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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 19, 1902)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, SATURDAY, JULY 19, 1902;
SALEM AS IT WAS IN 1852 -
HOW THE CAPITAL CITY OF OREGON WAS CARVED
OUT OF THE WILDERNESS r WITH PIONEER REM
INISCENCES BY JUDGE R. P. BOISE.
SALEM. July IS. Following: Is the ad
dross on "Salem In 1S52." delivered by
Judge R. P. Boise at the jubilee services
of the First Congregational Church last
It was In March, 1S32. hat I first saw
the site of this city. I came here Jn com
pany with the late Matthew P. Deady to
attend one of the flret courts held In Sa
lem. We came on horseback, then the
usual way of traveling, from Portland, by
the way of Hlllsboro, and La Fayette,
crossing the Willamette River at what Is
row the Port of Lincoln, then Dock's
Ferry. Wn were three days in making
the Journey from Portland here. Most of
.tho way was over the open prairie, or
along dim paths between the scattered
settlements. I remember that we spent
the night before our arrival in Salem at
the cabin of Mrs. Elizabeth Thurston, the
then widow of the late Samuel R. Thurs
ton, first Delegate to Congress from Ore
gon, i had known Mr. Thurston In Mas
sachusetts, and was also acquainted -with
2drs. Thurston. She was an accomplished
scholar, a lady of refinement and "was a
teacher in the Willamette University for
many years, and afte'rward became the
wife of Hon. W. H. Odcll, who is now
president of the board of trustees of the
Supreme Judges Did Circuit Dutr
Judge O. C. Pratt was the presiding
Judge of the court. There were then threo
Judges of the Supreme Court of Oregon
who performed circuit duty. The Terri
torial Legislature, at its annual session
In December, 1821, had so altered the boun
daries of the judicial district as to give
Judge Pratt jurisdiction to hold the courts
In all the counties south of the Columbia
River except Clackamas. Marlon County
had formerly belonged to the district over
which Judge Nelson presided, and the
contention was raised that Judge Pratt
liad no Jurisdiction to hold the court In
thte county, for the reason that the Legis
lature which passed the law changing tl
district had assembled at Salem instead
of Oregon City, which latter place had
been decided by a majority of the Supreme
Court of the territory to be the capital.
Judges Strong and Nelson had held, tand
so declared, in a formal written opinion,
that the act of the Territorial Legislature
convened at Oregon City in December,
1S50, removing the capital from that place
to Salem, to be In conflict with the act
of Congress organizing the territory, and
therefore void. Judge Pratt dissented
from that opinion, and in accordance with
his opinion, the Legislature, meeting In
December, 1SS1, organized and held its
suasion at Salem.
Members of the Bar.
The question of the validity of the acts
of the Legislature of December, 1851, was
then of great interest to the people of the
territory, and especially to Salem, and
was mueh discubsed. especially by mem
bersj of the bar. At that time the mem
bers of the bar residing here were: B. F.
Haidhig, E. M. Barnum, Elijah Williams,
L. F. Graver, Judge Cyrus Olney and Jos
eph G. WIteon. The court was hold in a
hall on what was then called Boon's Isl
and, in North Salem. The Courthouse was
not furnished with a bench for the Judge,
or the usual fixtures to accommodate the
lawyers, still these rude surroundings did
not embarrass Judge Pratt in assorting
the full dignity of the court.
Salem, however, has a history reaching
far back of the year 1S52. In 1840 the
Methodist Misblon, under the superintend
ence of Jason Lee, being dissatisfied with
their location In the Mission bottom, some
10 mlks north of here, selected this place
for Its permanent location, and built mills
and houses, and continued to improve the
mission property until the time when the
property was sold, or divided principally
among tho members of the mission. After
the land was divided. Dr. W. H. Wilson
took this, the center part; David Lesslle
located on the south; Alvln Woller on
the east and L H. Judson and J. L. Par
rlsh on the north.
City of Salem Plnttcd.
Before 1S59, Dr. Wilson had platted this
city, and L. H. Judson, or J. B. McClane,
Md platted North Salem, and the building
of this city began. In the division of the
property. It was stipulated by the mis
sionaries that a part of the land claimed
by Dr. Wilson should be held In trust
tor the Oregon Institute, now Willamette
University, and it was so held, and has
iHsen so appuea. Dr. Wilson was a man
of liberal"- views and generous impulses,
and believing in the future growth of the
country, and the development of Salem,
le made most ample provision for the
building of a convenient and beautiful
city. He made the streets S3 feet broad,
and reserved from sale Wilson avenue)
Marion Square, and sites for a Courthouse
and various churches. This wise fore
thought of his is now becoming more and
more manifest as the city grows, and the
convenience, and even necessity, of thcr
public grounds Is seen and felt by our cit
izens. Feiv Improvements at Salem.
In 1S52, when the church was estab
lished, Salem had but few improvements,
and these were generally temporary and
rude. They wer the mission mill. In
North Salem, and the Mission House,
then owned by J. B. McClane: a dwelling-house,
owned by J. D. Boon, and a
store kopt by Mr. Boon, and a few other
small houses. There was a bridge across
Mill Creek at the present site of North
Liberty street. A dwelling occupied by
Dr. Wilson was then standing where the
house of Mrs. Weller now stands. Cook's
Hotel, afterward the Mansion House, was
kept in comfortable style by the late E.
