Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, November 04, 1901, Page 4, Image 4

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

to vgomo
Entered at the Postofflce at Portland. Oregon,
i as second-class matter.
Br Mall tpotftge prepaid). Ih Advance .
Ial!r. with Subbbv, per moiUk.........$. ;89
Daly, Sunday excepted, per year 7 XJO
Dally. wrh Sunday, per year . W
Sunday, per year ........... ....... .... 2 oo
Th Weridr, per year 0
The "Weekly. 3 month
To City Subscribers .
Dally, per week, dell ered, Sundays eceptca.ije
Dilly. per week, delivered. 8undayB lecluded.20a
United States. Canada and Mexico:
10 t 14-page paper ....... ,.,... lc
14 to 2S-page paper ....... -'3
F ereign rate double.
Kews or discussion Intended for publication
la The Oregonlaa should be addressed Invaria
bly "Editor The Oreconlan." not to the Baton
oT aay individual. Letters relating to advertl
lag. sufeaoriptiena or to any business matter
should be addressed simply "The Oregonlaa."
Sastera Business Otflce 43. 44. 45. 47. 48, 40
Tribune building. New York City; 400 "The
Rookery." Caleagoj the 8 C Beekwltb cpectal
agtney, Eastern representative.
for sale In San Francisco by I. E. Lee, Pal
ace Hotel news stand; Goldsmith Bros., 230
Sutter street: F. W. Pitts. 1008 Market street;
X. K. Cooper Co., 748 Market street, near tho
Palace Hotel: Foster & Orear, Ferry news
For a!e In Los Angeles by S. F. Gardner.
350 So Spring street, and Oliver ft Haines, 10ft
Bo Spring street
For sale In Chicago by the P O. News Co.,
217 Dearborn street
For sale In Omaha by Barfcalow Bros., 1012
Facaam street
For sal la Salt Lake by .the. Salt.Lake Kewa
Co., 77 W. Second South street , ,
For sale In Ogden by W. C. Kind. 04 Twen-ly-flfta
street and by C Hi .Myers.
Oh Jlie at Buffalo, N". T., la the Oregon ex
hibit at the exposition.
For sale in Washington, D. C, by the Ebbett
House sews stand.
For sale in Denver, Colo., by Hamilton A
Xendriek. 1)60-912 Seventh street.
His life had been an-exceedingly aotlvn
One mentally fofrrnany""yjears? ptfjjslcal
.fySit 'Tiad .been lnacUveV as ehoWiS1 by
the autopsy, to a degree that Invited
degeneration oC the muscles and tissues
of the vital organs. This meant an ex
haustion of vitality ahd forbade the
probability, eveb Under the most favor
able circumstances, that he would have
lived to be very old. -
The facta thus developed should be a
warning to men who are approaching
middle life of the danger that waits
upon bodily inactivity combined with
great responsibility and mental strain.
Throughout all the realm of nature ao
tlon Is life, inaction death. Gladstone
attributed his great length of years and
the perfect health with whioh he was
blessed up to almost the very last to
the physical exercise that wag part of
his daily routine through all of his
active and anxious years in politics.
President McKlnley's wound might
under the best vital conditions have
nroved mortal, butahe nuzzled nhvSi-
j clans still regard with wonder -and ilnd
inexplicable, except upon the hypothe
sis that the patleni Was too old for his
years, the fact that Nature niade not
the slightest effort to repair, the dam
age done by the assassin's bullet, but
simply let the forces of decay possess
unchallenged the Injured tissues.
TOD ATS "WEATHER Showers; southerly
perature, SS; minimum temperature, 42; total
preclplt&Uon, 6 P. M. to S F. ZL, none.
lieast possible legal Interference with
the course of industry and of commerce,
least possible obstruction by law, is the
policy suggested by" reason and ap
proved by experience.
Every Interference by .government is
4n one way or another an obstruction,
even when the avowed object is to aid
Industry and commerce; because such
undertaking disturbs the course of
things in natural movement, and, while
at may give advantage in certain direc
tions, it will interpose checks upon the
natural movement in others. The freest
possible -movement, on lines naturally
offered ,& production and exchange, is
the sound principle. It is not a sound
prinoiple to use the power of the gov
ernment to force one Industry or set
of industries to carry others or to es
tablish others. All the "protection" that
one sort gets another sort must pay
It is inevitable that the United States
should move in the direotion of freer
trade. Development within, and ad
vancement into the outer world, are
making thl9 course a necessity. Hence
the call for "reciprocity"; which, how
ever, is only -a first step. It is a sign
of unrest, Indeed, rather than a step;
for even the proposal to tak it pre
cipitates an acute conflict between pro
tected and unprotected Interests, and
the question is asked whether cruder
products and the materials of manu
facture from foreign countries are to
be let in free of duty, while finished
goods are still to have the favor of a
protective tariff. Thus, reciprocity, so
called, brings up that old burning ques
tion of our tariff debates..
What commodities, then, shall be
made the subjects cf reciprocity? On
this point there is no possibility of
agreement. Different sections of the
country have different interests, but so
long as protection shall be maintained
-as a principle or policy there will be
powerful protests against even partiar
infringements through reciprocity
The oltadel of the protectionist posl
tibn of the "West, and especially of the
'Pacific States, is wool; but a strong
outwork is fruit Large numbers of
our people feel that these interests
ust be "taken care of," and for this
Jreasoa they will support a general pro
'tectlve policy to a far greater extent
than they would be Inclined otherwise
to do. The sheep and wool Interest is
of high importance in our arid and
mountain regions, whore there lg little
else; and the vastness and variety of-
our fruit production, and the still great
er possibilities of it, up and -down Our
Coast States from British Columbia to
Mexico, bring this Interest into a po
1 sltlon of the first rank in the demand
'for protection. "We have to reckon with
this condition. "We cannot escape It
Few persons concerned with these mat
ters stop to think that the whole sub
3ect Is larger than the circle of their
(immediate Interests, and to preserve
their own they will vote to uphold a
system which they well know runs into
many and large abuses.
