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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOu XLIIL 2TO. 13,157.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1903.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
r A T J 7 II 1
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NOW ON EXHIBITION
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Oculists prescriptions flUed promptly.
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ATLANTA. G:u Feb. 10. It is believed
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Nearly Million for Claims.
WASHINGTON. Feb: 10. Senator "War
ren, from the committee on claims, today
reported an omnibus claims bill. It carries
a total direct appropriation of J900.O00.
Slezlcnn Sliver Commission.
MEXICO CITY, Feb. 10. The members
of the newly appointed silver commission.
representing all lines of national activity
Kill assemble on the ISth,
WE SEl T lEill 0
House Passes the Rail
ONLY EICHT VOTE NO
Gault Makes Hard Fight
.Against the Measure.
MULTNOMAH VOTES SOLIDLY
Dnver. Malarkey, Whenldon nnd
Other Sprhk for the Measure
It AVI1I Probably Puss
The Johnson bill, appropriating $165,
000 for the DallesOMo portage rail
road, passed the. House yesterday morn
ing;, only eight members voting no.
Gault ot "Washington made vigorous
opposition to the bill, declarinr the
rood would be of little benent,
Davey of Marlon wan heartily In
favor of the road, and all the Mult
nomah members voted for the bill.
The measure will come up la the
Senate today, and will rrobably pass
SALEM, Or., Feb. 10. Staff correspond
encesThe Houso this morning pissed
tho Johnson bill to appropriate $lG,fa
for a portace railroad above The Dalies.
Eight members voted no. The measure
will go to the Senate at once and will
pars that body probably tomorrow. In
that chamber the bill will be championed
by Senator Johnstijn. Senator Johnston
has alreidy introduced a bill in the upper
branch for an appropriation of $3X1,000,
but the House bill will probably be .en-
Passage of the bill was preceded by a
discussion which lasted about -S3 min
utes. Mr. Giult Jed the opposition.
Strong arguments for the road were made
in reply by Mr. Malazkey. Mr. Davey and
Mr. Whealdon. Multnomah County sup
ported the bill to a man. The three
Clackamas County members voted "no."
The vote stood:
Teas Bailey, Banks, Bilyeu, BUkley,
Both, Burgess, Burleigh, Carnahan, Clay-
pool, Cobb Danneman Davey, Eddy, Ed
wards, Emmitt, Fisher, Galloway, Gill,
Glnn, Hahn. Hale, Hansbrough, Hawkins,
Hermann, HInes, Hodson, Hudson. Hume,
Hutchinson, Johnson, Jones of Lincoln,
Jones of Multnomah, Judd. Kay, Kramer,
LaFollett. Mnlarkey, Miles, Murphy. Not
tingham. Orton, Phelps, Riddle, Bobbins,
Shelley Simmons Whcaldon 17.
Noes Cantrall, Comett, Gault, HunUey,
Paulsen, Purdy, Webster, Olwell 8.
Absent Adams, Hoyden, Heed, Harris,
Mr. Kay moved to make the bill a spe
cial order for this afternoon, but the
motion was lost. "I made the motion,- ex-
plained Mr. Kay, "only in the interest of
the bill." Mr. Hawkins asked to bo ex
cused from voting on the ground that
he had not been in committee of the
whole yesterday when the bill was con
sidered. Mr. Judd asked for the same
favcr. Mr. Banks raised a vigorous pro
test, saying: "Every member of this
House should have courage to come forth
and go on record for or against this bill."
In order to keep members from "dodg
ing" a call of the House was ordered and
the Sergemt-at-Arms was ordered to
herd up absent members.
Ganlt Had Ills Say.
When the question of passage came up
Gault of Washington took the floor to
oppose It. The Washington gentleman
has the reputation .of opposing more bills
than he favors and ot being most of the
time with the .minority. "I suppose,
said he, sun-eying the House with tho
aims look with which he is wont to see
approving nods in Washington County,
I suppose I'm In the minority," and
after tho House had smiled audibly he
continued: "All my life I have opposed
government ownership of railroads, and
I do not now favor the ownership of a
railroad by the state." The gentleman
raid further that he did not believe the
road would benefit the state, except a
strip of country, say 23 miles wide south
of the Columbia, between The Dalles and
Umatilla. As for the benefit that would
come to Washington, "Let that state
take care of its own people," he ex
claimed. Mr. Gault did not see that the bill
would proflt the counties of Union, Baker.
