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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MOENINQ OJREGONIAN, TOESDAT, DECEMBER 3, 1901.
TARIFF FIGHT NOW ON
VOX BULOW made: a strong
SPEECH FOR. THE BILL.
Greatest Parliamentary Stragrglc
Germany Has Ever Faced Xnmer
ouk References to America.
BERLIN. Dec 2. "This bill Is the most
Important that has been before the House
for a long time, but It does not Imply any
deviation from the policy in regard to
treaties of commerce,." said the Imperial
Chancellor, Count von Bulow, at the open
ing of the debate on the tariff bill In the
Reichstag today. "On the contrary, the
federal government are tlrmly resolved
to pursue a policy with commercial
treaties in the future In the Interest of
German industry, -while, of course, up
holding the just rights of Germany."
The Chancellor then proceeded to say
that the bill had been carefully prepared
upon material furnished by experts in the
various branches of trade and industry.
"The Emperor," said the Chancellor,
"has approved the bill, -which is the result
of several years comprehensive, careful
labor; -which is the outcome of the re
quirements of German economic life, and
which is intended, while giving, so far as
possible, equal consideration to all Inter
ests, to meet, above all, the wishes for in
creased protection manifested by the ag
riculturists, the Justice of which, within
the limits prescribed by due regard for
the common weal, cannot be disputed.
Tho measure also is Intended to furnish
a better weapon for futuro commercial
treaty negotiations with other states. The
bill, therefore, is not a departure from
the policy of tariff treaties."
The statement caused exclamations from
"Wait a moment," retorted Count von
Bulow, "and see which way tho hare
runs next. In any case," continued the
Chancellor, "the federal governments have
firmly resolved in the interests of Ger
man export trado to pursue this policy
in tho future as In the past, and to de
cide, according to our own judgment, upon
the limits of what we can grant without
abandoning vital German Interests
"It is now the business of this exalted
House to examine the bill and pass It to
aw. The federal governments are con
scious of the far-reaching importance of
the task before them, so far as the eco
nomic life of the nation Is concerned, and
of the unusual difficulties attending the
reorganization of our customs system. In
ew cf the high importance of agricul
ture for the nation's power and suste
nance, it should be afforded every measure
nf protection compatible with the con
ditions of our general economic life. Ger
many is both an Industrial and an agra
rian state. "We must have regard for the
millions of hands employed In the facto
ries and in traffic on land and sea. It
fhould be the earnest endeavor of every
responsible statesman to insure and fa
cilitate our share of the international ex
change of goods and secure foreign
treaties on acceptable conditions, thus
1 romotlng the well-being of the great
mantes of the population."
The appearance of Dr. von Thielman,
Secretary of the Imperial Treasury, was
the signal for an uproar that was contln
rrd throughout his address. He urged
forbearance upon the part of- those who
were dis-satisflod, pointed out the care
with which the tariff measure had been
drawn up, and assured the House that it
would facilitate negotiations with Russian
and other treaties. He said that In spite
of higher duties on cereals the govern
ment hoped to come to an understanding
with tho United States.
Count von Bulow. in Introducing the
greatest parliamentary struggle that Ger
many has ever faced, counseled the mem
bers of the Reichstag to moderation or
language, declaring that the eyes of the
world were upon them. Although this was
Germany's affair, said Count von Bulow,
It was necessary to maintain a resolute
front to the other nations of the world.
Allusion was made to the United States
In thp course of today's debate on the
subject, and the name "America" Is like
ly to be more freely used yet by both
rides to this controvcrsj', which Is 'mov
ing Germany more deeply than has any
other civil question since the emergence
of the empire.
The tariff experiences of the United
States and the pressure of American
competition constitute rich mines for ar
gument upon cither side of the question.
"Brotwusher" (bread usury), or the rais
ing of the price of bread, is to be the
battle word of the manufacturing capital
ists and the Socialists alike, who,
by curious turn of politics, now unite In
pasplonate opposition to a bill that pri-
marlly Increases the cost of foodstuffs.
Every Individual smattlnterest through
out Germany that is adversely affected by
the tariff bill is organized against the
bill. A peculiar and irresponsible senti
ment gathers around these compact and
highly organized lighting units. The op
position to the measure Is more powerful
outside than Inside of the German Parlia
ment. "While the Government is aware of
and feels the opposition, it also recog
nizes and see that the present period of
industrial calamity in Germany Is an op
portune time to press a. measure raising
the cost of food. The government Is so
pledged to the Agrarian party, eo com
pletely committed to the measure, that
it feels it cannot recede therefrom or post
pone Its consideration. Consequently the
Ministry entered upon the debate today
determined to see the thing through, but
with no cheerfulness of spirit. It is be
lieved Germany Is about to enter upon
as intense a period of political disturbance
as existed in Great Britain during the
A brlllant company of diplomats, titled
ladles and other persons of distinction,
filled the reserved galleries of the cham
ber. The speeches, however, were far less
animated and Interesting than had been
expected. The speech of Baron von Thiel
man, Secretary of the Treasury, was es
pecially disappointing in Us brevity, but
It Is understood he is reserving himself
for a later day upon which the Imperial
Chancellor does not speak.