But the policy of protection will ulti
mately strangle itself. The domestio
market will not, suffice;, the foreign
market must be entered, and yet we
Shall not be able to get the benefits
of the foreign market without 'free, or
freer, exchange. "We cannot continue
to sell commodities abroad, in
jlarge quantities, unless we consent to
Itake commodities from abroad in re
Her in the Pacific States we want
.trade with Asia, but we cannot have
tit oa an extensive scale unless we take
Asiatic commodities; nor can we build
up a trade with the Philippine Islands,
or even keep the Philippine Islands, un
less we allow the introduction of their
produots Into the United States on
terms free, or substantially free.
How long It will be till these prin
ciples shall be demonstrated and ad
cepted it is useless to predict But
there is Increasing pressure that way.
Besistance to these principles will, how
ever, be very stubborn. Men never
willingly give tip a system through
which they suppose, however errone
ously, that they have an advantage.
There" has been a remarkable decline
In ocean freights out of Atlantic Coast
ports within the past three months.
Shippers are securing all of the space
they need on outgoing steamers 'at
rates whioh are in some cases but one
fourth th.e figures demanded a year
ago. Some owners are keeping their
steamers moving at ballast rates in
preference to laying them up while
others have their fleets tied up wait
ing for an Improvement This decline
In freights is less marked in the Pa
Cific Coast trade than in the Atlantic,
although lis effect has been felt here
In a decline of about 5 cents per bushel
on wheat freights to Europe. That the
deollnehere has not been greater Is
in part due to the fact that steamers,
which are the great freight-regulators
of the world's ocean commerce, do not
cut as much of a figure on the Pacific
as they do elsewhere in the world on
shorter routes and more convenient
coaling stations than are found on the
run from Pacific Coast ports to Europe.
A decided shortage In the corn and
oats orop through the Middle "West and
Southwest has been the greatest factor
in weakening freights on the Atlantic
Coast, and a record-breaking grain yield
on the Pacific Coast has assisted in pre
venting a sympathetic slump in freights
going to greater extremes than have
been reached here. Summarized, the
present depression In freights Is due
to a heavy increase in the supply of
tonnage and a heavy decrease In the
demand for that tonnage. One year
ago shippers were bidding fiercely for
tonnage. Today conditions are reversed
and the shipowners are bidding for car
goes. The remarkable increase In the
world's supply of tonnage could have
no other effect than that which Is now
noted. Crop failures and periods of de
pression in certain localities are aa old
as history, and the ocean-carrying trade
feels the depression on land almost
as keenly as it is felt by the indus
tries on shore. Shipowners who have
added too much to their fleets may go
to the wall or emerge from the present
era of bad business in a crippled condi
tion. The advocates of the shlrtplng sub
sidy will undoubtedly attemptito turn
the present Unprofitable shipping sea
son to advantage as an argument show
ing the impossibility of urisubsidized
Americans competing for business on
the high seas, when even the foreign
ers cannot make it pay." A careful
study of the case, however, would in
dicate that it will not be of much as
sistance in getting shlp-subsldy legis
lation through Congress. Last year.
When freights werebooming' all over
the world, the stock Argument of the
subsidy advqeates wris that the bill
would result In reducing ocean-carrying
charges considerably, thus benefiting
the 'American producers. This argu
ment -was shallow, of course, and was
Shown to be -entirely at variance with
the facta Poor, old bounty-ridden
France, paying a more liberal subsidy
than" was ever paid shipping- by any
other nation on earth, was paying so
much more for exporting her own prod
ucts in French vessels than was de
manded by other shipowners that she
was obliged to send goods surrepti
tiously over to English and German
ports for reshlpmcnt to foreign coun
tries on. alien Vessels.
Now, the American producer is get
ting a lower freight rate than was ever
promised Him by tha most ardent sub
sidy advocate, and he is gettlngUt at
will neither Jake South America not
let 'anybody lse take M. She does not
attempt to colonize It with her own
people. She hSS no trade with it to
speak of. She admits no responsibility
for the outrages and disorders of the
pseudo republics which compose South
America. Nevertheless, the United
States insists that European holdings
in "South America shall neither be ex
tended nor transferred; that 'immi
grants who settle on its soli must leave
their flag behind them; that In- event
of trouble between a European govern
ment and a South American state, sat
isfaction must never be sought in the
seizure and retention of South Ameri
can territory.
Mr. Brooks does hot believe that Con
tinental Europe will He passive Under
this edict 'of the MOhrOe Doctrine for
another fifty years. He thinks it Is
but a part of the inevitable evolution
of things that Europe should some day
hurst upon South America. This is
the view of an Englishman who be
lieves that, were the questiqn to be
raised, it would be found that England
and the United. States are really at one
In desiring io preserve South "America
from European encroachments.
Mr. Brooks makes a plausible and
very interesting aVgUment, but It Is
highly improbable, that .Continental
Europe will ever be able as a unit to
undertake to force the barrier of the
Monroe Doctrine With the- sWortL If
the South American republics were a,
unit In resistance, they could, backed
by the United States and England, eas
ily repulse invasion, conquest, partition
and occupation- Europe Would soon
find the game not worth the caftdle.
