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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGON! AN, MONDAY, JULY 20, 1903;
THE WAY OF THE CROSS
ROBERT J. BCRDETTD PREACHES
AT CENTRAL BAPTIST CHURCH.
Xjsrsre Congrregratloa Hears Distla
wished. Speaker Plead for High
er, Nobler Living'.
A congregation of about 900 people
listened to the sermon by Robert J. Bur
dette yesterday morning in the Central
Baptist "Church, East Sixth and East Al
der. streets. The hall -was hardly large
enough to accommodate all who -wanted
to hear Mr. Burdette. Extra chairs -were
brought in, and when the services "were
'opened the hall was packed from the en
trance to the platform. After singing by
the congregation. Rev. William E. Ran
dall, pastor, introduced Mr. Burdette in
,a pleasant manner, referring to an Inci
dent long ago -when he first met the dis
tinguished guest and speaker.
As the hall was crowded and many were
standing, Mr. Randall invited the boys
forward on the platform at the feet of
Mr. Burdette. Many responded.
"The boys may sit on the platform, If I
am able to stand up all through the ser
mon," said Mr. Burdette, pleasantly,
when introduced. His text was, "Take
Up the Cross and Follow Me."
"Without an attempt at oratory, the
speaker made 'a strong appeal for higher,
Mr. Burdette first spoke of the poverty
of Christ, who. laid the command -upon
the world, "Take Up the Cross and Fol
low Me." Christ had nothing, he said,
and he left nothing. It was Indeed a hard
thing to ask of any one. It meant great
sacrifice, and yet there was no service
"without some sacrifice in it. Mr. Bur
dette said that even a man who works on
a salary can make a sacrifice. There was
a cross in everything. The government,
when it pays its soldiers only $16 per
month, requires of them a sacrifice. They
give everything for the flag of their coun
try. "Why should you follow Christ," asked
Mr. Burdette, "under these conditions,
when it means so great sacrifice? Why
follow any man? The devil won't require
such a sacrifice. Why not follow him?
He won't charge you anything. But In
the end he will make a heavy charge,
while Christ gives the reward. This is a
strange world. We don't know much
about it The man who knows everything
the man who can't learn anything why
you can sell him a gold brick on every
corner of the City of Portland. We can't
get through this world on our own
strength. We will fall if we try this.
But we don't want to copy any one. We
may see men we think we would desire
to be like, yet there Is something about
him we don't want to copy. There Is no
sure guide we can follow except the
Christ. Any other guide will be ignorant
or treacherous no matter which, and we
will be misled. When the battle of
Waterloo was in progress, and the fate of
the French Empire hung on a single
movement, the guide told the great Na
poleon that all was clear in front. So the
flower of the great army was hurled to
death because of the guide. False or ig
norant. It made no difference, the result
was the same. A man may wash the
windows from a stepladder, but very few
could climb the flagstaff over the tower
of The Oregonian building. One might
walk a plank only a few feet above the
ground, but if placed high up he would bo
sure to fall If he looked down. There Is
no sure human guide. Temptations sur
round us on all sides, and we can't get
through either by our own strength or
the guidance of 'any one else. Hence
Christ says, 'Take Up the Cross and Fol
low Me.' Only by .doing so can we over
come the power of temptation. Alone you
cannpt fight against sin, overcome temp
tation, crush sin, be a true man. This
country thought it revered the flag that
it lped the colors but it didn't; it only
Jlkeu them. But when the banner had
been carried through the thick of battle
and was brought back tattered and rent;
then the Nation saw the beauties of the
National colors and loved the flag. When
( Garibaldi called for volunteers to free
"Italy, they asked him what they might
.expect, and he told them the snows and
oitorms of the mountains, the battlefield
with all its horrors, wounds -and death,
but in the end free Italy. That was
enough; they rallied around his banner.
So Christ said, 'Take Up the Cross and
Follow Me" with all the sacrifices, but in"
the end there Is eternal life and peace.
"When on one of my trips I stopped at
a hotel in Minnesota, the proprietor in
vited me out in the kitchen. He said he
wanted to show me something I had
never seen before. We came to an orange
tree, on which were some oranges, leath
ery and shrunken. I had never seen or
anges grow before, and, of course, I ad
mired them very much. Then, when I
llrst went to California, I was driven
through an orange orchard. There were
countless oranges growing In the beauti
ful sunshine. I had never seen anything
60 lovely as that orange grove. I thought
of the poor, shrlveled-up orange tree In
the hotel kitchen, with the few pitiful,
shriveled-up oranges. The tree in the
hotel had been nurtured in the at
mosphere of roast beef and cabbage, past
and present, and enjoyed only the heat of
a. base-burner stove, and the only light
the poor tree had came from a coal-oil
lamp. But the oranges In the great Call
fornia vineyard had been nurtured In the
broad, free sunshine, and had grown to
perfection and beauty under its influence.
So the reward that Christ offers is the
wider and more beautiful life than the
narrow confines of selfdom. It Is the
eternal life. It Is not living to live in a
house from day to day without reaching
out after the ennobling, the life Christ
promises when He says, 'Take Up the
Cross and Follow Me' It is merely exist
ing. Then let us obey the command and
take up the cross."
At the conclusion of the services Mr.
Burdette stood on the platform and shook
-hands with several hundred members of
the congregation. For 20 minutes he held
a reception, and fairly bubbled over with
"THE POWER OF SYMPATHY."
3Crs. Robert J. Burdette Addresses Y.
W. C. A. Audience.
"The Power of Sympathy" formed the
Tjasls of an Interesting address given to
the members of the' Young Women's
'Christian Association yesterday afternoon
by Mrs. Robert T. Burdette, and the room
and adjoining hall were crowdea with
listeners. Two lone men were pre&ent.
.Mrs. Max M. Shlllock sang two enjoyable
solos and Mrs. Warren E. Thomas was
Mrs. Burdette spoke In an easy, conver
.eatlonal way, and Illustrated her meaning
now and then with apt anecdotes taken
from her Tecent visit to the Holy Land.
