Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONLAN, MONDAY, JULY 20, 1903.
at tS Pwtofflce at PortlS-ad. Orse.
m second-class matter.
XXVISSD SUBSCRIPTION BATZS.
(postage prepaid. In adTaace)
lj-, Vrtn Sunday, per month.. su.se
ly, Sunday excepted, per yex..-.
jr. win eunaay, per year w.w
Say. per year - f-w
weekly, per year 1.50
Weekly, i month..... ....
IlT. ocr week. deliver!. Mr-tiflur axcefited.lSS
lly, per week. deUrered. Sunday lseluded.aOo
ited States, Canada and Mexico
lt-p&ge paper. ............... ..."
oreicn rate double".
lews or dkcuulon intended tor publication
Oregonlan should be addressed lnvarta-
"Editor The Oregonlan." not to the name
individual. Letters relating to adver
se; snbtertptlOB. er to any business xaawer
laid be addressed simply "Tbe Oregonlan.
Be Oregonlan does not buy poems or stories
individuals, and cannot undertake to re-
aoy manuscripts sent to it without solid-
Ion. iio stamps should d lncioseo. zor una
stem Business Office, 43, 4, , 4T, 45, 49
Quaes building. New Tork City; BIO-11-12
Dune building. Chlcaxo: the a C Beckwlth
clal Agency. Eastern representative.
sals in. 6an Francisco or u & Lee, Pal
Hotel sews stand: Goldsmith Bros.. 229
er street; T. W. Pitts, 1008 Market street;
Cooper Co.. 746 Market street, near the
Hotel: Foster Ss Orear, Ferry news
ad; Frank Scott, 80 Ellis street, and IS.
.uey. SIS Mission street.
sale in Los Annies by B. 7. Gardner.
South Spring street, and Oliver & Haines,
South Spring street.
sale In Kansas City. Mo., by Rlcksecker
Co., Ninth and Walnut streets.
sale In Chicago by the P. O. News Co..
Dearborn street, and Charles MacBonald,
I Washington street.
sale in Omaha by Barkalow Bros., IB 12
street: Xeseath Stationery Co., 1303
.jude in Ogden by W. O. Kind. 114 25th
et; Jas. H. CrockwelU 242 25th street.
sale in Salt Lake by the Salt Lake News
77 West Second South street.
sale In Washington, D. C. by tbe Ebbett
sale in Denver, Cola, by Hamilton St
adricte. 906-812 Seventeenth street; Louthan
Jackson Book St Stationery Co., Fifteenth
Lawrence streets; A. Series, Sixteenth and
SSTEBDATS WEATHER Maximum tera-
78; minimum temperature, CO; pre-
E tail on, 0.
DATS WEATHER Fair; northwest
IRXLAKD, MONDAY. JULY 20, 1003.
"CAPTAIN OF HIS SOUL."
posterity remembers "William Er-
fet Henley,, it will be by two lines:
X am the master of my fate.
I am tho captain of my soul.
the defiant phrase the man's works
summed up. In contrast with the
Ible questionings that had been given
Ice by many before him, Henley
ke out He thanked "whatever gods
ly be" for his "unconquerable soul.
Iwas this assertion that marked the
In from the crowd, and it was this
kertlon that made Henley read by
few before his name was blown
I the wind of contention into the ears
Ithe many. t
cannot be said that Henley was a
liliar name to the public until the
vensonians set upon him because he
tured Robert Louis Stevenson as a
In with the ways of a man. It was
doubt unnecessary that the picture
uld be drawn, but it is not difficult
(understand Henley's disgust at see
his friend haloed as a."consumptlve
it. The attackers of Henley re-
red the "fleshly school" cry. and
Rtha knew nothing of him or
rork held him up to odium. They
;d to realize that Henley was a full
ded poet, lusty and rejoicing in life.
the attack brought good in its
fin, xor the public was maae iamu-
S with Henley to their own good.
is impossible to read the last book
enley'ie, "Hawthorn and Lavender,"
Ihout feeling that here was a genu-
poeL. There is an exuberance of
in Nature that is conveyed to the
Ider; there is feeling, and there Is
for Henley was a master of words
phrases. The poem to "February,"
example, Is full of lines that dash
month before us the moon of
lf-candied meres," of the "sip-sop-
Ig close," of the "roaring weirs."
an age of appreciations instead of
iclsms Henley spoke his thoughts.
thrpugh this that he will be re
ibered. He was the captain of his
and may he have laid its course
the desired haven.
FAULTS OF A SYSTEM.
liie present attention is centered,
rightly, upon the specific difficulties
the police department the time Is
opportune to point out that an-
ly at Second and Oak Is only one
t of a system that is faulty and of
Lablt toward criminals that Is most
kchlevous. Much more than a reor-
kized police department is necessary
tq are to do all that should be done
ktamp out lawlessness in Oregon.
lere are 700 prisoners in the penl-
tiary of the State of Washington,,
300 in the penitentiary of the State
)regon. Our other 400 are walking
-streets and doing business. This
sartly the fault of the Portland po-.
