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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 26, 1901)
THE MORNIXG OREfiOSIAN, FRIDAY, APRIL 26, 1901.
WANT ROAD EXTENDED
COUNTRY IS WAITING FOR. THE CO
Important Irrigation Projects on
Foot, Timber All Taken, Settlers
Pouring Into the Region.
Now that the troubles that delayed tho
progress of 'the Columbia Southern Rail
road have been settled, there Is a press
Ins demand for the extension of. ita lines
through the country In -which surveys
"were made last year. The Columbia
Southern projected two lines one south
ward across the state to Lakeview, and
the other up the John Day River to Prai
rie City. It was understood that plans
had been made for the extensions when
the dissensions arose that blocked all
progress. Now the road halts at Shanlko,
where substantial improvements have
been made by the railroad company and
others and an important trade lias grown
xip. But the people of the interior and
merchants of Portland are pressing for
transportation facilities far to the south
ward of Shanlko. Important development
agencies are at work In that country, and
they, too, are crying for a Tallroad.
The timber of the Deschutes Valley has
all "been secured by Minnesota and Wis
consin lumbermen. There is nearly 125,KX)
acres of this land, and it will yield 18,000
feet, board measure, to the acre, of fir and
pine, or more than 2,200,000,000 feet of excel
lent lumber. Three extensive irrigation
projects are on foot. A. M. Drake, a "Wis
consin capitalist, lias already Invested
about $40,000 in the preliminary prepara
tions for an irrigation system that will
cover about 300,000 acres in the vicinity of
Bend, 25 miles westward from Prineville.
He left for the East this week to perfect
Ills financial arrangements. The Oregon
Irrigation Company, organized by C. C.
Hutchinson, of San Francisco, has sur
veys made for "an irrigation system that
will cover nearly 500,000 acres on the Des
chutes bottom to the westward of Prine
ville. W. H. Moore, the Moro banker,
lias plans for irrigating some 400,000 acres
to the southward of Bend, and C. M.
Cartwright, of the Baldwin Sheep & Land
Company, is preparing to Irrigate a large
tract west of the Deschutes. The com
pletion of these enterprises will open a
large and rich area of the state to general
agriculture and afford a profitable busi
ness for the transportation lines that shall
serve it. The forest land Is easily cleared,
and farms will Immediately follow the re
moval of the timber.
North and east of Prineville there are
promising oil prospects, and coal and as
phalt have been discovered, though the
prospects have not been pursued far
enough to determine their value.
The development of that country -will
considerably change the character of its
industries. The range stock business will
retire, but it Is not presumed that less
livestock will be kept there. Instead of
the large herds and flocks roaming over
the range almost at will, each farmer
will have his bunch of cattle or sheep, and
the animals sold will be fat, not mere
range stock that must be prepared else
where for the market. This will leave
more money in the country. The closer
working of the natural resources will be
more profitable to all concerned.
The railroad company continues to make
Improvements at Shanlko, which Is becom
ing an Important shipping point A wool
"baler Is now being put up there, and It Is
expected that Shanlko will be one of the
greatest primary wool markets In the
state this season. The rail Tate to The
Dalles has been reduced to 30 cents per
100 pounds for wool, which will result In a
great deal of the wool going to the rail
road at Shanlko that has hitherto been
teamed to The Dalles. The Columbia.
Southern now has a warehouse at Shan
lko 300x100 feet, and it Is adding an exten
sion 150 feet long and two stories high.
The company Is also building a round
house -with four stalls, and repair shops
for the road are being built there. A
large number of settlers are going into
that section, where land was never culti
vated before, and they are expected to
have a considerable wheat crop to ship
from Shanlko in the Fall.
Those who are acquainted with the re
gion say no other part of Oregon prom
ises so rapid and so even development In
the coming few years.
"WON'T PAY THE TAX LEVIED.
Northern Pacific and Clark County
Commissioner Fall to Agree.
VANCOUVER, Wash.. April 25. An ad
journed meeting of the County Commis
sioners was held today for the purpose of
taking definite action upon the proposition
made some weeks ago for a settlement
of the delinquent taxes,due the county by
the Northern Pacific Railroad Company.
The assessment of taxes against Northern
Pacific lands in this county for a number
of years past has been objected to by the
company, on the ground that a large por
tion of the lands assessed have never
been patented to the company, and the
title to much of them is in dispute be
tween the company and the Government.
Some time ago representatives of the com
pany offered to pay a sum equal to about
B0 per cent of the amount assessed, ex
clusive of the penalty and interest accu
mulated. This was refused by the Com
missioners, who recently submitted a
counter proposition, which, in effect, was
an offer to accept a sum equal to about
77 per cent of the net tax, or about $22,
OD0. The whole amount standing against
the: company on the tax rolls aggregates
about"?34;O0Q, the penalty and interest on
wlflc'li amounts to over $11,000. Of the
amount received, 10 per cent Is due the
It was thought this proposition would
be accepted by the company, but It was
found impossible to come to an agreement
at the meeting today, and definite settle
ment has again been postponed. The offer
of the Commissioners was made after ma
ture deliberation, and to avoid expensive
BOTH CREWS STILL "WORKING.
Attempt at Agreement as to Dis
puted Route Failed.
