Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, November 04, 1901, Page 6, Image 6

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fcft t
By Joining: Great River Srctema He
Would Unite 'the Commerce
of East and West.
A water-level route across the Conti
nent is the novel proposal of Colonel Pat
Donan, the well-known Portland writer
on commercial and transportation mat
tors. He advances this plan In the
New York World of . October 27. as the
means to bring; the East In touch with
the Pacific Coast and the Oriental trade.
He writes in praise of the Columbia
River as the Western outlet of this great
Inland water route, locates the future
"commercial emporium of the Pacific
Coast" on the Columbia, "where river,
rail and ocean meet." Where could this
be but Portland? Colonel Donan's article
"I once lived in New York, but coming
back to it after a. few years' abesence I
find myself almost lost in the vast maze
of its changes and Improvements. It
has swept with the rush of a whirlwind
of proseperity to the second cltyhood of
the world and In many respects the
"And yet I cannot help doubting
whether one In a hundred of your keen
rlsloned men of affairs . fully appre
ciates the tremendous change that is
impending, that has. In fact, begun, in
New-World trade the mighty westward
trend of traffic that Is already setting
In, and is bound to grow in strength
and volume every day. It means sooner
or later an 'about face in the business
of a hemisphere, an ultimate revolution
In the commerce of the world. It means
that American merchants and manufac
turers and shippers, who have long wor
shiped only the rising sun, are about
to turn part at least of their homage
to the setting sun.
"It means an awakening to the fact
that 800,000,000 people in Asia, Africa,
Australia and the Pacific archipelagoes
are commercially worthy of sharing the
attention heretofore given "wholly to
200,000,000 In Europe. It means that ere
long the Pacific Coast, Instead of the
Atlantic Coast or certainly no less than
the Atlantic Coast Is to be the front
door of America; that all the routes of
commerce for centuries past are to be
revised, if not reversed, and that 'Old
Bullion' Tom Benton was a prophet
and a son of a prophet when, standing
in his place In the Senate 60 years
ago, he pointed to the mighty and then
almost unknown wilderness of the West
and exclaimed: There lies the East!
There lies India!'
"Railways and steamships and electric
wires are fast turning his prophecy Into
history, -and the contest Is on for con
trol of the commerce of nearly a billion
of people full half the population of the
"It Is a prize worth the -mightiest ef
forts of giants in political, commercial and
financial warfare. According to the lat
est obtainable statistics the merchandise
exports or Asia are $1,006,245,000 a year,
and the imports are $989,150,000 a year an
aggregate in even figures of $2,000,000,000
a year, or nearly one-thirtieth of the total
foreign commerce of the United States
during the 112 years from 17S9 to 190L
"Of this vast trade the United States
and Canada "last year got $213,000,000. or
a trifle over 10 per cent, and of that tithe
the Pacific Coast ports of the United
States Portland, Tacoma, Seattle, San
Francisco and San Diego got $74,125,000,
of which the imports amounted to $4$,
625,000. and the exports to $27,500,000. All
this has grown from nothing In a young
man's memory. In 1S67 one small steamer
sailing from San Francisco handled the
entire Asiatic trade of the Pacific Coast.
In 1881 there were but 40 clearances of
steam vessels for Asia from the whole
Coast all but one of them from San
Francisco. Last year there were .599 en
trances and clearances of steam and sail
vessels in Asiatic trade at the Pacific
Coast nortS Of tht TTntrt Sfntna olnno
The regular Asiatic steamer lfnes now I
juuuue oi sieamsmps, mailing about 250
round trips a year, and half of all the
steam merchant vessels building la the
United States today, or 71,750 tons, are
for the Pacific Coast.
"For a greater share of this mighty
golden harvest of the Orient, Russia is
pushing her 6000-mile trans-hemispheric
railway from St. Petersburg to Vladi
vostok, and advancing her outposts to
the borders of China and Hlndoostan;
Great Britain is maintaining her pro
digiously . costly East Indian, establish
ment, her North and South African foot
hold, and her Canadian Pacific Railway
and steamship lines, and Germany,
France and Italy are grasping at every
available foot of Oriental land or sea.
"For this, our great American railroad
systems are combining and consolidat
ing, cutting down grades, eliminating
curves, driving tunnels and shortening
time, and powerful corporations are
building 20,000-ton steamships, capable
of making the trip across the Pacific in
from 10 to 14 days.
"With all mercantile creation, reaching
for It, an ever-increasing volume of this
magnificent treasure-tide of trade la
bound to flow through our Pacific gate
ways. A homely old Southern adage
says, 'The longest pole takes the per
simmon'; but, other things being equal,
it is the shortest route that gets the
traffic and we of the sunset shores have
the shortest route. Our Pacific ports are
thousands of miles nearer to the great
commercial centers of Eastern and South
eastern Asia than your Atlantic Coast
cities, or any of the ports of England or
Northern Europe. Portland. Or., or San
Francisco, for instance, is 5G0Q miles
Tiearcr Hong Kong or Shanghai than
New York or Boston is by way of the
Suez Canal, and about 3000 miles nearer
than Liverpool or Hamburg.
"The distance from New York to Yoko
hama or Canton is 2500 miles less, and
from Chicago 4500 miles less via the
Pacific Coast than via Suez. Even with
the Nicaragua or Panama Canal com
pleted, your shortest route by far to, the
commerce, for which the whole world is
competing, would still lie through our
"Shortness of routes means quickness
ot transit. The shortest is the quickest.
Never before in human history has it
been so true as It is today, that 'time
is money
"With shortness and quickness as
sured, oheapness completes the trinity
of considerations that must eventually
control all movements of .commerce.
