Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, December 20, 1901, Page 6, Image 6

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Entered at the PostoflJce at Portland. Oregon,
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y Mall '.postage prepaid), in Advance
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The WecUly. :: month M
To City Subscribers
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Foreign rate double.
Nch r discussion Intended for publication
in The Oregonian should be addressed Invaria
bly "Editor The Oregontan." not to the Dam
of aiy individual. Letters relating to adver
tising subscription or to any business matter
should be addressed jilmply Tb Oregonian."
Eastern Business Office. 43. 44. 45. 47. 4S. 40
Tribune building. New Tork City; 409 'The
Rookery." Chicago: the S. C. Beckwlth special
agency. Easfrn representative.
Tcr uale In San Francisco by L. E. Lee. Pal
ace Hotel news stand: Goldsmith Bros.. 230
Sutter street: F. W. Pitts. 1003 Market street;
J. IC Cooper Co.. 740 Market street, near the
Palace Hotel; Foster U Orear. Ferry news
For sale in Los Angeles by B. T. Gardner.
239 So. Sprint: street, and Oliver & Haines, 100
So. Spring street.
For sale In Chicago by tha P. O. News Co..
217 Dearborn street.
For sale in Omaha by Barkalotv Bros., 1012
Farnam street.
For sale In Salt Lak by the Salt Lake News
Co., 77 "W S-ecnd South street..
For sale in Ogden by W. C. Kind. 204 Twen-ty-flfth
street, and by C. H. Myera.
On file in the Oregon exhibit at the exposi
tion. Charleston, S. C
For Bale In Washington. D. C, by the Ebbett
House news stand.
For sale In Denver. Colo, by Hamilton &
Xendrick, 000-912 Seventeenth street.
TODAY'S "WEA.THER Increasing cloudiness,
probably followed by light rain during the
afternoon: winds becoming southerly.
perature. 47; minimum temperature, 34; pre
cipitation, none.
came the beginning of the end for the
Irish home rule movement Pamell's
death soon followed. The Irish home
rulers split Into groups; some of them
were Dlllonltes; some Redmondltes;
some -were Healeyites. Old age drew
Gladstone Into retirement, and Irish
home rule has been dying of creeping
paralysis from the day that Rosebery
tried to fill Gladstone's shoes. There Is
not the slightest hope of any good to
Ireland coming out of an agitation con
ducted by men of the intellectual cali
ber of Redmond. There Is not the
slightest prospect that either political
party In England will soon again place
Irish home rule among the planks of
their platform. Gladstone and Parnell
did wonders together, but there la no
body among the Irish home rulers that
hag Pamell's gift of leadership, and
there Is no Englishman of political emi
nence, outside of John Morley, that
cares a straw about Irish home rule.
The average Englishman, Liberal or
Conservative, considers the issue of
Irish home rule as utterly dead as In
telligent men in both parties in America
today deem the issue of free silver at
16 to L Of the present leaders of the
Irish home rule party. It may be said
of them as a famous clergyman once
said of he Shakers: "God may love
them, but God probably doesn't admire
Southern Oregon he came from to Sa
lem In response to a telegram
and got an old friend to go back
on his Senatorial promise? Did he ever
bring out an independent candidate to
beat the regular nominee, or rustle the
chairman of a county convention off
the stage and sit on his prostrate form?
If the President really wants a worthy
man for the Alaska Collectorshlp, we
can recommend to him any number of
good fellows hereabouts who In these
and other ways have served their coun
try valiantly and well. Of course. If he
merely wants a man to do the work,
we have nothing to say. Neither will
the boys. In such a case disgust will
He too deep for words.
At first It looked as if the Anglo
lAmerlcan Cable Company, poor, strug
gling Infant industry, threatened by
Marconi's brain and the powers of the
air, had the courage of Its convictions.
At first It seemed to know Its rights,
and, knowing, dare maintain. Now it
appears to want to crawfish. It is sorry
that it spoke, and seeks with various
subterfuges to escape the consequences
of its original stand for justice and
The cable people became alarmed at
Marconi's receipt of messages from
England, and told him plainly he must
get off their Newfoundland preserve.
Assuredly they knew that he was the
exponent of one of the fondest dreams
of science and carried the hopes of
millions of enlightened and progressive
minds. They knew this, yet they elect
ed to defy it all. Nothing recked they
the disappointment to the Inventor,
nothing the chagrin of mankind. They
had a monopoly and they proposed to
keep it.
There Is but one recent parallel to the
retreat of the Anglo-American, and that
Is the rush of Northern Securities di
rectors to cover from the fire of "West
ern Governors. Cable as well as rail
road needs something besides monopoly.
It needs, in short, patronage. And
monopoly Is beginning to learn that
even in these degenerate money
grubbing days trade follows something
besides the price-list and the rate-sheet
That is to say, trade follows sentiment.
The heart has feelings today, as much
as ever, and he who offers to trample on
them does so at Imminent peril of his
nose. If he Is In the way of casual talk,
and of his pocket If he Is in the way of
It Is a consoling thing for the grim
old earth this Christmas time that
soulless corporations, in their purse
proud high and mightiness, can occa
sionally be brought up standing by so
gentle and frail a thing as human sym
pathy and human imagination. The
age-long air castle of an isthmian ca
nal has brought to confusion all the
schemes of the powerful and wealthy
transcontinental railroads; the deter
mined stand of one man In Minnesota
and the resultant menace of hesitation
on Wall street has balked the consoli
dation programme curtly announced by
representatives of some $400,000,000, and
now the dream of wireless telegraphy,
dwelling warm and bright In countless
busy brains, has given the Anglo
American Cable Company an anxious
night and set it telephoning for lawyers
and reporters.
