ill VOu XLIIL 2TO. 13,157. PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1903. PRICE FIVE CENTS. ROTHCHILD SOLE AGENTS. r A T J 7 II 1 00 PICTURES Club, of Chicago NOW ON EXHIBITION r -t- nnr nrnnnrl frnr- Wtninctfiryhtf THE PUBLIC LUIMAUER-FRANK Wholesale, Importing and x.vj1 f jmihkm " - HENRY B. HTDE. Founder. "STRONGEST IN THE WORLD.'1 An Equitable policy contains life insurance contract. Notwithstanding the superiority, the . . . SAMUEL, Manager, 306 Oregonlan Bldg., Portland, Oregon DR. MEAT "There's Life and Strength In Every Drop" A BEVERAGE OR A MEDICINB Tar Sals hV All Drnrgtxt. UTOTS AID WiS8la3T0a STKEFTS, PORTLUQ. C3E03I CHANGE Or KAMAQEUENT. EL SIDELO ASK FOR "BANKER" SIZE 2 for 25c Factory and office phone. Main 23. D IDITV STERILIZED EVAPORATE! r.i iarantffr and First Factory In the State. RETAILERS, write, for tree simples and price The BEST, NONE TOO GOOD FOR YOUR EYES. You won't pass through this world but once. Treat the only eyes you will ever have, well. If you will come to us with your optical work you are sure of getting the very best. We are prepared to serve you and serve you right. Oculists prescriptions flUed promptly. M n fsr. Jewelers and Opticians. Cor. Third and Washington bs. Harris "Warn nn Atlanta Man. ATLANTA. G:u Feb. 10. It is believed . .Vic vlt. IT. tin 1 1 . t f T rturinff- rh i.r nr mm nv nis iftmnv was n. lei- The oldest AMERI CAN WHISKY and the most popular amongst connoisseurs. BROTHERS OREGON Comprising the individual exhibit of MRS. CLAUD GATCH before the Camera Fient rnr Fmirth flTlH Alder StS. IS INVITED DRUG COIViPANY Manufacturing Druggists. everything that is desirable in fvr?. p r . FOWLER'S and MALT C W. KtOWLEl, Xsst To your great advantage with the fuse of cutprices EXCLUSIVE CARPET HOUSE J. G. Mack & Co. 80-88 THIRD STREET. nnnnilf a Cliarnlaai nf nnMtnM Compare onr cream Tlth the beat. Free from COLORING, free from GERMS. Medical Inspection of cows and premises. t7" fcyI' Mcr. OREGON CONDENSED M1LIC CO., HIHauoro, Or, U. S. A, s If your wholesaler will not supply you. Nearly Million for Claims. WASHINGTON. Feb: 10. Senator "War ren, from the committee on claims, today reported an omnibus claims bill. It carries a total direct appropriation of J900.O00. Slezlcnn Sliver Commission. MEXICO CITY, Feb. 10. The members of the newly appointed silver commission. representing all lines of national activity Kill assemble on the ISth, WE SEl T lEill 0 FAVORS PORTASi House Passes the Rail way Bilir ONLY EICHT VOTE NO Gault Makes Hard Fight .Against the Measure. MULTNOMAH VOTES SOLIDLY Dnver. Malarkey, Whenldon nnd Other Sprhk for the Measure It AVI1I Probably Puss the Senute. The Johnson bill, appropriating $165, 000 for the DallesOMo portage rail road, passed the. House yesterday morn ing;, only eight members voting no. Gault ot "Washington made vigorous opposition to the bill, declarinr the rood would be of little benent, Davey of Marlon wan heartily In favor of the road, and all the Mult nomah members voted for the bill. The measure will come up la the Senate today, and will rrobably pass that body. SALEM, Or., Feb. 10. Staff correspond encesThe Houso this morning pissed tho Johnson bill to appropriate $lG,fa for a portace railroad above The Dalies. Eight members voted no. The measure will go to the Senate at once and will pars that body probably tomorrow. In that chamber the bill will be championed by Senator Johnstijn. Senator Johnston has alreidy introduced a bill in the upper branch for an appropriation of $3X1,000, but the House bill will probably be .en- acted. Passage of the bill was preceded by a discussion which lasted about -S3 min utes. Mr. Giult Jed the opposition. Strong arguments for the road were made in reply by Mr. Malazkey. Mr. Davey and Mr. Whealdon. Multnomah County sup ported the bill to a man. The three Clackamas County members voted "no." The vote stood: Teas Bailey, Banks, Bilyeu, BUkley, Both, Burgess, Burleigh, Carnahan, Clay- pool, Cobb Danneman Davey, Eddy, Ed wards, Emmitt, Fisher, Galloway, Gill, Glnn, Hahn. Hale, Hansbrough, Hawkins, Hermann, HInes, Hodson, Hudson. Hume, Hutchinson, Johnson, Jones of Lincoln, Jones of Multnomah, Judd. Kay, Kramer, LaFollett. Mnlarkey, Miles, Murphy. Not tingham. Orton, Phelps, Riddle, Bobbins, Shelley Simmons Whcaldon 17. Noes Cantrall, Comett, Gault, HunUey, Paulsen, Purdy, Webster, Olwell 8. Absent Adams, Hoyden, Heed, Harris, Test 5. Mr. Kay moved to make the bill a spe cial order for this afternoon, but the motion was lost. "I made the motion,- ex- plained Mr. Kay, "only in the interest of the bill." Mr. Hawkins asked to bo ex cused from voting on the ground that he had not been in committee of the whole yesterday when the bill was con sidered. Mr. Judd asked for the same favcr. Mr. Banks raised a vigorous pro test, saying: "Every member of