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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1903.
Entered at the rostcfnee at Portland. Oregon
as second-class matter.
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TODAY'S WEATHER-Falr. with no marked
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TESTERDATS WEATI I ER Maximum tem
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PORTLAND, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY C.
THE NEW TAXATION.
Powers of taxation, possessed by our
State and Federal Governments, are to
a large extent concurrent; and yet the
fact is Indisputable, whatever the
causes that have led to It, that while the
several states have been stripped of
productive and little burdensome
sources of revenue, by. the growing di
sbands of National life, proceeding from
the changed conditions and circum
stances of the country since the Con
stitution was established in 17S9, they
have also been yet further restricted in
available subjects of taxation by the
operation of causes wholly beyond statue
control, until polls and direct property
valuations have almost alone remained
to them, without some check or hin
drance, as sources of their revenue.
The first real effort in our own state
to reach and to define new objects of
taxation have appeared in the present
"Legislature. The corporation taxes pro
posed may not afford the best means of
reaching one of the objects sought; but
since the effort is mainly tentative and
experimental, changes may be made as
experience shall teach or warrant. The
same may be said of the tax on inheri
tances, which now only awaits the Gov
ernor's signature to make it law.
"With the single exception of duties
on Imports, the right of taxation is co
equal and concurrent In the Federal
end State Governments; but through
the constantly increasing demands of
the Federal Government the equilibrium
of these coequal and concurrent righta
has been lost or destroyed. Ia other
words, the Federal power has monopo
lized most If not all the best sources
of revenue. Yet protection of the rights
of person and property and the vast de
tails of local administration must de
pend on the activity end vigor of the
states. This duty has been so far com
mitted to the exclusive jurisdiction of
the states that the Federal authority
may -not touch any of the primary and
essential elements- of it. Tet the Fed'
eral Government has taken possession
.of all, or nearly all, of the most fruit
ful sources of taxation.
"W&en the Constitution was estab-
llshed the extent of the United States
was but a fringe along the Atlantic
Coast, nowhero more than three hun
dred miles wide. Commercial Inter
course was hardly known. There was
neither steamboat nor canal nor rail
road nor telegraph In existence; and
with hardly an exception, river naviga
tion did not extend beyond the limits
of a single state. Lands and polls were
the principal subjects of taxation for
-state purposes, and the highly product
ive and little burdensome subjects of
excise taxation, which make the chief
sources of revenue for expenses of the
civil administration the world over to
day, had not then been developed. As
fast as they have developed In later
times they have been appropriated by
the Federal Government. This came
about largely through conditions cre
ated by the Civil "War and its conse
In the early time there were no pub
lic funds in which investments could be
made, and in fact there was little or no
money for such investment If opportu
nity for making It had existed. Invest
ments of money In government securi
ties, even in Europe, was then of but
recent existence, and was practically
unknown in the United States. There
were no such public funds as our vari
ous bonded debta, in which capital, ac
cumulated in one state, could find In
vestment in another and avoid taxation
at home. There were no railroad, man
ufacturing, mining, telegraph and the
lke Incorporated stock companies, to
absorb the capital produced by the com
mon industry and shelter it from taxes
for state and local purposes. Such i
thing as share capital in private cor
porations created by the laws of one
state and carrying on business In yet
another, or in most. If not all, the other
states, was wholly unknown. In the
early time whoever might be tempted
to conceal part of his taxable property
in order to avoid being taxed on it was
In danger of losing caste with his neigh-
bora, if he yielded to -the temptation,
It would not then have been deemed
good citizenship, nor commendable busi
ness sagacity, to evade payment of taxes
by Investments outside the state juris
diction, even If opportunity allowed.
And as all operations of government
then were on a small scale and expenses
low, the burden on land though It fell
chiefly on land was not great. Land
could bear it.
But the change has come. Operations
of government are vastly extended
public -servants share the luxurious
Ideas of the times; state and local gov
ernments must have money In great
6Uma for objects formerly not dreamed
of, yet the state has opened no new
sources of revenue. Hence visible prop
erty land especially suffers; and it be
comes the duty of the state to device
means of relieving it, from such sources
as may still remain in Its hands. This
is the justification of the new schemes
of taxation now nuder consideration In
our Legislature. Since the Federal Gov
ernment has taken possession, appar
ently, for good and all, of the best of
the mighty sources of revenue known as
Internal." the states must find other
m carta. Land values cannot stand the
Finance and poetry occasionally find
a common devotee in the same man; but
the occasion is rare. Equally unusual
la the combination of the man of
thought with the man of action. Think
ers are seldom doers, and vice versa.
All our great Presidents of force In af
fairs have been the source of grief to
their scholarly adherents. Give the mil
itary or political or financial genius an
Imperfect plan, and he will nevertheless
achieve great things with it. "Wrong in
theory, he will be Invincible In practice.
