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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OKEGONIAN, SATURDAY- NOVEMBER 30, 1901.
LOCATING THE BLAME
CORONER INVESTIGATING THE WA
Conductor Testified That 100 Pniien
Sera Were on the tlll-Fated
ADRIAN, Mich., Nov. 29. Just before
the Coroner's Inquest In the Wabash Rail
road wreck adjourned late today. Con
ductor Tfowl, of the Ill-fated No. 13 train,
testified as to the number of persons who
v, ere on that train. According to his state
ment, there were 190 passengers on board.
When he was ordered to meet No. 4, he
waB at Holloway and received his -order
from Operator Martlndalc. He read the
order in the presence 6f the operator and
took three copies, giving two to the two
engineers of his train and retaining one
himself. The engineer of engine 151 re
ceived the order first. In each Instance
when the order was delivered by him the
fireman was present. He understood the
train was to sidetrack at Seneca for No. 4.
If the train had passed Seneca he would
have hot tne automatic brake. Had the
brake been bet, it would hae required one
eighth of of a mile to stop the train. He
had no warning that anything was wrong
until he felt the shock. At that time he
was seated In the rear coach. When ho
got out, fire started In the head coach and
others were busy getting the Injured out of
the wreck. He hurried down the track to
Sand Creek to get the engine of No. 3 to
pull away what cars could be saved, and
three sleepers were hauled away. Con
ductor Trowl then came to hla estimate
of the number' on the train.
"How many had you?" was asked.
"One hundred and ninety," was .the re
p'y. "I don't know how many were im
mlgrans. We had 1S1 passengers out of
Detroit. I get my figures from the col
lector on the train. I made a list of as
many &s I could find who were saved. I
got the names of SG. My collector and I
were together getting the list. A number
of passengers got away whose names I
d d not get! Aside from this record, I
have no means of knowing how many were
"What is your judgment as to the num
ber killed?" he was asked.
"I would not say. I cannot tell. I could
not make any estimate."
Trait" Dispatcher Harvey Mann, of Mont
pelier, testified to sending the order to
train No. 4 to pass No. 13 at Seneca.
The operator at Montpelier, who copied
the order and gave it to Conductor Mar
tin, testified as follows: "Conductor Mar
tin read the order to me aloud distinctly
rnd then signed It, and after repeating
his signature to the dispatcher I delivered
him his two copies."
The lncjfaest was adjourned until Tues
EIGHTY LIVES LOST.
The Estimate of n Cnstomi Collector
DETROIT, Mich., Nov. 29. An interview
this morning with Thomas E. Moran,
Deputy Customs Collector at this port,
partially verifies the estimate that at
lfast S lives were lost In Wednesday
night's wreck on the Wabash near Sene
ca. The two immigrant cars in which
the greatest loss of life occurred, and
In which so many of the wreck victims
were roasted to death were part of train
No. 13. which crossed the Detroit River
from Canada on the ferry-boat Great
Western Wednesday afternoon, and Dep
uty Moran inspected the baggage of Its
pasKmgers. He says there were at the
very least calculation 100 Italians in the
two cars. In addition to these 10 more
were In the smoking car, which was
ahead of the two Immigrant cars.
Official advices to Superintendent Burns,
of this division of the Wabash, says that
of the Italians In the wreck. 20 escaped
unhurt and were taken to St. Louis, 15
are in the company's hospital at Peru,
Ind., sis others arc in Peru and six are
nar Adrln injured. Subtracting these
47 from the 110 immigrants. Deputy Moran
rays were aboard the train leaves a loss
smong the Italians 'alone of 63. In addl
t on, eight other bodies were recovered
and Identified, which makes a total of 71
"The first car of train No. 13 as it
crossed on the ferry," said Moran, "was
a combination baggage and smoker. There
were about 10 Italians in this car, for I
remember that they motioned to the next
car back when I endeavored to find their
baggage. The first Immigrant coach was
well filled, probably 40 people occupying
It The smoking compartment of this
coach was filled from floor to celling with
the baggage of the Immigrants. It had
all come through Canada In bond, so that
I did not examine It. The second coach
was completely filled with passengers, my
recollection being that there was not a
vacant seat in the cear, even the smoking-room
being crowded. I should say
that there were CO passengers In the coach.
The men were typical Italian workmen.
There were about a dozen women In the
two cars, and half that number of chil
dren. Ab I worked through the train I
noticed, that there were six or seven Ital
ians in the chair-car which was the fifth
car of the train. They did not seem to
be members of the party of Immigrants."
Superintendent Bums insisted tonight
that the death loss was being estimated
too high. "Our attorney, Mr. Winston,"
said he, "has telegraphed to New York
for a complete list of tne Immigrants
who were on train No. 13, and when It
Is received, which will probably be tomor
row, an official statement will be Issued
by the road. As near as I can estimate
now, there are 22 dead. We have eight
:dentified bodies, and w'e believe that the
fragments found represent 14 other bod
ies." Dr. I. J. Goux, a well-known physician
of this city, who was In one of the rear
cars of the train, said to a Free Press
reporter: "I am willing to take an oath
to the effect that there were from 100 to
125 immigrants In the forward coaches."