Malheur. Grint, Crook, etc. The gentle
man cited figures to show that water
compet!ton had not reduced rates be
tween -me uaues and rortlind relatively
lower than between Pendleton and The
Dalles. Mr. Gault did not believe that
a company independent of the railroads
could transport products, say from Lewis-
ton at as low rates as are now charged
by the railroads. He had dug down Into
tho records of the state portage road
at Cascades and had found that that
line hid cost $6,000. That that road was
about one mile long. The line below
Celilo would be perhaps 10 miles long.
"Now," asked Mr. Gault, "If one mile
ot road cost J6G.00O. what would 10 miles
cost?" The gentleman said that no right
of way was secured for the new portage.
He was quite sure the O. R. & N. would
not concede the right of way, and for
the United States to do so would be un
precedented. A large part of the appro
priation would be spent for right of way
and tho road wh.cn built might be de
stroyed by floods. Mr. Gault then sounded
a note of warning to Portland by declar
ing that grain when loaded on boats
would float down-thc Columbia past the
Wlllametto and Portland to Astoria. He
condemned Portland right roundly for
not developing resources trlbuatory to It
In the Willamette Volley. He said that
Portland Jobbers were In dinger of build
ing up distributive towns in the Interior
by their attitude toward the railroads.
Dnver Rnllles to Its Defense.
Mr. Davey Jumped to hi feet after it
was sufficiently evident that Mr. Gault
had reached the end of his remarks. Mr.
Davey slid he could discern In Mr.
Gault'(i dissertation the fine points of a
gentleman .or two who had been lobbying
In the service of the O. R. & N. against
the bllL "Mr. Gault."- exclaimed Mr.
Davey, "said that transportation of wheat
could not be carried on more than Zj
rallies from the river by "
"No, I didn't," bristled up Mr. Gault.
"By wagons," resumed Mr. Davey,
finishing his sentence blandly. "If tho
gentleman," remarked Mr. Davey, turning
an unexpected pun. "would keep from
wiggln' his tongue so much he would bo
Now. I know," cried Mr. Davey, "that
products are hauled by wagon in the in
terior 00 or 70 miles. The question of
government ownerahlp does not apply
here. If there is any public sentiment for
ovcrnmcnt ownership It has come from
tho action of railroads themselves. This
bill will open nature's grand highway to
tho Piclflc Nature sometimes slips In
making Its highways Just as it docs in
making legislators," and Mr." Davey
looked through the .whites of his eyes at
Mr. Gault. "One of the grandest water
highways In the world Is obstructed for
distance of eight miles. Let us over
come this obstacle. Nor shall wo be
putting an embargo on the business of
Mr. Malurkey argued that as the stito
portage road at Cascades had caused op
position to government construction of tho
locks to disappear, so tho proponed port
ago below Celilo would hasten govern
ment work there. "The removal of only
eight miles of obstruction will open the
Columbia River to navigation to the sea.
for a distance of over SCO miles or more,"
cried Mr. Malarkey. "Every cent of tho
money appropriated by this bill will be
well Invested. This is no new thing.
Thirty years ago this state Invested J300.
000 in the locks at Oregon City." Mr.
Malnrkey adverted to the warning of Mr.
Gault by saying: "No friend of Portland
need think of helping Portland by put
ting so much as a straw In the wiy of
this enterprise. Let us repeal the scalp
bounty and enact this bllL It would be
a good trade."
Mr. Whcaldon concluded the discussion
with a forceful argument for the bill.
He cited the fact that the Ciscade port-
ago and the locks had saved a great
deal of money to shippers at and below
Tho Dalles. He declared that right of
way could easily be secured for the new
portage from tho National Government:
that the road could be built for J1G.O0O.
arid that he Cert It of cottractors who
would give bond to construct the line for
that money. Large areas of country
would bo opened to agriculture along the
Columbia If the products therefrom could
have a water highway to market. "We
havo discovered In Eastern Oregon." re
marked Mr. Wealdon, "that money like
water flows down hill. If people up In
the Interior are making money, we want
it to come our way and it will do so If we
open the river." ,
Mr. Purdy, of Washington, opposed tho
bill for two reasons: that the appropria
tion would be insufficient and that Oregon
should not tax Itself for tho benefit of
The bill then passed.