N. Cook. There were some houses and
other buildings near where the Salem
Flouring Mill now stands. In one of
these, belonging to J. W. Nesmlth, the
Legislature held Its session in 1855, and
It was the Capital Building for the time.
Dr. Belt then had a dwelling on Cottage
street, and there were some houses scat
tered here and there between Cottage
street and Commercial street. The Ben
nett House, on High street, was then
built, and the Supreme Court hold its
session In It In December, 1852.
Some of First Buildings.
At that time, little had been done to
redeem the present townslte of Salem
from the wilderness. All west of Com
mercial street to the river, from North
Mill Creek, including Marion Square, was
a dense thicket of trees and brush, and
the thick brush extended In patches as
far south as State street. There was a
schoolhouse on the lot now owned by
Charles Claggett, just south of -Marlon
Square. The stately firs that now adorn
Marion Square were then small saplings,
not 20 feet high. When the late Rev. O.
Dickinson built his residence west of
Front street, he had to cut a road to It
through dense brush, and it was many
years before he could see out to observe
the growing city from his residence.
There was a chair factory on Mill Cre'ek,
at the site of the old tannery in East
Salem, which was burned some years
ago. The Willamette River flowed clear
ana Deautuuj as now, between banks cov
ered with cottonwood, alder, maple, ash,
and the towering fir, undisturbed by
crafts of commerce, except the bateau
end the Indian canoe.
Indians then camped In numbers along
the banks of both North and South Mill
Creeks. The Indian women could be seen
dally in the unfenced prairies digging
camas or picking borries in their season;
while the men sometimes sought work
fr'om tho white settlers or fished and hunt
ed, or loafed at their camps. They had
bands of worthless horses, and packs of
more ivorthless dogs which would greet
you with fierce barking whenever you ap
proached their huts; and were said to have
been kept by the Indiana in former times
to give warning of the approach or pres
ence of enemies.
The Old .Methodist Parsonage.
I rrc'oct t!he old Methodist parsonage,
which occupied the present site of the
Thomas Kay Woolen Mills. It was situ
ated on a roost beautiful spot, shaded by
magnificent oaks. Adjoining the parson
age was the ample and beautiful campus
of the Oregon Institute, now the Willam
ette University, showing the wise fore
thought of these early pioneers of Chris
tian civilization in thus early providing
for the permanent establishment of an
Institution of learning, to be amply
equipped for bestowing on the future peo
ple of the territory the advantage of high
literary and Christian education. Then
what is now called East Salem, east of
Winter street, was a wheat field, which by
its abundant yield showed the bounteous
provisions of Providence In providing this
fertile soil and genial climate. Between
this field and the, more thickly settled
parts of the town to the West were here
and there patches of grass where I have
staked my horse, held to a stake or bush
by the lasso -which we then generally
carried attached to our saddles, as our
horses had then to depend on grass for
feed, as the time for raising oats had not
then arrived In Oregon. The feed was am
ple, however, for those Indian and Spanish
ponies could travel a long day's Journey,
fed only on the native grasses, then every
Prices Were High.
In those days prices were high. For a
set of common rough chairs Mr. Watt,
the chalrmaker, charged $12. A common
bedstead was worth $20; a two-horse
wagon, $200; an ordinary work horse, $200;
I remember that Hon. Fred Waymlrc sold
his oxen that had hauled him to Oregon
across the plains for 5100 each. The people
were generally thrifty, kind and generouB.
I remember of John D. Boon, who was o
local preacher and elder In the M. E.
Church, and also a merchant in North
Sajem, and very busy In the conduct of hla
trade, telling me that the newly appoint
ed pastor of the Salem Church came to
his store and admonished him that he was
negligent in attending class meeting. Mr.
Boon said he apologized, and in giving as
a reason for his neglect of duty his press
ing business, sugested to the good minis
ter that he (the minister) must have been
at considerable expense coming here and
getting settled with his family, as house
hold equipments were scarce and high
priced, and he gave the new minister e
$50 gold .slug, for which he received the
most gracious thanks, and was not again
admonished for neglect of religious duty.
Reminiscences of John D. Boon.
I knew John D. Boon well. He was a
prominent man In this community In the
early days, and was In many way3 Identi
fied with the early history and enterprises
of Salem and Marlon County. He was for
years a Justice of the Peace: Probate
Judge, and also Territorial and State
Treasurer. As a magistrate he was dis
creet and Just. He administered Justice
promptly, without technical observances
or ceremony. As an Instance of his
promptness, I once attended his court at
the request of the late Joseph G. Wilson,
to appear for him to defend one Miller,
who had been cited to appear before Judge
Boon to show cause why he should not be
removed as guardian for a minor. The
court was held In a hall over Boon's store,
and Just before the matter came on for
hearing Judge Boon was called to the store
on some matter of business, and as I had
occasion to use some paper, I took up a
sheet lying on the table in the courtroom,
and as I turned It over I found on the
lower side an order written by Judge Boon
removing my client from the guardian
ship. When the case came on for hearing
there seemed to be nothing in the evidence
which would warrant his removal, and I
moved to dismiss the case for the want of
any proof of misconduct, but the court
promptly overruled my motion, alleging
as a reason that my client had appealed
from some former orders of the court
relative to this ward's estate, and said
that any guardian who would appeal from
his decision would waste the estate of his
ward and must be removed; and so the
order made before the hearing began
stood when the hearing was ended.
