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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
.-THE MOKNIHG OREONIAH, WBD5fESDAX, SEPTEMBER ,903.
.Entered eX the Postofflce at Portland, Oregon,
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Washington street, and the Auditorium Annex
news stand. s
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CO South Third street.
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For sale In .Salt Lake by the Salt Lake News
Co., 77 West Second South street.
- For sale In Washington. -D.C, .by the Ebbett
House news stand. ' i
For sale in Denver, Colo., by Hamilton &
Kendrlck. 900-912 Seventeenth street: Louthan
& Jackson Book & Stationery Co., Fifteenth
and Lawrence streets. '
YESTERDAY'S WEATHER Maximum tem
perature 71, minintum temperature 48;. precipi
TODAY'S WEATHER "Wednesday, fair and
warmer; northwest winds.
PORTLAND, WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 9.
UNNATURAL DIVERSION OP TRADE.
The Oregonlan afew days ago print
ed an elaborate forecast of the wheat
crop of the Pacific Northwest for 1903,
and in explaining the figures. made the
statement that, "owing to an insuffi
cient number of steamers sailing be
tween Portland and the Orient, much
more flour will be shipped from Tacoma
and Seattle than from Portland." The
Seattle Post-Intelligencer, apparently
misunderstanding the situation, com
ments thereon as follows:
In view of its repeated declarations that
the steamships plying between Puget Sound
ports and the Orient are playing a losing
game, the orced admission of the superior
ity of Puget Sound as a flour shipping re
gion must have given a wrench to the feel
ings of The Oregonlan.
The Oregon ian prints news as it hap
pens, and presents facts as they are,
not as It would at all times like to have
them. It is this trait, perhaps, that has
caused it occasionally to allude to the
fact that the Puget Sound steamship
lines were losing money in the Oriental'
traffic. No "forced admission" or any
other kind of "admission of the superi
ority of Puget Sound" is made, for such
an admission would "be contrary to all
of the facts in the case. Being- tem
porarily the beneficiary of an unnatural
condition til trade which is diverting
business from its proper to an improper
.channel does not give the Puget Sound
' regitm any superiority over the Colunr
bla River, nor does the announcement
of the existence of such conditions
"wrench the feelings" of The Orego
nian. In all of the statements regard
. ing the losses of the Paget Sound Ori
ental liners, this paper has presented
the facts and the figures; they have
never been refuted, and experts in the
business have repeatedly admitted that
the figures given have always leaned
.toward conservatism. "' -
The Northern Pacific liner Victoria,
which has just sailed from Tacoma for
the Orient, ' carried less than 2000 tons
of cargo and over 1500 tons of it was
'flour at $3 per ton. Her inward cargo
was about half the size of her outward
cargo. The Kaga Maru, a vessel of 9000
tons capacity, on her last inward trip
to' Seattle brought less than 1000 tons
of freight and departed with little over
half a cargo. It does not require the
services of an expert to discover that
these vessels, sailing with half cargoes
and less, cannot make money at $3 per
ton, and the men operating them have
never yet made the claim that they
were paying expenses at the rates
which have prevailed for more than a
The wheat crop of the Pacific North
west tributary to Portland this year is
only about 10 per cent less than that
of,Jast year, while that portion which
is naturally tributary to Puget Sound
has suffered a loss of 20 to 25 per cent
as compared with last year.' If there
was no unnatural diversion of the
trade, Portland should accordingly ship
a larger proportion of the crop than she
shipped last year. But an unnatural
condition of trade exists, and already
this season many thousand tons of
wheat and flour have been shipped from'
Portland to Puget Sound, and the neg
ligence of Portland's Oriental line to
guarantee any improvement in the ser
vice is already starting much more in
that direction. San Francisco parties
"have recently purchased 5000 tons of
wheat for shipment from Tacoma to
Japan. Much of this was secured in
mutual territory and some of it in terri
tory tributary to Portland, and not to
Puget Sound, but all of -it 1s sent to
Puget Sound simply because the North
ern Pacific has protected its rail lines
by providing the wheat with an outlet
after it reaches tidewater.
Puget Sound Is 'at present the outlet
for all of the wheat of the Big Bend
country, for most of the territory along
the main line of the Northern Pacific,
for some of the Palouse wheat, and for
that of the marvelously rich Clearwater
country. The 'laws of gravitation and
common sense will, some day make
much of this country tributary to Port
land, but pending the adoption of these
laws, Portland concedes the right of
Seattle and Tacoma to that field. We
cannot, however, regard Puget Sound
as 'the natural outlet for Willamette
Valley flour and wheat It is not a
case of "superiority of Puget Sound,"
It is simply shortsighted management
on the part of the Portland transpor
tation lines, which sit idly by and
watch the steady encroachment' of a
commercial rival on a field that should
be exclusively their own. These are
conditions which cannot exist forever.
The grist is no longer -carried to mill
, with a stone in one end of the bag toJ
balance the weight; and the round
about, unnatural route for taking
heavy products to market is steadily?
growing in unpopularity.
A NEW MEANING TO RURAL LIFE.
The Grange District Fair, to be held
in Multnomah Hall on the 3d of Octo
ber, promises to be a profitable and en
joyable occasion. The exhibits are to
consist of farm produce, poultry, do
mestic handicraft and school work.
