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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE HOBNESG OBEGONUlS, MONDAY, ,JUNE
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sional showers; westerly winds.
YESTERDAY'S WEATHER Maximum tem
perature, 58; minimum temperature., 40; pre
c!r nation. 0 01 inch.
PORTLAND, MONDAY, JUNE 2, 1002.
FIRST DUTY OF THE DAT.
The first and most urgent duty of
every Oregon Republican who reads
these lines this morning Is to repel the
unfair and unjustifiable attack that has
been made upon W. J. Furnish. Upon
him the Democratic campaign has been
centered. Every resource known to
bitter and unscrupulous politics has
been employed against him. It Is the
plain duty of every man who calls him
self a Republican to rally to his support.
If ever a man was justly deserving
of the loyal support of his party, that
man Is W. J. Furnish. His nomination
was fairly won. He carried his own
county by 100 delegates out of the 110
to the county convention. He was nom
inated in the state convention by a vote
of 248 out of 342. He has made an hon
orable and dignified campaign for elec
tion. He has not done an act or said
a word but has raised him In the esti
mation of right-minded men, though he
has continually been beset and goaded
by dishonorable accusations against
him which were shown to be absolutely
There is no excuse from the stand
point of the public or the party welfare
for a Republican to lend himself to this
.Democratic assault on the head of the
ticket. From every aspect of qualifi
cation for the office of Governor, Mr.
Furnish is the superior of his opponent.
He Is his own man, not the tool of
stronger minds nor the convenience of
his friends. He has made a success of
his own business, and has the respect
and confidence of his neighbors and ac
quaintances. He will make an Ideal
official in an office requiring business
sagacity where the state has hitherto
frequently suffered from complaisance
The good of the state, the integrity of
the party, the discredit -of treachery and
secret revenge, all call upon the Repub
lican voters of Oregon to repel this
desperate attempt to injure their party
by striking at the head of the ticket.
The Oregonian hopes that the Repub
licans of the state will be .brave and
firm enough at this crisis to stand fast
and not be wheedled from the plain
path of duty. W. J. Furnish deserves
a better fate than to be sacrificed
through the apathy or spirltlessness in
his partyrtJWMiman whom the Demo
crats single out to beat is not the man
for Republicans to desert.
A GKCAT BEVELOP3IENT PLAN.
Mr. Harrlman's plans for development
of the Northwest are comprehensive,
and.it appears, are to be pushed without
delay. The Union Pacific system is to
take up the work on lines similar to
those employed hitherto by the Great
Northern and Northern Pacific; and a
; stematlc plan is to be put in operation
for bringing settlers to the territory
traversed by the Union Pacific and
Si uthern Pacific lines, In Oregon, Idaho
and Washington. The plan is a very
extended one, and it includes the main
tenance of agencies in most of the East
ern and Southern States, with means of
disseminating information about the
Northwestern country, and especially
about its leading resources, of agricul
tural, mineral and timber lands. Highly
Important results are to be expected
from this effort
Another part of this plan of Mr. Har
rlman for development of the Northwest
is the extension of railway lines. The
most Important one now in view is" the
completion of the Snake River line from
Riparla to Lewiston, with such exten
sions into the Clearwater country as
the conditions may call for or warrant
This territory has been for years In
dispute between the Northern Pacific
and the O. R, & N. section of the Union
Pacific system. The dispute is now set
tled in the only way that settlement
could reasonably have been expected
namely, construction and operation of
the road upon a joint arrangement
' But the Oregon line, as a consequence
of ease of movement along the levels
of a great river system, will have far
the best of it The greater part of the
State of Idaho will be brought Into
touch by the line of water courses with
Portland. Joint ownership and use of
the linos by the companies will work
no disadvantage to us, because the
traffic, or the bulk of It will naturally
follow the easy course. The country
must fall into the lap of Portland. This
development in Eastern Washington
and Idaho has long been waited for.
Now. however, we shall expect to see It
well advanced within the next twelve
months. The outlook for the country
never was so favorable as now.
In some quarters it has been pre
tended that Mr. Furnish Is not a fit
man for Governor because he doesn't
make public speeches and sets up no
pretensions to oratory. But it does not
follow that because a man can make
a- speech he therefore has an aptitude
for business, or Is fit to be trusted with
the administration of important affairs.
It often happens, on the contrary, that
glibness, flow of words, proceeds from
no special ability, and that they who
can talk longest are found to say the
least. The man who makes a great
speech is a rare mortal. Fluent talkers
are common enough, but they seldom or
never say things of weight, or things
to be remembered. Mr. Chamberlain is
somewhat fluent, but wholly superficial.
No one who ever heard him takes away
with him anything to think about. The
most popular orators, through all time,
have been those whose matter had lit
tle weight. Nobody was willing to hear
Burke, and everybody wanted to hear
Clay; yet Burke's speeches, after the
lapse of more than one hundred years,
are studied wherever the English lan
guage is spoken, while Clay's are so
neglected that the volumes containing
them are the rubbish of libraries and
old book stores.