We take It for granted that all the
law Is on the side of the cable people,
and that their first defiance to the in
ventor was along lines that their well
paid counsel had established as Im
pregnable. Their rights should be re
spected and their stock secured against
depreciation. Let justice go forth,
though Heaven falls! Nevertheless,
Mr. Marconi, a Merry Christmas and
a Happy New Year! More power to
your circuit, and confusion to your ene
The Irish agitators have succeeded
In obtaining the notoriety they sought,
for they have been convicted and sen
tenced to short terms of Imprisonment
There has not been any "coercion" In
Ireland of magnitude since the days of
Gladstone, in 1SS2, before he made peace
and formed an alliance -with Par
nell. In .the days of Gladstone's coer
cive policy Parnell and most of his
leading associates were sent to Dublin
jail for short terms of Imprisonment,
and back of Parnell, during O'Connell's
agitation for "repeal," n 1842-43, his
meetings were proclaimed and he was
sent to jail, but since 1882, when Glad
stone was fighting Parnell, the policy
of coercion has seldom been Invoked by
the English Government In Ireland.
Mr. Redmond, who has Just returned
from the United States, Is rejoiced that
the Government Secretary for Ireland,
Mr. Wyndham, has resorted to coercion,
because it would injure the government
and Increase public sympathy for Ire
land In America. Probably Mr. Red
mond is right to this extent, that the
Irish League may become as successful
in raising money to pay the current
political expenses of Irish agitators, as
was the American Land League. The
warm-hearted Irish-Americans dropped
thousands of dollars Into the bottomless
pit of the Irish Land League agitation,
and will probably repeat this ineffect
ual generosity to Ireland. There Is ab
solutely nothing In It Parnell was a
very able man; a man of ideas and
leadership. Had his alliance been main
tained with Gladstone, something might
have been accomplished to achieve
home rule for Ireland, but Gladstone
broke -with Pamell because he was
afraid of the hostility of the Noncon
formist preachers In England and of
the Catholic priesthood In Ireland.
"With, Parnell dropped as ft leader
The will of old Jacob Brugger went
to probate at Hlllsboro Wednesday. A
plain German Swiss farmer, Jacob was,
and all he had In this world he got by
hard knocks. There was a slxteen-acre
homestead, and a ten-acre tract near
Hlllsboro, and a 160-acre farm in Scog
glns Valley, and an elghty-nlne-acre
ranch near Cedar Mill.
Hard as Jacob's life was, he kept his
eyes and ears open as he went along
and never closed his heart to domestic
ties or the deserving needy. His char
acter Is well shown in his will. He left
the Scogglns Valley farm to his daugh
ter Hattle, the Cedar Mill ranch to his
daughter Susan, the homestead to his
faithful hired man, and when other be
quests are taken out Hattle and Susan
will have share and share alike In the
Those near him were well provided
for by this simple, unassuming, good
old man, who nevertheless realized that
though charity begins at home It does
not necessarily end there. So he re
membered the needy and the poor. To
the Washington County poor farm, for
the comfort of Inmates, he left $500; to
the Children's Home, South Portland,
51000; to the St. Vincent's and the Good
Samaritan Hospitals. Portland, each
$500; to the St Mary's Home, near
Beaverton, $300; to the Bethany Pres
byterian Church, Hlllsboro, ten acres
of the Brugger tract near Hlllsboro.
What a lesson there Is in good old
Jacob Brugger's will for those who have
so much bigger bank accounts than his
but narrower minds and smaller hearts!
Sometimes we see the rich man cutting
off almost penniless the children he has
raised up to idleness and meanness;
sometimes we see him centering all on
his family, already rich, and Ignoring
the needy and the poor. It Is well for
a man to avoid the sin of leaving his
family unprovided lor; but he loses an
Inestimable blessing who forgets out of
his abundance to remember also the
widow and the fatherless and him that
hath no helper.
A poor woman, plainly dressed, went
out to the Children's Home In South
Portland yesterday to ask the board of
managers to care for her child until she
could make a home for It Leading the
little one gently by the hand, lonely and
despondent, she stood before the board.
"Are you a widow?" She replied: "I
am worse than a widow." Asked If
there was a chance for her husband's
coming back and supporting the child,
she said: "It is not a question of his
coming back. I could never let him
come back to me." The case was favor
ably reported, and at the usual question
"When would you want to leave the
child?" the two were clasped In each
other's arms In a transport of tender
grief, while every eye swam with tears
and turned away. There the little one
will find a kind and healthy home until
the brave, good mother Is able to come
back and claim her.
It is the thoughtfulness of such as
old Jacob Brugger that sustains this
and kindred works of faith and love.
They are abused sometimes, of course,
for generous sympathy is 111 equipped
to cope with knavery. But the sacred
joy that these acts of blessed affection
bestow upon the giver no moth can cor
rupt or thieves break In and steal.
but their elders will be better satisfied
with a slight freeze or a gentle rain.
However, this Is no time to carp about
the weather Sensible people at all
times take what comes and are happy.