Boon as State Treasurer.
When Judge Boon became Treasurer of
the territory and state it Is said he kept
his accounts in the most simple and exact
manner, that is, he had two strong: buck
skin sacks. In one of which he put the
money of the state, and in the other he
put his own money, and when state war
rants were presented he paid them out
of the state sack, and his own bills pay
able he paid out of his own sack; so there
was no chance of error in his accounts,
or danger of loss of the public funds, and
Luclan Heath, who was the first Secre
tary of State for Oregon, undertook to ex
amine Boon's record as State Treasurers
He did not find much bookkeeping, but
the money was all there in the sack, and
no one ever doubted the Treasurer's In
tegrity or the correctness of the account.
If Judge Boon's example had been stead
ily followed by later officials both in the
state and counties, the people would have
been better served, and large losses of
public funds avoided; for our large defal
cations in public money have not arisen
from the fault of bookkeeping, but from
the mistakes of some officials In putting
the public money In the wrong sack.
The days of compulsory sidewalks had
not then dawned, and the profession of
boot and shocshlners was unknown. There
was one barber, but even that Important
department of skilled labor was not then
as now, performed by learned professors,
having diplomas. Of physicians, there
were several, but no drug stores, and the
doctors who had to travel on horseback,
carried their medicines and surgical in
struments in their saddlebags, and as a
ruie were skiuiui and acceptable prac
titioners. Pioneer Merchants.
There were several merchants in the
town. Joseph Holman. J. H. Mors, John
D. Boon, William Grlswold and George H.
Jones, and a considerable business was
transacted. Money was plenty, consisting
of gold dust from the mlnps of California
and Southern Oregon. There were Mexi
can silver dollars, and doubloons, and
soon afterward gold $50 pieces, called
Source of Income.
The sources of income to the people were
principally from the sale of cattle, horses
and other livestock, wheat and flour. I
knew wheat to sell at $5 per bushel In
1853, and flour at $16 per hundred. This
flour was loaded on pack-horses at Ne
smlth's Mill, In Polk County, and des
tined to Jacksonville in Southern Oregon.
There were in thcee days in Oregon sev
eral denominations of Christians, and they
were generally orthodox; that Is, each had
an undoubting conviction of the right of
his creed. Although In crossing the plains
they had generally lost most of their
worldly goods, they had brought their re
ligious notions safely through with them,
and their churches were served by zealous
ana earnest preachers, who rendered very
Few Church. Edifices.
There were few church edifices, and
those were small, unfurnished, and rude;
but when the rainy season was over and
our delightful Summers came with clear
skies, the ministers resorted to the shady
groves and held religious meetings. At
those meetings the sturdy and generous
members of the various churches furnlsn
cd abundant provisions. Once at a camp
mcetlng held on the Lucklamute, in Polk
County, I saw the meat of a whole ox
that had been roasted under the super
vision of Uncle Sol Tetherow, parceled
out with other abundant provisions to
feed the congregation. The people cared
little for style or ceremony. They had
come to Oregon 'and founded a state, and
like their Revolutionary fathers, they had
formed a church without a bishop, and
could not worship God In the house made
What to them were rllded dome or towering
'Neath their sturdy oaks and pines arose their
anthems winged with Are.
The people who lived in Oregon prior to
1S52 had nearly all crossed the plains, en
dured the hardships, and taken the risks
of their perilous Journey. They had left
their homes which were mostly in the
Mississippi Valley, some to escape the
malaria of that region; some stimulated
by the love of adventure, and by the hope
of gain, for there had gone back from this
Coast fabulous accounts of Its fertile soil.
Its stately forests and mild climate, that
here nestled among magnificent moun
tains, was this Willamette Valley, a land
as fair as where Arcadian plains extend,
or the famed Hydaspes flows. And I be
lieve It can be truly said of those people j
tnnr, wnen tney naa acnievea tneir aanns
and dangerous journey, and passed the
Cascade Mountains the last rampart that
barred their way to the promised land !
and rode out on their weary horses, into j
the luxuriant meadows surrounding them, j
where the native grasses covered them J
above their saddle skirts, and saw their !
worn-out oxen feeding and lying down
contented on the natural pastures that I
stayed green and abundant all the year
round, they were glad of their venture,
and satisfied to stay and possess the land.
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"WHO HAS ASSUMED GOVERNMENT LEADERSHIP IS THE HOUSE
When I came here I found a happy peo
ple who loved the country, and were con
tent to live In it to the end of Ufe and be
burled beneath Its green sod where the
spreading oak casts its grateful shade,
and the snow-capped mountains look
down In wild and solemn grandeur.