but not alL The laws, are too lenl-
of penalty and too lax of enforce-
lt Where Washington and Callfor-
glve a highwayman twenty years,
give him ten; and kind-hearted
tges sometimes let a desperate vet-
of the burglar craft off,, with five
eight years. In California also there
iditional penalty for a second con-
ion. Professional thugs are.waiK-
the streets of Portland today and
jlng houses as often as they need
ley who would la California be
ring a life sentence on the crimes
vhich Oregon Juries have convicted
fe do not wish to criticise the courts
unbecoming Irreverence, but the
remains that such a golden repu-
lon for punishing evildoers as has
earned by Judge Wallace, of San
icisco, for example, is rare among
n Judges. Justice miscarries here
alarming frequency. The problem
complicated one, and any single ac-
itlon against the sources of our mls-
;rnment needs to be qualified in
iy ways; but in general it is a
lining indictment of our jurispru-
that between unscrupulous law-
and faint-hearted Judges a large
portion of our criminals escape pun-
ent after Sheriffs and police officers
done their utmost in vigilance and
toHocation of evidence.
id even with the present police force
sse, the difficulty is largely, as we
kted out on Saturday, In the system
If. rather .than with Mayor or Chief.
Is partly political interference and
ly a lack of proper discipline and
latlon. It will be idle to look for
I lent service until the force is under
ipline and held to strict compliance
the authority that is over it It is
lently the belief of Mayor Williams
this result can be obtained under
eent Chief, and his determin&tioaj.loae Saturday, the wheat market ha.
to stand by that official, at least until
he has had further opportunity to show
his capacity. "We bespeak for him an
attitude of fairness on-the part of the
public. Judge Williams -will .do his
duty as he sees it, and the confidence
he has so -well deserved by long and
faithful public .service should not be
disturbed by the agitation of an ex
cited hour, or the machinations of poli
ticians on one hand or the other.
THE SEED OP MORE MOXEY.
East and "West agree that the Presi
dent should draw the attention of Con-
eress to the need of "elastic" currency,
and that Congress should Instantly re
spond. The two sections differ almost
hopelessly, however, it is reported, as
to the particular mode, form and show
of elasticity most to be desired. The
"West wants more money in crop time,
and the East wants more money at any
and all times in order to play the races
that Is to say, the stock market
The inadequacy of the monetary sup
ply, measured against the consuming
capacity of sundry empty pockets and
expensive tastes, East and West, North
and South, Northeast, Southwest and
all other .real or speculative sections of
the earth's surface, has formed a per
ennial problem which still awaits the
acumen of the coming philosopher. The
insufficiency of money Is, In fact, as
perpetually reprehensible as Bryan's
painful discovery that the poor are not
rich. "When Mr. Bryan finds his poor
apple-grower doing business in palatial
orchards of marble at Broad and Wall
streets, and when he finds Newport's
villas tenanted by the wives and fami
lies of Baltimore & Ohio section hands.
then there will be, we may fondly hope,
money enough for the most Impecuni
ous in seasons of acute financial strln
There is a good deal of Insidious stuff
and nonsense about this nostrum of
plentiful money and low interest rates
through the engaging proposals of
"elasticity." It comes dangerously near
the ground of Populism, and "cheap
money" Is an expression with gloomy
suggestlveness. The man in the West
who has crops to sell or to move can
get money for them or to move them.
The man on Wall street can get all the
money he needs for legitimate busi
ness, and it is no province of the Gov
ernment to provide him funds for ille
gitimate or crazy speculation. If the
currency supply is imperfectly distrib
uted, that is the fault, and its remedy
is the affair of the banks, and not of
the Government It is seldom indeed
that currency Is scarce In the West
without being simultaneously redund
ant in the East. The main thing about
money is Its quality. If that Is faith
fully preserved, the quantity will In
large measure take care of itself. Wit
ness the gains to the circulation the
past three years from gold and bank
It savors of dlshones'ty and folly to
tell the people of our agricultural sec
tions that the Government can make
money plenty arid Interest low by en
acting "elastic" currency at a stroke.
What makes money hard to get and In
terest high in these sections is the in
adequacy 'of the security. If you oan
borrow money at 2 per cent on your lot
on the.jlower end of Manhattan Island,
and a shiftless farmer in Nebraska or
planter In Alabama has to pay 5 or 6, or
maybe $ or 10, 'why not recognize at
once the fact that the lender in the
latter case requires to be paid for the
chances he Is taking?
The Washington State Bankers' As
sociation meets at Tacoma the last of
this week; and the currency-reformers
that will be there from the East will
learn from the Oregon and Washing
ton men who will attend, if they learn
the truth, that solid banks and farmers
with good credit can get all the money
needed at crop-moving time, if arrange
ments are properly made In plenty of
season. When the money standard Is
as safe as It Is now, and the volume
of the currency Is as great as it Is now,
everybody can get money who has any
thing to give for money; as for him who
hasn't elastic currency will be as far
beyond his reach as any other "kind.
For the man without money's equiva
lent in labor or commodities all the
elasticity in the world can only expand
the area and inflate the misery of his
FINANCE AND TRADE.