Inadeqaute measures he will compel to
success by sheer force of his indomita
ble will. Comparatively worthless raw
material, obedient to his magic touch,
becomes the finished product of perfec
tion, grace and power. A man may
achieve pretty much everything that he
sets his heart on, and surpass the high
est expectations of his followers. He
may conquer the world and create an
empire, and yet be ignorant and wrong
in whole realms of Intellectual knowl
edge. The rroverb which tells of the
final rlss of truth nevertheless frankly
contemplates its being crushed to earth;
and error in the hands of the strong
may obtain an indefinite title to the
What we are coming to is Bismarck
Bismarck and the Kulturkampf. In the
thirty years that have passed since the '
hold of the Catholics was perforce re
laxed In Prussia, the lines of this bat
tle have entirely changed. The, question
now is not the old one of church and
state. It Ida question of civil and relig
ious freedom. The enlightened mind
was against the Jesuits then, now It can
only rejoice at the promised dissipation
of religious proscription. Tet we need
not misconceive the spirit of Bismarck's
policy. He was not so much concerned
to relieve the masses from ecclesiastical
domination as he was to extend the
domination of the civil government
which he himself controlled. It was not
that the church stood in the way of lib
erty, but that It stood In the way of
Bismarck. His great conflict with the
Vatican formed a consistent part of his
Imperial policy, which also included, as
well as united, Germany, his protective
tariff, the colonization of dependencies
and the socialistic measures which he
employed as the antidote for socialism
all in one mighty enterprise of pater
nalism, microscopic in detail and ruth
less In execution.
In the study of religious toleration
Germany undoubtedly stands, not at the
head of the class; yet Intolerance, as Poe
said of terror, is not of Germany but of
the soul. The Jesuits will presumably
be permitted to do In Germany as they
do elsewhere among self-governing
Northern, nations. Bismarck' was not
the only governmental force in mod
ern times impervious to the truth that
the only thing to do with religious sects
is to let them alone. The only concern
the state has with them is to bring their
overt acts into conformity with the civil
law. The state must punish murder
and bigamy and tax evasions and of
fenses against the ballot and the courts.
But it has no cognizance to take of a
man's religious faith, whether he is a
Catholic or a Presbyterian, a Buddhist
or a Jew, a Mormon or a Christian Sci
entist. In the eye of the law, one faith
Is as good as another equally condu
cive to good government, equally enti
tled to respect for Its vagaries, symbols.
rites and supernatural traditions. A
good deal of the unreason prevails today
which persecuted the Quakers 250 years
ago. Sometimes the most Inoffensive
sects seem to incur the greatest popular
The man of action is apt to be intol
erant of the man of thought; of the man
of sensibility; of any man whose com
bative and destructive qualities are lees
developed than his own. "When Napo-y
leon saw Louis XVI appear with his red
cap In the palace window at Versailles,
alt-he thought was "the poor driveller!"
and that If the King had come out at
the head of the Swiss Guards and ridden
down the besiegers; with a few cannon
to help, the. monarchy might have been
saved. It Is a type of the masterful
mind's contempt. It Interested Bis
marck very little what the truth was
concerning the proper treatment of re
ligious orders. "What he thought was
that he had the power to establish his
theories, and that nothing could prevail
against them. "We cannot belittle the
power of thei great man Alfred, Napo
leon, Bismarck. Perhaps the-strongest
testimony to his greatness is found in
his temporary triumphs over truth. "We
can only be sure that In the long run
his work will only abide where he col
laborated with right. The mills of God
grind slowly, but they grind exceeding
UNDERPAID OFFICIALS, MAYBE.
Pity the sorrows of the poor office
seeker. He works night and day to get
his place, spends money, levies on the
time and good" offices of his friends,
makes promises he knows he can't keep.
and then when he gets it he finds that
his salary Is too small and must be
raised. All of which is vanity and vex
ation of spirit.
"Why does a man strive so hard for
a Job at the City Hall or the Courthouse
If the salary Is so small that he can't
afford to work for It? If he can make
more In business, why doesn't he do it?
"Where Is the mysterious power that
compels these poor- wretches to work on
for -J100 a month, for example, when
vacancies in commercial life are yawn
ing for them at $150?
No, gentle reader. It Is all a fallacy.
The strenuous life undertaken by these
amiable and accomplished public ser
vants to get Into office Is abundant evi
dence that they earn more there, di
rectly or Indirectly, than they can earn
outside. Suppose one of these over
worked and underpaid gentlemen were
to resign wouldn't there be. a dozen
eager claimants for his place? "Wouldn't
every man of political Influence In town
be Importuned to "go down the line"
for several persistent applicants?
Certainly yes. Then why should the
salaries be raised? Oh. but the cost of
living has Increased. Maybe It has, but
that Is not the question. The question is
whether the work done is commensurate
with the pay, and the only test of this Is
the volume of oupply answering the de
mand. Nor docs It appear that these
officials are indispensable. Every time
we get one of them out and a new one
in we are speedily informed of the tre
mendous reforms the new Incumbent
has Instituted In the conduct of his of
fice. Think how Smith reformed upecj
Jones an8 Jones upon Robinson. Then
what must have been the lndlspcnsa.
blllty of each of these successive prede
cessors! It Is a most palpable absurdity that
the men who fight for these places at
every election can earn more In private
pursuits. If they could they wouldn't
s?ck office. If they could they would
get out instantly. Nobody need be agi
tated with the fear that the places
couldn't all be satisfactorily filled with
out delay If the entire population of the
City Hall and Courthouse should move
out this very morning. They won't
leave. You can't drive 'em out.
