Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 06, 1902, Page 9, Image 9

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General Jackson and the Great
Homes at Belle Meade Ttie Sew
South and Railroads.
GALVESTON, Dec 23. Special cor
respondence.) During- my stay In Nash
ville, I visited the breeding farms ot
Mr. E. S. Gardner. Jr.. at Avondale, In
Sumner County, and of General "W. H.
Jackson, at Belle Meade, the latter being
the handsomest and In every way the
best improved farm In America of this
class; Avondale, a more recent creation,
being less than eight years old. Its found
er, the elder Mr. Gardner, -was one of the
men -nho believed In doing things -well
and not branching out too extensively.
Avondale, therefore, contains about 1700
acres of beautiful rolling land about six
miles from Gallatin, and the barns and
buildings are all of modern style. One
feature I thought commendable was a
foaling stable -with a bedroom for the
groom and windows so arranged that he
can turn on the electric lights at any
hour of the night. Into three stalls, and
see whether any of the three mares are
In need of his assistance. The apparatus
for extinguishing fires Is almost perfect,
and everything about the place Is up to
date. The stallions on the place are the
native horse Himyar and the Imported
stallions Quicklime and Masseto. Himyar
enjoys the distinction of being the only
sire in American turf history to get the
winners of over $200,000 in one season.
The old horse is now coming 28 years of
age. and is sightless as Milton, but his
back is little swayed with age and he is
certainly the best-preserved horee I ever
saw. Quicklime has been something of a
disappointment, although he got Lime
water and several other good ones. Mas
setto is a typical St. Simon horse, a trifle
over 16 hands high, and a rich brown in
color. He got Tommy Atkins, the second
best two-year-old of 1900. Thomas Cat, a
winner of 30-odd races, and Waring, win
ner of the two richest handicaps run for
In California In the year now closing. His
book is full for 1902. Notwithstanding the
lateness of the season, there was plenty
of good green grass in the Avondale pad
docks and the matrons of the stud looked
exceedingly well.
At General Jncknon Staliles.
Two days after my visit to Avondale,
my wife and I went out to Belle Meade
to spend the day with General "W. H.
Jackson, who Is a man of affairs If ever
the State of Tennessee produced one. The
day was dark and stormy but we were
to leave Nashville shortly and there was
no other day to be spared. The handsome
family carriage, drawn by two magnifi
cent thoroughbred bays, dashed on
through the rain and sleet, and In 40 min
utes landed us at the hospitable doors of
a magnificent house now nearly 70 years
old, where the veteran of two wars held
out both hands to us in his usual hearty
way. After warming up. we went out to
see the stallions. The first horse shown
was Longstreet, a horse beaten by none
save Proctor Knott and Salvator, and a
winner of more races than both of them
together. He is the sire of The Parader,
who won the Realization stake of J2S.000
last season. Next was shown imported
Tithomis, a St. Simon horse, a trifle small
er than Masseto but an exquisitely turned
animal, already a winning sire. Next came
Luke Blackburn, now 25 years old, the
greatest three-year-old winner (so far as
the number of races goes) that America
has ever produced. After Luke came the
Apollo of the farm Inytor B the well
beloved Enquirer. The storm had ceased
for the moment and the mild rays of a
Midwinter sun glinted down approvingly
upon the rich silken coat of the big and
beautiful bay. Next was that magnificent
young sire. The Commoner, by the dead
hero Hanover, and, following him, came
the English horse Loyalist, brother to
Paradox, who won the 2000-guinea and
Grand Prix de Paris In 18S5. After him
came imported Madison, by Hampton, out
of a St. Simon mare, so that his breeding
Is exactly the reverse of King Edward's
famous horses, Florizel and Persimmon.
Next was Huron, son of the lamented Iro
quois, who won the Derby and St. Leger
of 18SL I was very much taken with this,
liorse, for two reasons. First, he is set
on shorter legs than his sire; and second
ly, he Is a horse of much better temper.
I predict great succes for Huron, as he
Is a superb Individual.
After a glass of the real old-style egg
nog, that is such a distinctive feature of
Southern entertainment, we had such a
luncheon as only Belle Meade can spread;
and then the General and I went out for
an Inspection of 11 two-year-olds and "SO
yearlings, just about as handsome as
could be seen anywhere In the world.
The famous old mare of this stud, whose
sons and daughters have won in England
and France, as well as in America, are
allowed to run about every day till 3
o'clock, when they are taken in and com
fortably housed. That Is. between No
vember 20 and March 20. The rest of the
year they are out of doors all the time.
Belle Meade.