DEPRESSION IX RUSSIA.
State Hai Even Gone So Far an to
Make n Loan to Cotton-Spinner.
ST PETERSBURG. Nov. 15. The
crop failures have materially increased the
depression in commerce and Industry. At
Odessa, labor disturbances are expected.
The Chief of Police has posted a notice
warning factory managers, foremen and
heads of corporations of worklngmen
which contract for the performance of
specific services that failure to inform the
authorities of strike preparations or other
signs of discontent will be punished by
fines up to 500 rubles or imprisonment
up to three months.
Several large failures have occurred at
Lodz, the great spinning center of Po
land. To relieve the situation, the Min
ister of Finance has resorted to the pallia
tive expedient of granting Karl E. Geh
llch, who has ceased payments, a loan
of 3,000,000 rubles. State help has been
repeatedly given the iron and steel people,
but this is the first recent Instance of as
sistance being granted the cotton-spinners.
That this old industry, which appeals to
the widest possible circle of consumers,
should be In such straits, illustrates dras
tically the present stagnation.
One of the noteworthy results of the
famine Is the extensive emigration of Tar
tars and Kirghizes from the Crimea to
Turkey. About 1500 families have recent
ly embarked for Constantinople.
Typhus Is prevalent In 57 volosts
the territorial unit next above the
villages of Cufa, and other dan
gerous diseases in eight volosts.
Scarlatina, diphtheria and smallpox are
also beginning to make their appearance
in the famine districts of this province.
Three districts have been declared in
a. state of famine, but the Zemstvo thinks
the entire province should be eo pro
claimed. The assistance required In the
form of grain Is estimated at 3,200,030
The villagers of Khavllnsk, where fam
ine was first declared, have left in such
numbers, seeking work, that tho popula
tion has been reduced from 22.000 to 15,000.
The Province of Sara toff, in which this,
and other severely stricken districts are
situated, has been premised a loan of
996.000 poods of wheat and 250,000 poods
of oats. The Zemstvo will also receive
300,000 rubles, to be repaid In 25 years.
Over 400,000 acres of cotton in Central
Asia are reported to have been destroyed
during the last Autumn by grasshoppers.
The Koesiya is again In trouble. A day or
two ago Sir. Doroshevlch published a wit
ty article about tho tribulations of news
paper writers at Odessa when Li Hung
Chang arrived there In 1S&G. He repre
sented the local Chief of Police as sending
for the editor-in-chief and ordering him to
write nothing but well disposed matter
about the distinguished guest, and went
on to tell wnat havoc this command played
with the stories that were brought In.
Incidental references were also made to
the censorship. The next day the cash
sales of the Rosslya were stopped for two
EDITORS SEKT TO JAIL.
Published Articles Insnltlng; Mnjor
Gcncral von Kctteler.
BERLIN, Dec. 2. Trial was begun to
day In the Berlin Criminal Court of three
members of the editorial staff of Vor
waerts, the socialist paper. They are
charged with insulting Major-Gcneralvon
Kctteler by the publication of the" so
called "Hun letters," which accused Gen
eral von Kettcler and his column of sum
mary and barbarous treatment of the
Boxers during the Chinese expedition, es
pecially of shooting 22 Boxers at Yachlao.
General von Ketteler maintained that
these 22 men were shot In pursuance of a
sentence of court-martial, for the mas
sacre of 200 Christians. Lieutenant Stol
zenberger testified that the Inhabitants
of this village were driven together in
the market place, where two Chinese
Christians picked out Boxers whom they
accuseJ of participating in the massacre
in question. An English missionary named
Lawrey then examined the men accused
by the two converts, and selected 22 of
their, number as surely being Boxers.
These men were executed by General von
Kettcler's orders. The General told the
court that these executions were neces
sary In order to break up the reign of
terror established by the Boxers through
out the whole district.
Two of the prisoners, named Schmidt
and Jon. were convicted of the charges
against thern, and sentenced to six and
seven months' imprisonment respectively.
GERMANY AXD RUSSIA AGREE.
flTow for tlie International Antl-An-archist
BETtLlN. Dec. 2. According to a spe
cial dispatch from St. Petersburg. Ger
many and Russia have now reached an
entire agreement concerning the advan
tage of calling an international antl-an-nrchlst
conference. These two powers
have sent identical notes to the other
powers of the world, and presumably to
the United States, inviting them all to
participate In this conference.