But Continental Europe has never been
a unit for anything of consequence Blnce
the fall of Napoleon, and is "nqt Jikely
to be. AS between South America 'And
the partition of China, the CetestFatEnl
pire Is a less difficult nut to crak". The
United States might not fight 'to save
China, but she would fight to preserve
South America inviolate from European
invasion and appropriation. The range
of the MOhroe Doctrine Includes not
only South America, but Central Amer
ica and Mexico as well.
cess, where the least mistake may -mean
the rUlrt of a grand enterprise" "What ;
Is this "grand enterprise"? The Chinese-are
brave enough, and th'ey d6
great things, if they had leadership and
Mr. Chamberlain's statement ih his
recent speech, "that the British, in their
conduct of the war in South Africa,
have done nothing that compares in
severity with the horrors of war as
exhibited during the tlerman-Francfa
struggle of JftO-71, Is correct The Brit
ish troops in South Afrita have done
nothlhg that excels in severity the
action of the Union troops under the
orders Of Grhnt, Sherman and Sheridan.
Sheridan, under brders from Grant,
swept the Shenandoah "Valley com
pletely clean of all possible 'supplies
for the enemy, burning burns, mills,
haystacks, grain, manufactories and
farmsteads whenever they were found
t6 be places of refuge for spies or guer
rillas. Sherrnan was equally merciless
in his "march to the 6ea" and through
the Carolinas. General Atkins, who
commanded a brigade of cavalry under
General Kllpatrlck, says that "his route
wafj marked by chimney-stacks without
houses, and theniountry desolate," and
claims for the cayalrrthe burning of
three villages, and, besides, the destruc
tion of plantatlonhouses. The Ger
mans acted. With more severity than we
did, because they received deeper provo
catlcn for some of the German soldiers
were murdered by villagers, and dur-j
lng- the fight At Bazellles the inhab
itants fired from the houses, treated the
German wouhded with cruelty, and the
JUstly enraged Germans burned the vil
lage. England's conduct of the Boer
"War has been most humane under what
at times -has been severe provocation.
the expense of the shipowners of the
world, and not from the American
Treasury or the American taxpayers.
There is at present more tonnage afloat
than is needed, and rates will remain
low, and the producers profit accord
ingly, until Increased business and pro
duction makes a demand for this toh1
nage. The millionaire American ship
owners are not profiting by the de
pression in freights, but the producers
are, and at present there are more pro1
ducers than millionaire shipowners, arid
they are satisfied with the opportunity
xiow presented to get their products to
market by the cheapest methods.
The danger of early physical degen
eration, known in common phrase as
"getting old before their time," as the
result of a too sedentary life, was
strikingly illustrated by the autopsy
tf the late President McKlnloy, Dis
tinct fatty degeneration of the muscle
fibei of the heart was found. Fat had
to a certain extent replaced the muscu
lar substance, to the serious detriment
of the heart's power. Another marked
feature was the presence of brown pig
ment In the muscle fibers. "Brown
atrophy of the heart" as it is called,
is a well-known characteristic of senile
change. Though President McKlnley
was but 58 years old. the conditions
noted were those of a much older man. 1 Europe protests th&t the United States
Sydney Brooks, an Englishman who
knows Americans thoroughly and
understands the politics Of Continental
Europe, has an admirable article In the
November number of the Atlantic
Monthly, whose argument Is that the
United States will sooner or later wit
ness an effort on the part of Russia,
Germany ahd France to absorb SoutB
America. Continental Europe has "been
foiled in its purpose to obtain by con
quest exclusive, markets In China by
the Amorlcan determination to preserve
China to the Chinese, or at least to r
slst any scheme of partition which'
threatens to put American traders at
disadvantage. Europe has nothing to
show for tho years work In China but
the promise o'f an Indemnity, which may
not bear fruit Disappointed In Chinai
foiled by the .United States, Continental
Europe Is iufnlng a "hungry eye upon
South America, a Va'st domain, thlnljj
populated, inhabited by Caucasians, Its
Interior easily accessible by water, Its
soil fertile, its enormous mineral Wealth
barely scratched on the surface .from"
lack of scientific exploration and de
velopment. If South America were as defenseless
as Africa, her territory would long ago
have been divided among the powers
of Europe, but the United States, with
the Monroe Doctrine, stands In the path
qf the ambition and appetite of Europe,
The current number of the Atlantic
Monthly contains a candid and search
ing discussion of "Modern Murder
Trials and the Newspapers," by -Charles
E. Grlnnell. It is Mr, Grlnnell's opin
ion that the space given to voluminous
reports of sensational criminal cases Is
decreasing. Ih Other words, the news
paper does not longer look upon a mur
der trial as worthy of large-lettered ex
ploitation because crime and all'lte
scandalous details and hideous motives
is the theme, but determines each case
upon Its merits as to Its real Impor
tance and genuine interest The rule
still is to give much publtoity to such
events, and there Is no way clear to Its
avoidance; nor 'is there any sound rea
son to declare that it should be avoided.
Says the writer:
The general answer to the question, 'What is
the use of such publicity? la that must o It Is
of no use, and does hajm, but that much of It
Is of use een when It dots harm, because most
persons need to be matched la some things,
and the evils of the watching have to be en
dured for the sake of the good. AVe cannot
have public courts ot Justice and a free presa,
and the prompt reperln that help Ua to save
ourselcs and our friends from dangerous, per
sons, without occasional sad libels and tragic
Injustice. Thfey are the costly price oT a knowl
edge of even a little of thfe actual wickedness
that dally aeelW to destroy olvllllatlcn, aa ag
ony and death are the price ot electric con
veniences that make a ehort life fuller.
