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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 7, 1903)
THE MORNING 0RBGO.NIAN, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 1903.
OREGON LANDS ARE BEING TIED UP WITH UNDUE HASTE IN FOREST RESERVES
(Continued from First Pace.)
Western Senators and Western Represent
atives are a unit in protesting against the
lavish plastering of the country with
withdrawals that include not only forest
lands, but countless acres of purely graz
ing lands, and lands that legitimately be
long to'the settler and to the agriculturist.
The policy of -withdrawals is not criti
cised; It is the manner of applying this
policy; it is the abuse of the privilege that
Is complained against. And it is an evil
that cannot too soon be corrected.
Withdrawals are made for one purpose
only to head off . speculative entry. No
one ,wUl condemn that purpose. It is
right and proper that every effort should
he made to prevent speculators acquiring
title to lands which are eventually to bo
brought into a forest reserve, for- it is
right to use every means to curtail the
lieu land abuses. And if the temporary
withdrawals were made to cover only for
ested lands, and perhaps interior grazing
areas that must ultimately be brought
within reserves, in accordance with the
present forestry policy, there would bo no
objection. But when Tom, Dick or Harry
soes into section 4, for example, and finds
timber thereon, and recommends the with
drawal of the entire township, without
first acquainting himself of the character
of the remaining 35 sections, he is carry
ing the matter to the extreme. Yet that
is what is being done every day.
Laud Never Carefully Examined.
True, very often more than one section
In a township will be examined, but never
is the land so carefully gone over as to
enable the party making the examination
to tell, even approximately, what lands
are valuable for forestry purposes, and
what lands are utterly worthless as such.
This is why so many millions of acres in
Oregon are now withdrawn from the reach
of settlers bona fide settlers, actually de
sirous of making permanent homes. And
there Is no officer In the Government serv
ice In Washington today who can tell
what lands included in any one of these
withdrawals are truly worthy of perma
nent reservation, and what lands should
be restored to entry. Therein Is one of
the gravest evils of the present withdraw
If there Is one branch of the Govern
ment service that is mismanaged that
Buffers from over-management, to speak
accurately It Is the administration of
public forest lands. Instead of being un
der the control of one department and
one bureau of one department, there is a
division of authority, endless complica
tion in administration, and, to some ex
tent, duplication. This condition cannot
continue. Order will never come out of
chaos as long as these methods are pur
sued. No Man in Fall Authority.
As. things stand now, the Secretary of
Interior in person for one, the General
Land Office for another, the Geological
Survey for a third, and the Bureau of
Forestry for a fourth, have a hand in
the management and control of forest re
serves, and public forest lands. There
is no head; there is no man in supreme
authority whose word Is final in all cases.
Where the lesser authorities disagree the
The forestry service in the Geological
Survey is a farce and should be .aban
doned. It Is a fifth wheel, worse than
useless. -To prove this: The Oregonlan
correspondent" called at the bureau to
ascertain, if possible, on what showing
of that office large forestry withdrawals
had been made In Oregon. He learned
nothing pertinent, because" there was not
an official In the entire survey who knew
anything about past recommendations, or
who could go to the files and find any
desired papers. The service has for two
years been without a head.
Henry Gannett, a most estimable man,
is credited with being Chief of this bu
reau. But he has been detailed to as
sist In taking the census of the Philip
pine Islands, and has been gone lo, these
many months. He will return within a
month or two to his former position. In
his absence the work of the forestry dl
vision was entrusted to P. H. Newell, the
man charged with carrying out the pro
visions of the National irrigation act, and
withal, one of the busiest men in Wash
Ington. His entire time has been ab
sorbed with the work of his own office.
He could not be expected to run a sec
ond bureau, and naturally the work of
the forestry division fell Into the hands
Of clerks. Most of these are merely
stenographers, simply parts of a ma
chine, and with the motive power re
moved, what have they accomplished?
They have appeared with painful regu
larlty at the disbursing office twice each
month, and that Is about all.
Of the clerks, superior to those .just
referred to, but one knows anything
about the records of the forestry division
and as he is detailed on reclamation
work in the West, no one behind knows
anything of what has been done, or how
anything has been accomplished. It Is
pitiful sight to gaze upon this division
and to think the Government is obliged
to pay out many thousands of dollars
each year and get no return of value.