There Is much interest in the work of
the Grange In this district The tend
ency of its effort is toward the develop
ment of agricultural, social and educa
tional Interests, which are very, prop
erly ranged together
Much has been said In recent years
about the exodus from rural to urban
communities, and .many schemes have
been devised for keeping the boys on
the farm and making country-bred
girls content with the prospect of fol
lowing In the footsteps of their moth
ers as .farmers' J wires. Most of them4
have been futiIe,for very apparent rea
sons. As long -.as farm life means
drudgery, unmitigated by what is
known as the conveniences of life In
modern homes; social intercourse con
fined to the country dance at Christ
mas or on Labor day, and perhaps a
Fourth of July outing in which there is
nothing new, and educational opportu
nities consist in attendance upon the
district school three months in the year,
it cannot be expected that it will fill
the desire of young men and maidens
of the present day.
But, made attractive by the Introduc
tion of borne comforts into the old
farmhouse, by social features that are
engaging and education that begins
with Intelligent instruction . In the art
of making things grow profitably and
is pursued through the ordinary public
school course that is devised as - a
proper equipment for Intelligent Ameri
can citizenship, there Is no reason why
country life should not become in fact
what It is In theory, attractive and
satisfying- to the young as well as to
those who are older.
The Grange has done a great work in
social and educational lines In many
rural neighborhoods. Farmers' insti
tutes have also In recent years proved
valuable auxiliaries in the same lines.
The Government has come to' the relief
of many farming sections with free
rural mail delivery and its experiment
stations have sent out from time to
time valuable Instructions upon 'the
various industries that are combined
under the general term of diversified
farming. It will be strange, Indeed, if
with all of this effort interest In farm
ing does not increase, rural homes do
not multiply and boys and girls brought
up in intelligent communication with
nature do not find in it the- comradeship
that leads to contentment with their
lot Country life -can be made attract
ive. When It is made attractive it will
hold the young people who were born
to It instead of adding them, as has
too often been the case, to the hand-to-mouth
toilers of the city.
I BUTTE'S BABIES.
Butte, It must be admitted, has been
singularly fortunate In .Its citizens.
Does interest in the greatest mining
camp flag for a moment, straightway
some son or daughter leaps into the
limelight of fame, and Butte has once
more a halo of wonder and admira
tion. The use of such a place, with its
squat name, which has advertised the
city and state in the touching .song,
"She's a Beaut From Butte, Montana,"
was inevitable In the East. The New
Englander alliteratively opposed Butte
and Boston, and the scribe, in search" of
an unhackneyed synonym for hades,
seized upon the name. Did the Bos
tonian desire to convey the idea of a
place where culchaw was less than a
white chip or a lead slug? He said
"Butte." Did he wish to malce his hear
ers think of cowboys, guns, c"ards, tan
glefoot, sprees, murders, all mixed into
one mess? He whispered "Butte."' Yet
custom staled the use of the abrupt
monosyllable, and the current of ad
vertising seemed to flow in another di
rection. Then it was that Mary Mac
Lane burst upon the world. How de
lightfully Boston was shocked. What a
wonderful thing that any one could be
so typically typical of a typically typ
ical place! The city was again famous.
Butte and the devjl were indissolubly
united at last The shekels poured into
Miss MacLane's lap, and she used them
to buy, of all things, a ticket to Bos
ton. She left Butte, and ait is but a
week or so since the Miner lamented
that but one representative of the city
in literature remained at home.
Butte seemed to be forgotten again.
Not for long. One Jack M,unroe has
emerged from the mines to hurl de
fiance at James J. Jeffries, the cham
pion of the world. Boston sits up
again. How delightfully Buttesian, it
murmurs, with the scientist's pleasure
in finding that a new species" of tree
bears its expected fruit
Butte is perennial. Its flowers of
fame may wither, but never die. It is
watered with the blood of its citizens,
or will be when Jeffries gets Munroe
into a twenty-four-foot ring.
; BULLS AND LEGISLATORS.
It is a peculiarity of the British Par
liament that a maker of phrases attains
an eminence in the minds of fellow
members that is unintelligible to per
sons of other nationality. The explana
tion Is probably found in the fact of
the usual proceedings being so unutter
ably dull that the flash of an epigram
is a very welcome relief to the weary
house. At any rate, the coiner of epi
thets, the humorist, conscious or un
conscious, and the maker of bulls, par
ticularly the maker of bulls, are dear
to the hearts of the Commons.
Some of the last session's successes
have been gathered by the Industrious
Daily Mail, and, while the collection
contains nothing that will live as long
as Sir Boyle Roche's bird, there are
some mordant phrases and amusing
blunders.. Lord Hugh Cecil, son of the
late Lord Salisbury, the "master o
gibes and flouts and sneers," declared
with reason that "Ineptitude clings to
the War Office like the paper to . its
In the way of mixed metaphors, Mr.
Ritchie's contribution was noticeable.
Speaking In the, budget committee on
the tobacco duty, he unsmilingly in
formed his fellow-commltteemen that
"moisture in tobacco Is a thorny ques
tion, which is a bone of contention."
