Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 1, 1902)
VOL. XLII.KO. 13,095.
PORTLAND, OREGON, MONDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1902.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
BAR FIXTURES-BILLIARD TABLES
AND SUPPLIES IN ENDLESS VARIETY. IT
WILL BE TO YOUR INTEREST TO FIGURE
WITH US BEFORE PURCHASING
ROT HCHILD BROS.
4x5 loner -
To close out stock before
icnRi aniomnuc huuiic
back; regular 15; clo
These are the greatest camera bargains ever offered In "Portland. Lenses samo as In all
standard cameras. Every one guaranteed.
Assets $331, 039,720.34 Surplus $71,129, 042.06
"STRONGEST IN THE WORLD."
I. Samuel, Manager, 306 Oregonlan Build ins:, Portland. Oregon
XTJLakes ' jLTJlUscle
"There's Life and Strength In Every Drop"
A BEVERAGE OR A MEDICINE
For Sale by All Druggists.
BLUMAUER HOCH, Sole Distributers, Wholesale Liquor and Cigar Dealers
PHIEj lIETSCTEATi, Pres.
SEVENTH AKD WA5K1K0T0R STREETS, POHTUXO, GBEMI
CHANGE OF MANAGEMENT.
MAXWELL fc KXAPP,
Room 2, CJtnntlter of Commerce.
' PORTLAND. OIH. Nov. to, 1902.
"W. G. M'PHERSON, Eq., 47 First Street, Portland. Or.
Dear Sir The "Perfect'' Hot Air Furnace which you Installed In out resi
dence on Kearney street Is all that Its name implies. I ordered a furnace, leav
ing1 It entirely with you as to the kind, and asked no questions as to Its merits,
and I wish to say It gives entire satisfaction. It gives out moro heat and requires
less fuel than any other furnace 1 ever had any "experience, with. In other words,
it iB all right and g. little more. Tours very truly,
F. A. KNAPP.
w. g. Mcpherson
Heating and Ventilating Engineer
COST ONE MILLION DOLLARS.
IrEHOQUiRTERS FOR TOURISTS
Special rates made to families and 'single gentlemen. The manage
lent w(II be pleased at all times to show rooms and give prices. A mod
era Turkish bath establishment In the hotel. H. C. BOWERS, Mgr.
NEW YORK DENTAL PARLORS
Old-established and reliable dentists, where all work
is guaranteed absolutely painless.
Our offices are not managed by ethical dentists, but
by Eastern graduate specialists.
NEW YORK DENTISTS
Br. Parker's "Kuiternl.
LONDON, Nov." 30. The .funeral of Dr.
Parker, pastor of the City Temple, has
been fixed for Thursday next. Dr. Par
ker's death was the subject of ser
mons In almost all the London churches
20 - 26 North First Street
focus Cainern. donile R. It,
lens, automatic nliuttcr, reversible CQ
sing price.. ''
5s7, saute style; regular S20j closing
4x5 triple-focus Camera, equal to
Presto No. C and Century Grand;
regular $35; closing: price. ........
O. W. ICNOWLES, Msxv
$1.00", $1.50, $2.00 per Day
Real Estate, Rentals, Sales, Loans,
47 First St.. bet. Ash and Pine
And Rugs, such as we offer
at this season, make the
handsomest and most use
ful of presents.
EXCLUSIVE CARPET HOUSE
SG-SS THIRD STREET,
Opposite Chamber of Commerce.
$3.00 Per Day
AND COMMERCIAL TRAVELERS
Fourth and Morrison Sts.
Full Set Teeth $5.00
Gold Crowns , 5.00
Gold FHI 1.00
Silver Fill : 50
Fourth and Morrison
Steam Unrgc on a Reef.
PUT-IN-J3AY, O., Nov. 30. The steam
barge D. F. Rose, of Marine City, Mich.,
and the barge Mlsher, of Port Huron,
struck Star. Island reef 'In Saturday
night's gale, and it is feared both ves
sels .will be a total loss.
NO TARIFF BILL
But Trusts Will Get
THE PRESIDENT WLL LEAD
Secretary. Knox's Views Are
Also Commended. ,
TO IMPROVE SHERMAN LAW
Leaders " of Both Branches of. Con
gress Will Probably Get Together
and Arrange Plans for This
Piece of Legislation.
