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THE MOKKIXG OREGONIAN, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 14. 1S01.
THE PHILIPPINE TARIFF
WAYS AXD MEANS COMMITTEE'S
BILL REPORTED TO THE HOUSE.
Majority Report Fully Explains the
Meainre - Democrat' Reasons
for Objecting: to It.
"WASHINGTON Dec. 13. At a meeting
of the ways and' mean? committee today
for the final consideration of the Philip
pine tariff bill, Robertson (Dem. La.) an
nounced that he would vote for the bill
In the House, and Representative McCall
(Rep. Mass.) announced that he would
vote against It "With these exceptions
the Republicans of the committee ex
pressed themselves in favor of the meas
ure and the Democrats opposed to it. and
by a vote of 7 to 5 on party lines, McCall
and Robertson answering "Present," but
not voting, the bill was ordered reported.
Chairman Payne, of the committee, pre
sented the majority report on the tariff
bill to the House. It eays:
"This bill Is designed to raise revenue
for the Government and for the benefit of
the Philippine Archipelago. It Is Intend
ed to restore the status which existed
prior to the lato decision of the Supreme
Court In 'the diamond rings case.' Prior
to that decision the Government bad been
collecting duties on goods coming into the
United States from the Philippine Arch
ipelago at the same rates as those pro
vided In our tariff laws for like articles
Imported from foreign countries. The
court holds that the Philippine Archipelago
Is not a foreign country, and therefore the
peneral tariff law does not apply. This
bill extends the rate now existing upon
imports from foreign countries to arti
cles brought In from the Philippine Is
lands. "In the Philippine Archipelago the
United States Philippine Commission pre
pared a tariff act after much caro and
study. Their object has been and Is to
ralRe sufficient revenue to support a gov
ernment in the Philippines; to provide
amply for the education of the peo
ple; to open up the highways of
commerce, both foreign and domes
tic, and to provide ample police force
for the preservation of order. These dif
ferent forms of tariff in force there have
produced a surplus of revenue after pay
ing the expenses of the government. This
bill proposes in the first section to make
this Philippine tariff a part of the statutes
of the United States.
"The necessity for a continuance of rev
enue which shall be both ample and cer
tain Is imperative. If we continue the
police and constabulary system which has
been Inaugurated and which is doing so
much to restore and conserve order In the
islands. It will call for a large increase in
appropriations. We have enrolled 150,000
school children in the public schools. Of
this number more than one-half are with
out any schoolhouse accommodations. It
is necessary that we build suitable houses
at once. Ten thousand adults were at last
accounts enrolled for night schools, and
we are told that this number has since
increased probably to at least 35,000.
These people, anxious to learn our lan
guage and better their condition, must
be amply provided for. Four thousand
teachers have been employed, nearly all
of them recently, and their salaries must
be paid. This work of education must
not be crippled even for a short time for
lack of funds.
"Our Government has gone to work sys
tematically through the commission for
the Improvement of the harbor at Ma
nila. They have let the contract, after
a public advertisement and competitive
bids, to the lowest bidder. This contract
calls for the expenditure of $3,000,000 In
the near future. Roads are being con
structed, and the building of roads In this
tropical country is expensive. These are
but a few of the many Items of expendi
tures which are imperative. All these ex
penditures are preparing the way for a
reduction of the Army, and In the end
will prove of direct benefit to the tax
payers of the United States.
"Tht bill also provides for the collection
of tonnage taxes on vessels plying be
tween the ports of the United States and
the Philippine Archipelago. It furthei
provides that 'vessels not of the United
States may ply between these ports, not
withstanding our coastwise navigation
laws, until the first day of January. 1935,
when It is believed these Islands may
safely come under the operation of our
present statutes and vessels only of the
United States be employed In our com
merce with them.'
"At present our own people who ship
goods to these Islands are handicapped by
the Internal revenue tax and duties paid
upon foreign goods Imported here and
used In the manufacture of articles sent
to the Philippines. The sixth clause of the
proposed bill Is designed to remedy this.
The fourth section provides that all the
duties and taxes collected under the act
shall not be covered Into the general fund
of the Treasury of the United States, but
paid Into the treasury of the Philippine
Islands to be used and expended for the
use and benefit of these Islands.
"The object of the bill is to meet a press
ing emergency, practically and efficiently.
We present the tariff act of the commis
sion as the best that can be devised in the
limited time left for us to act."
The bill is a substitute for the original
Payne bill, which, however. It follows
throughout except in a few minor par
ticulars and the adoption of a proviso to
section C that all articles subject under
the laws of the United States to Internal
revenue tax, or on which the internal rev
enue tax has been paid, and which may,
under the existing laws and regulations,
be exported to a foreign country without
the payment of either tax, or with benefit
or drawback, as the cabe may be, may
also be shipped to the Philippine Islands
wlth'llke privileges. Where imported ma
terials on which duties have been paid
are used In the manufacture of articles
manufactured or produced In the United
States, there shall be allowed on the ship
ment of said articles to the Philippine
Archipelago a drawback equal In amount
to the duties paid on the materials used,
less 1 per cent of such duties.
