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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 19, 1902)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, SATURDAY. JULY 19, 1902.
SETTLERS' RATES AGAIN
rXIOX PACIFIC QUOTES THEM FOR
SEPTEMBER. AXD OCTOBER.
Same n Last Spring ?25 From Mis
souri River, JfSO From St. Louis,
033 From Chicago.
SPOKANE, Wash.. July 18. The Union
Pacific today announced that special, set
tlers rates -will be given in September and
October from the Missouri River and St.
Paul to the Coast. A one-way special set
tlers' ticket -will be lBsued, the rate being
about $22 50 from Omaha to Spokane, and
J25 to the Coast. Other transcontinental
line are expected to meet the rates, and it
Is thought the rush of homeseekers may
rival that of a year ago.
General Passenger Ageit Craig, of the
O. R & N., "who is now in the East, tele
graphed yesterday that the settlers' rates
wouid be put in by the Union Pacific and
the O. R. & N. They will apply to all
points on the Southern Pacific north of
California. The purpose of this rate at
that time is to get the benefit of tho work
of the Harriman Immigration agents.
Mr. Craig also telegraphed that for the
NaConal G. A. R. encampment, tp be held
Jn "Washington, D. C, the special round
trip rate of $6150 to Chicago would be
made. Tickets from Chicago will be $15 S5
for the round trip. They will bo sold
September 29 and 20, and will be good un
til November SO.
For the National Irrigation Congress at
Colorado Springs, October 2 and 3, tickets
from Portland will be sold for the round
trip at the regular one-way price, limited
to SO days.
PAMPHLET OX RESOURCES.
To Be Issued by Board of Trade for
DALLAS, Or., July 18. If Dallas and
Polk County are not thoroughly adver
tised to the Middle West it will be no
fault of the enterprising citizens of
Dallas, who tonight, at a mass meeting
at the Courthouse, voted to have printed
100,000 10-page pamphlets descriptive of
the city and the county's resources, and
place It in the hands of C. M. McKlnney,
immigration agent for the Harriman lines.
Mr. McKlnney and his party arrived on a
special train early this evening, and were
given a cordial reception. Addresses were
made by Mr. McKlnney, General Passen
ger Agent Coman. of the Southern Pa
cific; and Advertising Agent Hall, of tho
O. R. & N. Independence also voted to
print 100,000 books for the same purpose.
Mr. McKlnney and party will reach Port
land shortly after noon tomorrow.
CORVALX.IS, Or., July 18. A special
train, bringing the Immigration staff of
the Harriman lines, arrived here at 10
o'clock this morning, and for three hours
the visitors were in conference with citi
zens and business men. They were taken
for s. drive over the college farm, after
which there was a public meeting at the
City Hall, and a lunch at the Occidental
Hotel. The meeting was -addressed-by Im
migration Agent McKlnney, General
Freight and Passenger Agent Coman,
Mayor Woodcock and others. The plans
of the railroad, company are very favor
ably considered by citizens.
EUGENE, Or., July 18. The party of
railroad men and special immigration
agents, who are touring the state, stopped
at Eugene last night. Ihey were met at
the depot by a number of prominent cit
zens and conveyed about the city in car
riages. Later in the ex'enlng they were
entertained in the rooms of the Eugene
Commercial Club, and explained the pur
pose of their tour of Inspection and what
they, injend doln .to .attract immigration
to Oregon, and particularly to the Wil
lamette Valley. The Commercial Club
will Issue 100,000 pamphlets descriptive of
Eugene and Lane County to assist in the
ROSEBURG, Or.rJuly 18. G. M. Mc
Klnney, heua of the immigration bureau
of the Harriman system, with several of
the traffic officials, of the O. H. & N. Co.
and the Southern Pacific lines In Oregon,
met with business men here yesterday.
The meeting was well attended, and initial
steps were taken for issuing at least 60.000
descriptive pamphlets of the advantages
of Douglas County, for distribution In the
MEDFORD, Or., July 17. The members
of the Harriman immigration bureau and
Pacific Coast railroad officials who are.
making a tour of the state visited Med
foxd late yesterday afternoon. A special
meeting of the Medford Board of Trade
was-tialled by President W. I. Vawter at
the City Hall to listen to speeches from
these visitors, in which was outlined their
scheme for advertising this country. The
Medford Board of Trade agreed to supply
the bureau for distribution 100,000 copies
of pamphlets, descriptive of the resources
or -this valley. At the meeting brief ad
dresses of welcome were made by Presi
dent Vawter and Mayor Crowell. Samples
of Southern Oregon products were dis
played, and Southern Oregon peaches were
freely partaken of by the visitors.
RAILROAD THROUGH CHIXA.
Arrangements for Placing Bonds of.
NEW YORK, July 18. It is learned
from an authoritative source, says tho
Journal of Commerce, that tentative ar
rangements have been made for placing
the $40,000,000 in bonds which the America-China
Development Company has
been authorized to issue by Imperial de
cree of the Chinese Government. These
bonds are for the purpose of completing
the railroad between Hankow and Can
ton. It will be a matter of several
months before the bondB can be engraved
and ready for delivery, and it is hardly
considered probable that the transaction
involving their sale will be completed
within a year.
