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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNIKG OREGONIAN, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1903.
... 1 M
... 2 00
... 1 80
Entered at the. roitofflee at Portland. Oreron
as second-class matter.
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Dallr. Sunday excepted, per year..'
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Sunday, per year ............'
The Weekly, per year..
The Weekly. 3 month!......
To City Subscribers , . ...
Dally, per week, delivered. Sunday excfPtea.130
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United 8tate. Canada and Mexico:
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Foreign rates double.
News or discussion Intended tor publication
to The Oreconian should be addressed invaria
bly "Editor The Oregonlan." not to the name
of any Individual. Letters relatlnc adrer
Uslcr. subscription or to any business matter
should b. addressed simply "The Oregonlan.
The Oreconian does not buy poems or stories
from Individuals, and cannot undertake to re
turn any manuscripts sent to It without solici
tation. No stamps should be Inclosed tor this
Eastern Business .OKlce. 4S. 44. 45. 47. 48. 4
Tribune bulldlnr. New Tork City: BlO-ll-W
Tribune building. Chicago: the S. a Beckwlth
Epeclal Agency, Eastern representative.
For sale In San Francisco by L- E. Ix. Pal
ace Hotel news stand; Goldsmith Bros, S3S
Cutter street: F. W. Pitta. 1003 Market street;
J. K. Cooper Co.. 749 Market street, near the
Palace Hotel; Foster & Orear, Ferry news
stand; Frank Ecott. 80 Ellis street, and N.
Wheatley. E13 Mission street.
For sale In Ixs Angeles by B. F. Gardner.
S59 South Sprtnr otreet. and qjlver Haines.
09 South Spring street.
For sale In Kansas City. Mo., by Rlcksecker
Cigar Co.. Ninth and Walnut streets.
For sale In Chicago by the P. O. News Co..
E17 Dearborn street, and Charles MacDonald.
13 Washington street.
For sale In Omaha by Barkalow Brosi, 181
Farnam street: Uegeath Stationery Co, 0S
For eale In Salt take by the Salt Ike News
Co.. 77 West Second South street.
For sale In Washington. D. C by the Ebbett
House news stand.
For eale In Denver. Colo., by Hamilton
Kendrlck. 00G-912 Seventeenth street; Ixrathan
& Jackron Book and Stationery Co.. Fifteenth
and Lawrence streets; A. Series. Sixteenth and
TODAY'S WEATHER Cloudy, with occa
sional rain; southwesterly "winds, diminishing.
YESTERDAY'S WEATHER Maximum tem
perature, M; minimum temperature. 40; pre
cipitation, 0.43 Inch.
PORTLA-ND, TUESDAY, FED. 10, 1O0K.
PROPERTY IX NEWS REPORTS.
The Associated Press la the source of
less than one-half the news published In
The Oregonlan. The remainder and
larger part Is worked' up by The Ore
Ionian's own Individual and private en
terprise. This paper maintains writers,
newsgatherers, correspondents, at all
principal places In the' Pacific North
west. Also at New- York and Washing
ton; and l has correspondents at San
Francisco, Denver, Salt Lake, Chi
cago and many other places, on
whom it calls when It wants any
ppeclal report from those places.
It pays all these persona for their
work. "When the Legislatures of
Oregon, Washington and Idaho assem
bled last month The Oregonlan sent off
ppeclal representatives from Portland to
the capitals of those states, to write up
and to wire reports to it. This work is
still In progress. The collection of this
news and the transmission of It by tele
graph costs The Oregonlan a large sum
of money. Is the news, so obtained, at
The Oregonlan'a own effort and ex
pense, Its own property, or not? Has
any other newspaper that may want It
a right to demand it and to have It?
No claim perhaps of this kind will be
made. And yet there is no difference
in principle or in fact between the
status of the news collected by The Ore
gonlan and that of the news collected
by the association of newspapers of
which it is a member. Such of Its own
news as they may want The Oregonlan
supplies for exchange with its fellow
members. The medium of exchange Is
known as the Associated Press, which
has offices here and there, wherein men
are employed and paid to collect, sift
and write reports of news. Neither
these men nor their employers have any
monopoly of news or of the sources of
It The Incidents and events on which
news reports are founded ore free and
open to all. But he or they who write
shown also that the Associated Press Is
not a common carrier, nor even a pri
vate carrier, since it has not a mile of
wire nor any means of carriage, nor any
property whatever, except the desks
here and there In Its offices. It has no
capital stock, sells no news, makes no
profits, declares no dlvldenda It em
ploys men to gather and write news for
exchange, on a mutual system, among
its membera These news reports are
Its property and their property, gath
ered solely for their use In newspapers
published by members of the associa
tion. But it Is asked, "Why can't others get
the news?" They can. But they must
take the trouble and Incur the expense
necessary to gather and write It; and
then they must pay also for telegraph
ing It. Nothing valuable can be had in
this world without the effort necessary
to obtain It. News reports. In form for
publication, do not spring up spontane
ously. They are not a product of the
air. The Associated Press and the news
papers of its membership pay enormous
sums for gathering and writing news.
Hence the reports they collect are their
own property, of course. What is news?
