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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
(THE MOJttONG 08GO$34tfs M0NlA"& DECEMBER 190,
Entered at the Postofflce at Portland. Oregon,
as aeeocdVcl&sa matter.
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TODAYS WEATHER-Cioudv, with occa
sional rains. Winds mostly southerly.
YESTERDAY'S WEATHER Maximum tem
perature, 50; minimum temperature, 49; pre
cipitation. 0.39 Inph,
PORTLAND, MOXDAY, DECEMBER 2.
A HOPELESS PROPOSAL.
Xet us see and we soon shall see
What President Roosevelt has to say
about reciprocity. The Oregonian Is In
clined to think he will merely mention
St, and then will have to "give It up."
For nohody in this great country of
Xurs is willing to let In free of duty
foreign commodities of the same kinds
a3 those he himself produces. He may
be altruistic enough to let In other
kinds, but he wants, "protection" for
And this is general. Reciprocity
would mean extension of the free list,
or reduction of duties on the commodi
ties that are to be admitted. It Is
wholly Incompatible with maintenance
of- the present "protective." system;
which, by the way, we are told, Is too
sacred to be meddled with at all.
Almost everything not produced in
.our country is now admitted free. "We
can extend the list very little unless we
let in competing commodities. But it
Is asserted that not one jot or tittle
shall pass from the protective tariff
law. At what point is the system to
Manufacturers doubtless want free
Taw materials. But this would, raise
the old dispute as between the manu
facturers and the producers of the -materials
of manufacture. It would quick
ly overthrow the whole protective sys
tem. "We all know what our wool
growers -would say. And what our
prunegrowors would say. We have
great numbers among us who will keep
their eyes shut to the Iniquities of the
steel trust's operations protected in
the domestic while it sells at lower
prices in the foreign markets only so
long as they suppose they are getting
advantage for themselves through pro
tection of the products of their fields,
orchards, dairies, forests and mines.
President McKInley talked about rec
iprocity, but never indicated how he
would handle this intricate business.
He attempted no suggestion as to de
tails. It is, in fact, practically impos
sible without surrender of very impor
tant parts of the protective system;
and the leaders in Congress have given
It out that there are to be no tariff re
ductions. "We shall therefore expect President
Roosevelt's reference to reciprocity, so
called, to be merely perfunctory. The
tariff wall is not to be lowered yet.
WHEAT MARKET A PUZZLE.
Famine-stricken Russia only shipped
1,S0S,000 bushels of wheat last week, a
(material decline from the 2,544,000 bush
els shipped the week previous, the 2,400,
'000 bushels and the 1,861,000 bushels in
'the first week in November and last
week in October. These shipments from
Russia would be of about the right di
mensions for a season of good crops,
and the manner in which they hold up
right along with the tales of dire dis
tress due to a poor crop are suspicious.
'Naturally, with the season for naviga
tion about to close, exports have been
rushed a little, but it is apparent that
something besides th.is fact Is respon
sible for these shipments keeping up to
their present proportions. There is a
possibility that the poverty-stricken
people of the famine-infested districts
are using a less expensive food than
wheat, and that by diversifying their
rations they have left that country
with nearly a normal exportable sur
plus. There are so many factors to be con
sidered in shaping up estimates of the
.probable supplies of wheat in seasons
like the present that accuracy is im
possible, and accordingly even the old
est operators are unable to forecast the
'market with any degree of certainty.
The American crop Is undoubtedly the
'largest on record, but if Russia "made
good" on her short-crop stories, the
surplus in this country would com
mand higher figures. As It Is, prices
have not advanced sufficiently to meet
the views of many of the holders, and
In some sections where the corn crop
was so near a failure large quantities
of wheat are being fed to animals in
place of maize. The movement has
been sufficient, however, to swell the
American "visible!' nearly 10,000,000
bushels -in the past three weeks, and
it is now nearly 50,000,000 bushels.
Whether or not the wheat which is
now taking the place of corn for feed
ing will be needed later is uncertain,
but it is apparent that heavy shipments
from Russia are making a very satisfac
tory stand-off for all the wheat that is
being fed rfc this country. Argentine
shipments have fallen away to almost
nothing, but this is to be expected in
that country at this season of the year,
and has no particular bearing on the
situation. Recent reports regarding
the coming crop in that country have a
'better tone, and, as usual the damage I
la much smaller than first reported, al
though the crop will not be up to the
average. The Psclnc Coast has been a
very free lieller of wheat since the open
ing of the" season", and has contributed
tt larger portion than usual to tho quan
tities on passage, and the price is how
hanging around a figure which is at
least satisfactory enough to keep ex
porters rustling for ships ylth which to
take care of the offerings.
. The growing importance of the Pacific
Northwest as a factor in the grain
trade Is shown by the very heavy ship
ments that have been made for. the sea
son to date. With no attempt at forc
ing the market, exporters and millers
have put afloat Ih wheat and flour from
Portland and Puget Sound In the first
five months of the season over 13,000,0K)
bushels, or over 2,000,000 bushels more
than in any corresponding period 111
former years. Of this amount, over.
