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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
HE MOEMNG OEEGQNIAN, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1903.
Colombia Playing Bold
in Canal Matter.
FORMAL CHARGES FILED
Owners of Panama Property
Let the Cat Out of the Bag.
AMERICAN MINISTER IS UPHELD
State Department Denies the Alle
gation of Colombia That It Prom
ised Dire Consequences if
Treaty Was Defeated.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, "Wash
ington, Sept. S. While it always has been
an open secret that the officials of the
Colombian government, and especially
members of the Colombian Congress, have
been delaying canal negotiations In order
that they could obtain a greater "rake
oft" than -would be possible under the
terms of the treaty that was rejected, it
was not until a few days ago that a
specific charge was lodged with this gov
ernment. The Pan-American Canal Company has
notified the State Department that It
rejected a proposition-of the Colombian
authorities, by which part of the $40,000,
000 to be paid to the company for its
properties by the United States, if the
canal treaty was ratified, would be hand
ed over to Colombia. This action by the
company meets with the approval of this
government, which has insisted that any
attempt to amend the canal treaty by
the insertion of a provision requiring the
Panama Company to divide with Colom
bia would be disproved by the adminis
tration. A notification to that effect was
given to Colombia while the treaty was
under consideration at Bogota.
A Matter of Dollars.
The statement that Colombia has been
trying to get money out of the canal
company is regarded here as confirming
the view that the rejection of the canal
treaty was a matter of dollars, and not
of patriotism. Much indignation is ex
pressed In official circles over this aspect
of the case. It is contended by those who
are thoroughly familiar with what has
been going on at Bogota that the treaty
could have been ratified if there had been
more money In sight. This government,
however, declined to be a party to any
sordid deal, not only because It was sat-i
isfied Congress would not sanction a
larger bonus than that provided for in
the treaty, but as a matter of principle
and fair dealing.
Reports have been current here that
the rejection of the treaty by the Colom
bian Congress was due mainly to an ul
timatum presented by United States Min
ister Beaupre, which was cons.trued as
in the nature of a threat. It Is stated -that
the State Department directed Mr.
Beaupre to inform the Colombian gov
ernment that the rejection, or vital
amendment of the treaty, would be at
tended by regrettable consequences. The
Colombians are now declaring that this
"was a veiled threat against their nation,
"Which pride compelled them to resent In
as marked a manner as possible, and this
they did by rejecting the treaty.
Colombia Not Threatened.
It Is asserted here that there was not
the slightest Intention on the part of this
Government to threaten Colombia; on
the contrary, it is said the note presented
by Mr. Beaupre which the Colombians
now say was objectionable and even in
sulting, meant that if the treaty were re
jected or amended in such a way as to
make impossible the acceptance of the
amendment by the United States, this
Government, no less than the Colombian,
would greatly regret It.
It can be said on excellent authority
that the United States never demanded
that the treaty should be ratified by Co
. lombia without so much as the dotting of
an "1" or the crossing of a "t." In all
the instructions sent to Minister Beaupre
on the subject of amending the treaty, it
was explicitly stated that this Govern
ment objected to amendments of a vital
character. No flat-footed refusal to ac
cept any amendment was given.
Fourteen days remain of the life of the
treaty. While there is yet time for the
Colombian Congress to reconslderi its re
jection, this Government is not looking
for any such result. It Is a mistake to
suppose that should the treaty be ratified
between now and the date -of Its explra
tlon, September 22, It would fail never
theless because there would not be time
to exchange ratifications. An exchange
of the copies now in Washington and
those now In Bogota Is not necessary.
The formality of exchange can be con
ducted by telegraph, and the physical act
performed at some later day.
2VEW CAXAIi TREATY.
Measure the Colombian Congress
Jfovr Has Under Consideration.
BOGOTA. Saturday, Sept 5. The bill
which Congress is now discussing author
izing President Marroquln to negotiate a
new Panama Canal treaty with the United
States contains the following stipulations
"The perpetual use of the canal zone is
granted, provided that at the expiration
of 100 years the United States shall pay
during tne succeeding loo years m per
cent more premium and rental than for
the preceding term, the premium begin
nlng at $400,000 and the rental at 5400.
"The mixed tribunals In the canal zone
shall try suits between foreigners or be
tween Colombians and foreigners.
"The police and sanitary measures shall
be practically in charge of the United
"Twenty million dollars is fixed as the
price of the concession, besides the sum
of $10,000,000, payable by the canal com
pany In consideration of Colombia's ap
proval of the transfer of shares.
"The railroad shall In 04 years revert
to Colombia, but the United States may
buy it under a valuation.
"A term shall be fixed within which
the canal must be begun and finished.
"The contract shall provide for a means
to settle differences which may arise be
tween the governments during the con
struction and execution of the contract.1
Netv Oregon 'Postmaster.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
Ingfbn, Sept. 8. Charles D. Crane was
today appointed postmaster at Winona,
Or., vice Edmund- R. Cochrane, resigned.
Arthur E. French was today appointed
regular rural carrier and John Norton
substitute carrier at Dayton, Wash.
CONSUL MAY BE SLAIN.
Macedonians Threaten II I m as Well
as Journalists and Missionaries.
