THE MOANING' OftEOONIANj 'fKIPAY 4.PKIL 26, 1901. to rgQomcra Entered at the Postofllce at Portland, Oregon; as second-class matter. TELEPHONES. Editorial Rooms... ..100 Business Office.. .007 REVISED SUBSCRIPTION" RATES. By Mall (postage prepaid). In Advance Dally, with Sunday, per month $ S3 Dally, Sunday excepted, per year......... 7 CO Dally, -with Sunday, per jear. 8 00 Sunday, per year . ................... 2 00 The "Weekly, per year ................... 1 50 The "Weekly. 3 months 60 To City Subscribers Dally, per -week, delivered, Sundays excepteo.152 Dally, per week, dell ered, Sundays lncluded.20c POSTAGE RATES. Vnlted States. Canada and Mexico: 10 to 30?page paper....... ........ ...........lc 10 to 32-page paper.................... 2c Foreign rates double. News or discussion Intended for publication In The Oregonlan should be addressed Invaria bly "Editor The Oregonlan," not to the name of any Individual. Letters relating to advertis ing, subscriptions or to any business matter should be addressed lmply The Oregonlan." The Oregonlan does not buy poems -or stories from Individuals, and cannot undertake to re turn any manuscripts sent to It without solici tation. No stamps should be inclosed for this purpose. Puget Sound Bureau Captain A. Thompson, offloe at UU Pacific avenue. Tacoma. Box 953, Tacoma Postofllce. Eastern Business Office 17. 48, 49 and 59 Tribune building. New York City; 409 "The Rookery," Chicago: the S. C. Beckwlth special agency. Eastern representative. For sale In San Francisco by J. K. Cooper, 740 Market street, near the Palace Hotel; Gold smith Bros., 230 Sutter street; F. W. Pitts. 3008 Market streot; Foster & Orear, Terry news stand. Tor sale in Los Angeles by B. F. Gardner. 239 So. Spring street, and Oliver & Haines, 100 6o Spring street. For sale In Chicago by the P. O. News Co., 217 Dearborn street. For sale in Omaha by H. a Shears, 103 N. Sixteenth street, and Barkalow Bros., 1012 Farnam street. For sale In Salt Lake by the Salt Lake News Co., 77 W Second South street. On file In "Washington, D, C., with A. TV. Dunn, COO 14th N. "VV. For eale In Denvor, Colo., by Hamilton & Kendrick, 900-912 Seventh street. TODAY'S WEATHER. Fair, with slowly rising temperature; northerly winds. PORTLAND, FRIDAY, APRIL 20. A STROXG POSITIOX. What Is to be the force and import ance of the United States Supreme Court's decision In the co-called Insular cases, becomes daily more problemati cal. Itls given out at "Washington that preparations are under -way for inaugurating- free trade wtlh Porto Rico, and that at some stage of the President's "Western trip a proclamation to that -effect will issue. This In Itself -would destroy any practical issue of the Porto Rico cases, and if the Supreme Court so desired, it could decide them in such a way as to leave the Philippines prob lem open to further adjudication. It is doubtful, therefore, h'ow necessary it is to pursue the points raised in Mr. Charles A. Gardiner's brief in support of the Government's position. Tet a de cision of some sort is to be expected, and it is hard to see how the court can fall to take cognizance of his con tention, which was not raised by the Government Itself, but which is too ger mane to be Ignored. Mr. Gardiner has favored us with a copy of his brief, and study of it shows that the imperfect summing- up brought by the dispatches affords small hint of its attractive and suggestive contents. The groundwork is laid, of course, in the broad principle that the Govern ment is a sovereign Nation, possessing enumerated and unenumerated powers of sovereignty not expressly denied a fact which Marshall's familiar decisions have made most clear. The idea was long- obscured by the fiction of state sovereignty and confederation, but events have brought it out at last very clearly. The next point is that terri torial acquisition and treatment make a political and not a judicial question, not, therefore, subject to the Jurisdic tion of the courts. Our recent acquisi tions, delimitation of boundaries and disposition and government of the islands and their Inhabitants are mat ters for Congress and the Executive. Mr. Gardiner undertakes to say how the various 'doctrines of the Constitu tion become operative. In its entirety it can only apply with statehood. The clause giving Congress power to govern territory takes effect immediately upon annexation; the prohibition clauses ap ply at once as restraint upon Congress, but are Incapable of extension; the treason clauses become operative "upon establishment of the relationship of al legiance; the Bill of Rights will apply so soon as Congress makes the islanders citizens or confers upon them the civil rights of the Constitution, while other clauses, such as the uniform tariff clause, Interstate and foreign commerce clauses, etc., ..become applicable upon incorporatlMYyBfjj Porto Rico and the Philippines as -integral parts of the "Chlted States, and not upon mere an nexation. These specifications incline to the ar bitrary and may "be fanciful, but in Mr. Gardiner's further contention that com plete annexation is as yet non-existent he makes up u case that will be hard to overthrow. The treaty of Paris says that "civil rights and political status of the native inhabitants ... shall be determined "by the Congress," which means, if it means anything, that those rights and status were not determined by the mere act or law of acquisition. The McEnery resolution, passed in con nection with the approval of the treaty, expressly repudiates an intention "to permanently .annex said islands as an integral part of the territory jaf the United States." This view of the pro visional stattts ;bf the dependencies and of the entire auth6rity of Congress la the matter-is 'supported by extended quotations from Senate debates, execu tive documents, petitions from Porto 1 Rico, and by the tariff act itself. Much light is thrown upon the well worn decisions relied on "by both sides of this controversy, by