OREGON! AN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Nov. 30. Senator Allison was one
of the men who was supposed to be stand
ing by the 'Iowa idea" and it was alleged
that tho Senator's position on the tariff
caused Dave Hendersonto leave Congres
sional life, but he makes the following
statement, which is not encouraging to
those who hope for tariff revision:
"I have seen no general demand In this
country for what we term a general revi
sion of the 'tariff. In certain sections
there 13 a local agitation for.a change of
schedules affecting local communities.
This .certainly can't be construed as a
demand for tariff revision. If these so
called irregularities could be remedied
without a general discussion and conse
quent general disturbance of business I
should, of course, favor it, but It Is doubt
ful if this could be done. I do not look for
tariff revision at this session, or at an
extra session and I know of no Republican
Senator Allison thinks , that there should
be legislation on trusts at this session and
says it is the mo'st Important matter to
be considered; this Winter. He says:
"I am in favor of legislation to strength
ea and broaden- the Sherman anti-trust
law and for the better regulation of the
great combinations- of capital which In
their effects have been found to be pro
ductive of harm. I am thoroughly in ac
cord with TresM6.nt"''ROb3eV< on -thlj
question, and think the ideas already pir
forth by AttorneyGenexal Knox are. ad
mlrable and worthy of embodying in a
"Congress will be likely to follow very
closely the suggestions- of the Administra
tion on any measure respecting trusts,
and I look for the passage of some bill to
this effect. It will be necessary, how
over, in order to pass a measure to im
prove the Sherman law, for the leaders In
both branches to get together In some
preliminary discussion in order to unite
on the character of the legislation to be
passed. In this respect I think that Pres
ident Roosevelt "and - his administration
will be likely to shape the views of Con
gress." FIGHT OVER THE TERRITORIES.
Partisan Politics "Will Cnt an Impor
tant Figure In It. .
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Nov. 30. There is in prospect the
liveliest kind of a fight over tho bill for
the admission of Oklahoma, New Mexico
and Arizona. Senator Quay, of Pennsyl
vania, at the last session entered a motion
to discharge the committee on territories
from further consjderatlon of the House
omnibus bill, and to bring "it before the
Senate for action. Quay said, and there
was reason to believe It, that ho had a
majority of tho Senators for this motion,
the opponents did not allow his motion to
come to a vote.Nbut finally compromised
on an agreement to report some bill on
December S, and -to take it up for consid
eration the second week of the session. It
was virtually a victory for Quay, as it
brought the bill' up for consideration.
Senator Beveridge and a portion of the
committee on territories "have been mak
ing a tour of the three proposed states and
it Is probablo that a report will soon be
submitted to the Senate. While nothing
definite Is known about the action "of the
commission it Is more than likely that
the Republican membership will report a
bill for Oklahoma alone, leaving out New
Mexico and Arizona. A strong effort la
being made to have Oklahoma and Indian
Territory admitted as one state. This is
bitterly opposed by the Republicans of
Oklahoma, for tho reason that it would
make tho new state hopelessly Demo
cratic. As it stands now it is about an
even thing In Oklahoma. When Delegate
Flynn is a candidate he usually gets a
goodly majority, -and possibly his candi
dacy, for te Senate would make Oklaho
ma Republican after admission, although
this Is a question of doubt. Oklahoma was
settled by people. from Texas and other
Southern States, naturally Democratic. In
dian Territory is practically filled with
MIssourlans, Arkansans and Texans and
is absolutely Democratic. There Is also a
large percentage of illiteracy In the In
dian country, which will work against any
consolidation with Oklahoma.
Arizona sometimes goes Republican and
sometimes Democratic, but naturally be
longs to the latter party, and if admitted
probably would be a Democratic state.
New Mexico has always been close; but
this year rolled up a Republican majority
of over SOOO, probably becauso Delegate
Rodey warned" the voters that Republican
success meant admission and Democratic
success, or even a narrow margin, would
mean rejection of the statehood bill.
