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THE TRIUMPHS OF EXPANSION Impulse Given to Our Manufactures and Our Trade With the "World Greatest Market on the Globe at Our Disposal. Tbe need of Industrial civilization Is markets, and British expansion has Siren England sales of $300,000,000 an nually to her dependencies The Democratic policy toward the Philippines is a policy of decrepitude. We shall not turn tbe Philippines hack to barbarism or abandon them to rival powers, or haul down the flag. We shall do our work like Americans and men till all the Cast shall bless the name of tho great Republic and all mankind shall cheer American benefi cence. Taking no thought of the morrow is the counsel of Insolvency. Since the war with Spain our farms have Increased $1,220,000,000 in value, our productive Investments over $500, 000,000, our factory payrolls have In creased $500,000,000 a year. Interest on the public debt is $7,000,000 a year less, and the balance of trade in the Ave years since McKInley was first in augurated is $2,700,000,000 in our favor. Who, then, la injured by expansion? Upon the crave of every American soldier, wherever he yielded up his life, let tho grateful tears of the Nation fall. And in the cause for which Amer ican soldiers have given up their blood let the whole world know that the American 'people are united. ' INDIANAPOLIS. April 23,-Senator Al bert J. Beveridge today made the declara tion of the principles upon which the Re publican party in this state, and probably throughout the Nation will stand before the country at the National' convention of 1904. The Senator himself would not say that his utterances were those of President Roosevelt, neither would he de ny IL His friends, however, make the as sertion, without qualification, that he spoke for the Administration. Senator Beveridge spoke as follows: The greatest unexploited market on the globe Is the market of China and the Orient. To that market we are carried by the development of another principle as natural as that of industrial combina tion the principle of expansion. It is a principle universal, and manifests itself In the life of every individual, the progress of every business firm and sweeps onward through the whole range of human activ ity to the policies of nations. The boy can scarcely care for himself; the man cares for himself, and others, too. A busi ness firm begins with local markets; and finally branch establishments In New York. New England. California, London and, at last. In the very heart of Europe itself. And Just so nations, when they have reached a certain point of power, look to the world beyond them Just as a firm under like conditions looks beyond Its own locality. So, for example, England decades ago seized on the world's trade, and, with her commercial expansion, came control of countries inhabited by infant or decadent peoples. And such was their benefit to England that everywhere she extended her dependencies; and the noblest chapter of English history is her record of the ad ministration of order, law and Justice to these peoples her development of the re sources of these lands. And this admin istration has brought its material reward as well as its glory. For English facto ries sell to India every year $140,000,000 worth of manufactured stuffs; to Ceylon more than $25,000,000 worth; to the Malay States, $30,000,000 worth; and through her trade centers she reshlps through China $120,000,000 worth. All told, her sales di rectly to her dependencies and through them to the Orient reach beyond $300,000. 000. Deprive England of these markets for her surplus and English worklngmen would starve. Germany understands this, and searches today on every coast for territory where the German flag may be planted as well as German goods sold. Even France, now past the meridian of her power, still seeks to obey this univer sal law. And JX France had not wasted her energies on European battle fields, but Instead had poured her vigor along the lines of French expansion a century ago, France would be still advancing. Had she chosen Canada rather than campaigns in Italy, Instead of planting her standards amid the snows of Russia, she would have reaped world-wide power Instead of Waterloo. Decadent peoples, like men, lose their power. Spain failed In her duty of ad ministration of order, law and Justice in her possessions failed to connect them with the world of commerce and culture. And when the voice of the Lord called the armies of the Republic to her chas tisement, the time had also come when the people of the Republic were prepared for that world expansion natural to grow ing , nations. For us, duty, opportunity, power; for Spain, recreancy, , weakness, punishment all spoke In the same great hour of fate. Porto Rico became our charge; Cuba our ward; the Philippines our Oriental outpost. The Democracy re sisted all. As the old Federal party re sisted American acquisition of Louisiana territory and went to its death; as the old Whig party resisted American absorp tion of California and went to Its death; so the late Democratic party resisted Am erican expansion over sea and went to its death. And now that