Steam Vessels Larger Than 100 Tons
In 1001 AKgrrejynte U,300,000 Tons.
In the last two years British shipbuild
ing and the shipbuilding of the world at
large exceeded all precedents, and the
recent dullness in the shipping trade has
seemed to be a natural result of over
supply. Lloyd's table of construction of
steam vessels larger than 100 tons for the
last four years Is as follows:
1SJ8 1.C71.470 1.301.325
1600 1.840 747 1.357.112
1000 2.O46.330 1.452.802
1001 2.301.027 1,501.078
In spite of this Immense construction,
increasing more than one-third In three
years, and in spite of the widespread com
plaints of low freights and unsatisfactory
business upon the sea, and 4he fact that
steamers have gone a-begging in British
ports at prices much less than their cosf
only two or threo years ago. the Scotch
yards are busier than ever before. In the
last six months Scotch yards have turned
out more shipping than In the first half
of any previous year. The tonnage of the
first half of the past four years, which In
cludes sail as well as steam, has been:
1000 232 Ml
The times have not yet been bad enough
or been bad long enough to drive capital
from the sea, but the Scotch builders did
not expect such a continued demand for
Vlnd or Xo VInd.
A -wealthy German brewer built himself
a Summer home. The other day, when
the German, who Is a man of comfortable
girth, was sitting on bis piazza, taking It
easy, he happened to think of something
he wanted done. His man Friday was
down by the shore, and there was a 40
knot gale blowing. You couldn't have
heard a foghorn 20 feet away.
"Vllliam, Vllliam, come here!" sung out
Man Friday never wiggled an ear.
"Come here, Vllliam. I say, come here!"
repeated the German, raising his voice.
The man down by the shore went along
with his work. He hadn't heard a whis
per of the conversation.
"Villlam, Vllliam. come here to the
piazza up!" yelled the brewer, losing his
temper and his command of English at
the same time.
But Vllliam paid no heed, and the Ger
man laid down his meerschaum and start
ed for the shore. Ho came up behind
William and tweaked him by the ear.
"Vy don't you come to me mlt de piazza
up ven I call you?" he demanded. .
"Wind's blow in' so I didn't hear ye,"
explained William, edging off.
The German wagged his big finger
"Vllliam." he said, "ven I call I vant
you to come, vind or no vlnd. You un
derstand mlt mevind or no vlnd."
EXCURSION RATES TO CRIPFLE
Account Woodmen, of the World conven
tion at Cripple Creek, August 2, the O.
R. & N. Co., on July 2S and 29. will sell
round trip tickets from Portland at rate
of $57 25. Return limit, SO days from date
of sale. Ticket office Third and Wash
Seventy hours and thirty minutes (70J4)
Is the time of the "Chicago-Portland Spe
cial" from Portland to Chicago. Leaves
Portland every day at 9 A. M. Ticket
office Third and Washington, O. R. & N.
FRENCH SHIPS CHARTERED!
BAYOXXE AND ALICE MARIE COM
ING FROM ANTIPODES FORfLOAD.
June Freshet .Had No ESect on Chan
nel at Month of River German
Ships Moving at Low Rates.
The French bark Alice Marie and the
French ship Bayonne, a couple of new
bounty-earners now roaming around the
world, and getting In as much mileage as
possible for the French taxpayers to set
tle, were yesterday chartered to loaa
wheat at Portland for the United King
dom. Both of the ships will take a round
about course to reach here. The Bayonne
Is now on the way from Diego Suaroz for
Hobart. and at the latter port will re
ceive her orders to proceed to Portland.
The Alice Marie went out from France to
South Africa on her maiden trip, and
thence to Hobart, where she received or
ders June 12th, Instructing her to pro
ceed to Portland. She Is due here early
In .August, but was chartered for later
loading. The exact sailing date of the
Bayonne Is not known, but she was in
port at Diego Suarcz, which Is on the Is
land of Madagascar, on May 1, and Is
probably well on her way to Hobart by
The Bayonne was taken for "December
loading, and will receive 2Ss 9d, or 9d more
than the Alice Marie, which was taken
for earlier loading. There Is now an even
dozen of the French bounty-earners head
ed for Portland, and the French yards are
still turning them out at a rapid rate.
They are not only putting more tonnage
into the water than ever before, but the
ships now being completed are many of
them of much larger capacity than those
now listed from French ports. Among the
latest additions to the French sailing fleet
are the Ducherse de Berry. 1SH1 tons;
Adolphe, 2642 tons; Champlgney, 2420 tons;
Rene Kervller. 1900 tons; Duguay Trouln,
1932 tons, and David d'Angers. These ves
sels are completed, but have not yet made
a voyage, and with the French liking for
long voyages, some of them will be com
ing In this direction in quest of business.
CHANNEL NOT IMPROVED.
Jnnc Freshet Did Not Scour Oat the
Month of the Columbia River.