We'll see It yet, we'll see It yet
A bridge across the Willamette,
Sang Stephen Maybell, a local poet of
a third of a century ago, and he was
laughed to scorn as an optimist And
here we are with four bridges and a
dally traffic across them that exceeds
the wildest dreams of the bridge pro
moters of a later date. The problem i
now Is how to carry the traffic with
the least possible delay . to hurrying
pedestrians and flying electric cars.
There are persistent reports of prob
able outbreak of war between Chile and
Argentina, but the most Intelligent ob
servers In both countries do not expect
It. A very Intelligent representative of
a firm of prominent American mer
chants In Valparaiso, who visited Port
land last week, expressed absolute con
fidence that peace would not be broken
between these two most progressive
states of South America, although the
boundary question between the two
countries, now In course of arbitration,
may create strained relations for the
Prior to 1S79 diplomatic Intercourse
between Argentina and Chile was sus
pended for years. At the request of
both Chile and Argentina, the United
States offered its mediation and per
suaded both states to promise that all
phases of the boundary question should
be left to arbitration. Thereupon the
issue was submitted to the Queen of
Great Britain, and the arbitrators ap
pointed by the British Government met
in February, 1900. Their decision has
not yet been rendered.
While this arbitration has been In
progress the two governments have oc
casionally come Into collision in the
disputed territory. Argentina charges
Chile with building roads Into the de
batable land, In violation of a protocol
which pledged each government not to
violate the status quo during the work
of arbitration. Out of this situation
war could not honorably follow on part
of Chile, and the Buencs Ayres Herald
advises the Argentine Government to
await patiently the result of the arbi
tration before resorting to war, no mat
ter how serious the provocation on part
of Chile. Chile cannot afford to rush
wantonly Into war without loss of moral
prestige, so the probabilities are that
there will be no war.
The two countries are about equal In
military strength. Argentina has
about 4,000,000 of people to Chile's popu
lation of a little more than 3,000,000, but
Chile Is in a better state of warlike
preparation. Her war with Peru and
Bolivia proved her people to be very
brave and energetic soldiers. Her arms
bearing population, If less numerous,
is. on the whole, more Intelligent and
efficient than that of Argentina. In
area, the Argentine has over 1.000,000
square miles against Chile's 260,000. War
between these countries would be a
fight for the control of the mountain
passes of the Andes. It would be a
savage fight, for the Spanish stock is
pugnacious and the native Indian pop
ulation very warlike.
The lone highwayman of the South
ern district has been reinforced, and
now there are two of them. This dis
covery was made by Leo Beutheman,
a 17-year-old lad, to his cost, Tuesday
night, when he was assaulted, bound
and robbed, at Front and Meade streets,
of a sum of money belonging to his
employers at the conclusion of his day's
work as a delivery boy. "Perllce, per-llce!"
The object of the Civic Improvement
League to Improve and beautify the
city In every possible manner Is
worthy of the consideration and co
operation of all good citizens. Properly
systematized and pushed, effort In this
direction will not only make the city
In due time "blossom as the rose," but
will place upon It the stamp of thrift
and civic pride.
Seattle occupies a unique position in
the maritime world. Without doubt
there is not another seaport of relative
Importance In the known world where
there is so little general knowledge of
the ocean carrying business. Thl3 pe
culiarity is due, In a large measure, to
the fact that the inhabitants of the
Puget Sound metropolis are nearly all
Immigrants from that portion of the
East lylns well Inland from the Atlantic
Coast, and north of the Gulf. Coming
from a region comparatively remote from
salt water, it Is but natural that the
Seattle men should bo to n certain ex
tent Isnorant of deep-water commerce.
Victoria. Port Townsend. Portland. San
Francisco, Astoria and other Pacific
Coast seaports were settled by people
who came In by way of the sea, bringing
with them a full knowledge of Its com
mercial Importance and possibilities.
The residents of these cities have never
grown away from the influences of early
The Grdu opera company, stronger this
year than it has ever been, returned to
the Marquam last night, and both sur
prised and pleased an excellent house with
Sousa's "El Capltan," one of the funni
est and brightest of comic operas. Both
principals and chorus have been materially
strengthened since last year, and the cast
was without a weak spot, which Is some
thing unusual in comic opera companies.
Ed Eagleton, in the name part, of course,
had the best chance to score, as the pallid
and trembling El Capltan Is on the stage
most, and he Improves it so well that
the house was convulsed at everything
he did. and sent more than one curtain
call after his vanishing form. Mary
Carrington. who was a most promising
beginner at the time of her appearance
here, several years ago. has blossomed
into a prima donna who need fear nothing
from the best of them, and her beautiful
voice in the songs allotted to El Capitan's
daughter won for her unstinted applause.
Stanley Felch, always a favorite in Port
land, appeared as Pozzo. and was warmly t
welcomed back by his old friends. Felch j
I la iuiiii us ever, vwuun is n'fi" ptt-tot. i
Has somebody set the calendar back to
The cabinet-maker has again taken up
the hammer.
Can It be that late Cabinet meetings
have been more strenuous than pleasant?
If Uncle Sam Is afraid of dying poor.
Congress will be very glad to allay his
Chief Campbell should insist on the
Sunday school Santa Claus wearing fire
proof fur
Hands across the (Irish) sea are now
busily engaged In twisting the British
, lion's tall.