OLD AMD XDW JETTY.
The Government's plans for the mouth
of the Columbia River are readily dis
cernible from the full report brought by
wire from "Washington In yesterday's
Issue. On the whole, the prompt con
clusions of the Engineer Corps and the
faithful adherence to the approved plans
will give more satisfaction than we had '
the right to expect. Interference has
been active if unwise and futile. It is
doubtless as beneficial to commerce as it
is pleasant for the engineers that the
undertaking is to go ahead without the
peril of having the whole thing thrown
back on Congress
For one thing, the new enterprise will
be assured of more rapid progress than
was possible with the original jetty
under spasmodic attention at Washing
ton. The old Jetty was authorized In
18S4. but it was not till 1893 that it re
sulted In the desired thirty feet cn the-bar-.
This time work Is not likely to
stop till It Is completed. The original
depth on the bar was 19 to 20 feet. This
was Increased by the Jetty to 31. and
since has decreased again to 23. The old
Jetty Is m miles long, the new one is
to be 2 miles.
Perhaps it is not too much to say that
this new- Jetty was In a way contem
plated in the original project, to this ex
tent, that If the 4 miles or AM built
should not prove adequate it would
have to be extended. Be this as it may,
the Langfitt extension Is in perfect con
sonance with the present Jetty, In theory
and practice. Tho present Jetty has
moved the bar some miles seaward; but
there It has accumulated again, and the
expectation Is that the extent-ion will
carry the bar on out into deep water,
where it will be dissipated by the cur
rents of the ocean. The expectation Is
Justified by the experience of jetties In
every civilized country. The Danube
has been deepened from 9 to 12 feet; the
Mississippi from S to 30, the Oder from
It Is not too much to expect that the
construction -on the new jetty will begin
some time between April and- August of
this year, and that In two years at least
Its beneficent results will begin to ap
pear. Meanwhile all Is clear for the
employment of the sea dredge on the
bar, which should. If the scheme works
out In practice, give ample depth at the
mouth of the river by next Fall or Win
ter at the latest. Funds are available
for both these undertakings without far
ther recourse to Congress for a long
PASSENGER SPEED XOT THE MA1X
For some time it has been eeriously
questioned by railroad men whether too
much attention is not given to showy
features of passenger traffic. Only about
25 per cent of railroad revenue Is de
rived from passenger business, but the
proportion of expenditure for that ser
vice Is much greater. This has been
excused on the ground- that the passen
ger department is the advertising end
of the railroad, the assumption being
that benefit accrues to the freight de
partment from money Invested In pop
ularizing the passenger service. How
ever this may be, there is a growing
disposition to limit the display and to
put money Into solid improvements. The
action of the Pennsylvania Railroad In
sacrificing Its fast train between New
York and Chicago for the benefit of its
freight service is a notable Instance of
the prevailing tendency.
The increasing frequency of disastrous
wrecks is another thing that brings into
question the wisdom of consuming so
much vitality for the showy limited
trains. Accidents will happen on the
very best regulated of railroads, and we
shall never be exempt from them while
safety depends on human vigilance, but
it cannot escape observation that appal
ling lists of corpses have been piled up
recently by such trains as the Owl, the
Sunset Limited, the Jersey Fast Ex
press, and others of that class, whoso
characteristic was special swiftness.
They plowed mercilessly Into slower
trains, earning , death to scores and
maiming more. The statement of the
dying Jersey engineer "I saw the red
light, but expected It to turn to white"
tells volumes of the desperate chances
taken by the locomotive drivers who get
the swift trains through on time. It is
not uncommon, apparently, to run In
the -very teeth of the danger signal and
see it, turned to "safe" barely 'In time
to avert accident. These chances must
be taken or the limited falls behind and
gets a bad reputation. But once the red
light did not change as it had so often
done before, and there was carnage and
ruin in an Instant.
High-pressure operation Is responsible
for accidents of this- class. A limited
passenger train may rush over the road
with comparatively little danger when
there is nothing to conflict with it, when
it must take only its own chances. But
running the same train over the same
route when every siding Is blocked and
the main line Is alive with other traffic
Is quite a different, matter. So great
has become the stress of transportation
on the great railroads of the country
that every express must thread a maze
of trains from one end of the line to the
other, all crowded to their limit. That
disaster is so infrequent under these
conditions is the great wonder.