43be said in part: "You are doing the real
work of the world, for yourselves- and its
uplifting. The motto of the seal of the
.Baptist Missionary Society Is 'For Service
or Sacrifice.' Are you not all conscious,
when speaking of service and sacrifice, of
tasking yourselves, what shall I give up to
do thte? In your life and mine, as In the
Iplowed land, the seed has been dropped,
but we have not turned the soil. The
Master said: 'I came not to be ministered
unto, but to minister.' No life is great
except that life which is made great
through service. In your loving service
(you do not need money, you do not need
to learn a language. It is the service of
the human heart, and cannot be calcu
lated in dollars and cents. A pat of the
!handand a smile xn&ke bearable the bur
dens of the day, the' world Is hungry for
them. There Is no woman but needs the
Sympathy of the human heart While re
cently visiting the Young Women's Chris
tian Association at Rome, Italy, I found
the young women In charge there in a
joyous frame of mind. Not because they
Chad received the gifts of a library or a
new building, but because the civil author
Sties of that city had graciously permitted
them, or the first time in six years, to
place the sign of their association on the
corner of their building.
"Once in the city of Damascus, that
place of no sewerage, I had occasion to
go to a Turkish bath, and was escorted
there by a Mohammedan woman, closely
veiled. I was not taken Into the bath,
for some reason I don't know, and I could
not find out why, as I did not understand
one word my gulcia said to me, and I'm
sure she did not understand one word of
what I said to her. On our way home
several boys surrounded us and behaved
in a very objectionable manner. My guide
protected me from their violence, and, al
though she could not give me one intel
ligible word of encouragement once she
lifted a portion of her veil and smiled at
me In such a loving way that I was sure
of her sympathy. I knew instinctively
that she was my friend." In closing, Mrs.
Burdette told of the noble example set by
Dr. Palmer, who, after he had lost his
wife, child and property by the 3alveston
flood forgot hist private sorrow and min
istered to the needs of others. The speak
er made an effective plea for cheerful
St. Johns Chnrck Rededlcated.
The United Evangelical Church of St
Johns was reopened and rededlcated yes
terday In an all-day service. In the morn
ing Rev. H. Lu Pratt presiding elder of
the Portland district delivered the ser
mon. He also preached in the evening.
At 3 o'clock in the afternoon another
largely attended service was conducted by
Rev. Lu M. Boozer, formerly pastor. At
all these services largo congregations
were present. ,
Rev. Lt Fisher is the regular pastor in
charge. Recently the church edifice was
moved from the lower portion of St
Johns to the elevated ground near the
schoolhouse at a cost of about $150. Money
for the expenses was provided so that
the society opens its work in Its new lo
cation practically free from debt
A very happy spirit pervaded the con
gregations yesterday, and the rededlca
tlon was an occasion of rejoicing among
the members. This Is now the only church
in the upper portion of the new city of
Fifty Years a Church.
At the Scandinavian Evangelical Luth
eran Church, East Tenth and East Grant
streets, yesterday. Rev. Owe Hagoes, who
Just returned from the East, gave an ad
dress on "Fifty Years of Work." He spoke
of the progress of the Scandinavian
Church, and showed how it had expanded
from six pastors to a membership of 144,
000. Mr. Hagoes attended the EOth jubilee
of the synod of the United States while in
HE ASKS ABOUT BATS.
Subscriber Thirsts for KnoTrledse
About an Interesting; Animal.
OSTRANDER, Wash., July 17. (To the
Editor.) Please allow me space in your
paper lor a few questions: To what class
does the bat belong, the animal or the
fowl? Is a fowl an animal, or is a fowl
classed as an animal?
The bat is an animal; not a bird or
fowL But birds and fowls belong to the
animal kingdom; not being vegetables.
Many In all ages have considered it
neither a bird nor a beast but a cross be
tween them, being tyrdllke in . possessing
the power of flight and also like many a
four-footed animal in having a coat of
fur and jaws provided with teeth.
The peculiar habits of bats prevent the
same observations given to most other
animals, as they are hidden away during
the Winter months, and only seen In
warmer weather on dusky evenings. Sub
scriber's lack of knowledge about them
is, therefore, excusable.
The bat was a puzzle to the ancients.
Pliny, the elder, a Roman naturalist born
A. D. 23, and who fell a victim to his
curiosity by advancing within range of
the thickly falling ashes from the errup-
tlon of Vesuvius, A. D. 79, did not know
exactly where to place it in his classflca
tlon of the animal kingdom, and so de
scribed it neither under the head of beast
nor bird, but gave It a small chapter to
itself, in which he says:
"Among the winged animals the only
one that brings forth its young alone is
the bat It is the only one, too. that has
wings formed of a membrane, and is the
only winged creature that feeds its young
with miiK from its breast"
His Natural History In 57 books Is the
most ancient encyclopedia; so he was no
slouch of a naturalist but of course, he
Knew nothing of the large bats of Aus
tr&lla and the isles of the Indian Ocean.
No difficulty is experienced nowadas's in
giving the bat a precise place among the
other members of the animal kingdom.
Since It suckles its young, it belongs to
the family of Mammalia, and bats of all
sorts are Included in the order of Chiron
tera or hand-winged animals, as when its
arms and fingers are stretched out a web
like membrane is seen to extend between
each of the fingers and from arm to leg
ana leg to tall.
Some bats live on Insects, some suck
blood, as the vamplr-e, and some live on
fruits. The bats found In this country
live on insects, and in the Winter they
have a long sleep, hanging by their hind
legs, head downward, in caves, attics and
other places where not likely to be dis
About 160 species of bats are known,
distributed over every quarter of the
globe, the larger kinds in the warmer re
gions of the earth, and extending north
ward to about latitude 60. The frult
eatlng bats are confined to tropical re
gions. Among these are the largest the
"kallng" of Java measuring five feet be
tween the tips of its wings. A common
name of the bat In England Is "Flitter
Mouse." In Islands of the Sumatra archipelago
is a family of fruit-eating bats called
"flying foxes," the largest of all, meas
uring a foot in length, 'with five feet
spread of wings. The flesh of these is
esteemed a delicacy, but does not pay'for
the fruit they eat There Is also the "fly
ing cat," or "flying lemur." Twenty to
25 species of such large bats, all consid
ered delicacies, are found in Central
Sumatra, where they dwell In thousands
in limestone cavesi They feed at night
hanging suspended, head downwards, dur
ing the day from trees, resembling clus
ters of fruit and are easily caught or
knocked down with sticks, the natives
carrying them home by basketfuls. As
they eat only fruit they do great injury
to cocoanut plantations and mango gar
dens. They are also very intemperate
"animals," and often pass the night
drinking the toddy from dishes placed by
the natives beside tapped palm trees,
which results either In their going reeling
home in the morning in a state of ex
treme and riotous intoxication, or being
found next day lying at the foot of the
trees sleeping off the effects of their mid
night debauch, much the same as man,
the king of animals, sometimes does,
when he has beert "on a bat" Their
fruit diet and toddy beverage accounts for
the delicate flavor of their flesh, and
when they are cooked with an abundance
of spices, they are really very good eat
ing, something like frogs' legs.