Mr, Gardiner's suggestive reasoning, and his view of the expansion panorama is crisp and suggestive: The Florida, Louisiana and Mexican cessions were annexed as Integral jiarts of the United States under -treaty oovenants for ultimate statehood, Alaska was annexed as -a. colony, without anyk jriadge as. to Jts future political or geographical status; the Guam Islands were annexed temporarily; Cuba-was annexed pro lslonally. the Falkland Islands were an nexed and then abandoned; and Samoa was formerlj held t byr us ,aa , tenant In common with England and Germany. ' The questions involved In the insular cases are puzzling, the precedents and decisions convey conflicting- impres sions. It is doubtful if there is a single clear principle so satisfying in the di rection of support of the Government, as the basic contention of Mr. Gardiner that the status of the dependencies is a political question for the political de partments and not a judicial question for the courts. We have never had serious doubt that the Supreme Court will sustain, though perhaps by a di vided vote, the actions of Congress and the Executive in our insular procedure. It is doubtful if the conviction that It should and must do so can find a more satisfactory explanation than his posi tion affords. 3IAXILA AXD MAXCHURIA. When the disposition of the Philip pines comes up for decision upon some other basis than scuttling- out of them under Tagal fire, a prime consideration is going to be the desirability of their possession as a fulcrum from which to press our demand, as an Asiatic power, for markets for our wares. We have no rival so dangerous to our free en trance in Asiatic ports as our good friend, Russia, whose tariff policies are if anything more exclusive than our own. The-fate of Manchuria, therefore, closely concerns us. The Manchurian Imports from the United States, under the heads of cotton textiles, flour and kerosene oil, amounted In 1899 to 6,474, 895 haikwan taels, or 31 per cent of all the foreign Imports. The only Russian Import was kerosene, and that to the value of only. 27,773 haikwan taels. All of these Imports passed through Niu Chwang-, and it is instructive to note the sudden transformation effected in our rapidly expanding- trade with that port by the troubles of last Summer. Consul Powler supplies the following comparative table of Imports into Niu Chwang, specified as American, for "the quarter ending- September 30, 1900, and the same period, of 1899: " 1899. 1000. Decrease. Pri"8 148.022 148.022 pieces Sheetings 300.005 620 30G.04C pieces Kerosene oil ..C58.000 25.000 033,000 gals. In the words of Consul Fowler, this Is. annihilation pure and simple, and yet Niu Chwang saw less fighting than Tien Tsin; and the only foreign power that interfered there was Russia. That government seized the port as early as August 4, and on the 12th had control of the custom-house. What Russian ascendency and tariff exclusion mean for us in Manchuria may be gathered from the effect of sim ilar policies by France In Madagascar. The foreign trade of Madagascar was nearly a third larger in 1900 than in 1S99, and the trade was so extremely one-sided that the Imports from France amounted to about two-thirds of the whole import and export trade, and were more than $2,000,000 greater than In 1899. This is an Island with which our commerce was a few years ago most promising. Cotton cloths constitute the chief wearing apparel of the people, and our export of-that commodity has been of growing importance for several years. Tools and other metal goods, in our exports of which we were almost monthly breaking our own records, are articles which Madagascar had no means of providing Itself with, and there was a fine trade In sight for us in these lines. But upon the French ac cession they proceeded to discriminate against our trade, and the record of our exports to the Island shows this result: ? $247,923 J?9 173.074 1698 C7517 19W 2S.480 Meanwhile, In 1900 the Imports from France amounted to nearly $7,000,000, an Increase of more than $2,000,000 over the year before. There is no sort of doubt that pre cisely such a course as this our trade with Manchuria will .follow, should Russia become supreme there, and should we have no effective means of protest at hand. That is an argument for retention of the Philippines, and It is cogently stated by Captain Mahan, who says: "We cannot count upon re spect for the territory of China unless we are ready to throw not only our moral influence, but, if necessity arise, our physical weight, into the conflict, to resist an expropriation, the result of which might be to exclude our com merce and neutralize our Influence." ai'LAURIX AXD MAHOXE. The notable address of Senator Mc Laurin, of South Carolina, before the Manufacturers' Club at Charlotte, N. C, is regarded as the beginnlng'of an other attempt to build up a white man's party at the South. President Grant tried to conciliate the Southern whites by appointing General Longstreet and other distinguished ex-Confederate Gen erals to responsible public offices at home and abroad. President Hayes ap pointed an ex-Confederate, General "Key, of Tennessee, Postmaster-General. General Mahone, a brilliant Confeder ate soldier, was taken up and supported by the Republican Administration of the day. All these attempts failed. Grant failed naturally enough, because It was absurd to expect to conciliate the South by nominating gallant Con federates to office so long as bayonet rule was virtually maintained over the ballot-box. The sending abroad of Orr, of South Carolina, and the honors paid to Longstreet, seemed like a very small plaster for a big wound, and Its only effect was to cover the ex-Confederates who accepted office with obloquy as renegade sons of the South who had be come Republicans for the sake of a mess of pottage. President Hayes failed in his attempt to conciliate the South, because it was Impossible for that section immediately to forget the bayonet rule which