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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 8, 1903)
SENDS SHEEP EAST
Experimental Shipment to Be
Made From Pendieton,
SEVEN THOUSAND HEAD GOING
Better to Send the Stoclc to the East
era States Than to Feed It Here
-Receipt nt Portland Yard
Other aiarlteto. r
PENDLETON. Or.. Sept 7. (Special.)
Charles Cunningham, the sheep king of East
era Oregon, will, September 20, ship 7000 mut
ton sheep to the Eastern, market. Twenty
live cars have been ordered for that purpose.
The shipment will consist or coarse ewes, lambs
This Is the flrst shipment of mutton stock
of any pretentions to be made to the extreme
East by an Oregon woolgrtiwer, and may
herald the advent of operations new In char
acter t- the flockmaster of the extreme West.
Hitherto shipments of this kind have been
made by one or two persons operating In the
Eastern markets, who were posted as to the
conditions In the East, the cost of getting the
stock there, the factor of loss In Its several
aspects, and had the advantage of prepared
ness at their destination.
This shipment has still greater significance.
It tells of the poverty the grower Is up against
for the coming Winter In the way of feed. The
hay crop Is short throughout this section, and
barley, which has largely been relied upon
for several years, principally by reason of
the scarcity of hay.
Those who would buy to ship In former
years have been putting off until the grower,
driven to extremes, had to let go at any price.
Mr. Cunningham, In making this shipment,
figures that ho had better do his own finan
ciering now than let others do it for him later
on. However, this may be, the fact remains
that it is an experiment, forced upon him
by tho existing conditions, and ha has the
money to experiment with.
smrjviEXT op horses.
Ten Carloads Sent to St. LonLi From
ONTARIO. Or.. Sept. 7. (Special.) C. XL
Clay shipped from the Ontario Stockyards
Saturday ten carloads of horses, which he
gathered from the surrounding country. Mr.
Clay ships to a St- Louis firm of which he
is a member. The price paid for the horses
averaged $12 per head. These horses will
be sold In St. Louis September 15, together
with about 2000 head gathered in tho West.
A sale of "Western horses Is made by this
firm every two weeks until December. Mr.
Clay made the statement that the market
Is steady and prices good for fat horses,
but that poor horses do not net much to
the sellers, consequently those owning
horses would do better to fattek them at
home before selling. Horses are much bet
ter pay this season than cattle, as there Is
a steady demand for good stock.
Receipts and Rulinjr Prices at Port
land Union Stockyards.
Receipts at the Portland Union stockyards
yesterday were: 400 sheep, 75 hogs, and 85
cattle. There was no change in quotations.
The following prices wore quoted at the yards:
CATTLE Best steers, $3.75; medium, ?3
8.50; cows. ?2.5062.75.
HOGS Heavy (175 pounds and up), $0.25;
medium fair hogs, ?5.500.
SHEEP Best wethers, $2.75; mixed sheep,
Prices Current nt Chicago, Omaha
and Kansas City.
CHICAGO. Sept. 7. Cattle R-jcelpte, 31.000;
Including 1200 Texans and COOO Westerns; best
steady; good to prime steers, $5.40f 0.05; poor
to medium, $45.25; blockers and feeders,
$2.504.20; cows, ?1.50g4.50; heifers. ?2S5;
canners, $1.5062.00; bulls. ?34.50: calves,
$3.506jC.75; Texas fed steers, $3,2584.70; West
ern "teers, $3.25g4.G0.
Hogs Receipts, 31,000; tomorrow. 18.000;
steady: mixed and butchers, $5.35fKU0; ood
to choice heavy. $5.005.90; rough heavy. $5.10
5.55; light. $5.C0C.20; bulk of sales, $5.45
Sheep Receipts. 30.000; sheep and lambs.
Steady to lower; good to choice wethers, $3.25g)
8.75; fair to choice mixed, J2.254J3; Western
Sheep. $2.7563.50; native lambs. $3.750.S5;
Western lambs, $3.75H.45.
KANSAS CITY. Sept. 7. Cattle Recelnts.
20.000, including 4000 Texans; market steady;
native steers. $3.G0f5.50; Texas and Indian
6teers. $2.253.00; Texas cows. $1.552.55; na
tive cows and heifers. $1.50(J4.10; stockers and
feeders. $2.104; bulls. $1.S5G3.90; calves,
Hogs Receipts, 3000; market steady to
strong; bulk of sales. $5.r55.82&: heavy. $5.35
5.70; packers. $5.20$K.75; medium, $5.508.85;
yorkers. $5.S0$?5.97iA; pigs. $5.505.J0.
Sheep Receipts. 10.000 market, weak to 10c
lower; muttons. $24; lambs. $2.00.25; range
wethers. $2.40Cf3.90; ewes. $2.30fi3.75.
FLAX GROWING IN OREGON.
History of the Industry in This
StateCause of Failure.
SALEM, Or., Sept. C. (To the Editor.)
As long ago as 1845 Mrs. Sarah Owen raised
flax In Clatsop County. Oresron. rottprt it
broke, dressed and spun It in twine for fish
nets and sold to the Clatsop Indians. This
was the flrst Oregon grown flax by the white
race, which superseded the use of the na
tive flax ot the damp lands of Eastern Ore
gon, which previous to 1845 was dressed
and made into horse ropes by the Cayuse
women, and was also sometimes sold to the
Chinook for the construction of fishing gear
and for tho peculiar kilts the native women
of tho lower Columbia used as petticoats.
The flax thus used was flner and more cost
ly than tho same style of garment made of
twisted strings of inner cedar bark. Many
pioneer families brought flaxseed and flax
wheels to Oregon in the early period as
flax had been cultivated and made Into
linen as a home industry from tho landing
at Plymouth Rock to the banks of the Mis
souri up to 1S4-1.