expansion accomp lished, the wreck of the Democratic party demands that America shall retreat from the Philippines. Shall Americans heed that demand? We have expended tens of millions of American sold to plant the beginnings of civilization in the Philip pines. We have poured, out American blood to establish modern system, mod ern methods, modern progress there. They command the commerce of the East. Why should we, then. In the very hour when commercial expansion Is swiftly becoming our mortal need, abandon this possession; throw away the multiplied millions of dol lars they have Invested; denounce our sol diers as pirates; give up the mastery of the Pacific and the control of the Orient? It is a policy of decrepitude, a proposition of disgrace. Self-Governxneat of Filipinos. What reasons do the opposition give? First, that the Malays of the Philippines can govern themselves. Where is the proof? When, unaided, did Malays ever govern themselves? If it took our own race a thousand years to develop our present capacity for self-government; If it required one hundred and fifty years for the American colonists to grow from crown charter to constitution, how can Malays In two years accomplish the same results? Only in the last two years have the Filipinos ever seen even the working of honest government. Malays though they are. they are not a single people. In different islands different branches of the same stock as German arid English are different divisions of the same race; these different divisions subdivided by dif ferent speech; three centuries of Spanish misrule are these elements Is this the school of self-government? If they are these elements Is this the school of selfr-government? If they can be FRIENDS OF OREGON Hope for Rivers Lies With Senate Conferees. - HARD FIGHT ON BILL IS SURE House Members Will Make Effort to Have Their Provision Adopted Elkins and McMillan for the Xorthwest. WASHINGTON, April 23. The hope for Oregon in the river and harbor bill rests with Senators McMillan and Elkins, the Repulican conferees. Berry of Ar kansas has so much to do for his own section, besides being naturally so licitous for the South, and not very anxious to favor the Northwest, he would. SENATOR ALBERT J. BEYERIDGE. . ,, " B99IK'iHVBHB9IHB " " HBBMBIIIbIK' raBmHiSBB HHRHflHlflB " 3iL- - afffflyHrBililWilHllHIMHBI QjHBEP&mIHEEIhh. sPeSksiRBHkIIISSBhI! H&SnflHIBHRHKBMM'niaHPllPfiKHaHIIHH WHO SOUNDED THE KEYXOTE OF THE REPUBLICAN CAMPAIGN AT THE OPENING OF THE INDIANA STATE CONVENTION. Ao ...., A taught self-government, American ad ministration will teach them. But not In a day can even American administration teach tHem what it took Americans them selves hundreds of years to learn. We re quire our own children to wait 21 years before we allow them to participate In our own government; are Filipinos supe rior to educated American youth, inher iting the very blood of self-government? If the Filipinos should be found capable of self-government, the Republican party will give it to them. But the Republican party proceeds on facts, not on imagina tion. And, therefore, the Senate proposes a census of the Philippine Islands for the purpose of Informing Congress to what extent and in what places Filipinos can govern themselves. Is this not the method of reason? First find the facts and then fit our action to those facts. And while these facts are being gathered, American administration In the Philippines Is ex tending self-government In town and vil lage as rapidly as the Filipinos themselves can manage it. We are teaching them by practice; we are training them by educa tion. If we can make them self-governing, none will hall that consummation with such delight as we who are instructing ,them. But we will not turn them back to barbarism. We will not abandon them to rival powers. We will not haul down the flag. We will do our-work like Amer- ( leans and men until all the East shall bless the name of the great Republic and ! all mankind cheer American beneficence. Philippine Expenses. Do they tell us of expense? Every dol lar of expense of Philippine civil admin istration Is paid out of the revenues of the archipelago. And the opposition ad mits the necessity of our military expense because It proposes" to keep our Arm there till stable government Is estab lished. Expense of an enterprise Is not measured by the first outlay. What would be said of a man who bought a farm, , stocked It, built barns, erected houses and then abandoned it because thus far all had been outlay without Income? When highways in Luzon Join every plantation , now separated by wilderness; when wilder ness itself shall be plantation, when rail roads carry the archipelago's timber, ag ricultural products and mineral wealth to Its ocean ports; when every Filipino is educated to modern methods, and thus his consuming capacity is lifted from the littleness of barbarism to the fullness of civilized demands; when the trade of. the Orient's hundreds of millions consumers i is won to American factories and farms, what mind cannot see the resulting profit? America sells China $25,000,000 worth of i American flour, cottons, machinery. The whole world sells China $250,000,000 worth. I Two-thirds of this trade naturally be longs to the United States; and this, with the Philippines, we will control. If the opposition asks how the Philippines will help us control Oriental trade, ask them how Chicago controls the trade of the Central West; or Kansas City that of the srreat Southwest: or San Francisco that of the Pacific Slope. It is the simple philosophy of location, demonstrated when applied to commerce with alien races through dependencies, by the whole history of trade. And thus to America the archipelago will give markets within itself and mar kets beyond itself. .What will be the ef fect on the prosperity of the American manufacturer and farmer when we sell two-thirds of the $250,000,000 which other nations now sell to China? And this vast i amount is sold today to less than 75,000,000 no doubt, be willing to trade for his sec tion. The substitution of Elkins In place of Frye is because Frye expects to be away during the conference, or will be presiding In the Senate, and could not give the time to It. Both Elkins and Mc Millan will make a strong fight for the Oregon Improvements. Elkins has some matters of his own to look after In the bill, and he will naturally take care of them first, but ho is likely to work very hard for Senator Mitchell, and possibly tho proposition for The Dalles may be retained. It Is well understood that the House conferees will make an effort to have their provision adopted, and noth ing but the hardest kind of work will result In keeping the Oregon and Wash ington amendments in the bill as it passed the Senate. (Concluded on Page 12.) ADJOURNMENT OF CONGRESS. Mitchell and Tongue Both Want Ca nal Bill Pat ThronRh First. WASHINGTON, April 23. The Impres sion still prevails that Congress will get away from Washington about the middle of June, and in many quarters there is a desire to cut short all legislation that Is not absolutely necessary In order to per mit members to go Into the campaign. Both Senator Mitchell and Representa tive Tongue, In discussing this subject to day, expressed a desire to finish up the business before (Congress, but both very emphatically stated that they did not de sire an adjournment until the Nicaragua Canal bill has been passed. In fact, they caid they would prefer Congress to re main here throughout the Summer, If by so doing it would insure the passage of the bill. Their sentiment Is that there has already been enough delay with the canal proposition, and action should be had at the present session. They prefer the Nicaragua bill, but if it is found In the end that only a bill for another route can pass, thus Insuring the construction of a waterway between the oceans, they will support that measure as a last re sort. To Promote Colonels. Senator Mitchell today Introduced a bill authorizing the President to promote to the rank of Brigadier-General on the re tired list, any Colonel now on that list who has an honorable record of 40 years' service in the regular Army, who com manded an Army in the field, received the thanks of the'War Department from Secretary Stanton, and was awarded a Congressional medal for distinguished gal lantry and good conduct. Washington Land Bill. Representative Jones' bill extending for one year the time In which settlers on certain desert lands In .Yakima County may perfect their entries was today fa vorably reported by the public lands com mittee. These settlers have been hindered in making Improvements because of the failure of th'e original Irrigation companies to complete their ditches in contract time. Thunder Mountain Mull Contract. A contract was today awarded to H. B. Eastman, of Boise, for carrying . the malls from Idaho City to Roosevelt and Thunder Mountain, Idaho, commencing July 1. The route will be covered three times a week at a contract price of $S300 per annum. There are now no offices at Roosevelt or Thunder Mountain, but their establishment is contemplated be fore July 1. Pleased Over Funston's Call-Dovrn. Nothing from the White House has pleased Congress more than the repri mand upon General Funston. The Impres sion in Congress Is that Funston was given much more consideration than he Was entitled to when he was made a Brigadier-General for the capture of Ag u!mIdo, which many officers believe was simply a good piece of scout work. At the same time there was no other award open for the Kansas soldier. DENIES IDE OFFEREDA BRD3E. John G. Campbell Sends In Affidavit in Collectorshlp Case. WASHINGTON, April 23. Senator Fos ter, when today shown a newspaper clip ping stating" that there is an affidavit on file with the President, signed by R. A. Hutchinson, of Spokane, charging Clar ence W. Ide with having offered him a bribe If he would vote for John L. Wilson, in the election of 1SS5, admitted that auch an affidavit was now in the hands of President Roosevelt. He said the affidavit had been forwarded direct to the Presi dent by Hutchinson, and he himself had not yet had opportunity to examine care fully Its contents. He added that the affidavit was what caused the Presi dent to have Ide's nomination held up last Thursday, and Intimated that a further delay might be had