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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONfAN MONDAY, JULY 20, 1903.
DIVIDE AND CONQUER
Policy of; Russia Regarding
SHE iS-READY TO FIGHT JAPAN
Diplomats Believe She Will Pint De
prive Japan of Allies by CoBcillat
lug Britain and United States,
Then Wbip pi a c Icy Ration.
PEKING, July 19. According to diplo
mats here, the greatest factor in the
Eastern situation is the increasing danger
of -war between Russia and Japan. They
believe it Is becoming plain that Russia
is willing to fight Japan, if "convinced that
no other power! will assist her. The Rus
sians are confident of their ability easily
to defeat Japan and are said to be anx
ious to settle definitely her position in
Eastern politics and end her ambitions to
oppose Russia's progress in Manchuria.
The belief is attributed to the Japanese
that the Russian policy is to attempt to
placate Great Britain .and America and
provoke Japan Into beginning hostilities.
P?hey regard. Russia's consent to opening
ports in Manchuria, the Czar's promised
visit to England and the occupation of
the Corean border as parts of that policy.
Russia's activity on the Yolu River is
more irritating to Japan than the reten
tion of Manchuria, and all Japanese offi
cials in China speak of war as a "proba
bility." Jlasnla Opposes Opening- We J a.
YOKOHAMA, July 19. M. Pavloff, the
Russian Mlnistsr at Seoul, capital of
Core a, has had an audience with the Em
peror of Korea, at which he opposed the
opening of Weju, the port on the Yalu
River, which was asked by Great Britain
Cores Gives Russia n Setbaclc .
TOKIO, July 19. Work on the Russian
telegraph between Anjung and Yongam
pho has been abandoned in consequence
of the remonstrances of Corea.
DEADLOCK IN SPOKANE.
Printers t,l Pnbllslxers Can't Asree
on Arbitration of Dispute.
SPOKANE, Wash., July 19. Presldenjt
James M. Lynch, of the International
Typographical Union, and Commissioner
Frederick Driscoll, of the American News
paper Publishers' Association, who have
been sitting in Spokane the past, week as
a National board of arbitration, have
failed to accomplish the object? of their
trip to this city. President Lynch started
for the East today.
The failure resulted from President
Lynch refusing to assent to the selection
of a third arbitrator, as provided in the
arbitration contract between the Interna
tional Typographical Union and a large
number of American publishers. The Na
tional board came here to consider an ap
peal by the Spokane union, from the award
recently made by a local board of arbitra
tion, reducing wages in the composing
room of the Review Publishing Company.
After hearing evidence and arguments
from both sides on a preliminary Issue,
the National board went into executive
sea3lon. President Lynch decided with the
union and Commissioner Driscoll with the
Review Publishing Company. Mr. Dris
coll then proposed that they proceed to
the selection of a third arbitrator, as pro
vided by the contract. Mr. Lynch refused
and, proceedings being thus blocked, the
board adjourned sine die.
TO BREAK SMELTER STRIKE.
Mlnsourlans Arrive In Denver, but
Strikers Convert Some of Them.
DENVER, Colo., July 19. Between 60
and 70 men from Missouri arrived here
today under agreement to work in the
Globe smelter of the American Smelting
& Refining Company. Upon arrival some
of the men refused to work in the smelt
er, claiming that the situation here had
been misrepresented to them. Local strike
leaders took charge of them and arranged
to furnish them with work.
They claim that all but about a dozen
of the Mlssourlans refused to work at tho
smelter, but General Manager Gulterman
is quoted as saying that more than half
of those brought in went to work. He de
nies that there was any misrepresentation,
declaring that their dissatisfaction was
brought about by interference of the
strikers after their arrival.
It is said that one of the men attempted
to escape from tho train at Brush, Colo.,
and was wounded in the leg by a local
officer. He was left at Brush, and his
name could not be learned from his com
panions. GENERAL WOOD IN MANILA
Circulation of Jicw Philippine Coins
-Howie Conrt-Mnrtial Sitting.
MANILA, July 19. General Leonard
Wood arrived here today. He will confer
'With Governor Taft and General Davis on
the Moro question, and will leave shortly
for Zamboanga to organize tho govern
ment of the Moro province.
The government will tomorrow com
mence the circulation of the new cur
rency authorized by the United States
Congress at Its last session. Considerable
difficulty in adjusting it to the conditions
here is anticipated. It is expected that
the circulation of the new currency will
be limited, because the Mexican coins will
continue to be legal tender until Decem
ber. The merchants use Mexican coins
because they are cheaper, and their pur
chasing power is equal to that of the new
coins. It is believed that the entire year's
crops will be paid for and handled in
Mexican money. A shortage of Mexican
coins is threatened, these coin, to the
value of JlO.OOO.OOO, having been exported
to Singapore and Hong Kong since Jan
The court of Inquiry into the charges
of cruelty brought against Major A. L,
Howse, headed by General Moore, has
.gone to Laoag to investigate the charges
formulated through General-, Miles and
Major Hunter. All the American wit
nesses have gone to the United States,
and an inquiry will be necessary there.
The first herd of carabao which the gov
ernment imported to restock the planta
tions has been attacked with hemorrhagic
sepemlcia, and tho mortality is heavy.