Mr. Lowther, chairman qf the commit
tee, gravely ruled on one occasion that
"you may move to aid local rates out of
the national exchequer, but if you move
to take money out of the national ex
chequer to aid local" rates you will be
out of order." In the debate on the au
tomobile bill. Major Jameson, as a com
promise between fifteen and twenty-five
miles an hour, suggested thirty,, and
Major Jameson Is far from being Irish.
It was an Irishman, however, that
s . .
brilliantly satirised the. ponderous, style
of- the .Commons in his speech before
the land' bill committee. "Speaking
from my knowledge, of the country,"
said" be, "and from an Intimate ac
quaintance with the habits of the peo
ple, I can state positively, and without
fear of contradiction, that In Ireland It
Is quite a common thing for the father
of a family to die."
It' is, indeed, a poor showing. The
British legislator, hereditary and elect
ed, seems too much agitated by the tac
tics of "Joe" Chamberlain to make a
THE FILIPINO PROBLEM.
Hugh Clifford, formerly Governor of
North Borneo, contributes to the cur
rent number of the North American
Review a very able and instructive ar
ticle on the government of Malayan
peoples. Malays have been converted
to Hinduism, to Mohammedanism and
to Christianity; they have been ruled
by Portuguese, by Dutch, by Spaniards
and by British, and now Mr. Clifford is.
an Interested observer of our American
experiment to induce the Filipinos to
accept the citizenship of the United
States as their eventual destiny. He is
not sanguine of our success, because
nobody else, not even the Intelligent
British, has succeeded. Neither Chris
tianity nor Mohammedanism has had
any power .materially to alter the Ma
lay. Whether ruled by the Dutch, the
Spaniards or the British, the Malays
continue to manifest the tendencies of a
people essentially unmoral, afflicted
with apathetic indolence and puerile
inconstancy of purpose. The Dutch
system of government gives the Ma
lay his choice "to root, hog, or die";
he must starve if he does not toll. The
Dutch tax the Malay1 down to the earth;
the natives work as hard as they know
how, because if they did not no margin'
would be left over for support of them
selves and their families after the de
mands of the government - have been
satisfied. But, of course, this Dutch
system leaves the Malays discontented,
rebellious and eager to emigrate to
The British system of administration
for the Malay Peninsula Is In strong
contrast with the Dutch, for It Is a
paternalism that creates .and maintains
a multitude of contented natives, con
tented because they are practically
pensionaries of Great Britain. England
has treated the native states of British
Malaya as countries held in trust for
their native Inhabitants. The mineral
wealth of the country has given the
British government of Malaya ample
funds to open up the country, f More
man nou mnes or roaa nave been con-.
structed, and by the end of 1903 no less
than 340 miles of railway will be open
to traffic. All these and other public
'works have been paid for out of the
current revenue, while the taxes paid
by the Malayan population are about
two Mexican dollars a head. Every
farthing that the country has' yielded
has been devoted to its development
and the cost of administration amounts
to only 17.63 per cent of the revenue.
Under the British theory that the gov
ernment has. no right to deprive its
Malayan subjects of the smallest part
of their personal liberty, the govern
ment does not attempt to compel the
Malay to engage against his will in
labor. The natives consequently loiter
away their lives, but the return of na
ture Is so - generous for the smallest
.amount of toll that there Is no poverty
among them, no poor-rates, because
there are no paupers, no starving un
employed, because there is land enough
for every one, land that, when but
slightly "tickled with a hoe, laughs
with a harvest".
The result is a thoroughly contented
native population, endowed with full
personal liberty, but this complete lib
erty, which allows the Malay to shun
unnecessary toll, has obliged the Brit
ish government, in order to develop the
resources of the, country, to permit the
free immigration of Chinese to "act as
the .working bees of the hive." The Chi
nese thrive in British Malaya because
they are needed to supply a want in
the character of the native Inhabitants.
Without the Chinese the British Malay
States could never have attained to
their present pitch of extraordinary
prosperity, because the Malay, left to
his own devices, will not work and the
British government will not intrude on
his personal liberty so far as to make
him work against his free will and
cljoice. The Dutch system of course
,will not commend itself to the people
of the United States in their experiment
of government in the Philippines, for It
Is an extortionate system of 'serfdom
that breeds malcontents, rebels, crim
inals and fugitives. On the other hand,
it is doubtful whether the British
method of administration in Malaya
will be adopted by our Government
The British system rests on the convic
tion of experienced Englishmen that
.men of the Malay race are Incapable of
self-government Mr. Clifford thinks
we shall come to the same conclusion
after a long and bitter experience. He
believes our present policy Is based on
a misconception of the capabilities of
the Malay race. The desire of the
United States is to raise the Philippines
to a fair measure of material prosperity
and to brlng'the islanders personal lib
erty and happiness. If the islands are
to be developed and the new possession
becomei self-supporting, labor must be
forthcoming; if Chinese immigration is
to be prohibited, the labor must be
supplied by the native population. But
men of the Malay stock will not work
if left to their own devices, unless they
are compelled to do so, as In the Dutch
m iJritisn Maiaya, where they are
not obliged to work, the labor Is done
by Chinese, and in Dutch Indies, where
they are obliged to work, they are sul
len, discontented, rebellious, a constant
menace to their Dutch taskmasters.