Dnnk Ofilcinl in Hiding; Cnugrlit. .
LONDON, Dec. 2. Thomas Peterson
Goudle, the bookkeeper of the Bank of
Liverpool, who disappeared at the time
of the discovery that the bank had been
robbed of about 170.000. was captured
today at Rootle, where he had been In
hiding. Goudle had 300 In his pocket
when arrested. He will be brought to
London for trial with the other men tak
en Into custody In connection with the
robbery, two of whom "DIckM Burge,
the pugilist, and F. T. Kelley. the book
maker of Bradford, were remanded today,
after a partial hearing of the evidence
Charles Matthews, counsel for the vic
timized bank, in presenting the case
against the prisoners, gave the first au
thentic details of the frauds. He ex
plained that there had been 27 checks
forged, and stated that at the time the
Credit Lyonnaise was enjoined the
amounts standing to the credit of the ac
cused were: Burge, 13.5S9; Laurie Marks,
10.M1, and James Mances, 15,9S7, as pro
ceeds of the forgeries.
Boer Forcex In "Went Cape Colony.
NEW YORK, Dec. 2. The correspond
ent of the London Times and New York
Times at Pretoria says there are 13 Boer
commandos, with a total force of 1500 men,
in the Western districts of Cape Colony,
where the configuration of the country,
the scarcity of water and the distance
from the railways, make the capture of
the burghers difficult. There are seven
commandos in Calvini district, two in
South Sutherland, three In Northeast
Plquetberg. and one in Clan William.
General French Is operating with eight
columns In the south and east of these
districts, but there Is nothing to prevent
the Boers escaping north, where, they can
not be followed Indefinitely. Once the
line from Beaufort west to Clan William
Is secured with blockhouses, says the
correspondent, the fugitive commandos
can be dealt with in detail at leisure. The
distance from Beaufort west to Clan Wil
liam, 650 miles, gives a small Idea of the
difficulties of this task.
To Force Australian Tariff Bill.
NEW YORK, Dec. 2. The federal gov
ernment, says a dispatch from Melbourne
to the London limes and New York Times,
is endeavoring to force the tariff bill
through the House of Representatives by
means of midnight sittings, with a view
to obtaining the passage of the bill in the
House before Christmas. The Ministers
accuse the opposition of obstructing busi
ness. The members of the opposition
reply that the Cabinet took several months
to frame the tariff bill, unduly delayed It
until the session was far advanced, and
is not desirous of passing the measure in
a few weeks by transacting business at
unreasonable hours. A considerable nura
ber of the proposed duties have already
been defeated or reduced.
Twenty-five Killed In a Collliilon.
ST. PETERSBURG, Dec. 2. Tho ex
tremely cold weather throughout Russia,
especially In Siberia, has delayed the malls
and many trains are now snowbound.
Grain steamers on the Vistula arc frozen
in the river.
In a railroad collision near Kharbln, IS
Chinese and seven Russians were killed.
Two of the latter were frozen to death.
RuHsinn Industries 3Iay Combine.
NEW YORK, Dec. 2. A dispatch from
Odessa to the London Times and New
York Times says that In view of the
amelioration of the crisis in the metal
lurgy Industry, the Russian blast fur
nace and rolling-mill companies are about
to combine with the object of organizing
and controlling the output.
Badly Defeated by Boxers.
SHANGHAI, Dec. 2. The Government
troops have been badly defeated in North
east Chl-Ll by Boxers, whose depredations
are causing a great deal of trouble.
NEW YORK, Dec. 2. Senor Yanez, Sec
retary of Foreign Affairs, Is still study
ing the proposal of the Argentine Gov
ernment In reference to the boundary
question, says the Valparaiso correspon
dent of the Herald. It is believed that
he will reply In about a week. The Chil
ean Minister in Buenos Ayres, Senor
Concha, Is coming to Chile to give cer
tain Information regarding the opening
of the roads in the disputed territory,
and will return to his post after a brief
To Care a Cold In One Day
TaXe Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. Al
druggists refund the moDef U It falls to cure
K. Qrovc'c slciutura 1 K ftash box. 20c
CONGRESS NOW AT WORK
OPEXIXG OF THE 57TH COXGRESS
WITH LARGE ATTEXDAXCE.
Senate Adjourns Oat of Respect to
Kyle Hendernon Re-Elected
(Continued from First Page.)
of Wlsconslon, sergcant-at-arms; William
Glennan, of New York, doorkeeper; Joseph
C. McElroy, of Ohio, postmaster, and H.
N. Couden, of Michigan, chaplain.
Mr. Hay, of Virginia, on, behalf of the
minority, presented a substitute resolu
tion cnntninfnrr th names of the candi
dates selected by the Democratic caucus
last Saturday. The minority resoiuuim
was voted down, and Mr. Cannon's resolu
tion was adopted without division.