There Is, therefore, little Indication of
any very active physical work in the
completion of the new road under the
direct stimulus of the bond Issue. It
cannot be learned whether the entire is
sue of bonds will be taken in this coun
try, or whether European subscriptions
will be Invited. It is considered prob
able, however, that the issue will have
an International character, as the board
of directors of the America-China De
velopment Company has foreign mem
bers. The necessary funds with which
to begin the practical work of building
the first section of the road were sub
scribed by the stockholders some months
ago, and were deposited with J. P. Mor
gan & Co. The new bonds are a gold
Issue, bearing interest at the rate of 5
per cent and running for 50 years.
A .highly important feature of the en
terprlse Is the large amount of supplies
which will be required. It has been au
thoritatively stated that the bulk of con
tracts for such supplies will be placed
In this country, this being the cheapest
The railroad is to be virtually a con
tinuation of the Hunan line, the ob
jective point of which Is Hankow, which
has been aptly described as "the Chicago
of China." Though divided from the ad
joining town of Hanyang by the Han
River, and from Wu Chang, which Is the
capital of the province, by the waters
or the Tangtse, Hankow, constitutes, with
its neighboring cities, one great center
of population, -numbering considerably
over 2,000,000 souls. But when a rail
road has reaebed Hankow at a distance
-v of some C50 miles from Pekln, it has
barely traversed' half the breadth of
China from north to south. It is at this
point that the America-China Develop
ment Company will take up the work of
construction, continuing the road from
Hankow, or, more .properly speaking,
iron .Wu Chang; on the southern .rank
of the Ytmgtac, southward to Canton,
Connecting with the Hunan Jlne, -.under
construction by a Belgian, syndicate,
and apparently having a friendly under
standing with the projectors of that en
terprise, the' American line will furnish
the southern section of a great trunk
roa4 extending from the capital to Can
ton, the great port on the China Sea. At
Pekm connection will be made with the
Chinese Imperial Railway, the northern
arm of which Joins with the Manchurlan
branch of the trans-Siberian road from
the neighborhood of Nlu Chwang. Di
rect rail communication will thus be pro
vided between Canton and the great cap
itals of Europe.
The provinces to be traversed by the
American line have a population twice
as great as that of the United States,
and are rich both in agricultural and"Sq
mineral wealth. The development of an
important coal-mining region In the Prov
ince of Hunan, and other demands of
local traffic, will require the construc
tion of branches which will bring the
total length of the line between Hankow
and Canton up to about 0000 miles. From
Canton it is Intended to extend the line
to a point on the mainland opposite
Hong Kong, a piece of construction ex
tending over 130 miles, which an English
syndicate is understood to be ready to
Predicts Bumper Corn Crop.
CHICAGO, July 18. Paul Morton, first
vice-president of the 8anta Fe Railroad,
predicts a bumper corn crop for the West
and the entire country this season. He
estimates the total crop of the country
at 2,500.000.000 bushels, and declares that
the railroads of the West will have all
they can do to take care of the increased
traffic that will result; therefrom. Mr.
Morton's estimate was made after a care
ful survey of the situation, supplemented
by personal Inspection of Western States
traversed by the lines of the Santa Fe
and by reports given him by agents of
the company In nearly ever' corn-bearing
state 'in the Union. "I am convinced,"
said Mr. Morton today, "that this coun
try will have the largest corn' yieldln Its
history, and that the high-water mark
of 2,200.000.000 bushels will be exceeded by
at least 300,000.000 bushels.
Electric Road to Big Bend Country.
SPOKANE. Wash., July 18. An electric
line extending from this city to the Co
lumbia River is proposed by parties who
have secured a 90-day bond on the falls
of the Spokane River, nine miles west of
town. A portion of tho right of way has
been- secured. The proposed line would
follow the Spokane River Valley to the
Columbia and tap the northern part of
the Big Bend country. It was rumored
that if built It may co-operate with the
Oregon Railroad & Navigation Company,
giving that road a feeder from the Lincoln
County wheat fields. As now outlined
the road would be about EOmlles long.
Casantt's Significant Action.
NEW YORK, July 18. It became known
in Wall street yesterday that A. J. Cas
satt, president of the Pennsylvania Rail
road Company, had resigned as director
of the Mercantile Trust Company. The
resignation was regarded as significant.
In view of its possible connection with
what has taken place of late between
Pennsylvania and Gould Interests. The
Mercantile Trust Company has for many
years been regarded as fiscal agent for
the Gould properties, George Gould being
prominent in the management of the
HORNED TOADS AS PETS.
They Are Favorites With California
New York Tribune.
Women and children have an instinctive
dread of reptiles; all snakes, lizards,
toads or things that creep seldom inspire
anything but repugnance, even in men.