LONDON, Sept. S. A Monastir dis
patch to the Daily Mall, dated September
6, says the .great military drive In the
mountains to the southwest of Monastir
toward Lake Prespa by a force of 3000
Turkish Iniantry with 12 guns, resulted in
the escape of all the revolutionary bands.
Though the latter were practically sur
rounded, not one was captured. The cor
"Vice-Consul McGregor tells me that
the Porte has informed Hilmi Pasba
that It has received a threat from the
Macedonian committee that the Insur
gents intend to murder a British Consul
or a journalist or an American mission
ary. Vice-Consul McGregor notified the
Turkish authorities that ho will hold
them responsible for any murder by either
the Turks or the Bulgarians. In my
opinion this is nothing but a gentle hint
to the British journalists who are ex
posing the massacres."
A Sofia dispatch to the Dally Mall,
dated "September 8, says the revolutionary
committee tomorrow will issue to the
representatives of the powers a circular
note forewarning them of coming events.
The note is intended to justify the future
actions of the insurgents and will point
to the probable total extermination of
the Christians as necessitating the em
ployment of the same atrocious measures
by the revolutionaries against the Turks,
and will contend that the responsibility
for such desperate acts will rest with the
BRITAIN'S REFUSAL XOT FIRM.
If All the Other POTvers Favor Co
ercive Action, She "Will Aid.
LONDON, Sept. S. Great Britain's re
fusal to assent to the Russian and Aus
trian proposal outlined in the Associated
Press dispatches from Berlin yesterday
that the powers take coercive diplomatic
action at Sofia, with the aim of severing
the relations now existing between Bul
garia and the Macedonian insurgents, Is
traced to her unwillingness to take a step
which might have unforeseen conse
quences. At tne same time tne Associ
ated Press learns that Great Britain's re
fusal is not definite, and if all the powers
accept the Russo-Austrian proposal, she
will participate In the coercion of Bul
garia. It is semi-offlclally stated here that
Italy is willing to agree to the proposal
mentioned In the dispatches from Berlin,
but that the consent of France Is doubt
The Foreign Office Informs the Asso
ciated Press that the British military at
tache at Constantinople has not gone to
Monastir as announced In a news agency
dispatch yesterday. The British govern
ment is not aware that any military at
taches are there or that they intend going
CRUELTY ALMOST INCREDIBLE.
Turks Cut Off a Man'x Head and
Throw It on Lap of His Wife.
SOFIA, Sept 8. Private letters received
from European residents at Monastir
give harrowing details of the situation
in that vilayet Destitute Bulgarian
refugees who are arriving dally at Mon
astir relate almost incredible tales of
Turkish cruelty. Sixty families recently
arrived there from Smllero, which place
was totally destroyed.
The refugees saw a husband and wife
sitting in the ruins of their home, when
a Turkish soldier slashed off the man's
head and threw It in the woman's lap.
The soldiers found a servant girl and
several children hiding in a ditch. They
outraged the girl and slaughtered all the
Numerous Bulgarian prisoners have
been brought to Monastir. Twenty Bul
garians who had been exiled were
marched off, connected by heavy chains
about their necks and ankles.
Rebels Hnve Laid in Lnrpre Stores.
LONDON, Sept 9. The Sofia corre
spondent of the Times says the Insurgents
have laid up large stores of provisions in
the mountains and even contemplate a
Winter campaign. The suffering of the
women and children thereby entailed
would be appalling, but the Insurgent
leaders believe that the ill-clad Turkish
troops will suffer more than themselves,
owing to their inability to obtain sup
piles in a devastated country with inter
France Prepares to Move Troops.
PARIS, Sept S. A dispatch from Mar
seilles to La Presse, asserts that the gov
ernment has requisitioned all the steamers
on the far-Eastern service of the Mes
sagerle's Marltlmes and Chargeurs
Reunls Companies for the conveyance of
a large number of troops of all arms and
a quantity of supplies. The dispatch adds
that this step confirms the report that a
critical situation prevails In China.
Turks Surround Rebels.
SALONICA, Sept 8. Twelve battalions
of Turkish troops are reported to have
surrounded a large revolutionary bond near
Ostrovo, 30 miles fom Monastir. Fighting
is proceeding. The revolutionaries have
taken up a position near Lake Anlatovo,
In the vilayet of Constantinople. Turkish
troops are now said to be attacking them
Turkey Will Issue Note to Powers.
LONDON, Sept 8. A dispatch to the
News Agency from Constantinople says
the Turkish government Is preparing a
circular to the powers calling attention to
the attitude of Bulgaria, and declaring the
Intention of the government to pursue
armed Bulgarian bands In Macedonia and
even into Bulgarian territory.
BABYLON TO BE EXPLORED
CHI capo University Will Search for
the Tomb of Abraham.
i CHICAGO. Sept 8. President Harper
has secured the consent of the Sultan of
Turkey to an exploration of the country
In the vicinity of ancient Babylon, ac
cording to the advices just received at the
University of Chicago. This marks the
successful issue of an attempt begun in
July, 1900, when application was first made
for university exploring parties to enter
the district It Is understood that a party
has been formed and that it will leave
the university this Fall.