Among those mentioned for vacancies
In the President's official family Is NOT
Hon. R. A. Alger.
Duke Henry Is being a good boy again.
environment Being so closely Identified , Harry Davits had but one chance to dls- j Even a high old time Is too expensive
witn the ocean carrying trade at first play his powerful tenor voice, but he used
Whatever the findings of the Pinmore
court of inquiry may be, the fact has
been very graphically set forth by the
captain and crew of the abandoned
bark that a leaking, lurching vessel,
with her ballast of sand awash in the
hold, is a very uncomfortable and peril
ous place In which to spend a dark
night in a howling gale.
If Chinese pheasants are In Oregon
simply to be slaughtered and that
seems to be their only value perhaps
"sportsmen" can tranquillize the trou
ble by exterminating the birds, and
maybe the sooner they do it the better.
Gradually the true state of affairs re
garding the pilotage and towboat serv
ice at the mouth of the river Is coming
to light. Captain Porter, of the Rlvers
dale, blamed both the pilots and the
tugboats. Captain Wood, for the pilots,
passed the responsibility on to the
Lighthouse Board. Now comes Captain
Robblns. of the Falklandbank, In a
statement printed in another column,
and states that the pilot cutter does
not carry a sufficient number of men
to look after the needs of commerce.
Between these various accusations and
the accusers, enough Is being dropped
to warrant the belief that there Is some
necessity for a "shake-up" down at the
mouth of the river. The Board of Pilot
Commissioners is supposed to exist for
the purpose of correcting these Irregu
larities, and keeping a full complement
of pilots on the bar. The business of
the port Is Increasing, and more pilots
are needed than were employed a year
ago. It might be in order for the board
to explain why the number of pilots Is
According to recent advices received
in Pekin, the Empress Dowager Is fall
ing rapidly. This statement, it should
be observed, relates to the physical
weakness and not to the political Influ
ence of this sagacious old woman.
The rosebuds that are found in brave
profusion In the dooryards of Portland
have. It must be admitted, the pinched,
pathetic look that belongs to things out
of their time.
We dislike to criticise the President,
however culpable his acts may appear,
because of the labor It Imposes upon
those kind friends who dally scan these
columns for some chance expression
that may be marked and sent to the
White House for the President's spe
cial benefit Nothing has appeared In
the dispatches stating that Mr. Cortel
you has removed or destroyed the
drawer In his desk where were wont to
be kept. In the McKlnley days, certain
clippings from The Oregonian, which
would be brought out when upon need
ful occasion somebody spoke of their
appearance to the man In the Executive
office, and we assume It to be still In
commission. It is with some hesitation,
therefore, that we venture an adverse
word upon the Alaska Collectorshlp;
and we do It with the same painful
sense of duty that prompts' a man's
true friends to tell his wife every time
they hear anything against his charac
ter. The President Is reported to have
said that he wants a man in the Alaska
Collectorshlp who will attend to busi
ness with honesty and fidelity. Truly
this Is a pitiful ground of political pro
cedure. We are fairly familiar with
the appointment business in this part of
the country, and so far as we can recall
this Is the first time that the probable
conduct of a man In office has ever been
brought up as of any pertinence. The
talk is that some man In the revenue
service 1b going to be made Collector.
Is this the way to strengthen the party,
Mr. President? The fact appears to be
'that the man will make an honest and
efficient officer, byt when you've said
that you've said everything that can
be said in his favor. So far as known
he has never stuffed a ballot-box,
bought out a county convention or
broken up a Senatorial caucus.
Who 1b Jarvls, anyhow? When did he
ever stand outdn the rain all primary
day, handing out a ticket with each
$2 50 gold piece? When did he go up to
Union County or down to Columbia and
get the Joint Senator right away from
under the other fellow's eyes? When
did he ever organize a large and influ
ential Republican Club overnight
against the meeting of the State
League? Was it Eastern Oregon or
The earnest effort to stifle the scandal
In the royal house of Holland has re
sulted In raising a doubt In the Prince
Consort's favor at the expense of the
young Queen. It Is now said that Wil
helmlna had such devoted admirers
among her gentleman attendants that
her surly corsort grew jealous. He
stood the exhibitions of ardent loyalty
as long as a jealous husband, conscious
of his own shortcomings, could be ex
pected to, and then appealed to the
usual remedy In Germany a duel with
results disastrous to his opponent.
American people, especially American
women, are not qualified to sit in judg
ment upon the action of the Dutch
Queen in "making up" with her hus
band after this serious affront to her
dignity and prudence. Things are dif
ferent over there, and a Dutch woman,
though a Queen, Is her husband's vas
sal. It Is wise under such circum
stances to make the best of a bad mat
rimonial bargain.
New York Times.
When the patient and resourceful
hunter has labored for hours at the
mcuth of the cave, continually adding
fresh fuel to the fire and seeking by
the combustion of strange herbs and
unusual substances to Impart an acrid
and unpleasant quality to the smoke,
with what eager Joy he notes the first
sounds of uneasiness and discomfort
within. There Is a cough, a sneeze or
two, then low growling, and he knows
that the quarry is approaching the aper
ture of exit and about to make a rush
into the open.