But there is one exception to this rule
In one of our Western States.
Out in Southern California there Is a
little creature Known as the horned toad.
It Is about the size of a child's hand,
with a head resembling that of one of tho
mythical dragons; a turned-up. Inquiring
snout, and three dangerous-looking horns
or .spines on its forehead. Altogether It
Is a most formidable-looking creature,
but In spite of Its looks It Is a general
pet of the children. Easily captured in
the sand dunes where they scamper
about, and as easily tamed, almost every
other household has a number of them.
The children keep them in cigar boxes
filled with sand; many allow them to run
about the house as they please.
They like nothing better than being
taken up in the hand and stroked, when
they emit a sort of contented purr, allow
ing their horns to drop down on their
If teased, however, the horned toad
sometimes shows his anger. By rubbing
his skin the wrong way his ire is at once
aroused. His horns bristle and his mouth
opens threateningly, and, strangest of
all, two little drops of blood trickle down
from his eyes like tears. But this only
happens when he Is much Irritated.
Usually he is a good-natured little fel
low, ready to play a game of hide and
go seek with his Juvenile masters.
Prostrations and Denth at Cincinnati
CINCINNATI, July 18. Though relieved
last night and today by thunder storms,
the weather has been oppressively hot for
two days. Eight or ten prdstratlons from
heat and one death have been reported.
Chamberlain Takes to a Yacht.
LONDON, Jul' 18. Joseph Chamberlain,
the Colonial Secretary, who was recently
Injured In a cab accident, has started on
a cruise aboard the Admiralty yacht En
chantress, to recuperate.
E. W. Grove.
This name must appear on ererr box of tbt
Ctnulne Laxttlve Broroo-Qulnlne Tabltts. the
remedy that cures a cold lit one day. S3 cents.
Those unhappy persons who suffer from
nervousness and dyspepsia, should ue
Carter's Little Nerve Pills, madeexpresa--ly
for this class. -
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LABOR LEADERS HERE
OFFICERS OF XATIOXAL BODIES
WILL ADDRESS MASS MEETING.
James Duncan, John B. Lennon and
Thonins I. Kldd, the Visitors, Are
"Welcomed by Local Council.
The presence of threeleaders of organ
ized labor at the meeting of the Fed
erated Trades Council last evening had
the effect of crowding the meeting place
with delegates. The visitors are James
Duncan, of Boston, vice-president of the
American Federation of Labor; John B.
Lennon, of Bloomington, III., secretary of
the same body, and Thomas I. Kldd, of
Chicago, fifth vice-president of the Amer
ican Federation of Labor and president of
the Amalgamated Woodworkers' Union.
The three men compose a part of the ex
ecutive council which has cpmo to the Pa
cific Coast for the purpose of inquiring
into the condition of organized labor. To
night a mass meeting will be held at Cord
ray's Theater, at which the visitors will
make addresses setting forth to the pub
lic the union principles that they are de
fending. George Y. Harry, president of
the State- Federation of Labor, will pre
side at the meeting. Local union men are
FEDERATION OF LABOR.
exerting themselves to make the gath
ering a success, and are taking great in
terest In the visit of these men of Nation
al prominence. The primary object of the
meeting is to arouse the union men to
deeper loyalty to. union principles, while
at the same time acquainting the general
public of the ends and alms of the labor
At the meeting of the Federated Trades,
Secretary Lennon, the first speaker, said
that while the condition of labor was
good throughout the United States, there
were many things to be remedied In the
present order of things If labor should
hold its own and make steady progress.
Vice-president Duncan, of the American
Federation of Labor, also president of the
James Duncan, vice-president Amer
ican Federation of Labor.
Granite Cutters' International Union, and
a man of tact and executive ability, made
a speech In which he advocated arbltnu.
tlon of labor disputes. He expressed the
hope that all pending difficulties In the
city would be soon amicably settled. Mr.
Duncan said that he and his companions
were much Jrapressed by tho Western
country, which he say offers greater op
portunities to young men of effort.
Business places reported unfair were the
Alblna market, corner of Russell and Van
couver streets, and the Fulton market.
Third and Yamhill streets.
Messrs. Duncan, Kldd and Lennon left
Chicago 10 days ago. and have been mak
ing a leisurely trip West. The party
reached Tacoma Thursday, and that even
ing were the speakers at a big labor
demonstration held In their honor. Yes
terday Charles Mlckley, secretary of the
Tailors' Union, received a telegram from
Mr. Lennon, who is president of the
Journeymen Tailors' International Union,
that the TlfirtV trnilM rr1v in Tnftlont
day sooner than had been expected. The
union men, while taken unawares, met
the visitors at the train and escorted thpm
j about the principal points of Interest of
Iiuw city. j.ne wooaworKers. wnose siriice
Is still pending, will ask Mr. Kldd. their
, international president, to assist them in
a pian or reorganization wnllo he is In
the-cl.ty. and they as well as he are hope
ful of bringing their difficulties with the
mlllowners to an end.