Belle Meade embraces about S000 acres,
of which 1200 Is a park full of deer and
elk. It was reclaimed from a canebrake
by John Harding, who built a log cabin
there and began his operation In O80S. To
him was born a son named William
Greene Harding, who commanded a retrl-
inent of the Tennessee Volunteers in the
Beminole war. Aftr that struggle was
over, the brave young soldier returned to
his paternal acres and began breeding op
erations upon a scale that has kept the
old farm famous to the present hour. His
first stallion of note was Childe Harold,
by Imported Sovereign, out of Maria
West, by Marlon. After him followed
Jack Malone, Vandal, Bonnie Scotland,
Great Tom and one or two others which
covered the time up to his death. General
Harding left two daughters. Selena and
Irene, who married, respectively, General
W. H. Jackson and his brother, Howell
B. Jackson, now about six years dead. In
Judge Jackson the State of Tennesse sent
to the Senate, and, afterwards, to the Su
preme bench, the ablest man the South
bad produced since "the late unpleasant
ness." As we entered the elegant old dining-room
the portrait of the great Jurist
looked down upon us from the wall. I
have seen handsome men, but none whose
face, beamed with such rare and radiant
Intellectuality. The fine gray eyes told
their story of a peace "after life's fitful
fever," that awaits none but those who
are fearless in their devotion to princi
ple and their broad sense of equliy; and
who are the slaves of their plighted word
alone. Good friend, honored public ser
vant, sleep well. ,
The afternoon wore along, as we sat in
the library by the genial glow of a hick
ory flro and talked over the events of the
15 years that had crept by since we had
met at President Cleveland's first inau
guration. The shadows grew long about
the magnificent ancestral home as we rose
to depart. The glistening ivories of the
negro coachman shone out from the box
of the carriage as the kindly host fol
lowed us to the door and bade us good
night, adding: 'Tkm't stay so long the
next time." The coachman closed the
door, gave a chirrup to hie horses and wo
dashed out Into the otorm once more, ar
riving at our hotel at Nashville an hour
later. It is allotod to few men and women
to spend a more thoroughly enjoyable day
than was ours at Belle Meade.
Fade not from my vision, dear home of con
tentment. Where childhood found mirth and the aged
Where our hearts wcro as light as the. breath
of the rephyr.
Our thoughts ever pure- as the dew oa the
In Memphis.
We remained in Nashville over Sunday
and then took a train for Memphis, ex
pecting to catch the steamer "New South"
for. New Orleans. She had left Cincinnati
on Saturday night and we looked for her
to reach Memphis by Tuesday night, or
Wednesday morning at the. very latest.
Judge of our surprise when the agent
told us she had not reached Cairo and
would be at least a week in reaching
Memphis. So, we took the train for New
Orleans over the Yazoo Road and, after
a fearful. Jolting ride, reached the Cres
cent City on Thursday morning. But
before leaving Memphis I made a pretty
fair inspection of the place and can be
Justified in expressing tho belief that It
does more business for its population than
any city in the South. It has been an
off-year for cotton and corn, but it is
nothing unusual for Memphis to re
ceive 25,000 bales of cotton in one day.
In my days in the South, "previous befo
de wah," all the cotton was handled by
the steamboats and cotton seed had no
commercial value whatever. Now the
seed Is made into oil and the hulls sell for
about ?S 50 per ton for fattening cattle,
so that the yield from an acre of cotton
is far In excess of what it used to be.
Nevertheless, the cotton-planters west of
Nashville and east of Memphis, will have
hard work to pay their bills for the crops
are all about 50 per cent short.
Comparison With Ante-Helium Days.
It seemed odd, too, to be in Memphis,
with seven or eight boats going out every
day and only one a week to New Orleans.
The last time I was in Memphis, in the
Spring of 1SC1, 1 saw the Eclipse, Pennsyl
vania, Robert J. Ward, Aleck Scott and
Sultana, all over 1500 tons, pass there
within five days; and besides these there
were also the Ingomar, Magenta, W. M.
Morris and H. R. W. Hill, any one of
which could carry 1000 tons. In those
days 100 steamboats alongside the New
Orleans levee was no unusual sight. Now
it is a rare thing to see 0. The changd
In the condition of things was due chiefly
to the Civil War and the advent of the
Republican party to power.- Prior to
that era no political party had dared to
hint at such a thing as giving away ot
the public domain, or any portion thereof,
as an encouragement in the direction of
Internal Improvements. With the sub
sidizing of the Union and Central Pacific !