The Minority Report.
Richardson presented to the House the
minority report on the bill, signed by all
the Democrats of the ways and means
committee except Robertson. The report
says In part:
"The measure is but another step In
the well-marked line of Imperialism. It
Is enacting a policy of pure colonialism,
and the worst form of that policy. We
are opposed to our Government attempt
ing to hold territories as colonies and
treating the inhabitants thereof as sub
jects, and imposing upon them a govern
ment of force. This Is the method of the
empire Instead of that of the republic.
We oppose the whole policy of the major
ity In dealing with the Philippine Archi
pelago. "We believe that instfead of the
effort they are now making to set up and
hold permanently colonies there, we
should long since have inaugurated a
policy assuring to the people of those
Islands stable government and their ulti
"But, even If there Is to be an admitted
change Jn our institutions and form of
government and a wide departure from
the old landmark of political truth that
all governments instituted among men
derive their just powers from the consent
of the governed, and if it be admitted
that we are to embark upon the danger
ous and desperate policy of colony-holding
and subject-governing, to none of which
do we agree, even then we could not give
our assent to the passage of the pend
ing measure. The colonial plan set up
by this bill Is unjust and illiberal in the
The report further says that the Secre
tary of War, In effect, made the tax law
for the Philippines, and thus exercised
greater power than most Kings. Contin
uing, it says:
"The second section. In effect, declares
that the Philippine Islands are foreign
territory to the extent -that all importa
tions therefrom Into the United States
shall pay the same rates of duty as are
provided in the existing tariff laws of the
United States, known as the Dlngley tariff
act. The Dlngley act has proved Itself
to be a trust-breeding measure. We wit
ness dally the great trusts, born of the
Dingley tariff law, so manipulating the
manufacture and the prices of goods that
cur people are forced by them to pay at
our own homes and In our own markets
higher prices for their manufactured
goods than the -same goods and commodi
ties, a3 manufactured by them and
shipped abroad, are sold for In the foreign
markets of the world.
"We do not believe that the trade we
are now obtaining or we are likely to ob
tain through our operations in the Philip
pines is worth what wc are paying for
The report then shows that the United
States shared in the Philippine trade last
year to the extent of $5,427,500, represent
ing profit to -our Government or people
of about 51,OS3,54L
"This paltry eum." It says, "Is Insig
nificant when we consider tho other eldo
of the case. It has cost us more than
$55,000,000 to maintain our Army In the
Philippines for the past year. Other na
tions, without incurring the expense of a.
dollar toward that end, are getting $18,000,
000 worth of the Philippine trade. We
shall have expended, when the next year
closes, at the very lowcet estimate, for
the maintenance of our Army in the Phil
ippines and our oacratlons In the Orient,
not less than Ji50.000.000. And this does
not include the immediate increase in
expenditures and the $20,000,000 paid to
Spain under the treaty of 1S39."
The casualties, both of United States
troops and the insurgents, are referred
to, and tho report then concludes:
"The casualties which have occurred In
tho effort to enforce the policies of the
majority in the islands are of such ap
palling magnitude that it should shock
the public mind. And such a list of cas
ualties would in no wise refer to or In
clude those of our soldiers whoso health
has been permanently broken down, and
of many others whose reason and intel
lects have been shattered and ruined by
protracted service In the torrid zone. We
are squarely in opposition to the methods
and policies of the majority of the com
mittee in their efforts to deal with the
Philippine Islands. Wo do not believe
that the people of those islands can be
made citizens of our Republic without
gross injustice to our people and without
doing violence and perhaps irreparable in
juries to our institutions; nor can we hold
them as subjects without tho most radical
change in our form and theory of gov
ernment, which we are unwilling to see
TTIE BILL IN THE HOUSE.
To Be Debated Taenday and Wednes
day, Vote to Occur the Latter Day.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 13. The House,
after less than an hour's session, ad
journed until Tuesday Tho bill to pro
vide rei'enue temporarily for the Philip
pine Islands was reported by Payne (Rep.
N. Y.), and by unanimous consent an
order for the consideration of this bill
Tuesday or Wednesday next was adopted,
general debate to close at 4 o'clock
Wednesday, when the bill will be placed
upon Its passage.
Cannon (Rep. 111.) asked unanimous con
sent for consideration of the Senate bill
to continue the Industrial Commission
until February 15, 1902. After some discus
sion by Cannon, Livingstone and Mad
dox. the bill was passed.
The speaker announced the appoint
ment of the following regents of the
Smithsonian Institution: Hltt, Adams
Payne, chairman of the ways and means
committee, then reported back a substi
tute for his bill temporarily to provide
revenues for the Philippines. Richardson
offered the minority report, and both re
ports were ordered printed. The order for
the consideration of the bill was agreed
to without division.