The party will probably leave Sunday
for San Francisco, where they will Join
forces with Mr. Gompers and the other
memhers of the executive board, who are
cheduled to come to Portland August i.
The Gompers party Is made up of Samuel
Gompers, president of the American Fed
eration of Labor, with Max Morris, fourth
vice-president of the American Federation
of Labor and secretary-treasurer of the
Retail Clerks' International Association,
and James O'Connell, third vice-president
of the American Federation of Labor and
president of the International Association
of Machinists. Mr. Gompers ipald his last
visit nere 10 years ago.
One reads from time to, time, of the fab
ulous sums paid for cigars. A favorite
story Is that Mr. Chamberlain never
touches anything cheaper than a 5-shllllng
cigar, and that every time Lord Roths
child smokes 10 shillings vanish' Into the
ambient air. According to Mr. Welngott,
the well-known tobacco merchant, all
such stories are the purest Invention. As
far as mere quality of tobacco" goes, the
best cigar in the world can be purchased
for 1 shilling sixpence, and any -one who
gives more than this sum Is paying for
size, peculiar shape or for some peculiar
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hrand which is only valuable for Its rar-fty-and
not for Its. excellence. Those tor
pc do-like cigars which one sees In tobac
conlsts' windows incaeed In glass sheaths
are mainly traps to catch the unwary.
The most remarkable thing about them Is
their size and their startling variation In
price, according to the locality In which
they are sold. In the West End they are
priced at anything between 1, Is and
15s; In the less gilded precincts of the
city they are sold for 7s 6d apiece.
"CONGO" OR "KONGO?"
The Former Spelling: of the River's
Name Favored by Usage.
New York Sun.
It appears to be due to the United States
Board on. Geographic Names that the
English-speaking people do not have a
uniform spelling of the name of the sec
ond greatest ri-er In the world. The spell
ing Kongo, however. Is confined almost
wholly in this country to Government pub
lications and maps, which are required to
abide by the decisions of the board. It is
difficult to say upon what logical or his
torical grounds the board adopted Kongo.
The word was spelled Congo by the Por
tuguese explorer Diego Cam. who discov
ered the mouth of the river In 1484-83.
This Is the spelling In all the Latin coun
tries that give the name to the river,
though the Portuguese call It the Zaire.
Congo has been the common usage among
all English-speaking peoples for three
centuries without variation, with the re
cent exception of our Government publi
cations. For some Inscrutable reason the
Board on Geographic Names decided to
employ tho spelling Kongo, used largely
by German writers, but not by some of
the leading German geographers. The
form Congo, for example, is used in tho
Stleler and Taschen atlases, published
by the famous map house of Gotha, and
also In Dr. Egll's "Nomina Geographlca,"
the most authoritative work on geographic
The name given by common consent V5
this river Is an Interesting Illustration of
the many mistakes In geographic nomen
clature. The river was never known to
African nntives as the Congo. They, In
fact, apply different names to different
parts of the river. Diego Cam made the
blunder of attaching to tho river the name
of the anclont native stato to the south
of it. When later Portuguese travelers
asked the people of the Lower Congo what
they called the river they said it was the
Zaire. The poet Camocns sang of "that
crystal clear river, the long, winding
Zaire," and the Portuguese have retained
tho name to this day.
But tho word was not a name; It means
slmply river and was applied by the na
tives near the Congo to any large stream.
Tho Congo, as a whole, never had a na
tive name. But the word Congo, though
wrongly applied to the river, had been so
thoroughly established In the literature
and maps of oeveral centuries that the
world declined to give it up when Stanley
attempted to substitute the name Living
stone River. Congo it Is and will always
remain; and Congo Is the spelling, war
ranted by centuries of usage and adopted
by most writer and mapmakers..
CLAM SHELL BUTTONS.
Rapid Development of an Industry
"Which Originated In Germany.
New York 'Evening Post
The development of technical and Indus
trial schools In Germany has Increased not
only the domain of Emperor William, but
has enriched all other civilized nations.
One of the first matters taken up and
studied scientifically by those institutions
was the making of buttons and other use
ful and ornamental articles from mother-of-pearl.
It was soon found that the opalescent
layers of the oyster shell were not the
sole available material, as had long been
believed by the trade, and that clams, mus
sels and other-bivalves, not to speak of
many conchas, were of neqrly, If not quite,
equal value. The first result of these ex
aminations was the prompt utilization of
other shells and a consequent reduction in
the price of oyster mother-of-pearl and of
buttons made from that substance.
The new Industry prospered, and finally
crossed the Atlantic. Here It has taken a
firm foothold and Is growing rapidly. The
largest portion of the work Is now done In
the Central States, while small concerns
may be found all the way from Massachu
setts to Virginia Thus far the best clam
discovered Is tho pearl clam of the Missis
sippi and the other rivers of that region.
The sea clams are useful, but the Inner
linings are not so lustrous nor Iridescent.