The commodity produced by the ordi
nary speaker, though he may have some
action in delivery, and a glib tongue,
is usually the cheapest in the world.
Governor Lord never could make a
speech, yet he was one of the ablest
men that Oregon ever has known.
Governor Moody was sound and judi
cious In the administration of his office,
yet was no speechmaker. The most
notable orator who has been Governor
of Oregon was George L. Woods; yet
absence of administrative ability was
the conspicuously unfortunate feature
of his term of office. It Is no more
necessary to successful administration
that the man who Is.Governor of Oregon
should be an orator than that he should
be a musician. Eloquence indeed may
charm the soul as song charms the
sense; but there Is no connection be
tween dither of these gifts and the judg
ment necessary for the details of busi
ness. In fact, If you are looking for
the qualities necessary to successful
transaction of business, pubjic or pri
vate, you would do well to avoid those
who flow with easy and redundant
speech. Seldom are they thinkers or
workers. Judge Williams Is a thinker
and a strong speaker a very remark
able man, therefore, but not an orator.
The effectiveness of oratory is In the
illusions it creates. People think on
what a man like Judge Williams says,
but never get wild over it. They are
sometimes stirred to noise and shouting,
in a partisan campaign, by what a man
like Mr. Chamberlain says; but they
never think of it afterwards, except as
an emotion, because there was nothing
really to think about. Oratory, for the
most part, is a shallow method of de
ception, which the activity of the print
ing press has nearly destroyed and
finally will put out of business.
AUTOMOBILE ANARGHY REBUKED.
Saturday's fatal accident In am auto
mobile race on Staten Island is likely
to get the owner and driver of the mur
derous vehicle that killed and injured
several persons into grave trouble, Inas
much as the courts have already shown
a disposition to Inflict summary punish
ment upon offenders of this sort, not
withstanding the fact that they are al
most without exception persons of
wealth, social standing and political in
fluence. One Edward R. Thomas was
recently condemned by the New York
State Supreme Court to pay $3125 to
Frank P. Thels for the death of his
7-year-old son. Henry, who was run
over while in the street by Thomas'
automobile. "No operator of an auto
mobile," said Justice Freedman, "Is ex
empt from liability, by simply showing
that at the time of the accident lie did
not run at a rate of speed exceeding
the limit allowed by law or the 'ordi
nances." Judge Freedman holds that It is the
business of the automobilist to see that
such accidents do not occur. The chief
responsibility rests upon him. The pe
destrian's right of way is legally
greater than the automobile's. "The
blowing of a horn or the ringing of a.
bell Is not enough If circumstances de
mand that the speed should be slack
ened." The dashing past of an auto
mobile In Hackensack, N. J., caused the
fright of the horse attached to a lawn
mower so that he crushed one man un
der his hoofs and flung the other under
the mower. The driver and his brother
are under arrest, charged with man
slaughter. The New York Evening Post
comments on the fact that as the ma
jority of reckless automobilist are very
idle but very rich folk, the laws should
Impose a much larger fine, with an al
ternative of Imprisonment, when care
lessness was proved.
The statement of Judge Freedman
that the pedestrian's right of way is
legally greater than that of the auto
mobile Is, of course, equally true re
garding the superior right of the pedes
trian against the bicycle. The young
hoodlums who are scorchers never ring
any bell, but whistle at the pedestrian
furiously, as if they possessed the su
perior right of way. The number of
bicyclists who are reckless riders are
very few, but this is no reason why the
police should omit to correct the con
spicuous offenders who sometimes ride
down old men, cripples, women or
children with impunity. It is a sin
gular fact that the police have never
arrested any of these scorching hood
lums, although not a day passes but
some one of them dashes furiously
through one of our crowded streets.
When a man or boy rides a pedes
trian down by reckless riding of a bi
cycle, it is not an "accident"; It is gross
outrage. It is no more an "accident"
than if a man speed his horse furiously
through a crowded street and knock
a pedestrian down. A man might lose
control of his horse by no fault on his
part, but reckless speeding of a bicycle
Is without excuse.
A result of the strike in the building
trades that Is greatly to be regretted Is
the delay that seems inevitable In the
completion of the Sunnyside school
building, in course of construction, and
the postponement In building the much
needed schoolhouses at Sellwood and
Woodlawn. Numbers press heavily
upon the seating accommodations for
pupils in these sections of the district
Teachers and children have literally
worried through the current school
year in cramped quarters, and patrons
have possessed their souls in such pa-
tience as they could summon over the
demonstration In contraction as rep
resented by the huddling together of
their children, in defiance of their en
lightened Ideas on expansion. The per
plexed School Board has counseled all
concerned to make the best of the situ
ation, promising such relief next year
as the money voted by the taxpayers
on "building estimates would permit
And here it is June, with but one of
the three buildings for which there is
the most pressing demand begun, with
building operations practically at a
standstill! It may be said in this con
nection that while the School Board Is
now confronted by an unforeseen ob
stacle, and one over which it has no
control, it may be justly censured in
that all of these buildings are not well
under way. The early months of the
building season have been allowed to
so by utterly lnlmproved as regards
the construction of these greatly needed
school buildings, the money for which
has been voted. Even under the most
favorable auspices these buildings could
not now be properly constructed and
finished for occupancy in time for the
opening of the schools in the Fall.