Yet that is what Is being done.
No Appnfent Record of Work-
Your correspondent was told that there
"are three or four field representatives
of the forestry division now making ex-
amlnatlons In the West" When he asked
"who they are and where they were en
gaged tne answer came, "We do not
know." If those representatives are ac
compllshlng anything no one here know
of It; if they are reporting no one can
tell to whom; there is no apparent record
of any work being done, only the record
Yet this is the bureau that originally
recommended many withdrawals for
forest reserves . in Oregon and other
Western States; this Is the bureau that
Insisted upon early action, and consid
ered its own scant knowledge sufficient
to Justify final action; this is the bureau
that has been largely shorne of Its power,
and In light of actual facts should be
shaven still closer.
The Bureau of Forestry is also badly
crippled at this time. Gifford Pinchot
Its chief, is in the West, and the next
ranking officials are In the field. One of
Its men of prominence now in Washing'
ton, bufhot the man In charge of forest
reserve withdrawals, and accompanying
records, was found in his office and con
sented to state the attitude of the bu
reau as he understood it.
Responsibility for Wltbdravrnls.
According to this official, an enthusi
ast, by the way, withdrawals In Eastern
Oregon were made upon the recommenda
tion of Mr. iPlnchot Mr. Pinchot has
acted on the recommendation of his rep
resentatives in the field, men who hav
gone over the respective tracts, and who.
with their expert knowledge of forestry
problems, discerned the need of extenslv
forest reservations, both In Eastern Ore- I
gon and in tho Fogue Blver country. He
said that no withdrawals were ever Rec
ommended until the field agents had care
fully examined the lands and found them
fit subjects for reservation.
"In many cases," said he, "the pre- !
Uminary reports are so carefully pre
pared, after detailed examination, that
they form sufficient basis for ultimately
creating forest reserves. Nevertheless, it
Is the policy of the Forestry Bureau to
re-examine all tracts after they are with
drawn, to determine accurately what
areas should be permanently reserved,
and what portions of the withdrawals
should bo restored to entry. This work
being carried out in Oregon now, and
there is no interference final reports
will be made, particularly as to the Blue
Mountain withdrawal, during the early
part of the Winter. When these reports
are received, Mr. Pinchot will recommend
to Secretary Hitchcock that definite areas
There are, as yet, no final reports at
the Bureau of Forestry, showing exactly
what areas. In the opinion of the bureau's
representatives, should be reserved. As
the examinations are concluded, the par
ties will come In and prepare their re
ports in Washington. In the absence of
these reports, it is impossible to say,
even approximately, what proportion of
the lands now withdrawn will likely be
restored to entry.
The Blue Mountain Reserve.
Before a Blue Mountain forest reserve
is created the Interior Department will
have to determine upon some policy as re
gards grazing within its limits. Exam
inations that have been made heretofore
show that there Is a considerable area
within the Blue Mountain withdrawal
upon which sheep have been accustomed
to graze for years. The department has
been made aware of the fact that the
stock interests f Eastern Oregon are de
manding that this range shall not bo
taken from them. Yet tho Bureau of
Forestry Is ready to recommend that at
least a part of this range be closed
against all Summer grazing, and will
recommend restricted grazing in all other
areas that have heretofore been free
In explanation of this attitude, the For
estry officials say there are, in the Blue
Mountains, many places where the tim
ber growth Is small, where streams have
run dry, where the water supply Is prac
tically exhausted, notwithstanding there
are unmistakable signs that in the past
there was an abundance of water. Ac
cording to their theory, areas such as
this should be strictly reserved. In order
that former conditions may be restored.
The foresters say that either because
the timber has been Injudiciously cut, or
because the land has been overgrazed,
the forests have failed to replenish them
selves, and the destruction of the water
supply has been the result Properly
protected, they maintain that these areas.
now covered with scrub trees, will, in
time, develop a healthy growth of young
fqrest and a turf such as must have ex
isted before the inroads of the stock
man, when areas of this character have
developed; when the young trees are
of uch size as to enable them to stand
off the ravages of large bands of sheep
or cattle; when the range Is again in
healthy condition, and the water supply
restored, then may grazing be permitted,
but not until then.