The speaker called the attention of
members to the rule against smoking in
the hall when the House was not in ses
sion as well as when it was.
Casel (Rep. Pa.) announced the death
of Brosius, which occurred last Summer,
and, after the adoption of the customary
resolutions of regret, the House, at 12:44,
adjourned until Tuesday.
Hay Will Deliver McKInley Eulogy.
WASHINGTON, Dec 13. The Joint com
mittee of the two houses of Congress ap
pointed to make arrangements for a me
morial service in honor of the late Presi
dent McKInley held a meeting today and
decided to Invite Secretary of State John
Hay to be the orator. This selection was
made upon a motion by Senator Fair
banks, who briefly addressed the commit
tee, speaking feelingly of President Mc
Kinley. referring to Secretary Hay's fit
ness for the task and outlining prece
dents. The date and time for holding the
service wil be fixed later.
For the Extradition of Taylor.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 13. Representative
Robinson, of Indiana, today Introduced
two measures designed to secure the ex
tradition of ex-Governor Taylor, of Ken
tucky, from Indiana, where he is said to
be sojourning, to Kentucky from Indiana,
where he Is wanted In connection with
the Goebel tragedy. One of the measures
is for an Investigation whether the Gov
ernor of any state Is justified in refusing
to recognize extradition papers from the
Governor of another state. The other
measure provides that In case a Governor
refuses to recognize extradition papers
they may be executed by a United States
Additional Naval Estimate.
WASHINGTON, Dec 13. Secretary
Long today sent to the House additional
estimates for naval Improvements, lnclud
lng $203,000 for the naval station at Cavlte.
$314,000 for the Puget Sound naval cta
tlon, and $200,000 for Mare Island, Cali
Panama Railroad Company Censured
COLON. Dec 13. The Porvenlr, of Car
tagena, under date of December 8, con
tains a strong article against the conduct
of the Panama Railroad Company during
the recent Isthmian events. It says the
aid rendered by the company to the rebels
was noticeable from the time the com
pany allowed an armed force to board a
train and attack Colon, which action on
the company's part makes them alone re
sponsible for the capture of Colon and
the subsequent loss of life. The paper
adds that the government has already en
tered a formal protest and will claim an
Indemnity for the losses sustained and
Bank: Robbed of $35,000.
LOUISVILLE, Ky., Dec. 13. J. L. Frank
el, president of the Treadwater Mining
Company, which operates at Sturgls, Ky.,
has received word that the Bank of Stur
gls was robbed of $35,000 between mid
night and dawn. The work was done qui
etly, and nothing was known about the
robbery until the bank was opened for
business this morning. At the time of the
theft the bank held the money which was
to have been used in paying off the em
ployes of the Treadwater Mining Com
pany. Will Write Schley's Biography.
BALTIMORE, Dec. 13. The Herald says
that Captain James Parker, who was one
of Admiral Schley's counsel before the
court of Inquiry, Is engaged In the col
lection of material for a biography of
Admiral Schley, which ho proposes to
Texan Oil Field Enlarged.
BEAUMONT, Tex., Dec. 13. A well has
been blown in. which enlarges the known
oil field several acres and brings it about
100 feet nearer th town.
Stopn the Co ii ST h
and Works off The Cold.
Laxative Bromo-Qulnlne Tablets cure, a
cold in one day. SlO'Cure, No Pay. Price,
FOUND SCHLEY AT FAULT
(Continued from First rage.)
mandcr-ln-chlef, dated Key West, May
20, 1S98, which informed Commodore
Schley of the probability of the Spanish
squadron being in Santiago de Cuba, and
ordered him to hold Clenfuegos until the
receipt of more positive information.
At 1:30 P. M., May 22, the Iowa arrived
at Clenfuegos, and at 7 P. M. of tho
same date the Scorpion left Clenfuegos
'At S:15 A. 11. of May 23 Commodore
Schley received by the dispatch vessel
Hawk the following dispatches and mem
oranda from the commander-in-chief:
Dispatch No. 8, dated Key West, May
21, 1S9S, which stated that tho Spanish
squadron was probably at Santiago and
ordered Commodore Schley, if he was sat
isfied that the Spanish squadron was at
Clenfuegos to "proceed with all dispatch,
but cautiously, to Santiago de Cuba, and
If the enemy a there, blockade him in
A memorandum dated off Havana, May
NAVAL HERO WHO IS SECOND TO DEWEY ONLY
21, 1S9S, which directed Commodore Schley
to mask his movements In leaving Clen
fuegos. A memorandum which stated that a
good landing place has been found by
Commander McCalla, 13 miles west of
Savanllla Point; that the Cubans had per
fect knowledge of what was going on
within Clenfuegos; that the Cuban forces
In the San Juan Mountains controlled the
railway between Clenfuegos and Trinidad,
and that there were fair roads from the
landing places to Clenfuegos.