The New York bank statement last
Saturday presented only a faint ray
of sunshine through the clouded flnan
clal skies in the metropolis. Anticipat
ing the gains In cash which it showed,
a -feeble rally in stocks was made on
Friday, but a day later all of the
strength evaporated and many stocks
which were supposed to have an intrln
sic value which rendered them lnvin.
clble shrank to the lowest level of the
season. This prolonged weakness was
not confined to what J. P. Morgan
number of weeks ago termed the "un
digested securities," but it extended
through the list, and a number of very
Important dividend-earners slumped oft
along with the well-watered stocks
under the pressure to convert them into
An illustration of the refusal of the
general public to come to the relief of
the men who in the past have carried
on "Morganlzlng" operations on an ex
tensive scale was shown last week In
the call on the original subscribers to
the International Marine Company, bet
ter known as the "shipping combine,
for 15,000,000 to meet obligations in
curred when the company was organ
ized. When this stock was first placed
on the market it was expected that the
public would make a wild rush to buy
It, and the money thus received from
the sale of the stock would be sufficient
to pay for all of the equipment lnclud
lng a lot of old steamers that had been
taken In at high figures. The public
failed to enthuse, however, and the pro
moters are now forced to put up the
Thi3 money must be withdrawn from
other channels of trade, and a consld
erable portion of it will be sent out of
the country In payment for some of the
ancient British steamers which were
taken over by the combine at high
prices. The withdrawal of this money
at the time the shipping combine was
formed would have been of no conse
quence, but coming at a time like the
present when the financial ship Is al
pready cranky through lack of ballast
the effect Is noticeable. There was
quite a heavy money movement from
the East to the West during .tire week,
the requirements for handling the crop
being slightly larger than had been an
ticlpated. This would indicate that
crop yields are better than expected,
for the Western banks were already
prepared for handling as much busi
ness proportionately as they had ever
been called on to handle,
With the exception of a slight recee
slon early in the week and a fractional
ruled steady and prices In the Eastern
markets are about 5 cents per bushel
higher than they were on a corespond-
ing date last year, while in Oregon
and Washington markets prices are
nearly 10 cents per bushel higher than
they were a year ago. Corn, oats and
barley also continue firm at jgood prices.
The feature in the wheat market at
this time Is the exceedingly small stocks
In sight The American visible, which
will be posted today, will be down very
close to 12,000,000 bushels, and when the
holdings of the additional elevators and
storage points which were not included
In 1898 are deducted, the figures will
fall below those of the famous Letter
year. These low stocks, together with
the high premiums that millers are pay
ing for old wheat do not Indicate .very
low prices for new wheat not, .at least
until enough of the cereal Is received
to fill up the cracks or cover the floors
In the clean-swept bins.
The last large wool sale of the season
was made at Shanlko last week, and
this great staple will figure less promi
nently In trade talk for the remainder
of the year. There was considerable Im
provement in the salmon run last week,
but the cold-storage houses secured the
greater part of the fish, which were
nearly all unusually large. The pack Is
still far short of a corresponding date
Jast year. There was a little business
In new-crop hops, but picking time Is
so close that with a firm market busi
ness is of only moderate proportions.
The wholesale trade In this city con
tinues to break records, and never at
a corresponding period has the outlook
for Fall trade been so bright as It is in
the closing, days of July.
DEAR. OLD ENGLAND!
Our trusty monitor, philosopher and
friend, the Guard, of Eugene, has only
one rule of life a rule, by the way.
which has actuated other publications,
now mostly dead or dying and that Is
to read The Oregonlan and then rebuke
It In terms whose violence Is in direct
ratio to the patent correctness of The
Oregonian's position. In the campaigns
of 1896 and following years, for exam-
) pie, we well remember how it angered
the Guard's honest soul to see The Ore
gonlan championing the gold standard
in deference to Downing street (or was
it Lombard?). From memory, as best
we can. we reproduce the sentiments
of our monitor, etc., at that time:
The bughouse old Oregonlan continues to
serve its masters, the British bondholders, who
hold a mortgage on Ita tower, presses and
elevator boys, by calling upon, us to emulate
the nation of Georve IV. . Out upon these
Graven worshippers of British sold! That effete
monarchy, which has continued- to persecute
upnappy Ireland as it persecuted our noble
colonists In 1776, desefcves nothing but contempt
from all right-minded Americans. Vote for
That has all changed now; however.
and as The t)regonlan found occasion
recently to utter a word of caution
against entangling alliances with Eng
land and Japan, the Guard begins to
think tenderly of the "mother country"
and the ties of blood, etc Listen to the
noble sentry on the picket-line of dan
ger; Blood is stronger than water. English,
Scotch ' and Irish blood, with dilutions,- flow
through the veins of four-fifths or moro of
our white population. t have no fciavic
blood. Our language, our literature aro Eng
lish, Inseparably binding us to the mother
country in education ami resultant sympathy.
This ls'all very gratifying. Consistency
is the last resort of Ignoble minds, and
it Is only the great that can see and
acknowledge error. To true greatness,
therefore, the Guard can read Its title
clear. That is why we mention the
The San Francisco owners of the ship
Lord Templeton have been sailing that
craft which Is a Brltish-bullt"'vessel,
under the Danish flag, with a tempo
rary Danish register, secured- in the
hope that the transfer of the Danish
West Indies would permit her to secure
American registry. They have spent
thousands of dollars In an effort to se
cure permanent Danish registry, and
have at last given up the fight and are
now going to put the -ship back under
the British flag. This craft Is owned in
America, sailed by an American, and
would, If permitted, buy all of her
equipment and make America her home
port, but antiquated and ridiculous
laws prevent us from adding her to
the American merchant marine. Con
trast this with the policy pursued by
Great Britain in maintaining her posl
tlon as mistress of the seas. The Lord
Templeton or any other renegade that
has ever renounced the British flag will
be taken back under that banner when
ever application Is made. With Amer
ica no "naturalization" is permitted,
and for this reason some of the finest
ships afloat, which would come under
the American flag tomorrow, if permit
ted, must forever sail under a foreign
flag, although they are owned and
sailed by American citizens.