The usual formal resolutions to notify
the President and Senate that the House
had selected Mr. Henderson as Speaker,,
and Mr. McDowell as clerk, were adopted.
Mr. Bingham, of Pennsylvania, then of
fered a resolution for the appointment by
the Speaker of a committee of three to
join a similar committee of the Senate
to wait upon the President and notify
him that a quorum of the two Houses had
assembled, and Congress was ready to re
ceive any communication he might havo
to make. The resolution was adopted, and
the Speaker appointed Messrs. Payne, of
New York; Bingham, of Pennsylvania,
and Richardson, of Tennessee.
First Fire From the Democrats.
Mr. Dalzell then offered the resolution
agreed to by the Republican caucus on
Saturday for the adoption of the rules
of the last House, with certain specified
amendments, as the rules of the present
House. This drew the first fire from
the other side. Mr. Richardson inquired
whether opportunity waB to be given to
offer amendments, and on receiving a
negative reply, he protested against such
action. He said he desired to offer some
amendments, which, he thought, would
prevail If the gentleman from Iowa (Hep
burn) could deliver the 40 votes which the
newspapers had said he had In the Re
publican caucus last Saturday.
Mr. Dalzell said the proceeding was
similar to that taken in tho last Con
gress. He pointed out that the rules
were practically identical with those of
the 51st, G4th and succeeding Congresses,
and practically Identical with those of the
intervening Democratic Congresses. He
then yielded five minutes to Mr. Richard
son, who occupied the time In discussing
Mr. Hepburn, In a five-minute speech,
said his view of the subject of the rules
had been entertained by him for many
years. He had even attempted to secure
their modification in the 53d Congress,
which was Democratic, and upon that oc
casion Mr. Richardson himself had bit
terly opposed the change. This sally
raised a shout of laughter on the Repub
lican side. The previous question was
ordered, 17C to 141
Mr. Richardson moved to commit the
resolution to the committee on rules, which
was lost, 142 to 185. The resolutions were
Twelve o'clock noon was fixed as the
daily hour of meeting. Then the seat
drawing took place.
Mr. Robb and Champ Clark, both of
Missouri, and both Democrats, were the
first names called. Mr. Gibson, of Ten
nessee, and Mr. Overstreet, of Indiana,
were the first names called on the Repub
lican side. Unanimous consent was given
that Mr. Grow, of Pennsylvania, an ex
Speaker, of the House, and Mr. .Bingham,
of Pennsylvania, "the father of tue
House," be allowed to select their seats
without drawing. Similar consent was
given on behalf of Mr. Richardson and
Mr. Cramer, of New York, who was a
member of the 43d Congress. The seat
drawing concluded, the Speaker assigned
the contested election cases to committees.
A resolution was adopted to allow the
importation free of payment of duty of all
articles from foreign countries and tho
transfer of foreign exhibits from the Pan
American Exposition at Buffalo, for the
purpose of exhibition at Charleston, S.
C. Then, at 4:30, the House adjourned.
WASHINGTON, Dec 2. Resolutions re
specting the late President McKinlcy will
be introduced In the House by Representa
tive Grosvenor tomorrow, simultaneously
with the Introduction by Mr. Foraker In
the Senate of the same resolutions. The
lethmlan Canal bill will come In later,
'Representative Hepburn, of Iowa, saying
it would not be deferred until the organi
zation of the committee on Interstate and
BILLS IXTRODUCED IX HOUSE.
Officials Estimate That Over 3000
Were Handed In Some of Them.
WASHINGTON, Dec 2. It was esti
mated by officials of the House that over
3000 bills had been Introduced before 12
o'clock today. There was much rivalry
for the honor of having bill No. 1, no less
than 15 members having asked for this
precedence. The indications are that the
bill of Mr. McCIeary restricting the sale
of oleomargarine will be so designated
when the records arc made up. The bills
took a wide range.
Three Pacific cable bills by Representa
tives Sherman, of New York: Corliss, of
Michigan, and Jones, of Washington, gave
varying phases on this project, Mr. Jones
x ( M
i - "
proposing the northern route, via Puget
Sound, with an appropriation of $S,000,000.
and Mr. Corliss proposing a Government
bill, while Mr. Sherman offered the plan of
allowing private corporations' In thft en
terprise. Among other measures Intro
duced were the following:
By Sulser of New York Protesting
against tho conduct of the war inSouth
By Thayer of Massachusetts and Brom
wcll of Ohio Removing the duty on hides.