Blockade of Clenfuegos.
At S:30 A. Mr, May 23, the Castlne and
tho collier Merrlmac arrived at Clen
fuegos. At noon on the same date the
British steamer Adula was permitted to
go Into Clenfuegos. At 7 A. M., May 24.
the Marblehoad, Vixen and Eagle arrived
at Clenfuegos About 10 A. M. the Mar
blehead and Eagle proceeded to the land
ing place 13& miles west of Savanllla
Point, communicated with the Insurgents,
landed stores for them, learned that the
Spanish squadron was not in the harbor
at Clenfuegos, rejoined the squadron at
3:30 P. M. and reported to Commodore
Schley the information obtained.
After the receipt of this Information,
Commodore Schley wrote a dispatch to
tho commander-in-chief. In which he stat
ed: "I shall move eastward tomorrow."
He also wrote a dispatch to the com
mandant of the naval base at Key West,
in which he stated: "As It Is found not
practicable to coal the Tcxaa from the
collier here, where there is so much
swell. I shall proceed tomorrow off San
tiago de Cuba, being embarrassed, how
ever, by the Texas' short coal supply and
her Inability to coal in the open sea. I
shall not be able to remain off that port
on account of general short coal supply
of the squadron, so will proceed to tho
vicinity of St. Nicholas Mole, where the
water Is smooth, and I can coal the Texas
and other ships with what may remain In
No work was, apparently, In progress
on the fortifications of Clenfuegos while
Commodore Schley was off that port. No
efforts were made by Commodore Schley
to communicate with the Insurgents to
discover whether the Spanish squadron
was in the harbor of Clenfuegos prior to
the morning of May 24. Signal lights
were displayed on shore at night May 22
and May 23, but Commodore Schley had
no Information which enabled him to In
Passage to Santiago.
Before sailing from Clenfuegos, Com
modore Schley received reliable Informa
tion that ships could be coaled in the
vicinity of Cape Cruz and in Gonalvcs
The flying squadron, with the exception
of the Castlne, sailed from Clenfuegos
about 8 P. M. of May 24. the heavy ships
In column of vessels, the light ships on
the right flank, and the collier Merrlmac
on the left flank. At 10:10 A. M. of May
26, the light vessels were shifted to the
port beam and the collier to the star
Before midnight of May 24, owing to
heavy rolling, the forward compartment
of the Eagle filled with water, which re
duced her speed. On May 25 the wind was
f retih . from the eastward, the weather
was bad and the sea was heavy for small
vessels. The squadron reduced Its speed
to enable the Eagle to remain with It.
On May 26 the weather Improved, the
wind veered to tho west and became light
and the sea moderated. At 10:30 P. M.
Commodore Schley sent the Eagle to Port
Antonio to ooalr and-then to return to -Key
West. At noon of May 20, the Eagle had
sufficient coal to steam 10 knots per hour
for three days.
At 5:30 P. M. the squadron stopped about
22 miles to the southward of the port of
Santiago and was Joined by the scouts
Minneapolis and St. Paul.
At 6 P. M., May 26, the engines of the
collier Merrlmac were temporarily dis
abled. The engines were changed to work
"compound." and at 4:40 P. M. of May
27 she was able to make six knots with
her own steam. The broken parts of the
engines were repaired on board the flag
ship, all repairs being completed at mid
night of May 28. The Yale towed the
Merrlmac while disabled.
The commanding officer of the St. Paul
visited the flagship, in obedience to sig
nal, took with him a Cuban pilot, and
had a conversation with Commodore
Schley. Commodore Schley had no con
versation with the senior commanding
officer of the scouts and obtained no pos
itive information from the scouts regard
ing the Spanish Squadron.
The Rctrofcrade Movement.
At 7:45 P. M.. May 25, Commodore
Schley changed the course of the flying
squadron to the westward and signalled
to his squadron, "Destination Key West,
via south side of Cuba and Yucatan Chan-
nel as soon as collier Is ready; speed, nine
knots." The squadron proceeded westward
IS miles; stopped at 11:15 P. M. (the tow
line of the collier having parted), drifted
until 3:40 P. M., May 27, resumed Its west
ward course for 23 miles, stopped again
at 7:15 and drifted until 1 P. M. of May 2S.
At 9:30 A. M., May 27, the Harvard
joined tho flying squadron, and her com
manding officer delivered to Commodore
Schley the following dispatch, dated May
25, addressed by the department to the
Harvard, at St. Nicholas Mole, Hayti;
"Proceed at once and inform Schley, and
also the senior officer present off San
tiago de Cuba, as follows: All depart
ment's Information indicates that Span
ish division Is still at Santiago de Cuba.
The department looks to you to ascer
tain facts and that the enemy. If therein,
does not leave without a decisive action.