Dr. S. E. Bryant, of the Emergency
Hospital In this city, who was one of the
corps of physicians, says It is his opinion
that over 100 persons were killed.
Frank H. Wilson, of Boston, when In
terviewed In Detroit, said: " When we left
Seneca there were about 50 persons dead
jtnd as many more In the wreck."
The Tribune tomorrow will say:
"Before leaving Detroit for St. Louis
yesterday (Friday) Attorney Winston said:
'There were not two cars of Immigrants
attached to the train going west, as re
peatedly reported. There was one car 40
feet long, not capable of holding more
than SO persons, and in this car, a New
York. Ontario & Western one, were the
Immigrants. By the process of elimina
tion, It can be demonstrated that not
more than 20 people were killed. In the
hospital at Peru are 20 injured Italians,
less the one at the farmhouse near Sen
tea. Thirty proceeded to their destina
tion, and passed through St. Louis on
the next train going West. That is a
fact which has not been taken into con
sideration in the exaggerated reports
which have been spread broadcast. There
are 13 Italian dead among the total of 20
dead. This accounts for 63 Italian Immi
grants. There were not any more In the
single car which they alone occupied. If
there were any more than this number,
the New York office will have that fact
made known to me when I reach St.
THE DEAD IMMIGRANTS. "
Victims 31 ny Have Been Contract La
borero. DETROIT. Mich., Nov. 29. Father
Francis Beccherlnl, pastor of the
Italian Church of San Francisco, In this
city, went to the wreck yesterday, In the
hope of aiding some of his countrymen.
From Giovanni Folorono, the young Ital
ian who Is dying In the farmhouse nearest
the wreck, ond from papers 1n his pockets,
Father Beccherlnl found that the party
of Immigrants came from the northern
part of Italy. The party came on the
steamer La Campania. Arriving in New
lork, the band went to some "Mulberry
street banker," as the small Italian bank
ers are called, and exchanged their money.
Then they were given tickets to San Fran
cisco. The priest is sure the immigrants
were bound for San Francjsco, as In
Folorono's pocket was his ticket for that
"But how," asked the father, "did
this boy get into this country? He is un
der 18 years of age; he has no passport
from Italy. I think I know. These men
were being brought over on a contract as
laborers to be taken out to San Fran
cisco." Pietro Cardlello, Italian Consular agent
In Detroit, returned to the city today
from the scene of the wreck, to which he
had hurried to look after the Interests of
his countrymen. He said he was-not yet
able to form anything like a correct list
of the number of Italians killed.
"While I cannot tell how many were
killed," said he, "I am Inclined to think
the estimates thus far are a trifle exag
gerated. It will probably be necessary
to send to Italy for tho names of the Im
migrants who were on the train and then
check the list with those who escaped."
Whether the terrible loss of life sus
tained by the Italians will be iriade the
subject of correspondence between the
Italian and United States Governments,
the Consular agent could not say.
"That will come within the Jurisdiction
of Count Rosedowskl, the Italian Consul
at Chicago," he said. 'll have no doubt
that he has already advised bur govern
ment of the accident."
Snrvlvors of the Wreelc.
DES MOINES, la., Nov. 29. Five Aus
trians. survivors of the wreck on the Wa
bash at Seneca, Mich., arrived in Des
Moines today to work in the coal mines at
Ma.rquifeville. They occupied the third
coach in the wrecked immigrant train.
They graphically describe the awful scene
In their car A babe, with Its lower limbs
torn cff. lay near them crying for Its
mother, while they were pinned under the
Those Injured Will Recover.
PERU, Ina., Nov. 29 The Injured Wa
bash wreck people In the hospital here
showed marked improvement today. The
doctors say all will recover.
Hat Not Materially Interfered With
Traffic at Plttsbnrir.
PITTSBURG, Nov729. The striking
switchmen are still active, and assert that
they have made gains during the last 24
hours. This is denied by the railroad
ollicials generally, who report their lines
in better condition than at any time since
the men went out. Yesterday being a hol
iday, but few cars were loaded by ship
pers, and the railroad companies availed
themselves of the opportunity to relieve
the congested condition of the yards.
Relations between the switchmen and
the trainmen are badly strained. The gen
eral olttcers of the Brotherhood of Train
men are leaving the city, satisfied that the
strike will pot prove serious.
Traffic was not interrupted in a markel
degree today on any of the railroads save
on the Allegheny Valley. This road Is still
crippled, and as a consequence several In
dustrial plants were compelled to suspend
operations, owing to their supply of coal
being exhausted. The Shoenberger plant,
of the American Steel & Wire Company, at
Twenty-fifth street, partially suspended
operations today, as did the American
Steel & Wire Company's plant at Twenty
elxth street. The Marshall Machine As
Construction Company and the Zugs-Sable
Irqn Works, which closed down Wednes
day night, did not resume operations to
day. The Pittsburg & Lake Erie Railroad
Is still blockaded at different points along
The striking switchmen have not relin
quished hope of winning the battle. They
assert that, despite the statements uy
railroad officials, they are rapidly gaining
ground. A committee appointed by tne
strikers stated tonight that there were
still 800 members of the Switchmen's Union
idle, and that all of these are determined
to remain away from the railroad yards
until they return collectively.
Porto Ricnn Labor Meeting.