SALT LAKE, Utah, April 25.-A meet
ing between the chiefs of the
forces of the Oregon Short Line and
those representing Senator Clark's Salt
Lake-Los Angeles Railroad, both of
whioh are contending for a right of way
near the Utah-Nevada state line, was
Jield at Uvada yesterday. The meeting
was for the purpose of reaching some
understanding whereby the threatened
collision between the two forces could
be avoided. The situation was fully gone
over, and all expressed the desire that
something should be done to relieve the
extreme tension that has been nearing
the snapplng-point as the distance short
ens between the opposing forces. No defi
nite agreement, however, could be
reached, and the situation remains Tin
changed. Both sides appear determined
to continue work until the gap between
them Is closed. The Clark camp at the
front has been heavily reinforced within
the past few days.
Many lawyers and railroad men here
regard the opinion of the Assistant Attorney-General
of the Interior Depart
ment, "which -was rendered yesterday In
favor of the Short Line, as practlcally
settHng. the right-of-way question, and
means the end of the Uvada controversy.
General Manager Bancroft, of the Short
Line, says the work of construction will
be kept up and the road pushed right
through to California, and C. O. Whltte
more, attorney for the Clark Interests, is
quoted as saying that yesterday's de
clslon will not deter for an Instant the
progress of the Salt Lake-Los Angeles
Clark Forces Still Undaunted.
LOS ANGELES, April 25. J. Ross Clark
and T E. Gibbons, of the San Pedro, Los
Angeles & Salt Lake road, were seen to-
day in regard to the decision of the As
sistant Attorney-General of the Interior
Department, awarding the disputed Ne
vada right of way to the Oregon Shorf
Dine. Both gentlemen declared emphat
ically that the decision would not inter
rupt the work being done.
"The Harriman forces have scored a
point," admitted Mr. Clark, "but the mat
ter has yet to be passed upon by the
Secretary of the Interior, and meanwhile
we will relinquish none of our rights."
"We will hold the fort," said Mr. Gib
bons, "and keep men at work until we
are ordered to vacate by a court of com
petent jurisdiction. The decision of the
Commissioner is not final, and we still
hope to win out. If we do not, there are
other ways of getting our road through
to Ix)s Angeles, and a defeat will in no
wise cause us to halt."
Sheriff Takes a Hand.
SALT LAKE. April 25. A special to the
Herald from Uvada, Utah, says that the
Sheriff of Iron County has entered Into
the fight between the Oregon Short Line
and Senator Clark's forces for possession
of the old Utah & California right of way,
and has notified both forces, now within
less than two miles of each other, that
any infraction of the law would be re
pressed. It Is believed the Sheriff's action
Temoves the danger of a clash between the
opposing forces, which at the present rate
of railroad extension will meet either Fri
day or Saturday. Both forces have been
NEW TARIFF ON HOPS.
An Increase of SO Cents Per 100
SEATTLE, April 25. All transconti
nental lines from California north to the
Canadian Pacific have joined in a new
tariff on hops from the Pacific Coast to
Atlantic seaboard points and intermediate
territory. The new schedule shows an in
crease of 50 cents per 100 pounds, or ap
proximately $200 per car. The rates are
now In effect.
The rate across the continent on hops
previous to the year 1S98 was $2 per 100.
This rate the railroads reduced to $1 50
In 1S98, because of the extraordinary low
prices which prevailed In that year. Since
then no change has been made until the
lines agreed on the present tariff.
SUBMITTED TO STOCKHOLDERS.
Proposition of Northern Roads for
Control of Burlington.
BOSTON, April 25. The Chicago, Bur
lington & Quincy directors at a special
meeting today voted to submit to the
stockholders of the road a proposition
from the Great Northern and Northern
Pacific Railroads to take control of the
Burlington. The offer for the Burlington
stock Is $200 per share for not less than
two-thirds of the whole amount, to be
paid In 4 per cent bonds of the two
negotiating roads, the ttockholders being
given the option of taking part cash.
In Favor of the Short Line.
WASHINGTON, April 25. The railroad
right-of-way contest between the Utah,
Nevada & California Railroad Company,
an auxiliary of the Oregon Short Line,
and the Utah & California Company,
which belongs to the proposed railroad
from Salt Lake to San Diego, was de
cided by Secretary of the Interior Hitch
cock today In favor of the first named
company. The right-of-way contest Is
about 70 miles long and extends south
westerly from the Utah-Nevada state
line. About 10 years ago the Oregon
Short Line obtained a right-of-way over
this ground, and at a cost of $500,000 con
structed a grade for a distanae of 70
miles, which included three tunnels. The
conditions at that time did not Justify
prosecuting the project further and It Is
only recently that Interest has been re
sumed In the undertaking.
Cro-iv's Nest Bill Passed.
VICTORIA, B. C, April 25. The Crow's
Nest Southern Railway bill has passed the
Legislature, the conditions Inserted in the
Ottawa bill being included. It is under.,
stood that the government has agreed to
modify the loan bill, over which there
have been dissensions in the ranks, by
reducing the amount which the builders of
railways are to pay out of their earnings,
and will also agreo to call a special ses
sion of the Legislature to decide to whom
the bonus for the Coast-Kootenay road
Pressed Steel Car Prosperity.
NEW YORK, April 25. The directors
of the Pressed Steel Car Company have
declared the regular quarterly dividend
on the preferred stock of 1 per cent, the
transfer books closing May 1, 1901, and re
opening May 22, 1901, and a second quar
terly dividend of 1 per cent on the com
mon stock, the transfer books closing
May 8 and reopening May 29. The state
ment given out by the company shows an
increase of 40 per cent In the company's
output of cars.
To Build Into New Oil District.
SAN FRANCISCO, April 25.-General
Manager Kruttschnltt. of the Southern
Pacific Company, has announced that the
proposed railroad into the Sunset oil dis
tricts In Central California will be built
In the Immediate future. The Southern
Pacific and Santa Fe have united In sup
port of the undertaking. The road will
be 2S miles In length, and will connect
with the Southern Pacific at Gosford. It
will cost about $500,000.