At the same time, the bureau recog
nizes that there are other localities In
the Blue Mountains where grazing, under
proper restrictions, may be permitted
even now, Just as In the Cascade Reserve.
But it is to bo Inferred that If the 'rec
ommendations of the Forestry Bureau
are carried out to the letter, thousands
of the sheep now dependent upon the
Blue Mountain ranges for Summer graz
ing will, when the reserve Is created, be
forced to look elsewhere for fodder.
Claims for Lieu Dase Cause Alarm.
One fact seems to alarm the Forestry
Bureau, especially so far as the Blue
Mountain reserve Is concerned. Field
representatives have reported from time
to time, finding within the limits of the
present withdrawal, settlers' cabins, hast
ily constructed, having but one opening,
the door, and on the whole, uninhabitable
These cabins, they report have been
erected by parties who went on the land
shortly before the withdrawal was or
dered. They, of course. Initiated rlehts
to the land, but are not aqtual "bona-
"do" residents. These men have located
on lands which cannot be profitably log.
ged, because of the distance from market.
and yet lands which cannot be cultivated
because there Is not sufficient water to
raise' crops. The one Inference Is that
these settlements were made for the pur
pose of obtaining lieu base, and for that
purpose only. In face of these discoveries
the Bureau may be counted upon to rec
ommend that all lands, held by settlers
of this class be excluded from the reserve
when it is created, and this recommenda'
tion is very likely to be followed out
UlchardH the Practical Official.
But there Is one practical official who Is
to be heard from before the forest re
serves are created In Oregon, or any other
Western State. That Is William A. Rich
ards, Commissioner of the General Land
Office. True, his say Is not final, but his
recommendations are worth much.
Western man, fully acquainted with con
dltlons on the public domain, in the vast
forested regions, and In the stock country
he views forestry problems from the
standpoint of a practical Westerner. He
Is not narrow, he is not prejudiced, he Is
not jealous of the power of other officials
he Is fair and broad-minded; he Is a man
of sound judgment
So far as proposed new reserves In Ore
gon are concerned. Commissioner Rich
ards has as yet had little say. By dlrec
tion of the Secretary of the Interior, hla
superior, he has ordered withdrawals rec
ommended by the Bureau of Forestry
Whether he deemed all of these with
drawals expedient, is another question.
Commissioner Richards does not believe
In the policy of making withdrawals be
fore reserves are created; he believes In
using every means within the power of
the Government to head off speculation
in public lands; he believes in abating the
lieu-land evil, but It Is equally true that
he does not favor wild withdrawals of
lands that are not now and never will be
valuable for forests and can never play an
Important part in the protection or per
petuation of the water supply.
There is nothing of the theorist about
"Commissioner Richards. Ho holds his own
opinions which he formed during his train
ing in the school of experience. He has
had the advantage of coming constantly
In touch with local sentiment, and In ad
dltlon, he has been made familiar with
the theories of scientists who are dabbling
In problems that are largely entrusted to
his department to manage and control
While he Is willing to acknowledge the
merits of a scientific raining, he does not
1; pjoposed MEr""
fyQf H Mrs. mmmF
7 M cUP &ROPOSE
PXoposedX BLZHS :
f ADDITION 0i HH KES&RyG.
. C)SCADmm PROPOSED
mm ' Q J WARNER MOUNTAIN "S v "
fUmmmPOGue B0 .
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nBBLlwi ISHUIND FO&.RES. J " .
RESERVES, PRESENT AND PROSPECTIVE, IN
In the above outline map of the State of Oregon the present Cascade forest reserve
now under consideration are Indicated by tho black patches. An idea is thus obtained of
taken from settlement, in comparison with the entire extent of the state's territory.
concede that science is all, or that theory
is all. Theqry" that does not work pu
means nothing to him.
Commissioner "Meylng: Slowly.'
This Is the man Into whose hands will
eventually go all reports of the field
parties of the Forestry Bureau, the Geo
logical Survey, and of the few field repre
sentatives of the Interior Department
who are likewise engaged In examining
withdrawn tracts. And those 'reports
will have the closest scrutiny before they
are acted upon.