9,000,000 bushels went out afe Wheat for
Europe, and ah but a single cargo of
this season's fleet has arrived out, prttc
tlcally the entire amount la afloat "The
fleet will commence arriving out in large
numbers within the next thirty days,
and, together with the heavy ishlpments
from California, may have a bearish
effect on the market. Portland alone
,has 5,000,000 bushels of wheat afloat for.
Europe; and for the benefit of the
holders of the remaining 10,000,000 or
12,000,000 bushels Which will yet go for
ward from this city it is hoped that it
will "find buyers and consumers eager
for It when it reaches the Old Wrld.
PAYIXG THE PRICE.
All was not serene at the Democratic
caucus in Washington Saturday. Cer
tain resolutions, offered by George 3.
McCMellan, of New York, designed to
turn the party's back to the past and
Its face to the future, offended Repre
sentative Ball, of Texas, who assured
the Gold Democrats: "We can never
win unless men calling themselves
Democrats support the National plat
forms of theDemocratlc party." Mr.
McCIellan miy be right, but Mr. Ball
is not wrong. That is, however astray
he may be on finance or the rights of
private Interpretation, he is not wrong
in his idea that the platforms of 1896
and 1900 are to be laid jauntily away
like a garment and forgotten in a night.
It Is not good morals that one can
make a misstep and not lose his pace;
that he can wander in by-paths and
bring up with the procession that has
kept the true way. Mr. Fitzgerald, of
New Tork, says the money question is
settled. The Democrats did what they
could for silver, but the country
wouldn't have it. 'The country wants
the gold standard has declared for it
twice; so let it go at that Industry
cannot abide uncertainty as to the
legaL standard of- value, therefore let
us recognize the gold standard and
turn to other things. Thus we shall
harmonize the par,ty and regain the
But this will not do. It so happens
that the loyal adherents of Bryan and
silver are not the men to be thus put
down. They are unwilling that those
who defeated them in 1896 and 1900 shall
now assume to dictate the tenets of
the party. If they will come back to
the family board, let them sit at the
foot of the table. Thelr part Is not
dictation, or even counsel, but silence
and humility. Par,ty regularity must
be maintained, party discipline must
be enforced. They who bore the bur
den and heat of the day will not make
way for eleventh-hour arrivals who
have been but now In the hands of
Upon the privacy of this domestic
broil It behooves not the outsider to in
trude, but the Bryanite Democrats cling
not more stubbornly to their financial
planks than clings the business senti
ment of the country to Its distrust of
the party. The horse that runs away
is never worth quite so much again for
family use. We do not advertise for
ex-convicts to entrust with our valu
ables. Memory, in short, is a most in
convenient institution for erring men
and parties. If Mr. McCIellan and Mr.
Fitzgerald could have their way, and
enunciate through the Congressional
caucus that the Democratic party now,
as ever. Is in favor of honest money,
suppression of riot, and support of the
flag everywhere and always, that would
not make It so. That would not re
move the attainder of dishonesty and
disloyalty that rests upon their party
for its course the past few years. Years
of penance must atone for the wild de
bauch of one July day at Chicago in
In his annual report, recently pub
lished, Terence "V. Powderly, General
Commissioner of Immigration, placed
special stress upon the necessity of the
restriction of Immigration within the
limits of a political prudence which
represents the safety of our institu
tions. The "unchecked and unregulated
introduction into the body politic of ele
ments unassimllated, and In many
cases unassimllable," Mr. Powderly re
gards as dangerous to the peace and
security of the Republic In his view.
Congress must enact suitable legisla
tion, -either with or without the co-operation
of, tfie states, for the purpose
of distributing the alien population with
some reference to the law of supply
and demand. Otherwise a great and
growing evil, as represented by those
unassimllable hordes, will threaten and
notf and again disturb the social and
civil order of the country, with results
perhaps temporarily of a local nature,
but in time far-reaching and disastrous.
He urges an awakening to the under
taking as a measure of self-preservation,
not necessarily as a means to shut
off immigration, or even materially to
diminish it, but to deal with It so that
It may cease to be the menace that it
now is t social and civic order.
That there is a menace In carelessly
admitting to the rights and privileges
of citizenship the hordes that come
hither, unchallenged, except as to their
physical ability to earn a livelihood, the
records of our political, social and in
dustrial life plainly show. Mr. Powder
ly, who was for some years the head of
the organization known as the Knights
of Labor, may be considered authority
on the question which he raises anew in
his report No one knows better than
he, because no one has had a better
chance to know, through personal obser
vation and official touch with foreign
ers of the mischief-breeding class, how
detrimental tc the best interests of
labor is the wholesale admission of
these people Into the Industrial life of
the country, and how impossible it is,
when once here and in the hands of
vote-getters and labor agitators, to con
trol or eliminate such an element The
fact that in past years our spirit of
National hospitality has outrun our po-.
litlcal prutence la well nrovea ba the
events of each succeeding year. ) the,
sturdy foreigh element, agricultural or
following other lines bf Industry Id
skilled and unskilled labon appreci
ative Of the opportunities dffered to
hornebuiluers Uy our varied resources
and generdUs laws--orderly and law
abiding people the Natlbri cannot have
too many. Hundreds dl thousands of
these have become part and parcel bf
our bpdy politic to Its substantial ad
vantage. To discriminate against the
Worthless and the mischief -breeders and
turn them back from bur shpres is tb
recognize In the larger and better class
of foreign immigrants qualities that
make for good citizenship. To discourage
the Immigration of the others is to en
courage men of the latter type to come
hither, enter -upon the duties and enj6y
the. privileges of American citlzejishlj
dn the broad basis of bersohal and bo
r -- t- ti -a
Statehood Foit Oklahoma .