Smoking out Is in many respects an
unkind and Inconsld.cratc practice. The
smaller animals look sheepish as they
emerge, and the larger are invariably
cross. No arfimal would admit under
oath that he ever really enjoyed It, and
mo3t would freely avow their indignation
and disgust. Yet the hunter who has
any sense of fun In his soul often finds
In the comic bewilderment and choking
rage of his victim a cause of mirth that
Is a welcome alleviation of the arduous
toll of the chase.
The new Hay-Pauncefote treaty Is
smoking out some of the critters that
have for years invited the pursuit but
baffled the skill of the isthmian canal
NImrods. They have, with uproar and
protest, opposed every step of progress
by diplomacy or legislation toward the
authorization and beginning of a canal.
Professing a fervid Interest In the con
struction of a waterway joining the two
oceans, they have been content with no
suggested method of undertaking it. ,and
attempts to remove existing obstacles
have always drawn the fire of their
criticism and abuse. Having become con
vinced that the Government and the peo
ple of England would never consent to
the abrogation of the Clayton-Bulwer
treaty, they began vehemently to Insist
that the old treaty must go and that
the canal must be altogether and In
every particular an American project.
They thought they were on sure ground
But now appears the amended and re
vised Hay-Pauncefote treaty, supersed
ing the Clayton-Bulwer convention and
providing that the canal In Its building,
operation, control and protection Bhall
be exclusively American, under the own
ership and guarantee of the United
States, without the participation of any
other nation. Everything that ebullient
patriotism could demand or forethought
ful prudence suggest has been candidly
There was a day of study and of si
lence. Then from all the caves there
came sounds indicative of acute nasal,
laryngeal and bronchial Irritation. Tho
old retreats from which obstruction
roared two years ago have become un
tenable. There is a scurrying to shift
ground. The new treaty Is smoking
them out.
It would be a crime against Comus In
this merry moment to let the moral
sense Inhibit mirth. Their motives are
undoubtedly bad, but what could be fun
through necessity, and latterly through
choice, they have infused Into the new
comers a maritime enthusiasm which Is
lacking in communities made up almost
wholly of "landsmen."
In Seattle nine-tenths of the popula
tion still refer to steamships, barken
tines. sailing ships and 'inland steamers
as "boats." The flatboat lingo of the
Mississippi and "the Wabash far away "
Is still used In referring to any craft that
floats In the harbor, and there Is always
an apparent lack of understanding re
garding maritime matters, despite the
fact that the marine commerce Is of
such vital Interest to the city. With
such surroundings, it Is but natural to
find the Post-Intelligencer exposing its
Ignorance whenever It attempts to dis
cuss any subject having the slightest
bearing on maritime commerce. The
Oregonian stated that the 250 vessels
which would be required to carry away
the present season grain crop of Oregon
and Washington were the property of
not to exceed 100 shipowners. This pa
per also stated that the subsidy which
the new Frye bill grants sailing vessels
would amount to 4V cents per bushel on
all of the wheat shipped from the Pa
cific Northwest in vessels entitled to the
subsidy. In commenting on this the P.
I. says:
Now comes The Oregonian. By a system
of calculation of Its own It figures out that
vessels sailing under tha American flag tor
Europe with wheat cargoes would draw a
subsidy equal to 4U cents per bushel on the
grain carried. "This." it says, "Is a tax on
the producers of 4H cents per bushell" Ad
mirable logic. The producers are to pay this
tax. and tpf effect of It will not be to At
tract competition or decrease carrying charges
by a penny. The old. old foolish free-trade ar
gument, which the progress of every Industry
in the United States and the history of prices
In thin country laughs to scorn.
Again, it rays that the ships in this busi
ness are owned by not to exceed 100 per
sons, and that they would roon be united In a
combine, with half a dozen men receiving the
entire subsidy. On the contrary, the Fost-In-telllgencer
has called attention frequently to
the scattering of Interests in American sailing
vessels among a number of small owners, and
we know of nothing to break tha custom or
to prvvent the continued building of ships
in order to participate In the "profits made
possible by the adoption of the subsidy sys
The Oregonlan's "calculation" was not
erroneous. It was made from the fig
ures given in the latest Frye bill. Neith
er was there an error In the statement
that the 250 ships engaged In earning
wheat for more than 10,000 farmers were
owned by 100 men. Both of these state
ments can be verified so easily that It
Is strange that they should be questioned
for a moment. In regard to the consol
idation of the business made possible
where there Is such an enormous graft
at stake, the workings of the French
subsidy bill offer an admirable Illustra
tion. Portland has handled and has
listed to arrive this season a total of
24 of these French bounty-earners. Of
this fleet, five arc owned by R. Guillon
and R. Fleury, three by N. & C. Guillon,
five b ythe Society Anonyme des Voilllers
Nantols. two by L. Bureau, two by A.
D. Orblgney & Co., and the others by in
dividual owners. The Gulllons alone own
over sixty of the bounty-earners and the
entire French fleet Is In the hands of
enormously wealthy capitalists who
wring the subsidy from the French tax
payer without giving anything In return.
The Post-Intelligencer should get In
touch with the shipping business In Its
lmmedlnto vicinity. When It does. It
will learn that over one-half of all the
American ships and barks on the Pacific
Coast are owned or controlled by three
San Francisco firms, each of which has
unlimited capital, and needs the assist
ance of a subsidy about as much as the
American farmer needs It when wheat
is $1 per bushel.
that judiciously, and aroused hopes of
hearing more of him. Robert Dunbar,
a baritone of unusual power, had his turn
In the second act. and made a hit on his
own account by his splendid singing of a
love ballad. Bessie Tannehlll, 'as the
wife of El Capitan, and Minnie Scott, as
a Peruvian girl, with a passionate nature,
both were deserving of the gracious recep
tion they received.