had so recently been removed. President Hayes de served to succeed, but the South was In too sullen a mood to accept the olive branch. Mahone was a gallant soldier, but he was an unscrupulous political adventurer. Had he been a man of as high a'character and as clean political methods as Longstreet, he might have succeeded, but he failed and deserved 3efeaL The question now Is whether the pres ent effort to break into the solidarity of the Southern whites will succeed under McLaurin, supported by the Influence of the Republican Administration.. Me Laurln belongs to the conservative wing of the old Democratic party, the blue blood planter class, which under Hampton and Butler so Idng ruled South Carolina, and was routed and re placed in power by the "poor white" party under Tillman. It is true that McLaurin says that he Is still a Demo crat, hut his late speech shows that he is Identified with the Republicans in all leading National issues. He Is a pro tectionist, ne favors the policy of ship subsidies; he is In complete harmony with the financial and monetary poli cies of the Republican party; he is in favor of territorial expansion and of the Philippine policy of the Administration. He says that the Civil War settled the question of Federal over state suprem acy; that the Spanish War settled the question of expansion. He is in com plete harmony with the . Republican party, and believes that there Is no rea son why the South should continue to place itself in the path of Us own prog ress. MeLaurln is in the prime of life; has a strong personal following, and his j friends . are sanguine that men who could not accept the doctrines of Bryan and free silver and likewise could not become. identified with the Republican party because of the negro feature will gladly seek the new McLaurin party as soon as It is formally organized. The chance of McLaurin's success would be flattering In any Northern state under kindred circumstances, but his danger of defeat lies in the fact that the people of South Carolina who sup port Tillman belong to the small farmer class, who turned down the conserva tive wing of the Democracy for reasons of class hate, which are not removed by the extinction of the "race question," or even by the question of free silver ceasing to be a burning issue. The men who follow Tillman are Populists; they always hated the old blue-blood planter class, and all their works, before the Civil War and after it. They hate the Republican party most cordially as an anti-Populist party, and they hate It with a sectional hate that Is not re moved by the extinction of the negro question, for the majority of the Till manites never were slaveholders. But these small Southern farmers formed the rank and file of the Confederate army, and they and their sons make up the rank and file of Tillman's party. McLaurin's appeals to economic Issues and his picture of industrial prosperity that awaits the South if she could only turn her back on the dead past and her face to the morning is apt to fall fiat upon these folk, however much it may charm the capitalistic or educated class. The small Southern farmers care little for money or industrial prosper ity where their prejudices and sectional pride are involved. In Tennessee and South Carolina the small farmer always says that he has no use for the Re publican, party. He doesn't want to see its money invested In the South; he has no use for Republicans from the North; still less for renegade Democrats be come Republicans at the South. Till man will appeal to this stubborn preju dice and sectional pride, and probably beat McLaurin In his effort to upset him with a new party In South Caro lina. OUR STEAMSHIP CRISIS. Portland's magnificent trans-Pacific steamer line starts in at a critical time. However permanent its service is in contemplation, It Is an experiment in fact, as all such ventures must be, de pendent upon the business it gains. Circumstances combine to make the outlook for business unusually dark. Three adverse conditions are the diffi culties in China, Japan's financial straits and the Australian crops. It will soon be a year since the Chinese out breaks occurred, and the dilatory action of the powers, together with the native disaffection aroused by punitive meas ures already Inflicted, Is slowly squeez ing the life out of our export trade. Complaint on this score is general, not only here, but throughout cotton circles in the Soufh and the Eastern States, where falling off In the Asiatic demand for manufactures is keenly felt. The protests that are going up from Euro pean and American traders ougtft to And some sort of response from the powers before long. To quarrel over indemnities while traders being done' to death with delay is bad business. Australia's wheat crop is very heavy, and its efficiency inre'duclng our mar ket in Asia Is materially enhanced by cheap tonnage. An Indirect effect of the California oil discoveries Is that ships expecting to bring coal profitably to California are without'a cargo and glad to make low rates on wheat to Asia, Japan's purchasing power is suspended while her finances "are unsettled, and now the sanitary quarantines against Hong Kong and the coast ports add to the blackness of the picture. In this situation It becomes more es sential than ever that the exporters and importers of Portland and of Ore gon generally should rally to the sup port of the home line. San Francisco and Puget Sound shippers:ontribute as little as possible to the support of Port land's lines, and we should be- equally loyal. Hitherto there may have been excuse at times of Inadequate facili ties, but this will no longer suffice. It will eventually be money in the pockets of Portland merchants to make this home line permanent by loyal support now. In standing by It we are only serving our own Interests. In the report of Lieutenant Joseph S. Herron, U. S, A., who recently ex plored a portion of Central Alaska, is noted the discovery of a great mountain 