"The lady protests too much, me
thlnks." The Tacoma News devotes
the greater part of Its editorial page
last Friday to a labored attempt to ex
Dlaln away the cold, hard fact that
Portland Importers handle more mer
chandise than is handled by the mert
chants of either Seattle or Tacoma.
Among other proofs . submitted Is the
statement that "The Oregonlan does not
know what it Is talking about" Fur
ther argument Is perhaps unnecessary
and as' a substitute the figures of the
ynlted States Government on the im
port business are again submitted. The
receipts at the Portland Custom-House
for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1903,
were JS20.844.25. The receipts at Taco
ma for the same period were $360,303.90.
The receipts at Seattle were ?565,956.28,
and of all other Puget Sound Custom
Houses 5101,513.86. If the figures of the
Government are correct, Portland Is
doing more than twice as much import
lng as Tacoma, and in all the space
which the News devotes to sidestepping
around these figures it dared not ques
tion their accuracy.
One of the unaccountable episodes of
human life was that which terminated
in murder and suicide near Durkee,
Baker County, a few days ago. ft. mar
ried man, 35 years old, of good reputa
tlon, eloped from the vicinity of Cald
well, Idaho, with a weak-minded girl
of 15. Utterly penniless, leaving his
wife and children destitute and without
apparent aim In life except to get away
somewhere, this man shot; his victim
and then himself upon being closely
pressed by officers who sought to ar
rest him. This was not an emotional
man, nor yet a fool, In the accepted
definition of that term, but a plain
plodding farmhand, with a wife qf his
own class and two small children,
Such a case baffles -even vagrant theory
for the reason that it Is without the
pale of explanation. The only recourse
is to accept the facts as stated on the
undoubted evidence presented, and then
dlsmles the incident as unbellevablaj
since It finds no excuse In nature or
humanity. The girl, since she was
weak-minded. Is entitled to a measure
of pity; the deserted wife and children
will probably be able to get along In
the world without the man better than
with him, stripe a weak and Incapable
man Is but a clog upon the endeavor of
an industrious woman, hence she and
they are to be congratulated. As to
the man himself, the contempt that Is
the portion of the moral and industrial
male weakling Is his portion, though It
must be admitted that his last act, in
me was a meritorious one.
From San Francisco the news Is" re
peated that President Harrlmah will
open up Central Oregon with a part of
the money received from the sale of the
Salt Lake road to Senator Clark. Come
out and see us, Mr. Harrlman, and let's
talk the matter over. There Isn't a
pleasanter spot on eartfi In the Summer
time than Western Oregon, and we can
make you perfectly comfortable. Meet
us half way on this big proposition and
learn about our community of interest
Cultivate us, and then ask your traffic
department about the results. If you
are too busy to come out, Invite a Pull
man load of us (one full section for
each man) to come to see you. We can
waive our two weeks at Clatsop or
North Beach for the general good. One
of your predecessors tried this plan
several years ago, when relations were
beginning to strain, and It worked
beautifully. For particulars write or.
wire Ben Campbell at Chicago. Maybe
you and Portland can't get together,
but It Is worth whUe for both sides
Probably most educational workers
will agree that a teacher should be pos
sessed of an education representing at
least two years of school work In ad
vance of the grades she is to teach. A
bright girl who has Just completed the
eighth grade is doubtless capable of
conducting a class pursuing the studies
of that grade, yet her assistance would
be of much more value to the students
under her charge If her own education
were more extensive. The suggestion
has been made that the rules governing
the qualifications of teachers Bhould re
quire applicants for teachers' certifi
cates to show that they have two years'
Instruction in advance of the grades
over which they wish to preside. The
subject was brought up at the recent
meeting of the State Teachers' Associa
tion, and was made a special topic for
the next session. It Is wqrth-the con
sideration of teachers in their county
Institutes, where not only the question
of raising the educational standard, but
also the practical workings of -such a
change In the law, may be discussed.
Let alarmists who see In Wall-street
flurries a menace tp the wellbelng of
the North Pacific Coast take comfort In
this wise remark made last Saturday by
President-'James J. Hill, of the Great
Northern: ' "From St Paul clear
through to the Pacific Coast the people
are engaged in producing foodstuffs, in
lum'bering and mining, In developing
the great natural resources of the
country. Therefore theV are prosper
ous, and I see no reason to believe that
this prosperity will not continue.