tomorrow. So far as he was aware. Senator Foster said he knew of no other charges being filed with the President or Attorney-General against Ide, although he had not been to the White House for several days. The de tails of this affidavit have heretofore ap peared in The Oregonian. An affidavit from John G. Campbell, referred to in tho Hutchinson affidavit, was. received here today, In which the signer de nies having been offered a bribe by Ide, or any one else, to. vote for Wilson, adding that he so voted only when forced to do so by caucus action. Candidate for Attorney in Capital Charles Bedford, of Tacoma, an appli cant for appointment as United States At torney for Washington, arrived in the cltS today and had a conference with Senator Foster. He says he is here on private business. CUBAN; TANGLE STILL UNSOLVED. Delay Is AH Senate Republican Lenders Have to Offer. WASHINGTON. April 23. The Repub lican managers In the Senate have noth ing but delay to offer at present on the Cuban question, whteh has so radically divided the party. They do not know which way to turn, nor do they see any way outrof the tanglejat present. Threats of reducing QTe tarlffon certain articles which affect the states of Senators who are against Republican reciprocity is met by counter-threats. For example, the at tempt to reduce the tariff on hides, lum ber, coal and glass, which It was expected would hit the Western Republicans and the Senators from West Virginia and Michigan, Is met by counter-threats on the part of these Senators, with a determina tion to reduce the metal schedules, In cluding all the small articles manufac tured in New England, where the prin cipal pressure comes from now for Cuban reciprocity. It Is possible that the whole matter may be delayed long enough so that nothing will be done, as Senators who are torn by conflicting Interests hope that the House bill will be smothered in committee. There are some Senators who will show a disposition to blame the Pres dent for pressing the Cuban reciprocity matter upon Congress after so much op position developed, while others say he is simply carrying out the pledges of Mc KInley to the Cubans. OUTLOOK FOR IRRIGATION. Too Early to Predict Fate of BUI Odds in Favor of It. WASHINGTON, April 23. While some are. of the opinion that passage of thu river and harbor bill without an Irriga tion amendment means the defeat of the irrigation bill. It is too early to predict the fate of the measure. While its ad vocates would not be surprised if it Is lost, the odds seem to be in their favor. J. D. WHELPLEY. CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER. Congress. Senator Rawllna. continued his speech against the Philippine bill. Page 2. The House considered the Senate amendments to the oleomargarine bill. Page 2. The Senate may recast the Cuban relief bill. Page 2. Foreign. Colombia rebels surrendered Bocas del Tero. Page 5. The Landsthlng- otes In favor of the sale of the Dantih Islands. Page 5. Queen Wllhelmlna continues to improve. Page 5. Domestic. Striking dyers at Paterson, X. J., engaged in a riot- Pare 1. The Indiana Republican state convention opened at Indianapolis. Page 2. Speoch by Senator Beveridge. Page 1. General Funston was forbidden to discuss the Philippine question in public. Page 2. Pacific Const. "Whitman County farmers will aid Governor McBrlde In flght on railroad lobbyists. Page 4. Joseph N. Dolph, of Portland, is Insane in California. Page 4. Move for adjustment of San Francisco street railway strike. Page 4. Commercial and Marine. Exciting day In wheat at Chicago. Page 13. Chicago wheat excitement causes depression in New York stock market. Page 13. River steamers Mctlako and G. W. Shaver race for 100 miles. Page 11. Many ships coming from South Africa for wheat. Page 11. Portland grain ships arriving out in Europe. Page 11. Portland and Vicinity. Robert D. Inman will resign as State Senator for Multnomah. Page 14. Portland Jobbers will help build new road to Thunder Mountain. PaEe 12. Project of newly organized Oregon & South eastern Railroad. Page 10. Planlng-mill employes set May 1 as date for striking. Page 7. Report discredited that T. M. Schumacher will be O. R. Si N. traffic manager. Page 10. Odd Fellowo announce programme of Satur day's celebration. Page 8. RAIDS BY STRIKERS Dyers, of Paterson, N. J., Indulge in Rioting. SEVERAL CLASHES WITH POLICE Compel a Complete Suspension o Business in Their Line Many. Persons Injured During the Fighting. .. - Striking dyers of Paterson, N. J., brought business in their line to aa end yesterday, and in the meantime encountered the police. In the rioting that occurred several persona were shot and many on both sides suffered broken hcad3. It was thought state troops would have to be called out, but the police finally restored order. If the strike continues the great silk Industry will be seriously affected. PATERSON, N. J., April 23. Striking dyers' helpers today stormed the estab lishments that were still running, and by force compelled a complete suspension of business in their trade. They engaged in a series of running fights "with the police and plant managers, and in one oC the severest