News is" information; but all Informa
tion is not news, certainly, not in the
newspaper sense. To be news, the in
formation must be tomethlng recent
and interesting. News is largely a mat
ter of relation. The same Information
Is novel to one man. and stale to an
otherone finds it dull and another in
teresting; to Smith it is of the highest
Importance, while to Jones It Is of no
consequence. News is the report of cur
rent events; it is gossip it may be of
the court or camp or shop or mart but
gossip still. A state paper, a great bat
tle, a petty scandal not the events
themselves, but the first report of them
Is news. Property can and does exist
only in the story of the event as formu
lated by the reporter and In the work
he does to bring it to the- point of pub
lication; yet this Is or may be property
of very high value. Often It costs a
great deal of
deal of money. Can those who have
put forth this effort -and expended
this money be called on,.Just!y, to share
with others the benefits obtainable from
Neither The Oregonlan nor the Asso
ciated Press has disposition or power
to prevent others from gathering news,
writing it, telegraphing It, The busi
ness is open to everybody, on equal
terms, and from the nature of the case
never can be monopolized. But It Is a
strango notion that news reports col
people would only stimulate their per
ception until the Senate appears to them
as It really is, and if they would make
their convictions and desires known to
members of Legislatures, no party ma
chine or purse-proud organization " of
wealth would be sturdy enough to defy
The people can reform the Senate In
the very simple way of Insisting upon
the election of worthy men men whom
the threats of bosses cannot terrify nor
the machinations of lobbies can. corrupt.
If we could get a popular awakening to
the fact that the Senate should be a
reward of merit for hard-won ability
and hardly-maintained Independence of
spirit, the Senate would speedily be-
enterprise that foists Itself, unsought,
upon public attention. Its growth has
been In strict accordance with the law
of supply and demand. Does any one
suppose, for example, that the great
newspapers of the country would print
the details of a prizefight if there wan
not a call for this class of "news"? Or
that the details of a murder, Uko that
of Sheriff Withers, of Lane County, tho
other day, would be given if public in
terest In the' matter was not marula
lory? When we live In an Ideal world
the "Ideal newspaper" will, no dnulit,
prose along as one of Its features. Until
then the reputable newspaper, under the
censorship of common decency, will con
tinue to mirror the events of the world.
come elective in the true sense,- and re- supported by public patronage and gen-
sponslvc to the public conscience Instead I cral approval.
of to Wall street.
DEPOSITS OP SURETY COMPAMES.
No one has yet Introduced In the Leg
islature a bill to require surety compa
nies to make deposits In the state
treasury as a means of securing the ful
fillment of their obllgatlonaWhen some
city, county or the state has lost a few
thousand dollars through the defalca
tion of an officer who has an insolvent
surety company as a bondsman, people
will wonder why some law was not
passed to protect the public under such
circumstances. As the law now stands,
a County Treasurer, Tax Collector or
other county or state officer may give
an official bond with a surety company
as surety, and the county or state has
no alternative but to accept the bond,
even though the surety company be in
solvent. The law merely requires that
when the company begins doing busi
ness in the state It must have a paid-up
capital of $100,000. It is not even re
quired that this capital must be unim
paired. After a company has once en
tered upon business in this state it may
impair its capital and be worth nothing
whatever, yet It must be accepted as
surctyi for public officers, administrat
ors, trustees, etc In case of defaica.
BOWEN TELLS THE TRUTH.
The dispatches of Mr. Bowen. the rep
resentative of Venezuela In the 'negotia
tions at Washington, aro truthful, to ay
the least of them.
Ho declares that tha operations of Great
llrltnin, Germany and Italy In Venezuelan
watrr'"hnve trunsgrfiil tho rules gov
erning civilized nations." nnd that their
demands upon tho country which he rep
resents aro "an ofTermu to modern civiliza
tion." This is plain Inngungo, but It embodies
Tho performance of tho allied squad
rons In Venezuelan waters have been
worso than barbaroua. They have been
Acting umlar & peace flag, they have
carried on war. Pretending to maintain
a blockado for tho collection of a debt,
they havi- destroyed shipping, bombarded
forts and killed men, women and children
who had no warning of hostllltlio.
Such a proceeding as this In any quarter
of Europe would have resulted In Instant
conflict. It Is engaged In hero so far as
the public yet knows without no much as
ter. The survivors are not numerous, Tho a,ance htwctn England and Ger
the population of the Islands not being many In this mUterable business Involves
large, but those who are left are in a I not only a gross affront to tho United
state of utter destitution, which the I States but an assault upon international
taw and a violation or mo commorient
rules of civilization.
Sir. Bowen Is an American, but. un
fortunately, he speaks for Venezuela and
not lor me united states. Tnere is some
Another of the Insular possessions of
France has had a boisterous session
with nature and a thousand people have
perished through ho visitation. The
Island of Hlkuera, in tho South Sea
group, was the wene of this last dtsas-
French Governor who resides at Tahiti
will take .measures to relieve. These
and other little Islands In far-away seas
are pleasant places to dream about, but
THIS IS NOT ARBITRATION.
Chicago Inter Ocean,
Tho treaty lor tho settlement of the
Alaskan boundary dispute does not provide
for arbitration. There Is nothing to ami
trate. Th'o tribunal as constituted under the
treaty Is to. bo a tribunal of Interpreta
tion a commission of Jurists to Inter
pret th language of the treaty of 1SS
between Russia and Great Britain.
There was only one Interpretation of
the treaty up to 1B9S. Thcro was no mis
understanding as to the boundary while
Russia held Alaska. There was no ques
tion as to the boundary when the terri
tory was transferred to the United States.
For 30 years the United States occupied
all of the territory within the boundaries
described In tho treaty of 1XS, established
military posts and Government schools,
patrolled tho waters with naval and reve
nue vessels, established custom-houses,
and supervised the Indian tribes occupying
all of the territory.
Great Britain formally acknowledged
the correctness of the boundary in 1S39.
Great Britain and Canada acknowledged
it In 1657, and Canada accepted It again
In 1ST6 and 187S.