Safety demands reduction of the speed
of the fast trains or Increase of the
number of tracks" for their use. If there
is to be further increase of traffic. The
Pennsylvania Is adding two more tracks
to the four it already has between New-
York and Chicago, and yet deems It
wise to discontinue Its twenty-jiour
train for the good of the other business
of the road. The New Tork Central
having an equal number of tracks. Is
able to hold Its-fast train, and it Is to
be assumed that conditions there are
such as to hold the hazard at a low
point. The tunnel' accident of that road
must have taught it the evil of over
pressure. It Is reassuring, however, to
see the railroads willing to sacrifice
their showy advertising for the benefit
of the more, substantial business and
the safety of their patrons, and it is by
no means an evidence of bad Judgment
that such step is taken before harm Is
done. Tho American public Is nervous
ly anxious to "get there" when It starts
on a Journey, but it would rather arrive
a little later in good condition than com
plete the passage under the Coroner s
certificate. Economy and safety are
considerations that must weigh with
railroad managers as well as with their
The Inheritance tax law Is likely to
have to run the gauntlet of the Supreme
Court of the United States, as well as
that of our own Supremo Court. The
Illinois law Is the latest to be tested.
An heir to millions challenged its con
stitutionality under the fourteenth
amendment because it discriminated
among the persons of the same class.
The ordinary discrimination of a graded
inheritance tax has been upheld before.
The discrimination relied on In this case
Is made between two heirs to a life suc
cession, with the remainder In one case
to lineal heirs and in the other to collat
eral heirs or strangers in blood. The
distinction seems unintelligibly techni
cal; but It appears that the contest
turned somehow on the taxation of in
heritance under the "right of dower. The
lower court held In effect that the right
to inherit, whether by direct or collat
eral heirs or "by- strangers in blood, is
not a natural right, but a creature of
the law, subject to taxation In such way
as the law may direct. This decision
was upheld throughout, up to the Su
preme Court of the United States.
The dropping of the old. loner since
disused"1 roadway on East Washington
street into the slough a few days ago
would betgood riddance to bad rubbish
if riddance were thereby accomplished.
This meiancholy thoroughfare, which
has for many months been "no thor
oughfare," was In the palmy flays of old
East Portland and the Stark-street
ferry the scene of mucji activity. With
a past so near that is is fresh in the
memory of our young people, the old
roadway has been for a number of years
in a state that has given It the appear
ance of antiquity. It is hoped that its
collapse will be the signal for Its reju
venation, though the street that it
spans cannot for many years, if ever.
regain what It lost In the failure of the
owners of the Stark-street ferry to
throw a bridge across the river when it
became evident that the ferry was out
The isolation of country life is pass
ing. In fact. In many sections it has
passed. What with railway stations at
frequent Intervals throughout the farm
ing regions, free mall delivery pushing
Its way out into the rural districts, elec
tric cars.slnging along on trolleys and
telephone lines extending far and near,
loneliness has been banished from'thou
sands of farmhouses within the past
year. If under the old regime the farm
er's life was the most independent of all.
It Is now the most enviable in another
direction, since it combines the quiet
and beauty of the country with the
touch of urban life that, brings the
world, divested of strife and noise, to
The fruitgrowers of Eastern Multno
mah are trying to devise ways and
means through organization whereby
they may secure more certain and sub
stantial profits from their business. This
is commendable. Every man-Js entitled
to reap the benefits of his endeavor, and
fruitgrowers have been too often count
ed out when the returns from sales
came In. Former efforts in this line
have failed to accomplish the end
sought, but with the experience that
they have had the fruitgrowers that
supply the Portland market ought to be
able to protect themselves from unjust
exactions on the part of those known In
the granger's vocabulary as the "mid
Perhaps we should, not wonder that
boys brought up on the streets con
sider it "fun" to terrify, beat and in
other ways maltreat Chinamen who are
passing along attending to their own
business, when -we are told that the
lookers-on at such an outrage the other
day "shouted with laughter." This is
clearly not the way to impress the
thoughtless or untutored boy with the
fact that It is mean, cruel and cowardly
to the last degree to terrify and Inflict
pain upon protesting helplessness.
Lake Superior iron ore shipments last
year reached the enormous total of 27.
571,121 tons, an Increase of 33 per cent
over the ehlpmcnt3 of the previous
twelve months. In the one season of
1902 nearly as much ore was sent out
of that region as was mined there in
the first 'seventeen years of the Indus
try, up to 1SS7. The total production to
January 1, 1903, was 219.5S3.612 tons.
With such a source of supply It Is no
wonder our Iron Industries are prosper
ous. Sound Advice for the. South.
New York Commercial Advertiser.
A Louisiana Judge sitting in Now Or
leans has given tho white people of the
whole -South an admonition which, they
will do well to take to heart. In charging
a grand Jury he called for the indictment
or Impeachment of all Justices of tho
Peace and other officials who have failed
to suppress mob vlolenco within their
jurisdictions in connection with recent
lynching of negroes, and said:
The whits people of this state now exercise
all of the powers of Government. Our llwi are
made by white men and administered by white
men. To say that the courts and the laws are
Inadequate to the punishment of the negro
when be deserves punishment, and to his pro
tection when he Is entitled to protection la to
confess that our race is Incapable of adminis
tering; the government, we cannot turn these
helpless people over to the tender mercies of
Irresponsible mobs without Incurring- the con
tempt of all enlightened people and the wrath
ox a righteous God.
This is a far more -Important question
for the South to bend its mind upon than
the danger of "social equality" involved
In the appointment of three or four ne-
groea to Federal office.
Too Bluch Luxury In Living;.