Political cohVentldns promise state
hood to territories as glibly as they
point With pride to themselves and
view With alarm their adversaries. Yet
no state has been formed. Since 1S96,
When Utah was admitted, despite the
steady growth at population and the
compelling periods 6f territorial Gov
ernors. There la, for example, Okla
homa, with a population of, some 400,
000 a "native-born" percentage of 96,
and an illiterate percentage of only 6
ampng the male, of voting age.
If population la to be. the test, Okla
homa certainly does not suffer by com
parison with other states at their day,
of admission. Of the states In the fol
lowing table, the first four were ad
mitted In 1SS9, the next two in 1890, the
last In 1896, and their population in 1890
North Dakota .182,710
South. Dakota r2.S0S
Washington -... 349,390
Idaho , S4,3$5
Utah ....i SOi.yQS
Not only this, but many of the older
states appear to even worse advantage,
Colorado, which was admitted In 1S76,
had a population of only 134,327 in 1SS0,
Nebraslca, which was admitted in 1S$7,
had a population of only 122,993 in 1870.
Nevada, admitted In 1SS4, reached Its
maximum population of G2,266 In 1850.
California, admitted In 1850, had 92,597
inhabitants, according to the census of
that year. In 1850 Iowa had 192,214
Deople, and it was admitted four years
before, in 1846. Illinois, which came
into the Union in 1818, had a popula
tion of only 55,162 in 1S20
The accepted and cowardly answer to
the Oklahoma request Is that we can't
admit it- without also admitting Ari
zona and New Mexico, which are not
yet fit Perhaps they are fit New
Mexico has a population of 195,310, and
93 per cent of that population is native
born, but the people are largely of a
persistent Spanish type and 28 per cent
of the possible voters are llliteratea
Arizona's population of 122,931 Is also
partly of the same Spanish type, and
zi per cent of the males, of voting age
are Illiterate. But suppose they are not
lit, and that we have enough unfit
states as It is are we too craven a lot
to give Oklahoma her due because we
can't give other territories what are
not their due?
The easiest way, and therefore the
most probable. Is to admit the three
remaining territories at one gulp, and
so make an end of them. Thus shall
we be spared the pains of courage and
investigation. In some such way,
doubtless, the tariff will be handled.
Let us not touch the steel trust, lest
some one should mention lumber or
wool, and thus overwhelm us with con
fusion. DRIFT TO PUBLIC OWNERSHIP.
The Hartford Courant thinks that
great railroad combinations, like the
present consolidation in the Northwest,
are steadily driving us toward Govern
ment ownership. It is pointed out all
efforts to bring-interstate roads under
effective National control have ended
In failure. Government supervision
under the law has broken down; the
law is daily violated, while railroading
is concentrated upon- an increasing
scale of magnitude. The Springfield
Republican agrees with the Hartford
Couraut that the failure of full and ef
fective Government regulation means
Government ownership; to that conclu
sion the combinations are forcing the
country. The evidence recently taken
by the Interstate Commerce Commis
sion at Chicago supports this charge
that the railroads are systematically
violating the law by a system of pool
ing; that they are making secret rates
and granting rebates contrary to law.
In the grain and flour, traffic there is
so much secret discrimination and cut
ting of published rates that the flour
milling concerns tof the West have
asked the President to say something
about it in his annual message. The
NewYork Railroad Gazette saysj
But why should the millers, or President
Roosevelt, or any one else, waste time dlscus
ing a proposition to change freight rates i the
officers ot the law are unable to devise any.
means ot compelling the. railroads to obey an
order for a change when. It la Issued?
Government ownership prevails in
Continental Europe, Australia and
India, and the present tendency appears
to be toward complete public ownership.
The countries of importance which
stand, aloof from the 'public ownership
of railways are Great Britain, Canada
and the United States. The method of
public control over private owner
ship has been fairly tried and found
seriously wanting in England and in
this country. In both countries railway
influence has defeated the undertaking
of government control, and In this coun
try the recent vast consolidations have
greatly vitalized the movement toward
public ownership. Of course, the injus
tice and political corruption which in
here in private ownership would not be
altogether absent In public ownership.
It does not, follow, because, the public
ownership of railways Is excellent for
Belgium or Prussia, that it would, be
equally good for the United States. It
is a choice of evils at the best for the
present, and the drift of the time Is in
direction of the public-ownership pol
icy that in France certainly has re
sulted in greatly Improved municipal
government and still greater Improve
ment in the condition of the people.