Nevr Directors in D. & R. G.
NEW TORK, April 25. The directors
of the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad
Company have 'elected George J. Gould
chairman of the board, In place of George
Coppell, deceased. E. H. Harriman and
Winslow S. Pierce were chosen as direc
tors In place of George Coppell and Will
No Cnnadlan Consolidation.
LONDON, April 25. The vice-president
of the Grand Trunk authorizes a denial of
the report telegraphed to New York from
Montreal that negotiations are on foot
for the consolidation of the Canadian Pa
cific Railway, the Grand Trunk Railway
and the Richelieu & Ontario Navigation
Nevr Secretary of Southern Pacific.
NEW YORK, April 25. At a meeting
of the directors of the Southern Pacific
today Alex C. Millar was elected secre
tary of the company. Only routine busi
ness was transacted. Mr. Millar is also
secretary of the Union Pacific
Data Covering the Meteorology for
the Past 20 Years.
The following data, covering a period
of 29 years, have been compiled from the
Weather Bureau records at Portland,
Temperature Mean or normal temper
ature, 57; the warmest month was that of
1SS8, with an average of 62 degrees; the
coldest month was that of 1899, with an
average of 51 degrees; th.e highest tem
perature was 99 degrees, on the 29th, 1887;
ttie lowest temperature was 32 degrees,
on the 9th, 1894 average date of first
"killing" frost occurred In Autumn, No
vember 26; average date of last "killing"
frost occurred In Spring, April 11.
Precipitation (rain or melted snow)
Average for the month, 2.39 inches; aver
age number of days with .01 of an inch
or more, 12; the greatest monthly pre
cipitation was 6.60 Inches, in 1879; the
least monthly precipitation was 0.68 inches
in 18SS; the greatest amount of precipita
tion recorded in any 24 consecutive hours
was LOO Inches, on the 19th and 20th,
Clouds and Weather Average number
of clear days, 8; partly cloudy days, 11;
cloudy days, 12. I
Wind The prevailing winds have been '
from the northwest; the highest velocity
of the wind was 42 miles, from the south
west, on the 25th, 1S94, and from the
south, on the 23rd, 1900.
A SIGNIFICANT FIGHT
NORTHERN PACIFIC DECLARES
"WAR ON TACOMA EASTERN.
Little Railroad Owned In Portland
Must Have Powerful Relations te
Incur Such Hostility.
According to the Tacoma Ledger, the
Tacoma Eastern Railroad, a line reach
ing 14 miles southeastward from Tacoma
toward the Nlsqually coal fields, and
which Is owned by the Ladds, of Portland,
has offended the Northern Pacific Rail
road Company, and has been told by the
big corporation practically to get off the
earth. "The Northern Pacific," says he
Tacoma paper, "has served notice on the
Tacoma Eastern to cease construction
work at once, under penalty of having Its
lines paralleled to that section or any
ether Into which the Tacoma road may
attempt to go. It Is an out-and-out cut
throat proposition, and as an evidence
that it means business the Northern Pa
cific has secured from the Weyerhauser
Timber Company a right of way through
the lands formerly owned by the railroad
and sold a year ago to the Weyerhauser
syndicate to the very country into which
the Tacoma Eastern is building, and has
dispatched a corps of engineers, to the
field to make a survey for a line to paral
lel the local road. The Tacoma Eastern
has as yet taken no notice of the threat
of the Northern Pacific, and Is going
ahead with its construction work in the
Captain Austin F. Prescott, Appoint
ed Lleutennnt in the Regular
same manner as It has for the past six
months, but it is fully aware that there
Is at hand one of the fiercest railroad
construction wars that has ever affected
this nart of the country.
"If the Tacoma Eastern road will agree
to abandon all of its work and practically
throw up Its line, the Northern Pacific
has made a proposition, through W. G.
Pearce, assistant to the president of the
road, to reimburse the local road for all
the money that, to the present time, has
been expended in every way. Should this
proposition be rejected, the edict of the
transcontinental line Is that It will force
the Tacoma Eastern to the wall.
"While this Is not official, it Is, never
theless, correct; word has been received
from Ladd & Tilton, of Portland, the real
owners of the Tacoma Eastern road, that
they are not afraid of the Northern Pa
cific, and that they are ready to stand a
fight for the territory sought to be cov
ered. It is even intimated that the Ta
coma Eastern Is not the project eft the
people It purports to represent, but that
another road Is the party to be Inter
viewed, and that It may be that just as
soon as the construction work Is com
pleted to the point present plans contem
plate reaching, the line will become the-
property of another road.
"Prior to a year ago, when It sold Its
lands to the Weyerhauser syndicate, the
Northern Pacific owned each alternate
section of land south of the main line and
In the very country into which the Ta
coma Eastern is building. When It sold
Its 1,000,000 or more acres in this state to
the Eastern company, this land was In
cluded. However, at the present time the
overland road holds that, owing to thr
fact that It at one time owned this land,
all the territory south of the main line
and southeast of Tacoma Is contiguous
territory, and that under the traffic agree
ment existing, or supposed to be existing,
between transcontinental roads, and, in
fact, all lines, one road cannot Invade the
territory of another. It is on this claim
that the Northern Pacific argues that It
has a right to the territory southeast of
Tacoma, and that the Tacoma Eastern,
another line, has no right to go there."
Significance of the Opposition.