In 1S52 the writer proved bv nirimim
that good flax could bo raised in tho nar
row valleys of the hills near Salem. The
discovers' of gold n California causing Im
portation of all kinds of clothing goods,
made the culture of flax unnecessary.
Later, about 1S74, tho culture of flax was
begun by Parrlsh & Miller, at Jefferson,
Marlon County, and its manufacture was
begun at Albany by a man from New York.
These enterprises "wero strangled by the cost
of labor on flax as a crop, and by a New
York manufacturing Arm, methods to hold
ithe Pacific Coast markets.
Parrlsh P. Miller sent his nroduet tn fha
Centennial as lint and In straw, and was
awarded a first medal by a committee of
European experts. It was tho product of
alluvial or river bottom land.
Later an nttrmrt was made to trrnur n,i
dress flaxseed for shipment to Ireland by
the use of convict labor. This was given
up, though it was found a flrst quality of
flax could bo grown on clay loam upland.
Recently the Women's Flax Association
proved a first quality of flax can 'be grown
on different soils in Oregon, but that failed
chiefly from the cost and nature of the
labor the crop requires. I think it safe
to say there aro 2,000.000 acres of rood
flax land in Oregon. ,
The efforts made so far to fntrndurn flT
culture as a permanent branch of agricul
ture having failed chiefly from the cost and
nature of the labor required, ' a question
arises. Is It safe to enlarge our hopyards
wherein the labor la more agreeable to old
and young and an excellent training school
for children, besides being more defensive
ot a wage fund? There Is even more good
hop land la Oregon than flax land, but In
the hop trade, both the demand and the
dealer are bo uncertain as to make pro
duction almost a game of chance. The hop
trade, so far as Oregon has gone la it.
has produced more litigation than any other
branch of agriculture. This uncertainty
might be mitigated If experiment would
show that the hop vines are better paper
stock than straw or wood and would so be
come a side product. Oregon ought to make
a good exhibit of both flax and hops in 1003.
XO TIME BEING LOST.
Threshing Operation Being; Bashed
in Paloase Country.
COLFAX. Wash.. Sept. 7. (Special.) Rainy
weather Is again threatening to Interfere with
the harvest in the Palouse country- Several
slight showers Saturday night and Sunday
frightened farmers, but did not stop harvest
work. In fact. It stimulated the work of sav
ing the grain crop, for many farmers who
had expected to observe Sunday decided to
work all day, and hundreds of acres of wheat
were cut during the day, while thousands of
bushels were threshed. Farmers are rushing
tho work, and every hour of daylight is- being
utilized In saving tho grain crop, which, so
far, has not been damaged In the slightest
amount by bad weather.
William Alexander, living three miles north
of Colfax, has threshed 80 acres of Red Chaff
wheat, which yielded an average of 38 bushels
per acre. The wheat was sowed May 1, on
Spring plowing, and the land has been In con
tinuous crop for eight years. John D. Ellis,
whose farm adjoins that of Mr." Alexander, had
an average yield of 35 bushels of Red Chaff
wheat on SO acres of Spring-sowed grain on
Prune Crops in Danger.
VANCOUVER, Wash., Sept. T. Considerable
apprehension Is felt among prunegrowers of
this county for fear of serjous lota to fruit
on account of tho recent rains. Already a num
ber of orchardists have reported that prunes,
which aro rapidly ripening, are molding and
beginning to rot on the trees. Continued wet
weather. It is feared, would cause heavy loss.
The prune crop of Clark County this season
Is estimated. In case it can be saved, from
250 to 300 carloads, worth $250,000.
Rain Helps Hood River Apples.
HOOD RIVER, Or.. Sept. 7. (Special.) This
section of the state was visited by a heavy
downpour of ram Sunday night, which did an
immense amount of good in laying the dust.
and will have a wholesome effect la giving
color to tho ripening apple crop. A consider
able quantity of clover was wet, but not
seriously damaged. This Is the heaviest rain
since March 17.
Hoppiclclne: at Independence.
INDEPENDENCE. Or., Sept 7. (Special)
It rained here today and yesterday. Hops look
excellent In all yards, but It Is reported there
is some mold In a few of the yards. There
are close to 2500 people picking In this vicinity.
There will be two and a half to three weeks of
picking yet. More pickers are needed.
Wool at St. Louis.
ST. LOUIS, Sept. 7. Wool Unchanged; ier-
ritory and Western mediums, 17ffl6c; fine
medium, IE 317c; fine, 15gl0c.
WOULD BACK UP AMERICA
Resolution Before Arbitration Court
Brings Up Boer "War Incident.
VIENNA, Sept. 7. The conference of
the Inter-Parliamentary Union, for In
ternational arbitration, opened here to
day. Dr. Pefer, the president, welcomed
the delegates, and cited the recent visit
of French parliamentarians to London,
and the proposed return visit of British
parliamentarians to Paris as a striking
Instance of the growing tendencies toward
Dr. Von Koerberger also welcomed the
delegates, expressing his belief that the
powers' love of peace would ultimately
lead to the adoption t)f arbitration by all
The congress then proceeded to busi
ness. Herr Pirquet, representing the Aus
trian group, moved a resolution inviting
all the signatories of The Hague conven
tion to incorporate arbitration provisions
In all treaties, to conclude general treaties
of arbitration and In cases of dispute to
Invoke The Hague tribunal.
M. Goebel, of Switzerland, recalled the
effort of the United States to extend its
good offices In the South African War
and pointed out that Great Britain re
fused these good offices, saying she would
regard such an offer as an unfriendly act.
M. Goebel proposed a resolution that the
offer of good offices should never be con
sidered as an unfriendly act The discus
slon of the resolutions will commence to
POPE MEETS HIS SISTERS
Reunion at the Vntican Is Very
Touching and Lasts an Hoar.