SAN JUAN DE PORTO RICA. Nov.
29. The mass meeting of the local asso
ciations of Porto Rico last evening called
by Santiago Iglcsias, agent of the Amer
ican Federation of Labor, was properly
conducted. Although Iglcsias met with
some opposition, he appeared confident of
uniting the local trades organizations with
the American Federation of Labor.
CENTRAL CITY, Ky., Nov. 29. Presi
dent Wood, Vice-President Barnaby and
Organizers Wilson, Tuck, Oats and Guy,
of the Miners Union, went to Madison
ville today to surrender to the authori
ties. They claim their bond has been
fixed at $1000, but they will refuse to fur
nish It and will go to jail.
A DRYD0CK OF STEEL.
(Continued from FJrst Page.)
market, to decide on a steel dock would
cause much delay, and Its cost to this
community would be prohibitory. A first
class wooden drydook, if properly cared
for, will last 25 or 30 years.
Colonel D. M. Dunne, Collector Internal
Revenue With Senator Foster, of Wash
ington, I recently looked at the wooden
drydock of Moran Bros., at Seattle,
and Judging from Its success and what i.
saw of the wooden docks at San Fran
cisco that have been operated for 30
years, I think that a wooden dock Is the
best and cheapest for Portland to build.
A drydock will be of wonderful benefit to
the city and state. Portland needs a dock
right away. Even If it never paid back
a dollar on the Investment It would pay to
have it, and to have the fact known that
when a ship met with an accident here
6he would have a drydock handy to go to.
J. F. Batchelder, secretary Portland
Railway Company A drydock built of
wood would be satisfactory. Steel Is too
expensive. Wood, if properly protected,
makes a good drydock.
Captain E. S. Edwards. United States
Inspector of Boilers and Hulls I think It
would be best for Portland ana the North
west to build a steel dock, and the best
that can be had, and that the best will be
tho cheapest In the end. The future com
merce of this port certainly justifies put
ting In the best steel dock.
W. H. Mead, general agent Northwest
ern Railway A steel dock Is certainly the
most lasting, and Is therefore preferable.
I hava full faith in the greatness of Port
land's commercial future. This Is the
place where wheel meets keel, and rail
road cars and ships are close kin. When
we unload here great cargoes of tourists
from the East, we want the ships to be
ready to receive them. I would like to sen
here one of the very best permanent steel
docks one that will last and be In good
condition when our children are grown up.
A. D. Charlton, assistant general pas
senger agent Northern Pacific Railway
For a lasting drydock I would consider
steel the most economical In the end.
Portland Is justified in building for the fu
ture as well as the present.
Senator Roach. Is Better.
NEW YORK, Nov. 29. Ex-United
States Senator Roach, of North Dakota,
who Is 111 at a private sanitarium In this
city, was said to much Improved today.
It Is no longer necessary to take blue
Ellis to rouse the liver to action. Carter's
.Ittle Liver Pills are much better. Don't
ALLIANCE BETWEEN THE TWO
ELEMENTS FEARED IN ENGLAND.
The General Warned to Check the
Extravngrance of His Partisans
Other Foreign Kevrs.
LONDON, Nov. 30. The correspondent
of the Times in Pretoria, where recent
dispatches giving the number of Boer
commandoes are supposed to have been
allowed to pass through the censorship
as a warning that more troops are need
ed In South Africa, today sends a sketch
of the position of the British columns
and states explicitly that men are need
er to expedite the attrition of the Boers
and that further partitioning of the coun
try by lines of blockhouses is necessary
to enable the British columns to achieve
Seemingly fearing that an alliance be
tween the pro-Bullerltes and tho pro
Boers, during the demonstration to be
held tomorrow in Hyde Park In sympathy
with General Buller, may bo the begin
ning of a serious anti-government agita
tion, the Standard this morning seml-ofTl-clally
warns General Buller that unless
he checks the extravagance of his parti
sans, the government may be compelled
to make further disclosures which will
cause a revulsion of feeling against the
General. The Standard hints that Gen
eral White at first refused to regard Gen
eral Bullcr's hellogram as authentic, and
when It was deliberately repeated Gen
eral V'hltc decided to disobey It.
JAPANESE AR3IY MANEUVERS.
Mimic Warfare Witnessed by the
Emperor Financial Affairs.
VICTORIA. B. C, Nov. 29. The steamer
Glenogle arrived today from the Orient.
She brings news that when she left Japan
grand military maneuvers were In pro
gress In Northeast Japan. The two armies
opposing each other in the mimic war,
which was witnessed by the Emperor, In
cluded two brigades of Infantry, one regi
ment of cavalry, one regiment of "field ar
tillery, one battalion of engineers, two
battalions of transport, commissariat, etc.
The result of the campaign was favorable
to the defense corps. A number of Chin
ese, Russian and Corean officers present at
the maneuvers were decorated by the Jap
anese Emperor. The plan of campaign
was that the Northern, or offensive army,
was to endeavor to reach Toklo. It was
met by the Southern defensive army, near
Sendal, and here a pitched battle took
place, the Emperor witnessing It from n
commanding position on a plateau. Fifty
thousand people saw the maneuvers.