this House should have courage to come forth and go on record for or against this bill." In order to keep members from "dodg ing" a call of the House was ordered and the Sergemt-at-Arms was ordered to herd up absent members. Ganlt Had Ills Say. When the question of passage came up Gault of Washington took the floor to oppose It. The Washington gentleman has the reputation .of opposing more bills than he favors and ot being most of the time with the .minority. "I suppose, said he, sun-eying the House with tho aims look with which he is wont to see approving nods in Washington County, I suppose I'm In the minority," and after tho House had smiled audibly he continued: "All my life I have opposed government ownership of railroads, and I do not now favor the ownership of a railroad by the state." The gentleman raid further that he did not believe the road would benefit the state, except a strip of country, say 23 miles wide south of the Columbia, between The Dalles and Umatilla. As for the benefit that would come to Washington, "Let that state take care of its own people," he ex claimed. Mr. Gault did not see that the bill would proflt the counties of Union, Baker. Malheur. Grint, Crook, etc. The gentle man cited figures to show that water compet!ton had not reduced rates be tween -me uaues and rortlind relatively lower than between Pendleton and The Dalles. Mr. Gault did not believe that a company independent of the railroads could transport products, say from Lewis- ton at as low rates as are now charged by the railroads. He had dug down Into tho records of the state portage road at Cascades and had found that that line hid cost $6,000. That that road was about one mile long. The line below Celilo would be perhaps 10 miles long. "Now," asked Mr. Gault, "If one mile ot road cost J6G.00O. what would 10 miles cost?" The gentleman said that no right of way was secured for the new portage. He was quite sure the O. R. & N. would not concede the right of way, and for the United States to do so would be un precedented. A large part of the appro priation would be spent for right of way and tho road wh.cn built might be de stroyed by floods. Mr. Gault then sounded a note of warning to Portland by declar ing that grain when loaded on boats would float down-thc Columbia past the Wlllametto and Portland to Astoria. He condemned Portland right roundly for not developing resources trlbuatory to It In the Willamette Volley. He said that Portland Jobbers were In dinger of build ing up distributive towns in the Interior by their attitude toward the railroads. Dnver Rnllles to Its Defense. Mr. Davey Jumped to hi feet after it was sufficiently evident that Mr. Gault had reached the end of his remarks. Mr. Davey slid he could discern In Mr. Gault'(i dissertation the fine points of a gentleman .or two who had been lobbying In the service of the O. R. & N. against the bllL "Mr. Gault."- exclaimed Mr. Davey, "said that transportation of wheat could not be carried on more than Zj rallies from the river by " "No, I didn't," bristled up Mr. Gault. "By wagons," resumed Mr. Davey, finishing his sentence blandly. "If tho gentleman," remarked Mr. Davey, turning an unexpected pun. "would keep from wiggln' his tongue so much he would bo better off. Now. I know," cried Mr. Davey, "that products are hauled by wagon in the in terior 00 or 70 miles. The question of government ownerahlp does not apply here. If there is any public sentiment for ovcrnmcnt ownership It has come from tho action of railroads themselves. This bill will open nature's grand highway to tho Piclflc Nature sometimes slips In making Its highways Just as it docs in making legislators," and Mr." Davey looked through the .whites of his eyes at Mr. Gault. "One of the grandest water highways In the world Is obstructed for distance of eight miles. Let us over come this obstacle. Nor shall wo be putting an embargo on the business of any railroad." Mr. Malurkey argued that as the stito portage road at Cascades had caused op position to government construction of tho locks to disappear, so tho proponed port ago below Celilo would hasten govern ment work there. "The removal of only eight miles of obstruction will open the Columbia River to navigation to the sea. for a distance of over SCO miles or more," cried Mr. Malarkey. "Every cent of tho money appropriated by this bill will be well Invested. This is no new thing. Thirty years ago this state Invested J300. 