"I am going very sjowly In recommend
ing the creation of new forest reserves,"
said the Commissioner. "During my term
In office I have recommended but two new
reserves, both In South Dakota. They
embody but a few townships In the ag
gregate. And they were not recommended
until this office fully understood the ne-
esslty for reserves, and was convinced
that all lands Involved were actually val
uable for forestry purposes."
In that Instance, Commissioner Richards
ascertained the status, not only of every
township recommended for reservation,
but of every quarter section. He learned
what lands had passed from the Govern
ment and what lands were yet a part of
the public domain. In one Instance, he
found settlers on fbur quarter sections;
in the other, settlers had taken up 200
acres. All these settlements were bona
fide, and were Included lnNthe reserves.
But that Is tho extent of tho Hen base
that was created.
What was done with Tegard to the South
Dakota reservea will be , done with every
reserve that is created in Oregon. A
complete chart will bo made of. each with
drawal, showing the vacant public lands,
the lands taken up by settlers, school
landti and lands granted to railroads or
wagon roads. The commissioner wm
also have before him reports showing the
character of each quarter section, and can
tell whether the lands are necessary for
forest and water protection, or whether
they are legitimately subject to settle
ment He will work out each case as a
separate and distinct problem, not in
haste or at the urgent request of some
official or some Individual, but as the rep
resentative of the public, seeking to serve
the best Interests of the community at
Against Their Reservation.
If the Commissioner finds most of the
lands within the exterior limits of any
withdrawal have passed from the Gov
ernment,, even though the lands be val
uable for their timber, he will most likely
recommend against their reservation. He
may favor the reserving of the vacant
lands, together with a small part of those
that have been taken up -In one way or
another, but In no instance will he rec
ommend action which will create lieu base
on a wholesale scale.
There are Instances in Oregon where
withdrawals containing large grants are
now pending, and where the creation of
forest reserves is probably Important A
portion of the withdrawn lands have been
entered, and yet their value In assisting
In preserving the water supply Is such that
the Government would be Justified in al
lowing their owners to select other tracts
In lieu thereof. This. Is true only of lands
In localities where water Is of paramount
importance, and where the supply can
only be maintained through Government
control of lands previously entered or dis
posed of, in conjunction with tracts still
vacant In these cases, Commissioner
Richards will be willing to include the
most desirable private lands in a public
reserve, if he can do so on his awn terms,
From the scant Information nowavall
able, it is safe to predict that there will
be no large forest reserve created In
Southwestern Oregon. More than half of
tho area covered by the recent Rogue
River withdrawal Is Included In the rail
road grant, or has passed Into .the hands
of settlers. Water supply is not so grave
a question in that region as It Is east of
the Cascades, although the timber stand
"You may rest assured that wo will
proceed with the utmost caution in rec
ommending a reserve under those clrcum
stances," said Commissioner Richards.
"We nre not going to lay ourselves open
to the charge of playing into the hands
of land grant roads. There has been too
much of that In the past; whether inten
tional or not I cannot say. But there Is
going to be no repetition of the mistakes
that were made when the original forest
reserves were created."
Benefit to Holders of Grants.
To create reserves on the lines of pend
ing withdrawals would benefit not only
the Southern Pacific, whose grant covers
the greater portion of the Rogue River
withdrawal, but the Willamette Valley
and Cascade Mountain military road, the
Oregon Central military road and The
Dalles military road, all with "grants,
would be benefited to a great degree.
Those roads, or their grants, penetrate
several of the withdrawals, and therain
tite those granted lands are brought with
in a reserve the value of the Jands "in
creases from $i to at least $5 an acre. Not
that the land is altered, but it would be
converted into lieu base. And would then
be the equivalent of an equal area of the
very best vacant public land In the United
The Willamette Valley and Cascade
road, for example, or, rather, Ita grant
cpmes partly within the Blue Mountain
and the Maury's Mountain withdrawals,
as well as crossing the proposed addition
to the Cascade reserve. The Oregon Cen
tral road runs completely across the War
ner Mountain withdrawal, and that por
tion of its grant if brought within a re
serve, would give this company thousands
of acres of lieu base, many times more
valuable than the land as It stands. The
Dalles military road runs through the
Blue Mountain withdrawal, and that cor
poration would be benefited in a like man
ner, but to a lesser degree.