Mr. Clifford warns us that we "cannot
make a silk purse but of a sow's ear";
that the Malay race is a race on the de
cline, whose energy was expended be
fore Anglo-Saxons had begun' to make.
history. The Malay race has had Its
day, and cannot be galvanized Into
new, artificial life by the lavish ex
penditure "of intelligence and devotion.
Holland and Great Britain, with the
advantage of accumulated experience
of Orientals, have failed to obtain any
encouraging results in their efforts to
educate the Malays. Able men from
both countries have undertaken it and
given 'their lives to the work to little
purpose. It Is doubtful whether men of
equal quality and of the required char
acter will be found In America ready to
spend"their lives in the uncongenial cli
mate of the Philippines. In conclusion,
Mr. Clifford expresses the opinion that
Americans will not be able to achieve
a feat which- the British and Dutch
have failed to accomplish. General
MacArthur in his reportsvto our Gov-
fernment concede that with the Chinese
excluded no native labor could be ob
tained to take their place.
The present price of sliver, 5G.9J, cents
per ounce. Is the highest since Novem
ber, 190L It means an advance of over
9. cents since the record low price of
last January, which was 47.7 cents. For
the seven years frbm 1894 to 1900, in
clusive, the average price of silver was
62.5 cents. The range of the- yearly
average prices for those years' was only
from 60.2 to 67.4 cents. With the early
Dart of 1901, however, there began a
steady fall lasting over two yeaVs,
which carried the price from about 64
cents down to the low- mark of the
early part of this year. Then began
the rise, which, except for a slight spurt
in May, has been In the form of a
steady- gain month by month. The bul
lion value of our silver dollar now is
about 44 cents. In January at the low
point Is was only about 37 cents. When
the Government began buying silver
bullion for the Philippine coinage in the
Spring the price was about 49 cents.
It continued purchases until the end of
last month, and then temporarily sus
pended, them, as the price at that time,
65& cents, was considered too high.
The Governments purchases had then
reached five-sixths of the entire amount
required to be purchased on Philippine
account for the twelve months ending
May 1 next The danger point for the
'Philippine currency is 64, but it Is not
believed now that the price of silver
will go so high as this, inasmuch as
there are vast deposits of .ore In exist
ence which can be worked profitably
before that figure Is reached. .
The Times-Democrat sums up the
business of New Orleans for the com
mercial year ending September 1 as the
best the city has known since the Civil
War. The Southern city led all Ameri
can ports in grain exports with ship
ments of over 32,000,000 bushels, com
pared with 31,000,000 bushels for' New
York, which was next in importance.
All other lines of business showed a
proportionate gain, and the outlook for
a -continuation of the boom was never
brighter. The Louisiana capital is in
many respects situated very much sim
ilar to Portland. It is the natural out
let for a vast territory drained by the
Mississippi River, just as Portland is
the natural outlet for the immense ba
sin of the Columbia. Like Portland,
New Orleans has suffered by unnaturaj
diversion of traffic, rendered possible
by railroad combinations, but in the
end nature has 'asserted her rights and
the flow of commerce has at last start
ed with the current of the mighty river
that drains the granary of the United
Extraordinary growth of commerce at
Galveston, Tex., is reported by the Gal
veston News, which paper In a special
edition presents details. Galveston now
holds third place in the rank of export
ing points in the United States. The
value of exports foreign for the fiscal
year ended June 30, 1903,was $104,121,
087; of exports In the coastwise trade,
$342,278,279. Total value of exports from
the harbor of Galveston, $447,910,707, an
increase of $201,343,461 over the next
preceding year. It is an "astonishing
exhibit, showing prodigious increase of
the industry of the Southwest. The
tonnage of the port for the year, en
tered and cleared, was 3,094,903 tons.
Galveston is the port of an empire.
Nor is that port making Its .progress at
the expense of New Orleans; for the
port of New Orleans never showed such
Increase of commerce as during the
Rev. R. H. Kennedy, whom two
women of Hillsboro have positively
Identified as the man who -entered their
home In that place and robbed them, is
not all unhappy. He is cheered in his
sad and sorrowful plight by a strong
resolution 'of "heartfelt sympathy and
perfect faith in his innocence" borne by
the whispering wires all the way from
East Pepperell, Mass., to his place of
retreat at Forest Grove. Foolish
women, to believe the evidence of their
senses on a memorable 'occasion in
which their sleeping-room was invaded
by a gentleman robber with a flimsy
mask and dark, bright eyes! How does
this expression of perfect faith in the
Innocence of the man whom they ac
cuse, from a Young People's Society of
Christian Endeavor on the other side of
the continent, discredit their simple
A scandal in which the unwedded
mother of an unfortunate babe and the
Institution known as the Florence Crit
tenton Refuge Home, of the East Side,
are principals. Is claiming public atten
tion just now. The charge that an in
fant born in that institution, and kept
there to the age of three weeks had
been underfed and sadly neglected in
the matter of bathing is fully refuted
by the positive statement of the non
resident matron that "there was not a
death of a baby In charge of the Home
for six conseedtive years." Of course
this infant was fed and bathed! If not,
what .is rthe use of a record so, ably
attested, and why would not some of
the babies of many prosperous years In
that" institution have died? How the
tongues of the "unreasonable" do wag!