In 1KS, 30 years after the territory had
come into tho possession of the United
States, Great Britain and Canada present
ed an Interpretation of tho treaty of 1823.
which gave to Canada more than half
the American territory In tho Alaskan
K0TE AND COMMENT.
The Legislature Is not tho only place
where they have bills.
The Chinese citizens are Just beginning
to smash their New Year's resolutions, no
William Hooper Young may be a bold,
bad man, but the chances are that ho Is
not a3 bad as his pictures.
Tho Methodist church collected over
J23.O0O.00O during the past year. Will trust
legislation cover this case?
Some one says Portland hasn't enough
sirsets- it is very eviacnt mat we can t
keep those we have la repair, so that they
can be used.
A man committed suicide the other day
In New York because ho couldn't get
warm. May bo ho thought he was going
to a climate where he wouldn't need any
The Missouri Legislature is considering
the proposition of prohibiting football. It
mleht be -wise to spttla war at home be
fore trying to do so In the camp of the
The new broom that Is being wielded try
mo police uepanment will proosDiy nave
the realities of life upon them are any- satisfaction, however. In tho knowledge peoplo" would not yield one Inch of Ameri-
It soon became apparent to English and to be suppianted Dy an automatic street
Canadian statesmen mat uie juubiuu
thing but agreeable. The product of
volcanlo action, encompassed on nil
sides by wide stretches of treacherous
waters. In the direct path of warring
winds, brooded over by isolation, there
that he speaks the truth
run trrrltorv. and tho high Joint commis
sion of 1KB failed In all its negotiations
because tho Alaskan proposition niu
It la necessary, nowover, mat buujc
bunal or commission pass authorltatlvely
Finlshlnir the Slmplnn Tunnel.
New York Tribune.
Of the rapidity with which the stupen-
: . .1 nnim nrnlrvf nf tiinnikllntr tho llna Vi..?tVi
is little In the conditions ana promises .. cv ', , ' . r " ,, Thn American mtm-
of life on these Islands that is attractive ui-nnj r.,rnr, th w.r. of thn hfrti Joint commission In ISM
to neonle who have been accustomed to I rinitr t Tr.io Vm I rhmift,t thi nlnn now accented by Great
feel a. stable continent beneath their Mcrrtmac fame derives his name, gives Britain and Incorporated In the treaty be- I oered acotner anarchist should be com
V. V 'VlK-K Tw-l 1
pletely cleaned up.
Tho people with poems on tho beautiful
snow vrno aian't get a cnance 10 spnns
iMtCtLA Jil Wv OUl" I tills, A'UWSSW SJUWMSU
next year, perhaps.
Ane anarcniSL in jrnuaaeipma wuu wiu-
IttT XL 111 CiUtlUU, musk Eii i-4ii v imi, .m kvjiuituiij iiu oaja( xua I uiv
nossiblv through the lease of life that work Is progressing rapidly In tho tunnel This plan Is. In brief, to appoint a tri-
they gave to Robert Louis Stevenson,
has had In recent years its thrilling
record of hurricane nnd shipwreck.
Most people, even of adventurous. spirit,
will be content after the record of the
on hnth Mm nf tho Aln Ahniit 4ttY I Tinnnl romnoscd of three Of the most UIS-
workmen are employed In the tunnel, and tlnguished fudges in the United States
not less than 6000 on the Italian section and three Judges oi uie nignesi t'"'""
of tho road between Isclla, at the mouth I courts, to interpret the treaty ot 1K5.
nf thA fnA A . i t. n.AaAn, inf. I Tl.nrrt fa to hl no SCVentn JUOge, W uui-
mlnus of tho' railway running north from plre. Either the American or the Can-
side the State of Oregon, for the prop
erty upon which to levy in order to en
force payment of an obligation.
Insurance companies are required to
deposit In the state treasury bonds to
the amount of $50,000, which are held by
the state as security for the fulfillment
of the company's obllgaflona Nothing
whatever is required of surety, compa-,
tiles, which do a very similar business.
The Secretary of State has' twice called
attention to this serious defect in the
law, but the last Legislature gave no
effort and a great tlon the state or county must look out- I past year of convulsion and death on Milan. It Is now practically certain that adian Interpretation of the treaty Is to
me roaa win do compietea wimin mo cs- De accepieu.
timntiwi iin. fhnf to tn vv Tniw i I Tb mrrermpnt of Great Britain to tne
SPOTS Ot tropical luxuriance unu auuucu i " " - " j. -. --- - -- . , .
devastation In Imagination only, and J nearly .two-thjrds of tho
stick for good, solid reality to the main- obstacles have bcn met nnd u has aban(Joncd the preposterous claim
land. tercd. Tho greatest of the Impediments presented by tho Dominion, In other
" was tho ever-Increasing heat In the tun- words, the Alaskan treaty Is a measure
In its war upon local gamblers and ncl, caused by the growing volume ot to cover the retreat ot ureal iinuiin uu
lawless saloons, the Nashville American
is doing some effective workn uproot
ing the fallacy that "wide open" con
dltlonshelp the growth of a city. Among
other bits of American municipal his
tory with which it braces its arguments
A Larger Xavy.