Everybody who has ever had anything
to do with building knows that work
drags exasperatlngly toward the finish
ing, and that, in order to insure the
completion of any considerable building
within a time specified by a coming
need, an early start must be made.
Perhaps there are good reasons why
these school buildings are not now In
closed and their skeletons seasoning In
the balmy air, while the builders settle
their differences; but such reasons, if
they exist, must be very good ones In
order to justify a dilatorlness which,
without explanation, seems inexcusable
in view of the stress which the com
pletion of these buildings In time for
the opening of the Fall term represents.
Heroes there are In every -walk of life.
To the soldier who gives up his life on
the field of battle, the captain who goes
down with his ship, the engineer who
dies at the throttle, comes the one su
preme moment when a quick choice
must be made between life and duty.
Ufe is sweet to all, and he who gives
up that life that others may live not
only leaves a heritage greater than
riches, but by the heroism displayed,
awakens, even in the minds of the most
selfish, finer and nobler feelings which
make the world better for their pres
ence. The body of one of these mod
est heroes was carried into a darkened
home down the Columbia River on Me
morial day. Herbert Martin was the
central figure in a distressing boating
accident In which four young lives were
lost After the boat capsized and the
ladles in his care were thrown into the
water, he succeeded in rescuing his
mother and his sweetheart, and swam
with them to the overturned boat The
raging Columbia at this season of the
year is yet chilled by the snow-capped
mountains from which its flood has just
escaped, and the efforts required to
reach the boat with his loved ones were
-enough to weaken the purpose of the
ordinary man from again tempting fate
in the Icy waters. The heroism of Mar
tin, however, however, was greater than
his judgment It was not a quick. Im
pulsive plunge to death, for he had al
ready experienced the terrors of fight
ing the raging flood of ice-cold water
ana knew tne terrioje oaas against turn.
His life was safe on the upturned boat
with his mother and sweetheart, but
without a tremor he gave up that life
to follpw out what his heroic mind told
him was his duty. If the good deeds
done on this earth are rewarded in the
hereafter, Herbert Martin's lines are
cast in pleasant places, for this world
Is certainly better for his having lived
An Interview with a Vancouver, B.
C, grain merchant, printed in yester
day's Issue of The Oregonian, suggests
some new business for the Nicaragua
Canal, providing it Is built The enter
prising Canadian Pacific city has just
exported a cargo of oats and a few tons
of wheat and flour, which were shipped
in from some of the provinces lying to
the East This business has given the
"Vancouverltes hope that in time a fine
export trade In grain tnay be worked
up, the expectation being that the ocean
route from the Pacific Coast to Europe
will become a formidable competitor
for the trade now monopolized by the
rail and ocean Jlnes running to the
East It is highly probable that the
Canadian Pacific could throw a large
amount of grain business to Its Pacific
Coast port, especially from territory
Which might be developed west of Ed
monton, business of that kind being
possible with the use of the Suez or
round-the-Hom route. In the event of
the canal being completed, grain might
be drawn from points still farther East
The outlook for this business just at
present Is not very bright, however.
The Canadian Pacific is In full control
of all the territory where any grain Is
produced, and Its Interests probably lie
In hauling It out by way of the St
Lawrence or other seaports on the East
Latest advices from Astoria report a
decided improvement In the salmon
run. The fish are not only coming In
numbers fully equal to those of a year
ago, but they are o'f large size and the
catch to date Is a little ahead of that
of last year. By a singular coincidence
this news leaked out almost simultane
ously with the .announcement that 20,
000 cases of last season's pack had been
sold to go to New York by steamer.
There is a degree of uncertainty about
the appearance of the royal chlnook
In numbers sufficient to make the in
dustry profitable early In the season.
There is no uncertainty, however,
about the annual appearance of the
gloomy reports about a shortage In the
pack, and the gloom is always intensi
fied if there is a good-sized carry-over
from the old pack, and Eastern buyers
are slow about taking hold of the new.
Now that the old pack has been well
cleaned up and there Is a fairly good
.demand for the new-season goods, we
TOay expect reports of Increasing prom
ise, and the run will probably keep up
long enough to Insure both canners and
cold-storage men a pack equal to or
greater than that of last year.
A special effort has been made to elect
Mr. Chamberlain. No other name on
the Democratic state ticket has been
thought of. For this personal campaign
The Oregonian has seen no reason.
Mr. Chamberlain represents his party.
He Is neither better nor worse. The
Oregonian has supported Mr, Furnish
against Mr. Chamberlain, because it
has desired to uphold the Republican
party, whose policy it deems at this
time best for the country. It cares
nothing for the "personal element,"
nothing about cheap good-fellowship.