Cubans familiar with Santiago de Cuba
say that there Is landing place five nau
tical miles west from mouth of harbor,
and that Insurgents probably will be
found, and not Spanish. From the sur
rounding heights can see every vessel In
the port. As soon as ascertained, notify
the department whether enemy Is there.
"Could not squadron and also Harvard
coal from Merrlmac, leeward Cape Cruz,
Cuba: Gonalvep, Haytl Channel, or Mole,
Haytl? The department will send coal
Immediately to Mole. Haytl. Report with
out delay situation at Santiago de Cuba."
This dispatch was answered by Com
modore Schley, about noon, May 27, as fol
lows: "Received dispatch of May 26, delivered
by Harvard off Santiago de Cuba. Mer
rlmnc's engine is disabled, and she Is help
less; am obliged to have her towed to Key
West. Have been absolutely unable to
coal the Texas, Marblehead, Vixen and
Brooklyn from collier, owing to very
rough seas and boisterous weather, since
leaving Key West. Brooklyn Is the only
one in squadron having more than suffi
cient coal to reach Key West. Impossi
ble to remain off Santiago In present state
of coal, account of the squadron. Not
possible to coal to leeward of Cape Cruz
in Summer, owing to southwest winds.
Harvard Just reports to me she has only
coal enough to reach Jamaica, and she
will proceed to Port Royal: also reports
only small vessels could coal at Gonalvcs
or Mole, Haytl. Minneapolis has only coal
enough to reach Key West, and same of
Yale, which will tow Merrlmac. It Is to be
regretted that the department's orders
cannot be obeyed, earnestly as we have all
striven to that end. I am forced to return
to Key West, via Yucatan Passage, for
coal. Can ascertain nothing intelligible
of enemy. Sent Eagle to Port Antonio
yesterday, as she has only 27 tons on
board. Will leave St. Paul here. Will re
quire S500 tons of coal at Key West.
Matter of Coal Ins:.
The coal supply of the vessels of the
flying squadron at noon on May 27 was
sufficient to have enabled them to steam
at 10 knots per hour the Brooklyn for
11U days, Iowa 7& days, Massa
chusetts 10 days, Texas G&
days, Marblehead 3.J days, ixen H1
days or to have remained on blockade
duty off Santiago de Cuba, the Brooklyn
for 26 days, Iowa 16 days, Massachusetts
20 days. Texas 10 days. Marblehead 5 days.
Vixen 23 days, and then steam to Go
nalves, Haytl, or to Cape Cruz, Cuba, to
At that date the flying squadron was
accompanied by the collier Merrlmac, con
taining 4500 tons of coal. The amount of
coal required to fill completely the coal
bunkers of all of the vessels of the fly
ing squadron on this same date was 2750
tons. - . i -. .
The conditions of wind, sea and weath-
IJT PUBLIC ;
er from noon on May 25 to June 1 were
favorably for taking coal from a collier
at sea off Santiago de Cuba.
The Iowa, Castlne and Dupont coaled at
Clenfuegos from the collier Merrimnc on
May 23. and the Massachusetts and Cas
tlne on May 24. The Texas asked permis
sion to coal first on May 23, and was re
fused by Commodore Schley, who ordered
the Iowa to coal first, and the Massachu
setts second. The Texas was ordered to
coal from the collier on May 24, but the
order was revoked, as the Massachusetts
was alongside the collier, and the com
manding officer of the collier deemed it
unsafe to place his vessel between two
battle-ships. The Texas and Mnrblehead
coaled at sea off Santiago with colliers
iay - ana zs. me ..lassacnusens uu
Vixen on May 29. the Brooklyn and Iowa
May 27 and 2S. the Massachusetts ana
May 30. tho Brooklyn, Texas anu
Marblehead on May 31.
At 2:33 P. M. May 27 Commodore Schley
signaled to the St. Paul: "If Sampson
comos here, tell him half of squadron out
of coal and collier engines broken down."
At 10:45 P. M. May 27 Commodore Schley
signaled to the Texas: "The more coal
you take In this smooth weather, the
less ou wil have to take In Haytl."
Commodore Schley made no effort to
ascertain whether the Spanish squadron
was In the harbor of Santiago; he lert
said harbor entirely unguarded from 6
P. M. of May 26 to 3 P. M. of May 27,
and guarded only by the scout St. Paul
from 5 P. M. of May 27, until about 6 P. M.
of May 2S.
The flying squadron arrived off the har
bor of SantsAgo .de Cuba, seven miles
south of Morro. at 6 P. M. May 2S, and
established a blockade.
The distance from Clenfuegos to San
tiago Is 315 miles. Commodore Schley did
not proceed with all dispatch from Clen
fuegos to Santiago de Cuba.