Adoption of the policy of general pub
lic ownership of railways by the United
States is probably still remote; but there
Is a slow, steady drift to it as an ulti
mate. The greatest obstacle would be
the obstructive political Influence of the
railway companies, and the immense
addition to the number of Government
employes which tfie public ownership
of the railways would Involve might
prove offensive and impracticable in
this country. Nevertheless, the present
situation under whloh the political
gnawer of the railways, has virtually
defeated Government control in bpth
state and Nation seems to many in
curable short of public ownership.
The State bf Nebraska has been suc
cessfully thwarted for seven years in
its attempt .tb enforce, a maxiirium
freight law. Session, after Session ihe.
Cullom bill, which would confer bn. the
Interstate Commerce Gdmmlisioh the
power td fix rates,- has been keptsifi6th
ered in the Senate committee, it may
not be expedient to give the commis
sion this power, bUt it la a thing of
serious consequence that all considera
tion of the bill has been blocked in
oommittee. The recent history of the
Nicaragua. Canal legislation further
Illustrates the power of the great rail
ways tq prevent- the. enactment of trans
portation reform or relief., even wheil
vlgorouslydemanded by the people.
An instructor In- English literature In
Tufts College, tolthouf giving notice of
his intention, prepared, thlsf list of qUeS
tion and exarnined his class in it:
ii Name sir plays ot Shakespeare and two"
poVeln by Scott.
Who is. lie author et "Paradise Lo3t,"
thfe "Pickwick Papers," the "fllglow Papers,"
"AJtun Bcde," "Idylls Of the King," "Abon
3. In what book does eaph ot the following,
character dcctir: itofdecaj. lago, fiecky fihttrf.
Kins Agrippa, Mihtisfaaha-?
4. Nome one Wflrlt each by Wordsworth.
Carlyle. Ruskin, Matthew Arnold and Dsowh
The class, consisted- of sixteen men and.
eleven women three seniors, thirteen,
Juniors, nine sophomores, ttv'o freshmen.
Fiftetn, could not name two of Scott's
"novels; two could not name six of
Shakespeare's plays; three, did not know
who wrote "Pickwick, Papers," and
seven did. not know who wrote "Idylls
of the Xing." Only four knew who
wrote "Abou Ben Adhem." Twenty
students knew not lago, but all save
seven, could locate Minnehaha. Thir
teen had never, heard of Becky Sharp;
twenty-four knew nothing of Matthew
'Arnold; fifteen could name no work of
Carlyle's or Browning's, eighteen no
work, of Ruskln's, All but eight could
name, a poem of Wordsworth's. Similar
examinations have disclosed equal Ig
norance among the undergraduates of
Harvard and Williams. The New York
Sun sarcastically says concerning tnls
undergraduate Ignorance of English, lit
erature: "But we don't expect people
to read Tennyson. They have Edwin
Markham; and Thackeray and Dickens
palq. before the fiery genius of Calne
and Core'lil. The Tufts instructor is not
sufficiently modern, la his Ideas."
Ninety-three per cent of the lands
la the Philippine Islands belongs to the
public domain. The Philippine Com
mission's suggestion that the natives
who are squatters now be given
Individual titles, and that the
remainder of- the lands be thrown
open to Investment and settlement, un
der conditions that will restrain monop
ollsts, may be regarded as. offering a
rational means- for pacification of the
islands; since it may be taken a3 cer
tain that the occupation of the pub
lic domain by American settlers and
American capital "would go further
toward establishing peace than the oc
cupation, by an army alone. If Ameri
cans are allowed to develop the re
sources of the Islands, the savage in
habitants will soon be tamed.
Reproduction by the New York Even
ing Post recently of Its first number,
Issued 100 years ago, called out several
questions from Its readers. One of them
asked the meaning of the heading
"Telegraphic Dispatch," as It appeared
in the Evening Post of that early time.
The paper answered, saying: "In 1S01
the word 'telegraphic' was commonly
applied to dispatches sent by sema
phore, by other systems of signaling,
and also by swift relays. After the in
troduction of electricity, the adjective
'electric' or 'magnetic was used be
fore 'telegraph to distinguish such mes
sages from those which' were sent .by
other systems." Signaling from a dis
tance was called "telegraphing" a very
long time ago.
A newspaper of New Hampshire, an
alyzing the census report for that state,
says that comparison of the returns
with those of fifty years ago shows
how completely manufacturing In that
tune has supplanted agriculture as the
leading branch of industry. Speaking
of the progress thus, shown. It is stated
that "it becomes the more striking
when compared with the slow growth
of popuhxtlon. Since 1850 the popula
tion has Increased only 29 per cent, but
the average number of wage-earners
has Increased from 27,092 to 70,491, a
gain of 159 per cent" The greatest
growth is shown In boots and shoes.
The citizens of Troutdale have dene
well in setting up a public library and
reading-room in that village. A taste
for reading and for the pleasures of a
quiet evening, as contrasted with the
roistering of the country dance and the
village "play party" can scarcely fail
to result from the successful accom
plishment of this library and reading
room scheme. It may be" noted in pass
ing that the Troutdale library is not
"free" in the sense that the books may
be taken therefrom at will. A suitable
fee is charged for this privilege, though
the reading-room is free to all who de
sire to enjoy its benefits.