All that is verj' trifling. It Is what
men stand for that is worth considera
tion. Mr. Furnish stands for what the
Republican party stands for. Mr.
Chamberlain stands for what the Dem
ocratic party stands for. Here is the
distinct Issue, the crucial point, of this
contest Of course, if you are or have
become a Democrat, if you have been
converted, to that party, if you are not
going to be a Republican any more,
you may as well vote for Mr. Chamber
lain, But not If you call yourself a Re
publican and think the policy and pur
poses of this party better for the coun
try than the policy and purposes of the
Democratic party. If this Is your
thought, It Is an error on your part to
cast your vote for Mr. Chamberlain.
Some anxiety Is felt in regard to King
Edward's health, it being particularly
observable that he has shortened In
every way possible such parts of the
coronation ceremonies as require him
to stand for any length of time, and
that arrangements are made for his de
parture at the earliest possible date to
a health resort ion the Continent These
things may or may not be significant of
a disturbed state of the King's health.
Any heavy man of sixty-odd years may
be excused In the desire not to fatigue
himself unduly by unnecessary stand
ing In the stifling atmosphere of a
crowded building In June weather. As
to the other count In this Indictment
against his health, Edward, as Prince
of Wales, was for many years wont to
hie himself to a German waiter cure or
elsewhere on the Continent to spend the
dog days. He is phlegmatic and gouty,
but he comes of long-lived stock on his
mother's side, and may endure the Ills
and enjoy the honors of life. Since he
bids fair to make a good and consist
ent ruler,. It may be hoped that this
will be the case.
The new King of Spain Is not friendly
to bullfights; he denounces them as
cruel, and would like to Introduce horse
racing as a substitute. The survival of
the bullfight as a national spectacle In
Spain Is convincing proof of the non
progressive state of her people. Bull
fighting and bear-baiting were once
public spectacles in England, but when
that great nation rose to the level of
extinguishing legal torture for men it
soon forbade legal torture for beasts.
Prizefighting, dogflghtlng, once popular
sports In England, have long ago been
placed under the ban of the law, but
the bullfight has survived In- Spain. It
is not easy to account for its survival,
for it would be difficult to prove that
the Spanish as a people are naturally
more cruel than the other Latin nations
of Europe. Ignorance, comparative In
disposition to keep in touch with the
modern spirit which has made Spain
the last man, limping painfully at the
end of the procession In which Spain
was once one of the greatest powers of
Europe, may account for the survival
of the bullfight.
Felipe Buencamlno, a noted Filipino,
has testified before a Congressional
committee at Washington, expressing
the opinion that withdrawal of the
Americans would be disastrous to the
Islands, and showing why; also that
under the Taf system the Flliplpos
have greater liberty than they would
have enjoyed under the Agulnaldo gov
ernment, had It been established; that
one great need was more American
teachers in the islands, and that the
happiness of the people depends on
American sovereignty, His statements
so disconcerted the antls on the com
mittee that they courteously Intimated
that the witness dldrt't know what he
was talking about, and said that his
statements were not in accordance with
the facts. The facts, for the antls,
don't depend on testimony or propf.
They evolve them from their own Inner
The meat famine Is on In Chicago.
To offset this, or at least to minimize
Its privations, garden truck is plenti
ful, and fruit is coming In. The jere
miad of the meat-eater is drowned by
the laughter of the professional vege
tarian, who sees in the meat famine
the long-coveted opportunity to test by
compulsion theories In health and re
form that moral suasion has never been
able to secure. The public looks on,
serene In the belief that Chicago Is an
excellent place In which to test theories
of reform, based upon the control,
compulspry or otherwise of what theor
ists call tho "carnal mind."
The defense of the Administration's
Philippine policy by Senator Morgan,
of Alabama, a fujl report of which was
published by The Oregonian yesterday,
and is reprinted ajso this morning,
was a performance of extraordinary
clearness and power. It ought to be
read by every citizen. "Scuttle" has
not received such a blow as from this
old Confederate Democrat Every "antl"
who reads the speech ' ought to be
ashamed of his own narrowness.
For any Republican to vote for
Chamberlain there is no reason what
ever. Some may do it for "good-fellowship";
pome for spite against those who
are conducting the affairs of the Re
publican party this year; some for vari
ous small purposes of "making even"
with one or another. But, If a man be
lieves that Republican policy Is better
L for the country than the Democratic,
none of these Is an adequate motive,
nor all of them together.
Is the Republican party so over
stocked that through sacrifice of Fur
nish It will notify all good men of other
parties It doesn't want them? Or does
It wish to say that It gladly welcomes
men of no account, but has no place for
men of superior force and ability? It
would be poor business to serve notice
on men like W. J. Furnish that there Is
no 'room for them in the Republican
party except In the rear ranks.
Jcseph'Bennett a- truck driver, is un
der arrest for outraging a hospital
nurse In New York City. He has made
several similar attempts In the last two
months. It Is fortunate for Joseph that
he Is not a negro and a resident of a
Southern state for In that event he
would probably be roasted alive and
vivisected while the barbecue of his
body was in. prpgress.