Early on the morning of May 29 the
Cristobal Colon and other Wheels of the
Spanish squadron were dlseoered at an
chor in the harbor of Santiago, about
12X yards from the entrance. No attempt
was made by Commodore Schley on May
29 or May 30 to capture or destroy tho
At 1:30 P. M. the cruiser New Orleans
and the collier Sterling jolntjd the flying
squadron. At 10:55 A. M. May 31 Commo
dore Schley shifted his flag to the Mas
sachusetts. At 11:10 A. M. tho flagship
Massachusetts signaled: "The Massachu
setts New Orleans and Iowa will go In
after dinner to a distance of 7000 yards
and fire at Cristobal Colon with S. 12 and
13-Inch guns. Speed about 10 knots."
At 1:30 P. M. the three vessels desig
nated steamed in column toward the en
trance to the harbor of Santiago, heading
to the eastward, at about 10 knots ppeed.
The ships passed the harbor entrance
about 70CO yards distant from the Morro,
firing at the Colon and the shore batteries
at ranges varying from 7000 yards to S200
yards. All projectiles fell nhort. When
the ships had passed to the eastward of
the entrance, the flagship turned off shore,
followed In succession by the other ships,
repissed the entrance and fired as before,
but at ranges varying from 9000 to 11,000
yards. Some of these projectiles fell near
the Colon. The fire was returned by the
chips in the harbor, and by the land bat
teries, but no large guns were used by
the batteries. Several projectiles passed
over our vessels, but no Injuries were sus
tained. The flying squadron did not withdraw
at night from the entrance to Santiago
harbor to a distance at sea. Tho block
ade was maintained at an average dls
tanco of about six to seven miles from
the harbor entrance during the day, and
probably somewhat nearer during tho
night. Two vessels performed picket du
ty at night two miles inside of the Una
The Bnttle of Snntlngo.
The Spanish squadron was discovered
to be In the entrance to Santiago har
bor, steaming out, about 9:30 A. M., July
3, 1S9S. The Brooklyn at that time was
heading to the westward of north, about
C300 yards southwest three-quarters south
from the Morro, which was practically
her blockading position. Large vessels
coming out of the harbor of Santiago
were obliged to head about southwest by
south and the Spanish vessels, therefore.
In steaming out until clear of the shoal
to the westward, were obliged to head
directly for the position of the Brook
lyn. When clear of this shoal, the Span
ish vessels turned In succession to the
westward and took a course nearly par
allel to the land.
The Brooklyn stood toward the Span
ish vessels with varying "helm, fired one
shot from her forward turret at 3500 yards
range, which proved short, and then en
gaged with her battery. When about
1400 yards distant from the leading Span
ish ship, the Teresa, the Brooklyn turned
to starboard with her helm hard aport,
and continued to turn until she headed
to the westward, parallel to the course
of the Spanish ships. The commanding
officer of the Brooklyn put the helm hard
aport, and at almost the Instant Commo
dore Schley gave tho order "hard aport."
When the Brooklyn's helm was put
hard aport, the Teresa was about 1400
yards to the eastward of north from ho
Brooklyn, the Viscaya was to the east
ward of the Teresa and the Colon was
to the eastward of the Viscaya. When
the Brooklyn completed the turn and was
heading to the westward, parallel to the
course Of the Alscaya, the Viscaya and
the Colon were about 2400 yards to tne
northward and westward of the Brook
lyn. The turn of the Brooklyn was toward
the Texas. The Texas stopped and backed
On July 3, 1S9S. about the time the
Brooklyn began her turn to starboard,
a conversation regarding the proximity
of the Texas took place between Commo
dore Schley and Lieutenant A. C. Hodg
son. Admiral Schley caused to be pub
lished In a dally paper a letter addressed
to him by Lieutenant-Commander A. C.
Hodgson, dated June 11, 1S99, In which
Lieutenant-Commander Hodgson said:
"The colloquy published In the New York
Sun an alleged to have taken place be
tween you and me on the day of the
battle off Santiago July 3, 189S, never
Admiral Schley did not have published
ihe other letters of Lieutenant-Commander
Hodgson In regard to this letter.
The Court's FimlliiK.
Opinion: Tho turn of the Brooklyn to
starboard was made to avoid getting her
Into dangerous proximity to, the Spanish
vessels. The turn was made" toward the
Texas, and caused that vessel to stop and
back her engines to avoid possible col
lision. Admiral Schley did Injustice to Lieutenant-Commander
A. C. Hodgson In pub
lishing only a portion of the correspon
dence which passed between them.
Commodore Schley's conduct In connec
tion with the events of the Santiago cam
paign prior to June 1, 1S93, was character
ized by vacillation, dllatorlness and lack
His official reports regarding the coal
supply, and the coaling facilities of th;
flying squadron, were inaccurate and mis
leading. His conduct during the battle of July '.:
was self-possessed, and he encouraged, in
his own person, his subordinate officers
and men to tight courageously.
Admiral U. S. N., President.