Whatever any rival may say In dispar
agement of Mr. Hill, no on& questions
his endowment of common .senste and
his business Judgment When he epi
tomizes the condition of the great West
he tells the exact truth; he is not talk
ing for effect Doubting Thomases need
only refer to the last statement of the
railroads managed by Mr. Hill for con
firmation of his statement
The attempted suicide of the widow
of William Peakes recalls a form of mu
sical entertainment that attained great
popularity thirty years ago. Peakes
organized a company of Swiss bell-
ringers late in the ' '60s, gave concerts
all over the country and made a pot of
money. If the melody produced on
handbells with muffled clappers was
not of a high order, it had at least the
charm of novelty. Then came the
Bergers, real musicians, who Increased
the popularity of bellrlnglng pioneered
by the Peakes. With the Bergers Sol
Smith Russell made his start In a droll
monologue. Though he was tall, he
was under 14 at his first appearance,
and got credit among theater-goers for
mature years. He was In middle age
when he died last year, one of the most
popular of comedians and one of the
wealthy actors of the country.
A hint to Superintendent Lee: When
the Clatsop County officers deliver to
you at the penitentiary this swindler
with the broken kneecap, have him car
ried In on a stretcher. It will be the
part of caution to protect the State of
Oregon from a damage suit; so see to.
it that Smith, or Kodgers, or some new
alias, doesn't have the opportunity to
stumble over a loose plank or fall Into
an excavation when he takes, up his
residence at Salem.
All reports to the contrary notwith
standing, money Is -not scarce in New
York. The syndicate which underwrote
the $60,000,000 stock Issue of the Penn
sylvania Railroad divided the premium
and-they were not required to-advance
a cent In the transaction. This is proof
enough that $60,000;000 lay Idle await
ing safe investment In good times as
well as bad, what a man needs when he
wants to raise money is first-class col
Mr. Dosch, ever alive to Oregon's In
terests, suggests that we devote part of
our energy to cultivating the rush. Stu-
dents at the TJnlv.erslty of Oregon and
the" Oregon Agricultural College receive
Instructions soon after the Fall semes
ter begins, and they are In fine trim
when the football season opens In earn
est Thanksgiving day.
Portland and Oregon City have com
mon cause In a -war against thugs,
highwaymen and burglars. The time
may come when Multnomah and Clack
amas Counties will have to join In po
licing the narrow strip on the east
bank of the Willamette. Perhaps with
less divided responsibility better results
will be attained.
It Is understood that Roosevelt will
give his moral support to Mayor Low,
of New York, for re-election.- Now, If
Plerpont Morgan could only be Induced
to declare his enmity, no combination
of Croker, Big Bill Devery, Cleveland
and Bryan fofces could prevail against
Ex-Governor Goer says that there are
more hobos, petty thieves, thugs and
mischievous idlers in Portland, popula
tion considered, than in any other city
on tho Coast Evidently he has not vis
ited Seattle within -the past six years.
or, if he did, he shut hie eyes.
AS OUTSIDERS VIEW IT.
Depths YeT-Belew TJs.
Albany neoDle are warned against & city
down the road called Portand. It Is full
of h61d-ups. and laalmost as bad as Chi
Whose Picture First f
The Portland naoers print a picture of
the etreet-car that was held up and the.1
man who was shot The public would be
glad to see the picture of the Portland
chief of police who could capture one of
Jfot Up to Standard;
Even Sheridan Is trying to keep up with
Portland by having a hold-up. But she
la only In the amateur class yet In Sher
idan they wait until their victim is asleep.
then they raise the window and fish hla
pants out with a pole.
Oo to Bed Early, Then.
It iVm't pay to stay out late -at nights
In Portland except one Is a robber. Of
the people going home on a street-car
near midnight Tuesday night one was
shot In the back and severely wounded,
then robbed, while a number of hla feilbw-
passengers were relieved of money and
valuables. The desperadoes had not got a
block from the scene of that crime till
they robbed another citizen. If this thing
keeps on sensible Portland people will
take to going to bed at chicken-roosting
Ex-Governor Geer'K Vleir.
Portland haa had a carnival of pugilism
during the past few months, which has
drawn to that city the toughest frequent
ers of the ring-side. White bullies and
black brutes have received free advertis
ing to the extent of whole pages of so-
called "sporting news," embellished with
pictures of the principal actors, and reek
ing with the nauseating details of fistic
encounters. The result has been what
might have been expected. Free and easy
Portland the boasted sporting center of
the coast has attracted the toughest ele
ment that civilized society tolerates, the
devotees of pugilism.
FRANK BAKER'S NEW JOB.
Ho will have a difficult task In cement
ing together in bonds of friendship the
warring factions of the party in Oregon.
For the good of Republicanism and of the
state, this work should bo undertaken
and accomplished, If possible. Salem
He Is tho proper kind of a man to suc
ceed Matthews. Albany Democrat
Joe Simon took a fancy to him and made
him the Republican nominee for State
Printer. Baker was elected and at once
gave evidence of his appreciation of the
possibilities of making money out of pub
lic office. He secured a heavy increase in
the appropriations for the office, the
amount rising from J9000 under his prede
cessor to upwards of $50,000, It Is said, be
fore the conclusion of his second term.
He made moro money out of the State
Printers office than has been made, before
or since out of any official position In Ore
gon, state or Federal. Roseburg Review.
Senator Mitchell hastens Into print to
announce that the election of Mr. Baker
as chairman of the State Central Commit
tee does not indicate any change in the
Republican leadership of Multnomah
County, and that Jack Matthews Is not
relegated to oblivion by the election of a
former Simonltet The question now oc
curs: wnai is tne necessity o: such a
statement from such a source? Astoria
Baker was State Printer for two terms
prior to 1S96, and is said to have- saved
some money out of his salary. Baker Is
said to be a good organizer, and his selec
tion for chairman on Wednesday last
being unanimous. Is taken to mean that
the committee is preparing at this date
to increase the majority of the party at
the next election, which occurs next June.