The chorus Is not as strong as it might
be. but answers the requirements toler
ably, and the feminine contingent make
up in spirit and tasteful costuming what
they may he lacking In personal attrac
tiveness. The Introduction of The Stars
and Stripes Forever" at the conclusion of
the first act was a pleasing feature, and
called forth a demand for Its repetition.
Tonight "Dorothy."
"Cnrracn" at the BnUer Tonight.
"Carmen" will be the bill at the Bak
er Theater tonight, with Miss KIrwin in
the title role. Tne company has sung
the opera often, and promise a very good
"At the Old CroK Ronil"."
Arthur C. Alston, under whose man
agement "At the Old Cross Roads" will ,
be brought to Cordray's Sunday and
all next week. Is one of the regular vis
itors to the Pacific Coast among manag
ers, and by long experience he has
learned the kind of attractions which are
popular here. In this new production
he assures the public that he has an
unusually pleasing drama, one which
combines comedy and heart Interest In
the right proportions, and he feels con
fident that his business here will justify
his claims. A special matinee will be
given Christmas.
Ben Ilcnclrickn.
Ben Hendricks was the legitimate suc
cessor of Gus Heege In Swedish comedy,
and his "Ole Oleson," which will begin
a week's engag ment at the matinee at
the Baker Sunday. Is said to give him
a fine opportunity to prove his right to
the title of first dialect comedian In the
country. Mr. Hendricks has had a wide
experience on the stage, but until he
began to play "Ole" he never had a play
that would fit him. His company this
year Is said to be the best he has yet
had "with him, and correct mounting and
costuming are promised. A special mat
inee will be given Christmas.
The Dowager Empress of China the
most noted of the world's rulers at the
present time is an "old woman" with
all that Is implied In that term, sans
grace, gentleness and amiability. Her
face Is said to be long, with high cheek
bones, big mouth, thick lips and eyes
that gleam like coals of fire. Dressed
in dragoned yellow silk and borne in
Imperial state between lines of kneeling
people on her way back to Pekin with
the court, she presented a vivid picture
of Oriental life, with Its pageantry, the
servility of Its masses and the pom
pous assumption of its rulers.
Commission Ronte to Dentil.
Chicago Tribune.
The New Hampshire statesman who was
In favor of a prohibitory liquor law, but
was opposed to Its enforcement, set the
pace for that convention of manufactur
ers now In session, at Washington. It
Is strongly In favor of the principle of
reciprocity, and yet shows Itself much
opposed to the negotiation of reciprocity
treaties. There will be no such treaties If
the policy outlined by the convention In
its resolutions shall be followed out.
The manufacturers favor special modi
fications of the tariff to open up by reci
procity opportunities for Increased for
eign trade "only where It can be done
without Injury to any of our home Intcr-
Prlmrose and Doclistader'ii Minstrel
The sale of seats will open tomorrow
morning at 10 o'clock for Primrose and
Dockstader's Minstrels, who come to the
Marquam Grand Theater, opening next
Tuesday night and continuing Christmas
matinee and night
Effect of Stifcar Export IJonntlea.
San Francisco Bulletin.
A German writer has taken the trouble
to compute the amount of money the gov
ernments of France, Germany, Belgium
and Holland pay to exporters of sugar,
and has discovered that Great Britain's
share ot the amount was last year J13.0OO.-
000. In other words these four countries by
paying bounties on exports of sugar, ena
bled Great Britain to import a supply at a
cost of JIS.OOO.COO less than it would have
had to pay had no sugar bounties been
paid. The German writer says that tnis
sum was a clear present to the British
consumer. But when the government lev
ied a war tax on sugar a part of the boun
ty went directly to the British Treasury.
In this somewhat roundabout way the
Boer sympathizers In the four countries
named have been contributing to the cost
of tho war for the subjugation of the Bo
ers. Tho people of Great Britain cannot,
of course, be censured for buying the su
gar that the governments of other coun
tries had paid export bounties on; neither
can the British Government be blamed for
diverting a part of the money
saved to the public treasury.
K the people of these four coun
tries do not like to contribute In this In
direct way to the cost of subjugating the
Boers, their remedy lies In a protest
agatnst the continuance of the present poi
lcv. There Is at brst something Incompre
hensible In the policy of taxing imports
and paying bounties on exports. Taxes on
imports Increase the cost to the home con
sumer, while bounties on exports decrease
the cost to foreign consumers. It Is said
that the forthcoming congress at Brussels
will consider a proposition to abolish su
gar bounties, and the discussion may be
made the mora animated by the discovery
that the governments represented have
been paying a part of the expenses of th
Boer war.
when It costs a seat on a throne.
No one can steal Marconi's thunder,
but there is great danger that the cable
company may pilfer his lightning.
Hon. Mark Twain has not yet applied
for a Job on the New York police force.
Has he lost his well-known sense of hu
mor? The president of the steel trust Is go
ing to England, and the Birmingham
manufacturers are lashing the r mills to
the earth.