. There were twenty ocean-going ves
sels In Portland harbor yesterday, and
eighteen more were scattered along the
river at .points below this city. , The
total net registered tonnage of the fleet
of thirty-eight vessels was over ,41,000
tons, and the carrying capacity over
75,000 tons. This showing early in Sep
tember, before the grain fleet has .begun
to assemble, is a remarkable one, and Is
evidence that recordbreaking 'bank
clearings and the largest wholesale
trade on record are not the only
branches-of our commerce that reflect
the remarkable prosperity now at full
swing- in Portland, Or., and the entire
On the Pacific Coast the importance
of the oyster fishery is beginning -to "be
understood, and the ' experiments In
propagation are watched with interest
Howvmany people, however, know that
in the Chesapeake River alone the oys
ter industry supports over 230,000 peo
ple, and that more than $2,500,000 is
realized yearly from the yield -of the
Used to It
A spark from a cigar set fire to ;some
straw at the bottom of a country ;cart
but the two Londoners In the vehicle no
ticed nothing until their attention was
called to the blaze by a countryman driv
ing behind. "i've been noticing the
smoke this long while," said Hodge.
"Then, why on earth didn't you tell us
before?" demanded one of the travelers.
"Well," replied the countryman, "there's
so many of these new-fangled vehicles go
ing about that I didn't know but what you
was going by steam.".
'SUPPOSE 'HB DIB; WHAT OF IT?
.Minneapolis Tribune. i
Two New York papers, of. splendid past"
but decayed present were rescued from
bankruptcy by J. P. Morgan. Grateful to
the point of sycophancy, they belle their
traditions and ignore their, public obliga
tions to serve the interests with which
they suppose their benefactor to be bound
up. The Sun and Harper's Weekly have
been assailing the President ever since the
beginning of his -effort to regulate the big
corporations. Now they are declaring that
the great fall of stocks is due to his anti
trust campaign, and are accusing him of
destroying National prosperity to gain his
re-election; as If National prosperity de
pended on the ability of New York-stock
Jobbers to buy diamonds and yachts.
This Is all very well for papers that live
In the shadow of Wall street, and get their
living by picking up crumbs
from Its table. But It seems
a queer model for Imitation by
a paper that pretends to get its living
out of the farmers and wage-workers of
Minnesota. The St Paul Globe has not
the splendid traditions of the Sun and
Harper's Weekly, but it suffered a like
rescue from an impending fate. It has
impressed a fine intellect into the service
of Its gratitude, as Sir William Temple
made Jonathan Swift his domestic chap
lain, and its indictment of the President
for undermining the stock market by his
prosecutions under the anti-trust and
interstate commerce law5 Is getting some
attention from the papers of the state.
Now we have not the least notion that
the fall of stocks was due to the Northern
Securities suit or to any other acts of the
President or Attorney-General. We be
lieve it was due to natural causes, work
ing In a healthy 4way to fceneflcent results.
Without the operation of these natural
causes, we don't believe any man in the
country powerful enough to have brought
It about. . v
But suppose Roosevelt did It; what then?
Is it to be Imputed to him as" a crime?
Suppose he was powerful enough
to check the mad race of
speculation; to call reckless bor
rowers and lenders back to sanity and
prudence; to prick the bubble of Insane
promotion and to let' the water out of
dropsical stocks; just by giving notice
that operations affecting the Investment
Income of millions and sympathetically
connected with all the business and in
dustry of the country, must be done in the
light of publicity and In accordance with
How has the country been injured by a
fall of 40 points in stocks? There had to be
reaction sometime from the extravagant
inflation of prices, leading to like inflation
of loans for pure speculation. Everyone
knows that who knows the elementary
laws of business. Was it not well that the
reaction should come before the double
inflation had undermined the solid pros
perity of the country by involving the
capital and credit of sound business and
If the motive of this criticism of the
President is economic instruction of the
public, the papers in question are dissemi
nating dangerous error in the excess of
their gratitude for rescue fom extinction.
If its purpose is to injure the political
prospects of the President, in the Interest
of high finance in New York or of the
Democratic party of Minnesota, the error
will be directly dangerous to its pro
moters. The nomination and election of Roose
velt are not to be prevented by making
voters believe that he pricked the bouble
of speculation in Wall street, squeezed the
water out of inflated securities and
checked the borrowing of money on cats
and dogs before It paralyzed the loan
market to which sound business and In
dustry must turn when It needs accommo
The election of a Democratic President Is
not to be brought about hy creating the
impression that the big financial interests
of New York desire the defeat of Roosc
velt; and that a change of administration
would put an end to efforts of the execu
tive to enforce the laws of Congress, and
to subject the largest financial operations
to the steadying Influence of Government
Inspection and wholesome publicity.
No Ne-iv Militin, Lavr.
New York Evening Post.