We Pacific Coasters hold 'an Arkansaw
hand' which, as you are perhaps aware,
consists of flve aces and a bowie-knife
on the 'Shortness and quickness. With
your all-ocean lines you have, so far, a
trifle tho advantage in cheapness over
routes that Include from 3000 to 3300 miles
of railway transportation, but even this
slight handicap Is being rapidly swept
away. During the past two decades,
railroad freight rates throughout this
country generally have been cut down
fully one-half, and the reduction process
still goes on. Quadrupling the weight
and power of locomotives, increasing from
four to sixfold the carrying capacity of.
cars, leveling and straightening of tracks
and keen competition for traffic are send
ing tariffs lower every year, hut, sooner
or .later, the titanic contest will resolve
itself into a question of a water-level
route across the Continent
Task Most Feasible.
That, you think, is an impossibility,
a' chimera? Not a bit of it! Look at
your map. On the eastern slope .of "the
Continent you have the water levels" of
the Hudson and St Lawrence to the
Great Lakes, and through them, from
Chicago or Duluth, to the Mississippi.
From the headwaters of your Delaware,
Susquehanna, Potomac and James Rivers
It Is but a few steps to the headwaters
of the Ohio water levels all the way,
JJown the Ohio to the Mississippi, and
up the Mississippi apd MJssourJ to Jbe
I'Mf . -. i , .... r.:
mourn oi ine i-iatie, you sun louow
water levels, and all the waters are
navigable. This seems plain and easy,
but there is more to come. '
''Trom where the Platte 'River .empties
into the Missouri, just below Omaha, to
the summit of the Rocky Mountains the
Continental divide stretches, for 550
miles, a water-level region, smooth as
a barroom floor, and -from the head
waters of the Platte to the headwaters
of the Columbia it is hardly a stride.
Your special dispatches have told how
J. Pierpont Morgan, one of our modern
Incarnations of the Colossus of 'roads,'
halted his special trainful of Episcopal
bishops and clergymen a few mornings
ago to show them the waters running
on one side to the Atlantic Ocean and
on the otheft to the Pacific To the
eastward it is a down-grade water-level
along the Platte and the Missouri to the
Mississippi, the Gulf, of Mexico and the
Atlantic Ocean. To the westward, it is
a down-grade water-level, along the
Great Snake and the Columbia, to the
Pacific Ocean. Apd there is no other-
it is the only one.
"Look at your map again. North and
south, from the Rockies to the Coast, run
ranges, on ranges of huge mountains
spurs of the Rockies and Sierras, the
Cascade and Coast Ranges; up and down,
everywhere, like a gigantic lot of corn
rows, 1000 miles across and from 6000 to
12,000 feet high. There Is but one break
in the cloud-piercing mountain barriers,
and that is where the Columbia River
has burst Its way through to the ocean.
Has It ever struck you that it is the
only 'great river in North, Central or
South America that empties Into the Pa
cific Ocean south of the Yukon? Do you
know that it is third, if not second, in
magnitude and Importance among, the
rivers of North America?
Mighty Railway, Too.
"It Is the only river that cleaves a path
way through the mighty basalt and gran
ite barricades of the Cascade and Coast
Ranges between Alaska and Mexico, and
ultimately the great bulk of Oriental
commerce must follow its level. It may
or may not be true that 'trade follows
the flag," but it Is ever and forever true
that it follows the water levels. An un
broken river-bank water-level route from
the Mississippi and the Missouri to the
crest of the Rockies, and from there to
the Pacific Ocean is bound to catch it
'a-comlng and a-going. No huge moun
tains to tunnel or tug over with two
engines to every 10 cars; no everlasting
climbing up and then climbing down
again, but simply following the waters
that unite to form the greatest river on
the Pacific side of the new world.
"The day Is not far distant when a
mighty double, or triple, or quadruple
track railway will traverse its grand
valley, instead of the single-track line of'
today. Then, where river, rail and ocean
meet will arise the 'commercial emporium
of the Pacific Coast' that Thomas Jeffer
son andt John Jacob Astor planned 90
years ago. Somewhere near the junction
of a great railway system and a great
rivfer with the greatest ocean on earth
will be, must be, the metropolis of the
American Occident; will be, must be.
tne gateway to the Orient
C Whitney, Ohio
W L Mason, N Y .
