ex
plosion, somewhat more fierce, occurred.
This was in the handling-room below,
where 1000 pounds of powder, or four
charges, ready to be hoisted above, had
Fire quarters were sounded, and every
man of them responded, and the magazine
and handling-rooms were flooded with
water. In less than Ave seconds after the
first explosion two streams of water were
being played' in the rooms, and when vol
unteers were called for every man re
sponded,eager to go into the turrets and
rescue the crew.
Captain Cowies gave his commands, and
but for his presence of mind and that of
the officers of the ship the Missouri would
have gone down. The second explosion
occurred near one of the magazines, and
so hot was the Are that the brasswork of
the magazines was melted. Smoke and
tha .fumes of the burned powder made it
almost Impossible to enter either the tur
ret or handling-room, but officers and
men with handkerchiefs over their faces
made efforts to rescue the men inside.
Cowies Leads Rescuing Party.
Leading the rescuing paty was Captain
Cowies. The ofllcers endeavored to keep
him from going below, as men fell un
conscious as they entered and had to be
pulled out by their comrades, j but. un
heeding their advice, the Captain rushed
below, followed by Lieutenant Hammer,
the ordnance officer and Lieutenant Clel
land David. Captain Cowies caught up
a dying bluejacket In his arms and stag
gered to the deck with him. The blue
Jacket, with two others from the handling
room, had crawled partly from their place
of duty when they had been overcome.
Before the fumes of the burning powder
had left the turret, officers and men were
laying out the dead and dying men. Three
minutes after the explosion all were on
deck, and the surgeons from the Missouri,
Texas and Brooklyn were attending to
those not dead. The 25 men of the turret
were found lying In a heap. They had
started for the exit when the first explo
sion occurred, and had just reached there
when the more terrible explosion in the
handling-room occurred, which burned
and stranded them to death.
Bodies Hardly Recognizable.
Lieutenant Davidson, the officer In charge
of the turret, evidently had given somo
command to the men, as ho was on top
of the heap of men, having fallen there
after he had allowed them to pass him to
get out of the turret. The bodies were
hardly recognizable, the terrible and quick
Are having burned the clothing from the
bodies of the men, and the Aesh hung
from them In shreds. The faces were mu
tilated by the smoke and flames. Only
one man was breathing when the turret
crew was rescued, and he died a monient
after he reached the deck.
Consternation Reigns at Capital
Moody Wires Victims' Relatives.
Washington, April is. News of the
disaster on the battleship Missouri was
conveyed to the commandant at Pensa
cola by wireless telegraph from the Mis
souri, and thence by him transmitted to
"Washington, while th6 big ship was creep
ing back to port with the dead lying on
the Ceck. The account which reached
"Washington of the accident was contained
In the following official dispatch from
Admiral Barker:
"Lieutenant Navy, "Washington: "Five
officers and 24 men are dead. . Two more
cannot live, result explosion on Missouri.
Three rounds had been fired from the
aft 12-inch gun, and shell had been sealed.
Two sections of powder was rammed In
the hole when the explosion occurred,
killing every officer and man in the tur
ret, and all but three in the handling
room. Commanding officer has informed
relatives." Admiral Barker then gives tho
list of the dead appearing elsewhere.
The receipt or this message caused
consternation at the Department. Secre
tary Moody transmitted it to the Presi
dent at the "White House, and officers'
clerks at the department were soon en
gaged In making out dispatches to tho rel
atives and friends of the officers and men
who were killed so that they might not
have to receive their first news from the
morning papers. Nearly all the dead offi
cers were In the Aush of early youth.
'; JV0TNG m jUNE
J. N.Williamson Is Nomi
nated Representative.
His Followers Make Choice of
Convention Unanimous.
C. H. Carey and N. C. Richards Will
Represent Second District Repub
licansWilliamson and Moody
Forces Fight for Committee.
Republican nominee for Representa
tive In Second D!trict J. N. William
eon, of Prinevllle.
Delegates to Republican National
Convention C. H. Carey, of Portland,
and N. C. Richards, of Sumpter.
Resolutions Indorsing President
Roosevelt, the Oregon delegation in
Congress, and Representative J. N.