Railways a new era dawned upon Wall
street, for the negotiation of railway
bonds at C per cent was made feasible
almost anywhere. The South was invad
ed by hordes of needy speculators who
elected Legislatures composed of ignor
ant and irresponsible negroes and then
procured the passage of railway fran
chises in every direction. So long as
they could realize their commissions on
the sale of these bonds, the Wall street
bankers did not care whether the Interest
thereon was ever paid. As the result ot
these conditions, the South was com
pletely gridlroned with roads that would
really be premature In 1920. This Is less
true of Texas than of any other Southern
State, because she Is not only a vast
producer herself, but, because her har
bors are the natural outlet for the
cereals of Nebraska and Iowa. But these
prematurely-built roads not only stifled
the commerce of New Orleans, but lit
erally stamped out a strictly American
profession river steamboatlng.
Railroads vs. Steamboats.
In the good old days two-thirds of the
tonnage employed on the Mississippi was
owned south of Cairo. The engines were
built In 'St. Louis, Cincinnati or Louis
ville and tho hulls at any one of 50
places. But the earnings of these boats,
often 575,000 over all expenses in a single
season, went Into the pockets of South
ern men and were distributed generally
throughout the states on whose waters
those boats "were employed. Now the
first money earned to the railroads which
drove those boats out ot business, goes
abroad to pay the Interest on their mort
gage bonds. After that, there are a few
small salaries paid to the train employes
and local officers; and what is left, goes
up to Wall street, to pay the salary of a
pig-headed president, who signs his name
to about a dozen vouchers dally; and
whose true labors are performed by an
alleged "private secretary' whose fam
ily resides in New Jersey among the mos
qultos and whose salary is about $1000 a
year. And yet, in spite of all this 'down
right misfortune for these new railroads
have made but few new towns, nor ma
terially developed any new industry the
New South still grows and thrives.
Demand for Horses.
The exportation of mules and horses
from the vicinity of Memphis, ever since
the outbreak of the Spanish war, has been
enormous. Add to this the demana which
has come In from South Africa since the
Boer uprising, and you can readily see
that an enormous amount of money
has been put in circulation fn Tennessee
in the past six.years. "Ah doan' have to
go to Cincinnati to sell mah mules and pay
an ockshuneer no five per cent commis
sion no mo'," said a big, lanky fellow to
me In the smoking-room at the Peabody
House one night. 'JThe buyers comes
around to my place and offers to take
every golderned hoof I got. and pay me
the spot cash, you h'ar me: I doan car
whar the long-eared bastard go to, nuther,
so long as I've got the soap In the flank
of my jeans."
"It must be pleasant to do business
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when you can make money with so little
effort?J I remarked.
"Yer dead right, str-a-n-g-e-r." said the
long-legged man. "Ez long as you can
go out to hunt customers for whut ye've
got to sell, they kin make yew dew blz
ness their way. But when yew kin sit on
yer front porch 'n smoke yer cob-pipe
while they are lookln' over yer stock,
then yew know yew've got '-em whar the
hair is short. I tell yew, mistopher, I've a
man Unit's hed a heep of hard luck. But
jlst now, jassaxe9 Is trumps, an Tea. a
holden a full hand!"
In New Orleans.
The day was breaking cold and gray, as
the train stopped at Baton Rouge, and I
looked out at the old capitol building for
the first time in nearly 45 years. From
there to New Orleans the train seemed
to make very slow progress, for we
stopped at nearly every sugar plantation
along -the line. About 10:30 the train
halted at the old canal basin where the
oyster boats used to come up from Paps
Christian and Lake Ponchartraln. As
we worked our way up slowly Into the city
I began to recognize the quaint old French
architecture, with which I had been so
familiar In boyhood's days, when I sailed i
on my grandfather's old cotton shin, the I
.tiotunguer. i had a later recollection
of it, too, for I was there In the war
cloud days, and was one of 226 men who
refused to take the oath of allegiance to
the Confederate States. I was taken up
Into General Beauregard's office and
'Why do you refuse to take the oath
of allegiance to the Southern Confed
"Because I am not a Southern man.
was my answer. "I am a native of New
York, and a qualified voter iin California.
I expect to return to California In about
six weeks.','
You will have to go sooner than that,'
replied little Beauregard. 'The steamer
leaves here for Havana next week, con-
nontinr TCitv, n tn ati.oii .
must go on her. During Vhat interval you j
can take your choice between going to
Jail or reporting yourself at this office
each day at 10 A. M. and 4 P. M."