ROME, Sepf. 7. The three sisters of
Pope Plus X, who lived with him at Ven
ice, arrived in Rome today, after a sep
aration of about six weeks. A special
carriage was provided for them by tho
railroad company, so that they traveled
in a much different way from what they
had been accustomed to do In the past
They were received immediately by Plus,
and the reunion was most touching. The
sisters tried to kneel, but were prevented
from doing so by their brother, who took
them in his arms and embraced them.
One sister in a tone of disappointment,
"How well you look, brother, Tou have
not needed us after all."
The pontiff replied: "I am always your
Beppl, but I am doing very well here."
An hour was spent in exchanging rem
iniscences, and making plans for tho fu
ture. The three sisters are now staying
in a convent until an apartment which
is being arranged for them at the San
Angelo bridge shall be ready for . occu
pancy. ENDS LIFE UNDER A TRAIN
Prisoner Breaks Away From. Officer
"While Being Taken to Court.
NEW YORK, Sept 7. Charles Brun
ning, 42 years of age, committed suicldo
today by jumping in front of a heavily
loaded Third-avenue electric elevated
train at Fifty-ninth street Brunnlng was
literally cut to pieces. Brunnlng attempt
ed to clmmlt suicide last Friday when he
stabbed himseii. five times with an ice
pick. While being taken to court to be
arraigned for the attempted suicide, Brun
nlng, who was a man of great strength,
overpowered tho policeman who had him
in custody, and almost succeeded in hurl
ing him before the approaching train.
The officer was rescued by bystanders on
the station platform, and Brunnlng there
upon threw himself under the wheels.
The fight on the station platform and
the subsequent suicide xt Brunnlng caused
a panic among the hundreds of passen
gers on the platform and train.
Road Up Vesuvius Again Operating.
ROliJS, Sept 7. There has been such
a notable diminution,-In the eruption of
Vesuvius that the electric railroad from
Naples to connect with the old Funicular
tramway will be opened in a few days,
thus reducing the fatigue and time occu
pied at present in ascending the volcano.
It is expected that within a few months
tho Funicular line will be extended up
the side of the crater.
Composer Pnccini Fast Recovering.
ROME, Sept 7. Giacomo Puccini, who
broke his leg in an automobile accident
last Spring, has so much improved that
he has abandoned his crutches, and can
walk with the aid of stocks, which the
doctors say he will soon be able to put
aside. . Puccini expects to finish his new
opera. "Madame Butterfly," in a few
weeks. In the meantime, he will go to
Paris to be present at the production of
his opera, "Tosa," at tho Opera Coinlque.
WILL HAVE ANOTHER BOAT
CAPTAIN SPEWCER IS TO INCREASE
Steamers of the Opposing Linea
Bring Large Crowd .From The
Dalles Scott's Telegraph.
Two hundred and fifty-four passengers
landed from the steamer Bailey Gatzert
when she reached her dock In this city
at 3 o'clock yesterday afternoon. The
Charles R. Spencer came in at 4:45 o'clock
with about 200 passengers, enough to make
her uncomfortably crowded.
The rate war continues to be waged
wun undiminished vigor by the Regu
lator and Spencer companies. No fur-
ther changes have been made in the tariff,
but on both sides no effort is thrown
away to get Tall tho business offering.
captain spencer makes the announce
ment that In a few days he will nut an
other boat on his line to look after
freight and way business. Then the
Spencer will concern herself only with
through traffic As the Gatzert makes
no stop3 between Portland and The Dalles,
a daily race between the two boats will
"There is too much freight and way
"business offering for one boat," said Cap
tain apencer yesterday, "so I have re
solved to put on another to run on al
ternate days with the Spencer. The new
boat will call at all way landings, but
tee spencer will go right through."
The captain would not say what boat
he will put on, but it is understood he
is figuring with tho owners of several
craft hereabouts. Captain Spencer again
denied emphatically that the new tele
phone 13 to run on the Columbia under
Of the large crowd at the foot of Al
der street to see the Gatzert arrive yes
terday, the most Interested 'spectator was
Captain U. B. Scott, tho veteran -steam
boat man, now of Seattle. Captain Scott
was the founder of the White Collar
Line, which was absorbed by the Regu
"The old Bailey is all right, and that's
a fine crowd," he said, as the steamer
neared the landing, "but If you jwant to
see steamboatlng come over to the Sound.
Tho new steamer Telegraph, of my line,
is the fastest sternwheeler in Ameridk
She can make 25 miles an hour and beat
anything of the kind afloat"
The. Telegraph, Captain Scott says, has
been in service two weeks now on the
Seattle-Everett run. She was built at
Everett, and Is 1G0 feet long, 2G feet beam
and 8 feet depth of hold. Captain Scott
designed the entire boat from stem to
stern, machinery, hull and all. He Is
justly proud of her, as she has proved
herself a faster boat than tho famous
"The Telegraph is not only fast and
complete in every particular," said the
captain, "but she is the most economical
steamer of her size In the world. She
makes IS miles an hour every day on U
tons of coal, and that's a record that
can't be beat But 18 miles Isn't her
ftpeed. The other day she had a brush
with the Flyer. The Flyer was going
easily 2 miles, . and the Telegraph- ran
all around her."
A feature of the Telegraph's model Is
the Improved stern, which prevents flood
ing of the wheel and enables the boat to
run almost without making a wave.
BOXD BIDS OPENED.
But Xo Award Made by the Port of
Although it was Labor day, the Port of
Portland Commission held a riieeting yes
terday. It was called to open bids for
$275,000 worth of refunding bonds. Bids
were received from Philip Buehner, Geo.
E. Watklns, Trowbridge & Ivor Company,
George Goode and J. W. Caruthers & Co.