20,000 feet in height. The remarkable fact about this is that this high peak was never before seen by white men, and indicates something of the vast area of Alaska, Within the past five years thousands of persons have gone thither, but with few exceptions they have merely visited the more accessi ble regions and have not even cared to penetrate to the vas't interior. Th . ploratlon and development of the whole country, however, is now only a ques tion of time. That this development will give to the world mineral wealth compared with which the gold taken out of the Klondike and Nome is of small consequence cannot be doubted. The Idea of bare-handed mining, how ever, as indicated hy the great rush to Alaska In 1896 and again in 1900, has been pretty thoroughly worked out. The fact that nature here, as nowhere else on the American continent, opposes ob stacles to mining in the ordinary w"ay has been well proven. Ingenuity will find a way to develop the vast gold de posits of Alaska, but common prudence warns men who have neither experience nor capital to hold aloof from these icy gold fields, and seek In the more acces sible walks of Industry and enterprise opportunity (always to be found for the seeking) to do their part in the world's work. In the Independent, Representative Newlands, of Nevada, has an article on the "future" of his state. That future he thinks depends on Irrigation. He proposes reservoirs for storage of the waters that flow oufof the mountains and run away to the bitter lakes In the arid interior. The General Govern ment, he thinks, ought to construct these reservoirs. Possibly it may at some future time, but not until the lands of the country yet available shall have been more fully ocqupied and cul tivated. Mr. Newlands certainly deals In exaggeration when he says that Ne vada can be and sometime will be brought Into a state of cultivation that will enable it to support as great a pop ulation as that of Spain. We think the General Government some time will take up this- question of Irrigation of the arid regions, but It Is yet far off. There is a vast region, in many states, which may thus be reclaimed, includ ing .one-fourth of the area of Oregon. Occupation and exhaustion of soils else where will put a pressure upon develop ment of our food supply, and by the time our present population shall have been doubled there will be a demand for reclamation of arid lands as almost a necessity. But since It will be costly business, it will not be undertaken on any great scale till the need shall be more generally felt than now. In 1880 there were only 148 Japanese in this country; in 1890 they had in creased to 2029, and it Is known that the increase in the ten years just closed has been very great. Through the labor agitators, who brought about the orig inal Chinese exclusion acts, the Japan ese question is likely to come up at the next session of Congress, when the re enactment of the present Chinese exclu sion laws will be in order. The pres ent laws expire by limitation on May o, 1902, ten years from the date of their re-enactment. Since 1892 a new treaty with China has been concluded, which Is Interpreted as authorizing us to ex clude the Chinese, even if there were no further legislation, for a further period of ten years from December, 1894, and, unless one of the contracting parties gives notice of a desire for its termina tion, for still anpther ten years after that. China agrees in this treaty to all the conditions sought to be carried out by our exclusion laws, besides stipulat ing the "excepted classes." It Is prob able, however, that the present laws will be re-enacted, even though that action be of doubtful necessity. The body of Abraham Lincoln, or what remains of his corporeal frame after thirty-six years' consignment to the tomb, has Anally been borne to Its last resting-place. His wife, three sons and grandson share with him a granite tomb surmounted by the Imposing mon ument in the City of Springfield, which he left forty years ago to become 'Chief Magistrate of the Nation. Time and change have seldQm been more marked than in the display of the first commit ment of Lincoln's body to the tomb In 1865 and the lack pf ceremony in its final commitment a few days ago. Gen eral publicity was purposely avoided upon the latter occasion. The long sealed casket was not opened, according to expectation, for the purpose of Iden tification, but with solemn simplicity was borne from the temporary vault where it has rested since March of last year and deposited in the new sar cophagus and left to eternal silence. This is well. Abraham Lincoln lives in history. The body necessary to his achievement in life, of use no longer, may well return to silence and to dust. Queen Wilhelmlna is already con fronted by the necessity of paying her Prince Consort's debts. Being of thrifty Dutch stock and Imbued with the idea that a man should live within his means, the young Queen promptly re ferred all claimants for money to her husband, Insisting that he must meet his obligations out of his allowance. Brokers holding the royal paper, how eve proceeded to negotiate It on the Amsterdam Bourse, thus bringing the royal and Imperious wife to terms. Her Majesty's education was evidently neg lected at one point, otherwise she would have understood from the start that a Prince Consort is a luxury for which Queens must pay, even as American papas pay for the distinction of having Duke Consorts added to their families. Wilhelmlna, it is sajd, was very angry when the bills were presented. She should learn of Papa Zimmerman to take a situation of this kind philosoph ically, and even cheerfully. There are now In the United States fifty-two states and territories, not counting Porto Rico or the Philippines. In population New York ranks first, Pennsylvania second, Illinois third, Ohio fourth, Missouri fifth, Texas sixth and Massachusetts seventh. Virginia held the first place in 1790, Pennsyl vania standing second, North