I reported myself daily as required, and
then the Bieurvllle left there for Havana.
sne had on SS0 men wh owere like myself, uo" ,liuu" v" UU1 UJUUUUl"' ""
unwilling to enroll themselves under the work was so successful that two writers
Southern Confederacy. General Bob I "ned into print to protest and urged
wheat, who was
had known me
UD alongside ol
patriate started to march down Canal
street. "Take hold o' my left arm, boy,
and If anybody offers to burr vrfu. I'll Ips' ,
riddle him," said poor, old Bob. How '
clearly I recall his face and burly figure
today. I shall never forget the volleys of
abuse we got as we went down that
"Oh, look at the mackerel catchln
of ." says one.
"Git out o' here, ye gallderned pork-an-molassos
"Trot away from here, ye d d black
hearted abolishinesses."
And that's the way it went. I got back
to California all right and never again
saw New Orleans for 40 years afterwards.
Today there was not a man in the Cres
cent City that, had ever seen me before.
I was Just as great a stranger there as
I had been in Paris, five month? pre
viously. At the St. Charles Hotel I ran
across a chap that had known me In
Oregon, and he gave us an elegant little
dinner party at Tony Brasco's. Two
hours later we were on board the Sunset
train bound for Galveston. GRIZZLY.
Transformation Is Expected "Wliea
American System Prevails.
London Sketch.
Darkness and mud, the characteristics
of this City, of Dreadful Night, afflict
Pall Mall Just as sorely as they do Rat
cllff Highway, and) the clubman, spat
tered with mud as he sits in a hansom-
cab, longs as earnestly as any traveler
on foot for the good time coming wher
we shall be able to move all over Lon
don below the surface In light, clean,
dry tunnels. The Americans, whom no
difficulties deter, run their tramways un
der the roadways in many of their cit
ies, and, when Mr. Ycrkes has trans
formed the underground, that Stygian
cave of sulphurous horror, into a clean,
whitewashed, brilliantly lighted tunnel, no
douot otner Benefactors to humanity will
thrust clean, whito ways north and
south and east and west through the
London clay, and London will be criss
crossed below the surface with "tubes."
The omnibus will either disappear or
be converted Into a vehicle so comfortable
that travelers will prefer its- luxury to
that of the cars below the surface, and
the "tubes" will aid In the good work
that the automobiles will surely accom
plish within a very few years' time, that
of sweeping off from the streets all the
commoners among horses, all the halt,
the maimed and the blind that are worked
at night when the "S. P. C. A." and the
police do not see or do not take any notice.
killed at Chlckacnaugua. ' "Ie '"" " purapmns ana poiaioca.
in California, and stepped -'.. wuonao. ncgieciea mem. u not me
r us as th column nf . writers? Lvcry state in America has Its
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Will G. Steel Describes Array ot
Xataral "Wonders and First
Ascent of Moant Hood.
When the meek Galilean sought to
breathe .forth sentiments inspired with
heavenly graco, he left the plains
and valleys and climbed to the moun
tain tpp. He never went down
in the valley to commune with God, but
sought him on the mountain top. So witn
Abraham and Isaac and Jacob; and In all
those days Pharisees and scribes and
sinners wondered why they climbed the
mountains so high. Even In these days
when there are no Pharisees or scribes
or sinners sprigs of society gape at moun-
tain climbers and scorn them for their
weakness, aping a young rooster, who
once scratched and strutted on a dung
heap, where he uncovered a long-lost
brooch of precious stones and scornfully
thrust it aside, unable to appreciate its
value. In the dark days when despots
strangled liberty, where was freedom pre
served? Not on the plains or in the val
leys, but in the rough and rugged moun
tains. You can conauer nlalnsmen and re-
I duce them to ..slavery, but the spirit of
liberty abides In the mountains.
Oregon, rich In golden grain, luscious
fruits and glittering gold, welcomes trade
Rlth the uttermost parts of the earth and
revels In wealth of field and stream.
Volumes are written on salmon and for-
rhP 1 ? ,h SS'hS .S
do " none of these. They are good.
"? ? JUSJ1
our resources famous, let us not be Jeal
ous one of the other, but each do his own
8"are unmmoiui or. oiners. Last summer
wne? efforts were being put forth to at-
agricultural resources and exhibits mon-
ser squashes. But few of them have
snow-capped peaks and rugged mountains.
Summers without tornadoes, cyclones or
heat. But few have their feet bathed in
the sea while their hoary heads tower in
the skies above. But few can show you
rich valleys and plains and the wonderful
grandeur of Switzerland, too; but we have
them all here. They are all our own, ana
shall we not show them to our less for
tunate brothers? Excite within them a
vague, indescribable desire to leave their
scorched plains or frozen cities and revel
in" the romantic wlldness of unknown
mountains. Infatuate th'em with our
scenery and they will remain among us
and raise pumpkins, if need be. Let them
Look on the waves; their stormy voices teach
That not on earth may toll and struggle
Look on the mountains; better far than speech
Their silent promise of eternal peace.