Japanese papers received per steamer
Glenogle have long articles commenting
on the events In the life of Ll Hung Chang
and they all agree that the big mistake of
hl3 life was his policy towards Corea,
which brought about the war with Japan.
Others add that he was about to repeat
tho mistake by his advances to Russia. It
is said that when he realised that the end
was near he telegraphed Prince Chlng,
urging1 him to return to Pekln, and aa
vised that Yung Lu be appointed his suc
cessor. He urged other leaders to go to
Pekln and take up the fight for their
country. In spite of his precarious condi
tion, M. Lessary, the Russian Minister,
continued to press the dying statesman to
sign the Manchurlan treaty. One paper
asserts that Li took poison to hasten the
The Japanese Cabinet has adjusted its
financial affairs, and loans will not be nec
essary, domestic or foreign, during the
next fiscal year. The main feature of the
new- programme Is that large economies
will be effected In the ordinary expendi
ture, and the departments will pay Into
the treasury sums held by them on ac
count of uncompleted works.
Big fires are reported from Tien Tsln.
The Welsh Fusiliers' barracks were
among the buildings destroyed, and two
soldiers were burned to death. A Jlre also
occurred In tho British barracks at Slnho.
The godowns of a Russian firm were also
destroyed, and had there been much wind,
half of Tien Tsln would have been burned.
All the fires were of Incendiary origin.
There Is great distress in the Yangtse
Valley because of the floods. Thousands
have been drowned and thousands are
THE BISMARCK CORRESPONDENCE.
Queen Victoria's Effort to Prevent
the "War With France.
NEW YORK, Nov. 29. Concerning the
letters in the two new volumes of the cor
respondence of Prince Bismarck, just pub
lished, the Berlin correspondent of the
London Times and New York Times cables
that one Is from Emperor William I to
Bismarck, written In August, 1875. It ac
quaints the Chancellor with representa
tions made by Queen Victoria on the as
sumption that Germany meditated a war
The Emperor wrote to the Queen In re
ply to tho effect that he was grateful for
her kindness In offering her good offi
ces In the way of mediatiqn, but he was
pained to see that she regarded him, as a
disturber of European peace. The Queen's
knowledge of his character, said the Em
peror, ought to make such an assumption
Impossible. No one was more convinced
than he that public opinion would be
against any one provoking war.
Queen Victoria replied that persons in
Emperor William's entourage were pro
claiming such views, unknown to him, but
as tho whole affair was now consigned to
oblivion she would say no more about it.
In another letter, written by Prince
Bismarck to General von Albedyll In July,
Its, when the healthlof Emperor William
was weak, the Chancellor related an Inter
view with Crown Prince Frederick, in
which the latter said that an understand
ing with Prince Bismarck was an Indis
pensable condition of his fqture reign,
and that the existing policy of the gov
ernment must continue to be pursued.
The Automobile In Ruqnla.
NEW YORK, Nov. 29. Prince Khil
koff, Russian Minister of Ways of Com
munication, has devised an entirely novel
way of utilizing an automobile, says the
St. Petersburg correspondent of the Her
ald. In his garden, ordinary railway
sleepers have been laid over a distance
of a couple of hundred yards, and along
these timbers boarding has been fixed on,
exactly the distance apart for the wheels
of an automobile to run upon them, just
ns a train runs on rails. A lateral
plank nets as a guard to prevent tho
automobile leaving th6 track. An or
dinary 3V-horsepower Do Dlon-Boulon
carriage easily pulled a cart laden with
bricks and a workman, the whole weigh
ing 110 poods (nearly two tons.) at a
speed of 12 versts an hour. The Min
ister proposes to apply the system
throughout the Empire as a supplemen
tary means of transportation between
points not reached by railways.
The Cssnr Decorates Ito.
LONDON, Nov. 30. The St. Petersburg
correspondent of the Times cables that
the Czar has conferred the Order of St.
Alcxandrle-Newsky In brilliants on Mar
quis Ito. This order Is the second high
est In the list of Russian decorations. It
is rumored that Russia and China have
broken off their negotiations concerning
Manchuria, In consequence of Japan's ob
jections thereto. The Times correspondent
adds he believes thla rumor to be based on
Sunday Lavr in Maritime Affairs.
BERLIN, Nov. 29. During the discus
sion today in the Reichstag of the Sel
mens regulation bill, tho clause drafted bj
tho committee, prohibiting trans-Atlantic
steamers, with the exception of mail
boats, from starting on their outward
Jkuvneys on Sunday, was expunged after
a prolonged debate. During this discus
sion Count von Posadowskl-Wehner, the
Secretary of the Interior, argued that in
the face of great efforts now being made
"by foreign countries to secure the world's
carrying trade, Germany must not go to
this extreme for the sake of Sunday rest.
Only Socialist and Centrist members ot
the Reichstag voted for the retention or
"Virtues of Citizenship."
NEW YORK, Nov. 29. Reviewing Pres
ident Roosevelt's article In the December
number of the new Liberal Review on
"The Virtues of Citizenship," the London
correspondent of the Tribune says that,
surveying contemporary public life. Pres
ident Roosevelt discovers three points In
regard to which citizens require Instruc
tion. They must have honesty, courage
and common sense. The citizen falls in
his duly, according to the Presidential
Ideal, if, seeing the evil, he merely turns
out of Its path. By conquest of the evil
the rurposc of the evil is revealed.