These facts are to be considered with
the greatest care before any of the grant
ed lands are reserved. It was the inten
tion of Secretary Hitchcock some time
ago, In creating the Blue Mountain re
serve, to exclude every acre of land In pri
vate ownership, when he came to establish- j
luti liiiui uuuijuunta ui reserves. a xai ,
It is found, cannot be done, and some ad
justment must be reacheG, whereby a -part
of the granted or settled lands can be
brought within reserves, at a minimum
loss to the Government It was at one
time suggested that where grants cross
withdrawals, reserves could be created
on the "checkerboard plan," as was done
in the San Francisco Mountain reserve In
Arizona. Experience has demonstrated
that that plan is a failure. It will not
again be attempted.
Probable Policy of Exchange.
Where it Is deemed advisable to bring
granted lands Into new reserves. In Ore
gon or elsewhere, endeavors will be made
to contract with the owners of granted
land tp allow them to relinquish their
original holdings, and select in lieu there
of tracts of equal area, but also of equal
value, outside of forest recurves. This
has been done in the past. In a few In
stances, and the experiments have been
a success. There Is hope that It may bo
done In Oregon, with equal success. Such
a plan Is equitable; It gives the owners
fair value for lands relinquished to
the Government, yet It protects the Gov
ernment in the exchange.
A9 far as Oregon land grants are con
cerned In pending withdrawals, 1ft may
be predicted that there Is to be no hasty
action in making agreements with private
land-owners. No plan of exchange has
yet been outlined, but In due time, If fu
ture reports show that any considerable
portion of the private lands within the
limits of lntendedreserves are needed for
reservation efforts will be made to Induce
such owners to agree to a fair exchange.
value for value. Contracts of this sort
will bo Insisted upon before any such
lands are brought Into reserves, and will
therefore be binding over and above the
general provisions of the lieu land law
But a system of exchange that would ap
ply to one grant, would not necessarily.
apply to all, and separate schemes may
be adopted in the end.
Rogpae River May Get Reserve.
On condition that the Southern Pacific
or its grantees consent to an equitable
exchange of lands, as Indicated, it is prob
able a reserve will be created In the
Rogue'P.Iver country, for the protection
of that timber Is considered essential.
Naturally, under special exchange agree
ments based on lands In this grant, the
private owners would be permitted to
make lieu selection of more valuable lands
than holders of tracts within the grants
east of the mountains. However, the
exchange problem has not yet been
reached, and no details have been deter
mined upon. It Is a grave problem, and
will have long and careful considera
tion before it is turned Into policy.
For the reason stated heretofore the
lack of reports It Is Impossible to pre
diet what lands, now withdrawn," will be
restored to entry- The mere declaration
of one representative of the Forestry Bu
reau Is the only thing authoritative that
can be had as to the intention of the de
partment in withdrawing for forestry pur
poses lands that are now utilized only for
grazing, or lands having only a growth
of scrub trees. It Is the purpose of the
Forestry Bureau, If It Is permitted, to
make forests where none now exist; to re
store streams that have been destroyed
to restore ranges long since denuded; all
objects worthy of commendation, but' will
they succeed? Are the objects for which
they are striving paramount to interests
now being served?
Most Important Industries.
The Bureau insists that agriculture and
forestry are uestined to be of greater
Importance to tho development of East
, ern Oregon than the stock Industry can
Is Included In light lines. The reserves
the extent of the tracts proposed to bo
ever be. The Bureau msists that largo
blanket withdrawals are not retarding
development but rather tending to pro
mote the welfare of the country.
"We are looking far Into the future," is
the way they put it "We are taking step's
now that will benefit Oregon In the distant
future, as well as the near future. The
people don't understand." And that Is
about right The Bureau of Forestry Is
flying high, too high for the commu
nity. Its intentions are good, but like
any other class of enthusiasts, the For
esters are overdoing matters.