That Is to Say, innocent persons are
sometimes suspected, arrested, tried
and acquitted, and there is no repara
tion for the terrible wrong dene by the
law itself in its honest and necessary
A related subject is newspaper reports
of public executions of condemned men.
The aggravating" Indecencies committed
by some journals In flaunting before
their readers, with the familiar ac
companiments of yellowism, all the
grewsome particulars of the judicial
manslaughter are equaled only by the
equivalent offense of an occasional
newspaper which pretends that It will
not print the Story at all. This is jour
nalistic Pharisaism, as well as mawkish
amateurism. In a neighboring city last
week a newspaper used large types on
Its first page to announce that it would
furnish only the bare announcement of
the assassin Czolgoss death, and
would print no picture of him at all.
This was holier-than-thou yellowism
run to seed or, rather, directed into a
novel channel The bulletin-board style
of announcing Its own singular virtues
was followed by a full apcount of the
assassin's last hours on earth; and the
narrative was carried in all Its fullness
up to the Very mornlhg almost the
very hour and minute of the electrocu
tion. The readers of that amusing jour
nal are still up in a balloon In a state
of continued-ln-our-next suspense. The
terrible story of Czolgosx began on that
fateful day In Buffalo, and we did not
observe that this particular journal
spared Its readers any of the appalling
details of the assassination and ensu
ing scenes. From its own desire far
cheap notoriety it refused to give the
last chapter. The Sober account Sent
out from Auburn by the Associated
Press to its clients was printed in every
important newspaper In the United
States except those which had their
own specials and it has probably not
occurred to 'the public that..these jour
nals have done aught but their full
Quty td it and to themselves.
Years and years ago, while abolition
of slavery 'was s;lll disputed, our ears
were assailed every day with the sound
of the fearful words "miscegenation"
and 'amalgamation." To most ears of
this day they have become obsolete.
But now these words are isdUhdlng
again, or resounding, just because
President Roosevelt asked a "rJgger"
whom the Democrats-' of Alabama had
sent to seek for offices for them, to
stay to dinner. But our- daughters
haven't ''married nlggers,r because slav
ery was abollBHed, nor will they marry
niggers because the President has
broken bread with a nigger from Ala
bama, who happens to be the ablest
and. most distinguished citizen of that
State, at the present time.
By the recent legislation in France,
leveled at certain religious order's, no
less than i6.'46S associations were af-
'feoted. Of this number, only,, 6141 have
applied for authorization to remain on
French sqil, by compllahcewlth cer
tain requirements bt the government.
This leaves 11,327 which decline the
terms and will have to "go." These
proceedings, it is regarded as certain,
will array a very heavy Influence
against the government In the next
elections. But Frenchmen are so ac
customed to extreme and violent
courses that a proceeding whiqh would
Upset the politics of any other nation
may have little effect In France.
There are queer politics in San Fran
cisco. Ons Republican newspaper,
which is not supporting the Republi
can mayoralty candidate, declares that
the fight is between the Democratic and
Socialist nominees. Ahoiher Republi
can paper, which maintains Its party
regularity, says it la between the Re
publican and Socialist nominees. . A
third Republican journal seems to have
no Very dlear opinion except that It
wants to defeat 'the Republican ticket.
Tho Democratio morning paper appefir3
to be trying to defeat Its party nomi
nee and elect the Socialist It looks as
If the voters will have to settle the ques
tion themselves.
The Lewis and Clark Centennial will
be celebrated There will be an expo
sition At Portland. It will be ah at
tractive and creditable, yet moderate,
thfng. "We shall keep within our means
and run to no excess. As the first
movement, citizens cf Portland must
subscribe $300,000. Mr. Corbett has
started it generously. It Is his work
that has made the undertaking possible.
Before the beginning of the new year
this sum should all be subscribed.
"Washington Times.
The recent assassination of President
McKlnley has uncovered an alarming de
fect in the 'Federal staniUs regarding &-'
saults on 'the President of the United
States. In several parts of the country,
if he had even been severely wounded
'and had recovered, his assallafft could
not even have been punished
To correct jthls anomalous condition
Congress will be asked at Its next session
to pass a bill which has been drafted
by tho Commission far Codifying the
Federal Statute. It is framed fts a
paragraph of the Federal Criminal code,
whleh h&3 how been completed and sub
mitted in the form bt a report to the
Department of Justice.
This new section will mak6kvarious
crimes punishable wheh committed la
forts,, arsenals, etc., owned by the Gov
ernment, ort sites of Postofflces, Custom
KouSG8 and other Federal buildings, and
within tho shore line on the Great Lakes,
and aboard American vessels wherever
thoy may bo.
In order to secure a larger measure or
security for the Chief Magistrate the
commission has drafted a separate bill,
making it a felony punishable with a
?5000 nne to threaten the life or person
of the President, and a capital crime to
assault his person. In both Instances
thife attack must Tjo on account of the
d6ing or failure td do something con
nected with his duties as President
Much difficulty was experienced in deal
ing with the subject of a law t6 protect
tho President. In Order to bring the of
fense within tho Constitutional pale the
crime must be more than a crime
against the person. In the eye of tho
law at present the President Is not more
sacred against assault than the humblest
citizen. Moreover, the Constitution glVe3
the states power to punish crimes within
their Jurisdiction; and, in spite ot any
law which Congress may pass, a state
Will still have Jurisdiction to pUnish as
saults upon tho President In his private
capacity. If the motive of the crime is
in no way connected with his official
functions the Federal Government can
hot step In between the fetate and tho
The purpose Ot the new law Is to define
as crimes assaults which at directed
against the office bf the Chief Executive,
as distinguished from the occupant ( of
the office. Of such character have been
all the assassinations of our Presidehts.