The Times prints the first of a series of
articles from Its Washington correspond
ent on President Roosevelt, which are
characterized as "a result, partly of old
acquaintance and partly of recent con
versations with him."
Disappearance of Larry Marks.
NEW YORK, Nov. 29. Scotland Yard
still holds firmly to the belief that
"Larry" Marks committed suicide, cables
the London correspondent of tne World.
But the special detectives employed by
the defrauded Bank of Liverpool are con
tinuing their investigations on the as
sumption that he still lives. As has been
stated, a detective shadowed him aboard
the boat from Boulogne, and on arrival at
Folkestone informed Inspector Froest that
Marks was sitting on. deck apparently
atileep; that he had walked around the
boat; that when he returned Marks was
gone, and two thorough searches of the
boat failed to find him. Inspector Froest
maintains positively that Marks did not
land at Folkestone.
Roumanian Parliament Opens.
NEW YORK, Nov. 29. A dispatch from
Bucharest to the London Times and New
York Times says the speech from the
throne at tho opening of the Chambers
described the HnancIaV question as the
main problem of the political situation.
Hope was expressed that the measures or
economy recently adopted would restore
the financial equilibrium. The foreign re
lations of Roumanla were declared to be
satisfactory. The speech referred to tne
progress of the harbor works at Constan
za, stating that the harbor would provlde,
an outlet for the export of cereals In the
A Roman Innovation.
ROME, Nov. 29. Much excitement has
been caused fh Roman society over tne
presence of Count Camillo Peccl, nephew
of the pope, at the Thanksgiving recep
tion held here yesterday by George von.
L. Meyer, United States Ambassador to
Italy. This Is the first occasion when a
relative of the pontiff has been present at
any ceremony given by the representative
of a foreign power. The wife of Count
Peccl is a Cuban, but this fact Is not re
garded as sufficient explanation for this
Produce Exchange Reform.
VIENNA, Nov. 29. Tho lower house or
the Relchsrath, by a vote of 203 to 7, to
day demanded that the government with
draw the produce exchange reform bill,
introduced November 19, and which pro
vides for a strict state supervision In
grain futures for the purpose of checking
the unlawful use of the rules relating to
such transactions. The lower house also
ordered a committee to prepare a bill to
tally prohibiting the dealing In grain fu
tures. Martinelli Will Not Be Recalled.
NEW YORK, Nov. 29. The Tribune
quotes Roman Catholics as saying that
the generally accepted theory that Cardi
nal Martinelli, the apostolic delegate in
Washington, will be rqcalled to Rome al
most Immediately Is erroneous. It is said
that Mgr. Martinelli will remain at his
post until May 1902. Martlnelll's succes
sor, It is claimed, will bo Mgr. Diomde
Falconlo, the present representative of
the pope in Canada.
Alarm in the Copper Market.
LONDON, Nov. 29. The Times in its
financial article refers to the alarm pro
duced in the copper market by certain
statements afterward proved to have been
unfounded, to the effect that the Amalga
mated Copper Company has sold 24,500
$ons of copper at a reduction of 3 cents.
What It Cost China.
BERLIN, Nov. 29, The estimates for
Germany's expenditure In China for the
year 1903 are 39,60000 marks, as against
123,500,000 marks expended in China in 1901.
The pensions for widows and orphans re
sulting from the. China expedition .amount
to 491,000 marks annually.
Reported on Church in America.
ROME, Nov. 29. The pope today re
ceived In audience Mgr. Scalabrlnl, arch
bishop of Placenza, who recently returned
here from a visit to the United States.
The archbishop reported at length to
the pontiff on the work of the work
of the church In America.
No Joy for the Sultan.
LONDON, Nov. 20. "The Sultan has told
his friends that he celebrated his birthday
with a heavy heart," cables the Constan
tinople correspondent of the Times, "be
cause of the humiliation Indicted upon
Turkey by France."
Duke Thrown From His Horse.
.LONDON, Nov. 29. The Duke of Teck
was thrown from his horse today, while
out hunting near Nantwlch, Chester, sus
taining concussion of the brain and an
Injury to his hip.
Recommendations for the Bettering
of the Snilor Man.
BUFFALO, Nov. 29. The committee on
resolutions of the convention of the In
ternational Seamen's Union of America
reported today. The repoit was adopted.
The bill Introduced In the last Congress
to amend tho laws relating to American
seamen and to improve tr.s personnel of
the merchant marine was Indorsed and Its
Introduction urged. The report of the
committee calls attention to the under
manning of all classes of veosels. The
employment of Asiatics as sailors Is con
demned. Attention Is called to the loss
of the Rio Janeiro and the conduct of
the Chinese crew on that vessel when
she was wrecked near San Francisco.
"We would IrtlBt," the report continues,
"that If our country Is to be able to use
Its growing Navy, seamen must be pro
vided, and preferably native seamen. Un
less the American boy can be induced to
seek the sea for a livelihood, there will
be no field from which the Navy can be
recruited in time of need. It is Idle and
dangerous to depend upon foreigners to
defend at all times the honor of the flag
under which they serve as mercenaries."