The disease is apparently incurable. The
herd has been isolated, and the spread of
the disease checked. The government
hopes successfully to complete its plan
or restocKing the plantations.
Tho battalion of scouts which is going
to tne bu Jjouls exposition is now assem
bling at Manila. It includes Ilocanos.
Slacabebes, Tagalogs and Visayans. Major
Carrington has been .chosen to command
it. The collection of the Philippine ex
hiblt for tho St Louis exposition is
making excellent progress, and promises
to be thoroughly representative.
Close of Ep worth Convention.
DETROIT. Mich.. July 18. With six
meetings today, all splendidly attended,
the seventh International convention of
the Epworth League, which . Dr. W. J.
Berry and other officers of the league
say has been the greatest and most suc
cessful in the league's history, came to
a close. Denver was decided upon for the
next convention. One of the -finest gath
erings of the convention was the men's
meeting in Tent Ontario this afternoon,
presided over by B. F. Dleffendorf, of
Canajoharie, N. Y. There were 3500 men
present, and their voices swelling forth In
"Onward, Christian Soldiers," the battle,
hymn of the Epworth League, was one of
the stirring conclusions of the convention.
FEUD WILL BE RENEWED
TroHble Feared as Resalt of the.
Breathitt Grand Jary.
JACKSON, Ky., July 19. A renewal of
the feud troubles is brewing here. The
special grand jury, -called by Circuit Judge
Redwine to investigate the charges of at
tempting to bribe B. L. Ewen not to tes
tify against Curtiss Jett and Thomas
White, in the Marcum murder case, and
of arson for the burning of Ewen's hotel
after he had testified, convenes hero to
morrow. It is believed the grand jurors
will bo asked to go Into a sweeping in
quiry concerning, conditions in Breathitt
County, where 27 lives have been lost
since the Hargls-Cordwell feud started.
As yet no one has even been punished for
any of these murders.
In the event of a general inquisition, it
is conceded that persons highly connected
-will be Involved, and that trials for the
killing of Dr. Cox and Town Marshal
Cockrill will follow close on the second
trial of Jett and White for the murder of
Crawford and Tharp are still held on tho
charge of firing Ewen's Hotel. Both are
teamsters for Hargls Bros., and are ably
defended.. As Ewen was held in camp by
the soldiers while- his house was burning,
he Is not a witness in the arson case, but
he is the main witness in the briber
case, as well as the only eye-witness to
the murder of Marcum. For that reason
it Is feared that troublo may bo given
him when he returns here tomorrow from
Lexington to testify against a well-known
citizen for offering him J5W0 cash if he
would not testify against Jett and White.
In anticipation of the worst, Ewen, while
in Lexington, made his will and arranged
all his affairs. About $1500 was "raised for
him by popular subscription after he lost
everything he had in the incendiary fire.
Ewen has told Commonwealth Attorney
Byrd and others who offered him the
bribe, and it is said the man has no
means of his own, so that the bribery in
vestigation will extend to the one who
was to furnish the funds.
Many are apprehensive for the coming
week, although the troops are still here.
After the killing of Town Marshal
James Cockrill, there was no one to make
arrests for over a year until the soldiers
arrived in May. Then City Judge, Card
well, who had been a prisoner in his own
house for 18 months, resumed holding
court. The two trustees have just ap
pointed '"Joseph Newland, who is consid
ered one of the bravest men in the moun
tain districts, as Town Marshal.
During the past seven years seven men
have held this position. Four of them
were killed whiln-on duty, and two of the
other three wero forced to resign.
It is expected that the special grand
Jury will complte Its work this week, so
that the attorneys, witnesses and others
can go to Cynthlana, where the next
trial of Jett and White for murdering
Marcum begins on Monday, July 27.
SHOT TO DEATH.
(Continued from First Pae.)-
state militia at Lander and has also sent
a telephone message to Cody, Basin, Mee
teets, and other Wyoming towns asking
for volunteers to assist him in uphold
ing the law.- Everywhere hardy Wes
terners are responding to the call, arm
ing themselves and hastening toward
It Is probable that the mllltla will be or
dered to the scene and that a bloody
battle will be fought. The country
about Thermopolis is wild and lawless.
A message received at Cody this morning
from Sheriff Fenton stated that he still
had the prisoners in his possession and
that he believed he could hold out until
LYNCHERS IN NEW YORK.
Mob Attempts to Kill Man Who Shot
NEW YORK, July 20.-Only by drawing
their revolvers and threatening to shoot
to kill did several Brooklyn policemen
prevent a mob from wreaking vengeance
on Frederick Krlselmeyer after he had
shot his wife and his.' step-daughter. Up
to the doors pf the Hamburg-avenue po- ,
lice station the clamoring mob went, cry- !
lng, "Lynch him!" and It was necessary
to call out the reserves. Krlselmeyer was
so badly beaten before the policemen res
cued him that it was necessary to coll
Although he is 40 years old, Krlselmeyer
was driven to the shooting by Jealousy
of his wife, whom he married three years
ago, and who is 54 years old. She owns
the house in which they lived, and In the
station-house he asserted that she had
been receiving the attentions of a wealthy
butcher for some months, and that he
saw her and her daughter with this man
Just before the shooting.