Carolina third and Massachusetts fourth. Till 1820 Virginia' held the first place, when she lost It to New York, which has maintained it ever since. Virginia now holds the seventeenth place. In 1830 Pennsylvania took the second place, and has since held It. North Carolina lost the third place in 1800. She now ranks as fifteenth. Ohio took the third place in 1840 and held It till 1890, when she yielded it to Illinois, and now stands fourth on the list. It is certain, however, that within a few decades at furthest Ohio will fall below Missouri and Texas, which now are fifth and sixth, respectively. We are told now that the five thou sand dollars voted for the 'kindergarten schools positively will not be turned over to the private parties who de mand the money, but that, If expended, it will be expended as other school moneys are, by authority of the Board of Directors, and under their supervis ion. This Is well. No precedent should be set for handing over portions of the school money to private persons. Be sides, such action would be as unlawful In itself as it would be dangerous as a precedent. The British lawgiver's in Parliament are again wrestling with the deceased wife's sister bill. And still the wonder grows ias to why the men so anxious for the law to sanction such marriages the women of England, It Is said, be ing violently opposed to the measure did not marry the greatly admired and much-desired "sister" in the first place. (It Is Interesting to note that, notwith standing the opposition of women, the bill has passed to its second reading in the Commons by a vote of 279 to 122. The wishes of the people of Portland will govern Superintendent Ormsby, of the forest reserve rangers, In the mat ter of cutting trails through the Bull Run reserve. This Is as It should be, since they alone are Interested in the protection of the source of their mag nificent water supply. Nature has guarded It very satisfactorily In the past, and will no doubt continue to do so if man does 'not Interfere to disar range her system. There is nothing more discreditable than, participation in- a "shlvaree" party. It Is astonishing that anybody should attempt to excuse the riotous vulgarity of such proceedings as that at Mount Tabor the other night. Per sons of decent instincts and good breed ing do not participate In the "shlvaree," THE RAPID GROWTH OF WEALTH Kansas City Star The wealth of the United States I? ac cumulating rapidly at the present time. One of the evidences of this Is the growth of deposits In the banks. There was a gain of $272,000,000, or about 11 per cent In the aggregate Individual deposits in the National banks of the country, in the past 12 months, according to the statement which the Controller of the Currency at "Washington made public on Saturday. The total now amounts to 2,754,000,000, which is by far the largest figure ever attained. The greater part of this increase repre sents actual surplus profits of trade and Industry. Of course, as prices of prop erty advance and credits expand, there is a corresponding growth in deposits, which does not always represent in creased wealth, but is sometimes merely an unhealthy marking up of values. But there Is so little speculation In the United States outside of Wall street, that the growth of bank deposits may be fairly considered as due to the large aggregate profits which merchants and producers are obtaining from their in dustry, and the element of unhealthful growth is small. There never was an era In which wealth made a more substantial growth than during the past two or three years. It has been a period of great prosperity, but 'through it all a spirit of conserv atism has run; a desire not to overdo the expansion of trade and production. Though the good times have generated some exaggerated Ideas of the values on the New York stock exchange, they have not led to any excesses of financing or trade among the people generally, or in any line of Industry, or investment outside of the stock exchange. The good prices that have been obtained for farm products and the full employ ment of labor everywhere In the country haye resulted in an aggregate consump tion of goods far beyond anything ever before experienced and the entire busi ness of the country Is in that healthy condition of evenly balanced supply and demand which insures good profits to the merchant, the manufacturer and the producer of raw material, without excess sive speculative returns on the-one hand, or undue risks of loss on the other. GIVE REAL ESTATE A SHOW. Conditions in Other Citlen Resemble Those in Portlimd. San Francisco Bulletin. Assessor Dodge sounded a popular note a few days ago when ne announced that the assessed value of real estate would not be Increased 5 per cent during the coming years. The mere fact, he argues, that a spasmodic advance in the sale price of realty in certain sections of the city has been enjoyed by a few is no rea son why the assessed value of real estate as a whole should pay additional tribute. Rather than add to the burden already imposed upon real estate, the assessor will direct his energies toward lessening It. It is a strange circumstance that during the 17 years from 1SS0 to 1898 inclusive, the increase in the assessed valuation of real estate has been about 125 per cent, whereas during the same period the increase in the assessed valuation of per sonal property has not exceeded 8 per cent. This In view of the well-known fact that personal property Increases at a faster ratio than real estate. Probably no State in the Union has suffered more than California in this respect. The stock and bond owner, the possessors of fran chises and the-holders of large amounts of money have evaded by suave argument and specious plea the share which each should and eventually will be compelled to contribute to the State revenues. In 1SS0 personal property constituted 26 per cent of the entire assessed value of prop erty in California, while In 1896 it was less