N Nathan. Chehalis
G F Wentworth, Taco
H T Wills, Dawson
Mrs Wylle & dau, do
Joe Israel, S F
Goo W Klrske, S F
J G L Jeffrey, N T
H M Wolf, Belfast
H W Ereklrie, S F
J Weinberg, N Y
M A Brumm. N Y
G P Snell & wX, San
,E J Lewis, Chga
F W Kobbe. USA
H A Howard & wf . SF
Mrs O B Young, Nome
J W Gunn & wf, city
Mrs M E Hanley, Seat
Thomas I Worthlngton,
Victoria, B C
Jas Heller & wf, city
R B Dawson & wf,
M J Coleman, Dawson
B B Broomell, Tacoma
y S Smith & wf, city
Mrs C D Lane & ma,
J A Adams, do
v j riatt, b r
G W Trimble, Seattle
F C Austin & wf, city
H C Schade, city
M Mayer, S F
A H Moore, Indpls
B M Godsal, do
C H Callender, Knpptn
M H McCune, do
F M Elmendorf, S F
D S Fotherlngham,
Mrs Balllee. Tacoma
H M Chittenden, Sioux
Mr & Mrs Brune, N Y
Geo Hanson, S F
C G Jacobs, Or City
F C Miller & wf, city
A F Biles & wf, do
Miss Vera Henderson,
Miss Kathleen Hender
son, Nome I
W H Barker. Astoria
C J Pedrlck. S F
Jno N Hartley, 01eq.u
Mrs Hartley, do
Mrs E J Husler, Olymp
Dan Kelly, Kelso
Mrs Kelly, do
Mrs Marostler, Marran,
A A Bigart, Sheridan
Mrs Blgart, do
John Ferem, S F
A F Atkins, St Paul
I N Allison. Hlllsboro
F W Dlngley, Tillamk
J Flararty, Seattl
B Mitchell. Portland
Mrs Wm T Hislop, Pen
dleton W W Weatherford, Ar
lington Master Weatherford, do
J C Yager, The- Dalles
W K Sherrlll. Hood R
R B Lloyd, Trenton, NJ
Ben Blsalnger, Phlla
Early Rose, S F
J H Aitkin, Huntlngtn
C M Vasser. Pomeroy
Mrs C M Vasser, do
Mrs Vasser, do
Wm Klelnberg, Seattle
Col Wm E Rapson,
Columbus City, Wn
E C Kirkpatrlck. Dallas
Mrs Klrknatrlck. do
D R E Selwick, McMln
C A McFarland, Alby
B H Hauser, Astoria
Wm M Plnkstar, Jr,
P Metll. Roseburg
A Schroder, Astoria
G M Glaason, city
Jas Swenson, Astoria
N Nelsori. St Jo
T W Stevens, city
C D Brown, city
Wn Gray
Mrs Gray
Geo D Melville
Mrs Melville
S Bertrand. Seattle
Mrs Bertrand, do
D Harold, do
Mrs Harold, do
H H Wells, MdIs
D W Ralston. Mayvllle
TV Harper, USA
Mrs Harper, do
W Hayneld. S F
Miss Hayneld. do
M T Nolan, Dalles
S A Saylor, Umatilla
E Cobura, Pullman
Virginia Calhoun. S F
A A McNary,. Salem
R E Creel, Albany
C C Harris. Forest Gr
Jas Leonard. Wallace
R C Hunt, St Paul
E R Spangler.St Louis
I A B Copper, Los Ang
C W. Knowles, Manager,
H W Parry, Seattle
T W Burglehaus, Mpls
Mrs N L Ayer, do
E Myers, Sprlngneld
Mrs E Myers, do
C C Bockhouae, Omaha
A W GanB, S F
J K Blakcsly, St Helen
J J Leonard. Astoria
Nat Goldsmith. St Jo
Mrs C L Houston, Asto
J G Masher. S F
E Montgomery, city
John L Kearney, N Y
Alf Grant. N Y
Chas I Deane, W W
C B' Manard. do
Donald Harold, do
Mrs Harold, do
J R N Bell. Baker
Mrs W J FurnUh, Pen
dleton F A Smith. Salem
A W Howell. Vancou
S E Purvlnce. Salem
K Osburn, Astoria
Mrs Osburn, do
Mrs F L Carr. Monte
cano, Wash ' I
Mrs Martier, S F
Mrs Myrtle Metsinger,
W A Hubbard. Minn
A J Darling. Mlqh
Mrs Darling, do
R A Daly, Canada
W E Parrott, Alaska !
D B Huffton. S D
L D McEwen. Olequa
H S Lyman, Astoria
W L Gray, Vancouver
J R Murphy, Tacoma
J F Short Hood River
O L Barber, Woodburn
L B Whttlock. do
A Conrad, do
Chas Scollard, Astoria
S Brizblne & dau
Edna Ostell, Olympia
Jas Haines, ao
W T Summers. Seattle J W Johnson, city
L M Underwood & wf,
W G Rhude, Gray's R
P Bonser. city
L H Weston, Whatcom
H A Hansen, Astoria
J T Secrlst Vancouver
N F Llnngren, Olequa
J Fowler, do
Jas Shugarts, McCor-
C Goodell. do
B L Barlow. La Du
J F CottralL Astoria
W T Cottrall, do
L S Dalley. Neb
P A Olson, city
O C Riley, do
A rJ Holmes, Co
W E Parrott, Alaska
I R Hammer, Scott's M
L R Baldwin, do
W M Irvin. Eagle Crk
W R Hlgglns, Chehalis
H G Thompson, Dallas
C F Glsner. Orchard -J
F Graham, Marshld
Jno Bocker, Greenville
Emit Olson, Aberdeen
Jno B Wlsner, Salem
C P Blankenshfp, do
C F Lansing, do
E D McKay. Castle Rk
W J Thomas, do
Hotel Bransivlck. Seattle..
European, .first-class. Rates. 50c to $1.59.
One block from depot. Restaurants near
Tacoma Hotel, Tacoma.
American plan. Rates. $3 and up.
." Donnelly .Hotel. Tacoma.
European plan. Rates 50c 'and up.
Cutter Benr at Seattle.
SEATTLE, Nov. 3. The revenue cutter
Bear arrived in port tonight after dis
charging ballast at the Puget Sound navy
yard. She will sail at noon tomorrow for
San Francisco, going first to Comox lor
coal. Captain Tuttle's orders are to load
his bunkers to their capacity, which Is
taken here as an Indication that the Bear
may be sent on to Winter at Honolulu.
The Coast and Geodetic Survey .steamer
Gedney, which has arrived from Slimmer
work In Alaskan waters, Is ordered to
make hydrographic surveys and soundings
in San Juan Channel of Puget Sound."
After completion of this; work the Gedney
will return to Seattle to have a new set
of boilers Installed,
Thurston. County Clerk's Fees.
OLYMPIA, Nov. 3. The fees' of' the
County Clerk's office for October amount
ed to $227 70, the largest for any" month
for six years. The Clerk's office is the
only one in the county that la self-supporting.