Politically the admission of the three ter
ritories would probably give the Republi
cans one state, the Democrats one and
the other would be extremely doubtful. At
the same time a number of Republican
Senators are very anxious to admit all
three on the ground that they "have at.
tained sufficient population to entitle them
to statehood and self-government. '
The strongest advocates of admission
are Quay and ElkUjs. Elkins was formerly
a delegate .from. New Mexico and came
very nsar. having it 'admitted a quarter
of a century ago. Republican Senatbrs
from Wsetern States, especially those who
had experience with territorial condl-.
tions for a number of years, think
that politics should .not be a reason for
denying admission, although states have
been admitted since the "beginning on a
political basis. ' '
On account of the political complexion
of Arizona and the closeness of the vote
in Oklahoma an effort may bo made to
postpone consideration for the omnibus
bill, but it -looks as if the ..Republican
House and Republican Senators, who fa
vored admission last year, will be obliged
to subpdrt the bill not notwithstanding the
WILL JUMP OS THE TRUSTS.
Many, Bills Ready for the House of
WASHINGTON, Nov. 30. When the
House convenes tomorrow to enter upon
the final session of the Fifty-seventh, Con
gress, a perfect deluge of bills dealing
with the trust question In all its phases
will be thrown into the legislative hopper.
It Is admitted on all hands that this will
be the most Important topic of discussion.
Indeed, the leaders incline to the belief
that, beyond the appropriation bills and
routine legislation, it will be the only gen
eral subject on which there Is a chance of
action at the short session. . As yet the
leaders have formulated -no measure, and
there should bo a pretty wide divergence
of opinion of what can or should be done.
The President's recommendations on the
subject are awaited with interest. The
most conservative opinion among the Re
publican leaders seems to favor an appro
priation for the enforcement of the Sher
man anti-trust law. Such an appropria
tion, it is pointed out, could be placed on
one of the regular appropriation bills and
put through both houses without diffi
culty, whereas any amendment to the law
Itself, no matter hdr conservative, would
likely meet opposition. Mr. Hepburn, of
Iowa, chairman of the Interstate and for
eign commerce committee, is one of those
who believes the Sherman law. If en
forced is sufficient to meet the situation,
and tomorrow he will introduce a bill ap
propriating $500,000 to be used by tho De
partment of Justice in prosecutions under
tho present law.
It is not improbable, when the leaders
ascertain exactly what can be done, that a
caucus of Republicans will be called to
agree on a measure,. Meantime the trust
bills introduced probably will be referred
to the judiciary committee. There is sdmo
question of jurisdiction. If a bill involves
the interstate commerce clause "of the
Constitution, it properly should go to the
commerce committee, and if tho taxing
power of the Government, to the ways
and means committee. But to secure uni
formity, all bills dealing with tho subject
have gone heretofore to the Judiciary com
mittee, and this practice will be followed
unless a fight for Jurisdiction Is made.
The leaders already have resolved to ex
pedite the appropriation bills as much as
possible, in order to allow the largest mar
gin pf time for other matters. Mr. Can
non, chairman of the appropriations com
mittee, believes tho lerHnlntio nrantio
-andjudlciai;'a:-3d the pension'appropriation
bills can be disposed of before the JjoII-
curamuiee win . go to work at
once and prepare the supply bills as rap
idly as possible The legislative and pen
sion bills probably will be read before the
end of the week.
One of the first things the appropriation
committee will be called upon to do, how
over, is to prepare a bill to provide for the
coal strike commission. Judge Gray,
chairman of the commission, has written
a letter to Mr. Cannon, asking for an ap
propriation f $50,000 to defray the ex
penses of the commission, to pay its cler
ical force, and to furnish such compensa
tion for its members as the President may
fix. The appropriations committee will
meet tomorrow to prepare a bill, which
It is believed, will be presented and passed
this week. No opposition to it from the
minority Is antlcpated.
The session of the House tomorrow will
be brief. Tho roll will be called, and the
announcement of the deaths that have oc
curred during the recess will be made
The House will adjourn until Tuesday'
when the President's message will be
read. There Is no. programme for the re
mainder of the week beyond the bill to
defray the expenses of the coal strike
commission. If the regular order is de
manded the London dock charge bill Is the
TRUSTS AXD TARIFF ALSO.