Reports from Washington to many
newspapers indicate that there haabeen
little, If any, growth of the ship-subsidy
scheme in the favor of members
since the last session. There are some.
Indeed, like Senator Frye, of Maine,
who believe sincerely in the theory of
governmental grants to private corpo-
rations; but on the whole the movement
of opinion In Congress, as among the
people, Is away from that doctrine.
New Jersey is not in favor- of any
restrictive measures, against the trusts.
She Invites them to organize under her.
laws, and takes In fees therefor which
pay the whole charges of her state gov
ernment. Indeed, she has now a sur
plus of $2,000,000 in her treasury, de
"rlved mainly from this source. New
Jersey likes octopuses.
The Oregonian has said that the peo
ple are hard to arouse to the need of
tariff reform, and the conclusion drawn
at Seattle is that The Oregonian is
about to acquiesce In the protection
fetich-worship. Other basis for argu
ment is needed in the Seattle sanctum
beside the one supplied by self-consciousness.
If It be true that the Chinese in the
United States are raising a fund to be
used for defeat of the proposaf for ex
tension of the exclusion act they are
badly advised. No sum of money would
accomplish anything in that direction.
"Grafters" are probably at work,
A ".GO,". AND -A FAST ONE.
Pendleton East Oregonian.
Portland covers herself with glory by
eecurlng subscriptions amounting, to
ni6rb thail IsOO.OXl within forty-eight
Hours, afid then proceeding t8-false the
16cal CapitalliatlBn fur the LeWis find
Ciafk Pair tb$M(tik The recdrd id pSf
baps unique ill ail cities nt the United
States, ti- is io be doubted if arty Other
ever raised s8 much ih so Short a time,
Tthen population la taken, into account.
Throughout dregon Will rise an enthu
siasm that will assure success" for the
big Exposition. It will create a senti
ment so strong as to remove all difficul
ties regarding liberal 4egis!atlve appro
priation and make it a matter of form
to introduce a bill and pass It through
Let ho one doiibt that thft Exposltioa
will be a ''go." It will be a. "go." and a
fast one, and will bring id Portland Slid
Oregbri more substantial benefits thah
any event that has preceded it,
fiat ftoi tke First tlmCt
Portland, foe the first time in. her
ydunft life, has surprised, herspif. Starting
6ut ifonday mdrnlnR to raLse t300,Q)
for the Lowis and Clark Fair, sh.e finds
herself, at the end of the three daya
agreed Upon for taking Up. the subpcrlp
tian, with $305,000 BUfascrlbed, and about
150.000 in sight The secretary ot the ex
ecutive committee saya this la the largest
amount that has ever been subscribed
for a public undertaking In the same
time on the Pacific Coast The enter-
firlse involved in this magnificent show
rtg is as gratifying to many of us out
side Portland as it is to the POrtlnnders.
themselves. They will not step now un
til they have raised th subscription to
half a million. But vhcther they do so
or not Portland can now, "with the best
grace In the world, ask the rest of Oregon
to subscribe liberally to an enterprise
that bids fair to do more to advertise the
resources of the state than anything
that has ever happened in Its history.
The Panel n liaised.
The Lewis and Clark Centennial is
now an assured fact Portland has raised
the $300,000 It started out to get, and has
now set the mark at half a million. The,
committee that had been appointed to
solicit subscriptions to the capital stock
In the city made partial reports Wed
nesday night of three days' work, and it
was found that the total subscriptions
would aggregate fully $300,CC0, with sev
eral large concerns to hear from.
With that amount of money raised by
Portland, the people of the city and of
the entire state may be depended upon
to do the rest All of Oregon is inter
ested in the Exposition, for everybody
recognizes that it will be a good, thing
for the state. Rut since Portland Is to
be the direct beneficiary it could only
be expected that the city should bear
the greater burden of the expense. Now
that Portland has made a substantial
move let the rest of the state do fts part.
both financially and by moral support
It Cnnnot Full.
Portland's Lewis and Clark Centennial
Fair Is going- to, be a sure go. The can
vassers for subscriptions to the stock of
the fair started out Monday morning and
before night it was understood that the
entire $300,000 of stock would be fold as
a result of the day'.s work. The commit
tees having in charge the matter of solic
iting subscriptions have made no report,
but it Is. known, that the amount -already
pledged, and that which the foreign cor
porations are expected to contribute, will
equal. If not exceed. $300,000 the amount
of the capital stock of the Lewis and
Clark Exposition corporation.
"What tlic Fair Will Be Worth-
The proposed Lewis and Clark Cen
tennial Exposition at Portland in 1905 is
beginning to take shape. A capital
stock of $300,000 has been decided on and
Hon. H. W. Corbctt has . subscribed for
one tenth of it. If other wealthy men
are as liberally Inclined its success Is as
sured. It might not pay as a direct pe
cuniary investment, but it would be of
immense value to tho whole Northwret
Thousands of Easterners would thus, be
Induced to visit this region, many of
them would remain and the others who
go back would serve as .a big advertis
Others Will Give.