Congress Is petitioned for an Increased
appropriation for the Marine Hospital
Winners Mnst Pay for Medals.
NEW YORK, Nov. 29. Wlnncrs of gold,
silver and bronze medals at the Pan
American Exposition must pay the cost
of manufacturing the medals. The execu
tive committee today directed tne Issue of
certificates of award. Holders of these
certificates may secure msdals of the
approved design by paying the cost
Stops the Coujrh
and Works oft The Cold.
Laxative Bromo-Qulnlne Tablets cure a
cold In one day. No Cure, No Pay. Price
25 cents. '
CUBA NEEDS IMMIGRATION
GENERAL WOOD TALKS OF CONDI
TIONS ON THE ISLAND.
Governor Has Come to the United
States to Arrange for Turniner
Over the Government.
NEW YORK, Nov. 29. Among the pas
sengers who arrived today on the steamer
Monterey from Havana were General
Leonard Wood, Military Governor ot
Cuba; Mrs. Wood: his secretary, William
Avery; Lieutenant McCoy, of the Tenth
Cavalry, his aid; and Gonzalo de XJuesada,
special commissioner from Cuba to Wash
ington. Immediately after luncheon the
Wood party It ft for Washington.
"I came hero this time," said General
Wood when interviewed, "to parfect ar
rangements by which Cuba may be turned
over to the Cubans and to talk over with
the President and Secretary Root the
economic system of the island. We
dont expect any trouble at the forthcom
"The chief features of the economic situ
ation n Cuba today relate to sugar and
tobacco. I am assured that the Cuban
people will not under any circumstances
restore the export dutlt3 on these products
levied by the Spaniards, which we abol
ished two years ago to stimulate Indus
try, and they will only ask some reason
able tariff concessions by us on sugar and
tobacco. Upon the rest of the products of
the island the people are willing to pay
"The Island now Imports between $200,
000.000 and $300.0CO,000 worth of stuff every
year. Of this, amount we furnish only
J28.000000 worth, notwithstanding our su
perior markets and proximity. Of wine
alone Cuba Imports $5,000,000 worth each
year from Spain. She also spends in for
eign countries $2,500,000 for shoes, $6,000,000
for cotton fabrics and $2,000,000 for rice.
"More freedom in the tax on the two
staple products will save the island, be
cause sugar is now raised at a loss of
50 cents a hundred pounds. Cuba is big
ger than Java and has a population of
2,000,000 inhabitants, while Java supports
a population of 20,000,000. Cuba can com
fortably take care of a population of 10,
000,000, and the people of influence and
wealth on the island are anxious for an
accession of strength from the United
States. Immigration will solve the ques
tion of Cuba's future."
AMERICANS AVILL NOT INTERFERE.
Their Influence Will Not Re Used in
the Cuban Elections.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 29. Secretary
Root today addressed a communication to
Ellglo Bonachea, president of the conven
tion at Havana, Cuba, that nominated
Bartolomew Masso for President, relative
to complaints that the United States Is
interfering in the elections. A press dis
patch from Havana stated that Masso
complained that the Influence of the United
States officers was being exerted In favor
of Estrada Palma and a dispatch from
Bonachea to the Secretary Implied the
same thing. The Secretary in his com
munication to Senor Bonachea. says:
"I have the honor to acknowledge the
receipt of your dispatch of November 26,
saying: 'The National Convention of
Havana, which has proclaimed General
Masso candidate o"or the Presidency of the
future Republic of Cuba, respectfully
asks you to recommend to the representa
tives of the intervening government the
strictest impartiality In the electoral con
test which is now taking place.'
i'The xepresentatives of the Intervening
government in Cuba are already aware
that their duty requires them not to be
merely impartial in the electoral contest
In Cuba, but to refrain from interfering
in any manner whatever with the free
expression of the wishes of the Cuban
people at the polls. They have not vio
lated this rule In tho past, and will not
in the future. They will have nothing to
do with the electoral contest, except to
enforce the electoral law prescribed by
the constitutional convention and pro
mulgated by the military government on
the 18th of October last. This will be
done Impartially and effectively.
"It Is quite unnecessary to assume that
officers of this Government will be less
faithful to their duty hereafter than they
have been In tho past, or to recommend
or direct that they shall perform a duty
which they are already performing."
FEDERAL OFFICERS AND POLITICS.
"Warned Not to Make . Themselves
KANSAS CITY, Nov. 29. The United
States Marshal and District Attorney
today received copies of a circular from
Attorney-General Knox, with orders to
post In their offices and call to the atten
tion of all employes. The circular says:
"To all officers and employes of the De
partment of Justice: Your attention Is
directed to a circular of this department.
Issued August 20, 1900, In which section '1
of the civil service act of January 16, 18S3,
forbidding any executive officer or em
ploye, among others, to solicit or raise
political contributions for anyofficer-or em
ployes of the United States, were quoted,
and all persons serving under this depart
ment were required to observe strictly
the prohibitions of this law, and were
recommended to refrain from serving on
political committees charged with the col-
hc lit. Rev. Snniuel Geo. Ginner,
31. D., L.L. D.
Primate and Bishop.
a IBm vB w jnw I i m Bn Kmr Q
ported Cognac. I cheerfully recommend It for public use. In cases of railing health
and strength, which precede the typhoid state, and the condition of unhealthfulnsss
necessary to promote diarrhoea and caolera Infantum, general debility, nenous pros
tration, etc., It Is in all such cases a sure remedy." Tcours truly, S. G. GINNER.