Senate Will Take Them Up After the
WASHINGTON. Nov. 30.-The admis
sion of the Territories of Oklahoma, New
Mexico and Arizona as states of the
Union probably will be the first subject
of general importance to receive the at
tention of the. Senate, which will resume
its sitting at noon tomorrow.
A protracted debate in the Senate Is
probable. The friends of the House meas
ure claim to have the support of- all the
Democratic Senators and of 15 to 18 Re
publicans. There Is, however, determined
opposition on the part of some of the
Republican leaders, who deny that the
omnibus bill has the strength it's friends
claim for It.
Other questions which, in addition to
the appropriation bill, are expected io
receive the attention of the Senate at this
session, are the trusts, the tariff and
Cuban reciprocity. It is possible that the
Cuban question may be postponed until
tho pending commercial treaty with 'the
Cuban government shall be transmitted
to the Senate, but there has not been
any determination on that point Very
few Republican Sentors admit the prob
ability of any change of the tariff law
during the present session, but some bills
to modify present schedules may be in
troduced and speeches made thereon. Some
Senators speak of - the creation of a
tariff committee as a possibility, but there
are differences of -opinion as to the util
ity of such a body.
Opinion Is favorable to anti-trust legis
lation along the lines Indicated by Attorney-General
Knox for the amendment
of. the Sherman anti-trust law. Differ
ences oS opinion as to the constitution
ality of some of the proposed changes
have developed already. The committee
on Judiciary will attempt to reconcile
these differences, and If It succeeds, the
present Indications are favorable to af
firmative action by the Senate. The Dem
ocrats will place no obstacle In the way
of such legislation. There Is no longer
serious talk of constitutional amendments
for the control of. trusts, as It Is recog
nized that In a short session it would be
impossible to secure action on such"
The present week will barely witness
the beginning of the three months' work.
Tomorrow the usual committee of two
Senators will be appointed to call on
the President and resolutions of regret
of the death of Senator McMillan, of
Mirhiorjin will "hrlnfr' thn rlnv's spnslon to
,a close a few minutes after assemblage.
xi is possioie mat tne oam oi omce may
(Concluded on Second Page.)
No Use for Command
ing General. -
SHOULD BE GENERAL STAFF
That's What Secretary of
War Root Says.
FRICTION IN PRESENT SYSTEM
In Time of Peace Army Affairs Must
Necessarily Be Largely Conducted
by Head of War Department,
Under Direction of President.
- WASHINGTON, Nov. SO. The report of
the Secretary of War, made public today,
is a- document of great length and an ex
haustive review of the operations of the
department in recent years. Among the
more Important recommendations is the
creation of a general staff, upon wblch
subject Secretary Root says:
"I beg to call attention to -the remarks
made upon thie subject under the head of
'Improvement of Army Organization,' In
the report for 1S99, and under the head of
'General Staff, In the report for 190L
Since the report for 1899 was made, many
of tho Important measures then recom
mended for the greater efficiency of the
Army have been accomplished, or are in
course of accomplishment, under authority
conferred by legislation.
, "Our military system Is, however, still
exceedingly defective at the top. We have
a personnel unsurpassed anywhere and a
population ready to respond to drafts for
the increase of the personnel, in. case of
need, up to the full limit at which it Is
possible to transport and subsist an army.
We have wealth and a present willingness
to expend it reasonably for the procure
ment of supplies and materials of war as
plentiful and as good as any country In.
the world has. We have tho different
branches of the military service well or
ganized, each within itself, for the per
formance of its duties. Our administra
tive staff and supply departments, as a
rule, have at their heads good and 'com
petent men, faithful to their, duties, each
attending aeslduously to the 'business of
Should Have General Staff.
"Neither political nor our military sys
tem makes It suitable that we shpuld have
a general staff organized like the German
general staff or the French general staff,
but the common experience of mankind is
that the things which those general staffs,
do have to be done in every well-managed'
and well-directed army, and they have to
bo done by a body of men especially as
signed to do them. We should have such
a body of men selected and organized in
our own way and in accordance with our
own system to do those essential things.