clashes exchanged a volley of pistol shots with them. Many persons on either side were severely injured dur ing the rioting. It was believed for a time that it would be necessary to ask the state for troops to restore order, but the police expressed confidence in their ability to handle the situation, and no re quest for outside aid was made. Judge Dixon called the grand Jury and charged them to indict the persons guilty of riot ing. The conservative element among the strikers had, in the meantime, disavowed the violence of their fellows, and 'urged a return to peaceful means to gain the end that is sought. Large numbers of the strikers were in sullen spirits, and it was predicted tonight that any at tempt on the part of the employers to resume business without dealing with them would be desperately resisted. When the strikers completed their campaign against the plants In operation, the num ber of men out was found to be nearly 4000. The disorder began early in the day and was unexpected. A meeting of strikers was held at 8 o'clock at Rueger's River side Hall, and 2000 men gathered at the place. The hall would not accommodate them all, and the proceedings were slow .becauc c the mary nationalities repre sented. To simplify matters, it was final ly decided to have the men of each shop on strike appoint a committee of live to represent them. The meeting was orderly and declared for peace, and the men were urged to keep away from the shops. The meeting of committees formulated the demands of the strikers for the fol lowing scale of wages: Helpers, 20 cents per hour; machine men, 22 cents; finish ers, 22 cents; apprentices, not less than 20 cents, and also that 53 hours shall constitute a week's work, that time and a half be allowed for overtime; that five minutes be allowed for washing up be fore quitting time, and that the scale be accepted for five years. The old prices per hour were: Helpers, I6V2 cents; machine men. ISM. cents; fin ishers, 22 cents; learners, 14A cents. Strikers Grievances. While the meeting was in progress, hun dreds of strikers stood outside the hall angrily discussing their grievances. The radicals urged a raid upon the works still In operation, and when their suggestion was approved headed a rush for the plant of Johnson, Cowdin & Co. The men at work there were called out. and the strik ers moved on to the establishment of James Simpson & Co. That firm, fearing trouble, dismissed the men and closed its doors. Robert Gaed's works were vis ited next, and after that the Bamford mill, where the, first serious disorder oc curred. The property is walled in, but the strikers gained the yarJ before tho gates were shut. Windows were smashed, chemicals spilled,' and much damage done. The men at work in the plant quickly quitted their places. While one mob was closing the Bam ford mill, another was surging into the plant of the American Silk Dyeing & Fin ishing Company. Armed with dye sticks and stones, they charged through the plant, driving the men from their places. George Arnold, one of the members of the firm, was dropped Insensible with a blow on the head from a dye stick. Clash With Police. Almost simultaneously, an attack was begun on the works of Emil Geering, and It was in the fight for possession of it that the shooting occurred. Two police men were guarding the property, and when the mob came rushing down on them they warned those in the van to keep away. Some one In the crowd dis charged a revolver, and the police quick ly returned the fire. Half a dozen shot3 were fired, and one striker, who escaped unidentified, was shot in the leg. Tho mob stoned the two policemen, and when one of the latter arrested one of the lead ers, closed In around him. The officer swung his club and beat his way out oC the crowd. One of the patrolmen finally secured a rifle, and when he came out and faced the crowd with it, there was a general scattering. From Geerlng"s. the crowd went to the property of Knipsher &. Maas. but that raid was checked by a squad of police which forced the crowd back. Gerald MIstell, a young striker, hurled a rock at the police, and was placed under ar rest. The crowd tried to rescue him and to the number of several hundred followed the arresting officers to prison, hooting at them as they trailed along. An attempt was made to organize a second movement against Geering's works, but only a few volunteered to take part In it. At noon the men at work for Geering went out, and the place was closed down. At some of the plants raided, the strik ers familiar with the machinery turned the steam on at full force, and It was an effective weapon In driving the workmen out. The strikers met at Riverside again at 4 o'clock In the afternoon to receive the reports of the several shop committees. Nearly every one of the latter reported that their particular shop would agree to the wage concessions demanded if all the shops would. The conservative lead ers strongly advised the strikers to avoid violence and disavowed the attacks made on the mills during the morning. If the dyers' strike is prolonged, other branches of the great silk industry, which, centers In and around Paterson, will ba affected.