If the people of Sumatra desire to get
rid of them, they might put a cold-storage
plant In one of the ships going over
there with flour and send back a cargo
of their big bats on ice. They would And
a ready market at the various clubs and
the Portland Hotel, as the supply of
frogs' legs, soft-shell crabs, sweet breads
arid other "delicatessen" is never equal to
If these lines do not satisfy Mr. Sub
scriber's thirst for information in regard
to bats, he may 'cut and come again."
Will Operate Old Magnolia M1IL
ALBANY, Or., July 19. (Special.) The
Albany Canal & Water Company has
leased the old Magnolia Flouring Mills,
in Albany, and will conduct them this
season. The company is composed of a
number of Albany's leading business
For all trouble! arhrlng from mrlnary Irrita
tion, Uke Oregon Xltaey Tea,
GENERAL STAFF OF NAVY
OPTB OF URGEXT XEEDS TO COME
Aa JTavy Has Grown, Datles of Bu
reau, of Xavigratiea Have Increased
Beyond. Its Ability to Perform.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, July 19. The United States Navy
wants and needs a general staff patterned
on much the same lines as the general
staff of the Army that becomes effective
Jn August Secretary Moody thinks the
.wavy has reached such a stage of devel
opment that it can best be handled by a
general staff, which will act as advisor
of the Secretary of the Navy, yet always
be subordinate to him. The great navies
of foreign countries are many of them
controlled in a similar manner, and In
view of the size and Importance of the
American Navy today, and the greater
Importance that 11 Is annually assuming,
It is quite reasonable to assume that Con
gress, at an early day, will accord it the
same treatment as was extended to the
Army in the last session.
Just how far a naval staff, if authorized,
will resemble the general staff of the
Army remains for Congress to decide. It
is naturally supposed by those familiar
with naval affairs that the two bodies
would be created along similar lines, and
that the naval staff, in addition to direct
ing the affairs of the commissioned Navy,
would also have a considerable say as to
the design of new vessels, the rapidity of
increasing the Navy, and the work of
construction and equipment But right
here enters a point that is in dispute in
the Navy Lepartment, and there is quite
a serious division of opinion among naval
officers as to the duties that should right
fully devolve upon a general staff.
To divert a little, it should be explained
that under recent administrations a pe
culiar situation has grown up In both the
War and Navy Departments, under which
a single bureau In either department has
assumed responsibilities not Intended for
It and has, to a large extent usurped au
thority that should be widely distributed
throughout the service. In the War De
partment it was the Adjutant-General's
department that grew up under Alger to
become by far the most Important bureau
in the service, and during the Spanish
War, and afterwards, the Adjutant-General
was by far the most Influential offi
cial In the War Department excepting the
Secretary, "who almost entirely relied upon
the Adjutant-General when Important
questions arose. In the Navy, the Bureau
of Navigation has forged to the front and
during the Spanish War, and since, has
had practically complete say as to the
assignment of ships, the movement of
squadrons, the enlistment of men, ap
pointment and promotion of officers, and
In fact has been "the whole thing," ex
cept as to the construction and equip
ment of naval vessels. The Navigation
Bureau has been all powerful.
Now that there is a possibility, if not
probability, of the establishment of a
naval staff, the officers of the Navigation
Bureau expect to dominate such a
body, and to a man they are In favor of
a staff that will consider only questions
affecting the ships in commission. In
fact they want the General Staff to per
form Just about the duty that the Navi
gation Bureau is at this time assuming.
They prefer that the respective bureaus
be allowed to continue In control of the
construction and equipment of naval
vessels, and. in fact do not want the
General "Staff to even consider questions
of future naval policy, such as the de
termination as to the needs of the serv
ice in the way of new ships, or the kind
But this is one of the most important
questions .that confront the Navy De
partment at any time. There Is no dis
counting the advantage of having the
General Staff devote its careful consid
eration to problems of strategy, tactics
and the general management of the com
missioned Navy, but if the General Staff
is to be created, there are other officers
who believe it should stand in readiness
to consider all legitimate problems that
may come before the- Navy Department
In time of war, the General Staff might
well be relieved of problems of construc
tion and equipment but-In times of peace
there would be ample time for the staff
to assist the Secretary in other branches
of his duties.
The present system of bureau control
In the Navy (always subject to the ap
proval of the Secretary, of course), was
In every way adequate when the Navy
was small, and the ships few and old
fashioned. But during the past 20 years
the American Navy has been steadily
growing in Importance and size, and to
day has assumed large proportions. The
General Staff scheme has been considered
for ten years or more, but the sentiment
never yet crystallzed in such form as to
attract the serious attention of Congress.
True, the Secretary, to meet temporary
needs, created the Naval War College, a
body of naval officers performing duties
such as some would exact of a General
Staff, duties pertaining absolutely to the
manipulation of the fleets. The plan, so
tfar as it goes, has been a success, but the
War College, as was true of the Army
War College, is only a temporary ex
pedient and cannot last Secretary Moody
has become convinced that a better sys
tern of management should be provided
for the isav and a strong recommen
datlon for General Staff legislation is
looked for at the opening of the next
regular session of Congress.
The Bureau of Navigation has so ex
panded Itself that it needs relief. Since
before the Spanish War this one bureau
has managed all the affairs of the fleets.
made the war plans, studied foreign
navies, trained officers and men, done all
the recruiting, governed the War College
and the office of the Naval Intelligence,
and during the war, executed all the
plans of campaign. Clearly, all this Is
too much for a single bureau to attend
to, and these affairs, with or without
matters of construction and equipment
as Congress shall determine, will event
ually be placed In the hands of a general
,staff, just as the problems of the Army
will eventually fall Into the hands of the
new Army staff. It is expected that the
Chief of Staff will direct under the au
thorlty of the Secretary of the Navy, the
military affairs of the fleet, and will bo
responsible to him for Its condition and
effectiveness. In time of peace, the Gen
eral Staff will make arrangements for
proper naval defenses; in time of war, the
staff will. be responsible for the success
ful conduct of the campaign.