If you are sick and run down, write our Medical Department. It will cost you
nothing to learn how to regain health, strength and vitality. Medical booklet 3ent
..CTAXJTXOrC! Our patron3 are cautioned
ivx uiiurcu lor sain inpuiK. ana in omer tnan our Patent Bottle, with our name
blown In same. DUFFY'S PURE MALT WHISKEY Is sold In sealed bottles only.
Offered in any other form It is not tho genuine.
FREF To an" reaaer ot The Oregonian who will write us we will send free two
"'-1- of our patent game counters for wbt euchre, etc. Send 4 cents In stamps
to cover postage. They are unique and useful.
It Is the only whiskey recognized by the Government as a Medicine. This is a
SHoV U ""Bglsts and grocers, or direct $1.00 a bottle. DUFFY'S MALT
WHISKEY CO., Rochester, N. Y.
lection and disbursement of campaign
funds. 1 now repeat the injunctions of
that circular, and add the following fur
ther directions on the subject:
"Rule No. 3 of the civil service rules
provides that no person In the executive
civil service shall use his official author
ity or official influence for the purpose ot
interfering with an election or controlling
the resulf thereof. The spirit of the civil
service law and rules renders It highly
undesirable for Federal officers and em
ployes to take an active part In political
conventions or In the direction of other
parts of political machinery. Persona In
the Government service under this depart
ment should not act as chairmen of polit
ical organizations nor make themselves
unduly prominent In local political mat
ters. It Is expected and requested that all
officers and employes of thl department
shall act In entire conformity with the
vlqws herein set forth."
TJID CABINET 3IEETING.
Governor Jenkins, of Oklahoma,
Will Not Be Reappointed.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 29The major
portion of the last Cabinet meeting, be
fore 'the convening of Congress, was de
voted to going over tome recess appoint
ments which will be sent to Congress next
week. Considerable tjme was spent on the
question of reappointing Governor Jen
kins, of Oklahoma. Charges were made
against Governor Jenkins regarding his
connection with a cattle company organ
ized In the territory, and the President
gave him a hearing last Monday. It was
decided today not to reappoint him.
Practically all the members of the Cab
inet will accompany the President to
Philadelphia tomorrow to witness the An-napolls-WestPoInt
football game. They
will go as guests ot Secretary Root, to
whose special train the President's car
will bo attached. It has been arranged
that President Roosevelt will occupy the
salors box during the first half and the
soldiers' box during the last half. Thla
arrangement was made on the theory that
the West Pointers will win, and that the
President will be In the winning box at
the conclusion of the game.
Secretary Root, at the meeting today,
presented the President and each of his
associates with a cane made from the
wood of an ancient Chinese gun carriage
captured at the siege of Pekln. The car
riage was said to be over 500 years old.
SALT AND LEATHER.
Reports Issued Yesterday By the
WASHINGTON, Nov. 29. The Census
Bureau has Issued a final report on the
manufacture of salt during the calendar
year 1599. It shows a total capital of $J7,
123,364 invested in the 159 salt establish
ments reported. The value of the prod
uct Is $7,966,897, to produce which Involves
an outlay of $499,784 for salaries of offi
cials, clerks, etc., $1,911,110 for wages. $7C0,
539 for miscellaneous expenses, Including
rent and taxes, and $3,335,952 for materials
used, mill supplies, freight and fuel. The
production of salt In the United States
has Increased continuously since 1S50. From
1850 to 1900 the capital Increased from ?2.
C40.SS3 to $27,123,364. while tho value of
products Increased from $2,222,745 to $7,996,
967. Tho number of establishments has
Increased from 399 In I860 to 159 In 1900.
The Census Bureau Issued a preliminary
report regarding leather, tanned, cured
and finished for the United States, show
ing a total capital of $173,977,421. an in
crease of 78 per cent since 1SG0; 1306 estab
lishments, a decrease of 25 per cent; aver
age number of wage-earnem, 52,109. total
wages. $22,591,091; cost of materials used,
$155,603,004, value of products, $201,088,127,
an increase of 19 per cent.
Defense Bcnrnn the Introduction of
NEW YORK, Nov. 29. The Judge-Advocate
today closed the case for the Gov
ernment against Colonel Robert L. Meade,
of the Marine Corps, at the trial by court
martial of that officer, in progress at the
navy-yard, Brooklyn, and the defense at
once began the submission of testimony.
Lieutenants Beaumont, Hooker, Frayer,
Dykman, Young and Sullivan, of the Ma
rine Corps, all testified that Colonel
Meade was sober March 18 and April JO
last. The testimony of Colonel Meade be
fore the court of Inquiry was then read,
and it provoked an amusing debate be
tween Colonel Meade and Major Lauch
helmer as to the propriety of a host ob
serving the size of drinks taken by a
guest. The drinks in question were those
taken at Meade's quarters by Lauch
helmer June 18 last. At the afternoon ses
sion the testimony given by Colonel
Meade before the court of inquiry was
taken up, and before adjournment It was
announced that the defense expected to
close tomorrow, and that both sides would
sum up Monday and Tuesday.