There are Republicans enough In Ore
gon to carry Oregon today by 12,000
majority. If Republicans desire to sup
port President Roosevelt and the ob
jects to which his Administration Is de
voted, they can do it only by support
ing the Republican candidates. They
will not do it by permitting the elec
tion of a Democratic Governor.
Every man in the Fifth Ward knows
B. P. Cardwell, and knows how worthy
he Is to sit .In the Common .Council.
Vote for him.
William J. furnish,.
He Is Not an -Orator, -But He
It has been stated, and Is claimed by
a number of prominent local Democrats,
that Furnish lost jyates when he came to
Clatsop County. Upon being asked how
and why he lost votes, they usually re
ply that it is becauso he could not or did
not appear to be Jtble to make a speech.
In other words, they say that a portion
of the supporters of Chamberlain are
men utterly incapable of looking or in
quiring Into a man's character or prin
ciples or of taking his qualifications into
consideration. Of course, the statements
of these politicians amount to no more
than so much "hot air," but there may
oe a number of persons who are too In
different to their own Interests to in
quire Into the facts.
In the first place, is It necessary for a
man. In order to become a Governor, to
be an orator? History does not go to
show that oratory Is a necessary qualifi
cation of a Governor, but In fact tends
to prove the contrary. The best Gov
ernors this state has ever had were men
who were completely lost when standing
In front of an audience. Governor Lord
never could, never pretended to make a
speech. Yet he gave the state a splendid
administration. So far does history
go to show that oratory Is not a neces
sary qualification of a good Governor.
Nor do we believe that oratory alone can
elect a man. William J. Bryan has a
fine command of language. He Is and
has been a recognized orator. He was
a candidate for the Presidency on two
different occasions, and both times was
defeated by an overwhelming majority.
Mere meaningless words count for noth
ing when fired In a bombastic stylo at an
Intelligent public. The people were not
fooled by Bryan's oratory. They Inquired
Into the principles of the two parties.
And that which was firm and. reliable
they chose. The people of Oregon ore
just as Intelligent as the people of any
other state. They are going to vote for
principles, not for men. There, may be a
few who have not decided to do this, and
to those we wish to ask: Are you going
to vote for a party that advocates the to
tal abandonment of the Philippines? Are
you going to vote for a cowardly prin
ciple? Are you going to votfi for a party
that advocates the hauling down of Old
Glory, an act that no foreign nation ever
dared to attempt?
The campaign In Oregon this year Is the
same that It was in the country In the last
Presidential campaign. You voted for the
honor and integrity of your country then,
and we belleyp you will vote for the
honor and integrity of your state now.
We do not believe thero is a single man in
this county who will allpw personal prej
udice or a desire for vengeance on some
particular candidate to overcome his
loyalty to bis country Don't do It Be
man, enough to put aside petty quarrels
and differences and vole for principles of
honor to yourself, your county, your
state, your government
AS X0 LOAFER.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
"I object" aid Cecil Rhodes in the
part of his wlli dealing with his Dalham
Hall estate, "to an expectant heir devel
oping into what I call a loafer," Then
he adds provisions ,to prevent any loafer
from succeeding to the property. Where
upon the Ixndon Chronicle remarks:
The question, of the derivation of that word
"loafer," which Mr. Rhodes' will Is likely to
elerate from the slang dictionary. Is already
getting acute. The word is Spanish, and like
"galoot" and others came froth Mexico through
Texas and the States. It Is the Americanized
form of "gallofro" an Idle, lazy vagabond
passing, as any student of Bartlett knows,
through "glofero" and "glofer" to 'Jofer," and
ending up wltb the pretense of having some
thing "English about It, as "loafer" a man
who has no casual connection with the loaf ho
does not earn.
All of which exhibits Ignorance of the
mother tongue and naive reliance on
Bartlett's cocksure assertions In his so
called dictionary of Americanisms.
While we hesitate to assert that there
Is no such word as "gallofero" In Span
ish, the latest edition of Velazquez does
not contain It or anything like It, though
that work pays special attention to
American-Spanish dialects. Nor did "loaf
er" come Into our speech from the South
west but first' appeared on the Atlantic
The earliest traceable use of "loaf" In
print Is In the New York Commercial
Advertiser, whose Washington corres
pondent in December, 1S45. wrote: "The
Senate has loafed away the week." Then
came Walt Whitman, la 1S5S, with his:
"I loafe and invite my soul; I lean and
loafe at my ease." Then Lowell used
the word In his "BJglow Papers," and, In
the Introduction to the second series, In
To loaf This, I think. Is unquestionably
German. "Laufen" Is pronounced "lofen" In
some parts of Germany, and I 'once heard one
German student say to another. "Ich lauf filer
bis du wlederkehrest" And he began to saun
ter up and down In short, to "loaf."