It Is insisted that had there been a
General Staff in the Navy during the
Spanish War, many of the blunders of
that conflict could have been avoided. A
body of the .best naval experts in the
servico would then have acted in con
cert in directing movements that -were
actually controlled by one or two men.
The object of the General Staff Is to dis
tribute the authority, and to avail the
entire Navy of the best judgment of its
highest and most efficient officers, when
ever points of vital Importance may be
at issue. Where one officer now directs
the movements of the several fleets, under
a General Staff the entire board would
be, consulted, and where one man now
orders promotions the entire staff would
take a hand In making recommendations
to the Secretary. At all times, the staff.
if created, will be subordinate to the Sec
retary of the Navy, and will act as his
There Is said to be a growing sentiment
In Congress in favor of a naval staff,
particularly since the creation of the Gen
eral Staff of the Army, and if so, it is
not improbable that the Iooked-for legis
lation may bo enacted at the coming
Orejcoa Red Mea ta Convene.
OREGON CITY, Or., July 19. (Special.)
The annual convention of the Great,
Council o the Improved Order of Red
men of the Reservation of Oregon will be
held In this city Wednesday, July 29, and
continue probably for three days. One
hundred delegates are expected to attend,
and for their entertainment the members
of Wacheno Tribe, No. 13, of this city,
are making adequate arrangements.
FORESTS OF CALIFORNIA. J
Careful Study Betas Mado as Guide
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, July 1?. With the Intention of
fixing upon a proper forest policy, Cali
fornia has undertaken this year, with the
help of the Bureau of Forestry, a com
prehensive and detailed study of Its for
ests. The State Legislature recently ap-
priated 515,000 for the study, the condition
being that It should be carried out by the
Bureau of Forestry, and that the bureau
should bear half the expense.
The state desires to know thoso facts
about Its forests that will guide it In
passing wise forest laws. It desires to
know, for instance, what disposal should
be made of the state forest lands, what
should be done to regulate the cutting of
timber on them, how forest fires" may
best be restrained, whether tree-planting
In denuded areas will pay. etc.
The task of securing all the Informa
tion necessary for a forest policy for
California the Bureau of Forestry has
begun this Summer. The work Is of such
magnitude that several years will be re
quired to complete it but valuable and
suggestive results will be secured each
The work has been begun on a large
scale. Six men are now examining pub
lic lands in the state to determine what
parts of them are suitable for National
forest reserves, and similar studies will
be made of lands for state reserves. A
study will be made of all lands owned
by the state in order to determine the
uses to which they may best be put, who
should administer them, and what sort
of administration they should have. A
forest map of California will be made,
showing the location of all forest aivas
and distinguishing between the different
kinds of forest In connection with the
forest map will be a study of important
trees. In order to learn with exactness
the commercial range of the valuable
species. An investigation will be made of
the effects of lumbering on the forest in
order to determine what ought to be done
to cut-over lands. It. is of great import
ance to know what happens to the land
in different parts of the timbered regions
after It Is cut over by the lumberman
whether It comes up again In timber or
whether it becomes waste land.
. The effects of fire on the forest, espe
cially after lumbering, and what may be
done by tho state to prevent fire, are sub
jects that will take a long time to work
out In September B. A. Sterling, of
the bureau; will try to determine what
Is the cheapest and most effective method
of protecting from fire land that has been
The bureau will also make a study of
the chaparral lands of Southern Califor
nia, in ordeoMo learn whether It will pay
to plant thi with timber trees. A very
interesting question has been raised as
to whether chaparral which Includes a
great variety of scrub trees, such as
manzanlta, scrub oak. valley mahogany
and scrub cherry will retain the moist
ure In the soil as well as timber trees.
Chaparral grows denser than timber
trees, and often reaches a height of 20
to 23 feet and a diameter of 16 to IS
Inches. L. C. Miller, who has charge of
this work. Is now making a study of the
conditions under which chaparral grows
In the Sari Gabriel Mountains, near Pas
adena, where the bureau has been plant
ing pines and cedars for several years.
The results of these separate investiga
tions will be gathered together by Will
lam Cr Hodge, of the bureau, who has
general charge, of the California work,
and will be presented to the state in a
formal report accompanied by maps.
"What It Costa to Bring Them From
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, July IS. The recent receipt by
the Postoffice Department of an official
report from the postmaster at Point Bar
row, the northernmost office in Alaska,
aroused some little Interest In postal cir
cles, and one official .handling mall con
tracts, undertook to compute the actual
cost of transporting a batch of mall from
Point Barrow to Washington, a distance
of 6904 miles. The transportation of mall
over this great distance required Just
five months, the report having been
mailed February 10 and received by the
department on July 10. According to the
estimate of the postal official, from Point
Barrow to Kotzebue Is 650 miles, and this
part of the journey is covered by means
of reindeer. From Kotzebue to Nome Is
400 miles, a stretch on which both rein
deer and dogs are utilized. From Nome to
Unalaklk is 230 miles, where dogs furnish
the motive power. From Unalaklk to
Tanana is 363 miles, and Tanana to Eagle
Is 567 miles, both of these stretches being
covered by means of dogs. This makes a
total of 2210 miles traveled In Alaska
alone. The next stage Is 594 miles from
Eagle to Skagway, via Dawson, of which
572 miles Is in Canada and 22 in Alaska,
460 miles of the distance being by horses
and dogs and 112 by railroad. The 1000
miles of distance between Skagway and
Seattle Is covered by steamer, and the
3100 miles .from Seattle to this city by
railroad, of course. This completes the
Mr. Stone, who made these Interesting
calculations today, summarizes the va
rious methods of transportation of mall
between these points as follows:
By reindeer, 650 miles; by dogs, 1630
miles; by horses, 412 miles; by steamer,
1000 miles; by railroad. 3212 miles; total,
Cost of the Trip 2320.
It is figured that the total cost of ono
mall trip, regardless of the weight carried,
from Point Barrow to this city Is ?2329.