In the hospital, suffering from three
bullet wounds, his wife said, in reply to
his assertions, that he was crazy. The
shooting followed a quarrel, during which
Krlselmeyer was reminded that he did
not own the house. Tho wife probably
will recover, but it Is thought the daugh
ter is fatally wounded.
Returning from the house after the
shooting. Krlselmeyer was surrounded by
neighbors, who beat him down. He es
caped, but was again surrounded. A po-,
Uceman finally reached his side, and, re-'
volver In hand, held the mob back until
aid was secured. The crowd followed,
however, until tho prisoner had been safe
ly locked up.
NEGROES AFTER A NEGRO.
They Attempt to Lynch -Him, but
Marshal Saves Him.
ST. LOUIS, July 19. The Jail at Brook
lyn, a suburb of East St, Louis, across the
river from here, was broken open tonight
by a mob of negroes, whose desire It was
to lynch one of their own color for an at
tempted assault on a negro woman earlier1
in the day.
William Carter, the negro prisoner, was
hurried from the Jail by Village Marshal
Speed, who took him in a roundabout way
to St. Louis for safekeeping, after tho
mob had broken open the doors with a
railroad tie. There was no other prisoner
in the jail at the time.
S trim pre Accident on Railroad.
CINCINNATI. July 19.Mrs. Carrie
Crawford and Harry Ellswick. of Muncle,
Ind., were probably fatally Injured and
ten other excursionists were severely
hurt today when an empty Queen & Cres
cent train ran diagonally into the side of
a long, well-filled, Baltimore & Ohio
Southwestern excursion which was stand
ing in the Cincinnati station. The empjy
train was backing out of the station and
was switched into the track on which
stood the excursion train. The sides Of
three, of the cars were caved in 'and a
fire was started. The v empty train was
running slowly and stopped In time to
prevent a stampede.
Rich Iron Mannfactarer Dead.
TERRE HAUTE. Ind., July 19. Andrew
J. Crawford, aged 63, a millionaire iron
manufacturer and coal operator, died at
his home today. Mr. Crawford wasgwesl
dent of the Vigo Iron Works, TcrreHaute
Iron & Steel Company and Wabash. Iron
Dies Ere Honeymoon Wanes.
MADISON, Wis., July 19. Professor
Hamilton G. Lambert, of the University
of Wisconsin, dropped dead of heart dis
eose today while taking a, bath. He "was
SO years old and liad bacn married only
SMITH MAKES ANSWER
EX - POSTXASTER- GENERAL DE
' k FESDs' HIS XCTIOXSi
Tells Proctor He Corrected Transfer.
Abase Lbngr Ago, and Increase ot
Rnrnl Carriers Was Needed.
PHILADELPHIA, July 19( Ex-Postmaster-General
Charles Emory Smith has
writen a letter to Postmaster-General
Payne, in reply to a communication sent
to the Postmaster-General by John R4
Proctor, president ot the Civil Service
Commission, In which the latter criticised
the administration of Mr. Smith during
his term as Postmaster-General.
The' main ' points to which Mr. Smith
takes exception are Mr. Proctor's attack
on the classification of persons at post
offices, on the establishment of free de
livery and the alleged "packing" of the
rural free delivery division of the depart
ment, in anticipation of its classification.
On the first point Mr. Smith says the
law provides for classified postoffices
-when the receipts reach $10,000 a year,
and on the srecond point he' states that
the statute, not the department, puts the
clerks of new free delivery offices into the
The letter in part follows:
"Mr. Proctor states that tho commission
twice presented the matter to President
McKlnleys attention first on J,une 3).
1S3S, and again on June- 11. 1900, recom
mending him to modify the rules so as to
prohibit transfer until after six months'
service. This Is true. President .McKIn
ley took no action except to approve the
policy laid down in my letter to him of
December 27, 1900, in which I said: 'What
ever may have been the case In the past,
any features of the practice referred to
which were open to Just criticism haye
been corrected. In the ordinary course
of administration some persons had been
appointed In offices at which free delivery
was afterward established and thus had
ccme into the classified service, this ac
tion having been taken without being
brought to the attention and without the
knowledge of the head of the department.'
Although the number of cases has been
limited, as thus indicated, the exercise of
the authority without full review and. ex
cept for conclusive reasons in the interest
of the service Is rightly open to objection,
and accordingly Instructions were given
which prohibited tho practice and permit
led appointments of this character only in
emergency and after being submitted to
the chief of the department. Of this In
struction your commission was fully ad
vised. "This Is my reply to Mr. Proctor, made
not now, but on December 27, 1900. So far
as I know, that reply was never answered,
and for obvious reasons. It stated that
the practice, so far as It Involved any
abuse, had been and would be stopped. I
have but to turn to Mr. Proctor's recent
letter for proof. He says:
" 'The number of persons thus entering
classified positions by appointments in
smaller offices and, subsequent transfers
increased from two in 1S97 to 22 in 189S. 26
in 1S99, reaching the maximum number of
61 in 1900 and decreasing to 15 in 1901, eight
in 1902 and two in 1903.'
"My letter setting forth the fact of the
rectification was written December 27,
1900, and Mr. Proctor says the transfers
decreased to 15 the next year."