Sp far we might infer that tho word
was picked up by their neighbors from
the German settlers of Pennsylvania, and
so passed Into "American" English. But
In 1SG2 Henry Kingsley used It In his
"Ravenshoe," and in 1S73 William Black
used it in his "Princess of Thule," as
f olio we:
Shoeblacks are compelled tp a great deal of
unavoidable loafing; but certainly this one
loafed rather energetically.'
How can you go down to the beach by your
self among those loafing vagabonds?
We might suppose that Kingsley and
Black borrowed the word from America,
were not Black a Scotsman and Kingsley
a long resident in Scotland and a Free
Kirk Journalist But the German "laufen"
has the same root as the English "leap,"
with Its ancient past tense "lope," and In
Scots many old English forms are pre
served. The Scottish "land-louper" is the
same as Lord Bacon's "land-loper," and
both mean vagrant or "loafer" in the
sense of "tramp." Hence It is quite pos
sible that In bth America and England
"loafer" Is merely a revival of an old
English form, stimulated here by the pro
vincial uerman "iqien ana "lorer- ana
In Britain by the persistence of the Scot
tish form of "loper."
At all events, In both countries, the
word was felt to meet a need. As Pro
fessor Matthews, of the old Chicago Uni
versity pointed out m one of his essays,
about 1S75, loafer is more than a lounger.
"A gentleman," he said. In effect, "may
lounge, but does not loaf. A vagabond
Idler loafs as well as lounges."
Hence, Cecil Rhodes' will cannot ele
vate "loafer" from the slang dictionary.
It never was slang, but always a word lot
good Teutonic stock, probably of good
British breeding. Certainly for more
than 30 years It has been good English.
Wins Fortune In Mexico.
Chicago Inter.. Ocean.
After a long and bitter struggle In the
Mexican courts and on the Mexican plains.
General Charles P. Eagan. of embalmed
beef fame, has won title to 2,500,000 acres
of mining land In Western Mexico. The
property Is large enough and rich enough
to make a European kingdom.
Associated with Eagan are Alvinza Hay
ward and Charles D. Lane, millionaire
mlneowncrs of California. 5 Charles C.
Green, the copper king of Arizona, fought
his claim with pistols and rifles. Cow
boys and Mexican troops were involved Jn
the struggle, which was a border melo
drama until the Mexican Federal Court
rendered decision upholding General
Eagan's risht to the land.
TELLER AND THE GREAT SALMON1
New York Sun.
Senator Hoar expressed on Thursday
l last this opinion of the author of tho
Teller resolution respecting Cuba:
I doubt whether any man who nas aat in this
chamber since Charles Sumner died, or whether1
all who sit here now put together, have done a
more important single service to the country
than he did In securing the passage of the
resolution which pledged us to deal with Cuba
according to the principles pf the Declaration
After temporary adjournment, during
which the Senators swallowed the 60
pound fish by means of which Mr. Mitch
ell, of Oregon, secured unanimous con
eent for the passage of a bill establish
ing an assay office at Portland, Mr. Teller
took the floor, and, full of salmon and
generous sentiment, delivered himself as
follows on the subject Introduced by Mr.
I do not know of anything which has gven
me more pleasure than the result of our inter
ference In Cuba, and the fulfillment of the
pledge He made to those people. ... On
the 24th of April, the day before I introduced
the resolution, I discussed the question of In
ternational law and declared that we could not,
according to the law of nations, without dis
crediting ourselves before the world, take any
profits or have any advantage out of that ln
tervention. ... I Introduced the resolution
Without the slightest Idea that there was any
necessity to have any restraint upon ourselves.
I never dreamed that there would arise in this
country any number of people who would think
of taking- the island In spite of the law that I
laid down as binding.
Mr. Teller's remarks extended to a gen
eral history of the development of the
sentiment which led to the pledge con
tained In his resolution, and discussed the
attitude of other Senators on that ques
tion at that time. In the course of h!s
remarks he stated. In reply to a question
by Senator Clapp, that he opposed the
Piatt amendment ofj March, 1901, Impos
ing certain conditions or restrictions upon
Cuba's Independence, ilr. Teller ended
his historical and self-congratulatory re
view with an eloquent peroration on lib
erty and Independence, in Cuba and else
where. "Liberty-loving men." he cried,
"will never have any love for a flag that
they do not create and that hey do not!
Senator Teller did not make quite com
plete the record of his connection with
Cuban Independence. He omitted any ref
erence to the subjoined dialogue bptween
himslf and the military commander of the
Provinces of Matanzas and Santa Clara,
held on January 12, 1900, during a secret
meeting of the Senate committee on rela
tions with Cuba: k
Senator Teller Suppose their constitution is
made, suppose that we could 'get some recog
nition in that constitution of our control of
General Wilson You might get considerable
control all, indeed, that jou want in return
for trade concessions.
Senator Teller Suppose we say that until
the traty Is made -under this constitution tho
troops of the United States shall remain there?
Tho Chairman There would be objection to
Senator Money That could bo done by an
ordinance of the convention.