The place where the exploring parties
will Rave special privileges Is Tel Ibra
him, long regarded as a part of Babylon
In this vicinity are supposed to be the
ruins of the temple in which Nebuchad
nezzar offered sacrifices, and the explor
ers hope to find the tomb of Abraham.
President Harper met with the opposi
tion of the German government, which
was trying to secure excavating privi
leges in the same place.
Wife-Murderer Is Electrocuted.
OSSINING, N. T.. Sept S. Patrick A.
Conklln was put to death in the electric
chair at Sing Sing prison early today.
Three shocks were given before the man
was pronounced dead.
Conklln shot and mortally wounded his
wife on June 10, 1902, at their home, 647
West Sixteenth street, New York. The
couple had quarreled and separated sev
To Disburse 1004 Fair Fund.
WASHINGTON, Sept 8. The Secretary
of the Treasury .lias appointed Robert
Fullerton, of Des Moines, la., disbursing
officer to disburse the $5,000,000 appropriat
ed by congress In. aid of the St Louis
STAND GOES DOWN
People at Sham Battle Are
Precipitated to Ground.
TWENTY-FOUR ARE INJURED
Leavenworth Crowd of 1500 Is
Caught in the Crash, and the
Utmost Confusion Reigns
for a Time.
LEAVENWORTH, Kan.. Sept 8. The
grandstand erected on a knoll on the
Fort Leavenworth reservation close to the
city limits gave way this afternoon, in
juring 24 persons. None were killed.
Many of those Injured recelvedr broken
legs. The s'tand was put up this morning.
Fully 1500 people crowded on to It Just
about the time the sham battle concluded
the grandstand broke down.
There was a heavy artillery duel with
siege guns. Three battalions of infantry
were using black powder. Some one an
nounced that the cavalry were emerging
from a ravine to charge. People on the
grandstand stood up to see them through
the smoke. The entire stand went down
with a crash. The utmost confusion fol
lowed, accompanied by shrieks of vic
tims. It was found that many were pinned
down under the debris. Hundreds who
were walking on the ground rushed to the
grandstand looking for relatives. The
confusion was indescribable until the reg
ular soldiers formed a line and kept all
back not Injured or caring for those in
The battle, which was on the other side
of the road, was called off and the sol
diers, acting under direction of their of
ficers, began taking care of the -Injured.
Ambulances were used to convey people
to the city hospitals, and within an hour
after the accident the injured all had been
removed. All those injured are alive, but
it Is feared three will die.
The fatally Injured: Mrs. John Mour-
dant, Leavenworth, left hip broken and
back Injured; Mrs. Charles Norby, Leav
enworth, left leg fractured and back, hurt;
Mrs. C. H. Noble, Leavenworth, injured
Seriously Injured: Mrs. L. C. Slack,
back-hurt; Miss May Slack, ankle frac
tured; Mrs. Mary Martin, leg fractured;
Oliver Shelly, head Injured; Mrs. J.
France, both legs Injured; Mrs. Robert
McGregor, back and hip Injured; Mrs.
George Morton, Injured internally; Miss
Inez Mathony, ankle fractured; Arthur
Clark, shoulder fractured and right arm
hurt, all of Leavenworth; Mrs. Bonnell,
Weston, Mo., left leg broken; Miss Llson,
Chicago, left ankle fractured; E. G.
Wright, Kansas City, Kan., ankle frac
tured; George Dawson, Omaha, leg In
jured; Frank W. Graham, Lansing, Kan.,
back injured; Mrs. J. T. Burns, Mus
cotah, Kan., right leg fractured and in
jured lnterrally; Mrs. J. Wr. Shnpson,
"Weston, Mo., back and hip Injured; Mrs.
D. W. Chambers, Soldiers' Home, Leaven
worth, left leg fractured; Mr. Beltz,. Kan
sas City, Kan., right leg fractured, J. H.
Gebhardt, Atchison, Kan., back Injured;
(Miss Carrie Gebhardt, Atchison, arm and
COUSIN' OF LADY CURZOX KILLED.
Mrs. Frances McGrnw Meets Death
in a Maryland Runaway.
HAGERSTOWN, Md., Sept 8. Mrs.
Frances McGraw, wife of Aaron K. Mc
Graw, has been killed In a driving acci
dent near Sharpsburg. She was a niece
of Levi Z. Lelter, the Chicago millionaire,
and therefore a cousin of Lady Curzon,
wife of the Viceroy of India.
Mr. McGraw, his wife and one of tholr
children drove out to view the New Jer
sey-Antietam battlefield monument, about
two miles from Sharpsburg. They started
back to town, and had gone but a short
distance when the horse shied, and tho
wagon was upset All three of the oc
cupants -were thrown out Mrs. McGraw
landed on her head, and her neck was
broken. The wheels of the wagon passed
over the child, badly bruising it Mr. Mc
Graw was rendered unconscious, but 30on
recovered. He was slightly injured about
Twelve Hurt in Train Wreck.
JOPLIN, Mo., Sept S. A bad wreck
occurred on the Frisco one mile south of
Baxter Springs, Kan., early this morning,
In which 12 people were Injured, two
fatally. A local passenger train ran into
a freight train standing on the main
track. The fatally injured are an un
known colored woman and an Invalid
white woman, who were traveling with
two small children. "
BLOT OUT LIVES.