Williamson were adopted.
With one voice the Republican convert-,
tlon of the Second Congressional Dis
trict yesterday declared J. N. Williamson,
of Prinevllle, the Republican nominee for
Representative. The convention took less
than five minutes to select the nominee
when it reached that order of business.
A word from the chair that the nomina
tion of a Representative was In order,
the formal presentation of Williamson's
name, a motion by a Moody man that
Williamson be nominated by acclamation,
three or four seconding speeches and th
toboggan slide waa over. Thus a fl;ht
which has kept the hills and dales of
pastern Oregon months In clamor was
terminated harmoniously In a few mo
ments. The patriots were highly rejolped If tho
noise emitted from their lungs was evi
denced They thumped the floor with their
boots as when a drove of Eastern Oregon
cattle thunders over a rldge, clapped
their hands as when tho fair circus lady
does the trapeze act and exercised their
vocal chords as wnen the torchlight pro
cession passed by in their boyhood.
When the Williamson bandwagon hove
In sight it swarmed with vociferating
giants and when it rolled away not a seat
was vacant. The gaily-painted vehicle
may have been a juggernaut to the polit
ical hopes of man' Moody patriots, but
they didn't throw themselves under tho
wheels; instead, they clambered aboard
Just the same as those flrst In grace.
Then the bandwagon halted long enough
(Concluded on Pace 10.)
Rutto-Japanese War.
Admiral Makaroff and about 800 men are lost
with battleship PetropavlovfiJc, which strikes
a mine at Port Arthur. Page 1.
Japanese continue bombardment of Port Ar
thur. Page 1.
All Russia mourns the death of Makaroff. who
was the pride of the navy. Page 5.
Japanese navy now has an enormous advan
tage. Pago 5.
President Roosevelt sign, the Lewis and Clark
Fair bill. Page 2.
House has up the Philippine bill guaranteeing
interest on railway bonds. Page -I.
Senate considers form of government for canal
zone, and Morgan makes attack on Panama
Company. Page 4.
Explosion on battleship Missouri costs 29 lives.
Page 1.
Minnesota court will pass on petition of Har
riman In merger suit today. Page 4.
roll t leal.
Leading Democrats meet at Chicago banquet
and difcus3 campaign issues. Page 3.
Blnger Hermann renominated to Congrese by
acclamation in First District Convention.
Page 6.
Wilson will not commence fight on Pile?, and
Plies resumes negotiations. Page 7.
Thurston County Democrats Indorse Gcorgo
Turner for United States Senator from
Washington. Page 7.
Pacific Coast.
Wreckage found on Vancouver Island confirms
lose of the Lamorna. Page G.
Prominent attorneys at Salem engage in nst
fight on the streets. Page G.
Five killed In wreck of Great Northern train
near Leavenworth, Wash. Page G.
Commercial and Marine.
Weekly review of locaf produce and jobbing
market. Page 15.
Sharp advance In wheat at Chicago. Page 13.
New York stock market unsettled. Page 15.
Japanese again buying barley at San Fran
cisco. Page 15.
Heavy salvage award In Meteor case. Page 14.
Steam seheoners again engaged coastwise.
Page 14.
Proposed amendment to bridge signals. Page
R. L. Macleay wins golf match at Victoria.
Page 7.
Oregon dogs fare well at Seattle. Page 7.
Scores of Pacific Coast League: Portland 11,
San Francisco 10; Tacoma 0, Los Angelea 0;
Oakland 11, Seattle G. Page 7.
Portland and Vicinity.
J. N, Williamson nominated Representative by
Second District Republican Convention.
Page L
Republican State Convention convenes In Port
land today. Page 10.
Homer Davenport announces Intention of retir
ing to Waldo hills. Page 11.
Only one application for Cecil Rhodes scholar
ship. Page 14.
Democrats will hold County Convention today.
Page 10.
NO appropriation for new work on Oregon
rivers and harbors. Page 14.
Proposed method of rewarding rockplie gang
for good conduct. Page 11.
Oregon building at St. Louis nearly finished,
and will be great attraction. Page 11.
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