Voluntary Advance for Carmen.
PITTSBURG. Pa.. Feb. 10. The Pitts
burg Railway Company, operating the
traction lines In this city, ban voluntarily
advanced the wages of 3000 motormen and
conductor 1 cent per hour, the Increase
to take effect from December 1. 190Z, and
to be paid to all who continue In the ser
vice of the company until July, 130J. The
advanco gives the men who have been In
the employ of the .company three years Zl
cents an hour.
5 F R a
oK, V. "EASTERN :ROUMELlA T k
r C V V
TURKEY IN EUROPE AND ADJOINING COUVTRT. ' .
The above map shows the scne of the Impending revolt against Turkey.
Macedonia la the country extending westward from Constantinople as far as Monastlr.
Bulgaria Is a lelf-governing principality, under the fuztralnty ot tho Sultan, but is Independent In every respect except
the payment ot an annual tribute.
Eastern Itoumella Is a separate province, created by the treaty of Berlin In 1878: but the Prince of Bulgaria forced bis ap
pointment as Governor some years ago.
Macedonia is inhabited malaly by Bulgarians, who naturally lock to free Bulgaria for aid In securing their liberty. The
treaty of Berlin bound Turkey to grant reforms, but the powers have never enforced this provision.
The Macedonians, using Sofia, capital of Bulrarla, as headquarters, hare organized a revolt, and are aided by Bulgaria.
The cause of Macedonia has been taken by Russia, wfcoee Foreign Minister. Count Lamsdorff. recently madea tour of the
arfectfd province. He then went to "Vienna, and arranged with Austria, to Insist that Turkey grant reforms.
Austria has long desired to exttnd her territory southward to tbe Aegean Sea. so as to take In a large part ot Macedonia
and Its principal port, Salonika. 1
Austria has already taken from Turkey the provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina In the west, and. as the annexation of
Macedonia by that country would cut off Albania and Eplrus In the west from the Turkish capital, this would mean the prac
tical extinction of Turkish sower tn Europe.
Bulgaria also desires the extension ot her dominion southward. Senrla has a like ambition, and Greece desires to extend her
power eastward to take In Constantinople, the oU Greek capital. Russia also desires to annex tbe country around Constantino
ple, to which Great Britain has always violently objected.
Tit IF LOAF
No Bread Is Alternative
MILD ANTI-TRUST BILLS
Administration Content With
Action of Senate.
HOUSE BILL CANNOT BE PASSED
All Llttlrileld'a Hard Work Goes for
Nntmht Statehood ItlH I'sed to
Crowd Ont Other mils Rocke
feller's Action n Puxzle.
RepresentaUve LIttlefleld Is disgusted
that his antl-trusc bill should be
He has complained to the President,
but was told that pressure would only
be used In favcr of the. Elklns bill and
Nelson's amendment to the commerce
The President has been Informed that
thefj mtasures arenas far as the ma
jority In the Senate will go.
The charge was openly made by Sen
ator Morzan that the Senate has kept
the statehood bill to tho front in ordrr
tn keep anti-trust bills In the back
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. Feb. 10. A great deal of dissatis
faction is expressed one way or another
about the Capitol concerning trust legis
lation. It Is observed that IJttleMelil re
fused to vote for the Department of Com
merco bill with the Nelaon anti-trust
amendment In It, and he had good reason,
too, because he knows that this bill and
the Elklns Interstate commerce bill are
probably all the trust legislation that Is
to be adopted this Congress.
Littlefield Is no doubt aware that the two
Senate propositions are to bo enacted into
law, and that hla bill, which was "prepared
with such care and passed after quite a,
stormy time, is to. bo sidetracked or to be
put to sleep In tho Ssnatc. Littlefield had
an interview with the President today, and
It Is understood that he Is far' from satis
fled with the situation. It is stated that
he was informed that the Administration
pressuro would- not be brought to bear for
any other legislation cave that which has
been agreed upon In the Senate, and that
the Elklns hill and the Nelson amendment
must stand for the present.