The deep-sea clam, with Its rich indigo
color, makes a showy and rather popular
button. The soft clam, or Rhode Island
clam, has bften a beautiful play of color
upon its Inner surface, but Is usually too
thin and fragile. The hard clams, or co
hoguee, vary extensively. A few have bril
liant Interiors; the majority are very dull.
The treatment is about the same In all
cases. The clams must be gathered so as
not to .Injure the shell. They are washed
and then boiled with a small amount of
alkali, either washing soda or lime being
added to remove any grease or dirt held
by grease. The meat Is extracted and Is
utilized for food purposes. Where no al
kali has been employed, the flesh Is well
adapted for stews, chowders or for making
Where alkali has been employed, the
bodies are rinsed In hot water and fed to
pigs, ducks and chickens. They are said
to Improve the flavor of the duck, and to
make the domestic bird taste very much
like an inferior mallard. The shells are
then cut by an expert and sawed into
blanks. These blanks are sorted, steamed,
cut down by machinery, shaped, drilled
The Risk of Balloonlnff.
Considering the risks aeronauts neces
sarily take every time they make an as
cent, the science or sport or trade (for
It partal;es of all three) Is extraordinar
ily free from fatal accidents. Mr. Charles
Green, who made over 600 trips, died at
tho age of 84 in 1870. Twenty years later
M. Eugene Godard, who had made quite
2000 ascents, died In his bed. On the other
hand, among British ballooalsts. Captain
Thomas I. Kldd, president Amalga
mated Woodworkers' Union.
Dale was killed before he had completed
200: and Captain Whelan also, In 1S92, met
his death In his 315th ascent. Mr. Perclval
Spencer, our most noted living English
aeronaut, has probably beaten all these
records, and has in addition made para
chute descents on all the continents and
In most of the seas surrounding them.
Representative Ball Renominated.
HOUSTON, Tex.. July 18. The Demo
cratic convention for the Eighth Congres
sional District renominated Thomas H.
Ball for a fourth term.
If you are worn out from pressing busi
ness cares, Hood's Sarsaparilla will give
you renewed vigor.
?' , iss "S
K? rfTsIB Mi
FATE OF TWO BRUTES
WOMAX KILLS THEJI IX SELF-DE-.
FENSE, JURY EXOXERATES HER.
One "Was Her Drunken Hnsbnnd, the
Other His Brother Arrest of A '
, Dangerous Swindler.
CARBONDALE, 111., July 18. The Jau
bert brothers, who operate a small coal
mine near Oravllle, were both shot to
death at their home early this morning by
the wife of one of the men. They had
returned about 11 o'clock, Intoxicated,
and the husband demanded his supper.
Mrs. Jaubert began Its preparation, and
her husband began breaking the dishes,
and at last attacked her. Mrs. Jaubert
and her sister fled to a back room and
locked the door. Her husband followed,
broke down the door and renewed the
assault, whereupon tho Infuriated wife
fired three shots into his body, one' pass
ing through his heart, causing almost In
The brother, who was a witness to the
tragedy, attempted to strike the woman,
whereupon Mrs. Jiubcrt emptied the two
remaining chambers of the revolver into
his body, inflicting a wound from which
he died shortly afterward.
The woman gave the alarm and sur-
rendered to the officers. This morning
bEATH OF A
OF THE DALLES
THE SALLKS. July IT. Thomas
Johns, who died here yesterday, had
bea a rromlnent citizen of Tho
Dalles for 20 years. In 1632 he
came to The Dalles, in the employ
of the Orecon Hallway & Naviga
tion Company, later embarking In
the lumber business. He vr&s one
of the projectors of The Dalles Lum
bering Company, and after the close
of that business continued In tho
same Una. At the time of his death
he vras the owner ot a sawmill on
Mill Creek and lumber yards in this
city. Mr. Johns was a native of
South "Wales, where he was born
September 25. IKS. The early part
ofv his life was s?ent in "Wales,
where he married Miss Bessie Prttch
scrd in 1S61. In 1S70. he came to
Amorica, settling in Lawrence,
Kan.; moving later to Ottawa. Can
ada. He leaves six children S. S.
Johns, . of this city; Mrs. Mary
O'Nell. of Spokane; Mrs. Mattle
Campbell. "Walter S. Johns. David
P. Johns and "Bes3lo Johns, ot Seat
tle. Mrs. Johns died in 1S9S.
Coroner Knaue Impaneled a jury, who,
after hearing the evidence, exonerated
the wife. The brothers have been noted
for years for their brutal ways.
ARRESTED FOR FRAUD.
English Manufacturer of "Washing:
Crystals In the Toils.
NEW YORK, July IS Ernest L. Flem
ing, an English manufacturer of washing
crystals, who recently come to this coun
try to inquire into the iriff on his prod
ucts, has been arrested, charged with en
deavoring to enter into this country im
ported merchandise by means of fraudu
lent and false Invoices. Mr. Fleming was
In the Federal building at the time. With
a lawyer he had gone there to consult
with United States District Attorney Bur
nett about the law. But as a previous
investigation" had been made by John Cur
tis, a special agent of the Treasury De
partment, a complaint against Mr. Flem
ing had been drawn up. This was in the
hands of United States Marshal Henle,
who on learning that Mr. Fleming was
In the building, served tne warrant. He
was taken before Commissioner Alexan
der and was held In $3W ball, which was
furnished at once.