Rt T.011U filobe-Democrat,
Tho .nrienea of the Germans with
h uttio fnrt nt San Carlos shows that
lected for publication are not the prop- I heed and the present Legislature has. I it prints the story, of a similar ngnt in nfC impossible without resort to artificial land fortifications, it adequately pruviucu
...... I . I .... . I . . . . . mi I . -...ri mnnhlv manned.
erty the exclusive ana rignuui prop- thus far followed the ezamole of Its nre- Atlanta, toia Dy a corresponueui ua iu- means 01 rangcrauun. i rasiuttia, wun muucm bu" - --
erty of those who gather them, and I decessor, probably upon the theory that I lows:
that anybody who wants to, publish
them has a right to Insist onoecomlng
a joint owner and partner in the prop
erty and business. That, idea. The Ore
gonlan ventures to think, will not pre
Let us condense the statement. Do
the news reports which Tho Oregonlan
collects, writes and prepares for publi
cation belong to itself, or to others who
may want them? And the same as to
the Associated Press. Are the news re-
slnce no losses have ever been sustained
none ever will be. The practice of giv
ing official bonds with surety companies
as sureties is new, but growing rapidly.
Before an Individual can be accepted as
a surety he must be a citizen of the
state and prove that he Is worth double
the amount for which he is a surety. A
corporation, to serve In the same ca
pacity, need not be worth anything. By
making it compulsory upon the state
A vounc man by the name ot Connolly was
appointed by the board and at a conference
which Immediately louoweo. tne new cmci
w ulcrd how lone It would take him to
run the gamblers out of the City of Atlanta.
"It will take about two toks, or possimj
It may be dono in ten days." said Connally.
"That Is too lone." said Mayor English. "Wo
'will give you unUl day after tomorrow night
mended. The next thing ho ought to do
13 to kill off the rest of his society, and
then commit suicide.
scenery of a theatrical company now play-
twrr In th.f tdiril 1 T IS If, nf M MDt'll Ilia
the stuff will be locked up whero no one
will have to look at It,
ub.i.Muj v .. :
(nmc man ni-nin run rnr muiiarv uult. i
jg a. sate utst Lii.i t u v.. .w. ...b...
Kam- miiim1 thn no-era over rno wire i
cers in me uuucu umn. - v ... .
me, ni iiv ri r nnr kiiiii. immiiii lu 111.11
. A. a i. . . . i . . - at, nmrer in in
Brooklyn navy-yard his this to say
I iltZL , UUk Ik lO llUh J - O
. j iMin normnnv has never won any I .
i i- ic wi no minn.n nnil trlumnhs as a naval power, iiut mo ei-
SS1 PpeortonCR.co; SffiS: other largo, vessets of the imperial nav,
to comDress tne air by wmcn mo anus " j i "
t-e-a, unri-lt n.1 Thin tunnel. lVIlfH com- I Ilia. . I iiuure . j . j
water, ivhlch. although It starts at tlio
summit of the mountain, 0000 feet above
the line of tho railway, after percolating
through beds of limestone, becomes al
most boiling hot and Hows Into the tunnel
at a temperature of from 112 degrees to
110 degrees, rendering not only work but
Canada from an untenable position. It
can be nothing else.
v... inniiM, mm .1. nn tint nil- nnd oold o-o maiph for several times that num-
UJ 1.11111111 1.U1I1 W. ..Wfc " - I W.I. " ... . ( . -
. An l.i, kn- n.l,nA.1 .Vll t,m. Un, nf itltTiq In DTI attacking IlCCL. It 13
perature In the tunnel from U0 to 70 de- possible, ot course, that tho German as
grees. Fahrenheit. Tho volume of water sallants of San Carlos were not very
. .XwV.r; f ,7.n. d it bt tot e operated, xms tunnei. wncn cum- ------ . than .
Um. your resignation will bo accepted." The pletef, will Do me largest n mo wD" " an an attacklng "Z n,-, Z
vounir chief was Instructed that he needed
only a crowbar, an ax and a small number
ot policemen wltn nerve ana a lew siae arms
at each place. lie adopted tho suggestion
UglllAUVU. .fc . O 1.' v " .J
and countv to accent such bonds with
ports which It collects for exchange corporations as sureties the'Leglslature n1 hl rlds .'1r"!?';i1!'
conierrea great aavantages upon inese 0lT u,, ,tulr and conveyances for
concerns. In addition to that, the law
requires that the fees for the surety
service for trustees, administrators,
etc., must be paid by the estate or trust
The State of New Jersey requires a
among its members, at cost of skill.
labor and money, its own property, or
the property of others? The question
as to telegraphic rates is now com-1
pletely eliminated; for nobody again
will pretend that the Associated Press
or any of its members has or can have
any advantage In rates over others.
The Oregonlan has thought it just as
well to make all these matters plain. It
never failed yet, on any careful, candid
and full appeal, to reach the intelligence
of the country.
towlt. l miles long, or twice me neW3 to the
of the JJount ucnis, ana nve mnes longer . -it t fh- time
than the St, Gothard, ..The cost of the Anrican peo but
ci ii imi n n o.nn rra nr n on riv . I I . I . l a . . . i . I
.. ,, I UC n . I ...11 ill! 1-1 VI mi .WOO.a., w.,
the prisoners. The prisoners were taken to the
Jail and locked up, and the stuff was taken
to the Square and burned up, the Chief of
Police pouring on the oil and the Majror
touching tho match. This was in 1SS1, when
Atlanta was a town of less than 0,000, I am
told, and I notice from the Atlanta News of
January 20. 1003, that the new city directory
Droadway'a Traffic Held for n. Child.
New Tork Mall and Express.
When traffic on Broadway was most con
cealed tho other day. a feeble old woman
In tattered garments made her way to tho
corner of Dey street with a little girl
o.i noro n tii ininrmni. r i . . 1 1 . I I , I i ' . i
.. - - ... I January -u, iuim, iiu iuu jiew ciiy uiraciory I . . . - , . . i , , rr
deposit of JjO.000, and also provides that ju,t bting Issued at this time shows the pres- I clutching nervously at her skirts. Tho
TIIE SEXATB AXD TTIE PEOPLE.