The most Intelligible way to describe such
a body of men, however selected and or
ganized. Is by calling it a general staff,
because Its dutles.are staff duties and are
general in their character. In creating
a general staff I think we should change
the designation of the officer whom we
have called the Commanding General of
the Army to the Chief of Staff, and at
the same time enlarge his powers by giv
ing him the immediate direction of the
supply departments, which are now inde
pendent of the Commanding General of
the Army, and report directly to the Sec
retary of War. The position of the Com
manding General of the Army Is not cre
ated by statute, and It could be abolished
at any time by the President.
"The change of title from Commanding
General of the Army to Chief of Staff
would be of little consequence were it
not that the titles denote and imply In
the officers bearing them the existence of
widely different kinds of authority. Where
an officer is appointed to the position of
Commanding General of the Army he nat
urally expects" to command, himself, with
a high degree of Independence, following
-his own Ideas rather than the ideas of
others. It is not In human nature for an
officer placed In such a position and thus
endowed tyith what purports to be the
right and title to command not to stand
up for hls right really to command and
not to" regard any attempt to control his
action or limit his power as unjustifiable
"The title of Chief of Staff, on the other
hand, denotes a duty to advise. Inform
and assist a superior officer who has com
mand, and to represent-him, acting In his
name and by his authority In carrying out
his policies and securing the execution of
"Experience has shown that it is im
possible for any officer really to exercise
in this country in time of peace the pow
ers which appear and are asoumed to be
conferred along with the title of Com
manding General of the Army. 'The Con
stitution requires the President to-be the
' Secretary of War Ellhu Root.
commander of the Army, and a great
variety of laws require the Secretary of
War, who directly represents the Presi
dent, to supervise and direct the expendi
ture of the vast sums of money appropri
ated annually by Congress for the sup
port of the Army. As every Important
movement requires the use of .money, so
long as the Secretary of War' performs
this duty faithfully he must practically
control the operations of tho Army In
time of peace, and there cannot be anyin
dependent command of' the Army, except
that which tho President himself exercises
over the Secretary of War and everybody
else in the military, establishment.
Scarce of Bitter Feeling.
"One result of the arrangement 13 that
the officer who is called Commanding
General of the Army cannot in. time of
peace really exercise any substantial
power at all unless he acts in conformity
to the policy and views of the Secretary
of Wa, acting under the direction of the
President; that is to say, he cannot ex
ercise any independent command. This
difficulty hha been the cause of the alT
most constant conflict and bitter feeling
in the administration of the Army for the
past 50 years, to the very great injury of
the service and very great loss of effi
ciency." The report announces the following dis
position of the Army for the coming year:
In the Philippines v. ; 113,480
Coast artillery In the United States, Cubiv
and Hawaii 13.298
Field artillery In the United States 3,320
Nine bands and Sergeants-Major SIX)
Cavalry In the United States (Including
hands, regimental and battalion non
commissioned staff) 10,045
Infantry In Pekln 150
Infantry In Alaska (excluding 234 who
will be left there until after navigation
opens next Summer) 860
Engineers tn the United States (Includ
ing band) S.023
Staff departments 2.S77
Total ...i 50.8C0
Of the bill passed by the last Congress
for the reorganization of the militia, the
"The fundamental idea of the bill is to
recognize tho value to the National Gov
ernment of the National Guard. The bill
undertake to regulate and provide for
these various relations of the National
Guard and Its members to the general
system; to conform the organization,
armament and discipline of the Guard to
that of the regular and .volunteer armies
of the United States; to establish closer
relations and better co-operation between
tho National Guard and the regular Army;
to promote the efficiency and dignity of
the Guard as a part of the military sys
tem of the United States."
The effects of the abolition of the Army
canteen are commented upon as follows:
"I am convinced that the general effect
of prohibiting the use of beer and light
wines within the limited varea of the Army
post is to lead the enlisted men to go out
of the DOst. to freauent vile resorts which
'cluster 'in the neighborhood, to drink bad
whisky to excess, and to associate Inti
mately with abandoned men and mdre
abandoned women, and that the operation
of the law is . to increase drunkenness,
disease of the most loathsome kind. In
subordination and desertion and moral and
Alaska Telegraph System.