Mr. Smith says that the only other point
-of Mr. Proctor's letter that calls for at
tention is his statement respecting the
rural free delivery division, in which he
"That the service was packed with em
ployes in the interests of the individual is
indicated by the fact that the number of
appointments in the month of classifica
tions was more than for tho preceding
Replying to this, "hlr. Smith says:
"The rural free delivery appropriation
for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1S0L was
$1,750,000: for the fiscal year ended June
SO, 1902. It was Just double.. $3,500,000. Tho
number of routes In operation July L
1900, was 1276, and July, 1901, it was 430L
In tho next five months before the classi
fication the number increased to 6009. Was
double the appropriation -to be applied,
double- the service to bo provided and dou
ble the work to be done without any in
crease of force?
"The truth is that when Congress, by
making the large appropriation of $3,500,
000 for the fiscal year 1901-02, settled that
the service was no longer experimental,
the department set about organizing it on
a permanent basis. This Involved bring
ing It within the classified service and ex
tending tho civil service rules to it, so
far as they were applicable. But inas
much as the first requirement of the rural
carrier was to have a horse and wagon
(horse and wagon not being amenable to
competitive academic examination), and
inasmuch as other special conditions ex
isted, tho regular rules had to be modi
fied to adapt them to these conditions.
Under the direction of the President, the
department was engaged for some weeks
with the Civil Service Commission in
framing a system and body of rules, and.
In view of Mr. Proctor's remarks; it is
only fair to say that in this work he
proved so unreasonable, so dogmatic and
so Impracticable that he had to bo over
ruled by his own associates and by tho
Administration and had to be" substantial,
ly eliminated from all part in the con
struction of the framework."
OLD LOUISIANA BONDS.
Issac Which Pnld for Territory to
Be Shown at St. Lonls.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, July IS. One of the most interest
ing historical exhibits to bo made at tho
St. Louis Exposition next year will be a
collection of canceled bonds used In pay
ing for the Louisiana Territory. These
old papers were recently found in the
Treasury Department by Chief Clerk Hills.
A history of the payment has been com'
plied by R. A. Bayley, of the Treasury De
partment, who states that among the Na
tional loans of the United States was one
known as "Louisiana 6 per cent'iatock,"
lsued In 1S04. Mr. Bayley says: T"
"This loan was contracted to pay France
for the province of Louisiana, ceded to the
United States by that power April 30, 1803.
Accotulng to the construction of tho
"United States, the cession by France In
cluded all the region between the 31st par
allel and the Gulf of Mexico, and between
the Mississippi River and the Perdido
River, now the western boundary of the
state of Florida. The United States had
heavy demands on France for spoliations
committed on American commerce during
the previous ten years. The amount of
these claims was estimated at $5,000,000;
The first proposal of the French Minister
was that the United States should pay for
the province of Louisiana 100,000,000 francs,
and take upon themselves the payment ot
the claims for spoliation, but the amount
was finally fixed at $15,000,000, of which
France was to receive $11,250,000 in United
States bonds, payable .In 15 years, and
bearing Interest at the rate of 6 per cent.
The remainder, amounting to $3,750,000,
was to be devoted to reimbursing Ameri
can citizens for French depredations on
their commerce. The treaty was con
firmed by the Senate of the United States,
but was the occasion of ah extended de
bate in the House of Representatives.
The act to issue the stock in payment
for the territory, which became known as
the Louisiana stock, was approved No
vember 10, 1S03.
P. M. Arthnr's Body In Cleveland.
CLEVELAND, Ohio. July 19.-The body
of Peter M. Arthur, grand chief engineer
of the Brotherhood of Locomotive En
gineers, who died suddenly in Winnipeg,
Man., last Thursday night, reached this
city tonight over the Lake Shore Railroad.
It was accompanied "by four members of
the brotherhood from Winnipeg, one from
Rat Portage. Ont, and Another from
Moose Jaw. N. W. T. There was no rep
resentation of engineers to Meet the body
on its arrival, this being in accordance
with the wish of Mr. Arthur's family.
The funeral tomorrow will be c4ftductcd
as privately as possible In view of the
wide acquaintance and the position held
by Mr. Arthur.
TRADE IS PICKING UP.
Internal Commerce Cendltlexs Skew
a Geed Improvement.
WASHINGTON, July 19. Internal com
merce conditions, as shown by the month
ly report of the Department of Commerce
and Labor, through Us Bureau of Sta
tistics, compare favorably with the cor
responding period of last year. For the
month of May, receipts of livestock at
five Western markets have been larger
than either of the two preceding months,
a total of 2,512,501 head having arrived,
compared with 3,161,868. head In April, and
2,340,410 head in March of the current
year. The usual course of trade is in the
other direction, and these larger receipts
may be partly accounted for" by the ex
cellent condition of pasturage throughout
the producing sections, owing to the more
prolonged period of ralnfalU For five
months ending with May thl3 year, 12.5S1,
790 head of stock had been received at
Chicago, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis
and 8t Joseph. For the corresponding
period in 1902 anotol of 12,5)2,506 head were
reported, showing that this season Is fully
up to that of 1902 in this branch of trade.
In 1901 the receipts amounted to 13,213,926
head. If the livestock trade be taken as
an index to economic conditions generally
it would seem that a firm and even level
of prosperity had ieen maintained with at
least fair prospects of continuance. This
view is confirmed by comparison of the
movement of livestock from Kansas City
and St. Joseph for feeder and country de
mand. During the five months under con
sideration 305,974 head were sent from
these two markets, whereas in 1902 only
237.5SS head were sent, and in 1901. 272,190
head. These figures indicate that the
feeding flocks of the stockralslng sec
tions tributary to the large slaughtering
centejs are steadily being rehabilitated.