SAMUEL C. LEMLY,
Judge-Advocate-General U. S. N., Judge
Advocate. Admiral Dewej's Opinion.
In the opinion of the undersigned tht
passage from Key West to Clenfuegos
"was made by the flying squadron with all
possible dispatch. Commodore Schley hav
ing In view the Importance In arriving oit
Clenfuegos with as much coal as possible
in the ship's bunkers.
The blockade of Clenfuegos was effect
'ive. Commodore Schley In permitting the
steamer Adula to enter the port of Clen
fuegos expected to obtain Information re
garding the Spanish squadron from her
when ?he came out.
The passage from Clenfuegos to a point
about '1 miles south of Santiago was
made with as much dispatch as possible
while keeping the squadron a unit.
Tho blockade of Santiago was effective.
Commodore Schley was the senior officer
of our squadron off Santiago when the
-- --- - - -- .
Spanish sqi,adroii ' attempted to e.cape on
" """"- """ " ,',:., T'L
absolute command, and Is entitled to the
credit due to such commanding officer for
the glorious victory which resulted in the
total destruction of the Spanish ships.
Admiral U. S. N.
SAMUEL C. LEMLY.
Recommendation: In view of the length
of time which has elapsed tlnce the oc
currence of the events of the Santiago
campaign, the court recommends that no
further proceedings be had In the pre
mises. GEORGE DEWEY,
Admiral U. S. N., President.
SAMUEL C. LEMLY.
Judge-Afivocate-General U. S. N., Judge
Advocate. Admiral Dewey was sen late tonight,
and declined to make any stntcment con
cerning the court's findings. He said tuai
the court was not dissolved, and that he
was still bound by his oath to secrecy.
NOT THE END, SAYS RAYNOIt.
He Will AdvUc theAdmiral to Flht
the Case to a Finish.
BALTIMORE. Dec. 13. Isador Raynor
showed keen disappointment when, the
findings of the court of inquiry were com
municated td him tonight. He announced
that he will go to Washington as soon as
his engagements permit, probably Monday
or Tuesday, and he will counsel Admiral
Schley to fight the ense to a finish by
every appeal that Is possible. Ho said;
"I would prefer now not to say any
thing In connection with the opinion. 1
think the country will almost unanimously
accept Admiral Dewey's judgment. The
testimony was so overwhelming upon al
most every one of the specifications in
favor or Admiral Schley that I must con
fess I am utterly at a loss to understand
upon what facts or upon the evidence of
what witnesses the other two members
of the court reached their conclusion.
"I am absolutely satisfied that the opin
ion of the two Judges is at total variance
with the opinion of the country, and this
will not by any means terminate the con
roversy. I shall advise the Admiral to
fight It to a finish, to open It by every
appeal that Is possible. Congressional or
otherwise, and I believe that the sentiment
of the whole country will uphold him In
his resolve not to let the judgment stand."
MRS. B0NINE NOT GUILTY.
The Verdict That Was Expected In
the Washington Murder Trial.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 13. The jury In
the case of Mrs. Lola Ida Henry Bonlne,
charged with the murder of James Sey
mour Ayres, Jr., In the Kenmore Hotel,
In this city, on the night of May 13, to
night returned a verdict of not guilty and
the defendant was set at liberty. Such
a conclusion of the trial was generally
expected, the popular Impression here be
ing that from the evidence submitted tho
prosecution had failed to prove its case
against Mrs. Bonlne. The jury was out
less than five hours, retiring a few min
utes after 4 o'clock In the afternoon and
reporting its verdict shortly before 0
o'clock tonight. The attendance in the
courtroom when the Jury returned was
limited to the members of the bar, rep
resentatives of the press and the employes
of the court. There was some little at
tempt at a demonstration of apptoval,
but this was quickly suppressed by Judge
Anderson, who had previously warned
the spectators against manifestations of
any character. Mrs. Bonlne was In court
at the time the verdict was returned and
with her were her husband and her two
boys and several of her relatives, all of
whom have shown their sympathy for
her by their constant attendance during
the long trial. The jury was discharged
and Mrs. Bonlne and her friends left the
Courthouse by a back door.
Judge Anderson's charge to the Jury
today was very general In character. He
wound up by saying that the jury could
bring in any one of four verdicts, viz:
That of guilty as Indicted, with capital
punishment; guilty as indicted, without
capital punishment, which would mean
Imprisonment for life: manslaughter, the
punishment under which would be im
prisonment for a term of years, or, la3t
of all, a verdict of not guilty.
Mrs. Bonlne maintained the calm de
meanor which has characterized her con
duct throughout the trial and smiled ap
provingly when the Jury returned its
verdict. Her husband threw his arms
affectionately around her neck and
kissed her, followed by her sons and sis
ters and brothers, who clustered around
her. embracing and kissing her. Others
In the courtroom also added their con
gratulations. After leaving the court
house, Mrs. Bonlne accompanied her hus
band to the house where he and their
sons and other relatives have been living,
where, it Is announced, she will reside in
the future, her Intention being to make
Washington her home.