While the Llttlefield anti-trust bill
passes the House of Representatives by
a vote of 215 to 0, the trusts themselves
turn to the Senate for aid and comfort,
as' naturally as the duckling takes to
water, as confidently as the frightened
child flies to the breast of its faithful
nurse." The owner knoweth his ox.
It Is a striking demonstration in the
steady assimilation of our American
Senate to the British House of Lords.
if any surety company wishes to with
draw from the state it must first secure
an agreement from some other company
or person to assume all its obligations.
Oregon now has a law which provides
that the statute of limitations shall not
run against the state or a county, so a
similar' provision as to the continuance
of the deposit should be made.
ent population to be I39.USO. This is not a
bad showing for a city. More than 200 per
cent In twenty years, and It has done that
stalwart policeman at the crossing ap
proached them, and, gently taking tho
woman by the arm, started to guide her
fense la often offense. A fleet, in order to
succeed, must often do tho attacking m-
. . . -. .ui ,n ha nttnrked- The
Ri.an 1 1 1 niuuuh m " i .. ... .... .
. . . 1 , I n n,nh 1 in TI .11 YH IMI. Ill I 1 I' I I 1 1 1 ! I . Lll.L L 111.111
unitea oi&iea imi'i n-" i . ... . ... .
,tMf" I !.-, rnn I . . .1 I I . ....
Br8 KUUU i tUOU 1 I AW .... - - I oik.v. w. - - ... '
...hi nn imnnipi wiui una nn Hn nnpn .h. rrttr ,iw. v . rt nnmnini an
-I 1 n- In n-nlMni. tti.ra la i ruimadi
POIITAGE WILL 1IASTE.V C.VXAL.
The Government canal and locks at
the cascades of the Columbia were soon
completed after the state put a portage
railroad in operation there. Operation
of that railroad made it futile to oppose
an open river; it practically opened the
The friends of Whlttler, and their
name is legion, will find pleasure in the
thought that the personal relics of the
gentle Quaker poet have fallen into the
hands of those who will prize them, and
that the sum realized from their sale Is
sufficient to purchase and maintain in
its modest simplicity the old Whlttler
Monroe Doctrine o Living Entity.
Cantaln Alfred Mahan.
I . T I A. I. U V" " 1 J A 1 4- .nAM V.ti- 4V,n nn...
cars. Half way across the street the Httlo "J nnnllcatlon made of It to any par- Ishment should be continuous as well
worm or pcanuis were bwuww uu . " flniifW f Hfln!t!nn antecedent to some Hlnn.tlmo or In tho earlv eveninir. i
nAi cka iVah at hr nlrr tninrnian l -" . - ,i i "
1,4 4A-1V Jti v - - U w
with a stare, and asked:
"Can I cet them back?"
Tlv this timo the truckdrlvcrs were pull
lnc lmDatlcntlv on their reins, for the
nrocress of the trio had been slow.
"Certalnlv. little one." repiiea mo po
llccman, as ho put up his hand and held
river. While opposition could accom
the story or the report of on event, or I The Senate,is no longer a representative I pHsn its object by contributing to all
pay for having It written, have a right- I body. The House Is representative. It I sorts of petty delays In the Government
f ul property in their story,, report or is elected. But the Senate is appointive,
version. That news story belongs to I The appointing power Is vested In a lit
tle oligarchy, sometimes in one man,
consisting of the machine organization
of the majority party In each state.
The impending struggle between the
him or them: for it is their enterprise.
their labor, their money, that has pro
duced it. What element of monopoly Is
here? None whateyer. As many stories
or versions of the occurrence may be elective President and the elected House
work, that method was availed of. De
lay was no longer an effective instru
ment when the portage railroad began
Circumstances attending the project of
opening the Columbia River at the
dalles do not give promise of much
- .. , ,..-A.nnn, funHfll V Mm- I - . . . . i 1 . . 1
..iiiiiii.ii niiiivjuiii.. ..-.'- i nnmiieu. hs il uauui L111111.. ui-iui u ul u
n.htnh it fa trt hA nnnrn. will never . ... . .... -
h tmmeH hut which. If It were, wouia . . -
doubtless remain name to coniriiry iuki- - - - A,
,-,. -httrtnc- therein the fate from auerwaro, ana wneu uuo renres n.
which neimer cnacimenu ui lAiui" .... inifc. tJ uimui.., . v. -
nOr a Dull WIU pUJJU -.l. ..i.... . r I .L 43 .Tlti:ilil-Jlli.J, mm u.. umi'i. imi
homestead in Massachusetts. A plain the Broadway traffic In check while tho UJ?- Doctrine, with- ,ne or tDe syslem-
hnnon cnrnoatK-n In tho. n1nni-n r it I hiM -th.r. them nil Into n. newsnaner. The Virtue oi me r"""V, !- ..
rw-, 00 . .-w """-- - t u-hlch It would die aeserveaiy. ia u m,. nC it. niinicint- tnlo 1
1 .1 ,... i,n .nrfoannrwlpnrii wltn nauoniu 1
A. si,wiiuuw uunu mr r ru.it. necessities It possesses mo innerciii. piiu-1 . .. . j
v-n.. vorv Atn-ri-jn. ntnin.ne ii f a whlph ndaDts itself with the one of Portlands free kindergartens. 1
fn- thn non.tnir.tion ana onerauon or I amb pa rnnmuons it encounters. wo ui t,'c. Hiv fnii nn .i suntiiiv. ana as it wa
. a- . . . . 1 . ,M I A . n ta thA V I 1 1 LU - I ...