(Continued from First Page.)
that the number of people massacred ex
ceeds 50,000. The Turks are apparently de
termined to exterminate the entire Bul
garian population of the vilayet
The actual details of the happenings
outside the town are not available. The
foreign representatives at Monastir are
dependent on information furnished to
them from Turkish official sources.
In Government circles here, the situation
is viewed with increasing alarm. It is
reliably reported that the Turkish forces
in Macedonia number S5.000. It is consid
ered unreasonable that such a force
would have been assembled merely to
crush tho rebellion. JX Is feared the Sul
tan is contemplating an attack on Bul
garia. According to a telegram from Constan
tinople, the Porto has issued an uncondi
tional order that all European correspond
ents must leave Macedonia because they
are circulating false news. The Ambas
sadors have been notified of this decision.
The latest report regarding Boris Sara-
foff, tho Macedonian leader, says he was
wounded in the leg near Dairene.
TURKEY SAYS ALL ARE SAFE.
Minister to America Receives Denial
of Insecurity at Constantinople.
WASHINGTON, Sept 8. A cablegram
from the Turkish Foreign Office to Che
klb Bey, the Turkish Minister here, gives
the following version of the trouble at
"Some Christians of. the City of Beirut
attacked four Mussulmans, and during the
melee which followed four persons were
injured. Three of these were soldiers
Two persons are dead, one of whom is
also a soldier.
The Minister called on Secretary Hay
during the day and gave him the con
tents of his dispatch.
Late tonight the Minister received a dis
patch from Constantinople characterizing
as "absolutely falBe," tho published re
ports that there was no security in Con
stantlnople and of massacres and the
setting fire to houses in Roumelia. This
report was in reply to one sent by the
Minister calling the attention of his gov
ernment to the reports of this charac
ter. Another dispatch received tonight sayg
that 31 Bulgarian brigands were killed in
the vicinity of Resne, Monastir, and 40
others on a farm at Fiorina.
BERLIN PRESS BLA3IES AMERICA.
Seriousness of Mistake in Interpret
ing Cipher Report Is Growing:.
BERLIN, Sept 9. The newspapers this
morning, in commenting on Sunday's out
break at Beirut, throws the blame for
the occurrence on the United States. The
Lokal Anzieger says; "Now that the
Americans have their dead', they will make
Inquiry whether they were responsible
for tho effervescence In Beirut By the
unprecedented action of their Minister in
Constantinople and their naval demonstra
tion, the yearning of tho United States
to mix up in European politics has found
The National Zeitung says: "It can. be
seen how serious it is, In view of the ex
citement In the. near East to spread in
correct or bad translations of cipher reports."
MORE BEIRUT AFFAIRS FEARED.
Insurgents Threaten to Resort to
the Methods of ThtIcs.
LONDON, Sept 9. Everything seems to
point to new and terrible developments in
-Macedonia. On top of the appalling ac
counts of the results of the Turkish
methods of "restoring order" in the vi
layet of Monastir comes the threat by
the insurgents to resort to reprisals on
the same scale. The Porte's anxiety to
suppress news, by expelling newspaper
correspondents from the area of opera
tions, is held to have but one meaning.
This morning's papers comment upon the
significance of the news, first published
by the Associated Press, that Russia and
Austria are seeking to persuade the pow
ers to coerce Bulgaria, as showing a be
lief that war Is inevitable.
No further news regarding the outbreak
at Beirut has been received here. A dis
patch to the Standard from Constanti
nople, dated Sunday, ays:
"The Turks are much disturbed by the
presence of the American warships at
Beirut, and are making every effort to
have them recalled. In spite of all as
sertions that the United States only In
tends to be represented there for the pur
pose of protecting, the rights of her citi
zens. It Is quite possible that the dispatch
of the warships may Initiate actlonNleadlng
The same correspondent, telegraphing
under Monday's date on receipt of the
news of the Beirut outbreak, says:
"With the slightest encouragement, dis
orders misht result In tho whole of Leb
anon rising in revolt Today had been
foretold as the date of a rising against
the foreigners, and many residents of
Constantinople are keeping to their
houses. Personally, I doubt whether
there will be anything more than dyna
mite outrages, which are pretty sure to
be attempted before long."
The Dally Telegraph's correspondent at
St. Petersburg says he Is assured on ex
cellent authority that Russia, when she
submits proposals to the Porte for the
pacification of Macedonia, contemplates
the dispatch of her Black Sea squadron
to Turkloh waters, where It will make a
much longer stay than recently. In order
to overcome, the Sultan's objections to
The Sofia correspondent of the Morning
Leader says that by the end of the week
tho Insurgents will have received a large
accession of weapons. Thirty thousand
rlfies are being smuggled in to them from
all sides, and when these have been re
ceived the real fighting will begin.
FRANCE IS MUCH ALARMED. .
Foreign Warships Are Expected to
Join the American Fleet.
PARIS. Sept. 8. Official advices received
by the Foreign Office here give brief de
tails of the outbreak at Beirut. The
killed number five or six, and many per
sons were wounded. The city Is In an
Intense state of agitation.