In the complaint, he is charged with
having shipped to thltf country from Liv
erpool, by the Cevlc, on May 14, 50 bags
which purported to contain washing cry
stals, not concentrated. It Is alleged,
however, that 30 of these bag3 contained
three tons, of borax, instead of washing
crystals. While silsoda or washing crys
tal pays a duty of one-fifth of a cent a
pound, borax pays a duty of live cents a
'T am all at sea on the 'law," eald Mr.
Fleming. "I applied to the United States
Consul at London early In the year for
definite information as to the import tax
on wax from which washing crystals are
made. He could not give me any definite
data on the subject, and he advised me
to make a test caee with a small con
signment. I did this, and the shipment
was admitted on the duty of one-fifth a
cent a pound. As this wao satisfactory
to me, I sent another and Iirger consign
ment. Imagine my surprise when a duty
of five cents a pound was levied on this
and this is what I consider a prohibitive
"All of the second consignment was not
of the same quality as the first. "Six
of the bage whicji had been sampled for
analysis were admitted undex the one
fifth of a cent a pound basis, but the
rest was held up underl the contention
tha't It was pure borax and the five cents
a pound duty was Impoetd. But those
bags did not contain pure borax and the
entire shipment should have been ad
mitted under the tariff Imposed upon the
"I had no Intention whatever of de
frauding this Government. My visit here
should prove that, and I came to get
accurate information from the Treasury
Department on the tariff."
HANGED AT TOROXTO,.
Rice, Last of the Fostofilse Robbers,
Dies on the Gallovrs.
TORONTO. Ont., July IS. Fred Lee Rice
was hanged here today for the murder
of William Boyd, a constable, in June,
190L Rice received his spiritual adviser
this morning and spent a quarter of an
hour in silent prayer. He greeted the
hangman smilingly and mounted the gal
lows without a tremor.
The murder of Boyd was committed
when Rice, Frank Rutledge and Thomas
Jones were on trial for robbing the post
office at Aurora. While being conveyed
from the courthouse to the jail a package
In which were two packages was thrown
Into tke carriage. County Constables Will
iam Boyd and Walter Z. Stewart were in
the cab with the prisoners. In the strug
gle for the package. Rice got a revolver
and shot Boyd. He then pointed It at
Stewart, who told the prisoners to "get
out." As soon as they left Stewart fired
after them as they were boarding a car.
One of the shots struck Jones. The pris
oners were overpowered and taken to
Boyd and Jones died. Rice and Rutledge
were convicted and sentenced to Kingston
Penitentiary for 21 years. Rutledge com
mitted suicide by burling himself from a
balcony in the Jail to a stone floor below.
Rice was found guilty of murder. He
came from Champaign, 111., where his peo
ple are "highly respected. Every effort had
been made to have the death sentence
commuted to life Imprisonment.
BATTLE WITH TRAIXROBBERS. .
One Bandit and Two Officers Are Re
SAGUACHE. Colo., July IS. A story, the
1 truth of which has not been ascertained.
reached here thla evening" of a fight be
tween a ppsse and the Denver & Rio
nr.inflf trnlnrohhert on Ohio Creek. In
j which one robber and two officers were
Kiuea, ana ine omer rooners cilulw
the fight occurred. It Is supposed to have
been the posse headed by Special Agent
Brown, of the Denver & Rio Grande.
SWINDLER RUX DOWX.
Postnl Authorltes ZHake an Import
NEW YORK. July 18. By the arrest of
George G. Corey In Paterson, Putnam
County. N. Y., the postal authorities be
Heve that they have closed the career of
an alleged daring swindler whose opera
tions arc alleged to have extended from
this country to England and France and
who has stolen not lees than J500.000.
Corey was arrested by Postofflce Inspector
M.i If. Boyle on a warrant Issued by
United States Commissioner Shields,
charging him with using the mails for
It is the belief of, the postal authorities
that the prisoner is identical with Charles
Corey, whcee success in persuading the
members of the Corey family all over the
country to advance him J40.000 on the pre
tense that he could place them In pos
session of an estate In England worth
$10,000,000. recently came to notice.
In Paterson Corey is said to have an
nounced he was a great-grandson of John
Drake and that as his heir he was the
true owner of large tracts of land in Put
nam and Westchester Counties, the deeds
for which he Is alleged to havo pretended
to possess. By threats that he would en-
force claims unless bought off. he is said
to have obtained con?ldorable sums of
money from the occupants of farms In
that region. He Is alleged to have been
engaged in writing a letter to a farmer
when the .arrest was made. Inspector
Boyle says he found a satchel filled with
copies of deeds to the Drake estate In this
country and the Corey estate In England.