What Oregon Offers to the Sightseer.
Take them up the Columbia on a day
without a cloud and their enthusiastic de
light will be music In your ears. From
Council Crest feast them on valley, plain
and snow-clad peak. Climb old Hood
early In the morning and set their brains
awhirl with the world at their feet. To
the West the Willamette Valley, In broad
expanse, leads off to the south. The
great Columbia swings In from the dis
tant northeast and rolls ever on to the
Pacific in the west. The great plains of
Eastern Oregon and Washington flank tho
rugged mountains that rear themselves
north and south. Yonder stand Rainier.
Baker, St. Helens, Adams, Jefferson, Three
, sisters. Diamond Peak and Shasta; giant
mountains of a giant rfnge. When did
mortal ever see the like? Take them to
the limestone caves of Southern Oregon
and climb from chamber to chamber. See
the restless antics of Beelzebub's Imps in
the Devil's Banqueting Hall and the ex
quisite beauty of snowy stalactites In the
Queen's Chamber. Go with them to Cra-
j ter Lake. Dame Nature's own resort, than
which the world never saw more impres
sive grandeur. Let them look upon It In
all its quiet solemnity, then think of the
monotonous plains from which they came.
Pumpkins and potatoes, bedaubed! They
can raise then here as well as there, so
why not live in God's own country? Then
show them your wheat fields and your
orchards, and don't forget to call their
attention to shiftless farmers from way
back, who live in ease and plenty. Show
them our mines, forests and fisheries and
beg them to remember they have seen
very little of the grandeur and wealth our
state contains.
Thousands of men visit Europe to wit
ness such scenes and spend millions of
American capital in foreign lands because
they do not know any better. However,
Downing, Hopkins & Co.
Room 4, Ground Floor
the tide is setting this way. Fifty tour
ists per day visit the three leading hotels
of Portland, rhlch means 1S,2jO per an
num. If they spend on an average 515
each the annual sum total is 5"iTS,T50.
There are 50 hotels, all of which contribute
something in this line, to say nothing of
lodging-houses and private residences. It
is not an Idle fad that preaches moun
tains and scenery, but it means more cash
to the state than many an Important in
dustry. The average tourist loves nature,
but worships his own comfort and objects
to our scenery because It is remote from
Pullman car lines. Doubtless such Is the
case, but railroad enterprise is rapidly
overcoming this objection.
Crnter Lake for National Park.
Crater Lake was discovered by a party
of prospectors In 1S53 and is located in
Klamath County, Oregon, on the summit
of the Cascade Range, S5 miles from Med
ford, the nearest railroad point, from
which place a good wagon road leads to
the top of the lake's walls. It was sub
sequently known as Deep Blue Lake,
Lake Majesty, Mysterious Lake and final
ly as Crater Lake. A movement was
started by the writer in 1SS5 to establish
a National Park, at which time ten town
ships were withdrawn from the market.
Beyond thl3 the movement has not yet
been a succes?. He also had the pleasure
of sounding the lake for the Government
In 18S6, at which time the discovery was
made that It is tho second body of fresh
water In depth, and the deepest In Amer
ica. In connection with E. D. Dewert,
of Portland, and S. S. Nlcollnl, of Ragusa,
Austria, he secured 260 trout minnows
at Gordon's ranch, 47 miles from the
lake, which were carried by hand the en
tire distance, in a bucket of water, which
was changed at every opportunity. Every
possible effort was put forth to carry
them safely, but we were only able to get
37 live fish into the lake, on August 31,
1S88. In 1S96 Professor B. W. Evermann
made a thorough examination of the lake
for the United States Fish Commission
to determine whether or not fish would
thrive In Its waters. On August 22 he
took the temperature of the water as fol
lows: Surface, CI deg.
& feet deep, 39 deg.
1040 feet deep, 41 deg.
1623 feet deep, 46 deg., on the bottom.
In reporting on the subject, he says:
"While the conditions obtaining at Crater
Lake are not the most favorable to fish
life, there seems to be no reason why
trout in limited numbers might not thrive
in it. The water is all that could be
desired as to purity and temperature, but
the depth is so uniformly great that only
small areas of bottom suitable for spawn
ing beds are found."