By Otey, of Virginia Giving a tobacco
ratio to series.
By Cousins of Iowa To repeal the
By Davidson of Wisconsin To make
oleomargarine subject to state la,ws.
By Flynn of Oklahoma Granting state
hood to Oklahoma.
By Brownlow of Tennessee A depart
ment of cctnmerce, labor and manufac
tures: also amending the Constitution so
as to define assaults on the President,
Vice-President, members of the Cabinet
and Justices, and giving Congress power
to fix penalties.
By Jones of Washington For a commis
sion to Investigate the Japanese.
By Cushman of Washington For dec-
tHe United States Will
AT L Pi N TC
. . Xb V?y
50UTM AME&i c
THE DAXISH WEST IXDIES.
tion of United States Senators, by popular
By Rodney of New Mexico Admitting
New Mexico to statehood.
By Cushman of Washington Prohibit
ing the location of mining claims in
Alaska by power of attorney.
By Kahn of California For the desig
nation of certain points on the boundary-
By CurtlB of Kansas For the punish-
( ment of persons assaulting or Killing inc
By Newlands of Nevada For the rccla- f
rnatlon oFlands by the use of all moneys
received from the sale of public lands in
the arid and semlarid states.
Committee on Democratic Policy.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 2. Representative
. Hay, of Virginia, chairman of the House
Democratic caucus, today announced the
following committee as called for by tnc
Democratic caucus last Saturday, to con
sider a number of resolutions relative to
the policy of the Democratic members of
Messrs. Richardson, De Armond, Wil
liams (Miss.), Robertson, Swanson, New
lands (Nev.), Underwood, Williams, Henry
Howard and Thayer.
caucus on January 10.
I WASHINGTON, Dec. 2. The Republican
I Senators, in caucus today, authorized
Senator Allison to appoint a committee
! on order of business; also a committee to
fill vacancies on tho committee, both to
con6l3t or nlno members. The latter com
mittee was directed to Increase some or
the Important committees In order that
places might be fourTd for Republican Sen
ators In accordance with the Increased"
membership of the party.
A Hatvallnn Resolution.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 2. The Secretary
of the Interior today sent to the House
of Representatives a copy of a resolution
of the Legislature of Hawaii asking a,
duty on coffee, in order to protect the
coffee Industry of Hawaii.
BRIGANDS ARE STUBBORN.
Difficulty in Case of Miss Stone In
Xott of Term.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 2. The difficulty
In Vnrlncr fiVrtifr n eatMamAnf TiHfl tha
captors of MIfs Stone, the missionary, ap- J
pears to be one or terms, as It has been
' Impossible to convince the brigands that
the $66,000 in the hands of Mr. Dickinson
, represents every cent of money that has '
been subscribed toward ransoming the
captive, and they are holding out for a
minimum of ?100,000. which Is only 110,000
less than their original demand.
It Is stated that not a single dollar has
been subscribed to the ransom fund since
tho outpouring of the first two or three
days following the appeal for contribu
tions. PORTLAND SURE TO GET IT
Announcement That T. P. A. Would
Meet ElcKerrhere n Mistake.
ST. LOUIS, Dec. 2. The recently pub
lished statement that the officers of the
Travelers' Protective Association, of
America contemplated changing the place
for holding the National meeting from
Portland, Or., was erroneous. No change
uao krci. micwucocu, mftu ciauuiaic jjiuua :
uru ueiujj inuuu iu eenu utricsauous iu
Portland from every state in the Union.
Mrs. M. Bnlllnjjton Booth 111.
COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo.. Dec. 2.
Mrs. Maude Balllngton Booth, of the Vol
unteers of America, was stricken today
while delivering an address before the
students of Colorado College, and was
taken to the home of State Senator
Selbrldgc The trouble is a complication
of the heart, caused by the excessive al
titude. Hor condition has improved some
what during the day.
PILES CURED WITHOUT THE ICXIFE.
Itching, Blind, Bleeding cr Protruding Pile.
So Cure. No Pay. Druggets arc authorized by
manufacturers of Paro Ointment to refund
money where It falls to cure any case or plies,
no matter of how long standing. Cures ordi
nary cases in six days; the worst cases in four
teen days. One application gives ease and rest.
Relieves Itching Instantly. This Is a new dis
covery and Is the only pile remedy sold on a
positive guarantee, no cure no pay. Price, SOc
If your druggist don't keep It In stock send us
SOc In stamps and we will forward tame by
mall. Manufactured by Paris Med. Co.. St.
Louis. Mo., who also manufacture the celebrat
ed cold cure. Laxative Bromo-Qulnlne Tablets.