As far as the power of the states over
their militia is concerned, the Dick law
merely reaffirms what was already In the
revised statutes. It is true that the Presi
dent Is given the right to fix the number
of men In a company, and to prescribe
such rules and regulations as he sees fit
Whether the states will accept them is
another matter. This question they have
five years to decide. The President has no
means to force New York, lor instance,
to accept , the rifle-practice regulations
.which have already issued from the War
Department for the guidance of the mili
tia, unless It be by withholding the state's
share of the Federal militia appropriation.
When it cornea to the ordering out of
the state troops, tho President has no
real powers beyond those granted by pre
vious legislation He can still. In accord
ance with the Constitution, call out the
militia to repel invasion to put down in
surrection, or to enforce the laws. For
this purpose he may send an order direct
to such militia officers as he may select.
But- In all this procedure there is nothing
new or revolutionary-
But whether the administration of the
law is to be wise or shortsighted, the fact
remains that there has been no radical
change In our militia, and that it Is the
same body of, state troops it was before
the passage of the Dick bill. Each Gov
ernor may order his troops where and
when he pleases. The State Legislatures
alone can ' determine the size of their
militia. If the Federal Government calls
out state troops, It can do so only for
nine months, us In 1S61, and It can no
more send them over seas than It could In
those stormy days.
The Pope n' Muscular Christian.
Pall Mall Gazette: The most discon
certed man In Italy today is Pius X. Tho
idea that he, who fears no one. and is
an exceptionally muscular Christian,
should faint because he had given a
few audiences causes him almost shame.
His continual cry Is, "But Leo did more,
and "am I not' stronger than he was?"
And he absolutely refuses to take into
account the latter's 23 years' training In
Plus X has always been proud of his
strength, and has always believed In tho
old adage, "Spare the rod and spoil the
child," so that while charitable, his
strong right arm was in requisition. Once
at Mantua, when bishop, he and his sec
retary are said to have been strolling
along on a hot Summer's .night when
they met several men who protended to
be drunk, and let fall some words dis
paraging the cloth. Bishop Sarto walked
directly up to them and made such
trenchant remarks that the men slunk
off without a word. When remonstrated
with because of the hour and the neigh
borhood, he replied: "Do you think I
am afraid? I have two good arms and
I will give them something to spoil their
As parish priest many were the cuffs
he administered right and left among
hulking lads as big as himself. This
method of preaching the gospel did not
always commend itself to the mothers of
the youngsters, and It happened that
when one got a cuff somewhat more en
ergetic than usual, his indignant parent
came and,, shaking her fist in Sarto's face,
shouted: First bave children of your
own, and then see about beating them."
Gobbler Killed Man.
Charlotte (N. C.) Observer.
The story from Oklahoma of a 2-year-old
-child being killed by a Plymo'uth Rock
rooster reminds one of a tragedy In North
Carolina, which is related as .follows:
"Many years ago a North Carolina
Judge, or ex-Judge Judge Spencer, of An
son was killed by a turkey. He was a
very old man, and was sitting in the yard
with a red skull cap on his head. The
red attracted the attention of the turkey,
angered it and It flew upon the wearer of
the cap and pecked, spurred, and beat him
THE MODERN MAGICIAN.
During a recent voyage of the Lucania,
of the Cunard Line, from Liverpool to
New York, by means of- Marconlgrams
passengers all the way across the At
lantic were kept In touch with Europe
or' America, as well as with passing ships,
so that they had the news ot the day
and were able to receive business mes
sages from either continent The result
of the first race of the Reliance and
Shamrock III, for example, was received
at sea from Seaforth at 10 P. M. August
22, and of the second race at 11 P..M.
August 25 from Cape Breton. On the lat
ter date the Lucania was usefully warned
of the existence of a derelict In latitude
39:50 north, longitude 63:55 west, which
she was able to avoid. Such incidents
illustrate the marvelous achievements of
science In ""recent years In annihilating
space and time by means of N electricity.
Every year adds to the list of wonders.'
Invention of practically, useful apparatus
follows close upon the heels of discovery
in the laboratory, with the result that
the world is constantly being enriched
with now conveniences which add to the
comfort of. life.
It seems a long step from the initial
experiment prompted by curiosity of
getting electricity by rubbing a cat's
back, a piece of sealing wax, or fragment
of amber (elektron) to the vast invest
ments capitalists make nowadays In
plants for the production and utilization of
electricity galvanic batteries for operat
ing telegraph lines and submarine cables,
and electrical generators which supply
power for manufacturing establishments,
for refining copper, for plating, for the
propulsion of cars, for firing guns and
mines, for lighting cltle3 and for sending
etheric waves around the globe. Within
the memory of persons of middle age the
electrical apparatus of the college labor
atory consisted of scientific toys, the
meaning of which was not understood.
But the patient labors of hundreds of ob
scure Investigators gradually accumulated
electrical facts from which men of genius
deduced general principles and obtained
the clews which now guide invention. Ev
ery new Advance opens the way for a
further step experiment leads to experi
ment and discovery to discovery. Thus
the world of science makes progress In
turning to good account silent forces of
nature which formerly, when accumulated
in the thunderbolt, served only to terrify
From tho economic point of view elec
tricity has been the great factor in re
cent industrial -development and expan
sion. ' Without lessening investment In
appliances formerly In use It has, created
a multitude of new industries and fur
nished innumerable helps to old ones.