The President, of course, has been In
formed by Senators who control legisla
tion that these two propositions arc as far
as the majority desires fo go at the pres
ent Ume, although no doubt, should Con
gress be called In extra session. legislation
on the lines of the Littlefield bill would
be pasrcd In time, as there Is evidently a
clear majority for such legislation should
the Senate be gUen an opportunity to act
Senator Morgan today voiced a senti
ment which has been quite generally whis
pered about the Capitol when he said that
the statehood bill has been kept before
the Senate for the purpose of preventing
OF IMPENDING WAR IN EUROPE.
, .JF f OCA7A,
anti-trust legislation. He might also have
Included that It was Intended also to hold
off any action on the eight-hour bill, and
several features of the Immigration bill.
Of course. Senator Morgan Is one of the
many Democrats who have assisted In
keeping the stutehood bill to the front.
Morgan, however, blames the opposition
to the statehood bill, which is composed
largely of the Republican members of the
Senate, and not Quay and the combination
of Republicans nnd Democrats who are
behind him. and insists thnt a vote should
be had on the statehood measure.
Tho Rockefeller Standard Oil telegrams
are still the subjtct of discussion, and no
body can quite understand what was
meant. On one hand the Democrats and
some others claim that the trust legisla
tion to which Rockefeller and the Stand
ard Oil magnates objected cannot do them
or any other trust any harm, while some
Senators who are largely Interested In cor
poraUons say that the Nelson amendment
Is very drastic. The great wonder ex
pressed here la that Rockefeller and his
associates would have been fools enough
to send telegrams of the kind Instead of
sending men direct to see the various Sen
ators, which would not have excited suspi
cion. Some complaint la made because of the
fact that the Rockefeller interference was
given out, but evidently those Senatora
who received the telegrams were anxious
that something of the kind should be done
or they never would have said anything
about It. It continues' to be a mystery,
and perhaps will be so until the effect ot
the present trust legislation la seen.
Since complaint has been made In regard
to the "mill" trust legislation, several
Senators who do not want any legislation
havo given It out very flat that It is best
to accept thi3 legislation, because they
have gone as far as they intend to at
the present time.
HENDERSON SAYS "ALL LIES."
Speaker Drnlcit Stories Alioat Opposition-
to Trust 11111s.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 10. The Post to
morrow will publish an interview with
Speaker David B. Henderson, of the House
of Representatives, with respect to reports
current about the Capitol connecting the
Speaker's name with efforts to thwart
anti-trust legislation and with having en
deavored to have enacted a substitute for
the Nelson publicity section of the De
partment of Commerce bill. The reports
also said Mr. Henderson would become at
torney for one of the Standard Oil com
panies after March, when he wilt retire
from Congress. The Speaker emphatically
denied the reports. He tald:
"In the first place, I have never known
any person or official conected with the
Standard OH Company in any way. nor do
I know of such official or person now.
"The only relations I ever had with any
person Identified with the Standard OH
Company was some years ago. Then I
wrote a letter to Mr. Rockefeller. I asked
him to assist in some project for Upper
Iowa University, my alma mater. I do
not recall exactly what it was, but I think
I asked him to assist that institution In
the purchase of an organ. Afterward I se
cured from Andrew carneglu a library for
the college. Mr. .Rockefeller, however, de
clined to assist In whatever undertaking
I had mentioned to him In behalf ot the
"In the second place," continued Speaker
Henderson. "I know nothing whatever
about any Standard Oil amendment before
the conference committee of the Depart
ment of Commerce bill. The reports you
mention are entirely new to me. I have
had nothing to do with any auch amend
ment." "And what about your alleged opposition
to anti-trust legislation?" was suggested.
"There has been a lot of lying about
the matter," replied Speaker Henderson,
earnestly. He said he had seen the sub
ject discussed In the newspaper. "I have
all along be,en In favor of anti-trust legis
lation. I got through the House a long
time ago the amendment to the Sherman
law. which has never been completed and
enacted into legislation.
"Early this session I started out to urge
legislation against trusts. It was at my
suggestion, after a conference with Mr.
Jenkins, chairman of the Judiciary com
mittee of the House, that a special sub
committee was appointed a subcommittee
of earnest, sincere and competent men
to frame an anti-trust bill. They entered
(Concluded on Second I'aze.)
ASHORE 1 REEF
West Indian Excursion
PASSENGERS ARE RESCUED
Madiana Strikes Rock in Nar
row Bermuda Channel.