Referring to the Alaskan telegraph sys
tem, the Secretary says: "The Signal
Corps has exhibited great activity, under
circumstances of great difficulty, in press
ing forward the construction of the sys
tem of military lines in the Territory of
Alaska. They have built and put in work
ing order In Alaska, within a period of
24 jnorjths, 1121 miles of land lines and sub
marine cables. With the exceedingly dif
ficult physical conditions within the ter
ritory and the. labor and hardships which
the officers and men of the corps encoun
tered, the construction of this tele
graph system must be regarded as an
additional illustration of the tireless en
ergy and indomitable spirit which char
acterizes this branch of our service. Ef
forts were made to Introduce wireless
telegraphy in Alaska, and a contract was
made for the establishment of communi
cation between Nome and St. Michael.
The work was to be completed by October
Ll, 1S02. but the contract wag not per-
I wish to call special attention to the
Importance of a cable between the north
western coast of the State of Washing
ton and the Southern point of our Alask
an territory, so as to connect tho tele
graph system of the United States with
,the telegraph system In Alaska. The
uuveiuiuuiii. ui me uimeu ounce is main
taining troops in Alaska at various points.
It is responsible for the maintenance of
order. Disturbances are always liable to
occur In a new mining camp, and there Is
always a possibility of their occurring
along a frontier line. Our only present
means of communicating by telegraph
with our officers, or with any dno con
cerned in tho government of Alaska, is
over me uanaaian lanu lines.
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER.
Congress will convene today noon for a ses
sion that will end March 4. Page 1.
Senator Allison declares against tariff re
vision, but In favor of regulation of trusts.
Page 1. .
A 'flght on the admission of Arizona, New
Mexico and Oklahoma to statehood Is like
ly to take much time In the Senate.
Numerous bills dealing with the trusts will
be Introduced In tho House at the very
first. Page 1.
Jewel's book eays failure of Boer cause was
more due to unfaithful burghers tharr- to
British. 'Page 3.
United States is confronted with necessity
for taking stand with reference to block
ade of the Orinoco. Page 10.
Secretary of "War Root speaks of need of gen
eral staff and locates cause of bitterness
on part of Commanding General. Page 1.
Controller Rldgely's annual report ehows 470
new National bank3 and 14 liquidated In
the year, and suggests that power to issue
more notes would give greater elasticity'
to the currency. Page 2.
Representatives of seven American Republics
will meet in Washington this week to take
steps for preventing spread of disease be
tween tho Nations. Page 3.
F. A. Dryden, of Castle Rock, Is to succeed
J. B. Catron as Warden of the "Walla
Walla Penitentiary. Page 4.
Closing of Seattle gambling-houses is duo
to disagreement among the gamblers them
selves. Page 2.
Go-ernor McBrlde has a trump card to play
on tho railroad board. Page 2.
South African trade a distinctive feature of
November shipping business. Page 8.
Wheat and flour exports for November and for
season to date. Page 8.
Four stevedoring gangs rushing freight aboard
Oriental liner Indravelli. Page 8.
Tank barge Santa Paula discharging first car
go of fuel oil In Portland. Page 8.
Portland and Vicinity.
Admiral Clark accepts invitations to come
to Portland to receive his sword. Page 12.
People's Christian Union spreads to other
states. Pace 8.
United "Brotherhood of Railway Employes
holds rally. Pace 12.
Orient Lodge of Odd Fellows to celebrate
anniversary. Pose 12.
Pioneer ministers hold services In Centenary
Methodist Church. Page 8.
McBride's. Efforts td
HAS BARE GHANOE TO WIrf
To Place Preston's Chance-in
Hands of Home County
MAY BREAK ANKENY-SUPPGRTJ,
Governor Expects King Members to)
Support Railroad Commission i
They Can Thereby Get Seattle
Man Into-the Scantc,
SEATTLE, Nov. 30. (SpecIa!.)-.Thata
there Is speedily to bo a divorce between
the political fortunes of Governor Mc-
Bride and those ' of Harold Preston, the
King County candidate for United States
Senator, is the prophecy of certain poli
ticians who attended at Tacoma last night
a conference between the Governor and a
number of State Senators who are In sym
pathy with him in his fight for a railroad,''
commission. The conferees were in ses
sion a part of the afternoon and all of
tho evening at tfce Donelly Hotel, at
Tacoma. The purpose of the. meeting
was to adopt some policy In dealing with
the combination of 23 Senators who a
week ago united on Senator J. J. Smith;
ns candidate for tho Presidency of tho
The commission Senators and Governor
McEride believe they can get valuabla
concessions from the combination; ,that
they can use King County with Its seven
votes as a lever and force the railroads .to
give up some of the advantage they have
gained In the political maneuvering of
the past few weeks. The conference
ended by adjourning at a late hour last
night, after deciding to summon by tele
graph the seven Republican Senators from
King to meet them at Tacoma tonight.