Sampson's Prize Money Case.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 28. The United
States today appealed to the District
Court of Appeals from the decision of
Judge Bradley, rendered last July, In the
case of Rear-Admiral Sampson, officers
and men bf the North Atlantic squadron
In the battle off Santiago against the In
fanta Maria Teresa 'and other vessels for
prize money. Judge Bradley held that the
Infanta Maria Teresa and her guns and
ammunition should be condemned and for
feited to the United States as lawful
prizes and that Admiral Sampson and his
officers and men should receive and share
In the prize money.
Webfoot Hnrd Wheat Flour.
The best for bread making.
That's the Positive Language of
the Aedical Expert, Bishop Gin
ner, of St Paul, Speaking of
Duffy's Malt Whiskey as a
Curative and Stimulant
in Typhoid and Oth
READ HIS RINGING WORDS
From all kinds of people, from all parts or
the world, ringing testimonials are received
dally, telling how Duffy's Pure Malt Whlsk
cures diseases. Imparta strength, brings back
health and saves lives.
Here Is a testimonial that carrlea with it tho
sacred seal of truth, coming, as It doet-, from
Bishop Ginner of St. Paul. But In this case It
stands as more than a mere opinion, since the
learned Bishop also Is a regularly graduated
physician, and knows technically accurately
and Indisputably whereof he peaks
Head tho Bishop's words they are for iou
and you and you.
Bishop Ginner, Who Wai Formerly a
Phyfticlan, Certlfle to the Cur
ative roTver of Duff'
Pure Malt Whiskey.
282 West Seventh street.
ST. PAUL, Minn., May 2. 1901.
"I have prescribed your Pure Malt Whls
k;y In severe cases of acute erysipelas,
typhoid fever and kindred d'aeasps requir
ing a stimulant. Its action Is positive. Its
therapeutic power Is certain and more
markpfi thin own tho hrci imnU nf lm
against so-called DUFFY'S MALT WHIS-
CAUSE OF DEAFNESS.
Tho Most Common Cause Only Re
It has been stated on good medical au
thority that nine-tenths of cases of deaf
ness are caused from catarrh or irom torc
The little tube which leads to the car
from the throat is lined with a sort of c
vety structure called mucous membrane.
Thla membrane is simply a conlnuitlon o"
the mucous membrano lining the throat.
When disease of any sort attacks the in. -cous
membrane of the throat it Is c.y
liable to extend Into the Eustachian tube
and up into the ear.
The history of nearly all cases of dear
noss Is like this: a cold is contraacted aro
neglected, other colds are taken, th
throat becomes sore and Inflamed, whk'i
Is aggravated by particles of dust art
germs from the air. This condition caus sj
the disease to spread Into the tube that
leads to the ear.
It seems a little far fetched to say trt
most cases of deafness are caused from
catarrh, but It is certainly true, and an: -one
who has had a severe catarrhal coll
must have noticed how the hearing was
affected while the cold lasted.
With catarrh sufferers this Impairment
of hearing becomes chronic and grows
worse the longer the catarrh Is neglected.
You can cure catarrh and deafness by
the regular use of an excellent new prep
aration called Stuart's Catarrh Tablets,
composed of antiseptic remedies v which
act both on the mucous membrane but
principally and most effectually on the
blood, eliminating the catarrhal pc bLn
from the system.
People whoe hearing is defectlo may
think It a little remarkable th-it a slirplo
and harmless tablet would vry often re
move all traces of deafness, but when It
Is remembered that tatarrh ca::sts t
deafness and that the catarrh Is cHw
cured by the regular use of Sttnrt'.s 1 1
tarrh Tablets, there Is no mjsttr no; it
If you are subject to nasal eatirr'1! c
catarrh of throat, bronchial tuhs or c -tarrh
of stomach and llwr. the safe t nn'l
most effective treatment b the new ca
tarrh specilc. Htuirft. Cst-rrh Tiblrt .
sold by all drugg'ts at "0 cents fr fu'l
js chfcvtfx&;; 2k
'rj V " "7 f '
The whole vorld pa tribute to Dr Bt. k
hart's Vegetable Compinnti an the- rurc
chtRpest and bit mm d fo- th- mr '
Rheumatism. Maliria i-t. mat'i nl all v i
DIteaes, Catarrh Tired refling in tin M'i.
Ing. Poor Appf-titr Sou' Slrk or HI a'c I
Stomach, and LiCrippe 1 lajs" trtai in.
Ti. V S. lU'KlvIIVRT. Cincinnati. O.
Color Plate HtuttraUort.
Rtcrles by Itnlllnsrtoa Ifooth, Mnurtco
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Bewell Font, Onott Wntnnna, W.
MacLeod Itnlne, Cy Wcraiatu
Leslie's Grea? S! 00 Offer
I f this paper is mentioned we trill send
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FRANK LESLIE PUBLISHING H0US.
(KiUMl!iedlSJ5) 141 -147 Fifth Avc.N. T,
H An article of world-wide Interest by i
ISRAEL ZANQWIUL 4
B In the saperb ChrUtiuai issue of !
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