000 in the locks at Oregon City." Mr. Malnrkey adverted to the warning of Mr. Gault by saying: "No friend of Portland need think of helping Portland by put ting so much as a straw In the wiy of this enterprise. Let us repeal the scalp bounty and enact this bllL It would be a good trade." Mr. Whcaldon concluded the discussion with a forceful argument for the bill. He cited the fact that the Ciscade port- ago and the locks had saved a great deal of money to shippers at and below Tho Dalles. He declared that right of way could easily be secured for the new portage from tho National Government: that the road could be built for J1G.O0O. arid that he Cert It of cottractors who would give bond to construct the line for that money. Large areas of country would bo opened to agriculture along the Columbia If the products therefrom could have a water highway to market. "We havo discovered In Eastern Oregon." re marked Mr. Wealdon, "that money like water flows down hill. If people up In the Interior are making money, we want it to come our way and it will do so If we open the river." , Mr. Purdy, of Washington, opposed tho bill for two reasons: that the appropria tion would be insufficient and that Oregon should not tax Itself for tho benefit of Washington. The bill then passed. Voluntary Advance for Carmen. PITTSBURG. Pa.. Feb. 10. The Pitts burg Railway Company, operating the traction lines In this city, ban voluntarily advanced the wages of 3000 motormen and conductor 1 cent per hour, the Increase to take effect from December 1. 190Z, and to be paid to all who continue In the ser vice of the company until July, 130J. The advanco gives the men who have been In the employ of the .company three years Zl cents an hour. SCENE 5 F R a 5A oK, V. "EASTERN :ROUMELlA T k r C V V 3? TURKEY IN EUROPE AND ADJOINING COUVTRT. ' . The above map shows the scne of the Impending revolt against Turkey. Macedonia la the country extending westward from Constantinople as far as Monastlr. Bulgaria Is a lelf-governing principality, under the fuztralnty ot tho Sultan, but is Independent In every respect except the payment ot an annual tribute. Eastern Itoumella Is a separate province, created by the treaty of Berlin In 1878: but the Prince of Bulgaria forced bis ap pointment as Governor some years ago. Macedonia is inhabited malaly by Bulgarians, who naturally lock to free Bulgaria for aid In securing their liberty. The treaty of Berlin bound Turkey to grant reforms, but the powers have never enforced this provision. The Macedonians, using Sofia, capital of Bulrarla, as headquarters, hare organized a revolt, and are aided by Bulgaria. The cause of Macedonia has been taken by Russia, wfcoee Foreign Minister. Count Lamsdorff. recently madea tour of the arfectfd province. He then went to "Vienna, and arranged with Austria, to Insist that Turkey grant reforms. Austria has long desired to exttnd her territory southward to tbe Aegean Sea. so as to take In a large part ot Macedonia and Its principal port, Salonika. 1 Austria has already taken from Turkey the provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina In the west, and. as the annexation of Macedonia by that country would cut off Albania and Eplrus In the west from the Turkish capital, this would mean the prac tical extinction of Turkish sower tn Europe. Bulgaria also desires the extension ot her dominion southward. Senrla has a like ambition, and Greece desires to extend her power eastward to take In Constantinople, the oU Greek capital. Russia also desires to annex tbe country around Constantino ple, to which Great Britain has always violently objected. Tit IF LOAF No Bread Is Alternative for Littlefield. MILD ANTI-TRUST BILLS Administration Content With Action of Senate. HOUSE BILL CANNOT BE PASSED All Llttlrileld'a Hard Work Goes for Nntmht Statehood ItlH I'sed to Crowd Ont Other mils Rocke feller's Action n Puxzle. RepresentaUve LIttlefleld Is disgusted that his antl-trusc bill should be shelved. He has complained to the President, but was told that pressure would only be used In favcr of the. Elklns bill and Nelson's amendment to the commerce bill. The President has been Informed that thefj mtasures arenas far as the ma jority In the Senate will go. The charge was openly made by Sen ator Morzan that the Senate has kept the statehood bill to tho front in ordrr tn keep anti-trust bills In the back ground. ' OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash ington. Feb. 10. A great deal of dissatis faction is expressed one way or another about the Capitol concerning trust legis lation. It Is observed that IJttleMelil re fused to vote for the Department of Com merco bill with the Nelaon anti-trust amendment In It, and he had good reason, too, because he knows that this bill and the Elklns Interstate commerce bill are probably all the trust legislation that Is to be adopted this Congress. Littlefield Is no doubt aware that the two Senate propositions are to bo enacted into law, and that hla bill, which was "prepared with such care and passed after quite a, stormy time, is to. bo sidetracked or to be put to sleep In tho Ssnatc. Littlefield had an interview with the President today, and It Is understood that he