Senator Teller That is what I am talking
about. I would not .glv e them any more porter
than I would give to the people of Colorado
Senator Money That 13 not Independence It
Senator Teller Do you not think that t
same relation .should exist between us an
them as exists between the United States am
the several states? They make their oonstltu
Uon. Let it be understood that we shall have
the right to say whether that constltuUon Is
satisfactory to us, or we will not take the
soWJers away. We have nowhere raid that wo
would not exert our influence over them in a
fair-minded way, What we have said Is sim
ply that we do not Intend to absorb these peo
ple against their will.
We are Inclined to think that If the
60-pound salmon had been familiar with
this nart of the record, and had not been
deprived of the- capacity for mirth by the 1
process which it had Just previously un
dergone, that large flah would have laugh
ed when he heard Mr. Teller's speech sol
emnly accepting Mr. Hoar's distinguished
Has Mr. Bryan Found a Candidates
If Mr. Bryan has selected Tom John
son as bis Presidential candidate, he has
fulfilled his mission of destruction to the
Derhocratlc party. The work of disor
ganization, begun In 1896, needs only the
nomination of this exalted apostle of lib
erty, as depicted by the orator of the
Platte, to be complete. The Democratic
leaders. In search of an issue on which
to go before the country, need look no
further, They can find It In Mr. Johnson
himself. He will expound the doctrines
of Jefferson, as Interpreted by Mr. Bryan
and indorsed by himself, and preach the
policies of Andrew Jackson in the light
of the same "higher criticism." The two
statesmen are one on the great questions
on which Mr. Bryan believes the safety
of the Republic hangs. They agree that
"militarism" and "imperialism" ought to
be made issues and the Army abused;
that the courts should temper justice
with bids for popular favor; that injunc
tions are all Iniquitous; and that tho
United States must get out of the Phil
ippines. With Tom Johnson In tho Pres
idential chair and William Jennings Bry
an as his chief adviser, one might look
for blessings of the same sort that were
declined with thanks by the voters of
the country in 1S36 and 1300. But they
will decline tlie blessings whenever of
Senator Hoar on the Army.
St Louis Globe-Democrat.
As specimens of rhetoric, the elaborat
ed speeches of Senator Hoar have a cer
tain literary value, but It has been quite
a number of years since tho Senator was
in touch with the American people, or
has been regarded as a safe adviser. His
solitary vote, for Instance, was cast re
cently against the Chinese exclusion act,
and it must be inferred that he Is so much
Impressed with his own" conception of the
Declaration of Independence that he
would expose this country to a tidal
wave of Mongollanlsm that is not, and
never could be, In sympathy with Amer
ican Institutions. The vote in. the Sen
ate on Chinese exclusion lost month was
76 to 1, the unit coming from Mr. Hoar.
He deplores the wrong-headed stubborn
ness of the 76 as much as he regrets and
resents the course of the American peo
ple In the Philippines. Mr. Hoar's speech
nn the PhlllDDlnes in the Senate last
Thursday was deliberately prepared and
memorized, but Is a highly overstrained
effort In general. If Mr. Hoar's addresses
are printed In future years, this one will
be regarded as singularly un-American
and superheated. If the biographer Is
considerate, he will drop it out as a pro
duction from which the virility of the
American character is absent
Edith C. Dart, in "the Spectator. (
Oht met ye April on your way
And was ahe grave or was she gay
Saw e a primrose chaplet fair
"Upon her tangled, wind-tossed hair?
And had she on a kirtle green.
The sweetest robe was ever seen?
Oh! met ye April on your way.
With ejes like dove's breast meek and gray?
Yes. I met April on my way.
Part morrow apd part esterday
And she went laushlng, she was sad
Wayward and penstv. grave and glad.
The fluttering fabric of her gown
Was emerald green, in shadow brown.
Soft gray as dove's breast were here ej es.
And bluest blue of Summer skies!
Light fell her step upon the grass,
As though a fairy queen did pass;
Her hands were cold, yet full of flowers.
Her loose hair wet with pattering showers!
Strung dairies for a girdle white
Were wound about her bosom slight
Tea! I met April on my way, -
And swift she stole my heart today!
' J NOTE AND COMMENT.
It is up to the voters. '
Vote early and avoid the rush.
The tumult and the shouting die.
Uneasy lies the man who runs for office.
If at first you cast your vote, do not vote
It Is all over but the .voting and the
Beware of a sure thing. It is always an
The .silent vote speaks loudly after the
polls are closed.
The candidates haye had their say; now
the people will speak.
Senator Simon will hear from his con
stituents again tonight.
Are you going to vote for the divekeeper
or for the business man?
Let us send word to President Roosevelt
that Oregon Is all right.
The Boers got in under the wire ahead
of the Filipinos, after all.
June and January do not resemble each
other In name, but that Is about all.
Is Oregon back of the Administration
and against the trusts, or isn't it?
. After today, the exemplary candidate
will be just an ordinary, erring man.