WILL SOON GET ISLANDS
DAXISH WEST INDIES TO BECOME
Denmark and the United States Have
Come to an Agreement Price
COPENHAGEN. Dec. 2. A full agree
ment has been reached between Den
mark and the United States for the sale
of the Danish West Indies. The treaty
will probably be signed this week at
Washington. The price fixed Is between
Ji.O0O.CO0 and $5,000,000.
(The Danish West Indies, or Virgin Isl
ands, are about 50 miles east of Porto
Klco. The group comprises St. Thomas,
St. John and St. Croix, or Santa Cruz.
The total area of the three Islands is
t-f ' y-
f or : -r
0DTf .,-! "
Si . i if K. r- c
about 138 square miles. St. Croix has
about 84 square miles, St. Thomas 'Si
square miles and St. John 21 square miles.
The population of the Islands Is 33,763.
Most or the Inhabitants are free negroes
engaged in the cultivation of sugarcane.
Trade with Denmark was once quite large,
but decreased in recent years until the
islands became a burden to that country.
The sale or the group to the United States
leaves to Denmark the colonies of Iceland,
Greenland and the Foeroe or Horse Isl
ands. St. Thomas was once an important isl
and of the West Indies and much com
merce centered at Its port, Charlotte Ama
lle. or St. Thomas. The port will make
an Important coaling station for the Unit
ed States In connection with the new pol
icy begun by this country In the West In
dies. It will be a strategic point of of
fense and defense and will have a strong
bearing on the Nicaragua Canal. The
withdrawal of Denmark and Spain from
the West Indies leaves Holland, France
and England as the only foreign nations
established in the group. The United
States has negotiated for the purchase or
the Virgin Islands several times. In 1SV0
President Grant made a treaty whereby
Denmark agreed to turn over St. Thomas
for $7,500,000. but Congress refused to rati
fy the purchase and the deal fell through.
It was the policy of Denmark In later ne
gotiations to sell all three Islands or none,
whereas the United States desired only St.
Thomas. European nations, especially
Germany, have been reported as trying to
get possession of the Islands. The group
would have made a strong HnK in 'Ger
many's American policy In view of Em
peror William's plausible desire to estab
lish colonics In South America. The har
bor of St. Thomas Is on the south coast
of the Island, and Is nearly landlocked.
Its depth of water varies from IS to 36
feet. About one-third ot the population
are Roman Catholics, and the rest mainly
Protestants of the Lutheran, Dutch Re
formed, Moravian and English Episcopal
St. Croix has two principal towns Bas
sln, on the north coast, with a small har
bor, 15 to It! feet deep, at the entrance,
and West End. on the west coast.
St. Croix, St. Thomas and St. John were
discovered by Columbus in 1433. St. Thom
as was colonized by the Dutch In 1657
and after their departure for New York it
was taken by the English in 1667. The
Danish West India & Guinea Company
took possession in 1667. It was succeeded
In 16S5 by the Brandenburg Company,
whose principal shareholders were Dutch.
In 1754 the King of Denmark assumed the
government of the colony. The British
took possession In lbOl and remained 10
months. The American Civil War gave
great Impetus to the commerce of St.
Thomas. In 1871 the Danish Government
moved the headquarters of its West India
possessions to St. Thomas from St. Croix.
St. Croix has been in the hands of the
Spanish, Dutch, English and French. In
1733 Denmark bought the Island from
France for 5150,000. The British took It
in 1S07, but returned It by the treaty or
Paris. The common language Is English.
The climate of the islands is equable.
The thermometer rarely falls below 70 de
grees and seldom goes above 0 degrees.
In the "hurricane" months, August, Sep
tember and October, south wind. accom
panied by sultry heat, rain and thunder,
are not uncommon. Earthquakes are not
infrequent. Hurricanes sometimes sweep
over the Islands, doing great damage.)
Washington ot Yet Informed.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 2. At the close of
business hours today no word had reached
the Stato Department confirmatory of
the reported agreement between Denmark
and the United States for the sale of the
Danish West Indies. The negotiations
looking to the acquisition of the Islands
by this Government are believed, how
ever, to be In such a state that an agree
ment between the Interested parties. If not
alrady reached. Is almost approaching
THE PUBLIC DEBT.
A Decrease of $11,200,512 the Record
WASHINGTON, Dec. 2. The monthly
statement of the public debt shows that
at the close ot business November 30, 1901,
the debt, less cash in the Treasury,
amounted to $1,011,626,445, a decrease for
the month of 511,206,512. The debt in re
capitulation Is as follows:
Interest-bearing debt 5 949,062,330
Debt on which interest has
ceased, since maturity 1,340,940
Debt bearing no interest 3S6.S7S.872
This amount, however, does not include
Use Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey Exdusive.y Whenever
an Alcoholic Stimulant Is Required.
Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey is the only pure, reliable alcoholic stimulant to
administer to patients in cases of grip, consumption, dyspepsia, general de
bility, nervousness, weak heart and loyr fevers.
Mootevue Hospital, Frederick, Md.
DUFFY MALT WHISKEY Co.
Gentlemen: It has been about one
year since I first began to use Duffy's
Pure Malt Whiskey both in nrescrln--
tion and laboratory work. In this in-i
smuiion. i una it a most effectual,
invigorating- alcoholic stimulant, and
prefer it to any other, as I believe It
to be absolutely pure. Its action on the general economy and the entire system
is more effective than any other whiskev I have tried, and our patients take
more kindly to It. As long as the quality remairs at the present standard
I shall always use it wherever an alcoholic stlmular.t Is required, especially in
that class of oonvalescents who need what we call "predlgested foods." I find
from experience that Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey acts gently, not vigorou?ly,
on the digestive system. We will always use It to the exclusion of all others
on account of its absolute purity and the excellent results we have received
from its use. I am, very kindly, h. P. FAHRNEY, M. D.
FREE If you are sick and run down, write us. It will cost you nothing to
learn how to regain health, energy and vitality. Medical booklet and testimo
nials sent tree.
It is the only Whiskey recognized by the Government as a medicine. This
Is a guarantee. All druggists and grocers, or direct, $1 a bottle. DUFFY'S
MALT WHISKEY CO., Rochester, N. Y.
$S09,917,0S3 In certificates and treasury
notes outstanding, which ore offset by an
equal amount of cash on hand, which la
held for their redemption. The cash In
the Treasury Is classified as follows:
Gold reserve fund $ 150,000.000
Trust fund S09.917.0S9
General fund 139.9S7.372
In National bank depositories.. ' 112,896,S7S
Against this there are demand liabili
ties outstanding amounting to $S75,790,765,
which leaves a cash balance on hand of
PANAMA CONTINUES QUIET
Members of Staff of Insurgent Gen
COLON Dec. 2. The City of Panama
continues' quiet. Following General Al
ban's orders, the Colombian gunboat
Boyaca. tow lng a launch bearing soldiers,
has left there. The destination of the ex
pedition is reported to be Agua Dulce,
from which point the government will at
tempt to clear the remaining bands of
Liberals frcm the Department of Panama.
General Porras, the Liberal leader. Is sup
posed to be In the vicinity of Agua Dulce.
American marines are still ashore at Pan
ama. Juan Antonio Jlmincz, formerly a mem
ber of the staff of the Insurgent General
Domingo Diaz, has come volulntarlly to
Panama, where he delivered himself to
General Alban. General Diaz did not in
struct JImlnez to come in nnd surrender.
The former insurgent says he is sick and
disgusted with the campaign. After he
had surrendered. General Alban put Jim
inez in a carriage and accompanied him
to his house.
The British sloop-of-war Icarus has re
turned to Panama from South American
INTERVIEW WITH ALBAN.
Colombia Cnn Now Maintain Free
Transit Across the Iisthmu.
NEW YORK, Dec 2. The Herald's Co
lon, Colombia, correspondent cables as
"Your correspondent has obtained an In
terview with General Carlos Alban, Gov
ernor of the Department of Panama and
commander of the military and naval
forces of the Isthmus, regarding the 'sit
uation. When General Alban was asked
If he could now maintain free transit on
the Isthmus, he replied:
- "Colombia does not require foreign aid
to maintain free transit across the Isth
mus. Within nine days we have recap
tured Colon nnd have killed or taken pris
oners the troops which occupied that
"Are you satisfied with the terms of the
treaty executed in Colon?" was asked.
"Yes; the terms are the same as those
arranged in July of last year, when the
revolutionists surrendered at Panama. I
must say, however, that many of those
same rebels have again taken up arms
against the Colombian Government."
"Do you consider the isthmian revolu
tion nearly at an end?"
"Not yet," replied General Alban em
phatically. "There are still several bands
of Insurgents in the Interior of the De
partment of Panama. These bands will
soon be crushed. One of the two revo
lutionary Generals on the Isthmus, Do
mingo Diaz, has already been defeated.
We are now going to defeat the other
insurgent General, Belisarlo Porras, who
capitulated last year. Diaz has a strong
personal following. So has Porras. This
condition of affairs clearly shows what
tho Colombian Nation has in prospect
should the Liberals ever triumph. When
tho Liberal party governed Colombia there
were 15 revolutions in 20 years."
News hasTeachcd Colon that a commit
tee of the Insurgents several days ago de
manded that Bocas del Torro should sur
render. It Is now believed that Bocas del
Torro is In the hands of the revolution
ists. Colonel Barrera, who led the force of In
surgents In the field against Alban's
troops, has been found In the bushes In a
wounded condition. He will receive his
freedom and medical care In Colon.