. . . . I . In T., I . . . . . .1 V. .n Itaoir I
t"1" "!:"" JiVTV" " Z',X Tnhn wn. " to disseminate knowledge of worldly
niUf. AilU IIIUILIIIDC, ... nun... ww.... . . I . . - I .... .
rnuicuco. aro iiruuuucnu; immwii-u, i Wow Tork Evening rMu I ;1 waJJ "
taiio iui liiu "uiimiih . ... . i ti i.i.r.11, nrir harder tor nign-roin"- I Alter sua wui iwu au -
that has become familiar to thousands
as an embellishment of Whlttler's
works, of little more than the shelter,
ot a New England family In the" early
years of the past century, it is yet
aglow in Imagination with love and
light through the portrayal of Its one
time life in "Snow Bound." The pres
ervation of thl9 old homestead is the
work of the New England Historical So
ciety, and that body has seldom set
Itself to a- more congenial task.
In length, to connect Lille, one of tho most
Linnfnof".0' That body under the present cgndltlons I about what sho
written as there are persons who, for I ot Representatives on one hand and the I greater speed than was made at the cas-
any motive, or purpose, take an Interest I trusts and the appointive Senate on the
ta it But the newspaper or the asso- I other hand promises to be sharp and
elation that has written Its story has a I momentous. The people are with the
right of property in that particular President and the House, but the ruling
story; and It is oa this Indefeasible basis I clique of the Senate will probably win.
that the right of The Oregonlan and of
the Associated Press to the property
they have created is founded. Of course
every other newspaper, every, other
news association, has an equal right ot
property In the news report they may
cades. Must we see that dawdle through
twenty years of sluggishness? The
ways of delaying or preventing such an
improvement as this are many, but
there is only one way to accomplish It,
A state portage railroad would practl-
ii i lii awuuiaia .ii. i.u. . ....... ... . i . . . i . . i inn mnrn nrpspni. i . . . .
nn,i ,inn ThA mat nf mnstni-- araws to told them. In order to seo u mej-
a ivuwii wvu i . , . tho moiiiniro i l r i in nut.- i
If nenresentallve Eddv did nothlna- tlon and eoulpment Is put nt about $7,000,- a'?.? Whn fill the nartv membcred all of it-
There is time to pass all the anti-trust
bills that the trusts approve, but the cally open the river, and would have the
session Is too short to pass any antl- effect of destroying opposition to the
trust bill that the trusts oppose. canal and locks. Instead of delaying
The constitutional and traditional I the marine enterprise, it would hasten
method of electing Senators multiplies I it, because there could no longer be any
collect and write. The next step Is "the I the power of the machine. The machine I purpose in delay,
transmission or carriage of the news. I is pretty certain to be in close touch This will not in any sense commit the
Various agencies are employedthe I with the great corporations, or with I state to the railroad buslnesa. Nobody
else at this session of the'Leglslature,
his work in preparing and helping to se
cure the passage of the corporation li
cense tax bill would alone make his
services valuable to the state. The dis
patches from Salem disclose, however,
that Mr. Eddy Is one of the most .active
and hardest-working members of the
lower house. The corporation license
tajc bill, which bears Mr. Eddy's name,
will raise a revenue ot about 100,000 a
year. The burden will be equitably im
posed upon concerns which have hith
erto paid comparatively little taxes. At
. i .1 n, Knsa hlflfllntr.
1 . 1. 1 , ,11..,. nf 01' m 1M nf T.IUa U UlCDk - . 7 . . I ' ....
upward of S0O.OO0O. In addition to operat- ..r'" .tmanllke regard for ""'r'
Insr tha electric road, a largo power sta
tion Is to bo built In tho vicinity of the
coalmines for tho purpose of generating
current to operate tho machinery.
a patriotic and statesmanlike regard for mber
.. ..i,.mi '. ii. non t n A tphi i ... .
.-- C! . nllimnnhv lO frlllV Un- n . . -
V .n in nni n-A -hall but all Sundaj's Is generally neu in o
ui..M.vv , .l I . .. .1. ... v ahot tian
nrobablv havo a uonsumuoiuu umcuu- i nouse. wiia i" ""i"
ment and popular election of Senators.
This will be no sovereign remedy for tho
Ills we have spoken of. but It would at
Xerrfoundland. Flshlnff Fraud,
The fishermen of Gloutester. Mass., who I icast Improve the personnel of the Sen
aro decided protectionists and nave mucn ate.
Influence at Washington, aro not. It ap
pears, fishermen at all. as a rule, but -Would De a Stronn; Candidate.
traders who go to jewrounaiana to Duy rnmnhi Cnmmerclal-ADDeaL
ninpv Is not onlv available, but he is
fish and then bring them to Gloucester
The teacher was very raiunuij u"vm
to hear such talk coming from one
1 IlVeS UlS'Ul-l O
It was nnaiiy icoiuti. .
tO going ijuuuaj ii.. "
clDles. and when the day ot ret
nnntnl nn.-nn .1.. . 1 1 I nnnrn.n.1. A linnn-l.n..1n.. n .Ilk l I .1 , .1 ll I nn I I - " . . .1 . .1 I Uiney IS DDI CI-...-. ClDlCS. OJIU "" Ul
messengers, but chiefly the telegraph, whatever hands it la reposed. The re- than a temporary device for opening the D()I,ular QDroval Its Drovlslons are not tno Pretense nat they arc "American -.jn- Ho has an International around no s"""'
There ore two great telegraph compa
nies doing business in the United States.