The friends of Admiral Schley will not
he satisfied till they succeed In getting a
Congressional Investigation. They want
a favorable decision for the use of tho
Admiral's descendants, even if he never
lives to read It
The new Go-crnor of Ok'ahoma. Thomas
B. Ferguson, v.-aj President Cleveland's
last appointee to the post of Minister to
Norway and Sweden, and Is classed as a
Democrat. Major Ferguson has no per
sonal knowledge of Oklahoma, having
made his home In Washington for years.
The spectacle of a clergyman with a
lighted lantern battling with a ferocious
bull was witnessed near Oldtown, Md..
not long ago. The animal had tossed
Joseph Baker Into a barbed-wire fence,
and, down the road, ran Into
the Rev. John Crick, who carried a lan
tern and was about to enter a school
house to hold a revival. He broke tha
lantern over the bull's head, but would
have been worsted had not the congre
gation come to his rescue. The bull Is
at large. The revival has been suspend
ed until the animal can be captured.
The Rev. Dr. Polndcxter S. Henson, oC
Chicago, who has been called to the pas
torate of the Hanson Place Baptist
Church In Brooklyn. Is well known as a
Chautauqua lecturer. One Summer day
when he was lecturing he was Introduced
to Bishop Vincent. "We are to have a
lecture thl3 evening on 'Fools,' " said
Bishop Vincent, "by one " And then
the BLshop paused. The audience roared.
When the laughter had subsided the
Bishop continued, "of the wisest men In
America." Dr. Henson arose Immediately
and said: "I am not half so big a fool
as Bishop Vincent" And then there
was another whoop from the audience.
When the laughter again quieted down
Dr. Henson continued, "would have you
It Is a' noticeable fact now that anti
football statisticians are tabulating tho
casualties on the gridiron this Fall, that
none of the serious Injuries are credited
to the games In which the strongest
elevens took part, and that not more
than 1 per cent of the minor injuries that
were Important enough to be tabulated
were sustained In these games. "This
proves," said a football expert, "that
with properly trained men there 13 com
paratively little danger In football. You
will notice that those most seriously In
jured were members of high school or
amateur teams, which presumably are not
properly trained. Certainly they do not
play anywhere near as fast or hard a
game as do the big college teams, and yet
the members of the latter sustain very
few Injuries. A well-trained football play
er not only knows how to fall, but he is
in condition to withstand a shock that
would lay out an untrained man, and
thl3 Is the whole secret of It. If more
discrimination were shown In selecting
men for the game on the part of these
fourth-rate teams, there would be fewer
csts of manufacturing, commerce or farm-
nler than their antics? There is the op- lng." No commercial treaty of a
posltion of the transcontinental rail- , take nature can be entered Into between
roads: there Is the Panama Canal lobby. this and any other nation of which some
seeking to head off Nicaragua until the J farming and manufacturing interest will
Frenchmen can make a sale to us; there ' not say that it will be Injured thereby,
may be other sources of resistance but It will say that the measure of protec
who cares? It is nlaln now. as It has all . tlon It enjoys under the present tariff Is
the time been suspected, that it is not ' necessary to its prosperity and must not
agnlnst the treaty or its lerms, but
against the canal, that the noisy opposi
tion was directed. The disguises under
be abated to aid others.
Other farming and other manufacturing
Interests, which will gain trade by the
which hostility to the main undertaking J treaty which Is objected to. will say that
has cloaked Itself no longer conceal any- t Its Injurious effects. If Indeed there be
thing. The pretense of patriotism will , any, are exaggerated. Then a question
Prince Khllkoff, Russia's Minister of
Ways and Communications, is, it is
said. In active correspondence with
American engineers In regard to the
feasibility of the proposed undertaking
to span Behrlng Strait with a steel
bridge to connect the Siberian Railway
with an American system. If the
project is realized, it will be possible
to travel direct by train from New York
to St. Petersburg, Berlin, Vienna, Rome,
Paris and Madrid. It takes a great
stretch of imagination, however, to
conceive a journey over such a route
to be a pleasure excursion.
not further serve the purposes of these
now revealed enemies of an Isthmian
canal. They show for what they are, in
Washington and elsewhere. And It Is a
show to throw dignity off Its balance and
make solemnity hold both Its sides.
Christmas bells. Christmas trees,
Christmas odors on the breeze.
And withal Christmas cheer In every
face and a touch of cold In the air that
gives seasonable reality to the proceed
ings up town, down town and all
around.. A dash of snow Is needed to
make, the young people entirely happy.
Payne'i View of Southern Deleaten.
Henry C. Payne, the new Postmaster
General, holds that the present basis of
representation In our National conven
tions Is unfair and contrary to our prin
ciples of popular government. On this
subject Mr. Payne recently said:
I will take an Instance of representation
in a National convention. Allow one delegate
to 10.000 RcDubllcan voters. In a state with
150,000 of cuch voters there would be 15 dele
gates. In Mississippi there are 5000 Republi
can voters. That state should have, therefore,
but one delegate, and the delegations In the
other Southern States should bo reduced along
the same lines.
A change In the system Is demanded, and
the time has come to meet It. The Rcpublcan
party has nothing to fear, nothing to lose.
If we are a people who govern ourselves by our
right of franchise, then let the right of fran
chise count for as much in one of the states
as in another. And since It Is in the conven
tions that the men for whom the people are
to vote are nominated, let such determination
ot the will of the people, as expressed through
their delegates, stand upon an equal footing
In every section Of tt? country.
of fact arises and It becomes necessary
to decide whether the treaty really will
harm anybody.