The government will send troops Into the
Interior department at once to operate
against General Porras, whose Insurgent
force General Alban Is anxious to crush.
Offlclnlft Who "Were Prisoners Bnck.
COLON, Dec. 2. The Prefect and other
officials who were made prisoners by the
Liberals at the time of the capture of Co
lon, returned here last night from their
places of confinement in the mountains
and today resumed their respective posts.
There will bo difficulty in straightening
matters out, as the books, documents, etc,
were destroyed or thrown away during the
night of the capture of Colon. Panama
police now guard Colon. American ma-
Dry, moist, scaly tetter, all forms
of eczema or salt rheum, pimples
and other cutaneous eruptions pro
ceed from humors, either inher
ited, or acquired through defective
digestion and assimilation.
To treat these eruptions with
drying medicines is dangerous.
The thing to do is to help the
system discharge the humors, and
strengthen it against their return.
Hood's Sarsaparilla permanently cured J.
G. Hines, Franks. 111., of eczema, from which
he had suffered for somo time; and MIsa
Alvina Wolter. Box 212. Aleona. Wis., of pim
ples oa her face and back and chafed skin on
her body, by which she had been ereatly
troubled. There are more testimonials in
favor of this treat medicine than can bo
Promises to cure and keeps the
promise. Don't put off treatment.
Buy a bottle of Hood's today.
rt. ST3R Sfe -: V. JiRSiV r .aua ,53
Ct$iiHMR6E 'BHj.';- I
rines are still traveling on the passenger
Important Insurance Policy Decision
ST. LOUIS. Dec. 2. The validity of an
insurance policy depends on the truthful
answer to questions put by the company
when application for Insurance Is made,
according to an opinion handed down by
the United States Court of Appeals to
day In the case of John Meyers, adminis
trator of the ertate of Paul B. Swetllck.
of Topcka. Kan., against the Home Life
Insurance Company, of Cev York.
Young Mothers .
Stand in special need of help while the
baby is being nursed. Dr. Pierce's Fa
vorite Prescription not only strengthens
the woman for motherhood and makes
the birth hour practically painless, but
it increases the nutritive secretions
on which the child is fed. It soothes
the nerves, encourages the appetite
and rapidly restores the mother to ro
bust health. There is no alcohol in
tion," neither opium,
cocaine, nor any other
" I wish to let you hnow the
great benefit my wife derived
through taking your Favor
Box 236. "It
was a case of
had heard so
much of it that
say wife decid
ed to try it. (I
may say my
wife is thirty
three and this
was her first
five months be
fore her child
wn born. We
have a fine,
health j- frfrl.
and we believe
that this -was
to the"' Favorite
recommend i t
lets put the
bowels in a
dition. SICK HEADACHE
Positively cured by these
They also relieve Distress from Dyspep.
gla. Indigestion and Too Hearty Eating.
A perfect remedy for Dizziness, Nausea,
Drowsiness, Bad Taote In the Mouth.
Coated Tongue, Pain In the Side. TOR
PID LIVER. They Regulate the Bow
els. Purely Vegetable.
Small Pill. Small Dose.
A BEJIUTiFUL WOMtN
b often distrestetl by Gry or Bleached Hair.
Imperial Hair Regenerator
Is the onl jr iur ind fatrmleu f emedy far either.
It Is absolutely itfe.eat'Ijr applied, iml learrs
the hair soft and glossy. It Is tmenuatert Jrr
Beard or Mustache. ONE APPLICATION
LASTS MONTHS. Sample of hair colored free.
Priracy assured. Send for pamphlet.
IMPERIAL CHEMICAL MFG. CO., 135 W. 23d St., Hew York
Not Weakness, Symptoms
By far the greater number of patients
seeking relief for so-called "Weakness" Is
furnished by healthy and robust men. On
examination we find a Prostate Gland
which has been damaged by either a con-
traded disorder or early dissipation.
These patients have no weakness at all.
Prematureness, Loss of Vitality, etc.. are
the symptoms, or disordered function, of
the chronically inflamed prostate gland.
"We find by curing this inflammation that
full vigor at once returns. It should be
understood that tonics, electricity, etc.,
might cure a real weakness, but would
do harm In Inflammation. The main ob
ject Is to reduce the size of the tender,
swollen and Inflamed prostate. This we
accomplish by local treatment, thus
avoiding drugs. Men who have unsuc
cessfully treated for a weakness should
now understand the cause of the failure.
Portland Office, 230 1-2 Alder Street.
Office Hours, 9 A. 31. to 5 P. 31.
Evenings, 7 to 8.
1 1 W Men