Hon. H. W. Corbett has subscribed
$25,600 to the Lewis and Clark Centennial
on account of the First National Bank.
About $45,000 ' has been subscribed by
other citizens of Portland, aside from
Mr. Corbett's personal subscription of
$30,000. making the first $100,CO0 of the
$300,000. which Portland expects to take as
a popular subscription. A similar course
should be planned for each county In
Oregon. Washington. Idaho and Mon
tana. In Sherman County the sheep men
alone -want to put up about $5000.
Within Our Mean.
Portland proposes to have and to hold
an Exposition In 1905. Since the opinion
that it would take $15,000,000 to ran "such
an event has been dropped the chances
for Its success brighten. If we must
have such an Exposition In commemora
tion of Lewis and Clark, then let us as
a people be reasonable and have only
as big an even as our means will permit
Oregon is not only big, but diversified
enough and Independent, as well, to main
tain a respectable Exposition within her
self. A Grand Achievement.
Portland raised the entire amount of
subscriptions for the Lewis and Clark
Exposltioa corporation SSOO.OOft In two
days. This splendid achievement speaks
volumes for the enterprise of Oregon'a
metropolis. With the worthy example set
"by the people of Portland, It will not be
a difficult matter to raise funds for the
great Exposition in other parts of Ore
gon and the Northwest, and the success
of the enterprise Is now assured.
Gotkn.iln.im Ia Unbounded.
The committee who were canvassing
for the Lewis and Clark Centennial Expo
sition In Portland met with good success,
and already over $303,000 has been sub
scribed. Enthusiasm has begun to rise,
and with careful management of every de
tail there is no reason for failure. Tho
fair will be a great thing for the whole
Northwest The capital stock will now
be Increased to $500,000.
Portland to the Front
Hurrah! the Lewis and Clark Exposition
Is a go. Portland has come to the front
with flying colors. The Exposition -Rill be
the biggest advertising scheme In the
history of the Northwest, and the entire
yectlon of the United States Is Interested
In sqelng It made a success. Now Is the
golden time of this country to make It
Sentimental Ynlne oX Life Insurance.
Ladles' Home Journal.
It la a nnev record for a man to leave
behind him, as did a friend of mine not
long ago who died after 32 years of mar
ried life, and made it possible for his
widow to say afterwards:
"For 3t years wo were like chums.
Never In all those years did I know what
it was to rpceive a hasty word from him.
He was always the same; loving and con
siderate,, ever thoughtful of the day that
was, but so mindful of the day that
might might be, that now I have not a
slnglo thought or worry to take one mo
ment from my thought of him."
I knew him well. At least I thought
so. But I never knew how truly great,
he was until I heard that,
The Wilbur-KIrwin Opera Company
made another hit at the Eaker Theater
yesterday, giving in the afternoon and
evening the Iwst performance of "La Mas
cotte" that has even been pnn here. Not
only did the principals have A bolter op
portunity tb show chat they could do.
thtm In "Said Pasha." but the music s
better, the comedy brighter, and the
mounting and costuming was far more
brilliant. The ope?a was enjoyed by
crowded houses both afternoon and eve
ning. Mi. Kohnle, as Prince Lorenzo, and
Miss KlrWIn an the mascot, both had an
excellent chance to orouso kiughtor. ai.J
they made the most Of It Mr. Kohnlc's
every action was funny, his songs were
the hit of the evening, and his make-up
was exceedingly clever. His burlesque
in the last act was one of the best thlnga
Of the kind ever seen here. Miss Klrwin
carried oft all the honors rightfully be
longing to a prima donna, and added
many admirers to the large number she
made ay Serena.
The costuming was particularly artis
tic, and the chorus, which is with scarce
ly an" exception the prettiest and bebt
trained ever ten in the city, was fuiiy
equal to the requirements of the opera.
The specialties between the acts and in
cldcntal to the opera were all good. Six
girls in street malce-up won five recalls
by their olever singing of "The Pride of
Newspaper Row," and the other vaude
ville numbers were appreciated.
"La Mascottc" will be the bill until
next. Thursday night, when It will be
followed by "Fra. Diavolo."
Brlj$ht Comcd- Please Paclccd
Houie at Cordray's.
"A Wise Woman," a comedy of more
than usual brightness, was presented by
a rtnall but good company at Cordray's
last night, to a house that lilted every stat
1c the theater and most of the standing
room. Judging from the lauRhter and
applause that formed a constant accom
paniment, to the words of the actors. It
was a welcome change from the melo
dramas which have been the last two or
The plot is rather a complicated affair,,
but hinges on the love- affairs of one Paul
Roach, who has made love rather too en
thusiastically to a Casino actress before
his diarrlagc, and who, to placate his
guardian and keep that custodian of the
funds In good humor, makes a secret of
his own marriage. The Casino girl turns
up, enters Roach's employ as a servant,
and keeps things humming for everybody
during her stay, but Roach manages to
get things straightened out In time for the
Frederic Murphy, who plays Roach. Is
a first-rate comedian, with a rapid trick
of speech that gives much zest to what
he does, nnd a way of making his aual
ence feel that he has really entered Into
the spirit of his '-art Gale Satterle
who played Peter Clincher, Roach's
friend, has a pleatdn?: stage presence and
JT natural stylo. He jjacg three son,3
with good effect, bu; the second of the
three might be imprord by a little Judi
cious expurgation. John Ferguson made
a good guardian.