Edward Cookingham, of Portland, Is
president of the Tacoma Eastern. When
seen yesterday regarding the report that
his road had encountered the active hos
tility of the Northern Pacific, he said he
preferred not to discuss the matter. He
would not say the report was untrue. He
says his company is going forward with
Its construction, having the grade par
tially or wholly completed for several
miles beyond the end of the present track.
Rails and more rolling stock have been
ordered, and there is no apparent expecta
tion that he enterprise will be abandoned.
Trains are now run over the line regu
larly, transporting timber to Tacoma.
It Is about 50 miles from Tacoma to the
Nlsqually coal fields, In Lewis County,
where the Ladds, President Cookingham
and Manager Bagley have large holdings
of coal lands Their road now covers
nearly one-third that distance. The
Northern Pacific has a branch running
southward from Orting, but curling to the
eastward in the tall timber. That Is the
line which, It is said, would be sent down
to embarrass the Tacoma Eastern people.
If the people who -build and own the road
also own the traffic to go over the line, it
is difficult to see how Northern Pacific
competition could Injure It; It is also hard
to see why the Northern Pacific would
want to cripple it If this Is true. Northern
Pacific hostility can be accounted for only
on the theory that the Tacoma Eastern is
a link In a transportation scheme that
the Northern Pacific would like to stran
gleof another road between Portland and
Puget Sound, for Instance. The Northern
Pacific would be likely to have better in
formation of any such move than would
be available to the general public, and for
this reason the story that comes from Ta
coma is highly significant. In fact, ,the
Tacoma Eastern people scarcely conceal
the Idea that there Is more to their enter
prise than appears on its face.
Ought to Build to Lewlston.
It is stated that the large house of
Aaron Kuhn, of Colfax, Is about to revolu
tionize the grain business of a portion of
the Palouse country by erecting ware
houses and a tramway for handling the
product via Snake River instead of over
land by the Northern Pacific as is now
done. The dispatch reporting the opera
tion, which Is from the Pullman corre
spondent of the Spokesman-Review, says
work was to have been begun yesterday
on the buildings, one of which will be at
Wawawai on the river and the other on
the "bluff above, a tramway connecting
the two. It Is expected these warehouses
will handle from 250,000 to 300,000 bushels
.annually. So It goes. The bulk product
of the country Is as sure to strike water
level at the nearest point as water Is to
carve out its own path to the sea along
the line, of least resistance. There may
be, there doubtless are, local considera
tions that are at-least driving the Palouse
product to its natural outlet, hut that does
not detract from the fact that the outlet
is there as a saving force whenever the
people find It necessary to cast about
for escape from the harsh, conditions their
traffic now has to bear. If this new wheat
route goes into active operation and there
is every reason to believe It will It must
.undoubtedly exert a cumulative force
among the many powerful reasons why
the O. R. & N. can no longer afford to
keep Its railway line out of Lewlston.
The company Is now undergoing heavy
unnecessary expense In loading grain Into
its steamers along the river and from the
steamers into cars at RIparIa, while it
should be at but a trifling expense in
merely loading from warehouses Into cars
standing alongside. Three steamers have
been engaged since last harvest time haul
ing out this grain and they Will probably
not have the entire crop removed by next
harvest time. With this new Palouse
crop also to be cared for It Is easy to
see that it will be a physical impossibility
for the O. R. & N. to handle Its business
by steamers, and must either complete Us
rail line or else succumb to Inability as
a common carrier. It Is the Tribune's
candid belief that the construction of this
new warehouse system, together with
other significant occurrences that have
been reported from time to time, is being
undertaken with the definite Information
that the rail line will be in operation by
the time this year's crop Is ready for mar
ket. There are so many material Indi
cations pointing to such a development,
and so many considerations that are para
mount in commercial life requiring such
construction, that the period of postpone
ment must necessarily reach an early ter
mination and the Tribune is firmly con
vinced that such termination has been
definitely arranged by the managing au
thorities. Klamath Road Gets a Franchise.
EUREKA, Cal., April 25. The City
Council has passed the franchise asked
for by the Klamath River Railroad Com
pany. This is the second franchise
passed within a month, the other one be
ing to the California & Northern Com
pany. The Klamath Company has been
endeavoring for two years to obtain a
franchise. The corporation is headed by
A. B. Hammond, a well-known financier
of Oregon and Montana. Work on the new
road will be commenced Immediately.
POLITICS IN OHIO.
All Interested in "Warmth of McKin
ley's Aid to Ito-Elect Porakcr.
WASHINGTON, April 18. We hear a
great deal of talk about Ohio politics
just now, and the probabilities are that
there Is going to be a most Interesting
campaign this Fall. Everybody will watch
with interest to see whether the Admin
istration, the .Hanna - Dick - Grosvcnor
crowd will warmly support Foraker.
There is no doubt that Foraker is the
popular idol of the rank and file of the
Republicans of Ohio. He has been for
many years. Foraker Is an able man, and
has proven himself so since he has been in
the Senate. He is" a good lawyer and
a brilliant talker. He has many of the
good qualities of James G. Blaine, and
lacks those Htle tricky qualities which
were really the undoing of Blaine in his
political career. Foraker seems like a
square, honest man, and an Intense par
tisan. He has conducted himself in the
Senate in an able manner, and has taken
a front rank In spite of the fact that he
is filling his first term In that body.
This Fall determines whether he will
be re-elected The Spring campaigns In
dicate an unsettled condition In politics
and a tendency towards Democracy.
