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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORma OKEGOyiAy, FBTDAY, JAKTJABY 1, 1904.
n A , i
AliMON fisheries o
Oregon are the most
valuable In the
world, for the rea
son that their- pro
duct, being of the
finest quality, far i
surpassing ( that . qt
any of Its Tivals is (
ever in ' great de-
jnand and . always "(
commands the high- i
est market prices.
They are also ; looked upon as one of
the many -wonderful . resources .of . the
state, and rightfully so, for It Is doubt
ful If there Is another Industry from
which such great returns, are secured by.
the expenditure of so small amount In
the development- The output from the
Columbia River alone exceeds $3,000,000
per year, and during the past 25 years has
reached a grand total of fully 5S0.000.O00,
distrlbutlnc nearly $25,000,000 for labor
among the residents of the state. All this
.being continued and gradually increased
Jjy the expenditure of a few paltry thou
sands of dollars annually for the main
tenance of the hatcheries.
The fishing season of 1903 was remark
able, not alone for the .excellent quality,
of the flsh secured, but as well for the
fitful runs that occurred at variqus times
during -the season. - -While the pack, of
the canned article was not qulte equal to
that of "the preceding year, it was "still
most satisfactory, especially when con
trasted with 'the almost total failures at
other points on the Northwest Coast and
in Alaska. The prices paid by the pack
ers, remained high until almost the close
of the season, and as a result nearly all
those engaged in operating the fisheries
were amply repaid for their labor.
Deluge of Fish Late.
A strange feature of the season was
the delay In the arrival of the fish and the
almost unprecedented run that came in
during the first few days of August, oc
casioned in part no doubt by the long-continued
cold weather and at the same i
time Indicating that perhaps the hatch- ',
ies having been turning (out too large a
proportion of the later variety of salmon.
When the season opened on April 15 there
were many fish In the nver, and the pack
was fairly good for the first few weeks,
but then came a falling off with a. few
slight spurts, and on August 1 a conserva- !
tlve estimate placed the total pack on ,
the river at not to exceed 100.000 cases. '
But then came the deluge; every plant
was quickly blocked with hundreds of
tons of flsh thrown overboard, and before
the end of the season about 195,000 addi
tional cases were put up, making a total
of 235,000 cases of the canned product, fully
60 per cent being of the rpyal chlnook
variety. Contrary to .the usual result,
the Columbia River canners this year
made a mistake in disposing of their packs
too early. Nearly "all the salmon canned
on the river was sold in advance on the
basis of 51.35 per dozen when, had it been
held until later, much better prices could
have been obtained. The demand has been
so great that scarcely a case of the chln
ook salmon can now be secured' from the
With the cold storage plants 1903 was in
deed a banner year.- The flsh averaged of
large size, and as a result their pack was
enormous, amounting to 6S50 tierces, of 800
pounds each. This equals 2740 tons of
pickled, or 3653 tons of raw flsh, and, fig
uring thlsat the rate of 30 tons of raw
flan for each thousand cases, the cold
storage pack equals 121,700 cases of the
canned product. Adding this to the 295,000
cases packed makes a grand total of 416,
700, representing a cash value of fully
33.000,000. These 416,700 cases represent 12,
601 tons of raw fish and, as the average
price paid by the canners during the sea
eon was about 5 cents per pound, or $100
per ton, the sum of $1,250,000 was dis
tributed among the gUlnettera, seiners and
trappers for their season's work in addi
tion to tho large amount paid to the em
ployes in other departments of the in
dustry. The Fall season, both on the Columbia
River and on the Coast streams, was re
markably light, and, whlfe exact figures
are not yet obtainable, probably not over
5,000 cases have been put up. The Fall
salmon are greatly inferior to the Colum-
Oregon State Hatcheries.
Statement of the take of salmon eggs at
the different Coast salmon hatcheries dur
ing the season of 1903:
Wilson River chinooks. 839,500
Taqulna chinooks 100,000
Gluslaw chinooks .-. 890,003
Umpq.ua chinooks . 2.1S7.000
South Coos River chinooks ., 6,115,000
United States Fish Hatcheries.
Rogue River chinooks... 6,797,000
Rogue River steelheads.. 76S.500 7,555,500
bia River Spring chlnook, and occupy a
vastly -different place ;n the. markets of
the world. Of the salmon put-up on the
Columbia River, fully SO per cent Is packed
on the"Oregon side," and of jthe.rest, the
greater portion of the proceeds Is directly
tributary to. this state. . "
f- - The Hatcheries.
Artificial propagation is universally con
ceded to be the great boon of the salmon
Industry- On it depends to a vast extent
the preservation of the great fisheries, and
for that reason the authorities of the
States of Oregon and Washington and the
fisheries department of the National Gov
ernment are each year making more
strenuous efforts for the establishment of
hatcheries and Increasing their output.