The outbreak occurred during the night
of September 6, between Christians and
Musselmans. The fighting was furious,
firearms and knives being used. The Ital
ian Consul rescued one Christian who
had been stabbed and who had fallen
In front of the door of the Consulate.
This was the first information received
here showing the serious conditions ruling
at Beirut. It caused much apprehension
In official quarters, as being an indication
of a spread of the disorders In the Turk
ish Empire. The presence of the United
States cruisers Brooklyn and San Fran
cisco at Beirut Is regarded as a fortu
nate circumstance. It Is expected that
a number of other foreign warships will
The official reports further show that
Beirut Is one of three places which are
now centers of great animation. Smyrna,
which hitherto had been comparatively
quiet, is on the eve of an outbreak.
Great excitement prevails there. The au
thorities are In constant fear of an out
break, but fortunately they have been
able thus far to prevent an encounter be
tween the Christians and Mussulmans.
Advices from Salonlca are also again
very disquieting. It is expected that a
general revolt throughout tho province of
Salonlca will occur next week. It Is the
understanding among the foreign officials
at Salonlca that a general Insurrection
will shortly be announced by the Mace
donian committee. In view of this ex
pectation, rigid police measures have
been taken by tho Vail, who Is showing
Reports from Monastir say the Insurrec
tion in that district has been practically
crushed by the extreme measures taken
by the Turkish troops.
The ofllclals here attach much signifi
cance to the report, showing that a num
ber of Zerbes have crossed the border
and "joined the Macedonian revolution
ists. Reports from various points through
out Bulgaria show there Is a strong feel
ing against Prince Ferdinand, owing to
the fact that he left the country dur
ing the crisis. It Is not expected, how
ever, that the agitators will succeed In
carrying out their plots against his
AMERICA GAVE THEM COURAGE.
Turkey Holds Christians Became
Bolder on Arrival of Fleet.
LONDON, Sept S. The Turkish Em
bassy today received a dispatch from
Constantinople In relation to tho Beirut
affair as follows:
"Some of the orthodox Inhabitants of
Beirut attacked four Mussulmans, who
were passing through the Mesra quarter,
fired upon them, and rioting ensued. The
imperial authorities Immediately sent
troops to the scene of the disturbance,
which put an end to thestrife. One sol
dier was killed and three wounded. One
civilian wag killed and one was wounded.
Order and tranquillity are perfectly main
tained in all parts of the Vilayet"
A high Turkish official pointed out that
the Christians, were the aggressors, but
he said it, would not have been even sur
prising had the Mussulmans precipitated
the row, "for throughout Turkey indigna
tion is felt at the conduct of the revolu
tionists in Macedonia." The official added:
"The Christians at Beirut have been
greatly encouraged by the appearance of
the American squadron, the presence of
which could not be regarded sympathet
ically by the Mohammedan population be
cause it had come, not to pay a friendly
call, but to enforce demands."
It Is understood here that Turkey is
anxious to Induce the United States to
withdraw the American warships from
Turkish waters, believing that such ac
tion would discourage the Christians, who
hope for American intervention, and the
Porte is now expected to make conces
sions In compliance with the American
All tho reports received hero continue
to record Turkish successes In Macedo
nia. Bulgarian Election Is a Sly Move.
SOFIA, Sept 8. The elections for the
Sobranje (national assembly) have been
fixed for October IS. The ministerial or
gan here, replying to the criticism of the
opposition, of the Government's action
in dissolving the Sobranje during the
present critical times, says:
"By holding elections now we show
Europe that we regard the Macedonian
trouble as an Internal affair of Turkey,
while wo look after our own business."
MINERS HEAR SHAW
American Congress Is Carried
Away by His Speech.
SIXTH ANNUAL SESSION OPENS
Secretary of the Treasury Made an
Honorary Member, and Roosevelt
Thanked for Sending Him
Attendance Is Large.
DEADWOOD, S. D. Sept 8.-The Amer
ican Mining Congress todav betran Its
sixth annual session. Interest centering in
a talk by Secretary of the Treasury Shaw.
The Secretary was given a warm welcome
ny tne delegates, who frequently applaud
ed his statements, and when he had fin-
lsned speaking gave him a rislnir vnti nf
thanks and three rousing cheers. The
congress, also unanimously elected him
an honorary member, and appointed a
committee of three to draft resolutions
tnanklng President Roosevelt for his rec
ognition of the congress In sending Secre
tary Shaw to represent him before it.
The secretary was scheduled to address
the congress on "The Mining Industry and
Its Relation to American Finances." He
said he wished to correct the impression
that he was to deliver an address, for he
really did not know anything about min
"We make a mistake," he said, "If we
estimate the importance of our different
industries according to their relative
He referred to the necessity of increased
markets for our products, saying he would
rather have the market of the United
States than all of the markets of the rest
of the world; would rather have the pro
ductive capacity of the United States than
the productive capacity of nearly all the
rest of the world. He said we have to
get some markets for our products.