Corey insisted after his arrest that ho
was not a swindler, but that the estates
actually exteted and that they were worth
not less than $10,000,000. He was locked up
In Ludlbw-Street Jail.
Caught In Canada.
DURAND. WIo.. July 18 Elwyn F.
Larson, prerident of the defunct Universal
Casual Company, of Milwaukee, who ab
sconded early In February on the discov
ery that the company's entire securities
of I10G.00Q deposited with- the Wisconsin
State Insurance Commissioner were worth
less forgeries, has been arrested at
Wetaskiwin. Northwest Territory, Can
ada. Sheriff Eustln Rnd District Attorney
Plummer. of Pepin County, made the cap
ture. Lareon will have a hearing at Cal
gary to get the required requisition pa
pers. Ex-Convict Kills His Wife.
CHICAGO. July 18. Because his wife
gave evidence that her love for him had
waned while he spent 17 months in the
state prison for burglary, William Nelson
shot and killed her at their home in
Englewood today, and then shot himself,
but not fatally. Their baby was the only
witness to tho tragedy. In a letter ad
dressed to "The People of Englewood"
Nelson tried to justify the crime.
Houston Optician Killed.
HOUSTON, Tor., July 18. Dr. Dellpsey,
an optician, was shot and killed by D. E.
Williams, wiioac son, while acting as an
ofiice bov for Dellpsey, had been chlded
for some i::.ittc-nt!on to business. Will
iam? and two ?ors, it I3 said, went to
Dcilpsey's ofiice tc wait for him, and
when he appeared opened a quarrel that
resulted In the shooting that followed.
Strychnine In Ice Cream.
COLUMBUS. O.. July 18. John Smith,
of Washington, Pa., Is dead, and Maggie
Canan. ot the same place. Is seriously ill
in this city, from the effects of strych
nine placed in ice cream by Smith with
murderous and suicidal Intent. Smith was
19 and his companion is about the same
age. According to the girl's story, they
ran away from home to get married.
Bank Teller Goes to Prison.
NEW YORK. July 18. Harry G. Bell,
the receiving teller of the Riverside
Bank, who was yesterday convicted of
thefts from the bank, said to have ag
gregated J20.0CO, was today sentenced to
not more than six nor less than four
years in the state prison at hard labor.
A Short History of It Origin and
James I planted four acres of St. James
Park with mulberry trees in 1609 for tne
use of silk worms, and in 1623 Lord George
Goring was appointed keeper of the Mul
berry gardens. On port of this land Lord
George built for himself a house, which
he named Goring house; that Is the origin
of Buckingham Palace.
In 1655 the Lord Arlington, who was a
member of the Cabal Administration, hired
Goring house and renamed it Arlington
house. He it was who In that year first
brought tea to England, and It Is prob
able, therefore, that the first cup of tea
drank in this country was brewed where
Buckingham Palace now stands.
Sheffield, Duke of Buckingham, pur
chased the property In 2693. and built a
new house In the place of the old In 1703,
which he named Buckingham house.
George III bought Buckingham house in
17G1, annexed several acres of 3t. James
Park to add to the- grounds, and In 177a
settled the property on Queen Charlotte,
when the palace became known as "the
Queen's house." It was here that the
King advised by Dr. Johnson collected
the great library which Is now one of the
chief treasures of the British Museum.
In 1S23 Nash and Blore built the present
palace, which the. late Queen was the first
sovereign to Inhabit, and to which Her
Majesty removed from Kensington Palace
within a month after her succession.
Rearard for His Dignity.
Evarts, even whert he lli'ed In Washing
ton as President Hayes' Secretary of
State, was notoriously unkempt with re
gard to his clothes, and 'looked like any
ft I CMC'S PERIL
HE SAVES HIMSELF WHEN OTHERS
WERE POWERLESS TO HELP,
K. J. "Winn Hqd a. Nnrrovr Escape
While "Working at the Sedsrrviclc
Machine "Works The Account
ns He Gives It to a Re
porter. B. J. Winn, a machinist In- the employe
of the Sedgwick Machine Works, at
Poughkeepsie, N. Y., had a narrow es
cape, but saved himself by his own ef
forts. He told the story to a. reporter
"I had been working here for 11
years," he paid, "without even a week's
time to spend In rest. It was all right
till a year ago, when I began to lose
flesh and to experience a severe pain in
the right side. My appetite was. fair,
but I could eat only the plainest of food,
and not heartily of that. My weight
was reduced to 118 pounds ,
"Besides the pain, which was very
sharp at times, I could not stoop- over
without being dizzy when I stood erect
again, and my blood was thin and
eatery. I employed physicians, who
said I was suffering from indigestion. " I
did not obtain any material relief, and,
as a friend suggested that I should try
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People,
I did so.