The machinery which the convention
proposes to create to determine these
questions of fact I3 a "reciprocity com
mission." It is to be charged with the
duty of ascertaining the influence of any
proposed treaty on home Interests. While
it is Investigating the nation with which
a treaty has been negotiated Is to wait
To bury a question politely but effec
tively, refer It to a "commission." The
conclusions of such a commission as It
is proposed to create would have no bind
ing force. If they did not meet in any
particular case the views of the Industry
which said a treaty would harm It, that
Industry would appeal to Its friends In
Congress just as it does now. Then the
treaty would be held up, though the com
mission found It harmless.
President McKlnley said at the Buffalo
Exposition just before he was murdered,
"Reciprocity Is the natural outgrowth or
our wonderful Industrial development un
der the domestic policy now firmly estab
lished." There will be no reciprocity if
the subject is to be solemnly buried In
the respectable mausoleum of an Indus
trial commission. Over the entrance to Its
chambers may be fitly inscribed "Here
sleeps reciprocity,"
Snnipsou'f Fatnl Defect.
St Paul Pioneer Press.
But If the one great opportunity of his
life to win a naval victory was thus lost
by no fault of his, another greater oppor
tunity to have achieved a nobler victory
was lost through his defects of character
at the critical moment. If he had been
great and generous enough, when he
found what a splendid victory had been
won In his absence, to have heartily re
ciprocated the congratulations of Schley
by giving him full credit for his leading
part in it and so reporting to Washington,
the whole country would have rung with
his praises and he would have received
the fullest credit for his own large share
In It But In a spirit of narrow and sel
fish Jealousy he Ignored the leading and
distinguished part Schley had taken. In the
battle, and In his olriclal telegram to
Washington reporting the "victory won
by the fleet under my command" did not
even mention the name of Schley, al
though Schley and not Sampson. Admiral
Dewey now says, was In absolute com
mand of the fleet at the time. While the
other members of the court are silent on
this subject they do not dispute Admiral
Dewey's statement So that the result of
the Inquiry Is to strip Sampson even ot
the borrowed glory which he had appro
priated on the assumption that he was
technically In command of the fleet dur
ing the battle. However damaging th
results of the Inquiry may be to Schley's
reputation as a vigilant. Judicious and ef
ficient naval commander, it leaves hi? ti
tle to the credit of the victory of San
tiago undisputed and awards to Sampson
nothing but the bitter memory of a great
opportunity lost to show that he was
great enough to be Just
Others Wlnh to Give Alio.
Canyon City Eagle.
The people of the City of Portland
have already done remarkably well In
the matter of raising subscriptions for
the Lewis and Clark Centennial. The
sum Is now over $300,000, and will be In
creased considerably wnen the city Is
thoroughly canvassed. When this Is
done an opportunity should be given to
every one who lives in Oregon to sub
scribe something to help along this great
A recent contest over the election of a
Supervisor In the town of Perlnton, Mon
roe County, N. Y.. brings to public at
tention a fact which the New York Trib
une thinks may prove of Interest to the
Southern press. It Is that the political
boss of the town named IU3 been for the
last 10 years a negro barber, "Abe"
Taylor. Visitors to the State Capitol may
remember him as Janitor of the Senate
He was a great friend of the late Sen
ator Cornelius R. Parsons, and owed
much of his political preferment to his
efforts. Senator Merton E. Lewis has
now assumed the role of protector, and
will see that "Abe" is not forgotten. He
was born about 40 years ago below the
Mason and Dixon line, but has lived in
the North for most of his life. He is ex
ceedingly black, dresses In the height of
style and manages his political cam
paigns with tact and shrewdness. It has
always been his policy never to run for
office himself. His rise to power was prob
ably due to his practical control of tho
canal element, which was quickly recog
nized by the far-seeing eye of George W.
Aldrldge. The first organized opposition
to "Abe's" autocracy developed this Fall,
when he carried his candidate for Super
visor through by a majority fixed by the
courts at only 35.
A Serious Case. "My boy," said the proud
mother, "never uses slang." "Dear met" re
turned the sympathetic neighbor, "what seems
to be the matter with him? Nothing serious, I
hope." Chicago Post.
A Scotch lawyer was well reproved when,
seated by a lady fully aware of her own
plain looks, having bowed to his hostess la
giving the toast. "Honest Men and Bonnie
Lasses," she rejoined, raising her own glass,
"We may both drink that toast, since it re
fers to neither of us." TIt-Blts.
Served Him Right. Mrs. Homer I didn't
want to attend the picnic, but my husband
Insisted on my going. Mrs. Neighbors And
did you enjoy It? Mrs. Homer Indeed I did!
My old gown was utterly ruined, and my hus
band had to replace It with a new one. Chi
cago News.
Turned Down. "Of course." said Miss Gold
rox's lover, "I realize that your daughter is
an heiress, but I assure you that I would
be Just as anxious to marry If she were a pau
per." "That settles you." replied the father:
"we don't want any such fool as that in the
family." Philadelphia Free Press.
Friendly Advice. "Yes." said the Fairy
Prince, "you may have whatever you want
for a Christmas present." "I will choose."
said the Fortunate Person, "either a wife
or an automobile." "How foolish!" exclaimed
the Fairy Prince. "Why do you not select
something that you can manager' Baltimore
J American.