The Associated Press deals with both;
bo does The Oregonlan. The rates made
by the two companies are the same.
They carry for all newspapers and all
suit is that the 'Webstera are growing
scarce in the Senate and the Flatts and
Clarka are growing plenty. It is easier
for1 a camel to pass through the eye of
the needle than for a man to be elected
to the Senate who values his manhood
river. The portage Is simply to do the ,-.ii i v... .i. nn ..1,1.1. ,n, caugnu xney enter nmtlnn ns a d Dlomat. we nanaieu iai
work (to a measurable extent) thatwlll g SSSTSS LltJlT?Z TSi M M.nlatnre. for Boston'. Mn.enm,
it will always be designated, will be a fishing fraud Is often supplemented. It Is """ . . ,h nnfienca of the coun- noston Herald.
UlUraiUUt? til U4 til bUIClU- I o. "J - I nnfl ftO Will OaVB ie llllin-ni . J ... 'T"Q JIUSCUIH Ul i' - -
news associations at the same rates or I higher than th friendship of the ma-
charges. Over other news associations
the Associated Press has no advantage
whatever in rates. The word rate -tot
all is the same, the mileage rate -for
wires is the same. The Oregonlan Itself
collects most of the news of the Pacific
Northwest, as special service. This
news, as' tho columns of The Oregonlan
show. Is of great length and bulk. It
runs into many thousands of words
dally. For Us carriage by telegraph
from points In Oregon, "Washington,
chine or the approval of organized
The arrangement squeezes out the
high-minded man and substitutes In his
place one of two types either the rich
corruptlorist who buys his way in and
serves the corporations as a part of
them, or else the unscrupulous poor
man who craves the office for what he
can make out of It, Neither is a public
servant In any true sense of the term.
As long as the Senate is composed of
Idaho and California, The Oregonlah these two types, the trusts will turn to
pays from one-third to one-half cent 'a
word. It is. a rate open to every one
who wishes to publish a newspaper in
Portland. The Oregonlan also has a
heavy special report from the East
chiefly from "Washington. For this tele
graphic service It also pays the open
rate one and one-quarter cents a word.
(Testerday the rate Inadvertently was
stated to be one and three-quarters.)
"Whoever may want special sews from
"Washington, New Tork or .other East
ern cities for a paper at Portland may
have it carried by either telegraph com
pany at the same rate The Oregonlan
pays. Whatever newspaper or news as
sociation wants the use of a wire may
get it at the same rate -which The Ore
gonlan and Its associates pay; and there
are two telegraph companies to deal
with, each of which will be glad to get
as many customers as it can serve.
It has now been shown fully that
there can be no monopoly ot news, and
that no newspaper, "no news association,
has or can have any advantage over
It in hope, and the people will turn
away from it in disgust.
There was a time In our history when
Legislative bodies needed' to be assured
of conservative regard for corporate in
terests. That was when our railroads
and manufactures and financial Institu
tions were struggling for a secure foot
ing In the battle for life. The danger
then was from unwise and unreasoning
antipathy to legitimate wealth. But
that time has passed away, and we have
emerged upon an era when the prudent
and well-disposed are most concerned
for the protection of the people from
encroachments of wealth illegitimately
won, and for the protection of society
from the consequences of Its own un
restrained wrath, engendered by tho
spectacle of inordinate wealth and
power, gained through special privi
leges. "We often say that this untoward sit
uation in the Senate will continue until
Senators are elected by direct voto of
the people, and probably that is true.
be done by the canal and locks when
completed. After that there will be no
use for It, and It will be abandoned. It
will hasten the day of relief for the pro
ducers of the Upper Columbia Basin,
which service will be worth all that it Is
proposed to pay for It.
Though this Is a much more extensive
project than that at the cascades, it in
volves the same economic principles,
and there is as much reason for expect
ing good results from the present bill
as from the experiment at the cascades.
This will not be an experiment. And If
It we re j the great benefit promised
would warrant this effort on the part
Oregon to get larger use of tho Colum
Some one sent to the membera ot the
Legislature at Salem yesterday copies
of an editorial paragraph In The Ore
gonlan last Saturday relative to the
proposed State Bureau of Information.
This might have been well enough. But
. .. ... . 1 . . I TV anu llu " I" " " I xiia ... 1.1- - - .. . .. . .
in iisi coumcii, " !"-""" - 1 carrying doubtful states man onruuo 1 ceived as a oequesi imm
... 1- - - . . 1 rmiiA ne namea. im t.- Mamei i' ,....-. . .
.. .. - 1 . 1 nfljnrers. iiwi i. j ."ea
.- 1 1 uimnian iuiu uuu.ii.1.. "J
The Province of the Press.
St, Louis Post-Dispatch.
Tho greatest public service a newspaper
can periorm is nuunuij "-----,-..V.iin
-ii .t of nhlie Interest, This
cured a lot of envelopes bearing The f the Doblln-Qulgg case at Washington l3 not onir a right; It Is a jluty. ;Andhewho
Somebody Should Be Punished.
New Tork Evening Post,
All organs ot public opinion In Congress,
this same some one had somehow pro- the press and the bar ought to take notice
Oregonlan Imprint, and used them to
and not allow It to pass off ns a mystery.
still lets as a matter for Jest or sarcasm.
would restrain the liberty of tho press
O ff till TH IITLI ill LB. lUKC .- .-w
and a cross or tne region ot xiuuu.
Dr. Kailey (looking at thermometer)
'unmnn 1 l uou l j . ...
tho right and perform- sick Student 'Then why did you take ltt
mane me Miciusurua, i-uuti-jiui, wc nu- n u perfectly certain that perjury has " " of the QUty is an anachronism, a uarvara lampoon.