The truth of the matter is that Gover
nor McBrlde Is fighting the railroads and
fightlng them hard; that he has a trump
card to play that may or may not take
a trick, and that ho is now ready to
play it This card Is the Senatorial can
didacy of Senator Preston, of King. Gov
ernor McBrlde has said in effect to the
seven Senators from Kimr, who hold the
balance of power Jn the organization of
the Senate, that, they can defeat or elect
Mr. Preston themselves. This statement
bears apparently the Indorsement of Mr.
Preston's friends and Is therefore im
portant. The Governor says to the King County;
"You can elect Mr. Preston by voting
with the commission Senators in the or
ganization of the Senate and in the pass
age of the railroad commission bill. How?
By voting solidly for the commission bill,
the King County delegation will receivo
In return 34 votes in tho Legislature.
'whch are pledged to the commission bilL
Thcso 34 added to King County's 24 maka
a majority In a Republican Senatorial
This is not literally the Governor's
language, but It Is in effect what he has
said to the representatives from King
County. It is a very shrewd move, as it
puts the King County Senators in an
embarrassing position towards . Senator
Preston. The King County delegation to
Olympla is unpledged on the railroad issue
as far as the county convention is con
cerned. Wnilc the sentiment here Is
against the commission, the delegation
from King County is under no obligation,
to vote with the railroads In the big
fight this Winter. Tho Governor's friends
bring this fact to the front and then
follow It up by saying that the King
County legislators are positively pledged
to "use all honoratye means" to secure
the election of Harold Preston to the
Senate. Then the Governor says, in ef
fect, that the ICing County Senators have
the election of Mr. Preston m their own
Of course the claim that there are 24
legislators who will vote in a body for
Preston provided King County supports
the commission bill will be disputed by
tho railroad managers. Only an actual
roll call at Olympla can prove or disprove
the merit of the claims made by the Gov
ernor. At the conference yesterday afternoon
In addition to the Governor and: As
sistant Attorney-General Dalton, thero
were present Senators Hammer, of Ska
git; Moutray, of Whatcom; Sharp, of
Kittitas; Kngle, of "Mason, who was one
of tho signers of the Smith caucus; War
burton, of Pierce: Welch, of Pacific;
McKenney, of Cowlitz, and Wilson, ol
Whitman. There were three proxies. In
cluding Hailey, of Whitman; Crow, of
Spokane, and Welty, of Lewis, making
11 In all represented.
Engle, of Mason, did not stay for the
evening session, but left a verbal proxy
with the Governor. The latter's friends
declare that the railroads must wipe Ea
gle's name off their lists as he will act
with the Governor.
At the evening session of the confer
ence, admittance was 'restricted to tho
Senators" themselves. The main subject
discussed was a proposition advanced to
the effect that those present should pledga
themselves not to vote for any candidate
for United States Senator who is op
posed to the commission measure. Several
of ths conferees favored this action as
being a vigorous rejoinder to the coup
d'etat recently scored by the railroad and
Ankeny forces in the caucus nomination
of Senator Smith. Senator Wilson, of
Whitman, who Is friendly to Levi An
keny, said ne was not prepared to take,
such a step at this time. He said fur
ther that he could not vote his proxies.
Crow and Hailey. on such a measure.
The upshot of the discussion was a de
termination to call the King County Sen
ators to Tacoma to Immediate consulta
tion with thccommlssion Senators and the
Governor's friends. This wa3 done this
There Is no doubt of one fact, namely,
that Governor McBrlde Is trying to pry
open the combination between Ankeny
and the railroads. This proceeding, which.
In view of Governor McBride's well-known
battering ram proclivities, may be 11k-
"ssJs'i o Cccopd Page)