The bids were for various amounts up
to the entire amount offered, and ranged
from 5 to 5 per cent. Owing to the
complicated nature of the bids they were
referred to the secretary and treasurer
for tabulation, and the award will be
made at the regular meeting to be held
No other business f importance was
brought before the meeting at which only
Commissioners Swigert, Pease, Driscoll
and Adams wero present There was some
discussion of tho Brazee land deal, and
the possibility of litigation over the Iry
dock property, but no action was taken
as the members wished to consult with
Commissioner Willis In the matter. The
monthly estimate of Contractor Wake
field, builder of the dry-dock, of $10,20$. i
GRANT COUNTY AND
Whether a roan is looking for a mining j
locality, a stock producing country, an i
agricultural district or a place of romance
and novelty, he will undoubtedly find '
Grant County o interest The investor,
the homeseeker and the sightseer must
each find something here that will please !
Nature has kindly tavored Grant Coun- '
ty with almost every resource that can be j
realized, by an inland locality. It is a
country of scenic mountains, fertile val-
leys and extensive bunchgrass ranges. (
The mountains are tall and grand, with '
steep slopes covered with dense forests '
and yielding clear streams that are filled,
with shining trout Many canyons and ,
gulches bear the ragged marks of years
of placer mining, and noisy hydraulic
giants are giving evidence of continued
activity in this line.
In the valleys are tempting orchards, and
there are luxuriant gardens, fields of grain
and ranches of hay. On the low hills
and on the higher timbered mountain
Bides are cattle and horses on the broad
public pastures and hero and there aro
seen flocks of sheep under the watchful
care of tho herders p.nd their faithful
The County has an area of 45CO square
miles and a population at the last Na
tional census of nearly 6000. It will afford
homes for many times that number when
Eastern Oregon shall have been furnish
ed with the railroads it can support and
When one sees tho opportunities of all
Kinds that are awaiting energetic, en
terprising people in Interior Oregon, ho
wonders why people of the Eastern States
will continue to plod along in a hope
less way, earning a bare existence In so
many unpromising localities, when there
Is so much to attract them here. It
must certainly be due to their Ignorance
of this country, for if the world at large
knew the possibilities of this vast domain
that is yet only partially settled, it would
certainly not be long till Investors and i
homeseekers would be flockinpr In here. !
and Portland and San Francisco would be
contesting for the first railroad to open
it up, and thus reap the commercial har
vest It promises.
It was In 1SS1 that gold was found In
the vicinity of Canyon City and John Day
by men from California. JThey did not
remain here during the following Winter,
but left It in the Fall, and returned in
tho Spring of 1SS2. There aro men living
here now who were among the Immigrants
of that year.
Those were the good, old times, when
wages were $5 to ?10 a day, and when a
man could dig gold dust out of the ground
to the value of about $60 to $100 a day.
What are now Canyon City, John Day
and a little place in the hills called
Maysville, about two miles from tho for
mer town, had at that time a combined
population of about 5000. It was a typ
ical mining camp of early times, and
there was a large number of saloons,
gambling dens and dives of various sorts.
The easily-earned money was as easily
disposed of, and many miners ,afterward
awoke to the realization that their mines
Downing, Hopkins &Co.
WHEAT AND STOCK BROKERS
Room A Ground Floor
was referred to the auditing committee.
The clerk was authorized to buy a card
index for the papers of the office, and
then the meeting adjourned.
ASTORIA, Or., Sept 7. (Special.) The
four-masted British bark Australia, which
arrived in this afternoon, 45 days from
Shanghai, is held In quarantine by Dr.
Earle, and will be taken to the Govern
ment quarantine station tomorrow; where
her ballast will be discharged and disin
fected and the yessel thoroughly fumi
gated before she will be permitted to enter
at the Custom-House.
The bark has 100 tons of rock ballast
from Cape Town, and 1200 of mud ballast
taken from the river bottom, at Shanghai.
The latter Is supposed to contain plague
germs, as it was taken on at an infected
port The bark will be held at the quar
antine station about four weeks.
Captain Kooff reports that August 21
one of his crew fell from aloft and was
drowned. The man'a name could not be
learned, as no one is permitted to board or
leavo the vessel excepting the quarantine
officer. Captain Kooff is confined to his
bed with colic, but Is not dangerously 111.
Bodies of Sailors Come Ashore.
PORT JEFFERSON, L. I., Sept 7.
Seven bodies, have been washed ashore
between Port Jefferson and Wading River,
It Is supposed " that they are those of
sailors who were lost from the schooner
which capsized in the storm of August 25,
Tnm O'Shnnter at Rainier.
RAINIER, Or., Sept 7. (Special.) The
barkentine Tam o Shanter arrived up to
day and is loading 650,000 feet of ties and
lumber from the H. O. Howard mills, at
the Western Cedar dock. Her cargo Is
for California ports.
Domestic and Foreign Ports.
ASTORIA. Or., Sept 7. Arrived at 10 A. M.
and left up at 1 P. M. Steamer Geo. W. Elder,
from San Francisco. Arrived at 10:30 A. M.
Schooner Luzon, from San Francisco. Arrived
at 1 P. M. and left up at 2:30 P. M. Steamer
Alliance, from San Francisco. Arrived at 12
M. Schooner Virginia, from. San Francisco.
Arrived at 1 P. M. British ship County of
Inverness, from Newcastle. Arrived at 2:30
British hark Australia, from Shanghai. Ar
rived at Knapptoa last night Barkentine
Gleaner, from San Francisco. Outside at 6 P.
M. Three-masted loaded ship. Condition of
the bar at 5 P. M., smooth; wind, northwest;
Gibraltar, Sept 7. Arrived Hohenrollern,
from New York, for Naples and Genoa.
Antwerp, Sept 7. Arrived Kroonland, from
Gibraltar, Sept. 7. Sailed Lahn, from Genoa.
and Naples, for New York.
Liverpool Arrived Sept. 0. Cymric, from
Bremen Arrived Sept. 0. Koenlgea Lulse,
via Plymouth and Cherbourg.