There is a great tendency in the present
time toward eager pursuit of luxurl
ous living. Ever man seems straining
every nerve to outdo some one else
in moro imposing appearance. He
builds his house, not for comfort
and convenience, but to have It
cost more and make more Imposing ap
pearance than his neighbor. Dress, fur-
msmng, equipages, styic or. uving or giv
ing of entertainments are all based upon
how they will strike other people rather
than what will gratify one a own personal
tastes. If we would have a more real
foundation to our prosperity as a Nation
wo need to seek greater simplicity in our
Harrison's Uard-IIearted Creditor.
Kansas City Journal.
Carter Harrison says he owes It to him
self to run again for Mayor of Chicago.
As the creditor is disposed to be obdurate.
air. Harrison feels that there Is nothing
to do but settle the score
SPIRIT OF THE NORTHWEST PRESS
One "Way to Do It.
If Oregon wishes to prevent the circula
tion of stories of crime, it will have to
look after its penitentiary prisoners more
Something In This.
Oregon's Legislature is trying to curtail
the Tracy style of literature and drama.
The plan is a good one, but It would be
better not to furnish the raw material for
Don't Yet Need Child-Labor Dili.
The Journal believes that the child-labor
bill which has passed the Senate is pro
mature in Oregon, and will result in more
harm than good should it become a law
under present conditions.
Klnjr County' Bitter Lesson.
Judging from the wail In the political
columns of the Seattle Tiroes, the Seattle
hog doesn't wear its courtplaster and
arnica without complaint. In the future
the City of Seattle will be careful hot to
job Van de Vanter and John Wooding as
it has done in the past.
Not So Dad to De a Clam.
Occasionally some person who thinks
little settles his controversy with an op
ponent with the gratuitous advice. "Don't
be a clam." Let us consider. In the first
place, the clam minds his own business,
keeps his mouth shut and grows to be
the biggest of his kind and this is all
that any one can do." Ho owns his own
house and does not have to pay rent; he
asks no favors and attends strictly to
business. So it Is well to be a clam In
Clackamas County Interested.
Oregon City Courier.
No county in Oregon should profit moro
by the Lewis and Clark Oriental Exposi
tion than Clackamas County. Our terri
tory will run right to the doors of the
great Exposition. We do not have to hunt
the opportunity: the opportunity is
brought right to our door. Every ma
terial resource of this great county should
be brought to the attention of tho public
and thoroughly advertised to the world.
We have the best county In Oregon one
of the best counties In the world. Let us
tell about It and demonstrate It, so all
may know what Clackamas County is
and what her resources are. A good story
cannot bo top well told or too often told.
Canyon City News.
There -are few indeed who have not ex
perienced a feeling of irritation at the
lack of Portland enterprise. Let the ques
tions be asked. What capital developed
this mine, or where is the ore shipped?
To what point are you shipping your cat
tle, horses, sheep or wool? Where do you
send your surplus fruit and hay and dairy
products? So far as the answers are con
cerned, there had as well be no 1'ortiana.
The state seems orphaned of Us mother
city. But it is named when the traveling
salesmen want to sell large bills of goods,
and it Is the best news center on the Pa
cific Coast. Best of all. It is moving in
the direction of railway communication
with Southeastern Oregon. The Chamber
of Commerce recently denounced Its own
neglect as almost criminal. Now let
Grant County show equal magnanimity
and present Its Inducements in such form
that the road will be built along its ncn
est valleys and through its best towns.
What Can He Gain
When a creat nation begins to bully a
littlo country It should at least study the
probable effect before it starts its game.
It Is dlfncult to seo now uermany is
likely to gain anything by its present eon
duct in the Venezuelan affair. The Kai
ser need not expect to secure a foot of
land by murdering the South Americans
unless he is also prepared to whip the
United States. As to the money which la
In dispute, that will be paid sooner or
later, without resorting to extreme
measures., England Is becoming uneasy,
growling about the alliance and accusing
him of trickery. He is destroying friend
ship Venezuelans may have had for Ger
man traders and arousing the distrust and
hatred of other South American peoples.
Finally, ho is alienating tho regard and
respect of the people of the United States
and is in a fair way to do more diraago
to the friendly relations between these
two great nations than 10 Jollying trips
by Prince Henry and 50 yacht christen
ings will overcome.
It Is difficult to seo where the Kaiser ex
pects to make his :aln.
roll tics and State Institutions.
If the present Legislature does nothing
other than to pass the bill. providing for
tho permanent support of the stato educa
tional institutions it will still have done
good work. As to the terms of the pending
bill, the proper apportionment or the ac
cruing revenues and other details the
Tribune knows nothing and expresses no
opinion. But as to the general purpose ot
the bill there ought not to be any two
opinions. If properly constructed the tax
will not amount to 51 more than the sum
the state would have to appropriate for
the same purpose anyhow, but the merit
all- lies In the method by which the un
certainty Is removed from these institu
tions and they do not have to
logroll every session for their very
lives. At present each Institution
through its friends In the Legis
lature must trade It votes on other meas
ures in order to be euro of support when
its appropriation bill comes up. There Is
no telling how many worthless measures
have been Imposed on the state and how
many moro will be Imposed on the state
by reason of subjecting these institutions
to biennial legislative whims and caprices.