Will Bryan be able to send a telegram of
congratulation to Oregon tomorrow? Let
It is today that that great orator, Vox.
Popull, takes the platform and does some
effective work. '
King Edward -will now be able to have
a larg South African diamond sparkling
In hlsnew eronn.
Look at the ballot carefully. It re
quires almost as much study as the issues
of the campaign.
No one but the fellows who were out
for what there was in it will regret that
the campaign Is over.
England has peace today, and Oregon
will have it tomorrow. These are pro
gressive and enlightened times.
The heeler and the professional politician
never are too busy to vote. This is worth
remembering by the reputable citizen.
Peace has at last been officially declared
In the Transvaal. But there are still a
couple of years for fighting while the
final negotiations are being concluded.
A man who was called on to address
a Sunday school In a Pennsylvania town
took the familiar theme of the children
who mocked Elijah on his Journey to
Bethel how the youngsters taunted the
poor old prophet, and how they -were pun
ished when two she bears came out of
the wood and ate 42 of them. "And now,
children," said the speaker, wishing to
learn If his talk had produced any moral
effect, "what docs this story show?"
"Please, sir," came from a little girl well
down in front, "it shows how many chil
dren two she bears can hold."
A paper in Norway recently contained
he following advertisement: T, the un-
erslgned, declare that, through a re-
ettable mistake, I circulated the rumor
tRat the coffee-house keeper, Jorgen Hen-
rinson. had drunk a class of beer. I hum-
blySapologlza to Mr. Henrlksen for this un
founded imputation. OLAF F. LIEN."
Another curious advertisement appeared
the other day In an English paper. It was
as follows; "Wanted, by the advertiser,
situation as plain cook in small family,
where the mistress Is not always at her
heels; it causes unpleasantness, then she
leaves. Any lady that does this sort of
thing neej not answer this."
Rev. M. J. Hann did his best for a con
gregation la Centerville, N. J., but finally
concluded that the members were not do
ing their Ijest for him. Whereupon ho
called a meeting of the church and took
leave of them oh In this pungent fashion:
"Brothers and sisters, I come to say good
bye. I don't think God loves this church.
because none of you ever die. I don't
think you love each other, because you
have not paid my sjlary. Your donations
are moldy fruit and-vvormy apples, and by
their fruits ye shall krpw them. Brothers,
I am going to a better place. I have been
called to be chaplain of a penitentiary.
I go to prepare a place for you, and may
the Lord have mercy on your souls. Good
bye.'' The perpetrator of the latest New York
bunco game is generally a young man of
excellent manners and pleasant address,
calling on people and offering to rent Sum
mer houses in the suburbs. He first of
fers a long rfgamarole about the family
connection. With tho negotiations well
under way, he rises to go, saying: "I give
you my card, so that in case you are kept
from the engagement day after tomorrow
you can communicate with me? To his
intense surprise, however, his pocket-book
is missing. He remembers that two men
jostled him In the car, but at the time
he thought nothing of the Incident. Tho
loss would be a good Joke on him were
It not that he must make the night train
home. Could the houseowner lend him $3
or $10. to be returned day after tomorrow?
The day comes, but the young man and
the money remain away, and the happy
Summer home Is still without a tenant of
PLEASANTRIES OF PARAGRAPHBRS
Sells watered stock the florist. Philadelphia
Church She Is a Russian Countess. Gotham
Indeed! Has she much in her own name?
"Has she? She's got nearly the entire alpha
bet!" Yonkers Statesman.
And It's Incurable. Judge What Is your
profession? Witness I'm a poet, your Honor.
Judge Huh! That's not a profession; it's a
disease. Chicago Dally News.
Probably. The Monkey Why, tho circus
poster says I'm the most intelligent monkey on
earth! The Elephant If you were, you'd be
too intelligent to take any stock In a circus
Hadn't Heard of It. Politician (touring tha
provinces) How do the boys out this way ilka
"benevolent assimilation"? Native We hain't
got nothin 'agin it. as fur as I know, but we
glnerally take straight whisky. Chicago Trib
une. "Do you think it would improve my style?"
Inquired the 'varsity man who had got into
the crew through favoritism, "If I were to ac
quire a faster stroke?" "It would Improve tha
crew," replied the candid trainer, "If you got
a paralytic stroke." Tit-Bits.
Mother Now, look here. Bob. You know
your father has strictly forbidden you to eat
any more of these dates, and here I find an
other stone. Bob Why, mother, sister must
have eaten that date; I did not throw that
stone there. Mother Are ou sure about it.
Bob? Bob Yes, mother, quite sure, because I
swallowed mine. Brooklyn Life.
An Exchange of Courtesies. "No. suh," said
Mr. Erastus Plnkly, "I nebber sold my vote to
nobody." "But that candidate gave you ?2."
"Yassir. I doesn't deny dat. He Jes' coma
along an' gimme dat two. An' when a gem
man comes along an.' give you $2 fch nufnn.
it ata" no mo' dan common reciprocity to vota
fob Mm foh nuffln'." Washington Star.