Captain A. E. Cann. a well-known bar
pilot at the mouth of the river, was In
the city yesterday. He Is taking a brief
vacation while business Is slack at the
mouth of the river. Captain Cann. like
everyone else Interested In the shipping of
the port, regrets very much that nothing
has been done toward bettering the chan
nel at the mouth of the river before the
grain fleet began coming. The v Speke,
drawing 21 feet of water, went out of the
south channel, which Is the best channel
at the top of high water, a few days ago,
and had but 18 inches of water under her
in the shoalest place. Captain Cann Is a
strong advocate of an ocean dredge for
the mouth of the river, and states that
there will be no Improvement In the serv
ice at the mouth of the river until there
is more water on the bar.
Regarding the intention of the Washing
ton Pilot Commission to place a schooner
on the bar. Captain Cann had but little
to say, except that what the mouth or
the river needed was more water Instead
of more pilots. He regarded the proposed
service as a speculation on the part of
the owner of the schooner, and stated
that the only pilots qualified to act under
the Washington law were two or three
men formerly In the Oregon service.
SHIPS STILL MOVING.
Low FrclRht Rates "Will Not Cause
German and French Ships to Quit.
The German bark Alice, which has load
ed wheat at Portland and Puget Sound a
number of times and Is at present en
route for Europe from Tacoma, has been
chartered to load oil In Philadelphia ih
October-November at 16 cents per case.
It Is apparent from the low rates that
are being accepted by German and French
vessels that the cost of operating the
"wlnd-fammers" has decreased since for
mer eras of low freights. In tho old days
when freights dropped below 27s 6d, own
ers frequently withdrew their ships from
business, but now. In spite of the gloomy
outlook, they keep them moving The
Alice Is now outward-bound with cargo
from Puget Sound for Europe at 25s 3d,
.and If there was no money In the rate, her
owners would not charter her for an oil
cargo at a rate which will bring In gross
earnings much smaller proportionately
than the 26a 3d for wheat. Business In
the Orient Is very slack, and about the
only thing In sight for the Alice Is an
other cargo of wheat from he Pacific
Coast, so It is not at all Improbable that
she may show up In the .North pacific
again as a tallender for the current sea
The Germans are not only keeping their
old fleet moving, but are building new
and larger ships. Laiez & Co., of Ham
burg, are at work on the largest sailing
ship In the world, the Herzogln Cecelia, a
very late product of the German yards. Is
now en route for Portland on her maiden
trip, and the Alsterllne has Just had com-
pleted at a Scot'-h yard a mammoth sailer
-with a net register of 3132 tons. She bears
the name of Alsterberg, and 1b the largest
vessel of the big fleet of Alsters, well
known in Portland.
"Wrecked Schooner's Rctarn.
PORT TOWNSEND, July 18. The three
masted schooner Sequoia, which was
wrecked at Nome in October, 1900, and
sold for $2SS0, sailed into port this morn
ing, apparently little damaged. The Se
quoia was launched this Spring after two
months' continuous work by a wrecking
crew in charge of Captain M. White. She
was moved a distance of 1450 feet. . Tho
schooner floated off with the Ice June 1.
and did not return to Nome until June 15.
She sailed for Port Townsend June 21.
She will be drydocked for repairs and go
into the lumber trade. When wrecked
the Sequoia was owned by Port Town
send people and valued at $20,000. It cost
$7000 to launch the Sequoia from Nome
Sunken "Wreck Discovered.
SAN FRANCISCO. July IS. What is
thought to be an unknown wreck has been
located off the Marin County shore by J.
B. Haffell and C. C. Horton, 'two young
men of this city. Opinion is divided as to
whether it is the wreck of the City ot
Chester or that of the City of Rio de Ja
neiro. Ovcrdne Bark Spoken.
SAN FRANCISCO. July IS. The French
bark Brcnn, out 197 days from Nowcastlc,
England, quoted on the reinsurance list
at 33 per cent, and supposed to have
gone down In a gale In the Atlantic
Ocean, has been spoken off port.
The British ship Sierra Estrella and the
echooner Abble, In tow of the steamer
Harvest Queen, left up the river yester
day morning. On arrival at Portland the
Queen will go down the river with the
schooner Eldorado, which Is about ready
The steamer Albany, which has been In
the Willamette River trade most of the
time since chc was built. Is reported sold
to the Columbia River Paper Company.
She will be used by her new owners as a
general freighter and towboat.
The lumber schooner Lizzie Vance ar
rived in at Astoria last evening, after a
good passage of eight days from San
Francisco. There would be nothing fast
about this trip at certain seasors of the
year, but at present 'northerly winds
prevail, and vessels coming up the coa6t
make slow progress.
Domestic and Foreljrn Tortu.
ASTORIA. July 18. Arrived at 10 A. M.
Steamer Vosburr. from Tillamook: schooner
Anita, from San Pedro; schooner Lizzie Vance,
from San Francisco. Left up at 2 P. M.
British ship SltVra Estrella; schooner Abble.
Condition of the bar at 4 P. M.. smooth;
wind northwest: weather clear.
San Francisco, July IS. Arrived Steamer
Arago, from Willapa Harbor; steamer South
Coast, from Tillamook; schooner Bender Broth
ers, from SlUflaw River. Sailed Schooner
Marios, for Tacoma: steamer Slcnal, for Coos
Seattle. July 18. Sailed Steamer City of
Puebla. for San Francisco: steamer Indiana,
for Nome; steamer City of Topeka, for Skag
way; steamer Dolphin, for Skagwar. Arrived
Steamer Queen, from San Francisco: German
ship Alsterschwan, from Honolulu; steamer
Spartan, from San Francisco.