Large Congregation Greeted Him. at
First Unitarian Church Dr. Ack-
erman Returns from the East.
Rev. Dr. George Croawell Cressey, for
merly of Northampton, Mass., the new
pastor of the Church df Our Father,
preached his first sermon In the church
yesterday morning. The auditorium wa3
crowded and Dr. Cressey made a .fine Im
pression pn the congregation.Ho'took as
his text Job 1:8, "A perfect and an up
right man," and preached an eloquent
sermon on "Personal Religion." He
spoke In part as follows:
"Personal religion Is the only kind of
religion we have any use for. Theology
FOREST GROVE. Nov. 2. Rev. and Mrs. M. D. Dunning are to leave Forest
Grove to engage in the mission work of the Congregational Church In Japan. Rev.
Mr. Dunning has handed in his resignation as pastor of the Congregational
Church here, to take effect this month. It can be truly said that few pastors
have been more popular in Forest Grove than Rev. Mr. Dunning. He has been
hero a little over two years.
Rev. and Mrs, Dunning will leave 'Forest Grove November 30 for the East
They will visit In Massachusetts and Michigan until February. They will then
come to San Francisco, and about the 15th of the month will leave for Kyoto,
Japan, whero they are to bo stationed.
Is useful and necessary. It Is the frame
work, the skeleton, which gives form to
religious thought, but in and of itself
It is on the-same planes as all philos
ophy of whatever nature. So, too, Is It
with formal religion. Rites, ceremony,
symbols, have their place and value, but
In themselves alone they are no more
vital then the laws of decorum and cour
tesy which are current In enlightened
communities. It Is personal religion, be
ginning in real conviction, arousing the
feeling, and influencing, leavening and
controlling life, which we need for soci
ety, for our Nation and for. the world.
"Ther first element In or fruit of prac
tical religion in one sense Its founda
tion Is the feeling of personal obligation
or etewardshlp. Our gifts, graces, tal
ents, faculties, are not strictly our own.
They come to us from the treasure-house
of the Infinite, .and are to be used for the
good of others as well as of ourselves;
they are to be regarded least of all as a
ground for vanity, conceit, the assump
tion of superiority over others, but al
ways as the gift of God, for the develop
ment and right use, not for the posses
sion, of which we'are to be praised. It
comes easy to men to have an eye to the
business of others and to prescribe to
them their duties. If, thus,, we might
attach our own talents and ascribe our
own opportunities to our neighbor, and
then proceed to Judge him, we should
gain a fair estimate, perhaps, of our own
obligations. There is a little word of one
syllable given In 'our English grammars
as a defectlveverb, with only on.e tense
and that tense the present, a very sig
nificant fact which stands for a mighty
reality, a silent whisper In the soul, yet
the echo of the voice and command of God
himself, 'ought,' I ought,' or 'I ought
not' And, again, there Is another word
whch fulfills the behest of tho Infinite
energy which has wrought in the universe
through centuries and agea 'will,' 'I vftiV
or I will not Le't man feel the thrill
of these forces in the soul, and he has
at least the Inspiration of genuine per
sonal religion.
"There are many, however, who do their
duty as they see it, who aro harrow mov
ing, as It were, between two parallel
walls and these walls often close to
gether. True religion Is lofty and wide
in its vision, looking from the mountain
top over stream and vale and forest to
the horizon where earth and sky are seem
ingly one. The truly religious man has
magnanimity, greatness of soul
breadth of vision. Magnanimity, In
deed, is not strictly a virtue,
but the foundation of all virtues; not a
grace, but the essenco and perfection of
all graces. It banishes hatred from the
life, forgives as it seeks to be forgiven,
scrutinizes well its own action, but Is
generous and lenient toward others. It
compels admiration f It is In harmony
with nature, with the grandeur of tho
universe, with the truth and mercy of
God." ,
The speaker here illustrated the effect
of magnanimity of character upon the
heart of our Nation and of the world by
a reference to our martyred President.
Continuing, ho said:
"One element or quality still remains
necessary to practical religion, equally
great In Itself, an essential characteristic
of Christianity sympathy. But sympathy
iSj.morc than pity, whlch-Js an easy, often
selfish, feeling, which may Involve some
Idea of our own superiority. Sympathy
not only feels for. it feels with; it n6t
only weeps with those who weep, but it
rejoices with those who rejoice; it finds
Joy, and contentment in the good fortune
of others. In the progress and happiness
of the world.
"A profound sense of duty, magnani
mity, sympathy, wo maj' summarize them
all in the great thought" of the fatherhood
of God and 'the brotherhood of man."
At the close of the discourse the speak
er added a few words of a more personal
nature concerning the purpose and oppor
tunity of the pulpit today, saying:
"fts chief work is not to teach a sys
tem of doctrine, nor yet primarily i,to pre
scribe to men precisely -how they shall
act under special conditions of life, but
rather to present the great truths of re
ligion in such a manner as to influence
and inspire them In hope and confidence
to work out their own Ealvatlon. In short,
notjonly Instruction, but stllj more inspi
ration, Is the function of the, modern pul
"However happy human life, there are
always the shade of sadness and the full
ness, of mystery. We are living together
on the narrow reof of time, the ocean of
infinity on every Bide beating upon its
shores; above, the beacon lights of truth
radiant, yet so distant
"Is It not our highest duty and prlvL.
lege to "think together in faith, to feel
together in hope, to work together In
Pastor of First CongrresratlonnI
Church Made Extensive Trip.