This full review of the situation in
Washington is necessary to fully explain
all that has been done, and to point out
what will be done, or rather, what Is
likely to be done. It Is for the Western
men In Congress to bring about a change.
in the system, and to make it apparent to
the country at large that the forestry
business has been carried to a perilous
extreme. Forestry is a good thing; forest
reservations are serving a good purpose,
but there is danger In excesses, in this, as
In other lines. The people are the ones to
bring about a change, and they can dp It
through Congress. It Is up to them to act
POPE WANTS TO LEARN.
Will Not Appoint New Secretary Un
til Details Are Mastered.
ROME, Sept 6. With reference to the
report that Cardinal Moran, of Sydney
S. W.. has been offered the nost of
papal secretary of state, It can be said
that Plus X has taken no decision re
garding the appointment of a state secre
tary. A cardinal, who Is on the best terms
with the pontiff, havlns: been -one of his
warmest electors, said today to the Asso
ciated Press correspondent:
'-'The holy father desires to become mas
ter of the whole mechanism of the Vati
can before appointing a secretary of
state. Meanwhile all officials employed by
Pope Leo XIII have been retained as none
better than they could help the new pontiff
In carrying out his purpose. The new
secretary of state will gradually replace
them. But their removal will not be a
punishment On the contrary they will be
rewarded for their services by promotion.
"The new secretary of state will choose
men entirely trusted by him and who will
be capable of collaborating with him in
the now direction of the Vatican's policy.
Tho new secretary, however, Is almost
sure tp be an Italian, as that has been
the tradition for centuries. Cardinal Mo
ran, notwithstanding his ability, his lib
eral turn of mind and his exact acquaint
ance with modern problems, has no more
chance than any other foreigner.
"This Is why Monslgnore Merry Del
Val, who has often been spoken of for
the position, is unlikely to be chosen, he
being a Spaniard. Besides his appoint
ment, even If made after being appointed
a cardinal, might be considered as an of
fense to the sacred college as it would Im
ply that among its present members there
Is none worthy to occupy the position."
Bishop Hendrlck, of Cebu, P. I., and
Monslgnore Hendrlck, the bishop's broth
er, left this morning for Venice.
BISHOP LOSES HIS SALARY.
French premier Punishes for Denun
ciation of the Government
PARIS, Sept 6. Premier Combes has
suppressed the salary of Bishop Ahdrleu,
of Marseilles, because of a violently word
ed circular issued by the bishop to tho
clergy of his diocese, denouncing tho au
thorities and also on account of a recent
demonstration In the cathedral at Mar
seilles on the occasion of a visit from
the bishop of Nancy, whose salary had
been previously suppressed by the gov
ernment Urge Agreement on Macedonia.
ROME, Sept. 6. Plus X has represented
to the Austrian Emperor the advisability.
especially on the part of the Catholic
powers, of coming to an agreement as
to the best way to stop the massacres In
Several cardinals have expressed the
opinion that the pontiff should publicly
denounce the situation m Aiaceaonia to
the civilized world without distinction of
religion, calling upon all the powers to
take common action on humanitarian
CUTS ITS FIRST LUMBER.
Tongue Point Lumber Company Ha
a Very Complete Plant.
ASTORIA. Or.. Sept 6. (Special.) The
Tongue Point Lumber Company's new
mill cut Its first lumber yesterday after
noon and will now be operated continu
ously, although it will be several weeks
before the plant will be running to its
full capacity. The mill, which was built
by George W. Hume, of San Francisco,
and will be, managed hy his son, w. R
Hume, Is the finest equipped plant of the
kind on the Coast and equal in size to
any In the state. When In full operation
It will have a capacity of 250,000 feet of
lumber per day.
No pains or expense were spared In
building the mill and its cost complete
will exceed $250,000. The plant occupies
about 21 acres of ground and Is conve
nlently situated for handling ral,or cargo
MISSING AT PENDLETON
AGENT FOR. CORREP6NDENCE
SCHOOL DROPS OUT OF SIGHT.
T. W, Bracking, 41 Years of Age,
Supposed to Have Been Slnr
dpred or Committed Suicide.