As to how many moro markets are to
be created, he pointed to the countries
lying to the south of the United States,
and said. In his judgment, the Govern
ment could, without paternalism, encour
age Installation of greater steamship lines,
as It had aided two great railroads to the
Pacific Coast, and which would be a cer
tain measure for the increase of our mar
kets. Alluding to that portion of President
Richards' annual address In which he
urged the creation of a Department of
Mines and Mming, Secretary Shaw said
he was heartily 'In favor of the Govern
ment doing everything It can short of
paternalism in support of the mining In-;
dustry of the country. He would not,
however, have the gentlemen of this con
gress go away with the idea that he ad
vocated the formation of a special de
partment of mining, with representation
In the Cabinet, suggesting that its needs
could properly be attended to through a
-bureau, which should form part of the
Department of Commerce and Labor, and
pointing out how other Important ln-
dustriea had been taken care of in the
The congress was called to order by tho
president, Hon. J. H. Richards, of Boise.
Idaho, in the rink, at 10 o'clock this morn
ing. The rlnkholds SOO persons, and it
was occupied almost entirely by dele
gates, who represented most of the states
of the Union.
Prayer was offered by Bishop John
Stariha, of Lead, S. D. Addresses were
made on behalf of the state by Governor
Charles N. Horrid, .and on behalf of the
City of Deadwood by Mayor McDonald.
President Richards responded in the
name of the American Mining Congress,
and other responses were made by a
number of delegates. 1
At the afternoon session President
Richards, in his annual address, made a
convincing argument for asking that ,
Congress pass a law creating a Depart
ment of Mines and Mining, with a Cab
inet representative. He recommended that
action be taken Dy the mining congress
looking to the establishment of a perma
nent home for the organization and a per
manent working staff.
Other addresses at the afternoon ses
sion were by Edward F. Brown, of Den
ver, on "Incorrectness at Government
Mining Statistics.", and Nelson H. Darton,
of Washington, D. C, on "Work of the
Geological Survey In the Black Hills."
At the night session the following pa
pers were read: Dr. J. E. Todd, State
Geologist of South Dakota, on "Geology
of South Dakota"; Dr. James D. Irving,
of Washington, D. C, on "Ore Deposits
of the Northern Black Hills," and James
W. Abbott of Denver, on "Good Roads
Wednesday forenoon the congress will
move to' Lead, and hold morning, noon
and evening sessions there.
Shaw Leaves for the East.
DEADWOOD, S. D., Sept 8. Secretary
Shaw, who spent the morning sightseeing
In the mountains and mines, and who ad
dressed the mining congress In the after
noon, left for the East at G o'clock to
night. COWBOYS GIVE THEM A SUPPER.
Newspaper Men Bound for Irrigation
Congress Arc Well Entertained.
HUGO, Colo., Sept. S. The special train
carrying the Washington correspondents
to the Irrigation Congress crossed the
Colorado state line shortly before 6 o'clock
this evening, and a short time afterward
reached Hugo, where a large number ot
.cowboys had congregated and gave a
miniature Wlid West show and a cow
boy supper similar to the one partaken of
at Hugo by President Roosevelt, was
served. This was followed by a dance.
The correspondents breakfasted at Hays
City on prairie chicken, dined at Ellis and
made brief 3tops at Oakley, Cheyenne
Wells and other places. They are accom
panied by officials of the Union Pacific.
A large number of Denver people met
the special at Cheyenne Wells and Hugo,
and will accompany It to Denver, where
the correspondents will be banqueted to
night by the Denver Real Estate Ex
change. Brotherhood of Railway Carmen.
ST. LOUIS, Sept 8. Three hundred del
egates were present when Grand Chief
Not. tried Ayer's
Sarsapar ilia? Then
you haveift tried
3. C.Ayer Co..
KIDNEY AND BLADDER
TROUBLES PROMPTLY CURED
A Sample Bottle Sent Free by MalL
Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root, the great kid
ney remedy, fulfills every wish in promptly
curing kidney, bladder and uric acid trou
ble, rheumatism and pain in the back. It
corrects inability to hold water and scald
ing pain in passing it, or bad effects fol
lowing use of liquor, wine or beer, and
overcomes that unpleasant necessity of
being compelled to go often during the
day and get up many times during the
night. The mild and extraordinary effect
of Swamp-Root is soon realized. It stands
the highest for Its wonderful cures of the
most distressing cases.
Swamp-Root Is not recommended for ev
erything, but if you have kidney, liver,
bladder or uric acid trouble you will find
it just the remedy you need.
If you need a medicine you should have
the best Sold by all druggists In 50-cent
and $1 sizes. You may have a sample bot
tlo of this great kidney remedy, Swamp
Root and a book that tells all about it
and its great cures. Both sent absolutely
free by mall. Address Dr. Kilmer & Co..
Blnghamton; N. Y. When writing be sure
to mention that you saw this generous
offer In The Portland Dally Oregonian.
Don't make any mistake, but remember
the name, Swamp-Root Dr. Kilmer's
Swamp-Roof, and the address, -Blnghamton.
N. Y., on every bottle.
Fireman J. B. Yeager, of Northumberland,
Pa., called the biennial session of Broth
erhood of Railway Carmen of America to
order today. The convention will con
tinue throughout the week. Incidentally,
the biennial session of the grand lodge of
a woman's auxiliary organization, the
Royal Star, will be held.