Whether It will' extend to the Fall cam
paigns is another thing. This much Is
recognized, and Foraker himself recog
nizes It. There Is a hard fight ahead,
and nothing must be left undone which
will tend to win a victory. Foraker him
self Is quite confident of the result. He
does not believe that the Spring elections,
which are, In themselves, largely local,
are forerunners of the campaign in tho
state, which must be National to a large
It Is said the McKInley forces do not
want Foraker. It is doubtful if this is
true. McKInley, who has been aware of
Foraker's opposition to him in times
gone by, knows that Foraker was loyal
to him and made a good speech
nominating him In 1S96. and at the Presi
dent's personal request, made another In
1900, placing him In nomlnatipn. In all
the campaigns and In the Senate, to a
large extent, Foraker has been loyal to
the Adminstratlon, and a defender of
Ohio Republicanism. Any attempt to de
feat Foraker would mean the defeat of
the party, and there is not the least prob
ability that either McKInley, Hanna,
Dick, Grosvenor or the rest of them that
stand close to McKInley in Ohio, would
want the party defeated in the state.
While they might prefer some other per
son to Foraker In the Senate, they Know
they cannot get any other Republican,
and consequently they will no doubt stand
DAILY CITY STATISTICS.
P. L. Koehler, S9; P. S. Flores, 34.
E. E. Coovcrt, two-story dwelling,
southeast corner East Second and Hal
sey streets, $2250.
George Tuttle, two-story dwelling, East
Everett street, between East Eighth and
East Ninth. S1C0O.
Charles Clarke, two-story dwelling. East
Seventh, between East Burnslde and East
Couch street, $1300.
C. D. Powell, two-story dwelling, Eas(
Couch street, between East Seventh and
East Eighth, ?1700.
C. A. Dunne, repairs to house on East
Clay street, between E-ist Fourth and
East Fifth. $175.
C. C. Caples, flour mill, Wilson street,
between Nineteenth and Twentieth, $12,
000. Birth Return.
April 20, boy. to wife of Peter Sqhur, 28
April 24, Mrs. E'.ljah Phillips, brought
here for burial; Inflammation of the
Real Estate Transfers.
Richard Price and wife to I. D. Pet
ers, block 10, Hawthorne Avenue Ad
dition, April 23 J15G0
L. B. Webster to Peter Yost, lot 8,
block 1, Lincoln Park, April 22 300
F. R. Bailey and wife to Christian
Lehman, lot 7, block 1, Cook's Ad
dition, April 9 1125
Elizabeth E. Powell and husband to
Francis J. Dunbar, lot 7, block 24,
Woodlawn, March 9 i
Richard Koehler and wife to O. It. &
N. Co., blocks 110 and 111, and 21,
Couch's Addition, April 16 l
Emma Lotan et al. to William Carroll,
lot 4, block 59, Albina. April 10 1
George C. Flanders to Laura A. Flan
ders, lot 4, block 78, Stephens' Ad
dition, April S 1400
Joseph Fettig to William J. Clarke,
lot 7, block 7, Railroad Shops Ad
dition. April 25 1500
R. E. Menefee and wif.e to A. S. Ellis,
south half of lots 8 arid 9, block 9,
Subdivision Rivervlew Addition to
Albina," March 26 500
Axel V. Hendrlckson et ux. to W. T.
Vaughn, east half of lots 9 and 10,
block 2, Piedmont, April 23 1000
W. H. Lang to Cella Lang. 30x100. Ev
erett street, near North Nineteenth,
April 23 1
James Taggart to Hobert F. Bell, lot
9 and fractional lot 14, block 53, Sell
wood, April 24 175
Melvin Ellsha Brown to Ann S. Bag
ley, lot 11, block 22, Portsmouth,
December 19, 1900 200
Fred C. Bell and wife to R. F. Bell,
lots S and 15, block 53, Sellwood,
May 12, 1S98 1
William Tlpfenden and wife to Eliz
abeth Truman, lot 6, and south 10
feet lot 7, block 14, Albina Home
stead, April 17 1
Pacific Coast Abstract Guaranty & Trust
Co., A. B. Manley secy.; tV. Y. Masters
atty. Abstracts, trusts, title Insurance,
loans. 204-5-6-7 Fal.ing b'.dg.. Cd and Wash.
IS DEAD-SET AGAINST IT
SECRETARY "WDLSOTf CONDEMNS
Method Is Wrong in Theory and
Practice He "Will Gladly Con
WASHINGTON, April 24. Farmers and
wheat men of Oregon who are adhering to
the old practice of summer fallowing
should talk with Secretary Wilson of the
Agricultural Department when he passes
through their state with the President.
Two years ago, when Secretary Wilson
visited Oregon, he was astonished to see
the wheat men and others in that state al
lowing their fields to go to waste on ac-,
count of their belief In the summer fal
low. It will be recalled that in an in
terview published in The Oregonian he
strongly denounced this practice, and
urged the Oregon farmers to abandon It.
In fact, he went so far as to point out
other means by which they could turn
their soil to better advantage. When told
that the subject was now being generally
agitated In the state. Secretary Wilson
remarked, with some disgust: "Yes, they
will summer fallow all the way from Da
kota to the Pacific Ocean; when the soil
refuses to crop every year, they take one
In two years."
Secretary Wilson says most emphatical
ly that the whole principle of summer fal
lowing Ms wrong, It works Injury to the
soil, and a consequent Injury to the crops.
He says farmers seem to believe that by
cultivating a crop every other year, they
have an opportunity. In the off year1, to
kill out Insect pests and weeds. But a
cultivated crop grown at the same time,
or a crop plowed under at this same time
would have the came effect, and also
enrich the soil. Where the land lies Idle
for a year, It loses Its richness. It would
much better be sown In clover, peas,
beans or some similar plant, and have
the entire crop plowed under.