Wo talk of taking these institutions out
of politics or keeping them out of politics,
but there can bo no such thing as long as
they must depend on politicians even pol
iticians in a worthy sense lor their sup
port. It is absolutely necessary for the
best interests of all concerned that some
thing of the sort should be done. It Is
also a protection the taxpayer is entitled
to have. Over-zealous friends or too eager
trafficking at any time are apt to run
these appropriations up beyond all reason
and once they are up there is no such
thing as coming down again.
Statue of Lee at Gettysburg
Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
Wh-t more appropriate place could bo
named than the battlefield of Gettysburg
for a statue or the Confederate command
er In that memorable collision of creat
armies? Robert E. Lee's name can never
be dissociated from that field. He belongs
to It as much as Napoleon belongs to
Waterloo. The historical fitness of the
idea of a Lee memorial on Seminary hi!!.
overlooking the battle ground from the
Confederate side, is much more Impressive
than Mr. Adams' suggestion of a Lee
statue In the National capital, since the
equestrian effigy on the scene of General
Lee's supreme failure would, in the na
lionaust sense. De saved from the pos
sible Implication that the military nero
of the Confederacy had fought for a
cause which, though lost, w,as still worthy
to do gionueo.
Two Men Needed on Engines,
Savannah (Ga.) News.
There is no division of responsibility in
an engine's cab. Sudden Illness, a faint
ing fit, mental aberration, an accident to
the engineer unseen by the fireman, who
ha his own duties-to attend to, leaves the
train and its passengers at the mercy of
chance. It is probably safe to say that
if there had been two competent men In
tho cab of that fast express on the Cen
tral of New Jersey thre would have been
no collision. The second man would not
have permitted the train to run past tho
red light, thinking U,iouIdL lain. shits.
THE REAL THING IX DRAMA.
New York 'Sun.
None but a dramatic playwright enam
ored of pessimistic themes could with
stand the responsiveness of an American
Theater audience. This wcck the house
is crowded twice every II hours, and Lem
B. Parker's "For Home and Honor" sim
ply thrills. One rather envies Mr. Par
ker. He never angles for a laugh It
meets his text two-thirds of the way.
Does he wish to sound the tragic note?
at once there Is heard the rustle of In
terest. A situation tense calls forth
cheers", while his villain and villainies
need only walk across the stage and their
progress Is saluted with groans. This Is
success; this is the real thing; this is
playing on that harp of a thousand strings
called the human heart.
let It looks quite simple. Like the late
Matthew Arnold. Mr. Parker has recog
nized the efficacy of repetition. He does
not. tear saying or doing a thing twice,
nay. a dozen times. If perchance and the
mere doubt is an insult to an American
Theater audience his point la too subtly
made. Its constant reiteration drives It
home triumphantly. For example, he sent
his jokes across the stage In pairs, at
times in threes. Gussy Love Phoebus!
what a name! a very blond, young man
with the traditional make-up of Brother
Sam. never said anything but "Aw, beg
pardon! Awfully sorry, don't you know."
These tallsmanlc words unlocked from the
breasts of Gussy's auditors consuming
laughter At the most unexpected and in
opportune momenta Gussy appeared and
always with the inevitable phrases. It was
Now fancy the cumulative effect of this
Sardou trick. Fancy to it superadded
a deaf old woman who always Insists on
telling the same story and a Commodore
whb is bursting to relate one anecdote.
To the three add a fourth, a Captain of
the German navy who limps In accent and
leg Is it any wonder that the walls of
the theater vibrato with uncontrollable
To form a human background, sombre
and sympathetic, for these gay come
dians Mr. Parker creates a wife who Is
married before the curtain rises to a bad
man with one wife already. The heroine's
most characteristic speech is All will be
well If my early marriage is not discov
ered. She has rcmarrietf she Is a bigamist
without intent, tier good nusDana is a
naval Captain: her bad one turns up like
a counterfeit penny. Of course, it happens
at a ball. But there Is a still more dan
gerous snake in the grass an adven
turess, formerly a lady's maid, Nansette
Leduc a Joy of a name. Nancette imper
sonated by handsome Lillian Bayer, was
received with groans -yesterday afternoon.
When Margaret Mordaunt humbled her
self at the unworthy feet of tho daric,
sinister, gypsy-looking Nancette murmurs
of disapproval were heard: when the ta
bles were turned and Nancette fell upon
her knees a roar of Joy went up to the
Now, wo contend that this is worth, a
trousand psychological plays, a thousand
dramas of souls perplexed. You are
never in doubt for a moment about the
motives or the morals of these men and
women. Right Is right, wrong Is wrong.
It Is not subtle. It is healthy, and about
It all hovers the delicate odor of peanuts
and German cologne.