Lively Fight for Prohi Convention.
CHICAGO. Sept 8. Oliver W. Stewart,
chairman of the National Prohibition
Committee, Issued a call today for that
committee to meet at the Auditorium
Hotel, in Chicago, Wednesday, December
16, for the purpose of fixing the time and
place of the next National Prohibition
convention. Considerable rivalry has al
ready developed for the convention. Ap
plications have been filed or notice given
that they will be filed by Buffalo, De
troit, Indianapolis, Columbus, Kansas
City, Mo., and Minneapolis.
Affairs of Postal Clerks.
NASHVILLE, Tenn.. Sept. S. At to
day's session of the National Association
of Postoffice Clerks, the report ot Presi
dent Loefiler was submitted. The report
called attention to the fact that Congress
had adopted funds for an Increase in sal
aries of several thousand clerks, and
the fund had not been distributed on ac
count of investigation of the frauds in
the department Mr. Loefiler said the
matter of promotions had not been given
prcrer consideration, and advocated a
Do not gripe nor Irritate the alimen
tary canal. They act gently yet
promptly, cleanse effectually and
Sold by all druggists.
"LettheGOLD DUST TWIN 3 do ycrax work
S "It was a good wagon, but it done broke
jH down." She was a hard worker, but she M
m couldn't etasd the strain. That in a nut M
H shell was the tale of many a household in the H
strenuous tunes beiore
I made its appearance to brighten our comes
and lighten our labors.
Gold Dust cleans everything.
GENERAL USES FOR GOLD DUST I
Scrubbing floors, washlne clothes and dishes,
cleaning urood-work, oilcloth, ailrcrware and 3
tinware, polishing braasirork, cleansing bath S
room, plpci, etc, and makingthofinesteoltsoap. j
GOLD DUST MAKES HARD WATER SOFT 1
CURES KIDNEY TROUBLE,
And regulates the urine. 8,750,000 cases were
treated In 1002. and SO per cent -were restored
to lealth. Thirty days' treatment. 23c. All
EVERY HADE VftRRANTED
Twenty Years Proof.
Tutt's Liver Pills keep the bow
els innaturalmotionand cleanse
the system of all impurities An
absolute cure for sick headache,
dyspepsia, sour stomach, con
stipation and kindred diseases.
"Can't do without them"
R. P. Smith, Chilssburg, Va.
writes I don't know how I could
do without them. I have had
Liver disease for over twenty
years. Am now entirely cured.
Tutt's Liver Pills
Is especially valuable during tho
Summer season, when outdoor oc
cupations and sports are most ih
GRASS STAINS, MUD STAINS
and CALLOUS SPOTS
yield to it, and it is particularly
agreeable when used in the bath
after violent exercise.
GROCERS AND DRUGGISTS
Not a dark office in the building?!
absolutely fireproof electric lights
and artesian water? perfect sanita
tion and thorough ventilation ele
vators run day and night
AINSLIE, DR. GEORGE, Physician and
ANDERSON. GUSTAV, Attorney-at-Law. .612
ASSOCIATED PRESS; E. L. Powell. Mgr..S0tl
AUSTEN, Ft C.. Manager for Oregon and
Washington Bankers' Life Association of
De3 Moints, la 502-503
BAAR, DR. GUSTAV, Phys. and Surg. .S07-SUS
- a x.1 FE ASSOCIATION OF DES
MOINES. 1A.; F. C Austen. Mgr 302-303
BATES. PHILIP S.. Pub. Pacific Miner... 213
BENJAMIN. R. W.. Dentist 314
BERNARD. G.. Cashier Co-Operatlve Mer
cantile Co 204-205
BINSW ANGER. OTTO S.. Physician and
Surgeon .' 407-403
BOGART, DR.. M. TX, Dentist 705
BROCK. WILBUR F., Circulator, Orego
BROWN. MYRA. M. D 313-314
BRUERE. DR. G. E., Phys. .411-412-413-111
CAMPBELL, WM. M., Medical Referee
Equitable Lite 700
CANNING. M. J 602-603
CAR DWELL, DR. J. R.. Dentist .".606
CAUKIN. G. E.. District Agent Travelers'
Insurance Company 718
CHICAGO ARTIFICIAL LIMB CO.; J. K.
Fltzhugb. Mgs 601
CHURCHILL. MRS. E. J 710-717
CLINTON, RICHARD, State Manager Co
operative Mercantile Co 204-2C5
COFFEY. DR. R. C, Surgeon 405-40U
COGHLAN. DR. J. N- 713-714
COLLIER, P. F.. Publisher; S. P. McQulre.
COLUMBIA GRANITE CO 417-41S
CONNELL, DR. E. DE WITT. Eye. Ear.
Nose and Throat 013-614
CO-OPERATIVE MERCANTILE CO.; J. F.