"Two years ago," he added, "I found
people In Oregon reaping a crop of wheat
once in two years, and only eight or ten
bushels of wheat to the acre, at that.
Moreover, It was not as good wheat as
they got when they began growing. When
the land deteriorates, you get a different
wheat. We find it necessary now to
bring wheats rich in protein from for
eign countries. We are doing that today
to take the plaoe of wheats that have
made their appearance In countries I
where Summer fallowing is in vogue.
"The question may be asked. What can
people in a dry latitude grow in thq off
year? Wheat Is a crop sown in the Fall,
gathers its moisture through the Winter,
and make a crop under wonderfully dry
conditions all over the world. It is a
nice question what could bo grown un
der dry conditions so as to Improve the
soil while it is being cultivated in that
off year. We are hunting the world over
for crops that we can recommend for
that very purpose. In warm latitudes
clover will not grow well. Cow peas
might be tried. We are recommending
Russian vetch (villa vlllosa) in a latitude
where it does not freeze very severely
in Winter. The vetch may be sown In
the Fall, and will live all Winter. It
can be profitably sown on the Pacific
Coast where wheat will grow, and will
live through the Winter. When it rip
ens, It can be plowed under, or It can
be cut for hay.
"We are now just getting new legumes
from different parts of the world for this
very purpose. What-to grow in the off
year. In rotation with wheat, is one of
the problems of the people of dry lati
tudes. The Department bears this ques
tion constantly in mind, and we never
send out an explorer without telling him
to keep sharp lookout for new legumes.
A legume, by the way, is a plant that
brings nitrogen out of the atmosphere
and fixes it in the soil in co-operation
with bacteria nodules on Its. roots, like
clover, beets, beans -and peas."
Secretary Wilson Is very much inter
ested in this subject, and having been
deeply impressed with the natural re
sources of Oregon two years ago, and
knowing the capabilities of the state in
an agricultural way, naturally deplores
any practices among its farmers that tend
to produce inferior crops. Nor does he
like to see but eight to ten bushels of
wheat to the acre when there should be
at least 25 or 20 bushels. Of course he
does not expect Eastern Oregon to pro
duce such wheat as is grown in the moist,
and extremely fertile Willamette Valley,
where there is an abundance of water,
but Eastern Oregon has capabilities far
beyond its present output. Of course Ir
rigation would be of immense benefit to
the wheatgrowers in the drier regions,
and a diffusion of the waters of the east
ern part of the state would work great
improvements, but the main fault, In his
opinion, lies with the farmers who persist
in Summer fallowing. He would be glad
to convince them of their error, and if
any will consult him when he next visits
the state, he will do his utmost to con
Vert them to his way of thinking, a view,
by the way, which is entertained by all of
the scientists of the department who have
occasion to study wheat and kindred
GOOD OPINION OF OREGON.
Retnrncd Webfoot Spealcs of the
Kindly Feeling: of the East.
H. V. Gates, a well-known citizen of
Hillsboro, who has been spending the past
two months in the East, accompanied by
his wife, was at the Perkins yester
day. He said: "We think we're doing
lots of business out here in the North
west of recent years, but we're not in it,
alongside of the Eastern States. I was
In Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis, St.
Louis, Indianapolis, Omaha and Denver,
and found people making money every
where. AH the wheels of Industry are
humming, and prosperity seems to have
struck people in every walk of life. The
manufacturing centers are surging with
busy life, and everybody seems to be at
"The people back there are very much
Interested In Oregon, however, and ask all
sorts of questions about our soil, climate,
resources and prospects for business with
the Orient. Tney are doing very well
where they are, but the climate of Ore
gon has become famous back there, while
the well-posted ones know there's lots of
room for newcomers out here. The next
few years will see quite an Influx of East
ern people, and in fact, many are com
ing now. though there Is very little fuss
made about it. You can notice it in the
filling up of all the Oregon towns and
the demand for more house room In every
village. Those arriving this year will
keep their friends posted on conditions out
here, and thus act as Immigration agents
among their acquaintances. By the time
the Lewis and Clark Centennial is ready
for visitors. Oregon will have a great
many more permanent residents than she
has now, and that exposition Is going to
be the means of bringing thousands more.
"The people back there have a kindly
feeling for Oregon, because this state has
'set the pice' in Presidential 'years, and
belnir the flrt to hold n state "lection
soap is not only the best
in all the world for toilet
and bath but also for shav
ing. Pears . was the in
ventor of shaving- stick
AH sorts of people use Pears soap, all sorts
of store selr it, especially druggists.
on the eve of a National campaign, has
several times pointed the way to the
rest of the country. This one point alone
has caused Oregon to become noted
among the conservative, property-owning
people of the country, and they express
their gratitude when they grasp the hand
of a real Oregonian.
"But I wouldn't live back there. If they
were to give me the country. I was in
Indiana in March, and never saw such
beastly weather. The roads throughout
the interior are so much worse than our
Webfoot highways in the Winter time
that the latter can be called boulevards
in comparison. Oregon Is good enough for
me to live and die In, even If her people
are not such rustlers and money makers
as those of the East."
Will Advertise Oregon.
Myrtle Point Enterprise.
Portland has gone to work in earnest,
and will make the Lewis and Cark centen
nial the greatest event in the history of
the Northwest. This will do more to at
tract attention toward our state than
any other thing that could possibly be
done. The effect will be more beneficial
than generally supposed.