In no instance was there any animosity
against the President personally. "Wilkes
Booth had none, Gulteau specifically dis
claimed any, and Czalgos has declared
from the beginning that he aimed at tho
onice and not the man.
No effort has been made to bring
such assault under tho head of treason,
that crime belng well-defined by the
Constitution. Moreover, the death penal
ty is Imposed regardless of whether the
President is killed or not Under the
milder section of tho proposed law, where
the penalty Is a mere fine, will come
written or spoken threatB against the
life or person of tho President, always,
providing that the incentive for tho
threat Is dissatisfaction with his official
acts or policies.
Another feature of the legislation which
Will be recommended to Congress for the
protection of the President Is a provision
for nunlshlnK accessories before the fact
As advisers 0f or assistant in, the crime,"
this Is calculated tb reach the anarchists.
Af teT the President has been assaulted, if
it can be shown that there -were asso
ciates who counseled the assault or
helped to perpetrate it, they will be held
to an equal responsibility with the direct
assailant -
The commission has practically given
over trying to frame written legislation
aimed directly at anarchism. Any move
In this line trenches so Upon, free speech
and is so liable to abuse that it is neces
sary to exercise great caution. In de
fining tho offenses to which the pro
posed law BhalT apply it is difficult to
draw the line between a really criminal
Intent and an honorable Intent aimed
merely at tho reversal of some existing
policies or the political overthrow of
some person or persons in office, With a
sincere view to the ultimate welfare of
the country.
The commission consists of Alexander
C. Botkln, David It. "Watson and William
D. BynUm. It has been at work for
several years, has finished k criminal
cofie. and is now at work bn tho civil
statutes. This task will require several
years more for Its completion. It Is ex
pected that Congress will give early at
tention to the proposed law for the pun
ishment Of assaults upon tho President
either in or out of its regular order.
The death of President McKlnley has
aroused a widespread popular demand
for Mich legislation, and, though there
will doubtless bo considerable argument
on its Constitutional phase, no serious
opposltiOh is hnticipa,led. The Attorney
General will undoubtedly make isonic rec
ommendation to the President, and this
will bo reflected in hifl message.
i - . AilOSEMENTS.
' t -
Guy Fw Seeley'a comedy, hunting, for
Ha-w&Ins' opened 'a week's engagement
at Cordray's fast night td a house that
filled tne theater as full as It would hold,
and judging from Its reception It was a
decided hit The comedy Is one of the
first seert at Cbrdrays in a good while
which has a really funny plot Tho Btory
as Unfolded by the author is mdro than
Usually aniuslng. and Is full ot sltuatlonfe
which give the members of the company
all the opportunity they need for provok
ing laughter. That they provoked plenty
of It last night- Is no lefts a tribute to
them than, to ihe play.
The adventures of one Hawkins, who is
roped in by nn artist friend to imperson
ate a poet, form the theme around whioh
has been woven all the oemplloatlons that
could welt bo crowded Into three acts.
The artist is In need of a relative of
distinction to give him Standing with his
prospective mother-in-law, and annexes
the poet fcr that purpose. As soon aa
he has his friend Hawkins installed in
his household in such character the real
poet turns up, and matters begin to get
mixed. An indigent dead boat whose
"graft" is pretending to be a disreputable
relative ofjeveryone -wth whom ho meets,
assists in involvlhg affairs, and the in
evitable love story two of them, in fact
are Interwoven, .
Tho company is headed by John L.
Kearney, who was last seen here in the
leading part of "A Stranger In New
York." He has air easy way of doing
things that euits the part, and was re
sponsible for no small ?hare ot the mer
riment. Alf Grant did an excellent piece
of work as Owen Touchem, the man
who could UBe five, ahd contributed a
monologue specialty which created con
siderable amusement' Donald Harold
made a good Lyman Ashley, and Dick
Singleton was sufficiently well pertrayed
by Frank C Young, who also threw In
a dance as an added attraction.
Miss Mamie Conway Was t'ery accept
able as Georglana Smith, an bid maid,
her work showing that she hus made her
self a thorough mlstress of her profes
sion. Her song with the canine accom
paniment was one or the hits of the even
ing. Mls3 Bertie Conway played Mrs.
Hawk!fts ns well as need be and Miss
Bessie DeVoie was Bertha Ashley, the
girl with whdtn Singleton, the artist. Is
in love. The remainder of the company
is adequate. The play is well mounted,
and has plenty of map and action. It
will be the attraction all the Week.
'Thep&thsOf gibry lead bdt to a court
of Inquiry. ,,
There seems ito- be troubofcfiome kind
in the Transvaal.
"Will anybody say why men who build
ships should have subsidies, or grants
Of motley from the Treasury? SUch
subsidies or grants Will all go to men
already rich; for Hone except rich men
have shipyards', or are lh the shipbuild
ing business. The farmer 6? the wage
worker will build no ships. Why should
they be taxed to Increase the wealth of
those who do build them, or may build
them if the Treasury can be tapped
for the money?