Of the exciting fire episode, of the Man
hattan Beach doings, wo purposely avoid
making a reference. "For Home and
Honor" is strong enough without sensa
tional scenic effects. The clash of human
wills Is heard above the excitements of
conflagration and hair-breadth fire es
capes. And tho stock company of the
American does not fail to accord full Jus
tice to Mr. Parker's lines. Disguise them
selves as they would, the audience recog
nized tho old favorites; the action almost
came to a halt when Paul Scott appeared
as Captain Weber, with a cane and a dia
lect. As for Bert LyteL the Gussy Love,
there were shrieks only. An ordinary thea
tergoer on Broadway cannot realize the
Intensity with whlchbese audiences listen
to a play. But Lem B. Parker does and
has mastered the enviable technique the
art of writing emotional melodrama.
Jessallne Rodgers, ever opulent in per
son and acting; Lillian Bayer, Laura Al-
mosnlno, Julia Blanc the amusing Aunt
Sarah Frank Jameson. Robert Cum
mfngs. a dangerous man. and Maurice
Freeman, the popular leading than, partic
ipate in "For Home and Honor." Life is
Indeed worth while at tho American.
Germany Decomlnsr Store Free.
Let us hope that Germany has ad
vanced in liberalism and has developed a
deeper longing for free institutions since
Bismarck's day. It has a broader conception
of Individual Independence and duty and
a more general knowledge of'our own po
litical maxims and Institutions. Its masses
are learning that government was Insti
tuted for the benefit of the people, not
pampered and polluted Princes and war
lords, and that when It falls In the objects
for which It was instituted it becomes
worthless and costly incubus and its
form should be changed. The principles of
Thomas Jefferson are fermenting every
where and will ultimately fill the world
with republics, not with despotisms.
An It Should De.
The greetings exchanged between Pres
ident Roosevelt and King Edward are
not only remarkable for tho wireless com
munication of the Old and New Worlds;
but also for the simplicity of their lan
guage. They aro not the verbose and
grandiose messages of "great and good
friends" to each others "Majesty" and
"excellency," but the felicitations of two
nationally representative men addressing
each other and each other's nation In
terms of courteous and simple equality.
Not All of One Mind.
Southern Democrats In Congress who
are planning to oppose the Cuban reci
procity treaty are beginning to hear that
the cane sugar Interest or the tobacco in
terest is not the only Southern interest
having' any relation to the matter. The
larger Southern cotton mill Interest sees
a good market for Its manufactures in
Cuba under reciprocity, and is beginning
to make Its Influence felt at Washington.
Plnchbaclc Knows Het.
Senator Tillman says Dr. Crum was
sent as a Harrison delegate to the Re
publican National convention and sold
out to Blaine. Ex-Governor Plnchbick,
of Louisiana, says Dr. "Crum did no euctt
thing. Pinchback ought to know. He is
the colored gentleman who generally
does most of the negotiating of this sort
at Republican National conventions.
Senator Quay's Iron Rale.
We all know now who is the real ruler
In this great and wonderful country. It
Is Senator Quay. He holds the Senate in'
the hollow of his hand, and it is his to
say whether legislation shill be enacted
or not. The great Republican boss of
Pennsylvania Is now complete master of
the Upper House in Congress. He is
stern and remorseless; deaf to cries for
mercy from the distressed Republicans
who are asking him on bended knees to
give up his fell purpose.
Where the Illume Belongs.
It Is slid that enforcing the law for
tho removal of fences Illegally erected
on the public domain in the cattle-raising
district would wor. a nardsnlp dispropor
tionate to the benefits that would accrue
to the public. The nonenforcement of the
law to which the illegal fencing of the
lands Is due Is what his worked the hard
Preachers and Problem Plays.
Truly it is hard for a conscientious dora
Ineo when a presumably immoral day
strikes town. If he ignores it-Hhe wisest
course he still finds himself partlcens
crimlnls: If he denounces it h5 glves.U the
NOTE AXD COMMENT
Yes, it was a nlco day yesterday.
Of course we saw the sunshine. We're
Frank L. Stanton is organizing a
clety of newspaper wits. What a melanr
choly company this. will be!
Lightning clouds are seldom more than
roo yards from the earth. And still none
of the anxious Senatorial candidates at
Salem havo thought of raising their rods
A subscriber writes to The Oregonlan
insisting that spelling Is not a good test
of mental ability, and that It should not
be made a part of any school examina
tion. Judging from many ot the letters'
received at this office. It Isn't.
Wind In a great storm blowing at 60 to
'0 miles an hour travels about 6000 feet a
minute and exerts a force of 24 pounds to
the square fodH We wonder how the
Speaker of tho House withstood the pres
sure when Jim Ham Lewis was in Con
"The rectifiers are drrainr fln whl.vu, ti
the level of a chean and nauseous ffnmnflnBd."
declares Colonel E. II. Taylor. Jr.. a Louisville.
jr., uisuuer. m a statement attacking the re
port of the chairman ot the whisky committee
of the Board of Trade. Chicago Chronlcja.
.me aunemenr. wcim incomplete without
a" footnoto advising the thirsty to try
uoogieDerry's .Maryland Rye.