During the Autumn following Professor
Evermann's Investigations, the Govern
ment made an attempt to stock the lake,
but it was too late in the season, and
proved a complete failure.
This lake Is located in the remains of
Mount Mazama, a volcanic cone of the
Shasta class, the top of which has been
blown out and fallen In, leaving a cavity
nearly six miles In diameter and 4000 feet
deep, containing 2000 feet of water, mar
velously clear and Intensely blue. The
walls surrounding it are nearly perpendic
ular, and vary from 500 to 2000 feet high.
Vldal Peak Is 19S9 feet, Glacier Peak 19SS
feet, Dutton Cliff 19S5 feet. Cathedral Rock
1926 feet, Llao Rock 1909 feet, and Wizard
Island 845 feet. The surface of the water
is 6239 feet, or only 54 feet less than New
Hampshire's great Mount Washington.
Except in Cleetwood Cove there is no
beach, but the walls rise directly from
the" water's edge. A very narrow beach
extends along Cleetwood Cove, sloping
gradually for a few rods into the lake,
thus affording the only sandy bottom to
be found. Many fine camp grounds over
look the lake, but the most available is
on the south side, to which a good "wagon
road leads. As a rule August is the best
time to .visit the lake. Previous to that
time late snows and .mosquitoes prove
First Ascent of Monnt Hood.
Now, a word about Mount Hood. It is
located in Clackamas and Wasco Coun
ties, 50 miles from. Portltnd on an air
line, a little south of east. Is 11,225 feet
high, and was discovered by Lieutenant
Broughton, of Vancouver's party, Octo
ber 29, 1792, and named for Lord Hood,
of England. It was known among the
Indians as Pat-to, meaning high, snow
capped mountains. Looking south from
Hood a little peak may be seen just north
of Jefferson, which Is sometimes referred
to as Mount Washington. It was known
Copyright photo by H. A Halo.
MMMMMM .). t
Chamber of Commerce
among the Indians as Pat-to Pat-to, or
little snow-capped mountain. In 1S46 an
effort was made among American resi
dents of Oregon to change the name of
the range from Cascades to President's
range, and the highest peaks for the vari
ous Presidents. Under this plan Hood
was called Mount Washington. It Is said
to have been In a state of eruption 'in 1S45.
It Is now a smoldering volcano. T. J.
Dryer, founder of The Oregonian, claimed
to have attained the summit In company
with Wells Lake and an Indian August S,
1S54, but In this they failed, having only
succeeded in attaining the summit of
Steel's cliff. His description of the sum
mits sufficient to prove that he never at
tained the summit of Mount St. Helens,
which he claimed to have reached In Au
gust, 1S53. The first actual ascent ot
Hood was made July 11. 1S57. by Henry L.
Plttock, W. Lyman Chittenden, James G.
Deardorff, William Buckley and Professor
L. J. Powell. Of this number Mr. Plt
tock founded The Daily Oregonian, and
became a charter member and subse
quently president of the Mazatnas, a club
of mountaln-cllmbera organized on the
summit of the mountain July 19, 1S94, at
which time 196 persons reached the top.
J. S. Dlller, Chief Geologist of the United
States Geological Survey, In a letter says:
"It is probable that the fish we saw In
Crater Lake were some of your plant.
We saw over 20, so that It Is probable your
37 must have multiplied somewhat or else
we happened to come across a large num
ber of the members of your family. We
saw no small ones whatever. Those we
saw ranged from about six Inches to the
neighborhood of 30 Inches In length, and
the larger ones were generally more or
less white on the back and sides as is
often the case with old salmon far up in
the rivers." WILL G. STEEL.
Child's Tears Toacked Jastlce "Biff"
Chicago Post.
"Please, mister man, let my mamma
and papa go and dey'll be dood; oh, so
awfully dood,"
This assurance, lisped between sobs by
the 6-year-old boy of D. W. White and his
wife, brought tears today to the eyes of
Justice Hall for the first time in his ex
perience as a Justice of the Peace and se
cured the release of the lad's parents, who
had been arraigned for shoplifting In
State-street stores.
The court had Just heard the testimony
of store detectives and the woman's ad
mission that she and her husband, driven
to desperation by the want of food and
money, had taken a large amount of jew
elry, when the child clambered over the
rail surrounding the court's desk and
made the pathetic plea.
The voice of the child in the courtroom
checked the usually noisy rapping of
Bailiff John Griffin's hammer, and Clerks
Landgraf and Clinton looked up to see
the magistrate In tears, clasping the lad
closely in his arms. The Justice entered
un order of dismissal upon the court sheet.