than 15 per cent. For many years real estate In San Francisco has been as sessed on a higher basis of valuation than any other city property in the State, and fully as high as chat of country realty. And yet we have In this city the bulk of the bonds, stocks, franchises and other effects known as personal property owned 4n the State. The assessor's eyes have been opened to these facts, hence his determination to relieve the real estate so far as possible of the burden it has borne for so many years. The taxing of franchises last year which had previously escaped the Impo sition of a tax was but the beginning of a campaign, if it might oe so termed, against personal property In favor of real estate. Other states are endeavoring to master the same problem, and if it has In some Instances resulted In the loss of a corporation or two, eventually, when the system becomes universal, the cor porations will be compelled to "pay the piper" and thus contribute their just share of revenue to city and State. Taxation for Privnte Pnrpone. Chicago Tribune. The United States Court of Appeals at St. Louis has handed down a decision showing once more that the Federal courts will not countenance any attempt of a Legislature to use its power of taxation for the benefit of private Individuals. Some years ago the Kansas Legislature passed an act authorizing township gov ernments to issue bonds for the erection of sorghum sugar mills. Every company receiving the benefit of these bonds was required to set aside 10 cents from the purchase price of each ton of cane and pay it over to the treasurer of the town ship, to be applied upon the payment of the bonds. The act declared that all such mills were public institutions, but Its declaration did not make them such. A holder of some of these bonds sued for his Interest. He has lost his case and has been Informed by the Court of Ap peals that the bonds are void. The pro motion of manufacturing enterprises is a private and not a public purpose, and hence no state, county or township has a right to support such undertakings by levying public taxes. Th's dccis'on Is sim ilar to that rendered by the Supreme Court years ago in the Topeka case. The Federal courts have acted uniformly upon the principle thus laid down. If the levy ing of taxes for any private purpose should be sustained by a state court as not In violation of the State Constitution, the Federal courts will declare such levy ing to be illegal. A Legislature cannot make a private purpose a public one by declaring it such. The principle which has been reiterated in this last case Is a valuable safeguard to protect taxpayers from being levied upon In behalf of pro moters of special schemes for private profit at the public expense. Courts en forcing this principle wll hold void all state laws to pay bounties to beet-sugar manufacturers. Give Him a Clinnce to Rest. San Francisco Call. Our Northern neighbors in the ambi tious states of Oregon, Washington and Montana seem to realize this more fully than we have, and they put less stress on formalities and functions, less on the proud display of leading citizens, and more upon making an Impression by giving a chance to their natural scenery and resources. They will have an easier time, for there Is neither vanity nor vex ation of spirit In nature. She has no un certain code of etiquette and no disputes as to precedence and place, neither does she want an office, nor seek to Influence leglsclation. Therefore nature is such a restful person to meet on a trip like this. He Slionld Surrender. Chicago Journal. Of course It Is too late now to talk of a graceful surrender by the Boer leaders. That might have been done when Pretoria was occupied and the beginning of the end was In eight. But gracefully or un gracefully, General Dewet should lay down his arms. He has long ceased to be a hero. He will soon be placed In the category of brigands. The Boer war should be ended. AMUSEMENTS If the EmDress Josephine was the woman Blanche Walsh pictures her. It might easily have required mpre strength even than that of the great Napoleon to put her away. Miss Walsh was seen at the Marquam last night in her sumptuous scenle production of "More Than Queen." and much as she has made of the Sardou roles she has played here before, her portrayal of the willful, passionate Em press showed her to be a greater actress than her most ardent admirers believed her. There Is an earnestness, a fire about her acting that compels one to forget the player and admire the woman, to glory in her triumphs and lament 'when they fade. The pathetic story of the woman who Is more than queen a living, breathing and loving woman, who would willingly fling aside her crown for her husband, although told at times haltingly and at others verbosely by the playwright. Is still one of burning Interest, for It is Josephine one sees, and the Josephine of Blanche Walsh Is greater than the Jose phine of history. To few women on the stage is given the queenly presence and striking beauty wi..ch Miss Walsh causes to serve her so well In this, her greatest creation, and still fewer have the gift of making such rare attributes merely aids to her art. For, although with them she is better able to make the center of the stage that part of it on which she chooses to stand, without them she would still be the greatest Em press Josephine, for her acting Is that of the woman who has become for the time being the character she represents and vho means what she Is saying. The charm of Josephine cast Its spell when she nrst appeared in the garden of the Palais Royal, and the spell was not broken when the last curtain drew a kindly veil over the misery of the discarded Empress. Her pleading at the door behind which the wrathful Napoleon had concealed hlm seit on his home-coming from Egypt, her passionate counsel not to accept the crown which was already in his grasp, her calm draining of the cup they told her was poisoned, and her superb scene In the