This Is based on the fact that the round
trip rate -for carrying the mall from Point
Barrow to -Kotzebue, according to tho
contract Is $750. making the single trip
$375, one-half the round-trip rate, and the
other stages of the trip are similarly
computed. Thus the cost, whether there
Is one letter or a big bulk of mall, from
Kotzebue to Nome Is $250, Nome to Una
laklk $263, Unalaklk to Tanana $402, and
Tanana to Eagle $529. The transit across
Canada does not count as that Is paid by
the British government and the steam
boat trip from Skagway to Seattle Is $169.
These figures for Alaska are absolute, and
the remainder of the $2329 is $341. which 13
approximate and adopted on the basis of
11 cents a mile as the average railroad
rate for the United States.
"Weelc In London Stock Market
LONDON. July 19. The week In the
stock exchange closed with a healthier
feeling In the American market and the
easier monetary conditions had a steady
ing effect all around. The weakness of
Americans had an unfavorable influence
on all speculative stocks and the Reel
ing Is still exceedingly nervous, princi
pally owing to the unprecedented and in
explicable nature of the slump. 'A hope
ful aspect of the situation, however. Is
the fact that low prices of Americans,
particularly of the better 'class of these
securities, attracted numerous investors.
The other markets were almost inactive.
The rumors of trouble In the Far East
have had so far little effect on Russian
or Japanese securities.
AT THE HOTELS.
A DeLand, New Tork
J Smith and family,
Mrs D F Gope, Syrcse
Mrs R B Rich, Aubrn
Miss A S Hoshlnz, do
W B Gray, St Paul
H A Meyers, N T
F Buford, St Louis
Mrs C B Cox aad son;
A E Esher. New York
W E Knapp Chehalls
K C Schmidt S F
W R. Lett. San Fran
W C HaselHne and wf.
Mrs F B Goudey. city
H N Anderson. Abrdeen
J McPhersoa,. do
A W Mlddleton. do
C M. Hollub, Saa. Fran
Miss A Hollub, city
Miss C May. city
W H Ledbetter. city
W S Miller and wife,
M C Isaacs and wife,
H Davis. and wife.
W S Furnish and wile.
Mrs R Pendleton, do
Master T F Smith, do
D A Brumbaugh, T&-
A Peltegrin del Molina, t
dou v rancisco
C R Davis, cltr IE T Bemer and wife.
Airs j is iicss, Astonai salem.
M Stleoel. Chicago
Miss M Hunt Salem.
A E) Ransome. Seattle
B A Branlff. Wash
A Jacobson. Seattle
M H Weaver, Seattle
F H KlUowen. Seattle
G Edenholm. Seattle
D C Kinney. Salem
Mrs M W Denver, S F
Mrs H Turner. S F
O B Knapp, Seattle
E Boss and wf. Chgo
R Gilchrist. Mich
G D Slsson. Phlla
X. Cohen and wife.
R J Burdette and wife.
H C Locke, wife and
child. New Orleans
W W Locke, Jr. do
Mrs A T Moss, do
Mrs C L Tutt, Colo
W E Cumback.
E IV Brlgham. Boston!
I K Levy, San Fran
B F Maxwell. N Y
J T Hendricks, Pnlla
D S Kinney Kosslyn
C A vverthelmer, St
A B Hohny, Boise
u .Macintosh, N
O R Comlne, N Y
Nat Levin, Tekoa G W Wisdom, Baker
Mrs M B Day. Mlnpls City
Mrs A C Warner, St jJos Marveau, do
Paul I Mabel Beason, Prosper
Mies Anna Warner, dOMrs W Noot. Payette
B Huntington, Yon- B K Clothier, Everett
calla. Or . iS L Baxter, Prlnevllle
Tna Holtery. Ljie (W H Howard. Bend
C M Dunlap, SpokanejMlss Jessie Davis,
W W Wood. Salem
J H Watson, city
Mrs Watson city
D V Kuykendatl.
Washington, D C
V L Derby, McMlnnv
R E Derby. do
C D Post, Oronto
D Goodsell, city
T B Wilson. Seattle
Mlas Davis, do
Mrs G I White, La Gnd
J L Harris, Kelso
L II Chambers, Hoqum
C B Richardson. Walla
W H Wehrung.. Hlsboro
Mrs J Kllck, For Grv
C E- Moulton. Tacomas
W S Lysons, Kelso
J H Dixon, wife and 3
Mrs F E Glandon, Se
attle Clarence Glandon. do
B W McDavltt. Seattlo
W B Walther, Dalles
Mrs Walther, Dalles
Ira A Martin. Mich
Mrs H White. Spokane
Miss Bessie Hutchlns,
W H Wilson. Harrison
C B Richardson. Walla
O C Sherrlll. city
G F Ward, Canyon
P Walters. Merrill
H D Begun, La Fayet
J N cneshne, Spokane
N G Hardesty. Mullno
C C Marell. Mullno
F Brown, city
J L Laurence, city
L J Ruhl. city
G L Welley. city
F J Dcvlne, Albany
L A Booth, PrlnevlllejW Wright, Roseburg
Dr T L Catteson, Spo-
Mrs Wright Roseburg
P J McDonald, Portlnd
B A Hunsaker, Myrtle
M O Hawlns, Coqutlle
G H Durham. Grnts Ps
Mrs Durham. do
Mrs C C Hogue. Albny
Mrs Barbara Hopkins,
Miss Hopkins, .do
F Hubbard. Medford
Mrs Hubbard. Medford
Mrs John J Vis and
Miss E Kenady, Wood
burn J W fanang. Myrtle Pt
Mrs Shang. do
W A Miller, St Paul
Mrs Miller. St Paul
J P Brannan. St Paul
Mrs Brannan. do
E B Norton. San Fran
D O Modlln. Ft Worth
N B Mall. WaUa Wllaj
b tioatiuutu, xhwwu
Mrs Washburn, do
L A Dawson, Atlantic
Mrs Dawson, do
F H Lundy. Lewlston
Campbell Bros, Boston
F H Day. Chicago
F L Poole, Portland
J C Tall, San Fran.
F W McXamara. do
R T Winston, Chicago
S B Cathcart Marshfld
L J Hasten. Huntngtn) Mrs Cathcart. do
W R Alderman, Seatle
Mary Walker, Coqutlle
T Wilson. Canyonville
smitn, uaKer uity
Alrs smith, do
W Sogabert, Scottsburg
A R Greene, Baker Cty(F L Coran, Grnts Paaa
! j ccoggin, sneriaani u a. btrooei, ao
C J Westport Bridal
A J Arm. Held City .