The court's disposition of the case was a
surprise to many, but It was not ques
tioned. Tne child's head reposed upon the
broad shoulder of Justice Hall, while the
two laughed and cried together for sev
eral minutes, until the court put tho little
fellow down and emptied his purse into
the hands of the man and the woman.
The tale which the woman told the
court was that her husband had been a
telegraph operator In Pittsburg until Ill
ness compelled him to give up the confin
ing work and forced her to toil to keep
the family of three alive. They decided
to come to Chicago last week.
Despondent over the husband's Inability
to secure employment, the .couple went
Into the Boston Store and Schleslnger &
Mayer's and took Jewelry valued at 534.
This they intended to sell, but they were
caught with the booty in the woman's
"I don't remember when I have cried so
hard," said Justice Hall. "That little fel
low Ju3t captured me completely."
Some one suggested that the child had
been trained.
"If he has been." said the Justice. "It
was the best acting I have ever seen, and
in my career as a dramatic critic I have
seen plenty of good art."
Persons suffering from sick headache,
dizziness, nausea, constipation, pain in
the side, are asked to try one vial of
Carter's Little Liver PI113.
No Cure
No Pay
way to perfect manhood. The VACUUM
TREATMENT cures you without medicine ot
all nervous or diseases of the generative or
fane, such as lost manhood, exhaustive drains,
tarlcocele, impotency. etc. Men are quickly re
stored to perfect health and strength. Writ
for circulars. Correspondence confidential.
Safe Deposit budding. Seattle. Wash.
Regulates the menstrual flow, cures ku'
corrhoea falling of the womb and all the
other ailments peculiar to women Buy
a $1 bottle from your druggist to-day.
Pacific Coast Steamship Co.
Fir South-Eastern Alaska
Leave Seattle O P. 31.
Steamships COTTAGE CITT.
Jan. B, 11. 15. 20. 23. SO;
Feb. 4. 14. 10. 10. 28; Mar. 1.
For further Information ob
tain company's folder. The company reserves
the right to change steamers, sailing dates and
hours of sailing, -without previous notice.
AGENTS N. POSTON. 240 AVashlngton St..
Portland. Or.: F. W. CARLETON. N. P. R. R.
Dock. Tacoma; Ticket Offlce, 618 First a-e.,
Seattle, M. TALBOT. Comm'l Agt.. C. W.
MILLER. Aat. Gen'l Agt., Ocean Dock.
Seattle: GOODALL. PERKINS & CO., Gen'l
Agents, San Francisco.
Winter schedule Leaves foot Alder street
every Monday. Wednesday and Friday morn
ing. 7 AM. Leaves The Dalles every Tuesday.
Thursday and Saturday morning, 7 A. M.
Stops at all way landings for both freight
and passengers.
STR. BAILEY GATZERT (Alder-st. Dock.)
Leaves Portland dally every morning at 7
o'clock, 'except Sunday. Returning, leaves As
toria every night at 7 o'clock, except Sunday.
Oregon phone Mala 351. Columbia phone 351.
U Vh '
Special Announcement
Kc Service to Hedlterrancaa
Th Nttr Glnntle Twla-Sctnr Sltinxn "Cbm. I
tontlb.r 1XO0O toat. eon fm ton. nJ E
"Nw EnOana." tons. 63 ftt lont. will
Mil from Botton la OlbnlUr AlcUr. &!:.
Kitplu ana Alexandria. Effrtn. a roTIowi.
'Commonwealth." Jan, 4. IKH2; "Xrm Eat- '
ViPi'LJ3 t802: "ComaoawtaltH." rb. !
12. 16. Ptrfact Mrrtea ad eulttna. Awtr
THOMAS COOS & BOM. P. C. Go.- Aetata, t
Efl Market at.. Ban Praaciaco. Calif. c
"Send for Illustrated Mediterranean Booklet.
rfurpnai? lis Tib wj
rassHR KLywii
For the East via Hunt
ington. 0.00 A. M.
4:30 P. H.
For Eastern Washlnc
ton. Walla Walla. Lew
lston. Coeur d'Alene and
Gt. Northern Points.
6:15 P. M.
7:00 A. M.
Dally, i
For the East vis. Hunt-
tnston. i
8CO P. 1L
8:10 A. M.
Dally. v
CISCO. SS. Columbia
Jan. 7. 17. 27.
SS- Geo. W. Elder
Jan. 2. 12. 22.
8:00 P. M.
6:00 P. 2C
8.00 P. M.
B.0OP. S
ex. Sun.
way points, connecting
with atr. lor Ilwaco and
Dally ex.