Water powers hitherto neglected because
of their remoteness from cities are now,
by means of new discoveries and in
ventions, transmitted hundreds of miles.
The energy thus gained for the traction
of street-cars, for the propulsion of ma
chinery and for metallurgical and manu
facturing operations Is virtually the elec
trlcal engineer's gift to mankind a ere
ation of something out of nothing. La
bor and capital are given profitable em
plpyment and the sum total of human
happiness Is very appreciably increased.
On the practical side electricity Is clear
ly understood to be the most promising
Implement of modern progress. On the
theoretical side also it helps more than
any other branch of science toward the
comprehension of the riddle of philosophy
the nature of matter and the source of
its properties. The atom Is resolved now
adays by scientific thinkers Into "elec
trons" which are mere charges of elec
tricity and electricity becomes the be
all and end all of the material universe,
Needs of the Philippines.
We don't believe that the people of
this country will endure for much longer
the barrier of tariff duties between Phil
ippine and United States trade. A bill was
before the last Congress to reduce the
Dingley duties between the Philippines and
this country 2o per, cent It was amended
to reduce them 75 per cent, and then killed
by the tobacco and sugar trust" Senators
It Is pretty sure to come up again In next
session, with recommendations of the
President, Governor Taft and Secretary
Shaw behind it. We should see
If the trust Senators can kill It
again. Why should the peopie of
this country pay two prices on sugar
and tobacco grown on soil they are taxed
to govern and guard, to enrich" the clients
of these Senators? New light is cast on
this subject by the last statistics of trade
with outside territory. Exports to Alaska
and the islands have increased 400. per
cent, and imports from them 100 per cent
But the greater part of the growth is In
Porto Rico and Hawaii, where trade is
free. Imports from the Philippines
have increased only a little more
than 25 per cent, and the large In
crease of export's from practically nothing
is Dlainly due to Army and official trade
Yet these islands are by far the richest
of our acquisitions. We should have more
trade with them than with all the others.
instead of about one-fourth as much, If
we do not shut the door In Its face.
Horse vs. Auto.
Dick and his girl's Just left us; that's them,
nich out of sight.
I wish him luck, for it's surely a royal
From our double gate to the courthouse is
fourteen mile, exact
A two-hour driye. we call It, when roads are
good and packed:
But that auto rig contraption of his scoots
nn nnfl down.
And he says it cuts tho distance In halt
twlxt here and town:
Well, mebbe it does; but seems like he's
goin' at things wrongf
On a night like this ho ought to contrive
at twice as longs
Tls part of the age, however, an ago of rush
When unless you're fairly Jumpln' you can't
bo havin' fun.
When a couple must take their rldin' at
trallOD speed or more.
"With a choo! choo! choo! behind them, and
nothln' at all before.
In a rig that can't bo trusted to mind a
And right in the midst of matters is liable
to explode; y
I reckon that one feete clever to make the
But days when I was a-sparkla tho main
point was the girl!
"When I was a-courtln Marthy I hitched up
And tho only thing I asked him was that
he'd keep his feet.
I wasn't obliged to guide him; he did the
And he rounded all the corners at a mile
nn Vintir. fibout. "
"When Marthy was snug beside me that old
horse seemed to know
The likeliest shaded stretches, where he
Virtrt hest CO slow
"Why, grass and the trees and bushes along
the way he croppeas
Slow! "Well, on a few occasions we warn't
aware he d stopped!
That was the style of rldin' when I was
ttnthin' to watch but Marthy, and both
hands, bless you, free.
With old Pete Joggin', grazln and cockln'
at times an eye
Back at tho seat, but sayln", "Don't mind;
it's Just a fly."
I s'picion there's fun in courtln' at even
And Dick is the boy to do it Tvo read it
in her face,
But courtln by rapid transit don't 'pear
to me so sweet
As the rambly, ambly courtln' of Marthy
and me and Pete.
Revised Quotation for our National
L. W. D., in Life.
Be strenuous and let who will be clever,
Strike crashing blows, not shun them all 'day
And so make life, death and the vast forever-
One Chinese, gong! I J
NOTE. AND COMMENT.
Where Is Cobb? Dunno", an' don't -want
In her new play Mrs. Langtry 'casts j
aside conventions and clothes. I
Peary's ship. Is to be called the Darling, I
probably on account of the hugging It wilj !
get ' .
The man In the street has a hazy idea
that there Is some fuss In Europe and j
that the Turks are not quite respectable
Officer Hammersley, It Is said, may b
discharged from the police torce for fail
ure to adopt the correct military seat In
riding the bear.
The Turks, says a news item, havi
concentrated 1S.O0O men in the Castoria
So that is where it comes from!
The Llpton Company has raised th
price of jam In England a penny a jar
The Shamrock, more fittingly than ever,
Is to be described as a windjammer.
in tne patois of the circus, to "rec
light" a man Is to chuck him off the train"!
between stations. We have suspected
BUI Bryan,, the Democratic circus clown.
of cherishing ambitions In this line.