STUART'S DYSPEP51A TABLETS
GIVE PERFECT DIGESTION, SOUND
SLEEP, STRONG NERVES.
A Popnlar Remedy for Dyspepsia
Which Has Made Many Re
The spring of the year Is the time for
blood purifiers. It Is the season when
we think we must dose ourselves with
sarsaparlllas, bitters and the endless list
of so-called blood purifiers and nerve
As a matter of fact, there is but one
possible way In which to purify the blood
and that Is, through the stomach and
Pure blood results from wholesome food
thoroughly digested. Impure blood re
sults from poor digestion and assimilation.
When the stomach refuses to work prop
erly the food remains too long a time,
fermenting, forming gases, shown by
sour, bitter taste In the mouth, bloating
and belching of gas, and distress and dis
comfort generally. Poor blood, weak
nerves, sleeplessness and a general don't
care feeling can always be traced to Im
This Is the reason why Stuart's Dys
pepsia Tablets are superior to all other
Spring medicines and blood purifiers.
They give perfect digestion, the food
does not He in the stomach for hours.
They give a vigorous appetite, sound
sleep, strong nerve3 and wholesome food
well digested, makes pure blood, and In
no other way can the blood be purified.
The Idea that a medicine. In Itself, will
purify the blood when the stomach and
digestive organs are out of order Is non
sense. Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets are
used by thousands in preference to "bit
ters," "after dinner pills" and "blood
purifiers," because they remove the cause
of the Impure blood, and you do not have
to take them forever to get results. Dys
pepsia Is an obstinate disease to cure and
a remedy must be designed especially
for It and nothing else. Cure-alls will
not cure dyspepsia.
Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets are not
claimed to cure everything or anything
except Dyspepsia and stomach troubles
and for that It stands alone among patent
medicines. Anyone suffering from any
trouble with their digestion will find these
tablets will give immediate relief and a
Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets are prepared
by the F. A. Stewart Co., of Marshall,
Mich., and sold by druggists everywhere
at 50 cents per package. No dieting nor
change of habits Is required, they digest
TO WEAK MEN
Weak and nervous men read itrenth,
lis Use and Abuse by Men."
It tells all about my DR. SANDEN
ELECTRIC BELTS, and how they are
used to cure such cases of rheumatism,
lumbago, sciatica, lame back, kidney, liver
and stomach disorders, sleeplessness, or
any of those diseases peculiar to man.
DR. A. T. SANDEN
Cor. Fourth and Morrison
L.MILLER 8c SONS.
543 BROADWAY. NY. US.A.
NO GREASE OR DANGEROUS DRUGS.
In "Herpiclde" The New Scientific
and Successful Dandruff Treatment.
Have you dandruff? Then you have
a contagious parasite disease, unpleasant,
unhealthy and one that will eventually
lead to baldness. To cure It you must
destroy the parasite that eats at the root
of the hair. The only preparation for
destroying these germs is Nowbro's Her
piclde. Charles Klein, of Laramie, Wyo..
says: "Herpiclde allayed the Itching,
cured the dandruff and stopped my hair's
falling. out; and It Is bringing a new crop
of hair." Herpiclde is free from grease
or dangerous drugs, and' makes hair glos
sy and soft as silk. One bottle will con
vince you of Its merits.
"C. C. C." on Every Tablet
Every tablet of Cascarets Candy
Cathartic bears the famous C. C. C.
Never sold in bulk. Look for it and
accept no other. Beware of fraud.
All druggists, ioc.
Not a dark office in the bnlfdinj?;
absolutely fireproof j electric light t
and artesian water; perfect .inulki
tion and thorough ventilation. Ele
vators ran day and night.
AINSL1E. DR. GEORGE. Physician... -.. i
ANDERSON. GUSTAV. Attorney-at-Law... til.:
ASSOCIATED PRESS; E. L. Powell. MKfc.3
AUSTEN. F. C. Manager for Oregon and
Washington Bankers' Life Association, t
Dea Moines. la MC-MB
EANKERS" LIFE ASSOCIATION, OF DES
MOINES. LV.; F. C. Austen. Mkt .WMStt:
BATNTUN. GEO. R-. Manager tor Chas.
Scrlbnera Sons 51"
BEALS. EDWARD A.. Forecast Offlelal ".
S. "Weather Bureau !H
BENJAMIN. R. W.. Dentist ll
BINSWANGER. DR. O. S., Phys. & Sur.41-ll
BROOKE. DR. J. M.. Phys. anil Surg,.7ttS-7ri
BROWN. MYRA. M. D aiff-.TM
BRUERE. DR. G. E.. Physician... 112-41.1-114
canning, m. J mr-m.
CAUKIN. G. E., District Agent Travelers
Insurance Co "V
CARDWELL. DR. J. R 3 .
CHURCHILL, MRS. E. J. 71-7W
COFFEY, DR. R. C, Phys. and Surgeon.. .".
COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY....
CORNELIUS. C. W.. Phys. and 3urKan,..2tt;
UUVJSK. x lt.. casnier .quuauie utIH j., ,
COLLIER. P. F.. Publisher; S. P. MeGulre.
DAY. J. G. & I. N -
DAVIS, NAPOLEON. President Columbia
Telephone Co '7
DICKSON. DR. J. F., Physician 713-711
DRAKE. DR. H. B.. Physician 512-510.."'
DWYER. JOE E., Tobaccos .....4..
EDITORIAL ROOMS Eighth, Flou.