Loidon, Sept 7. Arrived Minneapolis, from
Cherbourg. Sept. 7. Arrived Kaiser "Wilhelm
der GroEse, from New York, via Plymouth, for
Brepien, and proceeded.
San Francisco. Sept. 7. Arrived Steamer
Cheballs, from Gray's Harbor; steamer Colum
bia, from Portland; ship SIntram, from Nush
agak; ship Star of Italy, from Nushagak; ship
Indiana, from Nushagak; schooner Snow Bur
gess, from Port Gamble; barkentine Skagit,
from Bristol Bay. Sailed Ship Crown of Eng
land, for Port Townsend.
Hooulam. "Wash. Sailed Sept. 6. Schooner
Transit, from Hoqulam, for San Pedro;
schooner Cecilia Sudden, from Aberdeen, for
New York. Sept. 7. Arrived Finland, from
Antwerp; Statendam, from Rotterdam.
Plymouth, Sept 7. Arrived Kaiser Wilhelm
fler G rosso, from New York.
Seattle Sailed Sept. C Steamer Santa Bar
bara, for San Francisco; steamer Queen, for
San Francisco; steamer Dolphin, for Skagway.
Arrived Sept 7 Steamer Al-Kl, from Skag
way; steamer Dlrlgo, from Skagway.
'Varsity Men Go to PntaRonia.
TOPEKA, Kan., Sept. 7. Samuel Adams
and H. T. Martin, of the University of
Kansas, left today for Patagonia, where
they will gather natural history speci
mens for the university. They will be
gone a year, and expect to make investi
gations along hitherto unknown lines.
were almost exhausted, and the products
were in the possession of others.
When a mine was only abla to produce
from f 10 to $20 to the man per day. It was
considered valueless, and was abandoned.
In later days, when wages became lower,
work was resumed on them generally, and
it is being found profitable to wash out
the tailings, that is, ground that has once
been removed by the process of mining.
The working of this ground now Is by
means of a dredge, of which I will speak
But the decline of placer mining in this
locality has not marked the end of the
mineral output Gold and copper-bearing
quartz ledges have been discovered, and,
when easy transportation for ore can be
had by means of a railroad, mining in
Grant County will probably be as profit
able" as it is in any other part of the
state. Interest in placer mining, too, is
reviving, and Improved methods for this
kind of mining will undoubtedly result in
the production of many thousands of dol
lars from ground that has been consid
ered of but little or no value.
Quartz mining In Grant County Is now
practically In its earliest stages. There
aro many promising claims, but only one
is fully developed and in a paying condi
tion. That mine is known as the Red
Boy, and Its annual output Is betweqn
$500,000 and $1,000,000. Several other prop
erties promise to equal, or possibly excel,
it when they shall have been fully de
Among the most important prospects
that are being developed" in this county
are the Badger, the Last Chance, Dixie
Meadow and others of its group; the
Standard and Equity, with others of the
Quartzburg group, and several In the
Greenhorn district These are all pro
ducers of bass ore, while on Canyon
Mountain are the Great Northern, Prairie
Diggings and others that are producing
free gold largely from pockets. It Is be
lieved, by mining men that the pocket
formation will develop Into rich, stable
That some of these mlries are exceed
ingly promising was proved to the writer
by a certificate from a sampling mill,
whero five sacks of ore had been sent to
be tested. The product of the five sacks
In gold was at the ratio of $352 and In
silver at $7.50 per ton of ore.
But the development of these mines is
hindered through lack of railroad facilities.
Thero are mills at some of them to reduce
the ore to concentrates, but It Is diffi
cult to ship even the Jatter. For Instance,
the Badger mine yields from seven to ten
tons a day In concentrates, and tho Dixie
Meadow yields about 15 tons. This must
be shipped across the mountains by wag
on, which makes It exceedingly expen
sive. Some of the more remote mines
must depend on pack trains for shipment
of ore and supplies.
.Owing to the Interference of water In
the gravel above tho bedrock. In many
places It was possible to get only a por
tion of the gold from placer mines when
they wero originally worked. Thus tho
old diggings are, many of them, still rich.
To reclaim this gold a large mining
Chamber of Commerce
dredger has been built and Is now being
successfully operated below the town of
John Day on the river bottom.
This dredger consists of an endless
chain of large buckets that dig up the
earth and convey it to the upper deck
of the craft, where It la run through some
revolving machinery. From this it Is
deposited In a long sluice box through
which it is washed by a stream of water
that is constantly pumped for the pur
pose. The dredger Is provided with a 500
horsepower engine. '
That the dredger has proved a profit
able Investment seems evident, for it Is
now in Its second year of service, and its
owners are procuring more land on which
to operate it It has been claimed that" it
can be worked at a profit on ground
worth 6 cents per square yard.
But there is considerable placer ground
of value that has not yet been worked,
owing to a lack of available water for
that purpose. Placer mining will be car
ried on here for several years to come.
Agriculture and Horticulture.
Grant County has more than Its share
of high mountains, hence the proportion
of land fitted for agriculture Is not so
great as in some other sections ot the
stae. But its valleys and level hill
lands are rich, and produce grain, vege
tables, and fruit in largo quantities and
of excellent quality. Fruit, especially.
Is produced with success. Worms are
never found in fruit raised here, and
other pests are indeed rare.
As there is no way to ship fruit away, it
Is at present no use to grow more than
can be used In the surrounding country.
Apples are among the most prolific fruit,
often yielding, it is said, as much as 25
bushels per tree. Peaches do well on
tho lower ground but cannot be raised). on
the more elevated ground. Berries of all
kinds are raised with success and a fruit
cannery Is a long-felt necessity.
Hay Is the most profitable crop at
present, for it can be disposed of at home
at a good price and the cost of production
is very small. Three good crops of al
falfa are obtained with but little expense
In addition to the cost of harvesting.