Mrs D McCarthy, -vsh-land
Mrs J R Toper, do
Mrs J Hasnmerley.
B Peppebes, do
J A Ward, Arlington
Mrs Ward. Arlington
.Nellie Brown, Condon I Gold II in
Bertha Trimble, do R G Reppey, Cent Pt
Elsie Brown, Condon R A'Mlnkler, Ashland
A H Coleman, Blngen jW H Redfield. Glendale
Mrs Coleman, do Mrs Redfield, do
S Jenmoore. Iowa Clyde Brown, San Fran
Mrs Jenmoore. Iowa T C Smith, Salem
F A Laats, Pendleton
J M Hayden, OlymplalMrs D H Gimmick.
F F Fountain, Seattle Granite
M R Cox, city Mrs C W Schryer. do
G M McBrlde, Astoria; Mrs E E Ferguson.
M W Wasseman. Port-( The Dalles
land I Miss Ferguson, do
Lloyd Hansen, Salem jE E Farrants, Boise
N J Haas. Salem
L M Gurd. Pendleton
Mrs Gurd, Pendleton
J J Emmons, Florence
C W Snyder. LakevlewjMra Angle Wells, do
Mrs Snyder. do
G H Baker. Goldendale
Miss Snyder. do
Mrs Baker, Goldendale
Campbell Bros. Boston
G M Baker, do
Maud Baker, do
Lula Lyson. do
J Coombs, Prlnevllle
B F Jones. Prlnevllle
N Myer, San Fran
S J Baum. Pendleton
Mrs J W Hugglns, San
May Davis, do
J R Langdlll. Sumpter
Mrs Langdlll. do
11 C Black. Rochester
C Knlyht. The Dalles
Otis Patterson, do
R Thompson, Oakland
,E Clarke. Oakland
Mrs A E Fernald,
Mrs C Heyer, Haywrds
Theo Wehr. San Fran,
S Swetland, Vancouver
J B C Lockwood, city
C K Levy. Minneapolis
I A Gustafson. Astoria
N N Craig. Saa Fran
Mrs X. Craln, Duluth D Alexander, Greenwod
I Mrs Alexander. do
W Simpson, city
Fred White, Berry
Mrs Anna White, do
H Stock, city
Miss H Olsen, Grt Fals
L D Shepardaon, Catlln
Mrs Shepardson. do
J H Phlnnan, Dalles
A M Bolter
J H Ewing, Gresham jA R Beeson. Albany
Mrs Smith, city jC O'Donnell
S R Haworth. La GndjC Simpson, Chehalls
Lulu Reyers, Antelope E E Smith
Mrs Bell Martin, do C Harris, Marshland
P Grlffet I J A Hamilton, city
J W Davis, Vancouver! Max Young, Aetorla
E Close. Kalama M E Thorpe,, Seattle
F Morgan, McMlnn (Mrs Thorpe, Seattle
Dr J D Thompson,
C E Simpson
F S White, So Bend
J Erlckson, Qulncy
F G Ford, city
H O'Neill. Vancouver
G F Scholl, Hubbard
E M Reld. clty
R Joplln, city
A Chalmers, city
S A McDuffee. city
R L Sltzer, Tacoma
W C cook.
S H Blackburn, Oregon
H HoHlch, Albany
J W Tllden. Vancouver
F Reeves, Pomeroy
G V Brown, Centralla
John Fleming, do
R Paul. Dallas.
R L Bush, Kelso
J C Clark. Forest Grve
A Y Marsh. Dalles
R Strait Skamokawa
L Dixon, Skamokawa
J Hunt, Skamokawa
W E Cole, San Fran
C Hall, Clatskanle
H Pierce. Monmouth
Mies Pierce. Monmouth
A C Chandler, do
C Imerfall, Everett
P Jones. Seattle
W A Ashby, Tacoma
J McCann, Fairvlew
L E Wlgton. Turner
J B Howard. S F
A SIngelow, Everett
Mrs SIngelow. Everett
J L Smith. Everett
P R Rubdot, San Fran
H Drlscoll, San Fran
D Newrryre. San Fran
L Powers, Salinas
Mrs Powers, Salinas
Miss N Powers, do
John Edes, city
N Lowltzen, Sclplo
Ole Mad.fn, Sclplo
J G Zlmmer. Oakland
R Wherry, Astoria
W Slaven. Astoria
A K Pesonln. Ft Cnby
J T Hall. St Helens
Geo Ray. St Helens
Mrs Ray. St Helens
A E Hulme. Chinook
A Nackley, Kalama
J Margor, Kalama
C A Vivian, San Le-
C Kastner, do
G R Isom, Crookston
C Craven. Corvallls
J Folger, Aberdeen
F M Lick, Salem
J P Logan, Corvallls
W Gilbert. Sclo
Mrs Gilbert. Sclo
Hotel Branjivrlck. Seattle.
European plan, popular rates. Modern
improvements. Business center. Near
Tacoma, Hotel, Tacoma.
American plan. Rates, $3 and up.
Hotel Donnelly, Tacoma.
First-class restaurant in. connection.
Rainier Grand Hotel, Seattle.
European- plan. Finest cafo on Coast
Hdqrs. naval, military and traveling men.
Rooms en suite and single. Free shower
baths. Rates. U up. H. P. Dunbar, prop.
Hotel Richelieu. 210 Occidental ave., Se
attle. Moderq. Eup. plan; 50c to $1.
DAILY METEOROLOGICAL KJCPOKT.
PORTLAND. July 10. 8 P. M. Maximum
temperature. 78; minimum temperature, 56;
river reading, 11 A. M.. 12.5, feet; change In
24 hours, .5 of a foot; total precipitation,
5 P. M. to 5 P. M., 0; total precipitation since
September 1. 1002, -41.28 Inches; normal pre
cipitation since September 1, 1002. -4C.OC inches;
deficiency. -4.80 inches; total sunshine July 18.
1003. 8:18; possible sunshine. 15:18; barometer,
reduced to sea level, at 5 P. M., 29.9-1.
pacific coast weather.
Mlsa J Slnkler. Phlla
Miss Slnkler, S C
Miss A Slnkler. do
Ir A S Larkey and
o S I"
5- : ?