PENDLETON. Or., Sept 6. (Special.)
T. W. Bracking, traveling agent for
the International School of Correspond
ence, a resident of this city. Is miss
ing, and fears are entertained by his
family that he has been foully dealt with
or put an end to himself. He Is a man of
41 years of age. of exemplary habits.
He left the house yesterday morning, say
ing he was going to the postoffice to get his
mail, make a few collections for his com
pany and send a remittance to headquar
ters. His mall Is still In his box at the
postoffice, and the police have not yet
been able to throw any light on the dis
Five months ago the family moved to
Pendleton from Moscow, Idaho, for the
reason that this was a more central point
to work from. Mr. Bracking spent at
home only two days out of each month.
and, the domestic relations being of the
happiest kind, he has rarely been absent
more than an hour at a time during these
He had made but few friends in thin
city, and these were Drinclnallv Oddfel
lows, in which order he la now In good
standing In Moscow Lodge.
when he left home he had considerable
money upon his person, and this fact
rather Inclines the family to the belief
that he has boen done away with. He
was not of a despondent turn of mind:
therefore they cannot be made to think
that he has committed suicide, nor can
they be made to believe that he has left
The search made so far has not been
thorough, owing to the darkness, but
nothing can be learned of him from anv
of the resorts of the city. The case so far
is baflllng the Sheriff's office, as well as
tne ponce lorce.
SHOT WHILE ON HER KNEES.
air. GrljHth Says Her Husband I
LOS ANGELES, Cal., Sept 6. Colonel
Griffith J. Griffith, a millionaire resident
of this city and a member of the Board of
Park Commissioners, has been arrested on
the charge of assaulting his wife with
murderous Intent Mrs. Griffith Is In a
hospital suffering from the effects of a
plstpl shot wound In the head and a
compound fracture of the shoulder-blade.
She was shot last Thursday evening In
her room at a Santa Monica hotel, whero
she, with her husband and 15-year-old son
naa Been spending the Summer.
in her statement to the District At
torney, Mrs. Griffith said her husband
shot her after forcing her to answer at
the pistol point some irrational questions
as to her faithfulness and knowledge of
any attempt to poison him. When he shot
she was on her knees.
She jumped up and ran to a window out
of which Bhe jumped, falling on a roof
some 14 feet below, fracturing her ehoul
der-blade. Mrs. Griffith wanted a charge
or insanity preferred against her husband
Colonel Griffith Insists that his wife
was wounded accidentally. He was bend
ing over a trunk, according to his story.
When he heard the report of the revolver
and turned to see Mrs. Griffith fall to the
floor. The weapon, he says, was one of
hla own, which Mrs. Griffith came across
In gathering together their effects for
packing. How it was discharged Colonel
Griffith does not know, as he asserts
that his back was turned.
Ho denied that there was any possible
cause for a quarrel between himself and
Mrs. Griffith, and declares that reports
of his having fired the shot are absolute
NEVADANS MAY COME NORTH.
Flgarlnp: on Fqotball Gonicn With
UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON.
Seattle, Sept. 6. (Special.) It now seems
quite probable that the University of Ne
vada football team will make a tour north
playing a series of games with -the col
leges and universities In the Northwest
The only opportunity that the Nevada
Institution Is given for games Is with
Stanford and the University of Califor
nia. As these contests are pulled off early
In the saeson they tare practically with
out competition for the remainder of the
During the last month a number of com
munications from Nevada have been re
ceived by General Manager Laube. The
men from Reno, up to the present time,
have been making every effort to fill out
dates for a northern trip. Word came
last Friday, however, that Nevada wished
above all things to open relations with
Washington and If they were not able
to secure enough games to pay their
expenses north they were very desirous
of bringing Washington south. The date
that the men of Nevada prefer is a
Thanksgiving game In San Francisco.
Tho Washlngtonlans have arranged for
that game In Seattle and If they are to
meet the southerners ft will have to be
earlier in the season. However, as a trip
to California Is now being contemplated
It Is possible that relations may be opened
up this year.
The game between Stanford university
and the University of Washington, which
"l&t thm GOLD OUST
is play for The Gold Dust Twins.
cleans more tnorougnly and quickly than soap
or any other cleanser. Makes floors bright
and hearts light.