Ethel Balch as Honbr Racket was the
star of the feminine portion of the cast,
throwing much energy Into her acting,
and proving herself more than ordlnar
11 clever. She has a sweet, clear so
prano voice, and her singing was a fea
ture of the evening. Alice Geer make, a
good Airs. Roach, and Marie Lamour a
very beautiful woman. Is equal to the
part of Maud Evclry. The play Ms well
staged and costumed. It will be the at
traction all the week.
''Shore Acres" nt the llnraunnt To
niht. Tonight at the Marquam Grand Thea
ter the beautiful play of James A.
Heme's, "Shore Acres" will open an en
gagement of three nights. It is much to
the ci edit of the American stage that
a play like "Shore Acres" has gained
such a prominent hold upon it While it
is true that in a large degree the Inher
ent merit of the piece is responsible for
its continued success and popularity, yet
not a little of this success Is attributable
to the excellent standard of production
at which it has been maintained. The
play, has never been permitted to be In
differently presented. The company now
appearing In "Shore Acres" includes
many able artists, who formerly appeared
with the author in this piece.
William Collier In "On the Quiet."
William Colli, r, a "quaint" comedian,
who has made an enviable reputation for
himself and is now almost alone, in the
interpretation of the higher clats of com
edy. Is tq come to tho Marquam Grand
Theater next Friday and Saturday nights,
with a matinee Saturday. Mr. Collier
achieved the greatest success of his ca
reer last Winter, at the Madison-Square
Theater, where for six months he pre
sented Augustus Thomas' successful com
edy, "On the Quiet." to crowded houses,,
The cast -of the play will remain prac
tically the same as during the New York
run. This engagement will be one of the
Important theatrical events of the sea
son. Will the Connnnser Stand It?
But, though, the facta are perfectly evi
dent to every one, an element In the con
vention ignores ' them and acts exactly
as thought It had met not to approve, but
to bury reciprocity. This element, upon
being asked to make concessions to the
foreigner, would refuse, even If it were
now protected beyond all reason. It
wants, abovo everything, to enjoy mo
nopoly created prices in this country,
and among its representatives will be
found those who are producing cheaper
than the foreigner and underselling him
In tho world's markets.
Will tho American consumers consent to
being continually bled for their sake? A.
B. Cummins, Governor-elect of Iowa,
gave the correct answer to this ques
tion when he said at the New York Cham
ber of Commerce banquet that they
would not tolerate "as a permanent trade
policy the selling of goods abroad at a
less price than they were sold at home,"
and ha uttered a true note of warning
when he added: "If they believe that
tariff dutlet. have any Influence upon the
maintenance of such conditions, the
man or party that stands for the per
petuation of such duties Is destined for
The American consumers are not a fac
tor to be Ignored by cither reciprocity or
One Hundred Years Aj?o.
New York Evening Post.
In the Evening Pc?t for November 24,
1S01, appeared an item of new?, elsewhere
reprinted in full, which began: "This
morning. In the 20th year of his age,
Philip Hamilton, eldest son of General
Hamilton murdered in , a duel" The
comment which accompanied the account
of young Hamilton's death was as follows:
Reflections on this horrlJ custe-n must occur
to every man g humanity: bat the voice ot
an ln,!ldual or of the press mait be Ineftett
uai without additional, stroivK and pointed leg
islative Interference. Fashion has placed. It
upon a footing which nothing short of thU can
may suspect that it was the be
reaved father who wrote these words. If
not he, It could only have been his
friend, William Coleman, the first editor
of this paper. However that may be, the
comment on. the tyranny of public opin
ion in regard to duelling received a start
ling Illustration in both Hamilton's case
and Coleman's." Within four years Alex
ander Hamilton had fallen by Burr's pis
tol, and Coleman had killed Captain
Thompson, who had taunted him with
evading a duel with Chcctham, ot tne
X0TE AND COMMENT.
The weather Is diluted.
The first snow of the season Is about
November came In like abutterfly and
went out like a fish.
The Wide West certainly has a right to
expect an open Winter.
At last accounts Santos-Dumont was
still the Darius Green of France.
General Buller knows where he wfil
eat dinner this Christmas, anyway.
The curious thing about the New York
dramatic season is the run of "The -Messenger
Personal Messrs. Tom &. Jerry- have
arrived in the city and will remain until
after the holidays.
The farmer who has a good crop ot
Christmas trees will not needi to worry
about his Winter wheat.
There are still one ortwo men In New
York who have not told Mayor-elect Low
how the city ought to be run.
Why doesn't some one write an arith
metical poem to accompany the historical
novels and geographical plays?
Bread will soon be aa expensive lux
ury, as all the grain raised In the North
west will be needed to feed the wild ducks.