Alf-er three months' absence, Rev. pr,
Arthur W. Ackerman preached In his
own pulpit at the First Congregational
Church yesterday. He was afterward
interviewed , by an Oregonlan man, fend
said that he spent a restful and enjoya-
uiu vucauon m eastern ciues, DUt was
glad to return home again to the climate
of the Pacific Coast.
"I left Portland August 1," proceeded
Dr. Ackerman, In answer to queries, "and
I stopped two Sundays at Salt Lake City,
preaching at the First Congregational
Church. My next stop of Interest was
made at Sheffield, 111., where I had pre
viously spent over four years. Two Sundays-were
passed in Chicago, I1L, and I
preached one Sunday at the New Eng
land Congregational Church- I next
preached In the First Presbyterian
Church. Austin. 111., and then I went to
Upper- Montclair, N. J where I preached
In the Union Congregational Church.
Next came Worcester, Mass., where I
spoke In the Union Congregational
Churph, and I returned to Montclair, N.
J., to preach In Dr. Bradford's church.
Two more Sundays were passed in tho
JnIon church, Worcester, Mass., and
then I attended tho meetings of the" For
eign Mission Board, held at Hartford,
Conn. I am a corporate member of the
board, and was also a member of the
nominating committee. We faced a debt
of $102,000 this year, but the money was
all raised In one evening.
"From Hartford I went to Portland,
Me., to attend the meetings of the Na
tional Council, for one week. I was a
member of tho nominating committee of
the body, and preached In one of the
Baptist churches on the morning of the
Council Sunday. I also assisted Dr. No
ble In the administration of the Lord's
Supper, in the State-Street Congrega
tional Church, where the Council met.
I next spoke at- the Second Parish
Church. Next Sunday I went to my old
homo at West Medford, Mass., where I
first Joined the church. Many of my old
friends who knew me as a boy came
to hear me preach. Afterward 1 at
tended the meetings of the American
Missionary Association, at Oak Park, III.,
and on the following Sunday t preached
at the New England Church, Aurora,
111. Last week Thursday I arrived in
Portland. During my travels In the
East I preached every Sunday, with one
exception. There are evidences of niuch
prosperity in Eastern cities at present.
Latterly, the weather turned cold, and
I was glad to get back to this delightful
climate again."
Dr. Ackerman preached In the morning
on "Alfred the Great; or the Life That
Lasts," taking for text Revelation, 11:7.
He said In part:
"A thousand years and not yet forgot
ten is worth being written against any
man's life. A thousand years and 3tlll a
power for good Is better yet It was
thought to be remarkable that after one
generation Daniel Webster should have
received such honor as has been recently
accorded him, but 400 generations have
passed since Alfred was laid to rest, and
men are still writing the story of his Ufa
and dedicating monuments to the mem
ory of him who left on record that It was
ever his desire to live- honorably while
he was alive, and after death to leave to
them that should come after him the
memory of hfs good works.
"The key word to Alfred's life la
struggle; struggle to be able to stand, to
secure standing room, to stand straight
and to keep the standing room he had
won. He came to his self-mastery when
ho yielded himself to Christ; in. that sur
render he won his greatest victory; in that
service he laid the foundation of the life
that lasts. His father's way of living the
religious life was not enough for him who
sought to show bis love and gratitude In
new ways of service and that proved the
genuineness of his loyalty. There werd
men In those days who looked with fear
on a full, free service that could not be
confined within the narrow channels of
alms for the poor and gifts to the pope.
He must needs learn to be open and true
and spontaneous and meet the suspicions
of good men with a godly life. The pope
anointed him in his boyhood as the future
King of the West Saxons, but between
him and his kingdom were the Danes, who
swept down on the shores of Britain for
tho struggle of civilization with barbar
ism, Dane and Saxon, Thor and Christ
At the aire Of 20 Alfrptf mnrln nn Vile Tviln?
J that 'though all the rest of England were
I nrostratn nt tho nlratoc' fnnt rrr ..;,,.
should stand, and If It fell, fall fighting.'
That resolution put the crown on his
head and gave him a kingdom that was
not to be measured by miles square, but
by the love and confidence of his people.
"In this struggle for order and unrlght
ness of life he sought a Just proportion
of tho expenditure of time and strength
and possession. He wrote a book In which
ho says that the three essentials of good
government are 'men of prayer, men of
war, men of work,' and declares that no
man's life Is complete without these ele
ments In due proportion. And so he or
dered his busy daily life, giving-half of his
time to the service ofxGod and half to his
people, half of his" Income to worldly
purposes and half to churches, schools,
monasteries and the poor. If there Is to
be symmetry In the sweep and rush of
our modern life there must be ordering of
the life so that together with the long
reach of ambition and the broad sweep of
sympathy there shall also bo the uplift to
ward God and eternal verities.
"Is It wonderful that the world will not
allow the memory of this man to fade?
Do we not find In his deep morality and
sincere rellcrious life tho rnrrwinw nnn.,.
of his greatnesa?"
"Kind of WitnexKes Needed 4n the
Twentieth Century."
A large congregation assembled yester
day'' morning -at. Centenary Church, East,
Ninth and Pine streets, to hear Rev. W.
B. Holllngshead, on the subject, "The
Kind of Witnesses Needed in the Twen
tieth Century" The sermon was based
on the text found in Acts 1:8, "But
ye shall receive power, after that the J
Holy Ghost is come upon you; and y
shall bp witnesses untp me both in Jeru
salem,, and unto the uttermost part of th
earth." He said In part:
"In the chapter ot the text we are told
of Chrises last vslt to Mount Qllvet he
place where he .had so of tea resorted be
fore. For some reason a-last meeting, the
last word or message from our Joved ones
Is solemn and sacred to us. In long years
afterwards we cling to themr recalling
.them with tears. They are full of Inspir
ation. At Gethesemene Christ's last mes
sage was given to his disciples. Through
out his life ho had spoken many wonder
ful things to them, but his last earthly
message here was the dearest to them.