Tacoma, July IS. Sailed Schooner J. M.
Coleman, for San Pedro; schooner Joseph Pu
litzer, for Astoria.
Southampton, July 18. Sailed Columbia, for
Hamburg. July 18. Sailed Luxor, for San
Auckland, July 18. Sailed Sierra, for San
Hong- Kong". July 18. Sailed Empress of
Japan, for Vancouver.
ScIIly, July 18. Pased Grosser Kurfurst.
from New Tork for Cherbourg" and Bremen.
Liverpool, July 18. Sailed Cevlc, for New
York. Slavery Statistics.
Charleston News and Courier.
The total white population of the South
in 1S60. according to the census, It Is not
ed, was 8,099,760. of which 3S4.S64 owned
the 3,953.696 slivcs In the country, exclud
ing two owned In Kansas, 15 In Nebraska,
29 In Utah and 18 In New Jersey. Ono
man alone owned more than 1000 slaves,
and he was a South Carolinian. Eighty
eight owners, In nine states, had more
than 300 each, and 30 of the 80 were South
Carolinians. One-fifth of all the slave
holdersor 77,322 owned but one slave
each, and the greatest number of these
small holders in one state was in Vir
ginia, which .had also the largest propor
tion of slaves, 490,865.
No temperance drink, has
won such universal popularity
as a thirst quencher and blood
The product of the choicest
West Indian Lime Fruit. It is
Ask your grocer or druggist
for it and insist on having
Promotes the growth of the hair and
gives lttho lustre and silklness of youth.
"When tho hair Is gray or faded it
BRINGS BACK THE YOUTHFUL COLOR.
It prevents Dandruff end hair falling
and keeps tho scalp clean and healthy.
Scott's Santal-Pepsin Capsules
A P0SB71VE CURE
7or Inflammation or CaUrrh
ot tae Bladder and piieased
Kidneys. No care no pay.
Cures qsictty and Perma
nently tha trorst cases of
Gonorrhoea and Gleet,
no matter of hoirloc; stand
ing. Absolntelr hannle-s.
Sold by tlrnrt:Ist5., Prleo
$1.00, or by moll, postpaid.
(1.00,3 boxes, (2.73.
THE 3AWTAI-PEFSIH Cu.,
LACE-DAVIS DRUG CO- Portland. Or.
Is the worst disease on earth, yet the easiest
to cure "WHEN YOU KNOW WHAT TO DO.
Many have pimples, spots on the skin, aores, in
the mouth, ulcers, falling: hair, bone pains, ca
tarrh, don't know It U BLOOD POISON. Send
to DR. BROWN. 835 Arch St.. Philadelphia.
Pa., for BROWN'S BLOOD CURE. $2.00 per
bottle, lasts one month. For sale only by
Frank Nau. Portland Hotel Pharmacy.
Trade Mark ItrertitereS.
People have been o Imposed upon that
we do not expect you to tale our word
for tho following stoteraents. If you will
send ns 25 cents in st amps to pay tho ex
press wc will wnd you absolutely free
one fuil-Mzed 100 bottlo. Those who
have never used the restorer wrltr to
day and be sure to mention the original
color of hair.
MaiyT. Scfdman's GrayHalr Restorer
will rcstoro irray and faded hair to Its
criminal color in from 7 to 14 days. It Is
not a dye and arteets the nray hairs only,
and. therefore, docs not change the ori
ginal color. Pure as wajer, has no sedl
rdent or coloring matter, is not sticky or
ereasy. and does not stain skin or scalp:
curlinjr. washins or anything elso will
not affect it.
Address KARY T. GGLDrMH,
The bottle we send jou free Is the
full-siaecT SI 00 bottle, for sale and
WOODARD, CLARKE & CO.,
USO VTr.iih. St., Fortlnad, Or.
You will be
$50 FOR $1
Is a low estimate of the amount,
Pays anyone suffering with piles.
E-RU-SA cures or 530 forfeited. Only
up-to-date and reliable druggists.
fin: Your E-ilU-SA Pile Cure" has our
J. A. CLEMENSOX. 2d and Yamhill.
WOODARD. CLARKE & CO.. 4th and Wash.
ALBERT BEKM, 'M and Washington.
EYSSELL'S PHARMACY. 22 Morrison.
O. P. S. PLUMMER. 3d ana Madison.
S. G. BKIDMORE & CO.. 151 3d.
V. S. LOVE. Grand ae. and Burnslde.
MODEL DRUG STORE, 5 Grand ave.
R. A. WILSON, 13.5 Grand ave.
H. A. VJETS, 431 Washington.
ROWE & MARTIN. Cth and Washington.
LAUE-DAV1S DRUG CO.. 3d and YamhtU.
GRADON & KOEHLUR. lt and Main.
A. W. ALLEN. lBth and Savler.
B. F. JONES & CO.. feOl Front.
COTTEL DRUG CO.. 1st and Grant.