The first hatchery was started on a trlb-
other varieties of edible flsh native to
Oregon waters, the curing and "marketing
of which could be made a source of large
revenue. Among them are sturgeon, shad,
sardines, smelt and clams. , Sturgeon flsh-j
ing In the waters of the Columbia has"
been in vogue for many years and thou
sands of dollars worth of this toothsome
flsh have been shipped fresh to the East
ern markets.. In fact, the industry was
prosecuted so vigorously and with so
little regard for the future that the supply
was almost exhausted. A few years ago.
however, laws were passed fixing a closed
season and forbidding the taking of the,
smaller flsh with the result that the river
is being gradually restocked and the
sturgeon fisheries bid fair within the near
future to reach their former proportions.
Atcertaln seasons of 'the year, prin
cipally in the early Fall, the watera M
the Lower Columbia River are fairly
teeming with schools of sardines that at
pronounced by the Government experts
to excel In" quality and flavor those caugfct
on the Eastern Coast;, and are propounctii
by the. game authorities" almost. If net
fully, equal to the French product. In
the past little has been done in the way
of handling these fish other than to sup
ply the local markets, but last season a
company was formed, and a quantity ct
the fish, canned as an experiment. ,with
the expectation that quite a largo pack
will be put up next year. Sardines cab
be secured In practically unlimited quan
tities at little cost and the opportunity
offered here for the establishment; of a
large plant to cure them for the markets
Is unexcelled on the Coast.
Shad is another variety of flsh that en
ters the Columbia River in such numbers
that at certain seasons of the year they
are almost a drug on the market- They
are caught principally on the seining
grounds and many of themare shipped
fresh, although recently a few have been
canned by the salmon packers and are
said to find a ready sale.
Famous Columbia Smelt.
For a small flsh there Is probably to
better-known species of the finny trita
than the celebrated Columbia River smelt
It has Its rivals In the smelt that are
caught on the Sound and in other waters
on the Coast, "but none of them, compare
In flavor with those taken iff the Colum
bia River and its tributaries. They coma
In during the Winter months and' run In
schools of millions. While many of them
are cured by smoking, the great majority'
of the catch is sent to the markets fresh.
Along the ocean beaches on the Oregon
coast, especially directly south of the en-
trance to the Columbia River, are to be
found Immense quantities of razor-back,
clams. In 1SS6 a cannery was established
in this county and a few seasons later
over 5000 cases were put up. It Is gen
erally conceded that fully three times as
many clams are shipped to the markets
fresh as are canned.
- In addition to the above, many varieties
of trout and other game fish are found In
the waters of various portions of Oregon,
and as the state authorities are now tak
ing proper steps to protect them, their
present number will undoubtedly be fully
maintained, If not gradually increased.
Black bass have been planted by the Gov
ernment in the Columbia and Willamette
Rivers and are rapidly increasing in num
ber and affording good sport to anglers.
' Carp have also been planted In ponds to
the delight of those who like such fish.
SALMON PRODUCTION OF 1903.
v- v Cases.
Pack of Columbia River can
Put in Cold storage, G850
tierces, equal to 121,700
Tons of raw flsh this repre-
Selling price ....t .....'.$3,000,000
Earned by fishermen ...... $1,250,000
utary to the Columbia River In 1S95. and
since that time nearly 300,000,000 fry have
been planted in that great waterway.- One
drawback In the T.esults obtained In" the
past has been that the hatcheries have
been taking the 'la'ter4rjuns of flsh in" plaCe
of the earlyjSpring variety, so badly need
ed. In an-effort to remedy this Master.
I Flsh Warden Van Dusen has established a
plant on the Snake Blver at Ontario, and
I this yearhas taken at that point over 20,
! 000,000 eggs 'from fish that enter the. Co
lumbia TUver with, toe early June run.
Last year the Columbia River hatcheries
turned out 6S,000,000 small fry. This year
they have taken over 97,000,000 eggs, and,
allowing 20 per cent for loss and the trans
fer of 3,000,000 eggs from the Lower Clack
amas hatchery to Taqulna Bay, they
should place in the waters of the Colum
bia about 73,000,000 young salmon. The
State of Oregon operates five hatcheries
on the Columbia and Its tributaries, which
have taken 39,000,000 eggs this season, and
will turn out about 30,000,000 fry. The cost
of maintenance has been $15,000, or about
$500 for each 1,000,000 flsh turned out. This
of course can be materially lowered as the
capacity of the various plants is increased.
Many Other Good Food Fish.
Besides the salmon there are several
.- "JCHE' OWL."
Popular. Saloon and Cafe Recently
Established at Fifth and Alder"
Streets by "Doc'' Brown', For
merly of "Spokane.