George S. Boutwell, the oldest ex-Governor
of Massachusetts, has been cele
brating his &th birthday at his homo in
Groton. Mr. Boutwell was only 32 years
old when elected Governor of tho old
Bay State and was the youngest man
ever called to the office. In an. Interview
on his birthday he gave this advico to
young men: "Find out what vou have n.
right to do and do it."
Ono of tho most interesting matters
which occupied the attention of tho
Man About Town during tho past week
was a piece of direct Information in re
gard to tho present whereabouts of an
old-time citizen who died several years
The receipt of messages or informa
tion from thoso who have gono ahead of
us. out of sight and hearing, is no so
common In theso degenerate days cs It
used to be, or a3 It probably will be when
long-dlstanco wireless telephoning and
telegraphing has been perfected and
brought Into general use
It is not, therefore, to be wondered at
that a great deal of interest has been,
taken In a piece of information lately
received by a circle of somo kind of
'osophists in this city in regard to a
departed brother who wa3 a well-known
and; wealthy citizen only a few years ago.
Just how the Information was transmitted
Is known only to the members of the cir
cle, and It is doubtful if any proof of its
genuineness can be produced which would
induce a court of Justice to accept it a3
legal testimony. This should not cast a
doubt on its truthfulness, as such is tho
general rulo In regard to all the Informa
tion the world has in regard to thlng3
beyond mortal ken. The fact that the
Information in regard to the departed tal
lies so exactly with what bl3 brethren
would havb expected of him. is sufficient
evidence of its truthfulness to satisfy
The departed brother was; creat ly at- -
tached to a group of old cronies, who, like
himself, were fond of a quiet game of
draw poker, merely "to pass the time, and
as the Infirmities of old age grew on him.
he spent moro of tho leisure which
dragged so heavily on him In their com
pany. He continued to derive increasing
pleasure from the simple game at cards
till after bis sight had become so weak
that he was unablo to distinguish the face
cards one from another, and was obliged
to havo plain marks painted on them.
Some of these cronies preceded him to
the unknown, and others followed him.
but nothing had been heard from any
of them, until tho arrival of the informa
tion In regard to him, in which they are
As briefly told as possible, the story Is
that tho broker did not find his cronies
in the sphere to which he passed, and
that in time. If this word can be used in
connection with an existence in which
time has no piace, he became lonesome,
and craved their company. Ho Inquired
for them of the party In charge of his
sphere, and was told that they wero all
In another place on a lower leveu He
expressed such an earnest desire to seo
them and associate with them again that
the custodian gave him a round-trip
ticket to go down where they were. Ha
found thetrf all enjoying a quiet game
of poker, as he expected, and ho expressed
a desire for a hand.
When asked If too had any money, tho
broker had to confess that ho had not, as
he had left every cent ho owned on
earth. He wa3 told that they always
played for a stako to make tho game moro
interesting. Ho was accordingly artvlsea
to go out and rustic up somo money, as
none of the party had any to spare. He
went out and In a short time returned
with a truck load of tho legal currency of
the place. He was asked where "in
hades" he had procured so much money.
I sold my return trip ticket." said the
lonesome spirit. "This place la good.
enough for me."
PLEASANTRIES OF FARAGttAFHKBS
Why does Mr. Bruin hibernate every Wln-
terT" "I suppose he nads It too cold out or
doors In his bear skin." Harvard Lampoon.
This." declared tho eminent orator. "Is tha
very key to tho whole question." "But." In
terrupted a small man In a rear seat, "whera
Is the keyhole?"-Cudee.
Mrs. A When I was engaged to my husband
he was the very light of my existence. Miss
D. And now? Mrs. A. Tho light goes out
every night. Brooklyn Life.
Mrs. Joy It I do say it. my husband Is worth
.millions of money to me. Mrs. Blunt How
lucky of you to snap him up when he was go
ing cheap! Boston Transcript.
Mother Johnny, how Is It yoa stand so much
lower In your studies In January than you did
In December? Son Oh! Everything Is marked
down after the holidays, you know, mother!
He Aro Miss SImson and Miss Tlmklns good
friends? She I should say not. Why, they
couldn't be more bitter enemies If they sang
together In the. same church choir. Chicago
"He never says anything new." "It's mora
convenient so," answered Miss Cayenne. "Peo
ple who are disposed to be considerate are al
ways sure of being able to laugh In the right
place." Washington Star.
"Dcyou know Mr. Fresco Mr. Albert Fres
co?" Inquired Mrs. Nurltch. "No." said her
husband. 'Why?" "I've got an Invite to Mrs.
Blugore's garden party, and she says they're
going to dine Al Fresco." Philadelphia Press.
Shopkeeper (whoso patience Is completely ex
hausted) Snippers, call the porter to kick this
fellow out. Importunate Commercial Traveler
(undaunted) Now. while we're waiting for the
porter. I'll show you an entirely new line best
thing you ever laid eyes on. Glasgow Evening
The door of the drug store opened and a
wild-eyed man entered. "Have you," he whis
pered hoarsely to the druggist, "an antidote for
the breakfasttrtood habit?" On being answered
In the negative, he turned on his heel, opened
.the door again, and fled shrieking maniacally
lata tha rtarHa-CUgaga.TrtpiiTift,