EQUITABLE LIFE INSURANCE SOCIKT.Y:
L. Samuel. Mgr.t F. C. Cover, Cashler....30
EVENING TELEGRAM 32S AMer stree-
FENTON. J. D.. Physician and Surg. .50O-5M
FENTON. DR. HICKS C, Eye and Ear... 51 J
FENTON. MATTHEW F.. Dentist ,..50t
GALVANI. W. H., Engineer and Draughts
GAVIN, A.. President Oregon Camera Club
GEARY. DR. EDWARD P.. Phjtetclan and
GIESY. A. J., Physician and Surgeon.. 700-710
GILLESPY, SHERWOOD. General Agent
Mutual Life Ins. Co 404-40S-10ti
GODDARD, E. C. & CO., Footwear
Ground Floor. 129 Sixth sro:
GOLDMAN. WILLIAM. Manager Manhat
tan Life Ins. Co., of New York.. ..'... 200-21 "
GRANT. FRANK S. Attorney-at-Law HIT
HAMMOND, A. B X,
HOLLISTER. DR. O. C. Phys. & Surif.SW-St.
IDLEMAN. C M., Attorney-at-Law. .41tt-l-If
JOHNSON. W. C. 315-31-7
KADYr MARK T.. Supervisor of. Agents
Mutual Reserve Fund Life Ass;n....ri(H"tS)5
LAMONT. JOHN. Vice-President, flP4Gen-
eral Manager Columbia. Telephone Co.-ZBoi
LITTLEFIELD. H. R.. Phys. and. Surgeon. 2tHl
MACKAY. DR. A. 12.. Phys. and S.urs.-711-7U:
MANHATTAN LIFE INSURANCE CO., of
New York; W. Goldman, manager. .. .200-2 V
MARTIN, J. L. & CO.. Timber Land...rl
McCOY. NEWTON. Attorney-at-Law 7!.'
McFADEN. MISS IDA E., Stenographer. .U
McGlNN. HEJNRY E.. Attorney-at-Law .311-12
McKINNON. J. D., Turkish ,Balha..3UO-30i-Jt .:
METT. HENRY 21a
MILLER. DR. HERBERT C, Dentist and
Oral Surgeon UU8-0W
'MOSSMAN". DR. E. P., Dentist. ...312-3i:MU
MUTUAL RESERVE FUND LIFE ASS'N'.
Mark T. Kady. Supervisor of Agents.804-90.".
McELROY. DR. J. G.. Phys. St Sur.701-702-7t.
McFARLAND, E. B.. Secretary Columbia
Telephone Co ... ....80!
McGUIRE, S. P., Manager P. F. Collier.
MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO., of Nw
York; Sherwood Olllespy, Gen. Agt...-UM-3-':
NICHOLAS, HORACE B. Atfy-at-Law..715
NILES. M. L., Cashier Manhattan Life In"
surance Co.. of New York 200
OREGON INFIRMARY OF OSTEOPATHY;
Dr. L. B. Smith. Osteopath. 106-400
OREGON CAMERA CLUB 2U-215-21.2t;
PACIFIC CHRISTIAN PUB. CO.; J. F.
Ghormley. Mgr. 30.1
PORTLAND EYE AND EAR INFIRMARY. ,
.., Ground floor, 133 Sixth street
PORTLAND MINING & TRUST CO..; J.
H. Marshall. Manager - ,,..5ir
QUIMBY. L. P. W., Gome and Forestry
Warden .............-....---.- 107
ROSENDALE. O. M., Metallurgist and Min
ing Engineer 5fi-5W
REED & MALCOLM. Opticians.. .133 Sixth-it
REED, F. C, Fish Commissioner...... .4
RYAN. J. B., Attorney-at-Law .....4ir
SAMUEL. L., Manager Equitable Life.... Jo..
SECURITY MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE
gon and Washington.. f. 501 f
SHERWOOD, J. W., Deputy Supreme Com- '
mander K. O. T. M ,317
SLOCUM, SAMUEL C Phys. and Surg...7-
SMITH. DR. L. B.. Osteopath. ....... 488-4 Kl
STUART. DELL, Attorney-at-Law.... Uti-.fc
STOLTE, DR. CHAS. E.. Dentist..... 704-74KV
SURGEON OF THE S. P. RY. AND N. P.
TERMINAL CO. rtt
STROWBRIDGE. THOMAS H., Executive
Special Agt. Mutual Life of New York..4:
SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE -.2wt
TUCKER. DR. GEO. F.. Dentist G10-UI1
U S. WEATHER BUREAU. ..007-003-000-OiU
U S. LIGHTHOUSE ENGINEERS. 13TH
DIST.; Captain W. C. Langfltt, Corps of
Engineers, U. S. A. SO.J
U. S. ENGINEER OFFICE. RIVER AND
HARBOR IMPROVEMENTS; Captain W.
C. Langfltt. Corp3 of Engineers, U. S. A..8H)
WATERMAN, C. H.. Cashier Mutual Liftt
of New York ...h. l
WILSON. DR. EDWARD N.. PhysJctaa
and Surgeon - .1.804-305 f
WILSON, DR. GEO. F.. Phys. & Surg.70-7M.
WILSON. DR. HOLT C. Phys. & Surg.507-34.o
WOOD. DR. W. L.. Physician 412-4 13-4 14
WILLAMETTE VALLEY TELEP. CO l .
A fevr more elegant ofllces may be
had by applying; to Portland Trust
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of the- rent cleric In the building.
IT IS A CRIME TO BE WEAK.
c.ru TV.nlrm.in nr woman can ba re-
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THE MODERN APPLIANCE. A. polUV
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THE HEALTH APPLIANCE CO. rooma 47-49.
Saf Deposit Hide. Seattle. Wain.