"The result Is very evident. I noticed
a little Improvement by the time the
first box had been taken. I persisted,
and continued till four bonces had been
taken. This was a"bout a year ago. I
have had no return of the trouble; I am
back at my normal weight of 132 pounds
and am feeling well and strong. If any
thing I can say about the-remedy will
do any good to others who- are afflicted
as I was, I am glad to say It. for there
Is no doubt that Dr. Williams Pink ,
Pills for Pale People cured me."
Mr. Winn lives at No. S25 Church
street, Poughkeepsle, N. Y., and is will
ing to substantiate his above statement.
The pills which cured him are not a
patent medicine, bu a prescription used
for many years by an eminent prac
titioner, who produced the nlosf won
derful results with them, curing all .
kinds of weakness arising from a wa
tery condition of the blood or shattered
nerves, two fruitful causes of almost
every 111 to which flesh is heir. Dr.
Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People
are sold by all druggists, or direct from
Dr. Williams Medicine Company, Sche
nectady, N. Y., 50 cents per box, sbc
boxes for $2.60. Send for a free booklet
of medical advice.
thing else than the Nation's brilliant at
torney. His hat, in particular, was a
woeful bit of attire, and made htm look
like an actor "made up" for "Marks" ln
"Uncle Tom's Cabin." Evarts on one oc
casion registered in a Philadelphia hotel
of the first class about 8 o'clock In tho
evening, and Immediately went out. , Re
turning a few hours later, he stepped
to the desk for his key, and found the
night clerk had come on duty.
"Evarts Mr. Evarts," said the Secre
tary of State, briskly, to the clerk.
The latter eyed the guest for a moment,
evidently obtained an unfavorable impres
sion, and replied: ,
"Mr. Evarts is very 111 In his room, and
has left positive orders that he will see
Mr. Evarts. wild with Indignation,
sought the manager and entered a com
plaint. The manager rushed to the desk
and hotly demanded to know why -Mr.
Evarts had been reported as ill and in
"Why, sir." responded the clerk, T
didn't like the looks of the man who
called to see him. and didn't think a man
of Mr. Charts 'Importance would care to
be bothered by a shabby old panhandler
The explanation that soothed- the Sec
retary of State was ingenious rather than
DANCE BEFORE ALTAR.
Quaint Ceremony of Choir Boys -in
Cathedral In Seville.
The carnival In Seville practically died
when a few years ago a tax was put on
every mask. All that remains, besides
masked balls and confetti throwing, is In
an interesting ceremony, the dance of
"Los Seises," before the altar of the cath
edral. The church opposed the rioting
of the carnival by religious attractions
within her own walls; and 2C0 years ago
endowments were left to hold on these
days the special ceremonies which for
centuries have marked the feasts of the
Blessed Virgin In December and of Corpus
Christl in Summer.
The dance of the choir boys 13 a great
feature of these celebrations. While Its
origin Is lost In obscurity the earliest rec
ords mention it as an existing custom.
"Los Seises" were known to Alfonso the
Wise, the son of the conqueror of Seville;
and I venture to think the present dance
dates from the conquest In island re
calls the triumph of the cross over the
crescent. Dancing as a form of relig
ious observance goes back far into his
tory. From David dancing before the ark
to the modern dervishes it has always ex
isted, and we find traces of it In early
Whatever the origin of the Seville dance,
it Is today a specimen of tender. Idyllic
beauty, full of religious sentiment and
poetry. It was devised in the same spirit
that Inspired Murillo to paint his immortal
boy angels as qnite at home and naturel
even'when contemplating tho deepest mys
teries. To misunderstand the point of
view of the one is to misinterpret the
other. Both are typical of the Spanish 're
ligious sentiment which manifests itself
In methods Impossible to those of more
Languages of the World.
Although It Is the Chinese language
which Is spoken by the largest number ot
people on the face of the earth. It Is In
English that more than half of all exist
ing newspapers are written. Against a.
population of nearly 400.CCO.000 which,
speak Chinese English is spen by about
110,000,000. Next comes German, with 3.
0C0.0O0: then Russltn, with 65.C00.G00. French
and Spanish are each the native tongue
of 41.000,000, Italian of SO.000.000 and Portu
guese of only 13,000,000.
HXarriuIft Salfto Dead.
YOKOHAMA. July IS. The Marquis Sal
go, a distinguished statesman, died oday
of cancer. He commanded the Formosa
punitive expedition, held many Cabinet
positions, and was a brother of the hero
of the Satsuma rebellion.
Mrs. Peary Starts Jforth.
PORTLAND, Me.. July 18. Mrs. Rob-
Vert E. Peary and her daughter left here
today for Sidney, C. B.. wnere they will
Join the Peary relief steamer Windward.
England to Take Chilean "Warships.
VALPARAISO. Chile. July 13. The Brit
ish Government bas decided to take over
the warships now In couree of construc
tion for the Chilean Government.
If Baby Is Cutting Teeth,
Be ure and oe that old and well-tried remedy,
lira. "WInsIow's Soothing Hjrup. for children
teething. It soothes the child, sottens the rums,
allays all pain, cures wind colic and diarrhoea.