Cisen, Gen. Mgr.; G. Bernard. CashIer.204-203
CORNELIUS. C. W., Phys. and Surgeon... 212
DAY. J. G. & I. N 318
DICKSON. DR. JT F.. Physician 713-714
EDITORIAL ROOMS Eighth Floor
EVENING TELEGRAM 325 Alder street
EQUITABLE LIFE ASSURANCE SO
CIETY; L. Samuel, ilgr.; G.- S. Smith,
FENTON. J. D., Phys. and Surg 509-510
FEN TON, DR. HICKS C. Eye and Ear.. 511
FENTON. MATTHEW F.. Dentist 509
GALVANI, W. H.. Engineer and Draughts
GEARY, DR. E. P., Phys. and Surgen...400
G1ESY, DR. A. J., Physician and Surg.. 709-710
GILBERT, DR. J. ALLEN, Physician. .401-403
GOLDMAN, WILLIAM. Manager Manhat
tan Life Ins. Co. o New York. 209-210
GRANT, FRANK S., Attorney-at-Law....017
GUIS WOLD & PHEGLEY. Tailors
131 Sixth street
HAMMAM BATHS. Turkish and Russian..
HOLLISTER. DIt. O. C, Physician and
HOSMER, DR. CHAS., SAM'L; Phys. and
IDLEMAN, C. M.. Attorney-at-Law.. 615-610
JEFFREYS, DR. ANNICE F.. Phys. and
Surgeon, Women and Children only 400
JOHNSON, W. C. 313-310-317
KADY, MARK T.. Supervisor of Agents
Mutual Reserve Life Ins. Co 6C5
LANE. E. L.. Dentist 513-514
LAWBAUGH. DR. E. A S04-S03
LAWRENCE PUBLISHING CO 417-418
LITTLEFIELD & CORNELIUS 212
LITTLEFIELD. H. R.. Phys. and Surg. .212
MACKAY, DR. A. E.. Phys. and Surg..711-712
MANHATTAN LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF
NEW YORK; W. Goldman. Manager. .2C9-210
MARSH, DR. R. J.. Phys and Surg 303-310
McCOY, NEWTON. Attorney-at-lw 715
Mcelroy, dr. j. g., Phys.& surg.701-702-703
McFADEN, MISS IDA E.. Stenographer. .210
McGINN, HENRY E., Attorney-at-Law. 311-312
McGUIRE, S. P., Manager P. F. Collier,
McKENZIE. DR. P. L-, Phys. and Surg.312-13
METT. HENRY 218
MILLER, DR. HERBERT C. Dentist and
Oral Surgeon 603-609
MOSSMAN, DR. E. P., Dentist 513-514
MUTUAL RESERVE LIFE INS. CO.;
Mark T. Kady, Supervisor of Agents. C04-605
NICHOLAS. HORACE B.. Attorney-at-Law.718
NILES. M. M., Cashier Manhattan Lire
Insurance Company of New Yorw 209
NOTTAGE. DR, G. H., Dentist 602
NOTTINGHAM, T. W., Mg. The Warren
Construction Co. 216-217
O'CONNOR, DR. H. P.. Dentist 309-310
OLSEN, J. F.. General Manager Co-operative
Mercantile Co 204-205
OREGON INFIRMARY OF OSTEOPATHY
OREGONIAN BARBER SHOP, MARSCH
& GEORGE, Props.. . 120 Sixth street
OREGONIAN EDUCATIONAL BUREAU;
J. F. Strauhal, Manager 200
PACIFIC MERCANTILE CO 200
PACIFIC MINER, Philip S. Bates, Pub... 215
PAGUE, B. S., Attorney-at-Law 313
PALMER BROS., Real Estate and Busi
ness Chances 417-41S
PORTLAND EYE AND EAR INFIRMARY
Ground Floor, 133 Sixth street
REED, C. J-, Executive Special Agent
Manhattan Life Ins. Co. of New York. .209
REED. WALTER. Optician 133 Sixth street
RICKENBACH, DR. J. F., Eye. Ear. Nose
and Throat 701-702
ROSENDALE. O. M., Metallurgist and
Mining Engineer 316
RYAN, J. B., Attorney-at-Law 515
SAMUEL. L., Manager Equitable Llfe....30tl
SCOTT. C. N., with Palmer Bros 417-413
SHERWOOD, J. W., State Commander K.
O. T. M 517
SMITH, DR. ALAN WELCH, Physician and
SMITH. DR. L. B., Osteopath 409-410
SMITH, GEORGE S., Cashier Equitable
Life ... 300
STOLTE, DR. CHAS. E., Dentist 704-705
SURGEON OF THE S. P. BY AND N. P.
TERMINAL CO 700
SUPERINTENDENTS OFFICE 201
TUCKER, DR. GEO. F., Dentist 610-611
VESTER, A., Special Agent Manhattan
WARREN CONSTRUCTION CO.; T. W.
Nottingham. Mgr. 216-217
WENDLING, DR. ROBT. F.. Dentist 705
WILEY, DR. JAMES O. C. Phys. & Surg.703-9
WILSON, DR. EDWARD N.. Eye; Ear,
Nose and Throat 304-305,
WILSON, DR. GEO; F., Phys. & Surg.706-707
WILSON, DR. HOLT C. Phys .Sc. Surff.507-508
WOOD, DR. W. L., Physician. .411-412-413-41-1
Office may be hail by applying; to
the superintendent of the building
room SOI, second, floor.