Livestock is more profitable than any
other property, and will always probably
Canyon City Is a place of rare interest,
both from the novelty pf Its location and
from Its early history. It Is certainly
well named, for It is built In the bottom
of a canyon and lnthe bed of an old
placer mine. Yet it Is "marked by tall
poplar trees that surround comfortable
homes, where small vegetable and flower
gardens grow in luxuriance.
A little way up the hillside is an old
lumber building that was onco the home
of Joaquin Miller. The poet, it will be
remembered, was a resident of this place
during the '60s. He was a lawyer at that
time, and was the first man elected
County Judge of Grant County, though
W. Lair Hill held the office before him,
having been appointed to that position by
the Governor. It was during his resi
dence here that Miller's first book -of
poems was published.
Some of the old timers in Canyon City
enjoy telling interesting incidents in
which W. Lair Hill or Joaquin Miller took
part. The former gentleman visited this
place a few years ago and told some of
his old-time friends that he had always
had a longing to visit his mountain home
of early days.
Canyon City is the county seal of Grant
County and, although it has been burned
to the ground twice. It has been rebuilt
each time and is now In a thrifty condi
tion. It will probably always be one of
the more Important towns of Eastern
John Day Is located on the beautiful
river of the same name. It is one of the
oldest towns in Grant County, and has
an attractiveness peculiarly its own. The
streets are shaded by tall trees. Its his
tory dates back to the first discovery of
gold in the county, and It, too, is built
on me grouna iormea by th(f deposit of
placer mines. The hills above it aro cut
by the early mining operations. As the
country develops, John Day, like other
towns In this part of the country, will
grow and Improve In various ways, but it
will ever retain some traces of the golden
days long ago.
The town is steadily growing, and has
many natural advantages, that must aid
in its ultimate prosperity. But to ap
preciate cither of these towns, one must
isit ic ana come in contact with its in
oivmuai attractions that soon become
apparent to the stranger.
Prairie City Is one of Grant County's
promising towns. It is located on the
John Day River, about 12 miles above the
town of that name. Although it is in
the midst of a farming and stock raising
community, it Is classed crenerallv n .n
mining town, for on various sides of it
are some of the most promising mineral
districts of the county. It Is built on a
slight elevation overlooking a picturesque
part of the John Day vallev.
ablo location and its nearness to the
mines causes it to have a promising fu
ture, and when a railroad Is built down
the river, which will no doubt, be done
in time, Prairie City will prove a desir
able location for a station of importance
L1UNELL A. JOHNSON.
TSAVELEB S' GUIDE.
Ticket Office 122 ThirdiL
TRAINS DAILY A
Direct connection via Seattl- or
Spokane. For tickets, rates nnH
full information call on or adduce
H. Dickson, (J. T. A., Portland, Or.
JAPAN - AMERICAN LINE
For Japan, China and all Asiatic points, win
Abont September 10th.
For South -Eastern Alaska
LEAVE SEATTLL UK U
ateamanlpa COTXAUK CtTy"
CITY OF SEATTLE or Clix
OF TOPEKA, Sept. Z. 8. Jj
14, 20, 20. 28. Oct. 2.
aietuncri connect at Saa
riaiiciseo with company-j
tuaciers for pom in call
;orula. Mexico and Humboldt
obtain folder. Klrht ! rar-
TnrtLind: F. W. CAKLKTrtV Tr
Pacific ave., Tacoma. Ticket Offices 113 James
at. and ocean . -crancisco
Ticket office. New MontBomery st., C. D.
DUN AN-. " "rancisco.
WILLAMETTE RIVER ROUTE
Rieamera Altona and Pomona leave du-r
(except Sunday), 0:45 A. M.
FOR OREGON CITY
Steamer Leona. leaves daily. 3:30. 11 zSa ji
II.. 8, 6:15 P. M. Leave Oregon City. T. 10
A. M., 1:30. 4:30 P. il. Round trip, 43c
Tickets cood on Orecon City cars.
Socle foot Taylor su Phon Mala 49.
an Union Pacific
3 TRAINS TO THE EAST DAILY
Through xMllmaa standard and tourist sleeping-car
dally to Omaha. Chicago. SMkane;
u "leeiyns-car daiiy to Kansas City;
through Pullman tourtsv sleeping-car (person
ally conducted) weekly to Chicago, Kansas
City Reclining chair cers (scats free), to the
CR1CAGO-POKTLANU OiCU X. it
4:30 P. it
wo Xiiut via xiuat.
For Eastern Washing
ton, Walla Walla, Lew
lston, Coeur d'Alen
sad Ut Northern point.
0:00 P. it
7:35 A. U.
For the East via Hunt
V 'J P.
"0:30 A- U
OCEAJf AXD RIVEK. SCREDCLE.
OK a AN FRANCISCO
bteamer Geo. W. Eider.
September 9, . 19, 2t.
Steamer Columbia, Seji
tember, 4, li, 2i.
S:00 P. JL
For Astoria and way 8:w P. M.
polnu, connecting wlta (Daily ex.
uteanwr for Ilwaco and lounday;
North Beach, ste&mtr I Saturday,
3:00 P. iL.
xiasaaio, -ASn-SL. cock. .0 I', it.
POTTER SAlLIMfJ mTri!i.h...
September 1. U:45 A. M.; September 3. 12 noon;
September 6 (Saturday), l:3j p. ji.
FOR DAYTON, Oregon
City and Yamhill River
points, Elmore. Aiti-ut.
dock (watir permu
ting). 7:0u A. il.
3:00 P. il.
FOR LEWISTON. Ida
ho, and way polnu,
from Rlparla, Wasn.,
steamers Spokaaa or
4:05 A. it.
5:00 P. il.
TICKET OFFICE. Third and Washington.
Telephone Mala 712.
I' OUTLAID &. ASIATIC STEAMSHIP
For Yokohama and Hong Kong, calling at
Kobe. Nagasaki and Shanghai, taklncr fr.ttrhr
via connecting steamers tor Manila, Port Ar
thur and Vladivostok.