Sat. 10
North Beach, atr. Has
ealo. Ash-street Dock.
P. M.
way points, str. RUXH,
6:45 A M.
6:00 P.M.
Aon-street dock.
(Water permitting.)
City and Yamhill Riv
7:00 A. M.
3.00 P. it.
Wed.. f
FrL, I
er points, sir. jsimore.
(Water permitting.)
TICKET OFFICE Third and IVashlngtoai
Telephone. Main 712.
For Yokohama and Hong Kong, calling M
Kobe, Nagasaki and Shanghai, taking freight)
via connecting steamers for Manila, Port Ax
thur and Vladlvostock.
For rates and full Information call on or &
dress officials or agents of O. R. & N. Co.
Depot Fifth aad -Arrlvft
X J . Ut I
8:S0 P. M.
8:30 A.M.
for Salem. Rose
burg. Ashland, Sac
r a m e n to. Ogdcn.
San Francisco. Mo-
7:45 A. M.
Kop. 3t
Jave, Loa Angeles.
El Paso, New Or
leans and the East.
At V o o d b urn
(dally except Sun
day), morning train
connects with train
for Mt. Angel. Sll
verton. Browns
ville. Springfield,
and Natron, and
Albany Local for
Mt. Angel and S1I-
Albany passenger ...
10:10 A M.
5:50 P.M.
118:25 A M.
4:00 P. M:
7:30 A M.
114:50 P. M.
Ccrvallls passenger.
Sheridan passenger
Dally. UDally except Sunday.
Rebate tickets on sale between Portland, Sac
ramento and San Francisco. Net rates $17.50
first class and $14 second class. Second class
Includes sleeper; first class does not.
Rates and tickets to Eastern points and Eu
AUSTRALIA Can be obtained at Ticket Of
flce, No. 254, cor. "Washington and Third.
Passenger Depot, oot of Jefferson street.
Leave Portland dally 7:20 A. M., 12:30. 1:55.
3:25. 4:40, 6.25, S:30 P. M. Dally except Sun
day, 5.30, 0:40 A. M., 5.05, 11:30 P. M. Sun
day only, 0 A. M.
Arrive Portland dally. 8:30. 10:50 A. M..
1:33, 3:10. 4:30. 6:15. 7:40. 10 P. M. -Daily ex
cept 8unday, 0:35. 0:30. 10:50 A M.; except
Monday, 12:40 A. M.r Sunday only, 10:05 A. M.
Leae for Dallas dally except Sunday, 5:03
P. M. Arrive Portland 9:30 A. M. Passengee
train leaves Dallas for Alrlle Mondays, Wedne
das and Fridays at 3:50 P. M. Returns Tu
days and Saturdays.
Except Sunday.
City Tkt. Agt.
Gen. Frt. & Pass. Agt.
Leave. Arrive.
Overland Express 2.00 P.M. 7:00 A It,
Twin City. St- Louis &
Kan. City Special 11:80 P.M. 7:43 P. M
Puget Sound Limited, for
South Bend. Gray i
Harbor. Olympla, Ta-
coma and Seattle 8:35 AM. 850 P. "st
Two trains dally to Spokane, Butte, Helena!
Minneapolis, St. Paul and the East. ,
A3t- General Pass. Agt..
255 Morrison street. Portland. Or
Ticket Office 122 Third St Phone 630
No. 4
6:00 P. M.
The Flyer, dally to and
from St. Paul. Minne
apolis. Duluth. Chicago
and all points East.
No. 3
7:00 AM.
Through Palace and Tourist Sleepers, Dining
and Buffet Smoklng-Llbrary Cars.
For Japan. China, and all Asiatic points will
leave Seattle.
About January 14th.
Astoria & Columbia
River Railroad Co.
Depot Fifth and
I Street.
For Maygers, Rainier.
Clatskanle. Westport.
Clifton. Astoria. War
renton. Flavel. Ham
mond. Fort Stevens,
Gearhart Pk.. Seaside.
Astoria and Seashore
Astoria Lxress,
8.00 A M.
11:10 A.M.
r.-oo P. M.
0:40 P. M.
Ticket offlctr i55 Morrison St. and Union Depot.
J C MAYO. Gen. Pass. Agt.. Astoria. Or.
Salem, Independence, Albany
Corvallis and McMinnville.
Steamer POMONA, for Corvallis. leaves 6:45
A. M Tuesday. Thursday and Saturday.
Steamer ALTONA, for McMinnville, leaves)
7 A. M. Monday. Wednesday and Friday.
Offlce and dock, foot Taylor at. Phone 40.
MS)rfea3?l R