For the crop year up to June 2, the to
tal receipts of wheat at eight markets
were 228,619,561 bushels, compared with
211.656,605 bushels In 1902 and 213,083,037
bushels In 1901. These figures cover ten
months of the crop year In Spring wheat
section, and 11 months In Winter wheat
section. They; show, however, that for
the full crop year the volume of receipts
will undoubtedly exceed' those of either
1901 or 1902.
The weekly average shipments of flour
from Minneapolis for the first 22 weeks of
the current year was 325,561 barrels, com
pared with 294.C5S barrels In 1902. and 273.
285 barrels in 190L For, the week ending
with May 9. Minneapolis shlDDed 209.552
barrels 'and 440,605 barrels during the next
Shipments of grain from elevators at
Buffalo for five months ending with May
were 31.941,900 bushels, compared with 28.
162,804 bushels last year, and 24,133,824
bushels In 1901. Shipments of grain by
canal up to the end of. May were 2,070,193
bushels, compared with 2,503,436 bushels
On the Great Lakes 133 ports report
7,112,814 net tons of freight received, and
for the season to the end. of May 10.629,517
net tons compared' with 10.692,996 net tons
in 1902. The volume of traffic Is, there
fore, practically as large as last year's
In spite of the somewhat later opening
of navigation this year.
Shipments of iron ore to the end of May
were 4,014,102 tons, compared with 5,113,
979 tons in 1902. Traffic through the Sault
Ste Maria Canals reached a total of 6,839,
856 nel tons to May 31 this year, com
pared with 6,764,893 net tons in 1902.
At the North Atlantic seaboard the four
ports of Boston, New York, Philadelphia
and Baltimore report 106,250.012 bushels
of grain received. Including flour; and meal
reduced to imshels, for five.'months end
ing with May. Last year's receipts were
80,348,432 bushels, being a gain of 25,811.
Inspected receipts of grain at Portland,
Me., for five months were 5,890,756 bushels,
of which 1,378,865 bushels came from
American sources, and 4,511,891 bushels
from Canadian sources.
Coastwise coal shipments from five sea
board points to coastwise destinations
show that 9.9S2.435 tons were carried dur
ing the four months ending with April,
April alone contributing 2,954,614" ton3. Re
ceipts at Boston for five months this year
were 2,653,812 tons, compared with 1951,165
tons a year ago.
Lumber receipts at New York have
fallen from 190,869,634 feet for the first 21
weeks of 1902 to 166,064,839 feet for tho
same period in 1903. This decline was
due, primarily, to disturbed conditions of
the building trades in New York market
The total available supply of cotton on
May 31 this year was 10,567,50S bales. This
exceeds receipts for the preceding year,
which were 10,360.617 bales, .as well as 9,815.
674 'bales in 1901. The sources of receipts
this season were as follows: 2.604.0S3
bales from Texas, 3,613,805 bales from the
Gulf States, and 4,034,545 bales from the
EMPIRE CITY IS BEHIND.
Still Sticks to Horse Cars, Which
West Has Discarded.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, July 18. The street-car horse is
not yet a thing of the past, although the
supremacy of electricity Is everywhere
acknowledged. The recent bulletin of tho
Census Office on street and electric rail
ways furnishes a deal of interesting in
formation on this subject, some of which
is quite surprising. It is to be regretted,
however, that the bulletin does not give
figures for ten years aro as the data for
1902 alone does not permit of a compar
ison snowing the rapid advances ot elec
tricity. One thing' is prominently emphasized:
In the Western States, whose new cities
are building up on modem lines, and
where the latest conveniences are af
forded, the horse-car is seldom, it ever,
seen. In Oregon, as. in Washington and
Idaho, there are no horse-cars, even in
the smaller towns. California, it is true,
still operates over 42 miles of horse-cars,
and a number of other Western States
are burdened with from one to five miles
of such lines, but nothing In comparison
with tne electric roads.
One of the most startling disclosures of
the entire report is the fact that nearly
one-naii of the horse-car lines in the
United States are today operated in New
Yonc City, supposed to bo equipped only
with the most modern, roads. Out of 22.5S9
miles of street railways in the United
States, 259 are still dependent upon the
horse for motive power, and of this 115
miles are located in New York State, and
all but five miles of this latter number
are In the great metropolis. Philadelphia,
long known as a Bleepy city, a city lack
ing in progress, can point with ridicule
at New York, for In the Quaker City only
four-fifths of a mllfe of street railway Is
now operated by horses, and this is the
sum total of horse-cars in the Keystone
Hawaii, under American control, is ab
sorblng modern methods, and already 14
out oi z& mucs oi street railway are op
eratod by trolley. In Porto Rico the
spirit, of progress has not yet taken a
firm foothold, for the entire street-car
system of the island, only 2.13 miles. Is
still dependent upon horses. It will take
time to modernize the transportation sys
tems of this island, for other matters ot
greater import are first being considered.
President's Q.Blet Sanday.