INDRAPURA SAILS ABOUT SEPTEMBER SJ.
For rates and lull Information call on or ad
ore oXaclala or agents o O, R. i N. Co,
8:30 P. M.
lor Salem. Rose
burg, Ashland, Sao-
7:43 A. !.
raraenio, o g a o n.
Ban Francisco, Mo
Jave, Los Angeles,
El Paso, New Or
leans and the East.
Morning train' con
7:00 P. 3C
nects at woodbura
(dally except Sun
day) with train for
Mount Angel. Sll-
Wendung and Na
tron. 4:00 P. M.
7:30 A. M.
1(4:00 P. M.
connects at wood
burn with ML An
gel and Sllverton
3:50 P. X.
118:25 A. M.
Dally. I Dally, except Sunday.
PORTLAND-OSWEGO SUBURBAN BERVXCB
Leave Portland daily for Oswego at 7:30 A.
i P.'M. Dall except Sunday 5:80, 8:36, 8:35.
M., 12:50, 2:05. 3:25. 5:2Q 0:23. 3:30, 10:10
10:25 A. M.. 4:00. 11:30 P. iL Sunday, onbr.
9 A. M.
Returning- from Oswego, arrlTO Portland dally
8:30 A. M.. 1:55. 3:05, 4:35. 0:15. 7:35. &tB5,
11:10 P. M. Dally, except Sunday, 0:25, 7:25,
0:30, 10:20, 11:45 A. M. Except Monday, 12:20,
A. M. Sunday only, 10:00 A. M.
Leave from same depot (or Dallas and Inter
sieaiate points daily except Sunday, 4:00 P. M.
Arrive Portland 10:20 A. M.
The Independence-Monmouth motor line oper
ates dally to Monmouth and Alrlle, connecting
First-class rebate tickets on sal from Port
land to Sacramento and San Francisco; net
rate, $ii.u: Derui. 55. second-class fare. 315.
without rebate or berth; second-class berths
5 j y
Tickets to Eastern points and Europe. Also.
Japan, China. Honolulu and Australia.
CITT TICKET OFFICE, corner Third and
wasninztoa streets. ihone Mam 712.
6tW 1 1 VIL LAKU
reset Sound Limited ror Ta
coma. Seattle. Olympla.
South Hend and Gray
Harbor points o.30 am 8:30
North Coaat Limited, tor Ta
coma, btatUe, Spokane
Butte, St. Paul, New York,
Boston and all polnu East
and Southeast 3:00 jm 7:00 aas
Tlu v.ny .UjtprcM iur la- '
coma, cetUe, Spokane,
Heteaa. bu iraiu, Mlnae
apolu, Chicago, 2in York.
Boatoa and all polnu East
and (southeast 11:43 pm 7:09 Da
Pugtti bound - Kaiuaa city
St. Louis Special, tor Ta
coma, Seattle, Spokane,
Butte, fiUllnxs. Denver,
Omaha, Kansas City. St.
Louis and all polau East
aad Southeast . . d:30 am 7.-00 ara
11 trains dally except on South Bend branca.
A. D. CHARLTON. Assistant General Pas
censer Agent. 255 Zaorruoa at., corner Third
SAILS FROM SEATTLE
ON OR ABOUT OCTOBER 3,
Nome and St. Michael
CONKECriHG FOR ALL POINTS U.1
Yukon, Tahana and Koyukuk
607 FIRST AVENUE. SEATTLE.
Astoria & Columbia
River Railroad Co.
P7 SUNSET Tl
ynV rags QqJ
Leaves. UNION DEPOT. Arrives.
Dally. For Maygers, Rainier, Dally.
8:00 a. m.. CUtton. Astoria, War
2:30p. m. renton. Flavel, Ham- 11:10 a. m
(Sat. toond. Fort Stevens,
only.) Garhart Park, Seaside,
Astoria and Seashore
7:00 p. m. Express. Dally.
(Except Astoria Express. 8:o d. rm
SatJ 1 Dally. '
C. A. STEWART,
J. C. MAYO,
a. f. p. a
Comm'I Agent. 2(8 Alder at.
7bos Main 80s.
iiiiiai H iMn
Not a. dark office In the buildinRi
absolutely fireproof; electric lights
and artesian water; perfect sanita
tion and thorough ventilation; ele
vators run day. and night.
AINSLIB, DR. GEORGE. Physician and
Surgeon T. 600-607
ANDERSON, GUSTAV, Attomey-at-Law. .012
ASSOCIATED PRESS ; E. L. Powell, Mgr..80ti
AUSTEN, F. C. Manager for Oregon and
"Washington Bankers LKe Association o
Des Molnts, la j 502-503
BAAR, DR. GUSTAV, Phys. and Surg..SO7-S0S
i - v.-. LIFE ASSOCIATION OF DES
MOINES, IA.; F. C. Austen. Mgr 502-503
BATES, PHIUP S.. Pub. Pacific Miner... 213
BENJAMIN. B, W., Dentist 3U
BERNARD, G.. Cashier Co-Operative Mer
cantile Co 201-205
BINSWANGER, OTTO S., Physician and"
BOGART, DR.. M. D.. Dentist 7u5
BROCK. WILBUR F., Circulator. Orego-
BROWN. MYRA. M. D 313-314
BRUERE, DR. G. E.. Phys. .411-413-413-414
CAMPBELL, WM. M., Medical Releree
Equltablo Lire 700
CANNING, M. J 002-603
CARD WELL. DR. J. R.. Dentist Mrt
"UAUKIN, G. E.. District Agent Travelers
insurance Company 713
CHICAGO ARTIFICIAL LIMB CO.; J. IC
Fitzhugn, Mgs 601
CHURCHILL. MRS. E. J 716-717
uu.NTO. RICHARD. State Manager Co
operative Mercantile Co 201-205
COFFEY, DR. R. C. Surgeon 405-400
COGHLAN. DR. J. N 713-714
COLLIER. P. F., Publisher; S. P. McGulre.