Befti Attraction Yet Appending at the
Hi Henry's Minstrels, which openod a
week's engagement at the Metropolitan
yesterday afternoon to a big house and
packed the theater to the doors last night.
Is by "long Odds the best attraction which
has been seen in that theater. The troupe
was enthusiastically received at both per
formances, and Without question deserved
Its reception.
Bath first part and olio have been im
proved Since "Mr. Henry's appearance
here lafet season. The first part Is. hand
somely staged, tho costumes are "bright
and new, and the programme Is unusual
ly well selected. Billy Clark, one of the
best ertd men who has been seen In Port
land, was the star of the occasion, elng
lng a number of songs in'his best style,
and springing an innovation In minstrelsy
by cracking Several new Jokes. James
Corrlgart, John Dove, Hilly Hall and Bob
Stevens are also present, and do their
share toward amusing the audience. The
vocal numbers which were best received
Were "The Game of Eyes," by Will
Moore, "Down Where the Cotton Blos
soms GroW," by George S. "Van, "I'd Still
Believe You True." by Will Coeley. and
"My Moonbeam Babe," by Harry Hern
ia enway.
The olio opens with a concert by Hi
Henry's band, which is the best min
strel band yet to come to Portland. J. A.
Probst follows with a series of imita
tions or birds, which are so well done that
he Is recalled again and again. Corrigan
attd Dove dO a specialty which they en
title, "Sweethearts," in which both do
Sbrno remarkably grateful dancing. The
best dancing of the evening, however, is
done by Viola Abt, a clever little girl who
comes as nearly examplifylng the poetry
of motion as it Ik possible Tor one to
do. Cook and Hall are the musical
comedians, and their number is good of
its kind. The programme concludes with
the Mbrrlseys, a man ahd woman, who
display some wonderful feats of strength.
The Barr brothers' acrobatic feAta arc
nothing short of mnrveloiK-. All Of their
tricks ere new, and few of them ever have
been equaled In Portlond.
The show moves rapidly. Is without a
single dull feature, and It pleased the house
at both performances from beginning to
end. It will be the attraction all the week,
with matinees Wednesday and Saturday.
The Germans are In China, evidently,
to stay. They are pushing their rall-xoad-bulldlng
vigorously in Shan Tung
Province. Sixty-two miles have been
completed from the port of Klao ChoU,
and by next Summer the line Is to be
opened to the extensive coal mines hear
Wleh Sien, in the central part of the
province. This road is then to be
pushed to Tsl Nan, the capital of the
province, situated near the Yellow
River, And Will then have an exten
sion of 200 miles Tfrom the coast into
the heart'of a great population. But
there are Indications that the Chinese
are preparing an effort to resist these
operations of foreigners in their coun
try. The China Dally News says that
orders haVe been issued from the Grand
Council r of the empire", throdgh the
Board of;vtfar, Commanding the mili
tary authorities in a.ll the provinces to
send td the court with all speed a de
tailed report of 'the exact number 1-of
battalions "under them, the troops be
longing to each, the: number, of modern
firearms of the latest patterns, field, nd
Siege artillery, guns bf position (quick
firing or otherwise), and machine guns
attached tcf each 'corpi available for
taking the field at ten, or at the most
fifteen, days notice. An especial in
junction. Is laid on the provisional 'au
thorities to tell tha striot truth about
the matter, because "upon the accu
raY of such, report will depend suc-
Thore is a difference In the estimates
of the results In Ohio tomorrow. The
Republicans claim the state by 40,000
to 75,000; the Democrats claim it by 25,
000 to 30,000. Even greater difference IS
presented as to the estimates for New
York City. Tammany claims 60,000 ma
jority, while Its opponents claim 100,000.
When ante-eiectlcm estimates are bo
widely variant, there is nothing in
The torrid quality of the New York
campaign may be judged from the
headlines over various articles in a
single issue of" the New York Times
"Mr. Jerome Answers Commissioner
Devery," "Edward M. Shepard's Rebuke
to Devery," "Croker and Devery Reply
to Charges," "Seth Low Replies to Cro
ker and Deyery," and go on, The pub
lic will reply to all of them Tuesday.
Because there still is resistance in
the Phlllppires, some of our people
Insist that We shall withdraw and quit
It was not by withdrawing and quit
ting that the English language 4s now
spoken all over the globe, and by not
less than 140,000,000 people.
According to-General Miles, the anll
jjahteen law has dohe much good. For
a' man Who might get to be President,
this may be so. Al any rater keepers o
diveg and saloons will quite agree with
the General.
If Schley 1iad lost dt Santiago it
would have been chlby defeat, not
any other's: .but since Schley w6n
whose victory was it? Maybe we shad'
know in a few days, once for all.
There Is far less cause or reason to
complain Of detentions of commerce
between Portland and Astoria than be
tween Astoria and the sea.
T'hefe 'may be softie consolation in
Buffalo that the fair loss was In money
only. 'THe Show otherwise was all right.
The WoolBrowcra' War on Shoddy.
New York World. -,
Our woolgrowlng farmers are going, tp
SBk Cortgress to pass a law to prevent the
sale of shoddy cloth as woolen. Their
National Livestock Association will con
sider a bill already prepared for this pur
pose when It meets In convention at Chi
cago on December 8 hertt. Under its pro
vlstohs dll goods offered for said as
Woolen would have to be tagged or la
beled so as to show exactly the percent
ages of wool and other fibers in tho same.