BOLTON & ROTH. 2SO Russell.
HAWTHORNE PHARMACY. 280 Grand ave.
BROOKLYN PHARMACY. 570 Mlhvaukte.
J. M. RICEN. First and Clay sts.
H glossy hoSp,
I oide prouuecs,
roaUxo that itih-
nppnTiin r. i; v
Vin-Tr fnTlv 100
ttrhn wrtKh to C1VQ
cide a trial Trill soon
become convinced o
r!nfrrnT'i tbo dead-
'r wrm rt work UT-
r,-n Ihn hnlr root, it
makes dandruff, falling
hair ana urn, cntuo .
I find it conallT na vduahlo, for
S it worka liko a charm, even up
on bald heads.
; for Sale at ell First-Oass Drag Stores.
Big Qua non-Doiitoiitiit
remedy for Gonorrhorn,
Gleet. Sperm a torr hr -V
I Whites, unnatural di
cliarco. or any inaaxnma
Jfrruou eesuclaa. tlon of mucous men
IHtEYWSCHEMlCJaCn, branw. Non-Mtrlngcnt
Sold hy Drnrrclsts.
or sent In plain wrarper,
by expre, prepaid, fot
11 ro. or 3 bottles, ?2.75.
CircuUr son on request
B jALAD mf
jjjl Xfssny ftltttrat a;itli. Gsat. Stsi or K
Bi TcttaMct,tnpirtlaja,nnarUnr'Bt jj S
M 3 eaee ippstlilnj sail btiltbfal. It frottn, t
n Send for free booHtt. ii
II E.J.BLODETTCO.Ino.,Coton,Has3. j
B UGCX3Brwmom.n irniinrm-rjjjrnii i.i n . 1 J-;
g!NE OLD iyj
JM Jjf s $
In it . i I
Ifl A -' K
'B ;ixSfi - ft
B I '..'VV I
1A i ft -st
vvi rnt r
Vv . A
V?3r A. ft
5 1 I
eB2$II8822Sa H t
la Itai iiju I
L Qmntd J
I L3lf I
. THE PALATIAL
i Mil 1 1B
Sot a dark olllcc In the building?
absolutely fireproof; electric lights
nml artesian water; perfect sanita
tion aud thorough ventilation. Ele
vators run day nnd night.
AINSLIE. DR. GEORGE. Physician 413-414
ANDERSON. GUTAV. Attorney-at-Law..612
ASSOCIATED PRESS; E. L. Powell. Mgr..S0O
AUSTEN. F. C, Manager for Oregon and
Washington Bankers Life Association ot
Des Moines. la 502-003
BAKER. G. EVERT. Actorney-at-Law 007
BANKERS' LI"E ASSOCIATION. OF DES
MOINES. IA.: F. C. Austen. Mgr. 302-503
BENJAMIN. R. W.. Dentist 314
BERNARD. G.. Cashier Pacific Mercantile
BINSWANGER. OTTO S.. Physician ahd
BOHN. W. G.. Timber Lands 515
BROCK, WILBUR F.. Circulator Orego-
BROWN. MYRA. M. D 313-314
BRUERE. DR. G. E.. Physician... 412-H3-414
CAMPBELL. WM. M.. Medical Referee
Equitable Life 7QO
CANNING, M. J. C02-G03
CARDWELL, DR. J. R.. Dentist 503
CAUKIN. G. E., District Agent Traelers
Insurance Company 718
CHURCHILL. MRS. E. J 71C-717
COFFEY. DR. R. C. Surgeon 403-403
COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY
CORNELIUS. C. "VV.. Phys. and Surgeon... 200
COLLIER. P. F., Publisher; S. P. McGulre.
COUNTY PHYSICIAN 403
COX, RALSTON, Manager American Guar
anty Co., of Chicago 502
CROW, C. P., Timber and Mines 013
DAY. J. G. & I. N 318
DICKSON, DR. J. F.. Phjslclan 713-714
EDITORIAL ROOMS Eighth Floor
EVENING TELEGRAM 325 Alder Street
EQUITABLE LIFE ASSURANCE SOCI
ETY: L. Samuel. Manager; G. S. Smith,
Cashier - 303
FENTON, J. D., Physician and Surgeon..300-10
FENTON, DR. HICKS C. Eye and Ear 311
FENTON. MATTHEW F.. Dentist 509
GALVANI. W. H., Engineer and Draughts
GEARY. DR. E. P.. Phys. and Surgeon.... 403
GIESY. A. J., Phjslclan and Surgeon.. 700-710
GILBERT. DR. J. ALLEN. Physician.. 401-402
GOLDMAN. WILLIAM. Manager Manhat
tan Life Ins. Co.. of New York 200-210
GRANT. FRANK S.. Attorney-at-Law 617
GRISWOLD & PHEGLEY. Tailors
131 Sixth Street
HAMMAM BATHS, Turkish and Russian..
HAMMOND. A. B 310
IIOLLISTER, DR. O. C. Phjslclan and
IDLEMAN. C. M.. Attornej--at-Law. .413-17-13
JOHNSON, W. C. 313-310-317
KADY. MARK T.. Supervisor' of Agents.