OYSTER. BAY, L. I., July 19. President
Roosevelt did not attend church today.
In company with President Nicholas Mur
ray . Butler. of Columbia university.
and Dr. Lambert, his old family physi
cian and friend, he remained at Saga
more Hill quietly. The day, on account
of a persistent storm, was dismal and
disagreeable unui evening. Mrs. Ttoose
velt and the children attended services at
Christ Episcopal Church..
POPE NEAR LAST AGONY
(Continued from First, Pse.).
seemed aroused from his stupor and
showed signs of consciousness. He lifted
his head. Cardinal Vives y Tuto took ad
vantage of uiis condition to approach the
bed and tell the pope that some cardinals
were In the chamber.
"It is. my desire." said he; "to have your'
Tne pope, with great effort, raised a
trembling hand and. In an almost fei
audlble voice, . between" long "pauses ssve
the- cardinal the "pontifical blessing.- The
effort, however, appeared to have been
too much for. ium, and-ha fell back into
a condition of unconsciousness.
Preparing for IntevrIgnH.
Among the cardinals who csfche to the
Vatican today was Cardinal Oregllav of
the sacred college, upon whom will fall
the chief duty of directing affairs when
the pope's death occurs. He went to the
apartments, which have already been pre
pared for his residence at the Vatican in
anticipation of his speedy assumption of
the important duties he will be called
"upon to perform. "Later, however. Tie left
the Vatican. Cardinal Serafino Vannu
telll, the grand .penitentiary, also arrived.
In readiness to perform his office of re
citing prayers for ;tfre dying pontiff. He
remained at the Vatican continually
throughout the afternoon and evening.
Toward night theTeports from' the sick-'
room continued to be of a graver char
acter. Cardinal della Volpe, coming from
the Vatican, said he had held a brief con
versation with Dr. Lapponi. .and that
later he had made the following state
ment: One Day More the Utmost.
"If nothing new happens, the patient
may live "until tomorrow morning, per
haps until evening, may be 24 hours. Be
yond this, survival is hopeless."
Following the departure of the cardin
als, a number of carriages were stationed
in the courtyard of San Damaso, in read
iness to bring the cardinals, to he Vat
ican when the catastrophe seemed im
TOO WEAK TO MOVE TJX AIDED.
Troubled With itestlcssness, the
Pope's Strength Is Ebbing;.
ROME. July 19, 11:35 A. M. During the
night and morning the restlessness of the
pope continually grew greater, and ho be
came most agitated. Hls'Hollness could
find no peace In. any position, and called
frequently Dr. Lapponi and his vale't Cen
tra, wno did air In their -power ttf-calm
him, but without avail, the pontiff saying
he felt a nervousness which prevented him
from keeping still.
Notwithstanding the efforts made, very
little nourishment was taken, and the
strength of the patient Is hourly ebbing,
and has reached such a low point that
he cannot move alone in bed, requiring
help and never finding a position that is
At C o'clock 'this morning the pope said.:
"I never felt so ill as I do now. Hurry
Marzoloni here; I wish to hear mass and
receive communion, , which may prove to
be the last."
Shortly after this Monslgnore Marzoloni
celebrated mass, as. usual, in the chapel
ALE'HTJPE GFVEX UP.
ROME, " Jnly 10. Cardinals Oreglia
and Seranno VannuteUl were received
at the Vatican at 10:50 p'clock' this
morning, having received an urgent
can to hurry thither. Other cardinals
at also hastening: to the papal palace.
Dr. M&zzonl, at 0:15 o'clock, ap
peared to have lost all hope.
ROME,. July 10, 12:45 P. Si. The
'pope's' condition continues about the
'same, but his holiness Is, If possible,
somewhat more restless, and he calls
frequently, even when his attendants
an lnUhe room.
ROME. July 10. 2:25 P. M. The
pope Is In a. restless and somewhat
unnatural sleep, and frequently calls
WASHINGTON. D. C July 19.
Mondgnore Falconlo. the papal dele
gate, today received the following
cablegram from Cardinal Rampolla:
"The condition of the holy father
adjoining tho pope's apartment, but the
pontiff could follow it only with the great
est effprt, hardly succeeding In finishing
the service. When the communion was
administered in the presence of tho mem
bers of the papal household. His Holiness
seemed to be on the point of ascending to
ficaven, so ethereal w:as his figure. After
ho fell back on the pillow, prostrated, he
SIGNS OP A BREAK-DOWN.
Doctors Fear the Worst Cardinals
Hasten to Vatican.
ROME, July 19, li:55 A, M. Doctors
Lapponi and Mazzoni are impressed by
tho depression shown by the pope, and es
pecially because of the frequency of his
pulsation, which has reached 95 for the
first time, as heretofore the limit has
been 92. which was reached Monday even
ing and Tuesday morning. The doctors
could only make a superficial examina
tion, not wishing to disturb the patient
too much, considering that rest was the
best thing for him.
The pontiff speaks very little, seeming to
lack will and energy to do so. The physi
cians have ordered that silence bo main
tained In the sickroom, and that as little
sneaking be done as possible. The excre
tion of urine continues very scarce, in the
last 24 hours, amounting to only 24 cubic
centimetres. The liquid in the pleura is,
apparently stationary! hut there is really
a slight augmentation of It, as absorption,
even in the smallest degree, must go on
the whole time.