Is far' from satis fled with the situation. It is stated that he was informed that the Administration pressuro would- not be brought to bear for any other legislation cave that which has been agreed upon In the Senate, and that the Elklns hill and the Nelson amendment must stand for the present. The President, of course, has been In formed by Senators who control legisla tion that these two propositions arc as far as the majority desires fo go at the pres ent Ume, although no doubt, should Con gress be called In extra session. legislation on the lines of the Littlefield bill would be pasrcd In time, as there Is evidently a clear majority for such legislation should the Senate be gUen an opportunity to act upon It. Senator Morgan today voiced a senti ment which has been quite generally whis pered about the Capitol when he said that the statehood bill has been kept before the Senate for the purpose of preventing OF IMPENDING WAR IN EUROPE. , .JF f OCA7A, anti-trust legislation. He might also have Included that It was Intended also to hold off any action on the eight-hour bill, and several features of the Immigration bill. Of course. Senator Morgan Is one of the many Democrats who have assisted In keeping the stutehood bill to the front. Morgan, however, blames the opposition to the statehood bill, which is composed largely of the Republican members of the Senate, and not Quay and the combination of Republicans nnd Democrats who are behind him. and insists thnt a vote should be had on the statehood measure. Tho Rockefeller Standard Oil telegrams are still the subjtct of discussion, and no body can quite understand what was meant. On one hand the Democrats and some others claim that the trust legisla tion to which Rockefeller and the Stand ard Oil magnates objected cannot do them or any other trust any harm, while some Senators who are largely Interested In cor poraUons say that the Nelson amendment Is very drastic. The great wonder ex pressed here la that Rockefeller and his associates would have been fools enough to send telegrams of the kind Instead of sending men direct to see the various Sen ators, which would not have excited suspi cion. Some complaint la made because of the fact that the Rockefeller interference was given out, but evidently those Senatora who received the telegrams were anxious that something of the kind should be done or they never would have said anything about It. It continues' to be a mystery, and perhaps will be so until the effect ot the present trust legislation la seen. Since complaint has been made In regard to the "mill" trust legislation, several Senators who do not want any legislation havo given It out very flat that It is best to accept thi3 legislation, because they have gone as far as they intend to at the present time. HENDERSON SAYS "ALL LIES." Speaker Drnlcit Stories Alioat Opposition- to Trust 11111s. WASHINGTON. Feb. 10. The Post to morrow will publish an interview with Speaker David B. Henderson, of the House of Representatives, with respect to reports current about the Capitol connecting the Speaker's name with efforts to thwart anti-trust legislation and with having en deavored to have enacted a substitute for the Nelson publicity section of the De partment of Commerce bill. The reports also said Mr. Henderson would become at torney for one of the Standard Oil com panies after March, when he wilt retire from Congress. The Speaker emphatically denied the reports. He tald: "In the first place, I have never known any person or official conected with the Standard OH Company in any way. nor do I know of such official or person now. "The only relations I ever had with any person Identified with the Standard OH Company was some years ago. Then I wrote a letter to Mr. Rockefeller. I asked him to assist in some project for Upper Iowa University, my alma mater. I do not recall exactly what it was, but I think I asked him to assist that institution In the purchase of an organ. Afterward I se cured from Andrew carneglu a library for the college. Mr. .Rockefeller, however, de clined to assist In whatever undertaking I had mentioned to him In behalf ot the college. "In the second place," continued Speaker Henderson. "I know nothing whatever about any Standard Oil amendment before the conference committee of the Depart ment of Commerce bill. The reports you mention are entirely new to me. I have had nothing to do with any auch amend ment." "And what about your alleged opposition to anti-trust legislation?" was suggested. "There has been a lot of lying about the matter," replied Speaker Henderson, earnestly. He said he had seen the sub ject discussed In the newspaper. "I have all along be,en In favor of anti-trust legis lation. I got through the House a long time ago the amendment to the Sherman law. which has never been completed and