I nrAInn that thev had been sent from 1 hn mmin,.l nf a nAn,,iiriv -hraxen nnd I 1 i nf nn ,ni when manhood Bnure "I was knocked senseless Dy a. enc
OI 1 n.. , m 1... rm.n -i-nni j t, i .i,.w. ,h- nn- . ' . f.,lnm iko I .t hull two years aco." The Boy m ins u
. -": . ""?'". " ';"". .7.,ij snranK. ueiuie , n-r-"When does yer expeclc ter get over it
Dr. Charles H. Parkhurst, whose open
campaign against vice created a sensa
tion that had its day and passed on,
has now on hand a scheme for the pub
lication of an Ideal dally newspaper in
New Tork. Not & religious, paper. Dr.
Parkhurst has lived close enough to
modem life to know that Journals of
that class belong as distinctly to the
past as do the doctrines of Jonathan
Edwards. He has in mind a paper that
will give "clean, wholesome news that
will educate and not degrade the public
taste." He proposes to print facts with
out elaboration or embellishment, and
to print them tor Just what they are
worth, If printable. He believes that,
This is not the way The Oregonlan doeei ruptlon of a Congressman was attempted t pretty dream.
... 1 I I I .. . . H.nn n n thn mthlln 1
111 UlUCr IU t,Vb lliUUCJ UUUI IUC llUUIil, 1 -
treasury. Moreover, the dignity and , Hands Full.
authority of Congress nave been insulted - Francisco Call.
business, and it expressly disavows 're
sponsibility for such an attempt in such
a way to influence the Legislature.
ner "When does yer
Glasgow Evening Times.
Deacon-"I-lttle boy! Why are yon not
-i fh, T.iitiB Hov "Wlir ain't I
churcnl iiunj- urei .. -
erel ketched In a churcnl" rocx-
And speaking of the mellifluent names
In the State of Washington, name tho
counties running up tho north bank of
the Columbia, There's Pacific, Wah
kiakum, Cowlitz, Clark: Skamania.
Klickitat, Taklma, Kittitas more mu
sic for you than In any other similar
list of counties In the country.
Thirty-three states have the per diem
allowance for legislators, ranging from
$3 In Oregon, Kansas and Vermont to
and flouted In tho most glaring manner. . v,-, Amnhatlcally ex-
" f"c" lm.lB.." ",." "Th" 7. -XT pressed the opinion that rresiaem in- She-"I most say that I am disappoint
. . Z - I nnrA HndSCVElU I in VOU. mere WM - -n
- - - i -hniiTrt k-eep ni3 iiiinn . I were a. man wi i"'" "
l!irlmmdATirA- I ButJU'u ...tlnniil TtHolntnrA I . . i t immid to vou. of course
L.- i.o on-insr. The Senator might nichmond Dispatch.
laanK jich in cue Aral;. i havo adclea mill imu : I ' i in.- - j - - ..
, ......o - - . . . ., . I . n . I n. . inrnlhlnD. HI T nn K 1 II 1 1 . i am I 111 1
the Army Is In much better condition than
the Navy. It la substantially correct to
say that any American soldier of Intelli
gence and energy can raise nimselt rrom
tho ranks to shoulder straps, but the
treatment of the men by the officers Is
such as to discourage ambitious but self-
respecting young men from entering the
IS In Nevada and California, while
twelve states pay salaries from $150 per Army with a view pf climbing to the top.
the public is hungering for a publica-l term In Maine, to J1E03 per session In
tlon of that kind, and will buy It eager- Pennsylvania.
ly. The theory does credit to Dr. Park-
hurst's lov for and) faith in humanity.
In reducing this theory to practice,
however, the, good man will most likely
be subject to a painful awakening. The
Representative Jones applies to the
Washington Legislature for Instructions
on the checkerboard bllL Why should
An Insult to the Unbblts.
San Francisco Call.
Tho Legislators of Utah have raised
their voices to high heaven in a howl
of Indignation because a newspaper com
pared them to a bunch of jack rabbits.
he go to this supererogatory trouble? I This unwarranted assault
newsnaner that mints the news In de- I '.Will he obey as to checkerboards tha I creatures of tho earth cannot but excite
jjua v. r - . u - j - a v. v f w i - - - - - - . .
otters la telegraph rajes. It has "been I Tet It does not need, to be true. If the tall is not simply an upstart business I voice he scorned a Cuban reciprocity? j sympamy.
Adieu, My Xntlve Shore.
Adieu, adleol my native shore
Fades o'sr the waters blue;
The night winds sigh, tho breakers roar,
And shrieks the wild sea-mew.
Ton sun that seU upon tho sea
We follow In his flight;
Farewell awhile to him and thee.
My natlre land good-night 1
A few short hours and he will rise ,
To give the morrow birth:
And I shall, hall tho main and skies.
But not my mother earth.
Deserted In my own good hall.
Its hearth Is desolate;
Wild weeds are gathering on the wall,
My -dog howls at tho gate.
to think so." Boston Transcript,
th knowledge that a man is in love
M. iia.. - 1 1 n i n nn r Know. hub
the matter with the knowledge that two
now. I hear." ansa speiix "Am yes;
M,t Chellus "The Ideal How
the time." Philadelphia Press.
Serlbblez-"Confound it. Maria! dldn t
..ii ,n . V. . hah, ,nnih Tivt h !
Hi' " J
on my aes.. ms iie eii. you
any mischief T" Scribbler "I should say
has! Shea written s Historical novel.