The doctors do not think that another
operation is advisable yet. They fear now
that the heart may get too weak. Inducing
lntermlttcnce in his pulsations, which
would be fatal.
After the visit of the physicians, Car
dinal Rampolla called to get full details
for his report of tho pontiff's condition.
The rumor that the pope was worse was
soon spread throughout the city, and tho
usual rush to the Vatican began. Several
cardinals hurried to the Vatican, among
them Cardinal Oreglia, who remained for
half an hour, and then left in his stead
Cardinal Serafino Vannutelli, who as
great penitentiary, bears the duty of re
citing prayers for the dying at the last
moment in the sickroom. Cardinal Van
nutelli remained at the Vatican in the
apartment of the Major Domo, in order
that ho might be ready for any calL
Vain Efforts to Axoase Himself,
ROME, July 20, 4:06 A. M.When the,
pope is called by his attendants, he still
.makes a great effort to &rcus himself
from tho torpor Into which he has sunk,
but fee Is soon again overcome.
A WAITING SUPREME MOMENT.
Only Dying- Man's dries Analte
Sllence-Cravrds Ontslde Vatican,
ROME, July 20, ZiSSA. M.VNow that tho
supremo last moment in the memorable
reign of Pope Leo Is expected almost
hourly, the contrast between the quiet
within and the excitement without is most
striking. In- the vast palace there is a
hushed calm of expectation, the only
wakeful souls being tho Swiss guards.
The doctors ot the dying, pontiff speak In
whiskers, and move noiselessly, about, so
.that from the sickroom no sound comes
except the heavy breathing ot the uncon
scious pope or his occasional cries for
Pio Centra and, Dr. Lapponi. His tone is
one of fear, as though, he felt himself
In reality, sleep is very far from all
eyeV No-' matter at what hour death
comes; tho whole palace will spring into
sudden life as though touched by a ma
gician's wand. In the piazza of St. Peter's,
on, the contrary, all Is -movement, there,
being a reguiar encampment of Journal
ists before the famous bronze doers, which
are now closed in their faces, and behind
which the regular tramp of the Swiss
guards can be heard. Many 'faces are
glued to the window In the. pope's cham
ber overlooking the piazza, while tho near
by cafes, especially those with telephones,
are crowded. Bicycles ready for use are
piled outside, and cabs are lingering about
in tho hope of catching a fare. This
strange scene is illuminated by the mag
nificent starlight, while tho two grand
and celebrated fountains give a kind of
spectral grace to the whole.
The Ossewatorfr Romano, the chief Vati
Jan organ, has received orders to hold
itself In readiness to issue almost at a
moment's notice a special edition. The
only, thing- wanting to complete tho paper
Is the hour of Pope Leo'fc death. The
Btaffs of all the other papers ore at their
posts ready to issue special editions at
any hour of the day.
Cardinal Oreglia Lays Down Law for
Conclave of Cardinals.
PARIS, July 2a The correspondent of
Eel aire at Rome has had a long conversa
tion, with Marquis Sacchettl, grand mar
shal of the papal court, who repeated to
him the following declaration made by
Cardinal Oreglia, who will take over the
admlnlstratiorrot pontifical affairs during
the interregnum, to the officials of the
"I shall, alas, be the only living author
ity, and I count, on the devotion of the
clergy and the military, and I shall ex
pect it to be absolutely blind.. For the
soldiers there is a prison, and I shall use
it. Arrangements have been made with
the' Italian' police, and I know the gar
rison of Rome shall do its duty outside;
let us do ours inside.
"I intend to revive tho proper tradi
tions, taking as a model the former con
claves. Not that the death of Pope Leo
XIII 'will be an 'order from the Loggia of
St. Peter's, to the people of the world, nor
will it bo made known in a hole in the
corner fashion Inside. The funeral will
bo celebrated in accordance with authen
tic bulls. ' I. Intend, under the "guard ot
the pontifical army, to revive the lying
in state of the body in the SIstIno Chapel,
which function was supprossed qn. tho
"Every morning .orders will be given by
mo alone,' an'd I' shall punish the -slightest
assumption of authority outside the
execution of rj. orders.
"Accustom yourselves, gentlemen, not
to consider me as an old priest, but as
your head, calm and absolute above all.
and without ether control than that ot
LEO OPPOSED TO SECLUSION.
Will Leave Bnll Advising Cardinals
Not to Be Shut Up. :
PARIS, July 19. A dispatch to the Fi
garo from Rome says that a well-informed
prelate has told Its correspondent that he
believes that Pope Leo's papers will con
tain a bull relating to the coming cqn
clave, and advising the cardinals not to
shut themselves up within the Vatican
grounds, owing, to the age and weakness
of several of their number and the un
healthlness of the place in hot weather.
The voting for the new pope will in any
case take place in tho Sistlne Chapel, the
cardinals being sworn- to secrecy as to
A special to the Gaulols from Rome says
that it la asserted that the Italian gov
ernment has decided to render royal hon
ors In accordance with the law, which
guarantees, as soon as death is known,
the firing of cannon at Fort St. Angelo
and the half-masting ot all official flags.
Cause May Be Blood-Polsonlng.
ROME, July 20, 2:40 A. M. A suspicion
has arisen that the change in tho pope's
condition is due to blood-poisoning, as a
result of derangement of the kidneys.