The election of Frank C. Baker as chair
man of tho Republican State Central
Committee Is to be commended. St Hel
Tbe Debauch of Independence Day.
New York Tribune.
The brutal debauch of noise and stench
and fire and death Is over. At least we
may hope it will not bo prolonged greatly
Into this traditional day of rest and peace.
Tomorrow the country will take up again
the practical round of work, a consider
able proportion of which for some time
will be the repairing, so far as possible.
of the ravages of the "glorious Fourth."
There are burned buildings to rebuild.
There are sick and maimed people to be
nursed back toward health. Thsru are
blinded and crippled victims to bo cared
for all the rest of their lives. There are
the dead to be burled and their survivors
to be comforted. It will be some days yet
before all the ghastly returns are In,
Could they all be complied on a single
scroll they would "stagger humanity."
American Independence was the most
precious thing ever secured by this Na
tion. It deserves all possible remembrance
and fitting commemoration. But It Is not
fitting that the celebration should cost
more than did the thing Itself. Yet we
suppose there were few battles In the
Revolutionary War more costly, in the
consumption of money. In the destruction
of property and in the loss of limb and
life, than was yesterday's celebration;
and it would not be rash to reckon that
the aggregate losses In Fourth of July
celebrations during the century and more
has been greater than that in all the bat
tles of the Revolution. Such a record
may to some untninKing ones denote a
high degree of patriotic ardor. To the
judicious mind It rather denotes a low de
gree of patriotic common sense.
Lreglalatora oa. Saowsfaoes.
Fifty years ago, when the Minnesota
territorial Legislature assembled In St
Paul on January 5, 1S53, some of the mem
bers from the extreme northern counties
were sadly disappointed. They had hoped
to walk Into the new capltol, select their
seats and enjoy the pleasures Incident to
the first occupancy of that structure.
Their homes were so far removed from
the capital and the means of communica
tion during the Winter months so poor as
to practically Isolate them, hence they
had not been able to keep in touch with
the situation and did not know that the
capltol was still unfinished. Three of
them Rolette, Kittson and Gingqss, of
the County of Prablna had come the
entire distance on snowshoes and several
had taken desperate chances of death by
blizzards or nungry wolves.
There's a world of Joy In her heart today.
She's golnsr away from care.
She's going to watch the dolphins play
And to breathe the rait sea air;
She's going to splash In the briny foam
And get her self sunburned there.
She's going to leave her cares behind.
She's going, from worries freej.
With not & trouble upon her mind
To splash In the salty sea.
And neTer to wear the same frock twice
At breakfast, dinner or tea.
She's taking her doggie along, the dear!
She fondles him on ber breast;
It wilt give her gladness to have him near;
At night he will make hU nest -On
the bed so soft and so mcred where
fihf blissfully lies at rest.
She's going away with & Joyful heart v
And eke with a -irell-fllled purse;
As smart & the best in a set that Is smart.
She will t and parade and immerse.
She's taklac her doggie, tfee dear, sweet thine,
ak Dey rramiM wits to btm.
VIEWS OF MINISTER BARRETT.
Th position Mr. Barrett has Just ac
cepted came, to him unsought and he has
delayed acceptance because of his desire
to complete Ms World's Fair work;
During hla tour of the world in the
interests of the Exposition. Mr. Barrett
was phenomenally successful in secur
ing the participation of foreign coun
tries In the Fair of great difficulties,
and It Is understood tnat his successful
work in this undertaking weighed with
President Roosevelt In tendering him
the Argentlno post As a mark of ap
preciation for the valuable service Mr.
Barrett has rendered the World's Fair
In foreign countries, he has since his
return to America a short time ago, been
placed In charge of the entire foreign
partlclDatlons. In severing his connec
tion with the Exposition, he carries with
him the best wishes of the management.
New Orleans Times-Democrat
John Barrett will probably go to Ar
gentina, unless the people connected with
the St. Louis Exposition are able to con
vince the president that the Fair would be
a failure without his sen-ices. aponane
Amesvllle, O., has elected a town loafer
for mavor lust as a ioke. This re
minds us of the appointment of an emi
nent diplomat minister to Slam. Coqullle
The lives of great men all remind .us,
so to speak. Mr. Barrett is a young man
who came to uregon ten years ago, ana
his sole capital was the nerve that never
dies. If he Invests his capital as Judi
ciously in the next ten years as he has
in the last ten he will dc minister ana
ambassador plenipotentiary with extra
ordinary powers to England and ire
land. Yakima Republic.