last act, when she seized the pen to sign the decree of divorce, are all things not to be forgotten. And the in numerable craces with which she clothed minor scenes, her fondling of the effigy of her1 lamented poodle, and her retorts to the sneers of Napoleon's sisters, for example, served only to make stronger by contrast the dramatic heights to which she so often rose. The support was adequate. The Napo leon of William Humphrey, although dis appointing in the early acts, improved with the progress of the play, and his work In the scene when for the first time he discusses the divorce with Josephine was excellent. Robert Lowe, as Lucien Bonaparte, made much of what small op portunities were accorded him. Ogden Stevens was a finished Talleyrand. Frank Sheridan was admirable as Roustan, and Henry L. Hall sufficient as Junot. Eliza beth Mahew and Helen Singer, as the sis ters of Napoleon, were excellent foils to Josephine, and the remainder of the cast, which Is unusually large, fulfilled Its des tiny, that of completing the details of the gorgeous stage pictures which follow one another In rapid succession. Scenically, the production surpasses anything which has been seen on the Mar quam stage. The scenery and furnishings are handsome In the extreme, no cost having been spared In any particular, while the costumes are calculated to take the breath of the feminine portion of the audience. Not only are the gowns of Jo sephine dazzling and brilliant, but those of every woman In the cast are on a like lavish scale, and the costumes of the men are In keeping. Such mounting adds much to the beauty of the play, and heightens the Impression of the splendor of the life poor Josephine Is forced to give up. The audience, which was one of the largest and most brilliant of the season, was very appreciative. Curtain calls fol lowed every act, and more than once the star was compelled to wait till the ap plause had run Its course before continu ing an interrupted speech. "More Than Queen" will be the bill for the rest of the week, with a matinee Sat urday. Owing to the length of the play. Manager Hellig announces that the cur tain will rise at S o'clock every evening. COMING ATTRACTIONS. HIIss Roberts' Repertoire. A great repertoire of plays will be given during the forthcoming engagement of that talented young actress. Miss Florence Roberts, and Belasco & Thrall's Alcazar Company, beginning next Sunday, April 28, at Cordray's Theater, for a two weeks' season. The plays to be presented are "Sapho." "Carmen," "Camille," "A Suit of Sable," a brilliant comedy by Charlotte Thompson, the well-known theatrical journalist, and "The Adventures of Nell Gwynne," a version new here, and played only by Miss Roberts, with the greatest success. All the plays will be staged with special scenery, richly costumed, and all attention to detail. "Sapho" will be, the opening play Sunday night, and will be given for five nights. "The Adventures of Nell Gwynne" will bB presented Friday and Saturday nights. Snle of Seats for "The Evil Eye." The sale of seats for "The Evil Eye," which Is the attraction at the Marquam Grand, Tuesday and Wednesday nights, April 30 and May 1, with a special mat inee Wednesday at 2:15, opens tomorrow (Saturday) morning at 10 o'clock. Charles H. Yale has this year given his entire attention to the reproduction of his greatest spectacle, "The Evil Eye." It Is two years since the spectacular ex travaganza was produced on this conti nent, and In that time It has become rec ognized as the greatest attraction of Its kind which has even been produced here. This year Mr. Yale has put forth special efforts to provide special features for "The Evil Eye," and all of these will be seen here when I the spectacle is pre sented. Among these special features are the electric ballet, the Phasey troupe of dancers, the sabot dance, the revolving windmill and the English chorus. "The Evil Eye" will be the only attraction of Its kind here this year. PIf?eon Slnnshtcr. New York Times. It is a mistake to suppose that any le gitimate Interest of sport Is served In the slaughter of birds at traps. Those who have 'tried It know that there are many much more difficult feats with a gun than killing or maiming a pigeon In the moment of confusion when the trap falls away and It 13 dazed by the light and uncertain which way to fly for safe ty. It Is In killing birds thus taken at a hopeless disadvantage that the great trap-shooting records are made. Many of the so-called "crack shots" of the trap-shooting clubs would make very poor showings as hunters of grouse or partridge In their native haunts. As test3 of skill, clay pigeons are much more use ful than the live birds now employed, since they move more quickly and are more erratic In their flight. Probably this Is the reason they are not favored by the amateur sportsmen with records In trap shooting. It Is nothing to be proud of to kill a pigeon on the sround before It has gained headway In flight, and when It is deprived of all assistance in escaping which It finds, and takes clever advantage or. In Its native cover. A Statement Without Foundation. PORTLAND, April 25. (To the Editor.) The following Is from the St. Helens Mist, and has been copied by numerous Oregon Journals: Hon. H. W. Corbett, who was a candidate for the United State Senate, declares that on the first day of next January he will start In and make a fight for the election at the next session of the Legislature. He will see that clubs are organized In every county In the state, and he proposes to make a hard light and commence early. I wish to say that I have made no declaration, of the kind, nor anything ap proaching It, directly or Indirectly. H. W. CORBETT. NOTE AND COMMErtr. Cincinnati seems to be In need of tho services of a Noah. It Is now up to some Ingenious person to Invent a nickname for the 1U05 fain. The latest curiosity is a man who wast tried for the murder of Goebel and found not guilty. The Empress Dowager of China