The many old-time friends of "Doc"
Brown, 6f Spokane, will be pleased to
learn that he is now located In Portland.
He was formerly the. proprietor of the
"Owl. Club," one of the most popular
and well known resorts in Spokane and
throughout the. NorthwesL "Doc" Brown
will open a first-class saloon and cafe on
or abqut January 10, at the corner of -Fifth
He extends hearty greeting to all his
former friends and acquaintances in Port
land, and desires to meet many new ones.
tie one owned by '.T)oc" Is by far the
finest of the quInteL "Doc" cordially in
vites the public to view his collection.
"Doc',' Brown was the founder of the
"Owl Club," which he successfully con
ducted at Spokane for 12 years.
Located at 126 Fifth Street-Satisfac-.
.. tion .Given. to All Patrons.
No more appropriate name could have
,been chosen for the "Pullman Cafe," than
the name It bears. On entering the cafe
art. aspect Is presented which suggests a
luxurious "Pullman," as the cafe Is a
model in point of design and furnishings.
The bar Is one of the latest "creations"
manufactured by the Brunswlck-Balke-
"Doc" has spared neither time nor ex- ttCollender Company, of Chicago, and, has
pense In fitting up his new quarters, so I only recently been installed. The side bar
that It now Is unsurpassed by any slm- is a work of art; and is laden with spot
llaf resort In, this city in elegance. Hd ; less glassware and liquors to suit the most
Statement of the take of salmon eggs at the different salmon hatcheries tribu
tary to the Columbia River during the season of 1903:
Oregon State Hatcheries.
Salmon River chinooks 3,551,000
Salmon River steelheads 410,100 3,951,100
Clackamas River chinooks .-. 3,334,000
Wallowa Hatchery chinooks 3,707,000
Wallowa Hatchery sockeyes r.-... 5,000.000 8,707,000
Grande Ronde River chinooks 122,400
Grande Ronde River sockeyes..:...' ,.V. 2,500,000 2.622,400
Ontario chinooks 20500,00039,124.600.
United States Fish Commission Hatcheries. '
Little White Salmon River, Washington, chinooks 17,000,000
Big White Salmon River, Washington, chinooks 10.000,000
Tanner Creek and Eagle Creek, Oregon, chinooks 1,500,000
Lower Clackamas River, Oregon. chinooks 10,000.00039,124,500
Washington State Hatcheries.
Kalama River chinooks.'. ...........'.....; 6,128,470
Wind River chinooks 2.490,000
Chinook River, chinooks..-. 2,500.000
Wenatchee River chinooks , 600,000 .
Wenatchee River sockeyes ... i 5,50O.O0O-.lOO.'O0O
Hethow River chinooks ; 100,000
ilethow River sockeyes. v. .. ASO0.000 2.600,000 19.S1S,470
Grand total' .7. .....:....97,442;976
Eggs and Young Fry Planted In the Columbia.
1902- 3 ;..
3,657.000 4.000.000' .
S.S42.00W 3.300.0001 .
1XO0O.O0O 10.017,000. 2,500.00023.517.000! (7,510.000
5.9S0.000 10.610.500' 3.670.000120-260.500! l6.O25.000
24.033.54ia0.SS6.003! 7.556.200142.475.741 7.550,000 T.742.200
carries none but the highest classes of
fine liquors, wines and . cigars, and trusts
that he may merit his proportion of the
public patronage. All are welcome, and
"Doc" will make his patrons feel his
fullest hospitality. It may safely be said
that there is no one man in the same
line of business better known In the West.
"Doc" Brown is particularly interested
in numismatics. His private collection j f
Is one of the finest in existence. This f
collection, which he has recently Installed t
at nis new piace 01 ousiness nere, con
tains an exceedingly rare coin an Ameri
can silver dollar, -minted in 1S04. It is the
only coin of its kind ever shown outside
of the United States mint at Philadelphia.
"Doc" recently purchased It of R. G.
Parvln, of , Denver, Colo., for $2000. This
quaint old coin Is widely known as "the
Dexter dollar." It was bought of Chap
man Brothers, oL. Philadelphia,'- for Mrs.
Dexter, the well-known capitalist, in ISSo,
for $1000. There are only five 1S04 Ameri
can silver dollars known to exist, and
fastidious taste. In the center 13 a large
French plate mirror and between the pil
lars on either side are mirrors of the
same quality. Private booths are main
tained for gentlemen and their friends,
and are fitted up in an artistic style.
The proprietors, Messrs. J. W. Conrad v
entrances, one' from Washington street
and the other from Sixth 'street.