Baker City .....
Kamloops. B. C
North Head ...
Walla Walla .
A few showers occurred last night In tho
Walla Walla and Palouse countries but else-
Buying Was Full of Interest
Saturday at Our Store, But
Only One Purchaser Selected
a Prize Piano.
Four More Prize Pianos, the
Guessing Contest and Little
Prices on Second-Hand Pi
anos and Organs Will Be the
Feature This Week.
It was pretty near a scramble Saturdav
over those prize pianos. Everybody wanted
to cnoose a piano tnat Deionged to the line
designated with an ax' ana get the $25.00
discount But there was oniy one lucky
one. 'J. his, however, was really a bonanza
prize, as the instrument selected was one
of our hignest grade upright pianos In a
Deauuiuuy designed manpgany case, and
tne owner, who nad hesitated between two
makes, was Immensely pleased to learn ho
caa mt upon tne ngnt one.
As there are only four of the nrlze lines
remaining, buyers now have four chances
out of 26 to train the S2o.OO on the nrlce of
a choice piano.
One Extra Chance
As announced Saturdav. It Is our inten
tion to make every day durins: the Carni
val Immensely Interesting at our store.
we naa estimated that the contest for tne
pianos containing an ax would last during
tne carnival, but from present ouupoic
these will all be gone in a day or two. We
have therefore decided to make an addi
tional prize offer of $25.00 to the first per
son who correctly guesses which of our
twenty-six makes will be tne last to dq
chosen In this contest Gueses can be
mailed to us or left at our effice. Here Is
the list of our pianos:
The Weber piano of New York, tho
Chlckering of Boston and the Kimball of
Chicago, Hobart M. Cable, Bush & Gerts,
Vose, Victor. Haddorff. Decker. Jacob
Doll, Pease, Steger, Crown. Schumann,
Milton, Draper, Hinze, Leicht. Lester,
Marshall, Stuyvesant Sherwood, Rlcca,
Weser, Wheelock and Wnltney.
Second-Hand Pianos and
This sale of excellent makes will con
tinue this week. We still have a few of
tlfcse Instruments In perfect order, which
we arc offering at such little prices they
are sure to sell. The Question Is. are you
going to get one of them? If you want
something good and reliable you will profit
by Investing now. Eilers Piano House,
Washington street corner Park, Portland,
Or. Other large houses, San Francisco,
Cal.; Spokane, Wash., and Sacramento,
where west of the Rocky Mountains no rain
of consequence has been reported during the
last 24 hours. It continues unusually cool in
California, while In the North Pacific States
seasonable temperatures prevail. The indica
tions are for fair weather In this district
Forecasts made at Portland for the 2S hours
ending midnight Monday, July 20, 1003:
Portland and vlclnlty--Falr; northwest winds.
Oregon, Washington and Idaho Fair; north
EDWARD A BEALS. District Forecaster.
XOW THA3T EVER BEFORE
Because of improved facilities. Superior
Instruction In spelling, grammar, writing,
arithmetic, correspondence, commercial
law, bookkeeping, business forms, short
hand, typewriting, office work, etc. ' Hun
dreds of our graduates are now in busi
ness for themselves, or at work for oth
ers as bookkeepers and stenographers
thousands more will be. Open all the year;
students admitted any time; catalogue free.
PORTLAND BUSINESS COLLEGE
PARIC AXD WASHINGTON.
A. P. AR3ISTRONG, LL. B., Principal.
Included In this course Is thorough In
struction in single and double-entry book
keeping, penmanship, commercial law,
banking, letter writing, rapid calculations,
arithmetic, grammar, spelling, etc. uaiiy
bUYlntr and selllnpr. with board of trade.
wholesale and commission house practice,
transportation and railroad otllce worK,
Our graduates In conntnnt demand.
Open all the year. Catalogue free.
TWELFTH AND HOHRISOH
'Phone Main 78.
Northwestern Vaudeville Co.. Props.
George L. Baker, Resident Manager.
The only first-class vaudeville theater in Port
land. NEW BILL OPENS TONIGHT.
The most superb gowned woman on the vaude
ALLAN J. SHAW,
King of coins.
DILGES. ClIRISTT AND WILLIS.
CONROY AND PEARL.
HAYWARD. AND HAYWARD.
MclNTYRE AND PRIMROSE.
Evening. 30c. 20c, 10c; matinee. 20c. 10c
Matinees Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday.
13th and Washington 3200 seats.
PACKED TO SUFFOCATION SUNDAY
HUNDREDS TURNED AWAY.
GREATEST SHOW OF THE SEASON.
10 . STAR ACTS--10.
BOLU AND BdLLL
MAY AND BABY OWEN.
WISE AND MILTON.
GENERAL ADMISSION "lO CENTS.
In case of rain Go to Cordray's.
On improved city and farm property. Building
loans. Installment loans. WM. MACMASTER.
611 Worcester block.
Two lots. 50x100, Thurman. near 21st. facing
north. Including new cement walk. Best buy
In the city for the money. Easy terms. Inquire
BENO & BALLIS.
Brick Business Property.
As safe as U. S. bonds. In busiest center.
A 1 tenants. Returning over 0 per cent net
Interest on $15,500 and $38,000. Easy terms.
Investment unparalleled. F. V. Andrews &
Co., Hamilton blJg.
CLASSIFIED AD. BATES.
"Rooms," "Rooms and Board," "Housekeep
ing Rooms." "Situation Wanted." 15 words or
less. 15 cents; 16 to 20 words. 20 cents; 21 to
25 words, 25 cents, etc No discount for ad
UNDER ALL OTHER HEADS except "New
Today." 30 cents for 15 words or less: 10 to
20 words, 40 cents; 21 to 25 words, -00" cents,
etc first Insertion. Each adltlonal insertion,
one-half; no further discount under one month.
"NEW TODAY" (gauge measure agate), 15
cents per line, first insertion; 10 cents "per lino
for each additional Insertion.
ANSWERS TO ADVERTISEMENTS, ad
dressed care The Oregonian, and left at this
office, should always be Inclosed In sealed en
velopes. No stamp Is required on such letters.
The Oregonian. will not be responsible for
errors lu advertisements taken through th
AUCTION SALES TODAY.
Beginning lO-'jiL M. sharpr at Ford's auction,
house. 182 1st st. H. Ford, auctioneer.