OTHER GBITfcHAL i Scrubbing floors, waabinc clothss and dia&9. ckenln woog
BSE3 FOR work, oilcloth, aflverware and tinware, pollardas treaworx,
GOLD DUST I cleansing tat rcoa, pipes, ete.,acanu3dat!idfl3Citeofto5.
SUda by TEX ft. K. FAIRSAUK COKPAHY, Chicago Xsfan ef FAIST MAP.
GOLD BUST makem hsr& water moft
Backache is a forerunner and
one of the most common symp
toms of kidney trouble and
womb displacement. N
READ MISS BQLLMAN'S EXPERIENCE,
" Some time ago I was in a very
weak condition, my "work made me
nervous and my back ached frightfully
all the time, and I had terrible head
aches. " My mother got a "bottle of Xiydia
E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
pound for me, and it seemed to
strengthen my back and help me at
once, and I did not get so tired as
before. I continued to take it, and it
brought health and strength to me,
and I want to thank you for the
good it has done me." Miss Kate
Bollmax, 142nd St. A Wales Ave.,
New York City. $5000 forfeit if original of
about letter proving genuineness cannot be produced.
"Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound cures because it is
tho greatest known remedy for
kidney and womb troubles.
Every woman who is puzzled
about her condition should writo
to Mrs. Pinkham at Lynn, Mass.,
and tell her all.
had been partly arranged for Thanksgiv
ing, may be set to an earlier date. If It Is,
the game will undoubtedly be pulled off at
Palo Alto. In case that Washington goes
to California another game will likely take
place with Nevada as above mentioned
or a second game played at Berkeley
against the U. of C.
Tho past week has been a busy one on
the 'varsity campus. The gridiron has
been plowed up and at least six Inches of
the ground will be sifted and freed from
rocks and stones. In the past Washing
ton has had one of the poorest athletic
fields In the state, but by the opening of
the first semester she will have the best.
The old football room has also been re
paired; the old lockers have been torn
out and new ones put It Each locker Is
about six feet In height and all are ar
ranged so that the suits can be thorough
ly dried by steam two or three hours
after they have been turned In.
DISAPPOINTED AT WHEAT YIELD.
Twenty-live Bnhels an Acre Look
Small to Palonae Rancher.
COLFAX, Wash., Sept " 6 (Special.)
W. J. Hamilton, a pioneer of Whitman
County, who has a farm of 1200 acres on
Union Flat, ten miles south of Colfax,
has Just threshed his crop of 400 acres
of wheat The entire lot averaged 25 bush
els per acre. Mr. Hamilton bad 500
acres In grain, a part being oats and a
part was cut for hay. Speaking of his
yield he said:
"That Is the poorest crop I ever raised
In this country. I have been farming on
that place more than 20 years and never
had as low an average yield In all that
time. My oats only yielded 50 bushels per
When reminded that 25 bushels per acre
would be considered a good yield in any
country other than the Palouse, Mr.
"I know that, but It Is a small crop for
the Palouse country. Last year much of
my wheat yielded from 40 to 56 bushels
and I never, In more than 20 years, had
as low a yield as 25 bushels on that
Mr. Hamilton always Summer fallows
his land and sows hl3 wheat In the Fall.
He has several hundred acres planted
already, a large portion of which Is up
and growing nicely. He was one of tho
first white settlers In this section and se
cured the first marriage license ever Is
sued In Whitman County. Mr. Hamilton
has made an Independent fortune farm
ing and has lived In Colfax many years.
Chnrtred With Criminal Assault.
ASTORIA, Or., Sept 6. (Special.) Frank
Adams, a waiter at the Occidental Hotel,
was arrested last evening on an Informa
tion charging him with criminal assault
on Ida Nyland, a 15-year-old girl. He Is
confined In the County Jail. In default of
$1000 bonds, to appear for a preliminary
hearing In the Justice Court .on. Tuesday.
D. E. Huntman. another waiter, Is being
held under $250 bonds as a witness.
Particularly at this season Hood'3 Sar
saparllla sustains the strength and pre
TWIH do your work"