enacted into legislation. "Early this session I started out to urge legislation against trusts. It was at my suggestion, after a conference with Mr. Jenkins, chairman of the Judiciary com mittee of the House, that a special sub committee was appointed a subcommittee of earnest, sincere and competent men to frame an anti-trust bill. They entered (Concluded on Second I'aze.) ASHORE 1 REEF West Indian Excursion Steamer Wrecked. PASSENGERS ARE RESCUED Madiana Strikes Rock in Nar row Bermuda Channel. HOURS IN DEADLY PERIL More Thnn Eighty Eaittern Plensure- Scekern Taken Ashore In LI fe ll i lit. n TliroURli Raging: Surf Vessel Will Be Total Loss. The Quebec Steamship Company's steamer Madiana. with a party of 84 excursionists from the Hast, went ashore early yesterday morning on a reef off Hamilton, Bermuda. After the vessel had pounded on the rocks for hour3 and the parsengers had been drenched; by the surf, they were rescued with great dllHculty by the tug Gladlrfen. Although they were awakened from sleep by the shock and had to rush on deck half clad, the passengers kept cool nnd bihaved better than tbe crew of foreigners. HAMILTON, Bermuda. Feb. 10. The Queb-c Steamship Company's Madiana, Captain Fraser, which sailed from New Tork last Saturday, with a party of ex cursionists for a special cruise around the Caribbean Islands, went ashore on the reef off this island at 3 o'clock this morn ing. The officers had a thrilling experi ence. The ship Is a total loss, but all on board were rescued and brought safely to land nfter a perilous trip In lifeboats from the wreck to 'a tug standing a mile off. The malls and the passengers' bng .gnge also, were, saved. -" According to statements, made by those on board, the Madiana was threading her way In tho night through the narrow channel of the coral reef, which leads to Hamilton harbor, when she struck a reeL No explicit explanation Is yet forthcoming as to how the vessel went on the rocks, and the only Information obtainablo from the officers Is that the light which indi cates tbe rbannel could not be seen for some reason. All t!)f passengers were In their bunks when the Madiana struck the rocks, but the shock of the impact awakened them and they rushed on deck, the majority of them without attempting to dress. Much alarm, though not a panic, pre vailed among the passengers when thoy found that the vessel was hard on the rocks, but .the officers went among them nnd calmed them, although a number did not ventuio below again to seek their clothing. A part of the crew did not share the coolness of the officers, but the latter soon restored order amons the troublesome seamen. Signals of distress (Concluded on Page 11.) CONTEXTS OF TODAY'S PAPER. National. President accepts Elklns and Nelson ar.tl-trust bills as adequate, but Littlefield protests. Page 1. Severe criticism of anti-trust bills In the House. Tage 2. Henderson protests his loyalty to anti-trust legislation. Page 1. Forestry expert may be sent to Washington State to explain Government policy. Page 11. Philippine Government will start new cam paign against rtbels. Page 11. DomcMtlc. Steamer wrecked In Bermuda Islands": Dassen gers rescued from great peril. Page 1. Lawyers for operators and nonunion men de nounce the union before strike commission. Page 11. Dr. Alexander tells how he bought corpses from negroes. Page 8. Forelsn. Russia preparing for war In the Balkans. Page 3. Crown Princess of Saxony expresses penitence. Page 3. Revelations of brutal hazing practices among British Army officials. Page 3. Protocol of peace accepted by Britain and Ven ezuela. Page S. Guatemala actively preparing for war on Hon duras. Page 3. Notthwext Lesislatnrcs. Portage railway bill passes lower House with only eight opposing votes. Page I. Oregon Senatorial contest Is now a side issua at Salem. Page 4. Railway Commission bill will come before the Washington Legislature today. Page 6. Repeal of scalp bounty passes the House. Page 4. Pacific Coait. Sheriff Withers' funeral Is largely attended. Page 12. Olympla Capitol trouble promises to develop a scandal. Page 0. Snowsllde In Montana sweeps freight train Into gulch. Page 2. Cnnimerclnl nnd Marine. Brewers not buying hops In the East. Page 13. Wheat at Chicago closes steady and unchanged. Page 13. New Tork stock market opens strong, but closes weak. Page IX Stranding of tire German bark Alsternlxle at mouth of Columbia River. Page 12. Changes in river service follows the sale of tbe White Collar line. Page 12. Portland and Vicinity. Arrest of William Bickers brings to light charges of graft. Page 14. District Attorney Ignores police In raids on Chinese games. Page 10. Multnomah Club elects trustees. Page 14. Lewis and Clark State Commission to meet with dliectors. Page 10. Chamber of Commerce Indorses bill to protect sailors. Page 10.