Legislation calculated to promote hon
esty in trade l3 commendable on general
principles, but the admixture of Shoddy
is bound to be large in American Wodlcn
goods so long ns tariff duties aVeragihg
48 per cent ate levied oh Imported clothing
wool."?, and 94 per cent on imported Wooleh
Clothing. These almost prohibitive duties
are a strong temptation to the American
woolen manufacturer to mix shoddy,
which Is cheap, with wool, which is dear.
The poor people In the United States wear
Shoddy clothing because this Is the only
Nation In the world that puts a tax on
Clark, ot the Orej?bnvt
Josh Wink, lh Baltimore American.
(Captain Clark, ttfho commanded thq Oregon
dih-inK ita remarkable dish around Cape Horn
and at the naval battle -of Santlatra. 1& like
Admiral Schley, one ot the few heroes ot the
Spanish-American "War who has not brought
himself betote the public by talking or wrltlnfc
of his record.) ,
jfow, here's to Clftvk. Who made his mark.
And neVer said s. wordj
Who did his died and wrote no fcsreed,
But alienee dep preferred. f
A health 16 him that fighter grim;
Who met the wily Don, u
And made his strike mot workmanlike
Clark, of the Oregon! j
Front feea to sea alone called he, -
AVlth ever-ready gurtaj
Trent where the tide Is halt-world wldef
to where thg loe floe runs;
through torching heat to know and sloet,
Full speed both night and morn, t
His good ship hurled half round the world.
From. 'Frisco by Cape Hqrn. ,t
2a6k to the line, swift through tBe.bflrie,
"With neither1 swerve not sheer; ' x.
Hs met the rtcctup to tho cleat
The alexia! flew: "We're here!"
All clear and clean, his war machine
"Wan trim from Bte.n to bow
"If thWe a fight by d&y or night, t
"We're ready for it now!"
Then came the rade, the thrllilng chaVa'
through smoVe and spume and f6am,
And eadh shell's- clang In' rhythm Sang: " "
'M Captain sends me home!"
Thert back again with cheering men,
"When battle smoke grew dim,
Ye"l not a word front Clark was' heard
His turrets talked for him.
Soi here's to Clark, who made his mark!
Ccd send us more, we pray, , ,
Who do their deed, yet wrlte no screed.
And have no sptech to say, . ( -
"Who, never talk arid never balk,
But fight at dark or dawn.
May h$ Have health and joy and wealth
Clark, of the Ortgonl
"Theodora'' nt the jlnrq. Tonlsht.
Tonight, at the Marquam Theater, Min
nie Tittell Brune. an actress who has
many irionds and admirers In Portland,
will" present her bcenic production of
"Theodora," in Which she makes her
initial anDearancc as a star. She will-
have with her Clarence M. Brune as co
star, and a large company. Mrs. Brune
has in a short time risen rapidly In her
profession, and has roached a high place
aa a legitimate actress. "Theodora,"
which has never been in Portland, Is
one of the greatest plays in which Mad
ame Bernhardt has appeared ami lanks
among tho foremost works of tho most
famous living playwright. The produc
tion is said to be one of unusual sumptu
ousness, tho sqenery having been special
ly painted, and the costumes designed for
jt. The engagement will be for threo
"Jens of the Bar Z IUmoh."
Tho sale of seats for Misa Alice Arch
er, .as "Je?B, of tho Bar Z Ranch." will
open tomorrow (Tuesday) morning at the
Marquam-Qrand ThCator. Thursday, Fri
day and Saturday nights of this Weak
are the evenings Miss Archer, In the
above play, will the attraction at the
Marquam. "Jes?, of the Bar Z Ranch,"
contains all tho eloments of the success
ful modern romantic drama, the piece Is
tinged with local color, new to the
American stage, and is said to bo as
attractive ih Its humor as It Is effective
in the stronger and more serious scenes.
Tho production is said to be an elab
orate one; the scenic Investiture Included
four very heavy scenes from the studio
of Arthur Voegtlln, painted from de
signs and photographs furnished by the
author In Mexico. Tho cast includes
nearly All the artiste of the original prb-ductlon.
Scion-Thompson Change IIIm Tianic.
Ernest Seton-Thompson, the writer ot
animal stories, has had his name changed
by the courts. Irt law Ernest Seton
Thompson has become Ernest Thompson
Seton. The court's decree carried the
change to Mrs. Ernest Seton-Thompson
that was, and 3trs. Ernest Thompson Se
ton that is. It happens that Thompoh was
no part of Mr. Seton's name, Among his
ancestors' were two ftohlc Scotch families,
the Sctons and the Camerotts. Both were
leaders 1n tho rebellion of 1715. The re
bellion failed, and to save'the only assets
thoy had left their lives they fled from
-Scotland. The author's several times
greai-grandfathbr later returned to Eng
land, arid as there was" a price on His
head he assumed the name moBt common
in the country, Thompson. Mrs. Seton
Was seen at hor home, 80 West Thirtieth
street. New York. She said that the name
"Thompson" grated on Mr. Seton's nervea
' 4
Footpads are about tha only classo la
borers who do not object to night work.
It is almost as hard to fortify the Nica
ragua Canal as if there wore a Nicaragua
If Wu Ting Fang is recalled, to whom
shall Congress and tfee President turn fbr
Why remove the shadb tries They
will all leave of their" own accord next
Peace again brood3 over Kentucky.
There must be another ammunition famine
down that Way.
Will the Southern papers object to
President Roosevelt's oatlng dark meat
on Thanksgiving day?
The California party who rode 40 miles
in all esoaped balloon probably cannot see
much fun in a high time. w
Only a few hundred dollars worth of
property was destroyed on Halloween,
Have boys ceased to be boys?