They had clung to the Idea that his realm
was of a material kind, and that he was
to remain, with them always. Their won
der was complete when they"- witnessed
the marvel of his ascension.
"God had- been with these disciples in
the person of his Son. In the olden time
the center of attraction was Jesus, and
the burden of their sermons was repent
ance and redemption through the remis
sion of sins. Transformation of heart
and .life was taught to be necessary. This
was the keynote of the gospel. The cen
tral thought of the workers at that time
was Christ crucified. All their success
was attributed to him. Plain sermons
were preached by Stephen, that went aown
deeply Into the hearts of his hearers. His
words were effective because they came
from a heart full of inspiration from
"Tho apostolic church was purely spirit
ual; It was, therefore, a church ot power,
visited often by manifestations of the
Holy Spirit But as the years passed on
it became a church of formality only, and
lost as a consequence Its power. It seemed
for a time that the church would fail
In its mission, but after the lapse of con
siderable time, a German monk came to
the front Martin Luther, Invested with
divine strength, aroused the sleeping re
ligious sentiment of the people, and
through the Reformation Europe was
aflame with the new Christianity. Later
on the church again degenerated and lost
its evangelizing power, and again came
the awakeninar. It -whs .Tnhn WoqIov whn
searching for the higher life and full of
holy zeal, rebuilt God's church. Then
the revival fires began again to burn in
the hearts of men and spread all over the
world. We are a part of this great awak
ening, and represent In it our lives. Our
lives and our deeds show to the eyes of
the world wha't we know of Christ We
have God with us, we have power, If we
suffer and sacrifice. If we stand out bold
ly against vice, and corruption, as did
Martin Luther, we shall in the 20th cen
tury be visited by manifestations of his
spirit, as In the days of Pentecost
"Let us so live before God that the
power of the Holy Spirit will be shown In
your midst"
Receipts Were ?44,242 and Disburse
ments $35,002; Profits, $8330.
General Owen Summers and Assistant
Secretary A. N. Gambell yesterday issued
a statement of the finances of the Port
land Carnival. This shows that the total
receipts were W4.242 11, and the total dis
bursements, $35,902 84, leaving to be re
turned to the subscribers to the $15,000
guarantee fund $8339 27. These figures
show what the promoters have already
realized that the Carnival was the most
successful ever held In Portland. The
statement follows:
Exposition, 1899 $ 6U 32
Subscribers to a guaranty fund.... 14,202 50
Admission tickets sold L. 21,152 W
Railroad coupons taken up 1,273 30
Admissions to Multnomah Field.. 4,503 10
Percentage concessions, viz: The
Lunette, $246 72; the snake show,
?28113 .' 527 85
Space concessions 2.0B7 60
DeCaprio, account of advance..,. 150 00
John Vince, account horse show.. 65 16
City of Portland, memorial stand 23 90
Russell & Blyth, repairs to roof.. 120 00
L. D. Cole, bill-posting 4 00
Sale of material 82 88
Total .$44,242 11
By warrants drawn, printing and
advertising,- viz , -
Printing posters J3S0 00
Posting and distributing.. 752 91
Country press 377 00
Oregonlan 700 00
Telegram 300 DO
Press agents and reporters 270 00
Printing special tickets.... 23 00
Postage 18 00 $ 2,820 91
Kxmbits, agriculture, and horticulture
Pay of attendants and la
bor $825 47
Purchase and collecting
exhibits ;.... 116 05
Freight and hauling 105 61
Decorations 48 69
Rent of material 24 00
Nails and hardware 31 88
Lumber is 20
All other expenses 39 35 S L203 78
Exhibits (fisheries)
Pay of attendants and la
bor $286 50
Pipe and plumbing 74 00
Baskets and screens 32 05
Lumber 33 11
Carpenter work 24 42
Asphaltum, etci.- 16 90
Freight and hauling 11 40
All other expenses 25 45 $ 503 83
Mining exhibit
Pay for labor $ 64 00 -
Pipe and plumbing 40 55 .
Transportation 21 30
Carpenter work 65 85
Freight and hauling ; 68 60
Grinder and concentrator. 77 65
Assays 44 80
Other expenses 13 10$ 355 85
Office expenses, secretary and treasurers
Pay of assistant secretary.$4QQ 00
Pay of stenographer and
typewriting 198 95
Stationery and typewriter
supplies 44 60
Postagb and prltlng 64 32
Rent of office 37 50
Office furniture 33 10
Pay of ticket-takers and
sellers 1052 10
Pay assistant treasurer.... 125 00
Ticket-case and boxes 17 50
Cost of admission tickets.. 162 20
Other oxpenses 26 00$ 2161 27
Carnival expense, superintendent's department-Pay
of superintendent, 3
months $450 00
Pay of guards, watchman,
Janitors and laborers.... 2601 20
Pay for decoration, foun
tain, etc 1453JT0
Carpenter work 277 75
Pipe and plumbing 15113 -
Bunting and flags 145 83'
Dry fountain 9810
Hardware 31 78
Signs and banners 55 60
Expense account field
Repairing track $ 2Q 00
Awning ISO 00
Grandstand 705'00
Architect services 45 00
Sawdust 39 50
Survey and plat .- .-. -30'00 '
Other expenses .... ,24 25
Repairing roof 120 00
Removing rubbish 50 60
Rope and twine 21 04
Other expenses . 131 45$ 6.637 93
DeCaprlo's band $4510 00
Everest's band 2298 50
DcCaprlo (advance) 150 00 $ 6,958 50
M. A. A. Club, account of'
athletic games $542 65
H. E. Mitchell, football.. 70 00
Pacific Bridge Company,
platform 115 00-$ 727 65
Shows and entertainments
Pay of AH Zada.... $203 00
The Christians 372 55
The Lungreens ....; 478 00
The Yodlers : 1440 00
Hermann 296 35
Norvello ' 40 00
Indians 535 64 .