ATTENTION, A. O. U. W. All members
of Industry Lodge, No. 8, A. O. U. W., and
sister lodges are earnestly requested and urged
to be present at a meeting of Industry Lodge,
in the Selllng-Hirsch bldg., at 8 P. M. Monday,
July 20. 1003, for the purpose of discussing"
and considering the new plan of assessment.
GEORGE S. H. JACKSON,
IVANHOH LODGE, NO. 10. K. OF P. Reg-, x,
Ular Convention thla (Mondavi oventnir Mar. C
quam. bldg. Visiting Knights welcome.
C. C. NEILSON. C. C.
O. A WINDFELDER. K, of R. and S.
FEDERATED TRADES Theretwlll be a spe
cial meeting Monday. July 20, at 8 P. M., at
the State Federation oOlce. 2d and Washington.
Delegates, please take notice, as a full attend
ance Is requested. C H. GRAM. President.
HAWTHORNE LODGE. NO. 111.
A F. & A. M. Stated communica
tion thl3 (Monday) evening. M. M.
degree. All Master "Masons cordially
Invited. By order W. M.
. F. GLAFKE, JR.. Secretary.
STARR In this city. July 19, Mrs. PhlllD
Watson Starr, of Brownsville. Or., aged 42
years. Remains are at Edward Holman's
undertaking parlors, corner 4th and Yamhill
streets. Notice of funeral later.
LARSON In this city, July 10. 1003, James.
beloved son of Lewis and Mattie Larson,
aged 6 years. Funeral services at 5:30 p. M.
today. Lone Fir cemetery. "
COLE In this city, July 10, 1003. Luther Cole,
aged 57 years. Friends and acquaintances
are respectfully invited to attend the funeral
services, which will be held at Flnley'.s
Chapel, at 3:30 P. M. today. Interment Lone
MacKENZIE Funeral of Henry Wallace Mac
Kenzie from the residence of his grand
parents. Mr. and Mrs. H. Sbogren. 229 Grand
ave.. Monday, July 20. at 2 P. M. Interment
at Rlvcrvlew cemetery. Services at grave
BISHOP At the residence of A. Muir. on tho
Base Line road, near Hunter's Station, July
18. 1003. Estella Bishop, aged 27 years.
Funeral will take place today. July 20. at
2 P. M., from the Cumberland Presbyterian
Church, corner East 12th and East Taylor
streets. Friends Invited.
J. P. FINLEX fc SON. ProgrreaalTe
Funeral Director and Eabalxaers.
cor. 3d and Madison streets. Com
petent lady ass't. Both phones No. O.
EDWARD HOLM AN, Undertaker,
4th and Yamhill atm. Reus St la son,
lady assistant. Both Phones No. 507.
CLARKE BROS., FINE FLOWERS.
DUNNING & CAMPION. UNDERTAK
ERS, have moved to 45 N. Oth.
F. S. DUNNING, Undertaker, 414 E.
Alder. Lady assistant. TeL East 52.
$10.000 FOR SALE, HI OWNER; ONE
tMrd cash Quarter-block In best residence
portion of city; 10 minutes' walk from post
office; 5 houses, strictly modern: all rented:
Income $175 per month. T 37. Oregonian.
IF YOU WANT TO BUY THE PRETTIEST -7
muc uuiue in tvuouiawn,cneap, come and.
aee us. Hart Land Co., 107 Sherlock bldg.
FOR SALE ELEGANT 10-R003I RESI-
uence. sou xuth st between Taylor
On improved city and farm property.
R. LTVINQTSONE. 22i Start st.
On St. Johns Electric Car Line.
$10 DOWN $5 MONTH
Sale Lasts Until August 1, 1003.
SHERMAN D. BROWN
351 Stark Street.
Mortgage Loans at Lowest Bates
Insurance in All Lines "
A. H. BIRRELL
Formerly of MacMaster & Blrrell,
REAL ESTATE. GENERAL INSURANCE
AND FINANCIAL AGENCT.
303-1 McKay Building. Third and- Stark.
Phone Main 232.
TREES 9 YEARS1 OLD; GOOD CROP
THIS YEAR ONLY 12 MILES FROM
PORTLAND; LAND IS GOOD, AND THE
ORCHARD AND DRIER ARE THE
BEST IN THIS COUNTY. FOR PRICES
AND TERMS SEE
LAMBERT & SARGENT,
383 East Washington Street.
Portland Homebuilding Co.
This successful builder of homes
will hold its next distribution of
funds on Saturday, August 1.
It has two forfeited contracts for
sale. Get one of these contracts
and be in at this distribution and
get a $1000 house for $20.00 down
and $5.00 monthly. You will
have the same opportunity as the
Portland Homebuilding Co.
' 151 SIXTH STREET.
FOR SALE REAL ESTATE.
S1400-5-ROOM. NEW HOUSE. INSTALL
ments. $1550 O-room new house. Installments.
$2200 8-room new house. Installments. Wa
build houses: anything you want; easy pay
ment. 012 Commercial bldg. Main 1040.
FINE LOT ON 5-CENT CAR LINE. ALL
cleared, ready for bulldlngo; water piped ta
each lot. Price, $100; Installments $3 per
month. Best value In the city. P 40, Orego
nian RESIDENCE LOTS AND QUARTER-BLOCKS,
walJclng' distance. East Side; streets, sewers;,
ready for building; sell cheap; terms to suit.
Harrington, owner, 60' 1st. near Oak.
FOR SALE, CHEAP TWO ACRES LAND IN
Mllwaulcle. near schoolhouse and car line;
large barn and running water on place. In
quire H. Lowltz, City Park.
IF YOU "WANT TO BUY OR SELL REAL
estate, see F. Abraham, Valley Land Co.,
43 1st, corner Ash. Established 15 years.
FOR SALE 5-ROOM HOUSE, LOT 68x100,
lawn and fruit trees. 613 East 26th St., near
Clinton Kelly School. Woodstock car.
IF YOU WaNT FARMS. SMALL TRACT3
or lota cheap, sec O. R. Addlton. Lents. Or.
Take Mount Scott car, fare 5 cents.
SNAP $750, 5-ROOM COTTAGE. LARGE
lot. barn and garden. 1011 Francis ave.,
100-FEET SQUARE." COR. 5TH AND EVER
etU Inquire 181 N. 11th st.