Kitchener got another drubbing the
other day. It Is surmised that a kopje
was at the bottom of the trouble.
The pallbearers union Intends to see
the undertakers keep coffin up. They will
demand a stiff price for their services,
Oregon continues to tear off a first prise
at Buffalo now and then, just to show
the other states that the is on the map.
Den't call them melancholy days,
, The soen will be full merry.
For with the snows of Winter eomes
Thc gladnome Tem and Jerry.
In the case of the Woman who went
over Niagara in a barrel the foolkllltr
will have no difficulty in establishing an
Perhaps the President may deem It the
part of wisdom to commute Whatever
sentence may be Imposed on Admiral
It Is inferred from the testimony berore
the court of inquiry that Admiral Schley's
method of disposing of the Spanish fleet
was very effective.
A New YorKehUrch is going to open a
restaurant. If the prices are on the
churoh social scale It will make Delmon
Ico's loek like a penny wuphouae.
"It takes a lot of thinking to get up a
name for a new cigar," remarked the rep
resentative of a big cigar manufactory.
''The popularity of a cigar 1b influenced
more or less by the judicious selection of
a name. I've known some that didn't go
at all urlder one name to have quite a
large sale when put on the market as an
other brand. A good name for a cigar is
ohc that is 'phort and eatchy. It must
sound nice,, for a name that jars oa the
ear will hoedoo any cigar. We do a lot
of studying when we are about to intro
duce a new low-priced cigar to the public
At the factory a prize is usually offered
fer the best name, and thero Is much con
sideration given to the selection of the
Rama. The smoker won't stand for a
elumsy, unwieldy tlRe, and we have to
title judgment If we want to enjoy hia
A man who has studied these things
says of the Prince of Wales: "I see that
Edward VII intends doing the right thing
by hte son. The present King will last
only a few years at beat, and England
must mkke the most ot the mediocre heir
apparent. We are forced to admit that
George Frederick on his tour ot the col
onies has conducted htmaelf in a thor
oughly princely manner, and those ot u
who love old Mother England are satis
fied that he will get out of his kinks in
time and make a satisfactory figurehead.
The young man lias not a few titles, but
'Prince of Wales,' the inoet coveted ot
all, is not yet among thorn. England is
full of Dukes, but there can be only One
Prlnfco of Wales. That title is not In
herited, and has usually been bestowed by
patent and lnvtlture, though in a few
caees the heir to the throne has become
Prince of Wales simply by being so declared."
' A" crowd of duck shooters who lease
shooting privileges on Sauvle'fe Island
and pay about J6 per duck for all they
bring in are on the war path. When they
returned to their hunting grounds last
week thoy found the owner of the prop
erty waiting for thorn with anger in his
heart. He said that a fine fiteor, the pride
ef his herd, had received a bullet in his
great heart during a recent carnival of
duck shooting, and he anked pay for tlio
animal, which ho valued at something like
$100. He said he only leased the right to
shoot duclis; that he would be perfectly
willing to allow the hunters to Indulge
in the thrilling sport of steer shooting, but
the price must be in proportion.
The hunters eald they would look into
the matter. That afternoon, when they
had shot thoir ustUal half dofcen ducks,
thoy inquired from a farmer where the
steer In question might be found, artd
were directed to a spot near the lake over
which they shot. Repairing thither, they
gazed on the carcass, and discovered that
It had been bleaching there for about six
mottth3. Having been shooting only since
the flrat of September, they withheld pay
mont, and they are not altogether satis
fled that they are not the victims of a
put-up job.
Moral: It Is the city man who Is the
farmer when In the country.
Hnndsome, Handy and Valrmblc.
Seattle Trade Register.
The. Morning Oregonian has issued a
handbook Of Portland and tributary cbun
ty that Is certainly a handsome, handy
and valuable compilation of information,
well illustrated and well put together.
Mistress Now, remember, Bridget, the
Jon are coming for dinner tonight. Cook
Lrtjave It to me. raem. I'll do me orst! they'll
never trouble yez again! Harper' Bazar.
Mrs. Stalemate I had my fortune told br
Professor Ketchum jciterday, and. only think,
he tells me 1 shall live to be 00 years ot age.
Mrs'. Sharpe What, again Boston Transcript.
"My dear, ehe Is the most stupid person "
"Reall ? She has a pleasant face." "I knnw.
But she Is one of those people who tell th
truth aboUt their neighbors oen If It Is pleas
ant." Life.
Taught by Experience. Mamma If Mrs.
Smith gives you a piece of cake, be sure and
say "Thank lou." Freddie What good is
that' She never gives you any more. town
and Country.
YVors Looking Than He Felt. Baboony Me
boy, fott look as It you had jet atefiped out
of a ttahlofl-plate. Crlnkletoh That bo? I
knew 1 had rheumatism, but I dldl't suppose
I was aa srta as that! Harlem Life.
Parental Cruelty. Mr. 8nalf--My son, I want
to see If you can't climb to the top ot thH
grass-blade and back Inside ot two weeks.
Mrs. Soan (rnterposlngly) Hdsband, dear. I
think It's wroaz to hurry the child jo. Ohio
State Journal.
Aa Opporturi Moment. "Will you marry me
and preside over y household aa Queen?" be
asked. She wa.i Inallncd to laugh his proposal
to scorn. "You may never have suoh another
ohaoee," he continued, "for I know of a really
exeellent servant-girl who la abeut to lea ft her
present place, and whom 1 coufd engage at
once " Thereupon she fell upon his bosom.
, Philadelphia Press.