Cakewalk 290 05
The Austins 22 50
Edward, Shields 150 00
.,ddlng day 46 75
Baby show ..... ...." il5 35
Elks' day -34 50
Fireworks 925 00
Bicycle chute : 96 50
Advertising S3 44
Telegrams 56'91
Labor '. 125 50
All other expenses l.: 44" 67 $ 5,206 71
Printing and postuge $ 26 50
Prizes .....1060 00
Cost of subsistence, etc.. 407 45
Sham battle ."200 00
Telephone, long distance., i 45 $ 1,698 40
Horse show ....i. ........... $1,000 00
Light, heat and power
Portland General Electric
DROP of ink will color a whole glass
of water. It is
makes a nan of
cake of soap
alkali can ruin a hundred times its cost in laces
and fine embroidery. After all, is it wise to take
such risks with common soap ? Of course you
can get along without Ivory Soap. So can a
wagon without axle grease but it goes hard
srrniHf ! inf rmeitB a imhi CO. cinCihpiati
Company $2543 75
T. A. Huffaker 52 00$ 2,505 75
Rent building and grounds
Russell & Blyth, rent $1750 00
M. A. A. C. (field) 1000 00
C. H. Carey 50 00 $ 2,800 00
Women's department
Carpenter work $48 00
Decorating 98 25
Cooking school 50 00
Rent showcases and fur
niture 8 00
Pay of Mrs. H. E. Battln.. 100 00
All other expenses 22 65$' 328 91
Art department
Carpenter work $ 37 00
Decorations 66 00
Printing ....... is 50
Prizes 150 00 -
All other expenses 14 00$ 2S5 50
Exhibit circulars, and pre
mium lists $68 75
Badges 29 50
Insurance 66 00
Diplomas 65 00
Pacific Pottery Company.. 31 25
All other expenses 20 60$ 27110
Native Sons $100 00
Woodmen, prizes 150'00
Concessions refund, etc.... 52 75$ 302 75
' Total warrants $35,902 84
Balance , ,..$ 8,330 27
Set aside for clearing
Multnomah Field $175 00
Set aside for contingencies 139 86
Returned to subscribers on
guarantee fund, 56 per
cent 8024 41$ 8,330 27
O. SUMMERS, President
A. N. GAMBELL, Assistant Secretary.
Brought to Oregon In 1843.
Roseburg Review.
E. H. Lenox, of this city, has an old
church record brought to Oregon by hl3
grandfather, David Lenox, in 1843. The
roster contains tne record of the organiza
tion of the first Baptist Church In Oregon,
as follows:
May 25, 1844. Constitution of West Union
Baptist Church.
"Whereas, In the Providence of God, a
few names of us, the professional follow
ers of Christ, who hold to Ine faith, one
God and one baptism, have been thrown
together In these wilds of the West, and
being members of churches in the United
States, desirous of ken'mr im tha -arn.
ship of God In our neighborhood and our
families, agree that we hereby con
stitute and come into union, first giv
ing, ourselves to the Lord, and then to
each other, and covenant that we will
meet together to worship God, and keep
the commandments and ordinances of
God's houses, and are hereby constituted
into a church."
Then appears a list of the members for
several years following. They were: Wil
liam Beagle, Lucinda Beagle, David T.'
Lenox, Louisa Lenox, Henry Sewell. Al
exander Blevlns. Lavlna Blevlns, Elder
VJncent Snelllng, Adella Snelllng, Nlnl
veh Ford, John Holman, V&tay Holman,
Mary Ann Lenox. Elizabeth Lenox,
Thomas M. Ramshale, Lucinda Hill
Sarah Enyart, Brazllla Constable, Lewis
Llneberger. Mrs. LIneberger, Lucella Em
erick, Jumiranda Jones, Perry Beagle
William F. Hall, Lucy Davis, Joseph Da
vis, John Zachary, Daniel Zachary, Allen
H. Hall. William Porter, Solomon Era
nick, Henri' Lavelly, J. H. Johnson,
Washington Lenox, David Lenox, Mrs.
Barnes, Ellener Brock, John White. Mrs.
Kitchen, Mrs. Ellzannc Lee, Mrs. Wilson,
Mr. Barnes, Mrs. Johnson, Maland
Brock, Benjamin Kitchen, William Hig
gins, E. H Lenox, Ell Harper.
The articles of faith of the organization
and the minutes of the meetings of the
church and Sunday school for a number
of years following make-the record one
of much Interest and value.
The attendance of pupils at the Dallas
public school has become so large that It
has been found necessary to put In a
large- number of extra seats. The six
rooms are taxed to their utmost capacity.
PORTLAND, Nov. 3. Maximum temperature,
58; minimum temperature, 42; river reading at
11 A. M., 1.5 feet; change In 24 hours, 1 foot;
total precipitation, 5 P. M. to 5 P. M., none;
total precipitation since September 1, 1901, 4.C3
Inches; normal' precipitation since September 1,
1001, 6.32 Inches; deficiency 1.77 Inches; total
sunshine November 2, 1001, 3:30; possible sun
shine, November 2, 1001. 10:00,
Rain has fallen today In Washington and
along the Northern Oregon coast. Elsewhere
In the North Pacific states generally fair weath
er has prevailed.