The "Kratz" Is atractively fitted up
and is patronized by the leading citizens.
and J. D. Holton, are popular with their 1 Divans are arranged for patrons, and the
patrons and the public. Their assistants
afe capable and the guests receive the
best of ' attention. Mr. Conrad formerly
lived in Salt Lake City, where he Is well
and favorably known. Mr. Holton resided
in Boise City before coming to Portland,
and has a large number of friends in that
-The "Pullman" is located at 126 Fifth
Where Wit, Humor and Sparkling
Wine Doth Meet.
The Kratz Cafe is the most centrally
located cafe In Portland. ' southeast cor
ner of Washington and Sixth streets, and
has the .distinction of carrying the best
brands of liquors, wines and cigars that
the market affords. The cafe has two
cafe has the appearance of a Beautiful
club room. Mr. August Kratz, the pro
prietor, takes particular care to give the
best satisfaction to his guests, and his
ever-increasing trade ia evidence of his
He was formerly a resident of Astoria,
where he was engaged In the mercantile
business. Mr. Kratz has a host of friends
and a large number of acquaintances
of Art and Genius
Liquors and Wines.
The entrance Is in the form of a half
dome and on the right side is a niche,
where a statue of Bacchus is to be placed.
At the top of the "dome" Is a beautiful
stained glass window, the colors harmo
nizing in a manner that calls forth Im
mediate admiration. The bar Is one of
the most exquisite designs. The work Is
mahogany and in front of the bar Is til
ing, representing small cubes of marble.
Mr. Rometsch, the proprietor, has the en
viable reputation of pleasing his patrons
on all occasions, and his large circle of
friends is legion.
Ope. reason Grover Cleveland now enjoys
general popularity Is becahse he ha3
grown big enough to talk as a friend to
Rare I a11 of tne people rather than as a partisan
.Democrat. Me is .Democratic in a Droaaer
sense than he was when he was simply
a Democrat, Tet he is no les3 a real
One of the most attractive cafes In the Democrat now than he was then. A man
Northwest is that of John Rometsch, lo- (who excites the applause of half the peo
cated at 253 Morrison street. Seven ple by making the "other half hot under
thousand dollars was expended In the i the collar is getting applause that he
beautiful fixtures and artistic decorations. 1 would be better off without Exchange.
O Phono Hood 1981.
Soda Works :
JTCHEMICH & XEKKE, Proprietors
, Manufacturers of All
Soda Waters, Syrups,
Sole Agents for the Paxnous Wllholt
Springs Mineral Water.
Factory and Office 1
204 MILL ST., Portland, Or.
GENEVA LITHIA WATER
Analyst of Waler.
Lithium Bl-C&rb 8.57
Llthiura Sulph 4.00
Potash.- Chloride 17.17
Sodium, Chloride V. 8.96
Sodium. Sulph f. 16.74
aiasneela, Sulph S3. 14
Magnesia. Carb .t. l69
Alumina, Sulph .V.' 1.S9
Calcium, Sulph 18.75
Calcium. Carb .- 42.03
Phosphoric Add trace
Iron Carb .........1 trace
Total gralns-ser gal 215.50
Organic Matter Nona
Made by Professor Johnson, University
of. Tale; Professor Campbell. University
of Michigan: Professor LatUmore, Uni
versity of Rochester; Professor A- "F.
Lazerwell, of New Torb. These authori
ties say that there Is no known mineral
spring that has the superior medicinal
qualities of the Geneva IJtbia Mineral
"Water, and that this water Is worth
more as a curative of all diseases that
the human being Is heir to than all
other mineral waters combined.
.Portland Depot, 203 "Washington St.
S. M. HUTCHEfSON, Distributor.
Astoria, Columbia River, Oregon
BRAN D S
Fancy Spring Packed Columbia
'. River Chinooks
Oregon Red Salmon
"Jumbo" "Fearless" "Queen" "Map1
'Hawkeye" "Williams" "Cupid"
RED f ;
Astoria & Alaska Packing Company's
Choice Red "AA" ' Medium Red "Qarland"
. '. :. J.
Pink Sajmon ?
Iceberg" "Volunteer," Etc.
i "Arctic Zone'
Shipping and Commission Merchants,
Fishing and Cannery Supplies, Tin
Plates, Pis Tin, Lead, Salt, Etc. Fire
and Marine Insurance Agents,
eign Correspondence Solicited
By the Fine and Well-Kndwn Steamers
-Sue H. Elmore--W.
Or Other First-Class Vessels Leaving Astoria
Carrying Freight arid Passengers for .
Tillamook Alsea Nehalem
And Other Intermediate Points
For Freight or Passage Apply to
Elmore & Company
Astoria, Columbia River, Oregon Agenis
23.C06,100il0.955.700i20,94S.635B5.510.435 j7.345413S.7SS, 600
j , .