Some of the newspapers of the Btate
are displeased with the appointment
but newspaper men, as a rule, fall Into
the error of withholding their Indorse
ment from members of their own pro
fession. Newspaper men should bo
among the flrst to give a gratuitous
boost to their bohemlan friend, no mat
ter where he comes from, so long as
he can show a clean record. But as a
rule where you expect to find fraternal-
Ism In a superlative degree you find op
position and denunciation instead. Thus
it is that the newspaper man finds his
path to greatness and to fame strewn
with briars and brambles by members
of his own craft Evidently a spirit
of envy lurks in the heart of the pencil
pusher. Pilot Rock Record:
Mr. Barrett is a young man. He Is
yet on the sunny side of 40 fy consider
able. He has occupied many, positions
of responsibility, -and has never yet oc
cupied one to which he has not been a
distinct credit He has performed well
every duty. He has the confidence of
all with whom he has associated. He.
is offered a good place by President
Roosevelt because he has shown -in other
fields that he Is the man for the place.
Therefore, Mr. Barrett not only has . a
good opinion of himself, but his privi
lege of holding such opinion ought not
to be in doubt. It does not argue con
celt, but self-confidence. This is a valu
able trait in any public man. Let him
lack It and he may be certain of failure,
for nobody else will have respect for him.
While the Oregon Senators Indorsed Mr.
Barrett. his appointment Is regarded as
personal with President Rooslt, who
finds in Mr. Barrett the best eiS?mpUflca-
tion of his ideas of the strenuous life.
Mr. Barrett Is a hustler. New York Sun.
College Eaacatlon and Business.
A prosperous, business man sends his
son to college and finds a place for him
in his counting-room when the son grad
uates, and the road to success Is open
to such a one. But in the Case of the
graduate whose father has no place to
offer him and who haa no capital to em
bark in trade there are serious difficulties.
When he applies for employment he gen
erally finds as hlB rival the boy who was
never educated beyond the grammar
school, who went Into the counting-room
at the age of 12 or 15 years at a few
dollars a week. This boy has been learn
ing the business while the college man is
at his books, and when the latter has
graduated the latter finds that the boy of
his age has completed an apprenticeship
and Is In the posesslon of a good position.
Tho college man who is over 21 years of
ago Is not ordinarily willing, to begin
with the duties and wages of the 12-year-
old lad, and this is often the only place
open to him.
The Wineroom Menace.
St Louis Globe-Democrat
Excise Commissioner Seibert has closed
a number or the worst wlncrooms in St.
Louis, and thereby earned the thanks of
the respectable people of St Louis. The
work of weeding out should be continued
vigorously. Wlnerooma have been doing a
terrible work, especially among young
women. Drunken women are a common
sight In their vicinity. The wlnerooms are
"wide-open resorts, with a more retired
background of every form of degradation.
Their most profitable business is the ruin
of young girls. Without this traffic few
of the Infamous dens would pay expenses.
A stream of fresh victims is their main
source of profit. They have made the
rearing1 of young girls In virtue and use
fulness more difficult than It was for
merly. They are centers of vice In public
places. Common morality demands that
all be shut up by the simple method of
canceling their licenses.
Hiawatha on Baseball.
"Then, again," said Hiawatha,
"I am somewhat interested
In this baseball proposition.
I'm a redhot, m ranting rooter.
Very fond of p'ltchers' battles,
Fond of extra-Inning contests.
Daffy over foxy team work.
Always out to kill the umpire
When he makes a bum decision.
It Is claimed, my little dearies.
That this pastime was invented
By a gent named Father Chadwlck,
Who was aided and abetted
By old Grandad Adrian Anson,
Should you ask me who discovered
And originated baseball,
I would tell you In- a Jiffy
It was Skln-the-Sassy-Muskrat
Of the tribe of old OJlbways
Of the sporty old OJlbways,
Who received their correspondence
Where the falls of Miriehaha
Gleam and gurgle lifihe sunlight.
This, young SkJn-the-Saasy-Muskrat
Was & thoroughbred from way back.
Very game was. he, and nifty;
He could alt in for an evening.
And corral the red and blue ones.
He could guszle firewater
Like a dry old dromedary
Stocking up at an oasis,
And- It never seemed to touch him.
After scheming for a fortnight
AIL the braves he called around him ' 1
And explained bis proposition;
Then two teams were straightway chosen.
One was called the Mighty Mud Hens,
And tbe other. Heap Bad Actors,
Captain, Big' Chief Blte-the-Features.
On a level stretch of meadow
Near the shores of Gltchle Uumrale,
These two factions came together.
Volunteered to act as umpire; -
Bp came Skln-the-Sassy-Muskrat,
Swung at several wild pitches.
Hit the ozone with his war club,
'Batter out!' the umpire shouted.
Whereupon tho mighty Mud Hens,
Led by Skln-the-Sassy-Muskrat,
Drew their scaplng-knlvea and started
For the luckless arbitrator,
Very therowghly they scalped him. .
Then they made him run tho gauntlet
This; ajr children, is the story
Of the rise ad fait of baseball .
la te kai iH OJlbways I"
NOTE AND COMMENT. : -;.
Shamrock is a daisy cutter. y
Miles covered miles, but Root dldn'i
Tumut Is to.be the capital of the Aus
tralian commonwealth. Sounds more like
a back station.
It Is about this time of year that tho
explorers begin to purchase dogs for a
'dash to the pole."
The contractor that Illegally changed
the specifications for the new Army sock
seems to have put his foot In it
Rev. M. A. Matthews tells the Chau
tauqua girls to learn to cook and to set
up housekeeping. Oh, these bachelors!
There Is some hitch about the amalga
mation of the glassblowers' unions.