It is warmer this evening In "Western Oregon.
California, Northern Nevada and Southeastern
Idaho. ,
The indications are for showers Monday over
tho greater portion of this district.
Forecasts made at Portland at 8 P. M. for
28 hours ending midnight November 42
Portland and vicinity Showers: eoutherly
Western Oregon Showers; cooler south por
tion; southerly winds.
Western Washington Showers; . southerly
winds. ,
Eastern Washington- and Northern Idaho
Showers, warmer extreme north portion; east
to south winds.
Eastern Oregon Probably showers; winds
mostly southerly.
Southern Idaho Generally fair wsather;
southerly winds. A. B. WOLLABER,
Acting Forecast Official.
ouu tween 17th and ISth sts.
W. H. MALL & CO.. 8T Union ave.
On Improved city and farm property, at lowest
current rates. Building loans. Installment
loans. MicMaster & Blmll. 311 Worcester blk.
an inch of yeast which
bread rise, and a single
containing unabsorbed
"Rcoms." "Rooms and Board." "Hou.ekci
.ng Rooms." "Situations Wanted." 1ft word or
less, lo cents; 16 to 20 words. 20 cents: 21 to S5
words, 25 cents, etc. No discount for addi
t.onal Insertions.
Today." 30 cents for 15 words or less; 10 to '."O"
words. 40 cents; 21 to 25 words. 50 cents, etc.
f.rst insertion. Each additional Insertion, one
half; no further discount under one month.
"NEW TODAY" '(gauge measure agate). 35
cents per line, first Insertion: 10 cent per line
for each additional insertion.
dressed care The Oregonlan and left at this of
fice, should always be Inclosed in sealrd envel
opes. No stamp is required on such letters.
The Oregonlan will not be responsible for er
rors In advertisements taken through the tele
Three nights Monduy. Tuesday, Wednesday.
Prices Lower floor, except last 3 rows. 1.50;
last .'! rows, $1. Balcony, first 3 rows, $1; sec
ond 3 rows. 75c: last G rows, 50c. Gallery,
tint 2 rows. 36c: all seats In rear of first '
rows, 25c. Boxes and logea. $10. Curtain will
rise premptly at 8 o'clock. Seat sale now open.
Phone Main SOS.
One week, commencing Sunday, Nov. 3, and
Saturday Matinee.
This season's biggest laughing success. A
merry musical comedy, presented by a great
cast ot favorites. All the newest songs, dances,
and pleading vaudeville features.
Phone North 1078.
Every night this week, with matinees Wednes
day and Saturday
Hundreds turned away last night.
The brat minstrels that have visited Portland
in years. Evening prices, 15c, 23c, 35c, 50c,
75c, $1.00. Matinee prices. 15c. 25c, 50c
An Orpheum Novelty. BARTELMES. Novelty
Foot Juggler. GIRARDELLAS. the Clever Ac
robatic Duo. Tho Clever Manipulator, ZENO.
In a strictly up-to-date Juggling Act. LILL
IAN HOWE. Illustrated Songs. HATTIE
CROMWELL. Portland Favorites.
At 10 A. M.. at 706 Everett street.
Wilson, Auctioneer.
O. II. W. Members take notice that imme
diately after the Initiatory work and order
of business at the lodge meeting this
(Monday) evening. Brother John F. Caples, ex
Consul to Valparaiso, Chile, will deliver a
lecture on "The Republic of Chile and Its
People." It Is hoped every member will
make an effort to be present, as this Is an
interesting subject handled by an Interesting
speaker. Members of Htxter lodges Invited.
WM. M. CAKE. Master Workman.
Attest: JOHN W. PADDOCK, Recorder.
Stated communication thin (Monday)
evening. 7.50 P. M. Work In M. M.
degree. All M. M. cordially Invited
to attend.
THOS. GRAY. Secretary.
A. F. & A. M. Stated communlcatloa
this (Monday) evening. M. M. degree.
Visiting brethren welcome. By order
W. M. F. GLAFKE. JR.. Sec.
ecutive meeting of the Council of Jewlrii
Women will be held Wednesday, November t,
at the Selllng-Hlrsch building, at 1:45, and tie
general meeting at 2:45. A full attendance s
urged. Business of Importance will be dli
cuseed. PORTLAND LODGE. NO. 118. I. O. O. P.
Regular meeting this (Monday) evening, at 8
o'clock, at the Ablngten building. Work n
first degree Visitors welcome. A full attenl
nnce desired. W. A. CLARK. Secretary.
, ,
LEE Rev. W. B. Lee. D. D.. at Spokanj.
Wash., November 3. 1001. Funeral notlie
HUDDLHSON At Good Samaritan Hosplta.
Portland. Or., John Taylor Huddleson, agel
01 years. Funeral from Flnley, Kimball
Co.'s undertaking parlors. 3d and Jeftersor,
Tuesday next at 10 A. M.
EDWAUn HOLMAN. Vndertskrr. 4tJ
nnil YnxuMll "t. Rrna Stlnxnn, latl
nnslntnrtt. Both phone No. Q07.
Flnley. Kimball A Co.. Undertaker).
Lady nxsljitnnt. H7? Third nt. Tel. !).
"Webfoot" Flour.
Always even in quality, pure white in colot
and unexcelled in the fine light bread produced
from It.
Special Sale of a Fine Upright
Piano at 10 o'clock tomorrow,
Tuesday, November 5, at 4U
Washington street.
This is a fine Instrument and
worthy of the attention of buyer.
Sale Tuesday, at lO A. 31.
S. Iv, N, GILMAN, Auctioneer,