Charired With Cattle Stealing.
HELENA, Dec. 13. A jury was secured
in the cases of the Government vs. Sam
uel Garvin and William E. Lee, who are
charged with running off -1C0 head of
cnttle owned by the Crow Indians. The
case will probably occupy 10 days. The
defendants are well-to-do citizens of Yel
lowstone County. Garvin controlled a
large range known as Garvin's Basin, en
trance to which could be had only through
a narrow canyon, which he closed with
chains. It Is alleged that Garvin and
Lee drove off Indian cattle to this basin,
changed their brands and then shipped
them to Eastern markets. When they
were arrested. It wa3 claimed that they
had stolen nearly 1000 head of cattle, but
the number has been reduced.
Lanrn Bullion GetH Five Years.
ST. LOUIS. Dec. 13. Laura Bullion, the
female companion of Ben KUpatrlck, the pJD LIVER They Regulate the Bow
Montana train robber suspect, who was rri v.rtable.
i,. ,w,,.,.,i r ,o,.in- ir, m nn. ls. Purely vegetaDie.
3 coiciuaj jki vtvii.u v. jv
session forged National bank notes, was
louay seiuenceu uy uimvu jwits uw
trlct Judge Adaois to five years' impris
onment in the Federal prison at Leaven
LEAVENWORTH, Kan., Dec. 13.
Laura Bullion will have to serve her term
In the Kansas State penitentiary at Lan
sing. No female prisoners are confined
at the Federal penitentiary at Fort Leav
enworth. The' are kept at the state pris
on under an agreement between the Fed
eral and state governments.
Contradicted Her Hatband.
CHICAGO. Dec. 13. Mrs. Margaret
Lynch, wife of ex-Bailiff Jams J. Lynch,
the confessed jury-briber, was tho star
witness today at the trial of Alexander
In tho balance and foundstandard. Time
has proved PEAR-LINE'S cla.lms &nd
given it its ple.ee the leading washing
powder. Why is PEAR-LINE imitated?
Why arc those who have tised it for years
still usintf it ? Why arc all willing to pav
a little more for it? sSl
It doesn't take much of
Ayer's Hair Vigor to stop
falling of the hair. This
is because it is a regular
hair-food, feeding and nour
ishing the hair and making
it grow thick and heavy. It
always restores color to gray
hair all the dark, rich color.
" I have used your Hair Vigor, off
and on, For 30 years. I am now over
60 years of age, have a good head of
hair and not a single gray hair."
Mrs. L. Wilbur, Wayland, N. Y.
$1. All drassists. J. C. AYE3 O . Loire!!. Mass.
Sullivan, charged with alleged conspir
acy to kcp Lynch from being tried for
hi crime. She gave the He direct to
much of her husband's testimony, on
which the state had largely baeed Its
case. Mrs. Lynch has been separated
from her husbuml for some time.
A Wonmu Swindler.
NEW YORK. Dee. 13. The police of
Paterson, N. J., have been asked to keep
an outlook for a well-dre;?sed, refined
looking woman who has bjen goint bout
that city representing that she is k pr
ized to collect funds for the liberation of
Miss Stone. She has a paper which says
she is an agent of the American Tract So
cletj. It bears the nnmes of Bishop Pot
ter. Archbishop Corrlgan. J. P. Morgan
ard Mrs. Gardella Hobart.
Mrs. DeiinlR I Worse.
WASHINGTON. Dec. lX-The condition
of Mrs. Ada Gilbert Dennis, who was as
saulted last Tuesday, was i trifle worse
today. Dr. L. H. Ulchcld-rftr, the resi
dent physician at the Garfield Hospital,
expressed the opinion that she had a
very rflsht chance of recovery. She Is
uncom.cious most of the time and talks
only Irrationally. The police are without
a clew as to her assailant.
Charged With Embcar.lexnent.
BIRMINGHAM, Ala.. Dec. 13. George
Morgan, president, and George Bllnn. Jr..
treasurer of the Continental Security Re
demption Company, for which concern a
receiver waa recently appointed, have been
arretted. Morgin Is chargtd with embez
zling checkR and meny aggregating 5S.
000, and B!inn with embezzling 525.W.X).
Both have given bond.
Friends 1'cacr Conference.
PHILADELPHL. Dec. 13. The second
day's session of the American Frtendt
Peace Conference was devoted to speeches
by the delegates suid a. general discuss-ion
of the subjects Involved. President
Thcmhs, of Bryn Mawr College, presided.
Frederic AlllWs. the well-known war
artist and correspondent. Is back in Lon
don, aftir a fourth visit to Australia. Mr.
Villlers has been a great deal of the- world
since he was w ith Archibald Forbes In the
For twenty-five cents, you can get Car
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