HOURS IN DEADLY PERIL
More Thnn Eighty Eaittern Plensure-
Scekern Taken Ashore In LI fe
ll i lit. n TliroURli Raging: Surf
Vessel Will Be Total Loss.
The Quebec Steamship Company's
steamer Madiana. with a party of 84
excursionists from the Hast, went
ashore early yesterday morning on a
reef off Hamilton, Bermuda.
After the vessel had pounded on the
rocks for hour3 and the parsengers had
been drenched; by the surf, they were
rescued with great dllHculty by the tug
Although they were awakened from
sleep by the shock and had to rush on
deck half clad, the passengers kept cool
nnd bihaved better than tbe crew of
HAMILTON, Bermuda. Feb. 10. The
Queb-c Steamship Company's Madiana,
Captain Fraser, which sailed from New
Tork last Saturday, with a party of ex
cursionists for a special cruise around the
Caribbean Islands, went ashore on the
reef off this island at 3 o'clock this morn
ing. The officers had a thrilling experi
ence. The ship Is a total loss, but all
on board were rescued and brought safely
to land nfter a perilous trip In lifeboats
from the wreck to 'a tug standing a mile
off. The malls and the passengers' bng
.gnge also, were, saved. -"
According to statements, made by those
on board, the Madiana was threading her
way In tho night through the narrow
channel of the coral reef, which leads to
Hamilton harbor, when she struck a reeL
No explicit explanation Is yet forthcoming
as to how the vessel went on the rocks,
and the only Information obtainablo from
the officers Is that the light which indi
cates tbe rbannel could not be seen for
All t!)f passengers were In their bunks
when the Madiana struck the rocks, but
the shock of the impact awakened them
and they rushed on deck, the majority
of them without attempting to dress.
Much alarm, though not a panic, pre
vailed among the passengers when thoy
found that the vessel was hard on the
rocks, but .the officers went among them
nnd calmed them, although a number did
not ventuio below again to seek their
clothing. A part of the crew did not
share the coolness of the officers, but the
latter soon restored order amons the
troublesome seamen. Signals of distress
(Concluded on Page 11.)
CONTEXTS OF TODAY'S PAPER.
President accepts Elklns and Nelson ar.tl-trust
bills as adequate, but Littlefield protests.
Severe criticism of anti-trust bills In the House.
Henderson protests his loyalty to anti-trust
legislation. Page 1.
Forestry expert may be sent to Washington
State to explain Government policy. Page 11.
Philippine Government will start new cam
paign against rtbels. Page 11.
Steamer wrecked In Bermuda Islands": Dassen
gers rescued from great peril. Page 1.
Lawyers for operators and nonunion men de
nounce the union before strike commission.
Dr. Alexander tells how he bought corpses
from negroes. Page 8.
Russia preparing for war In the Balkans.
Crown Princess of Saxony expresses penitence.
Revelations of brutal hazing practices among
British Army officials. Page 3.
Protocol of peace accepted by Britain and Ven
ezuela. Page S.
Guatemala actively preparing for war on Hon
duras. Page 3.
Portage railway bill passes lower House with
only eight opposing votes. Page I.
Oregon Senatorial contest Is now a side issua
at Salem. Page 4.
Railway Commission bill will come before the
Washington Legislature today. Page 6.
Repeal of scalp bounty passes the House.
Sheriff Withers' funeral Is largely attended.
Olympla Capitol trouble promises to develop a
scandal. Page 0.
Snowsllde In Montana sweeps freight train Into
gulch. Page 2.
Cnnimerclnl nnd Marine.
Brewers not buying hops In the East. Page 13.
Wheat at Chicago closes steady and unchanged.
New Tork stock market opens strong, but
closes weak. Page IX
Stranding of tire German bark Alsternlxle at
mouth of Columbia River. Page 12.
Changes in river service follows the sale of tbe
White Collar line. Page 12.
Portland and Vicinity.
Arrest of William Bickers brings to light
charges of graft. Page 14.
District Attorney Ignores police In raids on
Chinese games. Page 10.
Multnomah Club elects trustees. Page 14.
Lewis and Clark State Commission to meet
with dliectors. Page 10.
Chamber of Commerce Indorses bill to protect
sailors. Page 10.