"We'll be blowed If we Join," say the of
ficers. Queen Elena, of Italy, it is said, could
make her living as a cook. Wonder she
doesn't try It her power would be more
The King need- have no feass for his
welcome In Ireland. 'Tls the dlyll hlm
cllf the Irish would be welcoming, if 'twa3
only a social call he'd be payla'.
The Eastern papers are full of editorials
on how to keep cool in hot weather. And"
doubtless, as the editors wrote, they
gasped for breath and muttered, "Hot
The Washington law making gambling
a felony does not It is held, apply to mer
chandise slot machines. This Is excel
lent as there Is nothing better designed
to develop In a youth the passion for
gambling, a passion that he must gratify
later at the risk of a penitentiary sen
tence. An Irish shopgirl killed herself In New
York because her accent was jeered at by
her companions. Put one of the New
York mockers in a Tipperary hamlet and
her accent would be a legitimate cause
for mirth, but It Is safe to say that she
would never see a smile upon a peasant's
face. "In Tipperary the stranger Is like
Echo Answers, Wbatf
Socks are becoming fashionable as part
of women's attire In the East, it is said.
Slightly to alter Goldsmith:
When lovely woman stoops to folloy,
And finds too late that skirts betray,
What art can save her from a jolly;
What charm can take her socks away?
Going Back to the Old RIgr.
A charming "Sultan of Sulu" chorus
girl kissed LIpton three times for good
It may be heresy to utter
The thought that Upton's slipping
Yet he must doubt his latest cutter.
If taking to the old-time smack.
A. Buassard Bay Dialogue.
"Say, Grover, did you see that speech
Where Bryan takes you down the line?"
"Oh, Bryan whist; d'ye hear that
What lungs he's got that boy of mine."
"He says you've worked for Wall street's
And helped the rich the poor to throt
tle " t
T know, I know oh, Where's that nurse,
I'm sure he's crying for his bottle."
Subservient to the millionaire .
Subservient, that's the word he said "
Yes, yes but say, the baby's hair,.
You'd never hint that tinge Is red?"
" 'Degenerate' Bryan talks his fill.
And gives you other names as bad "
"Oh, names: I want to can mm tsm
His mother votes xor uaianaa.
Now, Grover, listen. It's a shame .
The way that man takes after youj "
'Takes after me his chin's the same;
I'm glad you've sense to see It, too."
Snccenaml Emily Brown.
Emily Brown, tho girl that went to
Corea to aid her latner in missionary
work. Is now the Empress of that cpun- .
Now, children, come listen the story true
Of Emily Brown, who was once like "you.
She lived on a farm when sne siayea at
But early she started out for to roam.
She went to the funny old city of Seoul
A place that Is rhymed by the natives
with growl ,i
And sang In the church, did this dutiful
miss, , ,
For she'd been well brought up back la
Of her singing and beauty the Emperor
And sent her a note. Said sne, -in do
If It's not a command to the Emperor's "
Commanding an Appleton girl I just flare
But singing was hungry, collections were
And Emily Brown soon got tired of it tall.
"Farewell to Wisconsin," she said with a
And accepted a place at 510.000 a year. I
And now she's the pride of all Appleton
For an out-and-out Empress is Emily
So, children, just grasp thl3 Important
And, like Emily -Brown, map out your
PLHASAXTRIES OF PARAGRAPHERS
The Leisure Class. "I see Smith takes Ave
minutes for lunch." "Oh. yes! Smith' has
beea out of active business for some Httlo
Ume now." Puck.
Inkerly I can't read this writing. Bossby
Pooh! The writing is good enough! Any ass
could read it. Hand it to me. Chicago Dally
"He's, certainly a good Christian." "Not
much, he ln't." "What? You've said so your
self.." "Nothing of the sort; I merely said ho
was a church member." Philadelphia Press.
A Great Ambltlon.-Llttle girl (watching her
mother fixing hatpins through her hat)-V-hea
will I be old enough, mummy, to have holes
made In my head to keep my hat on?-Punch.
Doctor-Do I think I can cure your catarrh?
Why. I'm sure of It. Patlent-So you re very
familiar with the disease? Doctor-I should
say so! I've had It myself a" Y llfe.-Judge.
Indignant cltlzen-Say youngster. If you don't
put away that toy pistol ril -report you to the
policeman in the next block. The
Huh! You'll git a punch In de snoot if ye do.
He's my dad.-Chlcago TriDune.
"Your paw ever whip your' asked Muggsy.
"Sure." replied Swlpsey. "but I don't mind
it." "Why not?" "He ain't never said: My
son. this hurts me more than it does you.' "
A little girl was asked ,to write an essay
about -man. The following was .her compo
sition: "Man is a funny animal. He has eyes,
to see with, hands to feel with, and Is splf
up the middle and walks on the spilt ends."" .
Glasgew Evening Times.
"You say you favor divorce?" "Well." an
swered tbe theatrical manager. "I don't ex
actly say I favor It, but If there were no
such thing as divorce, what would we do for
heroines la society dramas or for actresses
to play the parts?" "Washington Star.
f'l should like to know," asked the parent,
who had- a son In need of some further educa
tion, "what Is the course at your colleger
"The usual half-mile course of cinders and all
that sort of thing, you know," absent-mindedly
replied the president of the great Institution, .
4 Philadelphia FreK