Now Is the time for some statistician to
figure out how far the message would
reach It tho words were placed end for
If subscriptions keep coming in, the
Lewis and Clark committee will be in
the plight of the old woman who lived
in the shoe.
It is. reported that General Miles has
not "bought more than 100 copies of Sec
retary Alger's book, to give to his friends
An ex-Assistant Secretary of the Navy
and ex-Colonel or the Rough Rldere, presi
dent Roosevelt was able to root all the
way through that Army-Navy game.
Congress will now take the responsibil
ity for running the country off the hands
of the barbers, who have been discuss
ing It Industriously ever since there has
been nothlg else to talk about
Recently a lawyer In London was cross
examining a witness connected with a
company whose directors had been charged
with fraud. He was pressing the witness
to admit that a certain circular or pros
pectus was of a dishonest nature, which
suggestion the witness stoutly repudiated.
"You all understood, I suppose, that this
document was going to the public and
the Importance of telling the truth In It?"
asked the lawyer, "Certainly." "And did
you tell the truth In it?" "We did"
slight pause "to the best of our ability."
The French writer asserts that Russia
contains 32,000,000 horses of various breeds,
from the tarpan, the singular wild horse
of Turkestan, to the thoroughbred Arab.
Perhaps the most Interesting are tho
Kirghiz and Kalmuk horses, the useful
cavalry animals of the Don, the unequaled
packhorscs ot the Altai and the small but
serviceable breed of Finland. Extremes
of temperature and the hardships of a
nomadic existence In the most merciless
of climates combine to make the Kirghiz
among the hardiest horses on earth.
All Winter they have to find a bare sub
sistence on roots beneath the snow and
tho enormous mortality In these wander
ings exercises a continuous process, of
selection. Fast -and long racing are the
chief diversions of these roush tribes
men and even their courtship Is pursued
in the saddle, every marriageable maiden,
aged no more than 14 years, having to ba
chased on horseback and transferred to
the saddle of her wooer before she Is his
Consrrcst and the Arid Lands.
There are In our West 500,000,000 acres
of arid land which are yet in the public
gift. Wonderful results have been ob
tained through Individual efforts to reclaim
tho desert, and when one considers what
might be done by Federal management,
imagination Is startled and gladdened by
the possibilities. It Is an empire that Ilea
fallow beyond the mountains, an empire
wherein millions who now o-ercrowd our
cities may live In tho comfort and free
dom that are denied in stony towns. To
mako homes for these millions It will be
necessary that the Government prepare
the way. The cost and the labor are too
vast for personal undertaking. Forests
must be planted to Insure constancy In
water supply: reservoirs must be created
by damming valleys. In order that the sup
ply may be ample In volume; canals and
drains must be dug across the country for
miles, with gates and dikes and other
such appliances; and there must be uni
formity In laws respecting rights to use
of water. Most of the arid land Is In what
have recently become states, but by tho
savno authority or co-operation whereby
forest reserves and National parks. Indian
and military reservations and experiment
al stations have been secured for public
uses, the needed ponds and canals could
A patriot, a man of genius, a man of
sanely audacious prevision, a man of
Eastern culture and of Western experi
ence, is President of the United States. He
could signalize his Administration In no
grander and In no more excellent way
than by Identifying Itwlth the beginnings
of the great work and of the great duty
of reclaiming the West on the lines the
Eagle sets forth today.
PLEASANTRIES OF PARAGRAPHERS
The Provoking Jabberers. 'on'tf you de
spise people who talk behind your back" "I
"ho uld say so. Especially at a concert or
Iur!nT an interesting play." Philadelphia
A Temptation. He No. dear: no church for
me this morning. I should like to go, but
unfortunately. I have a touch of headache. She.
Do cornel darling: a good sleep la tho. very
thlng for it. Brooklyn Life.
Busy Han. "Did ou marry aa industrious,
hard-working man?" said Miss Cayenne. "Yes.
indeed." said the girl -with the picture hat;
"Harold is never Idle. He plays golf alt Sum
mer and whist all Winter." Washington Star.
Papa Seo that spider, my boy. spinning his
web. Is It not wonderful? Do you reflect that,
try as he may. no man could spin that web?
Johnny What of it? See me spin this top!
Do ou reflect, try as he may, no spider could
spin into top? Tit-Bits.
Would Hae Gtu.
A fellow who hunted the gnu
Was asked. "What on earth would you gdu
If the savages tried
To catch you for your hied?"
And he answered, "I'd kill oft a gfu."
A MInd-Riader. "I suppose," said the physi
cian, smiling and trying to appear witty, while
feeling the pulse of a lady patient "I suppose
you consider me an old humbug?" "Why, doc
tor," replied the lady. "I had no Idea jou could
ascertain a woman"? tho-jght by merely feel
ing her pulse." Chicago Xcas.
Sympathetic. "Why doe she use mourning
stationerv?" "Oh. shs done that ever elnce
one- of her eplat.ti. went to -the deadletter
olllce." Philadelphia Evening Bulletin.
Mr. Stutson They tell me Neighbor Harria'
cat is dead. Mrs. Stutson Oh. I' a so sorry!
It used to take up Fido" time so pleasantly
barking at, her Boston Transcript