COLUMBIA GRANITE CO 417-413
CONNELL. DR. B. DB WITT, Eye, Ear.
Noso and Throat 613-614
CO-OPERATIVE MERCANTILE CO.; J. F;
Olsen. Gen. Mgr.; G. Bernard. Cashler.201-205
CORNELIUS, C. W., Phys. and Surgeon... 212
DAY'. J. G. & I, N 313
DICKSON, DR. J. F.. Physician 713-714
EDITORIAL ROOMS Eighth Floor
EVENING TELEGRAM ,325 Alder street
EQUITABLE LIFE ASSURANCE SO
CIETY; L. Samuel. Mgr.; G. S. Smith.
FENTON, J. D., Phys. and Surg 500-510
FENTON, DR. HICKS C, Eye and Ear.. 511
FENTON, MATTHEW F., Dentist COS
GALVANl. W. H., Engineer and Draughts
roan - 600
GEARY. DR. E. P., Phys. and Surgen...400
GIESY. DR. A. J., Physician and Surg. .700-710
GILBERT. DR. J. ALLEN, Physician. .401-403
UOLDMAN, WILLLVM. Manager Manhat
tan Life Ins. Co. of New York 200-210
I' GRANT. FRANK S., Attorney-at-Law...617
UitlSWOLD & PHEGLEY, Tailors
131 Sixth street
HAMMAM BATHS. Turkish and Russian..
HOLLISTER. DR. O. C, Physician and
HOSMER. DR. CHAS., SAM'L; Phys. and
IDLEMAN. C M.. Attorney-at-Law. .615-6M
JEFFREYS, DR. ANNICE F.. Phys. and
Surgeon, Women and Children only 400
JOHNSON. W. C 315-316-317
KADY. MARK T., Supervisor of Agents
Mutual Reserve Life Ins. Co 605
LANE. E. L.. Dentist 513-514
LAWBAUGH. DR. E. A 804-805
LAWRENCE PUBLISHING CO 417-418
LITTLEFIELD & CORNELIUS 212
LITTLEFIELD, H. R., Phys. and Surg. .212
MACKAY. DR. A. E.. Phys. and Surg. .711-713
MANHATTAN IJFE INSURANCE CO. OF
NEW YORK; W. Goldman, Manager. .200-210
MARSH, DR. R. J., Phys and Surg 300-310
McCOY, NEWTON, Attorney-at-Law 715
Mcelroy, dr. j. g.. Phys.& surg.701-702-703
McFADEN. MISS IDA E.. Stenographer. .210
McGINN. HENRY E.. Attorney-at-Law. 311-312
McGUIRE, S. P.. Manager P. F. Collier,
McKENZIE. DR. P. L.. Phys. and Surg.512-13
METT. HENRY 21S
MILLER. DR. HERBERT C. Dentist and
Oral Surgeon 60S-609
MOSSMAN, DR. E. P., Dentist 513-514
MUTUAL RESERVE LIFE INS. CO.;
Mark T. Kady, Supervisor of Agents. 604-605
NICHOLAS, HORACE B.. Attorney-at-Law.718
NILES, M. M.. Cashier Manhattan Life
Insurance Company of New Yorw....200
NOTTAGE. DR. G. H., Dentist 602
NOTTINGHAM. T. W.V Mg. The Warren
Construction Co. 216-217
O'CONNOR. DR. H. P., Dentist ..300-310
OLSEN, J. F., General Manager Co-operative
Mercantile Co 204-205
OREGON INFIRMARY OF OSTEOPATHY
OREGONIAN BARBER SHOP, MARSCH
& GEORGE, Props 129 Sixth street
OREGONIAN EDUCATIONAL BUREAU;
J. F. Strauhal, Manager 200
PACIFIC MERCANTILE CO 200
PACIFIC MINER, Philip S. Bates, Pub... 215
PAGUE, B. S., Attorney-at-Law 618
PALMER BROS., Real Estate and Busi
ness Chances 417-113
PORTLAND EYE AND EAR INFIRMARY
Ground Floor, 133 Sixth street
REED, C. J., Executive Special Agent
Manhattan Life Ins. Co. ot New York.. 09
REED. WALTER. Optician 133 Sixth street
RICKENBACH, DR. J. F., Eye. Ear. Noso
and Throat 701-702
RO S END ALE. O. M.. Metallurgist and
Mining Engineer - 316
RYAN, J. B., Attorney-a'.-Law 513
SAMUEL, L.. Manager Equitable Life 306
SCOTT. C. N.. with Palmer Bros 417-418
SHERWOOD, J. W., State Commander K.
O. T. M. 517
SMITH, DR. ALAN WELCH, Physician and
SMITH, DR. L. B., Osteopath 409-410
SMITH, GEORGE S., Cashier Equitable
Life ... - T 300
STOLTE. DR. CHAS. E.. Dentist.. ...704-705
SURGEON OF THE S. P. RY AND N. P.
TERMINAL CO 709
SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE 201
TUCKER, DR. GEO. F.. Dentist 610-611
VESTER, A, Special Agent Manhattan
WARREN CONSTRUCTION CO.; T. W.
.Nottingham. Mgr. 216-217
WEND LING. DR. ROBT. F.. Dentist..... 705
WILEY, DR. JAMES O. C, Phys. & Surg.70S-8
WILSON, DB, EDWARD N.. Eye. Ear.
Nose and Throat..... 304-305
WILSON, DR. GEO. F., Phys. & Surg.706-707
WILSON. DR. HOLT C, Phys .& Surg.507-503
WOOD, DR. W. L., Physician.. 411-412-413-414.
inaj mc .uuu 03- applying; xo
tlie superintendent ot the building,
room 20X4 Mcond floor.