Mutual Reserve Life In. Co 005
LITTLEFIELD. H. R.. Phjs. and Sur. 203
MACKAY, DR. A. E.. Phjs. and Sur... 711-712
MANHATTAN LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF
NEW YORK; YV. Goldman. Mgr 209-210
MARSH. DR. R. J.. Phys. and Sur. 404-408
MARTIN. J. L. & CO.. Timber Lands 001
McCOY. NEWTON. Attornej -at-Law 715
Mcelroy, dr. j. g., Phjs. & sur.701-702-703
McFADEN. MISS IDA E.. Stenographer... .213
McGINN. HENRY E.. Attornej -at-Law.311-12
McGUIRE. S. P.. Manager P. F. Collier.
McKENZIE. DR. P. L.. Phys. and Sur. .512-l.J
METT. HENRY 21S
MILLER. DR. HERBERT C, Dentist and
Oral Surgeon 608-009
MOSSMAN. DR. E. P.. Dentist 513-314
MUTUAL RESERVE LIFE INS. CO.:
Mark T. Kady, SuperUsor of Agants..G04-603
NICHOLAS HORACE B.. Attornej -at-Law. 710
NILES. M. L.. Cashier Manhattan Life In
surance Companj- of New York 209
NUMBERS. JAMES R.. Phjslclan and Sur
OLSEN. J. F., General Manager Pacific
Mercantile Co 211-212
OREGON CAMERA CLUB 214-215-218-217
OREGON INFIRMARY OF OSTEOPATHY
OREGONIAN BARBER SHOP, Marsch &
George, Proprietors 129 Sixth
OREGONIAN EDUCATIONAL BUREAU;
J. F Strauhal, Manager 200
PACIFIC MERCANTILE CO.; J. F. Olsen.
General Manager 211-212
PORTLAND EYE AND EAR INFIRMARY
Ground Floor. 133 Sixth Street
QUIMBY, L. P. W.. Game and Forestry
Warden -.- "13
REAVIS. DR. J. L.. Dentist 60S-609
REED. WALTER. Optician... 133 Sixth Street
RICKENBACH. DR. J. F.. Eje, Ear. Nose
and Throat 701-702
ROSENPALE, O. M.. Metallurgist and Min
ing Engineer 510
RYAN. J. B.. Attornej--at-Law 515
SAMUEL. L.. Manager Equitable Life 303
SHERWOOD. J. "W.. Deputy Supreme Com
mander K. O. T. M 517
SMITH, DR. L. B.. Osteopath 409-410
SMITH, GEORGE S., Cashier Equitable
STUART, DELL. Attorney-at-Law 617-618
STOLTE. DR. CHAS. E-. Dentist 704-705
STOW, F. H-. General Manager Columbia
Telephone Co C06
SURGEON OF THE S. P. RY. AND N. P.
TERMINAL CO 706
SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE 201
THE NORTH PACIFIC PUBLISHING SO
THRALL, S. A.. President Oregon Camera
"THREE IN ONE" QUICK ACCOUNT
SYSTEM COMPANY. OF OREGON 518
TUCKER. DR. GEO. F.. Dentist 610-311
U. S. LIGHTHOUSE ENGINEERS. 13TH
DIST., Captain W. C. Langfitt. Corps of
Engineers, U. S. A 808
U S ENGINEER OFFICE RIVER AND
HARBOR IMPROVEMENTS; Captain V.
C Langfitt. Corps of Engineers, U. S. A..S10
"WILEY. DR. JAMES O. C, Phjs. & Sur.70S-9
WILSON. DR. EDWARD N.. Physician
and Surgeon 304-305
WILSON. DR. GEO. F.. Phjs. & Sur., 700-707
WILSON. DR. HOLT C. Phj-s. & Surg 507-30S
WILLAMETTE VALLEY TELE. CO G13
WOOD. DR. W. L.. Phjslclan 412-413-414
Offices may be had by applying to
the superintendent of the building,
room 201, second floor.
THE MODERN APPLIANCE. A poslUve
way to perfect manhood. The VACUUM
TREATMENT cures jou without medicine ot
all nervous or diseases of the generative or
gans. uch as lost manhood, exhauctlve drains,
varicocele, lrapotency. etc. Men are quickly re
stored to perfect halth and strength. Writ
for circular. Correspondence confidential.
THE HEALTH APPLIANCE CO.. room 47-43
Safe Deposit building. Seattle, Waah.
Orlrlnsi ind OkIt (leonine.
vSAFE. a:t. rttlibU LoUIe. " Dnwritt
tor CHICHESTER'S ENGLISH
i la ItEI) aa4 Geld meUllia boio. mb
vttb bla ribbon. Tnko no other. Kcfnto
I Dangerous 8nbtltUoa and Imita
tion. Bnj of josr Drojtttt. er kb-I 4c. la
nmp far Pnrtloiilnr. Tcatlmonlals
ad 'Rolief far Ladle,'n Uv.tr. bj- r.
tnm M mil. lO.OOOTtatinioaUU. SollkT
all DruxrlJU. Chichester ChanlexlCa
afesnea UiU eDr. UadlMB. Saun. PHILA PA.