may be depended upon to come home In time to clean house. San Francisco is tasting the joys- of an ticipation almost to satiety. She Is going to have a visit from the President and a prizefight. A man died recently while seated in a barber's chair. Some men are lucky enough to meet death when It la most welcome. The gentleman who Is the prisoner of state In Manila Is something of a hero after all. He has not yet written any magazine articles. The poolsellers of New York have been obliged to shut up shop. The authorities are determined to limit gambling to such harmless forms as faro and stud poker. Forty votes were sufficient to re-elect President Steyn. of the Orange Free State, How Steyn must be envied by the Demo cratic party! President McKlnley Is thinking of visit ing Massachusetts after his Western tour. He probably delays his visits be cause It takes some time to build an armored train. Governor Chandler says the proper place for the negro is the field. A good many of them certainly have distinguished themselves In the field, notably during the Cuban campaign. "Now, boys," said the Sunday school teacher, "surely some one of you can tell me who carried oft the gates of Gaza. Speak up, William." "I never touched 'em!" said the In dignant William, with a suspicion of tears In his youthful voice. "I don't see why folks always think when things get carried off that I've had something to do with It!" The late Sir Frederick Gore-Ousley, pro fessor of music at Oxford, was on.ee go ing to call on a friend In London, and asked a fellow-musician the number la which he lived in a certain street. "I don't know his number." answered the other, "but the note of his dooracraper Is C sharp." Sir Frederick went off, con tentedly kicking the doorscrapers all down the street until he came to the right one. when he rang the bell and went In. "Among the numerous manuals.' says the Buffalo Commercial, "constantly ap pearing as If In answer to a long-felt want of easy lessons In 'How to Get There Without Work,' is one entitled. How to Write a Novel; a Practical' Guide to the Art of Fiction.' This Is clearly a work of supererogation. No one needs instruction In this art. Any one can write a novel. The trick Is to get people to read it. A more practical maaual would be, 'How to Boom a Novel Wben Written. " Business women In Greater New York have started an organization for mutual benefit and assistance, likewise planning a club in the downtown section which will rival many of the resort3 maintained by their big brothers north of Madison Square. Over 200 stenographers, type writers, bookkeepers, cashiers and clerics have contributed to the fund, with which, a six-room suite In the top of a big Fur-ton-street office building has been leased! for club purposes. No man shall ever cross the threshold. It Is to be operated by women and for women. There Is a big dining-room, where dainty luncheons for busy women will be served from. 11 until 3; a "green room" with great eaay chalrs and divans, and note particularly two small blue rooms with blue denlm covered cushions and blue shades on tho windows, where the girls who suffer from nervous headaches can spend a restful hour. Nor 13 this a charitable Institution, but a club, pure and simple, operated on business principles. PLEASANTRIES OF PARAGRAPHERS Not Necessarily. Mr. Boresome Out? It's rather annoying. "We had an appointment with her. Tho Maid Yes, ma'am; but that may not be why she went out. Puck. Took Him at Hla Word. Mother My deal, how could you refuse him? He may never propose again. Daughter Dut. mamma, ha said he v ould. Detroit Free Press. A Bad Mistake. Editor Thla story of youra won't do. Author Why not? Editor You don't have the heroine dressed In a gown oC some soft clinging stuff. Harper's Baiar. Bobby He made facer at mot teacher. Wil lie I only tried to show him how he might Improve his own face, teacher; I Just gave him a few samples; that wa3 all. Boston Transcript. "No. I won't give you a piece of my apple," snapped his sister. "And who was It," the boy inquired reproachfully, "that spoiled the piano so you didn't have to practice for a, week?" Philadelphia Times. Charged. "Dear." said Mrs. Spendlotz. by way of preliminary, "would you consider an opal unlucky?" "I would If I got a bill fr one and had to pay It," replied her husband sharply. "AM I'm so glad I ordered a dia mond ring Instead." Philadelphia Press. Stubb I hear that Falcon Is going to stop writlnp poetry. Penn Yes; the position la which the paper brought out his sonnet dis couraged him. Stubb-DId they run It on tho "children's page"? Penn Worie than that. It appeared In the puzzle department. Phllo- delphta Record. Professional Courtesy.-Flrst M. D.-I see you occasionally take a patient out for a drive. Second M. D.-Yes. I think It does them a great deal of good. First M. D.-But It Isn t professional. I never do It. Second M. Di I know you don"t. When any of your pa tients go for a ride the undertaker accom panies them. Chicago News. Ml Violet. Samuel Mlnturn Peck In Boston Transcript Mlsw Violet displays no hood. Nor garbs herself as violets should She sports a witching hat; Nor Is she found In dim retreat. But often on the crowded street Her boots go ptt-a-pat. The merry eyes that should be blue Are laughlnff brown, and bright aa dev The gallants to beguile; And 'twlxt her dimpled cheeks of rose There tilts a fascinating nose Which haunts me all the-while. She drives a pony In the park. She keeps a pair of pugs that bark I hate those dog3, I do; Whene'er I breathe a compliment. Such desolating yawps they vent Perhaps she taught them to! She counts her lovers by the score; They meet with frowns as they adore- Oh would that I were he. The lucky swain to win the fair! By turns I hope, by turns despair I wonder who 'twill bo? Ah! It some fairy in a trice Would make my hand a chocolate Ice, My heart a caramel. Perchance she'd take me then; but, ah, I have no fairy godmamma, To work the happy spell.