A Chicago team owner was properly
beaten for daring to drive some children
to see a parade, and the wretch withoul
a union card. It will soon be that non
but union teamsters will drive a man to
A novel method of breaking a strike
has been successfully tried by Superin
tendent Pearce of the New Haven, Conn.,
factory of the Rubber Trust Twice a
day. the girls at work are given boxes
of candy and dishes of ice cream, and
the ranks of the faithful are depleted daily
by the desertion of the sweet-toothed
strikers. There Is no reason why the
system should not secure universal adop
tion. We may expect to see striking I
longshoremen enticed back to work with!
platters of ham and .eggs and tankards
of beer, while master plumbers tempt J
their reluctant hands with turtle sounj
Readers of the Clackamas Chronicle!
may have noticed- the peculiar succession!
of the editorials for the last few months.
It will be remembered that the article
on Antiquities of AbysSInla was, the
first to make" a hit being followed by a
timely dissertation on Beautiful Bul
garia. Last week the column editorial on
Churches and Creeds attracted a great
deal of attention on account of the- his
torical knowledge displayed. Well, the
secret Is out. Tom Johnson, who used to
feed the press, but was fired for taking
an Impression on a sheet of tin, told
John Hayduck that the editor is buying
an encyclopedia by Installments.
MARSHFIELD. Sept. 5. (To the Edi-
tor.) Piease give origin of the wordi
"tenderloin"' as applied to certain local-'
Itles. While It is generally understood
whence the origin? Lon.
The expression is said to have arisenj
in New York. The police captains of the
various precincts regarded the "red light'1
district as 'carrying tho best graft, and
had a custom of calling It the tender-
loin, as it cut up so well. Subsequently
the term spread over, the country.
In the case of all' slang expressions id
is almost Impossible to gather authentic
information as to their beginning, llosn
of the "origins" are Invented years aftei
the expressions became general.
PORTLAND, Sept 8. (To the No-
tery.) I am a young man or goocl
habits, but some days ago I caught a
.cold, and a friend advised me to take
home a flask of whisky and drink ii
before going to bed. He suggested othea
cures as well, but I thought this sounded
most sensible. I did this, and forgot thd
flask on the table, and the girls found ii
there in the morning. I am not sure they
found it, but It was gone, and they have
asked me twice if I saw a rat under the
table, which makes me think they ard
guying me. Now, what would" yqu dol
Say nothing about it or come out ancl
tell them about tho cold cure? P. P.
You have planted the seeds of suspil
clon, and the best thing you can do is trl
say nothing. Excuses will only makd
matters worse. But anyway, when yoif
seek advice you should be perfectlj
frank. That cold gag is just a little toJ
stale. Your appetite for whisky has'goi
you Into a bad fix, and you'll have to
get out as best you can.
The Vanity of. Night.
Tho night, deemed so demure. Is but a sljl
With evo and dawn a most unblushlnd
The stars are spangles on her filmy skirt!
The moon upon her cloud of hair a jewel
At the Hairdressers'.
Hair in a window set.
Like flowers in a garden blowing;
Tresses blacker than Jet,
And tresses like sunset glowing.
Hair as the chestnut brown.
And hair that is deeply golden;
Long waves rippling down.
Where love might be found enfolden.
Sly young lovo must have hid.
Concealed In the lovely tresses.
Touched only now by the kid
That dally tho window dresses.
PLEASANTRIES OF PARAGRAPHERaj
Kicker I understand the fellow Miss Many!
beaux married was a dark horse. Bocker-J
No, he was a blond donkey. New York Sunl
Blobbs I overheard Guzzler shooting oil nil
mouth at you last night. Slobbs Yes, I didn
know - he was loaded. Philadelphia Record!
Helen George proposed to me last evening
He s my Idea of what a hero should be. Nelltl
He certainly Is courageous. Boston Tranl
Slinks Yes, sir. I insist that all wafer uset
for drinking should bo boiled at least half a;
hour. Dinks You are a physician, I pre!
sume? Slinks No, I am a coal dealer. Chll
Her Sympathy. "What's the matter?" shl
asked. "Nothing," replied the departing caller!
severely, "except that your dog has bltte:
me." "Ohi" she exclaimed. "Poor Fldol"
Chlcago Evening Post.
Tommy Atkins Aw! g'on, Mike, yer a lobl
ster! Mike Ye flatther me. Shure, a lobster'!
a wise animal, fur green is the color ful
him as long as ho lives, an' he'll die beforj
he puts on a red coat. Phlledalphia Press.
The relations of a lady who had died, leavl
ing a legacy to a favorite donkey in order tf
secure its comfort, recently came into courj
and asked for a decision as to who was t!
enjoy the legacy after the donkey's deceasej
"The next of kin," was the Judge's verdlctl
Mrs. Subbub3 Henry, Bridget broke three cj
our very best plates today. Mr. Subbubs-J
Heavens! Could anything possibly be worse!
Mrs. Subbubs Sh! It isn't as bad as it mlgbl
be. She Immediately hid the pieces, and ij
we know nothing about it, I think she'll stay!
"Say," whispered the stranger in' church!
"what's this collection for?" "This offering.1
replied the man with the collection plate, "ll
for foreign missions." "That's all right!
then." said the stranger, producing a dollar!
"I was goin' to say If it's fur the choir- It aln'l
worth It." Philadelphia Press.