RUSSIA HONORS THE POPE.
Head of Orthodox Canrch Praises
Leo's Noble Character..
ST. PETERSBURG, July 19. M. Pobye
donosteff, procurator of the holy synod,
said today to the representative of the
"Pope Leo XIII has many admirers in
Russia. He Is the most eminent person
In the political world today, not only on
account of his position, but equally be
cause of his character. The Emperor
greatly desired to meet Leo last Spring,
but his visit to Rome was deferred. Leo
numbered among his life-long admirers
the Grand Duke George Alexandrovitch,
his uncle, who first called upon the pope
when a small boy with his tutor. He
sent to the 'pope a token of his esteem
upon the occasion of tho hitter's jubilee.
"Tho relations between tho Russian
government and the Roman curia have
been better under Leo XIII than ever be-'
fore and are now entirely normal,, I un
derstand, for you know the ministry of
the interior and the foreign office alone
are concerned the ministry of the Interior
Ask your doctor
about Ayer's Cherry
Pectoral for coids,
coughs, croup, asth
riia, bronchitis, con
sumption. He knows.
Trust him, i&$k:
having entire jurisdiction over foreign re
ligious bodies in Russia. While we all
respect the pope and the reat church
whose head he ia we cannot taxe into
consideration a -union with the Reman
Catholic Church, of which, Leo XIII. like
many of ,h!s predecessors, hoped and
The procurator ot the holy synod is. ag
ing, but Is alert both mentally and phy
sically. He still maintains a complete
grasp of the affairs of the Orthodox
Greek Church with Its multitudinous re
lations to politics and life in Russia. The
department of foreign worship In the min
istry of the interior confirms the .state
ment that the relations with the Roman
church under the pope have been mare
satisfactory than previously. Cardinal
Rampolla, who Is mainly instrumental in
bringing the Russian dlplomatican mis
sion to the Vatican, enjoys special favor
at the continuance of the good relations.
GRATEFUL TO ROOSEVELT.
Vnticnn Highly Appreciates Prcsl-
dent's MessnKe of Sympathy.
ROMB, July 19. President Roosevelt's
telegram expressing the President's sym
pathy for his holiness In this hour of su
preme anxiety and asking to be Informed
of the condition of the venerable patient
has been received.
The Vatican authorities are deeply ap
preciative of this expression of the Amer
ican President andrecall the cordial per
sonal exchanges betweou the President
and the pope when the volumes of pres4
idential messages and papal encyclicals
were exchanged. Cardinal Rampolla sent
an answer to the message, which con
tains the thanks of the Vatican author
ities for the solicitude expressed by the
President and also latest information concerning-
SECRECY WILL BE ABSOLUTE.
No Looking Ont of Windows Tele
phones to Be Removed.
PARIS, July 20. The sacred college has
decided that the seclusion of the cardinals
during the conclave shall be carried out
with the strictest formalities. It will even
be impossible for the cardinals to look out
of the windows, and the Vatican guards
will watch the coming and going of every
Cardinal Oreglia has ordered all tho
telephones In the Vatican to be removed
before tho conclave begins.
PRAYERS FOR THE POPE.
Impressive Ceremony Held nt Romas
During the benediction ot the Holy Sac
rament last evening at the Cathedral one
of the most Impressive religious ceremon
ies ever witnessed in the city occurred.
After the Litany had been recited, Father
McDevitt, the officiating priest, read a
cablegram received by Monslgnore Fal
conlo, papal delegate at Washington,
from Cardinal Rampolla, announcing a
change for the worse in "the pope's con
dition. This cable was given publicity
through the courtesy of tho Associated
Press, and created a profound sensation
among tho worshippers. After the read
ing of It, Father McDevitt asked all pres
ent to unite in silent prayer for the re
covery of the holy father. Each person
in the cathedral respectfully complied,
and for several minutes a hush fell upon
the assemblage and absolute quiet pre
vailed while supplication was made that
the sick man In the Vatican might, be
spared yet a little longer. Similar scenes
were enacted In every Catholic church in
the world, and, in fact, all Christendom
paid similar homage to the greatest of
PLATT NAMES ALDRICH.
His Choice for Vice-President, Not to
JBW YORK, July 19. The World to
morrow will say that United States Sen
ator Aldrlch, of Rhode Island, is Senator
Thomas C. Piatt's nominee for Vice
President; that the nomination was made
tonight at the Oriental Hotel, .Manhattan
Beach, and that Senator Piatt also named
Chicago as the convention city. After
remarking that Senator Piatt Is widely
known as a maker of Vice-Presidents,
and that he named Mr. Roosevelt for sec
ond place in 1900; the World adds:
"So far. it is generally known Senator
Piatt has not anylll feeling against Sen
ator Aldrich, and Is not willing to side
track him, but really wants him a3 Vice
President, because he thinks he would
moke a good man for the place."
Senator Piatt is further quoted as say
ing ot Senator Aldrich:
"The outlook for him Is promising. now
that Governor Yates has removed himself
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PHILADELPHIA. July 19. John Brcch
told lost his life today while assisting a
sick woman at Augustine Beach. He dived
into the Delaware River in order to wet
a handkerchief. The water was shallow
and his neck was broken.
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